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1.
Rev. habanera cienc. méd ; 20(4): e2929, 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1289622

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Ingresar a la universidad implica múltiples cambios que repercuten en el estado nutricional y pueden condicionar la aparición de enfermedades crónicas no transmisibles al futuro. Objetivo: Comparar el estado nutricional de las estudiantes de Nutrición y Dietética de México y Colombia mediante mediciones antropométricas y el consumo de alimentos. Material y Métodos: Se efectuó un estudio descriptivo, exploratorio, multidimensional de tipo transversal; con un tamaño de la muestra de 583 estudiantes elegidos aleatoriamente en centros universitarios de Colombia y México. Se aplicó una encuesta que indagó sobre el consumo de alimentos y el estilo de vida de las estudiantes, la toma de datos antropométricos se realizó de manera presencial mediante la técnica The International Society for the Advancement of Kinanthropometry (ISAK). Se emplearon las técnicas estadísticas: test de comparación de proporciones, MANOVA y distribuciones de frecuencias. Resultados: Se presentó mayor carga genética para diabetes mellitus, hipertensión arterial, cáncer y obesidad en las estudiantes mexicanas; quienes reportaron más sobrepeso y enfermedades gastrointestinales. El consumo frecuente de queso entero, huevo, grasas saturadas y poliinsaturadas, azúcares y dulces, y productos fritos fue mayor en las colombianas; mientras que el consumo de queso bajo en grasa, leguminosas y mezclas vegetales, grasas monoinsaturadas, salsas, frutas, verduras y hortalizas, nueces y semillas, enlatados y bebidas alcohólicas, fue superior en las mexicanas. Conclusiones: Se reportan cambios alimenticios desde el ingreso a la carrera, lo cual es un factor protector para el desarrollo de enfermedades crónicas no trasmisibles(AU)


Introduction: Entering the university implies multiple changes that affect the nutritional status and can condition the appearance of chronic non-communicable diseases in the future. Objective: To compare the nutritional status of Nutrition and Dietetics students from Mexico and Colombia through anthropometric measurements and food consumption. Material and Methods: Through the application of a survey, the food consumption and lifestyle of the students were investigated. The anthropometric data collection was carried out using the techniques adopted by The International Society for the Advancement of Kinanthropometry (ISAK). With the data obtained, a descriptive, exploratory, multidimensional and cross-sectional study was carried out. The sample size was 583 students randomly chosen from university centers in Colombia and Mexico. The statistical techniques used included: comparison test for proportions, MANOVA and frequency distributions. Results: There was a higher genetic load for diabetes mellitus, arterial hypertension, cancer and obesity in Mexican students who reported more overweight and gastrointestinal diseases. The frequent consumption of whole cheese, eggs, saturated and polyunsaturated fats, sugars and sweets and fried products was higher in Colombian women while the consumption of low-fat cheese, legumes and vegetable mixtures, monounsaturated fats, sauces, fruits, vegetables, nuts and seeds, canned goods and alcoholic beverages was higher in Mexican women, presenting a significant difference (p <0.05). Conclusions: Dietary changes are reported from the beginning of the studies, which is a protective factor for the development of non-communicable chronic diseases. There must be consistency among knowledge, eating practices and lifestyle to maintain health and achieve greater credibility of the knowledge imparted(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Students/statistics & numerical data , Dietetics , Nutritional Sciences , Nutritional Status/physiology , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Colombia , Eating/physiology , Alcohol Drinking in College , Mexico
2.
Gac. méd. Méx ; 157(2): 127-132, mar.-abr. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1279091

ABSTRACT

Resumen Objetivo: Conocer la prevalencia de las conductas exposición y protección solar en un grupo de adolescentes y compararlos con un grupo de adultos en la Ciudad de México. Material y métodos: Estudio transversal descriptivo en estudiantes de 16 a 18 años y en adultos mayores de 18 años. Resultados: Se encuestaron 748 alumnos, 60 % mujeres y 40 % hombres. El 90 % busca la sombra, el 70.1 % evita exponerse al sol de las 10 a las 16 horas y el 30.6 % usa filtro solar. De 620 adultos, 67.5 % mujeres y 32.4 % hombres, el 82.6 % buscan la sombra, el 60.2 % evita el sol de las 10 a las 16 horas y el 48.1 % utiliza filtro solar. El 72.9 % de adultos y el 80.8 % de adolescentes se exponen al sol debido a actividades domésticas. Discusión: Existe una tendencia similar en las conductas de protección y exposición solar en adolescentes y adultos. Es alta la prevalencia de uso de fotoprotector en adultos en comparación con los adolescentes.


Abstract Objective: To know the prevalence of sun exposure and protection behaviors in a group of adolescents and to compare them with a group of adults in Mexico City. Material and methods: Descriptive, cross-sectional study in students aged 16 to 18 years and in adults older than 18 years. Results: Seven-hundred and forty-eight students were surveyed; 60 % were females and 40 % males; 90 % seek shade, 70.1 % avoid exposing themselves to the sun from 10.00 to 16.00 hours and 30.6 % use sunscreen. Out of 620 adults, 67.5 % were women and 32.4 % were men; 82.6 % seek shade, 60.2 % avoid the sun from 10.00 to 16.00 hours and 48.1% use sunscreen; 72.9 % of adults and 80.8 % of adolescents are exposed to the sun due to domestic activities. Discussion: There is a similar trend in sun protection and exposure behaviors in adolescents and adults. The prevalence of sunscreen use in adults is high in comparison with adolescents.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Radiation Protection/methods , Sunlight/adverse effects , Sunscreening Agents/administration & dosage , Health Behavior , Students/statistics & numerical data , Time Factors , Cross-Sectional Studies , Health Surveys , Age Factors , Mexico
3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888613

