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1.
Acta cir. bras ; 31(9): 578-585, Sept. 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-795994

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT PURPOSE: To analyze the healing effects of stromal vascular fraction (SVF) application compared to wound dressing with 2% silver sulfadiazine in full thickness burn wounds in rats. METHODS: Animals were divided into two groups: 2% silver sulfadiazine group and SVF group. Both groups received occlusive bandages while the first one was treated with 2% silver sulfadiazine and the latter was treated with injections of SVF prepared from adipose tissue extracted from an animal donor. The animals were accompanied through 3, 7 and 30 days for evaluation of macroscopic, microscopic and morphometric aspects. RESULTS: On day three, a significant increase (p<0.05) of infiltration of polymorphonuclear, fibrin formation and fibroblasts migration in SVF group was observed. On the 7th day the mononuclear infiltrate, angiogenesis, collagen and fibroblasts were significantly increased in the SVF group (p<0.05). At 30 days significantly increased collagen deposition was observed in the SVF group (p<0.05) . CONCLUSION: Adipose tissue derived stromal vascular fraction injections promotes better wound repair than 2% silver sulfadiazine in the treatment of full thickness burn in rats during the evaluated experimental period.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Silver Sulfadiazine/administration & dosage , Wound Healing , Burns/therapy , Adipose Tissue/transplantation , Anti-Infective Agents, Local/administration & dosage , Bandages , Wound Healing/drug effects , Burns/surgery , Burns/pathology , Adipose Tissue/cytology , Stromal Cells/cytology , Stromal Cells/transplantation , Rats, Wistar , Disease Models, Animal , Microscopy
2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-149087

ABSTRACT

The elucidation of the molecular mechanisms underlying the differentiation and proliferation of human adipose tissue-derived stromal cells (hADSCs) represents a critical step in the development of hADSCs-based cellular therapies. To examine the role of the microRNA-103a-3p (miR-103a-3p) in hADSCs functions, miR-103a-3p mimics were transfected into hADSCs in order to overexpress miR-103a-3p. Osteogenic differentiation was induced for 14 days in an osetogenic differentiation medium and assessed by using an Alizarin Red S stain. The regulation of the expression of CDK6 (cyclin-dependent kinase 6), a predicted target of miR-103a-3p, was determined by western blot, real-time PCR and luciferase reporter assays. Overexpression of miR-103a-3p inhibited the proliferation and osteogenic differentiation of hADSCs. In addition, it downregulated protein and mRNA levels of predicted target of miR-103a-3p (CDK6 and DICER1). In contrast, inhibition of miR-103a-3p with 2'O methyl antisense RNA increased the proliferation and osteogenic differentiation of hADSCs. The luciferase reporter activity of the construct containing the miR-103a-3p target site within the CDK6 and DICER1 3'-untranslated regions was lower in miR-103a-3p-transfected hADSCs than in control miRNA-transfected hADSCs. RNA interference-mediated downregulation of CDK6 and DICER1 in hADSCs inhibited their proliferation and osteogenic differentiation. The results of the current study indicate that miR-103a-3p regulates the osteogenic differentiation of hADSCs and proliferation of hADSCs by direct targeting of CDK6 and DICER1 partly. These findings further elucidate the molecular mechanisms governing the differentiation and proliferation of hADSCs.


Subject(s)
Adipose Tissue/cytology , Cell Differentiation , Cell Proliferation , Cells, Cultured , Cyclin-Dependent Kinase 6/genetics , DEAD-box RNA Helicases/genetics , Gene Expression Regulation , Humans , MicroRNAs/genetics , Osteogenesis , Ribonuclease III/genetics , Stromal Cells/cytology
3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-124863

ABSTRACT

In covering wounds, efforts should include utilization of the safest and least invasive methods with goals of achieving optimal functional and cosmetic outcome. The recent development of advanced wound healing technology has triggered the use of cells to improve wound healing conditions. The purpose of this review is to provide information on clinically available cell-based treatment options for healing of acute and chronic wounds. Compared with a variety of conventional methods, such as skin grafts and local flaps, the cell therapy technique is simple, less time-consuming, and reduces the surgical burden for patients in the repair of acute wounds. Cell therapy has also been developed for chronic wound healing. By transplanting cells with an excellent wound healing capacity profile to chronic wounds, in which wound healing cannot be achieved successfully, attempts are made to convert the wound bed into the environment where maximum wound healing can be achieved. Fibroblasts, keratinocytes, adipose-derived stromal vascular fraction cells, bone marrow stem cells, and platelets have been used for wound healing in clinical practice. Some formulations are commercially available. To establish the cell therapy as a standard treatment, however, further research is needed.


