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1.
Infection and Chemotherapy ; : 274-279, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-722320

ABSTRACT

Streptococcus suis is a zoonotic pathogen that can cause severe systemic infections in humans as well as swine. In recent decades, the number of S. suis infections in humans has increased, particularly in Southeast Asia. Although most cases of S. suis human infections are reported as sporadic, a few outbreaks have been noted. Interestingly, these outbreaks have been proposed to be associated with concomitant outbreaks in swine. In Korea, four sporadic and non-fatal cases of S. suis infection have been reported. We herein report a case of life-threating S. suis infection with sepsis for the first time in Korea. The patient was a healthy pig farmer, and the gastrointestinal tract was considered the route of infection. This case emphasized the need for awareness and recognition of S. suis as a zoonotic pathogen.


Subject(s)
Abscess , Asia, Southeastern , Disease Outbreaks , Farmers , Gastrointestinal Tract , Humans , Korea , Sepsis , Shock, Septic , Streptococcus suis , Streptococcus , Swine
2.
Infection and Chemotherapy ; : 274-279, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-721815

ABSTRACT

Streptococcus suis is a zoonotic pathogen that can cause severe systemic infections in humans as well as swine. In recent decades, the number of S. suis infections in humans has increased, particularly in Southeast Asia. Although most cases of S. suis human infections are reported as sporadic, a few outbreaks have been noted. Interestingly, these outbreaks have been proposed to be associated with concomitant outbreaks in swine. In Korea, four sporadic and non-fatal cases of S. suis infection have been reported. We herein report a case of life-threating S. suis infection with sepsis for the first time in Korea. The patient was a healthy pig farmer, and the gastrointestinal tract was considered the route of infection. This case emphasized the need for awareness and recognition of S. suis as a zoonotic pathogen.


Subject(s)
Abscess , Asia, Southeastern , Disease Outbreaks , Farmers , Gastrointestinal Tract , Humans , Korea , Sepsis , Shock, Septic , Streptococcus suis , Streptococcus , Swine
3.
Rev. chil. infectol ; 35(6): 731-732, 2018. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1042651

ABSTRACT

Resumen En Chile se han descrito ocasionalmente casos de meningitis zoonótica por Streptococcus suis ligados a criaderos de cerdos en el sur del país. Presentamos el caso de una mujer que desarrolló un cuadro de meningitis aguda bacteriana por este agente dos días después de manipular un cerdo faenado. No tenía crianza de cerdos ni visitaba granjas de animales. El diagnóstico fue establecido por el cultivo del LCR. Desarrolló una hipoacusia profunda que no mejoró a pesar del uso de corticoesteroides ni tratamiento antimicrobiano, sin otras complicaciones. La meningitis por S. suis es una condición emergente y ligada a porcinos en diferentes formas. La hipoacusia es una complicación frecuente con este agente.


Zoonotic meningitis by Streptococcus suis has been described occasionally in Chile and linked to pig farmers in the south of the country. We report a female case that developed acute bacterial meningitis by this agent, two days after handling a piece of raw swine meat. She did not participate on swine breeding nor visited farms. Diagnosis was obtained by CSF culture. A severe hearing loss and not recovered despite corticosteroids use and antimicrobial treatment, without others complications. Meningitis by S. suis is emerging as a new pathogen and linked to swine in different forms. Hypoacusis happens frequently with this agent.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Streptococcal Infections/diagnosis , Streptococcus suis/isolation & purification , Meningitis, Bacterial/microbiology , Hearing Loss/etiology , Streptococcal Infections/complications , Meningitis, Bacterial/complications , Meningitis, Bacterial/diagnosis
4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-57419

