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1.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 27(3): 262-265, July-Sept. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1288590

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction Patients with cerebrovascular accident and hemiplegia need to perform physical exercise and aerobic training, but physical dysfunction restricts the performance of these activities. Objective The article aims to develop physical strength sports for stroke patients with hemiplegia to explore the efficacy of sports to regain limb function in these patients. Methods We randomly selected 30 patients with stroke sequelae and divided them into control and exercise groups. While undergoing rehab, the exercise group performed a certain amount of aerobic exercise. During this period, we compared the relevant physiological indicators of the patients, and, at the same time, we used the Fugle-Meyer motor function scoring method to assess limb function. Results The two groups of patients are significantly different regarding the recovery of physical function and the capacity for daily life. Physiological indicators of patients are also different. Conclusion Low-intensity aerobic exercise can help stroke and hemiplegia patients regain their basic ability to live and exercise. Level of evidence II; Therapeutic studies: investigation of treatment results.


RESUMO Introdução É muito importante que pacientes com acidente vascular encefálico e hemiplegia realizem exercícios físicos e treinamento aeróbio, mas a disfunção física restringe a realização dessas atividades. Objetivo o artigo tem como objetivo desenvolver esportes de força física para pacientes com AVC com hemiplegia para explorar a eficácia dos esportes para recuperar a função dos membros nesses pacientes. Métodos Selecionamos aleatoriamente 30 pacientes com sequela de AVC e os dividimos em grupos controle e exercício. Durante a reabilitação, o grupo de exercícios realmente executou uma certa quantidade de exercícios aeróbicos. Durante esse período, comparamos os indicadores fisiológicos relevantes dos pacientes e, ao mesmo tempo, usamos o método de pontuação da função motora de Fugle-Meyer para avaliar a função dos membros. Resultados Os dois grupos de pacientes são significativamente diferentes em termos de recuperação da função física e capacidade para a vida diária. Os indicadores fisiológicos dos pacientes também são diferentes. Conclusão O exercício aeróbico de baixa intensidade pode ajudar os pacientes com derrame e hemiplegia a recuperar sua capacidade básica de viver e se exercitar. Nível de evidência II; Estudos terapêuticos: investigação dos resultados do tratamento.


RESUMEN Introducción Es muy importante para los pacientes con accidente cerebrovascular y hemiplejía realizar ejercicio físico y entrenamiento aeróbico, pero la disfunción física restringe la realización estas actividades.Objeto: El artículo tiene como objetivo desarrollar deportes de fuerza física para pacientes con accidente cerebrovascular con hemiplejía para explorar la eficacia de los deportes para recuperar la función de las extremidades de estos pacientes. Métodos Seleccionamos aleatoriamente a 30 pacientes con secuelas por accidente cerebrovascular y los dividimos en grupos de control y de ejercicio. Mientras se sometía a rehabilitación, el grupo de ejercicio llegó a realizar una cierta cantidad de ejercicio aeróbico. Durante este período, comparamos los indicadores fisiológicos relevantes de los pacientes y, al mismo tiempo, utilizamos el método de puntuación de la función motora de Fugle-Meyer para evaluar la función de las extremidades. Resultados Los dos grupos de pacientes son significativamente diferentes en cuanto a la recuperación de la función física y la capacidad para la vida diaria. Los indicadores fisiológicos de los pacientes también son diferentes. Conclusión El ejercicio aeróbico de baja intensidad puede ayudar a los pacientes con accidente cerebrovascular y hemiplejía a recuperar su capacidad básica de vida y ejercicio. Nivel de evidencia II; Estudios terapéuticos: investigación de los resultados del tratamiento.


Subject(s)
Humans , Stroke/complications , Exercise Therapy , Stroke Rehabilitation/methods , Hemiplegia/rehabilitation , Treatment Outcome , Extremities
2.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 81(3): 415-420, jun. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1346478

ABSTRACT

Resumen La pandemia COVID-19 limitó el acceso de los pacientes post accidente cerebro vascular a los controles de seguimiento médico y a la rehabilitación, por lo cual decidimos incorporar herramientas tecnológicas gratuitas y accesibles para su continuación. Realizamos seguimiento remoto a 32 pacientes dados de alta en los primeros tres meses del período de aislamiento social preventivo obligatorio con el objetivo de continuar controles médicos, rehabilitación física y fonoaudiológica. El 100% adhirió al tratamiento médico y al auto-monitoreo de factores de riesgo; detectamos en forma temprana la interrupción de las terapias de rehabilita ción y mantuvimos la adherencia por medio de tele-rehabilitación. Los 32 pacientes mostraron disponibilidad para seguir con esta modalidad de atención, permitiendo continuar el seguimiento médico y supervisar la rehabilitación con la colaboración de las familias. Es una metodología accesible y de bajo costo que podría ser replicada y utilizada en instituciones de salud que traten enfermedades neurovasculares.


