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1.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 24: e220113, 2024. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1529140

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To evaluate the effect of different pressures of an oral irrigation device (OID) and the irrigation solution type on the surface roughness of the giomer restorative material. Material and Methods: In this in vitro study, disk-shaped giomer samples were fabricated and assigned to 5 groups (n=23): Group 1, storage in distilled water (control); Group 2, OID #7 pressure/ water; Group 3, OID #10 pressure/ water; Group 4, OID #7 pressure/ 0.05% CHX; Group 5, OID #10 pressure/ 0.05% CHX. The samples' treatment simulated a one-year application of OID. Surface roughness (Ra) and topography of the giomer were evaluated using profilometry and scanning electron microscopy. The data were analyzed with Paired t-test, Tukey, and ANOVA tests (α=0.05). Results: The Ra of the samples increased significantly after treatment with OID (p<0.001). The roughness increase in groups with a pressure of 10 was higher than those with a pressure of 7 (p<0.001). The effect of pressure on surface changes was significant (p<0.001). However, the solution type and the cumulative effect of these two factors were insignificant (p=0.08 and p=0.43, respectively). Conclusion: Oral irrigation device with both solutions significantly increased the surface roughness and topographic changes of the giomer. The severity of these changes was related to the device's pressure.


Subject(s)
Biguanides , Distilled Water , Chlorhexidine/adverse effects , Composite Resins , Surface Properties , In Vitro Techniques/methods , Analysis of Variance , Hardness Tests/methods
2.
RFO UPF ; 27(1)08 ago. 2023. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1511047

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: avaliar in vitro o polimento sobre resina acrílica quimicamente ativada (RAQA), por meio da rugosidade de superfície (Ra). Materiais e Método: Foram confeccionadas 40 amostras de RAQA, com dimensões de 10 a 10 x 2 mm, e foram divididas em quatro grupos (n=10): ausência do acabamento (AA); Ausência de polimento (AP); Polimento químico (PQ); Polimento com borrachas siliconadas + Escovas (PM). Os espécimes foram avaliados no quanto a rugosidade média (Ra) antes e após o envelhecimento em água destilada em uma estufa por 60 dias. Três medições de Ra (µm), na horizontal foram realizadas e calculada uma média para cada espécime. Os dados foram analisados de forma descritiva e inferencial, ANOVA de medidas repetidas e teste de Tukey com nível de significância de 5%. Resultados: Inicialmente, o grupo AA teve os menores valores de Ra e o grupo AP os maiores valores de rugosidade, com média e desvio padrão respectivamente 0,17 (±0,11) e 0,52 (±0,10). Após o envelhecimento, o grupo AA teve as menores médias e o grupo PQ os maiores valores de Ra, sendo 0,38 (±0,20) e 1,33 (±0,32), respectivamente. Os resultados evidenciaram diferença estatística significante quando as amostras foram submetidas ao acabamento com brocas. Conclusão: A RAQA necessita de polimento após acabamento com brocas, uma vez que a ausência de polimento comprometerá a lisura de superfície do material.(AU)


Objective: to evaluate in vitro polishing on chemically activated acrylic resin (RAQA), using surface roughness (Ra). Materials and Method: 40 RAQA samples were made, measuring 10 to 10 x 2 mm, and divided into four groups (n=10): absence of finishing (AA); Lack of polishing (AP); Chemical polishing (PQ); Polishing with silicone rubbers + Brushes (PM). The specimens were evaluated for their average roughness (Ra) before and after aging in distilled water in an oven for 60 days. Three horizontal Ra (µm) measurements were taken and an average was calculated for each specimen. Data were analyzed descriptively and inferentially, using repeated measures ANOVA and Tukey test with a significance level of 5%. Results: Initially, the AA group had the lowest Ra values and the AP group the highest roughness values, with mean and standard deviation respectively 0.17 (±0.11) and 0.52 (±0.10). After aging, the AA group had the lowest averages and the PQ group the highest Ra values, being 0.38 (±0.20) and 1.33 (±0.32), respectively. The results showed a statistically significant difference when the samples were finished with drills. Conclusion: RAQA requires polishing after finishing with drills, as the lack of polishing will compromise the surface smoothness of the material.(AU)


Subject(s)
Acrylic Resins/chemistry , Dental Polishing/methods , Reference Values , Silicone Elastomers , Surface Properties , Time Factors , Analysis of Variance , Evaluation Study
3.
RFO UPF ; 28(1): 38-49, 20230808. tab, ilus, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1509411

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Este estudo teve como objetivo comparar a qualidade da obturação e a resistência de união de dois cimentos endodônticos, AH Plus e Bio-C Sealer, em dentes humanos e bovinos. Métodos: Os canais radiculares de 60 dentes unirradiculares [30 humanos (H) e 30 bovinos (B)] foram preparados e obturados por condensação lateral da guta-percha e AH Plus (grupos AP-H e AP-B) ou Bio-C Sealer (grupos BC-H e BC-B). Seis fatias de 1,5 mm de espessura foram obtidas de cada raiz. Os espécimes foram observados em estereomicroscópio para avaliar a qualidade da obturação, considerando possíveis espaços vazios no material obturador. Posteriormente, as fatias radiculares foram avaliadas em termos de resistência de união por push-out e modo de falha. Os dados foram analisados pelos testes de Mann-Whitney e coeficientes de correlação de Spearman (α=5%). Resultados: A qualidade de obturação fornecida por AP e BC foi semelhante em ambos os substratos de dentina. No entanto, ao comparar dentes humanos e bovinos, os escores de espaços vazios foram maiores nas amostras bovinas, para ambos os cimentos. AP teve maior resistência de união à dentina humana e bovina do que BC. No entanto, não houve diferença significativa na resistência de união entre os substratos dentinários, para ambos os cimentos testados. Além disso, houve uma correlação positiva e moderada entre os valores de resistência de união de dentes humanos e bovinos. O modo de falha misto foi o mais prevalente. Conclusão: AP e BC fornecem qualidade de obturação semelhante, mas o primeiro apresenta maiores valores de resistência de união à dentina humana e bovina. A utilização de dentes bovinos como substitutos de amostras humanas parece ser adequada em estudos relacionados à resistência de união, mas não naqueles que testam a qualidade da obturação endodôntica.(AU)


