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1.
Arch. latinoam. nutr ; 71(3): 164-177, sept. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1353177

ABSTRACT

Diversos estudios epidemiológicos y de intervención apuntan a una asociación fuerte y consistente entre la ingesta excesiva de azúcares y el riesgo de desarrollar caries dentales y enfermedades crónicas no transmisibles. El objetivo fue describir los 10 principales alimentos que contribuyen a la ingesta de azúcares añadidos en muestras representativas de poblaciones urbanas de ocho países latinoamericanos, y considerar diferencias por país, sexo, nivel socioeconómico (NSE) y grupo de edad. Se realizó una encuesta transversal multinacional en hogares de Argentina, Brasil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Perú y Venezuela (N=9218; 15­65 años). La contribución porcentual a la ingesta total del nutriente sirvió para identificar los alimentos aportadores. Los datos se estratificaron por país, sexo, NSE y grupo de edad y se compararon los gramos por día. Excepto en Perú y en el grupo de 50 a 65 años, los refrescos figuraron como el principal contribuyente a la ingesta de azúcares añadidos. Las bebidas caseras y las industrializadas también destacaron. Argentina fue el país con mayor ingesta de azúcares añadidos aportados por bebidas industrializadas, y Chile el país con menor frecuencia de bebidas como fuentes. Entre los 10 contribuyentes, la ingesta de azúcares añadidos fue mayor en el sexo masculino, excepto para sacarosa y pasteles dulces. Mayores ingestas de azúcares provenientes del jugo de fruta natural y sacarosa fueron observadas en el NSE más bajo. Las mayores y menores ingestas en los grupos de edad cambian de acuerdo con la fuente alimentaria. En conclusión, las bebidas azucaradas fueron los principales contribuyentes a la ingesta de azúcares añadidos, y la ingesta varió según la ubicación geográfica y los factores sociodemográficos(AU)


This study aimed to describe the top 10 foods that contribute to added sugars intake in representative samples of urban populations in eight Latin American countries, and consider differences by country, sex, socioeconomic level (SEL), and age group. A household-based, multinational, cross-sectional survey was conducted in Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Peru, and Venezuela (N=9218; 15­65 years). Contributors to added sugars were identified and listed based on the percentage of contribution to total intake of this nutrient. Data were stratified by country, sex, SEL, and age group, and the grams per day compared. Except in Peru and in the 50 to 65 years age group, soft drinks were the leading contributor to added sugar intake. Homemade beverages together industrialized beverages have been a prominent position on ranking. In general, the highest intake of added sugars by industrialized beverages was from Argentina, and the lowest frequency of beverages as sources of added sugars was observed in Chile. Among the top 10 contributors, male sex had highest added sugar intake, except for sucrose and sweet cakes. Higher intakes of sugars from natural fruit juice and sucrose were observed in the lower SEL. The highest and lowest intakes in the age groups change according to the food source. In conclusion, sugar-sweetened beverages were main contributors to added sugar intake, and the intake vary with geographical location and sociodemographic factors(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Cardiovascular Diseases/etiology , Chronic Disease , Dental Caries/etiology , Sugar-Sweetened Beverages , Obesity/etiology , Exercise , Epidemiologic Studies , Family Characteristics , Surveys and Questionnaires , Eating , Sugars/adverse effects , Nutritional Sciences
2.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 26(3): 1153-1162, mar. 2021. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153814

ABSTRACT

Resumo O objetivo foi avaliar a disponibilidade da informação sobre quantidade de açúcar e identificar sua posição na lista de ingredientes em alimentos industrializados. Este estudo caracteriza-se como transversal, com análise de todos os alimentos industrializados tradicionais, diet, light e zero comercializados em um hipermercado de grande porte, que contivessem na lista de ingredientes as palavras açúcar ou sacarose. A declaração da quantidade e a posição do açúcar na lista de ingredientes foram registrados após observação do rótulo. A informação de quantidade de açúcar também foi solicitada às indústrias de alimentos, por e-mail ou telefone. Foram analisados 2200 alimentos, sendo 2164 (98,4%) tradicionais e 36 (1,6%) diet, light e zero, nos quais a declaração da quantidade de açúcar foi observada em apenas 14,4% e 13,9% dos alimentos, respectivamente (p=0,84). Das 156 empresas contatadas, apenas 7,7% (n=12) disponibilizaram as informações solicitadas. Dentre os alimentos tradicionais, 75,8% apresentam o açúcar nas três primeiras posições da lista de ingredientes, enquanto nos diet, light e zero, 77,8% (p=0,93). Conclui-se que o açúcar é o principal ingrediente em grande parte dos alimentos analisados e que a disponibilidade de informação de sua quantidade é baixa.


Abstract The objective of this study was to assess the provision of information on the amount of sugar and identify the position of sugar in the list of ingredients of processed foods. A cross-sectional study was conducted to analyze all processed traditional and diet/light/zero food products sold in a hypermarket containing the word sugar or sucrose in the list of ingredients. The food labels were read and the position of sugar on the list of ingredients and presence, or absence, of information on the amount of sugar in the nutrition facts table were recorded. Information on the amount of sugar was also requested from the manufacturers by e-mail or telephone. A total of 2,200 food products were assessed, 2,164 (98.4%) of which were traditional foods and 36 (1.6%) diet/light/zero foods. The amount of sugar was declared in only 14.4% and 13.9% of these products, respectively (p=0.84). Only 7.7% (n=12) of the 156 companies contacted provided the requested information. Sugar was present in the first three positions of the list of ingredients in 75.8% of the traditional foods and 77.8% of the diet/light/zero foods (p=0.93). The data show that sugar was the main ingredient in the majority of the food products analyzed and that the level of provision of information on the amount of sugar is low.


