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1.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-782047

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The impact of myocardial damage on the prognosis of patients with septic shock is not clearly elucidated because complex hemodynamic changes in sepsis obscure the direct relationship. We evaluated left ventricular (LV) conditions that reflect myocardial damage independently from hemodynamic changes in septic shock and their influence on the prognosis of patients.METHODS: We retrospectively enrolled 208 adult patients who were admitted to the intensive care unit and underwent echocardiography within 7 days from the diagnosis of septic shock. Patients who were previously diagnosed with structural heart disease or coronary artery disease were excluded. Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) was divided into four categories: normal, ≥ 50%; mild, ≥ 40%; moderate, ≥ 30%; and severe dysfunction, < 30%. Wall motion impairment was categorized into the following patterns: normal, diffuse, ballooning, and focal.RESULTS: There were 141 patients with normal LVEF. Among patients with impaired LV wall motion, the diffuse pattern was the most common (34 patients), followed by the ballooning pattern (26 patients). Finally, 102 patients died, and in-hospital mortality was significantly higher in patients with severe LV systolic dysfunction (hazard ratio [HR], 1.97; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.04–3.75; P = 0.039) and in patients with diffuse pattern of LV wall motion impairment (HR, 2.28; 95% CI, 1.19–4.36; P = 0.013) than in those with a normal LV systolic function.CONCLUSION: Severe LV systolic dysfunction and diffuse pattern of LV wall motion impairment significantly affected in-hospital mortality in patients with septic shock. Conventional echocardiographic evaluation provides adequate information on the development of myocardial damage and accurately predicts the prognosis of patients with septic shock.


Subject(s)
Adult , Coronary Artery Disease , Diagnosis , Echocardiography , Heart Diseases , Hemodynamics , Hospital Mortality , Humans , Intensive Care Units , Mortality , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Sepsis , Shock, Septic , Stroke Volume
2.
Rev. gaúch. enferm ; 41(spe): e20190095, 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1093864

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Aim: To analyze the behavior of B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) in the presence of defining characteristics (DCs) of the nursing diagnosis Excess fluid volume (00026) in patients hospitalized for acute decompensated heart failure. Methods: Cohort study of patients admitted with acute decompensated heart failure (September 2015 to September 2016) defined by Boston Criteria. Patients hospitalized for up to 36 h with BNP values ≥ 100 pg/ml were included; BNP values at baseline-final assessment were compared by Wilcoxon test, the number of DCs at baseline-final assessment was compared by paired t-test. Results: Sixty-four patients were included; there was a significant positive correlation between delta of BNP and the number of DCs present at initial clinical assessment. Conclusions: The behavior of BNP was correlated to the DCs indicating congestion. With clinical compensation, DCs and BNP decreased. The use of this biomarker may provide additional precision to the nursing assessment.


RESUMEN Objetivo: Analizar el comportamiento del péptido natriurético tipo B (BNP) en presencia de características definitorias (CD) del diagnóstico de enfermería Exceso de volumen de líquidos (00026) en pacientes hospitalizados por insuficiencia cardíaca aguda descompensada (ICAD). Métodos: Estudio de cohorte de pacientes ingresados ​​con ICAD (septiembre/2015 a septiembre/2016).Se incluyeron pacientes hospitalizados hasta 36 h con valores de BNP ≥ 100 pg / ml; Los valores de BNP en la evaluación inicial basal se compararon mediante la prueba de Wilcoxon, el número de CD en la evaluación inicial basal se comparó mediante el Test-T apareado. Resultados: Se incluyeron 64 pacientes; hubo una correlación positiva significativa entre el delta del BNP y las CD presentes en la evaluación clínica inicial. Conclusiones: El comportamiento del BNP se correlacionó con las CD que indican congestión. Con compensación clínica, las CD y el BNP disminuyeron. El uso del BNP puede proporcionar precisión adicional a la evaluación de enfermería.


