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1.
Femina ; 49(8): 505-508, 20210831.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1342422

ABSTRACT

A gestação ectópica em cicatriz de cesariana prévia é um evento iatrogênico raro, que vem crescendo junto com o aumento das taxas de cesariana. Ela não exi- be manifestação clínica específica, o que dificulta o diagnóstico e não apresenta tratamento preconizado, embora esteja associada a grandes complicações obsté- tricas como hemorragia incoercível, acretismo placentário e rotura uterina. Dessa forma, o presente artigo relata três casos clínicos em que diferentes tratamentos foram propostos, objetivando discutir algumas possibilidades terapêuticas como a aspiração manual intrauterina (AMIU) associada com o uso de metotrexato, lapa- roscopia e laparotomia, comparando os resultados encontrados.(AU)


Ectopic cesarean scar pregnancy is a rare iatrogenic event, which has been increase with growing in the percentage of cesarean delivery. It does not exhibit specific cli- nical manifestation, making diagnosis difficult and does not have yet recommended treatment, although is associated with major obstetrics complication such incoer- cible hemorrhage, abnormally invasive placenta and uterine rupture. Therefore, the present article reports three clinical cases witch different types of management, ai- ming discuss some possibilities such intrauterine manual aspiration after systemic methotrexate, laparoscopy or laparotomy surgical, comparing results.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Pregnancy, Ectopic/surgery , Cesarean Section/adverse effects , Suction , Cicatrix , Video-Assisted Surgery , Laparotomy
2.
J. nurs. health ; 11(1): 2111119127, jan. 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1281912

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: identificar boas práticas de cuidados para aspiração das vias aéreas de pacientes adultos, implementadas por profissionais de Enfermagem em Unidade de Terapia Intensiva. Método: estudo qualitativo, do tipo exploratório-descritivo, desenvolvido com 28 profissionais de Enfermagem em unidade de terapia intensiva adulto no sul do Brasil, por meio de entrevista semiestruturada e análise temática dos dados. Resultados: as boas práticas para a aspiração das vias aéreas foram configuradas em cinco categorias Critérios utilizados para definir a necessidade de aspiração; Biossegurança na aspiração das vias aéreas; Cuidados no procedimento de aspiração; Cuidados após o procedimento de aspiração; e Dificuldades encontradas pelos profissionais de enfermagem no procedimento. Conclusões: as boas práticas para a aspiração de vias aéreas estão relacionadas com a avaliação do paciente para identificar a necessidade do procedimento, monitorar complicações durante e após o procedimento e garantir o melhor resultado clínico.(AU)


Objetivo: identificar buenas prácticas de cuidado para aspiración de las vías respiratorias de pacientes adultos, implementadas por profesionales de enfermería de Unidad de Cuidados Intensivos. Método: estudio cualitativo, exploratorio-descriptivo, desarrollado con 28 profesionales de enfermería en una unidad de cuidados intensivos para adultos en el sur del Brasil, mediante una entrevista semiestructurada y un análisis temático. Resultados: las buenas prácticas para la aspiración de las vías respiratorias se configuraron en cinco categorías Criterios utilizados para definir la necesidad de aspiración; Bioseguridad en la aspiración de las vías respiratorias; Cuidado en el procedimiento de aspiración; Cuidado después del procedimiento de aspiración; y Dificultades encontradas por los profesionales de enfermería en el procedimiento. Conclusiones: las buenas prácticas para la aspiración de las vías respiratorias están relacionadas con la evaluación del paciente para identificar la necesidad del procedimiento, vigilar las complicaciones durante y después del procedimiento y asegurar el mejor resultado clínico.(AU)


Objective: to identify best practices care for airway aspiration of adult patients, implemented by Intensive Care Unit Nursing professionals. Method: qualitative, exploratory-descriptive study, developed with 28 nursing professionals in an adult intensive care unit in southern Brazil, through semi-structured interview and thematic analysis of data. Results: best practices for airway aspiration were configured in five categories Criteria used to define the need for aspiration; Biosafety in airway aspiration; Care in aspiration procedure; Care after aspiration procedure; and Difficulties encountered by nursing professionals in the procedure. Conclusions: best practices for airway aspiration are related to patient assessment to identify the need for the procedure, monitor complications during and after the procedure, and ensure the best clinical outcome. Care is also taken to ensure biosafety, considering the risk to the patient and to the professional who operates the procedure.(AU)


Subject(s)
Suction , Nursing , Intensive Care Units , Nursing Care
3.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 54(3): e10292, 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153524

