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1.
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1342398

ABSTRACT

Afr. J. Biomed. Res. Vol. 24 (May, 2021); 257- 263 Research Article Protective Effect of Alkaloid-rich Extract of Brimstone Tree (Morinda lucida) on Neurotoxicity in the Fruit-fly (Drosophila melanogaster) Model Nwanna E.E. Functional Food, Nutraceutical and Phytomedicine unit Department of Biochemistry, Federal University of Technology Akure PMB 704, Nigeria ABSTRACT Brimstone plant is one of the medicinal plants found in Nigeria used in fore-lore medicine with little scientific information on its alkaloid constituents. This study was aimed at investigating the effect of alkaloid-rich compounds from the plant in manganese- induced (MgCl2) neurotoxicity in the fruit fly. In addition, alkaloid compounds will be characterized using gas chromatograph coupled with flame ionization detector (GC-FID). Alkaloid-rich extract was prepared by solvent extraction method, fruit flies were pre-treated with the extract (0.5 ­ 1.0mg/ml) in a fortified diet before induction with MgCl2. The survival rate and negative geotaxis were observed. Thereafter, the activity of acetylcholinesterase (AChE) enzyme, antioxidantive potentials in in -vivo reactive oxygen species (ROS) thiobarbituric acid reactive species (TBARS), total thiol content, nitric oxide (NO*), hydroxyl oxide (OH*) scavenging ability, ferric reducing antioxidant property (FRAP) and 2, 2'-azino-bis (3-ethylbenzthiazoline-6- sulphonic acid) (ABTs*) radical scavenging ability were carried out on the flies' homogenate. Results obtained revealed that the alkaloid-rich extract regulated the neuro-protective activity of AchE, reduced the reactive oxygen species level in the induced flies with an increased in antioxidantive potential, higher survival rate and increases in the life span of the flies with 50% reduction in the mortality rate. The GC-MS showed a total of (1.55/100mg) of different plant-derived alkaloids such as dicentrine, atropine, aporphine. These alkaloids-rich compounds were found to have anti-oxidative, anti-nociceptive, anti-inflammatory and anti- cholinergic activities. In conclusion, this study suggests that alkaloids from brimstone plant could be the reason for the observed biological activities for the prevention of neuronal related complications.


Subject(s)
Humans , Sulfur , Neurotoxicity Syndromes , Acetylcholinesterase , Drosophila Proteins , Alkaloids
2.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 2674-2684, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878520

ABSTRACT

By analyzing the shift of microbial communities under different iron/sulfur ratios, the response of metallurgical microorganisms to energy substrates was investigated based on molecular ecological networks. High-throughput sequencing of microbial samples from different domesticated batches was conducted to analyze the changes in community composition, alpha and beta diversity. Based on the molecular ecological network, the interactions between microorganisms under different iron/sulfur ratios were explored. Keystones were identified to analyze the community response to energy substrates. In the process of domestication based on different energy substrates, the dominant species in the in iron-rich and sulfur-less community were Acidithiobacillus ferrooxidans and A. ferriphilus. A. thiooxidans accounted for up to 90% in the sulfur-rich and iron-less community after 3 domesticating batches. The results of alpha and beta diversity analysis show that the domestication process of sulfur-rich and iron-less substrates reduced the diversity of microbial communities. Molecular ecological network analysis shows that the keystones were all rare species with low abundance. During the domestication by sulfur-rich and iron-less energy substrates, the bacterial species had a closer symbiotic relationship and the community was more stable. Through this domestication experiment, the impact of different energy substrates on microbial aggregation was clarified. Domesticating metallurgical microorganisms by using sulfur-rich and iron-less energy substrates made the microbial colonies to be more stable, which was conducive to the oxidation of iron and sulfur, promoting the dissolution of sulfide minerals. Our findings provide a reference for the directional domestication of metallurgical microorganisms.