Subject(s)
Humans , Sugars , Fast Foods , Cross-Sectional Studies , Diet , Food Labeling , Nutritive Value
3.
São Paulo; s.n; 2021. 225 p.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1178161

ABSTRACT

Introdução: A tributação de bebidas açucaradas integra um conjunto de políticas públicas recomendadas para combater a obesidade e doenças crônicas não transmissíveis associadas à má-alimentação. Contudo, enfrenta grande oposição da indústria, que emprega estratégias e práticas de atividade política corporativa (APC) para impedir sua adoção. Objetivo: Avaliar se a APC da indústria de bebidas açucaradas e seus insumos - especialmente o financiamento de campanhas eleitorais e o lobby - influenciou o processo decisório sobre a tributação de bebidas açucaradas no Congresso Nacional na 55ª Legislatura (2015-2019). Métodos: Avaliaram-se as contribuições financeiras do setor de bebidas às campanhas eleitorais dos candidatos ao Senado Federal (2010 e 2014) e à Câmara dos Deputados (2014), a partir dos dados do Tribunal Superior Eleitoral. As contribuições foram descritas segundo variáveis sociodemográficas, regionais, partidárias, e comparadas utilizando-se os testes de Qui-quadrado e Exato de Fisher. Para avaliar o efeito das contribuições sobre a chance de eleição utilizou-se o modelo linear generalizado com regressão binomial negativa. Identificaram-se as propostas legislativas relacionadas à tributação de bebidas açucaradas que tramitaram na legislatura. Selecionaramse quatro propostas para estudo de caso e, aplicando-se a Análise Qualitativa Comparativa, buscou-se explicar sua aprovação no Senado Federal e a subsequente rejeição na Câmara dos Deputados. Resultados: Contribuíram para as campanhas 56 grupos empresariais que produzem bebidas açucaradas e 62 que produzem insumos (açúcar e concentrados de frutas). Em 2010, predominaram as contribuições de indústrias de insumos; em 2014, as das indústrias de bebidas açucaradas. Prevaleceu a participação de grupos filiados à Abir, Unica e CitrusBR. Os recursos beneficiaram 96 candidatos ao Senado e 585 à Câmara, contribuindo para a eleição de 48 Senadores e 237 Deputados Federais. Para o estudo de caso, foram selecionados quatro projetos de Decreto Legislativo que visavam manter um benefício tributário às empresas do setor que atuam na Zona Franca de Manaus (ZFM). Os interesses das grandes indústrias de refrigerantes prevaleceram no Senado, onde o voto favorável foi explicado pelas seguintes condições, isoladas ou conjuntamente, relativas aos Senadores: representar Estado com área de livre comércio da Superintendência da ZFM; pertencer ao PSDB; ter recebido financiamento de campanha do setor; ter um interesse atendido por um dos Senadores com interesse na manutenção dos benefícios para a indústria de refrigerantes na ZFM; representar Estado do Norte/Nordeste; ter interesse em benefícios fiscais para sua região; e ter sido eleito em 2010. Na Câmara, determinaram a rejeição a ausência de articulação entre os representantes do Amazonas e a deliberação na Comissão de Finanças e Tributação, onde se destacava um grupo de parlamentares favoráveis às pequenas e médias indústrias de refrigerantes. Em ambas as Casas houve baixa sensibilização quanto à questão de saúde pública envolvida. Conclusão: É notável a atuação do empresariado para manter o status quo que beneficia o setor, na contramão da recomendação de saúde pública. Dados a intensa participação e o poder de influência da indústria no processo decisório, o caminho para o aumento da tributação de bebidas açucaradas no Brasil será longo e repleto de obstáculos.


Introduction: Sugary drinks taxation is among a set of recommended public policies to tackle obesity and diet-related non-communicable diseases. However, it faces strong opposition from the industry, which uses corporate political activity (CPA) strategies and practices to prevent it. Objective: To assess whether CPA of the sugary drinks and their inputs industries - especially electoral campaign financing and lobbying - have influenced decision-making on sugary drinks taxation in the 55th Congress of the Brazilian legislature (2015-2019). Methods: Data on campaign contributions from the sector to congressional candidates (Federal Senate in 2010 and 2014 and Chamber of Deputies in 2014), available from the Superior Electoral Court, were assessed. Contributions were described according to variables related to sociodemographics, region, and political party. Generalized linear model analysis with negative binomial regression was used to assess the effect of the contributions on the chances of election. Legislative proposals related to sugary drinks taxation considered during the 55th Congress were identified. Four of them were selected for a case study to explain their approval in the Federal Senate, using the Qualitative Comparative Analysis, and their subsequent rejection in the Chamber of Deputies. Results: Fifty-six corporate groups that produce sugary drinks and 62 that produce their inputs (sugar and fruit concentrates) contributed to the campaigns. In 2010, contributions from input industries prevailed while in 2014 those from sugary drinks industries did. Participation from corporate groups associated to Abir, Unica, and CitrusBR also prevailed. Contributions benefited 96 candidates to the Federal Senate and 585 to the Chamber of Deputies and helped elect 48 Senators and 237 Federal Deputies. Four Legislative Decree bills aimed at keeping tax benefits to soda industries which operate in the Manaus Free Trade Zone (MFTZ) were selected for the case study. The interests of major sugary drink industries prevailed in the Federal Senate, where the favorable votes of the Senators were explained by the following conditions, isolated or combined: representing a State with free trade area of the MFTZ; being filiated to PSDB; having received campaign contributions from the sector; having an interest promoted by one of the Senators who supported the maintenance of the tax benefits to soda industries in the MFTZ; representing a State from the North or Northeast; defending tax benefits for their own region; having being elected in 2010. In the Chamber of Deputies, rejection of the bills was determined by the absence of political articulation of the representatives of Amazonas State and the deliberation in the Finance and Taxation Committee, where there was a group of members who were favorable to the interests of soda industries based in other States. Members of both legislative Houses showed little concern regarding the public health issue involved. Conclusion: The actions taken by the private sector to maintain the status quo are remarkable and go against public health recommendations. Given the intense participation of the industry in the decisionmaking process and their political power, the path to sugary drinks taxation in Brazil will be long and full of obstacles.


Subject(s)
Public Policy , Taxes , Sugars , Sugar-Sweetened Beverages , Lobbying
4.
Clin. biomed. res ; 41(4): 275-282, 20210000. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1349333

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Consumption of foods with anti-inflammatory and antioxidant components could contribute to a better control of the asthma. The aim of this study was to assess the association between dietary patterns, nutritional status, and asthma control in patients treated at an asthma referral center in Porto Alegre, Brazil. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study with 198 adult asthma patients. Participants completed a 24-hour food recall and a questionnaire on disease history, degree of control, and severity, as well as pulmonary and anthropometric assessments. We used exploratory factor analysis and principal component analysis as an extraction method to derive the dietary patterns. Results: The mean body mass index was 29.6 (SD, 5.7) kg/m2, and 41.9% were classified as obese. Regarding disease severity, 72.7% were classified as having severe persistent asthma, and concerning the degree of control, 59.6% of the patients had uncontrolled asthma. Three dietary patterns were identified: "Sugars", "Healthy", and "Fats and Alcohol". It was observed that the Fats and Alcohol pattern was significantly associated with men. However, no associations were observed between the other variables and dietary patterns. Conclusion: This was the first study to identify the dietary patterns in asthmatics in Brazil. Patterns found in the present study were "Sugars", "Healthy" and "Fats and Alcohol". However, there was no significant association between the 3 patterns and nutritional status or disease control. (AU)


