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1.
Prensa méd. argent ; 107(2): 97-104, 20210000. fig, tab
Article in English | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1361373

ABSTRACT

Objetivos: Evaluar la frecuencia y gravedad de la hemorragia parenquimatosa pulmonar tras la biopsia pulmonar con aguja transtorácica coaxial, según factores de procedimiento, aún no descritos en la literatura. El objetivo de este estudio fue determinar si la elección de la tecnología de biopsia coaxial, el posicionamiento del paciente y la dignidad de la lesión son tres nuevas variables que influyen en el riesgo de hemorragia parenquimatosa tras biopsias coaxiales de pulmón. Métodos: Se revisaron retrospectivamente los registros de 117 pacientes que se sometieron a biopsias con aguja transtorácica del pulmón entre enero de 2018 y abril de 2020. El resultado primario fue la hemorragia pulmonar. Se ha utilizado un sistema de clasificación para clasificar la hemorragia parenquimatosa pulmonar: Grado 0 - Grado 3. Se evaluaron tres variables novedosas relacionadas con el paciente, la técnica y la lesión como predictores de hemorragia pulmonar: tecnología de biopsia coaxial, posición del paciente y dignidad de la lesión. Resultados: De los 117 pacientes, 18 (15,4%) pacientes con tecnología de biopsia coaxial de corte, versus 29 (24,8%) pacientes con tecnología coaxial de núcleo completo mostraron hemorragia significativa en las exploraciones de control posteriores a la biopsia. (IC del 95% 0,06-0,33, p <0,0001). No hubo diferencias significativas en la hemorragia pulmonar entre el diagnóstico histológico benigno y maligno (IC 95% 0,84-4,44, p = 0,1199) y la posición del paciente en decúbito prono o supino (IC 95%: 0,57-2,57, p = 0,6232). Conclusiones: La incidencia y gravedad de la hemorragia pulmonar depende de la tecnología de biopsia coaxial utilizada; siendo mayor en pacientes sometidos a una biopsia con tecnología full-core y menor después del uso de tecnología de corte. En este estudio de pronóstico no se estableció una correlación significativa entre la hemorragia pulmonar parenquimatosa y la posición del paciente o la dignidad de la lesión


Objectives: To evaluate the frequency and severity of pulmonary parenchymal hemorrhage after coaxial transthoracic needle biopsy of the lung, according to procedural factors, not yet described in literature. The aim of this study was to determine whether the choice of the coaxial biopsy technology, patient positioning and the lesion dignity are three new variables influencing the risk of parenchymal hemorrhage after coaxial biopsies of the lung. Methods: Records from 117 patients who underwent transthoracic needle biopsies of the lung between January 2018 and April 2020 have been retrospectively reviewed. The primary outcome was pulmonary hemorrhage. A grading system has been used to classify pulmonary parenchymal hemorrhage: Grade 0 ­ Grade 3. Three novel patient, technique and lesion-related variables were evaluated as predictors of pulmonary hemorrhage: coaxial biopsy technology, patient positioning and lesion dignity. Results: Out of the 117 patients, 18 (15,4%) patients with cutting coaxial biopsy technology, versus 29 (24,8%) patients with full core coaxial technology showed significant hemorrhage on the post-biopsy control scans. (95% CI 0,06-0,33, p<0,0001). No significant difference in pulmonary hemorrhage between benign and malignant histological diagnosis (95% CI 0,84-4,44, p=0,1199) and prone or supine patient positioning (95% CI: 0,57-2,57, p= 0,6232) was found. Conclusions: The incidence and severity of pulmonary hemorrhage depends on the coaxial biopsy technology used; being higher in patients undergoing a biopsy with full-core technology and lower after the use of cutting technology. No significant correlation between parenchymal pulmonary hemorrhage and patient positioning or lesion dignity was established in this prognostic study.


Subject(s)
Humans , Prognosis , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Lung Injury/therapy , Image-Guided Biopsy/methods , Hemorrhage/prevention & control , Supine Position
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921921

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the clinical efficacy of total hip arthroplasty with conventional instrument OCM approach and posterolateral approach in supine position.@*METHODS@#From February 2017 to January 2019, 67 patients underwent hip arthroplasty due to hip diseases, including 21 patients in the minimally invasive group, 12 males and 9 females;there were 10 cases of femoral neck fracture, 5 cases of aseptic necrosis of femoral head and 6 cases of hip osteoarthritis. In the traditional group, 46 cases were treated by traditional posterolateral approach, including 28 males and 18 females;there were 24 cases of femoral neck fracture, 12 cases of aseptic necrosis of femoral head and 10 cases of hip osteoarthritis. All patientsused biological ceramic artificial joint prosthesis. The operation time, intraoperative bleeding, incision length, preoperative and postoperative creatine kinase (CK-NAC), underground activity time, hospital stay, abduction angle and anteversion angle of prosthesis were observed and compared between two groups. Harris scores before operation and 12 months after operation were compared between two groups.@*RESULTS@#All cases were followed up for 14 to 26(18.4±3.6) months. There was no significant difference in intraoperative bleeding, postoperative anteversion and abduction angle between two groups (@*CONCLUSION@#The two approaches of total hip arthroplasty can obtain satisfactory results.OCM approach has less damage and rapid postoperative recovery. It is a reliable surgical approach and can be popularized and used.


Subject(s)
Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip , Female , Femoral Neck Fractures/surgery , Femur Head , Hip Prosthesis , Humans , Male , Operative Time , Retrospective Studies , Supine Position , Treatment Outcome
3.
Coluna/Columna ; 19(4): 255-257, Oct.-Dec. 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1133594

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective To evaluate the displacement of nerve structures according to the decubitus position of the patient in a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) study. Methods MRI was performed at a radiology clinic in 20 patients in dorsal and right lateral decubitus. The measurement considered was the shortest distance between the dura mater and the medial wall of the pedicle. Results The largest measurement was 11.6 mm in left lateral decubitus, 12.2 mm in right lateral decubitus, 10.5 mm in right dorsal decubitus, and 9.2 mm in left dorsal decubitus. In some patients the space between the medial wall of the pedicle and the dura mater was larger when in lateral decubitus, while in others when in dorsal decubitus. The mean displacement of the measurements on the left was 1.14 mm and on the right 1.355 mm. Conclusions The structures moved on average little more than 1 mm in the positions studied. The positioning of the patient for surgery does not change the space to be approached, being the surgeon's choice according to his learning curve. Level of evidence II; Prospective study of lower quality.


