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1.
Rev. urug. cardiol ; 36(2): e702, ago. 2021. fot.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY, UY-BNMED | ID: biblio-1290000

ABSTRACT

Un gossypiboma, oblitoma o textiloma se define como todo cuerpo extraño olvidado en el interior de un paciente durante una intervención quirúrgica. Representa una complicación posquirúrgica poco frecuente pero de consecuencias potencialmente graves. En general, se manifiesta con cuadros clínicos variables: una masa o pseudotumor, sangrados, fiebre, dolor, varios meses o años después de la cirugía original. También puede ser un hallazgo accidental. Describimos el caso clínico de una paciente con un gossypiboma vinculado a una cirugía cardíaca que se realizó 40 años antes al cuadro clínico actual, que se presenta con arritmia ventricular maligna.


A gossypiboma, oblitoma or textiloma is defined as a surgical object left in the interior of the body after surgery. It represents an uncommon but potentially life threatening post-surgery complication. Clinical manifestations are variable and depend on location, relations and size, from pseudo-tumoral masses, bleeding, fever, pain and other nonspecific presentations. The onset of symptoms is unpredictable, occurring from months or years after surgery. Patients may course asymptomatically and be diagnosed incidentally as an imaging finding. We describe a case of a patient with gossypiboma diagnosed 40 years after undergoing cardiac surgery, who presented with a malignant ventricular arrhythmia.


Um gossypiboma, oblitoma ou textiloma está definido como todo corpo estranho esquecido no interior de um paciente durante um procedimento cirúrgico, representando uma complicação pos cirúrgica pouco frequente, mas com consequências potencialmente graves. Geralmente, se manifesta com quadros clínicos variáveis: uma massa ou pseudotumor, sangramentos, febre, dor, varios meses ou anos após a cirurgia original ou ser um hachado acidental. Descrevemos o caso clínico de uma paciente com um gossypiboma vinculado a uma cirurgia cardíaca realizada 40 anos antes do quadro clínico atual, que se apresenta com arritmia ventricular maligna.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Arrhythmias, Cardiac/etiology , Surgical Sponges , Foreign Bodies/diagnostic imaging , Postoperative Complications/surgery , Postoperative Complications/diagnostic imaging , Thoracic Surgery , Foreign Bodies/surgery
4.
Acta cir. bras ; 33(5): 420-430, May 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-949349

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose: To evaluate the effects of red propolis on cheek pouch angiogenesis in a hamster new model sponge implant. Methods: Forty eight animals divided into eight groups. (Groups I-IV), the animals were treated for 15 days before and 10 days after sponge implantation. (Groups V-VIII), the animals were treated for 10 days after sponge implantation (GI and GV: red propolis 100 mg/kg, GII and GVI: celecoxib 20 mg/kg, GIII and GVII: 1% gum arabic 5 mL/kg, GIV and GVIII: distilled water 5 mL/kg). On the 11th day of implantation, the animals were anesthetized for stereoscopic microscopic imaging and morphometric quantification of angiogenesis (SQAN), followed by histopathological evaluation (H&E). Results: In the SQAN analysis, no significant difference was found between the groups. However, on histology, propolis was found reduce the population of mastocytes in the qualitative analyses (p = 0,013) in the quantitative analyses to reduce the number of blood vessels (p = 0,007), and increase the macrophage count (p = 0,001). Conclusion: Red propolis inhibited inflammatory angiogenesis when administered before andcontinuously after sponge implant, and was shown to have immunomodulating effects on inflammatory cells (mastocytes and macrophages) in a new sponge implant hamster model.


Subject(s)
Animals , Propolis/therapeutic use , Prostheses and Implants , Surgical Sponges , Inflammation/drug therapy , Neovascularization, Pathologic/drug therapy , Cheek , Cricetinae
5.
ABCD arq. bras. cir. dig ; 31(1): e1342, 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-885756

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background Obtaining effective hemostasis either in the traumatic or surgical lesions of parenchymal viscera, especially the liver, has always been a challenge. Aim: Comparative study between the use of different hemostatic sponges in hepatic wound and their capacity of integration to cells in a short period. Methods: Fifteen Wistar rats were divided into three groups. Through laparotomy a standardized wound in hepatic right lobe was made. The animals were treated with three sponges, being gelatin in group I, equine collagen in group II, and oxidized cellulose in group III. The hemostatic capacity was analysed. On the 7º day after surgery samples for histology analysis (H&E and picrosirius) were collected for inflammatory evaluation and collagen quantification (types I and III) with polarized microscopy. Results: All materials used had similar haemostatic effects, with no significant difference in hemostasis time. In the assessment of tissue repair and adhesions provoked, as well as analysis of the inflammatory process, the gelatin sponge presented greater inflammation and adhesions to the contiguous structures to the procedure in relation to the other groups. Conclusion: Animals which had their wounds treated with collagen and regenerated cellulose sponges presented better results in relationship to the ones treated with gelatin sponge.


