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1.
Acta cir. bras ; 39: e390324, 2024. tab, graf, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1533359

ABSTRACT

Purpose: The current study aimed at evaluating the repair of a partial defect of the trachea with a muscle flap, an advanced technique that employs combined suture patterns. Methods: Sixteen healthy male New Zealand white rabbits were used as an experimental model. A partial defect in the trachea within the ventral region of the fourth to eighth tracheal ring was created. Subsequently, repair was initiated with a flap of the sternocephalicus muscle. The animals were divided into four groups for postoperative evaluation using clinical, tracheoscopic, and histopathological analyses. Each group was separated according to the time of euthanasia, programmed at interval of seven (G7), 15 (G15), 30 (G30), and 60 days (G60). Results: One animal from the G60 group died, whereas the other animals had good surgical recovery without serious changes in the breathing pattern. The major clinical signs observed were stridor and coughing. Tracheoscopy revealed secretions in the tracheal lumen, exuberant granulation, and stenosis. Histopathological analysis showed growth of the ciliary respiratory epithelium at the flap site 30 days after implantation. Conclusions: Partial repair showed satisfactory results owing to the anatomical location of the muscle, adequate vascular support, and structural and physiological maintenance without serious changes in the respiratory system.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rabbits , Rabbits/surgery , Surgical Flaps/veterinary , Tracheal Diseases/veterinary , Endoscopy/veterinary
2.
Rev. ADM ; 80(5): 280-286, sept.-oct. 2023. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1531779

ABSTRACT

La recesión gingival es considerada como una deformidad o condición mucogingival, la Academia Americana de Periodontología, define a la recesión gingival como el desplazamiento del margen del tejido blando apical a la unión cemento-esmalte con la exposición de la superficie radicular. El tratamiento de las recesiones gingivales es un motivo de consulta común debido a razones estéticas, hipersensibilidad dentinaria, molestias durante el cepillado e incluso temor a la pérdida dentaria. Es una situación clínica común, 60% de la población humana tiene algún tipo de recesión gingival. Al realizar el examen clínico a paciente masculino de 55 años, se observó una recesión gingival tipo 1 (RT1) sin pérdida de inserción interproximal de la clasificación de Cairo. Se realizó el colgajo posicionado coronalmente (CPC) utilizando una matriz dérmica acelular (MDA) de origen humano OrACELL®. Se obtuvo resultado favorable en el recubrimiento de recesiones gingivales múltiples; considerándolos como una buena alternativa frente a los injertos gingivales autógenos. Concluyendo que, el uso de la matriz dérmica acelular para el tratamiento de la recesión gingival tipo 1 es una adecuada opción para el recubrimiento radicular. Se recomiendan más estudios a largo plazo para ver la estabilidad de los resultados obtenidos con la MDA (AU)


Gingival recession, considered a deformity or mucogingival condition, the American Academy of Periodontology, defines gingival recession as the exposure of the root surface resulting from migration of the gingival margin apical to the cementoenamel junction (CEJ). The treatment of gingival recessions is a common reason for consultation due to aesthetic reasons, dentin hypersensitivity, discomfort during brushing and even fear of tooth loss. It is a common clinical situation, 60% of the human population has some kind of gingival recession. Clinical examination of a 55-year-old male patient showed a type 1 gingival recession (RT1) without loss of interproximal insertion of the Cairo classification. Coronally advanced flap (CAF) was performed using an acellular dermal matrix (ADM) of human origin OrACELL®. Favorable results were obtained in the coating of multiple gingival recessions; considering them as a good alternative to autogenous gingival grafts. Concluding that, the use of the acellular dermal matrix for the treatment of gingival recession type 1, is a suitable option for root lining. Further long-term studies are recommended to see the elasticity of MDA outcomes (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Surgical Flaps , Gingival Recession/therapy , Tooth Root/injuries , Periodontal Attachment Loss/diagnosis , Gingival Recession/classification
3.
Rev. Asoc. Odontol. Argent ; 111(2): 1110833, mayo-ago. 2023. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1532849

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Las comunicaciones bucosinusales y buco- nasales son condiciones patológicas que se caracterizan por la presencia de una solución de continuidad entre la cavidad bucal y el seno maxilar o la cavidad nasal respectivamente. Una vez que se ha instalado una comunicación es deseable ce- rrar este defecto, evitando así la infección del seno maxilar y posibles dificultades en la deglución, fonación y masticación. Se han propuesto diferentes tratamientos para su resolución, algunos no quirúrgicos y otros quirúrgicos. Los quirúrgicos pueden realizarse desplazando tejidos locales, regionales o injertando. El presente trabajo tiene como objetivo presentar situaciones clínicas de comunicaciones bucosinusales y buco- nasales con diferentes etiologías y sus distintos tratamientos según tamaño y ubicación del defecto. Casos clínicos: Se identificaron pacientes que asistie- ron al Servicio de Cirugía Maxilofacial del Hospital Piñero presentando cuatro comunicaciones bucosinusales agudas y crónicas y una comunicación buconasal crónica. Los casos analizados fueron tratados de manera quirúrgica utilizando di- versos colgajos según tamaño y ubicación del defecto (AU)


Aim: Oroantral and oronasal communications are patho- logical conditions characterized by the presence of a solu- tion of continuity between the oral cavity and the maxillary sinus or nasal cavity respectively. Once a communication has been installed, it is desirable to close this defect, thus avoid- ing infection of the maxillary sinus and possible difficulties in swallowing, phonation, and mastication. Different treatments have been proposed for its resolution, some non-surgical and others surgical. Surgical procedures can be performed by dis- placing local or regional tissue or by grafting. The aim of this case report is to present clinical situations of oral sinus and oral nasal communication with different etiologies and their different treatments according to the size and location of the defect. Clinical cases: A group of patients who attended the Maxillofacial Surgery Service of Piñero Hospital presenting four acute and chronic oral sinus and one oronasal communi- cations were identified. The analyzed cases were treated sur- gically using different flaps according to the size and location of the defect (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Oroantral Fistula/surgery , Oroantral Fistula/etiology , Oroantral Fistula/therapy , Argentina , Surgical Flaps , Dental Service, Hospital
4.
Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. (En línea) ; 88(3): 153-159, jun. 2023. ilus, tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1515205