Subject(s)
Asthma , Diet , Alcohol Drinking , Sugars , Fats , Diet, Healthy
5.
Cad. Saúde Pública (Online) ; 37(7): e00157220, 2021. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1285838

ABSTRACT

Resumo: O Brasil foi o primeiro país a comprometer-se com a Década da Ação em Nutrição da Organização das Nações Unidas, com metas ambiciosas relativas ao controle da obesidade e à redução do consumo de bebidas açucaradas. Neste estudo, descrevemos as iniciativas legislativas relacionadas à tributação de bebidas açucaradas apresentadas no Congresso Nacional durante os primeiros quatro anos da Década e a situação do processo decisório. Foram buscadas, nas bases de dados da Câmara dos Deputados e do Senado Federal, todas as propostas apresentadas entre 2016 e 2019 que tratassem do tema, sendo apresentados os resultados de forma narrativa, descrevendo-se o conteúdo dos projetos e a situação da tramitação. Ao todo, foram identificadas dez propostas. Seis delas visam ao aumento da tributação e ainda se encontram em apreciação de Comissões na Câmara dos Deputados. Quatro propostas buscavam sustar um ato normativo que resultou no aumento da tributação sobre concentrados de refrigerantes e foram rejeitadas e arquivadas. Ainda há um longo caminho a ser percorrido para o aumento da tributação das bebidas açucaradas no país. A complexidade e a morosidade do processo decisório no Congresso Nacional impõem dois riscos: que nenhum projeto seja convertido em lei ou, caso o seja, que não cause qualquer impacto na saúde pública até 2025.


Abstract: Brazil was the first country to commit to the United Nations' Decade of Action on Nutrition with ambitious goals related to controlling obesity and reducing the intake of sugar-sweetened beverages. In this study, we describe legislative efforts related to sugar-sweetened beverage taxation introduced in the Brazilian Legislature throughout the first four years of this decade as well as the status of the decision-making process. We searched databases within the Chamber of Deputies and the Federal Senate for legislative proposals introduced between 2016 and 2019 that addressed sugary drinks taxation. The results are presented narratively. The content of the bills and status of the legislative process are described. Ten bills were identified. Six of them are aimed at raising taxes and are currently under consideration in the Committees by the first legislative House. Four bills had been aimed at repealing an act which increased taxes on soft drink concentrates, but they have since been rejected and archived. There still seems to be a long road ahead before taxes on sugar-sweetened beverages are raised in Brazil. The lawmaking process in the Brazilian Legislature is complex and slow. This poses two risks: no law being passed; or enacted legislation not being capable to cause significant impact on public health by 2025.


Resumen: Brasil fue el primer país en comprometerse con la Década de la Acción en Nutrición de la Organización de las Naciones Unidas, con metas ambiciosas relativas al control de la obesidad y a la reducción del consumo de bebidas azucaradas. En este estudio, describimos las iniciativas legislativas relacionadas con la tributación de bebidas azucaradas, presentadas en el Congreso Nacional durante los primeros cuatro años de la Década, y la situación del proceso decisorio. Se buscaron en las bases de datos de la Cámara de los Diputados y del Senado Federal todas las propuestas presentadas entre 2016 y 2019 que tratasen el tema. Se presentan los resultados de forma narrativa, describiéndose el contenido de los proyectos y la situación de la tramitación. Se identificaron en total diez propuestas. Seis de ellas tienen como objetivo el aumento de la tributación e incluso se encuentran en apreciación de Comisiones en la Cámara de los Diputados. Cuatro propuestas buscaban demorar un acto normativo que resultó en el aumento de la tributación sobre concentrados y refrescos, que fueron rechazadas y archivadas. Todavía hay un largo camino por recorrer para el aumento de la tributación de las bebidas azucaradas en el país. La complejidad y la tardanza del proceso decisivo en el Congreso Nacional imponen dos riesgos: que ningún proyecto sea convertido en ley o, en caso de que lo sea, que no cause cualquier impacto en la salud pública hasta 2025.


Subject(s)
Humans , Sugars , Sugar-Sweetened Beverages , Taxes , Beverages , Brazil , Food
6.
Acta bioquím. clín. latinoam ; 54(3): 279-284, set. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1130602

ABSTRACT

El azúcar de mesa, que se obtiene de la caña de azúcar, es el edulcorante más utilizado en la elaboración de los alimentos. El azúcar es importante en la obtención de energía, es necesario para la síntesis de ácidos grasos, de ácidos nucleicos, evita el estrés oxidativo y el desarrollo de anemia. Puede ocasionar caries, diabetes, obesidad, arteriosclerosis y otras patologías. En el presente trabajo se valoró el efecto que tiene la ingesta crónica de agua endulzada con sacarosa al 30% sobre el consumo de alimento balanceado, el perfil lipídico, la concentración de glucosa sérica, y sobre algunos marcadores del estado nutricional como el peso y las proteínas séricas totales, en machos de ratas Wistar. El agua endulzada con sacarosa al 30% se administró a un grupo de 9 ratas Wistar durante 3 meses y se tomó como grupo control a un grupo de 9 ratas que bebieron agua natural. El consumo de alimentos por ambos grupos, así como los marcadores de química sanguínea se analizaron al final del tratamiento. Los niveles de glucosa, lípidos y proteínas séricas totales se midieron mediante espectroscopía. Los resultados mostraron que el consumo de agua endulzada con sacarosa al 30% redujo en más de un 90% el consumo de alimento balanceado; sin embargo, no afectó el perfil lipídico ni el nivel de glucosa en sangre, así como tampoco el nivel de proteínas séricas totales. El consumo de agua endulzada con sacarosa podría provocar desnutrición a largo plazo ya que ocasiona una reducción en la ingesta de alimento rico en nutrientes.


Sugar, obtained from sugarcane, is the most commonly used sweetener in food processing. Sugar is an important food for energy generation and it is necessary for the synthesis of fatty acids and nucleic acids. It prevents oxidative stress and anemia development. However, its consumption can cause dental caries, diabetes, obesity, arteriosclerosis and other pathologies. In the present work, the effect of chronic intake of water sweetened with 30% sucrose on balanced food consumption, lipid profile, serum glucose concentration, as well as some markers of nutritional status such as weight and total serum proteins was assessed in male Wistar rats. The water sweetened with 30% sucrose was administered to a group of 9 Wistar rats for 3 months, having 9 rats as a control group that drank natural water. Food consumption between both groups as well as blood chemistry markers were analyzed at the end of the treatment. Glucose, lipid levels as well as total serum proteins were measured by spectroscopy. The results showed that the consumption of water sweetened with 30% sucrose reduced the consumption of balanced food by more than 90%, however, it did not affect the lipid profile, the level of glucose in the blood or the level of total serum proteins concentration. Consumption of sucrose-sweetened water could lead to long-term malnutrition by reducing the intake of nutrient-rich food.


