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1.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 21: e225272, jan.-dez. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1354777

ABSTRACT

Aim: To compare the pre-clinical and clinical students` perceptions about the non-pharmacological behaviour management techniques in paediatric dentistry and to investigate the influence of the dental curriculum on the students` knowledge regarding this issue. Methods: A total of 283 students from the IV-and X-semester completed a questionnaire, consisted of 12 statements, describing the nonpharmacological behaviour management techniques for the treatment of paediatric dental patients. The acceptability rate was evaluated with a Likert scale ranging from 1 to 5. Results: The students from all courses demonstrated high acceptance for Reinforcement and Desensitization techniques and low for the Negative reinforcement and Physical restraint. The comparison between the perceptions of the pre-clinical and clinical students demonstrated a statistically significant increase in the acceptance of the physical restraint, along with Nonverbal communication, Modelling and Parental presence/absence (p<0.05). Conclusion: The results provide information about the students' knowledge and skills in behaviour management techniques together with some insights about how the educational process can modify the students` perceptions and views in dealing with paediatric dental patients


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Students, Dental , Behavior , Surveys and Questionnaires , Pediatric Dentistry , Methods
2.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 21: e226321, jan.-dez. 2022. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1354787

ABSTRACT

Aim: This cross-sectional observational study aimed to evaluate the influence of the Universities lockdown measures on academic perspectives and psychosocial aspects of Brazilian finalyear dental students. Methods: 268 undergraduate students regularly enrolled in a Dentistry course at public universities were asked about anxiety, depression, stress sensitivity, and their academic perspectives by using an online survey. The Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) was used to measure anxiety and depression, while the Perceived Stress Scale (PSS) evaluated stress levels. The academic perspective was evaluated by five affirmatives regarding possible difficulties that will be faced when school reopens and after graduation. The possible association between fear of having COVID-19 with psychosocial outcomes and COVID-19 association with academic perspectives were analyzed by ANOVA and chisquare tests, respectively, considering a significance level of 5%. Results: Considering possible associations between the fear of having COVID-19 and psychosocial aspects, significant values were found for anxiety (P = 0.018) and stress sensitivity (P = 0.002). Regarding students' academic perspectives, COVID-19 had significant impact on less opportunity to perform procedures (P = 0.023), additional expenses with personal protective equipment (P = 0.007), and concerns of consulting elderly people (P = 0.012). Conclusion: The COVID-19 pandemic led to increased psychological impairments and enlarged concerns with learning and biosecurity, which might impact academic perspectives. Thus, being aware of these apprehensions, university professors and staff can improve the clinical training of final-year dental students in an empathetic way


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Anxiety , Students, Dental , Depression , Pandemics , COVID-19
3.
Rev. ADM ; 79(1): 7-11, ene.-feb. 2022. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1359769

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El proceso de evaluación a distancia es una modalidad que ha sido utilizada en los últimos años. Sin embargo, la pandemia por COVID-19 ha ocasionado su rápida adaptación. El personal docente ha reportado las ventajas de este modo de evaluación; no obstante, la opinión de los estudiantes de odontología en torno a las ventajas y desventajas de esta modalidad no ha sido explorada. Objetivo: Explorar las ventajas y desventajas de las tecnologías de la información y comunicación (TIC), específicamente en el proceso de evaluación a distancia reportadas por estudiantes de odontología. Material y métodos: Se realizó un estudio transversal retrospectivo, en una muestra no aleatoria de 310 estudiantes de tercer año, distribuidos en cuatro generaciones, adscritos a la Facultad de Odontología de la FES Iztacala. Se administró un cuestionario estructurado para la medición de sus opiniones en torno a las evaluaciones a distancia. Se realizó un análisis descriptivo y bivariado. Resultados: De un total de los 382 estudiantes potencialmente elegibles, 310 aceptaron participar (96%). Conclusiones: La opinión mayoritaria fue la preferencia a los exámenes por Internet y mejor a distancia. Queda pendiente la duda: ¿cuál será el comportamiento cuando los estudios profesionales vuelvan a la normalidad después de la pandemia COVID-19? (AU)


Introduction: The process of distance assessment has been employed in the last years. However, COVID-19 pandemic has accelerated its adoption. Academic personnel have previously reported the benefits of this mode of assessments. Nevertheless, dentistry-students' opinions around the advantages and disadvantages of this mode of assessment has not been explored. Objective: Explore the advantages and disadvantages concerning the ICT skills specifically about the process of distance assessment of dental students. Material and methods: A retrospective cross-sectional study was conducted in a non-randomized sample of 310 of third-year students distributed in four years attending to the School of Dentistry at FES Iztacala. A structured questionnaire was distributed to measure students' opinions around the advantages and disadvantages of distance assessments. A descriptive and bivariate analysis was conducted. Results: Questionnaires were returned by 310 students (96% response rate). Conclusion: Students' perceptions of their ICT skills has increased, matched by better equipment and greater appreciation of e-learning (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Students, Dental , Education, Distance , Educational Measurement , COVID-19 , Schools, Dental , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Information Technology , Mexico
4.
Braz. dent. sci ; 25(2): 1-7, 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1363638