RESUMO Objetivo Avaliar o deslocamento das estruturas nervosas conforme o decúbito do paciente em um estudo de Ressonância Nuclear Magnética (RNM). Métodos Foram realizadas RNM em 20 pacientes em uma clínica de radiologia em decúbito dorsal e lateral direito. A medida considerada será a menor distância entre a dura-máter e a parede medial do pedículo. Resultados A maior medida em decúbito lateral esquerdo foi 11,6 mm, em decúbito lateral direito foi 12,2 mm, em decúbito dorsal direito foi 10,5 mm e no esquerdo, 9,2 mm. O espaço entre a parede medial do pedículo é maior em decúbito lateral em alguns pacientes e, em outros, em decúbito dorsal. O deslocamento médio das medidas à esquerda foi 1,14 mm e à direita 1,355 mm. Conclusões As estruturas se deslocaram, em média, pouco mais de 1 mm nas posições estudadas. O posicionamento do paciente na cirurgia não muda o espaço a ser abordado, sendo de escolha do cirurgião, conforme a sua curva de aprendizado. Nível de evidência II; Estudo prospectivo de menor qualidade .


RESUMEN Objetivo Evaluar el desplazamiento de las estructuras nerviosas conforme al decúbito del paciente en un estudio de Resonancia Nuclear Magnética (RNM). Métodos Fueron realizadas RNM en 20 pacientes en una clínica de radiología en decúbito dorsal y lateral derecho. La medida considerada será la menor distancia entre la duramadre y la pared medial del pedículo. Resultados La mayor medida en decúbito lateral izquierdo fue 11,6 mm, en decúbito lateral derecho fue 12,2 mm, en decúbito dorsal derecho fue 10,5 mm y en el izquierdo, 9,2 mm. El espacio entre la pared medial del pedículo es mayor en decúbito lateral en algunos pacientes y, en otros, en decúbito dorsal. El desplazamiento promedio de las medidas a la izquierda fue 1,14 mm y a la derecha de 1,355 mm. Conclusiones Las estructuras se desplazaron, en promedio, poco más de 1 mm en las posiciones estudiadas. El posicionamiento del paciente en la cirugía no cambia el espacio a ser abordado, siendo la elección del cirujano conforme a su curva de aprendizaje. Nivel de evidencia II; Estudio prospectivo de menor calidad.


Subject(s)
Humans , Low Back Pain , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Supine Position , Patient Positioning
4.
Rev. chil. pediatr ; 91(4): 529-535, ago. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1138667

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: La Academia Americana de Pediatría recomienda que los lactantes menores de un año duerman en posición supina para prevenir el síndrome de muerte súbita en lactantes (SMSL). OBJETIVO: Describir la posición en que duermen un grupo de lactantes y factores de riesgo asociados al SMSL. SUJETOS Y MÉTODO: Estudio piloto, prospectivo concurrente, de lactantes < 45 días de vida en control sano en Centro Médico San Joaquín UC Christus. Criterios de exclusión: prematurez (edad gestacional < 37 semanas) y patología de base (respiratorias, metabólicas, cardiológicas). Se aplicó encuesta al cuidador principal respecto a datos demográficos y hábitos de sueño, basada en encuesta BISQ (Brief Screening Questionnaire for Infant Sleep Problems) validada en español, dado la inexistencia de instru mentos para < 3 meses. RESULTADOS: Se obtuvo muestra de 100 lactantes de edad 16,78 ± 12,88 días de vida, siendo 57% mujeres. La madre fue el principal informante (84%). El 79% de los lactantes dor mían en decúbito supino, 19% lo hacía de lado y 2% en prono. El 66% dormía en cuna en habitación de los padres, 31% en la cama de los padres. El 74% se quedaban dormidos durante la alimentación. El 28% de los lactantes estaban expuestos a tabaquismo pasivo. El 91% cuidadores estaba informa do sobre la posición segura de sueño, siendo el principal informante el pediatra (54%). CONCLUSIONES: En esta muestra se encontró alto porcentaje de lactantes < 45 días que duermen en posición no segura, siendo frecuente el colecho. Es importante implementar campañas locales de prevención del SMSL que refuercen el hábito de dormir seguro.


INTRODUCTION: The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends, through the implementation of the "Back to Sleep (BTS)" campaign, the supine sleeping position for infant sleeping since it prevents to prevent Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS). OBJECTIVE: To describe the sleeping position of a group of infants and the risk factors associated with sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). SUBJECTS AND METHOD: Prospective pilot study, including infants < 45 days of life in well-child care visits at a medical center. Exclusion criteria: Preterm-born infant (gestational age < 37 weeks) and/or comorbidities (pulmonary, metabolic, cardiologic). A brief parental questionnaire was conducted regarding general demographic data and sleep habits. The questioner was based on the BISQ - Spanish version, due to the lack of validated instruments for infants < 3-month-old. RESULTS: We included a sample of 100 infants between 16.78 ± 12.88 days old (57% girls). Mothers were the main information source (84%). 79% of the infants slept in supine position, 19% slept on their sides, and 2% in prone position. Regarding the place where the infants slept, 66% did in their crib in the parents' room and 31% slept in parents' bed. 74% of infants fell asleep while being fed. 28% of infants were exposed to passive smoking at home. 91% of parents were informed about safe sleep positions, reporting that pediatricians were the main source of information (54%). CONCLUSION: We found a high percentage of infants < 45 days of life who slept in an unsafe position, and frequently co-sleep with their parents. Thus, it is important to implement local SIDS prevention campaigns to reinforce safe infant sleep.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Sleep , Sudden Infant Death/etiology , Sudden Infant Death/prevention & control , Supine Position , Infant Care/methods , Logistic Models , Chile , Pilot Projects , Prospective Studies , Risk Factors , Practice Guidelines as Topic , Protective Factors , Infant Care/standards , Infant Care/statistics & numerical data
5.
Rev. bras. anestesiol ; 70(4): 443-447, July-Aug. 2020. graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1137201

