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1.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 49: e20223189, 2022.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1365383

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT The XXXIV Brazilian Congress of Surgery included Global Surgery for the first time in its scientific program. Global Surgery is any action in research, clinical practice, and policy-making that aims to improve access and quality of care in surgical specialties. In 2015, The Lancet Commission on Global Surgery highlighted that five billion people lack safe, timely, and affordable surgical care. Even more critical, nine of ten people cannot access essential surgical care in low and middle-income countries, where a third of the worldwide population resides, and only 6% of global surgical procedures are performed. Although Brazilian researchers and institutions have been contributing to lay the movement's foundations since 2014, Global Surgery remains a barely debated subject in the country. It is urgent to expand the field and break paradigms regarding the surgeons' role in public health in Brazil. Accomplishing these standards requires a joint effort to strategically allocate resources and identify collaboration opportunities, including those from medical societies and regulatory bodies. As members of the International Student Surgical Network of Brazil - a nonprofit organization by and for students, residents, and young physicians focused on Global Surgery - we review why investing in surgery is cost-effective to strengthen health systems, reduce morbimortality, and lead to economic development. Additionally, we highlight and propose key recommendations to foster the field at the national level.


RESUMO O 34° Congresso Brasileiro de Cirurgia incluiu Cirurgia Global pela primeira vez em seu programa científico. Cirurgia Global é qualquer ação em pesquisa, prática clínica e políticas em saúde que visa melhorar o acesso e a qualidade do atendimento em especialidades cirúrgicas. Em 2015, a Comissão da The Lancet em Cirurgia Global destacou que cinco bilhões de pessoas carecem de assistência cirúrgica segura, oportuna e acessível. Ainda mais crítico, nove em cada dez pessoas não têm acesso a cuidados cirúrgicos essenciais em países de baixa e média renda, onde um terço da população mundial reside e apenas 6% dos procedimentos cirúrgicos globais são realizados. Embora pesquisadores e instituições brasileiras tenham contribuído para lançar as bases internacionais e nacionais do movimento desde 2014, a Cirurgia Global ainda é um assunto pouco debatido no país. Assim, faz-se urgente expandir essa área de conhecimento e quebrar paradigmas quanto ao papel do cirurgião na saúde pública no Brasil. Isso requer um esforço conjunto para alocar recursos de forma estratégica bem como para identificar oportunidades de colaboração, incluindo as sociedades médicas e os órgãos reguladores. Como membros da International Student Surgical Network of Brazil - organização sem fins lucrativos feita por e para estudantes, residentes e jovens médicos com foco na Cirurgia Global - revisamos por que investir em Cirurgia é uma medida custo-efetiva para fortalecer os sistemas de saúde, reduzir a morbimortalidade e promover o desenvolvimento econômico. Além disso, destacamos e propomos recomendações-chave para fomentar a Cirurgia Global a nível nacional.


Subject(s)
Humans , Ophthalmology , Specialties, Surgical , Surgeons , Brazil , Public Health
3.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 26(supl.3): 5013-5022, Oct. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1345757

ABSTRACT

Abstract Studies evaluating the factors associated with under reporting and with the recognition and reporting of child physical abuse are scarce and highly necessary. This study aimed to assess the prevalence of recognition and reporting of child physical abuse (CPA) by Brazilian dentistsin primary care and associated factors. A cross-sectional study was carried out with a representative sample of dentistsfrom the Family Health Strategy in Belo Horizonte. A self-administered questionnaire validated to Brazilian Portuguesewas used for data collection. Statistical analysis included univariate and multiple analyses through Poisson regression. A total of 181dentists participated in the study. Among them, 73 (40.3%) had already recognized some cases of CPA, but only 11 (6.1%) ended up reporting. Dentists with six to 19 years of experience as a municipal worker presented 2.38 times [PR = 2.38 (95%CI: 1.29-4.41)] more probability to recognize cases of CPA than the ones with less than six years. Having a graduate degree with a major in childcare [PR = 4.50 (95%CI: 1.08-18.68)] was associated with a larger number of reports. The employment duration as municipal worker was positively associated with the recognition of CPA cases and the prevalence of reporting was low.


Resumo Estudos que avaliem os fatores associados à subnotificação e às dificuldades dos dentistas para identificar e notificar abuso físico infantil são escassos e necessários. Este estudo teve como objetivo investigar a prevalência de identificação e de notificação de abuso físico infantil (AFI) e fatores associados por dentistas da atenção primária. Trata-se de um estudo transversal com amostra representativa dos dentistas da Estratégia Saúde da Família de Belo Horizonte. Para a coleta de dados foi utilizado um questionário autoaplicável, validado para uso no Brasil. A análise estatística incluiu análise univariada e múltipla pela regressão de Poisson. Um total de 181 profissionais participaram do estudo. Destes, 73 (40,3%) já identificaram algum caso de AFI, mas apenas 11 (6,1%) realizaram a notificação. Dentistas com seis a 19 anos de trabalho no município apresentaram probabilidade 2,38 vezes [RP = 2,38 (CI 95%: 1,29-4,41)] maior de identificar casos de AFI do que aqueles com menos de seis anos de atuação. Possuir pós-graduação com foco em crianças [PR = 4,50(CI 95%: 1,08-18,68)] esteve positivamente associado a um maior número de notificações. O tempo de trabalho no município esteve associado à identificação de casos de AFI. A prevalência de notificação encontrada foi baixa.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Child Abuse , Surgeons , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Physical Abuse
4.
Medisan ; 25(5)2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1346553

ABSTRACT

En este artículo se mencionan algunos aspectos de la vida y obra del doctor Claudio Julio Puente Fonseca, Especialista de Segundo Grado en Cirugía Pediátrica, Profesor Titular y Consultante de la Universidad de Ciencias Médicas de Santiago de Cuba. Durante varios años fue el Jefe del Grupo Provincial de la especialidad. Sus logros en la asistencia, docencia, contribución al uso correcto de la lengua española y de la terminología médica fueron relevantes para sus alumnos y colegas.


