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1.
Int. j. morphol ; 38(5): 1217-1222, oct. 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134428

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: Repeated stress is a risk factor for memory impairment and neurological abnormalities in both humans and animals. We sought to investigate the extent of (i) brain tissue injury; (ii) nitrosative and oxidative stress in brain tissue homogenates; (iii) apoptotic and survival biomarkers in brain tissue homogenates; and (iv) immobility and climbing abilities, induced over a period of three weeks by chronic unpredictable stress (CUS). Wistar rats were either left untreated (Control group) or exposed to a variety of unpredictable stressors daily before being sacrificed after 3 weeks (model group). Assessment of depression-like behavior was performed and animals were then culled and harvested brain tissues were stained with basic histological staining and examined under light microscopy. In addition, brain tissue homogenates were prepared and assayed for these parameters; inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), malondialdehyde (MDA), superoxide dismutase (SOD), caspase-3, and B-cell lymphoma 2 (Bcl-2). Histology images showed CUS induced profound damage to the cerebral cortex as demonstrated by severe neuronal damage with shrunken cells, disrupted atrophic nuclei, perineuronal vacuolation and swollen glial cells. CUS also significantly (p<0.05) induced iNOS, MDA, and caspase-3, whereas SOD and Bcl-2 brain tissue levels were inhibited by CUS. In addition, data from the depression-like behavior, forced swimming test showed significant (p<0.05) increase in animal immobility and decrease in climbing ability in the model group of rats. Thus, here we demonstrated a reliable rat model of chronic stress-induced brain injury, which can further be used to investigate beneficial drugs or agents used for a period of three weeks to protect against CUS-induced brain damage.


RESUMEN: El estrés crónico es un factor de riesgo para el deterioro de la memoria y las anomalías neurológicas tanto en humanos como en animales. Intentamos investigar el alcance de lesión del tejido cerebral; (ii) estrés nitrosativo y oxidativo en homogeneizados de tejido cerebral; (iii) biomarcadores apoptóticos y de supervivencia en homogeneizados de tejido cerebral; y (iv) inmovilidad y habilidades de escalada, inducidas durante un período de tres semanas por estrés crónico impredecible (ECI). Se dejaron sin tratamiento (grupo control) ratas Wistar, o se expusieron a una variedad de factores estresantes impredecibles diariamente antes de ser sacrificadas después de 3 semanas (grupo modelo). Se realizó una evaluación del comportamiento similar a la depresión y luego se sacrificaron los animales y se tiñeron los tejidos cerebrales con tinción histológica básica y se examinaron con microscopía óptica. Además, se prepararon homogeneizados de tejido cerebral y se analizaron los siguientes parámetros; óxido nítrico sintasa inducible (iNOS), malondialdehído (MDA), superóxido dismutasa (SOD), caspasa- 3 y linfoma de células B 2 (Bcl-2). Las imágenes histológicas mostraron que el CUS indujo un daño profundo en la corteza cerebral como lo demuestra el daño neuronal severo con células encogidas, núcleos atróficos alterados, vacuolación perineuronal y células gliales inflamadas. ECI también indujo significativamente (p <0,05) iNOS, MDA y caspase-3, mientras que los niveles de tejido cerebral SOD y Bcl-2 fueron inhibidos por ECI. Además, los datos del comportamiento similar a la de- presión, la prueba de natación forzada mostró un aumento significativo (p <0,05) en la inmovilidad animal y una disminución en la capacidad de escalada en el grupo modelo de ratas. Por lo tanto, aquí demostramos un modelo confiable de daño cerebral crónico en rata inducido por el estrés, que se puede utilizar para investigar medicamentos o agentes beneficiosos usados durante un período de tres semanas para proteger el daño cerebral inducido por ECI.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Stress, Psychological/complications , Brain Damage, Chronic/pathology , Superoxide Dismutase/analysis , Behavior, Animal , Brain Injuries/metabolism , Biomarkers , Cerebral Cortex , Chronic Disease , Analysis of Variance , Rats, Wistar , Apoptosis , Oxidative Stress , Nitric Oxide Synthase/analysis , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2 , Depression , Disease Models, Animal , Caspase 3/analysis , Nitrosative Stress , Malondialdehyde/analysis
2.
Int. j. morphol ; 38(1): 48-55, Feb. 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056396

ABSTRACT

This research was designed to investigate the potential protective effect of vitamin C supplementation against hepatocyte ultrastructural alterations induced by artemether (antimalarial drug) administration. Twenty-four adult male albino rats were used in this study and were divided into four groups (n=6). Group I served as a control and rats in group II administrated artemether (4 mg/kg B.W) orally for three consecutive days. Group III administered artemether plus a low dose of vitamin C (2.86 mg/kg/l water) while group IV received artemether plusa high dose of vitamin C (8.56 mg/kg). At the end of the experimental period (14 days), the harvested liver tissues were examined by transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and blood samples were assayed for biomarkers of liver injury and oxidative stress. Artemether significantly (p<0.05) augmented biomarkers of liver injury such as alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), and oxidative stress such as superoxide dismutase (SOD), Glutathione Peroxidase (GPX), and caused degeneration and damage of the rough endoplasmic reticulum and disrupted mitochondria. The blood sinusoids were also damaged with distortion of their canaliculi. Administration of vitamin C showed improvement of liver biomarkers, and liver parenchyma, especially in a high dose of vitamin C.We concludes that vitamin C is a partial protective agent against artemether-induced liver injury.