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: There are various approaches to perform an ultrasound guided Quadratus Lumborum Block (QLB). The lateral, posterior, anterior or trans muscular and subcostal paramedian are the various approaches described for performing a QLB. Each of these blocks are aimed to achieve a maximum spread with high volume and low concentration of local anesthetics. Case report: In this novel approach a curvilinear ultrasound probe was used with the patient lying in supine position. The probe was placed longitudinally in the mid axillary line to visualize Quadratus Lumborum Muscle (QLM) in the coronal plane. The needle was then introduced from cranial to caudal direction and catheters were inserted in the Anterior Thoracolumbar Fascia (ATLF) up to a distance of 4-5 cm in 24 patients for an anterior approach to acetabulum fractures. The needle tip and the Local Anesthetic (LA) spread was visible in all patients. All patients except 4 had excellent perioperative pain relief considering stable hemodynamics and VAS 2-3/10 for the first 48 hours. All patients received 1 g intravenous paracetamol each 8 hours. VAS in postoperative period was 2-3/10, in 20/24 patients. In the postoperative period, 4 patients complained of persistent pain, requiring intravenous fentanyl boluses and multimodal analgesia. Mean VAS score was 2.87 from 0-12 hours, 3.14 from 12-24 hours and 3.35 from 24-48 hours. There were no block-related complications in any patient. Conclusion: The supine midaxillary coronal approach to anterior QLB is an effective and feasible approach to QLB which can be performed in supine position.


Resumo Justificativa: Existem várias abordagens para a realização do Bloqueio do Quadrado Lombar (BQL) guiado por ultrassom. Diversas abordagens são descritas para a realização do BQL: paramediana lateral, posterior, anterior ou transmuscular e subcostal, todas com o objetivo de obter a máxima dispersão da solução injetada, usando-se alto volume e baixa concentração de anestésico local. Relato de caso: Nesta nova abordagem, a sonda de ultrassom curvilínea foi usada com o paciente em decúbito dorsal. A sonda foi posicionada longitudinalmente na linha axilar média para visualizar o Músculo Quadrado Lombar (MQL) no plano coronal. A agulha foi introduzida na direção cranial-caudal, e foram inseridos cateteres na Fáscia Toracolombar Anterior (FTLA) até uma distância de 4-5 cm, em 24 pacientes a serem submetidos à correção de fratura do acetábulo pela via anterior. O bisel da agulha e a dispersão do Anestésico Local (AL) eram visíveis em todos os pacientes. Os 24 pacientes, com exceção de quatro, apresentaram excelente analgesia perioperatória, baseando-se na estabilidade hemodinâmica e nos escores EVA de 2-3/10 nas primeiras 48 horas. Todos os pacientes receberam 1 g de paracetamol intravenoso a cada 8 horas. O escore EVA no período pós-operatório foi de 2-3/10, em 20 dos 24 pacientes. No período pós-operatório, quatro pacientes apresentaram queixa de dor persistente, necessitando de bolus de fentanil por via intravenosa e analgesia multimodal. O escore médio da EVA no pós-operatório foi 2,87 entre 0-12 horas; 3,14 entre 12-24 horas e 3,35 entre 24-48 horas pós-operatórias. Não houve complicações relacionadas ao bloqueio em nenhum paciente. Conclusão: A abordagem supina axilar média coronal para BQL anterior é eficaz e viável para BQL, e pode ser realizada com os pacientes em decúbito dorsal.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Pain, Postoperative/prevention & control , Anesthetics, Local/administration & dosage , Nerve Block/methods , Time Factors , Supine Position , Abdominal Muscles , Ultrasonography, Interventional , Acetabulum/surgery , Acetabulum/injuries , Acetaminophen/administration & dosage , Middle Aged , Nerve Block/adverse effects
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828297

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect and feasibility of closed reduction and internal fixation with PFNA in the treatment of intertrochanteric fracture of femur in the supine position without traction bed.@*METHODS@#From June 2014 to March 2018, 45 patients with intertrochanteric fracture of femur who were treated and followed up were analyzed retrospectively. There were 21 males and 24 females, with an average age of 67.4 years (43 to 92 years);18 cases on the left side and 27 on the right side. According to Evans Jensen classification, there were 7 patients of type Ⅱ, 17 patients of type Ⅲ, 16 patients of type Ⅳ and 5 patients of type Ⅴ. The time from injury to operationwas 2 to 6 days. The operation time, blood loss and fracture healing, closing time, postoperative complications and Harris score of hip joint were recorded.@*RESULTS@#The operation time of 45 patients was 35 to 80 min, with an average of 52.6 min;the intraoperative bleeding volume was 40 to 110 ml, with an average of 68.7 ml;the hospitalization time was 6 to 11 days, with an average of 8.4 days;the follow up time was 12 to 18 months, with an average of 14.7 months;the internal fixation of 2 patients failed, and 43 patients achieved bony healing;the deep vein thrombosis of the lower extremity in the perioperative period was 1 case, and the inferior vena cava filter was inserted;the internal fixation of 2 patients was cut out, and the hip was renovated. The incidence of complications was 8.9%(4 / 45). At the final follow up, Harris score of hip joint was 56 to 95 (81.30±8.40), including excellent 15 cases, good 26 cases, fair 2 cases and poor 2 cases.@*CONCLUSION@#It is safe and feasible to treat intertrochanteric fracture of femur with closed reduction and anti rotation intramedullary nailing under the bed without traction in a supine position. It has the advantages of small trauma and low complications, and the clinical effect is satisfactory. It is worth popularizing and using in basic hospitals.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Bone Nails , Female , Fracture Fixation, Intramedullary , Hip Fractures , General Surgery , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Supine Position , Treatment Outcome
7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-810984

