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1.
Rev. cuba. enferm ; 37(2): e3703, 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDENF, CUMED | ID: biblio-1347418

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Los hábitos de vida de los estudiantes universitarios, con poco tiempo para su realización debido al estrés académico, prácticas, horario de clase y estudio, suelen ser poco saludables, por tanto, pueden influir negativamente en el rendimiento académico. Objetivo: Analizar los hábitos de vida en periodo evaluativo y su influencia en el rendimiento académico en estudiantes universitarios del grado en enfermería. Métodos: Estudio observacional descriptivo de tipo transversal realizado en el momento del examen a 488 estudiantes de los cuatro cursos del grado en enfermería de una universidad al sur de España, en el curso académico 2018. Los instrumentos empleados fueron: un cuestionario con datos sociodemográficos y otro cuestionario de hábitos de estilo de vida. El análisis de la información se realizó través de estadísticos descriptivos, pruebas paramétricas y no paramétricas y correlación lineal. Se respetaron las consideraciones éticas para estudios con humanos. Resultados: El 53,30 por ciento de la muestra realizaba ejercicio físico de forma regular, siendo similar en los cuatro cursos evaluados para los hombres mientras que en las mujeres aumentó de 31,11 por ciento en 1º a 61,26 por ciento en 4º curso. No diferencias relevantes en el rendimiento académico según variables de estilo de vida excepto sueño. Conclusiones: Las horas de sueño dormidas, sobre todo la semana previa al examen se relacionan con mayor rendimiento académico. Nuestros resultados sugieren que los estilos de vida menos saludables conllevan a peor rendimiento académico(AU)


Introduction: The life habits of university students, with little time to carry them out due to academic stress, practices, class and study hours, are usually unhealthy; therefore, they can influence academic performance negatively. Objective: To analyze life habits in the evaluation period and their influence on academic performance in university students of the Nursing degree. Methods: Descriptive, cross-sectional and observational study carried out, in the academic year 2018, at the time of examination with 488 students from the four courses of the Nursing degree from a university in southern Spain. The instruments used were a questionnaire with sociodemographic data and another lifestyle habits quiz. Information analysis was carried out through descriptive statistics, parametric and nonparametric tests, and linear correlation. Ethical considerations for human studies were respected. Results: 53.30 percent of the sample did physical exercise on a regular basis, being similar for men in the four courses assessed, while for women it increased from 31.11 percent in first academic year to 61.26 percent in the fourth academic year. There were no relevant differences in academic performance according to lifestyle variables except sleep. Conclusions: The hours of sleep per se, especially during the week before the exam, are related to higher academic performance. Our results suggest that less healthy lifestyles lead to poorer academic performance(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Young Adult , Stress, Psychological/etiology , Students, Nursing , Student Health , Academic Performance , Life Style , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Data Collection , Education, Nursing, Diploma Programs/methods , Observational Studies as Topic
2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877761

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION@#Frontline healthcare workers (HCWs) exposed to coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) are at risk of psychological distress. This study evaluates the psychological impact of COVID-19 pandemic on HCWs in a national paediatric referral centre.@*METHODS@#This was a survey-based study that collected demographic, work environment and mental health data from paediatric HCWs in the emergency, intensive care and infectious disease units. Psychological impact was measured using the Depression, Anxiety, Stress Scale-21. Multivariate regression analysis was performed to identify risk factors associated with psychological distress.@*RESULTS@#The survey achieved a response rate of 93.9% (430 of 458). Of the 430 respondents, symptoms of depression, anxiety and stress were reported in 168 (39.1%), 205 (47.7%) and 106 (24.7%), respectively. Depression was reported in the mild (47, 10.9%), moderate (76, 17.7%), severe (23, 5.3%) and extremely severe (22, 5.1%) categories. Anxiety (205, 47.7%) and stress (106, 24.7%) were reported in the mild category only. Collectively, regression analysis identified female sex, a perceived lack of choice in work scope/environment, lack of protection from COVID-19, lack of access to physical activities and rest, the need to perform additional tasks, and the experience of stigma from the community as risk factors for poor psychological outcome.@*CONCLUSION@#A high prevalence of depression, anxiety and stress was reported among frontline paediatric HCWs during the COVID-19 pandemic. Personal psychoneuroimmunity and organisational prevention measures can be implemented to lessen psychiatric symptoms. At the national level, involving mental health professionals to plan and coordinate psychological intervention for the country should be considered.


Subject(s)
Adult , Anxiety/etiology , COVID-19/psychology , Depression/etiology , Female , Health Surveys , Hospitals, Pediatric , Humans , Logistic Models , Male , Middle Aged , Multivariate Analysis , Occupational Diseases/etiology , Pandemics , Personnel, Hospital/psychology , Prevalence , Risk Factors , Self Report , Severity of Illness Index , Singapore/epidemiology , Stress, Psychological/etiology
3.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1289978

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE To estimate the prevalence of clinical signs and symptoms of severe/extreme stress, anxiety, and depression, as well as their associated factors, among Brazilians during social distancing. METHODS This is a cross-sectional study conducted in April/May 2020 with 3,200 Brazilians over 18 years old. Respondents' sociodemographic and clinical data were collected using an online questionnaire, which also included the 21-item Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale (DASS-21) to assess emotional symptoms. Unadjusted and adjusted prevalence ratios and their respective 95% confidence intervals were estimated using Poisson regression models with robust variance. RESULTS Our results show the prevalence of severe/extreme stress was 21.5%, anxiety 19.4%, and depression 21.5%. In the final model, sociodemographic, clinical, and Covid-19-related factors were associated with severe/extreme stress, anxiety, and depression in Brazilians during social distancing due to the Covid-19 pandemic. We found the main factors associated with severe/extreme depression to be young women, brown, single, not religious, sedentary, presenting reduced leisure activities, history of anxiety and depression, increased medication use, and Covid-19 symptoms. CONCLUSION This study may help develop and systematically plan measures aimed to prevent, early identify, and properly manage clinical signs and symptoms of stress, anxiety, and depression during the Covid-19 pandemic.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Pandemics , COVID-19 , Anxiety/etiology , Anxiety/epidemiology , Stress, Psychological/etiology , Stress, Psychological/epidemiology , Brazil/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Depression/etiology , Depression/epidemiology , Physical Distancing , SARS-CoV-2
4.
Audiol., Commun. res ; 26: e2335, 2021. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1285382

