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1.
Infectio ; 25(4): 284-288, oct.-dic. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1286723

ABSTRACT

Resumen Objetivo: Determinar los factores de riesgo a la infección en cavidad residual post quistectomía hepática en los pacientes del hospital Ramiro Prialé Prialé - EsSalud -Huancayo. Materiales y Métodos: Se realizó una cohorte retrospectiva, entre enero del 2014 y enero del 2018. Se utilizó una ficha de recolección de datos. Se obtuvieron los riesgos relativos (RR) crudos y ajustados, con intervalos de confianza al 95%. Resultados: Participaron 83 pacientes. El 41,2% de las mujeres presentaron infección en la cavidad postquistectomía y la mediana de edad de los pacientes infecta dos fue de 33 años. Los antecedentes patológicos que se relacionaron con la infección fueron obesidad o sobrepeso (62,5%), neoplasia previa (100%) y enferme dad inmunológica previa (31%). La infección en cavidad residual postquistectomía estuvo relacionada a la presencia de obesidad o sobrepeso, diabetes mellitus, neoplasia previa , cirugía previa y al uso de antibióticos posteriores a la cirugía. Conclusiones: La obesidad o sobrepeso, diabetes mellitus, haber padecido alguna neoplasia o cirugía previa y el uso de antibióticos luego de la cirugía; son factores de riesgo para la infección en cavidad residual postquistectomía hepática en los pacientes del Hospital Nacional Ramiro Prialé Prialé EsSalud de Huancayo, Perú.


Abstract Objective: To determine the risk factors with the infection in the residual cavity after hepatic cystectomy in the patients of the Ramiro Prialé Prialé hospital - EsSalud -Huancayo. Materials and Methods: A retrospective cohort was conducted, between January 2014 and January 2018. A data collection sheet was used. Crude and adjusted relative risks (RR) were obtained, with 95% confidence intervals. Results: 83 patients participated. 41.2% of women infected in the post-cystectomy cavity and the median age of infected patients was 33 years. The pathological antecedents that were related to the infection were obesity or overweight (62.5%), previous neoplasia (100%) and previous immune disease (31%). Post-cystectomy residual cavity infection was affected by the presence of obesity or overweight (aRR: 1.56; 95% CI: 1.15-2.13; p value = 0.005), diabetes mellitus (aRR: 2.67; 95% CI : 2.09-3.41; p value <0.001), previous neoplasia (aRR: 2.49; 95% CI: 1.94-3.20; p value <0.001), previous surgery (aRR: 1.49; 95% CI: 1.36-1.64; p value <0.001) and the use of post-surgery antibiotics (aRR: 2.14; 95% CI: 1.30-3.51; p value = 0.003) Conclusions: Obesity or overweight, diabetes mellitus, having suffered some neoplasia or previous surgery and the use of antibiotics after surgery; they are factors associated with infection in the residual post-cystectomy liver cavity in patients of the Ramiro Prialé Prialé EsSalud National Hospital in Huancayo, Peru.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Surgical Procedures, Operative/adverse effects , Risk Factors , Infections , Peru , Ranunculaceae , Diabetes Mellitus , Echinococcosis, Hepatic , Hospitals , Immune System Diseases , Neoplasms
2.
SOBECC ; 26(3): 131-137, 30-09-2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1342344

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Caracterizar a prevalência e as causas de suspensão das cirurgias eletivas considerando determinantes clínicos e não clínicos. Método: Estudo exploratório, retrospectivo, quantitativo. A coleta de dados foi realizada no banco eletrônico de um hospital público do Sul do Brasil, no período entre janeiro de 2018 e dezembro de 2019. Consideraram-se as variáveis sexo, faixa etária, quantitativo de cirurgias, especialidade médica e motivos da suspensão das cirurgias e realizou-se análise estatística descritiva. Resultados: Das 11.792 (100,0%) cirurgias programadas, 2.170 (18,4%) foram suspensas. As especialidades cirúrgicas com maior taxa de suspensão foram ortopedia (32,6%) e cirurgia geral (19,0%), tendo como principais motivos não clínicos: prioridade para urgência (21,5%), falta de vaga em unidade terapia intensiva (15,6%) e não comparecimento do paciente (13,6%). O principal motivo clínico de suspensão cirúrgica foi condição clínica desfavorável (8,7%). Conclusão: O estudo contribuiu para a avaliação dos indicadores de qualidade relacionados aos agendamentos e às suspensões cirúrgicas no Centro Cirúrgico, além de oportunizar a criação de estratégias de melhoria contínua.


Objective: To characterize the prevalence and causes of suspension of elective surgeries considering clinical and non-clinical factors. Method: Exploratory, retrospective, quantitative study. Data were collected in the electronic database of a public hospital in southern Brazil between January 2018 and December 2019. The variables gender, age group, number of surgeries, medical specialty and reasons for suspending surgeries were assessed, and a descriptive statistical analysis was performed. Results: Of the 11,792 (100.0%) scheduled surgeries, 2,170 (18.4%) were suspended. The surgical specialties that most suspended surgeries were orthopedics (32.6%) and general surgery (19.0%), the main non-clinical factors being: priority for urgency (21.5%), lack of vacancy in the intensive care unit (15.6%) and no attendance of the patient (13.6%). The main clinical reason for surgical suspension was clinical unfavorable condition (8.7%). Conclusion: This study contributed to the assessment of quality indicators related to the scheduling and suspension of surgical procedures in the Surgical Center, in addition to providing opportunities for the creation of clinic continuous improvement.


Objetivo: Caracterizar la prevalencia y causas de suspensión de cirugías electivas considerando determinantes clínicos y no clínicos. Método: Estudio exploratorio, retrospectivo, cuantitativo. La recolección de datos se realizó en la base de datos electrónica de un hospital público del sur de Brasil, de enero de 2018 a diciembre de 2019. Se realizaron las variables sexo, edad, número de cirugías, especialidad médica y motivos de suspensión de cirugías y análisis estadístico descriptivo. Resultados: De las 11.792 (100,0%) cirugías programadas, 2.170 (18,4%) fueron suspendidas. Las especialidades quirúrgicas con mayor tasa de suspensión fueron Ortopedia (32,6%) y Cirugía general (19,0%), con las principales razones no clínicas: prioridad por urgencia (21,5%), falta de espacio en la unidad de cuidados intensivos (15,6%) y no asistencia de pacientes (13,6%). El principal motivo clínico de la interrupción quirúrgica fue una situación clínica desfavorable (8,7%). Conclusión: El estudio contribuyó a la evaluación de indicadores de calidad relacionados con la programación y suspensiones quirúrgicas en el Centro Quirúrgico, además de brindar oportunidades para la creación de estrategias de mejora continua.


