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1.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 35(3): 402-405, May-June 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1137255

ABSTRACT

Abstract Type II Aortopulmonary window (APW) accounts for only 10% of total cases of APW, which by itself is a rare congenital anomaly. Various cardiac malformations have been reported to be associated with this rare anomaly. We report one such association of origin of left subclavian artery (LSCA) from left pulmonary artery (LPA) via ductus arteriosus that was surgically repaired.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aortopulmonary Septal Defect/surgery , Aortopulmonary Septal Defect/complications , Aortopulmonary Septal Defect/diagnostic imaging , Subclavian Artery/surgery , Subclavian Artery/diagnostic imaging , Aorta, Thoracic/surgery , Aorta, Thoracic/diagnostic imaging , Pulmonary Artery/surgery , Pulmonary Artery/diagnostic imaging , Lung
2.
Clin. biomed. res ; 40(1): 61-62, 2020.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1117429

ABSTRACT

Inferior laryngeal nerve palsy is a relatively common entity. Nevertheless, an occurrence as a result of a cardiovascular pathology is rare. In this case, it is called Ortner's syndrome (OS). Aortic diseases are responsible for more than half of cases. Supraaortic vessels disorders are rare causes of OS. In our new report, a non-smoker and non-drinker 70-year-old woman presented with a history of dysphonia since childhood. On direct laryngoscopy, a left vocal cord paralysis was detected and a contrast-enhanced computed tomography showed an aberrant right subclavian artery originating from the left portion of the aortic arch. Its course to its usual site runs behind the esophagus, being also called arteria lusoria. In this particular case, two unusual situations appear together, which contributes to the rarity of the event.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Recurrent Laryngeal Nerve , Subclavian Artery , Hoarseness , Aorta, Thoracic , Dysphonia , Non-Smokers
3.
Rev. argent. cir ; 111(4): 274-283, dic. 2019. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1057370

ABSTRACT

Los aneurismas del cayado aórtico representan un desafío, ya que el involucramiento de sus grandes ramas exige una técnica quirúrgica compleja. A partir de la aparición del tratamiento endovascular, una alternativa desarrollada en los últimos años para abordar el cayado aórtico consistió en el tratamiento híbrido de esta patología, mediante la derivación quirúrgica de los vasos del cuello y la posterior exclusión del aneurisma con una endoprótesis. Este método híbrido es conocido con el nombre de debranching, y en forma simplificada consiste en realizar, sin circulación extracorpórea, una serie de puentes entre la aorta ascendente y el tronco braquiocefálico, la arteria carótida izquierda y eventualmente la arteria subclavia izquierda, para permitir avanzar una endoprótesis que cubra toda la luz del aneurisma. Se describe la técnica quirúrgica del debranching híbrido tipo I, sin el auxilio de la circulación extracorpórea e implante anterógrado de la endoprótesis, para los aneurismas del cayado aórtico.


Aortic arch aneurysms represent a major challenge as the involvement of the supra-aortic vessels demands a complex surgical technique. Since the advent of endovascular aortic repair, hybrid treatment of aortic arch disease has emerged in recent years. The procedure consists of surgical bypass of the supra-aortic vessels followed by exclusion of the aneurysm with an endograft. This hybrid method is known as debranching and, briefly, consists in performing bypasses between the ascending aorta and the brachiocephalic artery, the left carotid artery and possibly the left subclavian artery without cardiopulmonary bypass, in order to advance an endograft to cover the entire lumen of the aneurysm. The aim of this paper is to describe the surgical technique of type I hybrid debranching without cardiopulmonary bypass and antegrade endograft delivery to treat aortic arch aneurysms.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aorta , Aorta, Thoracic/surgery , Extracorporeal Circulation/methods , Endovascular Procedures/methods , Methods , Aorta, Thoracic , Arteries , Referral and Consultation , Relief Work , Subclavian Artery , Therapeutics , Cardiopulmonary Bypass , Disease , Brachiocephalic Trunk , Bridges , Extracorporeal Circulation , Aneurysm , Neck
4.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 34(6): 769-771, Nov.-Dec. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1057502