Esta investigación fue diseñada para investigar el posible efecto protector de la vitamina C contra las alteraciones ultraestructurales de los hepatocitos, inducidas por la administración de arteméter (medicamento antipalúdico). En el estudio se utilizaron 24 ratas albinas macho adultas y se dividieron en cuatro grupos (n = 6). El grupo I fue designado como control y las ratas en el grupo II se adminstró Arteméter (4 mg / kg de peso corporal) por vía oral durante tres días consecutivos. En el grupo III se administró arteméter, además de una dosis baja de vitamina C (2,86 mg / kg / l de agua) mientras que el grupo IV recibió arteméter más una dosis alta de vitamina C (8,56 mg / kg). Al final del período experimental (14 días), los tejidos hepáticos recolectados se examinaron por microscopía electrónica de transmisión (MET), y las muestras de sangre se analizaron en busca de biomarcadores de daño hepático y estrés oxidativo. El arteméter aumentó significativamente (p <0,05) los biomarcadores de daño hepático como alanina aminotransferasa (ALT), aspartato aminotransferasa (AST) y estrés oxidativo como superóxido dismutasa (SOD), glutatión peroxidasa (GPX) y causó degeneración y daño de la retículo endoplásmico rugoso y mitocondrias alteradas. Los sinusoides sanguíneos también fueron dañados con la distorsión de sus canalículos. La administración de vitamina C mostró una mejoría de los biomarcadores hepáticos y el parénquima hepático, especialmente en una dosis alta de vitamina C. Concluimos que la vitamina C es un agente protector parcial contra la lesión hepática inducida por arteméter.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Ascorbic Acid/administration & dosage , Chemical and Drug Induced Liver Injury, Chronic/drug therapy , Artemether/toxicity , Ascorbic Acid/pharmacology , Superoxide Dismutase/analysis , Biomarkers , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Oxidative Stress/drug effects , Hepatocytes/drug effects , Hepatocytes/ultrastructure , Microscopy, Electron, Transmission , Disease Models, Animal , Hepatoprotector Drugs , Chemical and Drug Induced Liver Injury/pathology , Glutathione Peroxidase/analysis
3.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 71(6): 1993-1998, Nov.-Dec. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1055109

ABSTRACT

The effect of three Streptomyces strains (N7, RL8 and V4) and a mixture of Bacillus (BMix) on the growth (Weight, Size) and superoxide dismutase activity (SOD) in hatchery-reared juvenile oysters Crassostrea corteziensis and Crassostrea sikamea was investigated to determine their probiotic potential. Microorganisms were added to culture water at 1×106 CFU/ml once a day during 30 days and all oysters fed daily a microalgae mix. Juveniles of C. sikamea treated with strains N7, RL8 and V4 had a significant weight gain compared to the control group. C. corteziensis juveniles treated with strains RL8 and BMix showed a significantly higher weight gain than the control group. No significant size increase was observed in any treated group for both oyster species. SOD activity significantly increased in C. sikamea treated with RL8 and with RL8, N7 and BMix in C. corteziensis. Streptomyces strains RL8 and N7 emerge as promising probiotic agents to cultivate C. sikamea and C. corteziensis and may also be useful to other molluscs and marine invertebrates .(AU)


O efeito de três culturas Streptomyces (N7, RL8 e V4) e uma mistura de Bacillus (BMix) sobre o cresimento (Peso, Tamanho) e atividade superóxido dismutase (SOD) em ostras jovens Crassostrea corteziensis e Crassostrea sikamea cultivadas artificalmente foi investigado para determinar seu potencial probiótico. Microorganismos foram adicionados à água de cultura a 1×10 6 CFU/ml uma vez por dia durante 30 dias e todas as ostras foram alimentadas diariamente com uma mistura de microalgas. Jovens C. sikamea tratados com culturas N7, RL8 e V4 tiveram ganho de peso significativo quando comparado ao grupo de controle. Jovens C. corteziensis tratados com culturas RL8 e BMix demonstraram peso significativamente mais algo que o grupo de controle. Nenhum aumento em tamanho foi observado em grupos tratados em ambas espécies. A atividade SOD foi significamente aumentada em C. sikamea treatado com RL8 e com RL8, N7 e BMix em C. corteziensis. Culturas Streptomyces RL8 e N7 surgem como agentes probióticos promissores para o cultivo de C. sikamea e C. corteziensis e podem ser úteis para outros moluscos animais marinhos invertebrados.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Streptomyces , Superoxide Dismutase/analysis , Probiotics/administration & dosage , Crassostrea/growth & development
4.
Acta cir. bras ; 34(11): e201901106, Nov. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1054683

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose: To investigate whether GDF11 ameliorates myocardial ischemia reperfusion (MIR) injury in diabetic rats and explore the underlying mechanisms. Methods: Diabetic and non-diabetic rats subjected to MIR (30 min of coronary artery occlusion followed by 120 min of reperfusion) with/without GDF11 pretreatment. Cardiac function, myocardial infarct size, creatine kinase-MB (CK-MB), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), superoxide dismutase (SOD) 15-F2tisoprostane, autophagosome, LC3II/I ratio and Belcin-1 level were determined to reflect myocardial injury, oxidative stress and autophagy, respectively. In in vitro study, H9c2 cells cultured in high glucose (HG, 30mM) suffered hypoxia reoxygenation (HR) with/without GDF11, hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) and autophagy inhibitor 3-methyladenine (3-MA) treatment, cell injury; oxidative stress and autophagy were assessed. Results: Pretreatment with GDF11 significantly improved cardiac morphology and function in diabetes, concomitant with decreased arrhythmia severity, infarct size, CK-MB, LDH and 15-F2tisoprostane release, increased SOD activity and autophagy level. In addition, GDF11 notably reduced HR injury in H9c2 cells with HG exposure, accompanied by oxidative stress reduction and autophagy up-regulation. However, those effects were completely reversed by H2O2 and 3-MA. Conclusion: GDF11 can provide protection against MIR injury in diabetic rats, and is implicated in antioxidant stress and autophagy up-regulation.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Autophagy/drug effects , Myocardial Reperfusion Injury/metabolism , Myocardial Reperfusion Injury/drug therapy , Oxidative Stress/drug effects , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1/metabolism , Growth Differentiation Factors/pharmacology , Reference Values , Superoxide Dismutase/analysis , Cardiotonic Agents/pharmacology , Myocardial Reperfusion Injury/pathology , Up-Regulation/drug effects , Cell Line , Blotting, Western , Reproducibility of Results , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Streptozocin , Microscopy, Electron, Transmission , Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental/metabolism , Hemodynamics/drug effects , Antioxidants/pharmacology
5.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 112(2): 173-178, Feb. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-983835

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Trimetazidine (TMZ) is an anti-ischemic drug. In spite of its protective effects on cardiovascular system, there is no scientific study on the usefulness of TMZ treatment for prolonged QT interval and cardiac hypertrophy induced by diabetes. Objectives: To evaluate the effects of TMZ on QT interval prolongation and cardiac hypertrophy in the diabetic rats. Methods: Twenty-four male Sprague-Dawley rats (200-250 g) were randomly assigned into three groups (n = 8) by simple random sampling method. Control (C), diabetic (D), and diabetic administrated with TMZ at 10 mg/kg (T10). TMZ was administrated for 8 weeks. The echocardiogram was recorded before isolating the hearts and transfer to a Langendorff apparatus. Hemodynamic parameters, QT and corrected QT interval (QTc) intervals, heart rate and antioxidant enzymes were measured. The hypertrophy index was calculated. The results were evaluated by one-way ANOVA and paired t-test using SPSS (version 16) and p < 0.05 was regarded as significant. Results: The diabetic rats significantly indicated increased hypertrophy, QT and QTc intervals and decreased Left ventricular systolic pressure (LVSP), Left ventricular developed pressure (LVDP), rate pressure product (RPP), Max dp/dt, and min dp/dt (±dp/dt max), heart rate, superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione peroxidase (GPx) and catalase in the heart. Treatment with TMZ in the diabetic animals was significantly improved these parameters in comparison to the untreated diabetic group. Conclusions: TMZ improves QTc interval prolongation and cardiac hypertrophy in diabetes.