Subject(s)
Acidithiobacillus/genetics , Iron , Minerals , Oxidation-Reduction , Sulfur
3.
Braz. arch. biol. technol ; 63(spe): e20190520, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1142513

ABSTRACT

Abstract Conservation agriculture practices can contribute to changes in soil nutrient dynamics over time. This experiment evaluated the changes in total stocks and distribution of carbon, nitrogen, phosphorus and sulfur concentrations in soil, during 60 months, in an integrated crop-livestock system (ICLS) due to anticipated fertilization of sources and doses phosphates applied in soil surface. The experiment was conducted over a period of five years, under Typic Dystrudept, using a randomized block design, in an incomplete factorial scheme (3×3+1), with four replications. Treatments consisted of three sources of P [triple superphosphate (TSP), rock phosphate - Arad (RP) and magnesium thermophosphate (MTP)], along with four doses of P (0, 60, 120 and 180 kg ha-1 P2O5 total). Samples of soil were collected in 0-5, 5-10, 10-15, 15-20 and 20-30 cm layers at 24, 36, 48 and 60 months after beggining of experiment where the following chemical attributes were evaluated: (i) total organic carbon (TOC); (ii) total nitrogen Kjeldahl (TNK); (iii) available P by ion exchange resin method (P-IER); and (iv) available S-SO4 2-. The ICLS conditions provided increased total stocks and concentrations of TOC, TNK, P-IER and S-SO4 2- over time. The applications of different phosphates had no influence on soil TOC concentrations during the five years of experimentation. The concentrations of TNK, P-IER and S-SO4 2- showed an increase in different layers of soil, with the application of sources and doses of P. The P fertilization practice that was anticipated can consist of an efficient management of soil fertility, using properly managed conservation systems.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Phosphates/administration & dosage , Soil/chemistry , Agricultural Cultivation , Soil Analysis , Fertilizers , Animal Husbandry , Phosphorus/analysis , Sulfur/analysis , Carbon/analysis , Nitrogen/analysis
4.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-764031

ABSTRACT

Halitosis is a very common disease that affects the majority of the population and is characterized by unpleasant odor during expiration. Anaerobic bacteria produce a range of malodorous substances including volatile sulfur compounds. To reduce oral malodor, the amount of oral microorganisms should be managed through brushing, scraping, and use of antibacterial agents. In this study, a mouthwash containing 0.05% cetylpyridinium chloride was tested on 22 candidates with oral malodor for two weeks to confirm oral malodor reduction through the use of antibacterial mouthwashes. Volatile sulfur compound measurements were significantly lower after using the mouthwash than before using it; thus, the mouthwash effectively reduced oral malodor.


Subject(s)
Anti-Bacterial Agents , Bacteria , Bacteria, Anaerobic , Cetylpyridinium , Halitosis , Mouth , Mouthwashes , Odorants , Sterilization , Sulfur , Sulfur Compounds
5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-764315

ABSTRACT

Based on epidemiological studies, an International Agency for Research on Cancer Working Group determined that strong inorganic acid mists containing sulfuric acid are carcinogenic to human even though, sulfuric acid, per se, is not. Accumulative studies indicate that there is a link between chronic occupational exposure to sulfuric acid mists and an increased risk of laryngeal cancer. Unintended, acute exposure to sulfuric acid mists can cause corrosive damage to target tissues depending on the route of exposure. This review compares the toxicity and carcinogenicity of sulfuric acid mists compared to other strong inorganic acid mists. It also examines the routes and duration of exposure (short-term, prolonged, and long-term). In vivo evidence does not support or refute the carcinogenicity of sulfuric inorganic mists even though its co-carcinogenic or promoting potential has been considered. On the basis of existing evidence on sulfuric acid mist toxicity, we suggested a putative adverse outcome pathway (AOP) relevant to carcinogenicity caused by mists containing sulfuric acid. A possible key factor involved in sulfuric acid mist carcinogenesis is the genotoxic effects of low pH since it can increase instability in chromosomes and DNA. A putative AOP for sulfuric acid mist carcinogenicity would help generate better risk assessments and more accurate predictions regarding the risk of developing cancer due to prolonged exposure. Establishing an AOP would also be useful for future studies examining the carcinogenicity of other strong inorganic mists.


