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1.
Clin. biomed. res ; 41(4): 306-312, 2021. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1349512

ABSTRACT

Introdução: A apendicectomia é o tratamento de escolha da apendicite aguda. Embora a preferência pelas técnicas minimamente invasivas seja tendência mundial, a cirurgia aberta ainda é realidade na maioria dos hospitais públicos. O índice de complicações pós-operatórias varia de acordo com a técnica cirúrgica empregada. O presente estudo objetiva comparar a incidência de complicações pós-operatórias entre a apendicectomia aberta e laparoscópica. Métodos: Coorte retrospectiva incluindo pacientes submetidos à apendicectomia no Hospital de Pronto Socorro de Porto Alegre entre novembro de 2015 a novembro de 2019. Foram avaliados dados demográficos, tempo de evolução dos sintomas, técnica cirúrgica, achados transoperatórios, necessidade de drenos ou ostomias, tempo cirúrgico, tempo de internação, experiência do cirurgião e desfechos. Resultados: Foram incluídos 358 pacientes, com idade de 32 ± 13,8 anos, e predomínio do sexo masculino (58,9%); 58,1% foram submetidos a cirurgia aberta, 41,9% a laparoscopia e 8% necessitaram conversão. As apendicites foram classificadas como complicadas em um terço dos casos. O tempo cirúrgico foi menor na cirurgia aberta (79,3 ± 38,8 vs. 104 ± 35,2 minutos; p < 0,001). O índice de complicações pós-operatórias foi de 21,2%, sendo significativamente maior na técnica aberta (26,4% vs. 13%; p = 0,003). O tempo de internação, a necessidade de reintervenção e mortalidade não apresentaram diferença entre as técnicas. Conclusão: Embora a apendicectomia aberta seja um procedimento seguro, com bons resultados e baixa morbimortalidade, a laparoscopia oferece potenciais vantagens em termos de evolução pós-operatória, inclusive em casos complicados. Deve ser indicada rotineiramente havendo disponibilidade de material e capacitação da equipe cirúrgica. (AU)


Introduction: Appendectomy is the treatment of choice for acute appendicitis. Although the preference for minimally invasive techniques is a worldwide trend, open surgery remains a reality in most public hospitals. The rate of postoperative complications varies according to the surgical technique employed. The present study aimed to compare the incidence of postoperative complications between open and laparoscopic appendectomy. Methods: This retrospective cohort study included patients undergoing appendectomy at the Hospital de Pronto Socorro de Porto Alegre between November 2015 and November 2019. Demographic and clinical data, duration of symptoms, surgical technique, intraoperative findings, use of abdominal drains or stomas, operative time, length of stay, surgeon's experience, and outcomes were assessed. Results: Three hundred and fifty-eight patients were included, predominantly male (58.9%), with a mean age of 32 ± 13.8 years; 58.1% underwent open surgery, 41.9% underwent laparoscopic surgery, and 8% required conversion. One third of the cases were classified as complicated. The mean operative time was shorter for open surgery (79.3 ± 38.8 vs. 104 ± 35.2 minutes; p < 0.001). The rate of postoperative complications was 21.2%, with a significantly higher incidence in the open technique (26.4% vs. 13%; p = 0.003). Length of stay, reoperation rate, and mortality did not differ between the techniques. Conclusions: Although open appendectomy is a safe and efficient procedure, associated with low morbidity and mortality rates, laparoscopy provides potential clinically beneficial advantages in terms of postoperative outcomes, even in complicated cases. Therefore, it should be routinely performed where laparoscopic equipment and skillful staff are available. (AU)


Subject(s)
Appendectomy/adverse effects , Surgical Procedures, Operative/statistics & numerical data , Laparoscopy , Postoperative Complications
2.
J. health med. sci. (Print) ; 6(3): 233-241, jul.-sept. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1380130

ABSTRACT

La actividad quirúrgica es una dimensión de enorme importancia en la actividad asistencial, ya que, se ha determinado que el fortalecimiento de la capacidad quirúrgica, sobre todo en los hospitales, sería un medio sumamente costo eficiente de reducir la carga mundial de morbilidad. Actualmente en Chile la productividad hospitalaria es seguida y medida mediante diferentes indicadores (compromisos de gestión y balance score card) que principalmente se enfocan en el uso eficiente de los recursos. Estos indicadores se obtienen de los diferentes sistemas de registros como REM (resumen estadístico mensual) y GRD (grupo relacionado diagnóstico). El objetivo de este estudio es describir los principales indicadores de producción quirúrgica del hospital Juan Noé Crevani entre los años 2015 al 2019. Se realizó un estudio observacional, descriptivo, longitudinal y retrospectivo de la producción quirúrgica del Hospital Juan Noé Crevani en los años 2015 al 2019. Se observa en los registros estadísticos de producción en Hospital Juan Noé Crevani según REM, una variación en el trabajo de los pabellones quirúrgicos durante los años estudiados, junto a un aumento en la dotación de pabellones quirúrgicos, específicamente un aumento en la cantidad de horas disponibles para cirugía y un aumento en el número de intervenciones en el tiempo. Además, se observa una disminución del porcentaje de suspensiones. Las estancias medias en preoperatorios de las intervenciones programadas están cercanas a 0 evidenciando una buena gestión pre quirúrgica. Se observa una mejora en la media de los días pre quirúrgicos del servicio de cirugía en comparación al servicio de traumatología. En los años 2017 y 2018 se registra una mayor frecuencia de cirugía mayor ambulatoria. Los datos obtenidos a través de GRD se diferencian de los REM por el uso de diagnósticos CIE-10 y procedimientos CIE-9. Según los expertos, estos son los datos más correctos para poder tomar medidas de gestión clínica. Ambas herramientas no son comparables, pero mediante sus indicadores se pueden utilizar los recursos quirúrgicos en su máximo potencial.


