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1.
Enferm. foco (Brasília) ; 11(2): 16-22, jul. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas), BDENF | ID: biblio-1104001

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: avaliar o índice autorreferido pela equipe de cirurgia ortopédica sobre as recomendações para prevenção de infecção do sítio cirúrgico. Método: Estudo descritivo realizado em dois hospitais situados em Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais. Os dados foram analisados no programa Stata,14 por estatística descritiva. Resultados: Participaram 133 profissionais: 22,5% ortopedistas, 7,5% enfermeiros e 69,9% técnicos de enfermagem. Observou-se predominância de mulheres, 61,3%; tempo de trabalho > 8 anos, 58,6%; 53,3% dos médicos e 84,4% da equipe de enfermagem reportaram conhecer as medidas de prevenção. As medidas com menor índice autorreferido foram: descontaminação nasal, referida por 10,7% dos médicos; banho pré-operatório 6,6% dos médicos e 7,8% da enfermagem. Conclusão: Medidas consideradas padrão-ouro pelas recomendações apresentaram índices autorreferidos abaixo de 50,0% em ambas categorias profissionais. Fato que pode relacionar-se à tendência de considerar medidas mais conhecidas ou realizadas na prática. (AU)


Abstract: The objective was to evaluate the self-reported index by the orthopedic surgery team on international and national recommendations and guidelines for the prevention of surgical site infection. Method: This was a descriptive study performed on Surgical Centers from two large hospitals located in the city of Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais. Data were analyzed in the program Stata, 14 through descriptive analysis. Results: A total of 133 professionals were eligible, 22.5% were orthopedic surgeons, 7.5% nurses and 69.9% nursing technicians. It was observed a predominance of women, 61.3%; with work time> 8 years, 58.6%; 53.3% of the physicians and 84.4% of the nursing team reported knowing as preventive measures. The lowest self-reported index was highlighted in measures such as indication of nasal decontamination in patients with MMR, 10.7% by the medical staff; indication of preoperative bath, 6.6% by physicians and 7.8% by nursing staff. Conclusion: Measures considered gold standard by specific guidelines presented self-reported indexes below 50.0% for two professional categories. The which may be related to the tendency to consider measures that they know best / practice in their. (AU)


Objetivo: evaluar el índice autorreferido por el equipo de cirugía ortopédica sobre las recomendaciones para prevención de infección del sitio quirúrgico. Método: Estudio descriptivo realizado en dos hospitales situados en Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais. Los datos fueron analizados en el programa Stata, 14 por estadística descriptiva. Resultados: Participaron 133 profesionales: 22,5% ortopedistas, 7,5% enfermeros y 69,9% técnicos de enfermería. Se observó predominancia de mujeres, 61,3%; tiempo de trabajo> 8 años, 58,6%; 53,3% de los médicos y 84,4% del equipo de enfermería reportaron conocer las medidas de prevención. Las medidas con menor índice autorreferido fueron: descontaminación nasal, referida por el 10,7% de los médicos; baño preoperatorio 6,6% de los médicos y 7,8% de la enfermería. Conclusión: Medidas consideradas patrón-oro por las recomendaciones presentaron índices autorreferidos por debajo del 50,0% en ambas categorías profesionales. Hecho que puede relacionarse con la tendencia a considerar medidas más conocidas o realizadas en la práctica. (AU)


Subject(s)
Patient Safety , Patient Care Team , Surgical Wound Infection , Disease Prevention , Control
2.
Rev. SOBECC ; 25(2): 114-119, 30/06/2020.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas), BDENF | ID: biblio-1102195

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Identificar na literatura científica intervenções de enfermagem úteis para a prevenção de Deiscências em Feridas Cirúrgicas. Método: Trata-se de uma revisão integrativa da literatura, norteada pela pergunta: Há ações de enfermagem que possam contribuir para prevenção de deiscência em ferida operatória? Realizou-se a busca no período de março de 2019, incluindo artigos publicados a partir do ano de 1990 até 2018. Para a seleção dos artigos foram utilizadas as seguintes bases de dados e/ou portais: National Library of Medicine (PubMed); Web of Science; Scopus Info Site (Scopus); Literatura Latino-Americana e do Caribe em Ciência da Saúde (LILACS) e Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINHAL). Resultados: A busca resultou em 64 artigos, excluíram-se quatro por estarem duplicados e 40 por não atenderem aos critérios de inclusão (24 por serem sobre tratamento, 13 pela natureza do artigo, dois por não estarem disponíveis e um por ser em francês). Vinte artigos foram avaliados na íntegra e 14 foram excluídos por não responderem à questão norteadora desta revisão. Dessa maneira, ao fim desse processo de análise, foram selecionados seis artigos que responderam aos critérios de inclusão e constituíram a amostra final. Conclusão: Houve pouca produção da enfermagem sobre o tema. As principais ações de enfermagem para prevenção de deiscência em feridas cirúrgicas estão associadas à prevenção de infecções de sítio cirúrgico e à indicação e à utilização de terapia de cobertura a vácuo.


Objective: To identify useful nursing interventions for preventing Surgical Wound Dehiscence in scientific literature. Method: This is an integrative literature review, guided by the question: are there nursing actions that can contribute to the prevention of surgical wound dehiscence? The search was carried out in March 2019, including articles published from 1990 to 2018. We used the following databases and/or portals to select the articles: National Library of Medicine (PubMed); Web of Science; Scopus Info Site (Scopus); Latin American and Caribbean Health Sciences Literature (LILACS), and Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINHAL). Results: The search resulted in 64 articles. We excluded four of them for being duplicates, and another 40 that did not meet the inclusion criteria (24 were about treatment, 13 due to the nature of the article, two were not available, and one was in French). Twenty articles were fully evaluated, and 14 were excluded because they did not answer the guiding question of this review. Thus, at the end of this analysis process, we selected six articles that met the inclusion criteria and constituted the final sample. Conclusion: The nursing production on the subject was scarce. The main nursing actions for preventing surgical wound dehiscence are associated with the prevention of surgical site infections and the indication and use of negative pressure wound therapy.


Objetivo: identificar en la literatura científica intervenciones de enfermería útiles para la prevención de la dehiscencia en heridas quirúrgicas. Método: Esta es una revisión de literatura integradora, guiada por la pregunta: ¿Existen acciones de enfermería que puedan contribuir a la prevención de la dehiscencia en las heridas quirúrgicas? La búsqueda se realizó en el período de marzo de 2019, incluidos los artículos publicados de 1990 a 2018. Para la selección de artículos, se utilizaron las siguientes bases de datos y/o portales: National library of Medicine (PubMed); Web of Science; Scopus Info Site (Scopus); Literatura latinoamericana y caribeña de ciencias de la salud (LILACS) y Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINHAL). Resultados: La búsqueda resultó en 64 artículos, se excluyeron cuatro duplicados, 40 artículos por no cumplir con los criterios de inclusión (24 sobre el tratamiento, 13 por la naturaleza del artículo, dos por no estar disponibles y uno por estar en francés), y 20 los artículos fueron evaluados en su totalidad y 14 fueron excluidos porque no respondieron la pregunta guía de esta revisión. Por lo tanto, al final de este proceso de análisis, se seleccionaron seis artículos que cumplían los criterios de inclusión y constituían la muestra final. Conclusión: hubo poca producción de enfermería sobre el tema. Las principales acciones de enfermería para prevenir la dehiscencia en las heridas quirúrgicas están asociadas con la prevención de infecciones del sitio quirúrgico y la indicación y el uso de la terapia de cobertura con vacío.