Some aspects of the life and work of Dr. Claudio Julio Puente Fonseca, Second Degree Specialist in Pediatric Surgery, Associate and Consultant Professor in Santiago Medical Sciences University, are mentioned in this work. During several years he was the Provincial Group Head of the Speciality. His achievements in assistance, teaching, contributions to the correct use of Spanish and of the medical terminology were relevant for his pupils and colleagues.


Subject(s)
Physicians , Famous Persons , Surgeons , Cuba
5.
Medisan ; 25(4)2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1340208

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Una de las tareas básicas en las investigaciones es la realización de herramientas con contenidos acordes con el tema que se desea estudiar, lo cual puede solucionarse mediante los criterios de expertos, que permiten la confección de instrumentos confiables y su aplicabilidad en las ciencias biomédicas. Objetivo: Describir los resultados del proceso de selección de expertos para la validación teórica de los instrumentos utilizados en la estrategia de superación profesional de los cirujanos en el periodo preoperatorio mediato. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio cualitativo y cuantitativo en el Hospital General Docente Dr. Juan Bruno Zayas Alfonso de Santiago de Cuba, desde diciembre de 2019 hasta marzo de 2021. El universo estuvo constituido por 25 expertos, a quienes se les aplicó el test de autovaloración y el método Delphi. Resultados: Se halló que 17 (68,0 %) doctores en ciencias obtuvieron coeficiente de competencia alto y 6 (24,0 %) medio, los cuales fueron seleccionados para validar los instrumentos y el programa docente de la investigación. Los expertos consideraron que en dichos instrumentos existió suficiencia claridad, coherencia y relevancia. A pesar de que no alcanzaron la calificación máxima, todos obtuvieron entre 3 y 4 puntos, por lo que no se realizaron cambios en los ítems. Conclusiones: La validación del contenido de los instrumentos sirvió para fortalecer las herramientas utilizadas en la investigación, la experiencia en la actividad profesional y en la función científico - investigativa.


Introduction: One of the basic tasks in the investigations is the realization of tools with contents according to the topic that is wanted to study, which can be solved by means of the experts criteria that allow the making of reliable instruments and their implementation in the biomedical sciences. Objective: To describe the results of the experts selection process for the theoretical validation of the instruments used in the strategy of the surgeons professional training during the mediate preoperative period. Methods: A qualitative and quantitative study was carried out at Dr. Juan Bruno Zayas Alfonso Teaching General Hospital in Santiago de Cuba, from December, 2019 to March, 2021. The universe was constituted by 25 experts to whom the self-appraisal test and Delphi method were applied. Results: It was found that 17 (68.0 %) doctors in science obtained high competence coefficient and 6 (24.0 %) mean competence coefficient, which were selected to validate the instruments and the teaching program of investigation. The experts considered that in this instruments existed sufficiency, clarity, coherence and relevance. Although they didn't reach the maximum qualification, all of them obtained between 3 and 4 points, reason why changes in the items were not carried out. Conclusion: The validation of the instruments content was good to strengthen the tools used in the investigation, the experience in the professional activity and in the scientist - investigative function.


Subject(s)
Professional Competence , Preoperative Care , Validation Study , Specialization , Surgeons/education
6.
Rev. argent. cir. plást ; 27(2): 59-59, 20210000.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1357626
7.
Säo Paulo med. j ; 139(3): 293-300, May-June 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1252238

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Lung cancer is a type of neoplasia with one of the highest incidences worldwide and is the largest cause of mortality due to cancer in the world today. It is classified according to its histological and biological characteristics, which will determine its treatment and prognosis. Non-small cell lung cancer accounts for 85% of the cases, and these are the cases that surgeons mostly deal with. Small cell lung cancer accounts for the remaining 15%. Surgery is the main method for treating early stage lung cancer, and lobectomy is the preferred procedure for treating primary lung cancer, while sublobar resection is an alternative for patients with poor reserve or with very small tumors. Surgeons need to be trained to use the resources and techniques available for lung resection, including less invasive approaches such as video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) and robotic-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (RATS), and need to be familiar with new oncological approaches, including curative, adjuvant or palliative treatments for patients with lung cancer.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/surgery , Surgeons , Lung Neoplasms/surgery , Pneumonectomy , Thoracic Surgery, Video-Assisted
8.
Rev. argent. cir ; 113(1): 92-100, abr. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1288178