Subject(s)
Humans , Surgical Procedures, Operative , Surgicenters , Hospitals, Public , General Surgery , Orthopedic Procedures
3.
Rev. colomb. anestesiol ; 49(3): e701, July-Sept. 2021.
Article in English | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1280187

ABSTRACT

After reading the article entitled "Comparison of subarachnoid opioid mix for cesarean section" published by Isabel Osorio et al., in January 2020; I would like to make the following observations and comments. The number of patients studied (n =71) is surprising considering that the hospital where the research was conducted is a third-level institution and a referral center for high complexity obstetric care. During the duration of the trial (one year, from June 2028 through May 2019) most likely many patients underwent this type of surgical intervention. Is it then possible to consider a potential selection bias? Moreover, the group distribution is not clearly defined, and certainly it was not random: A (29), B (16), C (26)


Después de leer el artículo titulado "Comparación de mezcla de opioides subaracnoides para cesárea" publicado por Isabel Osorio et al., En enero de 2020; Me gustaría hacer las siguientes observaciones y comentarios. Sorprende el número de pacientes estudiadas ( n = 71) si se considera que el hospital donde se realizó la investigación es una institución de tercer nivel y un centro de referencia de atención obstétrica de alta complejidad. Durante la duración del ensayo (un año, desde junio de 2028 hasta mayo de 2019), lo más probable es que muchos pacientes se hayan sometido a este tipo de intervención quirúrgica. ¿Es posible entonces considerar un posible sesgo de selección? Además, la distribución de los grupos no está claramente definida, y ciertamente no fue aleatoria: A (29), B (16), C (26)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Surgical Procedures, Operative , Cesarean Section , Analgesics, Opioid , Research , Selection Bias , Hospitals
5.
Rev. cuba. anestesiol. reanim ; 20(2): e657, 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1289357

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El adenoma del paladar blando es frecuente en mujeres, aunado a los cambios fisiológicos que suceden durante el embarazo, es de presumir que la gestante puede presentar una vía aérea difícil. Objetivo: Describir el abordaje de la vía aérea en una gestante con adenoma del paladar blando. Presentación del caso: Se trata de una gestante de 20 años de edad con antecedentes patológicos personales de asma bronquial, alergia a los anestésicos locales, que presenta un adenoma en el paladar blando que impide ver la estructura de la orofaringe, Mallampatti IV, anunciada para procedimiento quirúrgico de urgencia para realizarle cesárea segmentaria anterior. Conclusiones: La embarazada presenta mayor incidencia de vía aérea difícil comparado con la población general, debido a los cambios fisiológicos que presenta en este periodo, si a ello se le adiciona la presencia de un tumor oro faríngeo que imposibilita la manipulación de la vía aérea, la evaluación preoperatoria y trazar una estrategia multidisciplinaria, constituyen los pilares para evitar complicaciones potencialmente fatales(AU)


Introduction: Adenoma of soft palate is frequent in women, together with the physiological changes that occur during pregnancy. The pregnant woman is to be presumed to have a difficult airway. Objective: To describe the airway managment in a pregnant woman with adenoma of soft palate. Case presentation: This is a 20-year-old pregnant woman (Mallampati IV) with a personal pathological history of bronchial asthma and allergy to local anesthetics, who presents an adenoma of soft palate that avoids seeing the oropharynx structure, announced for emergency surgical procedure for an anterior segmental cesarean section. Conclusions: The pregnant woman has a higher incidence of difficult airway compared to the general population, due to the physiological changes that she presents in this period. If, apart from this situation, the presence is considered of an oropharyngeal tumor that makes it impossible to manipulate the airway, preoperative assessment and tracing a multidisciplinary strategy are the pillars to avoid potentially fatal complications(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Young Adult , Oropharynx , Palate, Soft , Surgical Procedures, Operative , Adenoma, Pleomorphic , Surgical Clearance , Adenoma/complications , Emergencies , Anesthetics, Local
6.
Rev. inf. cient ; 100(4): e3533, 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1289657

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: La actividad quirúrgica ha cobrado un notable papel dentro del área de atención al paciente con situaciones cuyo peligro para la vida es inmediato o no. Sin embargo, se cuenta con escasos estudios enfocados en el análisis de las mismas. Objetivo: Describir las intervenciones quirúrgicas de urgencia realizadas en el Hospital General Universitario "Gustavo Aldereguía Lima", de Cienfuegos, durante el primer trimestre de 2021. Método: Se realizó un estudio observacional, descriptivo, retrospectivo de corte transversal sobre una muestra de 196 intervenciones quirúrgicas de urgencia, de un universo de 252, realizadas en la institución antes mencionada. Se estudiaron las variables: mes de la intervención, sexo, grupo etario, entidad nosológica, tipo de cirugía y código de color. Se recopiló la información a partir del informe operatorio individual. Resultados: El mes de marzo aportó 116 intervenciones (59 %). Predominó el sexo masculino con 103 casos (52,55 %) y el grupo etario 18-35 (59 pacientes, 30,10 %). La apendicitis aguda fue la entidad sobresaliente con 49 casos (25 %). Las cirugías limpias contaminadas representaron el 61,73 % (121 intervenciones). Los casos código amarillo constituyeron el 92,35 % del total (181 casos). Conclusiones: La mayoría de las complicaciones se localizaron en hombres jóvenes y adultos jóvenes, algunos casos se desplazaron hacia la mediana edad. La apendicitis aguda fue la manifestación sobresaliente, de ahí, el mayor número de cirugías limpias contaminadas y catalogadas como código amarillo según la escala de colores.


ABSTRACT Introduction: Surgical activity has taken on a notable role within the area of patient care with situations whose danger to life is immediate or not. However, there are few studies focused on their analysis. Objective: To describe the emergency surgical interventions was carried out at the Hospital General Universitario "Gustavo Aldereguía Lima", in Cienfuegos, during the first quarter of 2021. Method: An observational, descriptive, retrospective cross-sectional study on a sample of 196 interventions emergency surgical procedures, out of a universe of 252, performed at the aforementioned institution. The variables were studied: month of intervention, sex, age group, nosological entity, type of surgery and color code. Information was collected from the individual operative report. Results: The month of March provided 116 interventions (59%). Male sex predominated with 103 cases (52.55%) and the age group 18-35 (59 patients, 30.10%). Acute appendicitis was the outstanding entity with 49 cases (25%). Clean contaminated surgeries represented 61.73% (121 interventions). Code yellow cases constituted 92.35% of the total (181 cases). Conclusions: Most of the complications were located in young men and young adults, some cases moved towards middle age. Acute appendicitis was the outstanding manifestation, hence the highest number of clean surgeries contaminated and classified as code yellow according to the color scale.