Subject(s)
Blood Platelets/metabolism , Cell- and Tissue-Based Therapy , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/complications , Fibroblasts/cytology , Humans , Keratinocytes/cytology , Stromal Cells/cytology , Tissue Engineering , Ulcer/etiology , Wound Healing
4.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 38(3): 419-425, May-June 2012. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-643042

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of castration on cell death rate of the adult rat prostates and to evaluate the benefic action of alpha tocopherol supplementation to avoid apoptosis post-orchiectomy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Thirty male Wistar rats weighing 250-300g were divided into three groups: group I - they were subjected to bilateral orchiectomy and sacrificed eight weeks after the procedure; group II - subjected to bilateral orchiectomy and alpha-tocopherol supplementation for four weeks preceding the procedure; and group III - subjected to bilateral orchiectomy and alpha-tocopherol supplementation for four weeks preceding the procedure and for eight weeks afterwards. At the end of the experiment, the prostatectomy was performed in all rats. The presence of oxidative stress was determined by assaying the blood level of 8-isoprostane and the occurrence of apoptosis was evaluated by identification of active caspase-3 through immunohistochemical analysis. RESULTS: The statistic analysis of active caspase-3 showed that in the long-term castrated group the detection was higher than in groups were the alpha-tocopherol was supplemented (p=0.007). Analysis of 8-isoprostane levels showed higher concentrations of reactive oxygen species in group I compared to other groups (p<0.05). Groups II and III presented active caspase-3 lower than in group I (p<0.05). CONCLUSION: Our exploratory analyses demonstrate a method to study the aging process and its influence on oxidative stress of prostatic tissue and cells death rate. Based on our results we can suggest that alpha tocopherol supplementation can decrease the apoptotic process as well as the oxidative stress levels induced by androgen deprivation of the prostate gland.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Antioxidants/pharmacology , Cell Death/drug effects , Orchiectomy , Oxidative Stress , Prostate/cytology , alpha-Tocopherol/pharmacology , Apoptosis/drug effects , /analysis , Dinoprost/analogs & derivatives , Dinoprost/blood , Rats, Wistar , Stromal Cells/cytology , Time Factors , Testosterone/blood
5.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 740-745, 2010.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-53350

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Several signaling pathways have been shown to regulate the lineage commitment and terminal differentiation of bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs). Bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) signaling has important effects on the process of skeletogenesis. In the present study, we tested the role of bone morphogenetic protein receptor (BMPR) in the osteogenic differentiation of rat bone marrow stromal cells in osteogenic medium (OM) with or without BMP-2. MATERIALS AND METHODS: BMSCs were harvested from rats and cultured in OM containing dexamethasone, beta-glycerophosphate, and ascorbic acid, with or without BMP-2 in order to induce osteogenic differentiation. The alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity assay and von kossa staining were used to assess the osteogenic differentiation of the BMSCs. BMPR mRNA expression was assessed using reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). RESULTS: The BMSCs that underwent osteogenic differentiation in OM showed a higher level of ALP activity and matrix mineralization. BMP-2 alone induced a low level of ALP activity and matrix mineralization in BMSCs, but enhanced the osteogenic differentiation of BMSCs when combined with OM. The OM significantly induced the expression of type IA receptor of BMPR (BMPRIA) and type II receptor of BMPR (BMPRII) in BMSCs after three days of stimulation, while BMP-2 significantly induced BMPRIA and BMPRII in BMSCs after nine or six days of stimulation, respectively. CONCLUSION: BMSCs commit to osteoblastic differentiation in OM, which is enhanced by BMP-2. In addition, BMP signaling through BMPRIA and BMPRII regulates the osteogenic differentiation of rat BMSCs in OM with or without BMP-2.