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVO: Se presenta una serie de casos de reparación por vía vaginal de fístula vesicovaginal (FVV) de nuestro centro. MATERIAL Y MÉTODOS: Estudio observacional descriptivo. Se evaluaron todas las pacientes con reparación quirúrgica de FVV en el Centro de Innovación de Piso Pélvico del Hospital Sótero del Río entre 2016 y 2022. RESULTADOS: Se reportaron 16 casos, de los cuales el 81,3% fueron secundarios a cirugía ginecológica. En todos se realizó la reparación por vía vaginal, con cierre por planos. En el 94% (15/16) se logró una reparación exitosa en un primer intento. El tiempo de seguimiento poscirugía fue de 10 meses (rango: 3-29). No hubo casos de recidiva en el seguimiento. Una paciente presentó fístula de novo, la cual se reparó de manera exitosa en un segundo intento por vía vaginal. Se reportaron satisfechas con la cirugía 15 pacientes, con mejoría significativa de su calidad de vida. Una paciente reportó sentirse igual (6,3%), pero sus síntomas se debían a síndrome de vejiga hiperactiva que la paciente no lograba diferenciar de los síntomas previos a la cirugía. CONCLUSIÓN: Las FVV en los países desarrollados son secundarias a cirugía ginecológica benigna. La cirugía por vía vaginal en nuestra serie demostró una alta tasa de éxito, con mejora significativa en la calidad de vida de las pacientes.


OBJETIVE: We present a case series of vesico-vaginal fistulas (VVF) vaginal repair in our center. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Descriptive observational study. All patients with surgical repair of VVF at the Centro de Innovación en Piso Pélvico of Hospital Sótero del Río were evaluated between September 2016 and September 2022. RESULTS: 16 cases were reported. 81.3% were secondary to gynecological surgery. In all cases, a vaginal repair was performed, with a layered closure. 94% (15/16) had no contrast extravasation at the time of examination, confirming fistula closure. The follow-up time was 10 months (range: 3-29). There were no cases of recurrence during follow-up. 1 patient presented de novo fistula which was successfully repaired in a second attempt vaginally. 15/16 patients reported being satisfied with the surgery, with significant improvement in quality of life. 1 patient reported feeling the same (6.3%), but her symptoms were due to overactive bladder syndrome that the patient could not differentiate from the symptoms prior to surgery. CONCLUSION: VFV in developed countries are mainly secondary to benign gynecological surgery. Vaginal surgery in our series achieved a significant improvement in the quality of life of patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Gynecologic Surgical Procedures/methods , Vesicovaginal Fistula/surgery , Surgical Flaps , Urinary Incontinence , Vagina/surgery , Urinary Catheterization , Retrospective Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Vesicovaginal Fistula/diagnosis , Vesicovaginal Fistula/etiology , Treatment Outcome
5.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 486-491, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986917

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the efficacy of supraclavicular fasciocutaneous island flap (SIF) for repairing the defect of parotid or auricle regions after tumor resection. Methods: From February 2019 to June 2021, 12 patients (11 males and 1 female, aged 54-77 years old), of whom 4 with parotid adenoid cystic carcinoma and 8 with auricular basal cell carcinoma underwent reconstruction surgery for postoperative defects in the parotid gland area and auricular area with SIF in the Department of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, the Second Xiangya Hospital of Central South University and their clinical data were retrospectively analyzed. Size of the SIF, time for harvesting SIF, neck lymph node dissection and postoperative complications were recorded. Results: The flap areas were (6-9) cm × (8-13) cm, and the harvesting time for SIF ranged from 40 to 80 min, averaging 51.7 min. The donor sites were directly closed. All patients underwent ipsilateral levels Ⅰ-Ⅲ neck dissection, with 4 cases undergoing additional level Ⅳ neck dissection and 2 cases undergoing level Ⅳ-Ⅴ neck dissection. Of the 12 SIF, 10 were completely survival and 2 had flap arterial crisis with partial flap necrosis, in addition, 1 had donor site wound dehiscence. With follow-up of 10-42 months, there were no tumor recurrences in 10 patients, 1 patient was lost to follow-up at 10 months postoperatively, and 1 patient experienced local tumor recurrence at 11 months after surgery and died 15 months later. Conclusion: SIF is an easily harvested flap with good skin features matching the skin in parotid and auricle regions and less damage to donor site, and this flap has no need for microvascular anastomosis technique. SIF is feasible and effective for repairing defects in parotid and auricle area.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Plastic Surgery Procedures , Parotid Gland/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Surgical Flaps/blood supply , Skin Transplantation/methods , Postoperative Complications , Treatment Outcome
6.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 476-480, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986915

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the clinical effect of auricle reconstruction in adult patients with microtia and summarize the experience. Methods: Clinical data of adult patients with microtia who underwent total auricle reconstruction using the modified Nagata's two stage for microtia reconstruction from June 2016 to June 2021 were analyzed. A total of 41 adult patients (42 ears) with microtia were enrolled, including 30 males and 11 females, with the median age at the time of surgery of 37 years. Autogenous costal cartilage was used as the auricular framework for all patients in this group. The first stage surgery was performed according to the modified Nagata's two stage for microtia reconstruction procedure,cartilage auricular framework carving was performed by different methods according to the ossification state of adult costal cartilage. Six months following the primary operation, ear elevation and cranioauricular angle formation, retroauricular facial flap transfer and medium-thick skin grafting were performed in the second stage. Results: All patients successfully completed two stage operation. During the follow-up of 3 months and 24 months, all the 41 patients were satisfied with the morphology of reconstructed auricle. Conclusion: According to the costal cartilage status of adult patients, different costal cartilage carving techniques can be used for total auricle reconstruction to obtain ideal surgical results.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Adult , Surgical Flaps , Congenital Microtia/surgery , Plastic Surgery Procedures , Ear, External/surgery , Ear Auricle/surgery
7.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 60-62, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970976

ABSTRACT

Post-burn contractures are common entities seen in developing countries. There are multiple reasons for the development of contractures, most are preventable. In extensive contractures, a strategic plan is necessary to release all contractures and yet not antagonize post-operative positions. It is also necessary to be cost-effective and minimize the number of surgeries needed. Conventionally the release sequence in extensive burn contractures is proximal to distal. In this case report, we discuss an unusual sequence where we released distal contractures before the proximal to achieve optimum results. A 3-year-old child with post-burn contracture of hand, wrist, elbow, and axilla was treated in 2 stages, with the release of wrist contracture and cover with pedicled abdominal flap in the first stage and division of pedicled flap with the release of axilla and elbow contracture in the second stage. Thus, the release of all contractures was achieved without antagonizing post-operative positions and minimized the number of surgeries. A case-based approach may be crucial in making a strategic surgical plan to minimize the rehabilitation phase, rather than following known dictums.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child, Preschool , Surgical Flaps/surgery , Upper Extremity , Plastic Surgery Procedures , Skin Transplantation , Contracture/surgery
8.
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 478-481, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981619