Subject(s)
Humans , Surgical Wound Infection , Nursing , Disease Prevention , General Surgery , Wounds and Injuries , Infections
3.
Univ. salud ; 22(1): 77-83, ene.-abr. 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas), COLNAL | ID: biblio-1094582

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El uso del teléfono celular se ha vuelto común en áreas del hospital, incluida la sala de operaciones, aumentando el riesgo de contaminación cruzada y las altas tasas de infecciones del sitio quirúrgico. Objetivo: Determinar la contaminación microbiana en dispositivos móviles del personal quirúrgico de una Institución de Salud de Pereira, Colombia en el primer semestre del año 2018. Materiales y métodos: Estudio descriptivo observacional, transversal. Se tomaron 10 dispositivos móviles del personal del área de quirófano al azar y a cada uno se le realizó frotis con hisopo estéril al estuche o cobertura del celular. Las muestras se transportaron en tubos de ensayo con agua peptonada al 1% hasta el momento de la siembra; las muestras se analizaron por técnica microbiológica recuento en placa profunda. Resultados: En las muestras se encontró un promedio de 93 UFC (Unidades Formadoras de Colonias) de mesófilos aerobios, 13 UFC de coliformes totales, 22 UFC de mohos y levaduras. Conclusión: El análisis microbiológico permitió detectar la presencia de elevadas cantidades de unidades formadoras de colonias que podrían contribuir de manera significativa a incrementar las tasas en infecciones asociadas a la atención en salud.


Introduction: Cell phone use in hospital areas such as surgery rooms has become a common practice, which has increased both the risk of cross-contamination and the rates of surgical site infections. Objective: To determine microbial contamination of mobile devices belonging to surgical staff of a Health Care Institution in Pereira, Colombia during the first semester of 2018. Materials and methods: An observational, cross-sectional, descriptive study was conducted with a sample of ten mobile devices randomly chosen from health personnel working in the surgical room. Surface samples were collected from cell phone cases and bags using sterile swabs that were were kept in a 1% peptone salt solution until a deep plate count assay was performed on them. Results: The plate count confirmed the presence of mesophilic aerobes (93 CFUs), total coliforms (13 CFUs) as well as yeasts and molds (22 CFUs). Conclusion: The microbiological analysis showed elevated numbers of colony-forming units that could significantly increase the rates of infections associated with health care settings.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cross Infection , Cell Phone , Surgical Wound Infection , Disinfection , Microbiological Techniques
4.
Rev. SOBECC ; 25(1): 11-16, 31-03-2020.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas), BDENF | ID: biblio-1096316

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Conhecer as experiências de enfermeiros sobre suas práticas na prevenção de infecção do sítio cirúrgico (ISC). Método: Estudo exploratório e qualitativo com enfermeiros da clínica cirúrgica geral de um hospital público do nordeste brasileiro. Entre dezembro de 2018 e janeiro de 2019, realizou-se entrevista semiestruturada, gravada em áudio digital, com duração média de 20 minutos, para coleta de dados. Os depoimentos transcritos foram avaliados pela técnica de análise do discurso do sujeito coletivo. Resultados: Participaram nove enfermeiros, a maioria do sexo feminino, com idade média de 40,9 anos. Elencaram-se as seguintes categorias temáticas: medidas de prevenção contra ISC; assistência de enfermagem adequada na prevenção de ISC; equipe de enfermagem capacitada; adequadas condições de trabalho e de materiais; e treinamento contínuo. Conclusão: Observou-se preocupação em minimizar os riscos de ISC de pacientes por meio da adoção de ações preventivas, como lavagem das mãos, uso de equipamentos de proteção individual, troca de curativos diários com técnica asséptica, além do uso de insumos adequados, conhecimento técnico-científico harmonioso e estímulo do relacionamento eficaz entre a equipe.


Objective: To understand the experiences of nurses about their practices in preventing surgical site infection (SSI). Method: This is an exploratory qualitative study of nurses from the general surgery service of a public hospital in Northeastern Brazil. Between December 2018 and January 2019, a semi-structured interview was conducted for data collection. It was recorded in digital audio and lasted about 20 minutes. We analyzed the transcribed accounts using the Discourse of the Collective Subject technique. Results: Nine nurses participated in the study, mostly female, with a mean age of 40.9 years. The following thematic categories were listed: measures to prevent SSIs; adequate nursing care to prevent SSIs; qualified nursing staff; adequate working and material conditions; and ongoing training. Conclusion: We identified concern for minimizing risks of SSI in patients through the adoption of preventive actions, such as hand washing, use of personal protective equipment, daily dressing change using the aseptic technique, in addition to the use of adequate supplies, balanced technical-scientific knowledge, and effective team-building


Objetivo: Conocer las experiencias de las enfermeras sobre sus prácticas en la prevención de la infección del sitio quirúrgico (ISQ). Método: estudio exploratorio y cualitativo con enfermeras de la clínica quirúrgica general de un hospital público en el noreste de Brasil. Entre diciembre de 2018 y enero de 2019, se grabó una entrevista semiestructurada, grabada en audio digital, con una duración promedio de 20 minutos, para la recopilación de datos. Los testimonios transcritos se evaluaron utilizando la técnica de análisis del discurso del sujeto colectivo. Resultados: participaron nueve enfermeras, la mayoría mujeres, con una edad promedio de 40,9 años. Se enumeraron las siguientes categorías temáticas: medidas preventivas contra SSI; asistencia de enfermería adecuada para prevenir SSI; equipo de enfermería capacitado; condiciones adecuadas de trabajo y materiales; y entrenamiento continuo. Conclusión: se observó preocupación por minimizar los riesgos de ISQ de los pacientes mediante la adopción de acciones preventivas, como el lavado de manos, el uso de equipos de protección personal, el intercambio de vendajes diarios con una técnica aséptica, además del uso de suministros adecuados, conocimiento armonioso técnico-científico y estimulando la relación efectiva entre el equipo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Surgical Wound Infection , Infections , Nurses, Male , Surgicenters , Disease Prevention , Hospitals, Public
5.
Article in Korean | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-811444

ABSTRACT

The presence of bowel contents during colorectal surgery has been related to surgical site infections (SSI), anastomotic leakage (AL) and postoperative complications theologically. Mechanical bowel preparation (MBP) for elective colorectal surgery aims to reduce fecal materials and bacterial count with the objective to decrease SSI rate, including AL. Based on many observational data, meta-analysis and multicenter randomized control trials (RTC), non-MBP did not increase AL rates or SSI and other complications in colon and even rectal surgery. In 2011 Cochrane review, there is no significant benefit MBP compared with non-MBP in colon surgery and also no better benefit MBP compared with rectal enemas in rectal surgery. However, in surgeon's perspectives, MBP is still in widespread surgical practice, despite the discomfort caused in patients, and general targeting of the colon microflora with antibiotics continues to gain popularity despite the lack of understanding of the role of the microbiome in anastomotic healing. Recently, there are many evidence suggesting that MBP+oral antibiotics (OA) should be the growing gold standard for colorectal surgery. However, there are rare RCT studies and still no solid evidences in OA preparation, so further studies need results in both MBP and OA and only OA for colorectal surgery. Also, MBP studies in patients with having minimally invasive surgery (MIS; laparoscopic or robotics) colorectal surgery are still warranted. Further RCT on patients having elective left side colon and rectal surgery with primary anastomosis in whom sphincter saving surgery without MBP in these MIS and microbiome era.