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo verificar a prevalência de estresse e os fatores associados à sua presença em discentes de um curso de Fonoaudiologia. Métodos participaram 105 discentes, maiores de 18 anos, de ambos os sexos, matriculados no curso de Fonoaudiologia de uma universidade federal. Foram excluídos os discentes que não estavam com a matrícula ativa durante o período da pesquisa. Todos responderam a um questionário sociodemográfico e ao Inventário de Sintomatologia de Stress de Lippi, que identifica os sintomas de estresse, bem como a sua respectiva fase e os sintomas predominantes. Os dados receberam tratamento estatístico, sendo estipulado o nível de significância de 5%. Resultados dentre os participantes, 77,1% apresentaram resultados sugestivos de estresse, sendo que, destes, 77,7% estavam na fase de "resistência", 18,5% na fase de "quase exaustão"; 2,5% na fase de "alerta"; e 1,2% na fase de "exaustão". Quanto à sintomatologia 64,2% apresentaram predominância de sintomas psicológicos, 18,5%, físicos e 17,3%, físicos e psicológicos. A análise estatística mostrou a presença significativamente superior de estresse entre as mulheres e entre os que não trabalhavam e a relação do estresse com o ano de estudo. Conclusão um elevado número de discentes de Fonoaudiologia foi identificado com estresse, sendo a fase de "resistência" a mais frequente, com prevalência de sintomas psicológicos. Os fatores associados ao estresse foram sexo, com maior prejuízo entre as mulheres, o fato de não exercerem atividade remunerada e o ano do curso em que estavam matriculados, sendo que no primeiro ano foi observada menor prevalência de estresse e no último ano, maior.


ABSTRACT Objective To verify the prevalence and factors associated with the presence of stress in students of a Speech, Language, and Hearing Sciences course. Methods 105 students participated, over 18 years old, of both sexes, enrolled in the Speech, Language and Hearing Sciences course at a Federal University. Students who were not active during participation in the research were excluded. All respond to a sociodemographic questionnaire and Lipp's Stress Symptoms Inventory, which identifies the symptoms of stress, as well as their s—pecific phase and the predominant symptoms. The data received statistical treatment being stipulated the significance level of 5%. Results 77.1% showed results suggestive of stress, of which 77.7% were in the "resistance" phase, 18.5% in the "almost exhaustion"; 2.5% in the "alarm"; and 1.2% in the "exhaustion". As for the symptomatology, 64.2% had a predominance of psychological symptoms, 18.5% physical, and 17.3% physical and psychological. The statistical analysis showed a significantly higher presence of stress among women and among those who do not work, and a relationship between stress and the study year. Conclusion A high number of Speech, Language and Hearing Sciences students with stress, was identified, with the "resistance" phase as the most frequent and the prevalence of psychological symptoms. The factors associated with stress were gender, which presented greater damages among women, the fact that students do not engage in paid work, and the year of the course they were enrolled. The first year had the lowest prevalence of stress, while the last year had the highest result.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Stress, Psychological/etiology , Stress, Psychological/epidemiology , Students/psychology , Speech, Language and Hearing Sciences , Socioeconomic Factors , Brazil , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires
5.
Rev inf cient ; 100(5): 1-10, 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1348798

ABSTRACT

Introducción: A partir del rebrote de COVID-19 que desde el mes de noviembre de 2020 experimentó la nación, el grupo temporal para el enfrentamiento a la epidemia abrió nuevos centros de aislamiento con el objetivo principal de brindar atención médica integral y de enfermería a pacientes que han sido contacto de personas contagiadas con esta enfermedad. Objetivo: Identificar las alteraciones psicológicas más frecuentes experimentadas por médicos, personal de enfermería y estudiantes de Medicina en el centro de aislamiento ubicado en la Facultad de Medicina No. 2 de Santiago de Cuba. Método: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo a 150 trabajadores de la zona roja de este centro de aislamiento en el periodo comprendido desde el 1 de marzo al 31 de mayo de 2021, para lo cual se empleó una metodología mixta, con una estrategia de triangulación de datos en un sentido cuanticualitativo. Resultados: La alteración psicológica de la esfera afectiva que predominó en estos trabajadores fue la ansiedad con un 98 porciento entre los médicos y enfermeros y un 100 porciento entre los estudiantes. En cuanto a la esfera cognitiva se destacó la presencia de imágenes intrusivas en el 72 porciento de los médicos, el 68 porciento del personal de enfermería y el 54 porciento de los estudiantes. Mientras que en la esfera volitiva predominó la incomodidad por el uso de los medios de protección en el 100 porciento de los sujetos encuestados. Conclusiones: En el centro de aislamiento estudiado, se identifican alteraciones psicológicas en el personal médico, de enfermería y estudiantes de Medicina. Destacan como las más frecuentes: la ansiedad, el estrés, imágenes intrusivas, dificultad para concentrase, el consumo de sustancias lícitas y trastornos del sueño(AU).


Introduction: Since the outbreak of COVID-19 that the nation experienced in November 2020, the temporary group to confront the epidemic opened new COVID-19 quarantine facilities with the main objective of providing comprehensive medical and nursing care to patients who have been in contact with people infected with this disease. Objective: To identify the most frequent psychological alterations experienced by doctors, nursing staff and medical students in the isolation facilities located at the Faculty of Medicine No. 2 of Santiago de Cuba. Method: A descriptive study was carried out on 150 workers in the red zone of this facility in the period from March 1st to May 31st, 2021, for which a mixed methodology was used, with a data triangulation strategy in a quantitative sense. Results: The psychological alteration of the affective sphere that predominated in these workers was anxiety, with 98 percent among doctors and nurses and 100 percent among students. Regarding the cognitive sphere, the presence of intrusive images stood out in 72 percent of the doctors, 68 percent of the nursing staff and 54 percent of the students. While in the volitional sphere, discomfort due to the use of means of protection prevailed in 100 percent of the subjects surveyed. Conclusions: In the quarantine center studied, psychological alterations were identified in the medical staff, nursing staff and medical students. The most frequent ones that stand out were: anxiety, stress, intrusive images, difficulty concentrating, the use of legal substances and sleep disorders(AU).