ABSTRACT

Although some investigations have been performed to determine the effects of transfusion load and suction pressure on renal function during intraoperative salvage autotransfusion, the precise threshold is still undetermined. A total of 625 patients undergoing surgery with the Continuous AutoTransfusion System (CATSplus) were enrolled and divided into groups according to the utilized suction pressure and transfusion volume. Plasma free hemoglobin (FHB) and creatinine clearance (CCr) were assayed to indicate the renal function. Both 0.03 MPa suction (≥4-unit load) and >5 units transfusion changed the levels of FHB and CCr significantly when measured 24 h post-operation compared to pre-operation. Under 0.02 MPa suction (≥4-unit load), the alteration of FHB and CCr returned to normal after 24 h. Under 3 units transfusion, the levels of FHB and CCr at 6 and 12 h post-operation changed significantly compared to pre-operation (P<0.05 or P<0.01, respectively), and this alteration could be restored to normal at 72 h post-operation. After an exhaustive investigation, less than 4 units transfusion and less than 0.03 MPa suction pressure are recommended for intraoperative salvage autotransfusion.


Subject(s)
Humans , Blood Transfusion , Blood Transfusion, Autologous , Postoperative Period , Suction
4.
Rev. latinoam. enferm. (Online) ; 29: e3462, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1289759

ABSTRACT

Objective: to develop and validate a blended learning program, of the inverted classroom type, on the aspiration of artificial airways. Method: applied and methodological research that involved technological production for teaching a Nursing Intervention, based on Vygotsky's theoretical frameworks and on the Nursing Process. For elaboration and validation, a classic instructional design model was followed. The general and pedagogical requirements were validated, as well as those for videos and interface. For the analysis, the Content Validity Index and the First-order agreement coefficient were used. Results: 34 experts participated, 27 of whom were nurses and seven were professionals in Information Technology. In the nurses' opinion, the general and pedagogical requirements obtained a Content Validity Index of 0.99 and 0.98 was obtained for the videos and for the interface. The interface for the IT professionals was 0.94. All requirements showed almost perfect agreement. Conclusion: the teaching program was elaborated and validated by experts and constitutes an innovative proposal to train nurses. The mediation of teaching by means of duly validated technologies can favor learning and reaching positive results in the development of skills in the practice of aspiration of artificial airways.


Objetivo: elaborar e validar um programa de ensino híbrido, do tipo sala de aula invertida, sobre a aspiração de vias aéreas artificiais. Método: pesquisa aplicada e metodológica que envolveu produção tecnológica para o ensino de uma Intervenção de Enfermagem, alicerçada nos referenciais teóricos de Vygotsky e no Processo de Enfermagem. Para elaboração e validação, seguiu-se um modelo de design instrucional clássico. Foram validados os requisitos gerais e pedagógicos, requisitos para vídeos e interface. Para a análise, foram utilizados o Índice de Validade de Conteúdo e o First-order agreement coefficient. Resultados: participaram 34 peritos, sendo 27 profissionais enfermeiros e sete profissionais da Tecnologia de Informação. Na visão dos enfermeiros, os requisitos gerais e pedagógicos obtiveram um Índice de Validade de Conteúdo de 0,99; para os vídeos e para a interface obteve-se 0,98. A interface para os profissionais da informática foi de 0,94. Todos requisitos apresentaram concordância quase perfeita. Conclusão: o programa de ensino foi elaborado e validado por peritos e constitui-se uma proposta inovadora para formar enfermeiros. A mediação do ensino por meio de tecnologias devidamente validadas pode favorecer o aprendizado e a obtenção de resultados positivos no desenvolvimento de habilidades da prática da aspiração de vias aéreas artificiais.


Objetivo: desarrollar y validar un programa educativo híbrido, similar al aula invertida, sobre la aspiración de vías aéreas artificiales. Método: investigación aplicada y metodológica que involucró producción tecnológica para la enseñanza de una Intervención de Enfermería, basada en los marcos teóricos de Vygotsky y el Proceso de Enfermería. Para la elaboración y validación se siguió un modelo clásico de design instruccional. Se validaron los requisitos generales y pedagógicos, requisitos para videos e interfaz. Para el análisis se utilizó el Índice de Validez de Contenido y el First-order agreement coefficient. Resultados: participaron 34 expertos, de los cuales 27 eran enfermeros y siete profesionales en Tecnologías de la Información. Según la perspectiva de los enfermeros, los requisitos generales y pedagógicos obtuvieron un Índice de Validez de Contenido de 0,99; para los vídeos y para la interfaz se obtuvo 0,98. La interfaz para los profesionales de la informática fue de 0,94. Todos los requisitos mostraron una conformidad casi perfecta. Conclusión: el programa educativo fue diseñado y validado por expertos y constituye una propuesta innovadora para la formación de enfermeros. La mediación de la enseñanza a través de tecnologías debidamente validadas puede favorecer el aprendizaje y la obtención de resultados positivos en el desarrollo de habilidades en la práctica de la aspiración de vías aéreas artificiales.


