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1.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 49: e20213031, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1365397

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: to assess the impact of using a surgical checklist and its completion on complications such as surgical site infection (SSI), reoperation, readmission, and mortality in patients subjected to urgent colorectal procedures, as well as the reasons for non adherence to this instrument in this scenario, in a university hospital in Ottawa, Canada. Methods: this is a retrospective, epidemiological study. We collected data from an electronic database containing information on patients undergoing urgent colorectal operations, and analyzed the occurrence of SSI, reoperation, readmission, and death in a 30 day period, as well as the completion of the checklist. We conducted a descriptive statistical analysis and logistic regression. Results: we included 5,145 records, of which 5,083 (98.8%) had complete checklists. As for the outcomes evaluated, cases with complete checklists displayed higher SSI rate, 9.1% vs. 6.5% (p=0.466), lower reoperation rate, 5% vs.11.3% (p=0.023), lower readmission rates, 7.2% vs. 11.3% (p=0.209), and lower mortality, 3.0% vs. 6.5% (p=0.108) than cases with incomplete ones. Conclusion: there was a high level of checklist completion and a larger number of the outcomes in the reduced percentage of incomplete checklists found, demonstrating the impact of its utilization on the safety of patients undergoing urgent operations.


RESUMO Objetivo: verificar o impacto do uso do checklist cirúrgico e a completude em complicações como infecção do sítio cirúrgico (ISC), reoperação, readmissão e mortalidade em pacientes submetidos a procedimentos colorretais de urgência, bem como os motivos para a não adesão a esse instrumento nesse cenário, em hospital universitário de Ottawa, Canadá. Métodos: trata-se de estudo epidemiológico retrospectivo. Os dados foram coletados em base de dados eletrônica contendo informações de pacientes submetidos a cirurgias colorretais de urgência, sendo analisada a ocorrência de ISC, reoperação, readmissão e óbito em período de 30 dias, bem como a completude do checklist. Realizou-se análise estatística descritiva e regressão logística. Resultados: incluíram-se 5.145 registros, dos quais 5.083 (98,8%) possuíam checklists completos. No que se refere aos desfechos avaliados, identificou-se nos checklists completos comparados aos incompletos, respectivamente, maior taxa das ISC de 9,1% contra 6,5% (p=0,466); menor taxa em reoperações de 5% contra 11,3% (p=0,023); em readmissões de 7,2% contra 11,3% (p=0,209); e também em mortalidade de 3,0% contra 6,5% (p=0,108). Conclusão: verificou-se alto nível de completude do checklist e maior número de desfechos no reduzido percentual de checklists incompletos encontrados, demonstrando o impacto da utilização para a segurança do paciente submetido a cirurgias de urgência.


Subject(s)
Humans , Colorectal Neoplasms , Checklist , Reoperation , Surgical Wound Infection/epidemiology , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors
2.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 43(5): 374-376, May 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1288559

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To analyze effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on the consumption of personal protective equipment and products (PPEP), as well as the frequency of surgical site infection (SSI) among non-COVID-19 patients submitted to cesarean sections. Methods A retrospective study was conducted in a maternity unity of a public teaching hospital which was not part of the reference service for COVID-19 treatment. It compared PPEP consumption and the occurrence of SSI after cesarean sections in monthly periods before and after the occurrence of the first case of COVID-19 in Porto Alegre, state of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Personal protective equipment and products consumption was measured as units of masks, gloves, gowns, and caps, and use of alcohol-based products or soap for hand sanitation asml/patient/day. The SSI index was calculated as the proportion of cases of SSI over the number of cesarean sections performed monthly during the study period. Results There was an increase in all measured items of PPEP, with consumption of disposable masks with a median of 1,450 units in the pre-COVID period, and of 2550 in the post-COVID period (a 75.9% increase). A decrease of 49% in SSI was detected, with a median of 1.74 in the pre-COVID period and of 0.89 in the post-COVID period. Conclusion The increase in consumption of PPEP could be a result of safer practices adopted by healthcare workers with the advent of COVID-19, of which the following reduction in the occurrence of SSI could be a direct consequence. Despite the severity of the crisis, one could state that extreme situations can lead to valuable reflections and opportunities for improvement.


Resumo Objetivo Analisar os efeitos da pandemia de COVID-19 sobre o consumo de equipamentos e produtos de proteção individual (EPPI), assim como a frequência de infecção de sítio cirúrgico (ISC) em pacientes não infectadas por COVID-19 submetidas a cesarianas. Métodos Foi realizado umestudo retrospectivo em umamaternidade de um hospital público de ensino que não fazia parte do serviço de referência para o tratamento do COVID-19. Foram comparados o consumo de EPPI e a ocorrência de ISC após cesárea nos períodos mensais antes e após a ocorrência do primeiro caso de COVID-19 em Porto Alegre, RS, Brasil. O consumo de EPPI foimedido emunidades demáscaras, luvas, aventais e gorros, e o uso de produtos à base de álcool ou de sabonete para higienização das mãos em ml/paciente/dia. O índice SSI foi calculado como a proporção de casos de ISC sobre o número de cesarianas realizadas mensalmente durante o período do estudo. Resultados Houve aumento em todos os itens medidos do EPPI, com o consumo de máscaras descartáveis apresentando uma mediana de 1.450 no período pré-COVID e de 2550 no período pós-COVID (aumento de 75,9%). Detectou-se também diminuição de ISC, com medianas de 1,74 no período pré-COVID e de 0,89 no período pós-COVID, com redução de 49% no valor da mediana. Conclusão O aumento do consumo de EPPI pode ser resultado de práticas mais seguras adotadas pelos profissionais de saúde com o advento do COVID-19, do qual a redução na ocorrência de ISC pode ser uma consequência direta. Apesar da gravidade da crise, pode-se afirmar que situações extremas podem gerar reflexões valiosas e oportunidades de melhorias.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Surgical Wound Infection/prevention & control , Surgical Wound Infection/epidemiology , Cesarean Section , Hand Sanitizers , Personal Protective Equipment/statistics & numerical data , COVID-19/prevention & control , Retrospective Studies , Health Personnel
3.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 48: e20213031, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1360756