RESUMO Objetivo: Analisar o comportamento do peptídeo natriurético tipo B (BNP) na presença de características definidoras (CDs) do diagnóstico de enfermagem Excesso de volume de líquidos (00026) em pacientes hospitalizados por insuficiência cardíaca descompensada. Métodos: Estudo de coorte com pacientes internados com insuficiência cardíaca descompensada (setembro-2015 a setembro-2016), definida pelos Critérios de Boston. Pacientes hospitalizados por mais de 36 horas, valor de BNP ≥ 100 pg/ml foram incluídos; valores de BNP basal-final foram comparados pelo teste Wilcoxon; as CDs no basal-final foram comparadas pelo teste t pareado. Resultados: Sessenta e quatro pacientes foram incluídos; houve correlação positiva significativa entre o delta de BNP com o número de CDs presentes na avaliação clínica inicial. Conclusões: O comportamento do BNP foi correlacionado com as CDs, indicando congestão. Com a compensação clínica, as CDs e a concentração de BNP diminuíram. O uso deste biomarcador pode fornecer precisão adicional à avaliação de enfermagem.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Water-Electrolyte Imbalance/diagnosis , Nursing Diagnosis , Natriuretic Peptide, Brain/blood , Heart Failure/blood , Stroke Volume , Water-Electrolyte Imbalance/blood , Biomarkers/blood , Cohort Studies , Sample Size , Emergency Medical Services , Heart Failure/nursing , Heart Failure/physiopathology
6.
Rev. salud pública Parag ; 9(2): [P57-P63], Dic 2019.
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas), BDNPAR | ID: biblio-1047096

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La dilatación de la aurícula izquierda (AI) se considera un marcador ecocardiográfico para la remodelación auricular y la fibrilación auricular. Por ende, hemos investigado la correlación entre la dilatación de la AI con las alteraciones hemodinámicas del ventrículo izquierdo en pacientes con hipertensión arterial. Metodología: En este estudio observacional y prospectivo hemos investigado las variaciones electrocardiográficas, mediciones ecocardiográficas y Holter ECG de 24 hs en pacientes hipertensos que acuden a un hospital terciario desde marzo a septiembre del 2018 en forma ambulatoria y a internados en el Hospital de Clínicas. Resultados: Se estudiaron 104 pacientes, 65 hipertensos conocidos y 39 no hipertensos como grupo control. El diámetro de la AI tuvo una media de 37±8 en pacientes hipertensos, mientras que en pacientes no hipertensos la media fue de 34±5 (p=0,03). Se encontró una asociación significativa entre hipertensión y aumento del diámetro de la AI (p=0,04 OR: 2,6 IC 0,88-7,7). En los pacientes hipertensos se observó una asociación significativa entre la aurícula izquierda dilatada y la fracción de eyección disminuida (p= 0,01 OR: 4,66 IC: 1,28-16,98). Además, una asociación significativa entre la AI dilatada y el diámetro diastólico aumentado del ventrículo izquierdo (VI) (p= 0,0004 OR: 8,75 IC 2,18-35,01). Se observó una asociación significativa entre la presencia de una AI dilatada y el diámetro sistólico del VI aumentado en hipertensos (p= 0,006 OR: 5,74 IC 1,5-21,91). Conclusiones: Hubo una relación significativa entre la hipertensión arterial y la dilatación de la aurícula izquierda. Los pacientes hipertensos con una dilatación de la AI tuvieron un aumento significativo de los diámetros sistólicos y diastólicos del ventrículo izquierdo, así como una disminución significativa de la funcionalidad sistólica del ventrículo izquierdo. Por ende, los pacientes hipertensos que tienen una dilatación de la aurícula izquierda presentaron además alteraciones hemodinámicas asociadas del ventrículo izquierdo. Palabras clave: Dilatación de la aurícula izquierda; Hipertensión arterial; Fracción de eyección del VI. Diámetro sistólico y diastólico del VI.