Abstract The COVID-19 pandemic resulted in limited access of post-stroke patients to their usual medical follow-up and rehabilitation. To continue these activities, we adopted a technology that is free and has universal access. We remotely followed 32 patients after discharge from the stroke unit during the mandatory lock-down. This allowed to continue with medical controls, physical therapy and speech pathology treatments. All patients fully complied with medical treatment and self-monitoring of vascular risk factors. Early discontinuation of rehabilitation therapies was identified and immediately compensated with tele-rehabilitation. All expressed their willingness to continue with this treatment modality. This strategy was successful to effectively continue medical follow-up and rehabilitation supervision with the collaboration of families, is an accessible and low-cost technology that could be replicated and used in health institutions that treat neurovascular diseases.


Subject(s)
Humans , Telemedicine , Stroke/prevention & control , Stroke Rehabilitation , COVID-19 , Communicable Disease Control , Secondary Prevention , Pandemics , SARS-CoV-2
3.
Säo Paulo med. j ; 139(2): 156-162, Mar.-Apr. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1181005

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Stroke is the principal cause of disability around the world and the ensuing functional dependence (FD) can be correlated with different factors. OBJECTIVE: To determine how demographic factors and clinical characteristics after stroke distinguish patients who achieve functional independence from those who do not. DESIGN AND SETTING: Observational study at specialized neurovascular clinic in Alagoas, Brazil. METHODS: FD was classified according to the modified Rankin scale (mRs): 0 to 2 points were classified as independent (FD-), and 3 to 5 points were classified as dependent (FD+). Logistic regression analysis included age, sedentary lifestyle, the Center for Epidemiological Studies - Depression Scale (CES-D) and the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS). The Mann-Whitney test and χ2 test were used to compare groups. RESULTS: We included 190 stroke patients with a mean age of 60.02 ± 14.22 years. We found that 34.8% of the patients were classified as FD+. Lower NIHSS and CES-D scores were more associated with achieving functional independence. Most of the patients had access to physical therapy, and the mean duration of rehabilitation therapy was 65.2 minutes per week. Females had higher prevalence of depressive symptoms (P = 0.005) and rehabilitation time was shorter for hemorrhagic stroke (P = 0.02). CONCLUSION: We found a FD rate four times greater than in another Brazilian study. Lower stroke severity and fewer depressive symptoms were associated with achieving functional independence. Less than half of the patients were referred to a rehabilitation service at hospital discharge and few had access to multidisciplinary treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Stroke/epidemiology , Stroke Rehabilitation , Patient Discharge , Brazil/epidemiology , Disability Evaluation
4.
Rev. cuba. enferm ; 37(1): e3566, 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDENF, CUMED | ID: biblio-1341380

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La enfermedad cerebrovascular es una de las causas más comunes de muerte y representa un problema de salud pública importante. Las consecuencias individuales son sustanciales, por lo que muchos pacientes afectados necesitan cuidados de enfermería. Objetivo: Evaluar la eficacia de los cuidados de enfermería en la rehabilitación de pacientes con enfermedad cerebrovascular. Métodos: Estudio cuasiexperimental con pre y postest, en el centro de rehabilitación ambulatorio privado de Santa Elena, Ecuador, durante 2019. Universo de 75 pacientes que asisten al centro de rehabilitación, de 151 egresados del Hospital General con diagnóstico de enfermedad cerebrovascular. Se evaluaron las características generales y clínicas de la enfermedad y la duración de la rehabilitación. Se utilizó la escala de Utrecht y estadística descriptiva X2 para comparaciones entre los sexos, localización y tipo de enfermedad. Las diferencias se consideraron estadísticamente significativas con una p ≤ 0.05. Resultados: La edad promedio fue de 60,3 +/- 9,8 años. La mayoría de los pacientes resultaron ser del sexo masculino (68 por ciento), con localización de la enfermedad cerebrovascular del lado izquierdo (46,6 por ciento) y de tipo isquémico (65,3 por ciento). Se observó que la independencia funcional, la movilidad y el autocuidado presentaron diferencias significativas al comparar los valores al final de las intervenciones con los valores iniciales (p < 0,05). También se observó un aumento significativo en la función cognitiva, fatiga y estado de ánimo, existiendo modificaciones en los puntajes (p < 0,05). Conclusión: Los cuidados de enfermería son eficaces en la rehabilitación de pacientes con enfermedad cerebrovascular(AU)


Introduction: Cerebrovascular disease is one of the commonest causes of death and represents an important public health concern. Individual consequences are substantial, a reason why many affected patients require nursing care. Objective: To assess nursing care efficacy concerning the rehabilitation of patients with cerebrovascular disease. Methods: Quasiexperimental study, with pre- and post-test, carried out in the private ambulatory rehabilitation center of Santa Elena, Ecuador, during 2019. The universe was made up of 75 patients attending the rehabilitation center, out of 151 patients discharged from the General Hospital with a diagnosis of cerebrovascular disease. The general and clinical characteristics of the disease and the length of rehabilitation were assessed. The Utrecht scale and descriptive statistics, chi-square, were used for comparisons between sexes, location and type of disease. The differences were considered statistically significant with P ≤ 0.05. Results: The average age was 60.3±9.8 years. Most of the patients were male (68 percent), with location of cerebrovascular disease on the left side (46.6 percent) and of ischemic type (65.3 percent). It was observed that functional independence, mobility and self-care presented significant differences when comparing the values at the end of the interventions with the initial values (P < 0.05). A significant increase in cognitive function, fatigue and mood was also observed, with changes in the scores (P < 0.05). Conclusion: Nursing cares are effective in the rehabilitation of patients with cerebrovascular disease(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Stroke Rehabilitation/nursing , Nursing Care/methods
5.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 740-749, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922503