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Antecedentes: la formación en cirugía se mantuvo uniforme desde la instauración del modelo de re sidencias. El avance de la ciencia ha llevado a la superespecialización y un 70% de los cirujanos conti núan en formación con una especialidad posbásica. Objetivos: identificar la proporción de cirujanos que derivan horas a otra actividad y analizar la inser ción laboral del cirujano. Material y métodos: estudio prospectivo, descriptivo, de corte transversal. 1) Encuesta, 2) Registros de la Dirección General de Docencia e Investigación, 3) Concursos y Perfiles profesionales de acceso público. Resultados: sobre 435 encuestados, al finalizar la residencia, un 73,3% continuó su formación en una posbásica. Solamente un 24,7% se insertó inmediatamente en el mercado como cirujano general. En cuanto a la inserción laboral actual de aquellos que finalizaron la formación como cirujano general, apenas un 17,4% se desempeña de manera exclusiva como cirujano general. Conclusiones: la falta de confianza para actuar de manera independiente y la necesidad de completar 4 años de formación para ingresar en el campo de interés aparecen como las problemáticas para resol ver. Se propone un programa de 5 años con formato 2+3. El período de formación básica abordará en 24 meses las generalidades de la práctica quirúrgica. El segundo, de formación avanzada, desarrollará en profundidad la subespecialidad elegida. El quinto año otorgará a todos la posibilidad de actuar a modo de cirujano independiente. Planteada como una subespecialidad, la Cirugía General volvería a ser un fin en sí misma y no un medio para llegar a una subespecialidad.


ABSTRACT Background: Training in surgery has remained relatively uniform since the residency programs were introduced. The continuous advances in science have led to the progressive super-specialization of surgeons; 70% of them continue their training with a subspecialty. Objectives: The aim of this study was to identify the proportion of surgeons who dedicate hours of their practice in another activity and to analyze how surgeons enter the workforce. Material and methods: We conducted a prospective and descriptive cross-sectional study with data from a survey, records of the General Directorate of Teaching and Research, and records of competitive selection processes and professional profiles available online. Results: Of 435 survey respondents, 73.3% of the resident graduates continued postresidency training in a surgical subspecialty. Only 24.7% immediately started working in general surgery. Among the graduate trainees in general surgery, only 17.4% were exclusively dedicated to general surgery. Conclusions: The lack of confidence to perform procedures independently and the need for completing 4 years of training in the residency program in general surgery to start training in the professional field of interest, appear as the issued to be solved. We propose a 5-year program with a 2+3 model. The initial period comprises 24 months of basic training covering the general aspects of surgical practice. The second period of advanced training will provide thorough training in the subspecialty chosen. In the last year of the 5-year program trainees will have the opportunity to act as attending surgeons. General surgery, conceived as a subspecialty, would regain its status as an objective and no longer a pathway to become a subspecialist.


Subject(s)
Humans , General Surgery , Internship and Residency , Surveys and Questionnaires , Employment/trends , General Aspects , Surgeons , Methods
9.
Gac. méd. Méx ; 157(2): 188-193, mar.-abr. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1279100

ABSTRACT

Resumen Antecedentes: La cirugía robótica se utiliza en múltiples especialidades quirúrgicas a nivel mundial. Objetivo: Documentar la experiencia inicial del programa de cirugía robótica en un hospital de práctica privada. Material y método: Se incluyen las primeras 500 cirugías robóticas realizadas en el Centro Médico ABC, abarcando un periodo de tres años. Se documentan especialidades involucradas así como datos transoperatorios principales. Resultados: De 500 pacientes, 367 (73.4%) fueron de sexo masculino y 133 (26.4%) de sexo femenino. Las tres cirugías más realizada fueron prostatectomía radical (269), seguido de histerectomía (64) y plastia inguinal (33). Un total de 40 médicos certificados de cinco especialidades realizaron la totalidad de los procedimientos. Conclusiones: El iniciar un programa en un centro médico privado tiene diversas implicaciones. La creación de un comité de cirugía robótica integrado por médicos especialistas certificados en cirugía robótica de cada especialidad y autoridades del hospital para la acreditación de lineamientos tanto para la certificación como la recertificación de sus médicos puede beneficiar a programas como el nuestro por crear un centro de excelencia de cirugía robótica, disminuyendo complicaciones y mejorando resultados.


Abstract Background: Robotic surgery is used in different surgical specialties worldwide. Objective: To documents the initial experience in a private hospital in the use robotic surgery in different surgical areas. Material and Methods: We included the first 500 robotic surgeries in our hospital in a 3 year period, documenting specialty and operative information. Results: Of the 500 patients, 367 (73.4%) were male and 133 (26.4%) female. The three most frequent surgeries performed were Radical Prostatectomy (269), Hysterectomy (64) an inguinal repair (33). A total of 40 certified surgeons ranging from 5 specialties performed the total number of surgeries. Conclusions: There are several implications in starting a robotic program in a private hospital setting. The creation of a robotic committee, formed by robotic certified physicians and hospital authorities, has helped in the certification process of its staff, lowering the complication rate and obtaining better surgical results.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Robotic Surgical Procedures/statistics & numerical data , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Prostatectomy/statistics & numerical data , Time Factors , Hospitals, Private/statistics & numerical data , Age Distribution , Operative Time , Robotic Surgical Procedures/adverse effects , Surgeons/statistics & numerical data , Hysterectomy/statistics & numerical data , Inguinal Canal/surgery , Mexico
10.
Rev. bras. educ. méd ; 45(2): e064, 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1288294