Surgical activity is a very important dimension in healthcare activity, since it has been determined that strengthening surgical capacity, especially in hospitals, would be a highly cost-efficient means of reducing the global burden of morbidity. Currently in Chile, hospital productivity is monitored and measured through different indicators (management commitments and scorecard) that mainly focus on the efficient use of resources. These indicators are obtained from the different registry systems such as REM (monthly statistical summary) and GRD (diagnostic related group). The purpose of this study is to describe the main indicators of surgical production of the Juan Noé Crevani Hospital between the years 2015 to 2019. An observational, descriptive, longitudinal and retrospective study of the surgical production of the Juan Noé Crevani Hospital was carried out in the years 2015 to 2019. Statistical records of production in Hospital Juan Noé Crevani according to REM, where the variation in the work of surgical wards is observed over the years, shows an increase in the number of surgical wards, specifically an increase in the number of hours available for surgery and thus the number of interventions has been increasing over time. In addition, the percentage of suspensions has improved, and elective major outpatient surgeries have a tendency to increase over the years. Juan Noé Crevani Hospital surgical production according to IR-GRD, between 50 and 54% of hospital discharges have surgical intervention. The preoperative MEs of the scheduled interventions are close to 0, showing good pre-surgical management. The surgery service has improved the average number of pre-surgical days compared to the trauma service. in 2017 and 2018 there was a higher frequency of major outpatient surgery. The data obtained through DRGs differ from REM data due to the use of ICD-10 diagnoses and ICD-9 procedures. According to experts, these are the most correct data to be able to take clinical management measures. Both tools are not comparable, but through their indicators, surgical resources can be used to their maximum potential.


Subject(s)
Humans , Surgical Procedures, Operative/statistics & numerical data , Hospitals/statistics & numerical data , Retrospective Studies , Hospitalization , Length of Stay
3.
Clinics ; 75: e1923, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1133461

ABSTRACT

The coronavirus disease (COVID-19) outbreak </mac_aq>started in Wuhan, China, in December 2019, and evolved into a global problem in a short period. The pandemic has led to many social and health-care challenges. In this context, surgery is an area that is facing the need for many adaptations. In this systematic literature review, we analyzed different perspectives concerning this situation, aiming to provide recommendations that could guide surgeons and </mac_aq>entities toward screening, elective and emergency surgeries, decision making, and operating room management. A computerized search in PubMed, Scopus, and Scientific Electronic Library Online (SciELO) for relevant literature up to April 4, 2020, was performed. Articles were included if they were related to surgery dynamics in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic. Of the 281 articles found in our initial search and 15 articles from alternative sources, 39 were included in our review after a systematic evaluation. Concerning preoperative testing </mac_aq>for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 infection, 29 (74.4%) articles recommended some kind of </mac_aq>screening. Another major suggestion was postponing all (or at least selected) elective operations (29 articles, </mac_aq>74.4%). Several additional recommendations with respect to surgical practice or surgical staff were also assessed and discussed, such as performing laparoscopic surgeries and avoiding the use of electrocauterization. On the basis of the current literature, we concluded that any surgery that can be delayed should be postponed. COVID-19 screening is strongly recommended for all surgical cases. Moreover, surgical staff should be reduced to the essential members and provided with institutional psychological support.


Subject(s)
Humans , Operating Rooms/organization & administration , Pneumonia, Viral/prevention & control , Coronavirus Infections/prevention & control , Decision Making , Pandemics/prevention & control , Betacoronavirus , Pneumonia, Viral/epidemiology , Surgical Procedures, Operative/standards , Surgical Procedures, Operative/statistics & numerical data , Triage/methods , Coronavirus Infections/epidemiology , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19
4.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 24(12): 4555-4568, dez. 2019. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1055749

ABSTRACT

Resumo Este estudo explorou os efeitos da crise financeira nas receitas e despesas, na produção de serviços e indicadores de saúde e de desempenho no município do Rio de Janeiro no período de 2013 a 2018. Analisou-se receitas, despesas, parâmetros de provisão de serviços e indicadores de desempenho e de saúde, a partir de dados de acesso livre e restrito. Utilizou-se a análise institucional de Giddens. As receitas e despesas sofreram redução, sendo maiores nos investimentos e receitas não vinculadas. A provisão de serviços encolheu, com queda da cobertura na Atenção Primária, produção ambulatorial, internações totais, número de leitos, médicos e agentes comunitários de saúde, cirurgias realizadas e taxa de ocupação de hospitais. Os tempos de espera para ambulâncias, exames e consultas ambulatoriais, bem como o número de solicitações pendentes na regulação aumentaram. Indicadores de saúde e desempenho persistiram, em sua maioria, dentro dos parâmetros anteriores, corroborando a potência assistencial da Atenção Primária, apesar do impacto financeiro e estrutural da austeridade. A conjuntura atual ameaça o direito à saúde e as respostas governamentais, como a desvinculação de receitas, sinalizam uma ampliação desse risco.


Abstract This study aimed to portray the effects of the Brazilian financial crisis, and especially in Rio de Janeiro in the 2013-18 period. We analyzed revenues, expenditure, service provision, and health performance indicators from free access and restricted data. We adopted the Giddens' Structuration Theory. Revenues and expenditures shrunk, and this reduction was higher for investments and unlinked revenues. The provision of services declined, resulting in decreased primary care coverage, outpatient production, total hospital admissions, number of beds, doctors, community health workers, surgeries performed, and hospital occupancy rate. An increase was observed in waiting times for ambulances, exams and outpatient visits, as well as the number of pending requests in regulation. Health and performance indicators remained mostly unchanged, within previous parameters, corroborating the care capacity of PHC, despite financial and structural contingencies imposed by austerity. The current situation threatens the right to health, and governmental response, such as unlinking revenues, point to an increased risk of this occurrence.


Subject(s)
Humans , Primary Health Care/economics , Health Expenditures , Delivery of Health Care/economics , Economic Recession , Income , Primary Health Care/statistics & numerical data , Surgical Procedures, Operative/statistics & numerical data , Time Factors , Bed Occupancy/statistics & numerical data , Brazil , Health Care Rationing , Cities , Delivery of Health Care/statistics & numerical data , Ambulatory Care/economics , Hospitalization/statistics & numerical data
5.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 46(4): e2211, 2019. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1020368

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo: avaliar a aplicabilidade do sistema de classificação de cores "Timing of Acute Care Surgery" (TACS) em um hospital público terciário de um país em desenvolvimento. Métodos: estudo longitudinal, retrospectivo, de um único centro, de março a agosto de 2016 e o mesmo período em 2017. Optou-se pela seleção de quatro especialidades cirúrgicas com alta demanda de urgências, as quais foram previamente treinadas sobre o sistema TACS. Para comparação com as classificações prévias de urgência e emergência, emergências foram consideradas como vermelhas e laranjas e urgências como amarelas, com intervalo de tempo ideal para cirurgia de uma hora e de seis horas, respectivamente. Resultados: os procedimentos não eletivos representaram 61% do número total de cirurgias. As classificações vermelha, laranja e amarela foram predominantes. Houve melhora significativa do tempo para a cirurgia na cor amarela após o sistema TACS. Períodos diurnos e noturnos influenciaram os resultados, com melhores resultados durante o período noturno. Conclusão: este é o primeiro estudo que usou o sistema TACS no dia a dia de um centro cirúrgico, e demonstrou que o sistema TACS melhorou o tempo de atendimento das cirurgias classificadas como amarelas.