RESUMO Racional A obtenção de hemostasia eficaz nas lesões traumáticas ou cirúrgicas de vísceras parenquimatosas, em especial do fígado, sempre foi desafiante. Objetivo: Comparar o uso de hemostáticos absorvíveis em ferimento hepático quanto à capacidade hemostática e de integração aos tecidos em curto prazo. Métodos: Foram utilizados 15 ratos Wistar separados em três grupos. Foi realizada laparotomia e ferimento padronizado em lobo hepático direito. Os animais do grupo I foram tratados com esponja de gelatina sobre os ferimentos; os do grupo II com esponja de colágeno equino, e os do grupo III com celulose regenerada oxidada. Na ocasião foi estudada a capacidade hemostática. No 7º dia de pós-operatório nova laparotomia foi realizada e foram coletadas amostras para estudos histológicos (H&E e picrosirius) avaliando os processos por microscopia ótica e de polarização para quantificação de colágeno (tipos I e III). Resultados: Todos os materiais usados apresentaram efeitos hemostáticos semelhantes, não havendo diferença significativa no tempo de hemostasia. Na avaliação da reparação tecidual e aderências provocadas, assim como análise do processo inflamatório, os tratados com esponja de gelatina apresentaram maior inflamação e aderências às estruturas contíguas ao procedimento em relação aos outros grupos. Conclusão: Os animais tratados com a esponja de colágeno e celulose regenerada apresentaram resultados melhores que aqueles com esponja de gelatina.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Hemostatics/therapeutic use , Cellulose, Oxidized/therapeutic use , Hemostatic Techniques/instrumentation , Collagen/therapeutic use , Gelatin/therapeutic use , Liver/injuries , Wound Healing , Surgical Sponges , Rats, Wistar
6.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY, UY-BNMED | ID: biblio-1253281

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El oblito es un evento de muy baja frecuencia pero que puede generar morbilidad grave. Si bien se han reconocido algunos factores de riesgo y desarrollado sistemas complementarios de detección, continua siendo un gran problema desde el punto de vista sanitario y médico legal. Objetivos: Analizar una casuística del Hospital Maciel, su forma de presentación y complicaciones. Pacientes y métodos: Se presentan 7 pacientes asistidos en los Servicios de Cirugía General y Urología del Hospital Maciel, en el período comprendido del 2013 - 2016. Las principales variables que se analizan son la forma de presentación y complicaciones, así como presencia de factores de riesgo. Resultados: El hallazgo fue de compresas en todos los pacientes. En 2 casos el oblito fue asintomático y en otros 4 sintomático. En los últimos, 2 tuvieron una presentación temprana y 2 tardía. El recuento de material fue incorrecto solamente en un caso. Ningún paciente falleció por las complicaciones resultantes. Discusión: El oblito en cirugía es un problema que seguirá existiendo en tanto existan los procedimientos quirúrgicos, por lo que es necesario hacer énfasis en el abordaje sistemático, existiendo también métodos auxiliares de diagnóstico que podrían comenzar a implementarse. Conclusiones: Encontramos casi sin excepción la presencia de factores de riesgo conocidos en nuestra serie, si bien el número de casos es reducido. También la incidencia impresiona ser algo más elevada de la señalada en la literatura.


Introduction: Retained foreign items are infrequent but can generate serious morbidity. Although some risk factors have been recognized and complementary detection systems developed, it continues to be a major problem from a health and medical legal point of view. Objectives: to examine a case study at Hospital Maciel, focusing on clinical presentation and complications. Patients and methods: 7 patients treated at the General Surgery and Urology Departments in Hospital Maciel, between 2013-2016. The main results analized are clinical presentation and complications, as well as the presence of recongnized risk factors. Results: In all patients, the foreign bodies were compresses. In 2 cases the foreign body did not elicit symptoms whereas in 4 cases it did. In the latter, 2 had an early and a late presentation. The material count was incorrect in only one case. No patient died from the resulting complications Discussion: Because retained surgical ítems will be a problem as long as surgical procedures are performed, it is necessary to emphasize on a systematic approach accompanied by complementary diagnostic tools that are also available in cases of item miscount. Conclusions: Risk factors were present almost without exception in our casuistry. Also, the incidence seems to be higher than that reported in the literature.