ABSTRACT

Abstract: Introduction: The way information is transmitted is of crucial importance in the doctor-patient relationship, as good communication reduces complaints about inadequate practices and patient concerns and improves treatment adherence and health recovery. However, patient dissatisfaction on this subject is not unusual. Objectives: The objective of this work was to evaluate the perception of patients admitted to a Hospital Complex about the communication of clinical doctors and surgeons during the hospitalization period. Method: Cross-sectional, descriptive, analytical inquiry study, with the application of a questionnaire with questions about physicians' general communication. The instrument was built by the researchers and was answered by 120 adult patients. The sample was defined by convenience and stratified by medical and surgical clinic. Frequency and statistical analyses were performed on the obtained results. Results: Of 120 patients, 53.33%(n=64) were admitted to the Surgical Clinic and 46.67%(n=56) to the Medical Clinic. Of this total, 57.5%(n=69) had high school to college/university education. Patients reported more negative than positive responses to the following questions: information about the side effects of medications (66%), advice on post-surgical procedures (68.75%) and information on health promotion and prevention in the hospital environment (63.33%). The surgical clinic had significantly lower proportions of positive responses for: The doctor said their name (p <0.01; crude OR: 0.33; 95% CI 0.15-0.76); The patient was informed about how their treatment would be conducted (p=0.02; crude OR: 0.38; 95% CI 0.17-0.87); and the patient was informed about the need to undergo tests (p=0.02; crude OR 0.40; 95% CI 0.18-0.90), which remained significant after adjustment for certain confounding factors. There were no significant differences regarding the other questions. When analyzing the question: "What grade would you give to the doctor's general communication?" a significantly higher value (p=0.007) was given to the Medical Clinic (average 4.46±0.76) when compared to the Surgical Clinic (average 4±1.19). Conclusion: The doctor-patient communication showed significant deficits. Therefore, it is necessary for medical schools to offer students the development of this competence. Additionally, for an adequate generalization of the obtained results, new studies need to be carried out at different levels of medical care.


Resumo: Introdução: A maneira de transmitir informações é essencial na relação médico-paciente, pois a boa comunicação reduz queixas por práticas inadequadas e preocupações dos pacientes, e melhora a adesão aos tratamentos e a recuperação da saúde. Porém, não são raras as insatisfações dos pacientes sobre esse assunto. Objetivo: O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar a percepção dos pacientes internados em um complexo hospitalar sobre a comunicação de médicos clínicos e cirurgiões durante o período de internação. Método: Trata-se de estudo transversal, descritivo e analítico, do tipo inquérito, com aplicação de um questionário com perguntas sobre a comunicação geral do médico. O instrumento foi construído pelos pesquisadores e respondido por 120 pacientes adultos. A amostra foi definida por conveniência, estratificada por clínica médica e cirúrgica. Realizaram-se análises de frequência e estatística dos resultados encontrados. Resultados: Dos 120 pacientes, 53,33% (n = 64) foram internados na clínica cirúrgica e 46,67% (n = 56) na clínica médica. Desse total, 57,5% (n = 69) tinham escolaridade que variava de ensino médio a superior. Os pacientes relataram respostas mais negativas do que positivas em questões referentes a: informações sobre os efeitos colaterais dos medicamentos (66%), orientações de procedimentos pós-cirúrgicos (68,75%) e informações sobre promoção e prevenção da saúde no ambiente hospitalar (63,33%). A clínica cirúrgica teve proporções de respostas positivas significativamente menores para: "O médico disse o nome dele" (p < 0,01; OR bruta 0,33; IC95% 0,15-0,76); "O paciente foi informado sobre como será seu tratamento" (p = 0,02; OR bruta 0,38; IC95% 0,17-0,87); e "O paciente foi informado sobre a necessidade de realizar exames" (p = 0,02; OR bruta 0,40; IC95% 0,18-0,90), que se mantiveram significativas após o ajuste por determinados fatores intervenientes. Não se observaram diferenças significativas para as demais questões. Na análise da questão "Que nota você daria para a comunicação geral do médico? ", verificou-se valor significativamente maior (p = 0,007) para a clínica médica (média 4,46 ± 0,76) quando comparada à clínica cirúrgica (média 4 ± 1,19). Conclusão: A comunicação médico-paciente apresentou déficits significativos. Por isso, é necessário que as escolas médicas ofereçam para os discentes o desenvolvimento dessa competência. Além disso, para uma generalização adequada dos resultados encontrados, novos estudos precisam ser realizados em níveis diferentes do cuidado médico.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Physician-Patient Relations , Communication , Interpersonal Relations , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Education, Medical , General Practitioners , Surgeons , Hospitals, University
11.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 48: e20202969, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1287895

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: to present the initial experience of the first tier of surgeons trained in the new model of robotic surgery training proposed by the CBC. Methods: we retrospectively collected data and information on training with the Da Vinci SI robotic system. The variables analyzed were, in the pre-clinical phase, time of completion of each step by surgeon and number of hours in the simulator, and in the clinical phase, operations carried out by the training group, number of surgeons who performed nine procedures in ninety days ("9 in 90"), time of docking, time of console, and results surgical. Results: we interviewed 39 surgeons before training started; 20 (51.3%) reached the clinical phase. The average age of surgeons was 47.9 years (38-62). The average time between the first interview and the delivery of the online certificate was 64 days (15-133). The surgeons have made an average of 51h and 36 minutes of robot simulation (40-83 hours). The total number of cases in which the training surgeons participated as first assistant was 418, with an average of 20.9 per surgeon. The time of pre-clinical training had an average of 116 days (48-205). Conclusion: the new model proposed had good acceptance by all surgeons trained and proved safe in the initial sample.