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Suicidal behaviors are seriously social issues among adolescents in the world. Exposed to smoking and being bullied are risk factors of suicidal behaviors. The present study was aimed to examine the interaction of smoking and being bullied on suicidal behaviors among Chinese adolescents.@*METHODS@#A total of 18,900 students were involved in the questionnaire study, in four cities of China from November 2017 to January 2018. Suicidal behaviors, smoking, and being bullied were measured by self-reported validated instruments. Chi-square tests and logistic regression were used to analyze the associations of suicidal ideation (SI)/suicidal plan (SP)/suicidal attempt (SA), smoking, and being bullied.@*RESULTS@#The prevalence of smoking, being bullied, SI/SP/SA, were 3.1%, 20.6%, 26.4%, 13.2%, and 5.2% respectively. Interaction analysis indicated that being bullied was associated with a greater increase in the likelihood of suicidal behaviors for adolescents with smoking than for those without smoking.@*CONCLUSIONS@#These finding suggest that smoking exacerbates the association between being bullied and suicidal behaviors. Future research should explore how and why smoking appears to more bully-victims than for those without smoking and how to mitigate it.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adolescent Behavior/psychology , Bullying/psychology , Child , China/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Humans , Prevalence , Smoking/psychology , Students/statistics & numerical data , Suicidal Ideation
4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888607

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Childhood adversities pose deleterious consequences on health and well-being, but limited studies explore whether unique patterns of adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) impact the mental health of emerging adults and the mediating role of current stressful events (CSEs). This study examined classes of ACEs and how they relate to CSEs, psychological distress, and subjective well-being among Eritrean College undergraduates.@*METHODS@#Cross-sectional data on ACEs, CSEs, symptoms of psychological distress, and subjective well-being were collected from a national sample of college students (N = 507). We identified ACE patterns using latent class analysis and further examined whether CSEs mediated the effects of ACE classes on psychological distress and subjective well-being.@*RESULTS@#86.4% of the sample experienced at least one ACE. Collective violence, domestic violence, and physical abuse were the most common ACEs. Three subgroups, low ACEs (66.3%), household violence (19.1%), and multiple ACEs (14.6%) were identified. We found that relative to low ACEs, household violence (β = 0.142, 95% CI 0.046, 0.248) and multiple ACEs (β = 0.501, 95% CI 0.357, 0.666) indirectly influenced psychological distress through CSEs, and CSEs mediated the relationships between household violence (β = -0.096, 95% CI -0.176, -0.033), multiple ACEs (β = -0.338, 95% CI -0.498, -0.210), and subjective well-being. However, there were nonsignificant relative direct effects of ACE patterns on both psychological distress and subjective well-being.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Experiencing multiple ACEs and household violence in conjunction with CSEs significantly predict psychological distress and subjective well-being. Contextual interventions for the early identification of ACEs and the management of CSEs may play a crucial role in the prevention of mental health problems.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Adverse Childhood Experiences/statistics & numerical data , Cross-Sectional Studies , Female , Health Status , Humans , Latent Class Analysis , Male , Mental Health/statistics & numerical data , Models, Psychological , Prevalence , Stress, Psychological/psychology , Students/statistics & numerical data , Universities , Young Adult
5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922204

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Substance abuse is a worldwide problem that primarily affects adolescents, resulting in chronic health complications as well as psychosocial challenges and economic losses. However, the magnitude of the problem and the factors that contribute to it are not well studied in Ethiopia, particularly in the study area. As a result, this study was carried out to determine the prevalence and associated factors of substance use among preparatory school students in the Kolfe-Keraniyo sub-city of Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.@*METHODOLOGY@#An institution-based cross-sectional study of 383 randomly selected preparatory school students in the Kolfe-Keraniyo sub-city was conducted. The data were gathered using a pretested self-administered structured questionnaire. Multivariable binary logistic regression analysis was employed to identify factors associated with substance use based on the adjusted odds ratio (AOR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) with p values less than 0.05.@*RESULT@#This study revealed that the lifetime prevalence of substance use among preparatory students in Kolfe-Keraniyo sub-city, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, was 26.5% (95% CI, 22.2, 30.7%). Specifically, 16% drunk alcohol, 9.6% smoked cigarette, and 9.4% chewed khat. The 16.3% were current users, of which 8.3% were drinkers, 6.4% were smokers, and 5.9% were khat chewers. Substance use was significantly associated with being male (AOR, 3.3; 95% CI, 1.284, 8.613), having alcohol drinking family member (AOR, 4.0; 95% CI, 1.704, 9.196), having khat chewing family member (AOR, 2.87; 95% CI, 1.161, 7.070), poor school substance use controlling rule (AOR, 6.64; 95% CI, 1.863, 23.687), availability of substance retailing shops in residential areas (AOR, 2.9; CI, 1.303, 6.606), strong relationship with parents (AOR, 0.005; 95% CI, 0.001, 0.026), and being member of school mini-media (AOR, 0.177; 95% CI, 0.048, 0.657).@*CONCLUSION@#According to the findings of this study, one-quarter of the study participants were substance users. Alcohol, khat, and cigarettes were all commonly used substances. Gender, parent-child relationship, family member substance use history, school substance use controlling rules, school mini-media and pro-social involvement, and the availability of substance retailing shops were all strongly associated with substance use. Strengthening school rules on substance use, controlling substance retailing shops near schools and residential areas, and providing students with health education are all strategies for reducing substance use among students.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Cross-Sectional Studies , Ethiopia/epidemiology , Female , Humans , Male , Prevalence , Risk Factors , Schools , Students/statistics & numerical data , Substance-Related Disorders/epidemiology , Surveys and Questionnaires , Young Adult
6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880351

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#School closure is one of the main policies of global health care strategies performed worldwide. Despite all benefits, there might be some threats for younger groups spending their time in quarantine. This study aims to determine the impacts of lockdown and school closure on children's major lifestyle aspects, especially their leisure and sleep pattern during the COVID-19 pandemic.@*METHODS@#For the purpose of this study, an online questionnaire was distributed from 14th to 31st of March 2020 among the schools and students from the first grade to the 12th grade (before university) in Fars province, southern Iran. The questionnaire consisted of five sections which included data regarding the students' general information, activity priorities, adherence to quarantine, attitude toward school closure, and sleep patterns.@*RESULTS@#In our study, 20,697 filled questionnaires were received from the participants with an average age of 13.76 years; 29.7% of them were male, 80.6% were from urban areas, and 83.3% were from public schools. The overall first preference of students during school closure was mobile and computer games (30.1%), followed by studying (26.6%) and watching television (13.8%). Our results demonstrated that the majority of students adhered to social distancing and there was also a significant correlation among education levels and desire for schools to be closed till the end of the semester (P = 0.015). Also, regarding sleep patterns, the majority (53.5%) had above 12 h of sleep throughout the day.@*CONCLUSION@#It seems that lockdown following COVID-19 pandemic has changed various aspects of the students' lifestyle remarkably, especially by increasing screen time and even sleep duration and pattern. We believe that certain strategies should be implemented by the Health and Educational Ministry to control not only the visible side effects of the quarantine period, but also the collateral consequences on their psychological and mental health.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , COVID-19/psychology , Child , Female , Humans , Iran/epidemiology , Life Style , Male , Quarantine/statistics & numerical data , SARS-CoV-2 , Schools , Sleep Hygiene , Students/statistics & numerical data , Surveys and Questionnaires
7.
J. Phys. Educ. (Maringá) ; 32: e3215, 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1250178