O açúcar comum, obtido a partir da cana de açúcar, é o adoçante mais utilizado na elaboração dos alimentos. O açúcar é importante para a geração de energia; necessário para a síntese de ácidos graxos e de ácidos nucleicos. Previne o estresse oxidativo e o desenvolvimento de anemia. No entanto, seu consumo pode causar cárie dentária, diabetes, obesidade, arteriosclerose e outras patologias. No presente trabalho, foi avaliado o efeito da ingestão crônica de água adoçada com sacarose a 30% sobre o consumo de alimentos ricos em nutrientes, perfil lipídico, concentração sérica de glicose e alguns marcadores do estado nutricional, como o peso. e as proteínas séricas totais em ratos Wistar machos. A água adoçada com sacarose a 30% foi administrada a um grupo de 9 ratos Wistar por 3 meses, tendo como grupo controle um grupo de 9 ratos que beberam água natural. O consumo de alimentos entre os dois grupos e os marcadores de química sanguínea foram analisados no final do tratamento. Os níveis de glicose, lipídios e proteínas séricas totais foram medidos por espectroscopia. Os resultados mostraram que o consumo de água adoçada com sacarose a 30% reduziu em mais de 90% o consumo de alimentos ricos em nutrientes, no entanto, não afetou o perfil lipídico, o nível de glicose em sangue nem o nível de proteínas séricas totais. O consumo de água adoçada com sacarose poderia levar à desnutrição no longo prazo, visto que produz uma redução na ingestão de alimentos ricos em nutrientes.


Subject(s)
Animals , Arteriosclerosis , Spectrum Analysis , Blood , Nucleic Acids , Rats, Wistar , Dietary Sucrose , Saccharum , Control , Fatty Acids , Anemia , Sucrose , Therapeutics , Water , Affect , Dental Caries , Malnutrition , Growth and Development , Diabetes Mellitus , Sugars , Food , Food Handling
7.
Rev. chil. nutr ; 47(4): 552-560, ago. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1138589

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Propósito: La inexistencia de datos a nivel nacional y regional sobre el valor nutricional (VN) de la alimentación ofrecida en comedores comunitarios dirigidos por Organizaciones No Gubernamentales (ONG), que atienden población infantil de zonas urbano marginales, junto con el incremento en la prevalencia de exceso de peso reportada por el Ministerio de Educación Pública de Costa Rica (MEP) en el 2016, justifican el estudio del VN del almuerzo servido a niños(as), que participan en programas de alimentación complementaria en zonas urbano marginales de San José, Costa Rica. Método: Se analizaron mediante muestreo aleatorio 321 platos de almuerzo, durante 12 días en dos comedores. Se reconstruyeron recetas y se determinaron tamaños de porción mediante pesaje directo y se calculó el VN promedio por plato. Resultados: El valor energético fue cercano a la recomendación nutricional. Sin embargo, valores de proteína, grasa total, grasa insaturada, fibra dietética, calcio y potasio fueron inferiores a las recomendaciones y por el contrario, carbohidratos totales, azúcar agregada, grasa saturada y sodio fueron superiores a la recomendación nacional. Conclusión: No es suficiente ofrecer un aporte adecuado de energía. Los excesos y deficiencias de nutrientes reflejan un patrón alimentario obesogénico que suma vulnerabilidad a la condición de pobreza y pobreza extrema de la población infantil de zonas urbano-marginales.


ABSTRACT Purpose: The lack of data at a national and regional level regarding the nutritional value (NV) of the food offered in community feeding programs run by Non-Governmental Organizations, which serve the population of marginal urban areas (an important indicator of infant health), along with the increase in the prevalence of excess weight reported in 2016 by the Ministry of Public Education of Costa Rica, justifies the study of the NV of the lunch served to preschool and school-aged children, who participate in complementary feeding programs in marginal urban areas of San José, Costa Rica. Method: 321 meals served were analyzed over 12 days, in 2 food services. Recipes were reconstructed, and portion sizes were determined by direct weighing of food served and the average NV per dish was calculated. Results: The energy value of the lunch served was similar to the nutritional recommendation. However, for the values of protein, total fat, unsaturated fat, dietary fiber, calcium and potassium which were lower than the nutritional recommendation and on the contrary, the content of total carbohydrates, added sugar, saturated fat and sodium was excessive. Conclusion: It is not enough to offer minors an adequate energy amount. Nutrient excesses and deficiencies reflect an obesogenic food pattern, which adds vulnerability to the condition of poverty and extreme poverty of the child population of marginalized urban areas.


Subject(s)
Child, Preschool , Child , Minors , Meals , Food , Nutritive Value , Schools , Dietary Fats , Dietary Fiber , Sugars
8.
Electron. j. biotechnol ; 46: 55-64, jul. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1223246

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Ethanol concentration (PE), ethanol productivity (QP) and sugar consumption (SC) are important values in industrial ethanol production. In this study, initial sugar and nitrogen (urea) concentrations in sweet sorghum stem juice (SSJ) were optimized for high PE (≥10%, v/v), QP, (≥2.5 g/L·h) and SC (≥90%) by Saccharomyces cerevisiae SSJKKU01. Then, repeated-batch fermentations under normal gravity (NG) and high gravity (HG) conditions were studied. RESULTS: The initial sugar at 208 g/L and urea at 2.75 g/L were the optimum values to meet the criteria. At the initial yeast cell concentration of ~1 × 108 cells/mL, the PE, QP and SC were 97.06 g/L, 3.24 g/L·h and 95.43%, respectively. Repeated-batch fermentations showed that the ethanol production efficiency of eight successive cycles with and without aeration were not significantly different when the initial sugar of cycles 2 to 8 was under NG conditions (~140 g/L). Positive effects of aeration were observed when the initial sugar from cycle 2 was under HG conditions (180­200 g/L). The PE and QP under no aeration were consecutively lower from cycle 1 to cycle 6. Additionally, aeration affected ergosterol formation in yeast cell membrane at high ethanol concentrations, whereas trehalose content under all conditions was not different. CONCLUSION: Initial sugar, sufficient nitrogen and appropriated aeration are necessary for promoting yeast growth and ethanol fermentation. The SSJ was successfully used as an ethanol production medium for a high level of ethanol production. Aeration was not essential for repeated-batch fermentation under NG conditions, but it was beneficial under HG conditions.