Objective: This study aimed to compare the filling quality and bond strength of two endodontic sealers, AH Plus and Bio-C Sealer, in human and bovine teeth. Methods: The root canals of 60 [30 human (H) and 30 bovine (B)] single-rooted teeth were prepared and filled by lateral condensation of gutta-percha and AH Plus (groups AP-H and AP-B) or Bio-C Sealer (groups BC-H and BC-B). Six 1.5-mm-thick slices were obtained from each root. The specimens were observed under a stereomicroscope to assess filling quality, considering possible voids within the filling material. Subsequently, root slices were evaluated in terms of push-out bond strength and failure mode. Data were analyzed by Mann-Whitney tests and Spearman correlation coefficients (α=5%). Results: The filling quality provided by AP and BC was similar in both dentin substrates. However, when comparing human and bovine teeth, void scores were greater in the bovine samples, for both sealers. AP had higher bond strength to human and bovine dentin than BC. However, there was no significant difference in bond strength between dentin substrates, for both sealers tested. Also, there was a positive and moderate correlation between the bond strength values of human and bovine teeth. The mixed failure mode was the most prevalent. Conclusion: AP and BC provide similar filling quality, but the first presents higher bond strength values to human and bovine dentin. The use of bovine teeth as substitutes for human samples seems adequate in studies related to bond strength, but not in those testing root canal filling quality.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Cattle , Root Canal Filling Materials/chemistry , Root Canal Obturation/methods , Silicates/chemistry , Calcium Compounds/chemistry , Epoxy Resins/chemistry , Reference Values , Surface Properties , Materials Testing , Cementation/methods , Statistics, Nonparametric , Dental Restoration Failure , Gutta-Percha/chemistry
4.
Rev. Flum. Odontol. (Online) ; 1(60): 45-55, jan.-abr. 2023.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1411271

ABSTRACT

Amplamente utilizados para substituir dentes perdidos, os implantes dentários nos últimos anos vêm apresentando tecnologias como superfícies com micro e nanotopografia e ajustes nas composições químicas, dentre outros, para melhorar a osseointegração e reduzir o prazo de tratamento, permitindo, assim, carga funcional imediata ou precoce em pacientes com densidade óssea reduzida. Vários métodos são aplicados com intuito de modificar a superfície do implante, como jateamento com areia, corrosão ácida, oxidação anódica, tratamento com flúor, usinagem, pulverização de plasma de titânio e revestimento de fosfato de cálcio; esses métodos podem aumentar notavelmente a área de superfície quando operada a técnica adequadada de modificação, quer por procedimento de adição ou subtração. Tais modificações promovem superfícies rugosas, as quais aumentam a porcentagem de contato osso-implante (BIC) durante o processo de cicatrização óssea inicial. Os principais benefícios da modificação da superfície são melhorar a molhabilidade (hidrofilicidade), adesão e fixação de células a implantes e proliferação celular. Dentre os tratamentos de superfície de implantes dentários destaca-se o jateamento de areia com granulação grossa e ataque-ácido com HCL/H2SO4 (SLA) em altas temperaturas, o revestimento de superfície do implante com hidroxiapatita, oxidação anódica e o duplo ataque ácido. O objetivo deste trabalho é realizar uma revisão de literatura discutindo a importância e eficácia desses métodos para a osseointegração e, por conseguinte, para a redução do período de tratamento.


Widely used to replace lost teeth, dental implants have been presenting technologies such as surfaces with micro and nano topography and adjustments in chemical compositions, among others, to improve osseointegration and reduce treatment time, thus allowing immediate or early functional load in patients with reduced bone density. Several methods are applied to modify the implant surface, such as sandblasting, acid corrosion, anodic oxidation, fluoride treatment, machining, titanium plasma spraying, and calcium phosphate coating; these methods can notably increase the surface area when the appropriate modification technique is operated, either by the addition or subtraction procedure. Such modifications promote rough surfaces, which increase the percentage of bone-implant contact (BIC) during the initial bone healing process. The main benefits of surface modification are to improve wettability (hydrophilicity), adhesion and attachment of cells to implants, and cell proliferation. Among the surface treatments for dental implants, sandblasting with large grit and acid-etching with HCL/H2SO4 (SLA) stands out at high temperatures. The surface coating of the implant with hydroxyapatite, anodic oxidation, and double acid-etching. This work aims to conduct a literature review discussing the importance and effectiveness of these methods for osseointegration and, therefore, for reducing the treatment period.


Subject(s)
Surface Properties , Therapeutics , Dental Implants , Osseointegration
5.
International Journal of Oral Science ; (4): 15-15, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971603

ABSTRACT

Nano-engineering-based tissue regeneration and local therapeutic delivery strategies show significant potential to reduce the health and economic burden associated with craniofacial defects, including traumas and tumours. Critical to the success of such nano-engineered non-resorbable craniofacial implants include load-bearing functioning and survival in complex local trauma conditions. Further, race to invade between multiple cells and pathogens is an important criterion that dictates the fate of the implant. In this pioneering review, we compare the therapeutic efficacy of nano-engineered titanium-based craniofacial implants towards maximised local therapy addressing bone formation/resorption, soft-tissue integration, bacterial infection and cancers/tumours. We present the various strategies to engineer titanium-based craniofacial implants in the macro-, micro- and nano-scales, using topographical, chemical, electrochemical, biological and therapeutic modifications. A particular focus is electrochemically anodised titanium implants with controlled nanotopographies that enable tailored and enhanced bioactivity and local therapeutic release. Next, we review the clinical translation challenges associated with such implants. This review will inform the readers of the latest developments and challenges related to therapeutic nano-engineered craniofacial implants.