ABSTRACT Objective: to evaluate the applicability of the "Timing of Acute Care Surgery" (TACS) color classification system in a tertiary public hospital of a developing country. Methods: we conducted a longitudinal, retrospective study in a single center, from March to August 2016 and the same period in 2017. We opted for the selection of four surgical specialties with high demand for emergencies, previously trained on the TACS system. For comparisons with the previous classifications, we considered emergencies as reds and oranges and urgencies, as yellow, with an ideal time interval for surgery of one hour and six hours, respectively. Results: non-elective procedures accounted for 61% of the total number of surgeries. The red, orange and yellow classifications were predominant. There was a significant improvement in the time before surgery in the yellow color after the TACS system. Day and night periods influenced the results, with better ones during the night. Conclusion: this is the first study to use the TACS system in the daily routine of an operating room. The TACS system improved the time of attendance of surgeries classified as yellow.


Subject(s)
Humans , Triage/methods , Emergency Treatment/classification , Operating Rooms , Specialties, Surgical/classification , Specialties, Surgical/statistics & numerical data , Surgical Procedures, Operative/classification , Surgical Procedures, Operative/statistics & numerical data , Time Factors , Brazil , Retrospective Studies , Longitudinal Studies , Operating Room Information Systems , Color , Emergencies , Emergency Treatment/statistics & numerical data , Tertiary Care Centers
7.
Rev. bras. cir. plást ; 33(2): 181-186, abr.-jun. 2018. ilus
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-909403

ABSTRACT

Introdução: Desde a década de 1980, com Illouz, a lipoaspiração ganhou popularidade e representa hoje um dos procedimentos mais realizados no mundo. Algumas de suas complicações são graves e potencialmente letais. Não existe, contudo, uma uniformidade em sua prática ou no seu ensino. A avaliação das técnicas empregadas por cirurgiões plásticos pode ser o início de uma padronização. Métodos: Foi aplicado um questionário sobre lipoaspiração no 52º Congresso Brasileiro de Cirurgia Plástica para cirurgiões plásticos de diferentes faixas etárias e regiões do Brasil, presentes no evento. Resultados: Foram contabilizados 243 questionários preenchidos (n = 243). O número médio de incisões foi de 9 (2 - 16). Duzentos e quarenta e um cirurgiões (99%) realizam incisões na linha mediana/ paramediana anteriormente e 236 (97%) incisam na linha mediana/paramediana na região posterior. Aproximadamente metade dos questionados utilizam a anestesia geral. Duzentos e nove cirurgiões (86%) posicionam o paciente em decúbito ventral durante o procedimento. A lipoaspiração superficial é realizada por 146 (60%) entrevistados, sendo que 22 (9%) fazem a aspiração apenas desta camada adiposa. Oitenta e cinco (35%) participantes relatam controlar a pressão do aparelho durante o procedimento. Conclusão: A lipoaspiração realizada no Brasil apresenta grande variação técnica. Essa constatação nos faz refletir sobre a necessidade de uma uniformização de sua prática e ensino a fim de aumentar o controle e a segurança do procedimento.


Introduction: Since the 1980s, with Illouz, liposuction has gained popularity and represents one of the most commonly performed procedures in the world today. Some of the complications are serious and potentially lethal. Nevertheless, uniformity in its practice or the manner in which it is taught does not exist. Evaluating techniques employed by plastic surgeons may be the start toward standardization. Methods: A questionnaire on liposuction was given to plastic surgeons of different age groups and from regions of Brazil who were present at the 52nd Brazilian Conference for Plastic Surgery. Results: Two hundred forty-three questionnaires were filled out (n = 243). The average number of incisions was 9 (2­16). Two hundred fortyone surgeons (99%) made incisions along the anterior median/ paramedian line, and 236 (97%) made incisions on the posterior median/paramedian line. Approximately half of those surveyed utilized general anesthesia. Two hundred nine surgeons (86%) placed the patient in the prone position during the procedure. One hundred forty-six (60%) interviewees performed superficial liposuction, with 22 (9%) performing liposuction only on this adipose layer. Eighty-five (35%) participants reported controlling the apparatus's pressure during the procedure. Conclusion: Liposuction procedures performed in Brazil have significant technical variations. This finding encourages us to reflect on the need to standardize liposuction practice and the manner in which it is taught so as to increase control over the procedure and its safety.


Subject(s)
Humans , History, 21st Century , Patients , Reference Standards , Surgical Procedures, Operative , Back , Lipectomy , Surveys and Questionnaires , Patient Selection , Subcutaneous Fat, Abdominal , Patient Positioning , Surgeons , Anesthesia , Surgical Procedures, Operative/standards , Surgical Procedures, Operative/statistics & numerical data , Back/surgery , Lipectomy/methods , Lipectomy/statistics & numerical data , Surveys and Questionnaires/statistics & numerical data , Subcutaneous Fat, Abdominal/abnormalities , Subcutaneous Fat, Abdominal/surgery , Patient Positioning/methods , Patient Positioning/statistics & numerical data , Surgeons/standards , Surgeons/ethics , Anesthesia/methods , Anesthesia/statistics & numerical data
9.
Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. (En línea) ; 83(4): 352-358, 2018. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-978106

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Objetivos: El objetivo del estudio es observar los beneficios de la entrada laparoscópica con trocar para la óptica, tras la insuflación previa con aguja de Veress en punto de Palmer, hasta conseguir una presión intraabdominal de 25 mmHg. Material y método: Estudio prospectivo de 115 cirugías laparoscópicas realizadas con la técnica anteriormente descrita, por el mismo equipo quirúrgico; de julio de 2014 a marzo de 2018, en el Departamento de Ginecología del Hospital General Santa María del Puerto. Resultados: El tiempo medio de las maniobras de acceso fue de 175 segundos. En el 84.3 % de las ocasiones, el acceso a la cavidad abdominal se consiguió en el primer intento. Sólo en dos ocasiones (1.7%), fue necesario cambiar la técnica de acceso. No se objetivó ninguna complicación o efecto adverso en el 96.5% de las cirugías. En dos pacientes (1.7%) se produjo un enfisema subcutáneo, en una ocasión un enfisema epiploico (0.9%) y en una paciente (0.9%), se objetivó una ligera intolerancia anestésica durante la realización del neumoperitoneo. No se registró durante el estudio ninguna complicación mayor asociada a las maniobras de acceso. Conclusiones: La entrada con presiones altas intraabdominales tras insuflación con aguja de Veress en punto de Palmer, es una técnica segura y reproducible para evitar complicaciones mayores, durante las maniobras de acceso a cavidad abdominal. Además, esta técnica no produce efectos adversos anestésicos relevantes secundarios a las altas presiones en pacientes sanas, debido al escaso tiempo durante el que se mantienen las mismas.