Subject(s)
Saccharomyces cerevisiae/metabolism , Sorghum/chemistry , Ethanol/metabolism , Saccharomyces cerevisiae/growth & development , Urea , Yeasts/growth & development , Aeration , Sorghum/microbiology , Ethanol/analysis , Sugars , Juices , Fermentation , Gravitation , Nitrogen
9.
Rev. cuba. estomatol ; 57(2): e1416, abr.-jun. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1126501

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: Varios son los factores descritos en la literatura como determinantes en la génesis de la caries dental en edad temprana. Sin embargo, el papel de la lactancia materna como factor protector sigue siendo un tema controvertido. Objetivo: Determinar los factores de riesgos implicados en la génesis de la caries dental en edad temprana y los efectos de la lactancia materna. Métodos: Estudio caso-control con un total de 80 pacientes entre 3 y 8 años de edad, 35 con caries dental y 45 controles sanos, procedentes de la provincia de Valencia, España, seleccionados bajo un modelo no probabilístico. Se analizaron variables relacionadas con lactancia materna y variables vinculadas a características sociodemográficas y hábitos de alimentación e higiene. Para el análisis de las variables cuantitativas se utilizó la media aritmética y la desviación estándar como medidas de centralidad. Las variables cualitativas se describieron por sus frecuencias absolutas y relativas. Para el estudio de factores asociados al desarrollo de la caries dental se utilizó la prueba de chi cuadrado y la estimación de riesgo (odds ratio). Resultados: No se encontró relación estadísticamente significativa con las variables relacionadas con la lactancia materna. Pudo establecerse relación entre la aparición de caries dental y nivel de estudios materno (OR= 4,17) y paterno (OR= 4,87), consumo de azúcares diario (OR= 4), madre fumadora (OR=4,23) y edad gestacional (mayor incidencia en los pretérmino). Conclusiones: La lactancia materna es un factor protector para la producción de caries dental en el niño, aunque el estudio no pudo establecer dicha relación. Los factores más importantes relacionados con la aparición de caries en la muestra de estudio fueron: edad gestacional, nivel educativo de los padres, madre fumadora y consumo de azúcares diario(AU)


ABSTRACT Introduction: Several factors are described in the literature as determinant in the genesis of early childhood dental caries. However, the role of breastfeeding as a protective factor continues to be a controversial subject. Objective: Determine the risk factors involved in the genesis of early childhood dental caries and the effects of breastfeeding. Methods: A case-control study was conducted of a total 80 patients aged 3-8 years, 35 with dental caries and 45 healthy controls, from the province of Valencia, Spain, selected by nonprobability sampling. The variables analyzed had to do with breastfeeding, sociodemographic characteristics, and eating and hygiene habits. Analysis of quantitative variables was based on arithmetic mean and standard deviation as measures of centrality. Qualitative variables were described in terms of their absolute and relative frequencies. Factors associated to dental caries development were examined with chi-square and odds ratio testing. Results: No statistically significant relationship was found between the variables analyzed and breastfeeding. A relationship could be established between the emergence of dental caries and the educational level of the mother (OR= 4.17) and the father (OR= 4.87), daily sugar intake (OR= 4), smoking mother (OR= 4.23) and gestational age (a greater incidence in preterm deliveries). Conclusions: Breastfeeding is a protective factor against childhood dental caries, though the study could not establish that relationship. The most important factors related to the emergence of dental caries in the study sample were gestational age, educational level of parents, smoking mother and daily sugar intake(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Child, Preschool , Child , Breast Feeding/adverse effects , Risk Factors , Dental Caries/epidemiology , Protective Factors , Case-Control Studies , Gestational Age , Sugars
10.
Demetra (Rio J.) ; 15(1): e43410, jan.- mar.2020. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1116160

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Analisar e comparar quantitativamente compostos fenólicos, capacidade antioxidante e açúcares presentes em infusões e extratos solúveis de Camellia sinensis L. Método: O estudo apresenta delineamento inteiramente casualizado, utilizando amostras por conveniência. Foram adquiridas três amostras aleatórias de cada tipo de chá. As análises de compostos fenólicos totais e flavonoides foram determinadas pelo método colorimétrico de Folin-Ciocalteu e cloreto de alumínio, respectivamente, taninos totais por complexação com caseína e os condensados pelo método do butanol-HCl. A capacidade antioxidante, pela metodologia do ferricianeto e sequestro de radicais livres pelo radical 2,2-difenil-1-picril-hidrazil, e os açúcares redutores e não redutores, através do reagente ácido 3-5-dinitrossalicílico. Resultado: Os extratos infusos apresentaram quantidades significativamente maiores de compostos fenólicos totais e flavonoides em comparação ao solúvel. Esse comportamento foi o mesmo para os taninos e atividade antioxidante. As infusões obtiveram maior poder redutor e capacidade de redução do radical livre. Os extratos solúveis foram destaque, com maior presença de açúcares. Esses resultados foram confirmados pela literatura e não houve trabalhos realizados com extratos solúveis e metodologias semelhantes ao realizado aqui para comparação. Conclusão: As infusões estudadas no presente trabalho foram mais ricas em compostos bioativos e antioxidantes, favorecendo seus benefícios para a população, tendo os extratos solúveis maior presença de açúcares adicionais. (AU)


Objective: To analyze and quantitatively compare phenolic compounds, antioxidant capacity and sugars present in infusions and soluble extracts of Camellia sinensis L, Methods: The study presents a completely randomized design, using samples for convenience, Three random samples of each type of tea, The analyzes of total phenolic compounds and flavonoids were determined by the Folin-Ciocalteu colorimetric method and aluminum chloride, respectively, total tannins by complexation with casein and condensates by the butanol-HCl method, The antioxidant capacity, by ferricyanide methodology and free radical scavenging by the radical 2,2-diphenyl-1- picryl-hydrazil, and reducing and non-reducing sugars, through the reagent 3-5 dinitrosalicylic acid, Result:: The infused extracts showed significantly higher amounts of total phenolic compounds and flavonoids compared to the soluble, This behavior was the same for tannins and antioxidant activity, The infusions obtained greater reducing power and capacity to reduce free radicals, Soluble extracts were highlighted, with a greater presence of sugars, These results were confirmed by the literature and there were no studies carried out with soluble extracts and methodologies similar to that performed here for comparison, Conclusion: The infusions studied in the present study were richer in bioactive and antioxidant compounds, favoring their benefits for the population, with soluble extracts having a greater presence of additional sugars. (AU)


Subject(s)
Tea , Camellia sinensis , Sugars , Phenolic Compounds , Antioxidants
11.
Rev. Inst. Adolfo Lutz ; 79: 1-6, 31 mar. 2020. tab
Article in Portuguese | ColecionaSUS, LILACS, ColecionaSUS, SES-SP, CONASS, SESSP-ACVSES, SESSP-IALPROD, SES-SP, SESSP-IALACERVO | ID: biblio-1342784