Subject(s)
Alkaline Phosphatase/metabolism , Animals , Bone Marrow Cells/cytology , Bone Morphogenetic Protein 2/pharmacology , Bone Morphogenetic Protein Receptors/genetics , Cell Differentiation/drug effects , Cell Proliferation/drug effects , Cells, Cultured , Culture Media/pharmacology , Male , Osteogenesis/drug effects , Rats , Rats, Wistar , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , Stromal Cells/cytology
6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-634896

ABSTRACT

Sox9 gene was cloned from immortalized precartilaginous stem cells and its eukaryotic expression vector constructed in order to explore the possibility of bone marrow-derived stromal cells differentiation into precartilaginous stem cells induced by Sox9. A full-length fragment of Sox9 was obtained by RT-PCR, inserted into pGEM-T Easy clone vector, and ligated with pEGFP-IRES2 expression vector by double digestion after sequencing. The compound plasmid was transfected into born marrow-derived stromal cells by Lipofectamine 2000, and the transfection efficacy and the expression of Sox9 and FGFR-3 were observed. Flow cytometry was used to identify the cell phenotype, and MTT was employed to assay proliferative viability of cells. Sequencing, restrictive endonuclease identification and RT-PCR confirmed that the expansion of Sox9 and construction of Sox9 expression vector were successful. After transfection of the recombinant vector into bone marrow-derived stromal cells, the expression of Sox9 and FGFR-3 was detected, and proliferative viability was not different from that of precartilaginous stem cells. It was concluded that Sox9 gene eukaryotic expression vector was successfully constructed, and the transfected bone marrow-derived stromal cells differentiated into the precartilaginous stem cells.


Subject(s)
Base Sequence , Bone Marrow Cells/cytology , Cartilage/cytology , Cell Differentiation/genetics , Cells, Cultured , Cloning, Molecular , Genetic Vectors/genetics , Molecular Sequence Data , Receptor, Fibroblast Growth Factor, Type 3/metabolism , Recombinant Proteins/biosynthesis , Recombinant Proteins/genetics , SOX9 Transcription Factor/biosynthesis , SOX9 Transcription Factor/genetics , Stem Cells/cytology , Stromal Cells/cytology , Transfection
7.
Braz. dent. j ; 16(2): 156-161, maio-ago. 2005. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-413417

ABSTRACT

A dexametasona (Dex) induz diferenciação osteoblástica em diversos modelos de cultura de células. Este estudo investigou o efeito do tratamento contínuo e descontínuo com Dex sobre a diferenciação de células de medula óssea humana (BMSC). Células da cultura primária e da primeira passagem foram cultivadas em meio de cultura com e sem Dex 10-7 M (37ºC e 5% CO2 / 95% ar atmosférico). Aos 7, 14 e 21 dias, os seguintes parâmetros foram avaliados: proliferação e viabilidade celulares, conteúdo de proteína total, atividade de fosfatase alcalina (ALP) e formação de matriz mineralizada. Os dados foram comparados por análise de variância a dois critérios. A Dex não afetou a viabilidade celular e o conteúdo de proteína total, mas reduziu o número de células. A atividade de ALP e a formação de matriz mineralizada foram aumentadas quando apenas a primeira passagem ou cultura primária e primeira passagem foram tratadas com Dex, em comparação aos grupos que não tiveram contato com Dex após a primeira passagem. Estes resultados indicam que, para BMSC humanas, a presença contínua de Dex não parece ser necessária para o desenvolvimento do fenótipo osteoblástico. Contudo, a Dex deve estar presente após a primeira passagem para permitir a diferenciação osteoblástica expressa por proliferação celular reduzida e aumento da atividade de ALP e da formação de matriz mineralizada.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/pharmacology , Dexamethasone/pharmacology , Glucocorticoids/pharmacology , Osteoblasts/drug effects , Alkaline Phosphatase/analysis , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/administration & dosage , Bone Marrow Cells/cytology , Bone Marrow Cells/drug effects , Cell Count , Cells, Cultured , Cell Differentiation/drug effects , Cell Proliferation/drug effects , Cell Survival/drug effects , Dexamethasone/administration & dosage , Glucocorticoids/administration & dosage , Osteoblasts/cytology , Osteogenesis/drug effects , Phenotype , Proteins/analysis , Stromal Cells/cytology , Stromal Cells/drug effects
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-53830