Subject(s)
Carcinogenesis , Chemical Hazard Release , DNA , Epidemiologic Studies , Humans , Hydrogen-Ion Concentration , International Agencies , Laryngeal Neoplasms , Occupational Exposure , Risk Assessment , Sulfur , Sulfuric Acids
6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787172

ABSTRACT

Actinomycosis can mask malignant diseases. This paper reports a case of colonic diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), which was misdiagnosed as abdominal actinomycosis. A 76-year-old woman presented with right flank pain and weight loss. Abdominal CT and colonoscopy revealed a huge ascending colon mass. Despite the initial impression of a malignancy, a colonoscopic biopsy revealed no malignant cells, but sulfur granules and a filamentous organism suggesting actinomycosis. Intravenous penicillin G was administered under the impression of abdominal actinomycosis but her condition deteriorated rapidly. Follow up CT showed markedly increased colon mass and new multiple nodular lesions around the ascending colon. Sono-guided percutaneous biopsy of the nodular lesion was performed. The pathological result was DLBCL. The patient was scheduled to undergo chemotherapy but the patient expired due to cancer progression. The diagnosis of gastrointestinal infiltrating tumors is often difficult because a superficial biopsy usually does not provide a confirmative diagnosis. This case highlights the difficulty in making a correct diagnosis of lymphoma due to the concomitant actinomycosis. Malignant conditions must be considered in cases of actinomycosis with no response to antimicrobial therapy.


Subject(s)
Actinomycosis , Aged , B-Lymphocytes , Biopsy , Colon , Colon, Ascending , Colonic Neoplasms , Colonoscopy , Diagnosis , Drug Therapy , Female , Flank Pain , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Lymphoma , Lymphoma, B-Cell , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse , Masks , Penicillin G , Sulfur , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Weight Loss
7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-786343

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To describe the effects and long-term outcomes of incision and curettage treatment in patients with lacrimal gland ductulitis.METHODS: Twenty-four patients (24 eyes) with lacrimal gland ductulitis who were treated at Saevit Eye Hospital from June 2010 to November 2016. All patients underwent incision and curettage through the lacrimal ductule, and granules or concretions were removed. After the procedure, oral and topical antibiotics, oral anti-inflammatory agent were used for a week. Clinical presentations of the patients were analyzed. The resolution of symptoms and inflammatory signs and recurrence were evaluated more than 12 months after the procedure including telephone follow-up by a specialist nurse.RESULTS: Common symptoms were a painful, swelling mass with mucous discharge (17 eyes) and conjunctival injection (7 eyes) at the lateral canthal area. During the procedure, 22 patients (91.7%) had typical sulfur granule of Actinomyces, and 10 patients (41.7%) had many cilia in the expressed debris from the ductule. Twenty-three of 24 patients had resolution of symptoms after the procedure and all but one patient (95.8%) showed no recurrence.CONCLUSIONS: Incision and curettage is a simple and less invasive procedure that may be considered as a first treatment option for lacrimal gland ductulitis. Furthermore, incision and curettage of the affected lacrimal ductule has been shown to be effective at minimizing long-term recurrence of lacrimal ductulitis.