ABSTRACT

Oral fluid analysis for herd monitoring is of interest to the commercial pig production in Korea. The aim of this study was to investigate pathogen-positive rates and correlations among eight pathogens associated with porcine respiratory disease complex by analyzing oral fluid samples from 214 pig groups from 56 commercial farms. Samples collected by a rope-chewing method underwent reverse-transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) or standard polymerase chain reaction (PCR) analysis, depending on the microorganism. Pathogens were divided into virus and bacteria groups. The former consisted of porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus and porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2), and the latter Pasteurella multocida, Haemophilus parasuis, Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae, Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae (MHP), Mycoplasma hyorhinis, and Streptococcus suis (SS). All pathogens were detected more than once by PCR. Age-based analysis showed the PCR-positive rate increased with increasing age for PCV2 and MHP, whereas SS showed the opposite. Correlations between pathogens were assessed among 36 different pair combinations; only seven pairs showed statistically significant correlations. In conclusion, the oral fluid method could be a feasible way to detect various swine respiratory disease pathogens and, therefore, could complement current monitoring systems for respiratory diseases in the swine industry.


Subject(s)
Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae , Agriculture , Bacteria , Circovirus , Complement System Proteins , Haemophilus parasuis , Korea , Methods , Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae , Mycoplasma hyorhinis , Pasteurella multocida , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Porcine respiratory and reproductive syndrome virus , Streptococcus suis , Swine
5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-16841

ABSTRACT

Streptococcus suis is regarded as one of the major pathogens of pigs, and Streptococcus suis type 2 (SS2) is considered a zoonotic bacterium based on its ability to cause meningitis and streptococcal toxic shock-like syndrome in humans. Many bacterial species contain genes encoding serine/threonine protein phosphatases (STPs) responsible for dephosphorylation of their substrates in a single reaction step. This study investigated the role of stp1 in the pathogenesis of SS2. An isogenic stp1 mutant (Δstp1) was constructed from SS2 strain ZJ081101. The Δstp1 mutant exhibited a significant increase in adhesion to HEp-2 and bEnd.3 cells as well as increased survival in RAW264.7 cells, as compared to the parent strain. Increased survival in macrophage cells might be related to resistance to reactive oxygen species since the Δstp1 mutant was more resistant than its parent strain to paraquat-induced oxidative stress. However, compared to parent strain virulence, deletion of stp1 significantly attenuated virulence of SS2 in mice, as shown by the nearly double lethal dose 50 value and the lower bacterial load in organs and blood in the murine model. We conclude that Stp1 has an essential role in SS2 virulence.


Subject(s)
Animals , Bacterial Load , Humans , Lethal Dose 50 , Macrophages , Meningitis , Mice , Oxidative Stress , Parents , Phosphoprotein Phosphatases , Reactive Oxygen Species , Streptococcus suis , Streptococcus , Swine , Virulence
6.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 36(8): 701-704, Aug. 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: lil-798002

ABSTRACT

Streptococcus suis is one of most important pathogens in the swine industry worldwide. Despite its importance, studies of S. suis characterization in South America are still rare. This study evaluates S. suis isolates from distinct Brazilian states, from 1999 to 2004, and its molecular and serological characterization. A total of 174 isolates were studied. S. suis identification was confirmed by PCR and isolates were further serotyped and genotyped by SE-AFLP and amplification of virulence markers. Serotype 1, 2, 3, 4, 7, 18, 22 and 32 were identified among the studied isolates, and only 4% were characterized as non-typeable. The mrp+/epf+/sly+ genotype was the most frequent. The SE-AFLP analysis resulted in 29 patterns distributed in three main clusters with over 65% of genetic similarity. Isolates presented a slight tendency to cluster according to serotype and origin; however, no further correlation with virulence genotypes was observed.(AU)