ABSTRACT

Objective: Bisphosphonates are anti-resorptive drugs used in the control and treatment of calcium and bone metabolism disorders. Despite their high clinical efficacy, these drugs have been associated with bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis of the jaw. The goal of this study is to evaluate the knowledge of final year undergraduate dentistry students on bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis of the jaw. Material and Methods: A sample of 100 students from private institutions in the state of São Paulo was invited to complete a questionnaire relating to bisphosphonates and the risk factors associated with the development of osteonecrosis of the jaws. Results: 66% of the students did not recognize any bisphosphonate (p=0.0019) and 79% did not recognize their trademark names (p<0.0001). 60% of the students recognized osteonecrosis of the jaws as a side effect of bisphosphonates (p<0.0001) and 56% identified at least one risk factor associated with the drug that may contribute to the side effect (p<0.0001). 66% of the students stated that their course did not provide any lectures on the topic (p<0.0001). Conclusion: The knowledge of dentistry students about bisphosphonates and bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis of the jaw is variable. This may be related to an inadequate discussion of this topic during their undergraduate studies(AU)


Objetivo: Os bisfosfonatos são medicamentos antirreabsortivos utilizados no controle e tratamento de desordens do cálcio e do metabolismo ósseo. Apesar da elevada eficácia clínica, a terapia com estes medicamentos tem sido associada a uma importante complicação denominada de osteonecrose dos maxilares relacionada ao uso de bisfosfonatos. O objetivo deste estudo é avaliar conhecimento sobre a osteonecrose dos maxilares relacionada ao uso de bisfosfonatos entre os alunos do último ano do curso de graduação de Odontologia. Material e Métodos: Uma amostra de 100 alunos de instituições privadas do estado de São Paulo foi convidada a responder um questionário sobre as principais informações dos bisfosfonatos e fatores de risco associados com o desenvolvimento da osteonecrose dos maxilares. Resultados: Os 100 questionários foram respondidos: 66% dos estudantes não reconheceram algum bisfosfonato (p=0,0019), 79% não reconheceram seus nomes de marcas comerciais (p<0,0001); 60% dos alunos reconheceram a osteonecrose dos maxilares como um efeito colateral dos bisfosfonatos (p<0,0001) e 56% apontaram pelo menos um fator de risco associado com o medicamento que pode causar o desenvolvimento do efeito colateral (p<0,0001); 66% dos estudantes afirmaram que o curso não forneceu alguma aula abordando esta temática (p<0.0001). Conclusão: O grau de conhecimento dos alunos de Odontologia sobre bisfosfonatos e osteonecrose dos maxilares relacionada ao uso de bisfosfonatos é variável e está relacionado com a pouca discussão deste tema durante a graduação(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Osteonecrosis , Students, Dental , Diphosphonates
5.
Braz. dent. sci ; 25(1): 1-10, 2022. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1353709

ABSTRACT

Objective: This cross-sectional study aimed to assess level of DA among dental students in different grades and patients and to evaluate associations between DA and presence of dental caries. Material and Methods: Both four hundred all-grade dental students of Istanbul University and patients of Istanbul University Hospital were included in the study after random selection. Data regarding gender, oral hygiene habits, frequency of dental visits, and educational level were obtained via questionnaire. DA of participants were measured using both Modified Dental Anxiety Scale (MDAS) and Dental Fear Survey (DFS). The prevalence of caries was determined using International Caries Detection and Assessment System Criteria (ICDAS). Data were analyzed using Kruskal-Wallis, Mann-Whitney U and Chi square tests. Results: Female patients and female 4th-year students had significantly higher MDAS scores (p<0.05). First-year students had significantly higher MDAS and DFS scores than 4th and 5th-year students (p<0.05). Patients who had caries and brushed their teeth less than twice a day had significantly higher MDAS scores (p<0.05). Among 3rd-year students, individuals who visited dentist regularly had lower MDAS scores (p<0.05). Conclusion: DA among senior dental students was lower than that in younger students with an increase in knowledge about dentistry. Tooth brushing frequency and caries prevalence was associated with DA in patient group. No association was found between DA and frequency of dental visits, except in 3rd-year students (AU)


