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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828937

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the effects of taurolithocholic acid (tLCA) and chenodeoxycholic acid (CDCA) on the expression of aorexigenic neuropeptide in mouse hypothalamus GT1-7 cells.@*METHODS@#Mouse hypothalamic GT1-7 cells were treated with culture medium containing 10% FBS (control group, =3) or with 10 nmol/L, 100 nmol/L, 1 μmol/L and 10 μmol/L tLCA (tLCA group, =3) or CDCA (CDCA group, =3) for 12, 24 or 48 h. Real-time PCR was performed to determine the expression levels of proopiomelanocortin (POMC) mRNA in the cells, and the production levels of α-melanocyte-stimulating hormone (α-MSH) were assessed using an ELISA kit. Signal transduction and activator of transcription 3 phosphorylation (p-STAT3), threonine kinase phosphorylation (p-AKT), suppressor of cytokine signaling 3 (SOCS3), G protein-coupled bile acid receptor-1 (TGR5) and farnesoid X receptor (FXR) protein were detected by Western blotting.@*RESULTS@#Western blotting results showed that mouse hypothalamic GT1-7 cells expressed two bile acid receptors, TGR5 and FXR, whose expressions were regulated by bile acids. Real-time PCR showed that the expression of POMC mRNA was significantly increased in the cells after treatment with 10 μmol/L tLCA or CDCA for 24 h. POMC-derived anorexigenic peptide α-MSH increased significantly in GT1-7 cells after treatment with 10 μmol/L tLCA or CDCA for 24 h. Treatment of the cells with tLCA or CDCA significantly increased the expressions of intracellular signaling proteins including p-STAT3, p-AKT and SOCS3.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Mouse hypothalamic GT1-7 cells express bile acid receptors TGR5 and FXR. Bile acids tLCA or CDCA can promote the expression of POMC mRNA and increase the production of the anorexigenic peptide α-MSH. The intracellular signaling proteins p-AKT, p-STAT3 and SOCS3 are likely involved in bile acid-induced anorexigenic peptide production.


Subject(s)
Animals , Bile Acids and Salts , Chenodeoxycholic Acid , Hypothalamus , Mice , Neuropeptides , Phosphorylation , STAT3 Transcription Factor , Signal Transduction , Suppressor of Cytokine Signaling 3 Protein
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828518

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the effects of taurolithocholic acid (tLCA) and chenodeoxycholic acid (CDCA) on the expression of aorexigenic neuropeptide in mouse hypothalamus GT1-7 cells.@*METHODS@#Mouse hypothalamic GT1-7 cells were treated with culture medium containing 10% FBS (control group, =3) or with 10 nmol/L, 100 nmol/L, 1 μmol/L and 10 μmol/L tLCA (tLCA group, =3) or CDCA (CDCA group, =3) for 12, 24 or 48 h. Real-time PCR was performed to determine the expression levels of proopiomelanocortin (POMC) mRNA in the cells, and the production levels of α-melanocyte-stimulating hormone (α-MSH) were assessed using an ELISA kit. Signal transduction and activator of transcription 3 phosphorylation (p-STAT3), threonine kinase phosphorylation (p-AKT), suppressor of cytokine signaling 3 (SOCS3), G protein-coupled bile acid receptor-1 (TGR5) and farnesoid X receptor (FXR) protein were detected by Western blotting.@*RESULTS@#Western blotting results showed that mouse hypothalamic GT1-7 cells expressed two bile acid receptors, TGR5 and FXR, whose expressions were regulated by bile acids. Real-time PCR showed that the expression of POMC mRNA was significantly increased in the cells after treatment with 10 μmol/L tLCA or CDCA for 24 h. POMC-derived anorexigenic peptide α-MSH increased significantly in GT1-7 cells after treatment with 10 μmol/L tLCA or CDCA for 24 h. Treatment of the cells with tLCA or CDCA significantly increased the expressions of intracellular signaling proteins including p-STAT3, p-AKT and SOCS3.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Mouse hypothalamic GT1-7 cells express bile acid receptors TGR5 and FXR. Bile acids tLCA or CDCA can promote the expression of POMC mRNA and increase the production of the anorexigenic peptide α-MSH. The intracellular signaling proteins p-AKT, p-STAT3 and SOCS3 are likely involved in bile acid-induced anorexigenic peptide production.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cell Line , Chenodeoxycholic Acid , Pharmacology , Gene Expression Regulation , Hypothalamus , Cell Biology , Mice , Neuropeptides , Genetics , Metabolism , Pro-Opiomelanocortin , Genetics , RNA, Messenger , Genetics , STAT3 Transcription Factor , Metabolism , Signal Transduction , Suppressor of Cytokine Signaling 3 Protein , Metabolism , Taurolithocholic Acid , Pharmacology , alpha-MSH , Genetics
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773714

