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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922578

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the clinical effects of interactive dynamic scalp acupuncture (IDSA), simple combination therapy (SCT), and traditional scalp acupuncture (TSA) on cognitive function, depression and anxiety in patients with post-stroke cognitive impairment.@*METHODS@#A total of 660 patients with post-stroke cognitive impairment who were admitted to 3 hospitals in Shenzhen City between May 2017 and May 2020 were recruited and randomly assigned to the IDSA (218 cases), SCT (222 cases) and TSA groups (220 cases) according to a random number table. All the patients received conventional drug therapy for cerebral stroke and exercise rehabilitation training. Scalp acupuncture and computer-based cognitive training (CBCT) were performed simultaneously in the IDSA group, but separately in the morning and in the afternoon in the SCT group. The patients in the TSA group underwent scalp acupuncture only. The course of treatment was 8 weeks. Before treatment (M0), 1 (M1) and 2 months (M2) after treatment, as well as follow-up at 1 (M3) and 2 months (M4), the cognitive function of patients was assessed using the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) and Montreal Cognitive Assessment Scale (MoCA) Scales; depression, anxiety, sleep quality, and self-care ability of patients were assessed using Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HAMD), Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale (HAMA), Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), and Modified Barthel Index (MBI), respectively. During this trial, all adverse events (AEs) were accurately recorded.@*RESULTS@#There were no significant differences in the MMSE, MoCA, HAMD, HAMA, PSQI, and MBI scores among the 3 groups at M0 (all P>0.05). In the IDSA group, the MMSE, MoCA and MBI scores from M2 to M4 were significantly higher than those in the SCT and TSA groups, while the HAMD, HAMA and PSQI scores were significantly reduced (all P<0.01). The changes of all above scores (M2-M0, M4-M0) were significantly superior to those in the SCT and TSA groups (all P<0.01, except M4-M0 of HAMD). At M2, the severity of MMSE, HAMD, HAMA, PSQI and MBI in the IDSA group was significantly lower than that in the SCT and TSA groups (all P<0.01). There was no serious AE during this trial.@*CONCLUSIONS@#IDSA can not only significantly improve cognitive function, but also reduce depression, anxiety, which finally improves the patient's self-care ability. The effect of IDSA was significantly better than SCT and TSA. (Trial registration No. ChiCTR1900027206).


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Therapy , Anxiety/therapy , Cognition , Depression/therapy , Humans , Scalp , Stroke/therapy , Treatment Outcome
2.
Rev. latinoam. enferm. (Online) ; 29: e3482, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1341515

ABSTRACT

Objective: to analyze the effectiveness of a support intervention on the burden and stress of family caregivers and on the stroke survivors' independence level, compared to the Control Group. Method: a quasi-experimental study conducted with 37 participants (Intervention Group, n=20; and Control Group, n=17). The intervention lasted 8 months. The outcomes of the caregivers (burden and stress) and of the survivors (independence level) were measured by the Zarit, Perceived Stress and Katz scales, at the following moments: pre-intervention, the fourth month of the intervention and post-intervention. The differences of these outcomes between groups and intra-group and the effect size were calculated using the Mann-Whitney and Friedman tests (Bonferroni adjustment by Wilcoxon) and the Kendall's W coefficient. Results: the Intervention Group reduced burden (p=0.039) and stress (p=0.009), mainly, after 8 months of intervention, which was not observed in the Control Group. The independence level did not change between the groups or moments (p>0.05). The intervention presented moderate effect size (p=0.45 and p=0.54). Conclusion: the intervention was effective to reduce the burden and stress of family caregivers, but did not alter the stroke survivors' independence level, when compared to the Control Group.


Objetivo: analisar a efetividade de uma intervenção de apoio na sobrecarga e no estresse de cuidadores familiares e no grau de independência dos sobreviventes de Acidente Vascular Cerebral, em comparação ao Grupo Controle. Método: estudo quase-experimental realizado com 37 participantes (Grupo Intervenção n=20 e Grupo Controle n=17). A intervenção durou 8 meses. Os desfechos dos cuidadores (sobrecarga e estresse) e dos sobreviventes (grau de independência) foram mensurados pelas escalas de Zarit, Estresse Percebido e Katz, nos momentos: pré-intervenção, quarto mês da intervenção e pós-intervenção. As diferenças desses desfechos intergrupos e intragrupo e o tamanho do efeito foram calculados pelos testes de Mann-Whitney e de Friedman (ajuste de Bonferroni pelo Wilcoxon) e o coeficiente de Kendall W. Resultados: o Grupo Intervenção reduziu a sobrecarga (p=0,039) e o estresse (p=0,009), principalmente, após 8 meses de intervenção, o que não foi observado no Grupo Controle. O grau de independência não se alterou entre os grupos ou momentos (p>0,05). A intervenção apresentou tamanho de efeito moderado (p=0,45 e p=0,54). Conclusão: A intervenção foi efetiva para reduzir a sobrecarga e o estresse dos cuidadores familiares, mas não alterou o grau de independência dos sobreviventes de Acidente Vascular Cerebral, quando comparada ao Grupo Controle.


