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1.
Int. j. morphol ; 37(2): 685-689, June 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1002277

ABSTRACT

El Theracal TM LC es un cemento silicato de calcio (Ca) modificado con resina (SMCR) que ha demostrado ser un material ideal para el tratamiento dentino-pulpar por su alta tasa de formación de calcio. Los biomateriales por su contenido de Ca tienden a tener un aumento en su biodisponibilidad, estimulando la formación del puente dentario atreves de las células involucradas en la formación de tejidos mineralizados, promoviendo la diferenciación de fibroblastos en odontoblastos y aumentando la actividad de la enzima pirofostasa responsable en la mineralización de la dentina. El presente estudio con el objetivo de evaluar la respuesta inflamatoria a Theracal TM LC subcutáneamente en ratas Wistar. Fueron usados seis ratas cepa Wistar en las cuales se realizaron cuatro bolsillos quirúrgicos subcutáneos. Cada uno de estos bolsillos se determinó como cuadrante distinto, conteniendo los siguientes implantes: 1 Theracal TM LC en tubo polietileno, 2 tubo de polietileno, 3 Theracal TM LC directo y 4 como control. Las muestras histológicas se procesaron y se evaluaron distintos tipos celulares mediante conteo a microscopio de luz a 100X utilizando las tinciones H&E y AT pH 2.3. Los resultados mostraron que existen diferencias significativas en todos los tipos celulares observados durante los diferentes tiempos de exposición. Las diferencias en los tipos celulares observados podrían ser debido al tiempo de exposición al Theracal TM LC, al tubo polietileno y a ambos. El tejido evaluado del implante del tubo polietileno y al tubo polietileno con Theracal TM LC, presentan mayor respuesta inflamatoria, a diferencia en el tejido implantado con Theracal TM LC directamente.


TheraCalTM LC is a resin-modified calcium silicate (Ca) resin (SMCR) that has proven to be an ideal material for dentin-pulp treatment due to its high rate of calcium formation. Biomaterials due to their Ca content tend to have an increase in their bioavailability, stimulating the formation of the dental bridge through the cells involved in the formation of mineralized tissues, promoting the differentiation of fibroblasts in odontoblasts and increasing the activity of the pyrophosphate enzyme responsible in dentin mineralization. The present study aimed to evaluate the inflammatory response to TheracalTM LC subcutaneously in Wistar rats. Six Wistar strain rats were used in which four subcutaneous surgical pockets were made. Each of these pockets was determined as a different quadrant, containing the following implants: 1 TheracalTM LC in polyethylene tube, 2 polyethylene tubes, 3 TheracalTM LC direct and 4 as control. The histological samples were processed, and different cell types were evaluated by light microscopy at 100X using the H&E and AT pH 2.3 stains. The results showed that there are significant differences in all cell types observed during the different exposure times. The differences in the cell types observed could be due to the exposure time to TheracalTM LC, to the polyethylene tube and to both. The evaluated tissue of the polyethylene tube implant and the polyethylene tube with TheracalTM LC present a greater inflammatory response, unlike in the tissue implanted with TheracalTM LC directly.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Calcium Compounds/pharmacology , Composite Resins/pharmacology , Subcutaneous Tissue/drug effects , Inflammation , Biocompatible Materials/pharmacology , Rats, Wistar , Silicates
2.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 33: e060, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1011656

ABSTRACT

Abstract This study evaluated the effect of hypertension on tissue response and biomineralization capacity of white Mineral Trioxide Aggregate (MTA), High-plasticity MTA (MTA HP), and Biodentine® (BDT) in rats. Polyethylene tubes filled with MTA, MTA HP, BDT, and the control group (empty tubes) were placed into the dorsal subcutaneous tissue of 32 male rats (16 normotensive (NT) and 16 hypertensive rats - 8 per group). After 7 and 30 days, the polyethylene tubes surrounded by connective tissue were removed, fixed, and embedded in histological resin. The mean number of inflammatory cells was estimated in HE-stained sections, biomineralization was quantified as area (µm2) by Kossa (VK) staining, and examination by polarized light (LP) microscopy was performed. The differences amongst the groups were analyzed statistically by the Mann-Whitney or Student's t test, according to Shapiro-Wilk test of normality (p < 0.05). The inflammatory responses to all materials were greater in hypertensive rats than in NT rats (p < 0.05). Positive VK staining in MTA and BDT were more pronounced in NT rats at 7 and 30 days (p < 0.05). Birefringent structures in LP for MTA, MTA HP, and BDT were more pronounced in NT rats at 7 days (p<0.05). In rats, hypertension was able to increase inflammatory infiltrate and decrease biomineralization of the tested materials.


Subject(s)
Oxides/pharmacology , Biocompatible Materials/pharmacology , Silicates/pharmacology , Calcium Compounds/pharmacology , Aluminum Compounds/pharmacology , Subcutaneous Tissue/drug effects , Subcutaneous Tissue/physiopathology , Biomineralization/physiology , Hypertension/physiopathology , Time Factors , Materials Testing , Reproducibility of Results , Rats, Wistar , Subcutaneous Tissue/pathology , Drug Combinations , Hypertension/complications , Inflammation/physiopathology , Inflammation/pathology , Microscopy, Polarization
3.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 44(4): 819-825, July-Aug. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-954082