ABSTRACT

Statins have been postulated to affect the bone metabolism. Recent experimental and epidemiologic studies have suggested that statins may also have bone protective effects. This study assessed the effects of simvastatin on the proliferation and differentiation of human bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs) in an ex vivo culture. The bone marrow was obtained from healthy donors. Mononuclear cells were isolated and cultured to osteoblastic lineage. In the primary culture, 10(-6) M simvastatin diminished the mean size of the colony forming units-fibroblastic (CFU-Fs) and enhanced matrix calcification. At near confluence, the cells were sub-cultured. Thereafter, the alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activities of each group were measured by the time course of the secondary culture. Simvastatin increased the ALP activity in a dose dependent manner, and this stimulatory effect was more evident during the early period of culture. A 3-[4, 5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl]-2, 5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay was performed during the secondary culture in order to estimate the effect of simvastatin on the proliferation of human BMSCs. When compared to the control group, simvastatin significantly decreased the proliferation of cells of each culture well. 10(-6) M of simvastatin also significantly enhanced the osteocalcin mRNA expression level. This study shows that simvastatin has a stimulatory effect on bone formation through osteoblastic differentiation, and has an inhibitory effect on the proliferative potential of human BMSCs.


Subject(s)
Alkaline Phosphatase/metabolism , Bone Marrow Cells/cytology , Calcification, Physiologic/drug effects , Cell Differentiation/drug effects , Cell Proliferation/drug effects , Cells, Cultured , Colony-Forming Units Assay , Comparative Study , Dose-Response Relationship, Drug , Gene Expression/drug effects , Humans , Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors/pharmacology , RNA, Messenger/genetics , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , Simvastatin/pharmacology , Stromal Cells/cytology , Time Factors
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-634146

ABSTRACT

In order to study whether marrow stromal cells (MSCs) can be induced into nerve-like cells in vitro, and the mechanism, the MSCs in Wistar rats were isolated and cultured, and then induced with DMSO and BHA in vitro. The expression of specific marking proteins in neurons, glia and neural stem cells were detected before preinduction, at 24 h of preinduction, at 6 h, 24 h, and 48 h of neuronal induction by using immunohistochemistry and Western blotting. The ultrastructural changes after the inducement were observed. The results showed that after the inducement, many MSCs turned into bipolar, multipolar and taper, and then intersected as network structure. At the same time, some MSCs had the typical neuron-like ultrastructure. Immunohistochemistry revealed that NeuN and Nestin expression was detectable after inducement, but there was no GFAP and CNP expression. Western blotting showed the expression of Nestin was strong at 6 h of neuronal induction, and decreased at 24 h, 48 h of the induction. NeuN was detectable at 6 h of neuronal induction, and increased at 24 h, 48 h of the induction. It was concluded MSCs were induced into neural stem cells, and then differentiated into neuron-like cells in vitro.


Subject(s)
Bone Marrow Cells/cytology , Cell Differentiation , Cells, Cultured , Glial Fibrillary Acidic Protein/metabolism , Neurons/cytology , Rats, Wistar , Stromal Cells/cytology
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-634125

ABSTRACT

The biocompatibility and osteogenic activity of allogenic decalcified bone matrix (DBM) used as a carrier for bone tissue engineering were studied. Following the method described by Urist, allogenic DBM was made. In vitro, DBM and bone marrow stromal cell (BMSC) from rabbits were co-cultured for 3-7 days and subjected to HE staining, and a series of histomorphological observations were performed under phase-contrast microscopy and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). In vivo the mixture of DBM/BMSC co-cultured for 3 days was planted into one side of muscules sacrospinalis of rabbits, and the DBM without BMSC was planted into other side as control. Specimens were collected at postoperative week 1, 2 and 4, and subjected to HE staining, and observed under SEM. The results showed during culture in vitro, the BMSCs adherent to the wall of DBM grew, proliferated and had secretive activity. The in vivo experiment revealed that BMSCs and undifferentiated mesenchymal cells in the perivascular region invaded gradually and proliferated together in DBM/BMSC group, and colony-forming units of chondrocytes were found. Osteoblasts, trabecular bone and medullary cavity appeared. The inflammatory reaction around muscles almost disappeared at the second weeks. In pure DBM group, the similar changes appeared from the surface of the DBM to center, and the volume of total regenerate bones was less than the DBM/BMSC group at the same time. The results indicated that the mixture of DBM and BMSC had good biocompatibility and ectopic induced osteogenic activity.