Resumo Fundamento: A trimetazidina (TMZ) é uma droga anti-isquêmica. Apesar de seus efeitos protetores sobre o sistema cardiovascular, não há estudos científicos sobre a utilidade do tratamento com TMZ para o intervalo QT prolongado e a hipertrofia cardíaca induzida pelo diabetes. Objetivo: Avaliar os efeitos da TMZ no prolongamento do intervalo QT e na hipertrofia cardíaca em ratos diabéticos. Métodos: Vinte e quatro ratos machos Sprague-Dawley (200-250 g) foram distribuídos aleatoriamente em três grupos (n = 8) pelo método de amostragem aleatória simples. Controle (C), diabético (D) e diabético administrado com TMZ a 10 mg/kg (T10). A TMZ foi administrada por 8 semanas. O ecocardiograma foi registrado antes de isolar os corações e transferir para um aparelho de Langendorff. Foram medidos os parâmetros hemodinâmicos, intervalo QT e intervalo QT corrigido (QTc), frequência cardíaca e enzimas antioxidantes. O índice de hipertrofia foi calculado. Os resultados foram avaliados pelo one-way ANOVA e pelo teste t pareado pelo SPSS (versão 16) e p < 0,05 foi considerado significativo. Resultados: Os ratos diabéticos indicaram hipertrofia aumentada, intervalos QT e QTc e diminuição da pressão sistólica no ventrículo esquerdo (PSVE), pressão desenvolvida no ventrículo esquerdo (PDVE), duplo produto (DP), Max dp/dt e min dp/dt (± dp/dt max), frequência cardíaca, superóxido dismutase (SOD), glutationa peroxidase (GPx) e catalase no coração. O tratamento com TMZ nos animais diabéticos melhorou significativamente esses parâmetros em comparação com o grupo diabético não tratado. Conclusões: A TMZ melhora o prolongamento do intervalo QTc e a hipertrofia cardíaca no diabetes.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Trimetazidine/pharmacology , Long QT Syndrome/drug therapy , Cardiomegaly/drug therapy , Protective Agents/pharmacology , Diabetes Complications/drug therapy , Superoxide Dismutase/analysis , Time Factors , Long QT Syndrome/enzymology , Long QT Syndrome/physiopathology , Echocardiography , Catalase/analysis , Random Allocation , Reproducibility of Results , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Cardiomegaly/enzymology , Cardiomegaly/etiology , Cardiomegaly/physiopathology , Diabetes Complications/enzymology , Diabetes Complications/physiopathology , Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental/complications , Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental/physiopathology , Glutathione Peroxidase/analysis , Hemodynamics/drug effects
6.
Acta cir. bras ; 33(12): 1067-1077, Dec. 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-973486

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose: To investigate the effect of alprostadil on myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) in rats. Methods: Rats were subjected to myocardial ischemia for 30 min followed by 24h reperfusion. Alprostadil (4 or 8 μg/kg) was intravenously administered at the time of reperfusion and myocardial infarct size, levels of troponin T, and the activity of creatine kinase-MB (CK-MB) and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) in the serum were measured. Antioxidative parameters, nitric oxide (NO) content and phosphorylated endothelial nitric oxide synthase 3 (p-eNOS) expression in the left ventricles were also measured. Histopathological examinations of the left ventricles were also performed. Results: Alprostadil treatment significantly reduced myocardial infarct size, serum troponin T levels, and CK-MB and LDH activity (P<0.05). Furthermore, treatment with alprostadil significantly decreased malondialdehyde (MDA) content (P<0.05) and markedly reduced myonecrosis, edema and infiltration of inflammatory cells. Superoxide dismutase and catalase activities (P<0.05), NO level (P<0.01) and p-eNOS (P<0.05) were significantly increased in rats treated with alprostadil compared with control rats. Conclusion: These results indicate that alprostadil protects against myocardial I/R injury and that these protective effects are achieved, at least in part, via the promotion of antioxidant activity and activation of eNOS.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Alprostadil/pharmacology , Myocardial Reperfusion Injury/prevention & control , Nitric Oxide Synthase Type III/metabolism , Antioxidants/pharmacology , Superoxide Dismutase/analysis , Myocardial Reperfusion Injury/metabolism , Myocardial Reperfusion Injury/pathology , Catalase/analysis , Random Allocation , Blotting, Western , Reproducibility of Results , Treatment Outcome , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Oxidative Stress/drug effects , Troponin T/drug effects , Troponin T/blood , Enzyme Activation/drug effects , Creatine Kinase, MB Form/drug effects , Creatine Kinase, MB Form/blood , Heart Ventricles/drug effects , Heart Ventricles/pathology , L-Lactate Dehydrogenase/drug effects , L-Lactate Dehydrogenase/blood , Malondialdehyde/analysis , Myocardial Infarction/pathology , Nitric Oxide/analysis
7.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 64(10): 888-895, Oct. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-976782

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY BACKGROUND: To determine the concentration of the Lipid Peroxidation Marker: Malondialdehyde (MDA), and Antioxidant Markers: Superoxide Dismutase (SOD), Glutathione Peroxidase (GPX), Catalase (CAL) in umbilical cord blood and in unstimulated saliva in the first 24 and 48 hours of life in the PTNB of mothers with and without risk factors for early-onset neonatal sepsis. METHODS: Cross-sectional study with the signing of informed consent by the pregnant women and application of a standard questionnaire classifying the PTNB in Group 1 or 2. RESULTS: Twenty-one PTNB were studied. Regarding gender, birth weight, need for oxygen, use of phototherapy, diagnosis of assumed sepsis, presence of fetal distress, number of pregnancies, type of delivery, use of corticosteroids, premature rupture of membranes, maternal fever, chorioamnionitis, APGAR at the 5th and 10th minute of life. Statistical analysis was performed with the Mann-Whitney test (p = 0.019) on the GPX variable of umbilical cord blood in the group of mothers with risk factors for early-onset neonatal sepsis. There was no statistical difference in the MDA, SOD, and CAT variables of the group with risk factors and in any variable of the group without risk factors. CONCLUSION: There was an increase of the GPX concentration in the blood from the umbilical vein in the group with risk factors for early-onset neonatal sepsis. There was no statistical significance in the comparison of saliva and umbilical cord blood. There was no statistically significant difference in MDA, SOD, CAT.