Objetivo: analizar la efectividad de una intervención de apoyo sobre la sobrecarga y el estrés de los cuidadores familiares y sobre el grado de independencia de los sobrevivientes de accidente cerebrovascular, en comparación con el Grupo de Control. Método: estudio cuasi experimental realizado con 37 participantes (Grupo de Intervención n = 20 y Grupo de Control n = 17). La intervención duró 8 meses. Los resultados de los cuidadores (sobrecarga y estrés) y sobrevivientes (grado de independencia) se midieron mediante las escalas de Zarit, Estrés Percibido y Katz, en los momentos: preintervención, cuarto mes de intervención y posintervención. Las diferencias entre estos resultados intergrupales e intragrupales y el tamaño del efecto se calcularon mediante las pruebas de Mann-Whitney y Friedman (ajuste de Bonferroni por Wilcoxon) y el coeficiente de Kendall W. Resultados: el Grupo de Intervención redujo la sobrecarga (p = 0,039) y el estrés (p = 0,009), principalmente después de ocho meses de intervención, lo que no se observó en el Grupo de Control. El grado de independencia no varió entre grupos o momentos (p>0,05). La intervención tuvo un tamaño de efecto moderado (p=0,45 y p=0,54). Conclusión: la intervención fue eficaz para reducir la sobrecarga y el estrés de los cuidadores familiares, pero no alteró el grado de independencia de los sobrevivientes de ACV, en comparación con el Grupo de Control.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adaptation, Psychological , Caregivers , Survivors , Stroke/therapy
3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888497

ABSTRACT

To investigate the effect of electro-acupuncture therapy on limb spasm and excitability of motor neurons in stroke rats. Ischemic stroke model was induced with middle cerebral artery embolization in SD rats. Thirty-three modeled rats were randomly divided into model group, electro-acupuncture group, and baclofen group with 11 rats in each group, and another 10 rats were taken as sham operation group. The electro-acupuncture group and the baclofen group were treated with electro-acupuncture and baclofen tablets respectively. The model group and the sham operation group had no intervention. The neural function was evaluated with Bederson's scale and balance beam test; the muscle tension was measured with electrophysiography; the pathological changes of brain tissue was examined with HE staining; the content of glutamic acid (Glu) and γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) in rat cerebral cortex was analyze with enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) method, the expression of metabotropic glutamate receptor 1a () and γ-aminobutyric acid type B receptor subunit 1 () mRNA were detected with RT-qPCR. Compared with the model group, the neurological function scores of the electro-acupuncture group and the baclofen group showed a downward trend at d7 after operation (all >0.05), and the neurological function scores of the electro-acupuncture group and the baclofen group were significantly decreased at d12 after the operation (all 0.05). Compared with the model group, the electrophysiological results of the electro-acupuncture group and baclofen group were significantly increased after operation (all <0.05). The results of HE staining showed that there was no cell edema and degeneration in the sham operation group, no pyknosis of the nucleus, and no bleeding in the interstitium. Cell edema and degeneration and mesenchymal congestion appeared in the model group. Compared with the model group, the cytoplasmic edema and degeneration and the interstitial bleeding in the electroacupuncture group and the baclofen group were reduced. Compared with sham operation group, the Glu content and the relative expression of mRNA was increased in the model group, electro-acupuncture group and baclofen group, while the GABA content and the relative expression of mRNA decreased (all <0.05). Compared with model group, the Glu content and the relative expression of mRNA in the electro-acupuncture group and baclofen group decreased, and the GABA content and relative expression of mRNA increased (all <0.05). Electro-acupuncture may improve limb spasm after stroke through regulating the expression of Glu and GABA in the cerebral cortex and the excitability of motor neurons in rats.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Therapy , Animals , Motor Neurons , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Spasm , Stroke/therapy
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887496

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To develop the clinical prediction model of therapeutic effect in treatment with acupuncture and moxibustion for the patients with stroke at recovery stage under different conditions so as to provide a tool for predicting the therapeutic effect of acupuncture and moxibustion.@*METHODS@#A total of 1410 patients with stroke at recovery stage were collected from the Third Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang Chinese Medical University from 2012 to 2019. The relevant data were extracted, i.e. sex, age, time of onset, neurological functional deficit score (NFDS) and acupuncture and moxibustion therapy. The difference of NFDS before and after treatment was adopted to evaluate the therapeutic effect in the patients. Using SPSS26.0 software and CART decision tree analysis, the clinical prediction model was developed.@*RESULTS@#The key variables in the prediction model of therapeutic effect in the patients with stroke at recovery stage under different conditions included age, time of onset, hypertension, cardiac disease, diabetes, TCM diagnosis, hemoglobin (HB), serum homocysteine (HCY) and acupuncture and moxibustion therapy. There were 12 main rules generated by the decision tree model, including 8 rules for predicting the improvements of therapeutic effect and 4 rules for predicting the absence of improvements (i.e. no change and deterioration). The accuracy rates of the model training set and test set were 80.0% and 72.8% respectively, the area under curve (AUC) of ROC was 0.797 and the model identification and classification results were satisfactory.@*CONCLUSION@#The clinical prediction model developed by CART decision tree analysis is high in accuracy for the prediction of the therapeutic effect in the patients with stroke at recovery stage under different conditions. Based on the therapeutic effect predicted in the hospital visit, the physicians may adopt the corresponding regimens of acupuncture and moxibustion therapy in patients.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Therapy , Humans , Models, Statistical , Moxibustion , Prognosis , Stroke/therapy
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887470