Introdução: A partir do surto de COVID-19 que viveu o país desde novembro de 2020, o grupo temporário de enfrentamento à epidemia inaugurou novos centros de isolamento com o objetivo principal de prestar assistência médica e de enfermagem integral aos pacientes que estiveram em contato com pessoas infectadas com esta doença. Objetivo: Identificar as alterações psicológicas mais frequentes vivenciadas por médicos, enfermeiras e estudantes de Medicina no centro de isolamento localizado na Facultad de Medicina Nº 2 de Santiago de Cuba. Método: Foi realizado um estudo descritivo com 150 trabalhadores da zona vermelha deste centros de isolamento no período de 1º de março a 31 de maio de 2021, para o qual foi utilizada uma metodologia mista, com estratégia de triangulação de dados no sentido quantitativo. Resultados: A alteração psicológica da esfera afetiva que predominou nesses trabalhadores foi a ansiedade com 98 porcento entre médicos e enfermeiras e 100 porcento entre estudantes. Em relação à esfera cognitiva, a presença de imagens intrusivas destacou-se em 72 porcento dos médicos, 68 porcento da equipe de enfermagem e 54 porcento dos alunos. Já na esfera volitiva, o desconforto devido ao uso de meios de proteção prevaleceu em 100 porcento dos sujeitos pesquisados. Conclusões: No isolamento estudado, foram identificadas alterações psicológicas na equipe médica, equipe de enfermagem e estudantes de Medicina. Destacam-se os mais frequentes: ansiedade, estresse, imagens intrusivas, dificuldade de concentração, uso de substâncias lícitas e distúrbios do sono(AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Stress, Psychological/etiology , Burnout, Professional , Health Personnel/psychology , Depression/etiology , Performance Anxiety , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Hospitals, Isolation
6.
Rev. cuba. med. gen. integr ; 36(4): e1331, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1156486

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Según el estado de la nación 2018, Costa Rica es el tercer país latinoamericano con mayor densidad vehicular; es solo superado por Argentina y México. Objetivo: Identificar los factores asociados al nivel de estrés por el congestionamiento en el traslado a la universidad en los estudiantes y los factores asociados a la presencia o ausencia de estrés por el congestionamiento en el traslado a la universidad. Métodos: Estudio observacional, analítico de corte transversal, donde participaron 420 estudiantes, quienes completaron las encuestas correspondientes, para evaluar el nivel de estrés que genera el congestionamiento vial en dicha población. Las variables asociadas a la presencia o ausencia de estrés fueron edad, rendimiento, traslado de casa a la universidad por la mañana, de casa a la universidad por la tarde, de casa a la universidad por la noche, carro, taxi, tren, bus y moto. Las asociadas al nivel fueron: sexo, cantón de residencia, la forma de traslado en carro, moto y tiempo de traslado. Resultados: Los estudiantes utilizaban como principal medio de transporte el bus. El rendimiento académico reportado por el 83 por ciento de la muestra estaba en el valor de 7. El 90 por ciento de los encuestados dijo presentar estrés asociado al congestionamiento vial. La presencia de estrés no estaba asociada al tiempo de traslado, el nivel de estrés sí lo estaba. Conclusión: El rendimiento académico está asociado a la presencia de estrés, no al nivel, o sea, que su existencia podría estar afectando la situación académica del estudiante(AU)


Introduction: According to the state of the nation 2018, Costa Rica is the third Latin American country with the highest traffic density; it is only surpassed by Argentina and Mexico. Objective: To identify the factors associated with level of stress in students due to congestion during their transit to the university and the factors associated with the presence or absence of stress due to the congestion in the transit to the university. Methods: An observational, analytical and cross-sectional study was carried put, with the participation of 420 students, who completed the corresponding surveys, which allowed assessing the level of stress generated by road congestion in the study population. The variables associated with the presence or absence of stress were age, academic performance, travel from home to university in the morning, from home to university in the afternoon, from home to university at night, car, taxi, train, bus and motorcycle. The variables associated with the level of stress were sex, canton of residence, the way of transportation by car, motorcycle, and travel time. Results: The students used the bus as their main means of transportation. The academic performance reported by 83 percent of the sample was in the value of 7. 90 percent of the respondents expressed that they present stress associated with road congestion. The presence of stress was not associated with travel time; the stress level was. Conclusion: Academic performance is associated with the presence of stress, not with the level of stress; that is, its existence could be affecting the student's academic situation(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Young Adult , Stress, Psychological/etiology , Students , Transportation , Academic Performance/psychology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Costa Rica , Observational Study
7.
Rev. cuba. invest. bioméd ; 39(4): e625, oct.-dic. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1156455

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El estrés mental agudo, así como los estados de ansiedad inducidos para influenciar la reactividad psicofisiológica en jóvenes sanos, aportan cambios en los patrones nerviosos que pueden ser medidos mediante la variabilidad de la frecuencia cardiaca. Objetivo: Determinar las diferencias en los parámetros lineales del balance autonómico cardiovascular en individuos jóvenes en estado basal y durante la prueba de cálculo aritmético. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio cuasi-experimental, sin grupo control de tipo antes y después, en el Laboratorio de Ciencias Básicas Biomédicas de la Universidad de Ciencias Médicas de Santiago de Cuba. Población y muestra de 10 sujetos. Se registró el trazado electrocardiográfico (5 min) durante el reposo y luego durante la prueba de cálculo aritmético. Resultados: Existieron diferencias significativas entre ambos estados en las variables frecuencia cardiaca (p = 0,005); mínima (p = 0,007); máxima (p = 0,005); intervalo RR (p = 0,005); stress index (p = 0,028); índice simpático (p = 0,005); bajas frecuencias (p = 0,005); relación LF/HF (p = 0,005); RMSSD (p = 0,007); NN50 (p = 0,008); pNN50 (p = 0,005); índice parasimpático (p = 0,005) y altas frecuencias (p = 0,005). El estrés mental provocó una disminución parasimpática y un predominio simpático uniforme en todos los sujetos participantes en el estudio. Conclusiones: Durante el estrés mental inducido por la prueba de cálculo aritmético la dinámica lineal de la respuesta autonómica cardiovascular experimenta un aumento en la actividad simpática y una disminución del tono parasimpático, traduciendo una respuesta adaptativa en la regulación de la función cardiovascular por el sistema nervioso autónomo(AU)