ABSTRACT

Stroke is one of the most serious diseases that threaten human life and health. It is a major cause of death and disability in the clinic. New strategies for motor rehabilitation after stroke are undergoing exploration. We aimed to develop a novel artificial neural rehabilitation system, which integrates brain-computer interface (BCI) and functional electrical stimulation (FES) technologies, for limb motor function recovery after stroke. We conducted clinical trials (including controlled trials) in 32 patients with chronic stroke. Patients were randomly divided into the BCI-FES group and the neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) group. The changes in outcome measures during intervention were compared between groups, and the trends of ERD values based on EEG were analyzed for BCI-FES group. Results showed that the increase in Fugl Meyer Assessment of the Upper Extremity (FMA-UE) and Kendall Manual Muscle Testing (Kendall MMT) scores of the BCI-FES group was significantly higher than that in the sham group, which indicated the practicality and superiority of the BCI-FES system in clinical practice. The change in the laterality coefficient (LC) values based on μ-ERD (ΔLC


Subject(s)
Electric Stimulation , Electric Stimulation Therapy , Electroencephalography , Humans , Recovery of Function , Stroke/therapy , Stroke Rehabilitation
6.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1308-1312, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921050

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the effect of scalp acupuncture combined with suspension training on balance ability and motor function in stroke patients with balance dysfunction.@*METHODS@#A total of 105 stroke patients with balance dysfunction were randomly divided into a combined group (35 cases, 2 cases dropped off), a scalp acupuncture group (35 cases, 3 cases dropped off) and a suspension training group (35 cases, 2 cases dropped off). The scalp acupuncture group was treated with scalp acupuncture at bilateral suboccipital lateral line, parietal midline, upper 1/5 line of anterior oblique line of parietal and temporal and line 1 of the parietal lateral line on the opposite side of hemiplegia. The suspension training group was treated with suspension training. The combined group was treated with suspension training at the same time of scalp acupuncture. All the treatment was given once a day, 30 min each time, 5 days a week, for a total of 6 weeks. The Berg balance scale (BBS) score, balance tester and Fugl-Meyer assessment (FMA) score were used to evaluate the motor function and balance ability before treatment, 3 and 6 weeks into treatment. The clinical efficacy was evaluated in the 3 groups.@*RESULTS@#The scores of BBS and FMA in each group at 3 and 6 weeks into treatment were higher than those before treatment (@*CONCLUSION@#Scalp acupuncture combined with suspension training could improve the balance ability and motor function in stroke patients with balance dysfunction, and the curative effect is better than simple scalp acupuncture and simple suspension training.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Hemiplegia , Humans , Scalp , Stroke/therapy , Stroke Rehabilitation , Treatment Outcome
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888206

ABSTRACT

Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) is an emerging non-invasive brain stimulation technique. However, the rehabilitation effect of tDCS on stroke disease is unclear. In this paper, based on electroencephalogram (EEG) and complex network analysis methods, the effect of tDCS on brain function network of stroke patients during rehabilitation was investigated. The resting state EEG signals of 31 stroke rehabilitation patients were collected and divided into stimulation group (16 cases) and control group (15 cases). The Pearson correlation coefficients were calculated between the channels, brain functional network of two groups were constructed before and after stimulation, and five characteristic parameters were analyzed and compared such as node degree, clustering coefficient, characteristic path length, global efficiency, and small world attribute. The results showed that node degree, clustering coefficient, global efficiency, and small world attributes of brain functional network in the tDCS group were significantly increased, characteristic path length was significantly reduced, and the difference was statistically significant (


Subject(s)
Brain , Electroencephalography , Humans , Stroke , Stroke Rehabilitation , Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879284

ABSTRACT

The real physical image of the affected limb, which is difficult to move in the traditional mirror training, can be realized easily by the rehabilitation robots. During this training, the affected limb is often in a passive state. However, with the gradual recovery of the movement ability, active mirror training becomes a better choice. Consequently, this paper took the self-developed shoulder joint rehabilitation robot with an adjustable structure as an experimental platform, and proposed a mirror training system completed by next four parts. First, the motion trajectory of the healthy limb was obtained by the Inertial Measurement Units (IMU). Then the variable universe fuzzy adaptive proportion differentiation (PD) control was adopted for inner loop, meanwhile, the muscle strength of the affected limb was estimated by the surface electromyography (sEMG). The compensation force for an assisted limb of outer loop was calculated. According to the experimental results, the control system can provide real-time assistance compensation according to the recovery of the affected limb, fully exert the training initiative of the affected limb, and make the affected limb achieve better rehabilitation training effect.