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the technical feasibility of intranodal lymphangiography and thoracic duct (TD) access in a canine model.MATERIALS AND METHODS: Five male mongrel dogs were studied. The dog was placed in the supine position, and the most prominent lymph node in the groin was accessed using a 26-gauge spinal needle under ultrasonography (US) guidance. If the cisterna chyli (CC) was not opacified by bilateral lymphangiography, the medial iliac lymph nodes were directly punctured and Lipiodol was injected. After opacification, the CC was directly punctured with a 22-gauge needle. A 0.018-in microguidewire was advanced through the CC and TD. A 4-Fr introducer and dilator were then advanced over the wire. The microguidewire was changed to a 0.035-in guidewire, and this was advanced into the left subclavian vein through the terminal valve of the TD. Retrograde TD access was performed using a snare kit.RESULTS: US-guided lymphangiography (including intranodal injection of Lipiodol [Guerbet]) was successful in all five dogs. However, in three of the five dogs (60%), the medial iliac lymph nodes were not fully opacified due to overt Lipiodol extravasation at the initial injection site. In these dogs, contralateral superficial inguinal intranodal injection was performed. However, two of these three dogs subsequently underwent direct medial iliac lymph node puncture under fluoroscopy guidance to deliver additional Lipiodol into the lymphatic system. Transabdominal CC puncture and cannulation with a 4-Fr introducer was successful in all five dogs. Transvenous retrograde catheterization of the TD (performed using a snare kit) was also successful in all five dogs.CONCLUSION: A canine model may be appropriate for intranodal lymphangiography and TD access. Most lymphatic intervention techniques can be performed in a canine using the same instruments that are employed in a clinical setting.


Subject(s)
Animals , Catheterization , Catheters , Dogs , Ethiodized Oil , Fluoroscopy , Groin , Humans , Lymph Nodes , Lymphatic System , Lymphography , Male , Needles , Punctures , SNARE Proteins , Subclavian Vein , Supine Position , Thoracic Duct , Ultrasonography
8.
Chonnam Medical Journal ; : 68-74, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787271

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to assess the potential of a prone chest CT for the evaluation of esophageal cancer, as compared with a routine supine chest CT. 69 patients (67±18 years old) with pathologically confirmed esophageal cancers underwent MDCT in the supine and prone positions. The supine CT was performed first, followed by the prone position. Localization and staging of individual esophageal lesions on both the prone and supine CTs were assessed by two thoracic radiologists, using a scoring system that consisted of three confidence scales, and the results were correlated with the endoscopic and surgical findings. The mean confidence score for the detection of esophageal cancer was higher in the prone position (2.58±0.74) than that in the supine position (2.42±0.83) with statistical significance (p=0.002). The mean confidence score for predicting local invasion in the selected patients (n=18) who underwent esophagectomy was also higher in the prone position (2.39±0.85) than that in the supine position (2.06±0.73) with statistical significance (p=0.01). In 10 of 11 cases that showed definitive determination for periesophageal infiltration or adjacent organ invasion on the prone CT (score 3), the corresponding findings were also observed in the post-operative evaluations. In conclusion, prone chest CT for evaluating esophageal cancer could have advantages in regards to the localization of esophageal cancer and predicting local invasion compared to that of routine supine CT and can improve the diagnostic accuracy of chest CTs.


Subject(s)
Diagnostic Imaging , Esophageal Neoplasms , Esophagectomy , Humans , Prone Position , Supine Position , Thorax , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Weights and Measures
9.
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 77(12): 848-854, Dec. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1055204

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Vitamin D is a pleiotropic steroid hormone that modulates the autonomic balance. Its deficiency has been described as an environmental risk factor for multiple sclerosis (MS). The aim of this study was to investigate the serum levels of vitamin D, vitamin D binding protein (VDBP) and vitamin D receptors (VDR) and to evaluate cardiac dysautonomia in MS patients due to bidirectional interaction between vitamin D and the autonomic nervous system. Methods: The current cross-sectional study was conducted on 26 patients with relapsing-remitting MS and on 24 healthy controls. Twenty-four-hour ambulatory blood pressure variability (BPV) was calculated and the participants were evaluated for orthostatic hypotension and supine hypertension. Serum levels of vitamin D, VDBP and VDR were measured. Results: The mean serum vitamin D level was significantly lower in MS patients than in controls (p = 0.044); however there was no significant difference in terms of VDR and VDBP levels between the groups. Supine hypertension and orthostatic hypotension were significant and the 24-hour systolic BPV was significantly decreased in patients with MS (p < 0.05) compared to controls. No correlation was found between vitamin D, VDBP and VDR with supine hypertension, orthostatic hypotension and systolic BPV values (p > 0.05). Also, there was a negative correlation between VDBP and the EDSS (p = 0.039, r = −0.406). Conclusion: There was no correlation between orthostatic hypotension, supine hypertension and systolic BPV values and serum vitamin D, VDBP and VDR in MS patients. Future prospective studies with large number of patients may help us to better understand the relationship between vitamin D and the autonomic nervous system.


RESUMO A vitamina D é um hormônio esteroide pleiotrópico que modula o equilíbrio autonômico. Sua deficiência tem sido descrita como fator de risco ambiental para esclerose múltipla (EM). O objetivo deste estudo foi investigar os níveis séricos de vitamina D, proteína de ligação à vitamina D (VDBP) e receptor de vitamina D (VDR) e avaliar a disautonomia cardíaca em pacientes com EM devida à interação bidirecional entre vitamina D e sistema nervoso autônomo. Métodos: O presente estudo transversal foi realizado em 26 pacientes com EM remitente-recorrente e em 24 controles saudáveis. A variabilidade da pressão arterial ambulatorial (BPV) por 24 horas foi calculada e os participantes foram avaliados quanto à hipotensão ortostática e hipertensão supina. Os níveis séricos de vitamina D, VDBP e VDR foram medidos. Resultados: O nível sérico médio de vitamina D foi significativamente menor nos pacientes com EM do que nos controles (p = 0,044); no entanto, não houve diferença significativa em termos de níveis de VDR e VDBP entre os grupos. Hipertensão supina e hipotensão ortostática foram significativas e a BPV sistólica de 24 horas diminuiu significativamente em pacientes com EM (p < 0,05) em comparação aos controles. Não foi encontrada correlação entre vitamina D, VDBP e VDR com hipertensão supina, hipotensão ortostática e BPV sistólica (p > 0,05). Também houve correlação negativa entre VDBP e EDSS (p = 0,039, r = −0,406). Conclusão: Não houve correlação entre hipotensão ortostática, hipertensão supina e valores de BPV sistólica e vitamina D sérica, VDBP e VDR em pacientes com EM. Futuros estudos prospectivos com grande número de pacientes podem nos ajudar a entender melhor a relação entre vitamina D e sistema nervoso autônomo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Autonomic Nervous System Diseases/blood , Vitamin D/blood , Vitamin D-Binding Protein/blood , Receptors, Calcitriol/blood , Multiple Sclerosis, Relapsing-Remitting/blood , Primary Dysautonomias/blood , Reference Values , Autonomic Nervous System Diseases/physiopathology , Vitamin D Deficiency/complications , Vitamin D Deficiency/blood , Blood Pressure/physiology , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Case-Control Studies , Cross-Sectional Studies , Risk Factors , Supine Position/physiology , Statistics, Nonparametric , Multiple Sclerosis, Relapsing-Remitting/physiopathology , Primary Dysautonomias/etiology , Primary Dysautonomias/physiopathology , Heart Rate/physiology , Hypertension/physiopathology , Hypertension/blood , Hypotension, Orthostatic/physiopathology , Hypotension, Orthostatic/blood
10.
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 77(9): 609-616, Sept. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1038752