Introduction: Acute mental stress and states of anxiety induced to influence psychophysiological reactivity in healthy young people, result in changes in nervous patterns which may be measured in terms of heart rate variability. Objective: Determine the differences in linear parameters for autonomic cardiovascular balance in young individuals at baseline and during the arithmetic computation test. Methods: A non-observational quasi-experimental before-after study without a control group was conducted at the Basic Biomedical Sciences Laboratory of the University of Medical Sciences of Santiago de Cuba. The study population and sample was 10 subjects. The electrocardiographic tracing (5 min) was recorded at rest and then during the arithmetic computation test. Results: Significant differences were found between the two states as to the variables heart rate (p = 0.005), minimum (p = 0.007), maximum (p = 0.005), RR interval (p = 0.005), stress index (p = 0.028), sympathetic index (p = 0.005), low frequencies (p = 0.005), LF/HF ratio (p = 0.005), RMSSD (p = 0.007), NN50 (p = 0.008), pNN50 (p = 0.005), parasympathetic index (p = 0.005) and high frequencies (p = 0.005). Mental stress caused a parasympathetic reduction and uniform sympathetic predominance in all the subjects participating in the study. Conclusions: During the mental stress induced by the arithmetic computation test, the linear dynamic of the autonomic cardiovascular response experiences an increase in sympathetic activity and a reduction in parasympathetic tone, displaying an adaptive response in cardiovascular function regulation by the autonomous nervous system(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Stress, Psychological/etiology , Test Anxiety Scale/standards , Heart Rate/physiology , Non-Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic
8.
Rev. Hosp. Ital. B. Aires (2004) ; 40(4): 164-170, dic. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1145436

ABSTRACT

Introducción: como profesionales de la salud hemos observado distintas conductas en los pacientes pediátricos, sin psicoprofilaxis, que ingresan para ser intervenidos quirúrgicamente de urgencia; pacientes que, según su edad, su entorno social, familiar y cultural, podrán manifestar dichas conductas interpretadas como estrés, de distintas maneras. Objetivo: se midió el estrés prequirúrgico de los niños que fueron intervenidos quirúrgicamente de urgencia, los sábados y domingos por Guardia, en el Hospital de Niños Sor María Ludovica en la ciudad de La Plata. Materiales y métodos: hemos realizado un estudio piloto de diseño observacional, descriptivo, de corte transversal, aplicando para la recolección de datos la escala de YALE modificada (EAPY-m). Resultados: reclutamos 16 pacientes, de los cuales 10 fueron varones (62,50%), que ingresaron para ser tratados quirúrgicamente por las especialidades de traumatología y cirugía general en partes iguales. La mediana en edad fue de 7 años y la mediana en escolarización obligatoria de 6 años. Dentro de la muestra obtenida, un 56,25% concurrían a la escuela primaria y el 25% se encontraban en la etapa preescolar. La mitad de los niños tomaron como referente a su madre como la persona que lo calma y que les gustaría que estuviese presente en el momento previo a la cirugía. La conjunción de los resultados obtenidos ha superado los valores referenciales mínimos para la medición del estrés prequirúrgico: un 80% de los niños sufría de estrés prequirúrgico. Conclusiones: el estrés prequirúrgico es un hecho presente en los pacientes pediátricos que han sido incluidos en la realización del estudio, quedando en evidencia que la cirugía es un factor estresante para los niños. (AU)


Introduction: As health professionals, we have observed different behaviors in pediatric patients, without psychoprophylaxis, who are admitted for emergency surgery; patients who, according to their age, their social, family and cultural environment may manifest such behaviors interpreted as stress, in different ways. Objective: Therefore, the general objective of our research was to measure the presurgical stress of children who would undergo emergency surgery, on Saturdays and Sundays by guard, at the Sor María Ludovica children's hospital in the city of La Plata. Materials and methods: We have conducted a pilot study of observational, descriptive, cross-sectional design; applying the modified YALE scale (EArPY-m) for data collection. Results: We recruited 16 patients of which 10 were male (62.50%), who were admitted to be treated surgically by the specialties of traumatology and general surgery in equal parts. The median in age was 7 years and the median in compulsory schooling was 6 years. Within the sample obtained 56.25% attended primary school and 25% were in the preschool stage. 50% of the participants indicated that the mother was the one who calms them when they are nervous; while 43.75% was the mother who would like to be present at the time before surgery. The combination of the results obtained has exceeded the minimum reference values for the measurement of presurgical stress, 80% of children suffered from presurgical stress. Conclusions: We conclude that presurgical stress is a fact present in pediatric patients who have been included in the study, making it clear that surgery is a stressful factor for children. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Stress, Psychological/etiology , Surgical Procedures, Operative/psychology , Anxiety/diagnosis , Anxiety/etiology , Argentina , Stress, Psychological/diagnosis , Preoperative Care/psychology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Ambulatory Surgical Procedures/psychology
9.
Rev. cuba. enferm ; 36(3): e3271, tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDENF, CUMED | ID: biblio-1280270