Objetivo: Este estudo transversal teve como objetivo avaliar o nível de DA entre estudantes de odontologia de diferentes anos de graduação, pacientes e associações entre DA e apresença de cárie dentária. Material e Métodos: Quatrocentos estudantes de odontologia de todas os anos da Universidade de Istambul e pacientes do Hospital Universitário de Istambul foram incluídos no estudo após randomização. Dados sobre sexo, hábitos de higiene bucal, frequência de consultas odontológicas e escolaridade foram obtidos por meio de questionário. DA dos participantes foram medidos usando dois questionários: Modified Dental Anxiety Scale (MDAS) e Dental Fear Survey (DFS). A prevalência de cárie foi determinada usando os critérios do Sistema Internacional de Detecção e Avaliação de Cárie (International Caries Detection and Assessment System Criteria - ICDAS). Os dados foram analisados usando os testes Kruskal-Wallis, Mann-Whitney U e Qui quadrado. Resultados: Pacientes do sexo feminino e estudantes também do sexo feminino do 4º ano apresentaram scores de MDAS significativamente maiores (p <0,05). Os alunos do primeiro ano tiveram pontuações MDAS e DFS significativamente mais altas do que os alunos do 4º e 5º ano (p <0,05). Pacientes que tinham cárie e escovavam os dentes menos de duas vezes ao dia apresentaram scores de MDAS significativamente maiores (p <0,05). Entre os alunos do terceiro ano, os indivíduos que visitavam o dentista regularmente apresentaram menores scores de MDAS (p <0,05). Conclusão: A DA entre os alunos do último ano de odontologia foi menor do que entre os alunos mais jovens, devido ao aumento do conhecimento sobre odontologia. A frequência de escovação e a prevalência de cárie foram associadas à DA no grupo de pacientes. Não foi encontrada associação entre DA e frequência de consultas odontológicas, exceto em alunos do 3º ano.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Anxiety , Students, Dental , Dental Caries , Prevalence
6.
Edumecentro ; 13(4): 288-302, 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1345963

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: la Farmacología constituye el sustento científico de la terapéutica medicamentosa abordada en las asignaturas clínicas en la carrera de Estomatología, lo cual justifica su inclusión en los planes de estudios y pone de manifiesto la importancia de su enseñanza en la referida carrera. Objetivo: exponer algunas consideraciones esenciales sobre la enseñanza de la Farmacología en la carrera de Estomatología en Cuba. Métodos: se asumió como método general de investigación el dialéctico-materialista y de manera particular, los métodos de revisión documental (de los planes de estudios de la referida carrera, programas analíticos de la Farmacología y artículos científicos publicados en la base de datos SciELO), de análisis-síntesis para extraer los aspectos de mayor relevancia y el histórico-lógico. Desarrollo: la revisión documental realizada permitió el establecimiento de etapas que marcan el inicio y desarrollo de la enseñanza de la Farmacología en la carrera de Estomatología en Cuba; el análisis de ellas se realizó teniendo en cuenta los siguientes indicadores: ubicación curricular de la asignatura y características principales de su proceso enseñanza aprendizaje. Conclusiones: se revela como tendencia el tránsito desde una enseñanza con enfoque tradicionalista hacia una enseñanza con enfoque desarrollador y en consonancia con la educación médica superior contemporánea.


ABSTRACT Introduction: Pharmacology constitutes the scientific basis for drug therapy addressed in clinical subjects in the Dentistry degree, which justifies its inclusion in the study plans and highlights the importance of its teaching in the aforementioned degree. Objective: to present some essential considerations on the teaching of Pharmacology in the Dentistry degree in Cuba. Methods: the dialectical-materialist method of investigation was assumed as a general method of investigation and in a particular way, the methods of documentary review (of the study plans of the aforementioned degree, analytical programs of Pharmacology and scientific articles published in the SciELO database) , of analysis-synthesis to extract the most relevant and historical-logical aspects. Development: the documentary review carried out allowed the establishment of stages that mark the beginning and development of the teaching of Pharmacology in the Dentistry degree in Cuba; its analysis was carried out taking into account the following indicators: curricular location of the subject and main characteristics of its teaching-learning process. Conclusions: the transition from teaching with a traditional approach to teaching with a developing one according to contemporary higher medical education is revealed as a trend.


Subject(s)
Pharmacology , Students, Dental , Program
7.
Edumecentro ; 13(4): 130-147, 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1345953

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Fundamento: la introducción de las Tecnologías de Información y las Comunicaciones en el proceso enseñanza aprendizaje representa una máxima dentro de las innovaciones. En la carrera de Estomatología, sus herramientas ofrecen muchas opciones para complementar la enseñanza de la asignatura Ortodoncia, lo que unido al aprendizaje derivado de las prácticas en la clínica, contribuye a la formación del futuro profesional. Objetivo: valorar la efectividad de una multimedia sobre crecimiento y desarrollo craneofacial en el proceso enseñanza aprendizaje de los estudiantes de Estomatología. Métodos: se realizó una investigación de desarrollo en la Filial de Ciencias Médicas de Nuevitas en el período de septiembre 2019-enero 2020. Se emplearon métodos teóricos, empíricos y estadísticos matemáticos. Se utilizó el programa eXeLearning 2.3.1 para la elaboración de la multimedia. Resultados: se constataron carencias de medios de enseñanza para la efectividad del proceso enseñanza aprendizaje de la asignatura Ortodoncia en cuarto y quinto años de Estomatología, entre ellas: pocos materiales de estudio, ejercicios, imágenes, vídeos, bibliografía complementaria y juegos; por lo que se diseñó y aplicó una multimedia educativa la que fue valorada por criterios de especialistas y usuarios. Conclusiones: constituyó una herramienta de gran efectividad en el proceso enseñanza aprendizaje de la asignatura ya que contribuyó al desarrollo de habilidades intelectuales, la motivación y la asimilación de contenidos de forma asequible. Fue valorada satisfactoriamente por los especialistas y usuarios quienes destacaron su adecuado diseño, cientificidad y funcionalidad.


