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Int. j. morphol ; 41(1): 85-89, feb. 2023. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1430538


Este estudio tuvo como objetivo demostrar la existencia de variaciones morfológicas en el tejido conectivo de la glándula submandibular de ratas obesas expuestas a glutamato monosódico (GMS). Se utilizaron 12 ratas Sprague Dawley machos recién nacidas (6 ratas para el grupo 1, control; 6 ratas para el grupo 2 (GMS), 4 mg/g de glutamato monosódico de peso (5 dosis) mantenidas por 16 semanas respectivamente con una dieta y agua ad libitum. En el estudio se realizó un análisis estereológico e histológico, demostrándose una variación en el tejido conectivo presentando una disminución del volúmen glandular, mayor fibrosis, y disminución de adipocitos a nivel periférico siendo reemplazado por tejido rico en colágeno. Los vasos sanguíneos observados a nivel estereológico no presentan mayores cambios en cuanto a volumen, superficie y área.

SUMMARY: This study aims to demonstrate the existence of morphological variations in the connective tissue of the submandibular gland of obese rats exposed to MSG. Twelve male newborn Sprague Dawley rats were used (6 rats for group 1, control; 6 rats for group 2 (MSG), 4 mg/g of monosodium glutamate of weight (5 doses) maintained for 16 weeks respectively with a diet and water ad libitum. In the study, a stereological and histological analysis was carried out, demonstrating a variation in the connective tissue, presenting a decrease in the glandular volume, greater fibrosis, and a decrease in adipocytes at the peripheral level, being replaced by tissue rich in collagen. Blood cells observed at the stereological level do not present major changes in terms of volume, surface and area, but in the histological study greater vascularization is observed.

Animals , Male , Rats , Sodium Glutamate/administration & dosage , Submandibular Gland/drug effects , Obesity , Sodium Glutamate/pharmacology , Blood Vessels/drug effects , Body Weight , Fibrosis , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Connective Tissue/drug effects , Animals, Newborn
Medisan ; 26(2)abr. 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1405795


Se describe el caso clínico de un paciente de 56 años edad, quien acudió al Servicio de Cirugía Oral y Maxilofacial del Hospital Central de Maputo, capital de Mozambique, por presentar aumento de volumen debajo de la lengua, del lado derecho, lo cual le causaba dolor al ingerir alimentos. Durante la exploración clínica se corroboró el aumento de volumen en el piso de la boca, conformado por una zona amarillenta, rodeada de un halo eritematoso que dolía a la palpación. Se diagnosticó una sialolitiasis de la glándula submandibular derecha y se indicó enucleación quirúrgica con anestesia local. El paciente evolucionó favorablemente y no presentó recidivas.

The case report of a 56 years patient is described. He went to the Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Service of Maputo Central Hospital, capital of Mozambique, due to an increase of volume under the tongue, on the right side, which caused him pain when ingesting foods. During the clinical exploration the increase of volume was corroborated in the bottom of the mouth, conformed by a yellowish area, surrounded by an erythematosus halo that hurted at palpation. A sialolithiasis of the right submandibular gland was diagnosed and a surgical enucleation with local anesthesia was indicated. The patient had a favorable clinical course and he did not present relapses.

Submandibular Gland , Surgery, Oral , Salivary Gland Calculi , Mouth Floor
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936117


OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of acid stimulation on salivary flow rate and compositions of human parotid and submandibular glands, so as to provide basis for comprehensive evaluation of salivary gland function in both health and disease status.@*METHODS@#In the study, 210 healthy participants' whole saliva samples were collected under passive drooling, and their parotid gland and submandibular gland secretions were collected by negative pressure suction. 2% citric acid was dropped on the tip of tongue every 1 min for acid stimulation for a total of 5 times to collect stimulated whole saliva, parotid and submandibular gland saliva. The collected saliva was weighed and saliva flow rate was calculated. The K+, Na+, Cl-, Ca2+, total protein, total phosphorus and α-amylase in saliva samples were detected by biochemical analyzer, and the changing features of flow rate and compositions of different kinds of saliva were compared and analyzed.@*RESULTS@#After acid stimulation, saliva flow rate significantly increased. The increase proportion of parotid gland saliva (10.7 folds) was much higher than that of submandibular gland saliva (2.9 folds). The concentrations of Na+, Cl-, Ca2+, total protein and α-amylase in parotid gland saliva increased significantly (P < 0.05), but there was no significant difference in total phosphorus and K+ (P=0.89, P=0.34). The concentration of Na+ and Ca2+ in saliva of submandibular gland increased significantly(P < 0.05), the concentration of total phosphorus decreased significantly(P < 0.05), and the concentration of Cl- increased, but the difference was not significant(P=0.068). There was no significant difference in total protein, K+ and α-amylase (P=0.85, P=0.07, P=0.95). The compound secretion rate of total phosphorus in saliva of submandibular gland remained unchanged(P=0.066), while the secretion rate of K+, Na+, Cl-, Ca2+, total protein and α-amylase significantly increased(P < 0.01). The compound secretion rate of K+, Na+, Cl-, Ca2+, total protein and total phosphorus and α-amylase in parotid gland saliva increased(P < 0.01). The concentrations of Na+, Cl-, K+, total phosphorus, total protein and α-amylase in parotid were higher than those in submandibular gland (P < 0.01), and the concentration of Ca2+ in submandibular gland saliva was significantly higher than that in parotid (P < 0.001).@*CONCLUSION@#The response of parotid to acid stimulation is stronger, and the secretion of submandibular gland is more stable. Acid stimulation significantly influences the concentrations of electrolytes in saliva, and the composited secretion rate is an evaluation index to reflect both flow rate and composition concentration of saliva. The parotid gland plays an important role in the secretion of total protein, total phosphorus and α-amylase in saliva, and the submandibular gland is the main source of Ca2+ in saliva.