Subject(s)
Biocompatible Materials , Bone Marrow Cells/cytology , Bone Matrix/cytology , Cells, Cultured , Chondrocytes/cytology , Coculture Techniques , Decalcification Technique , Osteogenesis , Stem Cells/cytology , Stromal Cells/cytology , Tissue Engineering
11.
Article in Malayalam | WPRIM | ID: wpr-629962

ABSTRACT

Bone marrow harvested by aspiration contains connective tissue progenitor cells which can be selectively isolated and induced to express bone phenotype in vitro. The osteoblastic progenitor can be estimated by counting the number of cells attach using the haemacytometer. This study was undertaken to test the hypothesis that human aging is associated with a significant change on the number of osteoblastic progenitors in the bone marrow. Bone marrow aspirates were harvested from 38 patients, 14 men (age 11-70) and 24 women (age 10-70) and cultured in F12: DMEM (1:1). In total 15 bone marrow samples have been isolated from patients above 40 years old (men/women) of age. Fourteen (93.3%) of this samples failed to proliferate. Only one (6.7%) bone marrow sample from a male patient, aged 59 years old was successfully cultured. Seventy percent (16/23) of the samples from patient below than 40 years old were successfully cultured. However, our observation on the survival rate for cells of different gender from patient below 40 years old does not indicate any significant difference. From this study, we conclude that the growth of bone marrow stromal cells possibly for bone engineering is better from bone marrow aspirates of younger patient.


Subject(s)
Age Factors , Bone Marrow Cells/cytology , Cellular Senescence/physiology , Cell Division/physiology , Cell Survival/physiology , Mesenchymal Stem Cells/cytology , Osteoblasts/cytology , Sex Factors , Stromal Cells/cytology , Tissue Engineering
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-198793

ABSTRACT

Integrins are heterodimeric glycoproteins that have been found to undergo dynamic temporal and spatial changes in the endometrium during the menstrual cycle and in early pregnancy. Specificity of integrins is known to be different in human endometrial stromal cells and decidual cells. These shifts of integrins suggested to play an important role in embryo implantation and can be modulated by progesterone, cAMP derivatives, and cytokines. The mechanisms of decidualization and its precise physiological role are still not clearly understood and in vitro systems could provide an alternative that overcomes limitations of studying such complex biological phenomena in vivo at the time of implantation. This study was undertaken to establish an in vitro model system for human decidualization using 8-bromo-cAMP and to investigate the characteristics of stromal integrin expression in vitro by 8-Br-cAMP. Endometrial stromal cells were isolated and cultured, and then were induced to decidualize by 0.5 mM 8-Br-cAMP for 15 days. Immunofluorescence staining and flow cytometric analyses of the integrin subunits (alpha1, alpha4, alpha5, alpha6, beta1 and alpha v beta3) were performed at day 9. In the presence of 8-Br-cAMP, the staining intensity of alpha v beta3 was significantly higher than control and measurements for alpha1, alpha4, alpha5, alpha6, and beta1 were similar. Immunofluorescent localization of the integrins reflected the differences obtained from the flow cytometric analyses described above. In summary, the expression of alpha;avbeta;b3 integrin increased in stromal cells in vitro decidualized by 8-Br-cAMP and this up-regulation of alpha v beta3 integrin expression during decidualization might influence on human implantation.


Subject(s)
8-Bromo Cyclic Adenosine Monophosphate/pharmacology , Cell Size , Cells, Cultured , Decidua/cytology , Female , Flow Cytometry , Humans , Integrins/analysis , Prolactin/analysis , Stromal Cells/cytology
15.
Indian J Exp Biol ; 2001 Mar; 39(3): 218-22
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-58642

ABSTRACT

The present study was carried out to evaluate apoptosis in endometrium and to correlate these changes with the circulating levels of estradiol and progesterone in the mouse. Apoptosis was observed in various compartments of mouse uterus i.e. stroma, glandular epithelium and luminal epithelium depending on the stage of cycle. Stromal cell apoptosis was observed during various stages of cyclicity except on estrus day. Luminal epithelial cells showed apoptotic changes during all stages of cyclicity except on diestrus day. During metestrus, apoptosis was observed in glandular and luminal epithelia as well as stromal cells. Steroid antagonists such as tamoxifen and onapristone altered the apoptotic changes in the uterus. The results suggest that epithelial cell apoptosis is regulated by estrogen while stromal cell apoptosis is under the control of progesterone.


