Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 123
Filter
1.
Audiol., Commun. res ; 26: e2487, 2021. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1345350

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo comparar os conhecimentos e interesses dos fonoaudiólogos especialistas em motricidade orofacial quanto ao uso do laser de baixa potência antes e após a aprovação da Resolução nº 541 do Conselho Federal de Fonoaudiologia. Métodos trata-se de um estudo observacional, transversal e quantitativo, de caráter comparativo. Foi composto por dois momentos distintos: uma primeira coleta de dados, realizada em 2016, antes da aprovação da resolução e a segunda coleta, realizada em 2020, após a publicação das normativas. A primeira amostra foi constituída por 25 participantes e a segunda por 49, todos especialistas em motricidade orofacial. O instrumento de coleta consistiu em um formulário online elaborado no Google Forms, composto por questões do perfil do fonoaudiólogo, conhecimentos, interesses e aplicabilidades da fotobiomodulação com o laser de baixa potência. Os dados foram analisados utilizando estatística descritiva e inferencial. Resultados nos dois momentos, a expressiva maioria dos profissionais indicou saber o que é fotobiomodulação e concordou que o especialista em motricidade orofacial pode atuar com a técnica. Além disso, os profissionais apontaram a disfunção temporomandibular e a paralisia facial como principais casos para aplicações. Foram encontradas diferenças estatisticamente significativas entre os resultados obtidos antes e após a publicação da resolução, verificando-se aumento expressivo no acesso à bibliografia, capacitação, conhecimento das normas de biossegurança, acesso ao aparelho de laser e utilização na prática clínica. Conclusão constatou-se mudança no perfil profissional em relação ao uso da fotobiomodulação, com aumento dos conhecimentos, interesses e aplicabilidades pelos especialistas em motricidade orofacial, após a publicação da resolução normativa.


ABSTRACT Purpose To compare knowledge and interest of speech therapists specialized in Orofacial Motricity regarding the use of low-level laser before and after approval of resolution No. 541 by the Brazilian Federal Speech Language Pathology and Audiology Council (CFFa). Methods Cross-sectional observational and quantitative study of comparative character consisting of two distinct moments: first data collection performed in 2016, before approval of the resolution; and second, collection performed in 2020, after publication of the regulation. The first sample consisted of 25 participants and the second of 49, with the entire sample consisting of specialists in Orofacial Motricity. The collection instrument was an online Google Form consisting of questions on the profile of the speech therapist, knowledge, interests, and applicability of photobiomodulation with low-level laser. Data were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics. Results In both moments, the significant majority of professionals indicated knowing what is photobiomodulation, agreed that the Orofacial Motricity specialist can act with the technique and indicated temporomandibular dysfunction and facial paralysis as main applications. Statistically significant differences were found between the results obtained before and after the publication of the resolution, with a significant increase in access to bibliography, training, knowledge of biosafety standards, access to the low-level laser apparatus and use in clinical practice. Conclusion Change in the professional profile regarding the use of photobiomodulation was verified, with increased knowledge, interest, and applicability by Orofacial Motricity specialists after publication of the normative resolution.


Subject(s)
Humans , Temporomandibular Joint , Stomatognathic Diseases/therapy , Low-Level Light Therapy , Laser Therapy , Specialization , Temporomandibular Joint Dysfunction Syndrome , Knowledge , Speech, Language and Hearing Sciences , Observational Study
2.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1154995

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To assess the prevalence of dental caries and fluorosis among 7-12-year-old school children in Muradnagar, India. An additional objective was to determine the relationship between dental caries and fluorosis in the studied population. Material and Methods: A total of 1500 school children aged between 7 to 12 years, and both genders were randomly selected for the present study. The selected participants were divided into three groups based upon age, viz 7-8 year (group I), 9-10 year (group II) and 11-12 year (group III). Sterile mouth mirrors and explorers were used for the detection of caries. The water samples were collected to assess the fluoride concentration. The data collected were tabulated and statistically analysed using Chi-square, ANOVA, Spearman's correlation and t-test wherever applicable. Results: Out of 1500 participants, 54.1% were females and 45.9% were males. The prevalence of dental caries and fluorosis was 89.3% and 93.7%, respectively. The prevalence of caries increased with age (p<0.05) and females showed a higher prevalence in both the dentitions. Most dental fluorosis was 'very mild' (40.1%). Prevalence of dental fluorosis increased with age and males showed more fluorosis than females. A negative relationship was found between dental caries and fluorosis (p<0.05). Conclusion: Dental caries and fluorosis are the public health problems in Muradnagar; therefore, preventive programs should be organized to increase awareness among the general people.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Stomatognathic Diseases/pathology , Epidemiology , Dental Caries/prevention & control , India/epidemiology , Fluorosis, Dental/etiology , Chi-Square Distribution , Public Health , Cross-Sectional Studies/methods , Analysis of Variance , Statistics, Nonparametric
3.
Rev. Cient. CRO-RJ (Online) ; 5(1): 42-48, Jan.-Apr. 2020.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1130172

ABSTRACT

Sleep bruxism is defined as a behavior that causes masticatory muscle activities during sleep. Sleep bruxism in childhood leads to consequences, which may vary from teeth wear in deciduous dentition to temporomandibular disfunction symptoms. There's no data that demonstrates improvement of children with sleep bruxism during and after auricular acupuncture treatment. Objective: Therefore, this case report series aimed to evaluate the effect of auriculotherapy on children presenting sleep bruxism. Methods: Twelve patients were included in this study, in the mean age of 6,9. The diagnosis was evaluated by the question: "Does your kid grind their teeth while sleeping?". Treatment was performed by an acupuncture specialist in a standardized way. The therapy was given for three weeks and the effect was evaluated through a sleep diary, in which the parents noted whether or not their child grinded teeth while sleeping before (baseline) and during therapy (T1 to T3). Sleep bruxism was categorized as presence or absence of nocturnal teeth grinding and the frequency varied from 0 to 7 (baseline), 0 to 5 (T1), 0 to 7 (T2) and 0 to 4 (T3) between patients. The intensity of the reported sleep bruxism was compared according to the periods by pared T-test ( =0.05). Results: It was observed that the frequency of reports decreased significantly from baseline to T3. Conclusion: These results suggest that ear acupuncture may be an alternative therapy for sleep bruxism in childhood, once it demonstrated to reduce its frequency in this study, although patients may present different effects to therapy due to biological variability.