ABSTRACT Objectives: The aim of the study is to observe the benefits of laparoscopic trocar entry for optics, after previous insufflation with Veress needle at Palmer's point, until an intra-abdominal pressure of 25 mmHg is achieved. Material and method: Prospective study of 115 laparoscopic surgeries performed with the previously described technique, by the same surgical team; from July 2014 to March 2018, in the Department of Gynecology of the Hospital General Santa María del Puerto. Results: The average time of access maneuvers was 175 seconds. In 84.3% of the cases, access to the abdominal cavity was achieved on the first attempt. Only on two occasions (1.7%), it was necessary to change the access technique. No complication or adverse effect was found in 96.5% of the surgeries. Subcutaneous emphysema (1.7%) occurred in two patients, epiploic emphysema (0.9%) and in one patient (0.9%), a slight anesthetic intolerance was observed during the pneumoperitoneum. No major complications associated with the access maneuvers were recorded during the study. Conclusions: The entry with high intra-abdominal pressures after insufflation with Veress needle at Palmer's point, is a safe and reproducible technique to avoid major complications, during maneuvers of access to the abdominal cavity. In addition, this technique does not produce relevant adverse anesthetic effects secondary to high pressures in healthy patients, due to the short time during which they remain.


Subject(s)
Humans , Surgical Procedures, Operative/statistics & numerical data , Surgical Instruments , Laparoscopy/methods , Digestive System Diseases/surgery , Abdomen/surgery , Laparotomy/methods , Needles , Prospective Studies , Laparoscopes , Observational Study , Laparotomy/adverse effects
10.
West Indian med. j ; 67(spe): 488-492, 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1045874

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Increasing life-expectancy globally and in the Caribbean region has led to an increased proportion of the population being categorized as elderly. The ageing population frequently require elective and emergency surgical procedures often with considerable morbidity and mortality. The amount of strain this paradigm can cause in any healthcare system is a huge challenge for the coming generations. In the Caribbean Islands, these challenges are compounded by several unique factors. This article reviews the impact of ageing upon surgery and associated specialties including anaesthesia and intensive care, with special reference to the Caribbean healthcare sector and attempts to provide some suggestions to mitigate such challenges in the near future.


RESUMEN El aumento de la expectativa de vida tanto a nivel mundial como en la región del Caribe ha llevado a una mayor proporción de la población en la categoría de ancianos. La población en proceso de envejecimiento frecuentemente requiere procedimientos quirúrgicos electivos y de emergencia, acompañados a menudo de considerable morbilidad y mortalidad. La tremenda tensión que este paradigma puede causar en cualquier sistema de salud representa un desafío enorme para las generaciones venideras. En las islas del Caribe, estos desafíos se agravan por varios factores únicos. Este artículo examina el impacto del envejecimiento en la cirugía y las especialidades asociadas incluyendo anestesia y cuidados intensivos, con especial referencia al sector de la salud del Caribe, a la par que persigue brindar algunas sugerencias para mitigar estos desafíos en un futuro cercano.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Surgical Procedures, Operative/statistics & numerical data , Life Expectancy , Frail Elderly , Hospital Mortality , Risk Factors
11.
Rev. guatemalteca cir ; 23(1): [9-15], ene-dic,2017. Tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-884876

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La colecistectomía, sea a través de una incisión subcostal o videolaparoscópica es la intervención quirúrgica por excelencia para remover la vesícula biliar. El objetivo del estudio es presentar la experiencia acumulada en este tipo de cirugía a través de diez años, sus indicaciones, sus modalidades quirúrgicas, la relación con otras patologías así como las complicaciones de las técnicas empleadas. Metodología: Se incluyen todos los casos quirúrgicos de pacientes con enfermedad de la vesícula y vías biliares ingresados del 01 de enero del 2006 al 31 de diciembre del 2016 en el Departamento de Cirugía del Hospital San Vicente. Resultados: Del 2006 al 2016 se intervinieron 985 pacientes de los cuales, 888 (90.15%) corresponden al sexo femenino. La edad promedio fue de 41 años para ambos sexos, no mostrando diferencias 40.78 vs. 40.95. La colecistitis crónica fue la indicación pre operatoria en el 98.7% y su relación con hernia umbilical fue del 2.23%. La técnica quirúrgica abierta se realizó en 702 (70.27%) y la vía laparoscópica en 260 (26.40%). La tasa global de complicaciones fue del 2.33% (23 / 985 pacientes) siendo el sangrado el más observado en 12 pacientes (1.21%) y la lesión de la vía biliar en 5 (0.50%). Conclusiones: La afección de la vesícula sigue afectando principalmente al sexo femenino, su resolución es esencialmente quirúrgica y en la actualidad la colecistectomía video laparoscópica se considera la cirugía por excelencia, sin que ésta anule la vía abierta por múltiples factores. Es un procedimiento de baja morbilidad y en nuestra serie no se acompañó de mortalidad.


Background: Cholecystectomy, performed with open incision or laparoscopically, by excellence it is the surgery to remove the pathological gallbladder. The aim of this study is to present the experience gained in this type of surgery within ten years, showing indicatons, surgical modalites, and the relaton with other pathologies as well as complicatons of the techniques employed. Methods: All surgical cases of patents with diseased gallbladder and bile ducts are admited from January 01, 2006 to December 31, 2016 in the Department of Surgery of San Vicente Hospital. Results: 985 patents were included, 888 (90.15%) are female. Average age was 41 years old for both sexes, showing no diferences 40.78 vs. 40.95. Chronic Cholecystts was the main preoperatve diagnosis in 98.7%, and its relaton with an umbilical hernia was 2.23%. The open technique was performed on 702 patents (70.27%) and laparoscopic approach on 260 patents (26.40%). The overall complicaton rate was 2.33%. Hemorrhage was the most common in 12 patents (1.21%), and bile duct injury in 5 patents (0.50%). Conclusion: Gallbladder disease is stll more common in women. Treatment is essentally surgical and currently laparoscopic cholecystectomy is considered the standard of care. Cholecystectomy has a low incidence of morbidity and in this study there was no mortality


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Cholecystectomy, Laparoscopic/trends , Cholecystolithiasis/surgery , Gallstones/diagnosis , Surgical Procedures, Operative/statistics & numerical data , Gallbladder/surgery
12.
Cad. Saúde Pública (Online) ; 33(10): e00046216, oct. 2017. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-952319

ABSTRACT

Resumo: O estudo descreve a adesão ao preenchimento do checklist de cirurgia segura e seus respectivos itens pelos profissionais de saúde do centro cirúrgico de um hospital público. Trata-se de um estudo documental e retrospectivo referente ao período entre 2010 e 2015. Os resultados mostram que foram preenchidos 58,5% de checklist em um total de 24.421 cirurgias realizadas. A adesão ao instrumento foi maior nos dias úteis apenas no primeiro ano do estudo, mesmo existindo um profissional específico para seu preenchimento. Houve diferenças no preenchimento entre os momentos cirúrgicos do checklist, e, nos momentos 1 e 2, há itens que nunca foram utilizados como apresentação dos membros da equipe, identificação do paciente e local da cirurgia. Não foram observadas mudanças importantes na adesão ao preenchimento do checklist de cirurgia segura no período do estudo.