Subject(s)
Humans , Titanium , Dental Implants , Wound Healing , Surface Properties
6.
West China Journal of Stomatology ; (6): 350-355, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981133

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To investigate the effect of oral microscope-assisted surface decontamination on implants in vitro.@*METHODS@#Twelve implants that fell off because of severe peri-implantitis were collected, and decontamination was carried out on the surfaces of implants through curetting, ultrasound, titanium brushing, and sandblasting at 1×, 8×, or 12.8× magnifications. The number and sizes of residues on the implants' surfaces after decontamination were determined, and the decontamination effect was analyzed according to the thread spacing in the different parts of the thread.@*RESULTS@#1) The 8× and 12.8× groups scored lower for implant surface residues than the 1× group (P<0.000 1), and the 12.8× group scored lower than the 8× group (P<0.001); 2) no difference in residue score was found between the wide and narrow thread pitch (P>0.05), and the 8× and 12.8× groups had lower scores than the 1× group (P<0.001); 3) the lowest number of contaminants was observed at the tip of the thread, whereas the highest was observed below the thread, and the difference was significant (P<0.001). However, the thread pitch had no effect on the number of contaminants in different areas (P>0.05); 4) the residue scores of the 8× and 12.8× groups were lower than those of the 1× group at the thread tip and above, sag, and below the thread of the implants (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Residues on the surfaces of contaminated implants can be effectively removed by using an oral microscope. After decontamination, the residues of pollutants were mainly concentrated below the thread of the implants, and the thread pitch of the implants had no significant effect on the residues.


Subject(s)
Humans , Dental Implants , Decontamination , Surface Properties , Peri-Implantitis , Titanium
7.
West China Journal of Stomatology ; (6): 276-283, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981124

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#The current study aimed to investigate the bonding properties of a novel low-shrinkage resin adhesive containing expanding monomer and epoxy resin monomer after thermal cycling aging treatment.@*METHODS@#Expanding monomer of 3,9-diethyl-3,9-dimethylol-1,5,7,11-tetraoxaspiro-[5,5] undecane (DDTU) as an anti-shrinkage additive and unsaturated epoxy monomer of diallyl bisphenol A diglycidyl ether (DBDE) as a coupling agent were synthesized. A blend of DDTU and DBDE at a mass ratio of 1∶1, referred to as "UE", was added into the resin matrix at the mass fraction of 20% to prepare a novel low-shrinkage resin adhesive.Then, the methacrylate resin adhesive without UE was used as the blank control group, and a commercial resin adhesive system was selected as the commercial control group. Moreover, the resin-dentin bonding and micro-leakage testing specimens were prepared for the thermal cycling aging treatment. The bonding strength was tested, the fracture modes were calculated, the bonding fracture surface was observed by scanning electron microscope (SEM), and the dye penetration was used to evaluate the tooth-restoration marginal interface micro-leakage. All the data were analyzed statistically.@*RESULTS@#After aging, the dentin bonding strength of the experimental group was (19.20±1.03) MPa without a significant decrease (P>0.05), that of the blank control group was (11.22±1.48) MPa with a significant decrease (P<0.05) and that of the commercial control group was (19.16±1.68) MPa without a significant decrease (P>0.05). The interface fracture was observed as the main fracture mode in each group after thermal cycling by SEM. The fractured bonding surfaces of the experimental group often occurred on the top of the hybrid layer, whereas those of the blank and commercial control groups mostly occurred on the bottom of the hybrid layer. Micro-leakage rating counts of specimens before and after thermal cycling were as follows: the experimental group was primarily 0 grade, thereby indicating that a relatively ideal marginal sealing effect could be achieved (P>0.05); meanwhile, the blank control group was primarily 1 grade, and the penetration depth of dye significantly increased after thermal cycling (P<0.05); the commercial control group was primarily 0 grade without statistical difference before and after thermal cycling (P>0.05), while a significant difference was observed between the commercial control group and experimental group after thermal cycling (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The novel low-shrinkage resin adhesive containing 20%UE exhibited excellent bonding properties even after thermal cycling aging treatment, thereby showing a promising prospect for dental application.


Subject(s)
Composite Resins , Dental Bonding , Dental Cements , Surface Properties , Resin Cements , Dentin-Bonding Agents , Dentin , Materials Testing , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning
8.
West China Journal of Stomatology ; (6): 165-174, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981108

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#This study aimed to investigate the effect of new biomimetic micro/nano surfaces on the osteoclastic differentiation of RAW264.7 macrophages by simulating natural osteons for the design of concentric circular structures and modifying graphene oxide (GO).@*METHODS@#The groups were divided into smooth titanium surface group (SS), concentric microgrooved titanium surface group (CMS), and microgroove modified with GO group (GO-CMS). The physicochemical properties of the material surfaces were studied using scanning electron microscopy (SEM), contact-angle measurement, atomic force microscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy analysis, and Raman spectroscopy. The effect of the modified material surface on the cell biological behavior of RAW264.7 was investigated by cell-activity assay, SEM, and laser confocal microscopy. The effect on the osteoclastic differentiation of macrophages was investiga-ted by tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP) immunofluorescence staining and quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) experiments.@*RESULTS@#Macrophages were arranged in concentric circles along the microgrooves, and after modification with GO, the oxygen-containing groups on the surface of the material increased and hydrophilicity increased. Osteoclasts in the GO-CMS group were small in size and number and had the lowest TRAP expression. Although it promoted the proliferation of macrophages in the GO-CMS group, the expression of osteoclastic differentiation-related genes was lower than that in the SS group, and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Concentric circular microgrooves restricted the fusion of osteoclasts and the formation of sealing zones. Osteomimetic concentric microgrooves modified with GO inhibited the osteoclastic differentiation of RAW 264.7 macrophages.