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the feasibility and effectiveness of fascial tissue flaps and skin flaps with layered sutures for repairing wounds after excision of sacrococcygeal pilonidal sinus.@*METHODS@#Between March 2019 and August 2022, 9 patients with sacrococcygeal pilonidal sinus were admitted, including 7 males and 2 females with an average age of 29.4 years (range, 17-53 years). The disease duration ranged from 1 to 36 months, with a median of 6 months. There were 7 cases with obesity and dense hair, 3 cases with infection, and 2 cases with positive bacterial culture of sinus secretion. The wound area after excision ranged from 3 cm×3 cm to 8 cm×4 cm, with a depth of 3-5 cm, reaching the perianal or caudal bone; there were 2 cases with perianal abscess formation and 1 case with caudal bone inflammatory edema. Enlarged resection was performed during operation, and the fascial tissue flap and skin flap were designed and excised at both left and right sides of the buttock, ranging from 3.0 cm×1.5 cm to 8.0 cm×2.0 cm. A cross drainage tube was placed at the bottom of the wound, and the fascial tissue flap and skin flap were advanced and sutured in three layers, namely, 8-string sutures in the fascial layer, barbed wire reduction sutures in the dermis, and interrupted skin sutures.@*RESULTS@#All 9 patients were followed up 3-36 months, with an average of 12 months. All incisions healed by first intention, and no complication such as incisional dehiscence or infection in the operative area occurred. There was no recurrence of sinus tracts, the shape of gluteal sulcus was satisfactory, both sides of buttocks were symmetrical, local incision scar was concealed, and the shape disruption was minimal.@*CONCLUSION@#Fascial tissue flaps and skin flaps with layered sutures for repairing wounds after excision of sacrococcygeal pilonidal sinus can effectively fill the cavity and reduce the incidence of poor incision healing, with the advantages of small trauma and simple operation.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Adult , Pilonidal Sinus/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Surgical Flaps , Plastic Surgery Procedures , Skin Transplantation , Soft Tissue Injuries/surgery , Sutures , Perforator Flap
9.
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 469-472, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981617

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To summarize the effectiveness of the temporal island flap pedicled with the perforating branch of zygomatic orbital artery for repairing defects after periocular malignant tumor resection.@*METHODS@#Between January 2015 and December 2020, 15 patients with periocular malignant tumors were treated. There were 5 males and 10 females with an average age of 62 years (range, 40-75 years). There were 12 cases of basal cell carcinoma and 3 cases of squamous carcinoma. The disease duration ranged from 5 months to 10 years (median, 2 years). The size of tumors ranged from 1.0 cm×0.8 cm to 2.5 cm×1.5 cm, without tarsal plate invasion. After extensive resection of the tumors, the left defects in size of 2.0 cm×1.5 cm to 3.5 cm×2.0 cm were repaired with the temporal island flap pedicled with the perforating branch of zygomatic orbital artery via subcutaneous tunnel. The size of the flaps ranged from 3.0 cm×1.5 cm to 5.0 cm×2.0 cm. The donor sites were separated subcutaneously and sutured directly.@*RESULTS@#All flaps survived after operation and the wounds healed by first intention. The incisions at donor sites healed by first intention. All patients were followed up 6-24 months (median, 11 months). The flaps were not obviously bloated, the texture and color were basically the same as the surrounding normal skin, and the scars at recipient sites were not obviously. There was no complication such as ptosis, ectropion, or incomplete closure of the eyelids and recurrence of tumor during follow-up.@*CONCLUSION@#The temporal island flap pedicled with the perforating branch of zygomatic orbital artery can repair the defects after periorbital malignant tumors resection and has the advantages of reliable blood supply, flexible design, and good morphology and function.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Plastic Surgery Procedures , Skin Transplantation , Soft Tissue Injuries/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Surgical Flaps , Arteries/surgery , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/surgery , Skin Neoplasms/surgery , Perforator Flap/blood supply
10.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 82: e0043, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1507881

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT LASIK is a refractive surgical procedure in which a corneal flap is created to expose the corneal stromal bed. Preoperative estimation of corneal flap thickness is necessary to calculate the percentage tissue altered in LASIK, an important quantitative risk factor for ectasia. The objective of this study was to assess flap thickness and calculate percentage tissue altered to check if unexpectedly thicker flaps and higher percentage tissue altered could pose as risk factors of ectasia. Four subjects (eight eyes) were submitted to mechanical LASIK in 2009 and 2010. Pre and postoperative clinical and tomographic data were reviewed. Mean preoperative estimated percentage tissue altered was 39.18±1.31%, which was borderline for increased ectasia risk when considering the limit of 40%. However, when considering the postoperatively measured flap thickness, the actual mean percentage tissue altered turned out to be 45.17 ± 4.13%, which was significantly higher than predicted preoperatively (p=0.002). Unexpectedly higher postoperative percentage tissue altered may be responsible for corneal ectasia after mechanical LASIK.


RESUMO A LASIK é um procedimento cirúrgico refrativo, no qual um retalho corneano é criado para expor o leito estromal corneano. A estimativa pré-operatória da espessura do retalho corneano é necessária para calcular o percentual de tecido alterado no LASIK, um importante fator de risco quantitativo para ectasia. O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a espessura do retalho e calcular o percentual de tecido alterado para verificar se retalhos inesperadamente mais espessos e percentuais de tecido alterado mais altos poderiam representar fatores de risco de ectasia. Quatro indivíduos (oito olhos) foram submetidos à LASIK mecânica em 2009 e 2010. Dados clínicos e tomográficos pré e pós-operatórios foram revisados. A média de percentual de tecido alterado pré-operatória estimada foi de 39,18±1,31%, limítrofe para risco aumentado de ectasia quando considerado o limite de 40%. No entanto, ao considerar a espessura do retalho medida no pós-operatório, o percentual de tecido alterado médio real foi de 45,17±4,13%, ou seja, significativamente maior do que o previsto no pré-operatório (p=0,002). O percentual de tecido alterado pós-operatóriao inesperadamente mais alto pode ser responsável pela ectasia da córnea após LASIK mecânico.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Postoperative Complications , Surgical Flaps/pathology , Keratomileusis, Laser In Situ/adverse effects , Keratomileusis, Laser In Situ/methods , Dilatation, Pathologic/etiology , Lasers, Excimer/adverse effects , Refractive Errors , Cornea/surgery , Cornea/pathology , Corneal Topography/methods , Tomography, Optical Coherence , Dilatation, Pathologic/diagnosis , Refractive Surgical Procedures/methods , Lasers, Excimer/therapeutic use
11.
Rev. argent. cir. plást ; 28(2): 53-61, 20220000. fig, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1413445