Subject(s)
Humans , Respiration, Artificial , Suction , Models, Educational , Educational Technology , Education, Nursing , Learning , Nursing Process
5.
Rev. salud bosque ; 10(2)Septiembre 18, 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1284585

ABSTRACT

Introducción. La anquiloglosia es una condición limitante que en algunos casos no interfiere en la lactancia y genera adaptaciones anatomofisiológicas del frenillo al seno materno, el cual se presenta más elástico y menos fibroso. El objetivo fue establecer si existe relación entre las alteraciones del frenillo lingual y la lactancia materna. Materiales y métodos. Investigación descriptiva correlacional de corte transversal. La población objeto de estudio fue evaluada mediante el Protocolo de evaluación del frenillo de la lengua con puntuación para bebés. Resultados. Se identificó un 29% de prevalencia en las alteraciones del frenillo lingual. La anatomofisiología del frenillo y la succión son dependientes y estadísticamente significantes. Conclusiones. La lactancia materna y la anatomofisiología del frenillo lingual alterado, conocido como anquiloglosia, guardan una fuerte relación de dependencia, ya que ante la presencia de anquiloglosia no se produce un agarre adecuado del pezón en la cavidad oral. No obstante, en algunos casos se ha comprobado que los lactantes realizan procesos de adaptación para suplir las dificultades en la movilidad lingual y alimentarse.


Introduction. Ankyloglossia appears as a limiting condition, in some cases it does not interfere with lactation, presenting anatomophysiological adaptations of the frenulum to the mother's breast; it is more elastic and less fibrous. The objective was to establish whether there is a relationship between lingual frenulum alterations and breastfeeding. Methods. Cross-sectional correlational descriptive research. The population under study was evaluated through the "Protocol for evaluating the frenulum of the tongue with scores for babies". Results. A 29% prevalence of alterations in the lingual frenulum was identified, the anatomophysiology of the frenulum and suction are dependent and statistically significant. Conclusions. Breastfeeding and the anatomophysiology of the altered lingual frenulum known as ankyloglossia are strongly dependent, since in the presence of ankyloglossia there is not an adequate grip of the nipple in the oral cavity; however, in some cases it has been It has been proven that infants carry out adaptation processes in order to compensate for difficulties in tongue mobility and feeding.


Introdução. A anquiloglossia é uma condição limitante que em alguns casos não interfere na lactação e gera adaptações anatomofisiológicas do frênulo à mama da mãe, que é mais elástica e menos fibrosa. O objetivo foi estabelecer se existe relação entre as alterações do frênulo lingual e a amamentação. Materiais e métodos. Pesquisa descritiva e correlacional de corte transversal. A população em estudo foi avaliada por meio do protocolo de avaliação do frênulo da língua com pontuação para bebês. Resultados. Identificou-se prevalência de 29% nas alterações do frênulo lingual. A anatomofisiologia do frênulo e da sucção são dependentes e estatisticamente significativas. Conclusões. A amamentação e a anatomofisiologia do frênulo lingual alterado, conhecido como anquiloglossia, apresentam forte relação de dependência, visto que na presença de anquiloglossia não há pega adequada do mamilo na cavidade oral. No entanto, em alguns casos, descobriu-se que os bebês realizam processos de adaptação para superar as dificuldades de mobilidade da língua e alimentação.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant , Breast Feeding , Speech, Language and Hearing Sciences , Ankyloglossia , Lingual Frenum , Suction
8.
Medisan ; 24(1)ene.-feb. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1091165

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Las inflamaciones agudas y crónicas pueden afectar las glándulas salivales mayores. Objetivo: Evaluar la evolución de los pacientes con procesos inflamatorios de las glándulas salivales mayores tratados con succión desembrozante. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo de 49 pacientes con procesos inflamatorios de las glándulas salivales mayores, atendidos en la consulta de Cirugía Maxilofacial del Hospital General Docente Dr. Juan Bruno Zayas Alfonso de Santiago de Cuba, desde septiembre del 2012 hasta junio del 2014. Se utilizó la aspiración quirúrgica para succionar los conductos de las glándulas salivales afectadas. Se estudiaron variables, tales como edad, sexo, glándula salival afectada, agente causal, sintomatología, sesiones de tratamiento y evolución ultrasonográfica. Resultados: Predominaron el grupo etario de 65 años y más (36,7 %) y el sexo femenino (59,2 %). La litiasis fue el factor causal de mayor incidencia y la glándula parótida la más afectada. Los pacientes evolucionaron satisfactoriamente luego de la segunda succión, lo cual demostró la existencia de cambios ultrasonográficos favorables. Conclusiones: La succión desembrozante es un procedimiento sencillo e inocuo que evita el proceder quirúrgico.