Humans , Parotid Gland , Saliva , Secretory Rate , Submandibular Gland , Tongue
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936106


Some kinds of chronic sialadenitis were recognized during the recent years. They have specific pathogenesis, clinical and histopathologic appearances, and require specific treatment. IgG4-related sialadenitis (IgG4-RS) is one of the immune-mediated diseases, characterized by tumefactive lesions. The incidence of IgG4-RS obviously increased during the past 30 years. The study on the potential relationship between occupational exposure to chemical substances and the incidence of IgG4-RS showed that subjects with occupational exposure to agents known to cause IgG4-RD had an increased risk for IgG4-RS. Surgical excision of involved SMG could not control the disease progression, which is not recommended for treatment of IgG4-RS. The combination of glucocorticoid and steroid-sparing agents is effective for treating IgG4-RS, and restores salivary gland function. Radioiodine induced sialadenitis (RAIS) is one of the common complications of postoperative adjuvant treatment of differentiated thyroid cancer by 131I. The incidence of the disease is related to radiation dosage. Clinically, the patients suffered from swelling and tenderness in the buccal or submandibular regions, especially during the mealtime. Imaging appearances are similar to those of chronic obstructive sialadenitis. Conservative managements, such as gland massage, sialagogues, are the mainstream methods in the treatment of RAIS. Sialendoscopy is feasible for RAIS, but not as effective as conventional obstructive sialadenitis (COS). Therefore the prevention of RAIS is crucial. Eosinophilic sialodochitis (ES) is a new type of chronic inflammatory disease of the salivary gland related to allergy. It has characteristics of swelling of multiple major salivary glands, strip-like gelatinous plugs discharged from the duct orifice of the gland, elevated level of serum IgE and eosinophils in peripheral blood, infiltration of eosinophils and IgE positive plasma cells in the tissues, allergic history, increased expression of allergy-related cytokines, such as IL-4, IL-5, IL-13, and eotaxin, which suggest allergic reactions as a potential pathogenesis of the disease. The clinical, laboratory, histological, and immunohistochemical characteristics of ES are significantly different from conventional obstructive sialadenitis (COS). Therefore, it is suitable to separate ES from COS. Conservative managements, such as self-maintenance therapy and anti- allergic modality are the choices of treatment for ES. Based on the results of our comprehensive studies a new classification of chronic sialadenitis is suggested.

Humans , Immunoglobulin G , Iodine Radioisotopes , Salivary Glands , Sialadenitis/etiology , Submandibular Gland
Int. j. morphol ; 39(5): 1302-1310, oct. 2021. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1385477


SUMMARY: Considering that the submandibular gland (SMG) of postnatal mice performs active cell proliferation, apoptosis and differentiation which are regulated by proto-oncogene products in cancerous cells, the expression and localization of a proto-oncogene product HER (human epidermal growth factor receptor)-2 was examined in SMG of postnatal mice. In Western blot analysis, the expression for HER-2 was high until pre-puberty, and it decreased from puberty to young adult stages with male SMG more dominant. In immunohistochemistry, the immunoreactivity was positive in acinar and ductal cells of newborn SMG with distinct localization at the intercellular apposition sites. The immunoreactivity in acinar cells progressively decreased to negligible levels by pre-pubertal stage, while it remained positive in most ductal cells throughout the postnatal time-course. The immunoreactivity in cells of terminal tubules and intercalated ducts, both of which have a high potential to produce cells, were seen at levels similar to those of more proximal ducts, while the immunoreactivity in ductal basal cells was significantly high, but the granular convoluted tubule cells were seen at negligible levels in male and at faint levels in female. In immuno-electron microscopy of excretory ducts, the immunoreactivity was dominantly localized on the basal infolding membranes as well as vesicles and vacuoles of various sizes, but rarely in Golgi apparatus and mitochondria. The immunoreactivity without association to any membranous structures were also seen, though not numerous. The relation of expression levels of HER-2 in various portions of normal SMG to those in their cancerous ones is briefly discussed.

RESUMEN: Considerando que la glándula submandibular (GSM) de ratones postnatales realiza la proliferación celular activa, apoptosis y diferenciación que están reguladas por productos protooncogénicos en células cancerosas, la expresión y localización de un producto protooncogénico HER (receptor del factor de crecimiento epidérmico humano) - 2 se examinó en GSM de estos ratones. En el análisis de Western blot, la expresión de HER-2 fue alta hasta la prepubertad, y disminuyó desde la pubertad hasta las etapas de adultos jóvenes con GSM macho más dominante. En inmunohistoquímica, la inmunorreactividad fue positiva en las células acinares y ductales de GSM de recién nacido con una localización distinta en los sitios de aposición intercelular. La inmunorreactividad en las células acinares disminuyó progresivamente a niveles insignificantes en la etapa prepuberal, mientras que permaneció positiva en la mayoría de las células ductales durante el transcurso del tiempo posnatal. La inmunorreactividad en las células de los túbulos terminales y los conductos intercalados, los cuales tienen un alto potencial para producir células, se obser- vó a niveles similares a los de los conductos más proximales, mientras que la inmunorreactividad en las células basales ductales fue significativamente alta, pero en el túbulo contorneado granular las células se observaron en niveles insignificantes en los machos y en niveles débiles en las hembras. En la microscopía inmunoelectrónica de los conductos excretores, la inmunorreactividad se localizó de manera predominante en las membranas de pliegues basales, así como en vesículas y vacuolas de varios tamaños, pero raramente en el aparato de Golgi y en las mitocondrias. También se observó la inmunorreactividad sin asociación a ninguna estructura membranosa, aunque no numerosa. Se discute brevemente la relación de los niveles de expresión de HER-2 en varias porciones de GSM normal con aquellos en sus cancerosos.

Animals , Male , Female , Submandibular Gland/growth & development , Submandibular Gland/metabolism , Sex Characteristics , Receptor, ErbB-2/metabolism , Submandibular Gland/ultrastructure , Testosterone , Immunohistochemistry , Blotting, Western , Microscopy, Immunoelectron
Arch. health invest ; 10(7): 1184-1187, July 2021. ilus
Article in Portuguese | BBO, LILACS | ID: biblio-1344606


Introdução: Os sialólitos são lesões mineralizadas nas glândulas salivares que causam obstrução total ou parcial do ducto, acometendo comumente a glândula submandibular. Sua abordagem varia de pouco invasiva à cirúrgicas, a depender do número, localização e dimensões dos cálculos. Objetivo: Esse estudo teve como objetivo relatar um caso clínico raro de sialólito no ducto da glândula parótida tratado através da remoção cirúrgica. Relato De Caso: Paciente compareceu ao ambulatório com história de dor e edema em face com 2 meses de evolução, referindo piora da sintomatologia após alimentação. Ao exame físico apresentou edema endurecido em região pré-auricular esquerda e ausência de drenagem no ducto da parótida ipsilateral. Foi realizado uma radiografia de tecidos moles com filme periapical, que revelou imagem radiopaca circunscrita sugestiva de um sialólito no ducto da glândula parótida esquerda. Assim, foi realizada excisão cirúrgica do cálculo seguida do reestabelecimento da patência ductal através da instalação de cateter venoso. Paciente evoluiu bem e segue em acompanhamento sem recidiva dos sinais e sintomas. Considerações Finais: O presente estudo revela que o diagnóstico precoce da sialolitíase e a escolha do plano de tratamento adequado estão associados a um bom prognóstico, e o reestabelecimento da patência ductal, quando danificado, é imprescindível para o sucesso do tratamento(AU)