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of tapping at acupoints along meridian combined with thunder-fire moxibustion on upper-limb muscle strength and activities of daily living in patients with upper-limb hemiplegia after stroke.@*METHODS@#A total of 140 patients with upper-limb hemiplegia after stroke were randomly divided into a combination group (35 cases, 2 cases dropped off), an acupoint-tapping group (35 cases), a moxibustion group (35 cases, 2 cases dropped off) and a routine group (35 cases). The patients in the routine group were only treated with routine treatment and nursing. On the basis of the treatment in the routine group, the patients in the acupoint-tapping group were treated with tapping along the large intestine meridian of hand @*RESULTS@#Compared before treatment, body mass indexs of shoulder abduction, elbow extension, wrist flexion as well as BI scores in the four groups were significantly increased after treatment (@*CONCLUSION@#Tapping at acupoints along meridian combined with thunder-fire moxibustion could effectively improve the upper-limb muscle strength and activities of daily living in patients with upper-limb hemiplegia after stroke, and its effect is superior to simple tapping at acupoints along meridian or thunder-fire moxibustion.


Subject(s)
Activities of Daily Living , Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Hemiplegia/therapy , Humans , Meridians , Moxibustion , Stroke/therapy , Treatment Outcome , Wrist
6.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 740-749, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922503

ABSTRACT

Stroke is one of the most serious diseases that threaten human life and health. It is a major cause of death and disability in the clinic. New strategies for motor rehabilitation after stroke are undergoing exploration. We aimed to develop a novel artificial neural rehabilitation system, which integrates brain-computer interface (BCI) and functional electrical stimulation (FES) technologies, for limb motor function recovery after stroke. We conducted clinical trials (including controlled trials) in 32 patients with chronic stroke. Patients were randomly divided into the BCI-FES group and the neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) group. The changes in outcome measures during intervention were compared between groups, and the trends of ERD values based on EEG were analyzed for BCI-FES group. Results showed that the increase in Fugl Meyer Assessment of the Upper Extremity (FMA-UE) and Kendall Manual Muscle Testing (Kendall MMT) scores of the BCI-FES group was significantly higher than that in the sham group, which indicated the practicality and superiority of the BCI-FES system in clinical practice. The change in the laterality coefficient (LC) values based on μ-ERD (ΔLC


Subject(s)
Electric Stimulation , Electric Stimulation Therapy , Electroencephalography , Humans , Recovery of Function , Stroke/therapy , Stroke Rehabilitation
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877659

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#A network Meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCT) of 4 commonly used acupuncture therapies (electroacupuncture, fire needling, warming acupuncture and filiform needling) for shoulder hand syndrome (SHS) after stroke was performed.@*METHODS@#The RCTs regarding electroacupuncture, fire needling, warming acupuncture and filiform needling for SHS after stroke before March 10, 2020 were searched in databases of CNKI, Wanfang, VIP, SinoMed, PubMed, EMbase and Cochrane Library. The included literature was screened and evaluated by Cochrane bias risk assessment tool, and the data analysis was performed by RevMan5.3, Gemtc0.14.3 and Stata14.2.@*RESULTS@#A total of 21 RCTs were included, involving 1508 patients, 814 cases in the observation group and 694 cases in the control group. In term of effective rate and visual analogue scale (VAS) score, warming acupuncture, electroacupuncture and fire needling needling were superior to western medication and rehabilitation (@*CONCLUSION@#The curative effect of 4 acupuncture therapies for SHS after stroke is better than the western medication and rehabilitation, and warming acupuncture has the best clinical efficacy.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Humans , Network Meta-Analysis , Reflex Sympathetic Dystrophy , Stroke/therapy , Treatment Outcome
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877642

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of abdominal penetrating moxibustion on strength and endurance of core muscle group in patients with stroke.@*METHODS@#Sixty-two patients with stroke were randomly divided into an observation group (31 cases, 2 cases dropped off) and a control group (31 cases, 2 cases dropped off). The patients in the control group were treated with routine basic treatment, acupuncture treatment and rehabilitation training; based on the treatment of the control group, the patients in the observation group were treated with abdominal penetrating moxibustion, approximately 50 min each time, once a day. The treatments in the two groups were given 5 times a week for 4 weeks. The root mean square (RMS) and median frequency (MF) of bilateral transverse abdominis and multifidus of performing sitting-standing and making steps were measured by surface electromyography before and after treatment. The postural assessment scale for stroke (PASS), Berg balance scale (BBS) and lower-limb Fugl-Meyer motor assessment (FMA) scores were observed before treatment, 2 weeks into treatment and 4 weeks into treatment.@*RESULTS@#Compared before treatment, when performing different postures, the RMS and MF of bilateral transversus abdominis and multifidus in the two groups were increased after treatment (@*CONCLUSION@#The abdominal penetrating moxibustion could effectively improve the strength and endurance of core muscle group, improve the posture control, balance ability and lower-limb motor function in patients with stroke.