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Los estresores provocan diferentes respuestas bio-psicológicas. Identificando situaciones que generan estrés en pacientes en unidad de cuidado intensivo, es posible generar intervenciones positivas que mitiguen estos factores y mejoren su calidad de vida. Objetivo: Validar un instrumento de medición para la identificación de factores estresantes en la unidad de cuidados intensivos a partir del Enviromental Stressors Questionnaire en español. Métodos: Investigación psicométrica en tres fases: a) Construcción de un instrumento para identificación de factores estresantes en unidad de cuidados intensivos Enviromental Stressors Questionnaire en español y revisión bibliográfica de los referentes teóricos Cannon, Selye, Lazarus y Folkman, Fleming, Baum, Singer y Shinn para justificar la construcción de ítems 33. b) Validez facial mediante análisis de comprensibilidad con potenciales pacientes de unidad de cuidados intensivos. c) Validez de contenido mediante juicio de expertos y calculada mediante índice Kappa de Fleiss, Lawche modificado y coeficiente V de Aiken. Resultados: Instrumento con propiedades psicométricas: validez facial por análisis de comprensibilidad superior al 90 por ciento y de contenido óptimos determinados por índice de Kappa de Fleiss de 0,80, índice de Lawche modificado de 0,89 y coeficiente V de Aiken de 0,93. Conclusiones: El instrumento de medición creado es válido y permite identificar factores estresantes de pacientes en unidad de cuidados intensivos. Este instrumento se constituye en un valioso aporte que cualifica la práctica de enfermería y plantea alternativas de cuidado que mejoren su calidad(AU)


Introduction: Stressors provoke different bio-psychological responses. By identifying situations that produce stress in patients in the intensive care unit, it is possible to generate positive interventions that mitigate these factors and improve their quality of life. Objective: To validate a measurement instrument for the identification of stressors in the intensive care unit from the Environmental Stressors Questionnaire in Spanish. Methods: Psychometric research carried out in three phases: a) construction of an instrument for identifying stressors in intensive care units from the Environmental Stressors Questionnaire in Spanish and bibliographic review of the theoretical references Cannon, Selye, Lazarus and Folkman, Fleming, Baum, Singer and Shinn, to justify the construction of 33 items; b) facial validity through comprehensibility analysis with potential intensive care unit patients; and c) content validity through expert criteria and calculated using Fleiss' kappa (κ) index, as well as the modified Lawche's and Aiken's V coefficient. Results: An instrument with psychometric properties: facial validity by comprehension analysis greater than 90 percent and optimal contents determined by Fleiss' kappa (κ) index of 0.80, modified Lawche's index of 0.89, and Aiken's V coefficient of 0.93. Conclusions: The measurement instrument created is valid and allows to identify stressors of patients in intensive care units. This instrument constitutes a valuable contribution that qualifies nursing practice and proposes care alternatives that improve its quality(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Stress, Psychological/etiology , Quality Management , Evaluation of Research Programs and Tools , Intensive Care Units , Nursing Care/methods
10.
Rev. chil. pediatr ; 91(1): 68-75, feb. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1092789

ABSTRACT

Resumen: Objetivo: Comprender la relación entre apego y diabetes y el rol mediador del estrés en niños con diabetes mellitus tipo 1 (DM1) y sus madres. Material y Método: Se aplicaron Instrumentos de evaluación correspondientes a Escalas de Apego (ECR-R), Estrés percibido (PSS), Seguridad (SS) y Estrés en niños (SiC), como medidas de autoreporte completadas por niños(as) y sus madres. Se analizaron variables demográficas, tiempo de inicio de diabetes, y el promedio de las ultimas 3 medi ciones de Hemoglobina glicosilada HbA1c como parámetro del control metabólico del último año. Resultados: Las estrategias de apego maternas e infantiles y el estrés materno mostraron una asocia ción significativa con los resultados de la diabetes del niño(a), aunque con importantes diferencias de género. Conclusiones: Las estrategias de apego, infantiles y maternas, son relevantes en el curso de la diabetes.


Abstract: Objective: To understand the relationship between attachment and diabetes and the role of stress mediators in children with type 1 diabetes (T1D) and their mothers. Material and Method: The following assessment instruments were applied as self-report measures: Attachment Scale (ECR- R), Perceived Stress Scale (PSS), Security Scale (SS), and the Stress in Children (SiC) questionnaire, which were completed by children and their mothers. We analyzed demographic variables, diabetes onset time, and the average of the last three glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) measurements as a parameter of metabolic control in the last year. Results: Attachment strategies of both mother and child, as well as maternal stress, showed a significant association with the child's diabetes outcomes, although with important gender differences. Conclusions: Both mother and child attachment strate gies are relevant aspects of the T1D course.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adult , Stress, Psychological/etiology , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1/psychology , Mother-Child Relations/psychology , Object Attachment , Prognosis , Psychological Tests , Stress, Psychological/diagnosis , Stress, Psychological/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1/diagnosis , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1/therapy , Self Report , Mothers/psychology
12.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 25(1): 191-198, jan. 2020.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1055781

ABSTRACT

Resumo O sofrimento moral (SM) é vivenciado por uma pessoa e decorrente da contradição existente entre suas ações e convicções. O objetivo foi analisar o sofrimento moral vivenciado pelos profissionais de enfermagem que atuam no CAPS, bem como descrever e identificar os sentimentos decorrentes do SM e mecanismos de enfrentamento. Trata-se de uma pesquisa com abordagem qualitativa, na qual foi utilizado o método de Análise de Conteúdo de Bardin. Participaram da pesquisa sete profissionais de ambos os turnos de funcionamento do CAPS. Na análise temática de conteúdo das falas desses profissionais, emergiram quatro categorias: Ambiente, como fonte de sofrimento moral; Escassez de financiamento e improvisos; Sentimentos que emergiram das vivências de Sofrimento Moral; e Mecanismos de Enfrentamento dos profissionais. Neste estudo observou-se que os profissionais do CAPS Gentileza de Macapá vivenciam o SM em seu cotidiano, associado às questões do ambiente estrutural e insuficiência de recursos (humanos e materiais), que resultaram em sentimentos de impotência, desânimo, desmotivação e luta. Esse SM fez com que os profissionais pudessem construir mecanismos de enfrentamento, dentre eles o diálogo e o compartilhamento das angústias com a equipe.