ABSTRACT

Triptolide( TP) is isolated from the traditional Chinese medicine Tripterygium wilfordii,which exhibits notable immuneregulative effect. Th17 cells involve in inflammatory response and Treg cells contribute to immune tolerance. They both play an important role in immune response. Previous studies have investigated that TP induced hepatic Th17/Treg imbalance. However,the effect of TP on spleen Th17/Treg cells remains unclear. Therefore,the aim of present study was to investigate the effect of TP on Th17/Treg cells in spleen. In this study,the effect of TP on the proliferation of splenic lymphocyte was detected by cytotoxicity test in vitro. After different concentrations of TP( 2. 5,5,20,40 nmol·L~(-1)) were given to splenic lymphocyte,cytokines secreted from the supernatant of splenic lymphocyte were detected by cytometric bead array,and the expression of suppressor of cytokine signaling( SOCS) mRNA was detected by qRT-PCR. Female C57 BL/6 mice were continuously observed for 24 h after treatment of 500 μg·kg-1 TP. The effects of TP on the splenic tissue structure and the percentage of Th17/Treg cells were examined. The results showed that the IC50 of TP was19. 6 nmol·L~(-1) in spleen lymphocytes. TP inhibited the secretion of IL-2 and IL-10 and induced the expression of SOCS-1/3 mRNA in spleen lymphocytes at the dosage of 2. 5 and 5 nmol·L~(-1) after 24 h in vitro. Administration of TP at dosage of 500 μg·kg-1 had no significant spleen toxicity in vivo. TP treatment increased the percentage of Th17 cells after 12 h and inhibited the proportion of Treg cells after 12 and 24 h. In conclusion,TP reduced the secretion of IL-2 and IL-10 through SOCS-1/3 signaling pathway,thereby induced the percentage of Th17 cells and inhibited the percentage of Treg cells.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cytokines , Metabolism , Diterpenes , Pharmacology , Epoxy Compounds , Pharmacology , Female , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Phenanthrenes , Pharmacology , Signal Transduction , Spleen , Cell Biology , Suppressor of Cytokine Signaling 1 Protein , Metabolism , Suppressor of Cytokine Signaling 3 Protein , Metabolism , T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory , Cell Biology , Th17 Cells , Cell Biology
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772123

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the expression of cytokine signal suppressor 3 (SOCS3) in colon cancer tissue and the mechanism by which SOCS3 regulates the proliferation and invasion of colon cancer.@*METHODS@#We collected the specimens of tumor tissues and paired adjacent tissues from 80 patients with colon cancer undergoing radical resection in our hospital between July, 2014 and May, 2017, and the expression of SOCS3 in the tissue samples was analyzed using Western blotting. We also transfected colon cancer cell line SW480 with a SOCS3-overexpressing plasmid or a small interference RNA (siRNA) for SOCS3 knockdown, and the changes in the cell proliferation and invasion capacity were evaluated using CCK-8 assay and Transwell assay, respectively. The effect of demethylation and IL-6 treatment on SOCS3 expression and the proliferation and invasion of SW480 cells were observed.@*RESULTS@#Colon cancer tissues showed a lowered expression of SOCS3 compared with the adjacent tissues. Over-expression of SOCS3 significantly inhibited while SOCS3 knockdown obviously promoted the proliferation and invasion of SW480 cells . Demethylation treatment up-regulated SOCS3 expression and inhibited the proliferation and invasion capacity of SW480 cells; IL-6 treatment of the cells caused the reverse changes.@*CONCLUSIONS@#SOCS3 participates in the development and progression of colon cancer and serves as a potential target for colon cancer treatment. In patients with colon cancer, the low expression of SOCS3 possibly as a result of methylation may promote the proliferation and invasion of the cancer cells.


Subject(s)
Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Colonic Neoplasms , Pathology , Cytokines , Demethylation , Disease Progression , Humans , Interleukin-6 , Pharmacology , Neoplasm Invasiveness , Neoplasm Proteins , Metabolism , RNA, Small Interfering , Signal Transduction , Suppressor of Cytokine Signaling 3 Protein , Genetics , Metabolism , Transfection
5.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 38(10): 1972-1980, out. 2018. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-976388

ABSTRACT

The inflammatory infiltrate in the tumor microenvironment, particularly in mammary tumors, has aroused great interest in oncology, to play different roles in the progression or tumor regression dependent on the types and cell subsets involved. The present study aimed to evaluate (1) the occurrence and intensity of macrophage infiltration in the mammary carcinoma microenvironment, (2) the expression of SOCS1 and SOCS3 proteins in tumor associated macrophages, (3) any association between these parameters and tumor development, as well as survival rates in female dogs. Twenty-two female dogs diagnosed as carcinoma arising in a mixed tumor (CMT) by histopathology were divided into two groups following mastectomy: dogs without metastasis (CMT(-)=11) and those with metastasis (CMT(+)=11). The following parameters were analyzed: tumor size, lymph node metastasis, clinical stage, histological grade, distribution and intensity of inflammatory infiltrate, tumor macrophage quantification by immunohistochemical analysis of SOCS1 and SOCS3 expression, and immunophenotyping of peripheral blood leukocytes by flow cytometry. Dogs with the higher proportions of macrophages in the inflammatory infiltrate (≥400/tumor) also had higher survival rates in comparison with dogs with less macrophages. Immunostaining revealed higher proportions of SOCS3-positive macrophages in dogs without lymph node metastasis, while SOCS1-positive macrophages were predominant in dogs with metastasis (p<0.05). Multivariate analysis found associations between survival rate and clinical staging (p=0.025), histological grade (p=0.007), and the expression of MHC-CI in circulating monocytes (p=0.018). Higher SOCS3 expression in activated macrophages within the inflammatory infiltrate were considered indicative of an antitumor immune response, improved clinicopathological parameters and longer survival, whereas SOCS1-related activation was associated with tumor progression, metastasis development and reduced survival in female dogs with mammary carcinomas.(AU)