ABSTRACT

Abstract Aortic arch anomalies are not clinically important unless they cause compression symptoms due to aneurysmatic dilatation. Aortic anomalies need to be treated when they cause complex thoracic aortic diseases, and the treatment approach has evolved over time from open surgical methods, which have high mortality and morbidity rates, to hybrid methods. A case of a 68-year-old male patient with complex aortic arch anomaly treated with hybrid arch repair is reported in this study. Aortic branches were common carotid trunk and aberrant right subclavian artery with a saccular aneurysm.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Subclavian Artery/abnormalities , Vascular Surgical Procedures/methods , Aortic Aneurysm, Thoracic/surgery , Cardiovascular Abnormalities/surgery , Aorta, Thoracic/surgery , Aorta, Thoracic/diagnostic imaging , Subclavian Artery/surgery , Subclavian Artery/diagnostic imaging , Aortic Aneurysm, Thoracic/diagnostic imaging , Cardiovascular Abnormalities/diagnostic imaging , Computed Tomography Angiography
5.
Rev. chil. ortop. traumatol ; 60(2): 39-46, oct. 2019. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1095953

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: la lesión de los vasos subclavios durante la cirugía de clavícula es una situación rara, de suceder podría resultar incluso mortal; conocer su ubicación es indispensable para minimizar ese riesgo.OBJETIVO: determinar la ubicación y la distancia de la AS y VS respecto a la clavícula. Secundariamente, identificar las características particulares que influencien la ubicación y la distancia. MATERIALES Y MÉTODO: estudio retrospectivo, AngioTAC de tórax y cuello entre 2012 y 2017; se midió la longitud de la clavícula, distancia y dirección de los vasos subclavios en cada tercio de la clavícula, como también la angulación entre una horizontal y el centro de los vasos subclavios. Resultados: 39 AngioTC, 78 hombros. Distancia AS/clavícula tercio proximal, medio y distal 32,8mm (20,3-46,3), 15,4mm (6,8-28,0) y 62,7mm (37,0-115,4) respectivamente. La distancia VS/clavícula tercio proximal, medio y distal fue: 7,4mm (1,0-19,2), 16,2mm (6,7-34,7) y 67,1mm (29,7-117,0) respectivamente. La ubicación de AS y VS con respecto a la clavícula es posterosuperior en el tercio proximal, posteroinferior en el tercio medio e inferior en el tercio distal. CONCLUSIÓN: En el tercio proximal la vena puede estar solo a 1mm de la clavícula y la arteria a 6mm en dirección antero-posterior, resultando esa zona la más peligrosa. En el tercio medio la distancia es mayor, pudiendo estar arteria y vena a solo 6mm, la dirección de brocado más peligrosa es antero-inferior con una inclinación promedio de 45° caudal. El tercio distal es el más seguro, los vasos están al menos a 30mm de distancia hacia caudal. Nivel de evidencia III.