RESUMO OBJETIVOS: Determinar a concentração do marcador de peroxidação lipídica: Malondialdeído (MDA) e dos marcadores antioxidantes: Superóxido Dismutase (SOD), Glutationa Peroxidase (GPX), Catalase (CAL) no sangue do cordão umbilical e na saliva não estimulada nas primeiras 24 e 48 horas de vida nos RNPT de mães com e sem fatores de risco para sepse neonatal precoce. METODOLOGIA: Estudo transversal com a assinatura do termo de consentimento livre esclarecido pela gestante e aplicação de um questionário padrão classificando o RNPT no Grupo 1 ou 2. RESULTADOS: Foram estudados 21 RNPT. Quanto ao gênero, peso ao nascimento, necessidade de oxigênio, uso de fototerapia, diagnóstico de sepse presumida, presença de sofrimento fetal, número de gestações, tipo de parto, uso de corticoide, rotura prematura de membranas, a presença de febre materna, a presença de corioamnionite, Apgar no 50 e 100 minuto de vida, a análise estatística foi feita com o teste de Mann-Whitney (p=0,019) na váriável GPX do sangue do cordão umbilical no grupo das mães com fatores de risco para sepse neonatal precoce. Não houve diferença estatística nas outras variáveis MDA, SOD, CAT do grupo com fatores de risco e em nenhuma variável do grupo sem fatores de risco. CONCLUSÃO: O aumento de duas vezes a concentração da GPX no sangue da veia umbilical dos RNPT do grupo das mães com fatores de risco para sepse neonatal precoce. Sem significância estatística na comparação entre a saliva e o sangue do cordão umbilical. Não houve diferença estatisticamente significante nas variáveis MDA, SOD e CAT.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Biomarkers/analysis , Fetal Blood/chemistry , Neonatal Sepsis/diagnosis , Saliva/chemistry , Superoxide Dismutase/analysis , Fetal Membranes, Premature Rupture , Infant, Premature , Catalase/analysis , Cross-Sectional Studies , Risk Factors , Neonatal Sepsis/metabolism , Glutathione Peroxidase/analysis , Malondialdehyde/analysis , Antioxidants/analysis , Antioxidants/metabolism
8.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 33(4): 384-390, July-Aug. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-958430

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: This study aimed to investigate the protective effects of baicalin on myocardial infarction in rats and explore the related mechanisms. Methods: Fifty Sprague Dawley rats were randomly divided into the control, model, and low-, medium- and high-dose baicalin groups. The latter 3 groups were intraperitoneally injected with baicalin, with a dose of 12.5, 25 and 50 mg/kg, respectively. Then, the myocardial infarction model was established. The hemodynamic of rats was tested, the serum lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), creatine kinase-MB (CK-MB), prostacyclin (PGI2) and thromboxane A2 (TXA2) were determined, the myocardial superoxide dismutase (SOD) and malondialdehyde (MDA) levels were detected, and the myocardial B-cell lymphoma-2 (Bcl-2) and Bcl-2 associated X (Bax) protein expressions were determined. Results: Compared with the model group, in the high-dose baicalin group the ST segment height and LVEDP were significantly decreased (P<0.05), the LVSP was significantly increased (P<0.05), the serum LDH, CK-MB and TXA2 levels were significantly decreased (P<0.05), the PGI2 level was significantly increased (P<0.05), the myocardial SOD level was significantly increased (P<0.05), and the myocardial MDA level was significantly decreased (P<0.05); the myocardial Bcl-2 protein level was significantly increased, and the Bax protein level was significantly decreased (P<0.05). Conclusion: Baicalin has protective effects on myocardial infarction in rats. The possible mechanisms may be related to its resistance to oxidative stress, and up-regulation of Bcl-2 protein expression and down-regulation of Bax protein expression in myocardial tissue.


Subject(s)
Animals , Flavonoids/pharmacology , Protective Agents/pharmacology , Myocardial Infarction/prevention & control , Reference Values , Superoxide Dismutase/analysis , Thromboxane A2/blood , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Random Allocation , Reproducibility of Results , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Epoprostenol/blood , Treatment Outcome , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Genes, bcl-2 , Creatine Kinase, MB Form/blood , bcl-2-Associated X Protein/analysis , Hemodynamics/drug effects , L-Lactate Dehydrogenase/blood , Malondialdehyde/analysis
9.
Acta cir. bras ; 33(7): 609-618, July 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-949367

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose: To investigate the gastroprotective effect of methanol extract of E. spectabilis and its major component isoorientin. Methods: Effects of isoorientin and methanol extract of E. spectabilis were investigated in indomethacin-induced gastric damage model on rats. Famotidine was used as the standard antiulcer drug. Numerical density of ulcer areas and oxidative status were determined on stomach tissues of rats. Results: All doses of isoorientin and methanol extract decreased MDA level and increased SOD activity and GSH levels in the stomach tissue of rats. When numerical density of ulcer areas were analized, the 500 mg/kg dose of methanol extract (84%) exhibited a similar effect to 20 mg/kg dose of standart drug famotidine (87%). Conclusions: The gastroprotective effects of E. spectabilis and its major constituent isoorientin in rats for the first time. Detailed analyses suggested that potential antioxidant activity of both plant extract and isoorientin mediates the gastroprotective effect.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Stomach Ulcer/drug therapy , Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Luteolin/pharmacology , Methanol/pharmacology , Xanthorrhoeaceae/chemistry , Anti-Ulcer Agents/pharmacology , Antioxidants/pharmacology , Stomach Ulcer/pathology , Superoxide Dismutase/analysis , Superoxide Dismutase/drug effects , Severity of Illness Index , Indomethacin , Reproducibility of Results , Treatment Outcome , Rats, Wistar , Dose-Response Relationship, Drug , Glutathione/analysis , Glutathione/drug effects , Malondialdehyde/analysis
10.
Acta cir. bras ; 33(6): 472-482, June 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-949356