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) occurs in up to 66% of Parkinson's disease (PD) patients, higher than in the general population. Although it is more prevalent, the relationship between OSA and PD remains controversial, with some studies confirming and others denying the relationship of OSA with some risk factors and symptoms in patients with PD. Objective: To determine the factors associated with OSA in PD patients com DP. Methods: A cross-sectional study was performed with 88 consecutive patients with PD from the outpatient clinic. Participants underwent clinical interviews with neurologists and a psychiatrist, assessment using standardized scales (Epworth Sleepiness Scale, Parkinson's Disease Questionnaire, Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index and, for individuals with a diagnosis of restless legs syndrome/Willis-Ekbom disease, the International Restless Legs Syndrome Rating Scale), and video-polysomnography. Results: Individuals with PD and OSA were older and had less insomnia than those with PD without OSA. Regarding the polysomnographic variables, we observed a lower percentage of stage N3 sleep, a higher arousal index, and a higher oxygen desaturation index in those individuals with OSA, relative to those without OSA. In the multivariate analysis, only the percentage of stage N3 sleep and the oxygen desaturation index were significantly different. Besides this, most of the PD patients with OSA had a correlation with sleeping in the supine position (58% of OSA individuals). Conclusion: The PD patients showed a high prevalence of OSA, with the supine position exerting a significant influence on the OSA in these patients, and some factors that are associated with OSA in the general population did not seem to have a greater impact on PD patients.


RESUMO A Apneia Obstrutiva do Sono (AOS) chega a acometer até 66% dos pacientes com doença de Parkinson (DP), prevalência maior, portanto, que a da população geral. Embora seja mais prevalente, a relação entre AOS e DP permanence controversa, com trabalhos confirmando e outros afastando a relação de AOS com alguns fatores de risco e sintomas em pacientes com DP. Objetivo: Determinar quais fatores estão relacionados à AOS em pacientes com DP. Métodos: Estudo transversal, observacional, realizado com 88 pacientes com DP, provenientes do ambulatório de hospital público. Os pacientes foram submetidos à entrevista clínica com neurologista e psiquiatra, à aplicação de escalas padronizadas (escala de sonolência de Epworth, questionário de qualidade de vida da DP, índice de qualidade de sono de Pittsburgh e, para os indivíduos com diagnóstico de Síndrome das Pernas Inquietas, a escala internacional de graduação da SPI), e vídeo-polissonografia. Resultados: Indivíduos com DP e AOS apresentaram maior idade e menor prevalência de insônia crônica que os indivíduos com DP, sem AOS. Em relação às variáveis polissonográficas, observamos uma baixa proporção de sono N3, elevado índice de microdespertares e maior índice de desaturações nos indivíduos com AOS, em comparação ao grupo sem AOS. Na análise multivariada, apenas a porcentagem de sono N3 e o índice de dessaturação permaneceu significativo. Além disso, a maior parte dos pacientes tem relação com a posição supina (58% dos pacientes com AOS). Conclusão: Pacientes com DP apresentaram prevalência elevada de AOS, a posição supina exerceu influência importante na AOS destes pacientes e alguns fatores que estão associados à AOS na população geral não mostraram impacto significativo nos pacientes com DP.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Parkinson Disease/complications , Parkinson Disease/epidemiology , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive/complications , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive/epidemiology , Quality of Life , Sleep Stages/physiology , Time Factors , Brazil/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Multivariate Analysis , Surveys and Questionnaires , Risk Factors , Supine Position/physiology , Polysomnography , Statistics, Nonparametric
11.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 45(5): 956-964, Sept.-Dec. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1040071

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose We aimed to compare the outcomes of supine and prone miniaturized percutaneous nephrolithotomy (m-PNL) in the treatment of lower pole, middle pole and renal pelvic stones. Materials and Methods 54 patients who performed supine m-PNL between January 2017 and March 2018 and 498 patients who performed prone m-PNL between April 2015 and January 2018 were included in the study. Of the 498 patients, 108 matching 1: 2 in terms of age, gender, body mass index, American Association of Anesthesiology score, stone size, stone localization and hydronephrosis according to the supine m-PNL group were selected as prone m-PNL group. The patients with solitary kidney, upper pole stone, urinary system anomaly or skeletal malformation and pediatric patients (<18 years old) were excluded from the study. The success was defined as 'complete stone clearance' and was determined according to the 1st month computed tomography. Results The operation time and fluoroscopy time in supine m-PNL was significantly shorter than prone m-PNL group (58.1±45.9 vs. 80.1±40.0 min and 3.0±1.7 min vs. 4.9±4.5 min, p=0.025 and p=0.01, respectively). When post-operative complications were compared according to the modified Clavien-Dindo classification, overall and subgroup complication rates were comparable between groups. There was no significant difference between the groups in terms of the success rates (supine m-PNL; 72.2%, prone m-PNL; 71.3%, p=0.902). Conclusions Supine m-PNL procedure is more advantageous in terms of operation time and fluoroscopy time in the treatment of lower pole, middle pole and renal pelvic stones.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Kidney Calculi/surgery , Supine Position , Prone Position , Patient Positioning/methods , Nephrolithotomy, Percutaneous/methods , Fluoroscopy/methods , Kidney Calculi/pathology , Reproducibility of Results , Treatment Outcome , Matched-Pair Analysis , Statistics, Nonparametric , Operative Time , Kidney Pelvis/surgery , Middle Aged
12.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 34(3): 305-310, Jun. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1013457