Subject(s)
Electromyography , Humans , Movement , Muscle Strength , Robotics , Shoulder Joint , Stroke Rehabilitation
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877642

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of abdominal penetrating moxibustion on strength and endurance of core muscle group in patients with stroke.@*METHODS@#Sixty-two patients with stroke were randomly divided into an observation group (31 cases, 2 cases dropped off) and a control group (31 cases, 2 cases dropped off). The patients in the control group were treated with routine basic treatment, acupuncture treatment and rehabilitation training; based on the treatment of the control group, the patients in the observation group were treated with abdominal penetrating moxibustion, approximately 50 min each time, once a day. The treatments in the two groups were given 5 times a week for 4 weeks. The root mean square (RMS) and median frequency (MF) of bilateral transverse abdominis and multifidus of performing sitting-standing and making steps were measured by surface electromyography before and after treatment. The postural assessment scale for stroke (PASS), Berg balance scale (BBS) and lower-limb Fugl-Meyer motor assessment (FMA) scores were observed before treatment, 2 weeks into treatment and 4 weeks into treatment.@*RESULTS@#Compared before treatment, when performing different postures, the RMS and MF of bilateral transversus abdominis and multifidus in the two groups were increased after treatment (@*CONCLUSION@#The abdominal penetrating moxibustion could effectively improve the strength and endurance of core muscle group, improve the posture control, balance ability and lower-limb motor function in patients with stroke.


Subject(s)
Abdominal Muscles , Acupuncture Therapy , Electromyography , Humans , Moxibustion , Stroke/therapy , Stroke Rehabilitation , Treatment Outcome
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877641

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the efficacy of scalp acupuncture combined with lower-limb intelligent feedback training and lower-limb intelligent feedback training alone for lower-limb motor dysfunction after stroke.@*METHODS@#A total of 154 patients with lower-limb motor dysfunction after stroke were randomly divided into an observation group (76 cases, 6 cases dropped off) and a control group (78 cases, 8 cases dropped off). The patients in both groups were treated with conventional medication and exercise rehabilitation training. In addition, the patients in the observation group were treated with scalp acupuncture combined with lower-limb intelligent feedback training. The scalp acupuncture was given at upper 1/5 of the anterior oblique line of parietal temporal area and upper 1/5 of the posterior oblique line of parietal temporal area. The patients in the control group were treated with lower-limb intelligent feedback training alone. All the treatment was given once a day, 6 days a week, totaling for 8 weeks. The affected-side lower-limb Brunnstrom stage and modified Ashworth scale (MAS) grade, 6-minute walk test (6MWT), Berg balance scale (BBS) score and modified Barthel index (MBI) score were evaluated before and after treatment in the two groups. The plantar pressure was measured by gait function evaluation system.@*RESULTS@#Compared before treatment, the Brunnstrom stage in the two groups was improved after treatment (@*CONCLUSION@#The scalp acupuncture combined with lower-limb intelligent feedback training could reduce the muscle tension of lower limbs, promote the separation movement mode of lower limbs, improve the plantar pressure distribution, and improve the balance ability and walking ability in stroke patients, and the curative effect is better than lower-limb intelligent feedback training alone.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Therapy , Feedback , Humans , Scalp , Stroke/complications , Stroke Rehabilitation , Treatment Outcome
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877626

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the therapeutic effect between rehabilitation robot rehabilitation training synchronizing acupuncture exercise therapy and simple acupuncture exercise therapy on lower limb function and life activity ability for postoperative patients with hip fracture.@*METHODS@#A total of 50 elderly postoperative patients with hip fracture were randomly divided into an observation group and a control group, 25 cases in each group. Both groups were treated with acupuncture at hip three points of the affected side and lateral line 1 of vertex, anterior oblique parietotemporal line of the healthy side, hip three needles were retained for 30 min. The scalp acupuncture needles were continue retained, the observation group was given acupuncture exercise therapy to synchronize lower limb rehabilitation robot rehabilitation training, and the control group was given acupuncture exercise therapy. The two groups were treated once a day, 7 times as a course of treatment, and totally 4 courses were required. The Harris score, Barthel index score and quadriceps femoris isokinetic muscle strength indexes [peak torque (PT), average power (AP), flexor peak torque/extensor peak torque (F/E)] were compared between the two groups before and after treatment.@*RESULTS@#After treatment, the Harris score, Barthel index score, PT and AP were higher than those before treatment (@*CONCLUSION@#Rehabilitation robot rehabilitation training of lower limbs synchronizing acupuncture exercise therapy could enhance the hip joint activity function and quadriceps muscle group function of elderly postoperative patients with hip fracture, and effectively improve the lower limb function and life activity ability.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Aged , Exercise Therapy , Humans , Robotics , Stroke , Stroke Rehabilitation , Treatment Outcome
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877601