Streptococcus suis é um dos patógenos de maior importância para indústria suinícola mundial. Apesar de sua importância, a caracterização de isolados de S. suis na América do Sul ainda é pouco descrita. O presente estudo descreve a avaliação de isolados de S. suis provenientes de diferentes Estados brasileiros, e sua caracterização sorológica e molecular. Foram avaliados 174 isolados de S. suis e os mesmos foram submetidos a SE-AFLP e pesquisa de marcadores de virulência. Os sorotipos 1, 2, 3, 4, 7, 18, 22 e 32 foram identificados dentre os isolados estudados e apenas 4% foram caracterizados como não tipáveis. O perfil de virulência mrp+/epf+/sly+ foi o mais frequente. A análise do SE-AFLP resultou em 29 perfis distribuídos em três grupos principais com mais de 65% de similaridade genética. Os isolados apresentaram tendência de se agrupar segundo origem e sorotipo; no entanto, não foi observada correlação entre os grupamentos e os perfis de virulência.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Serotyping/veterinary , Streptococcus suis/classification , Streptococcus suis/genetics , Streptococcus suis/virology , Swine/virology , Virulence
7.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 34(7): 643-648, jul. 2014. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-720438

ABSTRACT

O objetivo do presente estudo foi identificar a frequência de lesões macroscópicas e microscópicas e dos agentes bacterianos envolvidos em pericardites em suínos no abate no Estado do Rio Grande do Sul. As amostras foram coletadas em frigoríficos de suínos com Serviço de Inspeção Federal (SIF) entre fevereiro a outubro de 2010 e a condenação por pericardite dos animais acompanhados foi de 3,9 por cento(299/7.571). No total foram investigados 91 casos de pericardites, 89% deles foram classificados como crônicos por histopatologia e pleurite crônica foi observada em 47 porcento dos pulmões correspondentes, todavia não houve associação significativa entre as duas lesões. Os agentes bacterianos isolados a partir dos corações foram Streptococcus spp., Pasteurella multocida, Haemophilus parasuis e Streptococcus suis. DNA bacterianos mais detectados pela PCR foram de Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae e Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae. Houve associação significativa entre isolamento de P. multocida e Streptococcus sp. nos corações e pulmões correspondentes. Esses resultados sugerem que a infecção no pulmão possa ter servido de porta de entrada para a colonização do pericárdio adjacente. Apesar de M. hyopneumoniae ter sido o agente detectado com maior frequência pela PCR em corações e pulmões correspondentes, não houve associação significativa da detecção dos agentes nos órgãos. Isto sugere que as infecções foram eventos independentes. Os demais agentes investigados não apresentaram associação significativa entre isolamento ou detecção de DNA em coração e pulmão correspondente. Outro achado importante foi a presença de coinfecções bacterianas em 2 por cento dos corações e por PCR foi detectado DNA bacteriano de dois ou mais agentes em 16,5 por cento dos corações. Esses resultados sugerem que as coinfecções em pericardites precisam ser melhor estudadas.


The objective of the study was to identify the frequency of macroscopic and microscopic lesions and bacterial agents involved with pericarditis in slaughter pigs in the State of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. The samples were collected in slaughterhouses with Federal Inspection Service (SIF) between February and October, 2010. Condemnation due to pericarditis in the examined animals was 3.9 percent (299/7,571). Ninety one cases of pericarditis were examined and by histopathology 89% were chronic and 47 percent of the corresponding lungs showed chronic pleuritis, but there was no significant association between both lesions. The bacterial agents isolated from the hearts were Streptococcus spp., Pasteurella multocida, Haemophilus parasuis and Streptococcus suis. Bacterial DNA from Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae and Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae were the most frequently detected by PCR. There was significant association between isolation of P. multocida and Streptococcus spp. in the hearts and corresponding lungs. The results suggest that lung infection could act as a port of entry to the colonization of the adjacent pericardium. In spite of the fact that M. hyopneumoniae was the agent more frequently identified by PCR in the heart and corresponding lung, there was no significant association of the agent in the organs. This suggests that the infections were independent events. The other agents investigated did not show significant association between isolation or DNA detection in heart and corresponding lungs. Another important finding was the presence of coinfection between bacterial agents in 2 percent of the hearts and by PCR were identified bacterial DNA of two or more agents in 16.5 percent of the hearts. These results suggest that coinfections in cases of pericarditis need further investigation.