BACKGROUND: injury to the subclavian vessels during clavicle surgery is a rare situation, if it happens it could even be fatal; knowing their location is essential to minimize that risk. OBJECTIVE: determine location and distance of the AS and VS with respect to the clavicle. Secondarily identify particular characteristics that influence location and distance. MATERIAL AND METHODS: retrospective study, AngioTAC of thorax and neck between 2012 and 2017; it was measured the length of the clavicle, distance and direction of the subclavian vessels in each third of the clavicle and angulation between a horizontal and the center of the subclavian vessels were measured. Results: 39 AngioTC, 78 shoulders. AS / clavicle third proximal, middle and distal distance 32.8mm (20.3-46.3), 15.4mm (6.8-28.0) and 62.7mm (37.0-115.4) respectively. Distance VS / clavicle third proximal, middle and distal was: 7.4mm (1.0-19.2), 16.2mm (6.7-34.7) and 67.1mm (29.7-117.0) respectively. The location of AS and VS with respect to the clavicle is posterosuperior in the proximal third, posteroinferior in the middle third and inferior in the distal third. CONCLUSION: In the proximal third the vein can be only 1mm from the clavicle and the artery to 6mm in the anterior-posterior direction, this zone is the most dangerous. In the middle third the distance is greater, artery and vein can be only to 6mm, the most dangerous drilling direction is antero-inferior with an average inclination of 45° caudal. The distal third is the safest, the vessels are at least 30mm away from the vessels. Level of evidence III.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Subclavian Artery/diagnostic imaging , Subclavian Vein/diagnostic imaging , Clavicle/blood supply , Subclavian Artery/anatomy & histology , Subclavian Vein/anatomy & histology , Sex Factors , Retrospective Studies , Computed Tomography Angiography
7.
Int. j. morphol ; 37(3): 821-824, Sept. 2019. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1012359

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN: Durante el desarrollo embrionario suelen ocurrir anomalías a nivel del arco aórtico primordial. Una de estas es la arteria subclavia retroesofágica derecha (ASDR) la cual es un defecto frecuente de los arcos aórticos embriológicos y se debe a la interrupción del cuarto arco aórtico (AO) derecho entre las depresiones para la arteria carótida común y la arteria subclavia. Las variaciones anatómicas y morfológicas del AO y sus ramas son significativas para los procedimientos diagnósticos y quirúrgicos en el tórax y el cuello. Reportar una ASDR encontrada durante disección, correlacionando esta con sus implicancias clínicas. De un cadáver de sexo femenino, de edad y causa de muerte desconocida, fijado con formaldehído al 10 % y aguada destilada. Se realizó disección del corazón y los grandes vasos, en especial el AO, desarrollado según la técnica convencional, para remover el órgano luego de disecar el pericardio y disecar la arteria aorta ascendente y el AO, preservando plenamente su configuración externa y sus ramas colaterales, donde se encontró la ASDR. La ASDR presentó un diámetro en su origen de 12,13 mm. La longitud existente entre la ASDR y la Arteria carótida común Derecha (ACCD) fue de 43,84 mm. El diámetro del esófago a nivel cefálico y caudal de la ASDR alcanzó valores de 17,59 mm y 13,82 mm respectivamente. Por su parte los diámetros de la tráquea a nivel cefálico y caudal a la ASDR, fueron respectivamente 22,12 mm y 13,30 mm. El conocimiento de esta variante anatómica resulta de gran interés a la hora de interpretar y orientar el diagnóstico de las posibles causas de una disfagia asociada a una arteria subclavia retroesofágica y fundamenta aún más la importancia del estudio mediante disección.


SUMMARY: During embryonic development, anomalies usually occur at the primordial aortic arch (AA) level. One of these is the right retroesophageal subclavian artery (RSA). The anatomical and morphological variations of AA and its branches are significant for diagnostic and surgical procedures in the thorax and neck. The objective of the study was to report an RSA found during the dissection, correlating this with the corresponding clinical implications. A human female cadaver of unknown age and cause of death was used and conserved in 10 % formaldehyde and distilled wash. The dissection of the heart and large vessels was performed. There was particular emphasis one the AA, and development according to conventional techniques, removing the organ after dissecting the pericardium and dissecting the ascending aorta and the AA. External function and its collateral branches were fully preserved, where the RSA was located. The RSA presented a diameter at its origin of 12.13 mm. The length between the RSA and the common right carotid artery (CRCA) was 43.84 mm. The diameter of the esophagus at the cephalic and caudal level of the RSA has values of 17.59 mm and 13.82 mm respectively. Furthermore, the diameters of the trachea at cephalic and caudal level to the RSA, respectively, were 22.12 mm and 13.30 mm. Knowledge of this anatomical variant is of great interest when interpreting and guiding the diagnosis of potential causes of a dysphagia associated with a retroesophageal subclavian artery, and is even more important during dissection studies.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aorta, Thoracic/abnormalities , Subclavian Artery/abnormalities , Anatomic Variation , Cadaver , Esophagus
8.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 117(4): 393-398, ago. 2019. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1054943