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the efficacy of interactive scalp acupuncture, scalp acupuncture alone and scalp acupuncture plus cognitive training for cognitive dysfunction after stroke.@*METHODS@#A total of 660 patients with cognitive dysfunction after stroke were randomly divided into an interactive scalp acupuncture group (218 cases, 18 cases dropped off), a scalp acupuncture group (220 cases, 20 cases dropped off) and a scalp acupuncture plus cognitive training group (222 cases, 22 cases dropped off). All the patients were treated with routine medication and exercise rehabilitation training. The interactive scalp acupuncture group was treated with scalp acupuncture on the parietal midline, and contralateral anterior parietal temporal oblique line and posterior parietal temporal oblique line at the same time of cognitive training; the scalp acupuncture group was treated with scalp acupuncture alone, and the scalp acupuncture plus cognitive training group was treated with scalp acupuncture and cognitive training in the morning and afternoon respectively. All the treatments were given once a day, 6 times a week for 8 weeks. Montreal cognitive assessment (MoCA) scale score was used to evaluate the cognitive function before treatment, 4 weeks and 8 weeks into treatment.@*RESULTS@#Compared before treatment, the total score of MoCA was increased after 4-week treatment and 8-week treatment in the three groups (@*CONCLUSION@#The interactive scalp acupuncture could significantly improve the cognitive function in patients with cognitive dysfunction after stroke, and the efficacy is superior to scalp acupuncture alone and scalp acupuncture plus cognitive training.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Cognitive Dysfunction/therapy , Humans , Scalp , Stroke/complications , Stroke Rehabilitation , Treatment Outcome
13.
CoDAS ; 33(4): e20200019, 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1286107

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose Aphasia is a common and debilitating manifestation of stroke. Transcranial electrical stimulation uses low-intensity electric currents to induce changes in neuronal activity. Recent evidence suggests that noninvasive techniques can be a valuable rehabilitation tool for patients with aphasia. However, it is difficult to recruit patients with aphasia for trials, and the reasons for this are not well understood. This study aimed to elucidate the main difficulties involved in patient's recruitment and inclusion in a randomized clinical study of neuromodulation in aphasia. Methods We evaluated the reasons for the exclusion of patients in a pilot, randomized, double-blinded clinical trial in which patients diagnosed with motor aphasia after stroke were recruited from March to November 2018. A descriptive statistical analysis was performed. Results Only 12.9% (4) of patients with ischemic stroke were included in the clinical trial. A total of 87.1% (27) of the 31 recruited patients were excluded for various reasons including: sensory aphasia (32.2%), dysarthria (25.8%), spontaneous clinical recovery (16.1%), previous stroke (6.4%), and death or mutism (3.2%). Conclusion The presence of other types of aphasia, dysarthria, spontaneous recovery, deaths, and mutism were barriers to recruiting patients evidenced in this neuromodulation study.


RESUMO Objetivo A afasia é uma manifestação comum e debilitante do acidente vascular cerebral (AVC). A estimulação elétrica transcraniana por corrente contínua oferece uma corrente elétrica de baixa intensidade que induz alterações na atividade neuronal e evidências recentes sugerem que técnicas não invasivas podem servir como uma ferramenta benéfica para a reabilitação de pacientes afásicos. No entanto, é muito difícil recrutar esses pacientes para estudos clínicos e as razões não são claras. O objetivo do estudo foi identificar as principais dificuldades envolvidas no recrutamento e inclusão de pacientes em ensaio clínico piloto randomizado sobre neuromodulação em pacientes com afasia. Método Foram avaliadas as razões para a exclusão e não inclusão de pacientes em um ensaio clínico piloto, randomizado, duplo-cego no qual foram incluídos pacientes diagnosticados com afasia motora após AVC no período de março a novembro de 2018. Análise estatística descritiva foi realizada. Resultados Apenas 12,9% (4) dos pacientes com AVC isquêmico foram incluídos no estudo. Um total de 87,1% (27) dos 31 pacientes recrutados foram excluídos por apresentarem afasia sensorial (32,2%), disartria (25,8%), recuperação clínica espontânea (16,1%), AVC prévio (6,4%) e óbito ou mutismo (3,2%). Conclusão A presença de outros tipos de afasia, disartria, recuperação espontânea, óbitos e mutismo foram as principais barreiras ao recrutamento de pacientes evidenciadas nesse estudo de neuromodulação.


Subject(s)
Humans , Stroke/complications , Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation , Stroke Rehabilitation , Aphasia, Broca , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Pilot Projects
14.
Rev. Pesqui. (Univ. Fed. Estado Rio J., Online) ; 13: 1110-1115, jan.-dez. 2021.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1255047

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Analisar as representações sociais de cuidadores familiares de pacientes acometidos por AVC, sobre o cuidado de si. Método: Estudo descritivo, no qual foi utilizado como aporte teórico as representações sociais. Foram investigados 20 cuidadores que frequentavam duas clinicas especializadas em Belém do Pará. Os dados foram coletados por meio de entrevistas semiestruturadas e organizados pela técnica de análise temática indutiva. Resultados:O cuidado de si foi representado pelos cuidadores como de difícil agregação às suas atividades de cuidar do adoecido pelo AVC devido à sobrecarga de trabalho, a qual gerou estresse e frustração. Alguns cuidadores conseguiram transformar esse estresse em uma representação pertencente a complexidade da sua vivência e da realidade do cuidado. Conclusão:Foi possível acessar o seu imaginário social e consequentemente a produção de significados atrelados as ações dos cuidadores, comportamentos e componentes cognitivos envolvidos na realidade do cuidar