Subject(s)
Abdominal Muscles , Acupuncture Therapy , Electromyography , Humans , Moxibustion , Stroke/therapy , Stroke Rehabilitation , Treatment Outcome
10.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1308-1312, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921050

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the effect of scalp acupuncture combined with suspension training on balance ability and motor function in stroke patients with balance dysfunction.@*METHODS@#A total of 105 stroke patients with balance dysfunction were randomly divided into a combined group (35 cases, 2 cases dropped off), a scalp acupuncture group (35 cases, 3 cases dropped off) and a suspension training group (35 cases, 2 cases dropped off). The scalp acupuncture group was treated with scalp acupuncture at bilateral suboccipital lateral line, parietal midline, upper 1/5 line of anterior oblique line of parietal and temporal and line 1 of the parietal lateral line on the opposite side of hemiplegia. The suspension training group was treated with suspension training. The combined group was treated with suspension training at the same time of scalp acupuncture. All the treatment was given once a day, 30 min each time, 5 days a week, for a total of 6 weeks. The Berg balance scale (BBS) score, balance tester and Fugl-Meyer assessment (FMA) score were used to evaluate the motor function and balance ability before treatment, 3 and 6 weeks into treatment. The clinical efficacy was evaluated in the 3 groups.@*RESULTS@#The scores of BBS and FMA in each group at 3 and 6 weeks into treatment were higher than those before treatment (@*CONCLUSION@#Scalp acupuncture combined with suspension training could improve the balance ability and motor function in stroke patients with balance dysfunction, and the curative effect is better than simple scalp acupuncture and simple suspension training.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Hemiplegia , Humans , Scalp , Stroke/therapy , Stroke Rehabilitation , Treatment Outcome
11.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1084-1088, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921014

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the efficacy difference between conventional needling depth and deep needling for dyspepsia after ischemic stroke.@*METHODS@#A total of 120 patients with dyspepsia after ischemic stroke were randomized into an observation group (60 cases, 4 cases dropped off) and a control group (60 cases, 3 cases dropped off). Basic treatment was given in the both groups. In the observation group, deep needling was applied at Zhongwan (CV 12), Tianshu (ST 25) and Liangmen (ST 21) for 60-70 mm, after even reinforcing-reducing manipulation of lifting-thrusting technique, the needles were withdrew to 35-50 mm. In the control group, the same acupoints as the observation group were selected and punctured for 25 mm. The needles were retained for 30 min, once a day, 6 times a week for 2 weeks in the both groups. The dyspepsia TCM symptom score was observed before treatment, 1 day and 1, 2 weeks into treatment, and the clinical efficacy was evaluated 2 weeks into treatment in the both groups.@*RESULTS@#The effective rate was 92.9% (52/56) in the observation group, which was superior to 78.9% (45/57) in the control group (@*CONCLUSION@#Conventional needling depth and deep needling can both improve the clinical symptoms in patients with dyspepsia after ischemic stroke, and deep needling has faster and better efficacy.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Therapy , Brain Ischemia , Dyspepsia/therapy , Humans , Ischemic Stroke , Stroke/therapy
12.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1069-1073, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921011

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To verify the superiority of motor imagery acupuncture in improving muscle tension for patients with upper limb hemiplegia in early stroke.@*METHODS@#A total of 64 patients of stroke hemiplegia with upper limb flaccid paralysis were randomly divided into an observation group (32 cases, 1 case dropped off ) and a control group (32 cases, 4 cases dropped off ). The observation group was treated with motor imagery acupuncture (both acupuncture and motor imagery therapy at affected upper limb were performed).The control group was treated with acupuncture plus motor imagery therapy at affected lower limb, 2 h later after acupuncture, motor imagery therapy was applied to upper limb. Baihui (GV 20) to Taiyang (EX-HN 5) of healthy side, Fengchi (GB 20) and Jianyu (LI 15), Jianjing (GB 21), Quchi (LI 11), Waiguan (TE 5) on the affected side, ect. were selected in both groups, once a day, 5 times a week for 4 weeks. Before and after treatment, 4, 8 weeks after treatment, the modified Ashworth scale (MAS) grade and Brunnstrom stage were compared in the two groups.@*RESULTS@#Compared before treatment, the muscle tension of shoulder, elbow and wrist each time point after treatment was increased in the two groups (@*CONCLUSION@#Motor imagery acupuncture could promote hemiplegia upper limb muscle tension recovery in patients of stroke hemiplegia with upper limb flaccid paralysis, make the patients gradually shift to the separate fine movement mode, inhibit and relieve the appearance and development of spasm.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Therapy , Hemiplegia/therapy , Humans , Muscle Tonus , Stroke/therapy , Treatment Outcome , Upper Extremity
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888033