Subject(s)
Anastomotic Leak , Anti-Bacterial Agents , Bacterial Load , Colon , Colorectal Surgery , Enema , Humans , Microbiota , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures , Postoperative Complications , Surgical Wound Infection
6.
Hip & Pelvis ; : 35-41, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-811156

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Arthroscopy for repair of femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) and related conditions is technically challenging, but remains the preferred approach for management of these hip pathologies. The incidence of this procedure has increased steadily for the past few years, but little is known about its potential long-term effects on future interventions. The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether prior arthroscopic correction of FAI pathology impacts postoperative complication rates in patients receiving subsequent ipsilateral total hip arthroplasty (THA) on a national scale.MATERIALS AND METHODS: A commercially available national database – PearlDiver Patients Records Database – identified primary THA patients from 2005 to 2014. Patients who had prior arthroscopic FAI repair (post arthroscopy group) were separated from those who did not (native hip group). Prior FAI repair was examined as a risk factor for complications following THA and a multivariable logistic regression analysis was applied to identify risk factors for complications following THA.RESULTS: A total of 11,061 patients met all inclusion and exclusion criteria; 10,951 in the native hip group and 110 in the post arthroscopy group. Prior FAI repair was not significantly associated with higher rates of 90-day readmission (P=0.585), aseptic dislocation/revision within 3 years (P=0.409), surgical site infection within 3 years (P=0.796), or hip stiffness within 3 years (P=0.977) after THA.CONCLUSION: Arthroscopic FAI repair is not an independent risk factor for complications following subsequent ipsilateral THA (level of evidence: III).


Subject(s)
Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip , Arthroscopy , Femoracetabular Impingement , Hip , Humans , Incidence , Logistic Models , Pathology , Postoperative Complications , Risk Factors , Surgical Wound Infection
7.
Rev. Pesqui. (Univ. Fed. Estado Rio J., Online) ; 12: 971-976, jan.-dez. 2020. graf, tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS (Americas), BDENF | ID: biblio-1119071

ABSTRACT

Objetivos: Identificar os fatores de risco pré e pós-operatórios relacionados ao desenvolvimento de mediastinite entre pacientes submetidos à cirurgia cardíaca em um hospital da cidade do Rio de Janeiro, caracterizar a população estudada e analisar a relação entre os fatores de risco e a incidência de mediastinite nos pacientes submetidos à cirurgia cardíaca. Método: Estudo descritivo, abordagem quantitativa, em que foram identificados os fatores de risco para mediastinite em pacientes que realizaram cirurgia cardíaca em um hospital do Rio de Janeiro. Resultados: Obteve-se um n de 192 pacientes, de maioria homens, na faixa etária de 50 a 69 anos e em sobrepeso. Diabetes mellitus e tabagismo foram as comorbidades mais frequentes, e CRVMC a cirurgia mais realizada, 4 pacientes apresentaram mediastinite. Conclusão: A identificação destes fatores contribui para elaboração de estratégias de prevenção para mediastinite, e na implementação de cuidados de enfermagem no pré e pós-operatório de cirurgias cardíacas


Objectives: To identify pre and postoperative risk factors related to the development of mediastinitis among patients submitted to cardiac surgery at a hospital in the city of Rio de Janeiro, to characterize the study population and to analyze the relationship between risk factors and the incidence of mediastinitis in patients undergoing cardiac surgery. Method: descriptive study, quantitative approach, in which the risk factors for mediastinitis were identified in patients who underwent cardiac surgery in a hospital in Rio de Janeiro. Results: a n of 192 patients, mostly males, aged 50 to 69 years and overweight were obtained. Diabetes mellitus and smoking were the most frequent comorbidities, and CRVMC the most performed surgery, 4 patients had mediastinitis. Conclusion: the identification of these factors contributes to the elaboration of prevention strategies for mediastinitis, and the implementation of nursing care in the pre and postoperative period of cardiac surgeries


Objetivos: Identificar los factores de riesgo pre y postoperatorios relacionados al desarrollo de mediastinitis entre pacientes sometidos a la cirugía cardiaca en un hospital de la ciudad de Río de Janeiro, caracterizar a la población estudiada y analizar la relación entre los factores de riesgo y la incidencia de mediastinitis en los pacientes sometidos a la cirugía cardiaca. Método: Estudio descriptivo, abordaje cuantitativo, en que se identificaron los factores de riesgo para la mediastinitis en pacientes que realizaron una intervención cardiaca en un hospital de Río de Janeiro. Resultados: Se obtuvo un n de 192 pacientes, de mayoría hombres, en el grupo de edad de 50 a 69 años y en sobrepeso. La diabetes mellitus y el tabaquismo fueron las comorbilidades más frecuentes, y CRVMC la cirugía más realizada, 4 pacientes presentaron mediastinitis. Conclusión: La identificación de estos factores contribuye a la elaboración de estrategias de prevención para la mediastinitis, y en la implementación de cuidados de enfermería en el pre y postoperatorio de cirugías cardíacas


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Postoperative Complications/prevention & control , Thoracic Surgery/statistics & numerical data , Mediastinitis/epidemiology , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Surgical Wound Infection/complications , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Mediastinitis/complications
8.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 35(1): 43-50, 2020. fig, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas), COLNAL | ID: biblio-1095472

ABSTRACT

Introducción. La cirugía de hernia ventral implica una situación de complejidad, dadas las múltiples variables que se deben controlar para estimar los posibles factores determinantes del éxito quirúrgico y la aparición de complicaciones. Según la literatura científica mundial, la incidencia de hernia ventral se estima entre el 10 y el 15 %, y la tasa promedio de complicaciones de esta cirugía varía entre el 10 y el 37 %. El objetivo del presente estudio fue describir la experiencia y los resultados de la cirugía de hernia ventral en dos instituciones de IV nivel, en el periodo de enero de 2015 a marzo de 2019.Métodos. Se trata de un estudio observacional, descriptivo y de cohorte histórica, de pacientes mayores de edad sometidos a corrección de hernia ventral en las Clínicas Colsanitas en los últimos cinco años. Los datos se tomaron del registro estadístico de las instituciones en mención. Resultados. Se incluyeron 612 pacientes en un periodo de cinco años, la mayoría de los cuales era de sexo femenino, con sobrepeso, y predominantemente, con defectos combinados mediales; la tasa general de complicaciones fue del 20 % y, el porcentaje de infección del sitio operatorio, de 9 %; para el desarrollo de esta infección, la técnica de separación de componentes se encontró como un factor de riesgo (p=0,01; RR=2,9; IC 95% 1,32-6,5). En este estudio, no se analizó la recidiva como factor de los diferentes resultados. Conclusiones. Existen pocos datos en la literatura nacional sobre los resultados de este tipo de procedimiento quirúrgico. Es por ello que se procuró brindar a la comunidad científica los resultados de morbimortalidad de esta muestra de pacientes intervenidos por hernia ventral en los últimos cinco años


Introduction: Ventral hernia surgery involves a complex scenario, given the multiple variables that must be controlled to estimate the possible determinants of surgical success and the appearance of complications. Ac-cording to the world literature, the incidence of ventral hernia is estimated between 10% and 15%, and the average complication rate of this surgery varies between 10% and 37%. The objective of this study was to describe the experience and outcomes in ventral hernia surgery in two insti-tutions of IV level, in the period from January 2015 to March 2019.Methods: This is an observational, descriptive and historical cohort study of patients undergoing correction of ventral hernia at Colsanitas Clinics in the last five years. The data were collected from the statistical record of the mentioned institutions.Results: A total of 612 patients were included in a five-year period, most of whom were female, overweight, and predominantly with medial combined defects; the overall complication rate was 20%, and the percentage of op-erative site infection, 9%. From the development of this infection, the component separation was found as a risk factor (p= 0.01; RR= 2.9; CI95% 1.32-6.5). In this study, recurrence was not analyzed as an outcome factor.Conclusions: There is little data in the national literature on the results of this type of surgical procedure, which is why we tried to provide the scientific community with the morbidity and mortality results in our population of patients operated for ventral hernia in the last five years.