Introduction: The acute and chronic inflammations can affect the major salivary glands. Objective: To evaluate the clinical course of patients with inflammatory processes of the major salivary glands treated with depleting suction. Methods: A descriptive study of 49 patients with inflammatory processes of the mayor salivary glands was carried out, they were assisted in the Maxillofacial Surgery service of Dr. Juan Bruno Zayas Alfonso Teaching General Hospital in Santiago de Cuba, from September, 2012 to June, 2014. The surgical aspiration was used to suck the tubes of the affected salivary glands. Some variables were studied, such as age, sex, affected salivary gland, causal agent, symptomatology, treatment sessions and ultrasonographic course. Results: There was a prevalence of the 65 and over age group (36.7 %) and the female sex (59.2 %). Lithiasis was the causal factor of more incidence and the parotid gland the most affected one. Patients had a favorable clinical course after the second suction, which demonstrated the existence of favorable ultrasonographic changes. Conclusions: Depleting suction is a simple and innocuous procedure that avoids operation.


Subject(s)
Salivary Gland Diseases , Salivary Glands , Suction , Salivary Gland Calculi
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880400

ABSTRACT

According to the actual requirements of pediatric intensive care, a suction detection system of pediatric oral secretions integrated with monitoring function is designed. The system has the function of adjustable intermittent attraction. The duration and proportion of intermittent attraction can be adjusted according to the individualized needs of pediatric intensive care. The suction head of pacifier can reduce the mechanical damage to pediatric oral mucosa as much as possible. Meanwhile, the system can detect and monitor the real-time biochemical indexes of the collected oral secretions, which can be used to help the judgement of aspiration and quantitatively evaluate the microcirculation dysfunction.


Subject(s)
Bodily Secretions , Child , Humans , Mouth , Suction/instrumentation
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828709

ABSTRACT

Endotracheal suctioning is a most frequent invasive procedure in neonates undergoing mechanical ventilation. The procedure includes the patient preparation, airway suctioning and follow-up care, which may associated with adverse events. Based on the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE), as well as the related research both in China and overseas, the clinical practice guidelines of endotracheal suctioning in neonates with mechanical ventilation is developed in order to promote the standard implementation of this operation and ensure patients' safety.


Subject(s)
China , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Intubation, Intratracheal , Respiration, Artificial , Suction , Trachea
11.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 117(6): 412-420, dic. 2019. tab, graf, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1051585

ABSTRACT

La aspiración pulmonar es el pasaje de alimentos, reflujo gastroesofágico y/o saliva a la vía aérea de manera suficiente que ocasione síntomas respiratorios crónicos o recurrentes. Es una ausa importante de neumonía recurrente, enfermedad pulmonar progresiva, bronquiectasias e, incluso, muerte. La aspiración es intermitente y, con frecuencia, ocurre en niños con anomalías médicas subyacentes o síndromes que ocasionan síntomas respiratorios similares a la aspiración pulmonar crónica, por lo que, muchas veces, el diagnóstico de aspiración se demora hasta que haya una lesión pulmonar significativa. Se describen los métodos diagnósticos disponibles y sus limitaciones, y las opciones de tratamiento de la aspiración pulmonar crónica en la población pediátrica.


Pulmonary aspiration is the passage of food, gastroesophageal reflux and/or saliva to the airway in a manner sufficient to cause chronic or recurrent respiratory symptoms. It is an important cause of recurrent pneumonia, progressive lung disease, bronchiectasis and even death.Aspiration is intermittent and often occurs in children with underlying medical conditions or syndromes that cause respiratory symptoms similar to chronic pulmonary aspiration, so diagnosis of aspiration is often delayed until there is a significant lung injury. The available diagnostic methods and their limitations, and treatment options of chronic pulmonary aspiration in the pediatric population are described.


Subject(s)
Humans , Respiratory Aspiration/diagnosis , Respiratory Aspiration/etiology , Respiratory Aspiration/physiopathology , Respiratory Aspiration/therapy , Pediatrics , Suction , Deglutition Disorders , Capsule Endoscopy
12.
Rev. bras. cir. plást ; 34(4): 546-551, oct.-dec. 2019. ilus, tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1047923