ABSTRACT Background: the introduction of Information and Communication Technologies in the teaching-learning process represents a maxim within innovations. In the Dentistry degree, its tools offer many options to complement the teaching of the Orthodontics subject, which together with the learning derived from the practice in the clinic, contributes to the training of the future professional. Objective: to assess the effectiveness of a multimedia on craniofacial growth and development in the teaching-learning process of Dentistry students. Methods: a development investigation was carried out at the Nuevitas Medical Sciences institution in the period from September 2019 to January 2020. Theoretical, empirical and mathematical statistical methods were used. The eXeLearning 2.3.1 program was used to create the multimedia. Results: there were deficiencies in teaching aids for the effectiveness of the teaching-learning process of the Orthodontics subject in the fourth and fifth years of Dentistry, among them: few study materials, exercises, images, videos, complementary bibliography and games; therefore, an educational multimedia was designed and applied, which was evaluated by criteria of specialists and users. Conclusions: it was a highly effective tool in the teaching-learning process of the subject since it contributed to the development of intellectual skills, motivation and the assimilation of content in an affordable way. It was satisfactorily evaluated by specialists and users who highlighted its adequate design, scientificity and functionality.


Subject(s)
Students, Dental , Medical Informatics Applications , Information Technologies and Communication Projects , Learning
8.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 20: e213961, jan.-dez. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1254644

ABSTRACT

Aim: This cross-sectional study aimed to investigate where Brazilian dental students seek information about COVID-19 by a self-administered web-based questionnaire. Methods: A social network campaign on Instagram was raised to approach the target population. The dental students responded to a multiple-response question asking where or with whom they get information about COVID-19. The possible answers were government official websites or health and education institutions websites, TV Programs, professors, social media, scientific articles, health professionals, and family members. The data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, and the frequency distributions of responses were evaluated by gender, age, type of institution, and year of enrollment. Results: A total of 833 valid responses were received. The main source of information used by the dental students were government official websites or health and education institutions websites, which were reported by 739 (88.7%) participants. In the sequence, 477 (57.3%) participants chose health professionals while 468 (56.2%) chose scientific articles as information sources. The use of social media was reported by 451 (54.1%) students, while TV programs were information sources used by 332 (39.9%) students. The least used information sources were professors, reported by 317 (38.1%) students, and family members, chosen only by 65 (7.8%) participants. Conclusion: Brazilian dental students rely on multiple information sources to stay informed about COVID-19, mainly focusing their information-seeking behavior on governmental and health professional's websites


Subject(s)
Schools, Dental , Students, Dental , Surveys and Questionnaires , Information Seeking Behavior , Social Media , COVID-19
9.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 20: e214270, jan.-dez. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1254738

ABSTRACT

There are various instruments to measure attitudes toward persons with disabilities (PwD). The Multidimensional Attitudes Scale (MAS) toward PwD is a three-dimension scale with good psychometric properties; the Spanish version has been validated with a four-factor structure. Aim: To examine the factor structure of a cross-cultural adapted version of the Spanish MAS towards deaf persons in a sample of Chilean dental students. Methods: This cross-sectional study involved five Chilean public health experts that reviewed the scale for obtaining a preliminary version of a 30-item modified MAS towards deaf persons; a pilot with 15 dental students was performed, and a final sample composed of 311 students was included. For the exploratory factor analysis (EFA), maximum likelihood estimation (ML) for determining the number of factors and parallel analysis (PA) was used, with Oblimin for the rotation method. Cronbach's alpha was used to assess reliability. The root mean square error of approximation (RMSEA), comparative fit index (CFI), incremental fit index (IFI), goodness of fit index (GFI), Tucker-Lewis fit index (TLI-NNF) and root mean square of residuals (RMSR) were used to assess model fit. Results: All items had a normal distribution with the exception of items 7 and 10. The four-factor structure without item 10 in this EFA presented an adequate Cronbach's alpha (>0.83), suggesting acceptable reliability. RMSEA, TLI-NNFI, RMSR, GFI and CFI indices suggested a good fit of the model and were consistent with the literature. Conclusion: The Spanish modified version of the MAS towards deaf persons has a four-factor structure, which in consistent with a previous version of the MAS


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Students, Dental , Attitude , Hispanic Americans , Chile , Deafness , Validation Studies as Topic
10.
Rev. ADM ; 78(6): 332-338, nov.-dic. 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1354456