Subject(s)
Humans , Hernia, Ventral , Prostheses and Implants , Surgical Mesh , Surgical Wound Infection
9.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 35(1): 51-56, 2020. fig, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas), COLNAL | ID: biblio-1095473

ABSTRACT

Introducción. La hernioplastia con malla de polipropileno es la técnica de elección para el reparo de las hernias inguinales. Actualmente, existe controversia sobre esta técnica en pacientes con heridas sucias o contaminadas; sin embargo, la evidencia en la literatura médica ha demostrado que su uso puede ser seguro. Los autores presentan su experiencia con las mallas de polipropileno en la cirugía contaminada para cierre de hernias inguinales.Método. Se realizó un estudio observacional retrospectivo en el que se incluyeron los pacientes mayores de 18 años atendidos entre enero de 2017 y diciembre de 2018 por presentar hernias inguinales, que requirieron tratamiento quirúrgico de urgencias, y que presentaban heridas sucias o contaminadas. Los criterios evaluados fueron: infección de la herida quirúrgica, morbilidad y mortalidad, necesidad de remoción de la malla y recurrencia de la hernia.Resultados. Diez pacientes fueron sometidos a cirugía de urgencias, requiriendo resección intestinal por necrosis: nueve de ellos, por hernias estranguladas y, uno, por apendicitis perforada. En uno de los diez pacientes, se consideró sucia la herida por presentar necrosis intestinal y perforación. Los nueve restantes presentaban necrosis intestinal sin perforación, por lo cual se consideraron heridas contaminadas. La infección de la herida ocurrió en 1/10 pacientes con infección del sitio operatorio superficial; la eliminación de la malla no fue necesaria en ningún paciente durante todo el período de estudio. No se observaron recidivas y no hubo mortalidad.Conclusión. El uso de malla de polipropileno para la corrección de hernias inguinales, en pacientes con heridas sucias o contaminadas, es efectivo y seguro, con una morbilidad aceptable y buenos resultados a corto plazo


Introduction: Polypropylene mesh hernioplasty is the technique of choice for the repair of inguinal hernias. Currently, there is controversy about this technique in patients with dirty or contaminated wounds. However, evidence in the medical literature has shown its use can be safe. The authors present their experience in the use of polypropylene meshes in contaminated surgery to close inguinal hernias.Methods: A retrospective observational study was conducted in patients older than 18 year-old between January 2017 and December 2018. Were included those with inguinal hernias, requiring emergency surgical treatment, and presented contaminated or dirty wounds. The inclusion criteria were infection of the surgical wound, the need for removal of the mesh removal and recurrence of the hernia.Results: Ten patients underwent emergency surgery, requiring bowel resection for necrosis: nine of them for strangulated hernias and, one for perforated appendicitis. In one of the ten patients, the wound was considered dirty due to intestinal necrosis and perforation. The remaining nine had intestinal necrosis without perforation, so they were considered contaminated wounds. Wound infection occurred in 1/10 patients (10%) with superficial operative site infection; mesh removal was not necessary in any patient during the entire study period. No recurrence was observed and there was no mortality.Conclusion: The use of polypropylene mesh for the correction of inguinal hernias in patients with contaminated and dirty wounds is effective and safe, with acceptable morbidity and good short-term results


Subject(s)
Humans , Hernia, Inguinal , Surgical Mesh , Surgical Wound Infection , Herniorrhaphy
10.
Arq. odontol ; 56: 1-10, jan.-dez. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas), BBO | ID: biblio-1103340

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Avaliar a taxa de infecção e eventos adversos no pós-operatório de cirurgias orais menores, em uma instituição pública de atenção odontológica, entre 2017 e 2018. Métodos: Após realização dos procedimentos cirúrgicos, um formulário foi preenchido com dados relacionados ao paciente e à cirurgia. Trinta dias após, os egressos cirúrgicos foram contactados, via telefone e questionados quanto à ocorrência de eventos adversos (dor, secreção, sangramento e deiscência de sutura) e sobre uso de antibióticos. Realizou-se a análise descritiva dos dados (distribuição de frequências e percentuais) e cálculo da taxa de infecção global. Resultados:Foram incluídos 3.745 procedimentos cirúrgicos. A média de idade dos pacientes da amostra foi de 42,7 anos, com ligeiro predomínio do sexo masculino (51,3%). A clínica de cirurgia teve a maior concentração de procedimentos cirúrgicos realizados (53,8%), a prevalência média anual de eventos adversos no pós-operatório foi de 1,7% e a dor foi o evento adverso mais informado (4,0%). A maioria dos pacientes (64,2%) não recebeu nenhum tipo de prescrição antibiótica (profilático, terapêutico ou ambos) e a taxa de infecção no pós-operatório apresentou prevalência média total de 1,1%. Conclusão: As taxas de eventos adversos e a de infecção das feridas cirúrgicas encontradas foram baixas, demonstrando que o serviço atua de forma comprometida com os padrões de biossegurança, zelando pelos cuidados com o paciente.


Aim: To evaluate the rate of infection and adverse events in the postoperative stage of dental surgeries in a public dental care institution between 2017 and 2018. Methods: After performing the surgical procedures, a form was filled with data related to the patient and the surgery. Thirty days later, the patients were contacted via telephone, inquiring about the occurrence of adverse events (pain, discharge, bleeding, suture dehiscence) and antibiotic use. Descriptive data analysis (frequency and percentage distribution) and global infection rate were calculated. Results: This study included 3,745 surgical procedures. The mean age of the patients was 42.7 years, with a slight predominance of males. The surgery clinic presented the highest concentration of executed surgical procedures (53.8%); the average annual incidence of postoperative adverse events was 1.7%; and pain was the most commonly reported adverse event (4.0%). Most patients (64.2%) received no type of antibiotic prescription (prophylactic, therapeutic, or both) and the postoperative infection rate presented a total average incidence of 1.1%. Conclusion: The rates of adverse events and the infection of surgical sites were low, demonstrating that the service acts in a manner committed to the standards of biosafety, thus ensuring patient care.


Subject(s)
Postoperative Complications , Surgical Wound Infection , Infection Control , Oral Surgical Procedures , Health Management , Pain, Postoperative , Anti-Bacterial Agents
11.
Rev. Esc. Enferm. USP ; 54: e03542, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS (Americas), BDENF | ID: biblio-1091968

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: Understanding the reality of surgical site infections post-discharge surveillance in Brazilian teaching hospitals. Method: A cross-sectional study conducted by sending an online questionnaire to nurses from the Hospital Infection Control Committee of Brazilian teaching hospitals registered in the National Registry of Health Establishments. Results: Of the 193 teaching hospitals in Brazil, eight declined to take part as they did not conduct post-discharge surveillance and 36 did not respond. Twenty five of the remaining 149 hospitals provided detailed responses and 96% of responding institutions performed surgical site infection surveillance during hospitalization; active search (29.3%) was the main method, while 84% reported performing post-discharge surveillance mainly by telephone (42.8%). Both surveillance actions have nurses as the main responsible professionals. Conclusion: Nurses play a prominent role in surgical site infection identification/screening actions, and active search during hospitalization allied with post-discharge surveillance by telephone were the preferred methods.


Resumo Objetivo: Compreender a realidade da vigilância pós-alta hospitalar das infecções do sítio cirúrgico em hospitais universitários brasileiros. Método: Estudo transversal conduzido por envio de um questionário on-line para enfermeiros do Comitê de Controle de Infecção Hospitalar dos hospitais universitários brasileiros registrados no Cadastro Nacional de Estabelecimentos de Saúde. Resultados: Dos 193 hospitais universitários do Brasil, oito declinaram participar, já que não fazem vigilância pós-alta, e 36 não responderam. Vinte e cinco dos 149 hospitais restantes forneceram respostas detalhadas e 96% das instituições que responderam realizavam vigilância das infecções do sítio cirúrgico durante a hospitalização; a busca ativa (29,3%) foi o método principal, ao passo que 84% relataram realizar vigilância pós-alta basicamente por telefone (42,8%). Ambas as ações de vigilância tiveram os enfermeiros como os principais profissionais responsáveis. Conclusão: Os enfermeiros têm um papel proeminente nas ações de identificação/triagem das infecções do sítio cirúrgico, e a busca ativa durante a hospitalização aliada à vigilância por telefone pós-alta foram os métodos preferenciais.