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT This study aimed to analyze the perceptions of self-efficacy (SE) of university students of Physical Education from a public institution of higher education, relating the perception to personal, academic and professional characteristics. A total of 246 students undergraduate in courses of Physical Education participated in the study. The results obtained in the characterization form and in the Self-efficacy Scale in Higher Education were analyzed in the SPSS program by means of descriptive statistics (absolute and relative frequencies, median) and inferential (Chi-square, Adjusted Residues, Cramer's V). In general, the evidence revealed associations between student (general, academic, regulatory, proactive, social, and management) dimensions and the receipt of research and monitoring scholarships (non-scholarship <scholarship), gender (female> Male) and the presence of an employment relationship (yes> no). The predominance of lower AE scores, regardless of the stage of the student's education, as well as the apparent lack of impact of extension scholarships on student AE levels indicate the need to deepen student development throughout the course , as well as the implementation of the projects and activities of the scholarship extension students in the investigated institution.


RESUMO Este estudo buscou analisar as percepções de autoeficácia (AE) de estudantes universitários de Educação Física de uma instituição pública de Ensino Superior, relacionando-as com as características pessoais, acadêmicas e profissionais. Participaram da investigação 246 estudantes regularmente matriculados nos cursos de Licenciatura e de Bacharelado em Educação Física. Os resultados obtidos na ficha de caracterização e na Escala de Autoeficácia no Ensino Superior foram analisados no programa SPSS, por meio de estatística descritiva (frequências absoluta e relativa, mediana) e inferencial (Qui-quadrado, Resíduos Ajustados, V de Cramer). Em geral, as evidências revelaram associações entre as dimensões da AE discente (geral, acadêmica, regulação, proativa, social e gestão) e o recebimento de bolsas de pesquisa e de monitoria (não bolsista<bolsista), o sexo (masculino<feminino) e a presença de vínculo empregatício (sim>não). A predominância de menores escores de AE, independentemente da etapa da formação em que o estudante se encontra e a aparente falta de impacto das bolsas de extensão sobre os níveis de AE discente indicam a necessidade de aprofundar o desenvolvimento dos estudantes ao longo do curso, bem como a implementação dos projetos e atuação dos estudantes bolsistas de extensão na instituição investigada.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Students/statistics & numerical data , Self Efficacy , Education, Higher , Physical Education and Training , Sports/education , Universities/statistics & numerical data , Projects , Fellowships and Scholarships/statistics & numerical data
8.
Psicol. reflex. crit ; 34: 10, 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1287698

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: To identify readers who are struggling or at risk of reading difficulties, reference standards in oral reading fluency (ORF) are used to conduct an assessment that is based on a widely reported method known as curriculum-based measurement (CBM), which itself is based on 1-min fluency measures. The purpose of this study was to evaluate students' ORF (with a 1-min fluency measure) to characterize their fluency and to determine references of appropriate development in reading at the 50th percentile. Method: For this study, a database of readings made available by the Learning Studies Research Laboratory was used. This database consisted of 365 readings by elementary-school students from the third to fifth grades in two cities in the interior of the state of São Paulo from two different public school systems that use the same teaching methodology. The data consisted of digital audio recordings of the passage "The Umbrella" (text suitable for schooling levels) of the Protocol for Assessment of Reading Comprehension procedure. For this procedure, three steps were performed: step 1—listening to the 365 readings and assessing the scores for the number of words read correctly per minute; step 2—the calculation of the mean and percentiles for each grade; and step 3—the adaptation of the reference table to indicate students eligible to receive reading fluency intervention. Results: Third-year students who correctly read 86 or more words per minute, fourth-year students who correctly read 104 or more words per minute, and fifth-year students who correctly read 117 or more words per minute were considered students who had made adequate progress in reading. Conclusion: It was possible to classify students based on the 1-min fluency measures, with reference intervals of words read correctly per minute per school year (for the third, fourth, and fifth years) for those who were making adequate progress in reading and reference intervals for those who were considered readers who were struggling or at risk of reading difficulties.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Reading , Students/statistics & numerical data , Educational Measurement/methods , Brazil , Curriculum , Education, Primary and Secondary , Learning Disabilities
9.
Epidemiol. serv. saúde ; 30(1): e2020108, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1154133

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Analisar a associação entre dor dentária, uso de serviços odontológicos e absenteísmo escolar em adolescentes brasileiros. Métodos: Estudo transversal, sobre dados da Pesquisa Nacional de Saúde do Escolar (PeNSE 2015). A variável dependente do estudo foi o absenteísmo escolar por motivo de saúde nos últimos 12 meses. Características socioeconômicas, dor dentária e utilização de serviços odontológicos foram as variáveis independentes avaliadas. Empregou-se regressão logística, para estimar odds ratio (OR) e respectivos intervalos de confiança de 95% (IC95%). Resultados: Foram incluídos 102.072 escolares. A prevalência de absenteísmo por motivo de saúde foi de 53,7% (IC95% 53,2;54,3). Pela análise ajustada, houve associação entre dor dentária e absenteísmo (OR=1,35 - IC95% 1,26;1,45), e aumento na ocorrência de absenteísmo conforme o maior número de consultas odontológicas. Conclusão: Os resultados sugerem que a dor dentária e a frequência de consultas odontológicas podem estar relacionadas ao absenteísmo escolar.