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Aims and Objectives: Polypropylene meshes have been increasingly adopted for correction of pelvic organ prolapse due to its lower recurrence rate when compared to surgeries without meshes. The study of the interaction of these materials with the host tissue may contribute to the development of materials with best biocompatibility and, consequently, less complication rates. Materials and Methods: The present study compares the inflammatory reaction of standard-weight (SW) and lightweight (LW) meshes (72 g/m216g/m2 respectively), implanted in the abdomen of 20 adult rats, which were euthanized in four or 30 days. Quantification of pro-inflammatory markers, IL-1 and TNF-α, and of metalloproteinases, MMP2 and MMP3, were carried out through immunohistochemistry with AxioVision® software. Results: There were no significant differences in the quantification of IL-1 and TNF-α in LW versus SW meshes. However, IL-1 quantification increased along time (30 days >4 days, p=0.0269). Also, MMP-2 quantification was similar to SW and LW and both presented a significant increase along time (30 days >4 days, p <0.0001). MMP-3 quantification also showed no difference between the SW and LW groups, but increased along time (30 days >4 days, p=0.02). Conclusions: Mesh's density did not influence the quantification of pro-inflammatory cytokines IL-1 and TNF-α and metalloproteinases 2 and 3. The increased expression of IL-1, MMP-2 and MMP-3 over time could represent a longstanding inflammatory response after PP mesh implantation. Possibly, the occurrence of adverse events following PP prosthetic implants can be influenced by other factors, not solely related to the amount of implanted material.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Rats , Polypropylenes/adverse effects , Surgical Mesh/adverse effects , Interleukin-1/analysis , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/analysis , Matrix Metalloproteinase 3/analysis , Matrix Metalloproteinase 2/analysis , Subcutaneous Tissue/pathology , Time Factors , Wound Healing , Biocompatible Materials/adverse effects , Materials Testing , Immunohistochemistry , Reproducibility of Results , Foreign-Body Reaction/chemically induced , Foreign-Body Reaction/pathology , Collagen/analysis , Abdominal Wall/pathology , Subcutaneous Tissue/drug effects
4.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 32(supl.1): e68, 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-974474

ABSTRACT

Abstract: Endodontic medicine, which addresses the bidirectional relationship between endodontic infections and systemic diseases, has gained prominence in the field of endodontics. There is much evidence showing that while systemic disease may influence the pathogenesis of endodontic infection, endodontic infection can also cause systemic alterations. These alterations include more severe bone resorption and inflammation in the periapical area as well as enhanced systemic disease symptoms. Similarly, many reports have described the impact of systemic diseases on the tissue responses to dental materials. Conversely, the local use of dental materials may show systemic effects in the form of altered production of biomarkers. Thus, studies to better understand the mechanisms related to those connections are extremely important. In this context, the objective of this review was to analyze and discuss the current literature regarding the connections among these three factors—systemic diseases, endodontic infection, and endodontic dental materials—and determine how these connections may interfere in the systemic health status and the endodontic treatment outcomes, which are represented by periapical wound healing.


Subject(s)
Humans , Periapical Periodontitis/physiopathology , Root Canal Filling Materials/pharmacology , Cardiovascular Diseases/physiopathology , Subcutaneous Tissue/drug effects , Dental Pulp/drug effects , Diabetes Mellitus/physiopathology , Oxides/pharmacology , Risk Factors , Silicates/pharmacology , Calcium Compounds/pharmacology , Aluminum Compounds/pharmacology , Dental Pulp Diseases/physiopathology , Drug Combinations , Metabolic Diseases/physiopathology
5.
Rio de janeiro; s.n; 2018. 76 p. ilus.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1016644

ABSTRACT

Este estudo teve como objetivo avaliar a biocompatibilidade, através de análise histopatológica e de imuno-histoquímica, de um novo cimento reparador à base de MTA com alta plasticidade: MTA HP (Angelus Londrina, PR). O MTA branco (Angelus Londrina, PR), e um material a base de óxido de zinco e eugenol (IRM, Dentsply, Petrópolis, RJ) foram utilizados como referências para comparação. Para isso, trinta ratos machos de linhagem Wistar tiveram inoculados no tecido subcutâneo um tubo de polietileno vazio (controle negativo) e mais três tubos, cada um preenchido com um dos materiais testados. Os animais foram eutanasiados após 7, 30 e 60 dias da implantação dos tubos e as amostras foram fixadas e incluídas em parafina. Os cortes histológicos foram corados com hematoxilina e eosina e tricômico de gomori para avaliação das reações inflamatórias e a presença de angiogênese foi realizada utilizando o marcador VEGF (do inglês vascular endothelial growth factor). Os cortes também foram corados com Picrosirius Red para quantificar as fibras colágenas do tipo I e tipo III, assim como a coloração de Weigert foi realizada para observar as fibras elásticas. Os dados não-paramétricos foram analisados usando o ensaio de Kruskal-Wallis seguido do teste de Dunn. Os níveis de significância adotados foram de 5% (P < 0,05). Os resultados mostraram diferença significativa da resposta inflamatória após 60 dias entre os grupos IRM e tubo vazio (P < 0,05). O MTA HP apresentou biocompatibilidade similar ao MTA branco e ao grupo controle negativo em todos os períodos experimentais. Além disso, após 7 dias o MTA HP estimulou a angiogênese de forma menos acentuada que o MTA branco, assim como apresentou inicialmente um remodelamento mais lento da matriz extracelular quando comparado ao MTA branco e o IRM. Foi observado uma diminuição da espessura da cápsula fibrosa, da quantidade de fibras elásticas e da imonumarcação com VEGF em todos os grupos experimentais e controle negativo ao longo do processo de cicatrização. Após 60 dias os grupos experimentais apresentaram matriz extracelular com tecido conjuntivo mais maduro, com predominância de fibras colágenas do tipo I. De acordo com os resultados obtidos no presente estudo, pode-se concluir que o novo cimento reparador com alta plasticidade, MTA HP, apresentou-se biocompatível em todos os períodos experimentais, com resultados similares aos grupos controle negativo e experimentais com MTA branco e IRM.