ABSTRACT

Staphylococcus aureus es la especie más común implicada en las enfermedades infecciosas que causan morbilidad y mortalidad a nivel mundial. Posee los genes hla, hlb, hld, hlg, hlg-v que codifican para hemolisinas. Las hemolisinas son reconocidas como un factor de virulencia potencial que ataca a la membrana y produce destrucción de las plaquetas y necrosis. Tienen la capacidad de sobrevivir por largos periodos en superficies inertes como en pantallas de teléfonos móviles. Estudio observacional de tipo transversal descriptivo. Se aislaron en un estudio previo 16 cepas de Staphylococcus aureus a partir de 92 muestras de pantallas de teléfonos móviles de estudiantes de odontología. Se utilizó la técnica de reacción en cadena de la polimerasa para detectar los genes que codifican para hemolisinas. El gen hla se detectó en 75% (12/16) de cepas de Staphylococcus aureus, hlb en 25% (4/16), hld 75% (12/16), hlg 75% (12/16), hlg-v 13% (2/16). Este estudio evidencia el alto porcentaje de cepas virulentas que poseen genes que codifican para hemolisinas en pantallas de teléfonos móviles, lo que puede contribuir a la diseminación de este patógeno. Es imperioso implementar medidas para la desinfección de teléfonos móviles (AU)


Staphylococcus aureus is the most common species implicated in infectious diseases causing morbidity and mortality worldwide. It has the hla, hlb, hld, hlg, hlg-v genes encoding for hemolysins. Hemolysins are recognized as a potential virulence factor that attacks the membrane and causes platelet destruction and necrosis. They have the ability to survive for long periods on inert surfaces such as cell phone screens. Observational descriptive cross-sectional study. Sixteen strains of Staphylococcus aureus were isolated in a previous study from 92 samples of cell phone screens of dental students; the polymerase chain reaction technique was used to detect genes coding for hemolysins. The hla gene was detected in 75% (12/16) of Staphylococcus aureus strains, hlb in 25% (4/16), hld 75% (12/16), hlg 75% (12/16), hlg-v 13 % (2/16). This study evidences the high percentage of virulent strains that possess genes encoding for hemolysins in cell phone screens, which may contribute to the dissemination of this pathogen. It is imperative to implement measures for the disinfection of cell phones (AU)


Subject(s)
Staphylococcus aureus , Students, Dental , Cell Phone , Hemolysin Proteins , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Communicable Diseases , Cross-Sectional Studies , Ecuador , Clinical Coding
11.
Arq. ciências saúde UNIPAR ; 25(3): 237-244, set-out. 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1348220

ABSTRACT

Trata-se de um relato de experiência, que descreve, sob estratégia narrativo-argumentativa, as significâncias político-pedagógicas atreladas ao planejamento estratégico de ações de educação em saúde bucal vivenciadas em um ambiente escolar e experimentadas por acadêmicos estagiários de um curso de Odontologia. Após análise detalhada, algumas inferências se destacaram: o reconhecimento do ambiente escolar como território fértil para o desenvolvimento de ações promotoras de saúde; a efetividade do instrumento "TPC" (Teorizar-Praticar-Criticar) no direcionamento dos acadêmicos estagiários no planejamento estratégico de atividades de educação em saúde bucal; a importância de se disseminar, em espaços científicos, os aprendizados advindos de experimentações práticas de estágios.


This is a report on an experience that describes, under a narrative-argumentative strategy, the political-pedagogical significance linked to the strategic planning of oral health education actions experienced in a school environment and experienced by university trainees from a Dentistry course. After a detailed analysis, some inferences were observed: the recognition of the school environment as a fertile territory for the development of health-promoting actions; the effectiveness of the "TPC" (Theorize-Practice-Criticize) instrument in directing university trainees in the strategic planning of oral health education activities; the importance of disseminating, in scientific spaces, the learning from practical experimentation during internships.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Play and Playthings , Strategic Planning/standards , Health Education, Dental/methods , Oral Hygiene/education , Students, Dental , Training Support/methods , Health Policy, Planning and Management/organization & administration , Oral Health/education , Scientific and Technical Activities , Health Promotion/methods , Learning
12.
Rev. medica electron ; 43(5): 1221-1236, 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1352107