Resumen Objetivo: Comprender la realidad de la vigilancia post alta hospitalaria de las infecciones del sitio quirúrgico en hospitales universitarios brasileños. Método: Estudio transversal realizado mediante el envío de un cuestionario en línea a los enfermeros del Comité de Control de Infección Hospitalaria de los hospitales universitarios brasileños inscritos en el Registro Nacional de Establecimientos Sanitarios. Resultados: De los 193 hospitales universitarios de Brasil, ocho declinaron participar, puesto que no hacen vigilancia post alta, y 36 no respondieron. Veinticinco de los 149 hospitales restantes proporcionaron respuestas detalladas y el 96% de los centros que respondieron realizaban vigilancia de las infecciones del sitio quirúrgico durante la hospitalización; la búsqueda activa (29,3%) fue el método principal, mientras que el 84% relataron llevar a cabo vigilancia post alta básicamente por teléfono (42,8%). Ambas acciones de vigilancia tuvieron a los enfermeros como los principales profesionales responsables. Conclusión: Los enfermeros juegan un rol prominente en las acciones de identificación/cribado de las infecciones del sitio quirúrgico, y la búsqueda activa durante la hospitalización aliada a la vigilancia por teléfono fueron los métodos preferentes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Patient Discharge , Surgical Wound Infection/nursing , Surveillance , Cross-Sectional Studies , Interviews as Topic , Hospitals, Teaching
12.
Rev. Paul. Pediatr. (Ed. Port., Online) ; 37(4): 494-502, Oct.-Dec. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1041352

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To analyze the preoperative use of antibiotics in children and adolescents requiring appendectomy. Data source: Integrative review was performed in the MEDLINE, Latin American and Caribbean Health Sciences (LILACS) and Cochrane databases and the PubMed portal, with no time limit. The keywords used were: appendicitis, child, adolescent and antibacterial with Boolean AND. The articles included were published in Portuguese, English or Spanish and whose participants were under 18 years of age. Review articles and guidelines were excluded. The studies were classified according to their level of evidence and 24 papers were selected. Data collection and analysis: Seven randomized clinical trial studies (level of evidence II), eight cohorts (level III), seven retrospective observational studies (level V) and two historical documentary analysis (level IV) were selected. The studies addressed antibiotics used in acute appendicitis in both uncomplicated and complicated cases. Antibiotics initiated in the preoperative period showed a decrease in the rates of surgical wound infections. First-line (empiric) regimens were tested for sensitivity to microorganisms in peritoneal material cultures, however the results were controversial. Broad-spectrum antibiotics have been suggested in some studies because they have good coverage, but in others they have not been recommended because of the risk of developing bacterial resistance. Shorter administration time and earlier change to the oral route reduced hospitalization time. Conclusions: There are several clinical protocols with different antibiotics. However, there is no standardization concerning the type of antibiotic drug, time of use, or route.


RESUMO Objetivo: Analisar o uso de antibióticos em crianças e adolescentes no perioperatório de apendicectomia. Fonte de dados: Realizou-se uma revisão integrativa, nas bases de dados MEDLINE, Literatura Latino-Americana e do Caribe em Ciências da Saúde (LILACS) e Cochrane e no portal PubMed, sem limite de tempo. As palavras-chave utilizadas foram: apendicite, criança, adolescente e antibacterianos com booleano AND. Os artigos incluídos foram publicados nos idiomas português, inglês ou espanhol e cujos participantes tivessem idade inferior a 18 anos. Os artigos de revisão e diretrizes foram excluídos. A qualidade da evidência foi analisada, e foram selecionados 24 artigos. Síntese dos dados: Sobre os estudos selecionados, sete foram ensaios clínicos randomizados (nível de evidência II), oito coortes (nível III), sete observacionais retrospectivos (nível V) e duas análises documentais históricas (nível IV). Os estudos abordaram antibióticos usados na apendicite aguda em suas formas não complicada e complicada. Os antibióticos iniciados no pré-operatório evidenciaram diminuição nas taxas de infecção da ferida cirúrgica. Os esquemas de primeira linha (empíricos) foram testados em relação à sensibilidade dos microrganismos nas culturas de material peritoneal, no entanto os resultados foram controversos. Sugeriram-se antibióticos de amplo espectro em alguns estudos por apresentar boa cobertura, no entanto em outros eles não foram recomendados, pelo risco de desenvolver resistência bacteriana. O menor tempo de administração e a mudança mais precoce para a via oral reduziram o tempo de internação. Conclusões: Existe um grande número de protocolos clínicos com antibióticos diversos, no entanto não existe padronização em relação ao tipo de antibiótico, tempo de uso nem via.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Adolescent , Appendectomy , Appendicitis/surgery , Surgical Wound Infection/prevention & control , Preoperative Care/methods , Antibiotic Prophylaxis/methods , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use , Drug Administration Schedule , Treatment Outcome
13.
Rev. SOBECC ; 24(4): 211-216, 30-12-2019.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas), BDENF | ID: biblio-1096086

ABSTRACT

Objetivos: Descrever a incidência de infecção do sítio cirúrgico (ISC) em seguimento após alta em hospital dia (HD) e comparar esses indicadores com dados de hospitais convencionais. Método: Estudo de coorte histórica composto de 74.213 pacientes operados e monitorados num HD de Salvador (BA), entre 2012 e 2017. Resultados: No período estudado, o sistema de vigilância do HD monitorou 85,1% dos pacientes após a alta e foi identificada incidência total de ISC de 0,3%, com variação de 0,2 a 0,4% entre os anos, taxas estatisticamente menores do que as reportadas para ISC em regime de internação hospitalar. Conclusão: Os indicadores de ISC revelados neste estudo ratificam que a modalidade da assistência cirúrgica ambulatorial porta menor risco de aquisição de infecção para os pacientes operados, quando comparados com os dados de infecção cirúrgica de pacientes em hospitais convencionais. Entretanto, torna-se indispensável um sistema de seguimento dos pacientes após a alta, no sentido de evitar a subnotificação e os sub-registros dos dados de ISC, pois na ausência de ambos se podem ocultar riscos e identificar taxas irreais


Objectives: To describe the incidence of surgical site infection (SSI) after discharge from a Daycare Unit (DU) and to compare these indicators with data from conventional hospitals. Method: This is a historical cohort study including 74,213 patients who underwent surgery and were monitored at a DU in Salvador (Bahia State, Brazil), between 2012 and 2017. Results: During the studied period, the DU surveillance system monitored 85.1% of patients after discharge. We found a total SSI incidence of 0.3%, varying between 0.2 and 0.4% in those years. These rates were statistically lower than those reported for SSI in hospitalized patients. Conclusion: The SSI indicators revealed in this study confirm that outpatient surgical care poses lower risks of infection acquisition for the operated patients, when compared with surgical infection data of patients from conventional hospitals. However, a follow-up system for patients after discharge is essential to avoid sub-reporting and sub-records regarding SSI data, considering that risks can be hidden and unrealistic rates can be identified in their absence.