ABSTRACT

Introducción. Los tratamientos del cáncer de mama en estadios avanzados suelen ser tratamientos radicales. Ello implica la resección de grandes cantidades de tejido, a veces asociada a radioterapia o a procedimientos como quimioembolización intraarterial, lo que suele dar como resultado un gran defecto de cobertura cutánea que involucra no solo la mama sino también todo el hemitórax. Esto resulta un desafío para el cirujano plástico reconstructivo, ya que tiene que acudir a técnicas reconstructivas más complejas. En este trabajo proponemos, para estas pacientes, reconstrucción mamaria unilateral con la utilización de dos colgajos para cubrir el defecto completamente y así restaurar el tórax y la mama. Pacientes y métodos. Se realiza un estudio retrospectivo desde enero de 2017 a agosto de 2019. Se analizan 11 (once) pacientes con grandes defectos de cobertura cutánea. Diez pacientes reúnen la característica común de haber presentado cáncer de mama en estadio III, sometiéndose a cirugía radical + radioterapia. Una de las once presenta una necrosis extensa del hemitórax y la mama producto de una complicación de la quimioembolización intraarterial. Se realizó reconstrucción mamaria unilateral en dos tiempos con tejido autólogo mediante dos colgajos: colgajo dorsal ancho pediculado + colgajo dorsal ancho libre (6 casos). Una de ellas acude con el primer colgajo dorsal ancho pediculado realizado en otra institución; colgajo dorsal ancho pediculado + colgajo DIEP (3 casos); colgajo dorsal ancho pediculado + colgajo SGAP (1 caso), colgajo TRAM pediculado y colgajo dorsal ancho pediculado (1 caso). Resultados. Todos los colgajos sobrevivieron. El caso del paciente con colgajo TRAM fue derivado de otra institución con una vitalidad del 50%. Se presentó un caso de seroma en zona dadora de la espalda y una dehiscencia de herida en el mismo. El seguimiento promedio fue de 21,36 meses luego de la segunda instancia quirúrgica. Conclusiones. Los grandes defectos de tejidos blandos en el tórax anterior causados por resecciones extrarradicales de mama dejan defectos demasiado grandes para ser cubiertos por los colgajos de reconstrucción mamaria tradicionales. La reconstrucción mediante la asociación de un colgajo dorsal ancho pediculado y un colgajo dorsal ancho libre demostró ser una buena opción estética y funcional para poder resolver estos casos complejos que involucran no solo a la mama, sino también a la región torácica.


Large soft tissue defects in the anterior thorax cause by extraradical breast resections leave too large defects to be covered by traditional breast reconstruction flaps. Reconstruction by association of a pedicled latissimus dorsi flap and a free latissimus dorsi flap proved to be a good aesthetic and functional option, so much to be able to solve these complex cases that involve not only the breast as well also to the thoracic region.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Surgical Flaps , Breast Neoplasms/therapy , Plastic Surgery Procedures/methods , Free Tissue Flaps
12.
Rev. argent. cir. plást ; 28(2): 75-80, 20220000. fig, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1413535

ABSTRACT

El colgajo antebraquial anterior es una excelente área dadora para transferir tejido. A lo largo de los años el colgajo antebraquial libre ha tomado fuerza dado que proporciona la cantidad de tejido a donar, su localización y, por sobre todo, la facilidad de disección, que se necesita para cubrir diferentes defectos en todo el cuerpo. Además, debe optimizar los resultados funcionales y estéticos. El sitio receptor debe cumplir en la medida de lo posible, utilizando colgajos con características similares, restablecer la integridad estructural o la función. Material y métodos. Se han realizado desde marzo 2021 a marzo del corriente año un total de 26 colgajos antebraquial libre. Los pacientes de esta serie fueron 80% hombres y 20% mujeres con un rango de edad de 25 a 73 años. Se utilizó tanto para patologías oncológicas, traumáticas e incluso colgajo de elección en pacientes trans para la creación del falo. Se tuvo en cuenta la utilización de la mano no hábil del paciente para así disminuir los riesgos de secuelas funcionales. Este colgajo aporta buen volumen de isla de piel, su pedículo es constante y confiable. La disección del colgajo, en manos entrenadas, acorta los tiempos quirúrgicos y demostró ser útil en muchísimas zonas receptoras del cuerpo. Resultados. Se logró el aporte de tejido necesario en todas las patologías a tratar, utilizando como zonas receptoras diferentes tipos de pedículos. También se logró un buen resultado tanto estético como funcional, volviendo a dar al paciente una calidad de vida aceptable. Conclusiones. El colgajo antebraquial libre ha demostrado ser útil en diversas patologías a tratar. Buen tegumento, su disección es fácil y accesible para cirujanos reconstructivos que recién comienzan su formación así como para cirujanos ya entrenados. Consta de un pedículo confiable con buen diámetro y longitud, lo cual lo hace aún más verídico para contar como primera opción cuando se lo necesita como colgajo libre.


The anterior antebrachial flap is an excellent donor area for tissue transfer. Over the years the free antebrachial flap has gained strength since it provides the amount of tissue to donate, its location and above all the ease of dissection, which is needed to cover different defects throughout the body. It must also optimize functional and aesthetic results. The receiving site should comply as far as possible, using flaps with similar characteristics, restore structural integrity or function


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Surgical Flaps , Plastic Surgery Procedures , Free Tissue Flaps/surgery , Forearm , Hand
13.
Natal; s.n; 11 nov. 2022. 98 p. ilus, tab.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1532358