Subject(s)
Graphite/pharmacology , Titanium/pharmacology , Haversian System , Macrophages , Cell Differentiation , Oxides/pharmacology , Surface Properties
9.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 94-100, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971279

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study microstructure, friction and wear behaviors of silicon-lithium spray coating on the surface of zirconia ceramics and to preliminarily evaluate its esthetic so as to provide support and guidance for the clinical application.@*METHODS@#Zirconia ceramic specimens were randomly divided into three groups: coating group (two subgroups), polishing group (two subgroups), and glazing group (four subgroups), with 10 samples in each subgroup. The two subgroups of coating group were the zirconia ceramics with the untreated and preliminary polishing surfaces sprayed with silicon-lithium coating, respectively. The two subgroups of polishing group were preliminary polishing and fine polishing of zirconia ceramics, respectively. The four subgroups of glazing group were preliminarily polished zirconia ceramics glazed with Biomic and Stain/Glaze products, respectively; and untreated zirconia ceramics glazed with Biomic and Stain/Glaze products, respectively. The above 8 subgroups of zirconia ceramic specimens were used as friction pairs with 80 steatite ceramics for 50 000 chewing cycles under 50 N vertical load and artificial saliva lubrication using chewing simulation. Scanning electron microscope was used to observe the microstructure of the surface and section of the coating group, and the thickness of the coating and glazing were measured. The linear roughness of the coating and polishing groups was mea-sured using a laser confocal scanning microscope. Vickers hardness was measured using a microhardness tester and the esthetic of zirconia ceramic full crown sprayed with silicon-lithium coating was preliminarily evaluated. White light interferometer was used to measure the width, the maximum depth and the volume of the wear scars of each group, and the wear depth of steatite ceramics and wear rate of zirconia ceramic specimens were calculated. Kruskal-Wallis nonparametric test and Dunn's multiple comparisons test were used to analyze the wear depth of each group (α=0.05).@*RESULTS@#The microstructures of the silica-lithium spray coatings on the untreated and preliminarily polished zirconia ceramic surfaces showed the protruding defects, and the line roughness of coating group was larger than that of the polishing group. The median thickness of the silica-lithium spray coating on the preliminarily polished zirconia ceramic was 13.0 μm (interquartile range, IQR: 11.6, 17.9), while that of the silica-lithium spray coating on the untreated zirconia ceramic was 4.4 μm (IQR: 4.1, 4.7). The Vickers hardness and wear rate of the coating group were between the polishing group and the glazing group. The wear depths of the wear scars of steatite ceramics were the glazing group, coating group, and polishing group in descending order, and there was statistically significant difference between glazing and polishing groups (P < 0.05). With the increase of polishing procedure, the wear depth of steatite ceramics decreased in each subgroups. The orders of maximum depth and volume of wear scars of zirconia ceramic were the glazing group, coating group, and polishing group in descending order, and there was statistically significant difference in the maximum depth of wear scars between glazing and polishing groups (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The silica-lithium spray coating on the zirconia ceramic, can be used as a new method for zirconia ceramic surface treatment, because it can increase the esthetic of zirconia ceramics compared with polishing and reduce the wear of steatite ceramics compared with glazing.


Subject(s)
Humans , Silicon , Materials Testing , Friction , Lithium , Cicatrix , Surface Properties , Silicon Dioxide , Zirconium/chemistry , Ceramics , Dental Porcelain
10.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 165-173, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970770

ABSTRACT

Objective: To fabricate TiO2 nanotube material functionalized by antimicrobial peptide LL-37, and to explore its effects on biological behaviors such as adhesion and migration of human keratinocytes (HaCaT) and its antibacterial properties. Methods: The TiO2 nanotube array (NT) was constructed on the surface of polished titanium (PT) by anodization, and the antimicrobial peptide LL-37 was loaded on the surface of TiO2 nanotube (LL-37/NT) by physical adsorption. Three samples were selected by simple random sampling in each group. Surface morphology, roughness, hydrophilicity and release characteristics of LL-37 of the samples were analyzed with a field emission scanning electron microscope, an atomic force microscope, a contact angle measuring device and a microplate absorbance reader. HaCaT cells were respectively cultured on the surface of three groups of titanium samples. Each group had 3 replicates. The morphology of cell was observed by field emission scanning electron microscope. The number of cell adhesion was observed by cellular immunofluorescence staining. Cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) assay was used to detect cell proliferation. Wound scratch assay was used to observe the migration of HaCaT. The above experiments were used to evaluate the effect of each group on the biological behavior of HaCaT cells. To evaluate their antibacterial effects, Porphyromonas gingivalis (Pg) was respectively inoculated on the surface of three groups of titanium samples. Each group had 3 replicates. The morphology of bacteria was observed by field emission scanning electron microscope. Bacterial viability was determined by live/dead bacterial staining. Results: A uniform array of nanotubes could be seen on the surface of titanium samples in LL-37/NT group, and the top of the tube was covered with granular LL-37. Compared with PT group [the roughness was (2.30±0.18) nm, the contact angle was 71.8°±1.7°], the roughness [(20.40±3.10) and (19.10±4.11) nm] and hydrophilicity (the contact angles were 22.4°±3.1° and 25.3°±2.2°, respectively) of titanium samples increased in NT and LL-37/NT group (P<0.001). The results of in vitro release test showed that the release of antimicrobial peptide LL-37 was characterized by early sudden release (1-4 h) and long-term (1-7 d) slow release. With the immunofluorescence, more cell attachment was found on NT and LL-37/NT than that on PT at the first 0.5 and 2.0 h of culture (P<0.05). The results of CCK-8 showed that there was no significant difference in the proliferation of cells among groups at 1, 3 and 5 days after culture. Wound scratch assay showed that compared with PT and NT group, the cell moved fastest on the surface of titanium samples in LL-37/NT group at 24 h of culture [(96.4±4.9)%] (F=35.55, P<0.001). A monolayer cells could be formed and filled with the scratch in 24 h at LL-37/NT group. The results of bacterial test in vitro showed that compared with the PT group, the bacterial morphology in the NT and LL-37/NT groups was significantly wrinkled, and obvious bacterial rupture could be seen on the surface of titanium samples in LL-37/NT group. The results of bacteria staining showed that the green fluorescence intensity of titanium samples in LL-37/NT group was the lowest in all groups (F=66.54,P<0.001). Conclusions: LL-37/NT is beneficial to the adhesion and migration of HaCaT cells and has excellent antibacterial properties, this provides a new strategy for the optimal design of implant neck materials.