Objetivo: Analizar la asociación entre dolor dental, el uso de servicios dentales y el absentismo escolar en adolescentes brasileños. Métodos: Estudio transversal con datos de la Encuesta Nacional de Salud Escolar (PeNSE 2015). La variable dependiente del estudio fue el absentismo escolar por razones de salud en los últimos 12 meses. Características socioeconómicas, dolor dental y frecuencia del uso de los servicios dentales fueron las variables independientes evaluadas. La regresión logística se usó para estimar los odds ratio (OR) e intervalos de confianza del 95% (IC95%). Resultados: Se incluyeron datos de 102.072 estudiantes. La prevalencia de absentismo por razones de salud fue del 53,7% (IC95% 53,2; 54,3). En el análisis ajustado, hubo una asociación entre el dolor dental y el absentismo escolar (OR=1,35; - IC95% 1,26; 1,45), y un aumento del absentismo según el mayor número de consultas dentales. Conclusión: Los resultados sugieren que el dolor dental y la frecuencia de las visitas al dentista pueden estar relacionados con el absentismo escolar.


Objective: To analyze association between dental pain, use of dental services and school absenteeism in Brazilian adolescents. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study with data from the National School Health Survey (PeNSE 2015). The study's dependent variable was school absenteeism due to health reasons in the last 12 months. Socioeconomic characteristics, dental pain and use of dental services were the independent variables evaluated. Logistic regression was used to estimate odds ratios (OR) and respective 95% confidence intervals (95%CI). Results: Data on 102,072 schoolchildren were included. Absenteeism prevalence due to health reasons was 53.7% (95%CI 53.2;54.3). In the adjusted analysis, there was association between dental pain and school absenteeism (OR=1.35 - 95%CI 1.26;1.45), and an increase in absenteeism occurrence the greater the number of dental visits. Conclusion: The results suggest that dental pain and frequency of dental visits may be related to school absenteeism.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Adolescent , Oral Health , Student Health , Dental Health Services/statistics & numerical data , Absenteeism , Students/statistics & numerical data , Toothache , Brazil , Dental Care/statistics & numerical data
10.
Rev. Nutr. (Online) ; 34: e200067, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1155464

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective To quantify the prevalence and related factors to the risk of anorexia and bulimia nervosa in undergraduate students at a private university in Bogotá, Colombia. Methods A cross-sectional study, which evaluated the frequency of food consumption, physical activity (International Physical Activity Questionnaire, short form), the risk of anorexia and bulimia nervosa (Sick, Control, One, Fat, and Food questionnaire) and demographic variables. The statistical analysis used a multivariate logistic regression model, where the outcome was the yes/no risk of anorexia or bulimia nervosa. Results A total of 1,545 university students participated. The average age was 19.2 years (+/-2.5), 65.7% were women, and 63.9% came from Bogotá. The risk of anorexia and bulimia nervosa was 27.6%. In the logistic regression, the risk was associated with female sex (OR 1.6 CI95% 1.2 to 2.1), daily consumption of cereals (OR 0.7 CI95% 0.6 to 0.9), daily fat consumption (OR 1.5 CI95% 1.1 to 2.1), eat light products (OR 1.8 CI95% 1.1 to 2.9), consume protein supplements (OR 0.4 CI95% 0.2 to 0.8), being in disagreement with physical activity for fun (OR 1.8 CI95% 1.1 to 3.1), and physical activity by appearance (OR 2.2 CI95% 1.6 to 2.9). Conclusions The prevalence of risk to anorexia and bulimia nervosa in the study sample is high. The associated factors were the consumption of cereals, fat, light products, and protein supplements. Physical activity by appearance and disagreement to do exercise by fun were associated with the risk of anorexia and bulimia nervosa. So it is recommended that universities implement awareness and education interventions to address this problem.


RESUMO Objetivo Quantificar a prevalência e os fatores relacionados ao risco de anorexia e bulimia nervosa em estudantes de graduação de uma universidade particular de Bogotá, Colômbia. Métodos Estudo transversal, que avaliou a frequência de consumo alimentar, atividade física (ferramenta (Questionário Internacional de Atividade Física, versão curta), risco de anorexia e bulimia nervosa (Questionário de doença, controle, um, gordura e comida) e variáveis demográficas. A análise estatística utilizou um modelo de regressão logística multivariada, em que o resultado foi o risco sim / não de anorexia ou bulimia nervosa. Resultados Participaram 1.545 estudantes universitários. A idade média era de 19,2 anos (+/- 2,5), 65,7% eram mulheres e 63,9% eram de Bogotá. O risco de anorexia e bulimia nervosa foi de 27,6%. Na regressão logística, o risco foi associado ao sexo feminino (OR 1,6 IC95% 1,2 a 2,1), consumo diário de cereais (OR 0,7 IC95% 0,6 a 0,9), consumo diário de gordura (OR 1,5 IC95% 1,1 a 2,1), comer produtos leves (OR 1,8 IC95% 1,1 a 2,9), consomem suplementos proteicos (OR 0,4 IC95% 0,2 a 0,8), discordam de atividade física para se divertir (OR 1,8 IC95% 1,1 a 3,1) e atividade física pela aparência (OR 2,2 CI95% 1,6 a 2,9). Conclusão A prevalência de risco para anorexia e bulimia nervosa na amostra do estudo é alta. Os fatores associados foram o consumo de cereais, gorduras, produtos light e suplementos proteicos. A atividade física pela aparência e a discordância para fazer exercício pela diversão estiveram associadas ao risco de anorexia e bulimia nervosa. Portanto, é recomendado que as universidades implementem intervenções de conscientização e educação para resolver esse problema.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Students/statistics & numerical data , Anorexia Nervosa/epidemiology , Bulimia Nervosa/epidemiology , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Risk Factors , Colombia/epidemiology
11.
Rev. Pesqui. (Univ. Fed. Estado Rio J., Online) ; 13: 1089-1094, jan.-dez. 2021. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1252967

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: analisar o conhecimento e crenças sobre as infecções sexualmente transmissíveis entre universitários do curso de engenharia. Método: pesquisa descritiva, transversal, quantitativa, realizada em universidade privada no Rio de Janeiro. Selecionou-se uma amostra de 170 estudantes do curso de engenharia. Os achados foram organizados e analisados com emprego da estatística descritiva. Resultados: houve predomínio do sexo masculino (86,47%); idades de 18-23 anos (78,83%); solteiros (60%); sem filhos (97,06%); moram com os pais (76,47%). Não utilizam preservativo de forma contínua (62,25%), mas acreditam ser pouco possível adquirir infecções (42,35%). Apresentam conhecimento insuficiente sobre as infecções (77,65%); reconhecendo as mais divulgadas pela mídia. Conclusão: a maioria dos estudantes reconhece a importância do preservativo, mas não usa regularmente. Os jovens apresentam conhecimentos insuficientes e crenças que colocam em risco a sua saúde sexual