Introduction: Sialoliths are mineralized lesions in the salivary glands that cause total or partial obstruction of the duct, commonly affecting the submandibular gland. It ranges from less invasive to surgical approach, depending on the number, location and dimension of the calculi. Objective: This study aimed to report a rare clinical case of a sialolith in the parotid gland's duct treated by surgical removal. Case Report: The patient attended the outpatient clinic with a history of pain and edema in the face with 2 months of evolution, reporting worsening symptoms after feeding. On physical examination, he had hardened edema in the left preauricular region and no drainage in the ipsilateral parotid duct. Soft tissue radiography with a periapical film was performed, which revealed a circumscribed radiopaque image suggestive of a sialolith in the left parotid gland's duct. Thus, the calculus's surgical excision was performed, followed by the reestablishment of the ductal patency through the installation of a venous catheter. The patient evolved well and is being followed up without recurrence of signs and symptoms. Final Considerations: The present study reveals that the early diagnosis of sialolithiasis and the choice of the appropriate treatment plan are associated with a good prognosis, and the reestablishment of ductal patency, when damaged, is essential for the success of the treatment(AU)

Introducción: Os sialolitos son lesiones mineralizadas en las glándulas salivales que causan obstrucción total o parcial del conducto, afectando comúnmente a la glándula submandibular. Su abordaje varía desde poco invasivo hasta quirúrgico, dependiendo del número, ubicación y dimensiones de los cálculos. Objetivo: Este estudio tuvo como objetivo reportar un caso clínico raro de sialolito en el conducto de la glándula parótida tratado mediante extirpación quirúrgica. Reporte de Caso: Paciente acudió a consulta externa con antecedente de dolor y edema en el rostro de 2 meses de evolución, refiriendo empeoramiento de la sintomatología tras la alimentación. A la exploración física presentaba edema endurecido en región preauricular izquierda y ausencia de drenaje en conducto parotídeo ipsilateral. Se realizó una radiografía de partes blandas con placa periapical, que reveló una imagen radiopaca circunscrita sugestiva de un sialolito en el conducto de la glándula parótida izquierda. Así, se realizó la escisión quirúrgica del cálculo seguida del restablecimiento de la permeabilidad ductal mediante la instalación de un catéter venoso. El paciente evolucionó bien y se le está dando seguimiento sin recurrencia de signos y síntomas. Consideraciones Finales: El presente estudio revela que el diagnóstico precoz de la sialolitiasis y la elección del plan de tratamiento adecuado se asocian a un buen pronóstico, y el restablecimiento de la permeabilidad ductal, en caso de daño, es fundamental para el éxito del tratamiento(AU)

Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Parotid Gland/surgery , Salivary Gland Calculi , Parotid Gland , Salivary Gland Diseases , Salivary Glands , Submandibular Gland , Salivary Gland Calculi/diagnosis , Salivary Gland Calculi/therapy
Rev. cir. traumatol. buco-maxilo-fac ; 21(2): 27-30, abr.-jun. 2021. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1382258


Introdução: A sialolitíase é um distúrbio da glândula salivar que afeta 12 em cada 1.000 indivíduos adultos. É caracterizada pela deposição de minerais dentro de seu ducto ou parênquima, sendo a glândula submandibular a mais afetada. Os sialolitos têm tamanhos variados, quando maiores que 15 mm são raros e relatados como sialolitos gigantes. Sialolitos gigantes dentro do parênquima glandular ou porção proximal do ducto são geralmente tratados de forma invasiva por via extraoral com excisão da glândula associada. Relato de caso: Este estudo relata um caso incomum de um paciente diagnosticado com sialolito salivar gigante localizado na porção proximal de um ducto da glândula submandibular, assintomática, tratado por remoção cirúrgica por via intraoral, minimizando riscos potenciais e obtendo sucesso no tratamento. Considerações finais: Mesmo sialolitos localizados em regiões mais profundas do ducto submandibular, o acesso intraoral pode ser uma alternativa viável e de menor risco... (AU)

Introduction: Sialolithiasis is a disorder of the salivary gland that affects 12 out of 1,000 adult individuals. It is characterized by the deposition of minerals within its duct or parenchyma, with the submandibular gland being the most affected. Sialolites have varying sizes, when larger than 15 mm they are rare and reported as giant sialolites. Giant sialoliths within the glandular parenchyma or proximal portion of the duct are usually treated invasively by the extraoral route with excision of the associated gland. Case report: This study reports an unusual case of a patient diagnosed with giant salivary sialolith located in the proximal portion of a submandibular gland duct, asymptomatic, treated by intraoral surgical removal, minimizing potential risks and achieving treatment success. Final considerations: Even sialoliths located in deeper regions of the submandibular duct, intraoral access can be a viable and less risky alternative... (AU)

Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Submandibular Gland , Submandibular Gland/surgery , Surgery, Oral , Salivary Gland Calculi , Salivary Duct Calculi , Parenchymal Tissue
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942248


OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effects of topical administration of cyclosporine A (CsA) on salivary secretion and inflammation of the submandibular glands in non-obese diabetic (NOD) mice.@*METHODS@#Female NOD mice, 21 aged 14 weeks and 18 aged 21 weeks were selected and randomly divided into low-dose group, high-dose group and control group on average. CsA was injected into submandibular glands. One week later the saliva stimulated by pilocarpine was collected and measured. The submandibular glands were collected to make paraffin sections. The lymphocyte infiltration in submandi-bular gland was observed by microscope after hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining. The number of lymphocyte infiltration foci was counted to calculate the focus sore and the ratio of lymphocyte infiltration area to total gland area was figured up by Leica image analysis system. The expressions of inflammatory cytokines tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interferon-γ (IFN-γ), interleukin-4 (IL-4), IL-13, IL-17F, IL22 and IL-23a in the submandibular glands of the NOD mice were detected by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). Cell apoptosis in the submandibular gland was detected by terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP nick end labeling (TUNEL). The levels of serum creatinine (Scr), blood urea nitrogen (BUN), uric acid (UA), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspertate aminotransferase (AST), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), albumin (ALB) and γ-glutamyl transferase (GGT) were measured by automatic biochemical analyzer to evaluate liver and kidney functions.@*RESULTS@#After topical injection of CsA in the submandibular gland, the stimulated salivary flow rate of the 14- and 21-week-old NOD mice significantly increased compared with the control group (P < 0.01 or P < 0.05), and the number and area of lymphocyte infiltration foci in the 14-week-old NOD mice low-dose group significantly decreased compared with the control group (P < 0.01). Low and high dose of CsA had similar effects on reducing inflammation and improving salivary secretion. The overall level of inflammatory cytokines in the submandibular gland did not decrease significantly. The number of cell apoptosis of submandibular gland in the NOD mice treated with CsA decreased compared with the control group, but there was no statistically significant difference. Topical injection of CsA had no adverse effect on liver and kidney function in the NOD mice.@*CONCLUSION@#Topical injection of CsA can reduce lymphocyte infiltration in submandibular gland of NOD mice and improve salivary secretion.

Animals , Female , Mice , Cyclosporine , Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental/drug therapy , Disease Models, Animal , Inflammation , Mice, Inbred NOD , Saliva , Sjogren's Syndrome , Submandibular Gland
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878442


OBJECTIVES@#This study aims to investigate the effects of ionizing radiation on the secretion of the paracellular pathway in rat submandibular glands (SMGs) and reveal the changes in the tight junction (TJ) protein claudin-4.@*METHODS@#A total of 24 Wistar rats were randomly divided into control and irradiation groups. The irradiation groups were further divided into 1, 4, and 12 weeks groups after irradiation. One-time 20 Gy irradiation was given to the SMG area on the experimental side of the irradiation group. At 1, 4, and 12 weeks after irradiation, the secretion of SMGs was measured using the Schirmer's test. The pathological changes in the gland tissues were observed under light microscopy after hematoxylin⁃eosin (HE) staining. The changes in the TJ ultrastructure were observed under transmission electron microscopy. The immunofluorescence staining and Western blot were used to detect the expression levels of muscarinic acetylcholine M3 receptor, aquaporin 5 (AQP5), and claudin-4 protein.@*RESULTS@#At 1, 4, and 12 weeks after irradiation, the secretion of SMGs in the irradiation group was significantly decreased and lower than that in the control group (@*CONCLUSIONS@#The changes in the TJ structure, the upregulation of the claudin-4 expression, and the damage in the paracellular pathway were involved in the hyposecretion of SMGs after irradiation.

Animals , Rats , Microscopy, Electron, Transmission , Radiation, Ionizing , Rats, Wistar , Submandibular Gland , Tight Junctions
J. Health Biol. Sci. (Online) ; 9(1): 1-4, 2021. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1381677


Introdução: O sialolito é a patologia mais frequente nas glândulas salivares maiores, ocorrendo em maior prevalência na glândula submandibular. Os sinais e sintomas clínicos incluem edema e dor na região da glândula acometida pelo sialolito e em caso de obstrução do ducto, os sintomas são mais pronunciados. Existem diversas alternativas de tratamento para a sialolitíase, com indicações específicas de acordo com cada caso. Desse modo, o objetivo desse artigo é relatar a técnica cirúrgica utilizada para remover um grande sialolito localizado no parênquima de glândula salivar maior. Relato de Caso: Paciente do sexo feminino, 49 anos, melanoderma, com queixas álgicas à palpação da região submandibular direita, há aproximadamente oito meses, apresentando discreto aumento de volume enrijecido no local. Ao exame de imagem foi observada imagem radiopaca na região, sugerindo a presença de sialollito no interior da glândula submandibular direita. Conclusão: Diversas modalidades de tratamento são descritas para sialolitíase. O tratamento conservador e/ou minimamente invasivo está indicado para cálculos de pequena dimensão ou extraglandulares e inclui a ordenha da glândula afetada. Cálculos maiores, localizados no interior da glândula, requerem tratamentos mais radicais, e na maioria das vezes, a excisão cirúrgica da glândula é o tratamento de escolha.

Introduction: Sialolith is the most frequent pathology in the major salivary glands, occurring in greater prevalence in the submandibular gland. Clinical signs and symptoms include swelling and pain in the region of the compromised gland by the sialolith and in case of duct obstruction, the symptoms are more evident. There are several treatment alternatives for sialolithiasis, with specific indications according to each case. Thus, the aim of this article is to report the surgical technique used to remove a large sialolith located in the greater salivary gland parenchyma. Case Report: Female patient, 49 years old, black, with complaints of pain on palpation of the right submandibular region, for approximately eight months, with a slight increase in the hardened volume at the site. The imaging exam showed a radiopaque image in the region, suggesting the presence of sialolith in the right submandibular gland. Conclusion: Several treatment modalities are described for sialolithiasis. Conservative and/or minimally invasive treatment is indicated for small or extraglandular calcifications and includes milking of the compromise gland. Larger stones, located inside the gland, require more radical treatments, and most of the time, surgical excision of the gland is the treatment of choice.

Salivary Glands , Surgery, Oral , Pathology , Submandibular Gland , Therapeutics , Salivary Gland Calculi , Conservative Treatment
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1349477


Introducción: gran parte de la población sufre procesos relacionados con las glándulas salivales, que, con los avances técnicos, se tiende cada vez más a tratar de una manera mínimamente invasiva. Objetivos: remarcar las indicaciones y las diferencias entre los abordajes comunes y los mínimamente invasivos, guiados por el sialoendoscopio. Además, describir la presentación clínica y el estudio de dichos pacientes. Diseño: realizamos un estudio descriptivo, observacional, longitudinal y retrospectivo sobre un grupo de 67 pacientes diagnosticados con patología obstructiva crónica no tumoral de las glándulas. Material y métodos: revisamos los datos referentes a la edad, sexo, hábitos tóxicos, enfermedades sistémicas o autoinmunes asociadas, radioterapia o tratamiento con yodo radiactivo (I131), síntomas asociados y resultados del examen físico y radiológico efectuados, así como el tratamiento efectuado. En mayo de 2019 incorporamos la técnica de sialoendoscopia al manejo de esta patología. Resultados: desde la incorporación de la sialoendoscopia, los casos de patología litiásica a nivel del tercio distal del conducto de Wharton se abordaron mediante exéresis de la litiasis sobre el suelo de la boca con ayuda del sialoendoscopio. Realizamos una sialoendoscopia diagnóstico-terapéutica en pacientes con clínica obstructiva crónica no litiásica. Discusión: el abordaje mínimamente invasivo permite una recuperación más temprana con una adecuada función glandular tras la cirugía. No solo es útil en la patología litiásica, sino que también presenta buenos resultados en patología autoinmune. Conclusión: las técnicas mínimamente invasivas han hecho que el manejo haya cambiado, limitando la realización de resecciones glandulares.