Objetivos: Describir la incidencia de la infección del sitio quirúrgico (ISQ), después del alta del centro de día (CD) y comparar esos indicadores con los datos de hospitales convencionales. Método: Estudio de cohorte histórico con 74,213 pacientes operados y monitoreados en un CD en Salvador (Bahia, Brasil), entre 2012 y 2017. Resultados: Durante el período estudiado, el sistema de vigilancia del CD monitorizó el 85,1% de los pacientes después del alta, y se identificó una incidencia total de la ISQ del 0,3%, que varía desde el 0,2% hasta el 0,4% entre los años. Esas tasas son estadísticamente más bajas que las reportadas para ISQ bajo el régimen de hospitalización integral. Conclusión: Los indicadores de la ISQ revelados en este estudio confirman que la modalidad de atención quirúrgica ambulatoria conlleva un menor riesgo de adquisición de infección para los pacientes operados, en comparación con los datos de infección quirúrgica de pacientes en hospitales convencionales. Sin embargo, es indispensable un sistema de seguimiento para los pacientes después del alta hospitalaria, para evitar el sub-reporto y los subregistros de los datos de la ISQ, ya que en ausencia de ambos se pueden ocultar riesgos y se pueden identificar tasas poco realistas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Prostheses and Implants , Skin , Surgical Wound Infection , Patient Discharge , General Surgery , Infections
14.
Enferm. actual Costa Rica (Online) ; (37): 16-29, Jul.-Dez. 2019. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas), BDENF | ID: biblio-1039753

ABSTRACT

Resumo Objetivou-se identificar ocorrências de infecção do sítio cirúrgico pós-cesárea em uma maternidade. Trata-se de um estudo transversal retrospectivo com abordagem quantitativa desenvolvido em uma maternidade pública de referência em obstetrícia localizada na Região Nordeste do Brasil. A amostra constou de 53 prontuários de mulheres com infecção no sítio cirúrgico pós-cesárea no período de 2010 a 2013 e o instrumento de coleta de dados foi um formulário estruturado. Os dados foram analisados em software estatístico Statistical Package for the Social Sciences versão 20.0 apresentados na forma descritiva com frequências e percentuais. Os resultados mostraram taxa de infecção no sítio cirúrgico pós-cesárea de 2,92%; as usuárias apresentaram como fatores de risco baixa escolaridade, ocorrência de infecção urinária, hipertensão arterial, obesidade e tabagismo. Observou-se que a taxa de infecção no sítio cirúrgico pós-cesárea e fatores de risco identificados ressaltam a necessidade de investigação prévia e registro destes com cuidados preventivos de orientação e preparo das usuárias de forma segura com protocolos que direcionem condutas mais uniformes no tratamento destas infecções.


Resumen El objetivo fue identificar casos de infección del sitio quirúrgico post cesárea en una maternidad. Se trata de un estudio transversal retrospectivo con abordaje cuantitativo desarrollado en una maternidad pública de referencia en obstetricia localizada en la Región Noreste de Brasil. La muestra constó de 53 prontuarios de mujeres con infección en el sitio quirúrgico post-cesárea en el período de 2010 a 2013 y el instrumento de recolección de datos fue un formulario estructurado. Los datos fueron analizados en software estadístico Statistical Package for the Social Sciences versión 20.0 presentados en la forma descriptiva con frecuencias y porcentajes. Los resultados mostraron tasa de infección en el sitio quirúrgico post cesárea del 2,92%; las usuarias presentaron como factores de riesgo baja escolaridad, ocurrencia de infección urinaria, hipertensión arterial, obesidad y tabaquismo. Concluye que la tasa de infección en el sitio quirúrgico post cesárea y factores de riesgo identificados resalta la necesidad de investigación previa y registro de éstos con cuidados preventivos de orientación y preparación de las usuarias de forma segura con protocolos que direccionan conductas más uniformes en el tratamiento de estas infecciones.


Abstract The objective of this study was to identify the occurrence of post-cesarean surgical site infection in a maternity hospital. This is a cross-sectional retrospective study with a quantitative approach developed in a reference public maternity in obstetrics located in the Northeast Region of Brazil. The sample consisted of 53 medical records of women with post-cesarean surgical site infection from 2010 to 2013, and the data collection instrument was a structured form. The data were analyzed in Statistical Package for Social Sciences version 20.0 presented in descriptive form with frequencies and percentages. The results showed post-cesarean surgical site infection rate of 2.92%; the users presented as low risk factors schooling, occurrence of urinary infection, hypertension, obesity and smoking. It was concluded that the post-cesarean surgical site infection rate and identified risk factors underscore the need for prior investigation and registration of these with preventive care of orientation and preparation of the users in a safe way with protocols that guide more uniform conduct in the treatment of these infections.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pregnancy , Puerperal Infection , Surgical Wound Infection , Brazil , Cesarean Section , Risk Factors
15.
Rev. SOBECC ; 24(3): 139-145, jul-.set.2019.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas), BDENF | ID: biblio-1021354

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Descrever o perfil dos pacientes que desenvolveram mediastinite no pós-operatório de cirurgia cardíaca em um hospital de alta complexidade, analisando o desfecho, relacionado ao tempo de internação, à necessidade de reinternação, à antibioticoterapia instituída e a óbito. Método: Estudo transversal, com coleta de dados retrospectiva, por meio de consulta a 86 prontuários de pacientes que desenvolveram mediastinite no ano de 2015. Os dados foram coletados desde o pré-operatório até 90 dias após a alta hospitalar, o diagnóstico de mediastinite ou o óbito. Resultados: O diagnóstico de mediastinite ocorreu em 45,3% dos casos durante a internação e 54,7% após a alta hospitalar, dos quais 14,9% foram tratados ambulatorialmente e 85,1% necessitaram de reinternação. O tempo médio de internação foi de 31,8 dias. O tempo médio para o diagnóstico de mediastinite foi de 21,2 dias (desvio padrão ­ DP±11,48). O tratamento foi baseado principalmente em quinolonas (43%) e glicopeptídeos (39,5%). Conclusão: Considerando a frequência de identificação de casos após a alta hospitalar, a vigilância pós-alta de infecções do sítio cirúrgico entre pacientes submetidos a cirurgias cardíacas deve ser um objetivo compartilhado pela equipe multiprofissional.


Objectives: Describe the profile of patients who developed mediastinitis in the postoperative period of cardiac surgery in a hospital of high complexity, analyzing the outcome, related to the time of hospitalization, the need for reinternation, instituted antibiotic therapy and death. Method: Cross-sectional study, with retrospective data collection, through consultation with 86 medical records of patients who developed mediastinitis in the year 2015. Data were collected from the preoperative period up to 90 days after hospital discharge, the diagnosis of Mediastinitis or death. Results: The diagnosis of mediastinitis occurred in 45.3% of the cases during hospitalization and 54.7% after hospital discharge, of which 14.9% were treated ambulatory and 85.1% required reinternation. The mean hospitalization time was 31.8 days. The mean time for the diagnosis of Mediastinitis was 21.2 days (Standard deviation ­ SD ± 11,48). Treatment was mainly based on Quinolones (43%) and Glycopeptides (39.5%). Conclusion: Considering the frequency of identification of cases after hospital discharge, postoperative surveillance of surgical site infections among patients submitted to cardiac surgeries should be an objective shared by the multiprofessional team.


Objetivos: Describir el perfil de los pacientes que desarrollaron mediastinitis en el postoperatorio de cirugía cardíaca en un hospital de alta complejidad, analizando el resultado, relacionado con el tiempo de internación, la necesidad de reinternación, antibioticoterapia instituida y la muerte. Método: Estudio transversal, con recolección de datos retrospectiva, por medio de consulta a 86 historiales de pacientes que desarrollaron mediastinitis en el año 2015. Los datos fueron recogidos desde el preoperatorio, hasta 90 días después del alta hospitalaria, el diagnóstico de mediastinitis o el óbito. Resultados: El diagnóstico de mediastinitis ocurrió en 45,3% de los casos durante la internación y 54,7% después de alta hospitalaria, de los cuales, 14,9% fueron tratados ambulatorialmente y 85,1% necesitaron reinternación. El tiempo medio de internación fue de 31,8 días. El tiempo medio para el diagnóstico de mediastinitis fue de 21,2 días (desviación estándar ­ DP 11,48). El tratamiento se basó principalmente en quinolonas (43%) y glicopéptidos (39,5%). Conclusión: Considerando la frecuencia de identificación de casos tras el alta hospitalaria, la vigilancia postalta de infecciones del sitio quirúrgico entre pacientes sometidos a cirugías cardíacas debe ser un objetivo compartido por el equipo multiprofesional.