Introdução: Oblito é um evento de baixa freqüência, mas que pode gerar uma grave morbidade. Embora alguns fatores de risco tenham sido reconhecidos e desenvolvidos sistemas de detecção complementares, continua a ser um grande problema do ponto de vista da saúde e do direito médico legal. Objetivos: Analisar uma casuística do Hospital Maciel, sua apresentação e complicações. Pacientes e métodos: sete pacientes foram atendidos nos Serviços de Cirurgia Geral e Urologia do Hospital Maciel, no período entre 2013 e 2016. As principais variáveis analisadas são a apresentação e complicações, bem como a presença de fatores risco. Resultados: a descoberta foi de compressas em todos os pacientes. Em 2 casos, o oblito foi assintomático e em 4 casos foi sintomático. No segundo, em 2 a apresentação foi temprana e em 2 foi tardia. A contagem de materiais estava incorreta em apenas um caso. Nenhum paciente morreu pelas complicações resultantes. Discussão: o oblito em cirurgia é um problema que continuará a existir enquanto houver procedimentos cirúrgicos, por isso é necessário enfatizar a abordagem sistemática, e também há métodos de diagnóstico que podem ser implementados. Conclusões: encontramos quase sem exceção a presença de fatores de risco conhecidos em nossa série, embora o número de casos seja pequeno. A incidência também parece ser um pouco maior do que a relatada na literatura.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Surgical Procedures, Operative/adverse effects , Medical Errors/prevention & control , Medical Errors/statistics & numerical data , Foreign Bodies/complications , Foreign Bodies/prevention & control , Abdomen/surgery , Uruguay , Surgical Sponges/adverse effects , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Incidence , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Foreign Bodies/surgery , Foreign Bodies/diagnostic imaging
7.
Acta cir. bras ; 32(8): 673-679, Aug. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-886232

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose: To analyze the use of this sponge in pediatric patients undergoing split-liver transplantation. Methods: Retrospective study, including 35 pediatric patients undergoing split-liver transplantation, divided into two groups according to the use of the sponge: 18 patients in Group A (no sponge) and 17 in Group B (with sponge). Results: The characteristics of recipients and donors were similar. We observed greater number of reoperation due to bleeding in the wound area in Group A (10 patients - 55.5%) than in Group B (3 patients - 17.6%); p = 0.035. The median volume of red blood cells transfused in Group A was significantly higher (73.4 ± 102.38 mL/kg) than that in Group B (35.1 ± 41.67 mL/kg); p = 0.048. Regarding bile leak there was no statistical difference. Conclusion: The use of the human fibrinogen and thrombin sponge, required lower volume of red blood cell transfusion and presented lower reoperation rates due to bleeding in the wound area.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Fibrinogen/therapeutic use , Hemostatics/therapeutic use , Thrombin/therapeutic use , Surgical Sponges , Liver Transplantation/methods , Hemostasis, Surgical/methods , Reoperation , Reproducibility of Results , Retrospective Studies , Blood Loss, Surgical/prevention & control , Liver Transplantation/adverse effects , Treatment Outcome , Erythrocyte Transfusion , Statistics, Nonparametric , Surgical Wound/drug therapy , Hepatectomy/methods , Liver/surgery
8.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 31: e99, 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-952129