RESUMO Introdução: A atividade cirúrgica tem assumido papel de destaque dentro da área de atendimento ao paciente em situações de perigo de vida imediato ou não. No entanto, existem poucos estudos voltados para sua análise. Objetivo: Descrever as intervenções cirúrgicas de emergência realizadas no Hospital General Universitario "Gustavo Aldereguía Lima", em Cienfuegos, durante o primeiro trimestre de 2021. Método: Estudo transversal observacional, descritivo, retrospectivo, realizado em amostra de 196 intervenções procedimentos cirúrgicos de emergência, de um universo de 252, realizados na referida instituição. As variáveis estudadas foram: mês da intervenção, sexo, faixa etária, entidade nosológica, tipo de cirurgia e código de cores. As informações foram coletadas do relatório operatório individual. Resultados: O mês de março proporcionou 116 intervenções (59%). O sexo masculino predominou com 103 casos (52,55%) e a faixa etária de 18 a 35 anos (59 pacientes, 30,10%). A apendicite aguda foi a entidade de destaque com 49 casos (25%). As cirurgias limpas contaminadas representaram 61,73% (121 intervenções). Os casos de código amarelo constituíram 92,35% do total (181 casos). Conclusões: A maioria das complicações localizou-se em homens jovens e adultos jovens, alguns casos avançaram para a meia-idade. A apendicite aguda foi a manifestação de destaque, daí o maior número de cirurgias limpas contaminadas e classificadas como código amarelo de acordo com a escala de cores.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Surgical Procedures, Operative , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Observational Study
7.
Mali méd. (En ligne) ; 36(2): 23-26, 20210812.
Article in French | AIM | ID: biblio-1283662

ABSTRACT

Le Burkina Faso a enregistré son premier cas de Covid-19 le 09 mars 2020 mais c'est au premier avril 2020 que le service de chirurgie générale et viscérale du Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Sourô SANOU (CHUSS) de Bobo-Dioulasso a enregistré son premier cas de COVID-19 et pathologie chirurgicale. En six mois, soit entre avril et septembre 2020, notre service a enregistré quatre cas, tous des malades de sexe masculin et testés positifs à la maladie de la Covid-19 après un prélèvement oropharyngé techniqué à l'aide de la trousse de RT-PCR Detection kit for 2019-n COV RNA (Da An Gene Co) et la Plate forme AriaMx (Real-Time PCR System).Les quatre malades étaient âgés respectivement de 63 ans, 70 ans, 60 ans et 66 ans et étaient pris en charge pour un traumatisme fermé du thorax, une gangrène de jambe, une tumeur vésicale et un adénocarcinome gastrique. Deux patients étaient décédés dans le service. Les deux autres avaient été transférés dans le centre régional spécialisé dans la prise en charge de la maladie COVID-19 avec une évolution favorable. L'impact de la Covid-19 en 2020 constaté dans le service de chirurgie générale et viscérale du CHUSS, a été une diminution de 82% des activités chirurgicales.


Burkina Faso recorded its first case of Covid-19 on March 09, 2020 but it was on April 1, 2020 that the general and visceral surgery department of the Center Hospitalier Universitaire Sourô SANOU (CHUSS) in Bobo-Dioulasso recorded its first case of COVID-19 and surgical pathology. From April to September 2020, our service recorded four cases, all male patients and tested positive for Covid-19 disease after an oropharyngeal sample performed using the RT- kit. PCR Detection kit for 2019-n COV RNA (Da An Gene Co) and the AriaMx (Real-Time PCR System) platform. The four patients were aged 63, 70, 60 and 66, respectively, and were being treated for blunt chest trauma, leg gangrene, bladder tumor and gastric adenocarcinoma. Two patients died in the ward. The other two had been transferred to the regional center specializing in the management of the COVID-19 with a favorable outcome. The impact of Covid-19 in 2020, observed in the general and visceral surgery department of the CHUSS, was a 82% decrease in surgical activities.


Subject(s)
Comorbidity , COVID-19 , General Surgery , Surgical Procedures, Operative
8.
Rev. cuba. oftalmol ; 34(2): e1094, 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1341462

ABSTRACT

La catarata senil es la primera causa de ceguera reversible en el mundo y la cirugía constituye el único método para solucionar esta enfermedad, con alto nivel de seguridad y elevada mejoría en calidad visual y de vida. Por ser una afectación que ocurre en pacientes de la tercera edad, con frecuencia presentan enfermedades sistémicas como hipertensión arterial, diabetes mellitus, enfermedades cardiovasculares, entre otras. Hasta esta fecha se indican exámenes de laboratorio de rutina en el preoperatorio que para algunas instituciones son innecesarios por el bajo riesgo de esta técnica quirúrgica. Se realizó una búsqueda bibliográfica en Pubmed, Cochrane y Google Académico con el objetivo de revisar lo relacionado con la necesidad de efectuar estos exámenes de laboratorio como rutina antes de la cirugía de catarata. Existen pocos artículos referentes al tema, por lo que se seleccionaron los de mayor evidencia científica. Se pudo concluir que no hay evidencia sobre los requerimientos y necesidades de estudios de laboratorio en el preoperatorio, ya que sus resultados no aportan la capacidad de predecir la morbilidad o de cambiar la conducta relacionada con el proceder quirúrgico o anestésico(AU)


Senile cataract is the leading cause of reversible blindness worldwide. Surgery is the only method available to heal this condition, with a high level of safety and considerable improvement in visual quality and quality of life. Being as it is a condition occurring in elderly patients, systemic diseases such as hypertension, diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular diseases, among others, are usually present. Routine preoperative laboratory tests are customarily indicated which some institutions consider unnecessary due to the low risk of this surgical procedure. A bibliographic search was conducted in PubMed, Cochrane and Google Scholar with the purpose of reviewing published information about the need to conduct these laboratory tests as routine practice before cataract surgery. Since few papers about the topic were available, a selection was made of the ones providing the most relevant scientific evidence. It was concluded that no evidence exists about the requirements of and need for preoperative laboratory studies, since their results do not contribute to the ability to predict morbidity or change the conduct related to the surgical or anesthetic procedure(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Surgical Procedures, Operative/adverse effects , Cataract Extraction/methods , Clinical Laboratory Techniques/methods , Quality of Life , Quality Management
9.
Rev. SOBECC ; 26(2): 99-106, 30-06-2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1283861

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Identificar se há riscos consecutivos do posicionamento cirúrgico, por meio da aplicação da Escala de Avaliação de Risco para o Desenvolvimento de Lesões Decorrentes do Posicionamento Cirúrgico (ELPO). Método: Estudo observacional, descritivo, transversal, com abordagem quantitativa, executado em um hospital de ensino do norte do estado do Ceará. Foram utilizados dois intrumentos, um de perfil clínico-epidemiológico com base em entrevista estruturada e a ELPO, aplicada no período perioperatório a 31 pacientes cirúrgicos. Resultados: A maioria dos pacientes era do sexo biológico masculino, parda, na faixa etária entre 18 e 39 anos. Os procedimentos mais frequentes foram debridamentos e reduções de fraturas, em conformidade com as internações por acidentes motociclísticos. Quando avaliados quanto ao risco de lesões decorrentes do posicionamento cirúrgico, todos os pacientes apresentaram escore ELPO≤19, isto é, em menor risco para o desenvolvimento de lesões. Conclusão: O estudo oportunizou conhecer o perfil dos pacientes submetidos a procedimentos cirúrgicos na instituição, assim como a caracterização dos participantes quanto ao risco de desenvolver lesões decorrentes da posição cirúrgica, que foi classificado como baixo.