ABSTRACT

Introdução: A abdominoplastia é um procedimento para a melhoria do contorno corporal e a técnica tem sido aprimorada pela associação da dissecção limitada do retalho cutâneo e pontos de adesão no mesmo ato operatório, evitando-se a formação de seroma pós-abdominoplastia, complicação que incomoda tanto o paciente quanto o cirurgião. Portanto, o objetivo é avaliar se o uso de pontos de adesão está associado a menor incidência de seroma após abdominoplastia quando comparado ao uso de drenos. Métodos: Revisão sistemática da literatura com metanálise, envolvendo as seguintes bases de dados: Science Direct, Scielo, Pubmed, Lilacs, CINAHL e Scopus. Para analisar os dados foi utilizado o programa Stata 12.0 e a estatística I² proposta por Higgins, com intervalo de confiança de 95% para o risco relativo para seroma, segundo o tipo de intervenção (dreno, ponto de adesão, dreno com ponto de adesão). Sendo registrado no PROSPERO sob o número CRD42019120399. Resultados: Cinco estudos preencheram os critérios de inclusão e foram incluídos na metanálise. Ao comparar o uso de dreno de sucção com pontos de adesão, os pontos de adesão mostraram um fator de proteção na prevenção do seroma (RR: 0,13; IC 95%: 0,02-0,66). Conclusão: Os achados sugerem que o uso de pontos de adesão em abdominoplastia em detrimento do uso de drenos pode ser uma técnica eficaz para prevenção da formação de seromas.


Introduction: Abdominoplasty, which aims to improve body contour, has been upgraded by its association with limited dissection of the cutaneous flap and quilting sutures in the same surgery to avoid the formation of postabdominoplasty seroma, a complication that troubles both patient and surgeon. Therefore, this study aimed to assess whether the use of quilting sutures is associated with a lower incidence of seroma after abdominoplasty than the use of drains. Methods: A systematic review of the literature and a meta-analysis were performed of the Science Direct, Scielo, Pubmed, Lilacs, CINAHL, and Scopus databases. The data analysis was performed using the Stata 12.0 program and the I² statistic proposed by Higgins, with a 95% confidence interval for the relative risk for seroma by intervention type (drain, quilting sutures, drain with quilting sutures). The study was registered in PROSPERO (CRD42019120399). Results: Five studies met the inclusion criteria and were included in the meta-analysis. Quilting sutures showed a protective effect (versus use of drain with quilting sutures) in the prevention of seroma (relative risk, 0.13; 95% confidence interval, 0.02­0.66). Conclusion: These findings suggest that the use of quilting sutures instead of drains in abdominoplasty can effectively prevent seroma formation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , History, 21st Century , Suction , Surgery, Plastic , Drainage , Meta-Analysis as Topic , Seroma , Abdomen , Abdominoplasty , Suction/methods , Suction/statistics & numerical data , Surgery, Plastic/methods , Surgery, Plastic/statistics & numerical data , Drainage/methods , Drainage/statistics & numerical data , Seroma/surgery , Seroma/therapy , Abdominoplasty/methods , Abdominoplasty/statistics & numerical data , Abdomen/surgery
13.
Mem. Inst. Invest. Cienc. Salud (Impr.) ; 17(3): 49-54, dic.2019. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDNPAR | ID: biblio-1047804

ABSTRACT

El objetivo fue determinar la prevalencia de hábitos de succión no nutritiva y su relación con maloclusiones y anomalías dentomaxilares en preescolares de Coronel Oviedo - Paraguay, durante el año 2015. Se realizó un estudio observacional, descriptivo de corte transversal con componente analítico, con muestreo probabilístico estratificado bietápico. La población de estudio estuvo constituida por niños del sexo masculino y femenino de la Educación Inicial (maternal, jardín y pre-escolar). Las variables del estudio fueron la succión no nutritiva (succión digital y succión del chupete, edad, sexo, onicofagia y el uso del biberón. Los datos fueron recabados mediante una encuesta dirigida a los padres; acompañada de la inspección bucodental. Fueron incluidos 344 escolares, el 48,84% (168) tenía una edad de 5 años y el 52,91% (182) era del sexo masculino. El 13,08% (45) realizaba succión digital, el 9,59% (33) succión de chupete y el 38,95% (134) otros hábitos. Al diferenciar la presencia de hábitos con las características demográficas se pudo apreciar como la presencia de succión digital estaba relacionada con la mordida abierta (p=0.000), la mordida cruzada (p=0.049), con la orientación de los incisivos (p=0.000), la forma de la arcada (p=0.000), y la oclusión de vista transversal (p=0.046) y sagitalmente (p=0.000). La prevalencia de hábitos de succión no nutritiva en estos escolares fue alta y estaba relacionada con la maloclusión y la aparición de anomalías dentomaxilares, por lo que la educación de padres para la prevención de dichas condiciones es fundamental(AU)