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose: To investigate the effects of Murici extract on the brain excitability-dependent phenomenon known as cortical spreading depression (CSD) and on brain oxidative stress. Methods: Adult and aged Wistar rats were supplemented with murici extract (150 mg/kg/day or 300 mg/kg/day) by gavage for fifteen days. Afterwards, the animals were submitted to a CSD electrophysiological recording and to brain oxidative stress evaluation. Results: Our results showed that aging decreased CSD propagation velocity, catalase activity and glutathione/oxidized glutathione ratio (GSH/GSSG) in the brain cortex of the rats, and increased malondialdehyde (MDA) concentrations and superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity. The highest dose (300 mg/kg/day) of murici extract accelerated CSD, whereas the lowest (150mg/kg/day) decelerated, in both adult and aged animals. In contrast, aged animals supplemented with murici extract in both doses presented low MDA levels and high GSG/GSSG ratio in comparison to the control-aged animals. Conclusion: Murici extract supplementation seems to revert detrimental effects in aged brains and could be considered as a strategy in the treatment of pathologies related to aging and cortical spreading depression.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Aging/physiology , Cerebral Cortex/drug effects , Oxidative Stress/drug effects , Malpighiaceae/chemistry , Antioxidants/pharmacology , Reference Values , Cortical Spreading Depression/drug effects , Cortical Spreading Depression/physiology , Superoxide Dismutase/analysis , Lipid Peroxidation , Catalase/analysis , Cerebral Cortex/metabolism , Reproducibility of Results , Age Factors , Rats, Wistar , Oxidative Stress/physiology , Glutathione Disulfide/analysis , Dietary Supplements , Glutathione/analysis , Malondialdehyde/analysis
11.
Acta cir. bras ; 33(6): 499-507, June 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-949358

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose: To evaluate the impact of systemic cyclophosphamide treatment on the rat uterus and investigate the potential therapeutic effects of natural antioxidant preparations curcumin and capsaicin against cyclophosphamide side effects. Methods: A 40 healthy adult female Wistar albino rats were used in this study. Rats were randomly divided into four groups to determine the effects of curcumin and capsaicin against Cyclophosphamide side effects on the uterus (n=10 in each group); Group 1 was the control group (sham-operated), Group 2 was the cyclophosphamide group, Group 3 was the cyclophosphamide + curcumin (100mg/kg) group, and Group 4 was the cyclophosphamide + capsaicin (0.5 mg/kg) group. Results: Increased tissue oxidative stress and histological damage in the rat uterus were demonstrated due to the treatment of systemic cyclophosphamide chemotherapy alone. The level of tissue oxidant and antioxidant markers and histopathological changes were improved by the treatment of curcumin and capsaicin. Conclusion: Cytotoxic effects of natural alkylating chemotherapeutic agents like cyclophosphamide on the uterus can be prevented by curcumin and capsaicin.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Uterus/drug effects , Capsaicin/pharmacology , Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating/adverse effects , Curcumin/pharmacology , Cyclophosphamide/adverse effects , Antioxidants/pharmacology , Superoxide Dismutase/analysis , Uterine Diseases/chemically induced , Uterine Diseases/prevention & control , Uterus/pathology , Catalase/analysis , Random Allocation , Reproducibility of Results , Rats, Wistar , Oxidative Stress/drug effects , Glutathione/analysis , Glutathione Peroxidase/analysis , Malondialdehyde/analysis
12.
Acta cir. bras ; 33(4): 375-385, Apr. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-886280

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose: To investigate the effects of melatonin on antioxidant capacity, inflammation and apoptotic cell death (through expression of cleaved-caspase 3) in lung tissue samples of diabetic rats. Methods: Thirty male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into three groups. Group 1 (control group) was made up of healthy rats. Group 2 (diabetes group) received streptozotocin at a dose of 50 mg/kg/day for 5 days.Group 3 (diabetes plus melatonin group) received streptozotocin at a dose of 50 mg/kg/day for 5 days and then they received melatonin at a dose of 20 mg/kg/day between 28thand 35thdays of the study. Results: Tissue MDA and MPO levels were found to be significantly higher in diabetes group compared to control group (p<0.05) whilst administration of melatonin was found to significantly lower this increase down to normal levels (p<0.05). Bronchus associated lymphoid tissue (BALT) was more severe in diabetics whereas administration of melatonin alleviated this hyperplasia. Cleaved caspase 3 activity was severe in hyperplastic BALT in diabetic rats however in lowered down to moderate level when melatonin was administered. Conclusion: The melatonin caused an increase in antioxidant capacity and decreased the expression of cleaved-caspase 3.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental/pathology , Caspase 3/analysis , Pyroptosis/drug effects , Lung/drug effects , Melatonin/pharmacology , Antioxidants/pharmacology , Superoxide Dismutase/analysis , Time Factors , Immunohistochemistry , Lipid Peroxidation , Catalase/analysis , Random Allocation , Reproducibility of Results , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Streptozocin , Peroxidase/analysis , Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental/complications , Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental/metabolism , Caspase 3/drug effects , Glutathione/analysis , Lung/metabolism , Lung/pathology , Malondialdehyde/analysis
13.
Acta cir. bras ; 33(1): 1-13, Jan. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-886254