Introduction: A large part of the population suffers from processes related to the salivary glands, which with new advances in technology tends to be treated in a minimally invasive way. Goals: To highlight the indications and differences between common and minimally invasive approaches, guided by the sialoendoscope. In addition, to describe the clinical presentation and the study of these patients. Design: We carried out a descriptive, observational, longitudinal and retrospective study on a group of 67 patients diagnosed with non-tumorous chronic obstructive pathology of the glands. Material and methods: We review the data regarding age, sex, toxic habits, associated systemic or autoimmune diseases, radiotherapy or treatment with I131 (radioactive iodine), associated symptoms and results of the physical and radiological examination carried out. As well as the given treatment. In May 2019 we incorporated the sialoendoscopy to the management of this pathology. Results: Since the incorporation of sialoendoscopy, cases of lithiasic pathology at the distal 1/3 of Wharton's duct were approached by excision of the stone on the floor of the mouth using sialoendoscopy. We perform diagnostic-therapeutic sialoendoscopy in patients with non-lithiasic chronic obstructive symptoms. Discussion: The minimally invasive approach allows an earlier recovery with adequate glandular function after surgery. It is not only useful in lithiasic pathology, but it also has good results in autoimmune pathology. Conclusion: Minimally invasive techniques have changed management, limiting the neck open surgeries.

Humans , Endoscopy , Submandibular Gland , Lithiasis
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 86(5): 626-631, Sept.-Oct. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1132634


Abstract Introduction: Percutaneous drains can be associated with several complications, including infection, fistula formation, discomfort and prolonged hospitalization. Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the safety of submandibular gland excision without the use of surgical drains. Methods: We analyzed the surgery time, postoperative complications such as bleeding, facial palsy, seroma, and repeat exploration of wounds and duration of the hospital stay. Excision of the submandibular gland via a transcervical approach was undertaken by two surgeons. Prior to wound closure, the skin flap and wound bed were approximated using hemostatic fibrin glue (Greenplast-Q PFS KIT®, GC Greencross, Youngin, Korea). Neither saline irrigation nor insertion of a percutaneous drain were included. Results: A total of 23 patients underwent submandibular gland excision. The study group consisted of 14 men (60.8%) and 9 women (39.2%) (mean age, 47.6 years; range, 24-70 years). There were two patients who had minor complications. One patient showed minor bleeding on the skin incision line immediately postoperatively, and one developed a seroma at 7 days postoperatively. There were no major surgical complications. Total duration of the surgery from skin incision to closure averaged 44.86 minutes. Mean duration of the hospital stay was 3.17 days. Patients were discharged on average at 1.17 days after surgery. Conclusion: The submandibular gland can be safely excised without the use of a surgical drain, therefore allowing early patient discharge.

Resumo Introdução: Os drenos percutâneos apresentam várias complicações associadas, inclusive infecção, formação de fístulas, desconforto e permanência hospitalar prolongada. Objetivo: Avaliar a segurança da excisão da glândula submandibular sem o uso de drenos cirúrgicos. Método: Analisamos o tempo de cirurgia, as complicações pós-operatórias tais como sangramento, paralisia facial, seroma e necessidade de reexploração de ferida operatória, e a duração da internação hospitalar. A excisão da glândula submandibular por via transcervical foi realizada por dois cirurgiões. Antes do fechamento da incisão, o retalho cutâneo e o leito da ferida operatória foram aproximados utilizando cola hemostática de fibrina (Greenplast-Q PFS KIT®, GC Greencross, Youngin, República da Coréia). Não houve irrigação salina nem uso de dreno percutâneo. Resultados: Foram submetidos 23 pacientes à excisão da glândula submandibular. O grupo de estudo consistiu em 14 homens (60,8%) e 9 mulheres (39,2%) (média de 47,6 anos; variação de 24 a 70). Dois pacientes apresentaram complicações menores. Um paciente apresentou pequeno sangramento na incisão da pele no pós-operatório imediato e um deles teve seroma aos 7 dias de pós-operatório. Não houve complicações cirúrgicas importantes. A duração total da cirurgia, desde a incisão na pele até o fechamento, foi de 44,86 minutos. A duração média da internação hospitalar foi de 3,17 dias. Os pacientes receberam alta em média 1,17 dia após a cirurgia. Conclusão: A glândula submandibular pode ser excisada com segurança sem o uso de dreno cirúrgico, permitindo que o paciente tenha alta hospitalar mais precocemente.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Submandibular Gland , Submandibular Gland Diseases , Postoperative Complications , Surgical Flaps , Length of Stay
Int. j. morphol ; 38(3): 570-577, June 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1098289


