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Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 53(2): e8901, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1055498


The objective of this study was to explore the role of the SULF2-mediated ERK/AKT signaling pathway in cervical cancer. SULF2 expression was detected in tumor tissues and tumor-adjacent normal tissues from cervical cancer patients. HeLa cells were divided into six groups: control group, NC group, SULF2 siRNA group, SULF2 group, SULF2 + LY294002 group, and SULF2 + U0125 group. In each group, HeLa cells received the corresponding treatment, followed by measurement of the cellular biological characteristics and expression of the ERK/AKT signaling pathway. We also confirmed the effect of SULF2 in vivo using a xenograft model in nude mice. SULF2 was upregulated in cervical cancer tissues, which was specifically associated with the clinical stage, histological differentiation, and lymphatic metastasis. Compared to the control group, the SULF2 siRNA group displayed decreased expression of SULF2, concomitant with reduced proliferation, migration, and invasion, but there was an increase in the apoptosis rate of HeLa cells, as well as downregulation of the p-Akt/Akt, p-ERK/ERK, and Bax/Bcl-2 ratios and cyclin D1. Additionally, tumor growth was significantly inhibited in the xenograft model of nude mice. The results in the SULF2 group were quite the opposite in which SULF2 facilitated the growth of cervical cancer cells, which was reversed by LY294002 or U0126. SULF2 is highly expressed in cervical cancer, and thus, downregulation of SULF2 can inhibit the ERK1/2 and AKT signaling pathways to suppress the proliferation, invasion, and migration of cervical cancer cells while facilitating apoptosis.

Humans , Animals , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Rabbits , Sulfatases/metabolism , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/metabolism , Apoptosis , MAP Kinase Signaling System/physiology , Sulfatases/genetics , Immunohistochemistry , HeLa Cells , Signal Transduction , Case-Control Studies , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , MAP Kinase Signaling System/genetics , Cell Line, Tumor , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/genetics , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/metabolism , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Mice, Nude , Neoplasm Staging
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 47(6): 452-460, 06/2014. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-709442


It has been previously shown that dextran sulfate administered to diabetic rats accumulates in the liver and kidney, and this could be due to a malfunction of the lysosomal digestive pathway. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the expression and activities of lysosomal enzymes that act upon proteins and sulfated polysaccharides in the livers of diabetic rats. Diabetes mellitus was induced by streptozotocin in 26 male Wistar rats (12 weeks old), while 26 age-matched controls received only vehicle. The livers were removed on either the 10th or the 30th day of the disease, weighed, and used to evaluate the activity, expression, and localization of lysosomal enzymes. A 50-60% decrease in the specific activities of cysteine proteases, especially cathepsin B, was observed in streptozotocin-induced diabetes mellitus. Expression (mRNA) of cathepsins B and L was also decreased on the 10th, but not on the 30th day. Sulfatase decreased 30% on the 30th day, while glycosidases did not vary (or presented a transitory and slight decrease). There were no apparent changes in liver morphology, and immunohistochemistry revealed the presence of cathepsin B in hepatocyte granules. The decrease in sulfatase could be responsible for the dextran sulfate build-up in the diabetic liver, since the action of sulfatase precedes glycosidases in the digestive pathway of sulfated polysaccharides. Our findings suggest that the decreased activities of cathepsins resulted from decreased expression of their genes, and not from general lysosomal failure, because the levels of glycosidases were normal in the diabetic liver.

Animals , Male , Cathepsin B/metabolism , Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental/enzymology , Liver/enzymology , Lysosomes/enzymology , Albumins/analysis , Blotting, Western , Blood Glucose/drug effects , Cathepsin L/metabolism , Creatinine/urine , Cysteine Proteases/metabolism , Dextran Sulfate/pharmacology , Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental/chemically induced , Gene Expression/drug effects , Glucuronidase/metabolism , Hexosaminidases/metabolism , Immunohistochemistry , Kidney/metabolism , Rats, Wistar , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , RNA , Sulfatases/metabolism
Indian J Biochem Biophys ; 1989 Apr; 26(2): 92-7
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-27514


Arylsulphatases A, B and C were found to be inhibited in liver and kidney tissues under lead acetate-treated conditions (both in vivo and in vitro) in rats. When lead acetate-treated animals (in vivo) were supplemented with ferric ammonium citrate (in vivo), a remarkable recovery was found in the activities of all arylsulphatases A, B and C whereas ferric ammonium citrate itself had no effect on the activities of arylsulphatases. When both the in vivo and in vitro lead acetate-treated arylsulphatases were supplemented with the purified ferritins (in vitro) it was observed that lead-induced inhibition of the activities of arylsulphatases was successfully reversed. It was also found that ferritins were able to bind a large quantity of lead. These results indicated that ferritins were directly involved for reactivation of arylsulphatases which were inhibited by lead. It was well established that a response to iron administration in rats was an immediate de novo stimulation of ferritin biosynthesis. Iron might therefore protect the enzymatic activities of arylsulphatases by enhancing the level of ferritin in liver and kidney tissues which is known to bind a large quantity of lead thereby ameliorating their toxic effects in the living system.

Animals , Arylsulfatases/metabolism , Iron/physiology , Kidney/drug effects , Liver/drug effects , Male , Organometallic Compounds/toxicity , Rats , Sulfatases/metabolism