O infiltrado inflamatório no microambiente tumoral, particularmente nos tumores mamários, tem despertado grande interesse na oncologia, por desempenhar diferentes funções na progressão ou regressão tumoral, dependendo dos tipos e subtipos celulares envolvidos. O presente estudo teve como objetivo avaliar: (1) a ocorrência e a intensidade do infiltrado macrofágico no microambiente do carcinoma mamário; (2) a expressão das proteínas SOCS1 e SOCS3 nos macrófagos associados ao tumor; (3) qualquer associação relacionada ao prognóstico entre estes parâmetros e o desenvolvimento tumoral, assim como a taxa de sobrevida. Vinte e duas cadelas diagnosticadas com carcinoma em tumor misto (CTM) por exame histopatológico foram divididas em dois grupos após a mastectomia: cadelas sem metástase (CTM(-)=11) e cadelas com metástase (CTM(+)=11). Foram analisados os seguintes parâmetros: tamanho do tumor, metástase para linfonodo, estadiamento clínico, grau histológico, distribuição e intensidade do infiltrado inflamatório, quantificação dos macrófagos tumorais por análise imuno-histoquímica da expressão de SOCS1 e SOCS3, e imunofenotipagem dos leucócitos (monócitos e linfócitos) do sangue periférico por citometria de fluxo. Cadelas que apresentavam maiores proporções de macrófagos no infiltrado inflamatório (≥400/tumor) também tiveram maior taxa de sobrevida em comparação àquelas com menos macrófagos. A imunomarcação revelou maiores proporções de macrófagos SOCS3-positivos em cães sem metástase para linfonodo, enquanto que macrófagos SOCS1-positivos foram predominantes naqueles com metástase (p<0,05). A análise multivariada identificou associações entre a taxa de sobrevida e o estadiamento clínico (p=0,025), grau histológico (p=0,007) e a expressão de MHC-CI em monócitos circulantes (p=0,018). A maior expressão de SOCS3 nos macrófagos ativados foi considerada indicativa de uma resposta imune antitumoral, melhores parâmetros clínicos e maior taxa de sobrevida, ao passo que a ativação relacionada com SOCS1 foi associada à progressão tumoral, desenvolvimento de metástase e redução na taxa de sobrevida em cadelas com carcinoma mamário.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Dogs , Carcinoma/pathology , Carcinoma/veterinary , Mammary Neoplasms, Animal/pathology , Suppressor of Cytokine Signaling Proteins , Dogs , Suppressor of Cytokine Signaling 1 Protein , Suppressor of Cytokine Signaling 3 Protein
6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773582

ABSTRACT

Catalpol, a major bioactive component from Rehmannia glutinosa, which has been used to treat diabetes. The present study was designed to elucidate the anti-diabetic effect and mechanism of action for catalpol in db/db mice. The db/db mice were randomly divided into six groups (10/group) according to their blood glucose levels: db/db control, metformin (positive control), and four dose levels of catalpol treatment (25, 50, 100, and 200 mg·kg), and 10 db/m mice were used as the normal control. All the groups were administered orally for 8 weeks. The levels of fasting blood glucose (FBG), random blood glucose (RBG), glucose tolerance, insulin tolerance, and glycated serum protein (GSP) and the globe gene expression in liver tissues were analyzed. Our results showed that catalpol treatment obviously reduced water intake and food intake in a dose-dependent manner. Catalpol treatment also remarkably reduce fasting blood glucose (FBG) and random blood glucose (RBG) in a dose-dependent manner. The RBG-lowering effect of catalpol was better than that of metformin. Furthermore, catalpol significantly improved glucose tolerance and insulin tolerance via increasing insulin sensitivity. Catalpol treatment significantly decreased GSP level. The comparisons of gene expression in liver tissues among normal control mice, db/db mice and catalpol treated mice (200 and 100 mg·kg) indicated that there were significant increases in the expressions of 287 genes, whichwere mainly involved in lipid metabolism, response to stress, energy metabolism, and cellular processes, and significant decreases in the expressions of 520 genes, which were mainly involved in cell growth, death, immune system, and response to stress. Four genes expressed differentially were linked to glucose metabolism or insulin signaling pathways, including Irs1 (insulin receptor substrate 1), Idh2 (isocitrate dehydrogenase 2 (NADP), mitochondrial), G6pd2 (glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase 2), and SOCS3 (suppressor of cytokine signaling 3). In conclusion, catalpol ecerted significant hypoglycemic effect and remarkable therapeutic effect in db/db mice via modulating various gene expressions.


Subject(s)
Animals , Blood Glucose , Metabolism , Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental , Drug Therapy , Genetics , Metabolism , Disease Models, Animal , Dose-Response Relationship, Drug , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Gene Expression , Glucosephosphate Dehydrogenase , Genetics , Metabolism , Humans , Hypoglycemic Agents , Insulin , Metabolism , Insulin Receptor Substrate Proteins , Genetics , Metabolism , Iridoid Glucosides , Isocitrate Dehydrogenase , Genetics , Metabolism , Liver , Metabolism , Male , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Rehmannia , Chemistry , Suppressor of Cytokine Signaling 3 Protein , Genetics , Metabolism
7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-812371