Introduction: Dilation of the left atrium (LA) is considered an echocardiographic marker for atrial remodeling and atrial fibrillation. Therefore, we have investigated the correlation between dilatation of the IA with hemodynamic alterations of the left ventricle in patients with arterial hypertension. Methodology: In this observational and prospective study we have investigated electrocardiographic variations, echocardiographic measurements and Holter ECG of 24 hours in hypertensive patients who attend a tertiary hospital from March 2018 to September 2018 as outpatients and inpatients. Results: 104 patients were studied, 65 known hypertensive patients and, 39 non-hypertensive as control group. The diameter of the AI had a mean of 37 ± 8 in hypertensive patients, while in non-hypertensive patients the mean was 34 ± 5 (p = 0.03). A significant association was found between hypertension and increased diameter of the LA (p = 0.04 OR: 2.6 CI 0.88-7.7). In hypertensive patients, a significant association was observed between the dilated left atrium and the decreased ejection fraction (p = 0.01 OR: 4.66 CI: 1.28-16.98). In addition, a significant association between dilated LA and the increased diastolic diameter of the LV (p = 0.0004 OR: 8.75 IC 2.18-35.01). A significant association was observed between the presence of dilated IA and the left ventricular systolic diameter increased in hypertensive patients (p = 0.006 OR: 5.74 CI 1.5-21.91). Conclusion: There was a significant relationship between arterial hypertension and dilatation of the left atrium. Hypertensive patients with dilatation of the IA had a significant increase in systolic and diastolic diameters of the left ventricle, as well as a significant decrease in systolic functionality of the left ventricle. Therefore, hypertensive patients who have dilation of the left atrium also had associated hemodynamic alterations of the left ventricle. Key words: Dilation of the left atrium; Arterial hypertension; LV ejection fraction. Systolic and diastolicdiameter of the LV.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Stroke Volume/physiology , Dilatation, Pathologic , Heart Ventricles/pathology , Systole , Diastole , Hypertension
7.
ABC., imagem cardiovasc ; 32(4): 303-308, out.-dez. 2019. tab, ilus, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1023931

ABSTRACT

A cardiomiopatia hipertrófica é uma doença de origem genética, que afeta milhares de pessoas em todo o mundo.Objetivos: Avaliar a presença de regurgitação mitral em pacientes com cardiomiopatia hipertrófica, bem como sua relação com variáveis ecodopplercardiográficas do ventrículo esquerdo. A disfunção de valva mitral encontradas nesses pacientes mostra-se um dado de extrema relevância, visto que é capaz de predizer a sobrevida e a taxa de mortalidade dos enfermos acometidos pela cardiomiopatia hipertrófica.Métodos: Foram avaliados todos os ecocardiogramas realizados no período de 2006 a 2016 no serviço de ecocardiografia do Hospital de Base de São José do Rio Preto, sendo o total de 112.930 exames. Foram selecionados aqueles com diagnóstico de cardiomiopatia hipertrófica ou espessura parietal > 15 mm, e incluídos na análise 132 pacientes.Resultados: Regurgitação valvar mitral de grau moderado e importante esteve presente em 25% e 5,3% dos pacientes, respectivamente, sendo que a regurgitação mitral esteve independentemente correlacionada com a forma obstrutiva de cardiomiopatia hipertrófica.Conclusão: A regurgitação mitral é achado frequente em pacientes com cardiomiopatia hipertrófica, no entanto, a insuficiência mitral importante é extremamente incomum e está correlacionada com a forma obstrutiva da doença


Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy (HCM) is a genetic disease that affects thousands of people around the world.Objectives:The present study aims to evaluate the presence of mitral regurgitation in patients with HCM, as well as its relationship with left ventricular Doppler echocardiographic variables. The mitral valve failure found in these patients is an extremely important finding, since it is able to predict the survival and mortality rate of the patients affected by HCM.Materials and Methods: All echocardiograms performed from 2006 to 2016 in the echocardiographic service of Hospital de Base de São José do Rio Preto were evaluated. A total of 112,930 tests were gathered, of which those with HCM diagnosis or wall thickness >15 mm were selected and 132 patients were included in the analysis.Results: Moderate and major mitral valve regurgitation is present in 25% and 5.3% of the patients, respectively, and MRI is independently correlated with the obstructive form of HCM.Conclusion: Mitral regurgitation is a frequent finding in patients with CMP, however, significant MI is extremely uncommon and is correlated with the obstructive form of the disease


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Cardiomyopathy, Hypertrophic/complications , Cardiomyopathy, Hypertrophic/genetics , Echocardiography/methods , Mitral Valve Insufficiency , Stroke Volume , Echocardiography, Doppler/methods , Statistical Analysis , Retrospective Studies , Heart Ventricles , Hypertension , Mitral Valve
8.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 32(5): 460-470, Sept-Oct. 2019. tab, graf, graf
Article in English | LILACS (Americas), SES-SP, SESSP-IDPCPROD, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1040110