ABSTRACT

To analyze the use of outcome indicators of randomized controlled trial(RCT) of acupuncture in the treatment of acute ischemic stroke in recent three years, so as to provide a basis for building a study on the core outcome indicators for the treatment of acute ischemic stroke with acupuncture. The RCTs of acupuncture treatment for acute ischemic stroke in recent three years were collec-ted through computer retrieval of eight Chinese and English databases and two clinical trial registries at home and abroad. Literature was screened out, and data was extracted. Risk of assessment bias tool Cochrane 6.1 was used for bias risk assessment, outcome indicators were summarized and analyzed. A total of 47 RCTs were included, and 3 studies were trials registration scheme. Outcome indicators were divided into 6 categories according to functional attributes, namely physical symptoms/signs, physical and chemical examination, quality of life, traditional Chinese medicine symptoms/syndromes, safety events and long-term prognosis. The study found that in addition to the common problems in previous studies covered by the status quo of outcome indicators selection of RCT of acupuncture in the treatment of acute ischemic stroke, there were also the other problems as follows: emphasis on macroscopic efficacy indicators but neglect of acupuncture specific indicators, lack of characteristic indicators and economic indicators of traditional Chinese medicine therapy, and unification of indicators measurement tool and measurement time point. In the future, the outcome indicators set for the treatment of acute ischemic stroke with acupuncture shall be established, and the core outcome indicators set shall be in line with the characteristics of traditional Chinese medicine treatment.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Therapy , Brain Ischemia/therapy , Humans , Ischemic Stroke , Quality of Life , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Stroke/therapy , Treatment Outcome
14.
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 78(12): 757-761, Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1142376

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: The rapid evaluation of non-contrast-enhanced computed tomography (NCCT) brain scans in patients with anterior stroke symptoms saves time and favors optimal and prompt treatment. e-ASPECTS is a tool that automatically calculates the Alberta Stroke Program Early CT Score (ASPECTS) values, leading to a more accurate and timely image evaluation. Objective: To determine the ability of e-ASPECTS in differentiating images with and without injury. Methods: One-hundred sixteen patients admitted to a stroke unit in a Brazilian tertiary hospital underwent a CT scan at admission and at least one control brain imaging (NCCT or magnetic resonance imaging - MRI) 24 hours after admission. ASPECTS evaluation was performed by three neuroradiologists, three neurologists, and three neurology residents, all blinded to the symptoms and the injury side. The scores were compared to the ground truth, and an ASPECTS score was provided by two independent non blinded evaluators. Sensitivity and specificity were analyzed, and receiver operating characteristic curves, Bland-Altman plots with mean error score, and Matthews correlation coefficients (MCCs) were obtained for ASPECTS scores, assuming values equal to 10 for images without injury and values other than 10 for images with ischemic injury. Results: e-ASPECTS demonstrated similar performance to that of neuroradiologists and neurologists, with an area under the curve of 0.78 and an MCC value of 0.48 in the dichotomous analysis. The sensitivity and specificity of e-ASPECTS were 75% and 73%, respectively. Conclusion: e-ASPECTS is a validated and reliable tool for determining early signs of ischemia in NCCT.


RESUMO Introdução: A avaliação rápida da tomografia de crânio sem contraste (TCSC) em pacientes com AVC de circulação anterior economiza tempo e permite um tratamento rápido e otimizado. O e-ASPECTS é um software que calcula automaticamente os valores do ASPECTS e permite uma avaliação da imagem mais precisa e ágil. Objetivo: Determinar a habilidade do e-ASPECTS em diferenciar imagens com e sem lesão. Métodos: Cento e dezesseis pacientes admitidos em uma unidade de AVC de um hospital terciário brasileiro foram submetidos a uma TCSC na admissão e pelo menos uma imagem de controle (TC ou Ressonância de Crânio) 24 horas após a admissão. A avaliação do ASPECTS foi realizada por três neurorradiologistas, três neurologistas e três residentes em neurologia, todos cegados para os sintomas e para o lado da lesão. Os valores foram comparados ao ground truth (GT) e uma pontuação ASPECTS foi obtida por dois avaliadores independentes não cegos. Análise da sensibilidade e especificidade, características das curvas ROC, gráficos de Bland-Altman com média de escore de erro e coeficientes de correlação de Matthews (CCM) foram realizados para os valores de ASPECTS, assumindo valores iguais a 10 como imagens sem lesões e valores diferentes de 10 como imagens com alguma lesão isquêmica. Resultados: o e-ASPECTS demonstrou uma performance similar aos neurorradiologistas e neurologistas, com uma área sob a curva de 0,78 e um valor de CCM de 0,48 na análise dicotômica. Sensibilidade e especificidade do e-ASPECTS foram, respectivamente, 75 e 73%. Conclusão: O e-ASPECTS é uma ferramenta confiável e validada para determinar sinais precoces de isquemia nas TCSC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Brain Ischemia/therapy , Brain Ischemia/diagnostic imaging , Stroke/therapy , Stroke/diagnostic imaging , Specialization , Brazil , Alberta
15.
Rev. Méd. Clín. Condes ; 31(5/6): 487-490, sept.-dic. 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1224145