ABSTRACT

Los anillos vasculares tienen una incidencia del 1 % entre las enfermedades cardiovasculares congénitas. Constituyen una malformación embriológica en la que el arco aórtico, sus ramas o las arterias pulmonares provocan presión sobre la tráquea y/o el esófago. Anatómicamente, se dividen en dos grupos, dependiendo de cómo rodean la tráquea y el esófago: completo o incompleto. La sintomatología suele iniciarse en los primeros meses de vida con estridor bifásico o espiratorio que aumenta con el llanto y la alimentación, tos traqueal de tonalidad metálica, infecciones respiratorias recurrentes, episodios de apnea refleja y cianosis, sibilancias, hiperextensión cervical, retracción esternal e intercostal, y dificultad en la alimentación. Se realizó un análisis retrospectivo de 28 pacientes con diagnóstico de anillo vascular que concurrieron a la consulta en el Servicio de Endoscopía Respiratoria del Hospital Garrahan entre enero de 2015 y septiembre de 2017.


Vascular rings account for 1 % of the congenital cardiovascular diseases. They constitute an embryological malformation in which the aortic arch, its branches, or the pulmonary arteries cause pressure on the trachea and/or oesophagus. Anatomically, they are divided into two groups -complete or incomplete- depending on how they surround the trachea and/or the oesophagus. Symptom onset is usually in the first months of life with biphasic or expiratory stridor that increases with crying and feeding, a metallic tracheal cough, recurrent respiratory infections, episodes of apnea and cyanosis, wheezing, cervical hyperextension, sternal and intercostal retraction, and feeding difficulties. A retrospective analysis of 28 patients with vascular rings seen at the Department of Respiratory Endoscopy at Garrahan Paediatric Hospital between January 2015 and September 2017 is presented.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Vascular Ring/diagnostic imaging , Subclavian Artery , Brachiocephalic Trunk , Computed Tomography Angiography , Vascular Ring/surgery , Vascular Ring/therapy
9.
Rev. bras. anestesiol ; 69(4): 413-416, July-Aug. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1042008

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background and objectives Ultrasound-guided internal jugular vein catheterization is a common and generally safe procedure in the operating room. However, inadvertent puncture of a noncompressible artery such as the subclavian artery, though rare, may be associated with life-threatening sequelae, including hemomediastinum, hemothorax, and pseudoaneurysm. Case report We describe a case of the successful endovascular repair of right subclavian artery injury in a 75-year-old woman. Subclavian artery was injured secondary to ultrasound-guided right internal jugular vein catheterization under general anesthesia for orthopedic surgery. Conclusion Under general anesthesia several factors such as hypotension can mask the signs of subclavian artery injury. This case report indicates that clinicians should be aware of the complications of central venous catheterization and take prompt action.


Resumo Justificativa e objetivos A cateterização da veia jugular interna guiada por ultrassom é um procedimento comum e geralmente seguro em sala cirúrgica. No entanto, a punção inadvertida de uma artéria não compressível, como a artéria subclávia, embora rara, pode estar associada a sequelas e risco para vida, incluindo hemomediastino, hemotórax e pseudoaneurisma. Relato de caso Descrevemos um caso bem-sucedido da correção endovascular de lesão da artéria subclávia direita em uma paciente de 75 anos. A artéria subclávia foi lesionada após cateterização guiada por ultrassom da veia jugular interna direita sob anestesia geral para cirurgia ortopédica. Conclusão Sob anestesia geral, vários fatores, como a hipotensão, podem mascarar os sinais de lesão da artéria subclávia. Este relato de caso indica que os médicos devem estar cientes das complicações da cateterização venosa central e tomar medidas imediatas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Subclavian Artery/injuries , Catheterization, Central Venous/adverse effects , Vascular System Injuries/etiology , Endovascular Procedures/methods , Catheterization, Central Venous/methods , Ultrasonography, Interventional/methods , Orthopedic Procedures/methods , Jugular Veins/diagnostic imaging
10.
Rev. chil. radiol ; 25(2): 71-74, jun. 2019. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1013852