ABSTRACT

Abstract The aim of the present study was to evaluate the possible use of a commercial absorbed collagen sponge and bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) for the prevention of bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (BRONJ) in rats. Twenty rats received intraperitoneal injections of 0.1-mg/kg of zoledronic acid three times a week for eight weeks before the extraction of both maxillary first molars after eight weeks. A collagen sponge (experimental group 1) and a collagen sponge with recombinant human BMP-2 (experimental group 2) were applied to the right extraction sockets of ten rats each. The 20 left extraction sockets (control groups 1 and 2) were left unprotected. After eight weeks, all rats were euthanized. Macroscopic analysis, micro-computed tomography (CT) analysis, and histological analysis were performed. There was a significant difference in the bone density between the control and experimental groups on micro-CT analysis. Impaired healing of the extraction sockets, indicating BRONJ, was observed in 80% of control group 1, 90% of control group 2, 30% of experimental group 1, and 20% of experimental group 2. The collagen sponge with/without BMP used for protecting the extraction socket had the potential for a positive effect in reducing the incidence of bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis of the jaw in rats.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Rats , Wound Healing/drug effects , Surgical Sponges , Transforming Growth Factor beta/administration & dosage , Collagen/administration & dosage , Tooth Socket/drug effects , Diphosphonates/pharmacology , Bone Morphogenetic Protein 2/administration & dosage , Bisphosphonate-Associated Osteonecrosis of the Jaw/prevention & control , Imidazoles/pharmacology , Recombinant Proteins/administration & dosage , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , X-Ray Microtomography , Zoledronic Acid
9.
ABCD arq. bras. cir. dig ; 29(4): 236-239, Oct.-Dec. 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-837538

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: Surgical strategy to increase the number of liver transplants in the pediatric population is the ex-situ liver transection (reduction or split). However, it is associated with complications such as hemorrhage and leaks. The human fibrinogen and thrombin sponge is useful for improving hemostasis in liver surgery. Aim: Compare pediatric liver transplants with ex-situ liver transection (reduction or split) with or without the human fibrinogen and thrombin sponge. Methods: Was performed a prospective analysis of 21 patients submitted to liver transplantation with ex-situ liver transection with the application of the human fibrinogen and thrombin sponge in the wound area (group A) and retrospective analysis of 59 patients without the sponge (group B). Results: The characteristics of recipients and donors were similar. There were fewer reoperations due to bleeding in the wound area in group A (14.2%) compared to group B (41.7%, p=0.029). There was no difference in relation to the biliary leak (group A: 17.6%, group B: 5.1%, p=0.14). Conclusion: There was a lower number of reoperations due to bleeding of the wound area of ​​the hepatic graft when the human fibrinogen and thrombin sponge were used.


RESUMO Racional: Estratégia cirúrgica para aumentar o número de transplantes hepáticos na população pediátrica é a transecção hepática ex-situ (redução ou split). No entanto, ela está associada com complicações, tais como hemorragia e fístulas. A esponja de fibrinogênio e trombina humana é útil para melhorar a hemostasia nas operações hepáticas. Objetivo: Comparar transplantes hepáticos pediátricos com transecção hepática ex-situ (redução ou split) com ou sem a esponja de fibrinogênio e trombina humana. Métodos: Foi realizada análise prospectiva de 21 pacientes submetidos ao transplante de fígado com transecção hepática ex-situ com a aplicação da esponja de fibrinogênio e trombina humana na área cruenta (grupo A) e análise retrospectiva de 59 pacientes sem a esponja (grupo B). Resultados: As características dos receptores e doadores eram semelhantes. Observou-se menor número de reoperações devido à hemorragia na área da cruenta no grupo A (14,2%) em comparação com o grupo B (41,7%, p=0,029). Não houve diferença em relação à fístula biliar (grupo A: 17,6%, grupo B: 5,1%, p=0,14). Conclusão: Houve menor número de reoperações por sangramento da área cruenta do enxerto hepático quando a esponja de fibrinogênio e trombina humana foi utilizada.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Fibrinogen/administration & dosage , Surgical Sponges , Liver Transplantation , Surgical Wound/drug therapy , Hepatectomy/methods , Liver/surgery , Thrombin/administration & dosage , Prospective Studies , Retrospective Studies
10.
Rev. bras. cir. plást ; 31(4): 583-585, 2016. ilus
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-827468

ABSTRACT

The retained surgical item in patients after closure of the wound is a situation that although rare is preventable and requires specific care such as institutional protocols for prevention. We report a case of removal of an already encapsulated pads by fibrin tissue (textiloma) from a patient six years after an abdominoplasty, which formed a palpable mass in her abdomen. The retained surgical items lead to variable symptoms such as palpable masses, compressions, non-absorptive loss and, sometimes, severe complications. The diversity of manifestations combined with their few frequency, most of the times, lead to underdiagnosis. Treatment should be individualized for each case, although in case of symptoms removal is indicated in most cases. Surgical removal is associated with complications as longer as objects remain in patient's body.