Objective:The study's main goal has been to investigate the social representations of stroke patients' family caregivers by focusing on self-care. Methods: It is a descriptive study, which used the theoretical approach of social representations. There were investigated 20 caregivers who attended two specialized clinics in Belém city, Pará State, Brazil. Data were collected through semi-structured interviews and processed by the inductive thematic analysis technique. Results: Self-care was represented by caregivers as difficult to combine to their activities of caring for the person suffering from stroke due to work overload, which generated stress and frustration. Some caregivers were able to transform this stress into a representation belonging to a complexity of their experience and the care reality. Conclusion: It was possible to access their social imagery and, consequently, the production of linked meanings as caregivers' actions, behaviors and cognitive components involved in the care reality


Objetivo: Analizar las representaciones sociales de los cuidadores de pacientes con accidente cerebrovascular de la familia en el auto cuidado.Método: Estudio descriptivo, que se utilizó como las representaciones sociales teóricas. Investigaron 20 cuidadores que asisten a dos clínicas especializadas en Belem. Los datos fueron recolectados a través de entrevistas semi-estructuradas y organizadas por la técnica de análisis temático inductivo. Resultados: El cuidado de sí estuvo representada por los cuidadores como difíciles de agregar sus actividades para atender a los enfermos por accidente cerebrovascular debido a la sobrecarga de trabajo, lo que causó el estrés y la frustración. Algunos cuidadores fueron capaces de convertir ese estrés en una representación que pertenece a la complejidad de su experiencia y la realidad cuidado. Conclusión: Fue posible acceder a los imaginarios sociales y por lo tanto la producción de significados vinculado las acciones de los cuidadores, el comportamiento y los componentes cognitivos implicados en la realidad de la atención


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Self Care/psychology , Caregivers/psychology , Stroke/nursing , Stroke Rehabilitation/nursing , Psychology, Social , Social Factors
15.
Clin. biomed. res ; 41(1): 53-56, 2021. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1254974

ABSTRACT

O presente estudo teve por objetivo relatar os efeitos do uso da realidade virtual não imersiva através de um jogo criado para a reabilitação de membro superior pós AVC. O mesmo foi aplicado com quatro pacientes na Unidade de Cuidados Especiais do Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre, sendo realizado duas vezes ao dia durante a semana e uma vez ao dia nos finais de semana, desde a avaliação ao momento da alta hospitalar. Foi realizado a avaliação inicial e final da escala de Rankin modificada e selecionou-se as jogadas inicial e final para a verificação dos resultados. A análise dos dados foi realizada através de estatística descritiva. Os resultados demonstraram uma diminuição do tempo de execução do jogo com aumento da pontuação alcançada durante os desafios na maioria dos pacientes. Entende-se que jogos sérios podem ser utilizados como complemento na reabilitação pós-AVC. (AU)


The present study aimed to report the effects of using a non-immersive virtual reality game on patients undergoing upper limb rehabilitation after stroke. The intervention was administered to 4 patients in the Special Care Unit at Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre; it was performed twice a day during the week and once a day on weekends, from baseline to discharge. The initial and final evaluations were conducted using the modified Rankin scale, and the initial and final moves were selected to check the results. Data analysis was performed using descriptive statistics. The results showed a decrease in game execution time with an increase in the score achieved during the challenges in most patients. It is believed that serious games can be used as an additional tool in post-stroke rehabilitation. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Upper Extremity , Stroke Rehabilitation , Virtual Reality
16.
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 78(6): 361-369, June 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1131715

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: Active games based on virtual reality have been widely used in the rehabilitation of many clinical conditions. However, studies on the use of Xbox/Kinect are rare, and technology application in stroke treatment is not clear yet. Objective: To verify the outcomes (O) analyzed in randomized controlled trials (C; S) that investigated the use of Xbox/Kinect (I) in patients with stroke (P). Methods: This is a systematic literature review that meets PRISMA standards and the eligibility criteria according to the PICOS strategy. The search procedure was performed by two researchers. The research strategy was repeated in case of divergence. Effect size was calculated by Cohen's formula and Hopkins rank. The risk of individual bias was assessed using PEDro Score and Higgins Classification. Results: The main outcomes were postural balance and activities of daily living, with four studies addressing these variables. However, only one study showed the effect of Xbox/Kinect intervention on balance as large, as in two other studies evaluating manual dexterity and depression, respectively. Conclusion: The greater use of Xbox/Kinect in treating patients after stroke is in recovery of balance and motor function, and the evidence support its application. These findings enable the use of virtual reality technology through Xbox/Kinect in rehabilitation programs, focusing on postural balance and motor skills. However, conclusive results are still not possible. Therefore, caution in the use of this technology is required.