ABSTRACT

As crescentes demandas dos pacientes pelo tratamento das recessões gengivais trazem à tona questões terapêuticas clinicamente significativas, exigindo dos profissionais constante aperfeiçoamento em técnicas cirúrgicas cada vez menos invasivas e mais previsíveis. OBJETIVO: Comparar duas técnicas para recobrimento radicular em recessões gengivais unitárias, unilaterais, do tipo 1. METODOLOGIA: Este estudo clínico, paralelo, randomizado e duplo cego avaliou indivíduos com recessões gengivais unitárias, unilaterais, do tipo 1 (RT1), submetidos à cirurgia para recobrimento radicular, através da associação do enxerto de tecido conjuntivo subepitelial ao retalho posicionado coronalmente (grupo controle) e técnica de túnel (grupo teste). Os principais parâmetros avaliados foram profundidade de sondagem (PS), sangramento à sondagem (SS), nível clínico de inserção (NCI), recessão gengival (RG), faixa e espessura da mucosa ceratinizada (MC e EG), percentual de recobrimento radicular (RR) e fenótipo gengival (FG), além de fatores centrados no paciente (FCP), como dor pós-operatória, hipersensibilidade dentinária cervical (HSDC), estética, grau de satisfação e a qualidade de vida, intra e intergrupo, ao longo de 06 meses de acompanhamento. Os dados foram analisados estatisticamente através dos testes t emparelhado de Student, teste t para amostras independentes, Qui-quadrado, McNemar, Análise de Variância Split-Plot com pós-teste t de Student (α = 5%). RESULTADOS: 46 indivíduos finalizaram este estudo (controle: 23; teste: 23). O tempo de cirurgia foi maior para o grupo teste (controle: 40min ± 5,6; teste: 51min ± 5,9; p = 0,041). Foram observadas reduções estatisticamente significativas para a RG e ganho significativo do NCI, de MC e de EG na análise intragrupo, em ambos os grupos de tratamento, porém, sem diferenças entre as técnicas. O RR aumentou significativamente nos períodos avaliados, mas não foram observadas diferenças intergrupo (controle: 89,2%; teste: 86,5%; p = 0,069). A análise intragrupo revelou mudança de FG (controle: 95,65%; teste: 91,3%; p < 0,001). Ambos os protocolos de tratamento reduziram dor pós-operatória e HSDC, e proporcionaram melhora na estética, satisfação e na qualidade de vida (p < 0,001), sem diferenças entre as técnicas ao longo do tempo. CONCLUSÃO: Ambos os tratamentos apresentaram eficácia clínica semelhante em termos de recobrimento radicular e melhora dos FCP (AU).


The increasing demands of patients for the treatment of gingival recessions bring up clinically significant therapeutic issues, requiring professionals to constantly improve in less invasive and more predictable surgical techniques. AIM: To compare two root coverage techniques to treat single, unilateral, type 1 gingival recessions. METHOD: This parallel, randomized, doubleblind clinical trial evaluated individuals with single, unilateral, type 1 gingival recessions 1 (RT1), who underwent root coverage procedure with subepithelial connective tissue graft associated to a coronally advanced flap (control group) or a tunnel technique (test group). The main parameters evaluated were probing depth (PD), bleeding on probing (BoP), clinical attachment level (CAL), gingival recession (GR), heigth of keratinized tissue (KTH), gingival thickness (GT), percentage of root coverage (RC) and gingival phenotype (GP), in addition to patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs), such as postoperative pain, cervical dentin hypersensitivity (CDH), esthetics, degree of satisfaction and quality of life, intra and intergroup, throughout 06 months follow-up. Data were statistically analyzed using paired Student t-test, t-test for independent samples, Chi-square, McNemar, Split-Plot Analysis of Variance with post hoc t-test (α = 5%). RESULTS: 46 subjects completed this study (control: 23; test: 23). Surgery time was longer for the test group (control: 40min ± 5.6; test: 51min ± 5.9; p = 0.041). Statistically significant reductions for GR and significant gain for CAL, KTH and GT were observed in the intragroup analysis, in both treatment groups, however, without differences between techniques. The CR increased significantly, but no intergroup differences were observed (control: 89.2%; test: 86.5%; p = 0.069). Intragroup analysis revealed a change in GP (control: 95.65%; test: 91.3%; p < 0.001). Both treatment protocols reduced postoperative pain and CDH and improved esthetics, satisfaction and quality of life (p < 0.001), with no differences between the techniques over time. CONCLUSION: Both treatments showed similar clinical efficacy in terms of root coverage and improvement in PROMs (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Surgical Flaps/adverse effects , Tooth Root/injuries , Tissue Transplantation , Connective Tissue , Gingival Recession/diagnosis , Chi-Square Distribution , Analysis of Variance
14.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 57(5): 718-725, Sept.-Oct. 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1407692

ABSTRACT

Abstract Despite being a procedure widely used all over the world with high rates of symptom remission, surgical treatment of carpal tunnel syndrome may present unsatisfactory outcomes. Such outcomes may be manifested clinically by non-remission of symptoms, remission of symptoms with recurrence a time after surgery or appearance of different symptoms after surgery. Different factors are related to this unsuccessful surgical treatment of carpal tunnel syndrome. Prevention can be achieved through a thorough preoperative clinical evaluation of the patient. As such, the surgeon will be able to make differential or concomitant diagnoses, as well as determine factors related to patient dissatisfaction. Perioperative factors include the correct identification of anatomical structures for complete median nerve decompression. Numerous procedures have been described for managing postoperative factors. Among them, the most common is adhesion around the median nerve, which has been treated with relative success using different vascularized flaps or autologous or homologous tissue coverage. The approach to cases with unsuccessful surgical treatment of carpal tunnel syndrome is discussed in more detail in the text.


Resumo Apesar de ser um procedimento amplamente utilizado em todo o mundo e com elevadas taxas de remissão dos sintomas, o tratamento cirúrgico da síndrome do túnel do carpo pode apresentar resultados não satisfatórios ao paciente. Esse resultado não satisfatório pode se manifestar clinicamente pela não remissão dos sintomas, remissão dos sintomas mas recorrência desses após um período de tempo da cirurgia ou aparecimento de diferentes sintomas após a cirurgia. Diferentes fatores estão relacionados a esse insucesso do tratamento cirúrgico da síndrome do túnel do carpo (ITCSTC). A prevenção pode ser conseguida por meio de minuciosa avaliação clínica do paciente no período pré-operatório. Dessa forma o cirurgião poderá fazer diagnósticos diferenciais ou diagnósticos concomitantes, assim como identificar fatores ligados a insatisfação do paciente. Os fatores per-operatórios incluem a correta identificação das estruturas anatômicas para completa descompressão do nervo mediano. Inúmeros procedimentos têm sido descritos para o tratamento dos fatores que ocorrem no período pós-operatório. Desses o mais comum, a formação de aderências em torno do nervo mediano, tem sido tratado com relativo sucesso utilizando diferentes retalhos vascularizados ou cobertura com o uso de tecido autólogo ou homólogo. Descreveremos a abordagem do ITCSTC com maiores detalhes no texto.