Introdução: Bruxismo do sono é definido como um comportamento que causa atividades musculares durante o sono. Na infância, leva a consequências que podem variar de desgaste dentário na dentição decídua a sintomas de disfunção temporomandibular. Não há estudos que demonstrem melhora de casos de crianças com bruxismo do sono durante e após tratamento com auriculoterapia. Objetivo: portanto, esta série de casos visou avaliar o efeito da auriculoterapia em crianças apresentando este quadro. Métodos: Doze pacientes foram inclusos neste estudo, com a media de idade de 6,9. O diagnóstico foi avaliado pela pergunta "Seu filho range os dentes quando dorme?". O tratamento foi executado por um especialista em acupuntura de forma padronizada. A terapia foi feita por três semanas e o efeito foi avaliado através de um diário do sono, no qual os pais anotavam se a criança rangeu os dentes enquanto dormia antes (baseline) e durante a terapia (T1 a T3). Bruxismo do sono foi categorizado como presença ou ausência de ranger de dentes e a frequência variou de 0 a 7 (baseline), 0 a 5 (T1), 0 a 7 (T2) e 0 a 4 (T3) entre os pacientes. A intensidade foi comparada de acordo com os períodos pelo teste-T pareado (=0,05). Resultados: Foi observado que a frequência de relatos diminuiu significativamente de baseline a T3. Conclusão: Estes resultados sugerem que auriculoterapia pode ser uma terapia alternativa para o bruxismo do sono na infância, uma vez que demonstrou reduzir sua frequência neste estudo, embora os pacientes possam apresentar efeitos diferentes devido à variabilidade biológica.


Subject(s)
Stomatognathic Diseases , Tooth Diseases , Bruxism , Child , Pediatric Dentistry , Sleep Bruxism , Auriculotherapy
4.
Rev. Cient. CRO-RJ (Online) ; 5(1): 49-57, Jan.-Apr. 2020.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1130175

ABSTRACT

Currently, there is a tendency to treat open bite with mini-implants, miniplates, and orthognathic surgeries and build ups when these protocols are not always indicated and to be apply them unnecessarily and excessively. Objectives: This case report describes treatment of a severe anterior open bite in an adult patient with step bends and vertical elastics. Case report: The female patient was 29 years and 8 months old and reported that she had low self-esteem; therefore, she wanted to have her untreated open bite closed. By examination, a convex profile, vertical growth pattern, dental midline deviation, and tongue exposure could be seen upon smiling. The dental and skeletal sagittal relationship was Class II. The overjet was +5 mm and the anterior overbite was -5.5 mm. The severe skeletal open bite involved the first molars to the anterior teeth, and it was treated only with step bends and vertical elastics over 2 years. Results: Significant facial improvement, maxillary incisor exposure upon aesthetic smiling, and adequate overbite and overjet were observed. The upper and lower dental midlines fit to the sagittal line. A counterclockwise rotation of the mandible was observed. The severe skeletal open bite was treated. Conclusions: Severe skeletal open bite malocclusion treated with step bends and vertical elastics in adult patient demonstrated efficient, predictable and stable open bite correction.


Introdução: Atualmente, existe uma tendência de tratar a mordida aberta com mini-implantes, miniplacas, cirurgias ortognáticas e levantes de mordida, quando estes protocolos nem sempre são indicados e a sua aplicação pode ser desnecessária e excessiva. Objetivo: Este relato de caso descreve o tratamento de uma mordida aberta anterior grave em paciente adulto com "step bends" e elásticos verticais. Relato do caso: A paciente tinha 29 anos e 8 meses de idade e relatou ter baixa autoestima; portanto ela queria fechar sua mordida aberta não tratada. Ao exame, um perfil convexo, padrão de crescimento vertical, desvio da linha média dental e exposição da língua podiam ser vistos ao sorrir. A relação sagital dental e esquelética era de Classe II. O overjet de +5 mm e o overbite anterior de -5,5 mm. A mordida aberta esquelética grave envolveu os primeiros molares até os dentes anteriores e foi tratada apenas com "step bends" e elásticos verticais por pouco mais de 2 anos. Resultados: Melhoria facial significativa, exposição dos incisivos superiores ao sorriso estético, sobremordida e overjet adequados foram observadas. As linhas médias dentárias superior e inferior adequadas à linha sagital. Foi observada rotação da mandíbula no sentido antihorário. A mordida aberta esquelética grave foi tratada. Conclusão: A má oclusão grave da mordida aberta esquelética tratada com "step bends" e elásticos verticais em pacientes adultos demonstrou correção eficiente, previsível e estável da mordida aberta.


Subject(s)
Orthodontics , Open Bite , Tooth Diseases , Stomatognathic Diseases , Adult , Orthodontic Anchorage Procedures , Malocclusion
5.
Rev. Cient. CRO-RJ (Online) ; 5(1): 58-63, Jan.-Apr. 2020.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1130177

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this case report was to describe the surgical exposure and orthodontic management of an unerupted and ectopic maxillary right central incisor after trauma to the primary predecessor. Case report: An 11-year-old girl was referred to the Pediatric Dentistry Clinic due to eruption failure of the maxillary right central incisor. Radiographs showed the impacted central incisor located below the anterior nasal spine and its apex parallel to the palatal plane and the presence of an odontoma. General surgery was performed to remove the odontoma and two perforations in the crown of the impacted tooth were made to carry out orthodontic traction. Correct alignment was achieved after 18 months and no significant clinical or radiographic alterations were founded. Conclusion: The orthodontic management was performed successfully, and a positive esthetic outcome combined with adequate occlusion demonstrated the satisfactory results of this case.