ABSTRACT

O açúcar de coco vem se tornando popular no Brasil e no mundo devido às alegações nutricionais de ser um adoçante natural e mais saudável em relação a outros açúcares. Sua produção ocorre de forma artesanal a partir da extração da seiva do floema da inflorescência da palmeira. Este trabalho teve por objetivo analisar microscopicamente a identidade e a presença de matérias estranhas em amostras de açúcar de coco, bem como verificar sua conformidade em relação às legislações sanitárias brasileiras. Foram analisadas 13 amostras comerciais de açúcar de coco da cidade de São Paulo quanto aos ensaios de pesquisa e identificação de elementos histológicos e pesquisa de matérias estranhas. A identificação de elementos histológicos vegetais revelou a presença de amidos morfologicamente semelhantes ao padrão de Tr iti c um sp. (trigo), Manihot sp. (mandioca) e Oryza sativa (arroz), além de amidos alterados. Também foram encontrados elementos histológicos vegetais compatíveis com padrão de Saccharum officinarum (cana-de-açúcar) e de Cocos nucifera (coco). Todas as amostras analisadas continham matérias estranhas com predomínio de fragmentos de insetos em 100% delas. Os resultados do estudo indicam falhas nas Boas Práticas de produção do açúcar de coco e a necessidade da adequação deste produto em relação às normas vigentes. (AU)


Coconut sugar has become popular in Brazil and worldwide due to the nutritional claims of being a natural and healthier sweetener compared to other sugars. Its production takes places in an artisanal way from the extraction of phloem sap from the inflorescence of the palm. The aim of this work was to microscopically analyze the identity and the presence of foreign matter in samples of coconut sugar, as well as to verify its compliance with Brazilian health legislation. Thirteen commercial samples of coconut sugar from the city of São Paulo were analyzed for the research and identification of histological elements and foreign matter. The identification of vegetable histological elements revealed the presence of starches morphologically similar to the Tr iti c um sp. (wheat), Manihot sp. (cassava) and Oryza sativa (rice) pattern, besides altered starches. Vegetable histological elements compatible with the Saccharum officinarum (sugar cane) and Cocos nucifera (coconut) pattern were also found. All samples analyzed contained foreign matter with predominance of insect fragments in 100% of the samples. The results of the study indicate flaws in the Good Practices for the production of coconut sugar and the need to adapt this product to current standards. (AU)


Subject(s)
Quality Control , Health Surveillance , Brazil , Good Manufacturing Practices , Sugars , Food Safety , Food Analysis , Fraud , Foods Containing Coconut
12.
Vitae (Medellín) ; 27(1): 1-10, 2020. Ilustraciones
Article in English | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1119927

ABSTRACT

Background: Mango (Mangifera indica L.) is one of the world's most consumed fruit, and it is also a rich source of antioxidants that may prevent oxidative stress. Objectives: This study aimed to determine if mango (cv. Azúcar) juice can improve the antioxidant status of healthy individuals with low consumption of vegetables and fruit. Methods: This was a cross-over single-blind study carried out with 16 healthy individuals for 73 days. Participants were randomly assigned to either a mango juice period or a placebo period. Total phenolic content, antioxidant capacity, mangiferin, thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS), total glutathione, and 8 hydroxydeoxyguanosine levels were determined in plasma. Results: Plasma antioxidant activity was significantly higher in the juice consumption period than the placebo consumption period; however, total phenolic content, total glutathione, TBARS, and 8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine levels did not show significant differences between juice period and placebo period. Mangiferin was detected in every participant after juice consumption. Conclusions: Mango (cv. Azúcar) juice daily consumption improves plasma antioxidant capacity.


Antecedentes: El mango (Mangifera indica L.) es una de las frutas más consumidas en el mundo y también es una fuente rica en antioxidantes los cuales pueden prevenir el estrés oxidativo. Objetivos: El objetivo de este estudio fue determinar si el mango (c.v Azúcar) puede mejorar el estado antioxidante de individuos sanos con un bajo consumo de frutas y vegetales. Métodos: Se llevó a cabo un estudio cruzado, simple-ciego en 16 individuos sanos durante 73 días. Los participantes fueron asignados aleatoriamente al período del consumo del jugo o del placebo. Se determinó el contenido fenólico total, la capacidad antioxidante y los niveles de sustancias reactivas al ácido tiobarbiturico (TBARS), mangiferina, glutatión total y 8-hidroxi-guanosina, en el plasma obtenido de los participantes. Resultados: La capacidad antioxidante en plasma fue mayor en el período del consumo del jugo en comparación con el período del consumo del placebo; sin embargo, el contenido fenólico total, y los niveles de glutation total, 8-hidroxideoxiguanosina y TBARS no mostraron diferencias significativas entre el período del jugo y el período del placebo. La mangiferina se detectó en todos los individuos después del consumo del jugo. Conclusiones: El consumo diario de jugo de mango variedad Azúcar mejora la capacidad antioxidante en plasma.


Subject(s)
Oxidative Stress , Mangifera , Sugars , Fruit and Vegetable Juices , Antioxidants
13.
Repert. med. cir ; 29(2): 84-92, 2020.
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1123698

ABSTRACT

Introducción: se presenta un análisis sobre el derecho al consumo informado en el caso de las bebidas azucaradas, a través del recorrido administrativo y judicial en Colombia. Metodología: se hace desde una perspectiva jurídica, bioética y médica, señalando cómo la protección judicial de este derecho se da gracias al activísimo social y judicial que se enfrenta con el lobby de la industria, cuyos intereses también inciden, no en el ámbito del acceso a la justicia, pero si en el del diseño de políticas públicas en salud para reducir el consumo de bebidas azucaradas. Conclusiones: de la revisión de la literatura se encontró que ciertas enfermedades no transmisibles se asocian con el consumo de estos productos, por lo cual en diferentes regiones del mundo se han replanteado medidas para mitigar su impacto, mientras en Colombia el escenario desde las políticas públicas no ha sido favorable.


Introduction: an analysis of the right to informed sugar-sweetened beverages consumption is herein presented from the administrative and legal background in Colombia. Methodology: a study conducted from the legal, bioethical and medical perspective, pointing out how legal protection of this right is possible thanks to social and legal activism which faces industrial lobby whose interests do not influence the access to justice institutions but does influence the design of health public policy for reducing sugar-sweetened beverages intake. Conclusions: our review of the literature found that certain non-communicable diseases are associated with the intake of these products for which measures to mitigate their impact have been reconsidered in different regions of the world, while in Colombia the public policy scenario has been unfavorable.