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose: To investigate the effect of dexmedetomidine (Dex) in a rat ex vivo lung model of ischemia-reperfusion injury. Methods: An IL-2 ex vivo lung perfusion system was used to establish a rat ex vivo lung model of ischemia-reperfusion injury. Drugs were added to the perfusion solution for reperfusion. Lung injury was assessed by histopathological changes, airway pressure (Res), lung compliance (Compl), perfusion flow (Flow), pulmonary venous oxygen partial pressure (PaO2), and lung wet/dry (W/D) weight ratio. The levels of superoxide dismutase (SOD), malondialdehyde (MDA), 78 kDa glucose-regulated protein (GRP78) and CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein homologous protein (CHOP) were measured, respectively. Results: The introduction of Dex attenuated the post-ischemia-reperfusion lung damage and MDA level, improved lung histology, W/D ratio, lung injury scores and SOD activity. Decreased mRNA and protein levels of GRP78 and CHOP compared with the IR group were observed after Dex treatment. The effect of Dex was dosage-dependence and a high dose of Dex (10 nM) was shown to confer the strongest protective effect against lung damage (P<0.05). Yohimbine, an α2 receptor antagonist, significantly reversed the protective effect of Dex in lung tissues (P<0.05). Conclusion: Dex reduced ischemia-reperfusion injury in rat ex vivo lungs.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Reperfusion Injury/prevention & control , Dexmedetomidine/pharmacology , Adrenergic alpha-2 Receptor Agonists/pharmacology , Ischemia/prevention & control , Lung/blood supply , Reference Values , Superoxide Dismutase/analysis , Time Factors , Reperfusion Injury/pathology , Blotting, Western , Reproducibility of Results , Treatment Outcome , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , CCAAT-Enhancer-Binding Proteins/analysis , Disease Models, Animal , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Heat-Shock Proteins/analysis , Lung/pathology , Malondialdehyde/analysis
14.
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 76(1): 32-40, Jan. 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-888340

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT In this study, the effect of thymoquinone (TQ) on propylthiouracil (PTU)-induced memory impairment was investigated in juvenile rats. The rats were grouped into control, Hypo, Hypo-TQ5 and Hypo-TQ10. Propylthiouracil increased latency time in the Morris water maze test and decreased delay in entering the dark compartment in the passive avoidance test. Both 5 mg/kg and 10 mg/kg doses of TQ decreased latency time in the Morris water maze test and increased delay in entering the dark compartment in a passive avoidance test. The PTU also increased malondialdehyde and nitric oxide metabolites in the brain while reduced the thiol content and superoxide dismutase and catalase activities and serum T4 level. Both doses of TQ decreased malondialdehyde and nitric oxide metabolites in the brain while enhanced the thiol content and superoxide dismutase and catalase activities and serum T4 level. The results of the present study showed that TQ protected against PTU-induced memory impairments in rats.


RESUMO Neste estudo, foi investigado o efeito da timoquinona (TQ) contra deficiências de memória induzidas por propiltiouracilo (PTU) em ratos juvenis. Os ratos foram agrupados em grupos: controle, Hypo, Hypo-TQ5, e Hypo-TQ10. O PTU aumentou o tempo de latência no teste do labirinto aquático de Morris (MWM) e diminuiu o atraso para entrar no compartimento escuro no teste de evasão passiva (PA). Ambas as doses de TQ diminuíram o tempo de latência no teste de MWM e aumentaram o atraso para entrar no compartimento escuro no teste de PA. O PTU também aumentou os metabolitos de malondialdeído (MDA) e óxido nítrico (NO) no cérebro, enquanto reduziu o teor de tiol e as atividades de superóxido dismutasa (SOD) e catalasa (CAT) e o nível sérico de T4. Ambas as doses de TQ diminuíram os metabolitos de MDA e de NO no cérebro, aumentaram o conteúdo de tiol e as atividades de SOD e CAT e o nível de T4 no soro. Os resultados do presente estudo mostraram que a TQ protegeu contra deficiências de memória induzidas por PTU em ratos.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Benzoquinones/pharmacology , Oxidative Stress/drug effects , Hypothyroidism/complications , Learning Disabilities/drug therapy , Memory Disorders/drug therapy , Antioxidants/pharmacology , Propylthiouracil , Avoidance Learning/drug effects , Superoxide Dismutase/analysis , Antithyroid Agents , Brain Injuries/metabolism , Catalase/analysis , Rats, Wistar , Maze Learning/drug effects , Disease Models, Animal , Hippocampus/drug effects , Hypothyroidism/chemically induced , Learning Disabilities/chemically induced , Malondialdehyde/analysis , Memory Disorders/chemically induced , Nitric Oxide/analysis
15.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 83(6): 619-626, Nov.-Dec. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-889326

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Antibiotics are frequently used for the treatment of rhinosinusitis. Concerns have been raised regarding the adverse effects of antibiotics and growing resistance. The lack of development of new antibiotic compounds has increased the necessity for exploration of non-antibiotic compounds that have antibacterial activity. Amlodipine is a non-antibiotic compound with anti-inflammatory activity. Objective: In this study we aimed to investigate the potential role of amlodipine in the treatment of rhinosinusitis by evaluating its effects on tissue oxidative status, mucosal histology and inflammation. Methods: Fifteen adult albino guinea pigs were inoculated with Staphylococcus aureus and treated with saline, cefazolin sodium, or amlodipine for 7 days. The control group was composed by five healthy guinea pigs. Animals were sacrificed after the treatment. Histopathological changes were identified using Hematoxylin-Eosin staining. Inflammation was assessed by Polymorphonuclear Leukocyte infiltration density. Tissue levels of antioxidants (superoxide dismutase, glutathione) and an oxidative product (malondialdehyde) were determined. Results: In rhinosinusitis induced animals, amlodipine reduced loss of cilia, lamina propria edema and collagen deposition compared to placebo (saline) and although not superior to cefazolin, amlodipine decreased polymorphonuclear leukocyte infiltration. The superoxide dismutase activity and glutathione levels were reduced, whereas the malondialdehyde levels were increased significantly in all three-treatment groups compared to the control group. Amlodipine treated group showed significantly increased superoxide dismutase and glutathione levels and decreased malondialdehyde levels compared to all treatment groups. Conclusion: The non-antibiotic compound amlodipine may have a role in acute rhinosinusitis treatment through tissue protective, antioxidant and anti-inflammatory mechanisms.