RESUMO Objetivo: apresentamos nesse artigo o resultado da experiência inicial do nosso programa durante o treinamento dos primeiros cirurgiões no novo modelo de treinamento em cirurgia robótica proposto pelo CBC. Métodos: avaliamos retrospectivamente por coleta de dados e informações sobre treinamento no sistema robótico Da Vinci SI. As variáveis analisadas foram: Fase Pré-clínica: tempo de conclusão de cada uma das etapas por cirurgião, número de horas no simulador; Fase clínica: operações realizadas pelo grupo em treinamento, número de cirurgiões que realizaram nove procedimentos em noventa dias ("9 em 90"), tempo de docking, tempo de console, resultados cirúrgicos. Resultados: trinta e nove cirurgiões foram entrevistados para início do treinamento, 20 (51,3%) chegaram à fase clínica. A média de idade dos cirurgiões foi de 47,9 (38 a 62) anos. O tempo médio entre a primeira entrevista e a entrega do certificado online foi de 64 dias (15 a 133). Os cirurgiões fizeram média de 51h e 36 minutos de simulação robótica (40 a 83 minutos). O número total de casos em que os cirurgiões em treinamento participaram do ato cirúrgico como primeiro assistente foi de 418 casos, com média de 20,9 por cirurgião. O tempo de treinamento pré-clínico teve média de 116 dias (48 a 205 dias). Conclusão: o novo modelo proposto teve boa aceitação por todos os cirurgiões treinados e se mostrou seguro na amostra inicial.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Robotic Surgical Procedures , Surgeons , Computer Simulation , Brazil , Retrospective Studies , Clinical Competence , Middle Aged
12.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 48: e20213123, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1351525

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: the attraction of women by Surgery has always existed. Although Surgery has been considered a specialty for men, several women chose it, despite gender bias issues that have persisted over many years. Several obstacles have impacted the practice of women surgeons, leading them to abandon the profession, while others, perhaps bearers of a stronger spirit, managed to overcome them, and won. Objective: to assess the rates of perception of harassment against female surgeons as a cause of difficulty and negative feelings related to the specialty. Methods: we conducted a quantitative and qualitative (personal accounts) research through a questionnaire via Google Forms® sent to all women surgeons registered in the Brazilian College of Surgeons and in a WhatsApp women surgeons' groups. The qualitative analysis was made with the Wordle® app. Results: from 821 questionnaires sent, we obtained 232 responses (28.2%). Harassment perception during training was 49.1% (n=114). From the women surgeons who perceived harassment, 56.1% reported having undergone different training than expected, with statistical significance (p<0.001). The question of having been treated differently due to being a woman also had an impact on harassment perception (77.2% harassed vs 47.5%; p<0.001). Physical (42.1% vs 6.8%) and emotional (92.1% vs 39.8%) threats were also different between groups. Conclusion: women surgeons still report great harassment perception, both moral and sexual, which impacts their feelings about the specialty.


RESUMO Introdução: a atração das mulheres pela Cirurgia sempre existiu. Embora a Cirurgia seja considerada especialidade para homens, várias mulheres a escolheram, apesar de questões de preconceito de gênero que têm se mantido ao longo de vários anos. Vários obstáculos têm impactado na prática das cirurgiãs, levando-as a abandonar a profissão, mas outras, talvez, as de espírito mais forte, conseguiram superá-los e venceram. Objetivo: avaliar a taxas de percepção de assédio contra cirurgiãs como causa de dificuldade e sentimentos negativos relacionados com a especialidade. Método: pesquisa, quantitativa e qualitativa (relatos pessoais), realizada por meio de questionário via Google Forms® enviado para todas as cirurgiãs registradas no Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgiões e em grupo WhatsApp de cirurgiãs. A análise qualitativa foi feita com o aplicativo Wordle®. Resultados: Foram enviados 821 questionários e obtidas 232 respostas (28,2%). A percepção de assédio durante o treinamento foi de 49.1% (n=114). As cirurgiãs com percepção de assédio foram estatisticamente aquelas que reportaram ter tido treinamento diferente do que ansiavam (56,1%) (p<0,001). O quesito tratamento distinto por ser mulher também impactou na percepção do assédio (77,2% assediadas vs 47,5%; p<0,001). Ameaça física (42,1% vs 6,8%) e emocional (92,1% vs 39,8%) também foram distintas entre os grupos. Conclusão: cirurgiãs ainda reportam grande percepção de assédio moral e sexual, o que impacta na forma de encarar a profissão.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Sexual Harassment , Surgeons , Perception , Surveys and Questionnaires , Sexism
13.
ABCD arq. bras. cir. dig ; 34(1): e1561, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1248503