Objetivo: O objetivo deste relato de caso foi descrever a exposição cirúrgica e o tratamento ortodôntico de um incisivo central superior direito ectópico e não irrompido após trauma do predecessor decíduo. Relato do caso: Uma menina de 11 anos de idade foi encaminhada à Clínica de Odontopediatria devido ao atraso na erupção do incisivo central superior direito. As radiografias mostraram o incisivo central impactado localizado abaixo da espinha nasal anterior e seu ápice paralelo ao plano palatino e a presença de um odontoma. A cirurgia para remoção do odontoma foi realizada sob anestesia geral e duas perfurações na coroa do dente impactado foram realizadas para a tração ortodôntica. O alinhamento correto foi alcançado após 18 meses e não foram encontradas alterações clínicas ou radiográficas significativas. Conclusão: O manejo ortodôntico foi realizado com sucesso, e um resultado estético positivo combinado à oclusão adequada demonstrou os resultados satisfatórios deste caso.


Subject(s)
Orthodontics , Surgery, Oral , Tooth , Tooth Diseases , Tooth, Unerupted , Odontoma , Stomatognathic Diseases , Child , Tooth Injuries , Incisor
6.
Rev. Cient. CRO-RJ (Online) ; 5(1): 64-68, Jan.-Apr. 2020.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1139947

ABSTRACT

Ankyloglossia is characterized by the presence of a short lingual frenum that can be inserted from the alveolar ridge to the lingual apex and, until promoting a true fusion of the tongue to the floor. A short lingual frenum can generate several problems such as phonetic disorders. Objective: To describe a surgical technique for the treatment of ankyloglossia using a topical ophthalmic anesthetic and a tentacannula for tongue elevation. Case report: A 15-year-old female was referred for lingual frenulum surgery due to speech impairment. Clinical examination revealed the presence of ankyloglossia which was both hindering the pronunciation of T, D, L phonemes and reducing tongue mobility. The surgical technique chosen was a lingual frenectomy. An ophthalmic topical anesthetic was initially applied to the lateral borders of the frenum with the patient in an upright position and in the presence of adequate aspiration. With the aid of a tentacannula the tongue was raised and the frenulum gradually released with a Goldman-Fox serrated scissor. The topical anesthetic was continuously trickled onto the surgical site during surgery. Results: No postoperative pain was reported by the patient, healing occurred normally and there was no recurrence of abnormal frenulum insertion. Conclusion: The advantages of this technique in comparison to conventional methods which use infiltrative anesthesia include less trauma and a more precise evaluation of tongue movements during surgery, because there will be better control of mobility for the patient when compared to infiltrative techniques.


Introdução: A anquiloglossia caracteriza-se pela presença de um freio lingual curto que pode inserir-se desde o rebordo alveolar até o ápice lingual e, até promover uma verdadeira fusão da língua ao assoalho. Um freio lingual curto poderá gerar vários problemas como distúrbios fonéticos. Objetivo: descrever uma técnica cirúrgica para tratamento da anquiloglossia utilizando um anestésico tópico oftálmico e uma tentacânula para elevação da língua. Relato do caso: Uma paciente com 15 anos de idade foi encaminhada para cirurgia do frênulo lingual devido ao comprometimento da fala. O exame clínico revelou a presença de anquiloglossia, dificultando a pronúncia dos fonemas T, D, L e, reduzindo a mobilidade da língua. A técnica cirúrgica escolhida foi a frenectomia lingual. Um anestésico tópico oftálmico foi aplicado inicialmente nas bordas laterais do freio com o paciente na posição vertical e na presença de aspiração adequada. Com o auxílio de uma tentacânula, a língua foi elevada e o frênulo foi gradualmente liberado com uma tesoura serrilhada Goldman-Fox. O anestésico tópico foi continuamente gotejado para o local cirúrgico durante a cirurgia. Resultados: Nenhuma dor pós-operatória foi relatada pelo paciente, a cicatrização ocorreu normalmente e não houve recorrência da inserção anormal do frênulo. Conclusão: As vantagens dessa técnica em comparação aos métodos convencionais que utilizam anestesia infiltrativa, incluem menor trauma e uma avaliação mais precisa dos movimentos da língua durante a cirurgia, pois haverá um melhor controle da mobilidade do paciente quando comparado às técnicas infiltrativas.


Subject(s)
Stomatognathic Diseases , Speech Disorders , Speech Sound Disorder , Ankyloglossia , Anesthetics , Labial Frenum
7.
Rev. Cient. CRO-RJ (Online) ; 5(1): 69-74, Jan.-Apr. 2020.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1139958

ABSTRACT

The association between periodontal disease and chronic kidney disease (CKD) has been recognized over the years. Gingival overgrowth may be a side effect of some of the drugs prescribed for patients with CKD. Objective: The objective of this manuscript was to report the dental management of a patient with chronic renal disease who presented periodontitis and gingival overgrowth. Case report: A 55 years old male patient sought dental treatment, and was diagnosed with generalized periodontitis in advanced stage and gingival overgrowth. The overgrowth was associated to the use of amlodipine, a longacting calcium channel blocker. The treatment consisted of interruption of amlodipine, sessions of oral hygiene instruction and basic periodontal therapy. Thereafter, conventional periodontal therapy, with scaling and root planning of the four hemiarches, surgical periodontal therapy and gingivectomy of the overgrowth were performed. Considering periodontal sites with a probing depth (PD) > 4mm at baseline, mean PD was reduced (baseline: 5.94 ± 1.80; follow-up: 2.76 ± 1.38), as well as mean clinical attachment loss (baseline: 5.55 ± 1.51; followup: 4.52 ± 1.47). Periodontal disease was controlled and there was no recurrence of gingival overgrowth after 18 months of follow-up. Conclusion: The management of the reported patient with CKD and periodontal involvement included discontinuation of amlodipine, basic and advanced periodontal therapy and gingivectomy. Proper oral hygiene may help to prevent recurrence of the gingival overgrowth and to maintain periodontal health.