This study evaluated the biocompatibility, through histopathological analysis and immunohistochemistry of a new repair cement based on MTA with high plasticity: MTA HP (Angelus Londrina, PR). White MTA (Angelus Londrina, PR), and a material based on zinc oxide and eugenol (IRM, Dentsply, Petrópolis, RJ) were used as references for comparison. Thirty male Wistar rats had inoculated into the subcutaneous tissue an empty polyethylene tube (negative control) and three more tubes, each filled with one of the tested materials. The animals were euthanized after 7, 30 and 60 days of tube implantation and the specimens were fixed and embedded in paraffin. The sections were stained with hematoxylin and eosin and gomori trichrome to assess inflammatory reactions, and the presence of angiogenesis was performed using the VEGF (vascular endothelial growth factor) marker. The sections were also stained with Picrosirius Red to quantify as type I and type III collagen fibers, as well as a Weigert staining was performed to observe elastic fibers. Non-parametric data were analyzed using the Kruskal-Wallis assay followed Dunn's test. The significance levels adopted were 5% (P < 0.05). The results demonstrated a significant difference in inflammatory response after 60 days between IRM and empty tube groups (P < 0.05). MTA HP showed similar biocompatibility to the White MTA and the negative control group in all experimental periods. Furthermore, after 7 days MTA HP stimulated less pronounced angiogenesis than White MTA, as it initially exhibited slower extracellular matrix remodeling when compared to White MTA and IRM. A decrease in the thickness of the fibrous capsule, the amount of elastic fibers and the immunostaining with VEGF in all experimental groups and control throughout the healing process was observed. After 60 days, the experimental groups presented extracellular matrix with more mature connective tissue, with predominance of type I collagen fibers. According to the results obtained in the present study, it can be concluded that the new repair cement with high plasticity, MTA HP, was biocompatible in all the experimental periods, presenting similar results to the control and experimental groups with White MTA and IRM.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Oxides/pharmacology , Silicates/pharmacology , Calcium Compounds/pharmacology , Aluminum Compounds/pharmacology , Subcutaneous Tissue/drug effects , Dental Cements , Materials Testing , Immunohistochemistry , Rats, Wistar , Statistics, Nonparametric , Drug Combinations
6.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 32: e42, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-889494

ABSTRACT

Abstract: Based on aroeira's (Myracrodruon urundeuva) antimicrobial activity and a future trend to compose intracanal medication, the aim of this study was to assess in vivo inflamatory tissue response to the extracts by edemogenic and histological analysis containing inactivated facultative and anaerobic microorganisms. For edema quantification, eighteen animals were divided into three groups (n = 3, periods: 3 and 6 hours) and 0.2 mL of 1% Evans blue per 100 g of body weight was injected into the penile vein under general anesthesia. After 30 min the animals received a subcutaneous injection in the dorsal region of aqueous or ethanolic extract of aroeira or saline (control) containing inactivated bacteria. Samples were collected, immersed in formamide for 72h, and evaluated by spectrophotometry (630 m). For histological analysis, polyethylene tubes with the extracts were implanted in the dorsal of 30 male rats. Analysis of the fibrous capsule and inflammatory infiltrate were performed after 7 and 30 days. The aqueous extract group induced less edema in both postoperative periods compared to the other groups, but the differences were not significant (p > 0.05). Tissue repair was significantly better after 30 days than after 7 days (p < 0.01). The aqueous solution showed less inflammatory response than the ethanolic solution (p < 0.05), with tendency for better results than control after 7 days. After 30 days, the response to both extracts was similar to control. The aqueous and ethanolic aroeira extracts containing inactivated microorganisms showed a trend for better results than saline, even when associated with microorganisms, and facilitated the tissue repair process.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Anacardiaceae/chemistry , Edema/prevention & control , Gram-Negative Bacteria/drug effects , Gram-Positive Bacteria/drug effects , Inflammation/prevention & control , Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Subcutaneous Tissue/microbiology , Edema/pathology , Gram-Negative Bacteria/classification , Gram-Positive Bacteria/classification , Inflammation/pathology , Rats, Wistar , Subcutaneous Tissue/drug effects , Subcutaneous Tissue/pathology , Time Factors
7.
Acta cir. bras ; 32(9): 726-735, Sept. 2017. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-886240

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose: To investigated the inflammatory, angiogenic and fibrogenic activities of the Schinus terebinthifolius Raddi leaves oil (STRO) on wound healing. Methods: The excisional wound healing model was used to evaluate the effects of STRO. The mice were divided into two groups: Control, subjected to vehicle solution (ointment lanolin/vaseline base), or STRO- treated group, administered topically once a day for 3, 7 and 14 days post-excision. We evaluated the macroscopic wound closure rate; the inflammation was evaluated by leukocytes accumulation and cytokine levels in the wounds. The accumulation of neutrophil and macrophages in the wounds were determined by assaying myeloperoxidase and N-acetyl-β-D-glucosaminidase activities. The levels of TNF-α, CXCL-1 and CCL-2 in wound were evaluated by ELISA assay. Angiogenesis and collagen fibers deposition were evaluated histologically. Results: We observed that macroscopic wound closure rate was improved in wounds from STRO-group than Control-group. The wounds treated with STRO promoted a reduction in leucocyte accumulation and in pro-inflammatory cytokine. Moreover, STRO treatment increased significantly the number of blood vessels and collagen fibers deposition, as compared to control group. Conclusion: Topical application of STRO display anti-inflammatory and angiogenic effects, as well as improvement in collagen replacement, suggesting a putative use of this herb for the development of phytomedicines to treat inflammatory diseases, including wound healing.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Wound Healing/drug effects , Plant Oils/therapeutic use , Plant Extracts/therapeutic use , Anacardiaceae/chemistry , Angiogenesis Inducing Agents/therapeutic use , Inflammation/drug therapy , Time Factors , Immunohistochemistry , Collagen/analysis , Plant Leaves/chemistry , Subcutaneous Tissue/drug effects , Subcutaneous Tissue/pathology
8.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 31: e43, 2017. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-952091