Objective: To identify whether there are consecutive risks of surgical positioning through the application of the Risk Assessment Scale for the Development of Injuries due to Surgical Positioning (ELPO). Method: Observational, descriptive, cross-sectional study with a quantitative approach, carried out in a teaching hospital located in the north of the state of Ceará, Brazil. Two instruments were used, a clinical-epidemiological profile based on a structured interview and the ELPO scale, applied in the perioperative period to 31 surgical patients. Results: Most patients were men, mixed-race, and aged between 18 and 39 years. The most frequent procedures were debridement and fracture reduction, in accordance with hospitalizations due to motorcycle accidents. When evaluating the patients as for the risk of injuries due to surgical positioning, all subjects had ELPO score≤19, that is, they presented a lower risk for the development of injuries. Conclusion: The study allows for the profile of patients undergoing surgical procedures in the institution to be known, as well as the characterization of the participants regarding the risk of developing injuries due to surgical positioning, which was classified as low


Objetivo: Identificar el riesgo, mediante la aplicación de la Escala de Evaluación de Riesgos para el Desarrollo de Lesiones Derivadas del Posicionamiento Quirúrgico (ELPO). Método: Estudio observacional, descriptivo, transversal con abordaje cuantitativo, realizado en un hospital universitario del norte del estado de Ceará. Se utilizaron dos instrumentos, uno con perfil clínico-epidemiológico basado en entrevista estructurada y el ELPO, aplicado en el período perioperatorio a 31 pacientes quirúrgicos. Resultados: La mayoría de los pacientes eran hombres biológicos, pardos, con edades entre 18 y 39 años. La mayor frecuencia de procedimientos fue el desbridamiento y reducción de fracturas, en consenso con las hospitalizaciones por accidentes de motocicleta. Cuando se evaluó el riesgo de lesiones por posicionamiento quirúrgico, todos los pacientes tuvieron un puntaje ELPO≤19, es decir, un menor riesgo de desarrollar lesiones. Conclusión: El estudio permitió conocer el perfil de los pacientes sometidos a procedimientos quirúrgicos en la institución, así como la caracterización de los participantes en cuanto al riesgo de desarrollar lesiones derivadas de la posición quirúrgica, el cual fue clasificado como bajo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Surgical Procedures, Operative , Risk Assessment , Perioperative Period , Patients , Accidents , Fractures, Bone
10.
Rev. cuba. cir ; 60(2): e1089, tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1280219

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La descompresión con sonda nasogástrica y la vía oral cerrada por varios días, ha sido práctica común tras procedimientos quirúrgicos electivos del tracto digestivo. Los programas para mejorar la recuperación posoperatoria (Enhanced Recovery After Surgery), aconsejan cambiar esta práctica. Objetivo: Evaluar el cumplimiento y repercusión en la evolución posoperatoria de dos acciones del programa en el retiro de la sonda nasogástrica y la apertura de la vía oral el día de la intervención. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio prospectivo, en el Servicio de Cirugía General del Hospital "Hermanos Ameijeiras" de septiembre 2017 a agosto 2020. La muestra fue de 270 pacientes con intervención quirúrgica mayor electiva del colon, hígado, vía biliar o páncreas, a los que se les aplicó el programa para mejorar la recuperación posoperatoria. Resultados: En 79,6 por ciento de pacientes, la sonda nasogástrica se retiró en el quirófano tras la intervención y esto se asoció a más rápida recuperación de la función intestinal, menor estadía, complicaciones, reingresos y reintervenciones. En 60 por ciento se inició la vía oral 6 horas después de la cirugía y 79,6 por ciento toleraban dieta blanda a las 48 horas. Estos pacientes presentaron menos complicaciones y mortalidad. Conclusiones: En el contexto de un programa para mejorar la recuperación posoperatoria, tras cirugía abdominal electiva, el retiro de la sonda nasogástrica el día de la intervención, con apertura precoz de la vía oral y rápida progresión a dieta blanda, son acciones bien toleradas que repercuten positivamente en la evolución posoperatoria(AU)


Introduction: Nasogastric tube decompression, together with the oral route closed for several days, has been a common practice after elective surgical procedures of the digestive tract. Programs to improve postoperative recovery (Enhanced Recovery After Surgery) advise changing this practice. Objective: To assess compliance and impact on postoperative evolution of two program actions for nasogastric tube removal and opening of the oral route on the intervention day. Methods: A prospective study was carried out, from September 2017 to August 2020, in the general surgery service of Hermanos Ameijeiras Hospital. The sample consisted of 270 patients who underwent major elective surgery of the colon, liver, bile duct or pancreas and were applied the program to improve postoperative recovery. Results: In 79.6 percent of patients, the nasogastric tube was removed in the operating room after the intervention, a fact associated with faster recovery of intestinal function, shorter stay, as well as fewer complications, readmissions and reinterventions. In 60 percent of the patients, the oral route was started at six hours after surgery, while 79.6 percent of them tolerated a soft diet at 48 hours. These patients presented fewer complications and mortality. Conclusions: In the context of a program to improve postoperative recovery after elective abdominal surgery, nasogastric tube removal on the intervention day, with early opening of the oral route and rapid progression to a soft diet, are well-tolerated actions that have a positive effect on postoperative evolution(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Surgical Procedures, Operative/methods , Bile Ducts/surgery , Elective Surgical Procedures/methods , Gastrointestinal Tract/injuries , Enhanced Recovery After Surgery , Prospective Studies
11.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 116(6): 1080-1088, Jun. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1278337