Introdução: A associação entre doença periodontal e doença renal crônica (DRC) tem sido reconhecida nos últimos anos. O crescimento gengival excessivo pode ser um efeito colateral de alguns medicamentos prescritos para pacientes com DRC. Objetivos: O objetivo deste estudo foi relatar o manejo odontológico de um paciente com DRC que apresentava periodontite e aumento gengival. Relato do caso: Um paciente do sexo masculino, 55 anos, procurou atendimento odontológico e foi diagnosticado com periodontite generalizada em estágio avançado e crescimento gengival associado ao uso de anlodipina, um bloqueador dos canais de cálcio de ação prolongada. O tratamento consistiu em interrupção da anlodipina, sessões de instruções de higiene bucal e terapia periodontal básica. Posteriormente, foi realizada terapia periodontal convencional, com raspagem e alisamento radicular dos quatro hemiarcos, seguida de cirurgia periodontal a retalho e gengivectomia. Considerando os sítios periodontais com profundidade de bolsa à sondagem (PBS) > 4mm no início do tratamento, a média de PBS foi reduzida (início: 5,94 ± 1,80; final: 2,76 ± 1,38), bem como a média do nível clínico de inserção (início: 5,55 ± 1,51; final: 4,52 ± 1,47). A doença periodontal foi controlada e não houve recorrência do crescimento gengival após 18 meses de acompanhamento. Conclusão: O tratamento odontológico deste paciente com DRC e envolvimento periodontal incluiu a interrupção da anlodipina, terapia periodontal básica e avançada e gengivectomia. A higiene bucal adequada pode ajudar a prevenir a recorrência do crescimento gengival excessivo e a manutenção de um estado periodontal saudável.


Subject(s)
Periodontal Diseases , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic , Periodontitis , Stomatognathic Diseases , Amlodipine , Gingival Overgrowth , Middle Aged , Mouth Diseases
8.
Rev. Cient. CRO-RJ (Online) ; 5(1): 75-79, Jan.-Apr. 2020.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1139961

ABSTRACT

The presence of white spots due to dental fluorosis can cause aesthetic discomfort, being one of the factors for a search for dental treatment. Objective: Report a clinical case in which the aesthetic complaint was solved through the association of the dental bleaching to the microabrasion technique. Case report: Male patient, 13 years, attended to the Integrated Clinic of the School of Dentistry of the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, with fluorosis, mainly in the antero-superior teeth and aesthetic complaint. Initially, it was made an immediate bleaching with hydrogen peroxide at 35%, in 3 sessions of 15 minutes each, to soften the disparity of shades between tooth-stain. The result was insufficient and the dental microabrasion technique was adopted. A pumice paste was applied together with gel of phosphoric acid at 37% under relative isolation, in a total of 8 applications (1 minute each). At the end of each application, it was made an abundant water washing, microengine mounted fine-grained disc polishing and topical application of neutral NaF2 in gel (4 minutes each application) to eliminate possible postoperative sensitivity. Conclusion: The dental bleaching and the microabrasion technique promoted satisfactory immediate clinical results that increased self-esteem of the patient in a minimally invasive way to dental structure.


Introdução: A presença de manchas brancas por fluorose dentária pode causar desconforto estético, sendo um dos fatores para busca de tratamento odontológico. Objetivo: Relatar um caso clínico em que a queixa estética foi resolvida através da associação do clareamento dentário à técnica de microabrasão. Relato do caso: Paciente do sexo masculino, 13 anos, compareceu a Clínica Integrada da Faculdade de Odontologia da UFRJ, com fluorose, principalmente nos dentes ântero-superiores e queixa estética. Inicialmente, realizou-se clareamento imediato com peróxido de hidrogênio a 35%, em 3 sessões de 15 minutos, para suavizar a disparidade de tons entre mancha-dente. O resultado obtido foi insuficiente e a técnica de microabrasão dentária foi adotada. Uma pasta de pedra pomes foi aplicada juntamente com gel de ácido fosfórico a 37% sob isolamento relativo, perfazendo um total de 8 aplicações (1 minuto cada). Ao final de cada aplicação, foi realizada lavagem abundante com água, polimento com disco de granulação fina montado em micromotor e aplicação tópica de NaF2 neutro em gel (4 minutos cada aplicação) para eliminar possível sensibilidade pós-operatória. Conclusão: O clareamento dentário e a técnica de microabrasão promoveram resultados clínicos imediatos satisfatórios que elevaram a autoestima do paciente, de maneira minimamente invasiva para estrutura dentária.


Subject(s)
Tooth Bleaching , Enamel Microabrasion , Fluorosis, Dental , Tooth Diseases , Stomatognathic Diseases , Adolescent , Esthetics, Dental , Hydrogen Peroxide
9.
Rev. Cient. CRO-RJ (Online) ; 5(1): 80-86, Jan.-Apr. 2020.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1139967

ABSTRACT

This case report describes an interceptive treatment of anterior open bite (AOB) with fixed palatine grid using clinical, cephalometric, electromyographic and speech analysis data. Case report: An 8-year-old girl, Angle Class I malocclusion presenting AOB. The complete orthodontic documentation was obtained and the perioral muscles were evaluated using the electromyography during blowing, sucking and smiling activities, before and after treatment. Speech acoustic evaluation was performed through the frequencies of the formants to assess the position of the tongue. Results: The AOB was corrected in six months with reduction of vertical transpass, decrease of cephalometric Angles 1: NA and 1: NB and increase of interincisal angle. During the smile movement, it was possible to observe the decrease of the muscular activity of the superior orbicularis muscle and the increase of the muscular activity of the inferior orbicularis. In the blow movement, there was a tendency to decrease muscle activity. Opposite directions were observed at the time of installation of the grid in the frequencies of the formants. When the grid was removed, the tongue was lowered and posteriorized in relation to the installation time. When compared the final and initial moments, it was noted a predominance of tongue lower position, besides posteriorization in some vowels and anteriorization in others. Conclusion: After the use of the fixed palatine crib as an interceptive treatment for AOB, the bite was closed and it was possible to observe an harmony in the patient profile and improvement in periorbital musculature and tongue positioning.