ABSTRACT

Abstract The aim of this study was to evaluate edemogenic activity and subcutaneous inflammatory reaction induced by Psidium cattleianum leaf extracts associated with Ca(OH)2. Thirty male Wistar rats, split equally into three groups [aqueous extract + Ca(OH)2; ethanolic extract + Ca(OH)2; and propylene glycol + Ca(OH)2], were assessed every 3 h or 6 h (five animals in each period). Under general anesthesia, 0.2 mL of 1% Evans blue per 100 g of body weight was injected into the penile vein and each combination to be evaluated was subcutaneously injected into the dorsal region 30 min thereafter. Edemogenic activity was analyzed by spectrophotometry (λ=630 nm). For inflammatory reaction analysis, 50 rats received four polyethylene tubes (three experimental groups) and an empty tube (control group). The assessments were made at 7, 15, 30, 60, and 90 days, followed by hematoxylin-eosin staining and by the assignment of scores for evaluation of tissue response intensity. Ethanolic extract + Ca(OH)2 yielded the largest edemogenic activity at 3 h. Intergroup differences at 6 h were not significant. The histological analysis showed progressive repair over time (p<0.05) and aqueous and ethanolic extracts produced similar responses to those of the control and Ca(OH)2 + propylene glycol groups. Psidium cattleianum leaf extracts used as Ca(OH)2 vehicles evoked similar tissue response when compared to Ca(OH)2 associated with propylene glycol.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Calcium Hydroxide/pharmacology , Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Subcutaneous Tissue/drug effects , Psidium/chemistry , Time Factors , Pharmaceutical Vehicles/pharmacology , Pharmaceutical Vehicles/chemistry , Materials Testing , Drug Carriers , Water/chemistry , Reproducibility of Results , Rats, Wistar , Plant Leaves/chemistry , Propylene Glycol/pharmacology , Subcutaneous Tissue/pathology , Ethanol/pharmacology , Drug Evaluation, Preclinical , Inflammation/pathology , Inflammation/drug therapy , Anti-Infective Agents/pharmacology
9.
An. acad. bras. ciênc ; 89(3,supl): 2433-2443, 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-886814

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT The focus of this study was to test the hypothesis that there would be no difference between the biocompatibility of resin-modified glass ionomer cements. Sixty male Wistar rats were selected and divided into four groups: Control Group; Crosslink Group; RMO Group and Transbond Group. The materials were inserted into rat subcutaneous tissue. After time intervals of 7, 15 and 30 days morphological analyses were performed. The histological parameters assessed were: inflammatory infiltrate intensity; reaction of multinucleated giant cells; edema; necrosis; granulation reaction; young fibroblasts and collagenization. The results obtained were statistically analyzed by the Kruskal-Wallis and Dunn test (P<0.05). After 7 days, Groups RMO and Transbond showed intense inflammatory infiltrate (P=0.004), only Group RMO presented greater expression of multinucleated giant cell reaction (P=0.003) compared with the control group. After the time intervals of 15 and 30 days, there was evidence of light/moderate inflammatory infiltrate, lower level of multinucleated giant cell reaction and thicker areas of young fibroblasts in all the groups. The hypothesis was rejected. The Crosslink cement provided good tissue response, since it demonstrated a lower level of inflammatory infiltrate and higher degree of collagenization, while RMO demonstrated the lowest level of biocompatibility.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Biocompatible Materials/pharmacology , Materials Testing , Subcutaneous Tissue/drug effects , Glass Ionomer Cements/pharmacology , Time Factors , Double-Blind Method , Rats, Wistar , Subcutaneous Tissue/pathology , Edema/pathology , Fibroblasts/drug effects , Necrosis/pathology
10.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 30(1): e25, 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-952016

ABSTRACT

Abstract The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of diabetes mellituson tissue response and mineralization ability of Sealapex®and MTA Fillapex® sealers. Twenty-four Wistar rats were divided into two groups: diabetic and non-diabetic. The materials were placed in polyethylene tubes and implanted into dorsal connective tissue of rats for 7 and 30 days. Six animals from each group received injection of calcein, alizarin, and oxytetracycline on days 7, 14, and 21, respectively. The animals were killed after 7 and 30 days and specimens were prepared for histologic analysis by staining with hematoxylin and eosin or Von Kossa or left unstained for polarized light or fluorescence microscopy. On day 7, inflammatory reactions were characterized. Moderate inflammatory responses were observed for all groups and on day 30, a mild inflammatory response against MTA Fillapex® and a moderate inflammatory response against Sealapex® were observed. Von Kossa-positive structures were observed in response to both materials and birefringent structures were observed upon polarized light analysis; these had no relation to the diabetic condition (p > 0.05). The fluorescence intensity was unaffected in diabetic rats (p > 0.05). In conclusion, diabetes mellitus did not influence the tissue response or mineralization stimulated by Sealapex® or MTA Fillapex®.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Oxides/pharmacology , Calcium Hydroxide/pharmacology , Salicylates/pharmacology , Silicates/pharmacology , Calcium Compounds/pharmacology , Aluminum Compounds/pharmacology , Subcutaneous Tissue/drug effects , Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental/physiopathology , Time Factors , Biocompatible Materials/pharmacology , Materials Testing , Rats, Wistar , Subcutaneous Tissue/pathology , Drug Combinations , Inflammation/chemically induced , Inflammation/pathology , Microscopy, Fluorescence
11.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 30(1): e97, 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-952008