Abstract: The study describes adherence to completion of the safe surgery checklist and its respective items by health professionals in a public hospital's surgical center. This was a retrospective document study covering the period from 2010 to 2015. The results show that 58.5% of the checklists were completed out of a total of 24,421 surgeries performed. Checklist adherence was only higher on weekdays in the first year of the study, even though there was a specific professional designated to complete it. There were differences in completion between the surgical times, and in times 1 and 2, there were items that were never used, such as members of the surgical team, patient identification, and place of the surgery. No important changes were observed in adherence to completion of the safe surgery checklist during the study period.


Resumen: El estudio describe la adhesión a la cumplimentación del checklist de cirugía segura y sus respectivos ítems por parte de los profesionales de salud del centro quirúrgico de un hospital público. Se trata de un estudio documental y retrospectivo, referente al período comprendido entre 2010 y 2015. Los resultados muestran que fueron cumplimentados un 58,5% de checklists en un total de 24.421 cirugías realizadas. La adhesión al instrumento fue mayor en los días útiles solamente durante el primer año del estudio, incluso existiendo un profesional específico para su cumplimentación. Hubo diferencias en la cumplimentación entre los momentos quirúrgicos del checklist, y en los momentos 1 y 2, existen ítems que nunca se utilizaron como: presentación de los miembros del equipo, identificación del paciente y lugar de la cirugía. No se observaron cambios importantes en la adhesión a la cumplimentación del checklist de cirugía segura en el período del estudio.


Subject(s)
Humans , Surgical Procedures, Operative/standards , Surgical Procedures, Operative/statistics & numerical data , Guideline Adherence/statistics & numerical data , Checklist/statistics & numerical data , Hospitals, Public/statistics & numerical data , Quality of Health Care , Time Factors , World Health Organization , Brazil , Retrospective Studies , Practice Guidelines as Topic , Checklist/standards , Patient Safety/standards
13.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY, UY-BNMED | ID: biblio-1088659

ABSTRACT

En salud, contribuye a la mejora en la calidad de vida de las personasun sistema de salud eficiente, eficaz y equitativo. En los niños con patología quirúrgica de alta prevalencia el acceso a un servicio cercano a la zona en que residen contribuye a estos objetivos. En un contexto de crisis la Clínica Quirúrgica Pediátrica (CQP) ve una oportunidad para descentralizar. El objetivo es describir el Servicio de Cirugía Pediátrica Descentralizado dependiente de la CQP, entre 2003-2015. Se realizó un análisis documental y la caracterización delservicio. El análisismuestra: 10 unidades de cirugía pediátrica programada, correspondientes a los Hospitales de: las Piedras, Durazno, Centro Hospitalario Pereira Rossell (CHPR), Rocha, Minas, San Carlos, Rivera, Salto, Bella Unión y Florida. Se realizó de 2003 al 2015 un total de 1369 policlínicas, 11265 consultas,345 fechas quirúrgicas y 1994 niños operados. Se integraron 2 Unidades Docentes Asistenciales, y 113 estudiantes: 33 pregrados, 46 practicantes internos y 34 residentes y posgrados. Se realizaron 7 jornadas: "semana de cirugía pediátrica del interior", en el Hospital de Rivera. Se elaboró un manual de procedimientos con funcionarios y autoridades. Se incorporó a los familiares acompañando a los niños en sala de recuperación post- anestésica. El proceso de descentralización se encuentra consolidado, con una experiencia de trabajo interinstitucional entre la academia y el subsector público de salud. Elmismo ha cumplido con los objetivos de brindar una asistencia equitativa, cubriendo una demanda insatisfecha y resolviendo la patología de alta prevalencia en forma oportuna.


In health, an efficient, effective and equitable health system contributes to the improvement of people's quality of life. In children with surgical pathology of high prevalence, the access to a service nearby to the area in which they reside, contributes to these objectives.In a crisis context, the Pediatric Surgical Clinic (PSC) sees the opportunity to decentralize. The objective is to describe the decentralized Service of Pediatric Surgery dependent to the PSC in the period 2003-2015. Following our objective, we made a documentary analysis of the decentralization and a description of the service. The analysis shows: 10 units of pediatric surgery scheduled, corresponding to Hospitals: Las Piedras, Durazno, Centro Hospitalario Pereira Rossell (CHPR), Rocha, Minas, San Carlos, Rivera, Salto, Bella Union and Florida. It has been made between 2003 and 2015 a total of 1369 clinics, corresponding to 11265 consultations, with 345 surgical dates that concluded in 1994 children operated. Two pedagogical units were integrated, and 113 students: 33 undergraduate, 46 internal practitioners and 34 residents and postgraduate. Seven meetings called "week of pediatric surgery" were made in the Rivera Hospital. A procedure manual was developed with officials and authorities. Was included the family members to accompany their children in the post-anesthetic recovery room.The decentralization process is consolidated, with the inter-institutional work experience between the academia and the public health sub-sector. It has fulfilled with the objectives of providing an equal assistance, covering an unsatisfied demand and solving the pathology of high prevalence in a properly manner.