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVO Informar Sobre Un Caso De Infarto Simultáneo Cardio-Cerebral Y Sus Características, Comparado Con Lo Descrito En La Actualidad. CASO CLÍNICO Paciente Femenina De 64 Años, Con Infarto Simultáneo Cardio-Cerebral (Isquemia En Territorio De Arteria Cerebral Media Derecha Y Elevación Del Segmento St En Cara Antero Inferior), Tratada Con Fibrinólisis. RESULTADOS Evoluciona Con Sensorio Fluctuante, Requiriendo Intubación Orotraqueal Y Manejo En Unidad De Terapia Intensiva Por Sangrado Cerebral CONCLUSIONES El infarto simultáneo cardio-cerebral es infrecuente y representa un desafío para el equipo de salud a fin de evitar que el manejo temprano de una condición retrase la otra


OBJETIVE To Report On A Case Of Simultaneous Cardio-Cerebral Infarction And Its Characteristics, Compared With What Is Currently Described. CLINICAL CASE A 64-year-old female patient with simultaneous cardio-cerebral infarction (ischemia in the territory of the right middle cerebral artery and elevation of the st segment in the lower anterior aspect), treated with fibrinolysis. RESULTS It evolves with fluctuating sensory, requiring orotracheal intubation and management in intensive therapy unit due to cerebral bleeding. CONCLUSIONS The Simultaneous Cardio-Cerebral Infarction Is Infrequent And Represents A Challenge For The Health Team In Order To Avoid That The Early Management Of One Condition Delays The Other


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Stroke/complications , Myocardial Infarction/complications , Stroke/diagnosis , Stroke/therapy , Electrocardiography , Myocardial Infarction/diagnosis , Myocardial Infarction/therapy
17.
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 78(7): 440-449, July 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1131723

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: Although the 2019 severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 infection (SARS-CoV-2, COVID-19) pandemic poses new challenges to the healthcare system to provide support for thousands of patients, there is special concern about common medical emergencies, such as stroke, that will continue to occur and will require adequate treatment. The allocation of both material and human resources to fight the pandemic cannot overshadow the care for acute stroke, a time-sensitive emergency that with an inefficient treatment will further increase mortality and long-term disability. Objective: This paper summarizes the recommendations from the Scientific Department on Cerebrovascular Diseases of the Brazilian Academy of Neurology, the Brazilian Society of Cerebrovascular Diseases and the Brazilian Society of Neuroradiology for management of acute stroke and urgent neuro-interventional procedures during the COVID-19 pandemic, including proper use of screening tools, personal protective equipment (for patients and health professionals), and patient allocation.


RESUMO Introdução: A pandemia causada pelo novo coronavírus da síndrome respiratória aguda grave 2 (SARS-CoV-2, COVID-19) apresenta novos e importantes desafios à gestão de saúde no Brasil. Além da difícil missão de prestar atendimento aos milhares de pacientes infectados pelo COVID-19, os sistemas de saúde têm que manter a assistência às emergências médicas comuns em períodos sem pandemia, tais como o acidente vascular cerebral (AVC), que continuam ocorrendo e requerem tratamento com presteza e eficiência. A alocação de recursos materiais e humanos para o enfrentamento à pandemia não pode comprometer o atendimento ao AVC agudo, uma emergência cujo tratamento é tempo-dependente e se não realizado implica em importante impacto na mortalidade e incapacitação a longo prazo. Objetivo: Este trabalho resume as recomendações do Departamento Científico de Doenças Cerebrovasculares da Academia Brasileira de Neurologia, da Sociedade Brasileira de Doenças Cerebrovasculares e da Sociedade Brasileira de Neurorradiologia para o tratamento do AVC agudo e para a realização de procedimentos de neurointervenção urgentes durante a pandemia de COVID-19, incluindo o uso adequado de ferramentas de triagem e equipamentos de proteção pessoal (para pacientes e profissionais de saúde), além da alocação apropriada de pacientes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infectious Disease Transmission, Professional-to-Patient/prevention & control , Coronavirus Infections/prevention & control , Coronavirus , Disease Management , Neurology/standards , Pneumonia, Viral/complications , Pneumonia, Viral/prevention & control , Pneumonia, Viral/epidemiology , Societies, Medical , Brazil , Coronavirus Infections , Coronavirus Infections/complications , Coronavirus Infections/epidemiology , Stroke/therapy , Pandemics/prevention & control , Betacoronavirus
18.
Rev. cuba. invest. bioméd ; 39(2): e380, abr.-jun. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1126586