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: La arteria subclavia aberrante (ASA) o arteria lusoria, es una de las malformaciones más comunes del arco aórtico; en especial su variante derecha. Por otro lado, la arteria subclavia aberrante izquierda es más rara. Presentamos un caso infrecuente de un paciente con síndrome deleción 22q11.2 y ASA izquierda con síntomas en extremidad superior izquierda. La ASA izquierda es una condición muy poco frecuente y hay escasa información sobre su tratamiento quirúrgico. La mayoría de las veces, el ASA es asintomática; especialmente en adultos. Si presenta clínica, sus síntomas son disfagia, tos, disnea, claudicación de la extremidad superior. La presencia de sintomatología es una indicación quirúrgica. El tratamiento quirúrgico de una ASA es discutido. Éste va a depender de la anatomía, comorbilidades y experiencia del cirujano.


Objective: The Aberrant Right Subclavian Artery (ARSA) or Lusoria Artery is one of the most common aortic arch malformations. Aberrant Left Subclavian Artery (ALSA) on the other hand, is a much rarer condition. We present an uncommon case of ALSA in a patient with 22q11.2 deletion syndrome with upper limb symptoms and review the treatment options. ALSA is an exceedingly rare condition and information on its surgical treatment is scarce. In most cases the presence of an ALSA is asymptomatic, especially in adults. Some of the most typical symptoms are dysphagia (dysphagia lusoria), cough, dyspnea, claudication of the upper limb extremity. When symptomatic, the patient has indication of surgery. The treatment of an ALSA is still debatable and it depends on the anatomy, comorbidities and surgeon´s experience.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Subclavian Artery/abnormalities , Subclavian Artery/diagnostic imaging , DiGeorge Syndrome/complications , Subclavian Artery/surgery , Endovascular Procedures/methods
12.
J. vasc. bras ; 18: e20180091, 2019. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-990120

ABSTRACT

The treatment options for aberrant right subclavian artery vary depending on the presence of Kommerell's diverticulum. Because there is a tendency not to report mortalities of these rare cases in the literature, it is hard to reach a conclusion on treatments from the limited data on post-interventional results in these patients. We report our experience with a 67-year old patient with an aberrant right subclavian aneurysm with Kommerell's diverticulum, diagnosed by chance


As opções de tratamento para artéria subclávia direita aberrante variam dependendo da presença de divertículo de Kommerell. Como há uma tendência a não relatar mortalidade nos raros casos descritos na literatura, é difícil chegar a uma conclusão sobre tratamentos tendo em vista os dados limitados sobre resultados pós-intervenção nesses pacientes. Relatamos aqui nossa experiência com um paciente de 67 anos de idade com aneurisma de artéria subclávia aberrante direita com divertículo de Kommerell diagnosticado ao acaso


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Subclavian Artery , Diverticulum , Aneurysm/surgery , Congenital Abnormalities , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy/methods , Radiography, Thoracic/methods , Tomography/methods
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-788765