Em saúde, a melhoria da qualidade de vida decorre de um sistema eficiente, eficaz e equitativo. Em crianças com patologia cirúrgica de alta prevalência, o acesso a um serviço próximo da área de residência contribui para esses objetivos. Em um contexto de crise, a Clínica Cirúrgica Pediátrica (CQP) vê uma oportunidade para descentralizar. O objectivo é descrever o Serviço de Cirurgia Pediátrica Descentralizado dependente da CQP, entre os anos de 2003 e 2015. Realizou-se uma análise documental e foi caracterizado o serviço. A análise se refere a 10 unidades de cirurgia pediátrica programada, correspondendo aos hospitais de Las Piedras, Durazno, CHPR, Rocha, Minas, San Carlos, Rivera, Salto, Bella Unión e Florida. No período acima foram realizados 1369 ambulatórios, 11265 consultas, 345 datas cirúrgicas e 1994 cirugias pediátricas. Foram integradas duas Unidades Docentes Assistenciais e participaram 113 estudantes (33 graduandos, 46 praticantes internos, e 34 residentes e pós-graduandos). Foram realizadas 7 jornadas ("Semana de Cirugía Pediátrica del Interior"), no Hospital de Rivera. Foi elaborado um manual de procedimentos, com participação de funcionários e autoridades. As crianças foram acompanhadas por seus familiares na sala de recuperação pós-anestésica. O processo de descentralização está consolidado, com uma experiência de trabalho interinstitucional entre a academia e o subsector público da saúde. Ele atingiu os objetivos de prestar uma assistência equitativa, cobrindo uma demanda insatisfeita e resolvendo a patologia de alta prevalência em tempo hábil.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Pediatrics , Surgical Procedures, Operative/statistics & numerical data , Local Health Systems/organization & administration , Child Health Services/statistics & numerical data , Surgical Procedures, Operative/classification , Uruguay , Retrospective Studies , Health Personnel/education , Clinical Governance
14.
Evid. actual. práct. ambul ; 20(1): 26-27, 2017. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1140764

ABSTRACT

El tratamiento de fracturas desplazadas de húmero proximal puede realizarse de manera conservadora o quirúrgica. A partir de una viñeta clínica en la cual una señora adulta mayor tiene una fractura de húmero proximal por una caída de su propia altura se realizó una búsqueda bibliográfica que identificó una revisión sistemática Cochrane que compara ambas alternativas de tratamiento. Los resultados clínicos que resume esta revisión indican que el tratamiento quirúrgico no sería superior al tratamiento conservador y se asociaría a un número mayor de procedimientos quirúrgicos adicionales. (AU)


The treatment of displaced fracture of the proximal humerus can be managed surgically or conservatively. From a clinical vi-gnette in which an elderly woman suffers a proximal fracture of the humerus due to a fall from her own height, a bibliographic search was run and identified a Cochrane systematic review which compared both treatment options. The clinical results sum-marized in this review indicated that surgical treatment would not be superior to conservative management. Furthermore, surgi-cal treatment would be associated with a greater number of additional surgical procedures. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Shoulder Fractures/surgery , Shoulder Fractures/therapy , Quality of Life , Shoulder Fractures/complications , Shoulder Fractures/mortality , Surgical Procedures, Operative/statistics & numerical data , Accidental Falls , Frail Elderly , Outcome Assessment, Health Care , Conservative Treatment/statistics & numerical data , Systematic Reviews as Topic
15.
Rev. bras. anestesiol ; 66(4): 351-355, tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-787629

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: The World Health Organization (WHO) has recommended greater attention to patient safety, particularly regarding preventable adverse events. The Safe Surgery Saves Lives (CSSV) program was released recommending the application of a surgical checklist for items on the safety of procedures. The checklist implementation reduced the hospital mortality rate in the first 30 days. In Brazil, we found no studies of anesthesiologists’ adherence to the practice of the checklist. Objective: The main objective was to develop a tool to measure the attitude of anesthesiologists and residents regarding the use of checklist in the perioperative period. Method: This was a cross-sectional study performed during the 59th CBA in BH/MG, whose participants were enrolled physicians who responded to the questionnaire with quantitative epidemiological approach. Results: From the sample of 459 participants who answered the questionnaire, 55% were male, 44.2% under 10 years of practice, and 15.5% with over 30 years of medical school completion. Seven items with 78% reliability coefficient were selected. There was a statistically significant difference between the groups of anesthesiologists who reported using the instrument in less or more than 70% of patients, indicating that the attitude questionnaire discriminates between these two groups of professionals. Conclusions: The seven items questionnaire showed adequate internal consistency and a well-defined factor structure, and can be used as a tool to measure the anesthesiologists’ perceptions about the checklist usefulness and applicability.


Resumo Introdução: A Organização Mundial da Saúde (OMS) tem recomendado uma maior atenção com a segurança do paciente, mais especificamente em relação aos eventos adversos evitáveis. Foi lançado o programa “Cirurgia Segura Salva Vidas (CSSV)”, que recomenda a aplicação da lista de verificação cirúrgica (checklist) para a conferência de itens relacionados à segurança do procedimento. A implantação do checklist reduziu a mortalidade hospitalar nos primeiros 30 dias. No Brasil, não foram identificados estudos sobre adesão dos anestesiologistas à prática do checklist. Objetivo: Desenvolvimento de uma ferramenta para mensuração da atitude dos anestesiologistas e residentes em relação ao uso do checklist no período perioperatório. Método: Estudo transversal feito durante o 59° Congresso Brasileiro de Anestesiologia (CBA), em Belo Horizonte (MG), cujos participantes foram médicos inscritos e que responderam ao questionário com abordagem epidemiológica quantitativa. Resultados: A amostra constou de 459 participantes que responderam ao questionário, 55% do sexo masculino, 44,2% com menos de 10 anos e 15,5% acima de 30 anos de conclusão do curso médico. Foram selecionados sete itens com coeficiente de confiabilidade de 78%. Houve diferença estatisticamente significativa entre os grupos de anestesiologistas que referiram usar o instrumento em menos ou mais de 70% dos pacientes assistidos. Isso indica que o questionário de atitudes discrimina entre esses dois grupos de profissionais. Conclusões: O questionário de sete itens mostrou adequada consistência interna e uma estrutura fatorial bem delimitada. Pode ser usado como ferramenta para medida das percepções de anestesiologistas quanto à utilidade e a aplicabilidade do checklist.


Subject(s)
Surgical Procedures, Operative/statistics & numerical data , Brazil , Attitude of Health Personnel , Guideline Adherence/statistics & numerical data , Checklist/methods , Patient Safety/statistics & numerical data , World Health Organization , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Reproducibility of Results , Hospital Mortality , Checklist/statistics & numerical data , Anesthesiologists/statistics & numerical data
16.
Rev. Pesqui. (Univ. Fed. Estado Rio J., Online) ; 8(3): 4813-4820, jul.-set.2016. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: lil-789209

ABSTRACT

Determine the profile of the patients undergone surgical procedures; identify the main surgeries in a health unit; analyse the determinant factors of surgical suspensions. Methods: quantitative approach, descriptive and exploratory. The data collection happened in an archive of a hospital on the State of Rio deJaneiro. Results: from the 260 researched charts, 55 were suspensions (21,2%). There is a tendency that most of the suspensions were from patients above 40 years old. The most common procedures were herniation scorrections (33,8%), prostatectomies (30%), cholelithiasis (26,8%), varices correction (26,1%) and those related to various tumorgenicity (25%). Conclusion: the most found reasons to justify the suspensions were: lack of anestesia (18,2%) and hyperthensive crisis (12,7%); were also found an high index of non declared reasons on the charts (34,5%)...