Subject(s)
Humans , Titanium/chemistry , Antimicrobial Peptides , Cathelicidins , Sincalide , Anti-Bacterial Agents/pharmacology , Nanotubes/chemistry , Dental Materials , Bacteria , Keratinocytes , Surface Properties
11.
International Journal of Oral Science ; (4): 21-21, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982478

ABSTRACT

Dental resin composites (DRCs) are popular materials for repairing caries or dental defect, requiring excellent properties to cope with the complex oral environment. Filler/resin interface interaction has a significant impact on the physicochemical/biological properties and service life of DRCs. Various chemical and physical modification methods on filler/resin interface have been introduced and studied, and the physical micromechanical interlocking caused by the modification of fillers morphology and structure is a promising method. This paper firstly introduces the composition and development of DRCs, then reviews the chemical and physical modification methods of the filler/resin interface, mainly discusses the interface micromechanical interlocking structures and their enhancement mechanism for DRCs, finally give a summary on the existing problems and development potential.


Subject(s)
Composite Resins/chemistry , Surface Properties , Materials Testing
12.
Chinese Journal of Medical Instrumentation ; (6): 288-293, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982230

ABSTRACT

Blood compatibility is the main restriction of blood-contacting medical devices in clinical application, especially long-term blood-contacting medical devices will stimulate the immune defense mechanism of the host, resulting in thrombosis. Heparin anticoagulant coating links heparin molecules to the surface of medical device product materials, improves the compatibility between the material surface interface and the body, and reduces the host immune defense reactions. This study reviews the structure and biological properties of heparin, the market application status of heparin-coated medical products, the insufficiency and improvement of heparin coating, which can provide a reference for the application research of blood contact medical devices.


Subject(s)
Humans , Heparin/chemistry , Anticoagulants/chemistry , Thrombosis , Coated Materials, Biocompatible/chemistry , Surface Properties
13.
Braz. dent. sci ; 26(3): 1-9, 2023. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1442905

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Este estudo avaliou as propriedades de polimento dos materiais de splint oclusal obtidos usando métodos de fabricação subtrativos e aditivos com os procedimentos de polimento laboratorial (LP) e polimento em consultório (CP). Material e Métodos: As amostras (N=180, n=60 para cada grupo) foram fabricadas usando um dos seguintes métodos: método de fabricação subtrativo (SMM) (M-PM Disc, Merz Dental GmbH), método de fabricação aditivo (AMM) (Freeprint Splint 2.0, DETAX GmbH & Co. KG) e o método de fabricação convencional (CMM) (Promolux HC, Merz Dental GmbH). Seguindo os procedimentos de LP e CP, a rugosidade da superfície dos espécimes foi medida usando um perfilômetro de superfície digital. Um espécime representativo foi selecionado de cada grupo, e uma imagem de microscópio eletrônico de varredura (SEM) foi obtida. Resultados: Tanto o método de fabricação quanto os procedimentos de polimento afetaram significativamente os resultados (P<0,01). Os termos de interação também foram significativos (P<0,001). Conclusão: Com ambos os métodos de polimento, a rugosidade superficial do grupo AMM foi a maior e a do grupo CMM a menor. Embora o procedimento CP tenha sido mais eficaz do que LP com ambos os métodos, a rugosidade da superfície ficou abaixo do limite de 0,2 µm após ambos os procedimentos de polimento testados (AU)


Objective: This study evaluated the polishing properties of the occlusal splint materials obtained using subtractive and additive manufacturing methods with the laboratory-type polishing (LP) and chairside-type polishing (CP) procedures. Material and Methods: Specimens (N=180, n=60 each group) were manufactured using one of the following methods: subtractive manufacturing method (SMM) (M-PM Disc, Merz Dental GmbH), additive manufacturing method (AMM) (Freeprint Splint 2.0, DETAX GmbH & Co. KG), and the conventional manufacturing method (CMM) (Promolux HC, Merz Dental GmbH). Following LP and CP procedures, surface roughness of the specimens was measured using a digital surface profilometer. One representative specimen was selected from each group, and a scanning electron microscope (SEM) image was made. Results: Both the manufacturing method and the polishing procedures significantly affected the results (P<0.01). Interaction terms were also significant (P<0.001). Conclusion: With both polishing methods, surface roughness of the AMM group was the highest and the CMM group the least. Although the CP procedure was more effective than LP with both methods, surface roughness was below the 0.2 µm threshold after both polishing procedures tested. (AU)