Resumo Introdução: Antibióticos são frequentemente usados para o tratamento de rinossinusite. Questões têm sido levantadas sobre os efeitos adversos dos antibióticos e a resistência crescente. A falta de desenvolvimento de novos compostos antibióticos aumentou a necessidade da exploração de compostos não antibióticos que têm atividade antibacteriana. A amlodipina é um composto não antibiótico com atividade anti-inflamatória. Objetivo: O objetivo desse estudo foi investigar o papel potencial da amlodipina no tratamento da rinossinusite, avaliando seus efeitos sobre o estado oxidativo do tecido, histologia da mucosa e inflamação. Método: Quinze cobaias albinas adultas foram inoculadas com Staphylococcus aureus e tratadas com solução salina, cefazolina ou amlodipina durante sete dias. O grupo controle incluiu cinco cobaias saudáveis. Os animais foram sacrificados após o tratamento. Alterações histopatológicas foram identificadas com a coloração de hematoxilina-eosina. A inflamação foi avaliada pela densidade de infiltração de leucócitos polimorfonucleares. Foram determinados os níveis teciduais de antioxidantes (superóxido dismutase, glutationa) e um produto de oxidação (malondialdeído). Resultados: Em animais com rinossinusite induzida, a amlodipina reduziu a perda dos cílios, edema da lâmina própria e deposição de colágeno em comparação com o grupo placebo (solução salina) e embora não seja superior à cefazolina, a amlodipina diminuiu a infiltração de leucócitos polimorfonucleares. Os níveis de atividade da superóxido dismutase e glutationa foram reduzidos, enquanto os níveis de malondialdeído aumentaram significativamente nos três grupos de tratamento em comparação ao grupo controle. O grupo tratado com amlodipina apresentou aumento significante dos níveis de superóxido dismutase e glutationa e diminuição dos níveis de malondialdeído em comparação com todos os grupos de tratamento. Conclusão: O composto não antibiótico amlodipina pode ter um papel no tratamento da rinossinusite aguda através de mecanismos protetores de tecido, antioxidantes e anti-inflamatórios.


Subject(s)
Animals , Sinusitis/drug therapy , Rhinitis/drug therapy , Amlodipine/pharmacology , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/pharmacology , Reference Values , Staphylococcus aureus , Superoxide Dismutase/analysis , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Random Allocation , Cefazolin/therapeutic use , Cefazolin/pharmacology , Reproducibility of Results , Treatment Outcome , Amlodipine/therapeutic use , Glutathione/analysis , Glutathione/drug effects , Guinea Pigs , Malondialdehyde/analysis , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/therapeutic use , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use , Anti-Bacterial Agents/pharmacology , Nasal Mucosa/drug effects , Nasal Mucosa/pathology
16.
Braspen J ; 32(2): 155-159, abr.-jun. 2017.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-848203

ABSTRACT

Objetivos: Determinar a presença de estresse oxidativo e inflamação no intestino de pacientes com doença celíaca. Método: Foi realizado estudo transversal que incluiu pacientes submetidos à endoscopia gastrointestinal. A população do estudo consistiu em 24 casos e 26 controles. Foram medidos os níveis duodenais de proteínas carboniladas, espécies reativas ao ácido tiobarbitúrico, bem como catalase (CAT), superóxido dismutase (SOD). Também foram determinados os níveis intestinais de interleucina (IL) 6, 10 e 8. A classificação de Marsh foi registrada e utilizada como parâmetro de gravidade da doença. Resultados: Tanto a IL-6 como a IL-10, mas não a IL8, aumentaram nos pacientes com doença celíaca quando comparados com indivíduos saudáveis. Os parâmetros de dano oxidativo foram aumentados,enquanto que as defesas antioxidantes foram reduzidas em nossa amostra. Os níveis de IL6 ea atividade do SOD foram relacionados com a pontuação de Marsh. Conclusões: Diferentes marcadores de inflamação e estresse oxidativo estão alterados no intestino de pacientes com doença celíaca, e alguns deles estão relacionados à gravidade da doença.(AU)


Objectives: Determine the presence of oxidative stress and inflammation in the gut of patients with celiac disease. Methods: Transversal study that included patients undergoing upper gastrointestinal endoscopy was performed. The study population consisted 24 cases and 26 controls. The duodenal levels of protein carbonyls, thiobarbituric acid reactive species, as well as catalase, superoxide dismutase (SOD) activities were measured. Gut levels of interleukin (IL) 6, 10 and 8 were also determined.The Marsh classification was recorded and used as a parameter of disease severity. Results: Both IL-6 and IL-10, but not IL8, were increased in celiac disease patients when compared to healthy individuals. Oxidative damage parameters were increased while antioxidant defenses were decreased in our sample. Both IL6 levels and SOD activity were related to Marsh score. Conclusions: Different markers of inflammation and oxidative stress are altered in the gut of celiac disease patients, and some of them are related to disease severity.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Inflammatory Bowel Diseases , Celiac Disease/pathology , Oxidative Stress , Superoxide Dismutase/analysis , Catalase/analysis , Cross-Sectional Studies/instrumentation , Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal/instrumentation , Interleukins/analysis , Thiobarbituric Acid Reactive Substances/analysis , Protein Carbonylation
17.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 43(2): 345-355, Mar.-Apr. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-840833

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction Sepsis is an inflammatory reaction to bacteria involving the whole body and is a significant cause of mortality and economic costs. The purpose of this research was to determine whether tadalafil exhibits a preventive effect on sepsis in a septic model induced in rats with cecal ligation and puncture (CLP). Materials and Methods Rats were randomly separated into groups, 10 rats in each: (i) a sham (control) group, (ii) an untreated sepsis group, (iii) a sepsis group treated with 5mg/kg tadalafil and (iv) a sepsis group treated with 10mg/kg tadalafil. A polymicrobial sepsis model was induced in rats using CLP. Rats were sacrificed after 16h, and blood and kidney tissues were collected for biochemical and histopathological study. Results Levels of the inflammatory parameter IL-6 decreased significantly in the sepsis groups receiving tadalafil in comparison with the untreated sepsis group (p<0.05). In terms of histopathology, inflammation scores investigated in kidney tissues decreased significantly in the sepsis groups receiving tadalafil compared to the untreated sepsis group (p<0.05). In addition, levels of creatinine and cystatin C measured in septic rats receiving tadalafil were lower by a clear degree than in septic rats (p<0.05). Conclusion In this study, tadalafil exhibited a preventive effect for sepsis-related damage by suppressing inflammation in serum and kidney tissue of septic rats in a polymicrobial sepsis model induced with CLP.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Sepsis/complications , Sepsis/prevention & control , Renal Insufficiency/etiology , Renal Insufficiency/prevention & control , Phosphodiesterase 5 Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Tadalafil/therapeutic use , Reference Values , Spectrophotometry , Superoxide Dismutase/analysis , Calcitonin/blood , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Immunohistochemistry , Catalase/analysis , Random Allocation , Reproducibility of Results , Interleukin-6/blood , Rats, Wistar , Peroxidase/analysis , Sepsis/pathology , Creatinine/blood , Disease Models, Animal , Renal Insufficiency/pathology , Cystatin C/blood , Kidney/drug effects , Kidney/pathology , Ligation , Malondialdehyde/analysis
18.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 31(6): 428-433, Nov.-Dec. 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-843447