Subject(s)
Actinomyces , Anti-Bacterial Agents , Cilia , Curettage , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Lacrimal Apparatus , Recurrence , Specialization , Sulfur , Telephone
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-761524

ABSTRACT

Actinomycosis can mask malignant diseases. This paper reports a case of colonic diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), which was misdiagnosed as abdominal actinomycosis. A 76-year-old woman presented with right flank pain and weight loss. Abdominal CT and colonoscopy revealed a huge ascending colon mass. Despite the initial impression of a malignancy, a colonoscopic biopsy revealed no malignant cells, but sulfur granules and a filamentous organism suggesting actinomycosis. Intravenous penicillin G was administered under the impression of abdominal actinomycosis but her condition deteriorated rapidly. Follow up CT showed markedly increased colon mass and new multiple nodular lesions around the ascending colon. Sono-guided percutaneous biopsy of the nodular lesion was performed. The pathological result was DLBCL. The patient was scheduled to undergo chemotherapy but the patient expired due to cancer progression. The diagnosis of gastrointestinal infiltrating tumors is often difficult because a superficial biopsy usually does not provide a confirmative diagnosis. This case highlights the difficulty in making a correct diagnosis of lymphoma due to the concomitant actinomycosis. Malignant conditions must be considered in cases of actinomycosis with no response to antimicrobial therapy.


Subject(s)
Actinomycosis , Aged , B-Lymphocytes , Biopsy , Colon , Colon, Ascending , Colonic Neoplasms , Colonoscopy , Diagnosis , Drug Therapy , Female , Flank Pain , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Lymphoma , Lymphoma, B-Cell , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse , Masks , Penicillin G , Sulfur , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Weight Loss
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-761460

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Chemically strong-acids (HF and HCl/H₂SO₄) dual etching implant surfaces have higher strengths of osseointegration than machined implant surfaces. However, the dual acid treatment deteriorates the physical properties of the titanium by weakening the fatigue resistance of the implant and causing microcracks. The removal torque comparison between the dual-acid etched (hydrochloric acid, sulfuric acid, HS) and single-acid etched implants (hydrochloric acid, H) could reveal the efficiency of implant surface acid treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Nine 3.75 × 4 mm dual-acid etched SLA implants and nine single-acid etched SLA implants were inserted into New Zealand rabbit tibias. After 10 days, removal torque, roughness, and wetting angle were measured. RESULTS: Mean removal torque values were as follows: Mean removal torque were 9.94 Ncm for HS group and 9.96 Ncm for H group (P=.995). Mean surface roughness value were 0.93 µm for HS group and 0.84 µm for H group (P=.170). Root mean square roughness (RSq) values were 1.21 µm for HS group and 1.08 µm for H group (P=.294), and mean wetting angle values were 99° for HS group and 98° for H group (P=.829). Statistical analysis showed no significant difference between the removal torques, roughness, or wetting angles of the two groups. CONCLUSION: In this experiment, we found no significant difference in removal torque, roughness, or wetting angle between dual-acid etched and single-acid etched implants.


Subject(s)
Fatigue , Osseointegration , Rabbits , Sulfur , Tibia , Titanium , Torque
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-713579

ABSTRACT

Alterations in sulfur amino acid metabolism are associated with an increased risk of a number of common late-life diseases, which raises the possibility that metabolism of sulfur amino acids may change with age. The present study was conducted to understand the age-related changes in hepatic metabolism of sulfur amino acids in 2-, 6-, 18- and 30-month-old male C57BL/6 mice. For this purpose, metabolite profiling of sulfur amino acids from methionine to taurine or glutathione (GSH) was performed. The levels of sulfur amino acids and their metabolites were not significantly different among 2-, 6- and 18-month-old mice, except for plasma GSH and hepatic homocysteine. Plasma total GSH and hepatic total homocysteine levels were significantly higher in 2-month-old mice than those in the other age groups. In contrast, 30-month-old mice exhibited increased hepatic methionine and cysteine, compared with all other groups, but decreased hepatic S-adenosylmethionine (SAM), S-adenosylhomocysteine and homocysteine, relative to 2-month-old mice. No differences in hepatic reduced GSH, GSH disulfide, or taurine were observed. The hepatic changes in homocysteine and cysteine may be attributed to upregulation of cystathionine β-synthase and down-regulation of γ-glutamylcysteine ligase in the aged mice. The elevation of hepatic cysteine levels may be involved in the maintenance of hepatic GSH levels. The opposite changes of methionine and SAM suggest that the regulatory role of SAM in hepatic sulfur amino acid metabolism may be impaired in 30-month-old mice.