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: las habilidades investigativas se insertan en la formación del profesional de estomatología como una de las dimensiones claves del proceso de formación. Objetivo: evaluar la percepción de los estudiantes acerca del estado actual de desarrollo de las habilidades investigativas en el ciclo clínico de la carrera de Estomatología de la Universidad de Ciencias Médicas de Matanzas. Materiales y métodos: se realizó una investigación descriptiva, de corte transversal, en la que participaron 68 estudiantes de tercer a quinto año, durante la culminación del curso 2018-2019. Fueron seleccionados a través de un muestreo intencional. Se empleó un cuestionario de percepción del dominio de las habilidades relacionadas con el manejo de la información científica, el diseño y ejecución de investigaciones, y el análisis de situación de salud bucal. Resultados: los estudiantes reconocieron tener dominio de la habilidad para el manejo de la información científica y para el análisis de situación de salud bucal. Las acciones menos dominadas fueron la recopilación de información y el diseño de un perfil de proyecto de investigación. La Jornada Científica Estudiantil y el trabajo de curso fueron las vías más empleadas para la divulgación científica. Predominaron los obstáculos externos, seguidos de obstáculos asociados al propio dominio de la habilidad para el diseño y la ejecución de la investigación científica. Conclusión: los estudiantes del ciclo clínico de la carrera de Estomatología reconocen poseer un adecuado dominio de las habilidades investigativas, lo cual contribuye de modo satisfactorio a la formación profesional. No obstante, resulta necesario promover acciones educativas que tributen a las operaciones menos dominadas y estimulen la inserción estudiantil en proyectos de investigación para la sistematización de estas habilidades (AU).


ABSTRACT Introduction: research skills are inserted in the training of the stomatology professional as one of the key dimensions of the training process. Objective: to evaluate the perception of students about the current state of development of research skills in the clinical cycle of the pre-graduate studies of Stomatology of the University of Medical Sciences of Matanzas. Materials and methods: a descriptive, cross-sectional research was carried out, involving 68 third to fifth year students, during the co a descriptive, cross-sectional research was carried out, involving 68 third to fifth year students, during the completion of the 2018-2019 course. They were chosen through intentional sampling. A perception questionnaire was used for the mastering skills related to the management of scientific information, the design and execution of research, and oral health situation analysis. Results: the students recognized to master the ability of handling scientific information and oral health situation analysis. Less mastered actions were the collection of information and the design of a research project profile. The Student Science Day and the course work were the most widely used ways for scientific dissemination. External difficulties predominated, followed by difficulties associated with the own mastery of the ability to design and execute scientific research. Conclusion: the students in the clinical cycle of the pre-grade studies of Stomatology recognize having an adequate mastery of research skills, which contributes satisfactorily to professional training. However, it is necessary to promote educational actions that contribute to the less dominated operations and stimulate the insertion of students in research projects for the systematization of these skills (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Students, Dental , Dental Research/education , Aptitude , Dental Research/methods , Professional Training , Health Information Systems
13.
Rev. cuba. estomatol ; 58(3): e3678, 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1347434

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La COVID-19 ha impactado en diversos ámbitos de la educación superior, por lo que es necesario generar investigaciones que aporten evidencias sobre el tema. Objetivo: Validar una escala para evaluar las percepciones de los estudiantes cubanos de Estomatología sobre el posible impacto académico a causa de la COVID-19. Métodos: Estudio de tipo instrumental y transversal. A partir de un instrumento en español validado en estudiantes de medicina y otros universitarios peruanos, se realizó el primer paso de la validación mediante el criterio de expertos. Luego se desarrolló un análisis factorial exploratorio (AFE) por mínimos cuadrados no ponderados y se calculó la consistencia interna con el Alpha de Cronbach. Resultados: Se incluyó a 159 participantes de los cuales el 60,38 por ciento fueron hombres y la media de la edad fue 21,86 años. Todos los ítems recibieron una evaluación favorable por parte de los expertos (V > 0,70). De la escala inicial, el análisis preliminar sugirió eliminar el ítem 6. La pertinencia del análisis factorial exploratorio se justificó con el índice KMO (0,801) y la prueba de Bartlett (344,8; gl = 15; p = 0,000) cuyos valores fueron aceptables y significativos. Se obtuvo un coeficiente de Cronbach de 0,915 (IC 95 por ciento = 0,90-0,91), lo cual indica que la consistencia del instrumento es buena. Conclusiones: Se validó una escala de factor único que mide la percepción que tienen los estudiantes cubanos de Estomatología acerca de las posibles repercusiones académicas de la COVID-19(AU)


Introduction: COVID-19 pandemic has impacted in different scopes of higher education, that is why is necessary to generate researches that contribute with evidences on this topic. Aim: To validate a scale for evaluating the Cuban dental students' perceptions on the possible academic impact of the COVID-19. Methods: Instrumental and cross-sectional study. Starting from a Spanish language instrument validated in Peruvian medical and other university students, the first step of the validation through the expert's criteria was performed. After, a factorial exploratory analysis (FEA), by not pondered minima squares, was performed and the internal consistency was measured through Alpha of Cronbach. Results : 159 students were suitable for analysis; 60.38 percent were men and the mean age was 21.86 years. All items were evaluated in a favorable way by the expert's criteria. From the initial scale, the preliminary analysis suggested to eliminate the item 6. The relevance of the FEA was justified with the KMO index (0.801) and Bartlett's test (344.8; gl=15; p=0.000) being acceptable and significant. An Alpha of Cronbach's coefficient of 0.915 with a 95 percent confidence interval of 0.90-0.91 was obtained; indicating that the consistency of the instrument is good. Conclusions : A single factor scale measuring Cuban dental students' perception of the possible academic impact of the COVID-19 was validated(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Students, Dental , Factor Analysis, Statistical , Oral Medicine/methods , COVID-19/epidemiology , Confidence Intervals , Cross-Sectional Studies
14.
Rev. Rede cuid. saúde ; 15(1): [57-74], 15/07/2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1282400