ABSTRACT

Catalpol, a major bioactive component from Rehmannia glutinosa, which has been used to treat diabetes. The present study was designed to elucidate the anti-diabetic effect and mechanism of action for catalpol in db/db mice. The db/db mice were randomly divided into six groups (10/group) according to their blood glucose levels: db/db control, metformin (positive control), and four dose levels of catalpol treatment (25, 50, 100, and 200 mg·kg), and 10 db/m mice were used as the normal control. All the groups were administered orally for 8 weeks. The levels of fasting blood glucose (FBG), random blood glucose (RBG), glucose tolerance, insulin tolerance, and glycated serum protein (GSP) and the globe gene expression in liver tissues were analyzed. Our results showed that catalpol treatment obviously reduced water intake and food intake in a dose-dependent manner. Catalpol treatment also remarkably reduce fasting blood glucose (FBG) and random blood glucose (RBG) in a dose-dependent manner. The RBG-lowering effect of catalpol was better than that of metformin. Furthermore, catalpol significantly improved glucose tolerance and insulin tolerance via increasing insulin sensitivity. Catalpol treatment significantly decreased GSP level. The comparisons of gene expression in liver tissues among normal control mice, db/db mice and catalpol treated mice (200 and 100 mg·kg) indicated that there were significant increases in the expressions of 287 genes, whichwere mainly involved in lipid metabolism, response to stress, energy metabolism, and cellular processes, and significant decreases in the expressions of 520 genes, which were mainly involved in cell growth, death, immune system, and response to stress. Four genes expressed differentially were linked to glucose metabolism or insulin signaling pathways, including Irs1 (insulin receptor substrate 1), Idh2 (isocitrate dehydrogenase 2 (NADP), mitochondrial), G6pd2 (glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase 2), and SOCS3 (suppressor of cytokine signaling 3). In conclusion, catalpol ecerted significant hypoglycemic effect and remarkable therapeutic effect in db/db mice via modulating various gene expressions.


Subject(s)
Animals , Blood Glucose , Metabolism , Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental , Drug Therapy , Genetics , Metabolism , Disease Models, Animal , Dose-Response Relationship, Drug , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Gene Expression , Glucosephosphate Dehydrogenase , Genetics , Metabolism , Humans , Hypoglycemic Agents , Insulin , Metabolism , Insulin Receptor Substrate Proteins , Genetics , Metabolism , Iridoid Glucosides , Isocitrate Dehydrogenase , Genetics , Metabolism , Liver , Metabolism , Male , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Rehmannia , Chemistry , Suppressor of Cytokine Signaling 3 Protein , Genetics , Metabolism
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-239562

ABSTRACT

To investigate the effects and the underlying molecular mechanisms of curcumin on pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells in rat model with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).A total of 75 male Wistar rats were randomly divided into control group (group CN), model group (group M), low-dose curcumin group (group CL), medium-dose curcumin group (group CM) and high-dose curcumin group (group CH). HE staining was used to observe the morphology of pulmonary artery. Proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA), apoptosis-related protein Bcl-2 and Bax were detected by immunohistochemical staining. TUNEL kit was used to analyze the effects of curcumin on apoptosis of smooth muscle cells, and the protein expressions of SOCS-3/JAK2/STAT pathway in lung tissues were determined by western blot.Right ventricular systolic pressure (RVSP) and right ventricular hypertrophy index (RVMI) in group M were significantly higher than those in group CN, group CH and group CM (all<0.05). HE staining and TUNEL kit test showed that the number of pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells had a significant increase in group M, while the pulmonary artery tube became thin, and the smooth muscle cells shrinked in group CM and group CH. Immunohistochemistry showed that PCNA and Bcl-2 in group M were significantly higher than those in group CN (all<0.05), while Bax expression was significantly lower than that in group CN (<0.05). PCNA in group CM and group CH were significantly lower than that in group M (all<0.05), while Bax expression was significantly higher than that in group M (<0.05). Western blot showed that SOCS-3 protein was significantly decreased in group M, while the p-JAK2, p-STAT1, p-STAT3 were significantly increased (all<0.05). Compared with group M, SOCS-3 protein in group CM and group CH were significantly increased (all<0.05), while the p-JAK2, p-STAT3 were significantly reduced (all<0.05).Curcumin could promote the apoptosis of smooth muscle cells in rats with COPD, and improve the mean pulmonary artery pressure and RVMI through stimulating SOCS-3/JAK2/STAT signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Animals , Apoptosis , Physiology , Arterial Pressure , Physiology , Curcumin , Pharmacology , Hypertrophy, Right Ventricular , Pathology , Janus Kinase 2 , Physiology , Lung , Chemistry , Male , Myocytes, Smooth Muscle , Pathology , Proliferating Cell Nuclear Antigen , Metabolism , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2 , Metabolism , Pulmonary Artery , Pathology , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive , Pathology , Rats , Rats, Wistar , STAT Transcription Factors , Suppressor of Cytokine Signaling 3 Protein , Physiology , Ventricular Pressure , bcl-2-Associated X Protein , Metabolism
9.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 171-174, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-337023

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the mechanism underlying the effect of the SOCS3 rs4969170 A/G alleles on the occurrence of insulin resistance (IR) in patients with chronic hepatitis C.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The promoter region of the SOCS3 gene was amplified by PCR,and luciferase expression vectors were constructed and transfected into HepG2,Huh7 cell lines.The relative luciferase activity of each expression vector was assessed by the dual luciferase reporter gene assay system.Western blotting was used to detect SOCS3 protein expression in PBMCs from groups of patients with the rs4969170 AA and AG genotypes.The state of IR in eight patients was evaluated by determining their HOMA-IR.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The pGL3-A, PGL3-G and pGL3-control vectors showed significantly different luciferase expression in the HepG2 cells (0.121 00 ± 0.022 07,0.027 00+/-0.012 49 and 0.043 33 ± 0.005 51; F =48.068, P=0.001) and in the Huh7 cell lines (0.164 70 ± 0.007 10,0.027 33 ± 0.017 04 and 0.033 67 ± 0.014 98; F =115.137, P=0.001). The expression of SOCS3 protein was significantly higher in the rs4969170 AA genotype group than in the AG genotype group (1.22 ± 0.40 vs. 0.30 ± 0.19; t =4.149, P=0.006).The IR index of patients with the rs4969170 AA genotype and the AG genotype was 4.11 ± 2.62 and 1.47 ± 1.01 respectively.There were three patients with IR in the rs4969170 AA genotype group and one in the rs4969170 AG group. There was no statistically significant difference between the two genotype groups (t=1.881, P=0.109).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The SOCS3 rs4969170 A haplotype may enhance transcriptional activity of the gene promoter to regulate gene expression, thereby increasing intracellular SOCS3 protein level and ultimately interfering with insulin signaling and causing IR in patients with chronic hepatitis C.</p>