A permanência de corpos estranhos em pacientes após o fechamento da ferida operatória é uma situação que, embora rara, é evitável e demanda cuidados específicos como protocolos institucionais de prevenção. O caso relata a retirada de uma compressa já encapsulada por tecido de fibrina (textiloma) de uma paciente seis anos após abdominoplastia, formando uma massa palpável em seu abdômen. A permanência desses itens cirúrgicos leva a sintomas variáveis como massas palpáveis, compressões, síndromes disabsortivas e, algumas vezes, graves complicações. A diversidade de manifestações combinada a sua pouca frequência levam, muitas vezes, ao subdiagnóstico. O tratamento deve ser individualizado para cada caso, embora na presença de sintomas a retirada é indicada na grande maioria das vezes. A cirurgia de retirada está mais associada a complicações quanto maior tempo de permanência dos objetos no corpo do paciente.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , History, 21st Century , Patients , Postoperative Complications , Surgical Instruments , Fibrin , Surgical Sponges , Seroma , Abdomen , Abdominoplasty , Foreign Bodies , Patients/psychology , Postoperative Complications/surgery , Postoperative Complications/pathology , Surgical Instruments/adverse effects , Surgical Instruments/standards , Fibrin/analysis , Fibrin/adverse effects , Surgical Sponges/adverse effects , Surgical Sponges/standards , Seroma/surgery , Seroma/complications , Abdominoplasty/methods , Foreign Bodies/surgery , Foreign Bodies/complications , Foreign Bodies/pathology , Abdomen/surgery
11.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 81(3): 312-320, May-Jun/2015. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-751908

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: Several experimental studies have shown osteitis after the onset of sinusitis, supporting the idea that bone involvement could participate in the dissemination and perpetuation of this inflammatory disease. However, procedures commonly performed for the induction of sinusitis, such as antrostomies, can trigger sinusitis by themselves. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate osteitis in an animal model of sinusitis that does not violate the sinus directly and verify whether this is limited to the induction side, or if it affects the contralateral side. METHODS: Experimental study in which sinusitis was produced by inserting an obstructing sponge into the nasal cavity of 20 rabbits. After defined intervals, the animals were euthanized and maxillary sinus samples were removed for semi-quantitative histological analysis of mucosa and bone. RESULTS: Signs of bone and mucosal inflammation were observed, affecting both the induction and contralateral sides. Statistical analysis showed correlation between the intensity of osteitis on both sides, but not between mucosal and bone inflammation on the same side, supporting the theory that inflammation can spread through bone structures, regardless of mucosal inflammation. CONCLUSION: This study demonstrated that in an animal model of sinusitis that does not disturb the sinus directly osteitis occurs in the affected sinus and that it also affects the contralateral side. .


INTRODUÇÃO: Diversos estudos experimentais evidenciam osteíte após estabelecimento de sinusite, corroborando para a ideia de que o envolvimento ósseo poderia participar na disseminação e perpetuação do processo inflamatório. Porém procedimentos realizados para indução da doença nestes modelos, como antrostomias, podem, por si só, desencadear osteíte. OBJETIVO: Avaliar osteíte em um modelo de rinossinusite em que não ocorre manipulação sinusal e verificar se esta é limitada ao lado de indução, ou se acomete o lado contralateral. MÉTODO: Estudo experimental em que induziu-se rinossinusite em 20 coelhos, por meio de obliteração temporária com esponja de uma das cavidades nasais. Amostras de tecido sinusal foram submetidas à análise histológica semiquantitativa, após sacrifício dos animais em intervalos regulares. RESULTADOS: Foram observados sinais de inflamação óssea e mucosa mais intensa no lado de indução, mas também contralateral. Testes estatísticos evidenciaram correlação entre a osteíte de ambos os lados, porém não entre inflamação óssea e mucosa de um mesmo lado, apoiando a teoria de que a inflamação poderia se disseminar através do tecido ósseo, independente da inflamação mucosa. CONCLUSÃO: O presente estudo evidenciou a existência de osteíte, tanto no lado de indução quanto no contralateral, em modelo experimental em que não ocorre manipulação sinusal. .