El ratón (Mus musculus) es un buen modelo animal de experimentación, donde sus glándulas salivales han sido utilizadas en estudios, especialmente de tipo preclínico. Sin embargo, las diferencias en la morfología de estas glándulas y, en particular de las submandibulares, entre humanos y roedores no son de conocimiento común. Por lo anterior, el objetivo de este estudio fue conocer las características morfocuantitativos de la glándula submandibular del ratón macho C57BL/6. Se utilizaron cinco ratones macho, cepa C57BL/ 6, de 11 a 13 semanas de nacidos, con un peso promedio de 30 g. Luego de su ambientación, los ratones fueron eutanasiados. Para el análisis histológico, las glándulas fueron extraídas y fijadas en formalina tamponada por 48 horas, procesada para su inclusión en paraplast y teñidas con hematoxilina y eosina, azul alcián pH 2,5, ácido peryódico de Schiff y Picrosirius Red. Se determinaron las características estereológicas de densidad de longitud (LVcond), de volumen (VVcond) y de superficie (SVcond) de los conductos. En las células acinares se evaluó la densidad de número (NVcel) y la densidad de volumen (VVcel). Para cada variable se obtuvo la media ± desviación estándar. La glándula submandibular se encontraba organizada de manera lobulada, cuyo parénquima era de tipo túbuloacinar mixto con predominio seroso, que se conectaba a través de conductos. Las células acinares presentaban reacción positiva para azul alcián y ácido peryódico de Schiff. El estroma de la glándula contenía principalmente colágeno tipo 1. Los resultados de las mediciones estereológicas fueron: LVcond = 220,02 ± 50,51 mm/mm3; VVcond = 50,48 ± 9,55 %; SVcond = 26,39 ± 5,45 mm2/mm3; NVcel = 16,85 x 104 ± 9,13 × 104/mm3; VVcel = 24,98 ± 6,22 %. Con los análisis presentados es posible realizar investigaciones experimentales, considerando las similitudes y diferencias morfocuantitativas que presenta la glándula submandibular de ratón macho, cepa C57BL/6 con la del humano.

The mouse (Mus musculus) is a good experimental animal model, where murine salivary glands have been widely used in research by their similarities with human glands. Stereology is a tool that has to demonstrated to be valuable in biomedical researc h. Therefore, the objective was to realize an analogy between morphology, function and morpho-quantitative characteristics of the C57BL/6 mouse submandibular gland. Five male mice, C57BL/6, from 11 to 13 weeks old were used, with an average weight of 30 g. After seven days, the mice were euthanized and the samples were extracted. Then, these were processed following the conventional histological processing protocol and stained with H&E, Picrosirius Red, AA and PAS. Finally, the histological and stereological analysis of the samples was performed. In the glandular ducts the length density (LVcond), volume density (VVcond) and surface density (SVcond) were determined; whereas, in the acinar cells the density of number (NVcel) and the density of volume (VVcel) were evaluated. For each stereological variable the mean ± standard deviation was obtained. The histological study revealed no discrepancies as previously described. Descriptive statistical analysis revealed the following: LVcond = 220.02 ± 50.51 mm/mm3; VVcond = 50.48 ± 9.55 %; SVcond = 26.39 ± 5.45 mm2/mm3; NVcel = 168467.38 ± 91288.67 /mm3 and VVcel = 24.98 ± 6.22 %. From this study, it will be possible to conduct comparative experimental research analyzing quantitative results from those presented in this research. From this study, it will be possible to carry out comparative experimental research, analyzing quantitative results from those presented in this investigation.

Animals , Male , Mice , Submandibular Gland/anatomy & histology , Mice, Inbred C57BL/anatomy & histology , Salivary Glands/anatomy & histology , Models, Animal
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942151


OBJECTIVE@#To measure the weight and volume of normal submandibular gland by in vitro detection of glandular body, to compare with the measurement values of CT volume rendering to evaluate the consistency of the two methods, and to explore the related factors affecting the weight and volume of the submandibular gland.@*METHODS@#The patients who underwent neck dissection due to oral cancer and were confirmed with normal submandibular gland by postoperative histopathology in Peking University School and Hospital of Stomatology from May 2019 to January 2020 were collected in this study and divi-ded into 4 groups according to the age standards raised by the Society of Geriatrics Chinese Medical Association and WHO (2000) age standards. The submandibular gland was carefully dissected along with the capsule immediately after neck dissection. The weight and volume of submandibular gland were accurately measured by an integrated aseptic measuring device. The volume of submandibular gland was measured by CT volume rendering before operation and the consistency of the two methods was evaluated. The 95% confidence interval of the weight and volume of submandibular gland in the different groups of Chinese people, which were divided by gender and age, were calculated, and the correlation with age, gender, height, weight, body mass index (BMI) and other factors was analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The weight and vo-lume of submandibular gland were measured in 220 subjects. The average weight and volume of submandibular gland were (11.69±2.45) g and (11.55±2.41) cm3 respectively. The volume of submandibular gland measured by CT volume rendering ranged from 70% to 82% of that measured by in vitro detection of glandular body, and the correlation coefficient between the two methods was 0.976 (P < 0.05). The gender difference of weight and volume of submandibular gland existed in the groups of youth, middle-aged, young elderly and elderly groups, the values of males were obviously higher than those of females (P < 0.05). There was no gender difference of weight and volume of submandibular gland in the adolescent group (P > 0.05). The weight and volume of submandibular gland had a strong positive correlation with body height (P < 0.05), a weak positive correlation with body weight (P < 0.05), and no correlation with BMI (P > 0.05). The female's weight and volume of submandibular gland in the young elderly and elderly groups were significantly lower than those in the other three groups (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The normal reference range of the weight and volume of submandibular gland in vitro were established in different age and gender groups of Chinese people. The volume of submandibular gland mea-sured by CT volume rendering was 70%-82% of that measured by in vitro detection of glandular body. The results of the two methods had a high degree of consistency. The weight and volume of submandibular gland were related to age, gender, body height and body weight.

Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Body Mass Index , Body Weight , Mouth Neoplasms , Neck Dissection , Submandibular Gland/diagnostic imaging
Acta otorrinolaringol. cir. cabeza cuello ; 48(4): 312-314, 20200000. ilus, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1141458


Introducción: la patología litiásica de las glándulas salivales forma parte de un grupo de afecciones que perjudica el sistema de drenaje normal de la saliva hacia la cavidad oral, ocasionando lesiones múltiples sobre la glándula afectada. Se realizó el reporte de un caso clínico con esta patología que, por el tamaño del lito, se considera extremadamente rara en nuestro medio. Método: se realizó el reporte de caso y revisión de la literatura (estudios radiológicos, historia clínica y hallazgos clínicos); además, el paciente firmó el consentimiento para esta publicación. Resultados: un paciente masculino de 38 años remitido de consulta externa con un cuadro clínico de 1 semana de dolor, edema y tumefacción en la región submandibular izquierda asociado con una secreción sialopurulenta por la cavidad oral. En la radiografía (Rx) oclusal estricta y en la tomografía axial computarizada (TAC) de cuello contrastado se evidenció una lesión litiásica de más o menos 4,5 x 1,8 cm de diámetro, de característica radiolúcida, a nivel del conducto de wharton. Se dio un manejo quirúrgico por otorrinolaringología maxilofacial, consistente en sialolitotomía y antibioticote- rapia por 10 días, con las cuales se obtuvieron buenos resultados. Conclusiones: la litiasis gigante a nivel del sistema salival (glándula, conductos) es una patología poco común en nuestro medio y está involucrada en el desarrollo de múltiples patología de tipo inflamatorio recurrente de la glándula involucrada, lo cual afecta la calidad de vida de los pacientes. Por esta razón, el diagnóstico y manejo debe ser oportuno para evitar complicaciones, como una infección profunda del cuello; en nuestro caso, el manejo fue oportuno con una extracción quirúrgica por la vía oral del cálculo y la reparación del conducto de wharton del lado izquierdo.