Subject(s)
Humans , Recurrence , Surgical Flaps , Carpal Tunnel Syndrome/surgery , Carpal Tunnel Syndrome/complications , Carpal Tunnel Syndrome/diagnosis
15.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 57(5): 781-787, Sept.-Oct. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1407706

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective The objective of the present study was to prospectively compare the sural and propeller flaps for soft-tissues coverage of the lower extremity. The following variables were evaluated: incidence of complete or partial flap loss and donor area morbidity (primary closure versus skin graft). Methods Prospective and randomized analysis of data collected from all patients presenting with soft tissue defects of the lower third of the leg and heel treated with reverse sural or propeller flaps. Results Twenty-four patients aged between 4 and 60 years old were evaluated between 2011 and 2017. Complete coverage was obtained in 22 of the 24 patients (91.6%). Two flaps failed (8.4%). The sural flap, being the most popular option, continues to represent a safe and versatile alternative for skin defects of the lower third of the leg and heel region. Likewise, the propeller flap was a comparable option to treat these challenging defects. Conclusion Sural and propeller flaps are good options for soft tissues coverage of the lower extremity, with low complication rates (partial or total flap loss).


Resumo Objetivo O objetivo do presente estudo foi comparar prospectivamente os retalhos sural e propeller para cobertura de partes moles da extremidade inferior. Foram avaliadas as seguintes variáveis: incidência de perda total ou parcial do retalho e morbidade da área doadora (fechamento primário versus enxerto de pele). Métodos Análise prospectiva e randomizada de dados coletados de todos os pacientes apresentando defeitos em tecidos moles da extremidade distal da perna e do retropé submetidos aos retalhos em questão. Resultados Foram avaliados 24 pacientes com idades entre 4 e 60 anos, entre 2011 e 2017. Cobertura completa foi obtida em 22 dos 24 pacientes (91,6%) e observamos falha em 2 retalhos (8,4%). O retalho sural, sendo a opção mais popular, continua a representar uma alternativa segura e versátil para defeitos cutâneos do terço distal da perna e da região do calcanhar. O retalho propeller, da mesma maneira, mostrou-se uma opção comparável para o tratamento destas lesões desafiadoras. Conclusão Os retalhos sural e propeller são boas opções para a cobertura de partes moles da extremidade inferior, demostrando baixas taxas de complicações como perda parcial ou total do retalho.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Surgical Flaps , Skin Transplantation , Transplant Donor Site , Perforator Flap/transplantation
16.
Arq. ciências saúde UNIPAR ; 26(3): 379-394, set-dez. 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1399000

ABSTRACT

A bibliometria é uma excelente ferramenta que permite determinar as obras e autores mais citados, assuntos mais enfatizados, palavras-chave mais utilizadas, autores que mais publicaram, bem como suas respectivas áreas de formação, revelando, assim, parte da dinâmica de produção do conhecimento desse campo de pesquisas. O objetivo deste estudo foi realizar análise bibliométrica sobre a utilização do músculo fibular terceiro como retalho em cirurgia ortopédica. Para tal, realizou- se uma pesquisa bibliométrica, de caráter observacional e abordagem quantitativa, utilizando como palavras-chave as seguintes combinações booleanas ("fibularis tertius" OR "peroneus tertius" OR "fibularis anterior" AND "surgery" OR "Plastic surgery" OR "surgical flap" OR "Lower extremity" AND "human") através da plataforma SCOPUS. A análise bibliométrica encontrou 33 artigos publicados em periódicos de grande impacto em nível mundial, principalmente nos anos de 2018 e 2020. Ao associar as palavras-chave através da Lei de Bradford, lei esta que estima o grau de relevância de periódicos que atuam em áreas do conhecimento específicas, a revista mais relevante foi a Surgical And Radiologic Anatomy, seguida da Journal Of Foot And Ankle Surgery e Plastic And Reconstructive Surgery. O pesquisador Arnold et al., 1999, do Setor de Cirurgia Plástica e Reconstrutiva dos Estados Unidos, publicou o artigo intitulado "Muscle flaps in osteomyelitis of the lower extremity: A 20-year account", no periódico Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, e obteve 61 citações e apresentou o maior fator H para a pesquisa realizada. As análises bibliométricas podem se configurar em uma metodologia tecnológica importante para a medicina, por revelar padrões de pesquisa e identificação de tendências, assim como podem também ser utilizadas em qualquer base de dados, sendo sugeridos novos estudos. O uso dos recursos disponíveis na base de dados SCOPUS se mostrou interessante para a realização de estudos desse tipo em curto espaço de tempo, além de propiciar a possibilidade de estudos posteriores com análise de outros indicadores, principalmente de um tema tão relevante para a cirurgia ortopédica.


Bibliometrics is an excellent tool that allows you to determine the most cited works and authors, the most emphasized subjects, the most used keywords, the most published authors, as well as their respective areas of training, thus revealing part of the dynamics of knowledge production of this field of research. The aim of this study was to perform a bibliometric analysis on the use of the third peroneus muscle as a flap in orthopedic surgery. To this end, a bibliometric research was carried out, with an observational character and a quantitative approach, using the following Boolean combinations as keywords ("fibularis tertius" OR "peroneus tertius" OR "fibularis anterior" AND "surgery" OR "Plastic surgery" OR "surgical flap" OR "Lower extremity" AND "human") through the SCOPUS platform. The bibliometric analysis found 33 articles published in high-impact journals worldwide, mainly in the years 2018 and 2020. By associating the keywords through the Bradford Law, this law estimates the degree of relevance of journals operating in areas of specific knowledge, the most relevant journal was Surgical And Radiologic Anatomy, followed by Journal Of Foot And Ankle Surgery and Plastic And Reconstructive Surgery. Researcher Arnold et al., 1999, from the US Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery Sector, published the article entitled "Muscle flaps in osteomyelitis of the lower extremity: A 20-year account", in the journal Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, and obtained 61 citations and presented the biggest H factor for the research performed. Bibliometric analyzes can be configured as an important technological methodology for medicine, for revealing research patterns and identifying trends, as well as being used in any database, with further studies being suggested. The use of resources available in the SCOPUS database proved to be interesting for carrying out studies of this type in a short period of time, in addition to providing the possibility of further studies with analysis of other indicators, especially on a topic so relevant to orthopedic surgery.