ABSTRACT

Resumo Fundamento Houve aumento expressivo na incidência de infecções relacionadas a dispositivos cardíacos eletrônicos implantáveis (DCEI) nos últimos anos, com impacto na mortalidade. Objetivos Verificar a proporção de pacientes com infecção de DCEI e analisar seu perfil clínico, as variáveis relacionadas com a infecção e sua evolução. Método Estudo retrospectivo, observacional e longitudinal com 123 pacientes com infecção de DCEI entre 6.406 procedimentos. Foram usados os testes paramétricos, e o nível de significância adotado na análise estatística foi de 5%. Resultados A idade média dos pacientes foi de 60,1 anos, e 71 eram homens. A média de internação foi de 35,3 dias, e houve remoção total do sistema em 105 pacientes. Identificaram-se endocardite infecciosa (EI) e sepse em 71 e 23 pacientes, respectivamente. A mortalidade intra-hospitalar foi 19,5%. Houve associação entre EI e extrusão do gerador (17,0% vs. 19,5% nos grupos com e sem EI, respectivamente, p = 0,04; associação inversa) e sepse (15,4% vs. 3,2%, p = 0,01). Houve associação entre morte intra-hospitalar e EI (83,3% vs. 52,0% com e sem morte, respectivamente, p = 0,005) e sepse (62,5% vs. 8,1%, p < 0,0001). Foi dada alta hospitalar a 99 pacientes. Durante a média de seguimento clínico de 43,8 meses, a taxa de mortalidade foi de 43%, e 65,2% dos pacientes com sepse faleceram (p < 0,0001). A curva de sobrevida de Kaplan-Meier não indicou associação significante com sexo, agente etiológico, fração de ejeção, EI e modalidade de tratamento. A taxa de mortalidade foi de 32,8% entre os pacientes submetidos a reimplante de eletrodos por via endocárdica e 52,2% entre aqueles por via epicárdica (p = 0,04). Não houve influência da etiologia chagásica, a qual correspondeu a 44,7% das cardiopatias de base, quanto às variáveis clínicas e laboratoriais ou à evolução. Conclusões A taxa de infecção foi de 1,9%, com predomínio em homens. Houve associação entre mortalidade intra-hospitalar e EI e sepse. Após a alta hospitalar, a taxa de mortalidade anual foi de 11,8%, com influência de sepse durante a internação e o implante epicárdico. (Arq Bras Cardiol. 2021; [online].ahead print, PP.0-0)


Abstract Background In recent years, the incidence of infections related to cardiac implantable electronic devices (CIED) has increased sharply, impacting mortality. Objective To verify the proportion of patients with CIED infection; to analyze their clinical profile and the variables related to the infection and its progression. Methods Retrospective and longitudinal observational study including 123 patients with CIED infection among 6406 procedures. Parametric tests and a level of significance of 5% were used in the statistical analyses Results The mean age of patients was 60.1 years and mean length of stay in hospital was 35.3 days; most (71) patients were male, and the system was completely removed in 105 cases. Infectious endocarditis (IE) and sepsis were observed in 71 and 23 patients, respectively. Intra-hospital mortality was 19.5%. IE was associated with extrusion of the generator (17.0% vs 19.5% with and without IE, respectively, p = 0.04, inverse association) and sepsis (15.4% vs 3.2%, p = 0.01). Intra-hospital death was associated with IE (83.3% vs 52.0% with and without intra-hospital death, respectively, p = 0.005) and sepsis (62.5% vs 8.1%, p < 0.0001). Ninety-nine patients were discharged. During a mean follow-up of 43.8 months, mortality rate was 43%; among patients with sepsis, it was 65.2% (p < 0.0001). By applying a Kaplan-Meier survival curve, we did not indicate significant associations with sex, etiologic agent, ejection fraction, IE, or treatment modality. The death rate was 32.8% for patients subjected to endocardial electrode reimplantation and 52.2% for epicardial reimplantation (p = 0.04). Chagasic etiology (44.7% of the baseline heart diseases) did not influence clinical and laboratory variables or disease progression. Conclusion The infection rate was 1.9%, mostly in men. We observed an association of intra-hospital mortality with IE and sepsis. After discharge, the annual mortality rate was 11.8%, influenced by sepsis during hospitalization and epicardial implantation. (Arq Bras Cardiol. 2021; [online].ahead print, PP.0-0)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Pacemaker, Artificial , Surgical Procedures, Operative , Endocarditis , Infections , Clinical Evolution , Hospital Mortality , Sepsis
12.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 56(2): 218-223, Apr.-June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1251354

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To analyze the impact of the educational actions included in the "Mind the Risk" campaign of Sociedade Brasileira de Traumatologia e Ortopedia (Brazilian Society of Traumatology and Orthopedics, SBOT, in Portuguese), to increase the perception of the risk involved in the surgical activity and the use of the surgical checklist. Methods A comparative research was performed during the 50th Brazilian Congress on Orthopedics and Traumatology (50º CBOT, in Portuguese) in November 2018, using a questionnaire similar to the one used in previous two versions. Results The number of participants was 730, corresponding to 18,7% of the total of 3,903 enrolled in the 50º CBOT. Among the participants, 542 orthopedists (74,2%) reported having experienced errors within the surgical units and 218 (29,8%) surgeries in wrong sites. In total, 624 participants (85,5%) reported marking the surgical site and 402 (55%) using the surgical checklist systematically. Conclusion In the sample studied, it was evidenced that SBOT's efforts to disseminate the World Health Organization (WHO) protocol were effective, reducing the number of orthopedists who were unaware of it from 65.3% (in 2012) to 20.7% (in 2018), and expanding its use. In 2018, 402 participants (55%) reported the systematic use of the protocol, compared with 301 (40,8%) in 2014. These data confirm the need for educational campaigns and systematic training, not only to promote behavioral change, but especially a cultural change.


Resumo Objetivo Analisar o impacto das ações educacionais inseridas na campanha "Considere o Risco", da Sociedade Brasileira de Traumatologia e Ortopedia (SBOT), para aumentar a percepção do risco envolvido na atividade cirúrgica e a utilização do checklist cirúrgico. Métodos Realização de pesquisa comparativa, durante o 50º Congresso Brasileiro de Ortopedia e Traumatologia (50º CBOT), em novembro de 2018, utilizando questionário semelhante ao de duas versões anteriores. Resultados O número de participantes foi de 730, correspondendo à 18,7% do total de 3903 inscritos no 50º CBOT. No total, 542 ortopedistas (74,2%) relataram já ter vivenciado erros dentro do centro cirúrgico e 218 (29,8%) cirurgias em locais errados; 624 participantes (85,5%) afirmaram marcar o local da cirurgia e 402 (55%) utilizar regularmente o checklist cirúrgico. Conclusão Na amostra pesquisada, ficou evidenciado que os esforços da SBOT para a disseminação do conhecimento do protocolo da Organização Mundial de Saúde (OMS) foram efetivos, reduzindo a quantidade de ortopedistas que o desconheciam de 65,3% (em 2012) para 20,7% (em 2018), e ampliando sua utilização. Em 2018, 402 ortopedistas (55% da amostra) referiram fazer uso frequente do protocolo no ambiente cirúrgico, em comparação com 301 (40,2%) em 2014. Estes dados confirmam a necessidade de campanhas educacionais e treinamentos sistemáticos, não apenas para promover uma mudança de comportamento, como também, principalmente, uma mudança cultural.