RESUMO Introdução: Jogos ativos baseados em realidade virtual têm sido amplamente utilizados na reabilitação de muitas condições clínicas. No entanto, estudos sobre a utilização do Xbox/Kinect são raros, e não está clara a aplicabilidade da tecnologia no tratamento de pacientes que tiveram acidente vascular cerebral. Objetivo: Verificar os desfechos (O) analisados em ensaios clínicos randomizados e controlados (C; S), que investigaram a utilização do Xbox/Kinect (I) em pacientes que tiveram acidente vascular cerebral (P). Métodos: Trata-se de uma revisão sistemática da literatura que atende aos padrões do PRISMA e aos critérios de elegibilidade, de acordo com a estratégia PICOS. O procedimento de busca foi realizado por dois pesquisadores e, em caso de divergência, a estratégia de busca foi repetida. O tamanho do efeito foi calculado por meio da fórmula de Cohen e da escala de Hopkins. O risco de viés individual foi analisado utilizando o escore PEDro e a classificação de Higgins. Resultados: Os principais desfechos foram o equilíbrio postural e as atividades de vida diária, com quatro estudos abordando essas variáveis. No entanto, apenas um estudo mostrou o efeito da intervenção com Xbox/Kinect sobre o equilíbrio como sendo grande, assim como em dois outros artigos que avaliaram destreza manual e depressão, respectivamente. Conclusão: A utilização mais comum do Xbox/Kinect no tratamento de pacientes que tiveram acidente vascular cerebral acontece na recuperação do equilíbrio e da função motora, e as evidências apoiam o seu uso. Esses achados permitem o uso da tecnologia de realidade virtual por meio do Xbox/Kinect em programas de reabilitação, com foco no equilíbrio postural e nas habilidades motoras. Porém, resultados conclusivos ainda não são possíveis, o que exige cautela no uso dessa tecnologia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Video Games , Stroke , Stroke Rehabilitation , Activities of Daily Living , Postural Balance/physiology
17.
Rev. cuba. invest. bioméd ; 39(2): e380, abr.-jun. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1126586

ABSTRACT

Introducción: se mantiene el debate sobre qué tipos de intervenciones para la recuperación del ictus ofrecen mejores resultados para el paciente. Objetivo: evaluar el efecto de una intervención integral durante seis meses sobre la recuperación funcional en pacientes con ictus. Métodos: la muestra estuvo compuesta por 42 participantes con ictus: un grupo experimental (N = 22) con una media de edad de 52,68 años (DE = 14,39) que recibió una intervención integral, intensiva y multidisciplinar, y un grupo control (N = 20) con una media de edad de 56,20 años (DE = 14,82) que no recibió este tipo de intervención. Se valoraron los siguiente índices de severidad del ictus: Escala de Coma de Glasgow, Escala Canadiense, estancia en Unidad de Cuidados Intensivos, signos de enclavamiento uncal, signos de hipertensión endocraneal, volumen del hematoma/área isquémica, desplazamiento de línea media, necesidad de cirugía y tiempo total de hospitalización. Ambos grupos eran equivalentes en estos índices de gravedad. El grado de funcionalidad fue medido con la aplicación de la escala Functional Independence Measure and Functional Assessment Measure. Esta prueba se aplicó al inicio de la intervención y 6 meses después. Resultados: se observó una evolución positiva en ambos grupos en todas las áreas de la escala. La intervención integral y un menor tiempo total de hospitalización se relacionaron con una mejor recuperación funcional en el ictus. Conclusiones: se sugiere la necesidad de realizar estrategias de rehabilitación integral en los pacientes con ictus(AU)


Introduction: debate is currently underway about what types of stroke recovery interventions are more beneficial for patients. Objective: evaluate the effect of a six-month comprehensive intervention on the functional recovery of stroke patients. Methods: the study sample was 42 stroke patients: an experimental group (N = 22), mean age 52.68 years (SD = 14.39), who received a comprehensive intensive multidisciplinary intervention, and a control group (N = 20), mean age 56.20 years (SD = 14.82), who did not receive this type of intervention. The following stroke severity indices were applied: Glasgow Coma Scale, Canadian Scale, intensive care unit stay, uncal latching signs, endocranial hypertension signs, hematoma volume / ischemic area, midline displacement, need for surgery and total hospital stay time. These severity indices were similar in the two groups. Degree of functionality was gauged with the scales Functional Independence Measure and Functional Assessment Measure. This test was applied at the start of the intervention and 6 months later. Results: both groups had a positive evolution in all the areas of the scale. The comprehensive intervention and a shorter total hospital stay were associated to better functional recovery from stroke. Conclusions: the need is suggested to implement comprehensive rehabilitation strategies in stroke patients(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Stroke/therapy , Stroke Rehabilitation/methods , Intensive Care Units/standards , Glasgow Coma Scale/standards , Evaluation of Results of Therapeutic Interventions , Length of Stay/statistics & numerical data
18.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 80(1): 54-68, feb. 2020. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1125038

ABSTRACT

Se estima que dos tercios de las personas que han sufrido un accidente cerebrovascular (ACV) tienen secuelas que condicionan su calidad de vida. La rehabilitación del ACV es un proceso complejo, que requiere de un equipo multidisciplinario de profesionales especializados (médicos, kinesiólogos, enfermeros, terapistas ocupacionales, fonoaudiólogos, neuropsicólogos y nutricionistas). Actualmente, las prácticas realizadas en rehabilitación son consecuencia de la combinación de evidencia y consenso, siendo la mayoría aportadas a través de guías internacionales de rehabilitación en ACV. El objetivo de esta revisión es ajustar las recomendaciones internacionales sobre rehabilitación a lo aplicado a la práctica diaria, a fin de unificar criterios en las recomendaciones y reducir la variabilidad de las prácticas empleadas. En este trabajo, se realizó una revisión de la literatura sobre las guías de rehabilitación en ACV realizadas en los últimos 10 años y cada apartado fue supervisado por distintos profesionales especializados en dichas áreas. Se analizaron los tiempos y organización necesaria para desarrollarla, las recomendaciones para la rehabilitación motora, cognitiva y visual, el tratamiento de la disfagia y nutrición, de las comorbilidades (trombosis venosa, úlceras cutáneas, dolor, trastornos psiquiátricos, osteoporosis) y las tareas necesarias para favorecer el retorno a las actividades de la vida diaria.