La bibliometría es una excelente herramienta para determinar los trabajos y autores más citados, los temas más destacados, las palabras clave más utilizadas, los autores que más han publicado, así como sus respectivas áreas de formación, revelando así parte de la dinámica de producción de conocimiento en este campo de investigación. El objetivo de este estudio fue realizar un análisis bibliométrico sobre el uso del tercer músculo fibular como colgajo en cirugía ortopédica. Para ello, se realizó una investigación bibliométrica, observacional y cuantitativa utilizando como palabras clave las siguientes combinaciones booleanas ("fibularis tertius" OR "peroneus tertius" OR "fibularis anterior" AND "surgery" OR "Plastic surgery" OR "surgical flap" OR "Lower extremity" AND "human") a través de la plataforma SCOPUS. El análisis bibliométrico encontró 33 artículos publicados en revistas de alto impacto a nivel mundial, principalmente en los años 2018 y 2020. Al asociar las palabras clave mediante la Ley de Bradford, una ley que estima el grado de relevancia de las revistas que operan en áreas de conocimiento específicas, la revista más relevante fue Surgical And Radiologic Anatomy, seguida de Journal Of Foot And Ankle Surgery y Plastic And Reconstructive Surgery. El investigador Arnold et al. 1999, del Departamento de Cirugía Plástica y Reconstructiva de los Estados Unidos, publicó un artículo titulado "Muscle flaps in osteomyelitis of the lower extremity: A 20-year account" (Colgajos musculares en la osteomielitis de la extremidad inferior: un relato de 20 años), en la revista Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, y obtuvo 61 citas y presentó el factor H más alto para la investigación realizada. Los análisis bibliométricos pueden configurarse como una importante metodología tecnológica para la medicina, al revelar patrones de investigación e identificar tendencias, así como también pueden utilizarse en cualquier base de datos, con la sugerencia de nuevos estudios. La utilización de los recursos disponibles en la base de datos SCOPUS resultó interesante para realizar estudios de este tipo en un corto periodo de tiempo, además de ofrecer la posibilidad de realizar estudios posteriores con análisis de otros indicadores, especialmente en un tema tan relevante para la cirugía ortopédica.


Subject(s)
Humans , Peroneal Nerve , Surgical Flaps , Bibliometrics , Orthopedic Procedures , Surgery, Plastic , Lower Extremity
17.
Rev. otorrinolaringol. cir. cabeza cuello ; 82(3): 346-354, sept. 2022. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1409945

ABSTRACT

Resumen La insuficiencia velofaríngea (IVF) es una de las principales secuelas estructurales tras la palatoplastía primaria en casos de fisura de paladar. La IVF se caracteriza por la ausencia de tejido suficiente para lograr un cierre adecuado del mecanismo velofaríngeo durante el habla, lo que conlleva a una resonancia hipernasal y la emisión nasal de aire durante la producción de sonidos orales. Al respecto, el tratamiento ideal para corregir la IVF es quirúrgico, dentro de los cuales el colgajo faríngeo de pedículo superior es uno de los procedimientos más utilizados en nuestro país. Para su realización es fundamental determinar el ancho necesario, lo cual puede ser determinado mediante una videofluoroscopía multiplano (VFMP). Por esto, con el objetivo de potenciar el trabajo multidisciplinario en la corrección quirúrgica de la IVF, a continuación, se presentan los procedimientos de evaluación fonoaudiológica, videonasofaríngoscopía flexible y videofluoroscopía multiplano utilizados para la planificación quirúrgica de un colgajo faríngeo en un adolescente chileno diagnosticado con IVF secundaria a fisura palatina operada. Además, se describe el uso de la VFMP en la planificación quirúrgica del colgajo faríngeo mediante una revisión de literatura.


Abstract Velopharyngeal insufficiency (VPI) is one of the main structural sequelae after primary palatoplasty in cases of cleft palate. VPI is characterized by the absence of sufficient tissue to achieve adequate closure of the velopharyngeal mechanism (VFM) generating hyper-nasal resonance and nasal emission during the production of oral sounds. In cases of cleft palate, the ideal treatment to correct VPI is surgery. The upper pedicle pharyngeal flap is one of the most widely used procedures. To plan it, is essential to determine the appropriate width, which can be determined by means of multiplane videofluoroscopy (MPVF). For this reason, and with the aim of promoting multidisciplinary approach in the surgical correction of VPI, the following procedures such as speech and language evaluation, flexible videonasopharyngoscopy and multiplane videofluoroscopy used for the surgical planning of a pharyngeal flap, in a Chilean adolescent diagnosed with VPI secondary to operated cleft palate, will be presented. In addition, the use of MPVF in pharyngeal flap surgical planning is described through a literature review.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Pharynx/surgery , Surgical Flaps , Velopharyngeal Insufficiency/surgery , Cleft Palate/surgery , Video Recording , Fluoroscopy , Velopharyngeal Insufficiency/diagnostic imaging , Cleft Palate/diagnostic imaging
18.
Rev. cuba. ortop. traumatol ; 36(3)sept. 2022. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1441785

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Las opciones para el manejo de tejidos blandos en los defectos traumáticos han aumentado con el desarrollo de la microcirugía, con una mejor comprensión de los colgajos pediculados y los avances con terapia con esponja de presión negativa. Objetivo: Revisar y poner a disposición de los especialistas algunos de los tópicos relacionados con estos procederes quirúrgicos de colgajos en las lesiones traumáticas de los miembros. Métodos: Se realiza una búsqueda en PubMed entre los años 2010-2020, en inglés con los términos: cirugía de colgajos en lesiones traumáticas, tratamiento de las lesiones de partes blandas relacionadas con trauma de los miembros, reconstrucción de las lesiones traumáticas de partes blandas de extremidades. Se revisaron también, artículos accesibles de forma libre, o a través del servicio Clinical Key y Hinari. Conclusiones: Existen controversias acerca del momento óptimo para el cierre de las heridas. La definición de reconstrucción primaria versus secundaria depende del tiempo de lesión y del tipo de procedimiento quirúrgico. La terapia de heridas con presión negativa sirve como parte del arsenal para la reconstrucción de tejidos blandos en un trauma de extremidades(AU)