ABSTRACT

In atrial fibrillation (AF), the CHA2DS2-VASc score calculates the risk for stroke. Di Biase classified the left atrial appendage (LAA), using magnetic resonance imaging, into 4 morphological types and correlated it with cerebrovascular events. Transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) also evaluates LAA and is a more widespread technique. Objective: To evaluate, using TEE, the possibility of characterizing LAA and to analyze its morphological aspects using the CHA2DS2VASc score. Methodology: A total of 247 patients were divided into three groups considering the CHA2DS2-VASc score: Group 1: 0 and 1; Group 2: 2 and 3 and, Group 3: ≥ 4 points. TEE produced the echocardiographic data. LAA was classified into thrombogenic and non-thrombogenic morphologies. In the analysis of statistical tests, a significance level of 5% was adopted. Results: The average age was 50 and 16.2% presented AF. In Group 1, we observed normal variables with a lower prevalence of AF (8.7%, p < 0.001). In group 2, spontaneous contrast was detected in 26.7%, (p < 0.001), thrombus in 6.7% (p = 0.079) and flow velocity in LAA < 0.4 m/s in 22.7% (p < 0.001) of the cases. Group 3 presented the highest percentages of AF (31.8%, p < 0.001), stroke/TIA (77.3%, p < 0.001), EF < 55% (18.2%, p = 0.010) and higher prevalence of thrombogenic type LAA (72.7%, p = 0.014). A higher occurrence of stroke/TIA was observed in patients with thrombogenic LAA (25.2%) compared to the non-thrombogenic group (11.2%), (p = 0.005). Conclusions: The thrombogenic morphology of LAA identified in TEE presented a higher risk of stroke regardless of the CHA2DS2VASc score. Patients with higher scores had greater abnormalities in echocardiographic variables


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Atrial Fibrillation , Thrombosis , Echocardiography, Transesophageal/methods , Stroke/mortality , Stroke Volume , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy/methods , Tomography/methods , Statistical Analysis , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Atrial Appendage , Diabetes Mellitus , Heart Failure , Hypertension
9.
Rev. Soc. Cardiol. Estado de Säo Paulo ; 29(4 (Supl)): 415-422, out.-dez. 2019. tab, ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1047339

ABSTRACT

O exercício físico é recomendado no tratamento da hipertensão arterial. Agudamente, a execução do exercício promove aumento da pressão arterial (PA), mas, no período de recuperação pós-exercício, é possível evidenciar redução da PA e, principalmente, após um período de treinamento físico crônico, pode haver diminuição da PA clínica e de 24 horas dos hipertensos. Apesar desses efeitos serem conhecidos, sua magnitude e mecanismos dependem do tipo de exercício executado e de suas características. Este artigo revê os efeitos agudos e crônicos clássicos do exercício aeróbico e os efeitos mais recentemente estudados dos exercícios resistidos isométrico e dinâmico na PA, seus mecanismos e fatores de influência, ressaltando os pontos que embasam as recomendações atuais sobre o uso do exercício na hipertensão arterial. O conhecimento atual demonstra que: 1) o exercício aeróbico promove aumento da PA sistólica durante sua execução, gera hipotensão pós-exercício clinicamente relevante e reduz a PA clínica e de 24 horas após o treinamento; 2) o exercício resistido isométrico promove aumento progressivo da PA sistólica e diastólica durante sua execução, não produz hipotensão pós-exercício consistente e reduz a PA clínica após o treinamento, mas esse efeito hipotensor ocorre com um protocolo específico de exercício de handgrip; e 3) o exercício resistido dinâmico promove grande aumento da PA sistólica e diastólica durante sua execução, gera hipotensão pós-exercício cuja relevância clínica ainda precisa ser comprovada e parece diminuir a PA clínica, mas não a ambulatorial, após o treinamento. Face a esses conhecimentos, o treinamento aeróbico complementado pelo resistido dinâmico é recomendado na hipertensão


Physical exercise is recommended for hypertension treatment. Acutely, exercise execution increases blood pressure (BP), but, during the recovery period, BP decreases, and after a chronic training period, clinic and ambulatory BP may decrease in hypertensives. Despite these known effects of exercise, their magnitude and mechanisms depend on the type of exercise and its characteristics. This article reviews the classical acute and chronic effects of aerobic exercise and the more recent knowledge about isometric and dynamic resistance exercises on BP, its mechanisms and factors of influence, highlighting the aspects underlying exercise recommendations for hypertension. Current scientific knowledge shows that: 1) aerobic exercise increases systolic BP during its execution, produces a clinically significant post-exercise hypotension, and chronically decreases clinic and 24-hour BP; 2) isometric resistance exercise produces a progressive increase in systolic and diastolic BP during its execution, does not promote consistent post-exercise hypotension, and decreases clinic BP after training, but this hypotensive effect results from a specific protocol of isometric handgrip; and 3) dynamic resistance exercise produces a huge progressive increase in systolic and diastolic BP during its execution, promotes post-exercise hypotension with questionable clinical relevance, and seems to decrease clinic but not ambulatory BP after training. Based on this current knowledge, regular aerobic exercise complemented by dynamic resistance exercise is recommended for hypertension