Subject(s)
Animals , Swine Diseases/microbiology , Genes, Bacterial , Pericarditis/physiopathology , Pericarditis/veterinary , Pleurisy/physiopathology , Pleurisy/veterinary , Polymerase Chain Reaction/veterinary , Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae/isolation & purification , Pasteurella multocida/isolation & purification , Streptococcus suis/isolation & purification
8.
Protein & Cell ; (12): 761-769, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-757468

ABSTRACT

Bacterial cell division is strictly regulated in the formation of equal daughter cells. This process is governed by a series of spatial and temporal regulators, and several new factors of interest to the field have recently been identified. Here, we report the requirement of gluconate 5-dehydrogenase (Ga5DH) in cell division of the zoonotic pathogen Streptococcus suis. Ga5DH catalyzes the reversible reduction of 5-ketogluconate to D-gluconate and was localized to the site of cell division. The deletion of Ga5DH in S. suis resulted in a plump morphology with aberrant septa joining the progeny. A significant increase was also observed in cell length. These defects were determined to be the consequence of Ga5DH deprivation in S. suis causing FtsZ delocalization. In addition, the interaction of FtsZ with Ga5DH in vitro was confirmed by protein interaction assays. These results indicate that Ga5DH may function to prevent the formation of ectopic Z rings during S. suis cell division.


Subject(s)
Bacterial Proteins , Chemistry , Genetics , Metabolism , Cell Division , Cell Shape , Cytoskeletal Proteins , Chemistry , Genetics , Metabolism , Mutation , Oxidoreductases , Genetics , Metabolism , Protein Binding , Streptococcus suis
10.
Rev. chil. infectol ; 30(5): 554-556, oct. 2013. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-691163

ABSTRACT

Streptococcus suis causes meningitis, bacteremia, endocarditis, endophthalmitis, artrithis and toxic shock in both pigs and human beings. The incidence of this pathogen is increasing worldwide. A case of 54 years old men from a rural zone of Tucumán, Argentina with two days of headache, vomit and photophobia was admitted septic, with purulent meningitis. Streptococcus suis was growth from the blood and cerebrospinal fluid culture. The patient was treated with ceftriaxona and had a good evolution without sequels. This is the first case of S. suis described in the northwest of Argentina and the third of Latin America, and it is emphasized that the occupational contact with pigs is an important background for the initial suspect of this pathogen.


La infección por Streptococcus suis puede causar meningitis, bacteriemia, endocarditis, endoftalmitis, artritis y shock tóxico, tanto en el ser humano como en cerdos. La incidencia de esta zoonosis está aumentando en el mundo. Se presenta el caso de un varón de 54 años de edad, trabajador rural proveniente de la provincia de Tucumán, Argentina, que consultó por cefalea, vómitos y fotofobia de dos días de evolución, constatándose una sepsis de foco meníngeo. Tanto en el cultivo de líquido cefalorraquídeo como en el hemocultivo se aisló S. suis. Se trató con ceftriaxona con buena evolución y sin secuelas. Es el primer caso de S. suis en el noroeste argentino y el tercero en Latinoamérica. Se resalta la importancia del antecedente de exposición laboral a cerdos para la sospecha inicial de este microorganismo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Agricultural Workers' Diseases/microbiology , Meningitis, Bacterial/microbiology , Streptococcal Infections/microbiology , Streptococcus suis/isolation & purification , Acute Disease , Argentina , Agricultural Workers' Diseases/diagnosis , Meningitis, Bacterial/diagnosis , Streptococcal Infections/diagnosis
11.
Rev. chil. infectol ; 30(5): 557-561, oct. 2013.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-691164