Subject(s)
Humans , Surgical Wound Infection , Thoracic Surgery , Mediastinitis , Staphylococcus , Klebsiella pneumoniae , Anti-Bacterial Agents
16.
Rev. cuba. cir ; 58(2): e753, mar.-jun. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1093163

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: Las infecciones del sitio quirúrgico constituyen las más frecuentes infecciones relacionadas con los cuidados de la salud y la educación de los pacientes, y los cuidadores constituye un elemento esencial para su prevención. Objetivo: Evaluar los elementos esenciales relacionados con la participación de los pacientes en la prevención de las infecciones del sitio quirúrgico. Método: Utilizando como fuente de información PubMed y la Joint Comission International se sintetizaron los aspectos relacionados con la prevención de las infecciones del sitio quirúrgico. Desarrollo: La educación del paciente transcurre desde el periodo preoperatorio hasta la total recuperación del paciente y constituye un criterio requerido para acreditar los sistemas de gestión de la calidad en instituciones de salud. Debe enfocarse en la modificación positiva de riesgos como la higiene preoperatoria, la abstención del hábito de fumar, el control glicémico en pacientes diabéticos, el uso de medicación inmunosupresora, la movilización temprana de los pacientes, los cuidados de la herida y la identificación y manejo oportuno de infecciones. Conclusiones: Se debe promover la participación activa del paciente y su familia en los cuidados de salud y el uso de las tecnologías educativas disponibles(AU)


ABSTRACT Introduction: Surgical site infections are the most frequent infections associated with health care. The education of patients and caregivers is an essential element for their prevention. Objective: To evaluate the essential elements associated with the participation of patients in the prevention of surgical site infections. Method: Using PubMed and the Joint Commission International as a source of information, we synthesized aspects related to the prevention of surgical site infections. Development: Patient education is carried out from the preoperative period until the patient's full recovery and is a required criterion to accredit quality management systems in health institutions. It should focus on the positive modification of risks such as preoperative hygiene, abstention from smoking, glycemic control in diabetic patients, the use of immunosuppressive medication, early mobilization of patients, wound care, and identification and timely management of infections. Conclusions: The active participation of the patient and the family in health care and the use of available educational technologies should be promoted(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Surgical Wound Infection/prevention & control , Patient Education as Topic/methods
17.
Rev. méd. panacea ; 8(1): 26-30, ene.-abr. 2019. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1016459

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Identificar los factores de riesgo asociados a infección del sitio operatorio post cesárea del Hospital Nacional Edgardo Rebagliati durante el año 2017. Materiales y métodos: Estudio observacional, transversal, analítico y retrospectivo con diseño de casos y controles. Se realiza la investigación con 83 casos de post cesareadas con infección del sitio operatorio comparado con 166 controles de post cesareadas sin infección del sitio operatorio. Resultados: En el año 2017, se realizaron 4131 cesáreas, representando el 65% del total de partos, de las cuales 2.69% (111) presentaron infección de sitio operatoria. Se encontró como factor de riesgo a la obesidad (p= 0.00) OR: 5.5 IC 95% [2.3 ­ 13.2]. Conclusiones: La obesidad es un factor de riesgo para desarrollar infección de sitio operatorio post cesárea. No se halló asociación significativa para la anemia, la ruptura prematura de membranas, el control prenatal insuficiente ni al tiempo quirúrgico mayor de 60 minutos. (AU)


Objective: To identify the risk factors associated with infection of the post-cesarean operative site of the Edgardo Rebagliati National Hospital during the year 2017. Materials and methods:Observational, transversal, analytical and retrospective study with case and control design. The investigation was carried out with 83 cases post-cesarean with infection of the operative site compared with 166 controls of post-cesareans without infection of the operative site. Results: In the year 2017, 4131 cesarean sections were performed, representing 65% of the total deliveries, of which 2.69% (111) presented operative site infection. Obesity was found to be a risk factor (p = 0.00) OR: 5.5 95% IC [2.3 - 13.2]. Conclusions: Obesity is a risk factor for developing post-cesarean site infection. No significant association was found for anemia, premature rupture of membranes, insufficient prenatal control or surgical time greater than 60 minutes. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Surgical Wound Infection , Cesarean Section , Risk Factors , Obesity , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies , Observational Studies as Topic
18.
Rev. argent. coloproctología ; 30(1): 27-37, mar. 2019. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1023695

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La ligadura con banda elástica es un procedimiento efectivo y de bajo costo, para el manejo de hemorroides grado I-III, que no requiere internación. Sus complicaciones, cuando presentes, son habitualmente leves. Aunque poco comunes, existen complicaciones graves asociadas a este procedimiento. El objetivo de este estudio es realizar una revisión de las complicaciones infecciosas pelvi-perineales de la ligadura con banda elástica, características comunes de presentación y alternativas de tratamiento en aquellos que sufren estas complicaciones. Descripción del caso: Se expone el caso de un hombre de 71 años de edad que presentó una sepsis pelviana severa posterior a la realización de una ligadura con banda elástica. A las 48 horas del procedimiento consulta por dolor perianal, dificultad miccional y fiebre. Se realiza el drenaje quirúrgico de ambas fosas isquiorrectales, luego de lo cual intercurre con shock séptico, realizándose una laparotomía, drenaje de retroperitoneo, colostomía sigmoidea. Posteriormente, debido al desarrollo de un síndrome compartimental abdominal, el abdomen se dejó abierto y contenido con una malla. Discusión: Se han descripto complicaciones sépticas posteriores a escleroterapia y crioterapia hemorroidal, ligadura con banda elástica, hemorroidectomia convencional y con sutura mecánica. Se exponen 20 casos de sepsis pelviana post-ligadura con banda elástica. La relación hombre:mujer fue de 3:1, con un amplio rango de edad (27-82 años). Sólo 2 tenían antecedentes de inmunosupresión. La progresión o la persistencia del dolor asociado a fiebre, dificultad miccional, edema perineal y/o genital fueron signos y síntomas comunes que se manifestaron dentro de los 14 días posteriores a la ligadura. Tal como en el caso aquí referido como en otros ya publicados, la realización de imágenes ayudó al diagnóstico y a la planificación quirúrgica. Todos recibieron antibioticoterapia de amplio espectro y 13 requirieron además cirugía. El espectro de tratamientos quirúrgicos fue desde el drenaje incisional hasta la amputación rectal. Ante la progresión del cuadro séptico, la realización de una ostomía fue la conducta más usual. Cinco pacientes requirieron más de una cirugía, y 8 fallecieron. Conclusión: Es importante conocer las complicaciones infecciosas mayores y su presentación clínica, para realizar un diagnóstico y tratamiento precoz de las mismas, con el fin de disminuir su elevada morbilidad o mortalidad. (AU)