Subject(s)
Exercise , Arterial Pressure , Hypertension , Stroke Volume , Cardiac Output , Risk Factors , Heart Rate , Hypotension
10.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 32(5): 527-535, Sept-Oct. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1040101

ABSTRACT

Currently, the association between obesity and heart failure (HF) is increasingly known. Patients with advanced obesity who suffer from HF without an identifiable cause can be diagnosed as having obesity-associated cardiomyopathy. Although data suggest that obesity may reduce mortality in HF, weight loss, especially in the presence of morbid obesity, reduces symptoms and improves the quality of life of those patients. Bariatric surgery is the major treatment available for sustained weight loss in morbid obesity. Observational studies have demonstrated an improvement in ventricular structure and function of morbidly obese patients with HF who underwent that procedure. Thus, despite the risks, bariatric surgery should be considered for patients with HF, because of its potential for reducing associated comorbidities and improving quality of life and functional capacity, in addition to making eligible for heart transplantation those excluded due to high body mass index


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Treatment Outcome , Bariatric Surgery , Heart Failure , Obesity , Quality of Life , Stroke Volume , Coronary Artery Disease , Body Mass Index , Comorbidity , Cross-Sectional Studies , Hypertrophy, Left Ventricular , Abdominal Circumference , Heart Ventricles
11.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 32(5): 492-504, Sept-Oct. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1040093

ABSTRACT

Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) has become a therapeutic option for high-risk or non-operable patients with severe symptomatic aortic stenosis. Atrioventricular conduction disturbances requiring permanent pacemaker (PPM) are a common and clinically important complication. Objectives: To evaluate the incidence of conduction disorders (CDs) after TAVI and the need for subsequent PPM implantation. To identify the predictors of postoperative PPM implantation. Methods: Retrospective study. All patients who underwent TAVI in a public hospital from December/2011 to June/2016 were included. Multivariate analysis was conducted to establish the predictor of permanent pacemaker implantation. Survival curves were constructed by the Kaplan-Meyer method. Statistically significant variables were those with p value < 0.05. Results: 64 patients with AS underwent TAVI. Eleven patients were excluded. TAVI induced a new CD in 40 (77%) of the remaining 53 patients. The most common new CDs were 3rd degree AV block (32%) and left bundle branch block (30%). Sixteen patients (30,2%) underwent PPM implantation during the index hospitalization. On univariate analysis the risk factors for PPM implantation were CoreValve® use (OR: 1,76; P = 0,005), larger prosthesis implantation (P = 0,015), presence of a QRS ≥ 120 ms (OR: 5,62; P = 0,012), and 1st degree AV block (OR: 13; P = 0.008). On multivariate analysis the presence of 1st degree AV block predicted the need for PPM. Conclusion: TAVI induced CDs requiring PPM in 30% of the patients. The presence of 1st degree AV block predicted the need for PPM


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aortic Valve Stenosis/complications , Aortic Valve Stenosis/therapy , Pacemaker, Artificial , Bundle-Branch Block , Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement/methods , Aortic Valve , Stroke Volume , Echocardiography/methods , Statistical Analysis , Multivariate Analysis , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Atrioventricular Block
12.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 32(5): 546-550, Sept-Oct. 2019. ilus
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1040097

ABSTRACT

We present a case of a female adolescent with severe acute Chagas myocarditis, acquired by oral transmission in an endemic area in the Brazilian western Amazon, who had electrocardiographic changes normalized after empirical treatment with the antiparasitic drug benznidazole combined with conventional treatment for severe heart failure


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Child , Chagas Cardiomyopathy , Chagas Disease/epidemiology , Electrocardiography/methods , Stroke Volume , Trypanosoma cruzi , Echocardiography/methods , Heart Failure , Antiparasitic Agents/therapeutic use
13.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 32(4): 418-427, July-Aug. 2019. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1012337