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Oxidative stress seems to be a role in the atherosclerosis process, but research in human beings is scarce. Objective: To evaluate the role of oxidative stress on human aortas of patients submitted to surgical treatment for advanced aortoiliac occlusive disease. Methods: Twenty-six patients were divided into three groups: control group (n=10) formed by cadaveric organ donors; severe aortoiliac stenosis group (patients with severe aortoiliac stenosis; n=9); and total aortoiliac occlusion group (patients with chronic total aortoiliac occlusion; n=7). We evaluated the reactive oxygen species concentration, nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate-oxidase, superoxide dismutase and catalase activities as well as nitrite levels in samples of aortas harvested during aortofemoral bypass for treatment of advanced aortoiliac occlusive disease. Results: We observed a higher level of reactive oxygen species in total aortoiliac occlusion group (48.3±9.56 pmol/mg protein) when compared to severe aortoiliac stenosis (33.5±7.4 pmol/mg protein) and control (4.91±0.8 pmol/mg protein) groups (P<0.05). Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate oxidase activity was also higher in total aortoiliac occlusion group when compared to the control group (3.81±1.7 versus 1.05±0.31 µmol/min.mg protein; P<0.05). Furthermore, superoxide dismutase and catalase activities were significantly higher in the severe aortoiliac stenosis and total aortoiliac occlusion groups when compared to the control cases (P<0.05). Nitrite concentration was smaller in the severe aortoiliac stenosis group in comparing to the other groups. Conclusion: Our results indicated an increase of reactive oxygen species levels and nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate-oxidase activity in human aortic samples of patients with advanced aortoiliac occlusive disease. The increase of antioxidant enzymes activities may be due to a compensative phenomenon to reactive oxygen species production mediated by nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate oxidase. This preliminary study offers us a more comprehensive knowledge about the role of oxidative stress in advanced aortoiliac occlusive disease in human beings.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Aortic Diseases/surgery , Arterial Occlusive Diseases/surgery , Oxidative Stress , Iliac Artery/surgery , Aortic Diseases/enzymology , Arterial Occlusive Diseases/enzymology , Superoxide Dismutase/analysis , Severity of Illness Index , Catalase/analysis , Case-Control Studies , NADP/analysis
19.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 42(3): 614-620, tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-785739

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Aim Our aim is to measure asymmetric dimethyl arginine and nitric oxide levels in rats with induced unilateral acute ureteral obstruction to research the effects on the kidney. Material and Methods The study included 21 adolescent (average age 6 weeks) Sprague-Dawley male rats weighing between 240-290g divided at random into 3 groups. Group-1: Control group (n=6): underwent no procedures. Group-2: Sham group (n=6): underwent the same procedures as the experimental group without ureter and psoas muscle dissection. Group-3: Group with induced partial unilateral ureteral obstruction (n=9). All rats were sacrificed after 12 weeks. Superoxide dismutase enzyme activity and nitrite and nitrate salt levels were measured in renal tissue. Plasma nitrite-nitrate and ADMA levels were examined. Results In the experimental group histopathological changes observed included renal pelvis dilatation, flattened papillae, sclerotic glomerulus and fibrosis. In the experimental group tissue SOD and blood ADMA levels were higher than the control and sham groups (p<0.05) while tissue NO and plasma NO values were lower than in the sham and control groups (p<0.05). Conclusion Oxidative stress and disruption of NO synthesis play an important role in renal function and histopathological changes after obstructive renal disease. To prevent renal complications developing after obstructive nephropathy we believe that a new strategy may be research on reducing ADMA.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Arginine/analogs & derivatives , Ureteral Obstruction/complications , Hydronephrosis/etiology , Hydronephrosis/pathology , Nitric Oxide/analysis , Arginine/blood , Reference Values , Superoxide Dismutase/analysis , Ureteral Obstruction/metabolism , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Random Allocation , Paraffin Embedding , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Oxidative Stress/physiology , Disease Models, Animal , Hydronephrosis/metabolism , Kidney/pathology , Nitrates/analysis , Nitric Oxide/metabolism
20.
Acta cir. bras ; 31(4): 264-270, Apr. 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-781326

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To evaluated the potential antioxidant agent Legalon (r) SIL (silibinin-C-2',3-bis(hydrogensuccinat)) in the skeletal muscle of rats. METHODS: IRI was achieved via tourniquet application in Wistar-albino rats. Experimental groups were chosen as (i) sham control, (ii) IRI (3+2 h), (iii) IRI and Legalon (r) SIL-50 (50 mg/kg/i.p.), (iv) IRI and Legalon (r) SIL-100 (100 mg/kg/i.p.), and (v) IRI and Legalon (r) SIL-200 (200 mg/kg/ i.p.). Muscle viability (evaluated by triphenyltetrazolium chloride dye method), malondialdehyde, superoxide dismutase, catalase, and glutathione peroxidase were assessed in muscle samples using a spectrophotometer. RESULTS: Although viability of the injured limb non-significantly declined in the IRI group, administration of Legalon (r) SIL did not prevent injury. However, dramatic increase observed in malondialdehyde levels in the IRI group was prohibited by Legalon (r) SIL in a statistically significant manner. In comparison with the sham-control group, IRI and Legalon (r) SIL administration did not cause any significant alterations in the levels of superoxide dismutase, catalase, and glutathione peroxidase. CONCLUSION: Although Legalon (r) SIL was not sufficient to prevent muscle injury in terms of viability, it is found to be an effective option to reduce reactive oxygen species-induced cell injury.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Silymarin/pharmacology , Reperfusion Injury/prevention & control , Muscle, Skeletal/blood supply , Ischemia/prevention & control , Antioxidants/pharmacology , Reference Values , Superoxide Dismutase/analysis , Superoxide Dismutase/drug effects , Tissue Survival/drug effects , Catalase/analysis , Catalase/drug effects , Random Allocation , Reproducibility of Results , Reactive Oxygen Species/analysis , Rats, Wistar , Oxidative Stress/drug effects , Muscle, Skeletal/drug effects , Muscle, Skeletal/chemistry , Glutathione Peroxidase/analysis , Glutathione Peroxidase/drug effects , Malondialdehyde/analysis
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