Abstract Moral Distress (MD) is experienced by individuals from the contradiction existing between their actions and convictions. This study aimed to analyze the moral distress experienced by nursing professionals working at the CAPS and to describe and identify the feelings resulting from MD and coping mechanisms. This is a qualitative research that adopted the Bardin Content Analysis method. Seven Nursing professionals of both CAPS shifts participated in the research. Four categories emerged from the thematic analysis of the statements of these professionals, as follows: Environment as a source of moral distress; Shortage of funding and improvisations; Feelings that emerged from the experiences of Moral Distress and Coping Mechanisms of professionals. In this study, we observed that Macapá's Gentileza CAPS professionals experience MD in their daily life, associated with structural environment issues and insufficient (human and material) resources that resulted in feelings of helplessness, discouragement, demotivation, and struggle. This MD allowed these professionals to build coping mechanisms against moral distress, such as dialogue and sharing anguish with the team.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Stress, Psychological/etiology , Nursing Staff, Hospital/psychology , Qualitative Research , Self Report , Mental Health Services
15.
Rev. cuba. enferm ; 36(2): e3195, abr.-jul.2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDENF, CUMED | ID: biblio-1280249

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La formación en enfermería requiere de la capacidad de análisis e investigación para enfrentar y resolver retos y desafíos del entorno, lo cual, ante la escasez de recursos necesarios, principalmente económicos y de tiempo, puede ser una fuente importante de estresores en este tipo de estudiantes. Objetivo: Determinar la percepción de los estudiantes de segundo semestre de enfermería sobre la influencia de la familia en la presencia de estrés académico. Métodos: Estudio descriptivo trasversal, en la Facultad de Ciencias Sociales y de la Salud de la Universidad Estatal Península Santa Elena, Ecuador durante 2019. Universo de 33 estudiantes de enfermería de segundo semestre que cursaban la asignatura Enfermería Básica. Se utilizaron como instrumentos el Inventario SISCO de Estrés Académico y el Test de APGAR familiar. Resultados: La edad promedio fue 21 años, el 75,76 por cientofueron mujeres, el 84,85 por ciento procedían de la costa, los niveles de estrés encontrados fueron entre alto y medio, los factores estresantes más importantes correspondieron con exposición y preguntas orales, participar en demostraciones de procedimientos, predominaron las manifestaciones físicas y psicológicas. Conclusiones: La asignatura enfermería básica genera con frecuencia estrés académico en estudiantes de enfermería del segundo semestre, los cuales tienen una percepción medianamente adecuada sobre el apoyo familiar que reciben, son insuficientes las estrategias de afrontamiento utilizadas para reducir los niveles de estrés(AU)


Introduction: Nursing training demands capacity for analysis and research to face and solve contextual challenges, which, given the shortage of necessary resources, mainly financial and time, can be an important source of stressors among these students. Objective: To determine the perception of Nursing students in the second semester about the influence of the family in the presence of academic stress. Methods: Cross-sectional and descriptive study carried out in the School of Social and Health Sciences at Península Santa Elena State University, in Ecuador, during 2019. Study population of 33 Nursing students in the second semester and in the subject Basic Nursing. We used the SISCO Inventory of Academic Stress and the Family APGAR Test as instruments. Results: The average age was 21 years. 75.76 percent were women. 84.85 percent were from the coast. The stress levels found were between high and medium. The most important stressors corresponded to presentation and oral questions, as well as to participating in procedural demonstrations. Physical and psychological manifestations predominated. Conclusions: The subject Basic Nursing frequently produces academic stress in Nursing students in the second semester, who have a fairly adequate perception of the family support that they receive. The coping strategies used to reduce stress levels are insufficient(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Young Adult , Perception , Stress, Psychological/etiology , Students, Nursing , Academic Performance , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Observational Studies as Topic
16.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 25(supl.1): 2479-2486, Mar. 2020. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1101071

ABSTRACT

Resumo O presente ensaio busca discutir as implicações do isolamento social devido à pandemia do COVID-19 para o uso intensivo da internet entre crianças e adolescentes e suas possíveis consequências para a prática de violências autoinflingidas. Discutimos brevemente o potencial ansiogênico e a reprodução de um "medo global" que se consolidam com a exposição maciça e sem mediação dos conteúdos consumidos, que podem aumentar as vulnerabilidades para estresse e ideações suicidas. Centramos nosso debate sobre práticas "recreativas", denominadas de "desafios" com poder autolesivo, realizados por adolescentes no site Youtube. Essa prática revelou-se crescente a partir das medidas de isolamento social. Nossa reflexão sobre esses riscos é feita a partir da perspectiva teórica da sociabilidade digital, e suas implicações nas interações de adolescentes mediadas pela internet.


Abstract This essay aimed to discuss the implications of social isolation due to the COVID-19 pandemic for the intensive use of the internet among children and adolescents and its possible consequences for the practice of self-inflicted violence. We briefly discussed the anxiogenic potential and the reproduction of a "global fear" that are consolidated with the massive and unmediated exposure of the content consumed, which can increase the vulnerabilities to stress and suicidal ideas. We centered our debate on "recreational" practices, called "challenges" with self-harm power, carried out by teenagers on the YouTube website. This practice has been shown to increase with the social isolation measures. Our reflection on these risks builds on the theoretical perspective of digital sociability, and its implications for the internet-mediated interactions of adolescents.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Adolescent , Pneumonia, Viral/psychology , Pneumonia, Viral/epidemiology , Social Isolation/psychology , Self-Injurious Behavior/psychology , Internet/statistics & numerical data , Pandemics , Betacoronavirus , Anxiety/psychology , Self Concept , Stress, Psychological/etiology , Time Factors , Information Storage and Retrieval/statistics & numerical data , Behavior, Addictive , Coronavirus Infections , Coronavirus Infections/psychology , Coronavirus Infections/epidemiology , Fear , Social Media/statistics & numerical data
17.
Rev. gaúch. enferm ; 41(spe): e20190145, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1058518

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To evaluate the stress level of mothers of preterm infants with gestational age ≤34 weeks, hospitalized in neonatal intensive care. Method: A cross-sectional study with 74 mothers of premature infants in neonatal intensive care, who answered the "Parental Stress Scale: Neonatal Intensive Care Unit" instrument, validated in Brazil. Results: The mean stress level was 4.41 (± 0.77) and the general stress level was 4.36 (± 0.76), with a significant difference (p <0.001) between the subscale "Alteration in parental roles" and other subscales, meaning that mothers were in a very stressful situation. Conclusion: All items in the subscale "Alteration in parental roles" of the "Parental Stress Scale: Neonatal Intensive Care Unit" were identified as the main source of stress experienced by mothers. This study suggests carrying out further studies with other methodologies to increase the knowledge of maternal stress in the national context, applying care interventions involving the parents.