Subject(s)
Aging , Amino Acids, Sulfur , Animals , Child, Preschool , Cystathionine , Cysteine , Down-Regulation , Glutathione , Homocysteine , Humans , Infant , Male , Metabolism , Metabolomics , Methionine , Mice , Plasma , S-Adenosylhomocysteine , S-Adenosylmethionine , Sulfur , Taurine , Up-Regulation
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-716889

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES.: To study the volatile sulfur compound (VSC) concentration profile in chronic tonsillitis patients before and after tonsillectomy, and to evaluate the difference between adult and pediatric (children and adolescents) patients. METHODS.: Thirty adult patients (older than 20 years old) and 30 pediatric patients (younger than 20 years old) who were assigned to get tonsillectomy due to chronic tonsillitis were enrolled in this prospective nonrandomized clinical study. The concentrations of the three main VSCs related to halitosis (hydrogen sulfide, methyl mercaptan, and dimethyl sulfide) were assessed in each patient using a portable chromatograph (Oral ChromaTM) at 1 day before operation, postoperative 1 day, 1 week, and 2 weeks. RESULTS.: Average concentration of hydrogen sulfide, methyl mercaptan, and dimethyl sulfide preoperatively were 99.5 ppb, 24.6 ppb, and 9.45 ppb in adult patients, and 97.4 ppb, 26 ppb, and 10.5 ppb in pediatric patients, respectively. The concentrations of the three VSCs in both groups were highest in first day after surgery, and decreased signigicantly after 2 weeks compared to preoperative values (P < 0.001). There was no significant difference of the concentration of the three VSCs between adult and pediatric patients in any time point. CONCLUSION.: The concentrations of hydrogen sulfide, methyl mercaptan, and dimethyl sulfide decreased significantly after tonsillectomy in chronic tonsillitis patients. The concentrations of the three VSCs were not significantly different between pediatric and adult patients before and after tonsillectomy.


Subject(s)
Adult , Chromatography , Clinical Study , Halitosis , Humans , Hydrogen Sulfide , Palatine Tonsil , Prospective Studies , Sulfur Compounds , Sulfur , Tonsillectomy , Tonsillitis
12.
Annals of Coloproctology ; : 152-156, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-715239

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Primary anal actinomycosis of cryptoglandular origin, a rare cause of anal suppurative disease, requires specific management to be cured. The aims of this retrospective study were to describe clinical, morphological, and microbiological features of this entity and to evaluate management practices for new cases observed since 2001. METHODS: This was a retrospective case series conducted at the Diaconesses-Croix Saint-Simon Hospital in Paris. RESULTS: From January 2001 to July 2016, 7 patients, 6 males and 1 female (median, 49 years), presenting with an actinomycotic abscess with a cryptoglandular anal fistula were included for study. The main symptom was an acute painful ischioanal abscess. One patient exhibited macroscopic small yellow granules (“sulfur granules”), another “watery pus” and a third subcutaneous gluteal septic metastasis. All patients were overweight (body mass index ≥ 25 kg/m2). Histological study of surgically excised tissue established the diagnosis. All the patients were managed with a combination of classical surgical treatment and prolonged antibiotic therapy. No recurrence was observed during follow-up, the median follow-up being 3 years. CONCLUSION: Actinomycosis should be suspected particularly when sulfur granules are present in the pus, patients have undergone multiple surgeries or suppuration has an unusual aspect. Careful histological examination and appropriate cultures of pus are needed to achieve complete eradication of this rare, but easily curable, disease.