Subject(s)
Humans , Surgical Procedures, Operative , Medical Errors , Checklist , Patient Safety
13.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDNPAR | ID: biblio-1337724

ABSTRACT

El ingreso a la Unidad de Cuidados Intensivos (UCI) de un paciente post operado es para optimizar el estado clínico corrigiendo trastornos relacionados con el estrés quirúrgico y las complicaciones intraoperatorias. El objetivo del estudio fue caracterizar los pacientes post operados que ingresaron a la UCI. Se realizó un estudio observacional, descriptivo, transversal en 163 pacientes post operados de cirugías electivas que ingresaron a UCI. La muestra representó el 4,6% de las cirugías electivas. El 94,5% fueron ingresos previstos y el 5,5% imprevistos. Dentro de los casos previstos (n=154), el 68% ingresaron estables y extubados para monitoreo, el 19% por inestabilidad hemodinámica y el 13% por imposibilidad de extubación. El promedio de días de internación en la UCI fue 4 ± 3 días. 7 pacientes fallecieron (4,3%). En conclusión, se encontró una alta frecuencia de ingresos previstos. La mayoría fueron para un monitoreo postoperatorio por la envergadura de la cirugía o por las comorbilidades del paciente. La mayoría de los pacientes ingresaron hemodinámicamente estables y extubados. Los servicios que más ingresos requirieron fueron Cirugía General y Neurocirugía. El tiempo promedio de internación fue 4 días. La mortalidad fue 4,3%


The admission to the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) of a post-operative patient is to optimize clinical status by correcting disorders related to surgical stress and intraoperative complications. The objective of the study was to characterize the post-operated patients who entered to the ICU. An observational, descriptive, cross-sectional study was conducted in 163 post-operative patients of elective surgeries that entered ICU. The sample represented the 4.6% of elective surgeries, 94.5% was planned admissions and 5.5% unexpected. Within the expected cases (n-154), 68% entered stable and extubated for monitoring, 19% for hemodynamic instability and 13% for impossibility of extubation. The average number of days of ICU internment were 4 ± 3 days and seven patients died (4,3%). In conclusion, a high frequency of expected admissions was found. Most of them were for postoperative monitoring by the size of the surgery or by the patient's comorbidity. Most patients entered hemodynamically stable and extubated. The services that required most admittances were General Surgery and Neurosurgery. The average hospitalization time were 4 days and mortality was 4.3%


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Surgical Procedures, Operative , Critical Care , Mortality
14.
Rev. medica electron ; 43(2): 3061-3073, mar.-abr. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1251926

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: la propia asistencia médica provoca, en determinadas situaciones, problemas de salud que pueden llegar a ser importantes para el enfermo. El análisis de la mortalidad es uno de los parámetros utilizados para investigar la seguridad en la realización de procederes de cirugía mayor. Objetivo: determinar los factores asociados a la mortalidad operatoria en cirugías mayores. Materiales y métodos: se realizó un estudio observacional, descriptivo y retrospectivo, de los pacientes que fallecieron tras la realización de una cirugía mayor, en el Hospital Militar Docente Dr. Mario Muñoz Monroy, de Matanzas, en el período comprendido de enero de 2011 a diciembre de 2019. Resultados: la tercera edad aportó 77,3 % de los fallecidos. La hipertensión arterial, diabetes mellitus y cardiopatía isquémica fueron las principales comorbilidades. El abdomen agudo fue el diagnóstico operatorio más frecuente con 98 (58,3 %). Las complicaciones aportaron el 11,9 % de los fallecidos; los eventos adversos, 29,7 %, y por el curso natural de la enfermedad, murió un 58,3 %. El síndrome de disfunción múltiple de órganos y el shock séptico resultaron las principales causas de muerte (62 %). Conclusiones: la mortalidad operatoria estuvo asociada a factores de riesgo como edad avanzada, enfermedades crónicas y cirugía de urgencia. Los eventos adversos elevan la incidencia de mortalidad en cirugía mayor. Las infecciones son la principal causa de mortalidad operatoria (AU).


ABSTRACT Introduction: medical care itself causes, in certain situations, health problems that could be very important for the patient. The mortality analysis is one of the parameters used to study safety performing procedures of major surgery. Objective: to determine the factors associated to operatory mortality in major surgeries. Materials and methods: a retrospective, descriptive and observational study was carried out of the patients who passed away after undergoing a major surgery in the Military Hospital Dr. Mario Munoz Monroy in the period between January 2011 and December 2019. Results: 77.3 % of the deceased were elder people. The main co-morbidities were arterial hypertension, diabetes mellitus and ischemic heart disease. The most frequent surgery diagnosis was acute abdomen with 98 patients (58.3 %). Complications yielded 11.9 % of the deceases, adverse events 29.7 % and 58.3 % died due to the natural course of the disease. The organs multiple dysfunction syndrome and septic shock were the main causes of dead (62 %). Conclusions: operatory mortality was associated to risk factors like advanced age, chronic diseases and emergency surgery. The adverse events increase mortality incidence in major surgery. Infections are the main causes of operatory mortality (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Surgical Procedures, Operative/mortality , Hospital Mortality/trends , Operating Rooms/methods , General Surgery/methods , Surgery Department, Hospital/standards , Surgery Department, Hospital/trends , Inpatients , Intraoperative Complications/surgery
15.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 36(3): 427-437, 20210000. tab, fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1254232

ABSTRACT

Introducción. El manejo de la herida cardiaca penetrante es un reto dado que requiere un rápido manejo quirúrgico para evitar que su desenlace sea fatal. Múltiples factores pronósticos han sido descritos, sin embargo, no ha sido documentada la relación entre el tiempo de llegada a quirófano y el uso de pledgets con la mortalidad. Métodos. Se realizó un estudio observacional retrospectivo de corte transversal, desde el año 2011 hasta el año 2018, en un hospital universitario de la ciudad de Medellín. Se evaluaron los registros de los pacientes con herida cardiaca penetrante confirmada y se realizó análisis univariado, bivariado y multivariado, así como curvas de supervivencia. Resultados. Los pacientes inestables o con taponamiento cardiaco que llegan al quirófano después del minuto 4 de haber ingresado a urgencias tienen cuatro veces más posibilidades de morir que los que llegan a quirófano antes (RR 4,1 IC95% 1,43­12,07). El uso de pledgets en el reparo de la herida cardiaca, corresponde a un factor protector para los pacientes, con un OR ajustado de 2,5 (IC95% 1,124-5,641). El tipo de traumatismo, la arritmia intraoperatoria y el índice de choque al ingreso también fueron factores pronósticos. Discusión. Se documenta el efecto del tiempo de llegada a quirófano sobre la mortalidad, lo cual permitirá en un futuro generar cambios en el manejo de estos pacientes en función de estos tiempos. La evidencia encontrada sugiere mejores desenlaces con el uso rutinario de pledgets