ABSTRACT

Abstract Ca3SiO5 is new cement based on the composition of Portland that has been developed to have superior physicochemical and biological properties. In a clinical evaluation, the cement did not appear to have cytotoxic properties and allowed for the proliferation of pulp cells and gingival fibroblasts. However, no previous studies have evaluated the genotoxicity or the mutagenicity of Ca3SiO5in vivo. Therefore, the goal of this study is to evaluate the genotoxic and mutagenic potential of Ca3SiO5-based cement in vivo. Twenty-four male Wistar rats were divided into 3 groups (n = 8). Group A rats received subcutaneous implantation of Ca3SiO5 in the dorsum. Group B rats received a single dose of cyclophosphamide (positive control). Group C rats received subcutaneous implantation of empty tubes in the dorsum (negative control). After 24 hours, all animals were euthanized and the bone marrow of the femurs was collected for use in the comet assay and the micronucleus test. The comet assay revealed that the Ca3SiO5 group had a tail intensity of 23.57 ± 7.70%, the cyclophosphamide group had a tail intensity of 27.43 ± 7.40%, and the negative control group had a tail intensity of 24.75 ± 5.55%. The average number of micronuclei was 6.25 (standard deviation, SD = 3.53) in the Ca3SiO5 group, 9.75 (SD = 2.49) in the cyclophosphamide group, and 0.75 (SD = 1.03) in the negative control group. There was an increase in the micronuclei frequency in the Ca3SiO5 group compared to that of the negative control group (p < 0.05). Our data showed that exposure to the Ca3SiO5-based cement resulted in an increase in the frequency of micronuclei, but no genotoxicity was detected according to the comet assay.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Silicates/toxicity , Calcium Compounds/toxicity , Subcutaneous Tissue/drug effects , Pulp Capping and Pulpectomy Agents/toxicity , Time Factors , DNA Damage/drug effects , Materials Testing , Bone Marrow Cells/drug effects , Micronucleus Tests , Cell Survival/drug effects , Reproducibility of Results , Rats, Wistar , Comet Assay , Cyclophosphamide/toxicity
12.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 30(1): e81, 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-951987

ABSTRACT

Abstract Obturation of the root canal system aims to fill empty spaces, promoting hermetic sealing and preventing bacterial activity in periapical tissues. This should provide optimal conditions for repair, stimulating the process of biomineralization. An endodontic sealer should be biocompatible once it is in direct contact with periapical tissues. The aim of this study was to evaluate the rat subcutaneous tissue response to implanted polyethylene tubes filled with Smartpaste Bio, Acroseal, and Sealapex and investigate mineralization ability of these endodontic sealers. Forty Wistar rats were assigned to the three sealers groups and control group, (n = 10 animals/group) and received subcutaneous implants containing the test sealers, and the control group were implanted with empty tubes. After days 7, 15, 30, and 60, animals were euthanized and polyethylene tubes were removed with the surrounding tissues. Inflammatory infiltrate and thickness of the fibrous capsule were histologically evaluated. Mineralization was analyzed by Von Kossa staining and polarized light. Data were tabulated and analyzed via Kruskal-Wallis and Dunn's test. All tested materials induced a moderate inflammatory reaction in the initial periods. Smartpaste Bio induced the mildest inflammatory reactions after day 15. No difference was observed among groups after days 30 or 60. Von Kossa-positive staining and birefringent structures observed under polarized light revealed a larger mineralization area in Sealapex-treated animals followed by Smartpaste Bio-treated animals. At the end of the experiment, all tested sealers were found to be biocompatible. All sealers induced biomineralization, except Acroseal, which induced a mild tissue reaction.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Root Canal Filling Materials/pharmacology , Biocompatible Materials/pharmacology , Calcium Hydroxide/pharmacology , Ceramics/pharmacology , Subcutaneous Tissue/drug effects , Epoxy Resins/pharmacology , Root Canal Filling Materials/chemistry , Time Factors , Biocompatible Materials/chemistry , Materials Testing , Calcium Hydroxide/chemistry , Ceramics/chemistry , Salicylates/pharmacology , Salicylates/chemistry , Reproducibility of Results , Rats, Wistar , Subcutaneous Tissue/pathology , Epoxy Resins/chemistry , Inflammation/chemically induced
13.
J. appl. oral sci ; 23(5): 508-514, Sept.-Oct. 2015. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: lil-764164

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to evaluate the subcutaneous tissue response in rats and the antimicrobial activity of intracanal calcium hydroxide dressings mixed with different substances against E. faecalis. Fifty four rats were divided into three experimental groups according to the vehicle in the calcium hydroxide treatment: 0.4% chlorohexidine in propylene glycol (PG),Casearia sylvestris Sw in PG and calcium hydroxide+PG (control group). The pastes were placed into polyethylene tubes and implanted into the subcutaneous tissue. After 7, 14 and 30 days, the samples were processed and histologically evaluated (hematoxylin and eosin). The tissue surface in contact with the material was analyzed, and the quantitative analysis determined the volume density occupied by the inflammatory infiltrate (giant cells, polymorphonuclear cells and mononuclear cells), fibroblasts, collagen fibers and blood vessels. For the antimicrobial analysis, 20 dentin blocks infected with E. faecalis were treated with calcium hydroxide pastes in different vehicles; 0.4% chlorhexidine in PG, PG, extract fromCasearia sylvestris Sw in PG and a positive control (infection and without medication) for 7 days. The efficiency of the pastes was evaluated by the live/dead technique and confocal microscopy. The results showed that 0.4% chlorhexidine induced a higher inflammatory response than the other groups. The Casearia sylvestris Sw extract showed satisfactory results in relation to the intensity of the inflammatory response. In the microbiological test, there were no statistical differences between the evaluated intracanal dressings and the percentage of bacterial viability was between 33 and 42%. The control group showed an 86% viability. Antimicrobial components such as chlorhexidine or Casearia sylvestris Sw did not improve the antimicrobial activity against E. faecalis in comparison to the calcium hydroxide+PG treatment. In addition, the incorporation of chlorhexidine in the calcium hydroxide paste promoted the highest inflammatory response.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Anti-Infective Agents/pharmacology , Calcium Hydroxide/pharmacology , Casearia/chemistry , Chlorhexidine/pharmacology , Subcutaneous Tissue/drug effects , Anti-Infective Agents/chemistry , Calcium Hydroxide/chemistry , Cells, Cultured , Chlorhexidine/chemistry , Collagen/drug effects , Enterococcus faecalis/drug effects , Fibroblasts/drug effects , Materials Testing , Microbial Viability/drug effects , Ointments , Pharmaceutical Vehicles/chemistry , Pharmaceutical Vehicles/pharmacology , Propylene Glycol/chemistry , Propylene Glycol/pharmacology , Rats, Wistar , Subcutaneous Tissue/pathology , Time Factors
14.
Acta cir. bras ; 30(5): 353-358, 05/2015. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-747032