ABSTRACT

Erectile dysfunction (ED) is a highly prevalent problem that affects the quality of life, prognosis and survival of patients with heart failure (HF). In the management of ED, physical exercise is a therapeutic strategy that reduces disease-related symptoms and optimizes drug use. However, the repercussions of physical exercise on ED in individuals with HF still need to be elucidated. In this sense, the objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of physical exercise on erectile function (EF) in HF patients. This was a systematic review conducted according to PRISMA guidelines. Patients with HF, male and ejection fraction ≤ 45% were submitted to physical exercise of different modalities. The search for scientific articles was conducted in the electronic databases (PubMed, LILACS, Cochrane-Library, Science Direct) from the inception until October 2018, according to the MeSH dictionary descriptors, which were suitable for all databases. Results: Three studies were analyzed, includinng 99 male subjects, age ranging from 53 years (± 7.48) to 58 years (± 12). Seventy subjects were submitted to a physical exercise program and 29 were in the control group. In all studies, physical exercise showed positive results in the management of ED regardless of erectile dysfunction (ED) classification status and intensity of exercise used. It was concluded that physical exercise of different intensities was considered an effective therapeutic intervention to improve EF in individuals with HF and ED


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Aged , Exercise , Heart Failure/physiopathology , Erectile Dysfunction , Quality of Life , Stroke Volume , Aged , Cardiovascular Diseases , Physical Fitness , Drug Therapy
14.
Rev. Soc. Cardiol. Estado de Säo Paulo ; 29(3 Supl): 302-305, jul.-set. 2019. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1023113

ABSTRACT

A isquemia miocárdica induzida por esforço em níveis significativos interferiria no aumento no volume sistólico e levaria à deflexão da curva do PuO2. A alteração da resposta curvilínea do PuO2, que resulta em achatamento da curva, demonstraria redução do volume sistólico e/ou falha para aumentar a extração de oxigênio. Em revisão não sistemática da literatura, encontramos poucos relatos sobre a deflexão da curva do PuO2 secundária à isquemia induzida por esforço, totalizando apenas nove estudos em 22 anos, que abrangeram 339 pacientes. A sensibilidade e a especificidade do TE foi de, respectivamente, 46% e 66%; a sensibilidade e a especificidade do TCP atingiram, respectivamente, 51% e 60%, considerando-se a deflexão do PuO2. Quando a deflexão do PuO2 foi associada à relação entre VO2/work rate slope, a sensibilidade e a especificidade atingiram 87% e 74%, respectivamente. No subgrupo com isquemia extensa, o pico do PuO2 foi reduzido em comparação com o subgrupo com isquemia discreta (12,8 ± 3,8 vs. 16,4 ± 4,6 ­ p < 0,05), demonstrando que a deflexão da curva de PuO2 pode estar presente nos casos de isquemia miocárdica extensa. Houve elevação do PuO2 de 11,76 para 13,27 ml/batimento e do slope de PuO2 de 7,05 para 9,25 depois de angioplastia coronariana. Há indícios de que a utilização do teste cardiopulmonar no diagnóstico da doença coronariana pode ser útil, rastreando os casos de maior gravidade


Exercise-induced myocardial ischemia, at significant levels, may interfere in the increase of systolic volume and cause deflection of the PuO2 curve. A change of the curvilinear response of PuO2, which results in a flattening of the curve, demonstrates a reduction of the systolic volume and/or failure to increase the extraction of oxygen. In a non-systematic literature review, we found few publications about the deflection of the PuO2 curve, secondary to exercise-induced ischemia, totaling only nine studies over 22 years, and including 339 patients. The sensitivity and the specificity of the ET were 46% and 66%, respectively; the sensitivity and the sensibility of the CPT reached 51% and 60%, respectively, considering the deflection of PuO2. When the deflection of PuO2 was associated with the relationship between VO2/work rate slope, the sensibility and specificity reached 87% and 74%, respectively. In the subgroup with extensive ischemia, peak PuO2 was reduced as compared to the subgroup with mild ischemia (12.8±3.8 vs. 16.4±4.6 - p < 0.05), showing that there may be a flattening of the curve in cases with extensive myocardial ischemia. There was an increase in PuO2 from 11.76 to 13.27 ml/beat and of the slope of PuO2 from 7.05 to 9.25 following coronary angioplasty. There are indications that the use of cardiopulmonary testing may be useful in the diagnosis of coronary heart disease, detecting more serious cases