ABSTRACT

Human infection by Streptococcus suis is a zoonosis with a known occupational risk. Meningitis is its most frequent clinical manifestation. We present the first two cases in Chile. First case: 54-year-old female patient, pig-farmer. She presented headache, vomiting, confusion and meningismus. She presented septic shock. Second case: 48-year-old male patient, also pig farmer, presented headache, vomiting and meningismus. A Gram's staining of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) showed gram-positive cocci in both cases. Ceftriaxone and dexamethasone treatment was administered. The CSF cultures were positive for Streptococcus suis serotype 2. The patients experienced a good outcome, without neurological sequelae at the time of discharge. It is considerable to evaluate epidemiologic factors in order to suspect this etiological agent in cases of meningitis. These cases enhance the need of heighten awareness of potential for occupational exposure and infection by this emerging human pathogen. Educating population at risk about simple preventive measures must be considered.


La infección humana por Streptococcus suis es una zoonosis con riesgo ocupacional conocido, siendo la meningitis aguda su manifestación clínica más frecuente. Se presentan los dos primeros casos en Chile. Primer caso: Mujer de 54 años con un cuadro de cefalea y vómitos, confusión y signos meníngeos. Evolucionó con un shock séptico. Segundo caso: Varón de 48 años, refirió cefalea y vómitos. Presentó signos meníngeos al examen físico. En ambos casos en la tinción de Gram de líquido cefalorraquídeo (LCR) se observaron cocáceas grampositivas. Fueron tratados con ceftriaxona y dexametasona. El cultivo de LCR fue positivo en ambos casos para S. suis serotipo 2. En los dos pacientes la evolución clínica fue favorable, sin alteraciones neurológicas al alta. En ambos casos se obtuvo en forma retrospectiva el antecedente de realizar labores de crianza de ganado porcino. Se destaca la importancia de investigar los antecedentes epidemiológicos para sospechar este agente etiológico en meningitis aguda. Se debe considerar el riesgo ocupacional en una posible infección por este patógeno humano emergente y educar a la población en riesgo sobre medidas preventivas simples.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Agricultural Workers' Diseases/microbiology , Meningitis, Bacterial/microbiology , Streptococcal Infections/microbiology , Streptococcus suis/isolation & purification , Acute Disease , Agricultural Workers' Diseases/diagnosis , Chile , Meningitis, Bacterial/diagnosis , Streptococcal Infections/diagnosis
12.
Braz. j. microbiol ; 43(3): 993-1004, July-Sept. 2012. ilus, graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-656664

ABSTRACT

Streptococcus suis is a swine pathogen and also a zoonotic agent. The formation of biofilms allows S. suis to become persistent colonizers and resist clearance by the host immune system and antibiotics. In this study, biofilm forming potentials of various S. suis strains were characterized by confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and tissue culture plates stained with crystal violet. In addition, the effects of five antimicrobial agents on biofilm formation were assayed in this study. S. suis produced biofilms on smooth and rough surface. The nutritional contents including glucose and NaCl in the growth medium modulated biofilm formation. There was a significant difference in their biofilm-forming ability among all 46 S. suis strains. The biofilm-forming potential of S. suis serotype 9 was stronger than type 2 and all other types. However, biofilm formation was inhibited by five commonly used antimicrobial agents, penicillin, erythromycin, azithromycin, ciprofloxacin, and ofloxacin at subinhibitory concentrations, among which inhibition of ciprofloxacin and ofloxacin was stronger than that of other three antimicrobial agents.Our study provides a detailed analysis of biofilm formation potential in S. suis, which is a step towards understanding its role in pathogenesis, and eventually lead to a better understanding of how to eradicate S. suis growing as biofilms with antibiotic therapy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Anti-Bacterial Agents/analysis , Biofilms , Immune System , Immunocompromised Host , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning/methods , Drug Resistance, Microbial/genetics , Swine , Streptococcus suis/genetics , Streptococcus suis/isolation & purification , Methods , Sus scrofa , Virulence
13.
Protein & Cell ; (12): 769-780, 2012.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-757857