Objective: to analyze the knowledge and beliefs about sexually transmitted infections among university students in the engineering course. Method: descriptive, transversal, quantitative research carried out at a private university in Rio de Janeiro. A sample of 170 students from the engineering course was selected. The findings were organized and analyzed using descriptive statistics. Results: there was a predominance of males (86,47%); ages 18 to 23 years (78,83%); singles (60%); without children (97,06%); live with their parents (76,47%). They not use condoms continuously (62,25%); but they believe it is not possible to acquire infections (42,35%). They have insufficient knowledge about infections (77,65%), recognizing the most widely disseminated by the media. Conclusion: most students recognize the importance of condoms, but do not use them regularly. Young people have insufficient knowledge and beliefs that put their sexual health at risk


Objetivo: analizar el conocimiento y las creencias sobre las infecciones de transmisión sexual entre estudiantes universitarios en el curso de ingeniería. Método: investigación descriptiva, transversal y cuantitativa realizada en una universidad privada de Río de Janeiro. Se seleccionó una muestra de 170 estudiantes del curso de ingeniería. Los hallazgos se organizaron y analizaron mediante estadística descriptiva. Resultados: predominó el sexo masculino (86.47%); edades 18 a 23 años (78.83%); solteros (60%); sin hijos (97,06%); viven con sus padres (76.47%). No usan condones continuamente (62.25%), pero creen que no es posible adquirir infecciones (42.35%). Tienen un conocimiento insuficiente sobre las infecciones (77,65%); reconociendo lo más publicitado por los medios de comunicación. Conclusión: la mayoría de los estudiantes reconoce la importancia de los condones, pero no los usa regularmente. Los jóvenes tienen conocimientos y creencias insuficientes que ponen en riesgo su salud sexual


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Young Adult , Students/statistics & numerical data , Sexually Transmitted Diseases/prevention & control , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Education, Higher , Engineering , Universities , Risk Factors , Condoms , Sexual Health
12.
Braz. j. infect. dis ; 24(1): 51-57, Feb. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1089332

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: Vaccines are well-established public health interventions with major impacton the prevalence of infectious diseases, but outbreaks are occurring frequently due to pri-mary and secondary failures, despite high coverage. Surveillance of efficacy and duration ofinduced immunity is a difficult task as it requires invasive blood sampling in children andteenagers. Saliva can be an acceptable alternative source of IgG to assess vaccine efficacyand toxoplasmosis incidence. We investigated IgG response for measles, mumps, rubella,and T. gondii in saliva samples of vaccinated young people. Methods: Saliva was collected from 249 public schools students from São Paulo, Brazil, aged7 to 13 years old, during an interactive exhibition on hygiene. We used S. aureus proteinA solid phase capture assay for IgG reactive to biotinylated purified proteins. Paired salivaand serum (47) were tested from young adults with serum evidence of T. gondii infectionand from negative children less than 12 month old for standardization. Reproducibility wasgreater than 98% and sensitivity and specificity of the saliva assays were greater than 95%,as well as the concordance of paired saliva and serum samples. Results: Saliva from high school students showed a prevalence of 8.5% (95% CI: 5.0-11.9%)for anti T. gondii IgG; 96.8% (94.6-99%) of anti-measles IgG; 59.1% (53-65%) of anti-rubella IgG,and 57.5% (51.3-63.6%) of anti-mumps IgG. Discussion: The prevalence of antibodies against mumps and rubella after 6-8 years of vaccination was lower than against measles among students. The findings of this study demonstrate the feasibility of saliva sampling for follow-up of vaccine immune status in teenagers. This useful approach allows for IgG detection for vaccine control or epidemio- logical studies.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Saliva/immunology , Students/statistics & numerical data , Immunoglobulin G/analysis , Antibodies, Protozoan/analysis , Measles-Mumps-Rubella Vaccine/immunology , Antibodies, Viral/analysis , Reference Values , Rubella/immunology , Rubella/prevention & control , Brazil , Immunoglobulin G/immunology , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Toxoplasmosis/immunology , Toxoplasmosis/prevention & control , ROC Curve , Immunoenzyme Techniques , Measles/immunology , Measles/prevention & control , Mumps/immunology , Mumps/prevention & control
13.
Rev. saúde pública (Online) ; 54: 120, 2020. tab
Article in English | SES-SP, LILACS, BBO, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1145057

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE: To analyze knowledge, attitudes and practices of university adolescents about syphilis. METHODS: Cross-sectional, analytical, census-type study, developed with the universe of adolescents aged 18 and 19 years (n = 598), enrolled in three institutions of higher education in a municipality of Piauí (n = 598), which total 20 courses in the areas of Health Sciences, Applied Social Sciences, Exact and Earth, Engineering and Linguistics, Letters and Art. Data collection occurred from March to May 2019, based on a questionnaire adapted from the Pesquisa de Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Práticas da População Brasileira of 2013 (PCAP - Survey of Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices in the Brazilian Population), consisting of questions related to sociodemographic variables (gender, family arrangement, father's schooling, mother's schooling, skin color or race, employment, household income), knowledge, attitude and practice regarding the disease, the last three being classified by scores. The variables that presented p ≤ 0.20 in the bivariate analysis, by Pearson's chi-square test, were included in three multivariate logistic models, and the outcomes in each model were knowledge, attitude and practice, respectively; remaining at the end those at the level of p < 0.05. RESULTS: Boys have a 39.6% lower chance of having adequate/regular knowledge (ORa = 0.604; 95%CI 0.415-0.878), whereas the highest chances are associated with "living alone, with relatives and friends" (ORa = 4.567; 95%CI 1.417-14.719) and having a very positive/positive attitude (ORa = 6.937; 95%CI 4.562-10.550). Lower chances of an adequate practice are associated with boys (ORa = 0.480; 95%CI 0.301-0.766) and lower father's schooling (ORa = 0.440; 95%CI 0.241-0.806). CONCLUSION: Most participants' knowledge and attitude regarding syphilis were not sufficient to the adoption of an adequate sexual practice for the prevention of the disease, showing the need to investigate other variables that may be implicated in this cognitive incoherence.