Objetivo: Este relato de caso descreve um tratamento interceptivo da mordida aberta anterior (MAA) com grade palatina fixa usando dados clínicos, cefalométricos, eletromiográficos e de fala. Relato do caso: Menina de 8 anos de idade apresentando maloclusão Classe I de Angle e MAA. A documentação ortodôntica completa foi obtida e os músculos periorais foram avaliados pela eletromiografia durante as atividades de sopro, sucção e sorriso, antes e após o tratamento. A avaliação acústica da fala foi realizada através das frequências dos formantes para avaliar a posição da língua. Resultados: O MAA foi corrigida em seis meses com redução do transpasse vertical, diminuição dos ângulos cefalométricos 1: NA e 1: NB e aumento do ângulo interincisivo. Durante o movimento do sorriso, foi possível observar a diminuição da atividade muscular do músculo orbicular superior e o aumento da atividade muscular do orbicular inferior. No movimento do sopro, houve uma tendência a diminuir a atividade muscular. Direções opostas foram observadas no momento da instalação da grade nas frequências dos formantes. Quando a grade foi removida, a língua foi abaixada e posteriorizada em relação ao tempo de instalação inicial do aparelho. Quando comparados os momentos final e inicial, observou-se predomínio da posição inferior da língua, além de posteriorização em algumas vogais e anteriorização em outras. Conclusão: Após o uso da grade palatina fixa como tratamento interceptivo para a MAA, a mordida foi fechada e foi possível observar harmonia no perfil da paciente e melhora da musculatura periorbital e posicionamento da língua.


Subject(s)
Open Bite , Tooth Diseases , Stomatognathic Diseases , Child , Malocclusion, Angle Class I
10.
Rev. Cient. CRO-RJ (Online) ; 5(1): 87-91, Jan.-Apr. 2020.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1139982

ABSTRACT

The management of fractured permanent teeth due to dental trauma in young patients is a challenge that requires an efficient approach. Objective: Describe a conservative and multidisciplinary treatment of a case of dental trauma in a 13 years-old boy. Case report: At clinical examination was verified enamel and dentin fracture in the left upper central incisor and a fracture with pulp exposure in the right upper lateral incisor, with subgingival extension of its margin at lingual surface, and no swelling or tooth displacement was observed. At radiographic evaluation, no pulp or periradicular disturbances were verified. It was proposed the surgical lengthening of the clinical crown of the right upper lateral incisor for later performing endodontic treatment. It was decided to make direct composite resin restorations in both fractured teeth, instead of doing a prosthetic treatment in the affected lateral incisor, such as the placement of a full ceramic crown, in an attempt to perform a less invasive treatment, mainly due to the age of the patient. At a two years follow-up visit was observed the maintenance of the health of periapical tissues and the absence of clinical alterations. Conclusion: The restorations were kept in good conditions and aesthetics was considered satisfactory by professionals, patient and parents.


Introdução: O manejo de dentes permanentes fraturados por traumatismo dentário em pacientes jovens é desafiador e requer uma abordagem eficiente. Objetivo: Descrever o tratamento conservador e multidisciplinar em um caso de traumatismo dentário de um menino de 13 anos de idade. Relato do caso: Ao exame clínico foi verificada uma fratura de esmalte e dentina no incisivo central superior esquerdo e uma fratura complicada no incisivo lateral superior direito, com extensão subgengival da margem na face palatina, e não foram observados edema ou deslocamento dentário. Ao exame radiográfico, não foram verificadas alterações pulpares ou perirradiculares. Foi proposta realização de aumento da coroa clínica do incisivo lateral superior direito para posterior realização do tratamento endodôntico. Para os dois dentes traumatizados foi proposta a realização de restauração direta com resina composta, proporcionando um tratamento menos invasivo ao incisivo lateral superior direito, ao invés de submetê-lo a um tratamento protético, como a colocação de uma coroa total cerâmica, principalmente devido à pouca idade do paciente. Na visita de dois anos de acompanhamento, observou-se a manutenção da saúde dos tecidos periapicais e ausência de alterações clínicas. Conclusão: As restaurações se mantiveram em boas condições e a estética foi considerada satisfatória pelos profissionais, paciente e pais.


Subject(s)
Tooth Injuries , Dentition, Permanent , Tooth Diseases , Tooth Fractures , Stomatognathic Diseases , Adolescent , Conservative Treatment , Incisor
11.
Gaceta Médica Estudiantil ; 1(2): 111-121, mayo-agosto 2020. tablas
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1361311

ABSTRACT

Introducción: las infecciones odontogénicas constituyen uno de los problemas más difíciles de tratamiento en odontología, debido a índices de caries y enfermedad periodontal elevados en la población. Objetivo: caracterizar el comportamiento de las infecciones de origen odontogénico en pacientes pediátricos. Método: estudio observacional, descriptivo, longitudinal y retrospectivo en pacientes que acudieron al Cuerpo de Guardia del Hospital Pediátrico Provincial Docente "Pepe Portilla" de Pinar del Río en el período septiembre de 2018 a febrero de 2019. El universo estuvo constituido por 75 pacientes, seleccionándose 27 mediante muestreo aleatorio simple. Resultados: predominó el sexo masculino (74 %) y el grupo de edades de 9 a 15 años (44,4 %). La localización mandibular fue la región anatómica más afectada (63 %), los dientes responsables del mayor número de casos con celulitis odontogénica fueron los primeros molares inferiores (29,6 %). La penicilina fue el antimicrobiano más empleado (33,3 %). Conclusiones: los pacientes masculinos entre 9 y 15 años son propensos a desarrollar infecciones odontológicas, principalmente en la región mandibular, causada por los primeros molares inferiores. El uso de la penicilina fue común, mostrando buena evolución del paciente


Introduction: odontogenic infections are one of the most difficult problems to treat in dentistry, due to the high rates of caries and periodontal disease in the population. Objective: to characterize the behavior of odontogenic infections in pediatric patients. Method: observational, descriptive, longitudinal and retrospective study in patients who came to the dental emergency room at "Pepe Portilla" Pediatric Teaching Hospital in Pinar del Río during the period September 2018 to February 2019. The universe consisted of 75 patients, 27 of them were selected by simple sampling random. Results: male sex (74 %) and 9 to 15 age group (44,4 %) prevailed. The most affected anatomical region (63 %) was the mandibular ramus, the teeth responsible for the highest number of cases with odontogenic cellulitis were the first lower molars (29.6 %). Penicillin was the antimicrobial most used (33.3 %). Conclusions: male patients between the ages of 9 and 15 have a tendency to develop dental infections, mainly in the jaw region, caused by the first lower molars. The use of penicillin was common to treat it, showing a positive effect on the patient's evolution


Subject(s)
Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Stomatognathic Diseases/drug therapy , Comprehensive Dental Care , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Longitudinal Studies
12.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-820820

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: Studies on oral health care in North Korea are being pursued in South Korea. However, the covertness of North Korea offers substantial resistance to the access of information from the country, including in the field of oral health care. In this study, we explored North Korea's oral health care policy and its status in the Kim Jong-Un Era.METHODS: We used existing information from Internet searches and also interviewed three health care professionals who had recently contact with North Korea.RESULTS: At present, there are four development policies of oral health care in North Korea: expansion of dental institutions and resource support, strengthening the prevention and treatment of dental diseases, improvement of dental prosthetics, and increasing the responsibility and role of the dental workforce. In addition, there has been an increasing interest in children's oral health with the development of a few programs.CONCLUSIONS: In order to improve overall oral health care, cooperation is required from North Korea in accessing relevant information in the field of children's oral health, dental prosthetics, and dental materials. For this to occur, there should be a preliminary trust building process between North Korea and South Korea as well as access to information from reliable sources.