Determinar o perfil dos pacientes submetidos a procedimentos cirúrgicos; identificar as principais cirurgias realizadas em uma unidade de saúde; analisar os fatores determinantes de suspensões cirúrgicas. Métodos: abordagem quantitativa, descritiva e exploratória. A coleta dedados foi realizada no arquivo de um hospital situado no Estado do Rio de Janeiro. Resultados: dos 260 prontuários pesquisados, observou-se um total de 55 suspensões (21,2%). Notou-se uma tendência de suspensões ocorrerem mais frequentemente em pacientes acima dos 40 anos de idade. Os procedimentos mais comuns foram correções de herniações (33,8%), prostatectomias (30%), colelitíases (26,8%), correção de varizes (26,1%) e aquelas relacionadas à tumorações variadas (25%). Conclusão: os motivos mais encontrados para a justificativa das suspensões foram: falta de anestesista (18,2%) e crises hipertensivas (12,7%); encontrou-se, também, um elevado índice de motivos não declarados em prontuário (34,5%)...


Determinar el perfil de los pacientes sometidos a procedimientos quirúgicos; identificar las principales cirugías en una unidad de salud; analisar los factores determinantes de las suspensiones quirúgicas. Métodos: abordaje cuantitativa, descriptiva y exploratória. La coleta de los dados ocurrió en el arquivo de um hospital localizado en la estado Río de Janeiro. Resultados: de los 260 prontuários pesquisados, tuve 55 suspensiones (21,2%). Fue visualizada una tendencia en las suspensiones, en su mayoría fueron de pacientes con más de 40 años de edad. La mayoría de los procedimientos fueron correcciones de las herniaciones (33,8%), prostatectomías (30%), colelitiasis (26,8%), corrección de varices (26,1%)y las relacionadas a tumoraciones variadas (25%). Conclusión: las raziones más encontradas para justificar las suspensiones fueron: falta de la anestesia (18,2%) y crises hipertensivas (12,7%); fueron encontradas también un elevado índice de motivos no declarados en los prontuários (34,5%)...


Subject(s)
Humans , Operating Room Nursing/statistics & numerical data , Surgical Procedures, Operative/statistics & numerical data , Withholding Treatment/statistics & numerical data , Brazil
17.
Rev. latinoam. enferm. (Online) ; 24: e2677, 2016. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-960965

ABSTRACT

Objective to characterize the access to surgical assistance in Brazil. Method documentary study, with a quantitative approach, developed from information of the Caixa Preta da Saúde [Health Black Box] database, of the Brazilian Medical Association. Results in the one-year period 3773 cases related to health care in Brazil were recorded. There were 458 (12.3%) records on surgical assistance. Of these, most, 339 (74.1%), involved the lack of access in all regions of Brazil. The main access constraint was the prolonged waiting time for surgery. Other constraints were the excessive waiting for medical appointment with experts, doing examinations and cancellation of surgeries. Conclusion the access to surgical assistance, by users of the Brazilian health system, is not widely guaranteed, reinforcing the need for integrated governmental actions, organization of the health care network, management of health care and human resources to overcome the challenges imposed to achieve the Universal Access to Health and Universal Health Coverage.


Objetivo caracterizar o acesso à assistência cirúrgica no Brasil. Método estudo documental, com abordagem quantitativa, desenvolvido a partir de informações do banco de dados A Caixa Preta da Saúde, da Associação Médica Brasileira. Resultados no período de um ano constatou-se 3773 registros relacionados à assistência à saúde no Brasil. Houve 458 (12,3%) registros sobre assistência cirúrgica. Destes, a maioria, 339 (74,1%), envolveu a falta de acesso, em todas as regiões do Brasil. O principal limitante de acesso foi o prolongado tempo de espera para cirurgia. Outros limitantes foram a excessiva espera para consulta com especialistas, realização de exames e cancelamento de cirurgias. Conclusão o acesso à assistência cirúrgica, pelos usuários do sistema de saúde brasileiro, não está amplamente garantido, reforçando a necessidade de ações governamentais integradas, organização da rede de atenção à saúde, gestão dos serviços de saúde e recursos humanos para superação dos desafios impostos ao alcance do Acesso Universal à Saúde e Cobertura Universal de Saúde.


Objetivo caracterizar el acceso a la asistencia quirúrgica en Brasil. Método estudio documental, con enfoque cuantitativo, desarrollado a partir de informaciones del banco de datos la Caja Negra de la Salud (Caixa Preta da Saúde, en portugués), de la Asociación Médica Brasileña. Resultados en el período de un año se constataron 3773 registros relacionados a la asistencia a la salud en Brasil. Hubo 458 (12,3%) registros sobre asistencia quirúrgica. De estos, la mayoría, 339 (74,1%), implicó la falta de acceso a la asistencia quirúrgica, en todas las regiones de Brasil. El principal factor limitante de acceso fue el largo tiempo de espera quirúrgica. Otros limitantes fueron la excesiva espera por una cita con especialistas, por la realización de exámenes y la cancelación de cirugías. Conclusión el acceso a la asistencia quirúrgica por los usuarios del sistema de salud brasileño no está ampliamente garantizado, lo que refuerza la necesidad de acciones gubernamentales integradas, organización de la red de atención a la salud, gestión de los servicios de salud y recursos humanos para superar los retos planteados al alcance del Acceso Universal a la Salud y a la Cobertura Universal de Salud.