RESUMO OBJETIVO: Analisar conhecimentos, atitudes e práticas de adolescentes universitários sobre a sífilis. MÉTODOS: Estudo transversal, analítico, do tipo censitário, desenvolvido com o universo de adolescentes de 18 e 19 anos (n = 598), matriculados em três instituições de ensino superior presencial em município do Piauí (n = 598), que juntas totalizam 20 cursos nas áreas de Ciências da Saúde, Sociais Aplicadas, Exatas e da Terra, Engenharias e Linguística, Letras e Arte. A coleta de dados ocorreu de março a maio de 2019, a partir de um questionário adaptado da Pesquisa de Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Práticas da População Brasileira de 2013, do Ministério da Saúde, constituído por perguntas referentes a variáveis sociodemográficas (sexo, idade, arranjo familiar, escolaridade dos pais, cor ou raça, atividade remunerada e renda familiar), conhecimento, atitude e prática em relação à doença, sendo as três últimas classificadas por escores. As variáveis que apresentaram valor de p ≤ 0,20 na análise bivariada, por meio do teste do qui-quadrado de Pearson, foram incluídas em três modelos logísticos multivariados, e os desfechos em cada modelo foram o conhecimento, a atitude e a prática, respectivamente; permanecendo ao final aquelas a nível de p < 0,05. RESULTADOS: O sexo masculino possui chance 39,6% menor de ter conhecimento adequado/regular (ORa = 0,604; IC95% 0,415-0,878), enquanto as maiores chances estão associadas a "morar sozinho, com parentes e amigos" (ORa = 4,567; IC95% 1,417-14,719) e a ter atitude muito positiva/positiva (ORa = 6,937; IC95% 4,562-10,550). Menores chances de prática adequada estão associadas ao sexo masculino (ORa = 0,480; IC95% 0,301-0,766) e à menor escolaridade paterna (ORa = 0,440; IC95% 0,241-0,806). CONCLUSÃO: O conhecimento e a atitude da maioria dos participantes do estudo em relação à sífilis não foram suficientes para adoção de uma prática sexual adequada para a prevenção da doença, revelando a necessidade de se investigar outras variáveis que possam estar implicadas nesta incoerência cognitiva.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Young Adult , Students/psychology , Syphilis/prevention & control , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Students/statistics & numerical data , Universities , Brazil , Cross-Sectional Studies
14.
Psicol. reflex. crit ; 33: 8, 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1135891

ABSTRACT

Abstract Predictors of problematic smartphone use have been found mainly in studies on elementary and high school students. Few studies have focused on predictors related to social network and messaging apps or smartphone model. Thus, the objective of our study was to identify predictors of problematic smartphone use related to demographic characteristics, loneliness, social app use, and smartphone model among university students. This cross-sectional study involved 257 Brazilian university students who answered a smartphone addiction scale, a questionnaire about smartphone usage patterns, and the Brazilian version of the UCLA-R loneliness scale. Women, iPhone owners, and users of Instagram and Snapchat had significantly higher smartphone addiction scores. We found correlations between scores for the Brazilian version of smartphone addiction scale and the importance attributed to WhatsApp, Facebook, Instagram, and Snapchat, and the Brazilian version of the UCLA-R loneliness scale. Our hierarchical regression model predicted 32.2% of the scores of the Brazilian version of the smartphone addiction scale, with the greatest increase in predictive capability by the step that added smartphone social app importance, followed by the step that added loneliness. Adding the smartphone model produced the smallest increase in predictive capability. The theoretical and practical implications of these results are discussed.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Students/psychology , Behavior, Addictive/etiology , Social Media/statistics & numerical data , Smartphone/statistics & numerical data , Loneliness/psychology , Students/statistics & numerical data , Brazil , Cross-Sectional Studies , Education, Higher
15.
Rev. saúde pública (Online) ; 54: 61, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1101876

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE To verify the associations of leisure walking with perceived and objective measures of neighborhood environmental factors stratified by gender and socioeconomic status (SES) in Brazilian adolescents. METHODS Cross-sectional study with a random sample of 1,130 high school students (47.3% girls; aged 14 to 20 years old) from Porto Alegre, Brazil. Leisure walking and SES were self-reported by the adolescents. Perceived environmental factors were assessed through Neighborhood Environment Walkability Scale for Youth (NEWS-Y). Objective measures were evaluated using Geographic Information Systems, with road network calculated around the adolescent's residential address, using 0.5km and 1.0km buffers. Data collection was carried out in 2017 and generalized linear regression models were used. RESULTS Leisure walking was positively associated with access to services (0.5 km buffers [Odds ratio (OR) = 2.22] 1.0 km buffers [OR = 2.17]) and lower distance to parks and squares (0.5 km [OR=2.80] 1.0 km [OR = 2.73]) in girls from low SES. Residential density (0.5 km [OR = 1.57] 1.0 km [OR = 1.54]) and walkability index (0.5 km [OR = 1.17] 1.0 km [OR = 1.20]) were associated with leisure walking in girls from middle SES. Boys from low SES showed an inverse association between crime safety and leisure walking (0.5 km [OR = 0.59] 1.0 km [OR = 0.63]). Neighborhood recreation facilities was positively associated with leisure walking in middle SES (0.5 km [OR = 1.55] 1.0 km [OR = 1.60]). Land use mix (0.5 km [OR = 1.81] 1.0 km [OR = 1.81]), neighborhood recreation facilities (0.5 km [OR = 2.32] 1.0 km [OR = 2.28]) and places for walking (0.5 km [OR=2.07] 1.0 km [OR=2.22]) were positively associated with leisure walking in high SES. CONCLUSION Environmental factors (objectively and subjectively measured) and leisure walking show association in boys and girls of different SES.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Young Adult , Social Class , Walking/statistics & numerical data , Leisure Activities , Students/statistics & numerical data , Brazil , Linear Models , Residence Characteristics/statistics & numerical data , Cross-Sectional Studies , Sex Distribution , Age Distribution , Self Report , Sports and Recreational Facilities/statistics & numerical data , Geography
16.
Rev. saúde pública (Online) ; 54: 57, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1101861