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Aberrant right subclavian artery (ARSA) is a rare anatomical variant of the origin of the right subclavian artery. ARSA is defined as the right subclavian artery originating as the final branch of the aortic arch. The purpose of this study is to determine the prevalence and the anatomy of ARSA evaluated with computed tomography (CT) angiography.METHODS: CT angiography was performed in 3460 patients between March 1, 2014 and November 30, 2015 and the results were analyzed. The origin of the ARSA, course of the vessel, possible inadvertent ARSA puncture site during subclavian vein catheterization, Kommerell diverticula, and associated vascular anomalies were evaluated. We used the literature to review the clinical importance of ARSA.RESULTS: Seventeen in 3460 patients had ARSA. All ARSAs in 17 patients originated from the posterior aspect of the aortic arch and traveled along a retroesophageal course to the right thoracic outlet. All 17 ARSAs were located in the anterior portion from first to fourth thoracic vertebral bodies and were located near the right subclavian vein at the medial third of the clavicle. Only one of 17 patients presented with dysphagia.CONCLUSION: It is important to be aware ARSA before surgical approaches to upper thoracic vertebrae in order to avoid complications and effect proper treatment. In patients with a known ARSA, a right transradial approach for aortography or cerebral angiography should be changed to a left radial artery or transfemoral approach.


Subject(s)
Angiography , Aorta, Thoracic , Aortography , Catheterization , Catheters , Cerebral Angiography , Clavicle , Deglutition Disorders , Diverticulum , Humans , Korea , Prevalence , Punctures , Radial Artery , Subclavian Artery , Subclavian Vein , Thoracic Vertebrae
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-765336

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Aberrant right subclavian artery (ARSA) is a rare anatomical variant of the origin of the right subclavian artery. ARSA is defined as the right subclavian artery originating as the final branch of the aortic arch. The purpose of this study is to determine the prevalence and the anatomy of ARSA evaluated with computed tomography (CT) angiography. METHODS: CT angiography was performed in 3460 patients between March 1, 2014 and November 30, 2015 and the results were analyzed. The origin of the ARSA, course of the vessel, possible inadvertent ARSA puncture site during subclavian vein catheterization, Kommerell diverticula, and associated vascular anomalies were evaluated. We used the literature to review the clinical importance of ARSA. RESULTS: Seventeen in 3460 patients had ARSA. All ARSAs in 17 patients originated from the posterior aspect of the aortic arch and traveled along a retroesophageal course to the right thoracic outlet. All 17 ARSAs were located in the anterior portion from first to fourth thoracic vertebral bodies and were located near the right subclavian vein at the medial third of the clavicle. Only one of 17 patients presented with dysphagia. CONCLUSION: It is important to be aware ARSA before surgical approaches to upper thoracic vertebrae in order to avoid complications and effect proper treatment. In patients with a known ARSA, a right transradial approach for aortography or cerebral angiography should be changed to a left radial artery or transfemoral approach.


Subject(s)
Angiography , Aorta, Thoracic , Aortography , Catheterization , Catheters , Cerebral Angiography , Clavicle , Deglutition Disorders , Diverticulum , Humans , Korea , Prevalence , Punctures , Radial Artery , Subclavian Artery , Subclavian Vein , Thoracic Vertebrae
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-742330

ABSTRACT

Robotically assisted mitral valve repair has proven its efficacy during the last decade. The most suitable approach for patients with difficult anatomies, such as morbid obesity, sternal deformities, cardiac rotation, or vascular anomalies, represents a current challenge in cardiac surgery. Herein, we present the case of a 71-year-old patient affected by severe degenerative mitral valve regurgitation with pectus excavatum and a right aortic arch with an anomalous course of the left subclavian artery who was successfully treated using a Da Vinci–assisted approach.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aorta, Thoracic , Congenital Abnormalities , Funnel Chest , Humans , Mitral Valve Insufficiency , Mitral Valve , Obesity, Morbid , Subclavian Artery , Thoracic Surgery
16.
J. vasc. bras ; 17(4): 322-327, out.-dez. 2018. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-969136