Introduction: Options for soft tissue management of traumatic defects have increased with the development of microsurgery, with a better understanding of pedicle flaps and advances with negative pressure sponge therapy. Objective: To review and make available to specialists some of the topics related to these surgical procedures for flaps in traumatic limb injuries. Methods: A PubMed search was carried out from 2010 to 2020, in English with the terms: flap surgery in traumatic injuries, treatment of soft tissue injuries related to trauma of the limbs, reconstruction of the limbs. traumatic soft tissue injuries of extremities. Articles freely accessible or through the Clinical Key and Hinari service were also reviewed. Conclusions: There are controversies about the optimal time for wound closure. The definition of primary versus secondary reconstruction depends on the time of injury and the type of surgical procedure. Negative pressure wound therapy serves as part of the arsenal for soft tissue reconstruction in extremity trauma(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Surgical Procedures, Operative , Surgical Flaps/surgery , Extremities/injuries , Access to Information , Information Seeking Behavior
19.
Rev. cir. (Impr.) ; 74(4): 415-420, ago. 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1407929

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: La fístula rectovaginal es una patología quirúrgica compleja de tratar. El trauma perineal obstétrico y las enfermedades inflamatorias intestinales, especialmente la Enfermedad de Crohn son las causas más frecuentes. La reparación quirúrgica con un Colgajo de Martius en manos experimentadas ha mostrado buenos resultados con mínima morbilidad en pacientes seleccionados. Material y Método: Presentamos un caso clínico de una paciente que cursó con una fístula rectovaginal posparto tardía, la cual tuvo una recurrencia precoz, luego de intentar tratamiento quirúrgico consistente en un colgajo de avance, siendo necesaria la desfuncionalización del tránsito con una colostomía en asa. Posteriormente se realizó un Colgajo de Martius con resultado exitoso. Resultados: Evolución satisfactoria. Cursó con dehiscencia de la herida perineal la cual requirió solo curaciones ambulatorias. Luego de 8 meses posterior a la confección del Colgajo de Martius, se realizó el cierre de colostomía. A los 30 meses poscolgajo, la paciente se encuentra en buenas condiciones, sin evidencia de recidiva y tránsito intestinal normal. Conclusión: En este caso clínico, el colgajo de Martius fue una alternativa segura y efectiva en el tratamiento de una fístula rectovaginal recidivada.


Introduction: The rectovaginal fistula is a complex surgical pathology to treat. Obstetric perineal trauma and inflammatory bowel diseases, especially Crohn's disease, are the most frequent causes. Surgical repair with a Martius flap in experienced hands has shown good results with minimal morbidity in selected patients. Material and Methods: We present a clinical case of a patient who had a late postpartum rectovaginal fistula, which recurred early after attempting surgical treatment consisting of an advancement flap, requiring defunctionalization of the transit with a loop colostomy. Subsequently, a Martius flap was performed with a successful result. Results: Satisfactory evolution. The patient presented a dehiscence of the perineal wound which required only ambulatory dressings. At 8 months from the Martius flap was made, the colostomy was closed. At 30 months post-flap, the patient is in good condition, with no evidence of recurrence and normal intestinal transit. Conclusión: In this clinical case, the Martius flap was a safe and effective alternative in the treatment of a recurrent rectovaginal fistula.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Surgical Flaps , Rectovaginal Fistula/surgery , Rectovaginal Fistula/etiology , Surgical Procedures, Operative
20.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 57(4): 642-648, Jul.-Aug. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1394882

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective Clinodactyly is a congenital hand deformity that is characterized by coronal angular deviation and may occur in thumbs or fingers. Surgical treatment is indicated for severe angulations. Among the described techniques, one of the options consists of bone alignment by wedge-shaped addition osteotomy of the anomalous phalanx. Such alignment maneuver creates a problem in skin cover, along with soft-tissue tension at the concave aspect of the deformity. Hence, some sort of skin flap is required for the adequate operative wound closure. We aim to demonstrate the aforementioned technique and to assess the results of bilobed flap in the treatment of hand clinodactyly. Methods Retrospective study conducted between January 2008 and January 2015. Five patients were included in the study, including nine operated digits. Surgical indication consisted of angular deviations ˃ 30o. Neither patients with thumb deformities nor those with deformities associated to syndromes were excluded from the study. We assessed the functional and cosmetic outcomes of the technique, as well as complications and the satisfaction rates of the family. Results All patients had satisfactory functional and cosmetic results, with a mean skin healing of 18.6 days. Among nine operated digits, only one of the patients presented vascular compromise at the distal portion of the first flap lobe, albeit without necrosis or the need for any additional procedure. Patients were followed up on a minimum of 12-month interval. No deformity recurred during the observation period. Conclusion Bilobed flap for the treatment of hand clinodactyly is a good option for skin cover after the osteotomy.


Resumo Objetivo A clinodactilia é uma deformidade congênita da mão, caracterizada por desvio angular coronal, podendo ocorrer em polegares ou dedos. O tratamento cirúrgico é indicado para angulações severas. Dentre as técnicas descritas, uma das opções consiste no alinhamento ósseo, através de osteotomia em cunha de adição da falange anômala. Essa manobra de alinhamento gera uma dificuldade de cobertura cutânea, juntamente com a tensão das partes moles no lado côncavo da deformidade. Sendo assim, algum tipo de retalho cutâneo é necessário para o fechamento adequado da ferida cirúrgica. Objetivamos demonstrar a técnica citada e avaliar os resultados do retalho bilobado no tratamento das clinodactilias da mão. Métodos Estudo retrospectivo entre janeiro de 2008 e janeiro de 2015. Foram incluídos cinco pacientes no estudo, nove dedos foram submetidos à cirurgia. Tiveram indicação cirúrgica os pacientes com desvios angulares nos dedos acima de 30 graus. Não foram excluídos do estudo os pacientes com deformidades no polegar, nem aqueles com deformidades associadas a síndromes. Foram avaliados os resultados funcionais e estéticos com o uso desta técnica, assim como as complicações e o grau de satisfação dos familiares. Resultados Todos os pacientes apresentaram resultados funcionais e estéticos satisfatórios, com cicatrização cutânea média de 18,6 dias. Entre os nove dedos submetidos à cirurgia, apenas um dos pacientes apresentou comprometimento vascular na porção distal do primeiro lobo do retalho, porém sem necrose ou necessidade de qualquer procedimento adicional. Os pacientes foram acompanhados durante um intervalo mínimo de 12 meses. Nenhuma deformidade ocorreu durante o período de observação. Conclusão O uso do retalho bilobado no tratamento das clinodactilias da mão é uma boa opção para cobertura cutânea após a realização de osteotomia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Osteotomy/methods , Surgical Flaps , Hand Deformities, Congenital/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Outcome Assessment, Health Care , Fingers/abnormalities
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