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Female , Rabbits , Osteitis/etiology , Sinusitis/complications , Disease Models, Animal , Mucous Membrane/microbiology , Mucous Membrane/pathology , Nasal Mucosa/microbiology , Nasal Mucosa/pathology , Osteitis/pathology , Sinusitis/pathology , Surgical Sponges/microbiology
12.
JCPSP-Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons Pakistan. 2015; 25 (5): 367-371
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-166732

ABSTRACT

Retained surgical foreign objects [RFO] include surgical sponges, instruments, tools or devices that are left behind following a surgical procedure unintentionally. It can cause serious morbidity as well as even mortality. It is frequently misdiagnosed. It should be considered in the differential diagnosis of any postoperative case with unresolved or unusual problems. Risk factors for RFOs include emergency procedures, unplanned change in operation, and body mass index and are clarified as being more frequent approximately 1 in 700 emergent cases. Although human errors cannot be completely prevented, medical training and consistency to rules seem to reduce the incidence to a minimum. It is a legal issue and potentially dangerous medical error. The definition, types, incidence, risk factors, complications and prevention strategies from RFOs are reviewed, from the comprehensive series until the year 2014


Subject(s)
Surgical Instruments , Surgical Sponges , Disease Management , Risk Factors
14.
J. bras. pneumol ; 40(5): 535-542, Sep-Oct/2014. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-728776

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to analyze chest CT scans of patients with thoracic textiloma. METHODS: This was a retrospective study of 16 patients (11 men and 5 women) with surgically confirmed thoracic textiloma. The chest CT scans of those patients were evaluated by two independent observers, and discordant results were resolved by consensus. RESULTS: The majority (62.5%) of the textilomas were caused by previous heart surgery. The most common symptoms were chest pain (in 68.75%) and cough (in 56.25%). In all cases, the main tomographic finding was a mass with regular contours and borders that were well-defined or partially defined. Half of the textilomas occurred in the right hemithorax and half occurred in the left. The majority (56.25%) were located in the lower third of the lung. The diameter of the mass was ≤ 10 cm in 10 cases (62.5%) and > 10 cm in the remaining 6 cases (37.5%). Most (81.25%) of the textilomas were heterogeneous in density, with signs of calcification, gas, radiopaque marker, or sponge-like material. Peripheral expansion of the mass was observed in 12 (92.3%) of the 13 patients in whom a contrast agent was used. Intraoperatively, pleural involvement was observed in 14 cases (87.5%) and pericardial involvement was observed in 2 (12.5%). CONCLUSIONS: It is important to recognize the main tomographic aspects of thoracic textilomas in order to include this possibility in the differential diagnosis of chest pain and cough in patients with a history of heart or thoracic surgery, thus promoting the early identification and treatment of this postoperative complication. .


OBJETIVO: Analisar retrospectivamente os aspectos encontrados em TCs de tórax com textiloma torácico. MÉTODOS: Estudo retrospectivo de 16 pacientes (11 homens e 5 mulheres) com diagnóstico de textiloma torácico confirmado cirurgicamente. As TCs de tórax foram avaliadas, de modo independente, por dois observadores, e os casos discordantes foram resolvidos por consenso. RESULTADOS: Na maioria dos casos (62,5%), o fator causal foi a cirurgia cardíaca prévia. Os sintomas mais frequentes foram dor torácica (em 68,75%) e tosse (em 56,25%). Em todos os casos, o principal achado tomográfico foi de massa com contornos regulares e limites bem definidos ou parcialmente definidos. A localização dos textilomas ocorreu na mesma proporção no hemitórax direito e esquerdo, mas foi mais comum no terço inferior (em 56,25%). O tamanho das massas foi ≤ 10 cm e > 10 cm, respectivamente, em 10 (62,5%) e em 6 pacientes (37,5%). A maioria dos textilomas apresentou densidade heterogênea (81,25%), observando-se no seu interior calcificações, gás, marcador radiopaco ou material da compressa. A impregnação periférica da lesão foi observada em 12 (92,3%) dos 13 pacientes que receberam o meio de contraste. A cirurgia demonstrou acometimento do espaço pleural e pericárdico, respectivamente, em 14 (87,5%) e em 2 pacientes (12,5%). CONCLUSÕES: É importante reconhecer os principais aspectos tomográficos dos textilomas intratorácicos a fim de incluir essa possibilidade no diagnóstico diferencial em pacientes com dor torácica e tosse e história de cirurgia cardíaca ou torácica, contribuindo assim para o tratamento precoce dessa complicação cirúrgica. .