Subject(s)
Surface Properties , Occlusal Splints , Computer-Aided Design , Polymethyl Methacrylate , Dental Materials
14.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 22: e238637, Jan.-Dec. 2023. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1512222

ABSTRACT

The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of abrasion wear on surface roughness and microhardness of different commercially available resin composites simulating pH-challenges of the oral cavity. Methods: Three resin composites (RC) were used in this study: one conventional: Z250; and two bulk fill resin composites (BRC): Tetric N-Ceram (TNC) and Sonic Fill (SF). The RC was inserted in a prefabricated mold (15mm wide x 4mm thickness) in two layers, or in a single layer for BRC. Thirty samples were prepared and surface roughness (Ra) and Knoop microhardness (KHN) test were performed at three different time-points of evaluation: baseline (24h after sample preparation); partial (after pH cycling); and final (after simulated toothbrushing procedure). Two samples of each group were selected after different treatments and analyzed descriptively on a scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Data from Ra and KHN were analyzed by two-way repeated-measures ANOVA and Bonferroni's post-hoc test with a significance level set at 5%. Results: Ra increased for all groups (p<0.001), at the final time-point, Z250 and TNC groups present the highest values. Oppositely, KHN decreased for all groups (p<0.001), Z250 group showed the highest KHN values for all time-points (p<0.001). The SEM imagens showed a regular surface for samples cycled and irregular with inorganic particles exposed for samples toothbrushed. Conclusion: pH-cycling and simulated toothbrushing affected the superficial properties (roughness and Knoop microhardness), as observed at SEM imagens, with irregular surface with inorganic particles exposure


Subject(s)
Surface Properties , Toothbrushing , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Composite Resins
15.
Araçatuba; s.n; 2023. 44 p. ilus, tab, graf.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1510490

ABSTRACT

Atualmente novos princípios ativos de função reabsortiva têm ganhado campo de estudo para avaliar seus mecanismos e comportamento biológico. Com isso, um novo antirreabsortivo, inibidor da catepsina K tem apresentado efeito positivo na osseointegração. Este estudo tem como objetivo avaliar a resposta óssea da superfície de implantes revestida por duplo ataque ácido e Odanacatib (MK-0822) em ratas ovariectomizadas. Neste estudo foram utilizadas ratas (Albinus, Wistar) ovariectomizadas ou sham (placebo). Cinquenta e dois (52) tiveram as superfícies revestidas por duplo ataque ácido e MK-0822 a 0,06 mg/ml através do método biomimético, e 48 implantes foram instalados em tíbias de ratas ovariectomizadas ou sham. Microscopia eletrônica de varredura (MEV) e energia dispersiva de raios-x (EDS) foram realizadas em 4 implantes após tratamento de superfície, para análise da topografia e composição química, além da realização da análise do ângulo de contato em 16 discos de titânio comercialmente puro tratados com as mesmas superfícies. Aos 15 e 40 dias após instalação de implantes (n=6), foi realizada microtomografia computadorizada. Dados quantitativos foram avaliados adotando-se o nível de significância p< 0,05. Além dos resultados topográficos favoráveis para os grupos tratados com MK-0822, os resultados microtomográficos apresentaram diferença estatisticamente significante entre os grupos SHAM e OVX na maioria dos parâmetros (p< 0,05). Ainda assim, os grupos tratados com MK-0822 apresentaram resultado semelhante ou maior, porém sem diferença estatística, em relação ao grupo controle em todos os parâmetros (TV, BV, BV ̸TV, Tb.Sp e Tb.N)(AU)


Currently new active principles of resorptive function have gained field of study to evaluate their mechanisms and biological behavior. Thereby a new anti-absorbent, cathepsin K inhibitor has had a positive effect on osseointegration. This study aims to evaluate the bone response of the surface of implants coated by double acid-etched and Odanacatib (MK-0822) in ovariectomized rats. In this study, either ovariectomized rats (Albinus, Wistar) or sham (placebo) have been used. Fifty-two (52) implants had the surfaces coated with double acid-etched and MK-0822 at 0,06 mg/ml by the biomimetic method and 48 implants were installed on sham or ovariectomized rat tibias. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and X-ray dispersive energy (EDS) were performed in 4 implants after surface treatment for analysis of topography and chemical composition, in addition to performing contact angle analysis on 16 commercially pure titanium discs treated with the same surfaces. At 15 and 40 days after implant installation, microcomputer tomography was performed. Quantitative data was evaluated by adopting the significance level of p< 0.05. Besides the favorable topographic results to MK-0822 coated implants group, the microtomographic results presents statistically significant differences between the SHAM and OVX groups at most of the parameters (p< 0,05). Nevertheless, the MK-0822 coated group presents similar or higher values, although without statistic differences related to the control group in all parameters (TV, BV, BV ̸TV, Tb.Sp and Tb.N)(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Surface Properties , Bone Resorption , Dental Implants , Rats, Wistar , Cathepsin K
16.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 23: e210059, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1529136

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To identify the tobacco effect on flexural properties and the microhardness of three acrylic resins. Material and Methods: Three resins were tested: two thermo-polymerizable acrylic resins (RMB 20 and BMS 014) and one autopolymerized acrylic resin. The 3-point bending and microhardness tests were carried out with a universal tensile-compression machine and a micro-Vickers hardness tester. The acrylic resin specimens have been exposed for 21 days to cigarette smoke in a smoking room. Their mechanical strength was compared to unexposed samples. Statistical analysis was performed using the data processing software SPSS Statistics 21.0. Results: The flexural properties of the resins were affected by cigarette smoke only in the case of Major Base 20® (drop in strength with p= 0.02; 0.6; 0.7 and in elastic modulus with p= 0.86; 0.74 and 0.85 for Major Base 20®, BMS 014® and Major Repair®). The cigarette smoke affected significantly microhardness for all groups (p<0.001). Conclusion: Cigarette smoking does not affect the flexural properties of the acrylic resin (BMS 014® and Major Repair® unlike Major Base 20®), but it does reduce the microhardness.