Introduction: the lithiasic pathology of the salivary glands is part of a group of conditions that harms the normal drainage system of the saliva towards the oral cavity, causing multiple lesions on the affected gland, a report of a clinical case with this pathology was made. Due to the size of the stone it is considered extremely rare in our environment. Method: case report and review of the literature (radiological studies, clinical history, clinical findings) patient consent was signed for this publication. Results: a 38-year-old male patient referred from the outpatient clinic with a 1-week clinical picture of pain, swelling and edema in the left submandibular region associated with sialopurulent secretion from the oral cavity in the strict occlusal Rx and a contrast-enhanced neck CT revealed a lithiasic lesion with more or less 4.5 x 1.8 cm in diameter of radiolucent features at the level of the wharton duct, surgical management was given by maxillofacial ENT, consisting of sialolitotomy and antibiotic therapy for 10 days with good results. Conclusions: the giant lithiasis at the level of the salivary system (gland, ducts) is a rare pathology in our environment, is involved in the development of multiple pathologies of recurrent inflammatory type of the affected gland, affecting the quality of life of patients, so the diagnosis and management should be timely and avoid complications, such as deep neck infection; in our case, the management was timely with oral surgical removal of the calculus and repair of the wharton duct on the left side.

Humans , Salivary Duct Calculi , Submandibular Gland
Rev. ADM ; 76(6): 336-342, nov.-dic. 2019. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1087527


Los tumores de las glándulas salivales constituyen alrededor de 5% de las neoplasias de cabeza y cuello. El adenoma pleomorfo es el tumor benigno más frecuente de las glándulas salivales, representa aproximadamente 60% de todas las neoplasias salivales, está compuesto fundamentalmente por una proliferación de células mioepiteliales y por un amplio espectro de componentes de tejido epitelial y mesenquimal, rodeado por una nítida cápsula fibrosa. Alrededor de 80% de los adenomas pleomorfos aparecen en la parótida, 10% en la glándula submandibular y 10% en las glándulas salivales menores de la cavidad oral. La edad media de presentación es a los 46 años, pero la edad oscila entre la tercera y la quinta década de la vida. No obstante, ha sido encontrado en individuos de todas las edades, presentando una ligera predilección por el sexo femenino. Respecto a su sitio de origen, el adenoma pleomorfo es asintomático, de crecimiento lento y consistencia firme. La tomografía axial computarizada (TAC) y la resonancia magnética nuclear (RMN) son de gran utilidad para evaluar la extensión de la lesión, así como el compromiso de estructuras importantes. La biopsia por aspiración con aguja fina (BAAF) es un método útil para el diagnóstico de este tipo de neoplasias. El tratamiento de este tipo de lesiones consiste en la remoción quirúrgica de la tumoración junto con la glándula afectada. Menos de 1% de los casos de adenomas pleomorfos sufren transformación maligna, especialmente los que han presentado múltiples recidivas (AU)

The tumors of the salivary glands constitute about 5% of the neoplasms of the head and neck. The pleomorphic adenoma is the most frequent benign tumor of the salivary glands, represents approximately 60% of all salivary neoplasms, is composed mainly of a proliferation of myoepithelial cells and a wide spectrum of components of epithelial and mesenchymal tissue, surrounded by a sharp fibrous capsule. About 80% of pleomorphic adenomas appear in the parotid, 10% in the submandibular gland and 10% in the minor salivary glands of the oral cavity. The average age of presentation is 46 years, but age ranges between the third and fifth decade of life. However, it has been found in individuals of all ages, presenting a slight female predilection. Regarding its site of origin, the pleomorphic adenoma is asymptomatic, slow growing and firm consistency. Computed tomography (CT) and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) are very useful to evaluate the extent of the injury as well as the commitment of important structures. Fine needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) is a useful method for the diagnosis of this type of neoplasm. The treatment of this type of injuries consists in the surgical removal of the tumor together with the affected gland. Less than 1% of cases of pleomorphic adenomas suffer malignant transformation, especially those that have presented multiple recurrences (AU)

Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Submandibular Gland/pathology , Adenoma, Pleomorphic , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Histological Techniques , Adenoma, Pleomorphic/diagnostic imaging , Oral Surgical Procedures , Tomography, Spiral Computed , Biopsy, Fine-Needle , Age and Sex Distribution
J. oral res. (Impresa) ; 8(5): 363-369, oct. 31, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1248086


Objective: Chemotherapy treatment against cancer produce systemic toxicities, among which are those related to important structures of the stomatognathic system and its functional activity. 5 Fluorouracil (5-FU) and cyclophosphamide (Cf) are drugs widely used in solid tumors and in bone marrow transplantation, respectively. The objective of this work was to evaluate the toxicity of these drugs regarding functional activity of the submandibular glands, by measuring the percentage of glycogen consumption in two experimental models. Material and Methods: 84 male Wistar rats aged three months were used, housed in individual cages, with controlled temperature and lighting and ad libitum diet. They were divided into four experimental groups: 1) Control (C); 2) Treated with 5-FU+leucovorin (LV) at 20 and 10mg/Kg of body weight respectively for five consecutive days; 3) treated with Cf i.p. at 50mg/Kg of body weight for two consecutive days; and 4) rats with paired feeding (PF): for five and two days respectively, the amount administered resulted from the average of the ingested food of groups 2 and 3. Both submandibular glands were excised. The submandibular glycogen concentration was analyzed at initial time (t0) and after 60 minutes of mechanical stimulation (t60). Results: the average variation changed significantly between time 0 and 60 in the groups C and PF. (p-value=0.0001), the 5-FU + LV treatment group had an average concentration higher at t0 than groups C and PF, without significant consumption at T60. While group Cf showed a lower average concentration at time 0 with respect to groups C and PF, without significant consumption at T60. Conclusion: 5-FU+LV and Cf affect the metabolism of carbohydrates, decreasing the use of glycogen as a metabolic substrate. In the present experimental model, the toxicity of these drugs affected the functional activity of the submandibular gland.