Subject(s)
Abscess , Actinomycosis , Acute Pain , Diagnosis , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Male , Neoplasm Metastasis , Overweight , Rectal Fistula , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies , Sulfur , Suppuration
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-719130

ABSTRACT

We reviewed the chemical/physical properties, toxicity, environmental fate, and ecotoxicity of strong acids in soil and groundwater environments. We recommend that sulfuric acid and hydrofluoric acid be classified as chemicals of priority control based on volumes used, toxicity, carcinogenicity, and past significant spill events. Understanding the behavior and transport of spilled strong acids in soil and groundwater environments requires a multi-disciplinary approach, as they can undergo a variety of geochemical and biochemical reactions with complex geomedia. The toxicity of spilled acid is dependent on the characteristics of the geomedia exposed to the acid and the amount of residual protons following acid–substrate interaction. Soil texture, cation exchange capacity, mineral composition, bedrock type, and aluminum content may be important factors affecting the toxicity of spilled acid in soil-groundwater environments. We expect that the results of this study will contribute preliminary data for future research on chemical spills.


Subject(s)
Aluminum , Groundwater , Hydrofluoric Acid , Miners , Protons , Soil , Sulfur
14.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-741859

ABSTRACT

Actinomyces are anaerobic, Gram-positive bacteria that are part of the endogenous flora of mucous membranes in humans. Infection caused by these bacteria is termed actinomycosis. The 3 most common types of actinomycosis are cervicofacial, abdominopelvic, and pulmonary. A previously healthy 6-year-old boy presented with the emergency room with fever, vomiting, and abdominal pain and initially diagnosed with acute appendicitis. Exploratory laparoscopy was done. Histologic finding demonstrated acute gangrenous appendicitis complicated by perforation and sulfur granules compatible with actinomycosis. Subsequently, he was diagnosed with abdominal actinomycosis and received long-term antibiotic therapy. Abdominal actinomycosis is uncommon in children and difficult to diagnose because of its nonspecific symptoms and of difficulties in growing Actinomyces in the clinical setting. It is necessary to include abdominal actinomycosis as a differential diagnosis of children presenting with abdominal pain.


Subject(s)
Abdomen , Abdominal Pain , Actinomyces , Actinomycosis , Appendicitis , Bacteria , Child , Diagnosis, Differential , Emergency Service, Hospital , Fever , Gram-Positive Bacteria , Humans , Laparoscopy , Male , Mucous Membrane , Sulfur , Vomiting
15.
Rev. homeopatia (Säo Paulo) ; 81(1/2): 15-22, 2018.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, HomeoIndex | ID: biblio-908611

ABSTRACT

El tromboembolismo venoso (TEV) es un problema de salud significativo, con morbimortalidad cercana al 30%. El factor V Leiden (FVL) es una forma "mutada" del factor V normal que se inactiva 10 veces más lentamente, produciendo estados de hipercoagulación y trombosis. En este artículo se presenta el caso de una mujer de 23 años de edad en quien, a raíz de un episodio de TVP se diagnosticó su condición de portadora de enfermedad por FVL de carácter homocigota. Transcurridos 8 años del primer episodio y estando aún bajo tratamiento convencional, el alto nivel de dímeroD (DD) señalaba alto riesgo de sufrir nuevos episodios de TVP. En ese momento se inició tratamiento con medicación homeopática unicista constitucional, en baja dinamización y dosis diarias, observándose una rápida caída en las cifras de DD cambiando así el pronóstico de futuras recidivas y llevando a los hematólogos a suspender el tratamiento convencional. No hubo recidivas hasta el presente y el Doppler venoso muestra rehabilitación del lecho venoso. (AU)


Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a significant health problem with morbidity and mortality around 30%. Factor V Leiden (FVL) is a "mutated" form of the normal factor V which is inactivated 10 times slower causing hypercoagulation states and thrombosis. The present articles describes the case of a 23-year-old women in whom that status of homozygous was diagnosed on the occasion of a VTE episode. High dimer-D (DD) levels 8 years later and still under conventional treatment high pointed to high risk for recurrence of VTE. Homeopathic treatment was started (constitutional unicast) in low potency and daily doses. DD fell rapidly, and thus the prognosis changed, leading hematologists to withdraw conventional treatment. Disease did not relapse to this day and venous Doppler sonography evidenced rehabilitated vein system. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Factor V , Homeopathy , Sulphur/therapeutic use , Venous Thrombosis/therapy , Anticoagulants/therapeutic use
16.
Rev. homeopatia (São Paulo) ; 81(1/2): 15-22, 2018.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, HomeoIndex | ID: hom-12228

ABSTRACT

El tromboembolismo venoso (TEV) es un problema de salud significativo, con morbimortalidad cercana al 30%. El factor V Leiden (FVL) es una forma "mutada" del factor V normal que se inactiva 10 veces más lentamente, produciendo estados de hipercoagulación y trombosis. En este artículo se presenta el caso de una mujer de 23 años de edad en quien, a raíz de un episodio de TVP se diagnosticó su condición de portadora de enfermedad por FVL de carácter homocigota. Transcurridos 8 años del primer episodio y estando aún bajo tratamiento convencional, el alto nivel de dímeroD (DD) señalaba alto riesgo de sufrir nuevos episodios de TVP. En ese momento se inició tratamiento con medicación homeopática unicista constitucional, en baja dinamización y dosis diarias, observándose una rápida caída en las cifras de DD cambiando así el pronóstico de futuras recidivas y llevando a los hematólogos a suspender el tratamiento convencional. No hubo recidivas hasta el presente y el Doppler venoso muestra rehabilitación del lecho venoso. (AU)


Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a significant health problem with morbidity and mortality around 30%. Factor V Leiden (FVL) is a "mutated" form of the normal factor V which is inactivated 10 times slower causing hypercoagulation states and thrombosis. The present articles describes the case of a 23-year-old women in whom that status of homozygous was diagnosed on the occasion of a VTE episode. High dimer-D (DD) levels 8 years later and still under conventional treatment high pointed to high risk for recurrence of VTE. Homeopathic treatment was started (constitutional unicast) in low potency and daily doses. DD fell rapidly, and thus the prognosis changed, leading hematologists to withdraw conventional treatment. Disease did not relapse to this day and venous Doppler sonography evidenced rehabilitated vein system. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Homeopathy , Venous Thrombosis/therapy , Factor V , Sulphur/therapeutic use , Anticoagulants/therapeutic use
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776396

ABSTRACT

The traditional sulfur fumigation processing method has been widely used in the initial processing and storage of traditional Chinese medicinal materials due to its economy, efficiency, convenience, high operability and effect on mold and insect prevention. However, excessive sulfur fumigation of traditional Chinese medicinal materials would lead to the changes in chemical compositions, and even endanger human health. This study showed that traditional Chinese medicinal materials were sulfur fumigated directly after being harvested for quick drying, or fumigated after being weted in the storage process for preventing mold and insects. We found that the sulfur dioxide limits for traditional Chinese medicinal materials were stricter than those for foods. Based on the existing limit standards, we obtained the data of sulfur dioxide residues for 35 types of traditional Chinese medicinal materials in a total of 862 batches. According to the limit standard in the Chinese Pharmacopoeia (150, 400 mg·kg⁻¹), the average over-standard rate of sulfur dioxide was as high as 52.43%, but it was reduced to 29.47% if calculated based on the limit for vegetable additive standard (500 mg·kg⁻¹). Sulfur fumigation issue shall be considered correctly: sulfur dioxide is a type of low toxic substance and less dangerous than aflatoxin and other highly toxic substances, and a small amount of residue would not increase the toxicity of traditional Chinese medicinal materials. However, sulfur fumigation might change the content of chemical substances and affect the quality of traditional Chinese medicinal materials. Furthermore, the exposure hazards of toxic substances are comprehensively correlated with exposure cycle, exposure frequency, and application method. In conclusion, it is suggested to strengthen the studies on the limit standard of traditional Chinese medicinal materials, formulate practical and feasible limit standard for sulfur dioxide residues in traditional Chinese medicinal materials that are consistent with the medication characteristics of traditional Chinese medicinal materials and can guarantee people's demand for safe medication.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Reference Standards , Fumigation , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Sulfur , Sulfur Dioxide , Reference Standards
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776395