Subject(s)
Animals , Apoptosis , Endometrium/cytology , Epithelial Cells/cytology , Estradiol/blood , Estrus/blood , Female , Mice , Progesterone/blood , Stromal Cells/cytology
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-127187

ABSTRACT

Information on precise effects of deflazacort on bone cell function, especially osteoclasts, is quite limited. Therefore, the present study was undertaken to test effects of deflazacort on osteoclast-like cell formation in mouse bone marrow cultures and on the regulation of osteoprotegerin (OPG) and its ligand (RANKL) mRNA expressions by RT-PCR in the ST2 marrow stromal cells. TRAP-positive mononuclear cells increased after the treatment of deflazacort at 10(-9) to 10(-7) M alone for 6 days in a dose-dependent manner. Number of TRAP-positive multi-nucleated cells (MNCs) increased significantly with combined treatment of deflazacort at 10(-7) M and 1,25-(OH)2D3 at 10(-9) M compared to that of cultures treated with 1,25-(OH)2D3 alone (p<0.05). Exposure to deflazacort at 10(-7) M in the presence of 1,25-(OH)2D3 at 10(-9) M in the last 3-day culture had greater stimulatory effect on osteoclast-like cell formation than that of the first 3-day culture did. Deflazacort at 10(-10) -10(-6) M downregulated OPG and upregulated RANKL in mRNA levels in a dose-dependent manner. These observations suggest that deflazacort stimulate osteoclast precursor in the absence of 1,25-(OH)2D3 and enhance differentiation of osteoclasts in the presence of 1,25-(OH)2D3. These effects are, in part, thought to be mediated by the regulation of the expression of OPG and RANKL mRNA in marrow stromal cells.


Subject(s)
Animals , Bone Marrow Cells/cytology , Calcitriol/pharmacology , Calcium Channel Agonists/pharmacology , Carrier Proteins/genetics , Cell Differentiation/drug effects , Cells, Cultured , Dexamethasone/pharmacology , Gene Expression/drug effects , Glucocorticoids/pharmacology , Glycoproteins/genetics , Immunosuppressive Agents/pharmacology , Male , Membrane Glycoproteins/genetics , Mice , Mice, Inbred ICR , Osteoclasts/cytology , Pregnenediones/pharmacology , RNA, Messenger/analysis , Receptors, Cytoplasmic and Nuclear/genetics , Stromal Cells/cytology
17.
Rev. Fac. Odontol. Bauru ; 8(1/2): 71-7, jan.-jun. 2000. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: lil-298444

ABSTRACT

As mudanças que ocorrem no parênquima de um orgäo epitelial durante o seu desenvolvimento ontogenético säo controladas pela sua interaçäo com seu estroma de origem mesenquimal. O objetivo do atual trabalho foi o de avaliar uma possível relaçäo na evoluçäo do volume absoluto e no número de células do estroma e do parênquima da glândula submandibular do rato durante o desenvolvimento pós-natal. No período de 2 a 70 dias de idade, a massa glandular aumentou 1822 por cento, às custas de um marcante crescimento de 3593 por cento e de 1211 por cento, respectivamente, no volume absoluto do parênquima e do estroma. Por outro lado, o número de células nos mesmos compartimentos aumentou, respectivamente, 1033 por cento e 1203 por cento. Esses resultados indicaram que o aumento no volume celular individual das células epiteliais também tem papel importante no crescimento do volume do parênquima, e que no estroma, ocorreu proporcionalidade entre o crescimento do número de células e de matriz extracelular. A relaçäo volume do estroma/volume do parênquima diminuiu nos períodos, respectivamente, de 2 a 28 e 35 a 70 dias, e manteve-se estável no período de 28 a 35 dias devido exclusivamente ao aumento no número de células do estroma e exibiu estabilidade nos demais períodos. Convém salientar, que é nesse período de 28 a 35 dias, que ocorre o grande processo de transformaçäo de células dos ductos estriados em células secretoras serosas dos ductos granulosos, o que caracteriza o início da fase ductal do desenvolviemnto pós-natal da glândula submandibular do rato. As mudanças detectadas no estroma nesse período podem estar relacionados a este fato


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Submandibular Gland/growth & development , Cell Count , Cell Size , Stromal Cells/cytology
18.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 31(2): 307-12, feb. 1998. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-212578