ABSTRACT

Enolase is a conserved cytoplasmic metalloenzyme existing universally in both eukaryotic and prokaryotic cells. The enzyme can also locate on the cell surface and bind to plasminogen, via which contributing to the mucosal surface localization of the bacterial pathogens and assisting the invasion into the host cells. The functions of the eukaryotic enzymes on the cell surface expression (including T cells, B cells, neutrophils, monocytoes, neuronal cells and epithelial cells) are not known. Streptococcus suis serotype 2 (S. suis 2, SS2) is an important zoonotic pathogen which has recently caused two large-scale outbreaks in southern China with severe streptococcal toxic shock syndrome (STSS) never seen before in human sufferers. We recently identified the SS2 enolase as an important protective antigen which could protect mice from fatal S.suis 2 infection. In this study, a 2.4-angstrom structure of the SS2 enolase is solved, revealing an octameric arrangement in the crystal. We further demonstrated that the enzyme exists exclusively as an octamer in solution via a sedimentation assay. These results indicate that the octamer is the biological unit of SS2 enolase at least in vitro and most likely in vivo as well. This is, to our knowledge, the first comprehensive characterization of the SS2 enolase octamer both structurally and biophysically, and the second octamer enolase structure in addition to that of Streptococcus pneumoniae. We also investigated the plasminogen binding property of the SS2 enzyme.


Subject(s)
Amino Acid Sequence , Binding Sites , Crystallography, X-Ray , Humans , Models, Molecular , Molecular Sequence Data , Phosphopyruvate Hydratase , Chemistry , Metabolism , Plasminogen , Metabolism , Protein Multimerization , Protein Structure, Quaternary , Solutions , Species Specificity , Streptococcus suis
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-128006

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Human infection with Streptococcus suis (S. suis), a zoonotic pathogen, has been reported mainly in pig-rearing and pork-consuming countries. Meningitis is the most-common clinical manifestation and is often associated with deafness and vestibular dysfunction. CASE REPORT: A 57-year-old man was referred to the hospital with headaches, fevers, chills, and hearing impairment. Meningitis was confirmed and S. suis was isolated from the cerebrospinal fluid. Spondylodiscitis occurred after 2 weeks of antibiotic treatment, and was successfully treated with a prolonged course of antibiotics for another 4 weeks. His hearing loss was irreversible despite the improvement of other symptoms. CONCLUSIONS: We report the first human case of S. suis infection in Korea. In patients presenting with meningitis, S. suis should be considered if the characteristic features of prominent and early hearing loss are present.


Subject(s)
Anti-Bacterial Agents , Chills , Deafness , Discitis , Fever , Headache , Hearing Loss , Humans , Korea , Meningitis , Middle Aged , Streptococcus , Streptococcus suis
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-118338

ABSTRACT

Streptococcus suis causes meningitis and sepsis in pigs, but human infection has increased over the past few years in those who are exposed to pigs or raw pork. Most cases have occurred in Southeast Asia, but only two cases have been reported in South Korea, presenting with arthritis and meningitis. Here, we report a rare case of S. suis infection, a 60-year-old sailor, who visited the emergency room presenting septicemia, pneumonia with empyema and meningitis, showed full recovery; however, neurologic sequale of severe cognitive dysfunction was present after the usage of antibiotics and percutaneous drainage. S. suis was isolated from blood and pleural fluid and the strain was susceptible to penicillin and vancomycin. Increased awareness of S. suis infection and prevention are warranted.