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: The aim of the present study was to investigate the acute response to aerobic exercise on autonomic cardiac control of patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). Methods: The study sample consisted of eight patients (age: 58.6±7.7 years; body mass index: 26.7±3.5 kg.m2) who underwent a successful CABG (no complications during surgery and/or in the following weeks). To assess heart rate variability (HRV), participants remained in a supine position with a 30-degree head elevation for 20 minutes. Electrocardiographic signal (protocol with three derivations) was collected from 600 Hz sample rate to obtain beat-to-beat intervals (R-R interval). This assessment was performed before, after one hour and after 24 hours of the exercise session. All patients underwent a 35 minutes aerobic exercise session (AES) (low-moderate intensity) on the cycle ergometer. Results: Significant differences were found in the time domain, with positive changes in root mean square of successive RR interval differences (rMSSD) (ms) (parasympathetic component) (one [P=0.017] and 24 hours [P=0.007] post-session). In the frequency domain, we found a significant difference in high frequency (HF) (ms2) (parasympathetic component) (one hour [P=0.048] post-session). The low frequency (LF)/HF ratio (sympathetic and parasympathetic components with a predominance of the sympathetic component) reached statistical significance only 24 hours (P=0.018) post-session. Additionally, the largest effect size was observed only for the LF/HF ratio at one (d=-0.8) and 24 hours (d=-1.3) after one AES. Conclusion: The practice of (acute) aerobic exercise improved autonomic cardiac control in patients undergoing CABG.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Autonomic Nervous System/physiopathology , Exercise/physiology , Coronary Artery Bypass/rehabilitation , Exercise Therapy/methods , Cardiac Rehabilitation/methods , Heart Rate/physiology , Reference Values , Time Factors , Body Mass Index , Reproducibility of Results , Analysis of Variance , Treatment Outcome , Supine Position/physiology , Statistics, Nonparametric , Electrocardiography
13.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 82(3): 200-206, May-June 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1001295

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: Obesity is accepted as a risk factor for postoperative visual loss due to possible perioperative elevations in intraocular pressure. This study investigated whether intraocular pressure changes differed according to the body mass index of patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Methods: Thirty obese and 30 non-obese patients (body mass index cutoff point, 30 kg/m2) undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy were enrolled. Intraocular pressure was measured at baseline (T1), after induction of anesthesia (T2), 5 min after initiation of mechanical ventilation (T3), 5 min after pneumoperitoneum inflation (T4), 5 min after the patient was placed in the head-up position (T5), 5 min after deflation with the patient in the supine position (T6), and 5 min after extubation with the patient in the 30 degrees upright position (T7). Results: The mean intraocular pressure values of the obese and non-obese groups were similar at T1 (16.60 ± 2.93 and 16.87 ± 2.85 mmHg respectively). In both groups, intraocular pressure decreased following initiation of anesthesia (T2) (p<0.001, T2 vs T1). Intraocular pressure values at T7 were significantly higher than those at T1 in the obese (20.38 ± 4.11 mmHg, p<0.001) and non-obese (20.93 ± 4.37 mmHg, p<0.01) groups. There were no significant differences between intraocular pressure values of obese and non-obese patients at any time point. Conclusions: Obesity is not correlated with intraocular pressure during short laparoscopic surgeries with the patient in the head-up position.


RESUMO Objetivo: A obesidade é aceita como um fator de risco para a perda visual pós-operatória devido a possíveis elevações perioperatórias da pressão intraocular. Este estudo investigou se as alterações na pressão intraocular diferem de acordo com o índice de massa corporal dos pacientes submetidos à colecistectomia laparoscópica. Métodos: Trinta pacientes obesos e 30 não-obesos (limiar de índice de massa corporal de 30 kg/m2), submetidos à colecistectomia laparoscópica foram incluídos. A pressão intraocular foi medida no início do estudo (T1), após a indução anestésica (T2), 5 min após o início da ventilação mecânica (T3), 5 min após a insuflação do pneumoperitôneo (T4), 5 min após o posicionamento vertical da cabeça (T5), 5 min após a deflação na posição em decúbito dorsal (T6) e 5 min após a extubação com o paciente na posição vertical de 30 graus (T7). Resultados: Os valores médios da pressão intraocular dos grupos obeso e não obeso foram semelhantes no T1 (16,60 ± 2,93 e 16,87 ± 2,85 mmHg, respectivamente). Em ambos os grupos, a pressão intraocular diminuiu após o início da anestesia (T2) (p<0,001, T2 vs T1). Os valores da pressão intraocular em T7 foram significativamente maiores do que aqueles em T1 nos grupos obesos (20,38 ± 4,11 mmHg, p<0,001) e não obesos (20,93 ± 4,37 mmHg, p<0,01). Não houve diferenças significativas entre os valores de pressão intraocular de pacientes obesos e não obesos em qualquer momento. Conclusões: A obesidade não está correlacionada com a pressão intraocular durante cirurgias laparoscópicas curtas com o paciente em posição de cabeça erguida.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Cholecystectomy, Laparoscopic/adverse effects , Intraocular Pressure/physiology , Obesity/complications , Obesity/physiopathology , Reference Values , Time Factors , Tonometry, Ocular/methods , Body Mass Index , Ocular Hypertension/etiology , Ocular Hypertension/physiopathology , Analysis of Variance , Supine Position/physiology , Statistics, Nonparametric , Patient Positioning
14.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 45(1): 108-117, Jan.-Feb. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-989956