ABSTRACT

Os meios de comunicação digitais tornaram-se uma ferramenta amplamente utilizada para fins pessoais e profissionais por grande parte da população. Diante dessa realidade contemporânea, o marketing digital vem trazendo facilidades e vantagens para o cotidiano, sendo considerado uma excelente proposta de divulgaçãopor parte dos cirurgiões-dentistas em busca de melhores resultados na odontologia.Com base nessa perspectiva, o presente estudo avaliou o conhecimento de estudantes de odontologia sobre a importância do marketing digital para o sucesso e bom desenvolvimento na prática odontológica. A coleta de dados foi realizada no Centro Universitário Serra dos Órgãos ­ UNIFESO, localizado no município de Teresópolis-RJ. Participaram do estudo, 151 estudantes devidamente matriculados no 1º ao 5º ano do curso de graduação em odontologia, que responderam um questionário, pré testado, contendo 10 perguntas do tipo objetivas diretas. Com base nos resultados, observou-se respostas consideravelmente proporcionais quando comparadas por diferentes anos da graduação, não demonstrando crescente avanço no conteúdo com o decorrer do curso de graduação, portanto, cabe ressaltar que o assunto precisa ser melhor abordado, devendo ser considerada e analisada essa possibilidade pelas diversas instituições por todo o país.


The digital media became a widely used tool for personal and professional purposes by much of the population. Before this contemporary reality, digital marketing has brought daily facilities and advantages, being considered an excellent proposal of disclosure by dentists in search of better results in dentistry. Based on this perspective, this study evaluated dentistry students knowledge of the importance of digital marketing for success and good development in dental practice. The data collection was performed at the Serra dos Orgãos University Center - UNIFESO, located in the municipality of Teresópolis-RJ. The study included 151 students properly enrolled in the 1st to 5th year of the undergraduate course in dentistry, who answered a pre-testedquestionnairecontaining 10 direct objective questions. Based on the results, it was observed considerably proportional responses when compared for different years of graduation, not demonstrating increasing progress in content over the course of the undergraduate, therefore, it may to stand out that the topic needs to be better approached, this possibility should be considered and analyzed by the various institutions throughout the country.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Young Adult , Students, Dental , Communications Media , Marketing
16.
Educ. med. super ; 35(2): e2246, 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1286224

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Los pacientes de riesgo quirúrgico presentan enfermedades asociadas que deben considerarse durante el tratamiento estomatológico. Investigaciones realizadas revelan la existencia de deficiencias durante la atención estomatológica a este tipo de paciente y que el tema debe ser reforzado durante el pregrado. Objetivos: Exponer las generalidades del curso optativo de atención estomatológica integral al paciente de riesgo quirúrgico y los criterios emitidos por sus participantes. Métodos: Se realizó una investigación descriptiva de corte pedagógico para exponer las características más importantes del curso. Se tuvieron en cuenta las siguientes variables: temas, objetivos, sistema de conocimientos y de habilidades. Se aplicó la técnica de Positivo, Negativo, Interesante a todos los participantes del curso. Resultados: El curso implementado contó con cinco temas: el primero dedicado a las generalidades y las características particulares en la confección de historia clínica; el segundo y tercero, a las enfermedades de riesgo quirúrgico y los tratamientos estomatológicos; el cuarto, al uso de medicamentos para la enfermedad sistémica y las posibles interacciones; y el quinto, a experiencias clínicas. Los estudiantes aportaron criterios positivos, negativos e interesantes. Conclusiones: El curso diseñado ofrece conocimientos y habilidades al estudiante que no se proporcionan en las asignaturas de pregrado, lo cual permite una mejor atención estomatológica integral a los pacientes de riesgo quirúrgico. Los estudiantes participantes del curso optativo aportaron criterios favorables sobre su estructura, pertinencia y valor científico(AU)


Introduction: Surgical risk patients have associated diseases that must be considered during dental treatment. Some research carried out have revealed the existence of deficiencies during dental care for this type of patients, a reason why the issue must be strengthened during undergraduate studies. Objective: To present the generalities of an elective course of comprehensive dental care for patients at surgical risk and the criteria issued by its participants. Methods: A descriptive research with a pedagogical nature was carried out to expose the most important characteristics of the course. The following variables were taken into account: topics, objectives, knowledge system and skills system. The positive-negative-interesting technique was applied to all the course participants. Results: The implemented course had five topics: the first was dedicated to generalities and particular characteristics in the preparation of a clinical record; the second and third courses, to surgical risk diseases and dental treatments; the fourth course, to the use of drugs for systemic diseases and possible interactions; and the fifth, to clinical experiences. The students provided positive, negative and interesting criteria. Conclusions: The designed course offers knowledge and skills to the student that are not provided in undergraduate subjects, which allows better comprehensive dental care to patients at surgical risk. The students participating in the elective course provided favorable criteria about the course's structure, relevance and scientific value(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Surgical Procedures, Operative/education , Risk , Students, Dental , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Comprehensive Dental Care
18.
Rev. ADM ; 78(3): 128-134, mayo-jun. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1254363