Subject(s)
Access to Information , Delivery of Health Care , Democratic People's Republic of Korea , Dental Materials , Internet , Korea , Oral Health , Stomatognathic Diseases
13.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-820818

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the association between the distribution of periodontopathic bacteria and oral conditions.METHODS: Stimulated saliva was collected from 162 adults aged 60 years and above. The prevalence and amount of periodontopathic bacteria in the saliva were analyzed using real-time PCR. Pocket depth and clinical attachment loss were examined to evaluate the oral conditions of the subjects. Patients who had at least one tooth surface involved, with a pocket depth ≥4 mm or clinical attachment loss ≥5 mm were classified as having periodontal disease.RESULTS: The detection rates of most bacteria in the orange and green complexes were more than 90%, while those of P. gingivalis and T. forsythia in the red complex were 58.6% and 61.7%, respectively. The number of bacteria in the red complex positively correlated with each other. There were no significant differences in the number of types of red complex bacteria in the saliva and the distribution of residual number of teeth and periodontal disease (P>0.05). On the other hand, the number of remaining teeth in subjects with higher bacterial density were more than those with lesser bacterial density. In addition, the occurrence of dental disease differed significantly depending on the number of P. gingivalis and T. forsythia.CONCLUSIONS: The relative amount of periodontopathic bacteria is important in the occurrence of periodontal disease, and the number of these bacteria positively correlated with each other.


Subject(s)
Adult , Bacteria , Citrus sinensis , Forsythia , Hand , Humans , Oral Health , Periodontal Diseases , Prevalence , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Saliva , Stomatognathic Diseases , Tooth
14.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 34(supl.2): e073, 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1132731

ABSTRACT

Abstract The impact of clinical trials on patient care depends on the outcomes that they evaluate. In Dentistry, many trials use outcomes that are important to clinicians, but not to the patients. Thus, the aim of the present manuscript is to present an overview of the limitations, challenges, and proposals on the use of clinically relevant outcomes (CRO) in dental trials. Clinically relevant outcomes are variables that directly measure how the patient feels, functions, or survives. Some CROs, such as tooth loss, implant failure, and restorations failure require many years to occur and the number of events is low. The adoption of these variables as primary outcomes results in challenges for the researchers, such as use of large sample sizes and long follow-up periods. Surrogate outcomes, such as biomarkers, radiographic measurements and indexes, are frequently used to replace CROs. However, they present many limitations, since the effect of the treatment on a surrogate does not necessarily reflect a change in the clinical outcome. Some proposals for the adoption of CROs are presented, such as the development of core outcome sets within each dental specialties and the organization of multi-center clinical trials.


Subject(s)
Humans , Clinical Trials as Topic , Stomatognathic Diseases , Treatment Outcome , Dental Restoration Failure
15.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1056890

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To determine the maximum bite force (MBF) in oral submucous fibrosis (OSMF) patients and to compare them with that of healthy subjects. Material and Methods: Twenty patients who were clinically confirmed, as OSMF and 20 healthy controls matched for age, gender, and number of intact functional teeth were included in this study. For each subject, age, gender, weight, height and body mass index (BMI) were recorded. The MBF registration was carried out by the two evaluators, who were previously calibrated. Bite force was measured in the first molar region using a force transducer occlusal force meter for each subject seated at the upright position, with Frankfort's plane nearly parallel to the floor, and no head support. The Student's independent t-test was used to determine the statistical significance in relation to mean height, weight, BMI and the presence of number of intact teeth and MBF between the healthy subjects and OSMF individuals. A comparison of grades of OSMF with all variables was carried out by one-way ANOVA test. Results: No significant difference was found in mean age, mean height, weight, BMI and the presence of the number of intact teeth between healthy individuals and OSMF patients. The mean MBF in healthy subjects was 628.23 ± 24.39 N and 635.47 ± 31.22 N in OSMF patients. Even though the healthy subjects reported a higher MBF than OSMF patients did, the difference was statistically non-significant. With regards to sides, no significant difference was observed in mean MBF in healthy subjects and OSMF patients on the right (p=0.7818) and left side (p=0.6154). Conclusion: The healthy subjects reported higher MBF values than OSMF patients did and the difference was statistically non-significant.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Oral Submucous Fibrosis , Bite Force , Stomatognathic Diseases/pathology , Molar , Body Mass Index , Cross-Sectional Studies/methods , Analysis of Variance , India/epidemiology
16.
Rev. medica electron ; 41(4): 879-888, jul.-ago. 2019. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1094095

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: diversos autores reflejan que la morfología de la silla turca constituye un factor predisponente para algunas enfermedades. Por ejemplo, se considera que existe correlación entre la morfología de esta estructura anatómica y varias patologías; como el síndrome de la silla turca vacía, síndrome de Williams, paladar hendido, entre otras. Objetivo: describir las variaciones anatómicas de la silla turca que se observan en las radiografías laterales de cráneo del Hospital Universitario "Faustino Pérez" de la ciudad de Matanzas, en el período de enero del 2017 a enero del 2018. Materiales y métodos: el universo fue 140 radiografías laterales de cráneo, de estas 85 pertenecieron al sexo femenino y 55 al masculino. Las variables estudiadas fueron edad, sexo y variaciones anatómicas de la silla turca. Se emplearon métodos teóricos y empíricos. Resultados: se observó un predominio de la variación anatómica de la silla turca en forma de U, en ambos sexos. Seguido de la forma de J, predominando la variación en forma de U en el grupo etario de 41 a 50 años y la forma de J en los pacientes mayores de 60 años. Conclusiones: es imprescindible el conocimiento de la anatomía normal de la silla turca y de sus variaciones anatómicas, tanto para las especialidades quirúrgicas como para las no quirúrgicas. Un análisis exhaustivo de la morfología de esta estructura es necesario para establecer parámetros que excluyan determinadas patologías.