Subject(s)
Humans , Access to Information , Sugar-Sweetened Beverages , Sweetening Agents , Bioethics , Consumer Advocacy , Health Law , Sugars
14.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 861-867, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826890

ABSTRACT

Lignocellulose is a major biomass resource for the production of biofuel ethanol. Due to its abundance, environmental friendliness and renewability, the utilization of lignocellulose is promising to solve energy shortage. Surfactant can effectively promote the enzymatic hydrolysis of lignocellulose. By discussing the influence and mechanism of different surfactants on the enzymatic hydrolysis, we provide references for finding appropriate surfactants in enzymatic hydrolysis process.


Subject(s)
Biofuels , Biomass , Hydrolysis , Lignin , Metabolism , Sugars , Metabolism , Surface-Active Agents , Pharmacology
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878788

ABSTRACT

Evaporative light scattering detector(ELSD) and charged aerosol detector(CAD) methods were established in this study for the content determination of four kinds of sugars in Zhusheyong Yiqi Fumai(YQFM), and the factors affecting the accuracy of CAD methods were discussed. HPLC-ELSD chromatographic separation was performed on a Shodex Asahipak NH2 P-50 column with acetonitrile-water(75∶25)as the mobile phase, with a flow rate of 0.8 mL·min~(-1), drift tube temperature of 80 ℃. The analysis by HPLC-CAD was performed on the same column with acetonitrile-water as mobile phase for gradient elution, with a flow rate of 0.8 mL·min~(-1), a neb temperature of 45 ℃, and power function(PF) of 1.3. The samples of YQFM were detected by ELSD and CAD respectively. It was found that YQFM was composed of fructose, glucose, sucrose and maltose. The linear relationship of the two methods was good, and the recoveries, reproducibility and stability of these four kinds of sugars measured by the two methods satisfied the requirements of methodology. Both CAD and ELSD detectors were accurate and reliable in detecting saccharides components in YQFM. In addition, it was revealed in this study for the first time that the PF parameter of CAD had an important influence on the accuracy of sugar determination and acted as the key parameter of CAD method. It was also found that for CAD, a non-linear detector, there was no significant difference between the results of linear regression and logarithmic regression.


Subject(s)
Aerosols , Carbohydrates , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Light , Reproducibility of Results , Scattering, Radiation , Sugars
16.
Rev. med. Risaralda ; 25(2): 105-114, jul.-dic. 2019.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1115753

ABSTRACT

Resumen: La diabetes es una patología de carácter crónico que se origina cuando el organismo pierde su capacidad de producir la insulina necesaria para utilizarla de manera eficaz, esta afección a través del tiempo ha incrementado su frecuencia de aparición. Esta investigación tiene como objeto identificar las manifestaciones en cavidad oral en la diabetes Mellitus, por medio de una revisión sistemática de artículos relacionados con el tema. Lo que ha podido determinar que las complicaciones orales de la diabetes están relacionadas con la capacidad de una persona de controlar sus niveles de azúcar en sangre y su salud en general, lo anterior permite concluir que la diabetes mellitus está asociada a diferentes patologías como las que se producen en la zona bucal, las que requieren un cuidado constante, para prevenir complicaciones, como la enfermedad periodontal, la disfunción endotelial y la Candidiasis oral entre otras.


Abstract Diabetes is a disease of a chronic nature which occurs when the body loses its ability to produce the insulin needed to use it effectively, this condition over time has increased its frequency of occurrence. This research aims to identify manifestations in oral cavity in diabetes Mellitus, through a systematic review of articles related to the topic. What has been able to determine that the oral diabetes complications are related to the ability of a person to control their health and blood sugar levels in general, the above allows to conclude that diabetes mellitus is associated with different pathologies such as those that occur in the oral area, which require constant care to prevent complications, such as periodontal disease, Endothelial dysfunction, and oral Candidiasis among others.


Subject(s)
Humans , Diabetes Mellitus , Periodontal Diseases , Unified Health System , Candidiasis, Oral , Diabetes Complications , Diabetes Mellitus/prevention & control , Sugars , Mouth
17.
Electron. j. biotechnol ; 41: 13-21, sept. 2019. ilus, graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1053560

ABSTRACT

Background: Sugars from sweet sorghum stalks can be used to produce ethanol and also to grow oleaginous yeasts. Instead of two separate processes, in this paper we propose a different route producing ethanol and microbial oil in two consecutive fermentation steps. Results: Three yeasts were compared in the first ethanol producing step. In the second step four different oleaginous yeasts were tested. Sweet sorghum juice was first clarified and concentrated. High gravity ethanol fermentation was carried out with concentrated juice with 23.7 g/100 mL of total sugars and without added nutrients. Total sugars were 2.5 times more than the original clarified juice. One yeast gave the best overall response over the two other tested; relative high ethanol productivity, 1.44 g ethanol/L•h−1 , and 90% of sugar consumption. Aeration by flask agitation produced superior results than static flasks for all yeasts. Microbial oil production was done employing the residual liquid left after ethanol separation. The pooled residual liquid from the ethanol distillation contained 7.08 g/mL of total carbohydrates, rich in reducing sugars. Trichosporon oleaginosus and Lipomyces starkeyi produced higher dry biomass, total sugar consumption and oil productivity than the other two oleaginous yeasts tested; with values around 25 g/L, 80%, and 0.55 g oil/L•h−1 respectively. However, the biomass oil content in all yeasts was relatively low in the range of 14 to 16%. Conclusion: The two step process is viable and could be considered an integral part of a consolidated biorefinery from sweet sorghum.


Subject(s)
Sorghum/chemistry , Ethanol/metabolism , Fruit and Vegetable Juices , Saccharomyces cerevisiae , Yeasts , Trichosporon , Sugars , Juices , Lipomyces , Biofuels/microbiology , Fermentation
18.
Acta méd. costarric ; 61(3): 111-118, jul.-sep. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1019302

ABSTRACT

Resumen Objetivo : El objetivo del estudio fue analizar el consumo de azúcares añadidos por la población urbana costarricense y los factores asociados a este. Método: Estudio transversal donde se analizan los datos de 798 participantes del Estudio ELANS-Costa Rica, que constituyen una muestra representativa de la población urbana costarricense, (con edades entre 15 y 65 años). Para conocer el consumo de azúcares añadidos, se realizan dos recordatorios de 24 horas, en días no consecutivos. Se recolectan variables sociodemográficas, cantidad, lugar y momento del consumo. Resultados: El consumo de azúcares añadidos representa el 14,7% de la energía consumida por la población urbana costarricense, siendo este porcentaje mayor en las mujeres y en las personas más jóvenes. La mayor cantidad de azúcares añadidos se consume en el hogar y durante las meriendas. Las bebidas azucaradas constituyen la principal fuente de azúcares añadidos en la dieta costarricense, y las bebidas gaseosas son la fuente más importante en el quintil de mayor consumo. Conclusión: La ingesta de energía obtenida de los azúcares añadidos supera la recomendación máxima establecida por la Organización Mundial de la Salud, por lo tanto, es necesario establecer políticas públicas dirigidas a reducir su consumo y a la modificación de conductas asociadas a la preparación e ingesta de alimentos fuente de azúcares añadidos.