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE To describe drug consumption and the co-occurrence use of more than one illegal drug as well as associated factors in freshmen at a public university in Southern Brazil. METHODS Cross-sectional study with census of students entering undergraduate courses in 2017. A total of 1,788 university students answered questions about illicit drug use. For analysis, ordinal logistic regression was used. RESULTS Marijuana was the most consumed drug (lifetime: 42.1%; 30-day use: 22.7%), followed by hallucinogens (lifetime: 13.1%, 30-day use: 2.8%). Rates for lifetime use of 0, 1 and 2 or more drugs were 56.2%, 23.3% and 20.4%, respectively, and were associated with men (OR = 2.2; 95%CI:1.4-3.5), being at least 23 years old (OR = 2.7; 95%CI: 1.4-5.1), under 18 years old first experimentation with drugs (OR = 2.3; 95%CI: 1.3-3.9) and living with friends (OR = 2.0; 95%CI: 1.2-3.4). Rates for 30-day use of 0, 1 and 2 or more drugs were 76.8%; 18.1% and 5.1%, respectively, and were associated with being single, separated or widowed (OR = 3.2; 95%CI: 1.4-7.0), lower socioeconomic classes (OR = 0.3; 95%CI: 0.1-1.1; p = 0.001), under 18 years old first experimentation with drugs (OR = 1.8; 95%CI: 1.1-2.9) and living with friends (OR = 1.8 95%CI: 1.2-2.8). CONCLUSION Results indicate that students are at greater risk of illicit drug-related health problems. Thus, a better understanding of this consumption should be pursued, as well as the development of a prevention plan.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Students/statistics & numerical data , Universities/statistics & numerical data , Substance-Related Disorders/epidemiology , Socioeconomic Factors , Time Factors , Brazil/epidemiology , Sex Factors , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Risk Factors , Age Factors , Sex Distribution , Age Distribution
17.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1101858

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE To describe the sexual behavior of freshmen undergraduate students according to demographic, economic, psychosocial and behavioral characteristics, and evaluate the prevalence of risky sexual behavior and its associated factors. METHODS A cross-sectional study of the census type with undergraduate students over 18 years old of 80 undergraduate courses of the Universidade Federal de Pelotas (UFPel), in Rio Grande do Sul (RS), who entered in the first semester of 2017 and remained enrolled in the second semester. Undergraduate students who reported having had sex were evaluated. We considered as risky sexual behavior having more than one sexual partner within the last three months and not having used condoms in the last sexual intercourse. RESULTS The prevalence of risky sexual behavior was 9% (95%CI 7.6-10.5). Men presented more risky behavior than women, with a prevalence of 10.8% and 7.5%, respectively. Of the undergraduate students, 45% did not use condoms in the last sexual intercourse, and 24% had two partners or more within three months before the survey. Smartphone applications for sexual purposes were used by 23% of students within three months before the survey. Risky sexual behavior was associated with gender, age at first sexual intercourse, frequency of alcohol consumption, consumption of psychoactive substances before the last sexual intercourse and use of smartphone applications for sexual purposes. CONCLUSION Although undergraduate students are expected to be an informed population, the prevalence of risky sexual behavior was important, indicating the need to expand public investment in sexual education and awareness actions.


RESUMO OBJETIVO Descrever o comportamento sexual de ingressantes universitários de acordo com características demográficas, econômicas, psicossociais e comportamentais, e avaliar a prevalência de comportamento sexual de risco e seus fatores associados. MÉTODOS Estudo de delineamento transversal, do tipo censo, com universitários maiores de 18 anos, de 80 cursos de graduação da Universidade Federal de Pelotas (UFPel), no RS, que ingressaram no primeiro semestre de 2017 e que permaneceram matriculados no segundo semestre. Avaliou-se o comportamento sexual de risco entre os estudantes que relataram já ter tido relações sexuais alguma vez na vida, considerado quando relatado mais de um parceiro sexual nos últimos três meses e não ter utilizado preservativo na última relação. RESULTADOS A prevalência de comportamento sexual de risco foi de 9% (IC95% 7,6-10,5). Estudantes do sexo masculino apresentaram mais comportamento de risco do que estudantes do sexo feminino, com prevalência de 10,8% e 7,5%, respectivamente. Dos universitários, 45% não utilizaram preservativo na última relação e 24% tiveram dois parceiros ou mais nos últimos três meses. Os aplicativos de celular para fins sexuais nos últimos três meses foram utilizados por 23% dos estudantes. O comportamento sexual de risco esteve associado com sexo, idade da primeira relação sexual, frequência de consumo de bebidas alcoólicas, consumo de substâncias psicoativas antes da última relação e uso de aplicativos de celular para fins sexuais. CONCLUSÃO Embora se espere que os universitários sejam uma população informada, a prevalência de comportamento sexual de risco foi importante, indicando a necessidade de ampliação do investimento público em ações de educação sexual e conscientização.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Sexual Behavior/statistics & numerical data , Students/statistics & numerical data , Censuses , Health Risk Behaviors , Sexual Behavior/psychology , Socioeconomic Factors , Students/psychology , Brazil/epidemiology , Alcohol Drinking/psychology , Alcohol Drinking/epidemiology , Sexual Partners/psychology , Sexually Transmitted Diseases/psychology , Sexually Transmitted Diseases/epidemiology , Sex Factors , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Coitus/psychology
18.
Rev. saúde pública (Online) ; 54: 42, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1101857

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE To describe students protected by laws and exposed to soft drinks sales and assess whether forbidding laws are associated with lower availability of these beverages. METHODS We identified laws forbidding non-government administered cafeterias or sales of soft drinks in schools in the 27 Brazilian state capitals. Data on soft drinks sales were obtained from Pesquisa Nacional de Saúde do Escolar 2015 (PeNSE - National Survey of School Health 2015), for a representative sample of 9th graders from public and private schools. Students were attributed with the status of their school regarding the law and sale of soft drinks. Co-variables were school status (public or private), school size, geographic regions, mother's educational level, score of goods and services. We performed multivariate analyses using Poisson regression. RESULTS The total of 23 laws forbidding sales of soft drinks covered 63.0% of capitals, comprising 56.9% of students. Law coverage was higher among students from more developed regions (67.6%) and in public schools (60.6%), compared with those from less developed regions (38.0%) and private schools (45.8%). Soft drinks were available for 33.9% of students. Students attending public schools in less developed regions had the lowest availability of soft drinks, regardless of law coverage (14.8%; 12.0%); while students attending private schools in these regions had a high availability, regardless of law coverage (82.1%; 73.4%). Restrictive laws were associated with lower sales of soft drinks in more developed regions, and restrictions had a greater association with the availability of soft drinks in public schools (PR = 0.25; 95%CI = 0.15-0.41), compared with private schools (PR = 0.48; 95%CI = 0.35-0.66). CONCLUSION Laws restricting soft drinks in schools were associated with fewer sales in more developed regions. Private schools were less compliant with the law than public schools. A broadly enforced national law could reduce the availability of soft drinks in schools.


