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1.
Int. j. med. surg. sci. (Print) ; 8(1): 1-7, mar. 2021. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1151627

ABSTRACT

Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) is the most common type of nonmelanoma skin cancer (NMSC). It grows slowly and very rarely metastasizes but can cause substantial morbidity due to its tendency to relapse and locally invasive nature, especially when located on the face. Excision surgery is still the gold standard treatment for primary BCC and is usually followed by reconstruction procedure. Skin flap techniques vary widely, one of which is flap advancement technique. The main benefit of flap advancement technique is the ability to hide the excision line, thus resulting in an aesthetically sound outcome. We report a case of 72-year-old female with hyperpigmented plaque brownish lump on the left lateral cheek. A diagnosis of igmented basal cell carcinoma had been confirmed through histopathological examination. The patient was treated with wide excision surgery and the defectwas closed by multiple advancement flaps. Follow-up after three months showed excellent cosmetic and functional outcome.


El carcinoma basocelular (CBC) es el tipo más común de cáncer de piel no melanoma. Crece lentamente y rara vez hace metástasis, pero puede causar una morbilidad sustancial debido a su ubicación en la cara, tendencia a la recidiva y su comportamiento invasivo local. La cirugía de escisión sigue siendo el tratamiento estándar de oro para el CBC primario y generalmente se acompañan de procedimientos reconstructivos. Las técnicas de flap varían ampliamente, una de las cuales es la técnica de avance del colgajo. El principal beneficio de la técnica de avance es la capacidad de ocultar la línea de escisión y, por lo tanto, se obtiene un resultado más estético. En este artículo reportamos el caso de una mujer de 72 años con placa hiperpigmentada y abultada en su mejilla lateral izquierda. Se había confirmado un diagnóstico de carcinoma de células basales pigmentadas mediante un examen histopatológico. El paciente fue tratado con una amplia cirugía de escisión y el defecto fue cerrado por múltiples colgajos de avance. El seguimiento después de tres meses mostró un excelente resultado cosmético y funcional.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Skin Neoplasms/complications , Skin Neoplasms/rehabilitation , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures/methods , Surgical Flaps/transplantation , Carcinoma, Basal Cell/complications , Treatment Outcome
2.
Rev. argent. cir. plást ; 27(1): 31-36, jan.-mar. 2021. ilus, fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1223715

ABSTRACT

Introducción. La reconstrucción de lesiones del labio superior supone un reto para lograr conservar la función, la competencia labial y la obtención de resultado estético satisfactorio. Se estudian pacientes con lesiones malignas en labio superior y su respectivo tratamiento resectivo y reconstructivo, y se realiza revisión bibliográfica de los principios del abordaje labial y las técnicas reconstructivas con colgajos locales. Material y métodos. Presentación de cuatro casos de pacientes con carcinoma basocelular en labio superior, en quienes se realiza resección con margen de seguridad y técnicas de reconstrucción en "V", en forma pentagonal, avance en VY, colgajo digital nasogeniano y colgajo de avance de mejilla según el defecto obtenido tras la escisión de la lesión cutánea maligna. Resultados. Adecuada coloración y vitalidad de los colgajos, conservación de competencia labial y función de apertura y cierre bucal, cicatrices emplazadas en pliegues naturales. Discusión. Evaluación de opciones reconstructivas para defectos de labio superior según bibliografía. Conclusión. La reconstrucción de labio mediante las técnicas expuestas constituyen excelentes opciones para el tratamiento de defectos de hasta un tercio de longitud del labio superior, ya que conservan la competencia labial y proveen un resultado estético satisfactorio.


Introduction. The reconstruction of defects of the upper lip is a challenge in order to preserve function, lip competence and obtain a satisfactory aesthetic result. Patients with malignant lesions in the upper lip and their respective resective and reconstructive treatment were studied, and a bibliographic review of the principles of the labial approach and reconstructive techniques with local flaps was carried out. Material and methods. Presentation of four cases of patients with basal cell carcinoma of the upper lip, in whom resection is performed with a safety margin and reconstruction techniques in a "V" shape, in a pentagonal shape, VY advancement flap, nasogenian digital flap and cheek advancement flap. Results. Adequate color and vitality of the flaps, preservation of lip competence and function of mouth, scars located in natural folds. Discussion. Evaluation of reconstructive options for upper lip defects according to bibliography. Conclusion. Lip reconstruction using the exposed techniques are excellent options for the treatment of defects of the upper lip, since they preserve lip competence and provide a satisfactory aesthetic result


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged, 80 and over , Surgical Flaps/innervation , Surgical Flaps/transplantation , Lip Neoplasms/surgery , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures/methods , Neoplasms/therapy
3.
Rev. argent. cir. plást ; 27(1): 15-20, jan.-mar. 2021. tab, fig, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1223459

ABSTRACT

Introducción. La ausencia vaginal tiene un impacto devastador en paciente transgénero de hombre a mujer, por lo tanto, es primordial crear una neovagina de funcionamiento normal con satisfacción sexual, apariencia estética óptima y a su vez las características de micción femenina. Para tal objetivo existen diferentes procedimientos quirúrgicos. La genitoplastia feminizante con colgajo pene escrotal invertido cumple con las necesidades y expectativas del paciente.1-6 Método. En este caso se realizó un análisis descriptivo y retrospectivo de 28 pacientes, transgénero, en los cuales se realizó genitoplastia feminizante con colgajo pene escrotal invertido, con edades entre 18 y 46 años, en un período de 2,5 años desde febrero de 2018 a agosto de 2020. Resultados. La vitalidad del colgajo fue un 100% con una satisfacción sexual del 96,4%, con bajo porcentaje de complicaciones (3%) que incluyen hematoma, dehiscencia y estenosis. Estéticamente la satisfacción fue del 100%. Para muchas pacientes la genitoplastia feminizante es la etapa final de muchas mujeres transgénero en su proceso de confirmación de género.