ABSTRACT

La enfermedad de COVID-19 es causada por el nuevo coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 (síndrome respiratorio agudo severo), convertida hoy en día en una pandemia, emergencia sanitaria y crisis de salud pública. El propósito de este estudio fue evaluar el conocimiento, la percepción y actitudes frente a dicha pandemia de en los estudiantes y pasantes de odontología. Material y métodos: Investigación cuantitativa con diseño transversal, descriptivo y exploratorio. El tamaño de la muestra fue de 167 participantes a través de encuestas en línea, donde se describieron sus actitudes, conocimiento y percepción, por medio de un cuestionario de autorreporte el cual consistió de 24 ítems relacionados con la comprensión de la COVID-19. Resultados: La mayoría de los discípulos tiene un entendimiento moderado en relación con la normatividad, y su competencia, en su entorno con dicho trastorno viral, es adecuada. La mayoría (89.5%) respondieron tener actitudes adecuadas con el manejo del control de infecciones y prevenciones. En cuestión a la percepción, la mayoría (82.4%) sí tenía medidas de prevención a fin de evitar la transmisión y medicación adecuadas. Conclusión: Estos estudiantes están conscientes de la COVID-19 y sus medidas de prevención y precaución, requieren adquirir mayores saberes de normas sanitarias, así como llevar estrictos protocolos de control de infecciones para garantizar el ambiente seguro a los alumnos y pacientes que acuden a las clínicas odontológicas (AU)


The COVID-19 disease is caused by the new coronavirus SARS-CoV-2, which today has become a pandemic, health emergency, and public health crisis. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the knowledge, perception and attitudes towards such pandemic in dental students and interns. Material and methods: Quantitative research with a crosssectional, descriptive and exploratory design. The sample size was 167 participants through online surveys, where attitudes, knowledge and perception were described, through a self-report questionnaire which consisted of 24 items related to their knowledge of this malaise. Results: The majority of study participants have a moderate knowledge in relation to the normativity, and the knowledge of the disease in their environment is adequate. The majority (89.5%) responded having adequate attitudes with the management of infection control and prevention. Regarding perception, the majority (82.4%) did have adequate medication and preventive measures to avoid transmission. Conclusion: These students are aware of the COVID-19 sickness and its prevention and precaution measures and they require acquiring greater knowledge of health regulations as well as carrying out strict infection control protocols to guarantee a safe environment for students and patients who attend dental clinics (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Students, Dental/psychology , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Coronavirus Infections , Schools, Dental , Training Support , Communicable Disease Control , Public Health Dentistry , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Statistical Analysis , Surveys and Questionnaires , Infection Control, Dental , Dental Offices/standards , SARS-CoV-2 , Mexico
19.
Rev. ADM ; 78(3): 155-161, mayo-jun. 2021. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1254703

ABSTRACT

Las tecnologías en la educación son un conjunto de recursos, procesos y herramientas de la información y comunicación aplicadas a las actividades del sistema educativo para favorecer el proceso de enseñanzaaprendizaje. Las técnicas de enseñanza-aprendizaje convencionales sufrieron un cambio drástico tras la pandemia por COVID-19 y la educación odontológica se ha visto seriamente afectada. Si bien la práctica clínica de los estudiantes de odontología no puede ser sustituida por ningún motivo, existen múltiples herramientas, aplicaciones y plataformas digitales que permiten a los profesores impartir y diseñar cursos a distancia para favorecer el aprendizaje y la interiorización de conocimiento por parte de sus alumnos. El objetivo del presente artículo es explicar las diferentes tecnologías educativas existentes y la forma en cómo estas pueden ser aplicadas en el proceso de enseñanzaaprendizaje en odontología (AU)


Technology in education is a set of information and communication resources, processes and tools applied to the activities of the educational system to favor the teaching-learning process. Conventional learning teaching techniques underwent a drastic change after the COVID-19 pandemic, and dental education has been significantly affected. Although the clinical practice of dental students cannot be replaced for any reason, there are multiple tools, applications and digital platforms that allow teachers to teach and design distance courses to promote learning and internalization of knowledge by students. The aim of this article is to explain the different existing educational technologies and how these can be applied in the teaching-learning process in dentistry (AU)


Subject(s)
Students, Dental , Educational Technology , Education, Dental , COVID-19 , Teaching Care Integration Services , Education, Distance/methods , Internet , Curriculum/trends , Social Networking
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