Subject(s)
Cell Line, Tumor , Genes, Reporter , Genotype , Haplotypes , Hepatitis C, Chronic , Humans , Insulin Resistance , Luciferases , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Suppressor of Cytokine Signaling 3 Protein , Suppressor of Cytokine Signaling Proteins
10.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 463-468, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-297470

ABSTRACT

This study was aimed to investigate the changes of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis (HPAA) activity and the cytokines system in the hypothalamus of the depressive rats which were exposed to chronic unpredictable mild stressors (CUMS) after middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO). By means of qRT-PCR, ELISA and Western blot, mRNA and/or protein expressions of corticotropin releasing factor (CRF), tumor necrosis factors-α (TNF-α), suppressor of cytokines signaling 3 (SOCS3), phosphorylation of signal transducers and activators of transcription 3 (pSTAT3) were measured in the hypothalamus of rats. The results showed that, compared with control group, CUMS+MCAO group exhibited increased mRNA levels of CRF, TNF-α, SOCS3, as well as up-regulated CRF, TNF-α, SOCS3 and pSTAT3 protein expressions. Furthermore, there were correlations between CRF and TNF-α, TNF-α and SOCS3, SOCS3 and pSTAT3, respectively. These observations indicated the CRF system was activated in the post stroke depression (PSD) status. The TNF-α and its signaling pathway, STAT3/SOCS3, were up-regulated in mRNA and protein levels. In conclusion, this study presents the evidence which supports the hypothesis of signaling cross-talk between the CRF system and TNF-α signaling pathway after ischemic stroke and CUMS.


Subject(s)
Animals , Hypothalamo-Hypophyseal System , Physiology , Hypothalamus , Physiology , Infarction, Middle Cerebral Artery , Phosphorylation , Pituitary-Adrenal System , Physiology , Rats , STAT3 Transcription Factor , Metabolism , Signal Transduction , Suppressor of Cytokine Signaling 3 Protein , Suppressor of Cytokine Signaling Proteins , Metabolism , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Metabolism , Up-Regulation
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-285934

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore whether the polymorphism of suppressor of cytokine signaling-3 (SOCS-3) and dyslipidemia are correlated in Uygur females.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 1379 Uygur females from Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region were enrolled in this study. Three single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), namely rs12953258, rs4969168, and rs9914220, were analyzed after being genotyped.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Of these three SNPs, the frequency distribution of rs12953258 sites was found to be significantly different between dyslipidemia group and normal group (P=0.032). The frequency distribution of rs12953258 sites between the high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-C) abnormal group and normal group also showed significant difference (P=0.029). Logistic regression analysis showed that the genotype AA of rs12953258 was a risk factor for dyslipidemia among the Uygur females [CC vs. AA:OR=3.271,95%CI(1.092-9.797), P=0.034]. The genotype AA of rs12953258 might be related to the decreased high HDL-C and increased trigleceride, whereas the genotype AA coupled with abnormal body mass index (BMI) were more likely to be linked with the higher prevalence of dyslipidemia in Uygur females.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The polymorphism of SOCS-3 is correlated to the dyslipidemia in Uygur females in Xinjiang. Carriers of Genotype AA of rs12953258 coupled with abnormal BMI are more susceptible to dyslipidemia.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Asian Continental Ancestry Group , Genetics , China , Epidemiology , Dyslipidemias , Ethnology , Genetics , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Polymorphism, Genetic , Prevalence , Suppressor of Cytokine Signaling 3 Protein , Suppressor of Cytokine Signaling Proteins , Genetics
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-351073

ABSTRACT

Recently, suppressor of cytokine signaling-3 (SOCS3) has been shown to be an inducible endogenous negative regulator of Janus kinase/signal transducers and activators of transcription (JAK/STAT) pathway which is relevant in inflammatory response, while its functions in acute liver failure and HBV-induced acute-on-chronic liver failure (HBV-ACLF) have not been fully elucidated. In this study, we explored the role of SOCS3 in the development of mouse hepatitis virus strain 3 (MHV-3)-induced acute liver failure and its expression in liver and peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) of patients with HBV-ACLF. Inflammation-related gene expression was detected by real-time PCR, immunohistochemistry and Western blotting. The correlation between SOCS3 level and liver injury was studied. Our results showed that the SOCS3 expression was significantly elevated in both the liver tissue and PBMCs from patients with HBV-ACLF compared to mild chronic hepatitis B (CHB). Moreover, a time course study showed that SOCS3 level was increased remarkably in the liver of BALB/cJ mice at 72 h post-infection. Pro-inflammatory cytokines, interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-6, and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, were also increased significantly at 72 h post-infection. There was a close correlation between hepatic SOCS3 level and IL-6, and the severity of liver injury defined by alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) levels, respectively. These data suggested that SOCS3 may play a pivotal role in the pathogenesis of MHV-3-induced acute liver failure and HBV-ACLF.