Introduction. Vaginal absence has a devastating impact on a male to female transgender patient, therefore, it is essential to create a normally functioning neovagina with sexual satisfaction, optimal aesthetic appearance and in turn the characteristics of female urination. For this purpose there are different surgical procedures. Feminizing Genitoplasty with inverted scrotal penis flap meets the needs and expectations of the patient.1-6 Method. In this case, a descriptive and retrospective analysis of 28 transgender patients was performed, in which Feminizing Genitoplasty was performed with an inverted scrotal penis flap, aged between 18 and 46 years, over a period of 2.5 years from february 2018 to august 2020.For many patients, Feminizing Genitoplasty is the final stage for many transgender women in their gender confirmation process. Results. The vitality of the flap was 100% with a sexual satisfaction of 96.4%, with a low percentage of complications in 3% that include hematoma, dehiscence and stenosis, aesthetically we present 100% satisfaction


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Surgical Flaps/transplantation , Transsexualism/surgery , Vagina , Retrospective Studies , Skin Transplantation , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures/methods , Transgender Persons
4.
Rev. argent. cir. plást ; 27(1): 08-14, jan.-mar. 2021. fig, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1223452

ABSTRACT

Este estudio demuestra la utilidad del colgajo inervado de Tripier en pacientes con diferentes etiologías, ya sean lesiones oncológicas, postraumaticas o lesiones causadas por iatrogenia. León Tripier, en 1889, describió un colgajo musculocutáneo inervado basado en el músculo orbicular, en donde utiliza un exceso de piel del párpado superior y orbicular para reconstruir los defectos del párpado inferior. Las evaluaciones preoperatorias y los procedimientos fueron realizados por un solo equipo quirúrgico en 34 pacientes, con edades comprendidas entre 18 y 72 años. El estudio se realizó en un período de 3 años, desde noviembre de 2016 a noviembre de 2019. Se pudo concluir que el colgajo musculocutáneo inervado de Tripier es una excelente alternativa para el cubrimiento de defectos que se presentan en la lamela anterior del párpado inferior. Su disección es fácil y rápida, presenta un buen aporte vascular y nervioso y es segura, lo cual es un factor importante, ya que la población de mayor demanda son pacientes de avanzada edad.


This study demonstrates the utility of the Tripier's innervated flap in patients with different etiologies, be they oncological, post-traumatic lesions or injuries caused by iatrogenesis. León Tripier in 1889 described an innervated musculocutaneous flap, based on the orbicularis muscle, where he uses excess skin from the upper eyelid and orbicularis to reconstruct defects of the lower eyelid. Preoperative evaluations and procedures were carried out by a single surgical team, and for this, 34 patients were taken, aged between 18 and 72 years. The study was conducted over a 3-year period from November 2016 to November 2019. It was concluded that Tripier's innervated musculocutaneous flap is an excellent alternative for covering defects that occur in the anterior lamella of the lower eyelid. Its dissection is easy and fast, and it also has a good vascular and nervous contribution, being safe, bearing in mind that it is an important factor, since the population in greatest demand is elderly patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Surgery, Plastic , Surgical Flaps/transplantation , Retrospective Studies , Eyelid Neoplasms/surgery , Longitudinal Studies
5.
Rev. cuba. ortop. traumatol ; 34(2): e302, jul.-dic. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1156593

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: La cobertura de dispositivos ortopédicos expuestos y las infecciones en el hueso con colgajos es un tema controvertido. No existe un consenso claro sobre el tratamiento de esta complicación. En los últimos años se aprecia una tendencia a mantener el material de osteosíntesis y a controlar la infección aportando tejido bien vascularizado en forma de colgajo muscular o fasciocutáneo. Objetivo: Evaluar el éxito reconstructivo con colgajos de defectos de partes blandas en miembros que han precisado de una osteosíntesis, en función de la presencia de infección y el estado de los dispositivos de implante en el momento de la reconstrucción. Métodos: Estudio retrospectivo de una serie de 15 casos con un defecto de partes blandas en las extremidades inferiores secundario a la implantación de dispositivos ortopédicos en el hueso. Todos los casos recibieron cobertura con un colgajo muscular o fasciocutáneo con o sin retirada de los implantes. Se estudió la presencia o ausencia de infección previa a la reconstrucción (signos clínicos, resultado del cultivo microbiológico y exposición del material ortopédico), la retirada o mantenimiento del implante durante la reconstrucción, y la presencia de complicaciones posoperatorias. Se relacionaron estas variables con el éxito reconstructivo posoperatorio. El análisis de las variables se realizó con los estadísticos chi cuadrado, Wilcoxon y U de Mann Whitney, según el tipo de variable, y para una significación de 0,05. Resultados: La frecuencia de éxito reconstructivo fue mayor en aquellos pacientes con cultivo negativo sin exposición de material óseo (p = 0,038). Se encontró menor tasa de complicaciones en los pacientes que presentaban infección antes de la reconstrucción (p = 0,039), y en aquellos con cultivo positivo y exposición del material previos a la cirugía, cuyos implantes habían sido retirados durante la reconstrucción (p = 0,032). Conclusiones: El aporte de tejido bien vascularizado en forma de colgajo permite el mantenimiento del material ortopédico con una frecuencia de éxito de 66,67 %, y resultados favorables de mediano a largo plazo. La exposición y el resultado del cultivo son indicadores predictivos de los resultados de la cirugía(AU)