ABSTRACT

Introducción: se mantiene el debate sobre qué tipos de intervenciones para la recuperación del ictus ofrecen mejores resultados para el paciente. Objetivo: evaluar el efecto de una intervención integral durante seis meses sobre la recuperación funcional en pacientes con ictus. Métodos: la muestra estuvo compuesta por 42 participantes con ictus: un grupo experimental (N = 22) con una media de edad de 52,68 años (DE = 14,39) que recibió una intervención integral, intensiva y multidisciplinar, y un grupo control (N = 20) con una media de edad de 56,20 años (DE = 14,82) que no recibió este tipo de intervención. Se valoraron los siguiente índices de severidad del ictus: Escala de Coma de Glasgow, Escala Canadiense, estancia en Unidad de Cuidados Intensivos, signos de enclavamiento uncal, signos de hipertensión endocraneal, volumen del hematoma/área isquémica, desplazamiento de línea media, necesidad de cirugía y tiempo total de hospitalización. Ambos grupos eran equivalentes en estos índices de gravedad. El grado de funcionalidad fue medido con la aplicación de la escala Functional Independence Measure and Functional Assessment Measure. Esta prueba se aplicó al inicio de la intervención y 6 meses después. Resultados: se observó una evolución positiva en ambos grupos en todas las áreas de la escala. La intervención integral y un menor tiempo total de hospitalización se relacionaron con una mejor recuperación funcional en el ictus. Conclusiones: se sugiere la necesidad de realizar estrategias de rehabilitación integral en los pacientes con ictus(AU)


Introduction: debate is currently underway about what types of stroke recovery interventions are more beneficial for patients. Objective: evaluate the effect of a six-month comprehensive intervention on the functional recovery of stroke patients. Methods: the study sample was 42 stroke patients: an experimental group (N = 22), mean age 52.68 years (SD = 14.39), who received a comprehensive intensive multidisciplinary intervention, and a control group (N = 20), mean age 56.20 years (SD = 14.82), who did not receive this type of intervention. The following stroke severity indices were applied: Glasgow Coma Scale, Canadian Scale, intensive care unit stay, uncal latching signs, endocranial hypertension signs, hematoma volume / ischemic area, midline displacement, need for surgery and total hospital stay time. These severity indices were similar in the two groups. Degree of functionality was gauged with the scales Functional Independence Measure and Functional Assessment Measure. This test was applied at the start of the intervention and 6 months later. Results: both groups had a positive evolution in all the areas of the scale. The comprehensive intervention and a shorter total hospital stay were associated to better functional recovery from stroke. Conclusions: the need is suggested to implement comprehensive rehabilitation strategies in stroke patients(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Stroke/therapy , Stroke Rehabilitation/methods , Intensive Care Units/standards , Glasgow Coma Scale/standards , Evaluation of Results of Therapeutic Interventions , Length of Stay/statistics & numerical data
19.
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 78(1): 39-43, Jan. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1088983

ABSTRACT

Abstract Stroke is an important cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Reperfusion therapy with intravenous tissue plasminogen activator (IV-tPA) was first implemented in 1996. More recently, endovascular reperfusion with mechanical thrombectomy (MT) demonstrated a robust beneficial effect, extending the 4.5 h time window. In our country, there are difficulties to achieve the implementation of both procedures. Objective: Our purpose is to report the early experience of a Comprehensive Stroke Center in the use of MT for acute stroke. Methods: Analysis of consecutive patients from January 2015 to September 2018, who received reperfusion treatment with MT. Demographic data, treatment times, previous use of IV-tPA, site of obstruction, recanalization, outcomes and disability after stroke were assessed. Results: We admitted 891 patients with acute ischemic stroke during this period. Ninety-seven received IV-tPA (11%) and 27 were treated with MT (3%). In the MT group, mean age was 66.0±14.5 years. Median NIHSS before MT was 20 (range:14‒24). The most prevalent etiology was cardioembolic stroke (52%). Prior to MT, 16 of 27 patients (59%) received IV-tPA. Previous tPA treatment did not affect onset to recanalization time or door-to-puncture time. For MT, door-to-puncture time was 104±50 minutes and onset to recanalization was 289±153 minutes. Successful recanalization (mTICI grade 2b/3) was achieved in 21 patients (78%). At three-month follow-up, the median NIHSS was 5 (range:4‒15) and mRS was 0‒2 in 37%, and ≥3 in 63%. Conclusions: With adequate logistics and strict selection criteria, MT can be implemented in our population with results like those reported in large clinical trials.