Introduction. The management of penetrating cardiac injury is challenging since it requires rapid surgical ma-nagement to avoid a fatal outcome. Multiple prognostic factors have been described, however, the relationship between the time of arrival to the operating room and the use of pledgets with mortality has not been documented.Methods. A cross-sectional retrospective observational study was conducted from 2011 to 2018 in a university hospital in the city of Medellín. Records of patients with confirmed penetrating cardiac injury were evaluated, and univariate, bivariate, and multivariate analyzes were performed, as well as survival curves.Results. Unstable patients or patients with cardiac tamponade who arrive to the operating room after 4 minutes after being admitted to the emergency room are four times more likely to die than those who arrive to the operating room earlier (RR 4.1 95% CI 1.43­12.07). The use of pledgets in the repair of the cardiac wound corresponds to a protective factor for patients, with an adjusted OR of 2.5 (95% CI 1.124-5.641). The type of trauma, intraoperative arrhythmia and the shock index on admission were also prognostic factors. Discussion. The effect of the time of arrival to the operating room on mortality is documented, which will allow in the future to generate changes in the management of these patients based on these times. The evidence found suggests better outcomes with the routine use of pledgets


Subject(s)
Humans , Wounds, Penetrating , Emergencies , Time-to-Treatment , Surgical Procedures, Operative , Mortality , Heart Injuries
16.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 36(3): 493-498, 20210000. tab, fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1254336

ABSTRACT

Introducción. Los pacientes que sufren algún tipo de trauma tienen una presentación clínica muy variable, por lo que se han diseñado pautas diagnósticas y terapéuticas con el fin de disminuir el número de laparotomías innecesarias. Las herramientas actuales para la predicción de infección intraabdominal, permiten intervenciones tempranas en los pacientes con alto riesgo y un mejor seguimiento clínico posoperatorio. El objetivo de este trabajo fue realizar un estudio de los factores asociados al desarrollo de las infecciones intraabdominales o sepsis abdominal posterior a laparotomía por trauma penetrante. Métodos. Estudio descriptivo de una cohorte de pacientes atendidos por trauma abdominal penetrante en el Hospital Universitario de Santander, Bucaramanga, Colombia, entre enero de 2016 y diciembre de 2018. El análisis de datos se realizó en el software Stata®, versión 14 (StataCorp. LP, College Station, TX, USA). Resultados. Se incluyeron 174 pacientes con edad media de 32 años, el 10,9 % (n=19) de los pacientes presentaron sepsis abdominal, de este grupo el 94,7 % (n=18) requirieron reintervención quirúrgica (p < 0,0001). La mortalidad general del grupo fue de 5,1 % (n=9), sin diferencia significativa entre los pacientes con o sin sepsis abdominal. Discusión. Dentro de los diferentes desenlaces asociados a laparotomía por trauma, se describe la sepsis abdominal como una de las complicaciones que genera morbilidad significativa, con aumento en la estancia hospitalaria, necesidad de reintervención, aumento en los costos de atención y disminución en la calidad de vida, factores en concordancia con los hallazgos del presente estudio


Introduction. Patients who suffer some type of trauma have a highly variable presentation, which is why diagnostic and therapeutic guidelines have been designed in order to reduce the number of unnecessary laparotomies. Current tools for the prediction of intra-abdominal infections allow early interventions in high-risk patients and a better postoperative clinical follow-up. The objective of this article was to study the factors associated with the development of intra-abdominal infections or abdominal sepsis after laparotomy due to penetrating trauma. Methods. Descriptive study of a cohort of patients treated for penetrating abdominal trauma at the Santander University Hospital, Bucaramanga, Colombia, between January 2016 and December 2018. Data analysis was performed using Stata® software, version 14 (Stata corp. LP, College Station, TX, USA). Results. A total of 174 patients with a mean age of 32 years were included, 10.9% (n=19) of the patients presented abdominal sepsis, of this group 94.7% (n=18) had a surgical reintervention (p < 0.0001). The overall mortality of the group was 5.1% (n=9) with no significant difference between patients with or without abdominal sepsis. Discussion. Among the different outcomes associated with laparotomy due to trauma, abdominal sepsis is described as one of the complications that generates significant morbidity, with an increase in hospital stay, the need for reoperation, an increase in care costs and a decrease in quality of life, factors in agreement with the findings of the present study


Subject(s)
Humans , Surgical Procedures, Operative , Wounds and Injuries , Open Abdomen Techniques , Mortality , Sepsis , Control , Laparotomy
17.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 36(3): 545-548, 20210000. fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1254391

ABSTRACT

Introducción. La incidencia de lesiones traumáticas del páncreas es baja debido a su localización retroperitoneal, y las lesiones aisladas son excepcionales debido a la proximidad del páncreas a otros órganos y estructuras vasculares. Caso clínico. Presentamos el caso de un varón de 21 años con lesión aislada del páncreas tras traumatismo abdominal cerrado, que precisó manejo quirúrgico. Discusión. Las lesiones pancreáticas aisladas secundarias a traumatismo son raras, pero debemos tenerlas en cuenta en un paciente politraumatizado. Su diagnóstico precoz y manejo adecuado son cruciales para evitar el desarrollo de complicaciones


Introduction. The incidence of traumatic injuries to the pancreas is low due to its retroperitoneal location, and isolated injuries are rare due to the proximity of the pancreas to other vascular organs and structures. Clinical case. We present the case of a 21-year-old man with an isolated lesion of the pancreas after blunt abdominal trauma, which required surgical management.Discussion. Isolated pancreatic injuries secondary to trauma are rare but must be taken into account in a multiple trauma patient. Its early diagnosis and proper management are crucial to avoid the development of complications


Subject(s)
Humans , Pancreas , Surgical Procedures, Operative , Wounds and Injuries , Cholangiopancreatography, Endoscopic Retrograde , Classification , Diagnosis
18.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 58(1): 61-70, Jan.-Mar. 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1248985

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Fluorescent imaging with indocyanine green is an emerging technology whose benefits are put in perspective. OBJECTIVE: This article reports essential principles and approaches of intraoperative fluorescence in general surgery bringing familiarity to its practical usage. Our group describes possible pitfalls and provides tips and tricks for training surgeons making their attempts easier and reproducible during practice. METHODS: This study overviews the most structured concepts, practical applications and its tricks in robotic fluorescence guided imaging surgery with indocyanine green. Possible pitfalls are emphasized and emerging fields of application are put in a perspective. RESULTS: Guided information and practical applications in several surgical fields are described for a safe and reproducible indocyanine green fluorescence imaging use. CONCLUSION: Robotic assisted surgery combined to fluorescence imaging technology represents a logical evolution in image guided surgery and technology familiarity with guided information may represent a wider and safer spectrum of use in surgeons' hands.