ABSTRACT Introduction: The covering of exposed orthopedic devices and bone infections with flaps are a controversial issue. There is no clear consensus concerning the treatment of this complication. In recent years, there has been a trend to maintain the osteosynthesis material and to control the infection by providing well vascularized tissue in the form of a muscular or fasciocutaneous flap. Objective: To assess the reconstructive success with flaps of soft tissue defects in limbs that have required osteosynthesis, based on the presence of infection and the status of the implant devices at the time of reconstruction. Methods: Retrospective study of a series of 15 cases with soft tissue defect in the lower limbs after implantation of orthopedic devices to the bone. All the cases were covered with muscle or fasciocutaneous flap, with or without removal of the implants. The presence or absence of infection prior to reconstruction (clinical signs, results of microbiological culture, and exposure of the orthopedic material), removal or maintenance of the implant during reconstruction, and the presence of postoperative complications were studied. These variables were associated with postoperative reconstructive success. The analysis of the variables was performed using the chi-square, as well as Wilcoxon and Mann Whitney U tests, according to the type of variable, and for a significance of 0.05. Results: The frequency of reconstructive success was higher in those patients with negative culture and without exposure of bone material (P=0.038). A lower rate of complications was found in patients with infection before reconstruction (P=0.039), and in those with positive culture and exposure of the material prior to surgery, whose implants had been removed during reconstruction (P=0.032). Conclusions: The provision of well vascularized tissue in the form of flap allows maintenance of the orthopedic material with a success rate of 66.67%, as well as favorable outcomes in the mid to long terms. The results of exposure and culture are predictive indicators of surgery outcomes(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Arthroplasty/adverse effects , Surgical Flaps/transplantation , Lower Extremity/surgery , Fracture Fixation, Internal/adverse effects , Retrospective Studies
6.
Rev. argent. cir. plást ; 26(3): 111-120, 20200900. fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1147642

ABSTRACT

El objetivo del presente artículo es mostrar los resultados de la reconstrucción de los defectos de la superficie del borde del hélix utilizando el colgajo doble banderín de región retroauricular. Se describen los pedículos vasculares del colgajo en disecciones anatómicas. Se presentan detalles técnicos del procedimiento, así como se muestran casos clínicos, analizando resultados y evaluando los mismos en 30 casos


The objective of this article is to show the results of the reconstruction of the defects of the surface of the helix edge using the double flag flap of the retroauricular region. The vascular pedicles of the flap are described in anatomical dissections. Technical details of the procedure are presented, as well as clinical cases are shown, analyzing results and evaluating them in 30 cases.


Subject(s)
Surgical Flaps/transplantation , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures , Ear Auricle/surgery , Neoplasms
7.
Rev. cuba. cir ; 59(2): e955, abr.-jun. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1126422

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: La reconstrucción nasal con colgajo frontal es frecuente en pacientes de edad avanzada, por lo general de causa oncológica. Con frecuencia se requieren otras técnicas complementarias, cuando los defectos comprometen varias subunidades nasales. Por lo que, reconstruir la nariz en pacientes jóvenes constituye siempre un gran desafío al cirujano plástico, por su repercusión social y la baja autoestima que afecta a estos pacientes. Objetivo: Mostrar las técnicas quirúrgicas empleadas en la reconstrucción nasal de un caso complejo, en el Instituto Nacional de Oncología y Radiobiología de Cuba. Caso clínico: Paciente masculino de 25 años de edad, con antecedentes de salud hasta sufrir un accidente por caída de una bicicleta, que ocasionó la amputación de la punta nasal y parte del ala nasal izquierda, con daño en los cartílagos alares. Conclusiones: La reconstrucción nasal con colgajo frontal y colgajo nasogeniano doblado sobre sí mismo, constituyen una adecuada herramienta quirúrgica del cirujano plástico para reconstruir defectos oncológicos y traumáticos(AU)


ABSTRACT Introduction: Nasal reconstruction with frontal flap is frequent in elderly patients, usually for oncological cause. Other complementary techniques are often required when the defects involve several nasal subunits. Therefore, nose reconstruction in young patients is always a great challenge for the plastic surgeon, due to its social repercussions and the low self-esteem affecting these patients. Objective: To show the surgical techniques used in the nasal reconstruction of a complex case, at the National Institute of Oncology and Radiobiology of Cuba. Clinical case: 25-year-old male patient, with a medical history until he suffered an accident due to a fall off a bicycle, which provoked the amputation of the nasal tip and part of the left nasal wing, with damage to the ala cartilages. Conclusions: Nasal reconstruction with frontal flap and nasolabial flap folded on itself constitute an adequate surgical tool for the plastic surgeon to reconstruct oncological and traumatic defects(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Surgical Flaps/transplantation , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures/methods , Nasal Surgical Procedures/methods
8.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 86(2): 228-236, March-Apr. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1132575

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Pharyngocutaneous fistula is the most significant complication after salvage total laryngectomy in patients who have received previous treatment with radiotherapy with or without chemotherapy. Objective: Our purpose is to review the fistula rate in radiated patients undergoing salvage total laryngectomy, to determine if the use of pectoralis major flap interposition reduces the incidence and duration of fistula and to examine other risk factors. Methods: We made a retrospective review of patients undergoing salvage total laryngectomy for exclusively larynx cancer after failure of primary curative radiotherapy between 2000 and 2017. General data from patients, risk factors and other complications were analyzed. Results: We identified 27 patients whose mean age was 66.4 years, mainly male (92.5%). The primary closure group without pectoralis major flap included 14 patients, and the group with pectoralis major flap closure included 13 patients. Pharyngocutaneous fistula was present in 15 patients (55.5%). Global pharyngocutaneous fistula rate was higher in the group of patients without pectoralis major flap comparing with those were the flap was interposed (78.6% versus 30.8%, p = 0.047). Also the pharyngocutaneous fistulas which need to be repaired with surgery (64.3% versus 7.7%, p = 0.03) and large pharyngostomes (64.3% versus 0%, p = 0.0004) were present in a higher rate in the group closed primary without pectoralis major flap. We did not find other risk factors with statistical significance. Oral diet initiation (84 days versus 21.5 days, p = 0.039) and the duration of hospitalization (98.3 days versus 27.2 days, p = 0.0041) were much lower in patients with a preventive pectoralis major flap. Two patients died as a consequence of complications of large pharyngostomes. Conclusions: Prophylactic pectoralis major flap reduced the incidence, severity and duration of fistula and should be considered during salvage total laryngectomy.


Resumo Introdução: A fístula faringocutânea é a complicação mais significativa após laringectomia total de resgate em pacientes que receberam tratamento prévio com radioterapia com ou sem quimioterapia. Objetivo: Revisar a taxa de fístula em pacientes irradiados submetidos a laringectomia total de resgate, para determinar se o uso de interposição de retalho do peitoral maior reduz a incidência e a duração da fístula e examinar outros fatores de risco. Método: Fizemos uma revisão retrospectiva de pacientes submetidos à laringectomia total de resgate para câncer exclusivamente laríngeo após falha da radioterapia curativa primária entre 2000 e 2017. Dados gerais dos pacientes, fatores de risco e outras complicações foram analisados. Resultados: Foram identificados 27 pacientes com média de 66,4 anos, principalmente do sexo masculino (92,5%). O grupo de fechamento primário sem retalho de peitoral maior incluiu 14 pacientes e o grupo de fechamento com retalho de peitoral maior incluiu 13 pacientes. Fístula faringocutânea esteve presente em 15 pacientes (55,5%). A taxa global de fístula faringocutânea foi maior no grupo de pacientes sem retalho de peitoral maior em comparação com aqueles que receberam o retalho (78,6% vs. 30,8%, p = 0,047). Além disso, as fístulas faringocutâneas que precisaram ser reparadas através de cirurgia (64,3% vs. 7,7%, p = 0,03) e grandes faringostomias (64,3% vs. 0%, p = 0,0004) apresentaram uma taxa mais alta no grupo fechado primariamente sem retalho do peitoral maior. Não encontramos outros fatores de risco com significância estatística. O início da dieta oral (84 dias vs. 21,5 dias, p = 0,039) e a duração da internação (98,3 dias vs. 27,2 dias, p = 0,0041) foram muito menores nos pacientes com uso preventivo do retalho do peitoral maior. Dois pacientes morreram em consequência de complicações de grandes faringostomias. Conclusões: O uso profilático do retalho do peitoral maior reduziu a incidência, a gravidade e a duração da fístula e deve ser considerado durante a laringectomia total de resgate.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Surgical Flaps/transplantation , Laryngeal Neoplasms/surgery , Cutaneous Fistula/etiology , Laryngectomy/adverse effects , Postoperative Complications , Severity of Illness Index , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Cutaneous Fistula/surgery , Neoplasm Staging
9.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 46(1): 83-89, Jan.-Feb. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056362

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: Obliterative urethral stenosis is a type of urethral lesion that compromises the whole corpus spongiosum's circumference. We present our experience in resolving complex long segment urethral obliteration in a single procedure using a combination of dorsal onlay oral mucosa graft (OMG) and ventral fasciocutaneous penile skin flap. Materials and methods: A prospectively maintained database was reviewed, which included data of men presenting long, obliterative strictures. Patients were excluded if they were lost to follow-up before one year. Failure was defined as need for further urethral instrumentation. The surgical technique used consisted on the fixation of OMG to the tunica albuginea of the corpus cavernosum, thus creating a new urethral plate. Penile or foreskin flaps were employed to complete the ventral aspect. Postoperative follow-up was done with a voiding cystourethrography at week 3. Results: A total of 21 patients were included with a median age of 49 years. Mean follow-up was 25 months. Failure was found for 3 patients (2 of them needing dilations and only one required a new urethral reconstruction). Conclusion: Single stage combination of dorsal OMG with ventral fasciocutaneous penile flap showed good results for selected patients affected with obliterative urethral stenosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Penis/surgery , Surgical Flaps/transplantation , Urethral Stricture/surgery , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures/methods , Mouth Mucosa/transplantation , Prospective Studies , Reproducibility of Results , Follow-Up Studies , Treatment Outcome , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Operative Time , Middle Aged
10.
J. appl. oral sci ; 28: e20190236, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1090786

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective This clinical trial sought to evaluate the clinical effectiveness of concentrated growth factor (CGF) and compare it with connective tissue graft (CTG) with coronally advanced flap (CAF) in the treatment of Miller Class I gingival recessions (GR). Methodology This split-mouth study included 74 Miller Class I isolated (24 teeth) or multiple (50 teeth) GRs in 23 jaws of 19 patients. GRs were randomly treated using CGF (test group: 37 teeth; 12 teeth in isolated GRs, 25 teeth in multiple GRs) or CTG with CAF (control group: 37 teeth;12 teeth isolated GRs, 25 teeth in multiple GRs). Clinical variables, plaque index (PI), gingival index (GI), probing depth (PD), recession depth (RD), recession width (RW), clinical attachment level (CAL), keratinized tissue thickness (KTT), keratinized tissue width (KTW), and root coverage (RC) were assessed at the baseline as well as at three and six months post-surgery. Healing index (HI) were obtained in the second and third weeks post-surgery. Postoperative pain was assessed for the first seven days using a horizontal visual analog scale (VAS). Results No significant change was observed in PI, GI, or PD values in either the intergroup or the intragroup comparisons. A statistically significant decrease was observed in CAL, RD, and RW, and KTT increased in all groups at three and six months compared with the baseline. The control group had greater increases in KTW, KTT, and RC at three and six months. No significant difference was found in CAL or RD at the third and sixth months between the two groups. Healing was found to be similar for both groups in the second and third weeks post-surgery. The VAS values in the control group were higher than in the test group, especially at the second, fourth, fifth, and seventh days postoperatively. Conclusions CTG is superior to CGF with CAF for increasing KTT, KTW, and RC. CGF may be preferable due to decreased postoperative pain.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Surgical Flaps/transplantation , Connective Tissue/transplantation , Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins/therapeutic use , Gingival Recession/surgery , Pain, Postoperative , Reference Values , Time Factors , Wound Healing , Blood Platelets , Periodontal Index , Dental Plaque Index , Reproducibility of Results , Treatment Outcome , Statistics, Nonparametric
11.
Rev. bras. cir. plást ; 34(4): 571-575, oct.-dec. 2019. ilus
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1047934

ABSTRACT

O presente estudo objetiva relatar a técnica do retalho toracoabdominal pós-mastectomia por tumor localmente avançado em paciente com mutação de BRCA1. Foi realizada a mastectomia com ressecção de quase todo o músculo peitoral maior à esquerda, com linfonodectomia axilar homolateral e reconstrução do grande defeito da parede torácica com retalho toracoabdominal fasciocutâneo, baseado nas artérias intercostais posteriores.


This case report describes the application of the thoracoabdominal flap technique after locally advanced tumor mastectomy in a patient with breast cancer 1 (BRCA1) mutation. The mastectomy included resection of nearly the entire left pectoralis major muscle, with homolateral axillary lymphadenectomy and reconstruction of the large chest wall defect with a fasciocutaneous thoracoabdominal flap based on the posterior intercostal arteries.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , History, 21st Century , Patients , Surgical Flaps , Breast , Breast Neoplasms , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures , Surgical Oncology , Mutation , Surgical Flaps/transplantation , Breast/surgery , Breast Neoplasms/surgery , Breast Neoplasms/complications , Breast Neoplasms/therapy , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures/methods , Surgical Oncology/methods , Mutation/ethics
12.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 45(5): 1057-1063, Sept.-Dec. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1040063

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose Penile skin flap uretroplasty is a useful technique for a long urethral stricture due to the ample length and surgical handling characteristics. We investigated the surgical technique and initial results of uretroplasty for anterior urethral strictures using a dorsal penile skin flap. Patients and methods From January 2003 to January 2018, a total of 77 patients underwent substitution urethroplasty using dorsal penile skin flap for bulbar urethral strictures in our institution. All patients were assessed preoperatively, and followed postoperatively by physical examination, urinalysis, retrograde and voiding urethrography, uroflowmetry and post-void residual urine measurement. Success was defined as no requirement of additional urethral instrumentation. Results The mean age was 45 years (10-87). The mean stricture length was 5cm (3-10cm). The mean flap length was 6cm. Urinary fistula was the most common postoperative complication. The mean follow-up was 60 months (6-120). The overall success rate was 88%. Recurrent strictures were found in 4 patients (5%) at 1 year. At 3 year follow-up, 5 (7%) more patients had recurrences. All recurrences were managed by internal urethrotomy. Conclusions Substitution urethroplasty using penile skin flap appear to be a safe and efficient technique for the treatment of a long and complex anterior urethral stricture. It provides encouraging cosmetic and functional results.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Penis/surgery , Surgical Flaps/transplantation , Urethral Stricture/surgery , Skin Transplantation/methods , Postoperative Complications , Recurrence , Reproducibility of Results , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Middle Aged
14.
Rev. cir. (Impr.) ; 71(4): 323-329, ago. 2019. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1058279

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVO: Realizar un análisis retrospectivo de pacientes pediátricos sometidos a reconstrucciones con injertos libres microvasculares del territorio maxilofacial en el Hospital Luis Calvo Mackenna entre los años 2014 y 2018. MATERIALES Y MÉTODO: Se realizó un análisis de los casos reconstruidos entre los años indicados. RESULTADOS: Un total de 11 pacientes fueron incluidos en la muestra, 7 hombres y 4 mujeres. El rango de edad de los pacientes fue entre 3 a 17 años (media 10,1). Siete colgajos de fíbula, 3 dorsales y 1 anterolateral de muslo fueron utilizados para reconstrucción. La tasa de éxito de los colgajos fue de un 100%. Discusión: Se realizó una discusión de los colgajos y sus principales indicaciones en pediatría y se compararon los resultados de la revisión con los casos reportados. CONCLUSIÓN: El estudio preoperatorio, una adecuada planificación, la rehabilitación de la oclusión dentaria, la reconstrucción simétrica y mantener el contorno facial deben ser objetivos de la reconstrucción.


AIM: Carry out a retrospective analysis of pediatric patients undergoing reconstructions with free micro-vascular grafts of the maxillofacial territory at the Luis Calvo Mackenna Hospital during the years 2014 and 2018. MATERIALS AND METHOD: Retrospective analysis of the cases reconstructed during the years 2014 and 2018 was made. RESULTS: A total of 11 patients were included in the sample, 7 men and 4 women. The age range of the patients was between 3 to 17 years (mean 10.1 years) . Seven Fibula flaps, 3 dorsal and 1 anterolateral thigh flaps were used for reconstruction. The success rate of the flaps was 100%. DISCUSSION: A discussion of the flaps and their main indications in pediatrics was made and the results of the review were compared with the cases reported. CONCLUSION: The pre-operative study, adequate planning, the rehabilitation of the dental occlusion, the symmetry reconstruction and maintaining the facial contour must be objective of the reconstruction.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Surgical Flaps/transplantation , Jaw Diseases/surgery , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures/methods , Microsurgery/methods , Jaw Neoplasms/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Fibula/transplantation , Mandible/surgery
15.
Gac. méd. boliv ; 42(1): 65-69, jun. 2019. ilus.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIBOCS | ID: biblio-1007032

ABSTRACT

Es de gran importancia conocer las técnicas apropiadas para la restauración de las unidades funcionales de la mano a consecuencia de lesiones traumáticas, resguardando en lo posible su configuración y funcionalidad, puesto que desempeña múltiples tareas en distintos ámbitos de la vida. A continuación, se expone el caso de un paciente con lesión traumática por aplastamiento en mano derecha, cuyo tratamiento de consideración fue el colgajo toracoabdominal que fue llevado a cabo en tres tiempos, el paciente evolucionó de forma favorable sin complicaciones de infección, dehiscencia o necrosis del colgajo. A pesar de la introducción microquirúrgia para la reconstrucción de estas lesiones, los colgajos pediculados continúan siendo factibles con resultados óptimos en situaciones en las que la microcirugía no puede ser considerada. Si bien existen múltiples técnicas para la corrección de los defectos en mano, la habilidad y creatividad del cirujano siguiendo los principios básicos de la reconstrucción serán concluyentes para un resultado óptimo.


It is very important to know the appropriate techniques for the restoration of hand injuries, protecting as much as possible their configuration and functionality, since it performs multiple tasks in different areas of life. Hence, we present the case of a patient with traumatic injury due to crushing in the right hand, which treatment was considered the thoracoabdominal flap that was carried out in three times, the patient evolved favorably without complications of infection, dehiscence or necrosis of the flap. Despite the introduction of microsurgery for the reconstruction of these lesions, pedicle flaps continue to be feasible with optiomal results in situations in which microsurgery cannot be considered. Although there are multiple techniques for the correction of defects in hand, the skill and creativity of the surgeon following the basic principles of reconstruction will be conclusive for an optimal result.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Surgical Flaps/transplantation , Surgery, Plastic , Wounds and Injuries , Metacarpal Bones/diagnostic imaging , Hand
16.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 85(3): 351-356, May-June 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1011630

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: The pectoralis major flap is a reconstructive option to consider in the treatment of pharyngocutaneous fistula after a total laryngectomy. There are not large studies assessing variables related to pharyngocutaneous fistula recurrence after removal of the larynx. Our objectives were to review the results obtained with this type of treatment when pharyngocutaneous fistula appears in laryngectomized patients, and to evaluate variables related to the results. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed our results using either a myocutaneous or fasciomuscular pectoralis major flap to repair pharyngocutaneous fistula in 50 patients. Results: There were no cases of flap necrosis. Oral intake after fistula repair with a pectoralis major flap was restored in 94% of cases. Fistula recurrence occurred in 22 cases (44%), and it was associated with a lengthening of the hospital stay. Performing the flap as an emergency procedure was associated with a significantly higher risk of fistula recurrence. Hospital stay was significantly shorter when a salivary tube was placed. Conclusions: The pectoralis major flap is a useful approach to repair pharyngocutaneous fistula. Placing salivary tubes during fistula repair significantly reduces hospital stay and complication severity in case of pharyngocutaneous fistula recurrence.


Resumo Introdução: O retalho do músculo peitoral maior é uma opção a ser considerada no fechamento de fístula faringocutânea pós-laringectomia total. Não há grandes estudos que avaliem as variáveis relacionadas à recorrência da fístula faringocutânea após esse procedimento. Nossos objetivos foram avaliar os resultados obtidos com esse tipo de tratamento em pacientes laringectomizados com fístula faringocutânea e as variáveis relacionadas aos resultados. Método: Revisamos retrospectivamente os nossos resultados em 50 pacientes nos quais um retalho miocutâneo ou fasciomuscular do músculo peitoral maior foram utilizados para reparar a fístula faringocutânea. Resultados: Não houve casos de necrose de retalho. Após o reparo da fístula com um retalho do músculo peitoral maior, a ingestão oral foi restaurada em 94% dos casos. Houve recorrência da fístula em 22 casos (44%), a qual foi associada à duração da hospitalização. O uso do retalho como procedimento de emergência foi associado a um risco significativamente maior de recorrência da fístula. A permanência hospitalar foi significativamente menor quando utilizado um tubo de derivação salivar. Conclusões: O uso do retalho do músculo peitoral maior é uma abordagem útil para reparar a fístula faringocutânea. A colocação de tubos de derivação salivar durante o reparo da fístula reduz significativamente o tempo de hospitalização e a gravidade das complicações em caso de recorrência da fístula faringocutânea.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Pectoralis Muscles/transplantation , Surgical Flaps/transplantation , Pharyngeal Diseases/surgery , Cutaneous Fistula/surgery , Laryngectomy/adverse effects , Postoperative Complications , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Cutaneous Fistula/etiology
17.
Rev. cuba. cir ; 58(1): e607, ene.-mar. 2019. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1093151

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Los traumatismos en cuello se pueden clasificar las lesiones en contusas y penetrantes, en el caso de las heridas penetrantes las ocasionadas por arma punzocortante son las más frecuentes. Las manifestaciones clínicas dependen del mecanismo del trauma, tamaño y nivel de la lesión. Paciente masculino de 26 años de edad con heridas por arma punzocortante en cuello y muñecas se ingresó a quirófano de urgencia, se realizó una exploración vascular de cuello encontrando una avulsión completa del ligamento cricotiroideo, se realizó la reparación del defecto con un colgajo de los músculos cricotiroideos, cursando una buena evolución es egresado al duodécimo día. El diagnóstico de las lesiones traqueales es desafiante y debe realizase rápidamente. Se debe instalar una vía aérea definitiva de manera eficaz y planear la reconstrucción quirúrgica. El seguimiento postoperatorio realizado de manera interdisciplinaria es esencial para el pronóstico(AU)


ABSTRACT Neck injuries can be classified as blunt or penetrating injuries. Penetrating injuries caused by a puncturing gun are the most frequent. The clinical manifestations depend on trauma mechanism, and on lesion size and degree. We present the case of a 26-year-old male patient with puncture injuries to the neck and wrists. After he was admitted to the emergency room, a vascular exploration of the neck was performed, finding a complete avulsion of the cricothyroid ligament. The defect was repaired with a flap of the cricothyroid muscles. The patient had a good evolution and was discharged on the twelfth day. The diagnosis of tracheal lesions is challenging and must be carried out quickly. A definitive airway should be installed efficiently, as well as the planning of the surgical reconstruction. The postoperative follow-up performed in an interdisciplinary way is essential for the prognosis(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Surgical Flaps/transplantation , Trachea/injuries , Wounds, Penetrating/surgery , Neck Injuries/surgery , Laryngeal Muscles/transplantation
18.
Rev. cuba. cir ; 57(3): e600, jul.-set. 2018. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-985526

ABSTRACT

Las quemaduras en el cuero cabelludo son raras. Cuando se producen suelen estar causadas por alta tensión eléctrica. La reconstrucción de los defectos del cuero cabelludo por quemaduras eléctricas se hace difícil, en parte por la extensión del defecto y la falta de determinados recursos. Se realizó una técnica con mínimo de secuelas. Se presenta un paciente masculino de 35 años, el cual llega al Cuerpo de Guardia de Caumatología por lesiones por quemaduras eléctricas de alto voltaje. Recibió el tratamiento médico quirúrgico correspondiente, injertos de piel, amputación del tercio distal del pie derecho y el 4to y 5to dedos del pie izquierdo. Solo quedó por resolver el defecto de tejido a nivel de cuero cabelludo. Se realizó rotación de un colgajo con lo cual se logró cubrir casi la totalidad del defecto, completando una pequeña zona con homoinjerto de piel. Se logró un resultado estético adecuado para el paciente con un nivel de satisfacción alto(AU)


Scalp burns are rare. When they occur, they are usually caused by high electrical voltage. The scalp reconstruction for defects caused by electrical burns is difficult, partly because of the defect area and the lack of certain resources. A technique was performed, with minimal sequelae. A 35-year-old male patient is presented with injuries due to high-voltage electricity burns, at the emergency room for caumatology attention. He received the corresponding surgical medical treatment, skin grafts, amputation of the distal third of the right foot and the fourth and fifth fingers of the left foot. Thus pending to solve the tissue defect at the level of the scalp. A flap rotation was performed, based on which almost the entire defect was covered, completing a small area with skin homograft. An adequate aesthetic result was achieved for the patient and with a high level of satisfaction(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Scalp/injuries , Surgical Flaps/transplantation , Burns, Electric/rehabilitation , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures/statistics & numerical data
19.
Rev. cuba. cir ; 57(3): e680, jul.-set. 2018. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-985517

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El ala nasal es un área de frecuente incidencia de tumores malignos. La exéresis de estos, deja graves secuelas con repercusión negativa en el paciente. Objetivo: Caracterizar la reconstrucción de defectos totales del ala nasal en pacientes oncológicos. Método: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo, observacional, longitudinal y prospectivo en el Instituto Nacional de Oncología y Radiobiología desde abril de 2014 hasta abril de 2017. La muestra quedó conformada por 32 pacientes que cumplieron los criterios de selección. Resultados: Los pacientes del sexo masculino representaron la mayoría en el estudio. El carcinoma basal fue el diagnóstico histológico más frecuente. La resección de tumores primarios que resultaron en defectos aislados del ala nasal fueron el principal motivo de reconstrucción. El mayor porcentaje de los casos se reconstruyó de forma inmediata. El colgajo frontal fue la técnica más empleada, el cual presentó los mejores resultados estéticos y funcionales. El injerto compuesto de piel presentó el mayor índice de complicaciones. Conclusiones: Con el colgajo frontal doblado sobre sí mismo sin injerto de cartílago, se lograron los mejores resultados estéticos y funcionales(AU)


Introduction: Ala nasi is an area of frequent incidence of malignant tumors, whose exeresis leaves serious sequels with negative impact on the patient. Objective: To characterize nasal ala reconstruction for total defects in cancer patients. Method: A descriptive, observational, longitudinal and prospective study was carried out at National Institute of Oncology and Radiobiology, from April 2014 to April 2017. The sample consisted of 32 patients who met the selection criteria. Results: The study majority was represented by male patients. Basal carcinoma was the most frequent histological diagnosis. Resection of primary tumors that resulted in isolated defects of the nasal ala were the main reason for reconstruction. The highest percentage of cases were reconstructed immediately. The forehead flap was the most used technique, and presented the best aesthetic and functional results. The composite skin graft presented the highest rate of complications. Conclusions: With the forehead flap folded on itself and without cartilage graft, the best aesthetic and functional results were achieved(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Surgical Flaps/transplantation , Carcinoma, Basal Cell/diagnosis , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures/methods , Nasal Surgical Procedures/rehabilitation , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Prospective Studies , Longitudinal Studies , Observational Study
20.
Rev. bras. cir. plást ; 33(3): 389-394, jul.-set. 2018. ilus, tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-965599

ABSTRACT

Introdução: Queimadura é um tipo de lesão que está entre as principais causas de mortalidade. A utilização da epidemiologia ajuda no fornecimento de subsídios para avaliação e organização de tratamento e prevenção, visando à melhora da saúde pública. O objetivo é descrever o perfil epidemiológico dos pacientes atendidos no Hospital de Urgências Governador Otávio Lages de Siqueira (HUGOL) na unidade de Queimados Nelson Picollo. Método: Este estudo analisou o perfil epidemiológico dos pacientes atendidos pela equipe de cirurgia plástica da unidade de tratamento de queimados Nelson Picollo, no período de julho 2015 até junho 2017, com idade superior a 12 anos. Critérios de exclusão: pacientes que não foram internados na unidade de queimados. Os dados foram colhidos do programa MVSoul R. Resultados: O total de atendimentos foi de 375 pacientes, dos quais 50% necessitaram de tratamentos unidade de terapia intensiva. O tempo médio de internação foi de 23,08 dias. A maioria do sexo masculino, com média de idade de 39,17 anos, com agente etiológico principal as chamas por álcool + gasolina. A média de superfície corporal queimada foi de 24,67%. Foram realizados 1490 intervenções cirúrgicas, média de 3,97 cirurgias por paciente. O total de óbitos foi de 40 pacientes, dos quais 29 apresentaram queimadura de via aérea. O total de pacientes com queimadura de via aérea foi de 73 casos. Conclusão: Este estudo demonstrou um perfil de queimaduras e internações na unidade de Queimados do HUGOL compatível com outros centros especializados neste tipo de tratamento.


Introduction: Burns are a type of injury that is among the leading causes of mortality. The use of epidemiology helps in providing subsidies for evaluation and organization of treatment and prevention, aiming at the improvement of public health. The objective is to describe the epidemiological profile of the patients treated at the Queimados Nelson Picollo unit of the Governador Otávio Lages de Siqueira Emergency Hospital (HUGOL). Method: This study analyzed the epidemiological profile of patients, aged more than 12 years, treated by plastic surgery at the burn treatment unit, Nelson Picollo, from July 2015 to June 2017. The patients who were not admitted to the burn unit were excluded from the study. Data were collected from the MVSoul R. program. Results: A total of 375 patients visited the hospital; of these, 50% of the patients needed intensive care unit treatments. The mean duration of hospital stay was 23.08 days. The majority of the patients were males, with a mean age of 39.17 years, and the main etiological agents were inflammable liquids, mainly alcohol and gasoline. The mean burned body surface area was 24.67%. A total of 1490 surgical interventions were performed, with an average of 3.97 surgeries per patient. Forty patients died; of these, 29 had airway burns. The total number of patients with airway burns was 73. Conclusion: This study provides a profile of burns and hospitalizations in the HUGOL burns unit, which corresponds with those from other centers specialized for this type of treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Surgical Flaps/transplantation , Burns/etiology , Burns/epidemiology , Surgical Procedures, Operative , Burn Units , Burns , Transplants , Inpatients
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