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: To compare the outcomes of percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) performed in the prone position (PRON) and in three variations of the supine position. Materials and Methods: We performed a retrospective analysis of patients that underwent PCNL at our institution from June 2011 to October 2016 in PRON and in three variations of the supine position: complete supine (COMPSUP), original Valdivia (VALD), and Galdakao - modified Valdivia (GALD). All patients had a complete pre - operative evaluation, including computed tomography (CT). Success was defined as the absence of residual fragments larger than 4 mm on the first post - operative day CT. Results: We analyzed 393 PCNLs: 100 in COMPSUP, 94 in VALD, 100 in GALD, and 99 in PRON. The overall success rate was 50.9% and was similar among groups (p = 0.428). There were no differences between groups in the number of punctures, stone - free rate, frequency of blood transfusions, drop in hemoglobin level, length of hospital stay, and severe complications (Clavien ≥ 3). COMPSUP had a significantly lower operative time than the other positions. COMPSUP had lower fluoroscopy time than VALD. Conclusion: Patient positioning in PCNL does not seem to impact the rates of success or severe complications. However, COMPSUP is associated with a shorter surgical time than the other positions.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Kidney Calculi/surgery , Supine Position , Prone Position , Nephrolithotomy, Percutaneous/methods , Treatment Outcome , Operative Time , Length of Stay , Middle Aged
15.
J. bras. pneumol ; 45(5): e20180067, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-990118

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To compare the effects that prone and supine positioning during high-frequency oscillatory ventilation (HFOV) have on oxygenation and lung inflammation, histological injury, and oxidative stress in a rabbit model of acute lung injury (ALI). Methods: Thirty male Norfolk white rabbits were induced to ALI by tracheal saline lavage (30 mL/kg, 38°C). The injury was induced during conventional mechanical ventilation, and ALI was considered confirmed when a PaO2/FiO2 ratio < 100 mmHg was reached. Rabbits were randomly divided into two groups: HFOV in the supine position (SP group, n = 15); and HFOV with prone positioning (PP group, n = 15). For HFOV, the mean airway pressure was initially set at 16 cmH2O. At 30, 60, and 90 min after the start of the HFOV protocol, the mean airway pressure was reduced to 14, 12, and 10 cmH2O, respectively. At 120 min, the animals were returned to or remained in the supine position for an extra 30 min. We evaluated oxygenation indices and histological lung injury scores, as well as TNF-α levels in BAL fluid and lung tissue. Results: After ALI induction, all of the animals showed significant hypoxemia, decreased respiratory system compliance, decreased oxygenation, and increased mean airway pressure in comparison with the baseline values. There were no statistically significant differences between the two groups, at any of the time points evaluated, in terms of the PaO2 or oxygenation index. However, TNF-α levels in BAL fluid were significantly lower in the PP group than in the SP group, as were histological lung injury scores. Conclusions: Prone positioning appears to attenuate inflammatory and histological lung injury during HFOV in rabbits with ALI.


RESUMO Objetivo: Comparar os efeitos das posições prona e supina durante ventilação oscilatória de alta frequência (VOAF) sobre oxigenação e inflamação pulmonar, lesão histológica e estresse oxidativo em um modelo de lesão pulmonar aguda (LPA) em coelhos. Métodos: Trinta coelhos Norfolk machos brancos foram submetidos à LPA por meio de lavagem traqueal com salina (30 ml/kg, 38°C). A lesão foi induzida durante a ventilação mecânica convencional, e a LPA foi considerada confirmada na presença de relação PaO2/FiO2 < 100 mmHg. Os coelhos foram aleatoriamente divididos em dois grupos: VOAF em posição supina (grupo PS, n = 15); e VOAF em posição prona (grupo PP, n = 15). Para a VOAF, a pressão média das vias aéreas foi inicialmente estabelecida em 16 cmH2O. No 30º, 60º e 90º min após o início do protocolo de VOAF, a pressão média das vias aéreas foi reduzida para 14, 12 e 10 cmH2O, respectivamente. No 120º min, os animais foram recolocados ou permaneceram na posição supina por mais 30 min. Foram avaliados os índices de oxigenação e escores histológicos de lesão pulmonar, bem como os níveis de TNF-α em lavado broncoalveolar e tecido pulmonar. Resultados: Após a indução da LPA, todos os animais apresentaram hipoxemia significativa, diminuição da complacência do sistema respiratório, diminuição da oxigenação e aumento da pressão média das vias aéreas em comparação aos valores basais. Não houve diferenças estatisticamente significativas entre os dois grupos, em nenhum dos momentos avaliados, quanto a PaO2 e índice de oxigenação. Entretanto, os níveis de TNF-α no lavado broncoalveolar foram significativamente menores no grupo PP que no grupo PS, assim como os escores histológicos de lesão pulmonar. Conclusões: A posição prona parece atenuar a lesão pulmonar inflamatória e histológica durante a VOAF em coelhos com LPA.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Male , Rats , High-Frequency Ventilation/methods , Supine Position/physiology , Prone Position/physiology , Acute Lung Injury/prevention & control , Oxygen/metabolism , Reference Values , Time Factors , Bronchoalveolar Lavage Fluid/chemistry , High-Frequency Ventilation/adverse effects , Lipid Peroxidation , Prospective Studies , Reproducibility of Results , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/analysis , Oxidative Stress , Models, Animal , Acute Lung Injury/pathology
16.
Clinics ; 74: e806, 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1011910

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: The reliability of heart rate variability (HRV) analysis is not yet fully understood, especially considering different body positions and the mathematical influence of heart rate. The aim of this study was to evaluate the reliability of HRV in supine and standing positions, with and without mathematical adjustment of HRV by the average R-R interval (iRR). METHODS: We evaluated 37 young males (23.1±4 years; 25.1±3 kg/m2). A 5-min segment of the iRR was collected in the supine and standing positions on three occasions separated by 48-hour intervals. Absolute and relative reliability of temporal and spectral indices were assessed by the coefficient of variation (CV) and the intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC), respectively. RESULTS: We did not observe differences in HRV indices in the three occasions in the supine or standing position (p>0.05). Moderate to good reproducibility was observed for temporal and spectral indices of HRV in the supine position (ICC: 0.65-0.89; CV: 0.9-19.8). In the orthostatic position, low to good reproducibility was observed (ICC: 0.35-0.89; CV: 1.1-34.8), with higher ICCs for temporal indices. After mathematical adjustment, only a small modification in HRV reliability was observed in both positions. CONCLUSIONS: In young adult males, the mathematical adjustment of HRV by the average iRR led to a nonsignificant effect on HRV reliability. Additionally, HRV reliability is dependent on body position and the index analyzed. Promising measures in both supine and standing positions include r-MSSD and the HF band (parasympathetic indices).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Young Adult , Supine Position/physiology , Standing Position , Heart Rate/physiology , Reference Values , Body Mass Index , Reproducibility of Results , Statistics, Nonparametric , Models, Theoretical
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-786242