Subject(s)
Anti-Bacterial Agents , Arthritis , Asia, Southeastern , Drainage , Emergencies , Empyema , Humans , Korea , Meningitis , Middle Aged , Military Personnel , Penicillins , Pneumonia , Republic of Korea , Sepsis , Sprains and Strains , Streptococcus , Streptococcus suis , Swine , Vancomycin
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-175681

ABSTRACT

Streptococcus suis is a swine pathogen that causes meningitis, septicemia, pneumonia, and endocarditis. The first case of human S. suis infection was reported in Denmark in 1968, and since then, this infection with has been reported in many countries, especially in Southeast Asia because of the high density of pigs in this region. We report the case of a patient with septic arthritis and bacteremia caused by S. suis. Cases in which S. suis is isolated from the joint fluid are very rare, and to the best of our knowledge, this is first case report of S. suis infection in Korea. The identity of this organism was confirmed by phenotypic characterization and 16S rRNA sequence analysis. An 81-yr-old Korean woman who presented with fever, arthralgia, and headache was admitted to a secondary referral center in Korea. Culture of aspirated joint fluid and blood samples showed the growth of S. suis biotype II, which was identified by the Vitek2 GPI and API 20 Strep systems (bioMerieux, USA), and this organism was susceptible to penicillin G and vancomycin. The 16S rRNA sequences of the blood culture isolates showed 99% homology with those of S. suis subsp. suis, which are reported in GenBank. The patient's fever subsided, and blood and joint cultures were negative for bacterial growth after antibiotic therapy; however, the swelling and pain in her left knee joint persisted. She plans to undergo total knee replacement.


Subject(s)
Aged, 80 and over , Anti-Bacterial Agents/administration & dosage , Arthritis, Infectious/complications , Bacteremia/complications , Female , Humans , Injections, Intravenous , Microbial Sensitivity Tests , Phenotype , RNA, Ribosomal, 16S/chemistry , Sequence Analysis, DNA , Streptococcal Infections/complications , Streptococcus suis/genetics
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-193615

ABSTRACT

Streptococcus suis infection is an emerging zoonosis in Asia. The most common disease manifestation is meningitis, which is often associated with hearing loss and cochleovestibular signs. S. suis infection in humans mainly occurs among risk groups that have frequent exposure to pigs or raw pork. Here, we report a case of S. suis meningitis in a 67-yr-old pig carcass handler, who presented with dizziness and sensorineural hearing loss followed by headaches. Gram-positive diplococci were isolated from cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and blood cultures and showed gray-white colonies with alpha-hemolysis. S. suis was identified from CSF and blood cultures by using a Vitek 2 system (bioMerieux, France), API 20 STREP (bioMerieux), and performing 16S rRNA and tuf gene sequencing. Even after receiving antibiotic treatment, patients with S. suis infection frequently show complications such as hearing impairment and vestibular dysfunction. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case of S. suis meningitis in Korea. Prevention through public health surveillance is recommended, especially for individuals who have occupational exposures to swine and raw pork.


Subject(s)
Aged , Animals , Bacterial Proteins/genetics , Blood/microbiology , Cerebrospinal Fluid/microbiology , Hearing Loss, Bilateral/complications , Humans , Male , Meningitis, Bacterial/complications , Phylogeny , RNA, Ribosomal, 16S/genetics , Sequence Analysis, DNA , Streptococcus suis/classification , Swine , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-47194

ABSTRACT

Epidemiological characteristics of swine pulmonary Pneumocystis (P.) carinii and concurrent infections were surveyed on Jeju Island, Korea, within a designated period in 172 pigs submitted from 54 farms to the Department of Veterinary Medicine, Jeju National University. The submitted cases were evaluated by histopathology, immunohistochemistry, PCR/RT-PCR, and bacteriology. P. carinii infection was confirmed in 39 (22.7%) of the 172 pigs. Histopathologically, the lungs had moderate to severe lymphohistioctyic interstitial pneumonia with variable numbers of fungal organisms within lesions. Furthermore, porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) and porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV-2) co-infection was a common phenomenon (12.8%, 20.5%, and 48.7% were positive for PRRS, PCV-2, or both, respectively, as determined by PCR/RT-PCR). Infection was much more concentrated during winter (December to March) and 53.8% of the infected pigs were 7- to 8-weeks old. In addition, three pigs showed co-infection with bacteria such as Pasteurella multocida and Streptococcus suis. The results of the present study suggest that the secondary P. carinii infection is common following primary viral infection in swine in Korea. They further suggest that co-infection of P. carinii might be enhanced by the virulence of primary pathogens or might have synergistic effects in the pigs with chronic wasting diseases.