The objective was to determine the prevalence of non-nutritive suction habits and their relationship with malocclusions and dentomaxillary anomalies in preschool children of Coronel Oviedo - Paraguay, during 2015. An observational, descriptive cross-sectional study with analytical component was carried out, with two-stage stratified probabilistic sampling. The study population consisted of boys and girls of the Pre-Primary Education (nursery, kindergarten and pre-school). The variables of the study were the non-nutritive suction (digital suction and suction of the pacifier, age, sex, onychophagia and the use of the feeding bottle). The data were collected through a survey addressed to the parents, accompanied by an oral inspection. Three hundred forty-four schoolchildren were included, 48.84% (168) was 5 years old and 52.91% (182) was male. Of the total, 13.08% (45) performed digital suction, 9.59% (33) pacifier suction and 38.95% (134) other habits. By differentiating the presence of habits with demographic characteristics, it was seen how the presence of digital suction was related to the open bite (p=0.000), the crossbite (p = 0.049), and the orientation of the incisors (p=0.000). ), the shape of the arch (p = 0.000), the cross sectional occlusion (p=0.046) and the sagittal occlusion (p = 0.000). The prevalence of non-nutritive suction habits in these school children was high and related to malocclusion and the appearance of dentomaxillary anomalies, so the education of parents for the prevention of these conditions is fundamental(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Suction , Malocclusion , Nursing Bottles , Habits
14.
Rev. Bras. Saúde Mater. Infant. (Online) ; 19(3): 621-630, Jul.-Sept. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1041089

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objectives: To investigate full term newborns suction pattern in non-nutritive suction and their feeding performance. Methods: An analytical descriptive study was carried out from November 2016 to March 2017, with 50 dyads mothers/newborns through the non-nutritive suction evaluation and a direct observation on the newborn's performance on feeding. The data were distributed through simple and relative frequencies (percentages) when categorical or by mean, maximum, minimum and the standard deviation when is continuous, discrete or ordinal. To evaluate the mean differences, the Student's t test was used with significance level of 5%. Results: There were significant differences among the newborn's mandible movement ("newborn's mouth slightly open" p=0,005), suction ("cheek strain during feeding" p<0,001) and dyad mother and newborn positioning ("breasts supported with fingers on the areola" p=0,041 and baby's neck or trunk turned" p=0,041). Conclusions: Newborns that presented changes in their mandible movement on the Non-Nutritive Suction (NNS) also presented difficulties in feeding. The newborn's knowledge on suction pattern through the NNS has proven to be an important strategy that may help identify possible difficulties during feeding.


Resumo Objetivos: investigar o padrão de sucção de recém-nascidos a termo na sucção não-nutritiva e sua relação com o desempenho destes na mamada. Métodos: estudo descritivo analítico, realizado de novembro de 2016 a março de 2017, com 50 díades mãe/recém-nascido, mediante avaliação da sucção não-nutritiva e observação direta do desempenho do recém-nascido na mamada. Os dados foram descritos por meio de frequências simples e relativas (percentuais) quando categóricas ou média, máximo, mínimo e desvio padrão quando contínuas, discretas ou ordinais. Para avaliar diferenças de média foi utilizado o teste T de Student com nível de significância de 5%. Resultados: houve diferenças significativas entre movimentação da mandíbula do recém-nascido e aspectos da pega ("boca do bebê pouco aberta" p=0,005), sucção ("esforço da bochecha durante a mamada" p<0,001) e posicionamento da díade mãe e recém-nascido ("mamas apoiadas com os dedos na aréola" p=0,041 e bebê com pescoço ou tronco torcidos" p=0,041). Conclusões: recém-nascidos que apresentaram alterações na movimentação da mandíbula na Sucção Não Nutritiva (SNN) tiveram também dificuldade na realização da mamada. O conhecimento do padrão de sucção do recém-nascido, através da avaliação da SNN mostrou-se como estratégia importante que pode auxiliar na identificação de possíveis dificuldades do recém-nascido durante a mamada.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Sucking Behavior , Suction , Breast Feeding , Term Birth , Stomatognathic System , Maternal and Child Health , Mandible/physiology , Milk, Human
15.
Rev. bras. ter. intensiva ; 31(2): 180-185, abr.-jun. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1013760

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Objetivo: Conocer la práctica habitual del manejo de la vía aérea durante el procedimiento de extubación mediante una encuesta online a profesionales de las unidades de cuidados intensivos de la Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires y Provincia de Buenos, Argentina. Métodos: Estudio descriptivo transversal de tipo encuesta online del 11 de febrero al 11 de marzo de 2013. Se envió por correo electrónico una invitación voluntaria y anónima para acceder a la encuesta a 500 participantes a partir de una base de datos confeccionada por los investigadores de este estudio. Resultados: De un total de 500 participantes, 217 (44%) respondieron la encuesta. El 59,4% son kinesiólogos. Ciento noventa y cinco (89,9%) profesionales se desempeñan en atención de adultos. Con respecto al procedimiento de desinflado del balón y extubación, 203 (93,5%) realizan aspiración endotraqueal y 27 (12,5%) emplean presión positiva. El 53,5% de los participantes informó haber tenido en los últimos 3 meses complicaciones inmediatas a este procedimiento. Se informaron un total de 163 complicaciones, siendo el estridor el más prevalente (52,7%). Conclusión: La mayoría de los profesionales de unidades de cuidados intensivos de la Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires y Provincia de Buenos Aires, Argentina, emplea aspiración endotraqueal sin aplicar presión positiva durante el procedimiento de extubación.