It is estimated that two thirds of people who have suffered a stroke have sequels that condition their quality of life. The rehabilitation of the stroke is a complex process, which requires the multidisciplinary approach of specialized professionals (doctors, kinesiologists, nurses, occupational therapists, phonoaudiologists, neuropsychologists and nutritionists). Currently, the practices carried out are a consequence of the combination of evidence and consensus, most of them through international stroke rehabilitation guides. The objective of this review is to adjust the international recommendations on stroke rehabilitation to what is applied to daily practice, in order to unify the criteria of the recommendations and to reduce the variability of the practices carried out. This work is a review of the literature on stroke rehabilitation guides developed in the last 10 years. Each section was supervised by different professionals specialized in these areas. We analyze the time and organization necessary to develop rehabilitation, recommendations for motor, cognitive and visual rehabilitation, the management of dysphagia and nutrition, the approach of comorbidities (venous thrombosis, skin ulcers, pain, psychiatric disorders and osteoporosis) and the necessary tasks to favor the return to the activities of daily life.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Stroke/physiopathology , Stroke Rehabilitation/methods , Risk Factors , Patient-Centered Care/methods , Cognitive Dysfunction/physiopathology , Cognitive Dysfunction/rehabilitation
19.
Article in English | AIM, AIM | ID: biblio-1257738

ABSTRACT

Background: In less resourced settings, formal rehabilitation services for stroke survivors were often absent. Stroke survivors were referred to community health workers (CHWs) who were untrained in rehabilitation. Aim: To describe the experience and perceived needs of stroke survivors, their caregivers and CHWs in a context with limited access to and support from formal rehabilitation services. Setting: The Breede Valley subdistrict, Western Cape, South Africa, a rural, less resourced setting. Methods: A descriptive exploratory qualitative study. Four focus group interviews were held with purposively selected stroke survivors and caregivers and four with CHWs. A thematic approach and the framework method were used to analyse the transcripts. Findings: A total of 41 CHWs, 21 caregivers and 26 stroke survivors participated. Four main themes and 11 sub-themes were identified. Because of the lack of knowledge, training and rehabilitation services, the main theme for all groups was having to 'figure things out' independently, with incontinence management being particularly challenging. Secondly was the need for emotional support for stroke survivors and caregivers. Thirdly, contextual factors such as architectural barriers and lack of assistive products negatively impacted care and function. Lastly, the organisation of health and rehabilitation services negatively impacted home-based services and professional support. Conclusions: With appropriate training, the CHWs can be pivotal in the training and support of family caregivers and stroke survivors. Care pathways and the role and scope of both CHWs and therapists in home-based stroke rehabilitation should be defined and restructured, including the links with formal services


Subject(s)
Caregivers , Community Health Workers , Home Care Services, Hospital-Based , Poverty , Primary Health Care , South Africa , Stroke Rehabilitation
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781775

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the differences in the clinical effect on post-stroke hand spasm among the combined treatment of penetrating acupuncture and kinesiotherapy, the simple application of penetrating acupuncture and the simple application of kinesiotherapy.@*METHODS@#A total of 105 patients with post-stroke hand spasm were randomized into a penetrating acupuncture group, a kinesiotherapy group and a combined treatment group, 35 cases in each one, of which, 2 cases were dropped out in either the combined treatment group and the penetrating acupuncture group, and 1 case dropped out in the kinesiotherapy group. The routine rehabilitation training, e.g. occupational therapy and Bobath exercise and medication were adopted in all of the three groups. In the penetrating acupuncture group, the penetrating needling technique was exerted from Hegu (LI 4) to Houxi (SI 3) and from Waiguan (TE 5) to Sidu (TE 9) on the affected side. In the kinesiotherapy group, the persistent movement or passive movement was exerted on the wrist joint, the metacarpophalangeal joints and the interphalangeal joints. In the combined treatment group, the penetrating acupuncture (the same as the penetrating acupuncture group) was exerted combined with kinesiotherapy (the same as the kinesiotherapy group). In each group, the treatment was given once a day, 30 min in each time, 6 treatments a week in total, with the interval of 1 day between the courses. The treatment for 2 weeks was as one course and 2 courses were required totally. Before and after treatment, the scores of hand spasm index, hand-wrist motor function and the activity of daily living (ADL) were compared in each group.@*RESULTS@#After treatment, the scores of hand spasm index were reduced as compared with those before treatment in each group (0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Compared with the simple application of either penetrating acupuncture or kinesiotherapy, the combined treatment of them achieves the significant improvements in hand spasm degree, hand wrist motor function and ADL in patients with stroke.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Humans , Kinesis , Spasm , Therapeutics , Stroke , Stroke Rehabilitation , Treatment Outcome
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