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Air-QⓇ laryngeal mask airway (LMA) is a second-generation supraglottic airway device (SAD) providing adequate airway control despite the unfavorable airway anatomy in children. Several studies have assessed it as a conduit for tracheal intubation and compared its efficacy with that of other SADs, but there are no studies comparing the laryngeal view with midline and rotational insertion techniques of Air-Q. Therefore, this study compared the fiber-optic bronchoscopic (FOB) assessment of the Air-Q position using these two insertion techniques.METHODS: This randomized controlled trial included 80 patients of the American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status I/II of either sex (age group 5–12 years, weight 10–30 kg), who were scheduled for elective surgery in the supine position under general anesthesia. The patients were randomly subjected to rotational and midline technique groups (n = 40, each), and appropriate sized Air-Q, based on the weight of the patient, was inserted using the technique allocated to each patient. Time taken and number of attempts for successful insertion of the devices and any complications after removal of device were studied.RESULTS: FOB grade 1 (ideal position) was seen in 29/40 (72.5%) and 19/40 (47.5%) children subjected to the rotational and classic midline techniques, respectively (P = 0.045). The time taken to successfully insert the Air-Q was significantly lesser in the rotational technique group (7.2 ± 1.5 s) than in the classic midline technique group (10.2 ± 2.1 s) (P < 0.001), whereas complications were similar in both groups.CONCLUSIONS: The rotational technique was associated with better FOB view, and was faster than the classic midline technique of Air-Q insertion in pediatric patients.


Subject(s)
Airway Management , Anesthesia, General , Child , Humans , Intubation , Laryngeal Masks , Prospective Studies , Supine Position
18.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-786053

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study examined the effects of slashpipe exercise on reducing the thickness of the left and right external oblique, internal oblique, transverse abdominis, erector spinae, and multifidus muscles.METHODS: A total of 29 healthy adult men and women were included in the study. They performed trunk flexion in the supine position and trunk extension in the prone position with a slashpipe and weight bar. The external oblique, internal oblique, and transverse abdominis muscles were measured in the supine position, while the erector spinae and multifidus muscles were measured in the prone position. The data were analyzed using the SPSS ver 21.0 statistical program. The difference in thickness between the right and left sides of the trunk muscle was analyzed by repeated measures analysis. The statistical significance level was set to p<0.05.RESULTS: The results showed that the slashpipe exercise reduced significantly the difference in thickness of the oblique internus and erector spinae muscles compared to the weight bar exercise.CONCLUSION: The chaotic fluidity of the fluid filled inside the slashpipe could be used as sensory feedback information on body mal-alignment, which would have positively affected the symmetrical contraction of the trunk muscles as a trigger for self-correction. Therefore, it will have a useful effect not only on the health of the general public, but also on low back patients and athletes with muscle asymmetry.


Subject(s)
Adult , Athletes , Feedback, Sensory , Female , Humans , Male , Muscle Contraction , Muscles , Paraspinal Muscles , Prone Position , Supine Position
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-785614

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Head elevation at an angle of 30° during cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) was hemodynamically beneficial compared to supine position in a previous porcine cardiac arrest experimental study. However, survival benefit of head-up elevation during CPR has not been clarified. This study aimed to assess the effect of head-up tilt position during CPR on 24-hour survival in a porcine cardiac arrest experimental model.METHODS: This was a randomized experimental trial using female farm pigs (n=18, 42±3 kg) sedated, intubated, and paralyzed on a tilting surgical table. After surgical preparation, 15 minutes of untreated ventricular fibrillation was induced. Then, 6 minutes of basic life support was performed in a position randomly assigned to either head-up tilt at 30° or supine with a mechanical CPR device, LUCAS-2, and an impedance threshold device, followed by 20 minutes of advanced cardiac life support in the same position. Primary outcome was 24-hour survival, analyzed by Fisher exact test.RESULTS: In the 8 pigs from the head-up tilt position group, one showed return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC); all eight pigs expired within 24 hours. In the eight pigs from the supine position group, six had the ROSC; six pigs survived for 24 hours and two expired. The head-up position group showed lower 24-hour survival rate and lower ROSC rate than supine position group (P<0.01).CONCLUSION: The use of head-up tilt position with 30 degrees during CPR showed lower 24-hour survival than the supine position.


Subject(s)
Advanced Cardiac Life Support , Agriculture , Animal Experimentation , Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation , Electric Impedance , Female , Head , Heart Arrest , Humans , Models, Theoretical , Supine Position , Survival Rate , Swine , Ventricular Fibrillation
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-785592

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: The head-tilt/chin-lift (HT/CL) is a simple, routinely used maneuver to open the upper airway. Changes in the peak expiratory flow rate (PEFR) before and after the HT/CL maneuver have not been evaluated among conscious volunteers who are regarded as a control cohort.METHODS: Sixty healthy 20-year-old volunteers (30 males and 30 females) were enrolled. The supine position was defined as the position at which the ear-eye line was at a 10° angle to the horizontal. The HT/CL position was defined as the position at which the ear-eye line was at a 25° angle to the horizontal. PEFR was measured using a hand-held device with the subject in the supine position (pre-PEFR) and HT/CL position (post-PEFR), respectively. One set was defined as these two measurements. Five sets of measurements were performed on each subject (300 sets). The set with the maximal and minimal difference between pre-PEFR and post-PEFR were excluded from the analysis. We used a paired t-test to compare the mean pre-PEFR and post-PEFR values for the entire group and subgroups divided by sex, height, body weight, body mass index and response status.RESULTS: Overall, 360 measurements (180 sets) were analyzed. The mean pre-PEFR and post-PEFR were 316.1±87.6 and 346.5±94.7 L/min, respectively. Further, significant differences were observed for sex, height, body weight, and body mass index. In 10 subjects, post-PEFR was lower than pre-PEFR.CONCLUSION: PEFR increased by 9.6% after the HT/CL maneuver in young conscious subjects, but some subjects showed decreased PEFR after the HT/CL maneuver.


Subject(s)
Airway Management , Body Height , Body Mass Index , Body Weight , Cohort Studies , Humans , Male , Peak Expiratory Flow Rate , Supine Position , Volunteers , Young Adult
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