Resumen El accidente cerebrovascular isquémico (ACVi) es una importante causa de morbi-mortalidad a nivel mundial. La reperfusión con trombólisis endovenosa es utilizada desde 1996. Más recientemente, la reperfusión con trombectomía mecánica (TM) ha demostrado un beneficio consistente extendiendo la ventana terapéutica. En nuestro país existen dificultades para que su implementación sea una práctica habitual. Objetivo: Reportamos la experiencia de un Centro Integral de Neurología Vascular en el uso de TM como tratamiento del ACVi agudo. Métodos: Análisis retrospectivo de pacientes consecutivos desde enero 2015 a septiembre 2018, que recibieron reperfusión con TM. Se registraron datos demográficos, tiempos de tratamiento, uso de rtPA, sitio de obstrucción, recanalización, severidad del evento y discapacidad. Resultados: Se evaluaron 891 pacientes con ACVi en este periodo. 97 recibieron rtPA (11%) y 27 recibieron TM (3%). En el grupo TM, la edad promedio fue 66 años (±14.5). Mediana de NIHSS previo a TM: 20 (RIC 14‒24). La etiología más frecuente fue cardioembolia (52%). Previo a TM, 16 pacientes (59%) recibieron rtPA endovenoso. No hallamos efecto del rtPA en tiempo de recanalización por TM o tiempo puerta-punción. Para la TM, el tiempo puerta-punción fue 104±50 minutos y el tiempo entre inicio de síntomas-recanalización fue 289±153 minutos. En 21 pacientes (78%) se logró recanalización exitosa (TICI 2B/3). En el seguimiento a tres meses, el mRS fue 0‒2 en el 37% y ≥3 en el 63%. Conclusión: Una logística adecuada y un estricto criterio de selección ha posibilitado el uso de TM en nuestra población, obteniendo resultados similares a aquellos reportados en los estudios clínicos publicados.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Reperfusion/methods , Brain Ischemia/therapy , Stroke/therapy , Mechanical Thrombolysis/methods , Argentina , Time Factors , Reproducibility of Results , Follow-Up Studies , Treatment Outcome
20.
Rev. gaúch. enferm ; 41(spe): e20190138, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1058524

ABSTRACT

Abstract Aim: To verify the relation of a nursing home care educational intervention in the use of health services by elderly people post-stroke. Methods: A randomized controlled trial conducted with 44 family caregivers of elderly people post-stroke. Data was collected between May/2016 and July/2018 in a hospital in the South of Brazil and at the participants' homes. The intervention group (IG=21) received home visits by nurses after hospital discharge. The control group (CG=23) had a conventional follow-up in a conventional health services. The Pearson's Chi-Square Test or the Fisher's Exact Test was performed for assessment of the outcome at 60 days and 1 year after discharge. Clinical Trial registration NCT02807012. Results: There was a significant difference regarding the use of hospital outpatient service (IG=100%, CG=78.3%, p<0.050) 60 days after discharge. Conclusion: The great use of outpatient service by the IG demonstrates the effectiveness of nursing educational intervention focused on health care network after discharge.


Resumen Objetivo: Verificar la relación de la intervención educativa domiciliaria de enfermería en la utilización de los servicios de salud por ancianos después de un Accidente Cerebro-Vascular (ACV). Métodos: Ensayo clínico controlado realizado con 44 cuidadores familiares de ancianos después de un ACV. Los datos se recolectaron entre mayo de 2016 y julio de 2018 en un hospital del sur de Brasil y en los domicilios de los participantes. El grupo de intervención (GI = 21) recibió visitas domiciliarias de enfermeros luego del alta hospitalaria. El grupo de control (GC = 23) mantuvo un seguimiento convencional en la red de servicios. El desenlace fue evaluado a los 60 días y 1 año después del alta. Se realizaron las pruebas Chi-cuadrado de Pearson o Exacta de Fisher para evaluar el desenlace a los 60 días y 1 año después del alta. Registro de ensayo clínico NCT02807012. Resultados: Se registró una diferencia significativa en la utilización del servicio ambulatorio hospitalario (GI = 100%, GC = 78,3%, p <0,050) 60 días después del alta. Conclusión: El mayor uso del servicio ambulatorio por parte del GI demuestra la efectividad de las intervenciones educativas de enfermería, enfocadas en la red de atención a la salud luego del alta hospitalaria.


Resumo Objetivo: Verificar a relação de intervenção educativa domiciliar de enfermagem na utilização dos serviços de saúde por idosos após Acidente Vascular Cerebral (AVC). Métodos: Ensaio clínico randomizado com 44 cuidadores familiares de idosos após AVC. Os dados foram coletados entre maio/2016 e julho/2018 em hospital no Sul do Brasil e domicílio dos participantes. O grupo intervenção (GI=21) recebeu visitas domiciliares por enfermeiros após a alta hospitalar. O grupo controle (GC=23) manteve acompanhamento convencional na rede de serviços. Realizaram-se Teste Qui-quadrado de Pearson ou Exato de Fisher para avaliação do desfecho em 60 dias e 1 ano após a alta. Registro no Clinical Trials NCT02807012. Resultados: Houve diferença significativa quanto à utilização do serviço ambulatorial hospitalar (GI=100%, GC=78,3%, p<0,050) em 60 dias após a alta. Conclusão: A maior utilização do serviço ambulatorial pelo GI demonstra efetividade das intervenções de enfermagem direcionadas à rede de atenção à saúde após a alta.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Stroke/therapy , Facilities and Services Utilization/statistics & numerical data , Home Care Services/statistics & numerical data , Brazil , Single-Blind Method , Middle Aged
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