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Foreign Bodies/diagnostic imaging , Postoperative Complications/diagnostic imaging , Surgical Sponges , Thoracic Surgical Procedures , Contrast Media , Diagnosis, Differential , Foreign Bodies/epidemiology , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Retrospective Studies , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
16.
ABCD arq. bras. cir. dig ; 26(2): 140-143, abr.-jun. 2013.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-684428

ABSTRACT

INTRODUÇÃO: O termo gossipiboma refere-se à matriz que contém material têxtil e à reação tecidual formada ao redor deste corpo estranho. As gazes e as compressas cirúrgicas são os materiais mais frequentemente retidos após laparotomias. OBJETIVO: Estudar a incidência e as causas de gossipiboma abdominal, além das medidas preventivas para reduzir a sua frequência e morbimortalidade. MÉTODO: Foi realizada revisão da literatura na língua inglesa no Medline / Pubmed. A pesquisa envolveu os últimos 10 anos, selecionando os seguintes descritores - gossipiboma, textiloma, corpo estranho retido e cirurgia abdominal.Trinta artigos foram considerados para a revisão. RESULTADOS: A incidência é subestimada, principalmente pelas implicações legais decorrentes de tal achado, mas também porque muitos pacientes permanecem assintomáticos. Ocorrem em 1/1000 a 1/1500 operações abdominais. A apresentação clínica é variável e depende da localização do corpo estranho e do tipo de reação inflamatória apresentado pelo hospedeiro. A migração transmural é rara. O tratamento recomendado é a excisão, realizado por via endoscópica, laparoscópica ou por laparotomia, com o objetivo de evitar as complicações que podem atingir alta mortalidade. A abordagem mais importante é a prevenção. As medidas preventivas incluem o uso de material têxtil com marcadores radiopacos, exploração detalhada da cavidade abdominal ao final do procedimento operatório e contagem meticulosa do material cirúrgico. CONCLUSÃO: Gossipiboma é problema médico-legal antigo, cuja incidência aparentemente está aumentando e que precisa ser reabordado para que medidas preventivas efetivas sejam adotadas na sala de operação.


INTRODUCTION: The term "gossypiboma" refers to a textile matrix surrounded by foreign body reaction. Gauze and surgical dressings are the most commonly retained materials after laparotomy. AIM: To evaluate the incidence of abdominal gossypiboma, its causes and the preventive measures to reduce the frequence and morbimortality. METHOD: Was conducted a literature review in Medline/Pubmed in english. The survey was about the last 10 years, selecting the headings: gossypiboma, textiloma, retained foreign body and abdominal surgery. Thirty articles were considered in this review. RESULTS: The incidence of gossypiboma is underreported, mostly due to the legal implications of their detection but also because many patients remain asymptomatic. Occur in 1/1000 to 1/1500 of intra-abdominal operations. Clinical presentation is variable, and depends on the location of the foreign body and on the type of inflammatory reaction presented by the host. The recommended course of treatment is excision, which can be accomplished endoscopically, laparoscopically, or via the open route, and seeks to prevent the complications that lead to a high mortality rate. The most important approach is prevention. Preventive measures required include exploration of the abdominal cavity at the end of the procedure, use of textiles with radiopaque markers and a meticulous account of surgical materials. CONCLUSION: Gossypiboma is a former medical-legal problem, whose incidence is apparently increasing. Therefore needs to be revised to take preventive measures in the operating room.


Subject(s)
Humans , Abdomen/surgery , Foreign Bodies/etiology , Malpractice/legislation & jurisprudence , Postoperative Complications/etiology , Surgical Sponges , Foreign Bodies/diagnosis , Postoperative Complications/diagnosis
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Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-78985

ABSTRACT

A gossypiboma (also called textiloma or retained surgical sponge) of the neck is rarely reported compared to intraabdominal or intrathoracic gossypibomas and also can be misdiagnosed as metastatic lymph nodes. A patient was referred to our clinic for a supraclavicular neck mass 6 months after thyroidectomy and neck dissection for papillary thyroid carcinoma in another hospital. It was initially considered an isolated neck recurrence, but it was finally diagnosed as gossypiboma by a pathological examination of the surgically-excised specimen. Characteristic findings of computed tomography or positron emission tomography/computed tomography might be helpful to differentiate the gossypiboma from malignant neck mass or other inflammatory conditions. It is essential for clinicians to be aware of this disease entity in differential diagnosis of neck recurrence because a gossypiboma in the neck can be misinterpreted as a malignancy to induce unwarranted radical surgery.


Subject(s)
Carcinoma , Diagnosis, Differential , Electrons , Humans , Lymph Nodes , Neck Dissection , Neck , Recurrence , Surgical Sponges , Thyroid Neoplasms , Thyroidectomy
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