Background: Rubber band ligation is an effective, low-cost procedure for grade I-III hemorrhoids, and does not require hospitalization. Its complications, when present, are usually mild. Although rare, there are serious complications associated with this procedure. The purpose of this review was to identify common presenting features and treatment alternatives in those who suffer pelviperineal infectious complications after rubber band ligation. Case Report: The present case is that of a 71-year-old man who presented severe pelvic sepsis after rubber band ligation. He complained of perianal pain, voiding difficulties and fever 48 hours after the procedure. Surgical drainage of both ischiorectal fossae was carried out. He developed septic shock. Laparotomy, retroperitoneal drainage and sigmoid loop colostomy were performed. In a subsequent operation due to abdominal compartment syndrome, the abdomen was left open and contained with a mesh. Discussion: Septic complications have been described after sclerotherapy, cryotherapy, rubber band ligation, conventional hemorrhoidectomy and stapled haemorrhoidopexy. We describe 20 cases of pelvic sepsis after rubber band ligation. The male: female ratio was 3: 1, with a wide age range (27- 82 years). Only 2 had a history of immunosuppression. The progression or persistence of pain associated with fever, voiding difficulties, perineal and / or genital edema were common signs and symptoms that appeared within 14 days after rubber band ligation. In the case here referred to as in others already published, imaging studies helped the diagnosis and surgical planning. All received broad spectrum antibiotic therapy and 13 required surgery. The spectrum of surgical treatments ranged from incisional drainage to rectal amputation. In view of the progression of the septic condition, performing an ostomy was the most usual conduct. Five patients required more than one surgery, and 8 died. Conclusion: It is important to acknowledge the major infectious complications and their clinical presentation, to help with an early diagnosis and treatment, in order to reduce their high morbidity and mortality. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Surgical Wound Infection/etiology , Sepsis/etiology , Hemorrhoids/surgery , Ligation/adverse effects , Ligation/methods , Rectal Diseases/surgery , Rectal Diseases/therapy , Reoperation , Surgical Wound Infection/therapy , Sepsis/therapy , Ligation/instrumentation , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use
19.
Rev. enferm. Inst. Mex. Seguro Soc ; 27(1): 4-13, Ene-Mar. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas), BDENF | ID: biblio-996118

ABSTRACT

Introducción: en la formación profesional es esencial desarrollar competencias laborales para responder a demandas complejas y llevar a cabo tareas diversas de forma adecuada. Objetivo: evaluar la competencia clínica del personal de enfermería en la prevención de infecciones en sitio quirúrgico. Métodos: estudio descriptivo transversal, con personal de enfermería de los servicios de Cirugía General y Quirófano de un hospital de segundo nivel de atención. La muestra incluyó 60 enfermeras de diferentes categorías y turnos. Se evaluó la competencia con un instrumento estructurado en dos apartados: datos sociodemográficos y laborales, y un caso clínico que abarcaba las dimensiones de conocimiento, habilidad y actitud. El nivel de competencia se determinó con base en la clasificación de Patricia Benner (principiante, principiante avanzado, competente, eficiente y experto). Resultados: el nivel de competencia clínica del personal de enfermería fue eficiente en el 75% y experto en 25%. En la dimensión de habilidad fue competente en el 93.5% y en conocimiento en 89.6%, no así, en la dimensión de actitud con 53.3%. La relación de la competencia clínica con la categoría laboral fue significativa (p = 0.026). Conclusión: la valoración de las competencias en personal de enfermería permite diseñar e implementar una evaluación antes y después, con la finalidad de distinguir la mejora de las competencias y la calidad del cuidado de enfermería a la persona, familia y comunidad.


Introduction: In professional training it is essential to develop job skills to respond to complex demands and carry out diverse tasks in an appropriate manner. Objective: To evalúate the clinical competence of nursing staff in the prevention of surgical site infections. Methods: Cross-sectional descriptive study, which was composed of nursing staff from General Surgery and Operating Room Services from a second-level care hospital. The sample included 60 nurses from different categories and shifts. Competence was evaluated with a structured instrument divided into two sections: sociodemographic and labor data, and a clinical case covering the dimensions of knowledge, skills and attitude. The level of competence was determined on the basis of Patricia Bennerís dassification (beginner/novice, advanced beginner, competent, efficient and expert). Results: The level of clinical competence of the nursing staff was efficient in 75% and expert in 25%. In the skill dimensión, nursing staff was competent in 93.5% and 89.6% in knowledge, but not in the attitude dimensión with 53.3%. The relation of clinical competence with the labor category was significant (p = 0.026). Condusion: The assessment of competencies in nursing staff allows the design and implementation of a pre-post evaluation, in order to distinguish the improvement of competencies and the quality of nursing care for the person, family and community.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aptitude , Primary Prevention , Surgical Wound Infection , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Nursing , Clinical Competence , Knowledge , Hospitals, General , Nursing Staff , Mexico
20.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 34(3): 245-253, 20190813. tab, fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas), COLNAL | ID: biblio-1016068

ABSTRACT

Introducción. La apendicectomía por puerto único, asistida por laparoscopia,ofrece una alternativa terapéutica en el abordaje de la apendicitis aguda. En el presente estudio, se evalúa el beneficio terapéutico de la técnica por único puerto asistida por laparoscopia y se compara esta técnica con la apendicectomía abierta.Materiales y métodos. Se trata de un estudio observacional analítico retrospectivo de cohorte, llevado a cabo en el Hospital Universitario Clínica San Rafael, de Bogotá. Se incluyeron 106 pacientes mayores de 15 años con apendicitis aguda, que fueron sometidos a apendicectomía por puerto único, asistida por laparoscopia o apendi-cectomía abierta. La relación entre el grupo con apendicectomía por laparoscopia y el de técnica abierta, fue de 1:1. Se incluyeron variables sociodemográficas, clínicas y quirúrgicas (tiempo quirúrgico, frecuencia de infección del sitio operatorio, estancia hospitalaria, dolor, reingresos y resultado estético).Resultados. La edad promedio fue de 32 años y la mayoría de los pacientes eran de sexo masculino. El tiempo operatorio fue menor en los casos de apendicectomía por puerto único, asistida por laparoscopia, con un prome-dio de 34,1 minutos. Según la escala análoga, el dolor posoperatorio fue de 2,2 con la técnica laparoscópica y de 3,2 con la apendicectomía abierta (p<0,05). Hubo ocho veces más reingresos entre los casos de apendicectomía abierta en comparación con la apendicectomía por un puerto, y el resultado estético fue satisfactorio en todos con esta última técnica. No se encontraron diferencias significativas en la estancia hospitalaria o la infección del sitio operatorio. La razón de momios (odds ratio, OR) fue inferior a 1 en variables como dolor, reingreso y menor tiempo quirúrgico, lo cual indica una menor probabilidad, en los que se usó un solo puerto. Discusión. La técnica por un solo puerto es segura, reproducible, equiparable en términos de días de estancia hospitalaria e infección de sitio operatorio, e incluso, produce mejores resultados en el tiempo quirúrgico, las escalas de dolor y el número de reingresos


Introduction: Laparoscopic assisted single port appendectomy offers an alternative approach to acute appen-dicitis. This study compares this technique versus open appendectomy and determine its therapeutic benefit. Materials and methods: retrospective cohort analytical observational study at the San Rafael Clinical University Hospital, Bogotá.Results: We included 106 patients older than 15 years with acute appendicitis who underwent appendectomy for single port assisted by laparoscopy versus appendectomy. The relationship between exposed and unexposed was 1:1. Sociodemographic, clinical and surgical variables were included (surgical time, frequency of infection of the operative site, hospital stay, pain, readmissions, and aesthetic result). Average age was 32 years, being the majority males. We observed less operative time in appendectomy for single port assisted by laparoscopy (34.1 min), postoperative pain measured according to analogous pain scale, was 2.2 in laparoscopy and 3.2 in open appendectomy (p: <0.05). Eight times more readmissions were observed in open appendectomy versus lap appendectomy, with satisfactory aesthetic results of 100% in single port. No significant differences were found in hospital stay and operative site infection. OR less than 1 was observed in variables such as pain, readmission and shorter surgical time indicating lower probability in single port. Discussion: The single port technique is a safe, reproducible technique, comparable in terms of days of hospital stay and operative site infection and even with better results in surgical time, pain scales and fewer readmissions


Subject(s)
Humans , Appendicitis , Appendectomy , Surgical Wound Infection , Laparoscopy
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