ABSTRACT Objective: To examine the usual practice of airway management during the extubation procedure through an online survey to professionals working in intensive care units in the Autonomous City of Buenos Aires and in the Province of Buenos Aires, Argentina. Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive study online survey was conducted from February 11 to March 11, 2013. A database was generated, and a voluntary and anonymous invitation to access the survey was sent by email to 500 participants. Results: Out of a total of 500 participants, 217 (44%) responded to the survey, of whom 59.4% were physical therapists. One hundred ninety-five (89.9%) professionals were working in adult care. Regarding the cuff deflation procedure and extubation, 203 (93.5%) performe endotracheal suctioning, and 27 (12.5%) use positive pressure. Approximately 53.5% of participants reported having experienced immediate complications with this procedure in the last three months. In all, 163 complications were reported, and stridor was the most prevalent (52.7%). Conclusion: Most professionals working in intensive care units in the Autonomous City of Buenos Aires and in the Province of Buenos Aires, Argentina, use endotracheal suctioning without applying positive pressure during extubation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Health Personnel/statistics & numerical data , Critical Care/methods , Airway Management/methods , Airway Extubation/methods , Argentina , Suction , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Health Care Surveys , Critical Care/statistics & numerical data , Airway Extubation/statistics & numerical data , Intensive Care Units
16.
Rev. bras. ter. intensiva ; 31(1): 39-46, jan.-mar. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1003623

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo: Comparar a eficiência das técnicas de vibrocompressão e hiperinsuflação com ventilador mecânico de forma isolada e a associação das duas técnicas (hiperinsuflação com ventilador mecânico + vibrocompressão), na quantidade de secreção aspirada e na alteração de parâmetros hemodinâmicos e pulmonares. Métodos: Ensaio clínico randomizado com pacientes críticos em ventilação mecânica, realizado na unidade de terapia intensiva de um hospital universitário. Os pacientes foram randomizados para receber uma das técnicas de higiene brônquica por 10 minutos (vibrocompressão, ou hiperinsuflação com ventilador mecânico, ou hiperinsuflação com ventilador mecânico + vibrocompressão). Após, foram novamente randomizados para receber inicialmente a técnica (previamente randomizada) ou apenas a aspiração isolada. Foram analisados o peso de secreção aspirada (em gramas), dados de mecânica ventilatória e cardiopulmonares, antes e após a aplicação das técnicas. A frequência de reintubação traqueal, o tempo de ventilação mecânica e a mortalidade, também foram avaliados. Resultados: Foram incluídos 93 pacientes (29 vibrocompressão, 32 hiperinsuflação com ventilador mecânico e 32 hiperinsuflação com ventilador mecânico + vibrocompressão) em ventilação mecânica por mais de 24 horas. O grupo hiperinsuflação com ventilador mecânico + vibrocompressão foi o único que apresentou aumento significativo da secreção aspirada, quando comparado a aspiração isolada 0,7g (0,1 - 2,5g) versus 0,2g (0,0 - 0,6g), com valor de p = 0,006. Conclusão: Quando comparada à aspiração isolada, a associação das técnicas hiperinsuflação com ventilador mecânico + vibrocompressão foi mais eficiente na quantidade de secreção aspirada.


ABSTRACT Objective: To compare the effects of vibrocompression and hyperinflation with mechanical ventilator techniques alone and in combination (hyperinflation with mechanical ventilator + vibrocompression) on the amount of aspirated secretion and the change in hemodynamic and pulmonary parameters. Methods: A randomized clinical trial with critically ill patients on mechanical ventilation conducted in the intensive care unit of a university hospital. The patients were randomly allocated to receive one of the bronchial hygiene techniques for 10 minutes (vibrocompression or hyperinflation with mechanical ventilator or hyperinflation with mechanical ventilator + vibrocompression). Afterwards, the patients were again randomly allocated to receive either the previous randomly allocated technique or only tracheal aspiration. The weight of aspirated secretions (in grams), ventilatory mechanics and cardiopulmonary data before and after the application of the techniques were analyzed. The tracheal reintubation frequency and time and mortality on mechanical ventilation were also evaluated. Results: A total of 93 patients (29 vibrocompression, 32 hyperinflation with mechanical ventilator and 32 hyperinflation with mechanical ventilator + vibrocompression) on mechanical ventilation for more than 24 hours were included. The hyperinflation with mechanical ventilator + vibrocompression group was the only one that presented a significant increase in aspirated secretions compared to tracheal aspiration alone [0.7g (0.1 - 2.5g) versus 0.2g (0.0 - 0.6g), p value = 0.006]. Conclusion: Compared to tracheal aspiration alone, the combination of hyperinflation with mechanical ventilator + vibrocompression techniques was most efficient for increasing the amount of aspirated secretions.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Respiration, Artificial , Suction/methods , Ventilators, Mechanical , Intensive Care Units , Time Factors , Critical Illness , Hemodynamics , Hospitals, University , Middle Aged
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774182