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: Trauma is one of the leading causes of death in the world and proper surgical care is critical to impact mortality. In Chile, trauma associated death ranks first as mortality cause in population between 20 and 59 years old. Appropriate surgical skills are required to deal with these complex patients. Self-confidence to practice trauma procedures after the General Surgery Residency have not been reported in our country. Aim: Describe the level of self-confidence to deal with trauma procedures of surgeons who recently graduated from a General Surgery Residency. Method: Descriptive cross-sectional study. We designed and applied a survey in 2015, 2016 and 2017 to recently graduated surgeons, to inquire about self-confidence of surgical skills to deal with trauma scenarios. Eighteen trauma surgery procedures (including cervical, thoracic, abdominal and vascular procedures) were evaluated using a 5-grade Likert scale. The number of procedures performed during the residency was also queried. Results: Eighty-eight recently graduated surgeons from 11 different training programs in Chile were included. The report of competencies was high in procedures such as intestinal injuries, were 98% felt competent or very competent in their repair. On the other hand, in complex traumas such as major vessel injury, up to 76% reported not being competent. Self-confidence on procedures was directly associated with the number of procedures performed during residency. Conclusions: Recently graduated surgeons from General Surgery Programs report high levels of confidence to deal with low and intermediate complexity traumas, but a lower level of confidence to treat high complexity cases.


RESUMO Racional: Trauma é uma das principais causas de morte no mundo e cuidados cirúrgicos adequados são críticos para determinar a mortalidade. No Chile, morte associada a trauma é a primeira causa de mortalidade na população entre 20 e 59 anos. Para lidar com esses pacientes complexos, são necessárias habilidades cirúrgicas precisas para esses procedimentos. Autoconfiança de cirurgiões recentemente graduados na Residência em Cirurgia Geral para práticas de procedimentos de trauma no nosso país não tem sido reportada. Objetivo: Descrever nível de autoconfiança para lidar com procedimentos de trauma em cirurgiões recentemente graduados na residência de cirurgia geral. Método: Estudo transversal. Foi desenhada e aplicada uma enquete em 2015, 2016 e 2017 a cirurgiões recentemente graduados para pesquisar sobre autoconfiança e habilidades cirúrgicas para lidar com cenários de trauma. Foram avaliados 18 procedimentos cirúrgicos de trauma (incluindo procedimentos cervicais, torácicos, abdominais e vasculares) usando a 5-grade Likert Scale. O número total de procedimentos feitos durante a residência foi avaliado. Resultados: Foram incluídos 88 cirurgiões recentemente graduados. O nível de competência foi reportado como alto em procedimentos como trauma intestinal, onde 98% sentiu-se competente ou muito competente em sua reparação. Por outro lado, em traumas complexos como dano vascular maior, até 76% reportaram não se sentirem competentes. A autoconfiança nos procedimentos esteve diretamente associada com o número de procedimentos realizados. Conclusões: Cirurgiões recentemente graduados na residência de cirurgia geral reportam níveis altos de confiança para lidar com traumas de complexidade baixa e média, mas um nível menor de confiança para tratar casos de complexidade alta.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Surgeons , Internship and Residency , Chile , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Clinical Competence
14.
ABCD arq. bras. cir. dig ; 34(2): e1595, 2021. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1345005

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: Although alcohol is the most common cause for chronic pancreatitis worldwide, idiopathic type is prevalent in India. Natural history and disease progression are different between these two groups. There is paucity of data comparing surgical outcome and quality of life in these patients. Aim: To evaluate clinical features, surgical outcome and quality of life between these two groups of patients. Method: All patients with chronic pancreatitis who underwent surgery were prospectively reviewed. Results: From 98 patients, 42 were alcoholic. Number of male and the mean age at the time of operation was significantly more in alcoholic patients. Smoking, preoperative hospital admission rate and the prevalence of local complications like inflammatory pancreatic head mass, biliary stricture and left sided portal hypertension were distinctly more common in alcoholic group. Frey procedure was required more commonly in alcoholic group. Mean postoperative hospital stay and overall postoperative complication rate were comparable between the two groups. Over a median follow up of 18 months there was significant improvement in quality of life and pain score in both the groups. Improvement of physical functioning score at follow-up was significantly more in alcoholic group but the requirement for analgesic medications were significantly more in alcoholic group. However, appetite loss was more perceived by non-alcoholic group. Conclusion: Alcoholic chronic pancreatitis presents with more local complications associated with chronic pancreatitis. Frey procedure is a safe and well accepted surgery in this group. Though they required more analgesic requirement in short term follow up, other aspects of quality of life are similar to non-alcoholic group.