Subject(s)
Humans , Surgical Procedures, Operative/statistics & numerical data , Time-to-Treatment/statistics & numerical data , Health Services Accessibility/statistics & numerical data , Brazil , Delivery of Health Care
18.
Rev. bras. cir. plást ; 31(3): 373-379, 2016. tab, ilus
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-2304

ABSTRACT

INTRODUÇÃO: As queimaduras elétricas correspondem de 5 a 15% dos casos de acidentes com queimaduras. A maioria está associada a acidentes do trabalho, nos quais predominam as lesões com alta voltagem (acima de 1.000 Volts), em pacientes do sexo masculino. As taxas de mortalidade variam de 2 a 15%, nos mais diversos centros de queimados. O objetivo é revisar padronização das etapas cirúrgicas na fase aguda de desbridamento (primeiros 15 dias) pela comparação de dosagem de creatofosfoquinase, hidratação venosa e fotografias para a aplicação de uma rotina de etapas cirúrgicas. MÉTODOS: Trata-se de um estudo quantitativo, prospectivo, realizado em um hospital público da cidade de Fortaleza, CE, entre julho de 2013 a dezembro de 2015. A população foi composta por adultos jovens, entre 15 e 50 anos, de ambos os sexos, vítimas de queimaduras por choque elétrico, com lesão de terceiro grau, no mínimo muscular. RESULTADOS: Foram realizados 12 procedimentos cirúrgicos de amputações nos 15 pacientes do estudo (60%). Seis pacientes não sofreram amputação (40%). Um paciente sofreu três procedimentos de amputação no mesmo membro (pododáctilo, pé e coxa esquerdos) e outro, duas amputações em membros superiores distintos. CONCLUSÃO: O tratamento na fase aguda do choque elétrico deve incluir uma imediata e adequada reposição líquida venosa, associada com procedimentos cirúrgicos de desbridamentos e de amputações, o mais precoce possível, em etapas com intervalos de 48 a 72 horas.


INTRODUCTION: Electrical burns are responsible for 5% to 15% of cases of burn accidents. The majority is associated with workplace accidents, in which high-voltage injuries (>1,000 V) predominate in male patients. The mortality rates vary from 2% to 15% in different burn centers. The objective is to review the standardization of surgical steps in the acute phase of debridement (the first 15 days) by comparison of creatine phosphokinase levels, intravenous hydration, and photographs to implement routine surgical stages. METHODS: This was a quantitative, prospective study performed in a public hospital in the city of Fortaleza, Brazil, between July 2013 and December 2015. The population was composed of young adults between 15 and 50 years, of both sexes, who experienced electrical burns, with third-degree injuries and muscle involvement. RESULTS: Of the 15 patients in the study, 9 (60%) patients underwent 13 surgical amputation procedures and 6 (40%) patients did not undergo amputation. One patient underwent three amputation procedures in the same limb (toe, foot, and thigh) and another patient underwent two amputations in the upper limbs. CONCLUSION: Treatment in the acute phase of electrical shock must include immediate and adequate intravenous fluid replacement, along with surgical procedures of debridement and amputations, as early as possible, in steps with intervals of 48 to 72 hours.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , History, 21st Century , Surgical Procedures, Operative , Wounds and Injuries , Burns, Electric , Prospective Studies , Debridement , Electroshock , Evaluation Studies as Topic , Fluid Therapy , Amputation , Surgical Procedures, Operative/methods , Surgical Procedures, Operative/statistics & numerical data , Wounds and Injuries/surgery , Wounds and Injuries/complications , Wounds and Injuries/therapy , Burns, Electric/surgery , Burns, Electric/complications , Burns, Electric/mortality , Burns, Electric/therapy , Debridement/methods , Debridement/standards , Electroshock/methods , Electroshock/statistics & numerical data , Fluid Therapy/methods , Amputation/methods , Amputation/mortality , Amputation/statistics & numerical data
20.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 13(1): 1-6, Jan-Mar/2015. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-745882

ABSTRACT

Objective Physician participation in Continuing Medical Education programs may be influenced by a number of factors. To evaluate the factors associated with compliance with the Continuing Medical Education requirements at a private hospital, we investigated whether physicians’ activity, measured by volumes of admissions and procedures, was associated with obtaining 40 Continuing Medical Education credits (40 hours of activities) in a 12-month cycle. Methods In an exclusive and non-mandatory Continuing Medical Education program, we collected physicians’ numbers of hospital admissions and numbers of surgical procedures performed. We also analyzed data on physicians’ time since graduation, age, and gender. Results A total of 3,809 credentialed, free-standing, private practice physicians were evaluated. Univariate analysis showed that the Continuing Medical Education requirements were more likely to be achieved by male physicians (odds ratio 1.251; p=0.009) and who had a higher number of hospital admissions (odds ratio 1.022; p<0.001). Multivariate analysis showed that age and number of hospital admissions were associated with achievement of the Continuing Medical Education requirements. Each hospital admission increased the chance of achieving the requirements by 0.4%. Among physicians who performed surgical procedures, multivariate analysis showed that male physicians were 1.3 time more likely to achieve the Continuing Medical Education requirements than female physicians. Each surgical procedure performed increased the chance of achieving the requirements by 1.4%. Conclusion The numbers of admissions and number of surgical procedures performed by physicians at our hospital were associated with the likelihood of meeting the Continuing Medical Education requirements. These findings help to shed new light on our Continuing Medical Education program. .


Objetivo A participação de médicos em programas de Educação Médica Continuada pode ser influenciada por inúmeros fatores. Para avaliar os fatores associados ao cumprimento dos requisitos para Educação Médica Continuada em um hospital privado, investigamos se a atividade médica, medida por volume de internações e procedimentos, esteve relacionada à obtenção de 40 créditos (40 horas-aula) em um ciclo do programa de 12 meses. Métodos Em um programa exclusivo e não obrigatório de Educação Médica Continuada, coletamos o número de admissões e de procedimentos realizados por médico. Analisamos dados como tempo de formado, idade e sexo. Resultados Foram analisados dados de 3.809 médicos credenciados e autônomos. A análise univariada mostrou que os requisitos de Educação Médica Continuada eram mais preenchidos por médicos do sexo masculino (odds ratio de 1,251; p=0,009) e que eles apresentavam números de internações mais significativos (odds ratio de 1,022; p<0,001). A análise multivariada mostrou que idade e número de admissões estiveram associados ao cumprimento das metas estabelecidas. Cada admissão aumentou a chance de atingir a meta em 0,4%. Entre os que realizaram procedimentos cirúrgicos, a análise multivariada mostrou que médicos do sexo masculino eram 1,3 vez mais propensos a atingir a meta estabelecida que seus pares do sexo feminino. Cada procedimento cirúrgico realizado elevou a chance de atingir a meta em 1,4%. Conclusão O número de admissões e de procedimentos cirúrgicos realizados por médicos em nosso hospital foi associado à probabilidade de alcançar a meta de Educação Médica Continuada. Estes achados lançaram uma nova luz sobre o nosso programa de Educação Médica Continuada. .


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Education, Medical, Continuing/statistics & numerical data , Patient Admission/statistics & numerical data , Physicians/statistics & numerical data , Surgical Procedures, Operative/statistics & numerical data , Age Factors , Cross-Sectional Studies , Educational Measurement , Hospitals, Private , Multivariate Analysis , Private Practice/statistics & numerical data , Sex Factors , Time Factors , Workload/statistics & numerical data
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