ABSTRACT Introduction: several authors declare that sella turcica morphology is a predisposing factor to several diseases. For example, it is considered that there is a correlation between the morphology of this anatomical structure and several pathologies like empty sella turcica syndrome, Williams syndrome, cleft palate and others. Objective: to describe the anatomical variants of sella turcica observed in side cranial radiographies of the University Hospital ¨Faustino Perez¨ of Matanzas, in the period January 2017-January 2018. Materials and methods: the universe was 140 side cranial radiography: 85 belonged to female patients and 55 to male patients. The studied variables were age, sex and sella turcica anatomical variables. Theoretic and empirical methods were used. Results: it was observed a predominance of the U-shaped sella turcica anatomical variant in both sexes, followed by the J-shaped one. The U-shaped form predominated in the 41-50-years-old age-group and the J-shaped form in patients elder than 60 years. Conclusions: it is essential to know sella turcica normal anatomy and its anatomical variables, both for the surgical specialties and for the non-surgical ones. It is necessary the exhaustive analysis of this structure to establish parameters excluding several pathologies.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Aged , Sella Turcica/abnormalities , Sella Turcica/pathology , Sella Turcica/diagnostic imaging , Stomatognathic Diseases/diagnosis , Stomatognathic Diseases/epidemiology , Williams Syndrome/epidemiology , Williams Syndrome/diagnostic imaging , Empty Sella Syndrome/epidemiology , Empty Sella Syndrome/diagnostic imaging , Endocrine System Diseases/diagnosis , Endocrine System Diseases/epidemiology , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Causality , Anatomy, Cross-Sectional , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Observational Study
17.
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Impr.) ; 40(1): 52-55, jan.-abr. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-995188

ABSTRACT

A grande quantidade de patologias com características clínicas semelhantes possibilita a coexistência de vários diagnósticos diferenciais frente a uma única lesão na mucosa bucal. Muitas vezes a realização de exames complementares, como a biópsia, torna-se mandatória para confirmação do diagnóstico sugestivo. Realizar levantamento dos laudos histopatológicos provenientes de biópsias executadas em uma clínica-escola odontológica no período entre 2011 e 2018. A partir dos prontuários odontológicos, as informações foram coletadas e tabuladas. Foram determinadas a frequência de cada lesão em relação ao total e ao seu próprio grupo de doenças e as características dos indivíduos. Um total de 106 diagnósticos de 105 pacientes (idade média 47,5 anos), sendo a maioria do sexo feminino (68 indivíduos - 64,8%) e leucoderma (67 indivíduos - 63,8%), foram avaliados. Em relação aos grupos de doenças, o mais representativo foi o das neoplasias benignas epiteliais ou mesenquimais (35 casos - 33%), seguido pelo dos processos proliferativos não neoplásicos (30 casos - 28,3%). Quanto aos diagnósticos, foram observados 25 diferentes, nos quais se destacaram o fibroma (30 casos - 28,3%) e a hiperplasia fibrosa inflamatória (22 casos - 20,8%). Não foi constatada nenhuma patologia maligna. Traçar o perfil epidemiológico de certo grupo de indivíduos pode muitas vezes facilitar os diagnósticos, além de auxiliar na implementação de medidas de prevenção e na orientação dos assuntos a serem abordados nos cursos das instituições de ensino superior(AU)


A large number of pathologies with similar clinical features may allow coexistence of several differential diagnoses in a single lesion on the buccal mucosa. According to the clinical picture, complementary exams such as biopsy are often mandatory to confirm the suggestive diagnosis. To carry out a survey of histopathological diagnoses from biopsies performed in a dental school clinic in the period from 2011 to 2018. Information from dental records was gathered and tabulated. The frequency of each lesion was determined in relation to the total and its own group of diseases as well as the epidemiological characteristics of the individuals. A total of 106 diagnoses from 105 patients (mean age 47.5 years) were evaluated, being the majority of them female (68 individuals - 64.8%) and white (67 individuals - 63.8%). In relation to the groups of diseases, epithelial or mesenchymal benign neoplasms (35 cases - 33%) were the most representative, followed by nonneoplastic proliferative processes (30 cases - 28.3%). Regarding the diagnoses, 25 different ones were observed, in which fibroma (30 cases - 28.3%) and inflammatory fibrous hyperplasia (22 cases - 20.8%) were more prevalent. No malignant pathology was found. To describe the epidemiological profile of a population can often facilitate diagnoses, besides assisting in the implementation of preventive measures and in the definition of graduate and post-graduate courses' scope(AU)


Subject(s)
Stomatognathic Diseases/pathology , Mouth Mucosa/injuries , Mouth Mucosa/pathology , Biopsy , Stomatognathic Diseases/epidemiology
18.
Lima; Perú. Ministerio de Salud; 20190400. 40 p ilus, graf, tab.
Monography in Spanish | MINSAPERU, LILACS, MINSAPERU | ID: biblio-987866

ABSTRACT

El guía técnica contiene: la finalidad, objetivos, ámbito de aplicación, consideraciones generales y específicas para la prevención, diagnóstico y tratamiento de la gingivitis inducida por placa dental y periodontitis.