RESUMO Racional: Embora o álcool seja a causa mais comum de pancreatite crônica em todo o mundo, a forma idiopática é prevalente na Índia. A história natural e a progressão da doença são diferentes entre esses dois grupos. Há escassez de dados comparando o resultado cirúrgico e a qualidade de vida entre eles. Objetivo: Avaliar as características clínicas, o resultado cirúrgico e a qualidade de vida entre esses dois grupos de pacientes. Método: Todos os pacientes com pancreatite crônica operados foram revisados ​​retrospectivamente. Resultados: Do total de 98 pacientes, 42 eram alcoolistas. O número de homens e a idade média no momento da operação foi significativamente maior nos alcoolistas. Tabagismo, taxa de internação pré-operatória e prevalência de complicações locais como massa inflamatória da cabeça do pâncreas, estenose biliar e hipertensão portal do lado esquerdo foram distintamente mais comuns no grupo de alcoolistas e o procedimento de Frey foi exigido mais comumente neste grupo. A média de internação pós-operatória e a taxa geral de complicações pós-operatórias foram comparáveis ​​entre os dois grupos. Ao longo de acompanhamento médio de 18 meses houve melhora significativa na qualidade de vida e pontuação de dor em ambos os grupos. A melhora no escore de funcionamento físico foi significativamente maior no grupo de alcoolistas, mas a necessidade de medicamentos analgésicos foi significativamente maior nos alcoolistas. No entanto, a perda de apetite foi mais percebida pelo grupo não alcoólico. Conclusão: A pancreatite crônica alcoólica se apresenta com mais complicações locais associadas à pancreatite crônica. O procedimento de Frey é operação segura e bem aceita neste grupo. Embora exigissem mais necessidade de analgésicos no acompanhamento em curto prazo, outros aspectos da qualidade de vida são semelhantes ao grupo não alcoólico.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Alcoholism/complications , Alcoholism/epidemiology , Pancreatitis, Chronic/surgery , Pancreatitis, Chronic/epidemiology , Surgeons , Quality of Life , Chronic Disease , Treatment Outcome
15.
Rev. argent. cir ; 112(4): 369-379, dic. 2020. tab, il
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1288145

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN En la presente revisión de los últimos años de la formación de recursos humanos en cirugía, se destaca la vigencia y la visión de futuro del discurso del Prof. Dr. Mario Brea. Cuando él define el sistema de residencias, vemos que los principios son los mismos, pero adaptados al siglo XXI: ▪▪Sistema de adiestramiento progresivo. ▪▪Programa preestablecido: modernos currículos con sistemas de evaluación integrales. ▪▪Promoción y adjudicación de responsabilidades crecientes: el cumplimiento de los milestones (o en un futuro alguna otra forma de evaluación como las Entrusted Professional Activities, EPAs). ▪▪Dirección, conducción y vigilancia estrecha: tutorización con la implementación del feedback como herramienta pedagógica. ▪▪Medio y horario de trabajo apropiados: la simulación como ambiente protegido de aprendizaje de destrezas quirúrgicas y NTS; limitación horaria para disminuir el error médico. ▪▪Investigación y docencia: estimulación de la publicación de trabajos originales desde temprano en la formación y el vínculo con residentes de niveles inferiores para crear un círculo virtuoso de forma ción profesional.


ABSTRACT The present review of the last years in the training of human resources in surgery highlights the validity and vision for the future of Prof. Dr. Mario Brea's speech. When he defines the residency system, we realize that the principles are the same, but adapted to the 21st century: ▪▪Progressive training. ▪▪Pre-established programs with modern curricula and comprehensive systems of evaluation. ▪▪Promotion and allocation of more responsibilities: compliance with Milestones (or in the future with some other type of assessment such as Entrusted Professional Activities, EPAs). ▪▪Direction, guidance and close supervision with the implementation of feedback as a pedagogical tool.Appropriate work environment and schedule: simulation as a protected environment for learning surgical and NTS skills; restrictive working hours to reduce medical error. ▪▪Research and teaching: the publication of original papers should be encouraged since the early years of training as well as the relationship with junior residents to create a virtuous circle of professional training.


Subject(s)
Internship and Residency , Medical Staff, Hospital/education , General Surgery/education , United States , Professional Training , Fellowships and Scholarships , Surgeons/education
16.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 46(6): 943-949, Nov.-Dec. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134249

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective There is limited data regarding surgeon volume and partial nephrectomy outcomes. The aim of this study is to report trifecta outcomes of robot-assisted partial nephrectomy (RAPN) performed by the low volume surgeon. Materials and Methods Thirty-nine patients with clinical T1-2 renal tumors who underwent RAPN between 2012 and 2018 were included in this study. Trifecta was defined as negative surgical margins, warm ischemia time ≤20 minutes, and no operative complications. Patient demographics, R.E.N.A.L. nephrometry score, operation time, estimated blood loss, warm ischemia time, length of hospital stay, renal functions, and oncological outcomes were analyzed retrospectively. Complications were graded based on the modified Clavien-Dindo classification system. Results The median R.E.N.A.L. nephrometry score was 6 (4-10). RAPN was successfully performed in all but one patient. The median operation time was 180 (90-240) minutes. Warm ischemia was performed only by segmental renal artery control in 35 and, by main renal artery control in three patients. The off-clamp technique was used in two patients. The median warm ischemia time was 16 (0-31) minutes. Seven patients had a warm ischemia time of longer than 20 minutes. Three patients had postoperative complications. The surgical margin was positive in one patient. As a result, the trifecta was achieved in 30 of the 39 patients (77%). Conclusion RAPN is a safe and effective minimally invasive alternative in the treatment of renal masses. The present study suggests that reasonable trifecta rates can be achieved even by low volume surgeons.