Subject(s)
Aging , Animals , Circovirus/pathogenicity , Incidence , Pasteurella Infections/complications , Pasteurella multocida , Pneumocystis carinii/immunology , Pneumonia, Pneumocystis/complications , Porcine Postweaning Multisystemic Wasting Syndrome/complications , Porcine Reproductive and Respiratory Syndrome/epidemiology , Porcine respiratory and reproductive syndrome virus/pathogenicity , Prevalence , Republic of Korea/epidemiology , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , Marine Environment , Streptococcal Infections/complications , Streptococcus suis , Sus scrofa , Swine Diseases/epidemiology
19.
Protein & Cell ; (12): 96-105, 2010.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-757703

ABSTRACT

Cholesterol-dependent cytolysins (CDC) are pore forming toxins. A prototype of the CDC family members is perfringolysin O (PFO), which directly binds to the cell membrane enriched in cholesterol, causing cell lysis. However, an exception of this general observation is intermedilysin (ILY) of Streptococcus intermedius, which requires human CD59 as a receptor in addition to cholesterol for its hemolytic activity. A possible explanation of this functional difference is the conformational variation between the C-terminal domains of the two toxins, particularly in the highly conserved undecapeptide termed tryptophan rich motif. Here, we present the crystal structure of suilysin, a CDC toxin from the infectious swine pathogen Streptococcus suis. Like PFO, suilysin does not require a host receptor for hemolytic activity; yet the crystal structure of suilysin exhibits a similar conformation in the tryptophan rich motif to ILY. This observation suggests that the current view of the structure-function relationship between CDC proteins and membrane association is far from complete.


Subject(s)
Amino Acid Sequence , Animals , Bacterial Toxins , Chemistry , Bacteriocins , Chemistry , Cholesterol , Chemistry , Crystallography, X-Ray , Cytotoxins , Chemistry , Hemolysin Proteins , Chemistry , Genetics , Molecular Sequence Data , Point Mutation , Protein Structure, Tertiary , Sequence Alignment , Streptococcus suis , Metabolism , Swine
20.
Braz. j. microbiol ; 40(4): 980-987, Oct.-Dec. 2009. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-528188

ABSTRACT

The postantibiotic effects (PAEs) and postantibiotic sub-MIC effects (PA SMEs) of tilmicosin, erythromycin and tiamulin on erythromycin-susceptible and erythromycin-resistant strains of Streptococcus suis (M phenotype) were investigated in vitro. Tilmicosin and tiamulin induced significantly longer PAE and PA SME against both erythromycin-susceptible and erythromycin-resistant strains than did erythromycin. The durations of PAE and PA SMEs were proportional to the concentrations of drugs used for exposure. The PA SMEs were substantially longer than PAEs on S. suis (P<0.05) regardless of the antimicrobial used for exposure. The results indicated that the PAE and PA SME could help in the design of efficient control strategies for infection especially caused by erythromycin-resistant S. suis and that they may provide additional valuable information for the rational drug use in clinical practice.


Subject(s)
Animals , Anti-Bacterial Agents/analysis , Anti-Bacterial Agents/adverse effects , Disease Susceptibility , Drug Resistance, Microbial , In Vitro Techniques , Streptococcal Infections , Swine , Streptococcus suis/growth & development , Streptococcus suis , Streptococcus suis/genetics , Streptococcus suis/isolation & purification , Culture Media , Methods , Phenotype , Polymerase Chain Reaction/methods , Sampling Studies , Methods
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