Subject(s)
Primary Prevention , Therapeutics , Stomatognathic Diseases , Practice Guideline , Diagnosis
19.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 85(1): 83-91, Jan.-Feb. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-984057

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Nasal obstruction is a common symptom in childhood, related to rhinitis and pharyngeal tonsil hypertrophy. In the presence of nasal obstruction, nasal patency may be reduced, and nasal breathing is replaced by mouth breathing. Orofacial and otorhinolaryngologic changes are related to this breathing mode. Objective evaluation of upper airways may be obtained through nasal patency measurement. Objective: To compare nasal patency and otorhinolaryngologic-orofacial features in children. Methods: One hundred and twenty three children, 6-12 year-old, and of both sexes underwent speech therapy evaluation, according to Orofacial Myofunctional Evaluation protocol, clinical and endoscopic otorhinolaryngologic examination and nasal patency measurement, using the absolute and predicted (%) peak nasal inspiratory flow values. Results: Lower values of absolute and estimated peak nasal inspiratory flow values were found in children with restless sleep (p = 0.006 and p = 0.002), nasal obstruction report (p = 0.027 and p = 0.023), runny nose (p = 0.004 and p = 0.012), unsystematic lip closure during mastication (p = 0.040 and p = 0.026), masticatory speed reduced (p = 0.006 and p = 0.008) and altered solid food swallowing (p = 0.006 and p = 0.001). Absolute peak nasal inspiratory flow was lower in children with pale inferior turbinate (p = 0.040), reduced hard palate width (p = 0.037) and altered speech (p = 0.004). Higher absolute values were found in children with increased tongue width (p = 0.027) and, higher absolute and predicted (%) in children with mild everted lip (p = 0.008 and p = 0.000). Conclusions: Nasal patency was lower in children with restless sleep, rhinitis signs and symptoms, hard palate width reduced and with changes in mastication, deglutition and speech functions. It is also emphasized that most of the children presented signs and symptom of allergic rhinitis.


Resumo Introdução: A obstrução nasal é um sintoma comum na infância relacionado a rinite e hipertrofia das tonsilas faríngeas. Na presença de obstrução nasal, a patência nasal pode estar reduzida e a respiração nasal ser substituída por respiração oral. Alterações orofaciais e otorrinolaringológicas estão relacionadas a esse modo de respiração. A avaliação objetiva das vias aéreas superiores pode ser obtida através da medida da patência nasal. Objetivo: Comparar a patência nasal e características otorrinolaringológicas e orofaciais em crianças. Método: Foram submetidas 123 crianças de seis a 12 anos, de ambos os sexos, a avaliação fonoaudiológica, de acordo com o protocolo de avaliação Miofuncional Orofacial, exame clínico e endoscópico otorrinolaringológico e medição da patência nasal, com o uso do pico de fluxo inspiratório nasal em valores absolutos e valores estimados (% pico de fluxo inspiratório nasal). Resultados: Valores mais baixos de pico de fluxo inspiratório nasal e % pico de fluxo inspiratório nasal foram encontrados em crianças com sono agitado (p = 0,006 e p = 0,002), relato de obstrução nasal (p = 0,027 e p = 0,023), rinorreia (p = 0,004 e p = 0,012), fechamento não sistemático dos lábios durante a mastigação (p = 0,040 e p = 0,026), velocidade mastigatória reduzida (p = 0,006 e p = 0,008) e alteração da ingestão de alimentos sólidos (p = 0,006 e p = 0,001). O pico de fluxo inspiratório nasal foi menor em crianças com conchas inferiores pálidas (p = 0,040), redução da largura do palato duro (p = 0,037) e alterações da fala (p = 0,004). Valores maiores foram encontrados em crianças com largura da língua aumentada (p = 0,027). Valores maiores de pico de fluxo inspiratório nasal e % de pico de fluxo inspiratório nasal foram observados em crianças com lábio levemente evertido (p = 0,008 e p = 0,000). Conclusões: A patência nasal foi menor em crianças com sono agitado, sinais e sintomas de rinite, redução da largura do palato duro e alterações nas funções de mastigação, deglutição e fala. Enfatiza-se também que a maioria das crianças apresentava sinais e sintomas de rinite alérgica.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Respiration , Inspiratory Capacity/physiology , Nasal Cavity/physiology , Reference Values , Respiratory Function Tests , Stomatognathic Diseases/physiopathology , Nasal Obstruction/physiopathology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Prospective Studies , Statistics, Nonparametric , Mouth Breathing/physiopathology
20.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 71(1): 21-27, jan.-fev. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-989376

ABSTRACT

The present study aimed to identify and quantify dental diseases in Crioulo horses reared exclusively under extensive farming conditions. In total, 254 Crioulo horses were evaluated, that were reared exclusively in native pastures with predominantly Eragrostis plana (Annoni grass). The animals were divided into three groups according to age: three to five years (G1), six to 12 years (G2), and 13 to 26 years (G3). In total, 46.1% of the animals in G1, 63.8% in G2, and 82.3% in G3 had two or more incisor disorders; 37.5% in G1, 52.5% in G2 and 45.5% in G3 had two or more disease findings in the canines; and 28.9% in G1, 35.4% in G2, and 64.7% in G3 had four or more disease findings in the second, third, and fourth premolars and molars. However, dental calculus was observed in 90.5% of G2 animals, whereas in G3, the occurrence rate of excessive enamel points and calculus was 82.4%. Although all of the horses studied were reared in an extensive farming system, dental changes were very common in the Crioulo breed reared under these management conditions.(AU)


O presente estudo teve por objetivo identificar e quantificar as afecções odontológicas de equinos da raça Crioula criados exclusivamente em regime extensivo. No total, foram avaliados 254 cavalos Crioulos, criados em pastagens nativas com predominância de Eragrostis plana (capim-annoni). Os animais foram divididos em três grupos, de acordo com a idade: de três a cinco anos (G1), seis a 12 anos (G2 ) e 13 a 26 anos (G3). No total, 46,1% dos animais do G1, 63,8% do G2 e 82,3% do G3 apresentaram dois ou mais transtornos incisivos; 37,5% do G1, 52,5% do G2 e 45,5% do G3 tiveram duas ou mais alterações nos caninos; 28,9% do G1, 35,4% do G2 e 64,7% do G3 mostraram quatro ou mais distúrbios no segundo, terceiro e quarto pré-molares e molares. Contudo, cálculo dentário foi observado em 90,5% dos animais do G2, enquanto no G3, a taxa de ocorrência de pontas excessivas de esmalte dentário e cálculo foi de 82,4%. Concluiu-se que, apesar de todos os equinos estudados serem mantidos em sistema extensivo, as afecções dentárias mostraram-se muito comuns na raça Crioula sob estas condições de manejo.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Tooth Abnormalities/diagnosis , Stomatognathic Diseases/diagnosis , Horses/abnormalities
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL