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Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 43(7): 570-577, July 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1347252


Abstract Sacral colpopexy is one of the standard procedures to treat apical pelvic organ prolapse. In most cases, a synthetic mesh is used to facilitate the colposuspension. Spondylodiscitis is a rare but potentially serious complication that must be promptly diagnosed and treated, despite the lack of consensus in the management of this complication.We report one case of spondylodiscitis after a laparoscopic supracervical hysterectomy and sacral colpopexy treated conservatively. We also present a literature review regarding this rare complication. A conservative approach without mesh removal may be possible in selected patients (stable, with no vaginal lesions, mesh exposure or severe neurologic compromise). Hemocultures and culture of imageguided biopsies should be performed to direct antibiotic therapy. Conservative versus surgical treatment should be regularly weighted depending on clinical and analytical progression. A multidisciplinary team is of paramount importance in the follow-up of these patients.

Resumo A colpopexia sacral é um dos procedimentos padrão para tratar o prolapso de órgãos pélvicos apical. Na maioria dos casos, uma tela sintética é usada para facilitar a colposuspensão. A espondilodiscite é uma complicação rara, mas potencialmente grave, que deve ser prontamente diagnosticada e tratada, apesar da falta de consenso no manejo dessa complicação. Relatamos um caso de espondilodiscite após histerectomia supracervical laparoscópica e colpopexia sacral tratada conservadoramente. Também apresentamos uma revisão da literatura sobre essa complicação rara. Uma abordagem conservadora sem remoção da tela pode ser possível em pacientes selecionadas (estáveis, sem lesões vaginais, exposição da tela ou comprometimento neurológico grave). Hemoculturas e cultura de biópsias guiadas por imagem devemser realizadas para direcionar a antibioticoterapia. O tratamento conservador versus o cirúrgico deve ser avaliado regularmente, dependendo da progressão clínica e analítica. Uma equipe multidisciplinar é de suma importância no acompanhamento desses pacientes.

Humans , Female , Discitis/etiology , Uterine Prolapse/surgery , Laparoscopy , Gynecologic Surgical Procedures , Surgical Mesh/adverse effects , Pelvic Organ Prolapse/surgery , Conservative Treatment
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 81(1): 24-30, mar. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1287237


Resumen La falla en la reparación de los defectos de la pared abdominal se relaciona con una alteración en la integración del material protésico. El objetivo de este trabajo fue evaluar el comportamiento biológico de mallas utilizadas en cirugía de paredes abdominales en un modelo animal. Luego de la confección de un defecto parietal se colocó una malla intraperitoneal, utilizando 4 grupos de 10 ratas; 1) Prolene (polipropileno microporo de alto peso), 2) Ultrapro (polipropileno + poliglecaprone, macroporo de bajo peso), 3) Proceed (polipropileno + polidoxanona + celulosa oxidada regenerada, macroporo de peso intermedio), y 4) Physiomesh (polipropileno + poliglecaprone, macroporo de bajo peso). Se realizó análisis macroscópico y microscópico a los 30 días y los resultados fueron evaluados por dos observadores independientes. Al examen macroscópico, la integración de la prótesis fue > 75% en todos los grupos. El análisis microscópico mostró mayor inflamación global y número de células gigantes multinucleadas en Prolene (p < 0.01) y menor cantidad de células inflamatorias en la interface músculo-malla en Physiomesh < Ultrapro (p < 0.05). La organización de las fibras de colágeno fue similar para todas las mallas, aunque hubo mayor depósito de colágeno en los espacios inter-filamento para las mallas macroporosas (p < 0.01). Concluimos que las mallas de polipropileno microporo y alto peso producen mayor reacción inflamatoria y de cuerpo extraño. Por lo tanto, las mallas compuestas tendrían una mejor biocompatibilidad y serían mejor toleradas por el huésped.

Abstract An adequate integration of the prosthetic materials used to repair abdominal wall defects is necessary for satisfactory outcomes. We aimed to evaluate, in an animal model, the biological behavior of meshes used for abdominal wall surgery. Four groups of 10 rats were separated. After laparotomy, intraperitoneal prostheses were placed: 1) Prolene (polypropylene microporous, heavy-weight), 2) Ultrapro (polypropylene + poliglecaprone, macroporous low-weight), 3) Proceed (polypropylene + polidoxanone + regenerated oxidized cellulose, microporous medium-weight), 4) Physiomesh (polypropylene + poliglecaprone, macroporous lowweight). Macroscopic and microscopic analyses were performed at 30 days. The results were evaluated by two independent observers and expressed in means with standard deviation. For statistical analysis p < 0.05 was considered significant. On macroscopic examination, mesh integration was greater than 75% in all cases. Microscopic analysis showed greater global inflammation and more multinucleated giant cells in Prolene (p < 0.01). Less inflammatory cells were observed at the muscle-mesh interface in Physiomesh vs. Ultrapro (p < 0.05). Collagen fibers disposition was similar in all meshes, although, microporous meshes had higher collagen deposit in the interfilamentous spaces (p < 0.01). In conclusion, in our animal model, microporous and heavy-weight polypropylene meshes produce greater inflammatory and foreign body reaction. Thus, composite meshes would have greater biocompatibility and better tolerance by the host.

Animals , Rats , Surgical Mesh/adverse effects , Abdominal Wall/surgery , Polyesters , Prostheses and Implants , Materials Testing
Int. braz. j. urol ; 47(1): 82-89, Jan.-Feb. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134308


ABSTRACT Purpose: We aimed to determine pre-operative and post-operative sexual function scores of patients who underwent four-arm polypropylene mesh implantation surgery to treat urinary incontinence and pelvic organ prolapse. Materials and Methods: A prospective study from January 2011 to November 2015 including patients (n: 72) submitted to surgical mesh implantation (four-arm anterior mesh implant (Betamix POP4®, Betatech Medical, Turkey) questioned the patients with Female Sexual Function Index evaluation form. The questionnaire was applied to all patients at pre-operative, post-operative 3rd month and post-operative 1st year periods. Results: The mean age of the patients was 47.2±7.1 years. The mean Body Mass Index (kg/m2) was 28.7±3.7. The average of incontinence duration (year) was 4.6±2.6 and the average for operation time (min) was 35.7±2.1. After the urinary incontinence and pelvic organ prolapse surgery, it was observed that incontinence complaints of patients reduced. Furthermore, there was a positive change in quality of life and sexual function of patients at the post-operative period. There was a statistically significant increase according to Female Sexual Function Index score among all three periods (16%, 86% and 100% respectively, p=0.001) and improvement of sexual functions was observed. Conclusions: Transvaginal mesh use in the surgical treatment of pelvic organ prolapse improves quality of life. However, risk factors such as transvaginal mesh usage indication, surgical technique and experience of the surgeon, suitability of the material, the current health status of the patient and postoperative personal care of the patient may affect the success of operations.

Animals , Female , Adult , Urinary Incontinence , Pelvic Organ Prolapse/surgery , Quality of Life , Surgical Mesh/adverse effects , Turkey , Prospective Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Treatment Outcome , Middle Aged
ABCD arq. bras. cir. dig ; 34(2): e1600, 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1345017


ABSTRACT Background: Repair of inguinal hernia concomitant with cholecystectomy was rarely performed until more recently when laparoscopic herniorrhaphy gained more adepts. Although it is generally an attractive option for patients, simultaneous performance of both procedures has been questioned by the potential risk of complications related to mesh, mainly infection. Aim: To evaluate a series of patients who underwent simultaneous laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair and cholecystectomy, with emphasis on the risk of complications related to the mesh, especially infection. Methods: Fifty patients underwent simultaneous inguinal repair and cholecystectomy, both by laparoscopy, of which 46 met the inclusion criteria of this study. Results: In all, hernia repair was the first procedure performed. Forty-five (97,9%) were discharged within 24 h after surgery. Total mean cost of the two procedures performed separately ($2,562.45) was 43% higher than the mean cost of both operations done simultaneously ($1,785.11). Up to 30-day postoperative follow-up, seven (15.2%) presented minor complications. No patient required hospital re-admission, percutaneous drainage, antibiotic therapy or presented any other signs of mesh infection after three months. In long-term follow-up, mean of 47,1 months, 38 patients (82,6%) were revaluated. Three (7,8%) reported complications: hernia recurrence; chronic discomfort; reoperation due a non-reabsorbed seroma, one in each. However, none showed any mesh-related complication. Satisfaction questionnaire revealed that 36 (94,7%) were satisfied with the results of surgery. All of them stated that they would opt for simultaneous surgery again if necessary. Conclusion: Combined laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair and cholecystectomy is a safe procedure, with no increase in mesh infection. In addition, it has important advantage of reducing hospital costs and increase patient' satisfaction.

RESUMO Racional: Reparo da hérnia inguinal concomitante à colecistectomia era raramente realizado até mais recentemente, quando a herniorrafia laparoscópica ganhou mais adeptos. Embora geralmente seja opção atraente para pacientes, a realização simultânea tem sido questionada pelo risco potencial de complicações relacionadas à tela, principalmente infecção. Objetivo: Avaliar uma série de pacientes submetidos a colecistectomia e herniorrafia inguinal laparoscópica simultâneas, com ênfase no risco de complicações relacionadas a tela, em especial infecção. Métodos: Cinquenta pacientes foram submetidos a herniorrafia e colecistectomia simultâneas por videolaparoscopia, dos quais 46 atenderam aos critérios de inclusão. Resultados: Em todos, a herniorrafia foi realizada inicialmente. Quarenta e cinco (97,9%) tiveram alta em 24 h. O custo médio total dos dois procedimentos realizados separadamente ($2.562,45) foi 43% maior do que o custo médio das duas operações feitas simultaneamente ($1.785,11). Após 30 dias de acompanhamento pós-operatório, sete (15,2%) apresentaram complicações menores. Após três meses, nenhum necessitou de readmissão hospitalar, drenagem, antibioticoterapia ou sinal de infecção de tela. No seguimento em longo prazo, média de 47,1 meses, 38 (82,6%) foram reavaliados. Três (7,8%) relataram complicações: recorrência de hérnia; desconforto crônico; reoperação por seroma não reabsorvido. No entanto, nenhum apresentou qualquer complicação relacionada à tela. Questionário de satisfação revelou que 36 (94,7%) ficaram satisfeitos com o resultado da operação. Todos afirmaram que optariam pela ela simultânea novamente se necessário. Conclusão: O reparo da hérnia inguinal concomitante com colecistectomia por laparoscopia é procedimento seguro, sem aumento de infecção da tela. Além disso, tem a vantagem importante de reduzir custos hospitalares e aumentar a satisfação do paciente.

Humans , Laparoscopy , Hernia, Inguinal/surgery , Postoperative Complications/etiology , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Recurrence , Surgical Mesh/adverse effects , Cholecystectomy , Treatment Outcome , Herniorrhaphy/adverse effects
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921556


Objective To observe the patients after transvaginal mesh(TVM)implantation surgery by using transperineal ultrasound(TPUS),compare the diagnosis of pelvic organ prolapse(POP)by TPUS and clinical examination[according to the Pelvic Organ Prolapse Quantification(POP-Q)system published by the International Continence Society],and to explore the role of ultrasound in postoperative evaluation as well as the high-risk factors of post-surgery POP recurrence. Methods This is a retrospective study based on the POP-Q records and TPUS data sets of patients within 6 months after TVM surgery during September 2013 and November 2019.The diagnostic results of TPUS and POP-Q were compared.The incidences of hiatal ballooning and levator avulsion were separately compared between the TPUS group and the control group. Results A total of 147 patients were enrolled.The Kappa values between TPUS and POP-Q in the diagnosis of anterior and posterior compartment POP were 0.268(

Humans , Pelvic Floor/diagnostic imaging , Pelvic Organ Prolapse/diagnostic imaging , Retrospective Studies , Surgical Mesh/adverse effects , Ultrasonography
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 200-205, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878027


BACKGROUND@#It has been a global trend that increasing complications related to pelvic floor surgeries have been reported over time. The current study aimed to outline the development of Chinese pelvic floor surgeries related to pelvic organ prolapse (POP) over the past 14 years and investigate the potential influence of enhanced monitoring conducted by the Chinese Association of Urogynecology since 2011.@*METHODS@#A total of 44,594 women with POP who underwent pelvic floor surgeries between October 1, 2004 and September 30, 2018 were included from 22 tertiary academic medical centers. The data were reported voluntarily and obtained from a database. We compared the proportion of each procedure in the 7 years before and 7 years after September 30, 2011. The data were analyzed by performing Z test (one-sided).@*RESULTS@#The number of different procedures during October 1, 2011-September 30, 2018 was more than twice that during October 1, 2004-September 30, 2011. Regarding pelvic floor surgeries related to POP, the rate of synthetic mesh procedures increased from 38.1% (5298/13,906) during October 1, 2004-September 30, 2011 to 46.0% (14,107/30,688) during October 1, 2011-September 30, 2018, whereas the rate of non-mesh procedures decreased from 61.9% (8608/13,906) to 54.0% (16,581/30,688) (Z = 15.53, P < 0.001). Regarding synthetic mesh surgeries related to POP, the rates of transvaginal placement of surgical mesh (TVM) procedures decreased from 94.1% (4983/5298) to 82.2% (11,603/14,107) (Z = 20.79, P < 0.001), but the rate of laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy (LSC) procedures increased from 5.9% (315/5298) to 17.8% (2504/14,107).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The rate of synthetic mesh procedures increased while that of non-mesh procedures decreased significantly. The rate of TVM procedures decreased while the rate of LSC procedures increased significantly.@*TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER@#NCT03620565,

China , Female , Gynecologic Surgical Procedures/adverse effects , Humans , Pelvic Floor/surgery , Pelvic Organ Prolapse/surgery , Surgical Mesh/adverse effects , Treatment Outcome , Vagina
Rev. argent. cir ; 112(4): 526-534, dic. 2020. tab, il
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1288165


RESUMEN Antecedentes: el dolor inguinal crónico posoperatorio representa una complicación que altera la ca lidad de vida después de la hernioplastia inguinal. Su incidencia es variable con informes de hasta el 16%. Objetivo: describir el tratamiento y los resultados en pacientes con dolor inguinal crónico luego de una hernioplastia inguinal con malla. Material y métodos: estudio descriptivo, observacional y retrospectivo. Se definió como dolor ingui nal crónico posoperatorio la presencia de dolor inguinal por daño nervioso o afectación del sistema somatosensorial tisular que persiste por más de 6 meses luego de la cirugía inicial. Se revisaron las historias clínicas de los pacientes que cursaban el posoperatorio de hernioplastia inguinal convencio nal y laparoscópica en el período 2010-2018. Se realizó la encuesta EuraHS Quality of life score antes y después del abordaje terapéutico multidisciplinario para evaluar cambios en el dolor y restricción de la actividad física. Los resultados fueron analizados y comparados. Resultados: se identificaron 8 pacientes con dolor inguinal crónico posoperatorio grave. El 100% fue evaluado por el Servicio de tratamiento del dolor y requirieron 3 o más fármacos para manejo del do lor. Posteriormente requirieron bloqueo guiado por tomografía computarizada a causa de la persisten cia de los síntomas. Se realizaron 3 (50%) exploraciones quirúrgicas con retiro de material protésico y 2 triples neurectomías. Se observó una disminución estadísticamente significativa (p < 0,05) en el dolor en reposo, dolor durante la actividad y dolor que experimentaron en la última semana. Conclusión: el abordaje multidisciplinario y escalonado permitiría seleccionar a los pacientes que se beneficiarán con el tratamiento quirúrgico.

ABSTRACT Background: Chronic postoperative inguinal pain represents a complication that alters the quality of life after inguinal hernioplasty. Its incidence is variable with reports of up to 16%. Objective: To describe the treatment and results in patients with chronic inguinal pain after an inguinal hernioplasty with mesh. Material and methods: Descriptive, observational and retrospective study. The postoperative chronic inguinal pain was defined as the presence of inguinal pain due to nerve damage or involvement of the somatosensory tissue system that persists for more than 6 months after the initial surgery. The medical records of patients in the postoperative period of conventional and laparoscopic inguinal hernioplasty in the period 2010-2018 were reviewed. The EuraHS Quality of life score pre and post multidisciplinary therapeutic approach was used to evaluate changes in pain and restriction of physical activity. The results were analyzed and compared. Results: 8 patients with severe chronic postoperative inguinal pain were identified. 100% were eva luated by the pain management service and required 3 or more drugs for pain management. Sub sequently, they required block guided by computed tomography due to persistence of symptoms. 3 (50%) surgical examinations were performed with removal of prosthetic material and 2 triple neurec tomies. A statistically significant decrease (p <0.05) was observed in pain at rest, pain during activity and pain experienced in the last week. Conclusion: The multidisciplinary and step up approach would allow selecting the patients who will benefit from the surgical treatment.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Pain, Postoperative/surgery , Surgical Mesh/adverse effects , Herniorrhaphy/adverse effects , Planning Techniques , Laparoscopy , Denervation , Herniorrhaphy/rehabilitation , Groin
Rev. argent. cir ; 112(3): 343-347, jun. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1279750


RESUMEN La migración de malla en el posoperatorio alejado de la eventroplastìa y su consecuente infección es una complicación poco frecuente y peligrosa. La malla migrada genera reacción inflamatoria de tipo cuerpo extraño. Puede causar obstrucción intestinal, perforación intestinal o dolor abdominal cróni co. Solo se informan 4 casos en la literatura mundial de migración y uno con compromiso intestinal. Presentamos el caso de un tumor inflamatorio adherido a la pared abdominal, con contenido de poli propileno. El objetivo de esta carta científica es presentar una complicación poco habitual, destacando los aspectos más importantes de su manejo, definiendo algunas recomendaciones y remarcando la importancia del abordaje multidisciplinario.

ABSTRACT Mesh migration with subsequent infection years after incisional hernia repair is an uncommon and dangerous complication. Mesh migration produces an inflammatory foreign body reaction and can cause bowel obstruction, bowel perforation or chronic abdominal pain. Only four cases have been reported in the international literature, one of them with bowel involvement. We report a case of an inflammatory tumor containing polypropylene traces adhered to the abdominal wall. The aim of this scientific letter is to report a rare complication, emphasizing the most relevant aspects about its ma nagement, recommendations, and the relevance of a multidisciplinary approach.

Humans , Female , Adult , Surgical Mesh/adverse effects , Abdominal Wall/surgery , Inflammation/diagnosis , Tomography, X-Ray Computed/methods , Abdominal Pain/complications , Laparoscopy , Intestinal Obstruction/complications
ABCD arq. bras. cir. dig ; 33(1): e1489, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1130510


ABSTRACT Background: Erosion and migration into the esophagogastric lumen after laparoscopic hiatal hernia repair with mesh placement has been published. Aim: To present surgical maneuvers that seek to diminish the risk of this complication. Method: We suggest mobilizing the hernia sac from the mediastinum and taking it down to the abdominal position with its blood supply intact in order to rotate it behind and around the abdominal esophagus. The purpose is to cover the on-lay mesh placed in "U" fashion to reinforce the crus suture. Results: We have performed laparoscopic hiatal hernia repair in 173 patients (total group). Early postoperative complications were observed in 35 patients (27.1%) and one patient died (0.7%) due to a massive lung thromboembolism. One hundred twenty-nine patients were followed-up for a mean of 41+28months. Mesh placement was performed in 79 of these patients. The remnant sac was rotated behind the esophagus in order to cover the mesh surface. In this group, late complications were observed in five patients (2.9%). We have not observed mesh erosion or migration to the esophagogastric lumen. Conclusion: The proposed technique should be useful for preventing erosion and migration into the esophagus.

RESUMO Racional: Com a colocação de tela foi têm sido publicadas erosões e migrações para o lúmen esofagogástrico após correção de hérnia hiatal laparoscópica. Objetivo: Apresentar manobras cirúrgicas que buscam diminuir o risco dessa complicação. Método: Sugerimos mobilizar o saco de hérnia do mediastino e levá-lo à posição abdominal com o suprimento sanguíneo intacto, a fim de girá-lo para trás e ao redor do esôfago abdominal. O objetivo é cobrir a malha colocada sobre a forma "U" para reforçar a sutura da crura haital. Resultados: Realizamos reparo laparoscópico de hérnia hiatal em 173 pacientes (grupo total). Complicações pós-operatórias precoces foram observadas em 35 pacientes (27,1%) e um morreu (0,7%) devido a tromboembolismo pulmonar maciço. Cento e vinte e nove pacientes foram acompanhados por média de 41+28 meses. A colocação da tela foi realizada em 79 desses pacientes. O saco remanescente foi girado atrás do esôfago para cobrir a superfície da tela. Nesse grupo, complicações tardias foram observadas em cinco pacientes (2,9%). Não observamos erosão da tela ou migração dela para o lúmen esofagogástrico. Conclusão: A técnica proposta pode ser útil para prevenir a erosão e a migração para o esôfago de telas na correção de hérnias hiatais.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Postoperative Complications/prevention & control , Surgical Mesh/adverse effects , Laparoscopy/adverse effects , Herniorrhaphy/adverse effects , Hernia, Hiatal/surgery , Recurrence , Reoperation , Gastroesophageal Reflux/surgery , Gastroesophageal Reflux/etiology , Follow-Up Studies , Suture Techniques , Foreign-Body Migration , Treatment Outcome , Laparoscopy/methods , Herniorrhaphy/methods
Int. braz. j. urol ; 45(6): 1180-1185, Nov.-Dec. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056331


ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate long-term (5-10 years) outcomes of Minimally Invasive Surgical (MIS) kit insertion with Prolift® (non-absorbable) mesh compared to the use of Prolift M® (partially absorbable), for anterior vaginal wall prolapse repair. Study design: In this retrospective study we compared women undergoing MIS kit Prolift® insertion (n=90) vs. Prolift M® insertion (n=79) for anterior vaginal wall prolapse repair between 2006 and 2012 at our Institution. A number of 169 women fulfilled the inclusion criteria and were included in the study. Results: During the study period 128 women (76%) completed full follow-up; of them 58 (73%) following MIS kit Prolift® insertion, and 70 (88%) following MIS kit ProliftM® insertion. There was no significant difference between the Prolift® and Prolift M® regarding parity (3.04 vs. 2.88, p=0.506), presence of hypertension (24.1% vs. 39.1%, p=0.088), diabetes mellitus (3.4% vs. 11.6%, p=0.109), or urinary stress incontinence (39.7% vs. 47.1%, p=0.475). All participants had been diagnosed with POP grade 3 or 4 before the procedure. No significant complications during the procedure or postoperative period were identified in the study groups. The follow-up period was at least five years in duration for both groups. Both groups were comparable according to questionnaires focused on function and satisfaction. Conclusion: Patients undergoing MIS kit Prolift® and Prolift M® insertion for anterior vaginal wall prolapse repair had comparable early and late postoperative outcomes. No differences in patient's function and satisfaction between the two groups were identified. According to our findings, there is no superiority to either of the two studied mesh devices.

Humans , Female , Aged , Surgical Mesh/adverse effects , Uterine Prolapse/surgery , Absorbable Implants/adverse effects , Postoperative Complications , Surveys and Questionnaires , Retrospective Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Uterine Prolapse/complications , Uterine Prolapse/physiopathology , Treatment Outcome , Patient Satisfaction , Pelvic Floor , Statistics, Nonparametric , Middle Aged
Acta cir. bras ; 34(6): e201900603, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1019263


Abstract Purpose To Compare the extent and intensity of adhesions formed between the intra-abdominal organs and the intraperitoneal implants of polypropylene mesh versus polypropylene/polyglecaprone versus polyester/porcine collagen used for correction of abdominal wall defect in rats. Methods After the defect in the abdominal wall, thirty Wistar rats were placed in three groups (ten animals each) for intraperitoneal mesh implant: polypropylene group, polypropylene/polyglecaprone group, and polyester/porcine collagen group. The macroscopic evaluation of the extent and intensity of adhesions was performed 21 days after the implant. Results The polypropylene group had a higher statistically significant impairment due to visceral adhesions (p value = 0.002) and a higher degree of intense adherence in relation to polypropylene/polyglecaprone and polyester/porcine collagen groups (p value<0.001). The polyester/porcine collagen group showed more intense adhesions than the polypropylene/polyglecaprone group (p value=0.035). Conclusions The intraperitoneal implantation of polypropylene meshes to correct defects of the abdominal wall caused the appearance of extensive and firm adhesions to intra-abdominal structures. The use of polypropylene/polyglecaprone or polyester/porcine collagen tissue-separating meshes reduces the number and degree of adhesions formed.

Animals , Male , Rats , Peritoneal Diseases/etiology , Polyesters/administration & dosage , Polypropylenes/administration & dosage , Surgical Mesh/adverse effects , Tissue Adhesions/etiology , Collagen/administration & dosage , Dioxanes/administration & dosage , Polyesters/adverse effects , Polypropylenes/adverse effects , Materials Testing , Collagen/adverse effects , Rats, Wistar , Abdominal Wall/pathology , Dioxanes/adverse effects
Acta cir. bras ; 34(7): e201900703, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1038114


Abstract Purpose: To compare four types of mesh regarding visceral adhesions, inflammatory response and incorporation. Methods: Sixty Wistar rats were divided into four groups, with different meshes implanted intraperitoneally: polytetrafluoroethylene (ePTFE group); polypropylene with polydioxanone and oxidized cellulose (PCD); polypropylene (PM) and polypropylene with silicone (PMS). The variables analyzed were: area covered by adhesions, incorporation of the mesh and inflammatory reaction (evaluated histologically and by COX2 immunochemistry). Results: The PMS group had the lowest adhesion area (63.1%) and grade 1 adhesions. The ePTFE and PM groups presented almost the total area of their surface covered by adherences (99.8% and 97.7% respectively) The group ePTFE had the highest percentage of area without incorporation (42%; p <0.001) with no difference between the other meshes. The PMS group had the best incorporation rate. And the histological analysis revealed that the inflammation scores were significantly different. Conclusions: The PM mesh had higher density of adherences, larger area of adherences, adherences to organs and percentage of incorporation. ePTFE had the higher area of adherences and lower incorporation. The PMS mesh performed best in the inflammation score, had a higher incorporation and lower area of adherences, and it was considered the best type of mesh.

Animals , Male , Rats , Prostheses and Implants/adverse effects , Surgical Mesh/standards , Tissue Adhesions/pathology , Incisional Hernia/surgery , Inflammation/pathology , Polypropylenes/adverse effects , Polytetrafluoroethylene/adverse effects , Postoperative Complications/prevention & control , Silicones/adverse effects , Surgical Mesh/adverse effects , Materials Testing , Viscera/physiology , Cellulose, Oxidized/adverse effects , Tissue Adhesions/prevention & control , Rats, Wistar , Statistics, Nonparametric , Abdominal Wall
Acta cir. bras ; 33(9): 792-798, Sept. 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-973505


Abstract Purpose: To evaluate the fibrosis induced by four different meshes: Marlex®, Parietex Composite®, Vicryl® and Ultrapro®. Methods: Histological cutouts of abdominal wall were analyzed with polarized light 28 days after the meshes implants and colorized by picrosirius to identify the intensity of collagen types I and III, and their maturation index. Results: When the four groups were compared, the total collagen area analyzed was bigger in groups A and D, with no difference between them. The collagen type I density was bigger in group A, with an average of 9.62 ± 1.0, and smaller in group C, with an average of 3.86 ± 0.59. The collagen type III density was similar in groups A, B and C, and bigger in group D. The collagen maturation index was different in each of the four groups, bigger in group A with 0.87, group B with 0.66, group D with 0.57 and group C with 0.33 (p = 0.0000). Conclusion: The most prominent fibrosis promotion in the given meshes was found on Marlex® (polypropylene mesh) and the Parietex Composite® (non-biodegradable polyester); the collagen maturation index was higher in the Marlex® mesh, followed by Ultrapro®, Parietex Composite® and Vicryl® meshes.

Animals , Polyesters/adverse effects , Polyglactin 910/adverse effects , Polypropylenes/adverse effects , Surgical Mesh/adverse effects , Collagen/adverse effects , Abdominal Wall/pathology , Polyesters/administration & dosage , Polyglactin 910/administration & dosage , Polypropylenes/administration & dosage , Time Factors , Fibrosis/etiology , Fibrosis/pathology , Materials Testing , Tissue Adhesions/etiology , Tissue Adhesions/pathology , Collagen/administration & dosage , Models, Animal , Abdominal Wall/surgery
Rev. bras. cir. plást ; 33(3): 281-292, jul.-set. 2018. ilus, tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-965469


Introdução: As mastectomias com reconstruções mamárias imediatas podem proteger a paciente de um período de estresse psicossocial, imagem corporal negativa e insatisfação sexual. O advento e utilização de novos materiais como os implantes, expansores e matrizes dérmicas acelulares também contribuíram para o sucesso das reconstruções mamárias. Porém, o uso das matrizes dérmicas acelulares é restrito no Brasil pela legislação e seu alto custo. O objetivo do estudo foi relatar a experiência do autor na reconstrução mamária com implantes e tela sintética como uma alternativa às matrizes dérmicas acelulares. Método: Foi realizada uma análise retrospectiva de 12 pacientes consecutivas (20 mamas reconstruídas) que foram submetidas à reconstrução mamária imediata ou tardia pela técnica descrita com implantes e tela sintética, entre novembro de 2015 e dezembro de 2016. Resultados: Doze pacientes (20 mamas) foram operadas pela técnica apresentada no estudo. O tempo médio de follow-up foi de 14 meses. Nesta série, 15% apresentaram complicações menores como hematoma, deiscência de sutura e rippling. O número de complicações, apesar do número restrito de casos, é compatível com a literatura. O grau de satisfação global com a cirurgia foi, em média, de 75,2 pontos em uma escala de 0-100, sendo a nota mais alta atribuída à aparência das mamas (85 pontos). Conclusão: A reconstrução mamária com implantes e tela sintética se mostrou uma técnica com baixo índice de complicações, alto grau de satisfação das pacientes com o resultado estético e com menores custos em relação ao uso de matrizes dérmicas acelulares.

Introduction: Mastectomy with immediate breast reconstruction may prevent patients from experiencing a period of psychosocial stress, negative body image, and sexual dissatisfaction. The advent and implementation of novel materials such as implants, expanders, and acellular dermal matrices have also contributed to the success of breast reconstruction procedures. However, the use of acellular dermal matrices in Brazil is restricted by law and by their high cost. The objective of the present study was to report the author's experience in breast reconstruction with implants and synthetic mesh as an alternative to acellular dermal matrices. Method: This was a retrospective analysis of 12 consecutive patients (20 reconstructed breasts) who underwent immediate or delayed breast reconstruction using the described technique with implants and synthetic mesh between November 2015 and December 2016. Results: Twelve patients (20 breasts) were operated on using the technique described in this report. The mean time of follow-up was 14 months. In this series, 15% of patients had minor complications, including hematoma, suture dehiscence, and rippling. The rate of complications was similar to the rates reported in the literature, despite the limited number of cases. The average degree of overall satisfaction with the surgery was 75.2 points on a scale of 0-100, and the highest score was given to breast appearance (85 points). Conclusion: Breast reconstruction with implants and synthetic mesh was shown to be a technique with a low rate of complications, high degree of patient satisfaction with the cosmetic result, and decreased cost relative to acellular dermal matrices.

Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Surgical Mesh/adverse effects , Breast/surgery , Breast Neoplasms/surgery , Breast Neoplasms/complications , Breast Neoplasms/drug therapy , Breast Neoplasms/therapy , Mastectomy, Simple/adverse effects , Mastectomy, Simple/methods , Mastectomy, Simple/rehabilitation , Mammaplasty/adverse effects , Mammaplasty/methods , Breast Implants/adverse effects , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures/methods , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures/rehabilitation , Surgical Mesh , Breast , Breast Neoplasms , Mastectomy, Simple , Mammaplasty , Breast Implants , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures , Mastectomy
Int. braz. j. urol ; 44(4): 819-825, July-Aug. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-954082


ABSTRACT Aims and Objectives: Polypropylene meshes have been increasingly adopted for correction of pelvic organ prolapse due to its lower recurrence rate when compared to surgeries without meshes. The study of the interaction of these materials with the host tissue may contribute to the development of materials with best biocompatibility and, consequently, less complication rates. Materials and Methods: The present study compares the inflammatory reaction of standard-weight (SW) and lightweight (LW) meshes (72 g/m216g/m2 respectively), implanted in the abdomen of 20 adult rats, which were euthanized in four or 30 days. Quantification of pro-inflammatory markers, IL-1 and TNF-α, and of metalloproteinases, MMP2 and MMP3, were carried out through immunohistochemistry with AxioVision® software. Results: There were no significant differences in the quantification of IL-1 and TNF-α in LW versus SW meshes. However, IL-1 quantification increased along time (30 days >4 days, p=0.0269). Also, MMP-2 quantification was similar to SW and LW and both presented a significant increase along time (30 days >4 days, p <0.0001). MMP-3 quantification also showed no difference between the SW and LW groups, but increased along time (30 days >4 days, p=0.02). Conclusions: Mesh's density did not influence the quantification of pro-inflammatory cytokines IL-1 and TNF-α and metalloproteinases 2 and 3. The increased expression of IL-1, MMP-2 and MMP-3 over time could represent a longstanding inflammatory response after PP mesh implantation. Possibly, the occurrence of adverse events following PP prosthetic implants can be influenced by other factors, not solely related to the amount of implanted material.

Animals , Female , Rats , Polypropylenes/adverse effects , Surgical Mesh/adverse effects , Interleukin-1/analysis , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/analysis , Matrix Metalloproteinase 3/analysis , Matrix Metalloproteinase 2/analysis , Subcutaneous Tissue/pathology , Time Factors , Wound Healing , Biocompatible Materials/adverse effects , Materials Testing , Immunohistochemistry , Reproducibility of Results , Foreign-Body Reaction/chemically induced , Foreign-Body Reaction/pathology , Collagen/analysis , Abdominal Wall/pathology , Subcutaneous Tissue/drug effects
Int. braz. j. urol ; 43(6): 1115-1121, Nov.-Dec. 2017. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-892914


ABSTRACT Aim: To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of Anterior Elevate® mesh kit system (AES) in woman with symptomatic stage 3 or 4 anterior and/or apical pelvic organ prolapse (POP). Materials and Methods: This retrospective, monocentric, single surgeon study enrolled between May 2010 and January 2013 fifty-six woman experiencing symptomatic anterior vaginal prolapse with or without apical descent (POP-Q stage 3 or 4). All women received a AES and 7 (12.5%) received a concomitant transvaginal hysterectomy. Primary endpoint was anatomic correction of prolapse; success was defined as POP-Q stage ≤ 1 or asymptomatic stage 2. Secondary endpoints were quality-of-life (QOL) results and patients' safety outcomes, which were assessed by 3 validated self-reporting questionnaires at baseline and annually: ICIQ-UI short form, ICIQ-VS and P-QOL. All patients completed 2-years and 28 women 3-years of follow-up. Surgical approach was modified in women with uterus, moving the two-propylene strips anteriorly around the cervix itself crossing one another, so the left will take place in the right side and the right on the opposite. This modification was made in order to better support the uterus. Results: Vaginal mesh exposure was present in 3 (5,3%) patients. Very good anatomical outcomes were seen, with one (1,8%) failure at 6-months, 4 (7,1%) at 1-year, 6 at 2-years (10,7%). Statistically significant improvements were seen in the ICIQ-VS and P-QOL questionnaires throughout follow-up. Conclusion: Our data suggest that AES is a minimally-invasive transvaginal procedure to repair anterior and apical POP, with good evidence related to mid-term safety and efficacy.

Humans , Female , Aged , Gynecologic Surgical Procedures/methods , Surgical Mesh/adverse effects , Pelvic Organ Prolapse/surgery , Gynecologic Surgical Procedures/adverse effects , Retrospective Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Uterine Prolapse/surgery , Treatment Outcome
Int. braz. j. urol ; 43(4): 746-752, July-Aug. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-892861


ABSTRACT Purpose The polypropylene mesh (PPM) is used in many surgical interventions because of its good incorporation and accessibility. However, potential mesh-related complications are common. Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) improves the healing of wounds and is inexpensive. Thus, the purpose of this study was to analyze the effect of the PRP-gel coating of a PPM on inflammation, production of collagen, and smooth muscle in the rabbit vagina. Materials and Methods The intervention consisted of a 1.5cm incision and divulsion of the vaginal mucosa for the implantation of a PRP-coated PPM. The PRP-coated mesh was implanted in 15 rabbits, and in the second group, the same implant was used without the PRP coating. In the sham group, the intervention consisted of the incision, divulsion, and suture. The rabbits were euthanized at 7, 30 and 90 days, and full-thickness sagittal sections of the posterior vaginal wall and rectum were scored. The inflammatory infiltrate was evaluated using hematoxylin and eosin staining. The Sirius Red stain was used to examine deposition of collagen I and III, and Masson's trichrome staining was used to visualize the smooth muscle. Results The group with PRP-coated meshes had a lower inflammatory infiltrate count at 30 days. Deposition of collagen III increased with the use of PRP-coating at 90 days. Conclusions The area of inflammatory infiltrate was significantly increased in the group without the PRP-coated mesh at 30 days but not in the group with the PRP-coated mesh, indicating a less intense inflammatory response. In addition, a significant increase in collagen III occurred at 90 days.

Animals , Female , Polypropylenes , Surgical Mesh/adverse effects , Vagina/surgery , Platelet-Rich Plasma , Postoperative Complications , Rabbits , Vagina/pathology , Wound Healing , Collagen/metabolism
ABCD arq. bras. cir. dig ; 30(2): 77-82, Apr.-June 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-885705


ABSTRACT Background: Hernia correction is a routinely performed treatment in surgical practice. The improvement of the operative technique and available materials certainly has been a great benefit to the quality of surgical results. The insertion of prostheses for hernia correction is well-founded in the literature, and has become the standard of treatment when this type of disease is discussed. Aim: To evaluate two available prostheses: the polypropylene and polypropylene coated ones in an experimental model. Methods: Seven prostheses of each kind were inserted into Wistar rats (Ratus norvegicus albinus) in the anterior abdominal wall of the animal in direct contact with the viscera. After 90 days follow-up were analyzed the intra-abdominal adhesions, and also performed immunohistochemical evaluation and videomorphometry of the total, type I and type III collagen. Histological analysis was also performed with hematoxylin-eosin to evaluate cell types present in each mesh. Results: At 90 days the adhesions were not different among the groups (p=0.335). Total collagen likewise was not statistically different (p=0.810). Statistically there was more type III collagen in the coated polypropylene group (p=0.039) while type I was not different among the prostheses (p=0.050). The lymphocytes were statistically more present in the polypropylene group (p=0.041). Conclusion: The coated prosthesis was not different from the polypropylene one regarding the adhesion. Total and type I collagen were not different among the groups, while type III collagen was more present on the coated mesh. There was a greater number of lymphocytes on the polypropylene mesh.

RESUMO Racional: A correção herniária é tratamento realizado rotineiramente na prática cirúrgica. O aprimoramento da técnica operatória e dos materiais disponíveis trouxe grande benefício na qualidade dos resultados cirúrgicos. A inserção de próteses para correção herniária é bem embasada na literatura e tornou-se o padrão de tratamento. Objetivo: Avaliar em modelo experimental dois tipos de próteses diferentes, de polipropileno e polipropileno revestido. Métodos: Foram inseridas sete próteses de cada tipo em ratos Wistar (Ratus norvegicus albinus) na parede abdominal anterior do animal em contato direto com as vísceras. Após o seguimento de 90 dias analisaram-se as aderências intra-abdominais, bem como avaliação por imunoistoquímica e videomorfometria do colágeno total, tipo I e tipo III. Também, fez-se análise histológica com hematoxylina-eosina para avaliação dos tipos celulares presentes em cada tela. Resultados: Aos 90 dias as aderências não foram diferentes entre os grupos (p=0,335). O colágeno total igualmente não foi estatisticamente diferente (p=0,810). O colágeno tipo III foi estatisticamente maior no grupo polipropileno revestido (p=0,039) enquanto o tipo I não diferiu entre as próteses (p=0,050). Os linfócitos foram estatisticamente mais presentes no grupo polipropileno (p=0,041). Conclusão: A prótese revestida não foi diferente da de polipropileno na variável aderência. O colágeno total e tipo I não foram diferentes entre os grupos enquanto que o colágeno tipo III foi mais presente na tela revestida. O número de linfócitos foi maior na tela de polipropileno.

Animals , Male , Rats , Peritoneal Diseases/classification , Polypropylenes/chemistry , Postoperative Complications/classification , Surgical Mesh/adverse effects , Collagen/analysis , Peritoneal Diseases/etiology , Postoperative Complications/etiology , Tissue Adhesions/classification , Tissue Adhesions/etiology , Rats, Wistar , Coated Materials, Biocompatible , Equipment Design , Herniorrhaphy/instrumentation
ABCD arq. bras. cir. dig ; 30(2): 108-113, Apr.-June 2017. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-885701


ABSTRACT Background: Extramedullary hematopoiesis depends on complex pathophysiological mechanisms linked to hematopoietic stem cells and the proteins considered mediators of the inflammation. The identification of hematopoietic cells outside bone marrow in the adult is an occurrence that can occasionally follows the inflammatory response, was considered a secondary occurrence, but current biomolecular studies have changed that concept. Aim: Describe the presence of clusters of precursor cells of platelets (megakaryocytes), and cells of the inflammatory response in the abdominal wall and spleen of rats with experimentally induced incisional hernias and repaired with different synthetic prostheses. Methods: Twenty-five rats with incisional hernias previously performed, were divided into groups of five animals each: Group 1, repair of the hernia defect without prosthetic implant; Group 2, repair with polypropylene prosthesis; Group 3, repair using polypropylene with low weight; Group 4, the use of polypropylene and polyglecaprone prosthesis; Group 5, of polypropylene and polyglactin prosthesis. All prostheses were cut in rhombus format with area 2,625 cm². The animals were reoperated after 10 days, the abdominal walls were removed with the viscera attached to them and the material was processed for histological study. Results: Megakaryocyte niches in the abdominal wall and spleen, occasionally removed together with the adhesions produced in animals with implantation of prostheses and significant inflammatory reaction. Conclusion: The intense inflammatory reaction due to the prostheses with polypropylene in their composition was disproportionate to the expected response, indicating that further studies should be accomplished including immunophenotyping evaluation and specific panels of monoclonal antibodies to better understand the findings.

RESUMO Racional: A hematopoiese extramedular depende de mecanismos fisiopatológicos complexos, havendo relação destas células-tronco hematopoiéticas com proteínas mediadoras da inflamação. A identificação de células hematopoiéticas fora da medula óssea no adulto, situação que ocasionalmente pode acompanhar a resposta inflamatória era considerada ocorrência secundária, mas estudos biomoleculares modificaram este conceito. Objetivo: Descrever agrupamentos de células precursoras das plaquetas (megacariócitos) e células da resposta inflamatória, na parede abdominal e no baço de ratos com hérnias incisionais induzidas experimentalmente e reparadas com diferentes próteses sintéticas. Métodos: Vinte e cinco ratos com hérnias incisionais previamente realizadas foram distribuídos em grupos com cinco animais: Grupo 1, reparo do defeito herniário sem implante de prótese; Grupo 2, reparo com prótese de polipropileno; Grupo 3, reparo empregando polipropileno com baixa gramatura; Grupo 4, utilização de prótese de polipropileno e poliglecaprone; Grupo 5, prótese de polipropileno e poliglactina. Todas as próteses foram recortadas na forma de losangos com área de 2,625 cm². Os animais foram reoperados após 10 dias, as paredes abdominais foram retiradas em bloco com as vísceras a elas aderidas e o material foi processado em rotina histológica. Resultados: Foram evidenciados nichos de megacariócitos na parede abdominal e no baço coletado juntamente com as aderências em animais com implante de próteses, além de reação inflamatória significativa. Conclusão: A intensa reação inflamatória, local e sistêmica em relação às próteses com polipropileno em sua composição, foi desproporcional à resposta esperada, requerendo aprofundamento do estudo com avaliação da imunofenotipagem e painéis específicos de anticorpos monoclonais para melhor esclarecimento.

Animals , Rats , Spleen/cytology , Blood Platelets , Abdominal Wall , Incisional Hernia/surgery , Incisional Hernia/immunology , Inflammation/etiology , Polymers , Prosthesis Design , Stem Cells , Surgical Mesh/adverse effects , Rats, Wistar , Inflammation/immunology
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 31: e92, 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-952127


Abstract The development of a biodegradable material with antimicrobial properties for local applications is required in the prevention and treatment of infectious diseases. The objective of this study was to produce blends of poly-L-lactide acid (PLLA) synthetic polymer associated with several antimicrobials, as an alternative in the prevention and treatment of infections, as well as to evaluate its cytotoxicity, release of antimicrobials and inhibit bacteria growth. Blends of PLLA added with 20% Amoxicillin, Metronidazole, Clindamycin or Azithromicyn were used to produce Films (F) or Meshs (M) by casting and electrospinning methods, respectively. Standardized discs of the films and meshs were stored in buffer solutions (pH 5 or 7.4) and aliquots were analyzed by high performance chromatography (HPLC) during 168 hours. Cytotoxicity on human gingival fibroblasts was tested after 24, 48 and 72h by MTT reaction. The antimicrobial capacity was determined against P. gingivalis and S. pyogenes. The specimens were weighed after 3 and 6 months of storage for degradation analysis. SEM was performed to control interfaces and degradation. Antimicrobials presented a continuous and exponential drug release. Analysis showed that both M and F were able to inhibit S. pyogenes and P. gingivalis growth, indicating the release of active antimicrobial agents. The products were not toxic to the fibroblasts. Amoxicillin-film showed more degradation than PLLA at both pHs (p < 0.05), whereas Azithromycin-meshes were more degraded than PLLA at pH 7.4 (p < 0.05). PLLA association with antimicrobials is biocompatible and may represent a potential tool for the local delivery of antimicrobials.

Humans , Polyesters/pharmacology , Polymers/pharmacology , Streptococcus pyogenes/drug effects , Biocompatible Materials/pharmacology , Porphyromonas gingivalis/drug effects , Microbial Viability/drug effects , Anti-Infective Agents/pharmacology , Polymers/chemistry , Surgical Mesh/adverse effects , Biocompatible Materials/chemistry , Materials Testing , Cell Culture Techniques , Drug Combinations , Anti-Infective Agents/chemistry