RESUMO CONTEXTO: A imagem fluorescente com verde de indocianina (VI) é uma técnica cirúrgica emergente na cirurgia robótica. OBJETIVO: Este artigo relata princípios e abordagens essenciais da fluorescência intraoperatória para sua prática em cirurgia geral. Nosso grupo descreve possíveis armadilhas e apresenta dicas e truques para treinar cirurgiões, tornando o uso do VI reprodutível. MÉTODOS: Este estudo apresenta uma visão geral dos conceitos e aplicações práticas da imagem guiada por fluorescência com VI na cirurgia robótica. As possíveis armadilhas são enfatizadas e os campos de aplicação emergentes são colocados em perspectiva. RESULTADOS: Aplicações práticas em vários campos cirúrgicos são descritas para um uso seguro e reprodutível de imagens de fluorescência com VI. CONCLUSÃO: A cirurgia assistida por robótica combinada à tecnologia de imagem de fluorescência representa uma evolução lógica na cirurgia guiada por imagem e a familiaridade desta técnica pode representar um ganho da qualidade cirúrgica.


Subject(s)
Humans , Surgical Procedures, Operative , Coloring Agents , Optical Imaging , Indocyanine Green
19.
Rev. colomb. anestesiol ; 49(1): e601, Jan.-Mar. 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1149801

ABSTRACT

Abstract A frequent complication after limb amputation is the appearance of phantom limb syndrome, a phenomenon that has also been studied in the amputation of different body parts. Cases reported in relation to ophthalmologic surgery are few and evidence is limited in terms of specific management, which makes this a very important study. We report the case of a patient diagnosed with phantom eye syndrome in the post-operative period of an orbital exenteration surgery. A comprehensive approach was taken with multimodal symptom management, including intervention treatment. Significant improvement regarding the pain was achieved; however, non-painful phantom sensations persisted. Upon reviewing the available literature on the subject, its pathophysiology is not fully elucidated. Its incidence is highly variable, as well as the symptoms' appearance. The presence of headache and eye pain prior to surgery seem to be risk factors. Climate and psychological stress are exacerbating factors of the symptomatology. No high-quality evidence was found in terms of management guidelines, with the use of antidepressants, anticonvulsants and opioids being the most recommended. Interventional management is an option according to the characteristics of the pain and associated symptoms.


Resumen Una complicación frecuente luego de la amputación de alguna extremidad es la aparición del síndrome de miembro fantasma, fenómeno que también se ha descrito en la amputación de diferentes partes del cuerpo. Los casos reportados en relación con cirugía oftalmológica son pocos y la evidencia es limitada en cuanto a manejo específico, lo cual justifica la descripción de este caso de interés. Reportamos el caso de una paciente a quien se diagnosticó síndrome de ojo fantasma en el periodo posoperatorio de una cirugía de exenteración orbitaria. Se realizó un enfoque integral con manejo multimodal de los síntomas, incluyendo tratamiento intervencionista. Se logró una notable mejoría del dolor; sin embargo, las sensaciones fantasma no dolorosas persistieron. Al revisar la literatura disponible sobre el tema, la fisiopatología no está totalmente dilucidada. La incidencia es muy variable, así como el tiempo de aparición de los síntomas. La presencia de cefalea y dolor ocular previos a la cirugía parecen ser factores de riesgo. El clima y el estrés psicológico son factores exacerbantes de la sintomatología. No se encontró evidencia de alta calidad en cuanto a pautas de manejo, siendo lo más recomendado el uso de antidepresivos, anticonvulsivantes y opioides. El manejo intervencionista es una opción de acuerdo a las características del dolor y síntomas asociados.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Phantom Limb , Postoperative Period , Amputation , Phantom Limb/diagnosis , Surgical Procedures, Operative
20.
Rev. colomb. anestesiol ; 49(1): e300, Jan.-Mar. 2021.
Article in English | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1149794

ABSTRACT

Abstract Hip fracture is one of the major public healthcare problems in elderly patients around the world, mainly because of the risk of falls and osteoporosis which are typical during this stage of life, and may be the cause for up to 36% of deaths among those affected. Its management in principle is surgical and the best results are achieved with patients undergoing surgery during the first 24 to 72 hours after the fracture. Any delays in surgery are mostly associated with decompensated personal pathological factors, delays in perioperative assessment, or in presurgical complementary tests; sometimes, the delays are the result of administrative formalities of the healthcare providers. These determining factors may affect both morbidity and mortality, and contribute to functional decline, disability, and reduced quality of life of these patients. A third party intervention is then necessary to improve the preventable factors that delay the osteosynthesis in these types of fractures, in addition to ensuring education, infrastructure, inputs, skilled human resources, and prompt referral of patients from the first level of care. Investigating this scenario and assessing the quality of life impact on these patients should be a priority.


Resumen La fractura de cadera representa uno de los problemas de salud pública más grandes en los pacientes ancianos en todo el mundo, principalmente, por el riesgo de caídas y la osteoporosis típicos en esta etapa de la vida, que puede causar la muerte de hasta el 36 % de los afectados; su manejo es en principio quirúrgico y los mejores resultados se presentan cuando se interviene en las primeras 24 a 72 horas después de la fractura. El retraso en la corrección quirúrgica está asociado principalmente a factores patológicos personales no compensados, demora en la valoración perioperatoria o en los estudios complementarios prequirúrgicos, o por trámites administrativos de las empresas prestadoras de servicios de salud. Estos determinantes pueden afectar la morbimortalidad y contribuir a un deterioro funcional, incapacidad y pérdida de la calidad de vida de estos pacientes. Se hace necesaria una intervención por parte de terceros para mejorar los factores prevenibles que retrasan la osteosíntesis de este tipo de fracturas; además, asegurar educación, infraestructura, insumos, talento humano capacitado y remisión rápida de pacientes desde el primer nivel de atención. Investigar en este escenario y evaluar los efectos en la calidad de vida de estos pacientes debería ser una prioridad.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Surgical Procedures, Operative/methods , Time-to-Treatment , Hip Fractures , Quality of Life , Mortality , Fractures, Bone , Osteoporotic Fractures , Intraoperative Complications
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