Subject(s)
Dentures , Cigarette Smoking/adverse effects , Flexural Strength , Surface Properties , Analysis of Variance
17.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 21: e224265, jan.-dez. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1354719

ABSTRACT

Aim: This study assessed the color and translucency stability of a polymer infiltrated ceramic network (PICN) and compared it with a resin composite (RC) and a feldspathic ceramic (FEL). Methods: Disc-shaped samples of a PICN (Vita Enamic), a feldspathic ceramic (Vitablocks Mark II), and a resin composite (Brava block) were prepared from CAD/CAM blocks. PICN and RC surfaces were finished with a sequence of polishing discs and diamond paste. FEL samples received a glaze layer. The samples were subjected to 30-min immersions in red wine twice a day for 30 days. CIEL*a*b* coordinates were assessed with a spectrophotometer at baseline and after 15 and 30 days of immersion. Color alteration (ΔE00) and translucency parameter (TP00) were calculated with CIEDE2000. Average roughness was measured before the staining procedures. Color difference and translucency data were analyzed with repeated-measures ANOVA and Tukey's tests. Roughness was analyzed with the Kruskal-Wallis test. Results: Roughness was similar among the experimental groups. All materials had their color alteration significantly increased from 15 to 30 days of staining. PICN reached an intermediate ΔE00 between FEL and RC at 15 days. PICN revealed a color alteration as high as the composite after 30 days. No statistical difference was observed regarding translucency. Conclusion: PICN was not as color stable as the feldspathic ceramic at the end of the study. Its color alteration was comparable to the resin composite when exposed to red wine. However, the translucency of the tested materials was stable throughout the 30-day staining


Subject(s)
Surface Properties , Materials Testing , Ceramics , Computer-Aided Design , Color , Composite Resins
18.
J. oral res. (Impresa) ; 11(5): 1-12, nov. 23, 2022. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1435341

ABSTRACT

In Purpose: The fabrication technique can influence the mechanical properties of Cobalt-Chromium (Co-Cr) dental alloys. Hence, the present study aims to determine the corrosion resistance and thermal expansion of alloys manufactured using three contemporary techniques. Material and Methods: A total of nine specimens of Co-Cr alloy were prepared according to ISO 22674 by each one of the three manufacturing processes (three in each process); conventional casting, direct metal laser sintering (DMLS) and milling (MIL). All these specimens were tested for coefficient of thermal expansion and corrosion resistance. The data was tabulated and analyzed statistically. Results: The difference in the thermal expansion of alloys fabricated using three techniques was non-significant at almost all the temperatures from 50 ºC to 950 ºC (p>0.05), except 450 ºC and 600 °C. The polarization resistance of specimens manufactured using the conventional method was more compared to DMLS and MIL at pH 5 (Conventional>MIL>DMLS) (p<0.001). Conclusion: The thermal expansion behavior of alloys manufactured using the three selected techniques were similar, whereas, at acidic pH, the corrosion resistance of conventional and MIL were better than the DMLS.


Antecedentes: La técnica de fabricación puede influir en las propiedades mecánicas de las aleaciones dentales de cobalto-cromo (Co-Cr). Por lo tanto, el presente estudio tiene como objetivo determinar la resistencia a la corrosión y la expansión térmica de aleaciones fabricadas con tres técnicas contemporáneas. Material y Métodos: Se prepararon un total de nueve probetas de aleación de Co-Cr según ISO 22674 por cada uno de los tres procesos de fabricación (tres en cada proceso); fundición convencional, sinterización directa de metal por láser (DMLS) y fresado (MIL). Todos estos especímenes fueron probados para determinar el coeficiente de expansión térmica y la resistencia a la corrosión. Los datos fueron tabulados y analizados estadísticamente. Resultados: La diferencia en la dilatación térmica de las aleaciones fabricadas con las tres técnicas no fue significativa en casi todas las temperaturas desde 50ºC hasta 950ºC (p>0,05), excepto 450ºC y 600ºC. La resistencia a la polarización de las muestras fabricadas con el método convencional fue mayor en comparación con DMLS y MIL a pH 5 (Convencional>MIL>DMLS) (p<0, 0 01). Conclusión: El comportamiento de expansión térmica de las aleaciones fabricadas con las tres técnicas seleccionadas fue similar, mientras que, a pH ácido, la resistencia a la corrosión de la convencional y la MIL fue mejor que la de la DMLS.


Subject(s)
Humans , Temperature , Chromium Alloys , Corrosion , Dental Alloys , Surface Properties , In Vitro Techniques , Chromium/chemistry , Cobalt/chemistry , Lasers
19.
Rev. ADM ; 79(5): 284-291, sept.-oct. 2022. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1428520

ABSTRACT

Introducción: se realizó una revisión bibliográfica con el objetivo de conocer, analizar y comparar los diferentes tipos de adhesivos de octava generación que se encuentran en el mercado y la diferencia que existe entre cada uno. Los adhesivos universales han demostrado mejoras en su resistencia, sobre todo en las técnicas de aplicación y en las propiedades de estos materiales, al mejorar la fuerza adhesiva para que el odontólogo pueda brindar tratamientos restaurativos exitosos. Objetivo: conocer, analizar y comparar los diferentes tipos de adhe- sivos de la octava generación empleados en odontología. Material y métodos: se realizó una búsqueda en las bases de datos electrónicas PubMed, BVS, Redalyc y ScienceDirect. Se utilizaron 32 artículos que cumplieron con los criterios predeterminados y la especificidad reque- rida para la pregunta de investigación. Conclusiones: se demostró que la tecnología cada día avanza, sobre todo en el área de los adhesivos, ya que éstos son de mucha utilidad en el día a día del odontólogo; es importante conocer cada uno de éstos, puesto que es un poco complejo seleccionar el correcto, mas no el uso. En la actualidad, existen diversas opciones por las que el odontólogo puede optar, es por ello que el pro- fesional debe estar capacitado sobre cada una de las diferentes marcas existentes y, de acuerdo al tratamiento, debe elegir cuál es mejor utilizar en una rehabilitación. Es importante para el odontólogo conocer estos materiales, ya que esto lo beneficiará al momento de llevar un plan de tratamiento restaurador (AU)


Introduction: a bibliographic review was carried out to learn about, analyze, and compare the different types of eighth-generation adhesives on the market and the difference between each one. Universal adhesives have demonstrated improvements in their resistance, especially in the application techniques and properties of these materials, improving the adhesive strength so that the dentist can provide successful restorative treatments. Objective: to know, analyze and compare the different types of eighth-generation adhesives used in dentistry. Material and methods: a search was made of the following electronic databases: PubMed, BVS, Redalyc, ScienceDirect. Finally, 32 articles that met the predetermined criteria and the specificity required for the research question were used. Conclusions: it was demonstrated that technology is advancing every day, especially in the area of adhesives since these are very useful in the daily life of the dentist. It is important to know each one of these since it is a little complex at the moment of selecting the correct one, but not the use. Currently, there are several options that the dentist can choose, which is why the professional must be trained on each of the various existing brands and according to the treatment which is the best to use at the time of rehabilitation. The dentist needs to know these materials since they will benefit him/her when carrying out a restorative treatment plan (AU)


Subject(s)
Technology, Dental/trends , Dentin-Bonding Agents , Surface Properties , Acid Etching, Dental/methods , Compressive Strength , Dental Enamel/drug effects , Shear Strength , Dentin/drug effects , Nanoparticles , Flexural Strength
20.
São Paulo; s.n; 20220720. 185 p.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1379715

ABSTRACT

O desgaste dentário é um processo de perda de estrutura dental, de etiologia multifatorial, com incidência crescente na população e ocasionado, principalmente, pela frequência do contato da superfície dentária com substâncias químicas e mecânicas, resultantes da alimentação e de hábitos orais. Os efeitos da ação dos desafios químicos e/ou mecânicos no dente, hígido ou restaurado, podem variar conforme as propriedades e características do substrato dentina, material restaurador. O estudo objetivou analisar os efeitos dos desafios erosivo (DE) e erosivo-abrasivo (DEA) na superfície de diferentes materiais restauradores (MR), sistemas adesivos (SA) e da dentina adjacente às restaurações (DAR). Molares humanos hígidos (n=75) foram limpos e preparados até obtenção de dentina oclusal uniforme. Os espécimes foram aleatoriamente divididos em 5 grupos (n=15). Na superfície dentinária, uma cavidade 4 x 2 mm foi confeccionada por meio de uma ponta diamantada, e restaurada por diferentes tipos de SR: Amaris® (AMA), Beautifil® II (BEA), ClearfilTM SE Bond 2 (CFB), FL-Bond II (FLB) e RIVA Self Cure (RIVA). Após restauração, a superfície do espécime foi delimitada em três partes duas, nas extremidades, que foram protegidas por fita adesiva anticorrosiva, e uma, intermediária (2 mm), que foi deixada livre para exposição da área aos desafios. No DE, o espécime foi imerso em solução de ácido cítrico 1% (pH 2.3) por dois min, seguido de imersão em saliva artificial por 60 min. Esse ciclo foi realizado durante 5 dias (6x/dia). No DEA, os espécimes foram submetidos ao mesmo DE descrito, porém foram escovados em máquina de escovação (escova macia, 45 ciclos/150g/15s), 2x/dia (após 30 min do primeiro e do último ciclo erosivo do dia). Os efeitos dos desafios foram avaliados pela análise das propriedades de perda de superfície (PS, m) e rugosidade superficial (RS, m) (Perfilometria óptica); e dureza superficial (HB, nanoindentação, Kg/mm2). Os dados foram analisados estatisticamente (p=0.05) pelos testes ANOVA, de Tukey e pela Correlação Linear de Pearson. Após desafios, as DAR de todos os grupos apresentaram elevada perda e diminuição na dureza. O DE ocasionou maior PS na dentina (PS>20 m). Não houve diferença entre a rugosidade dos materiais restauradores após desafios. O material RIVA apresentou elevada perda (PS>2 m), elevada rugosidade (RS=0.93048±0.2) e diminuição na dureza (HB<35 Kg/mm2) após desafios, principalmente após escovação. A rugosidade dentinária de AMA+CFB (RS=0.61921±0.1) foi menor após abrasão. Os desafios agiram igualmente sobre a dureza da interface adesiva. A dureza da interface de BEA+FLB (HB=16.97627±2.32) foi menor após escovação. Após erosão, a dureza dos materiais bioativos BEA, FLB e RIVA reduziram. Os efeitos observados dependeram do tipo de desafio e substrato envolvido no processo. A ação isolada do ácido cítrico foi mais agressiva no substrato dentinário. Os desafios tiveram efeitos sobre as propriedades dos materiais restauradores, principalmente nas dos bioativos. Nenhum material foi eficaz contra a desmineralização severa da dentina.


Subject(s)
Surface Properties , Tooth Abrasion , Tooth Wear
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