ABSTRACT

Studies on the characteristic chemical markers of sulfur fumigation have become an effective auxiliary way for quality control of traditional Chinese medicine. This study established a quantitative analysis method for the determination of -hydroxybenzyl hydrogen sulfite (-HS) in Gastrodiae Rhizoma (GR) based on UPLC-MS/MS. Then, 37 batches of GR were screened, and the results showed that 27 batches of them were sulfur-fumigated. Especially, the GR samples in Yunnan producing areas were sulfur-fumigated more seriously. Based on the stability of -HS after different storage time and heat treatment methods, it was found that the content of -HS was stable and reliable in the storage period of 8 months and under normal heat treatment (50, 60, 70, 80 °C) conditions. In conclusion, this study shows a high sensitivity, good selectivity and good stability of -HS, which can provide reference for the quality control and sulfur fumigation screening of GR.


Subject(s)
China , Chromatography, Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Reference Standards , Fumigation , Gastrodia , Chemistry , Quality Control , Rhizome , Chemistry , Sulfites , Sulfur , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776394

ABSTRACT

As Gastrodiae Rhizoma (GR) is one of the herbs more seriously affected by sulfur fumigation, so its quality has been always of a great concern. In this paper, GR samples collected from eight main producing areas and in three forms were fumigated with sulfur and quantitatively and qualitatively analyzed based on UPLC-Q-TOF-MS/MS. The results showed that the contents of gastrodin, parishin, parishin B and parishin C were decreased, while the content of parishin E was increased after sulfur fumigation treatment. Besides, a new sulfur marker named p-hydroxybenzyl hydrogen sulfite was produced in sulfur-fumigated GR samples. As compared with producing origins, forms had a greater impact on the quality of GR, especially in Hongtianma and Wutianma. Besides, the contents of gastrodins and parishins in Hongtianma from Jilin were lowest as compared with those in other producing areas. This might be correlated with planting patterns and environmental factors. In conclusion, sulfur fumigation has a more obvious impact on the quality of GR than origins and forms, which is attributed to the generation of new sulfur fumigated markers.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Reference Standards , Fumigation , Gastrodia , Chemistry , Quality Control , Rhizome , Chemistry , Sulfur , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776393

ABSTRACT

To study the effect of different storage time on the chemical compositions and sulfur dioxide residues of sulfur-fumigated Gastrodiae Rhizoma (GR), and provide scientific basis for solving the quality and safety issues of sulfur-fumigated traditional Chinese medicinal materials. GR, sulfur-fumigated GR and its medicinal slices were stored under the same conditions, and then 8 active ingredients and sulfur dioxide residues were measured respectively. The results showed that the content of gastrodins in sulfur-fumigated GR and its medicinal slices was significantly lower than that in the non-fumigated GR. Moreover, the content of sulfur dioxide residue in sulfur-fumigated GR was significantly higher than that in its medicinal slices. That is to say, sulfur fumigation degree had significantly higher effect on GR quality as compared with its medicinal slices. During the whole storage time (8 months), the content of the eight chemical components in GR was not changed greatly in general. However, after the storage for 4 months, the content of 8 components and sulfur dioxide residues in all of GR samples were significantly changed. In particular, the content of sulfur dioxide residue in GR medicinal materials decreased up to 50% or more.


Subject(s)
Drug Storage , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Fumigation , Gastrodia , Chemistry , Rhizome , Chemistry , Sulfur , Sulfur Dioxide
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