Abstract Aim: High consumption of added sugars has been associated with a greater risk of chronic diseases, appearance of caries and weight gain, which implies a lower quality of life for the population and an increase in costs for the health system. The aim of this study was to evaluate the intake of added sugar and its related factors in urban Costa Rican population. Methods : This was a cross-sectional study conducted in a representative sample of the Costa Rican urban population (798 participants aged between 15 and 65 years). To determine the consumption of added sugars, two 24 hours recalls were conducted, in non-consecutive days. Sociodemographic variables, quantity of food consumed, place and time of consumption were collected. Results: The consumption of added sugars represents 14.7% of total energy intake for the Costa Rican urban population. This consumption is higher among women and younger people. The greater amount of added sugars was consumed in the home and during snacks. Sugar-sweetened beverages were the main source of this added sugar in the Costa Rican diet and soft drinks were the most important source in the highest consumption quintile. Conclusions: The intake of energy obtained from the added sugars exceeds the máximum recommendation established by the World Health Organization, therefore it is necessary to establish public policies aimed at reducing consumption and modifying behaviors associated with the preparation and intake of food source of added sugars.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Carbonated Beverages/adverse effects , Diabetes Mellitus/pathology , Sugars/analysis , Dietary Sugars/administration & dosage , Obesity/diagnosis , Costa Rica
19.
RECIIS (Online) ; 13(2): 365-380, abr.-jun. 2019. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1005619

ABSTRACT

O presente estudo visa compreender os fatores de influência para a redução do consumo das bebidas açucaradas. Nesse intuito, adotou-se uma abordagem qualitativa, a fim de desenvolver ferramentas de marketing social para a promoção da redução do consumo entre adolescentes. Foram realizadas entrevistas gravadas em áudio, com roteiro semiestruturado, sendo entrevistados onze adolescentes de 16 a 18 anos, variando entre estudantes do ensino médio de instituições públicas e privadas do estado da Paraíba. Os resultados indicaram que os principais incentivos para o consumo são o sabor, preço, praticidade e o assédio dos amigos e familiares que incentivavam o consumo de bebidas açucaradas. Fazendo o uso de ferramentas de marketing social, verificou-se que a conscientização sobre os aspectos negativos da ingestão dessas bebidas, a inserção de ações reguladoras e a exposição dos malefícios contribuem para uma nova consciência sobre o consumo dessas bebidas e a redução do consumo.


In order to understand the influence factors for the reduction of consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages, a qualitative approach was adopted in order to develop social marketing tools to promote consumption reduction among adolescents. Interviews were recorded, with a semi-structured script. Eleven adolescents aged 16 to 18 years were interviewed, varying among high school students from public and private institutions in the state of Paraíba. The results indicated that the main incentives for consumption are the taste, price, practicality and harassment of friends and family that encouraged the consumption of sugary drinks. Using social marketing tools, it was found that awareness of the negative aspects of the intake of these beverages, the insertion of regulatory actions and the exposure of the maladies contribute to a new awareness about the consumption of these beverages and the reduction of consumption.


Con el objetivo de comprender los factores de influencia para la reducción del consumo de las bebidas azucaradas, se adoptó un abordaje cualitativo, con el fin de desarrollar herramientas de marketing social para la promoción de la reducción del consumo entre adolescentes. Se realizaron entrevistas grabadas por audio, con guión semiestructurado, siendo entrevistados once adolescentes de 16 a 18 años. Los resultados indicaron que los principales incentivos para el consumo son el sabor, precio, practicidad y el acoso de los amigos y familiares que incentivaban el consumo de bebidas azucaradas. Al hacer el uso de herramientas de marketing social, se verificó que la concientización sobre los aspectos negativos de la ingestión de esas bebidas, con la inserción de acciones reguladoras y la exposición de los maleficios contribuyen a una nueva conciencia sobre el consumo de esas bebidas y la reducción del consumo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adolescent , Awareness , Beverages , Public Health , Adolescent , Social Marketing , Students , Brazil , Eating , Qualitative Research , Sugars , Feeding Behavior
20.
Rev. chil. nutr ; 46(3): 245-253, jun. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1003701

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Para enfrentar el problema de sobrepeso y obesidad en Chile, el enfoque de las políticas públicas debe enfatizar en medidas preventivas, cambiando el entorno en que el individuo se desarrolla para ayudarle a tener un estilo de vida más saludable. La Ley 20.606, tiene por objetivo principal proteger la salud de los chilenos, en especial de los niños, incorporando un marco regulatorio que contempla etiquetado frontal de advertencia en alimentos, prohibición de publicidad dirigida a menores de 14 años y prohibición de venta de alimentos con altos niveles de nutrientes críticos en establecimientos escolares. Las bebidas y néctares azucarados representan una de las fuentes más importantes de azúcares añadidos en la dieta y son de alto consumo por la población chilena. Por tal motivo se revisó la información nutricional y lista de ingredientes en etiquetas de néctares y bebidas de fantasía comercializadas en Chile, antes y después de la promulgación de la Ley 20.606. Los resultados mostraron que las formulaciones de los productos comercializados en el año 2017 se modificaron disminuyendo la concentración de azúcar, sin embargo, se incorporaron edulcorantes no calóricos, los que se encuentran cuestionados por muchos investigadores por posibles efectos adversos para la salud.


ABSTRACT To address the problem of overweight and obesity in Chile, the focus of public policies should emphasize preventive measures to change the environment in which the individual develops and help facilitate a healthier lifestyle. The main objective of the Chilean law 20.606 is to protect the health of Chileans, especially children, by incorporating a regulatory framework that includes a frontal warning labeling on food, a ban on advertising aimed at children under 14 and a ban on the sale of foods with high levels of critical nutrients in schools. Sugar sweetened beverages represent the largest source of added dietary sugars and discretionary calories for Chileans. For this reason, nutritional information and the ingredient list for the nutritional labeling of soft drinks commercialized in Chile were reviewed, before and after enactment of Chilean law 20.606. The results indicated that the formulations of products marketed in 2017 were modified by decreasing the concentration of sugar, however non-caloric sweeteners were incorporated, which are questioned by many researchers for possible adverse effects on health.


Subject(s)
Carbonated Beverages , Sugars , Nutritional Labeling , Non-Nutritive Sweeteners , Legislation, Food , Comparative Study , Chile
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