ABSTRACT

The rodent endometrium undergoes remarkable modifications during pregnancy, resulting from a redifferentiation of its fibroblasts. During this modification (decidualization), the fibroblasts transform into large, polyhedral cells that establish intercellular junctions. Decidualization proceeds from the subepithelial stroma towards the deep stroma situated next to the myometrium and creates regions composed of cells in different stages of differentiation. We studied by autoradiography whether cells of these different regions have different levels of macromolecular synthesis. Radioactive amino acids or radioactive sulfate were administered to mice during estrus or on different days of pregnancy. The animals were killed 30 min after injection of the precursors and the uteri were processed for light microscope autoradiography. Silver grains were counted over cells of different regions of the endometrium and are reported as the number of silver grains per area. Higher levels of incorporation of amino acids were found in pregnant animals as compared to animals in estrus. In pregnant animals, the region of decidual cells or the region of fibroblasts transforming into decidual cells showed the highest of synthesis. Radioactive sulfate incorporation, on the other hand, was generally higher in nonpregnant animals. Animals without decidual cell transformation (nonpregnant and 4th day of pregnancy) showed a differential incorporation by subepithelial and deep stroma fibroblasts. This study shows that regional differences in synthetic activity exist in cells that are in different stages of transformation into decidual cells as well as in different regions of the endometrium of nonpregnant mice.


Subject(s)
Mice , Animals , Female , Cell Differentiation/physiology , Decidua/cytology , Decidua/metabolism , Endometrium/cytology , Endometrium/metabolism , In Vitro Techniques , Pregnancy/metabolism , Pregnancy/physiology , Autoradiography , Embryo Implantation , Fibroblasts/cytology , Heparinoids/pharmacokinetics , Proline/pharmacokinetics , Stromal Cells/cytology , Tryptophan/pharmacokinetics
19.
Arch. med. res ; 27(2): 123-6, 1996. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-200303

ABSTRACT

The variation in mechanical stress to which the aortic wall is subjected requires that forces be transmited between its components by means of relatively strong but compliant attachments. We have used transmission electron microscopy in order to study the cell to stroma contacts (smooth muscle cell-elastic fiber contact) in the tunica media of normotensive and hypertensive aortas of Sprague-Dawley rats. Hypertension was produced with a silver clip positioned around the left renal artery and the vessels were fexed by intravital perfusion at normal and elevated pressure. In ultrathin sections, the density of cell to stroma contacts per 100 µm cell perimeter and per 100 cell profiles were determined using an image analysis computer. In the hypertensive group the density of cell to stroma contacts fell considerably when compared with the control group. This research provides insights into the conditions under which high blood pressure may produce medial injuries and, perhaps, be a factor in the precipitation of dissections


Subject(s)
Rats , Animals , Aorta, Thoracic/physiology , Stromal Cells/cytology , Stress, Psychological/etiology , Hypertension/etiology , Rats/blood , Cytological Techniques/standards , Tunica Media/cytology
20.
Ginecol. obstet. Méx ; 63(11): 467-73, nov. 1995. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-164463

ABSTRACT

En el endometrio el citoesqueleto participa en todas las funciones mecánicas de la célula, en el movimiento y reacomodo de organelos y proteínas solubles y en el metabolismo en general. El epitelio endometrial por su morfología y aparente homogeneidad celular, se ha estudiado más que el estroma. Se sabe que los filamentos intermedios muestran un patrón característico típico de la clase celular. Durante la preñez y la pseudopreñez, en la región apical de las células epiteliales tanto luminales como glandulares predomina la queratina sobre la región basolateral, en tanto que la vimetina solo se encuentra en las células epiteliales luminales, y se incrementa el día de la implantación. En humanos y roedores, la desmina solo se expresa en la decidua. Se piensa que los filamentos intermedios, participan en la difusión de proteínas de membrana cambiando la polaridad. Los microfilamentos intervienen en la regulación de la forma y movilidad celular. En el epitelio luminal participan en las transformaciones de la superficie uterina, como son las microvellosidades. Al sistema de microtúbulos (MT) en el endometrio y otros órganos se le ha relacionado con la psisción y movimiento de orgánulos como son los lisosomas, mitocondrias o aparato de Golgio; además se ha demostrado que los MT también intervienen en la síntesis de DNA, ya que drogas como la colchicina impiden estos fenómenos


Subject(s)
Rabbits , Animals , Stromal Cells/cytology , Cytoskeleton/physiology , Cytoskeleton/ultrastructure , Endometrium/physiology , Epithelium/cytology , Keratins , Cytoskeletal Proteins/physiology , Vimentin
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