Resumen Objetivo: Evaluar el nivel de estrés de madres de recién nacidos prematuros con edad gestacional ≤34 semanas, internados en terapia intensiva neonatal. Metódo Estudio transversal con 74 madres de recién nacidos prematuros en unidad de terapia intensiva neonatal, que respondieron al instrumento "Parental Stress Scale: Neonatal Intensive Care Unit" validado en Brasil. Resultados: Se obtuvo un promedio de nivel de ocurrencia de estrés 4,41 (± 0,77) y nivel general de estrés del ambiente 4,36 (± 0,76), con diferencia significativa (p <0,001) entre la subescala " Cambio en el papel de padres "y demás subescalas. Significando que las madres se encontraban en una situación muy estresante. Conclusión: Se identificaron todos los elementos de la subescala "Cambio del papel de padres" de "Parental Stress Scale: Neonatal Intensive Care Unit" como la principal fuente de estrés experimentada por las madres. Se sugiere la realización de estudios con otras metodologías para ampliar el conocimiento del estrés materno en el contexto nacional, aplicando intervenciones de cuidado involucrando a los padres.


Resumo Objetivo: Avaliar o nível de estresse de mães de recém-nascidos pré-termo com idade gestacional ≤34 semanas, internados em terapia intensiva neonatal. Método: Estudo transversal com 74 mães de recém-nascidos pré-termo em unidade de terapia intensiva neonatal, que responderam ao instrumento "Parental Stress Scale: Neonatal Intensive Care Unit", validado no Brasil. Resultados: Obteve-se média de nível de ocorrência de estresse 4,41 (±0,77) e nível geral de estresse do ambiente 4,36 (±0,76), com diferença significativa (p<0,001) entre a subescala "Alteração no papel de pais" e demais subescalas. Significando que as mães se encontravam numa situação muito estressante. Conclusão: Identificaram-se todos os itens da subescala "Alteração do papel de pais" da "Parental Stress Scale: Neonatal Intensive Care Unit" como a principal fonte de estresse experimentada pelas mães. Sugere-se a realização de estudos com outras metodologias para ampliar o conhecimento do estresse materno no contexto nacional, aplicando intervenções de cuidado envolvendo os pais.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Adult , Stress, Psychological/diagnosis , Attitude to Health , Mothers/psychology , Stress, Psychological/etiology , Infant, Premature , Intensive Care Units, Neonatal , Cross-Sectional Studies
18.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 24(12): 4621-4632, dez. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1055731

ABSTRACT

Resumo O estado da saúde do professor é fundamental para o êxito do processo de ensino. Além dos aspectos intrínsecos, o contexto escolar afeta o bem-estar do educador. O objetivo deste estudo foi identificar os principais fatores psicossociais, estruturais e relacionais na profissão docente. Uma revisão sistemática da literatura, com o uso de pesquisa eletrônica em oito bases de dados, identificou 2.479 artigos sobre o tema, publicados entre 1997 e 2016. Adotaram-se parâmetros métricos e subjetivos para a seleção nesse portfolio e, ao todo, 32 publicações restaram elegíveis para análise, das quais 29 foram publicadas na língua inglesa. Transcorrida a caracterização bibliométrica e de conteúdo do portfolio final, os trabalhos apontaram, como principais resultados de desgaste, os transtornos psicossomáticos, com ênfase para o estresse e a Síndrome de Burnout, além dos distúrbios da voz. A carga de trabalho, as relações interpessoais e as condições do ambiente escolar são destacadas como os maiores agentes dessas enfermidades. Mudanças e adequações de salas de aula, ações de prevenção e suporte social são apontadas como possíveis soluções para garantir a qualidade de vida desses profissionais.


Abstract The state of health of the teacher is fundamental to the success of the teaching process. In addition to the intrinsic aspects, the scholastic context affects the well-being of the educator. The objective of this study was to identify the main psychosocial, structural and relational factors in the teaching profession. A systematic review of the literature, with the use of electronic research in eight databases, identified 2,479 articles on the topic published between 1997 and 2016. Metric and subjective parameters were adopted for selection in this portfolio and, in all, 32 publications were eligible for analysis, of which 29 were published in English. After the bibliometric and content characterization of the final portfolio, the main results of strain were psychosomatic disorders, with an emphasis on stress and the Burnout Syndrome, as well as voice disturbances. Workload, interpersonal relations and conditions of the scholastic environment are highlighted as the major agents of these conditions. Changes and adaptations in classrooms, actions of prevention and social support are pointed out as possible solutions to guarantee the quality of life of these professionals.


Subject(s)
Humans , Psychophysiologic Disorders/etiology , Stress, Psychological/etiology , Voice Disorders/etiology , Educational Personnel/psychology , Occupational Diseases/etiology , Burnout, Professional/etiology , Occupational Health , Workplace/organization & administration , Workplace/psychology
19.
Rev. bras. enferm ; 72(6): 1699-1706, Nov.-Dec. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1042169

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: to evaluate the relation between sociodemographics factors, stress and burden of care of family caregivers of patients at a psychiatric hospital admission. Method: quantitative study, with a cross-sectional correlation design. A total of 112 family caregivers participated, older than 18, in a Brazilian psychiatric hospital. A sociodemographic questionnaire was used to collect data, the Zarit Burden Interview and LIPP Adult Stress Symptom Inventory. Results: burden of care in family caregivers at a psychiatric hospital admission was significantly associated with stress (p=0.000). The psychological symptoms of stress predicted severe burden. Most caregivers presented a moderate or severe burden, with 52.7% in the resistance phase of stress; 66.1% presented psychological symptoms. Conclusion: results show the alarming situation of caregivers of patients from a psychiatric hospital, evidencing their own vulnerability to illness. Indeed, the during admission in a psychiatric hospital, not only patients need care, but also their caregivers.