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Oxygen Consumption , Coronary Artery Disease/diagnosis , Exercise Test/methods , Prognosis , Stroke Volume , Echocardiography/methods , Exercise , Sensitivity and Specificity , Myocardial Ischemia , Heart Rate
15.
ABC., imagem cardiovasc ; 32(3): 198-208, jul.-set. 2019. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1006582

ABSTRACT

La ecocardiografía permite detectar y cuantificar la disfunción diastólica utilizando numerosos parámetros que parecen volver muy compleja esa tarea, particularmente en disfunciones más severas. En este artículo son revisados y actualizados los parámetros utilizados y los recursos tecnológicos disponibles. Es propuesto un algoritmo para orientar la incorporación progresiva de las variables necesarias de acuerdo con los hallazgos. La evaluación realizada, de manera metódica siguiendo un algoritmo adecuado, permite llegar al diagnóstico con elevada sensibilidad y especificidad en la casi totalidad de los casos, haciendo de la ecocardiografía el mejor método no invasivo para el diagnóstico y evaluación de esta frecuente disfunción


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Echocardiography/methods , Diagnosis , Aortic Valve , Pulmonary Veins , Stroke Volume , Echocardiography, Doppler/methods , Heart Ventricles , Mitral Valve , Cardiomyopathies
16.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 32(3): 261-268, May-June 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1002231

ABSTRACT

Smoking is the most important risk factor for coronary heart disease (CHD) and ischemic events; alcohol consumption, on the other hand, appears to have a protective role. Objective: Assess the association between smoking and alcohol consumption with the severity of coronary artery injuries in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Methods: Cross-sectional study, performed in Santa Catarina. Variables were evaluated using the Chi-squared T/Fisher's exact test, Kendall's correlation coefficient, Student's t test or Mann-Whitney U test. Values of p < 0.05 were considered significant. Results: Between August 2016 to June 2017, 226 patients were evaluated with first episode of AMI. There was a difference in sex distribution, showing that 59.7% of men and 85.4% of women were not alcoholic (p < 0.001). There was a higher prevalence of non-hypertensive patients who consumed alcohol than hypertensive ones (40.7% vs. 24.4% and p = 0.010) and patients without diabetes who had drinking habits than those diabetic (36.4% vs. 12.0% and p = 0.001). There was also a higher prevalence of non-diabetic patients who smoked than diabetic ones (38.1% vs. 22.0% and p = 0.035). A weak and negative correlation was found between the number of cigarettes per day and the pack-year with the TIMI frame count (r = -0.174 and p = 0.041 and r = -0.192 and p = 0.027, respectively). The other associations did not show statistical significance. Conclusion: The study showed that the number of cigarettes consumed per day and the pack-year is related to a smaller TIMI frame count, i.e., to a better coronary flow, which may be related to the Smoker's Paradox. There was no correlation between the beverage type and quantity with the SYNTAX score, Ejection fraction and TIMI frame count


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Tobacco Use Disorder/complications , Coronary Artery Disease/mortality , Alcohol Drinking/adverse effects , Myocardial Infarction , Stroke Volume , Cardiovascular Diseases/mortality , Sex Factors , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Statistical Analysis , Risk Factors , Diabetes Mellitus , Hospitals, Public
18.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 32(3): 261-268, may.-june. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1006090

ABSTRACT

Background: Smoking is the most important risk factor for coronary heart disease (CHD) and ischemic events; alcohol consumption, on the other hand, appears to have a protective role. Objective: Assess the association between smoking and alcohol consumption with the severity of coronary artery injuries in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Methods: Cross-sectional study, performed in Santa Catarina. Variables were evaluated using the Chi-squared T/Fisher's exact test, Kendall's correlation coefficient, Student's t test or Mann-Whitney U test. Values of p < 0.05 were considered significant. Results: Between August 2016 to June 2017, 226 patients were evaluated with first episode of AMI. There was a difference in sex distribution, showing that 59.7% of men and 85.4% of women were not alcoholic (p < 0.001). There was a higher prevalence of non-hypertensive patients who consumed alcohol than hypertensive ones (40.7% vs. 24.4% and p = 0.010) and patients without diabetes who had drinking habits than those diabetic (36.4% vs. 12.0% and p = 0.001). There was also a higher prevalence of non-diabetic patients who smoked than diabetic ones (38.1% vs. 22.0% and p = 0.035). A weak and negative correlation was found between the number of cigarettes per day and the pack-year with the TIMI frame count (r = -0.174 and p = 0.041 and r = -0.192 and - = 0.027, respectively). The other associations did not show statistical significance. Conclusion: The study showed that the number of cigarettes consumed per day and the pack-year is related to a smaller TIMI frame count, i.e., to a better coronary flow, which may be related to the Smoker's Paradox. There was no correlation between the beverage type and quantity with the SYNTAX score, Ejection fraction and TIMI frame count