Subject(s)
Humans , Robotic Surgical Procedures , Kidney Neoplasms/surgery , Blood Transfusion , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Surgeons , Nephrectomy
17.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 35(6): 918-926, Nov.-Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | SES-SP, LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1144004

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: In any country, the development and growth of open-heart surgery parallel stable political climate, economic growth, good leadership, and prudent fiscal management. These were lacking in Nigeria, which was under a military rule. The enthronement of democratic rule, in 1999, has caused desirable changes. The objective of this study is to report our experience with foreign cardiac teams that visited the National Cardiothoracic Center of Excellence, University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital, for seven years, in order to restart its open-heart surgery program. Methods: To achieve the desired open-heart surgery training, our center received regular and frequent visits from foreign cardiac teams who would perform open-heart surgery with the local team. Results: During the period of seven years, a total of 266 open-heart operations involving both adults and children were performed, with a mean of 38 cases per year; 150 (54.4%) males and 116 (43.6%) females were treated, with a ratio of 1.0:0.8. Six different teams visited the center at different periods. Conclusion: After these years of cardiac missions to our center, the experience of the local team, especially the surgeons, is far from desirable because each team visit usually lasted about a week or two and each team, with exception of the CardioStart International/William Novick Global Cardiac Alliance, adopted the surgical 'safari' method.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adult , Surgeons , Cardiac Surgical Procedures , Medical Missions , Nigeria
18.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 66(11): 1548-1552, Nov. 2020. tab
Article in English | SES-SP, LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1143626

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY INTRODUCTION: In the future, surgery will be centralized in hospitals with the best value (excellent results with reduced cost). High-performance teams will be required; however, available data concerning the specific abilities necessary to build and manage them are poor. OBJECTIVES: Share the set of competencies and skills established to build and lead a high-performance general surgery team. METHODS: In November 2012, a general surgery team started its activities at a tertiary hospital in Sao Paulo, Brasil. The model consisted of high volume performed by a small team. Experienced surgeons, motivated, and with technical and moral excellence were selected. A sense of unity was created and goals were shared. Complex cases were discussed daily and a prospective database to follow outcomes was established. The payment value was above the market. RESULTS: In 6 years and 4 months, 11,006 surgical procedures were performed (8,597 electives and 2,409 in an urgent setting). Cholecystectomy was the most common procedure (4,101; being 3,676 electives), followed by inguinal hernioplasty (n: 1,827) and appendectomy (n: 925). A total of 449 elective oncologic procedures were performed. The surgical site infection rate in clean procedures was 0.12%, 80 patients required re-do surgery (2.4% in an urgent setting and 0.2% of the electives). There were 22 postoperative deaths (0.66% for urgent and 0.07% for electives), 5 of the 6 deaths in elective patients were in oncologic cases. CONCLUSION: A competent surgical team, inserted in a model that favors performance and values the individual can deliver high volume with exceptional results.


RESUMO INTRODUÇÃO: No futuro as cirurgias serão centralizadas em hospitais que tenham melhor valor (resultados excelentes com custo reduzido). Equipes de alta performance serão necessárias, entretanto a literatura acerca das habilidades específicas para montar e gerir essas equipes é muito pobre. OBJETIVOS: Compartilhar as competências e habilidades estabelecidas para construir e liderar uma equipe de cirurgia geral de alto desempenho. MÉTODOS: Em novembro de 2012, a equipe de cirurgia geral iniciou suas atividades em um hospital terciário na cidade de São Paulo (SP, Brasil). O modelo consistia em produzir alto volume com um time pequeno. Cirurgiões experientes, motivados e com excelência técnica e moral foram selecionados. Um senso de unidade foi criado e objetivos coletivos estabelecidos e compartilhados. O pagamento estava acima da média do mercado. RESULTADOS: Em 6 anos e 4 meses, 11.006 procedimentos cirúrgicos foram realizados (8.597 eletivos e 2.409 de urgência/emergência). A colecistectomia foi o procedimento mais comum (n: 4.101, sendo 3.676 eletivas), seguida da hernioplastia inguinal (n: 1.827) e da apendicectomia (n: 925). Um total de 449 cirurgias oncológicas eletivas foram realizadas. A infecção de sítio cirúrgico em procedimentos limpos foi de 0,12% (2,4% para cirurgias de urgência e 0,2% nas eletivas). Ocorreram 22 óbitos cirúrgicos (0,66% na urgência e 0,07% nas eletivas), 5 dos 6 óbitos eletivos ocorreram em pacientes oncológicos. CONCLUSÃO: Uma equipe competente, inserida em um modelo que favorece o desempenho e valoriza o indivíduo é capaz de entregar grande volume com resultados excepcionais.


Subject(s)
Humans , Surgeons , Surgical Wound Infection , Brazil , Elective Surgical Procedures , Hernia, Inguinal/surgery
20.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 35(5): 781-788, Sept.-Oct. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | SES-SP, LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1137328

ABSTRACT

Abstract We performed a review of the literature (until August 01, 2019) on the occasion of the first transcaval approach for transcatheter aortic valve implantation in our hospital. This review focuses mainly on the indications of this alternative access route to the aorta. It may be useful for vascular surgeons in selected cases, such as the treatment of endoleaks after endovascular aneurysm repair and thoracic endovascular aneurysm repair. We describe historical aspects of transcaval access to the aorta, experimental studies, available case series and outcomes. Finally, we summarize the most significant technical aspects of this little-known access.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aortic Aneurysm, Abdominal/surgery , Blood Vessel Prosthesis Implantation , Endovascular Procedures , Surgeons , Aorta, Abdominal/surgery , Blood Vessel Prosthesis , Stents , Treatment Outcome
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