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To evaluate the effects of angico bark extract (Anadenanthera colubrina var. cebil) in the healing process of the skin of rats. METHODS: Twenty adult male rats were divided into four groups of five animals each, according to the respective postoperative days, as follow: G4, G7, G14 and G21. Each group received two incisions on skin and subcutaneous tissue in the right and left antimere of the thoracic region, separated by a distance of 2 cm. The right lesion was treated daily with saline and the left with the angico alcoholic extract (5%). At the end of each experimental period, the animals were euthanized and fragments of the wound area with the edges were removed, fixed in 10% formaldehyde solution and processed for paraffin embedding. Histological sections (5 μm of thickness) were stained with hematoxylin and eosin (HE), Gomori trichromic and picrosisirus red for morphological and morphometric analyses. Statistical analysis was done by ANOVA and Tukey-Kramer test (p<0.05). RESULTS: Morphological analysis showed larger fibroblasts and a higher concentration of collagen fibers in skyn wounds treated with the angico extract. Morphometric analysis demonstrated a significant increase in the number of fibroblasts at 7th and collagen in 7th and 14th days (p<0.01) in wounds treated with the angico extract. CONCLUSION: The angico alcoholic extract (Anadenanthera colubrina var. cebil) induces the acceleration of wound healing in skin wounds of rats. .


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Fabaceae/chemistry , Phytotherapy/methods , Plant Extracts/therapeutic use , Skin/drug effects , Skin/pathology , Wound Healing/drug effects , Cell Count , Collagen/analysis , Fibroblasts/drug effects , Paraffin Embedding , Postoperative Period , Reproducibility of Results , Skin/injuries , Subcutaneous Tissue/drug effects , Subcutaneous Tissue/injuries , Subcutaneous Tissue/pathology , Time Factors , Treatment Outcome
15.
Acta cir. bras ; 30(4): 296-300, 04/2015. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-744276

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To evaluate the biocompatibility and local sensibility reaction to bacterial cellulose hydrogel (0.8%) implanted in subcutaneous tissue of rabbits. METHODS: Fifteen New Zeland rabbits were randomly allocated into three groups: T1, 7 days, T2, 21 days, and T3, 84 days. The new material was implanted in the subcutaneous tissue of the ear; on the scalp over the periosteum; and on the outer and inner surfaces of the thighs, in the aponeurosis of the muscle. At 7, 21 and 84 postoperative days, the material was collected for histological study. The clinical signs, inflammatory response, angiogenesis and fibrogenesis were variables used for analysis of the biocompatibility and biological reactivity to BCH. Analyses were performed with an AXIO(r) Imager. The statistical tests were performed using the GraphPad Prism 5.0 program(r) RESULTS: The intensity of the inflammatory infiltrate, considering the different cell types (PMN, LMN and GC), was statistically significant, with group T1 different from groups T2 and T3 (p = 0.0124 and p <0.0001, respectively) and T2 different from the T3 group (p = 0.0007). Fibrogenesis grade 1 was the most prevalent in groups T1 (55.4%) and T2 (44.6%). The formation of neovascularization in the group was identified in 84.4% of samples. CONCLUSION: Bacterial cellulose hydrogel (0.8%) is biocompatible, integrating with the subcutaneous tissue of rabbits and inducing tissue remodeling. .


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rabbits , Bacteria/chemistry , Biocompatible Materials/pharmacology , Cellulose/pharmacology , Hydrogels/pharmacology , Subcutaneous Tissue/drug effects , Materials Testing , Random Allocation , Reproducibility of Results , Subcutaneous Tissue/pathology , Time Factors
16.
J. appl. oral sci ; 23(1): 42-48, Jan-Feb/2015. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: lil-741586

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the response of rat subcutaneous tissue in implanted polyethylene tubes that were filled with GMTA Angelus and Portland cements containing different arsenic concentrations. Material and Methods: Atomic absorption spectrophotometry was utilized to obtain the values of the arsenic concentration in the materials. Thirty-six rats were divided into 3 groups of 12 animals for each experimental period. Each animal received two implants of polyethylene tubes filled with different test cements and the lateral of the tubes was used as a control group. After 15, 30 and 60 days of implantation, the animals were killed and the specimens were prepared for descriptive and morphometric analysis considering: inflammatory cells, collagen fibers, fibroblasts, blood vessels and other components. The results were analyzed utilizing the Kuskal-Wallis test and the Dunn's Multiple test for comparison (p<0.05). Results: The materials showed, according to atomic absorption spectrophotometry, the following doses of arsenic: GMTA Angelus: 5.01 mg/kg, WPC Irajazinho: 0.69 mg/kg, GPC Minetti: 18.46 mg/kg and GPC Votoran: 10.76 mg/kg. In a 60-day periods, all specimens displayed a neoformation of connective tissue with a structure of fibrocellular aspect (capsule). Control groups and MTA Angelus produced the lower amount of inflammatory reaction and GPC Minetti, the highest reaction. Conclusions: There was no direct relationship between the concentration of arsenic present in the composition of the materials and the intensity of the inflammatory reactions. Higher values, as 18.46 mg/kg of arsenic in the cement, produce characteristics of severe inflammation reaction at the 60-day period. The best results were found in MTA angelus. .