Subject(s)
Adult , Alanine Transaminase , Blood , Animals , Aspartate Aminotransferases , Blood , Blotting, Western , End Stage Liver Disease , Genetics , Pathology , Virology , Female , Gene Expression , Hepatitis, Viral, Animal , Genetics , Pathology , Virology , Host-Pathogen Interactions , Humans , Interleukin-1beta , Genetics , Metabolism , Interleukin-6 , Genetics , Metabolism , Leukocytes, Mononuclear , Metabolism , Virology , Liver Failure, Acute , Genetics , Pathology , Virology , Male , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Middle Aged , Murine hepatitis virus , Physiology , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , Severity of Illness Index , Suppressor of Cytokine Signaling 3 Protein , Suppressor of Cytokine Signaling Proteins , Blood , Genetics , Metabolism , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Genetics , Metabolism , Young Adult
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-254482

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To assess the association of suppressor of cytokine signaling 3 (SOCS3) gene polymorphisms with insulin resistance (IR) in Xinjiang Uygur population.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A cross-sectional study on metabolic diseases, e.g., obesity, was conducted on ethnic Uygurs in Hetian, Xinjiang of China. A total of 1292 Uygur individuals were enrolled. The sample size for IR subjects [homeostasis model assessment for insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) ≥ 2.96] was 323, whereas that for non-IR controls was 969 (HOMA-IR < 2.96). Representative variations were selected from database and genotyped with TaqMan polymerase chain reaction method. For the relatively isolated population from a homogeneous environment, a case-control study was conducted to assess the association between variations of SOCS3 gene and IR.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>A significant difference in genotype distribution of rs4969168 was detected between IR and control groups in males (chi square =7.216, P=0.027). Although the IR-related quantitative phenotypes did not significantly differ between individuals with GG, AG and AA genotypes of rs4969168 in the overall, male and female population (P > 0.05), the mean of body mass index and the median of fasting insulin increased in individuals with GG, AG, AA genotypes in males. Haplotype 2 (rs12953258C-rs4969168A-rs9914220C) was significantly associated with a higher prevalence of IR in males (P=0.023). Logistic regression analysis indicated that AG genotype of rs4969168 variation is a protective factor for IR in males (OR=1.772, 95% confidence interval: 1.081-2.906, P=0.023).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Our study suggested that the rs4969168 polymorphism of SOCS3 gene is associated with IR in ethnic Uygur population from Xinjiang, China.</p>


Subject(s)
Case-Control Studies , China , Ethnology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Ethnic Groups , Genetics , Female , Genotype , Humans , Insulin Resistance , Logistic Models , Male , Polymorphism, Genetic , Suppressor of Cytokine Signaling 3 Protein , Suppressor of Cytokine Signaling Proteins , Genetics
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-815464

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the expression pattern of adapter protein with a Src-homology 2 domain (SH2B1), the suppressor of cytokine signaling-3 (SOCS3), protein-tyrosine phosphatase 1B (PTP1B) and neturopetide Y (NPY) in obese and normal mice hypothalamus and its relation with serum leptin and insulin levels.@*METHODS@#The obesity animal model was prepared with healthy C57/bl6 mice. Lee's index and Homeostasis model assessment-insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) were calculated. The mRNA levels of SH2B1, SOCS3, PTP1B and NPY were measured by fluorescent quantitation RT-PCR. The SH2B1 and NPY protein expressions were detected by Western blot.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the normal mice of the same age, SH2B1 mRNA expression in the obese mice hypothalamus decreased. SOCS3 and PTP1B mRNA expression increased. Western blot showed that SH2B1 protein expression decreased, while NPY protein expression increased in the obese mice. Linear correlation analysis showed that the serum leptin and fasting insulin levels were negatively correlated with SH2B1mRNA expression and positively correlated with SOCS3 and PTP1B mRNA expression.@*CONCLUSION@#SH2B1, SOCS3, PTP1B and NPY are key factors for obesity development.


Subject(s)
Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing , Metabolism , Animals , Hypothalamus , Metabolism , Insulin , Blood , Insulin Resistance , Leptin , Blood , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Neuropeptide Y , Metabolism , Obesity , Metabolism , Protein Tyrosine Phosphatase, Non-Receptor Type 1 , Metabolism , RNA, Messenger , Suppressor of Cytokine Signaling 3 Protein , Suppressor of Cytokine Signaling Proteins , Metabolism
15.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2543-2547, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-322165

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To review the functions of these intracellular signals in their regulation of retinal ganglion cell (RGC) axon regeneration.</p><p><b>DATA SOURCES</b>Relevant articles published in English or Chinese from 1970 to present were selected from PubMed. Searches were made using the terms "intrinsic determinants, axon regeneration, RGC, optic nerve regeneration, and central nervous system axon regeneration."</p><p><b>STUDY SELECTION</b>Articles studying the mechanisms controlling RGC and central nervous system (CNS) axon regeneration were reviewed. Articles focusing on the intrinsic determinants of axon regeneration were selected.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Like other CNS neurons of mammals, RGCs undergo a developmental loss in their ability to grow axons as they mature, which is a critical contributing factor to the failure of nerve regeneration and repair after injury. This growth failure can be attributed, at least in part, by the induction of molecular programs preventing cellular overgrowth and termination of axonal growth upon maturation. Key intracellular signals and transcription factors, including B cell lymphoma/leukemia 2, cyclic adenine monophosphate, mammalian target of rapamycin, and Krüppel-like transcription factors, have been identified to play central roles in this process.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Intense effort and substantial progress have been made to identify the various intrinsic growth pathways that regulate RGC axon regeneration. More work is needed to elucidate the mechanisms of and the interrelationship between the actions of these factors and to successfully achieve regeneration and repair of the severed RGC axons.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Cyclic AMP , Physiology , Humans , Kruppel-Like Transcription Factors , Physiology , Nerve Regeneration , Optic Nerve , Physiology , PTEN Phosphohydrolase , Physiology , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2 , Physiology , Suppressor of Cytokine Signaling 3 Protein , Suppressor of Cytokine Signaling Proteins , Physiology , TOR Serine-Threonine Kinases , Physiology
16.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 515-518, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-233406