RESUMO Objetivo: avaliar a relação entre fatores sociodemográficos, estresse e sobrecarga de cuidado de cuidadores familiares na internação de pacientes em um hospital psiquiátrico. Método: estudo quantitativo, com desenho de correlação transversal. Um total de 112 cuidadores familiares participaram do estudo, maiores de 18 anos, em um hospital psiquiátrico brasileiro. Um questionário sociodemográfico, o Zarit Burden Interview e o LIPP Adult Stress Symptom Inventory foram usados para a coleta de dados. Resultados: a carga de cuidado dos familiares cuidadores em internação no hospital psiquiátrico foi significativamente associada ao estresse (p=0,000). Os sintomas psicológicos do estresse previam uma sobrecarega. A maioria dos cuidadores apresentava sobrecarga moderada ou grave, com 52,7% na fase de resistência ao estresse, e 66,1% apresentavam sintomas psicológicos. Conclusión: os resultados mostram a situação alarmante dos cuidadores de pacientes na admissão ao hospital psiquiátrico, evidenciando sua própria vulnerabilidade à doença. De fato, a internação em um hospital psiquiátrico não requer cuidados apenas para o paciente, mas também para os cuidadores familiares.


RESUMEN Objetivo: evaluar la relación entre los factores sociodemográficos, el estrés y la carga de atención de los cuidadores familiares en el ingreso de pacientes en un hospital psiquiátrico. Método: estudio cuantitativo, con diseño de correlación transversal. Participaron 112 cuidadores familiares, mayores de 18 años, en un hospital psiquiátrico brasileño. Para la recolección de datos se utilizó un cuestionario sociodemográfico, el Zarit Burden Interview y el LIPP Adult Stress Symptom Inventory. Resultados: la carga de atención de los cuidadores familiares en el ingreso al hospital psiquiátrico se asoció significativamente con el estrés (p=0,000). Los síntomas psicológicos del estrés predijeron una carga severa. La gran parte de los cuidadores presentaron una carga moderada o grave, con un 52,7% en la fase de resistencia del estrés, y el 66,1% presentó síntomas psicológicos. Conclusión: los resultados muestran la situación alarmante de los cuidadores de pacientes en el ingreso al hospital psiquiátrico, evidenciando su propia vulnerabilidad a la enfermedad. De hecho, el ingreso al hospital psiquiátrico no requiere cuidado solamente al paciente, sino también a los cuidadores familiares.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged , Stress, Psychological/etiology , Caregivers/psychology , Cost of Illness , Mental Health Services/standards , Psychometrics/instrumentation , Psychometrics/methods , Stress, Psychological/psychology , Brazil , Adaptation, Psychological , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Caregivers/statistics & numerical data , Hospitalization/statistics & numerical data , Hospitals, Psychiatric/organization & administration , Hospitals, Psychiatric/statistics & numerical data , Mental Health Services/statistics & numerical data , Middle Aged
20.
Rev. bras. enferm ; 72(6): 1450-1456, Nov.-Dec. 2019.
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1042159

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To unveil expressions of intrafamily violence experienced in childhood and/or adolescence by women who attempted suicide. Method: This is a study with a qualitative approach based on Oral Story. Participants were ten women with a history of suicide attempt, who experienced intrafamily violence in childhood and/or adolescence. The research was carried out at the Center for the Study and Prevention of Suicide, linked to a Toxicological Information Center in the city of Salvador, Bahia, Brazil. Results: From the orality of women, the study allowed the emergence of the following representative categories of intrafamily abuse experienced in childhood and/or adolescence: psychological violence, rejection, neglect, physical violence and sexual violence. Final considerations: The study alerts to intrafamily violence as an aggravation related to suicidal behavior, offering elements that help in the identification of their expressions, which will raise awareness to suicidal behavior and consequently suicide prevention.


RESUMEN Objetivo: Desvelar las expresiones de la violencia intrafamiliar vivenciadas en la infancia y/o adolescencia por mujeres que intentaron suicidio. Método: Se trata de un estudio con enfoque cualitativo, fundamentado en la Historia Oral. Participaron diez mujeres con historia de intento de suicidio, que experimentaron violencia intrafamiliar en la infancia y/o adolescencia. La investigación fue realizada en el Núcleo de Estudo e Prevenção do Suicídio (Núcleo de Estudio y Prevención del Suicidio), vinculado a un Centro de Información Toxicológica en la ciudad de Salvador, Bahía, Brasil. Resultados: A partir de la oralidad de las mujeres, el estudio permitió emerger las siguientes categorías representativas de la expresión de abuso intrafamiliar vivenciada en la niñez y/o adolescencia: violencia psicológica (rechazo y negligencia), violencia física y violencia sexual. Consideraciones finales: El estudio alerta sobre la violencia intrafamiliar como agravio relacionado al comportamiento suicida, ofreciendo elementos que auxilian en la identificación de sus expresiones, lo que posibilitará atención para el comportamiento suicida y consecuentemente la prevención del suicidio.


RESUMO Objetivo: Desvelar as expressões da violência intrafamiliar vivenciadas na infância e/ou adolescência por mulheres que tentaram suicídio. Método: Trata-se de um estudo com abordagem qualitativa, fundamentada na História Oral. Participaram dez mulheres com história de tentativa de suicídio, que experienciaram violência intrafamiliar na infância e/ou adolescência. A pesquisa foi realizada no Núcleo de Estudo e Prevenção do Suicídio, vinculado a um Centro de Informação Toxicológica na cidade de Salvador, Bahia, Brasil. Resultados: A partir da oralidade das mulheres, o estudo permitiu emergir as seguintes categorias representativas da expressão de abuso intrafamiliar vivenciada na infância e/ou adolescência: violência psicológica (rejeição, negligência), violência física e violência sexual. Considerações finais: O estudo alerta para a violência intrafamiliar enquanto agravo relacionado ao comportamento suicida, oferecendo elementos que auxiliam na identificação de suas expressões, o que possibilitará atenção para o comportamento suicida e consequentemente prevenção do suicídio.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Suicide, Attempted/psychology , Child Abuse/psychology , Rejection, Psychology , Socioeconomic Factors , Stress, Psychological/etiology , Child Abuse, Sexual/psychology , Brazil , Domestic Violence/psychology , Qualitative Research , Physical Abuse/psychology , Middle Aged
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