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Arsenic/toxicity , Bismuth/toxicity , Calcium Compounds/toxicity , Dental Cements/toxicity , Oxides/toxicity , Silicates/toxicity , Subcutaneous Tissue/drug effects , Arsenic/administration & dosage , Bismuth/chemistry , Blood Vessels/drug effects , Collagen/drug effects , Dental Cements/chemistry , Fibroblasts/drug effects , Materials Testing , Oxides/chemistry , Polyethylene/chemistry , Rats, Wistar , Reference Values , Spectrophotometry, Atomic , Time Factors
17.
Acta cir. bras ; 30(1): 24-33, 01/2015. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-735711

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of propranolol on capsular architecture around silicone implants by measuring the inflammation, capsular thickness, and collagen fiber density, using a guinea pig experimental model. METHODS: Thirty six adult male guinea pigs randomly divided into two groups (n=18) were used. Each one received a silicone implant with textured-surface. The capsular tissue around implants from untreated or treated animals with the beta-adrenoceptor antagonist propranolol (10 mg/kg, dissolved in daily water) were analyzed for inflammation by histological scoring, capsular thickness by computerized histometry, and collagen fibers type I and Type III density by picrosirius polarization at different time points (7, 14 or 21 days after silicone implantation). RESULTS: Propranolol treatment reduced inflammation and impaired capsular thickness and delayed collagen maturation around the textured implant. CONCLUSION: Propranolol reduces the risk of developing capsular contracture around silicone implants with textured surface. .


Subject(s)
Animals , Guinea Pigs , Humans , Male , Adrenergic beta-Antagonists/pharmacology , Implant Capsular Contracture/prevention & control , Propranolol/pharmacology , Silicone Gels/adverse effects , Adrenergic beta-Antagonists/therapeutic use , Breast Implants/adverse effects , Collagen Type I/analysis , Collagen Type I/drug effects , Collagen Type III/analysis , Collagen Type III/drug effects , Disease Models, Animal , Implant Capsular Contracture/pathology , Implants, Experimental/adverse effects , Propranolol/therapeutic use , Random Allocation , Reproducibility of Results , Subcutaneous Tissue/drug effects , Subcutaneous Tissue/pathology , Time Factors , Treatment Outcome
18.
Säo Paulo med. j ; 132(5): 261-265, 08/2014. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-721017

ABSTRACT

CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: Hereditary angioedema (HAE) with C1 inhibitor deficiency manifests as recurrent episodes of edema involving the skin, upper respiratory tract and gastrointestinal tract. It can be lethal due to asphyxia. The aim here was to evaluate the response to therapy for these attacks using icatibant, an inhibitor of the bradykinin receptor, which was recently introduced into Brazil. DESIGN AND SETTING: Prospective experimental single-cohort study on the efficacy and safety of icatibant for HAE patients. METHODS: Patients with a confirmed HAE diagnosis were enrolled according to symptoms and regardless of the time since onset of the attack. Icatibant was administered in accordance with the protocol that has been approved in Brazil. Symptom severity was assessed continuously and adverse events were monitored. RESULTS: 24 attacks in 20 HAE patients were treated (female/male 19:1; 19-55 years; median 29 years of age). The symptoms were: subcutaneous edema (22/24); abdominal pain (15/24) and upper airway obstruction (10/24). The time taken until onset of relief was: 5-10 minutes (5/24; 20.8%); 10-20 (5/24; 20.8%); 20-30 (8/24; 33.4%); 30-60 (5/24; 20.8%); and 2 hours (1/24; 4.3%). The time taken for complete resolution of symptoms ranged from 4.3 to 33.4 hours. Adverse effects were only reported at injection sites. Mild to moderate erythema and/or feelings of burning were reported by 15/24 patients, itching by 3 and no adverse effects in 6. CONCLUSION: HAE type I patients who received icatibant responded promptly; most achieved improved symptom severity within 30 minutes. Local adverse events occurred in 75% of the patients. .


CONTEXTO E OBJETIVO: O angioedema hereditário (AEH) com deficiência de inibidor de C1 manifesta-se por episódios recorrentes de edema envolvendo pele, trato respiratório superior e gastrointestinal. Pode ser letal por asfixia. O objetivo foi avaliar a resposta à terapia dos ataques com icatibanto, inibidor do receptor de bradicinina, recentemente introduzido no Brasil. TIPO DE ESTUDO E LOCAL: Estudo experimental prospectivo de coorte, sem grupo controle, da eficácia e segurança do icatibanto em paciente com AEH. MÉTODOS: Pacientes com diagnóstico confirmado de AEH foram incluídos de acordo com os sintomas, independentemente do tempo de início do ataque. Icatibanto foi administrado segundo protocolo aprovado no Brasil. A gravidade do sintoma foi estabelecida continuamente e os eventos adversos foram monitorados. RESULTADOS: 24 ataques em 20 pacientes com AEH foram tratados (19 F:1 M; 19-55 anos; mediana 29 anos). Os sintomas foram: edema subcutâneo (22/24), dor abdominal (15/24) e obstrução de vias aéreas superiores (10/24). O tempo para o início do alívio foi: 5-10 minutos, 5/24 (20,8%); 10-20, 5/24 (20,8%); 20-30, 8/24 (33,4%); 30-60, 5/24 (20,8%) e 2 horas, 1/24 (4,3%). O tempo para a resolução completa variou de 4,3-33,4 horas. Somente efeitos adversos nos locais das injeções foram relatados. Eritema leve a moderado e/ou sensação de ardor foram relatados por 15/24 pacientes, prurido em 3, e 6 não tiveram efeitos adversos. CONCLUSÃO: Pacientes com AEH tipo I receberam icatibanto com pronta resposta; a maioria teve melhora na gravidade dos sintomas em 30 minutos. Eventos adversos locais ocorreram em 75% dos pacientes. .