ABSTRACT

The rotary left ventricular assist device (LVAD) has been an effective option for end-stage heart failure. However, while clinically using the LVAD, patients are often at significant risk for ventricular collapse, called suction, mainly due to higher LVAD speeds required for adequate cardiac output. Some proposed suction detection algorithms required the external implantation of sensors, which were not reliable in long-term use due to baseline drift and short lifespan. Therefore, this study presents a new suction detection system only using the LVAD intrinsic blood pump parameter (pump speed) without using any external sensor. Three feature indices are derived from the pump speed and considered as the inputs to four different classifiers to classify the pumping states as no suction or suction. The results using a combined human circulatory system and LVAD model show that the proposed method can detect ventricular suction effectively, demonstrating that it has high classification accuracy, stability, and robustness. The proposed suction detection system could be an important part in the LVAD for detecting and avoiding suction, while at the same time making the LVAD meet the cardiac output demand for the patients. It could also provide theoretical basis and technology support for designing and optimizing the control system of the LVAD.


Subject(s)
Computer Simulation , Heart Failure , General Surgery , Heart Ventricles , Heart-Assist Devices , Humans , Models, Cardiovascular , Suction
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772576

ABSTRACT

A motion unit for sucking robot with a stable motion, convenient operation and process simulation is introduced. The key parameters and process data of the sucking operation were obtained from the clinical work, which provided the basis for the design of the sucking robot motion unit. According to the points of sucking action, robotic thumb, forefinger and metacarpophalangeal joints were used to grip the suction tube, and the servo and arm structure were used to simulate the motion of the wrist and elbow to complete the rotation and push of the sputum suction tube. The feasibility is verified through the advanced sputum suction training model. The movement unit is stable in movement, and can smoothly complete the clamping, feeding, back off protection and rotating tube removal of the sputum suction tube, so as to achieve effective sputum suction.


Subject(s)
Catheterization , Intubation, Intratracheal , Robotics , Suction
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772553

ABSTRACT

Coronary disease is one of the highest mortality diseases in the world,and interventional therapy has been the best treatment choice for its low risks,high efficiency,less wound and rapid recovery after the operation.Thrombus aspiration catheter is one of the most important equipment in the interventional therapy instrument of coronary disease.This paper is based on the demand of clinical and market,designed and manufactured aspirated catheter for the treatment of coronary thrombosis.Through the performance comparison of the material,confirmed the main material quality of thrombus aspiration catheter and its organization.We also made the appraisement for the function of the material and the main performance of the thrombus aspiration catheter.The experiment turned out that our catheter performance is stable and also with highly reliable,which is absolutely fit for the using requirements of the clinical.


Subject(s)
Catheters , Coronary Angiography , Coronary Thrombosis , Therapeutics , Humans , Suction , Thrombectomy , Treatment Outcome
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-785361

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: An Alveolar-pleural fistula is communication between the alveoli and the pleural space that may result in intractable pneumothorax, severe infection, respiratory failure, physical weakness, and even death.CASE: A 70-year-old male underwent right hepatectomy with a cystic mass of the liver. During the operation, peak airway pressure abruptly increased and a serous fluid was regurgitated through the endotracheal tube. Lung isolation was immediately performed with a double-lumen endotracheal tube. Approximately 1,000 ml of exudate was drained through endotracheal tube. Thoracostomy was performed at right lung. Analysis of fluid from endotracheal tube and pleural effusion consistent with parapneumonic effusion.CONCLUSIONS: We presented a case of alveolar-pleural fistula caused by pneumonia presenting with massive exudate fluid regurgitated from the endotracheal tube that was managed with bronchial suction, lung isolation, and thoracostomy and improved without surgical repair of the fistula.


Subject(s)
Aged , Exudates and Transudates , Fistula , Hepatectomy , Humans , Liver , Lung , Male , One-Lung Ventilation , Pleural Effusion , Pneumonia , Pneumothorax , Respiratory Insufficiency , Suction , Thoracostomy
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