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the expression of suppressor of cytokine signaling(SOCS)-3 and caspase-3 and their correlative significance in endometriosis.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Immunohistochemical EnVision method was used to detect the SOCS-3 and caspase-3 protein expression in ectopic and eutopic endometrium (n = 32) of patients with endometriosis, as well as normal endometrium (n = 30) of women without endometriosis.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>SOCS-3 and caspase-3 proteins were expressed in all three groups and not affected by the menstrual cycles. The expression of SOCS-3 in ectopic endometrium (5.54 ± 2.12) was significantly lower than that in eutopic (7.39 ± 1.09, P = 0.001) and control group (7.48 ± 1.26, P < 0.01), but without difference between the eutopic and control group (P = 0.756). SOCS-3 expression in ectopic and eutopic endometrium was significantly lower in III/IV stages than that in I/II stages of endometriosis (P < 0.05). Significantly lower expression of caspase-3 protein was found in ectopic (3.20 ± 1.24) and eutopic endometrium (3.88 ± 1.93) as compared with the control group (6.49 ± 1.85, P < 0.01), however ectopic and eutopic endometrium showed no significant difference (t = 1.66, P = 0.10). There was no significant difference of the expression of caspase-3 in ectopic and eutopic endometrium at different disease stages (P > 0.05). Positive correlation was found between the expression of SOCS-3 and caspase-3 proteins in ectopic endometrium (r = 0.655, P < 0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>SOCS-3 may be involved in the development of endometriosis through inhibition of apoptosis of ectopic endometrial cells.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Caspase 3 , Metabolism , Endometriosis , Metabolism , Pathology , Endometrium , Metabolism , Pathology , Female , Humans , Immunohistochemistry , Menstrual Cycle , Middle Aged , Suppressor of Cytokine Signaling 3 Protein , Suppressor of Cytokine Signaling Proteins , Metabolism , Uterine Diseases , Metabolism , Pathology , Young Adult
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-251422

ABSTRACT

The main pathogenesis of saphenous vein graft neointimal hyperplasia after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is inflammation-caused migration and proliferation of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs). Janus kinase 2/signal transducer and activators of transcription 3 (JAK2/STAT3) pathway is an important signaling pathway through which VSMCs phenotype conversion occurs. Suppressor of cytokine signaling 3 (SOCS3) is the classic negative feedback inhibitor of JAK2/STAT3 pathway. Growing studies show that SOCS3 plays an important anti-inflammatory role in numerous autoimmune diseases, inflammatory diseases and inflammation-related tumors. However, the effect and mechanism of SOCS3 on vein graft disease is unclear. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of SOCS3 on the inflammation, migration and proliferation of VSMCs in vitro and the mechanism. The small interference RNA plasmid targeting rat SOCS3 (SiRNA-rSOCS3) and the recombinant adenovirus vector carrying rat SOCS3 gene (pYrAd-rSOCS3) were constructed, and the empty plamid (SiRNA-control) and vector (pYrAd-GFP) only carrying GFP reported gene were constructed as control. The rat VSMCs were cultured. There were two large groups of A (SOCS3 up-regulated): control group, IL-6/IFN-γ group, IL-6/IFN-γ+pYrAd-rSOCS3 group, IL-6/IFN-γ(+)pYrAd-GFP group; and B (SOCS3 down-regulated): control group, IL-6/IFN-γ group, IL-6/IFN-γ+SiRNA-rSOCS3 group and IL-6/ IFN -γ+SiRNA-control group. The pYrAd-rSOCS3 and SiRNA-rSOCS3 were transfected into VSMCs induced by IL-6/IFN-γ. After 24 h, real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and Western blotting were used to detect the mRNA and protein expression of SOCS3, STAT3 (only by Western blotting), P-STAT3 (only by Western blotting), IL-1β, IL-6, TNF-α, MCP-1 and ICAM-1. The MTT, Transwell assay and flow cytometry were used to examine VSMCs proliferation, migration and cell cycle progression, respectively. As compared with control group, the mRNA and protein expression of SOCS3, STAT3, P-STAT3, IL-1β, IL-6, TNF-α, MCP-1 and ICAM-1 was significantly up-regulated in VSMCs stimulated by IL-6/IFN-γ. However, in VSMCs transfected with pYrAd-rSOCS3 before stimulation with IL-6/IFN-γ, the expression of SOCS3 mRNA and protein was further up-regulated, and that of STAT3, P-STAT3, IL-1β, IL-6, TNF-α, MCP-1 and ICAM-1 was significantly down-regulated as compared with IL-6/IFN-γ group and IL-6/IFN-γ+pYrAd-GFP group. The expression of those related-cytokines in IL-6/IFN-γ+SiRNA-rSOCS3 group was markedly increased as compared with IL-6/IFN-γ group and IL-6/IFN-γ+SiRNA-control group. The absorbance (A) values, the number of cells migrating to the lower chamber, and percentage of cells in the G2/M+S phase were increased in VSMCs stimulated by IL-6/IFN-γ. In VSMCs incubated with pYrAd-rSOCS3 or SiRNA-rSOCS3 before IL-6/IFN-γ stimulation, the A values, the number of cells migrating to the lower chamber, and the percentage of cells in the G2/M+S phase were significantly decreased, and increased respectively. These results imply that IL-6/IFN-γ, strong inflammatory stimulators, can promote transformation of VSMCs phenotype form a quiescent contractile state to a synthetic state by activating JAK2/STAT3 pathway. Over-expresssed SOCS3 might inhibit pro-inflammatory effect, migration and growth of VSMCs by blocking STAT3 activation and phosphorylation. These data in vitro confirm that SOCS3 may play a negatively regulatory role in development and progression of vein graft failure. These conclusions can provide a novel strategy for clinical treatment of vein graft diseases and a new theoretic clue for related drug development.