Objetivo: el tratamiento de quimioterapia contra el cáncer produce toxicidades sistémicas, entre las que se encuentran las relacionadas con estructuras importantes del sistema estomatognático y su actividad funcional. El 5-fluorouracilo (5-FU) y la ciclofosfamida (Cf ) son fármacos ampliamente utilizados en tumores sólidos y en trasplantes de médula ósea, respectivamente. El objetivo de este trabajo fue evaluar la toxicidad de estos fármacos con respecto a la actividad funcional de las glándulas submandibulares, midiendo el porcentaje de consumo de glucógeno en dos modelos experimentales. Material y Métodos: se utilizaron 84 ratas Wistar machos de tres meses de edad, alojadas en jaulas individuales, con temperatura e iluminación controladas y dieta ad libitum. Se dividieron en cuatro grupos experimentales: 1) Control (C); 2) Tratados con 5-FU+leucovorina (LV) a 20 y 10mg/Kg de peso corporal, respectivamente, durante cinco días consecutivos; 3) tratados con Cf i.p. a 50mg/Kg de peso corporal durante dos días consecutivos; y 4) ratas con alimentación por parejas (PF): durante cinco y dos días respectivamente, la cantidad administrada resultó del promedio de los alimentos ingeridos de los grupos 2 y 3. Ambas glándulas submandibulares fueron extirpadas. La concentración de glucógeno submandibular se analizó en el momento inicial (t0) y después de 60 minutos de estimulación mecánica (t60). Resultados: la variación promedio cambió significativamente entre el tiempo 0 y 60 en los grupos C y PF. (p=0,0001), el grupo de tratamiento 5-FU+LV tuvo una concentración promedio más alta en t0 que los grupos C y PF, sin un consumo significativo en T60. Mientras que el grupo Cf mostró una concentración promedio más baja en el tiempo 0 con respecto a los grupos C y PF, sin un consumo significativo en T60. Conclusión: 5-FU + LV y Cf afectan el metabolismo de los carbohidratos, disminuyendo el uso de glucógeno como sustrato metabólico. En el presente modelo experimental, la toxicidad de estos medicamentos afectó la actividad funcional de la glándula submandibular.

Animals , Rats , Submandibular Gland/physiology , Cyclophosphamide/adverse effects , Fluorouracil/adverse effects , Glycogen/metabolism , Rats, Wistar , Cyclophosphamide/therapeutic use , Fluorouracil/therapeutic use , Antineoplastic Agents
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 85(4): 422-426, July-Aug. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1019592


Abstract Introduction: Submandibular glands are exposed to many effects due to diseases and therapeutic interventions. A study evaluating the effect of submandibular gland dysfunction on the parotid gland has not been presented in the literature. Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the histopathological changes in the parotid gland following submandibular gland failure. Methods: Three groups of seven randomly selected female New Zealand rabbits weighing 2500-3000 g were studied. Unilateral and bilateral submandibular glands were removed in Groups 1 and 2, respectively. No procedure was performed in Group III, the control group. The parotid glands were removed 30 days later. Histological parameters were evaluated and graded between 0 (none) and 3 (severe). Differences between groups were compared using the Mann-Whitney U test. Results: Mean mucus accumulation in acinar cells was 2.57 ± 0.53 and 1.71 ± 0.75 in Groups 1 and 2, respectively (p < 0.05). This value was 0.57 ± 0.53 in Group 3, which was significantly lower than in Groups 1 and 2 (p < 0.05). Mean dilatation of the intercalated ducts' lumen was 1.28 ± 0.48 and 1.57 ± 0.53 in Groups 1 and 2, respectively (p > 0.05). This value was 0.28 ± 0.48 in Group 3, which was significantly lower than in Groups 1 and 2 (p < 0.05). Mean mucus accumulation in the intercalated ducts' lumen was 2.00 ± 0.81 and 1.00 ± 0.57 in Groups 2 and 3, respectively (p < 0.05). Conclusion: The findings of this study indicate that only 1 month after submandibular gland failure, the parotid glands exhibit significant changes.

Resumo Introdução: As glândulas submandibulares estão expostas a muitos efeitos causados por doenças e intervenções terapêuticas. Estudos que avaliam o efeito da disfunção da glândula submandibular na glândula parótida ainda não foram reportados na literatura. Objetivo: O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar as alterações histopatológicas na glândula parótida após insuficiência da glândula submandibular. Método: Três grupos de sete coelhas fêmeas da raça Nova Zelândia, selecionadas aleatoriamente, pesando entre 2.500 e 3.000 gramas foram estudadas. As glândulas submandibulares unilaterais e bilaterais foram removidas nos Grupos 1 e 2, respectivamente. Nenhum procedimento foi realizado no Grupo III, o grupo controle. As glândulas parótidas foram removidas 30 dias depois. Os parâmetros histológicos foram avaliados e classificados entre 0 (nenhum) e 3 (grave). As diferenças entre os grupos foram comparadas usando o teste U de Mann-Whitney. Resultados: O acúmulo médio de muco nas células acinares foi de 2,57 ± 0,53 e 1,71 ± 0,75 nos Grupos 1 e 2, respectivamente (p < 0,05). Esse valor foi de 0,57 ± 0,53 no Grupo 3, significativamente menor do que nos Grupos 1 e 2 (p < 0,05). A dilatação média do lúmen dos dutos intercalados foi de 1,28 ± 0,48 e 1,57 ± 0,53 nos Grupos 1 e 2, respectivamente (p > 0,05). Esse valor foi de 0,28 ± 0,48 no Grupo 3, significativamente menor do que nos Grupos 1 e 2 (p < 0,05). O acúmulo médio de muco no lúmen dos dutos intercalados foi 2,00 ± 0,81 e 1,00 ± 0,57 nos Grupos 2 e 3, respectivamente (p < 0,05). Conclusão: Os achados deste estudo indicam que apenas um mês após a insuficiência da glândula submandibular as glândulas parótidas apresentam alterações significativas.

Animals , Female , Rats , Parotid Gland/pathology , Submandibular Gland/surgery , Parotid Gland/surgery , Models, Animal , Acinar Cells/pathology , Mucus