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Tobacco Use Disorder/complications , Coronary Artery Disease/mortality , Alcohol Drinking/adverse effects , Myocardial Infarction , Stroke Volume , Cardiovascular Diseases/mortality , Sex Factors , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Statistical Analysis , Risk Factors , Diabetes Mellitus , Hospitals, Public
19.
ABC., imagem cardiovasc ; 32(2): 96-102, abr.-junh. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-994667

ABSTRACT

Fundamento: A pré-hipertensão e a hipertensão estágio I estão associadas ao remodelamento do ventrículo esquerdo (VE). No presente estudo, comparamos os parâmetros ecocardiográficos de lesão de órgãos-alvo pré-clínicos da hiper-tensão arterial em indivíduos com pré hipertensão e hipertensão estágio I selecionados a partir da mesma população. Métodos: Comparou-se as medidas ecocardiográficas basais dos participantes incluídos no estudo PREVER com pré-hi-pertensão (PREVER-prevention; n = 106) ou hipertensão estágio I (PREVER-treatment; n = 128). Investigou-se também as diferenças relacionadas ao sexo, verificadas nos parâmetros ecocardiográficos. Resultados: A pressão arterial sistólica e diastólica média mostrou-se significativamente maior no grupo hipertensão estágio I (141,0/90,4 mmHg) quando comparada com o grupo pré-hipertensão (129,3/81,5 mmHg, P<0,001 para ambos os grupos). A média de idade foi de 55 anos (30 a 70), com um número quase igual de homens e mulheres, dos quais 80% eram brancos e 7% tinham diabetes. A maioria dos parâmetros de massa do VE, dimensão do AE e função diastólica mostrou-se semelhante entre os grupos pré-hipertensão e hipertensão estágio I. Os indivíduos hipertensos apresentavam AE com maior diâmetro e maior espessura da parede posterior, além de menores velocidades laterais e, mesmo após ajuste para idade, sexo e índice de massa corporal. A análise em relação ao sexo mostrou VE com maior massa na hipertensão estágio I em comparação à pré-hipertensão apenas em mulheres (141,1 ± 34,1 gvs. 126,1 ± 29,1 g, P<0,05). Conclusões: Em indivíduos de meia-idade com baixo risco cardiovascular, as diferenças nos parâmetros ecocardiográficos relacionadas à lesão de órgãos-alvo são sutis entre a pré-hipertensão e a hipertensão estágio I, embora mulheres com hipertensão estágio I tenham VE com massa significativamente maior, o que pode indicar resposta adaptativa específica do sexo à pressão arterial em estágios iniciais de hipertensão


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Echocardiography/methods , Prehypertension/diagnosis , Hypertension/diagnosis , Prognosis , Stroke Volume , Cardiovascular Diseases , Body Mass Index , Sex Factors , Multivariate Analysis , Risk Factors , Age Factors , Hypertrophy, Left Ventricular , Guidelines as Topic/standards , Arterial Pressure , Heart Atria/diagnostic imaging , Heart Ventricles/diagnostic imaging
20.
ABC., imagem cardiovasc ; 32(2): 109-115, abr.-junh. 2019. ilus, tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-994681

ABSTRACT

A análise da função diastólica utilizando a ecocardiografia convencional (método bidimensional, Doppler espectral e Doppler tecidual) pode não determinar alguns casos de disfunção diastólica ou elevação da pressão do átrio esquerdo. Os parâmetros que estudam a deformação miocárdica (strain rate e strain longitudinal do átrio esquerdo) podem auxiliar no diagnóstico. Descrevem-se aqui os métodos do strain rate diastólico durante o tempo de relaxamento isovolumétrico e no pico do enchimento, a taxa de torção apical e o strain longitudinal máximo do átrio esquerdo, analisando suas aplicações e vantagens


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Blood Pressure , Echocardiography/methods , Ventricular Dysfunction , Aortic Valve , Atrial Fibrillation , Stroke Volume , Cardiovascular Diseases/diagnosis , Echocardiography, Doppler/methods , Heart Atria/physiopathology , Heart Ventricles , Mitral Valve
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