ABSTRACT

Complicações relacionadas ao acesso venoso cervicotorácico, como os pseudoaneurismas (PAs), podem ser devastadoras. Neste artigo, apresentamos dois casos semelhantes em que o avanço tecnológico impactou no diagnóstico, tratamento e resultados. Ambos pacientes apresentaram volumoso PA após a tentativa de punção venosa profunda. O primeiro caso, em 1993, diagnosticado por duplex scan , revelou grande PA oriundo da artéria subclávia direita. A artéria foi abordada por esternotomia mediana com extensão supraclavicular. O PA originava-se do tronco tireocervical, tratado com simples ligadura. No segundo caso, em 2017, angiotomografia revelou um PA originário da artéria vertebral, que foi tratado com técnica endovascular, mantendo a perviedade do vaso. Ambos evoluíram satisfatoriamente, apesar de abordagens bastante diferentes. A lesão vascular cervicotorácica representa um desafio propedêutico e terapêutico, com alto risco de ruptura. Os avanços tecnológicos diminuem os riscos de lesões vasculares com acesso cirúrgico difícil e devem estar entre as opções do cirurgião vascular


Complications such as pseudoaneurysms (PA) related to cervicothoracic venous access can be devastating. In this article, we present two similar cases in which technological advances impacted diagnosis, treatment, and results. Both patients developed massive PA after deep venous puncture attempts. The first case occurred in 1993 and was diagnosed by a duplex scan that revealed a large PA originating from the right subclavian artery. The artery was approached by median sternotomy with supraclavicular extension. The PA originated from the thyrocervical trunk and was treated with simple ligation. The second case was in 2017. Angiotomography revealed a PA originating in the vertebral artery, which was treated with endovascular techniques, maintaining vessel patency. Both patients progressed satisfactorily, despite quite different approaches. Cervicothoracic vascular lesions represent a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge, where the risk of rupture is high. Technological advances have reduced the risks involved in management of vascular injuries with difficult surgical access


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Vertebral Artery , Aneurysm, False/therapy , Endovascular Procedures , Subclavian Artery , Catheterization, Central Venous/methods , Angiography/methods , Stents , Treatment Outcome , Echocardiography, Doppler, Color/methods , Sternotomy/methods , Hematoma
17.
J. vasc. bras ; 17(3)jul.-set. 2018. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-915844

ABSTRACT

O implante de cateter venoso central para hemodiálise é comumente realizado em grandes centros e suas complicações estão, por vezes, associadas ao treinamento insuficiente de quem o realiza, mas também às condições clínicas do próprio doente. O presente estudo relata dois casos de intercorrências relacionadas ao uso do cateter de curta permanência para hemodiálise. No primeiro caso, houve inserção inadvertida da cânula na artéria subclávia esquerda e consequente trombose arterial, que foi conduzida conservadoramente, documentando-se uma boa perfusão colateral com ecografia vascular. O segundo caso ilustra o achado incidental de uma trombose venosa séptica central em paciente que havia feito uso do cateter por uma semana, optando-se por tratá-la com antibioticoterapia, anticoagulação plena e controle ecográfico. Em ambos os casos, a intervenção cirúrgica seria de alto risco devido ao prognóstico reservado dos doentes. A ultrassonografia vascular permitiu o monitoramento das situações clínicas e o emprego de terapêutica menos agressiva


Central venous catheter implantation for hemodialysis is commonly performed in large centers and its complications are sometimes associated with insufficient training of those who perform it, but may also be related to the patient's clinical condition. The present study reports two cases of complications related to use of a short-stay catheter for hemodialysis. In the first case, the cannula was inadvertently inserted into the left subclavian artery, causing arterial thrombosis, which was conservatively managed and good collateral perfusion was documented with vascular echography. The second case illustrates an incidental finding of Central Venous Septic Thrombosis in a patient who had used a catheter for a week, which was treated with antibiotic therapy, anticoagulation, and ultrasound control. In both cases, surgical intervention would have been high risk because of the patients' poor prognosis. Vascular ultrasonography enabled monitoring of these clinical situations and use of less aggressive treatments


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Aged , Neoplasms/therapy , Renal Dialysis/methods , Ultrasonography/methods , Vascular Access Devices/adverse effects , Anticoagulants/therapeutic use , Central Venous Catheters/adverse effects , Echocardiography, Doppler/methods , Endovascular Procedures/methods , Jugular Veins/diagnostic imaging , Renal Insufficiency/diagnosis , Subclavian Artery/diagnostic imaging , Upper Extremity , Venous Thrombosis
18.
J. vasc. bras ; 17(3)jul.-set. 2018. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-915878