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Angioedemas, Hereditary/drug therapy , /therapeutic use , Bradykinin/analogs & derivatives , Age Distribution , Angioedemas, Hereditary/complications , Brazil , /adverse effects , Bradykinin/adverse effects , Bradykinin/therapeutic use , Cohort Studies , Edema/drug therapy , Gastrointestinal Tract/drug effects , Prospective Studies , Subcutaneous Tissue/drug effects , Time Factors , Treatment Outcome
19.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 29(2): 272-278, Apr-Jun/2014. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-719402

ABSTRACT

Objective: The aim of the present investigation was to determine whether the difference in inflammatory tissue reaction between the Riccinus communis (castor) polymer with calcium carbonate and the titanium implant is statistically significant. Methods: Thirty-two Cavia porcellus were allocated into four groups of eight animals each. We implanted the two types of materials in the retroperitoneal space of all the animals. They were euthanized at 7, 20, 30 and 40 days after surgery, and an histological study of the samples was conducted. Results: All implants showed characteristics of chronic inflammation regardless of the material and timepoint of evaluation. There was no statistically significant difference between Pm+CaCO3 and Ti with regard to the presence of granulation tissue, tissue congestion, histiocytes, lymphocytes, neutrophils, giant cells, and fibrosis (P> 0.05). Conclusion: The castor oil polymer plus calcium carbonate implant was not statistically different from the titanium implant regarding inflammatory tissue reaction. .


Objetivo: Determinar se a reação tecidual do implante retroperitoneal do polímero de óleo de mamona com acréscimo de carbonato de cálcio (Pm+CaCO3) é significativa, por meio de análise histopatológica, tendo como controle o implante de titânio não tratado (Ti). Métodos: Estudo experimental, intervencionista e randomizado com 32 cobaias. Os animais foram separados em quatro grupos iguais e eutanasiados com 7, 20, 30 e 40 dias após o ato cirúrgico. Foram confeccionadas lâminas em hematoxilina-eosina e em tricrômio de Masson. Em relação a variáveis qualitativas dicotômicas, para análise da diferença entre o Pm+CaCO3 e o Ti em cada momento de avaliação foi usado o teste binomial. Considerando os materiais separadamente, a comparação dos quatro grupos foi feita utilizandose o teste exato de Fisher. Valores de P<0,05 indicaram significância estatística. Resultados: Todos os implantes apresentaram características de inflamação crônica, independente do material e do momento de avaliação. Não houve diferença estatisticamente significativa entre o Pm+CaCO3 e o Ti considerando a presença de tecido de granulação, congestão tecidual, histiócitos, linfócitos, neutrófilos, células gigantes e fibrose (P>0,05). Conclusão: Não foi encontrada diferença significativa entre a reação tecidual do Pm+CaCO3 e a do Ti. .


Subject(s)
Animals , Guinea Pigs , Male , Calcium Carbonate/pharmacology , Castor Oil/pharmacology , Polymers/pharmacology , Ricinus/chemistry , Subcutaneous Tissue/drug effects , Titanium/pharmacology , Biocompatible Materials/chemistry , Biocompatible Materials/pharmacology , Calcium Carbonate/chemistry , Castor Oil/chemistry , Granulation Tissue/drug effects , Implants, Experimental , Materials Testing , Models, Animal , Prostheses and Implants , Polymers/chemistry , Random Allocation , Reproducibility of Results , Subcutaneous Tissue/pathology , Time Factors , Titanium/chemistry
20.
Acta cir. bras ; 28(3): 202-209, Mar. 2013. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-667931

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To evaluate the effects of aroeira (Schinus terebinthifolius) ointment on skin wound healing in rats. METHODS: Adult male rats (n=20) were divided into four groups of five animals each, as follows: G4, G7, G14 and G21, which corresponds to 4th, 7th, 14th and 21th days postoperatively. Each animal were made two incisions on the skin, including the subcutaneous tissue, in the right and left sides of thoracic region, separated by a distance of two inches. The right lesion was treated with base ointment (vaseline, lanolin); the left one was treated with base ointment containing 5% of aroeira oil. At the end of each experimental period the lesions were evaluated for the contraction degree. Then held the collection of fragments that were fixed in 10% formalin and processed for paraffin embedding. In the histological sections (5μm) was evaluated the morphology and quantified the collagen and blood vessels. The data obtained were submitted to ANOVA test complemented by Tukey-Kramer test (p<0.05). RESULTS: The contraction of the lesions was higher in wounds treated with aroeira oil than in controls at 7th and 14th days (p<0.01), whereas in the 21st day all lesions were already completely healed. The morphology showed granulation tissue more developed, with fibroblasts more bulky and collagen fibers more arranged in the experimental group at 4th, 7th and 14th days. The morphometry showed a significant increase in the quantification of collagen fibers in the experimental group at 7th and 14th days (p<0.05). CONCLUSION: The aroeira oil accelerates the healing process of wounds as a macroscopic, morphological and morphometrical analysis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Anacardiaceae , Plant Extracts/therapeutic use , Plant Oils/therapeutic use , Subcutaneous Tissue/drug effects , Wound Healing/drug effects , Angiogenesis Inducing Agents/therapeutic use , Collagen/analysis , Immunohistochemistry , Phytotherapy , Postoperative Period , Subcutaneous Tissue/pathology , Time Factors , Treatment Outcome
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