Subject(s)
Humans , Schools/legislation & jurisprudence , Carbonated Beverages , Commerce/legislation & jurisprudence , Schools/statistics & numerical data , Students/statistics & numerical data , Brazil , Surveys and Questionnaires , Public Sector/legislation & jurisprudence , Private Sector/legislation & jurisprudence , Guideline Adherence/statistics & numerical data
19.
Rev. saúde pública (Online) ; 54: 33, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1094419

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE To analyze the prevalence of suicidal ideation and its associated factors in school adolescents. METHODS Cross-sectional school-based study with 674 students from public and private schools in Teresina, Piauí, in 2016. Bivariate analysis was performed with the chi-square test and multiple analysis by the Poisson regression model to estimate prevalence ratios (PR) and 95% confidence intervals (95%CI). RESULTS The study participants were mostly female (56.7%), black (77.4%), who lived with their parents (85%), whose mothers had schooling greater than or equal to 8 years of schooling (68.8%), with family income greater than a minimum wage (58.3%), practitioners of some religion (86.8%) and coming from public school (64.7%). The prevalence of suicidal ideation was 7.9%. Higher frequency of suicidal ideation was reported among female students (10.2%). Suicidal ideation was statistically associated with students who reported not living with their parents (adjusted PR = 2.27; 95%CI 1.26-4.10; p < 0.05) and those who reported having suffered sexual violence by other students, teachers or school staff (adjusted PR = 3.40; 95%CI 1.80-6.44; p < 0.05), among which the prevalence of suicidal ideation was more than three times that observed among those who did not mention this type of violence. CONCLUSION The prevalence of suicidal ideation in school adolescents was associated with female students, who did not live with parents and have been victim of sexual violence at school. We recommend advising the school community and health professionals to identify signs of suicidal behavior, especially in those with suspicion or proof of the occurrence of sexual violence at school.


RESUMO OBJETIVO Analisar a prevalência de ideação suicida e fatores associados em adolescentes escolares. MÉTODOS Estudo transversal de base escolar com 674 estudantes de escolas públicas e privadas em Teresina, Piauí, em 2016. Realizou-se análise bivariada com o teste do qui-quadrado e análise múltipla pelo modelo de regressão de Poisson para estimar as razões de prevalência (RP) e intervalos de confiança de 95% (IC95%). RESULTADOS Os participantes do estudo foram em sua maioria estudantes do sexo feminino (56,7%), negros (77,4%), que moravam com os pais (85%), cujas mães apresentavam escolaridade maior ou igual a 8 anos de estudo (68,8%), com renda familiar maior que um salário mínimo (58,3%), praticantes de alguma religião (86,8%) e procedentes de escola pública (64,7%). A prevalência de ideação suicida foi de 7,9%. Maior frequência de ideação suicida foi relatada entre estudantes do sexo feminino (10,2%). Ideação suicida foi associada estatisticamente aos alunos que referiram não residir com os pais (RP ajustada = 2,27; IC95% 1,26-4,10; p < 0,05) e àqueles que informaram ter sofrido violência sexual por outros alunos, professores ou funcionários da escola (RP ajustada = 3,40; IC95% 1,80-6,44; p < 0,05), entre os quais a prevalência de ideação suicida foi mais de três vezes a observada entre aqueles que não referiram esse tipo de violência. CONCLUSÃO A prevalência de ideação suicida em adolescentes escolares foi associada ao sexo feminino, não residir com os pais e ter sido vítima de violência sexual na escola. Recomenda-se alertar a comunidade escolar e profissionais de saúde para identificarem sinais do comportamento suicida, em especial naqueles com suspeita ou comprovação da ocorrência de violência sexual na escola.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Young Adult , Students/psychology , Adolescent Behavior , Suicidal Ideation , Socioeconomic Factors , Students/statistics & numerical data , Violence/statistics & numerical data , Brazil/epidemiology , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Risk Factors , Sex Distribution , Age Distribution
20.
J. Phys. Educ. (Maringá) ; 31: e3147, 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134740

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT The objective of this study was to analyze the contribution of a Physical Education program on constructing beliefs in teacher self-efficacy, taking into account the teaching dimensions of instruction, organization, and social environment. A qualitative research was conducted through a semistructured interview with 11 college students in their last year of a Physical Education Degree at a public University in Santa Catarina, Brazil. The data were obtained through semi-structured interviews. The results showed that the mandatory internship was the main learning context, and the main sources of learning were direct teaching experiences and feedbacks during the internship, followed by professor observations within the required classes for the degree. Therefore, we concluded that college students attributed teaching self-efficacy to the teaching and learning experiences in the mandatory internship and the observations made during regular classes.


RESUMO O objetivo deste estudo foi analisar a contribuição de um curso de graduação em Educação Física para a construção de crenças de autoeficácia docente, levando em consideração as dimensões de ensino de instrução, organização e clima social. Realizou-se uma pesquisa qualitativa, através de entrevista semiestruturada com 11 universitários do último ano do curso de Licenciatura em Educação Física. Os dados foram obtidos através de entrevista semiestruturada. Os resultados evidenciaram que o principal contexto de aprendizagem foi o estágio obrigatório e, que as principais fontes ocorreram mediante as experiências diretas de ensino e feedbacks nos estágios, seguidas das observações de professores no contexto das disciplinas. Conclui-se que os universitários atribuíram a origem da autoeficácia docente às experiências de ensino e aprendizagem nos estágios obrigatórios e de observação nas disciplinas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Physical Education and Training/methods , Program Evaluation/methods , Efficacy/methods , Culture , Students/statistics & numerical data , Universities , Problem-Based Learning/methods , Education, Higher , Courses/methods , Faculty/education , Teacher Training/statistics & numerical data , Learning
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