Subject(s)
Animals , Blotting, Western , Cell Cycle , Cell Movement , Cell Proliferation , Cells, Cultured , Cytokines , Genetics , Metabolism , Flow Cytometry , Gene Expression , Inflammation Mediators , Metabolism , Interferon-gamma , Genetics , Metabolism , Pharmacology , Interleukin-6 , Genetics , Metabolism , Pharmacology , Janus Kinase 2 , Metabolism , Male , Muscle, Smooth, Vascular , Cell Biology , Myocytes, Smooth Muscle , Metabolism , Phosphorylation , RNA Interference , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , STAT3 Transcription Factor , Genetics , Metabolism , Signal Transduction , Suppressor of Cytokine Signaling 3 Protein , Suppressor of Cytokine Signaling Proteins , Genetics , Metabolism
18.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1507-1512, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-264986

ABSTRACT

This study was purposed to investigate the effect of mutation and single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) of suppressor of cytokine signaling (SOCS) on the typical myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPN) and its mechanism. The mutation and SNP of SOCS1, SOCS2, SOCS3 genes in 100 MPN patients were detected by RT-PCR and direct sequencing. The results showed that among 100 cases there were 21 cases with A→C polymorphism in the 63th site nucleotide of the 15 SOCS3 exon (SNP library no reported), 18 cases with A→C polymorphism in the 1779th site nucleotide of the 15 SOCS3 exon, 49 cases with A→G polymorphism in the 2249th site nucleotide of the 15 SOCS3 exon (SNP library no reported), 39 cases with T→C polymorphism in the 2366th site nucleotide of the 15 SOCS3 exon (SNP library no reported), 9 cases with T→C polymorphism in the exon of 15 SOCS2 gene (SNP library no reported). SOCS3 SNP was found in patients with significantly advanced age at diagnosis, the leukocyte count and platelet level were higher than those in patients with wild type, JAK2V617 mutations was found in 87.65% SOCS3 SNP. It is concluded that the SOCS may be an important target for anticancer therapy, the single nucleotide polymorphism of SOCS may involve to pathogenesis of MPN.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Exons , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Mutation , Myeloproliferative Disorders , Genetics , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Suppressor of Cytokine Signaling 1 Protein , Suppressor of Cytokine Signaling 3 Protein , Suppressor of Cytokine Signaling Proteins , Genetics , Young Adult
19.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 657-661, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-303496

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the expression of SOCS3 and Pyk2 and their correlations in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The expression of SOCS3 and Pyk2 was detected in 100 cases of NSCLC, human bronchial epithelial cells (HBE) and 6 lung cancer cell lines by immunohistochemistry and immunofluorescence staining. The methylation status of SOCS3 was investigated in A549 cells by methylation-specific PCR. A549 cells were either treated with a demethylation agent 5-aza-2'-deoxycytidine (5-aza) or transfected with three SOCS3 mutants with various functional domains deleted. Besides, the cells were pretreated with a proteasome inhibitor β-lactacystin where indicated. The effects of SOCS3 on Pyk2 expression, Pyk2 Tyr 402 and ERK1/2 phosphorylations were assessed by Western blot. RT-PCR was used to estimate Pyk2 mRNA levels. Transwell experiments were performed to evaluate cell migration.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>SOCS3 (43.0%, 43/100) and Pyk2 (65.0%, 65/100) were expressed in NSCLC. A significant negative correlation was found between SOCS3 and Pyk2 in both NSCLC tissues and cell lines. SOCS3 was aberrantly methylated and 5-aza restored SOCS3 expression. Transfection studies indicated that exogenous SOCS3 interacted with Pyk2, and both Src homology 2 (SH2) and kinase inhibitory region (KIR) domains contributed to Pyk2 binding. Furthermore, SOCS3 was found to inhibit Pyk2-associated ERK1/2 activity in A549 cells. SOCS3 possibly promoted degradation of Pyk2 in a SOCS-box-dependent manner and interfered with cell migration.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The data indicates that SOCS3 definitely plays roles in regulating Pyk2 signaling, and cell motility. Decreased SOCS3 induced by methylation may confer a migration advantage to A549 cells.</p>


Subject(s)
Adenocarcinoma , Genetics , Metabolism , Pathology , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung , Genetics , Metabolism , Pathology , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Genetics , Metabolism , Pathology , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Movement , DNA Methylation , Focal Adhesion Kinase 2 , Metabolism , Humans , Lung Neoplasms , Genetics , Metabolism , Pathology , Lymphatic Metastasis , Mutation , Phosphorylation , Signal Transduction , Suppressor of Cytokine Signaling 3 Protein , Suppressor of Cytokine Signaling Proteins , Genetics , Metabolism
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-352931

ABSTRACT

Suppressor of cytokine signaling(SOCS) 3, a novel type of cytokine signal transduction inhibitory molecules in family of SOCS, is mainly involved in Janus protein tyrosine kinase/signal transducer andantivator of transcription signaling pathway negative feedback regulation. It is involved in inflammation, oxidative stress, cell damage, and apoptosis. Meanwhile, it is closely related to atherosclerosis, obesity, glucose metabolism, insulin resistance, leptin, cancer, asthma, and rheumatic diseases. Therefore, SOCS-3 may become a therapeutic target of these diseases.


Subject(s)
Humans , Suppressor of Cytokine Signaling 3 Protein , Suppressor of Cytokine Signaling Proteins
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