ABSTRACT

A agenesia de carótida interna é uma anomalia rara. Na maioria dos casos, é assintomática devido às anastomoses que podem estar presentes, mas pode estar associada a complicações, principalmente quando evidenciada a presença de outras alterações anatômicas ou doença aterosclerótica grave. Relatamos o caso de uma paciente feminina de 63 anos, hipertensa e diabética, com história de cirurgia prévia para clipagem de aneurisma cerebral. Na investigação através de eco-Doppler e angiotomografia de carótidas e vertebrais, foi evidenciada agenesia unilateral da artéria carótida interna esquerda. Este relato objetiva chamar atenção para a importância de se suspeitar de malformações vasculares durante a investigação de quadros neurológicos. A agenesia de carótida interna tem uma importante associação com aneurismas intracerebrais, e é possível poupar o paciente de graves complicações quando estes são identificados a tempo


Agenesis of the internal carotid artery is a rare anomaly. It is usually asymptomatic because of the presence of anastomoses, but it can be associated with complications, especially when there is evidence of other anatomical abnormalities or severe atherosclerotic disease. We report the case of a 63-year-old female patient with hypertension and diabetes and a history of intracranial aneurysm clipping. Doppler ultrasonography and computed tomography angiography of the carotid and vertebral arteries showed unilateral agenesis of the left internal carotid artery. Thisreport aims to highlight the importance of suspecting vascular malformations during investigation of neurological conditions. Internal carotid agenesis has a significant association with intracranial aneurysms and their early detection can spare the patient serious complications


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Aorta, Thoracic/abnormalities , Carotid Artery, Internal/abnormalities , Heart Defects, Congenital/complications , Heart Defects, Congenital/diagnosis , Angiography/methods , Echocardiography/methods , Intracranial Aneurysm/complications , Intracranial Aneurysm/physiopathology , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy/methods , Subclavian Artery
20.
J. vasc. bras ; 17(2): 174-177, abr.jun.2018.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-910880

ABSTRACT

A compressão da artéria subclávia no desfiladeiro torácico é um fenômeno amplamente conhecido. Anormalidades ósseas, como a pseudoartrose da clavícula, podem raramente causar compressão arterial a esse nível. A pseudoartrose pode desenvolver-se em decorrência de um trauma, que é a forma mais comum, ou ser congênita. Os autores descrevem o caso de uma paciente de 44 anos com quadro de isquemia crítica de membro superior direito. Apresentava história de fratura não tratada de clavícula direita aos 9 meses de idade que evoluiu com pseudoartrose e compressão extrínseca com oclusão da artéria subclávia. O segmento da clavicula acometido pela pseudoartrose foi ressecado e realizada uma tromboembolectomia tardia das artérias subclávia, braquial e distais, com boa evolução.


Compression of the subclavian artery in the thoracic outlet is a well-known phenomenon. In rare cases, bone abnormalities, such as pseudarthrosis of the clavicle, can cause arterial compression at this level. Pseudarthrosis may develop as a result of trauma, which is the more common form, or it may be congenital. Here, the authors describe the case of a 44-year-old patient with critical ischemia of the right upper limb. She had a history of untreated right clavicle fracture at 9 months of age which had progressed to pseudarthrosis and extrinsic compression of the subclavian artery causing occlusion. The segment of the clavicle involved was resected and late thromboembolectomy of the subclavian, brachial, distal arteries was performed, with good results.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Clavicle/abnormalities , Pseudarthrosis/pathology , Thoracic Outlet Syndrome/diagnostic imaging , Thoracic Outlet Syndrome/rehabilitation , Upper Extremity/pathology , Subclavian Artery/anatomy & histology , Time Factors , Warfarin/administration & dosage
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