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: to assess the impact of using a surgical checklist and its completion on complications such as surgical site infection (SSI), reoperation, readmission, and mortality in patients subjected to urgent colorectal procedures, as well as the reasons for non adherence to this instrument in this scenario, in a university hospital in Ottawa, Canada. Methods: this is a retrospective, epidemiological study. We collected data from an electronic database containing information on patients undergoing urgent colorectal operations, and analyzed the occurrence of SSI, reoperation, readmission, and death in a 30 day period, as well as the completion of the checklist. We conducted a descriptive statistical analysis and logistic regression. Results: we included 5,145 records, of which 5,083 (98.8%) had complete checklists. As for the outcomes evaluated, cases with complete checklists displayed higher SSI rate, 9.1% vs. 6.5% (p=0.466), lower reoperation rate, 5% vs.11.3% (p=0.023), lower readmission rates, 7.2% vs. 11.3% (p=0.209), and lower mortality, 3.0% vs. 6.5% (p=0.108) than cases with incomplete ones. Conclusion: there was a high level of checklist completion and a larger number of the outcomes in the reduced percentage of incomplete checklists found, demonstrating the impact of its utilization on the safety of patients undergoing urgent operations.


RESUMO Objetivo: verificar o impacto do uso do checklist cirúrgico e a completude em complicações como infecção do sítio cirúrgico (ISC), reoperação, readmissão e mortalidade em pacientes submetidos a procedimentos colorretais de urgência, bem como os motivos para a não adesão a esse instrumento nesse cenário, em hospital universitário de Ottawa, Canadá. Métodos: trata-se de estudo epidemiológico retrospectivo. Os dados foram coletados em base de dados eletrônica contendo informações de pacientes submetidos a cirurgias colorretais de urgência, sendo analisada a ocorrência de ISC, reoperação, readmissão e óbito em período de 30 dias, bem como a completude do checklist. Realizou-se análise estatística descritiva e regressão logística. Resultados: incluíram-se 5.145 registros, dos quais 5.083 (98,8%) possuíam checklists completos. No que se refere aos desfechos avaliados, identificou-se nos checklists completos comparados aos incompletos, respectivamente, maior taxa das ISC de 9,1% contra 6,5% (p=0,466); menor taxa em reoperações de 5% contra 11,3% (p=0,023); em readmissões de 7,2% contra 11,3% (p=0,209); e também em mortalidade de 3,0% contra 6,5% (p=0,108). Conclusão: verificou-se alto nível de completude do checklist e maior número de desfechos no reduzido percentual de checklists incompletos encontrados, demonstrando o impacto da utilização para a segurança do paciente submetido a cirurgias de urgência.


Subject(s)
Humans , Colorectal Neoplasms , Checklist , Reoperation , Surgical Wound Infection/epidemiology , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors
5.
Clin. biomed. res ; 40(1): 27-32, 2020.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1116850

ABSTRACT

Introdução: O fechamento de estomas, embora rotineiramente performado, ainda não pode ser considerado um procedimento simples. Nós reportamos, desta forma, a morbidade, mortalidade e fatores de riscos associados a este procedimento em um período de dez anos. Métodos: Revisão retrospectiva de 252 prontuários (149 homens; 103 mulheres), com uma média de 56 anos de idade (18 a 89 anos), que foram submetidos a fechamento de estomas, com análise de complicações clínicas e cirúrgicas, características relacionadas ao estoma, entre outros. Admissão em UTI, complicações precoces (até 30 dias) (classificação de Clavien-Dindo), e tardias, além de óbito, foram analisados. Os testes T de Student, ANOVA, Qui-Quadrado de Pearson, exato de Fischer e de Mann-Whitney foram utilizados para análise paramétrica e não-paramétrica. Resultados: Tumores colorretais (64%) e diverticulite (10%) foram as principais causas para a confecção do estoma. 112 (44,4%) dos pacientes tiveram pelo menos uma complicação cirúrgica. As complicações precoces foram infecção de ferida operatória (13%), fistula e deiscência anastomótica/intestinal (9%), abscessos de cavidade ou parede abdominais (8,3%); tardiamente houveram 36 casos de hérnia incisional (14,2%) e uma estenose intestinal (0,3%). Comorbidades levaram a 10% maior probabilidade de ter uma ou mais complicações cirúrgicas, e todas as cinco mortes ocorreram nestes pacientes (2%). Estomas de intestino grosso, maior tempo operatório e admissão em UTI estiveram significamente relacionados a aumento da morbidade. Conclusão: Pacientes com comorbidades e estomas de intestino grosso tiveram mais risco de complicações. Cuidados pré e perioperatórios, e melhor seleção de pacientes são importantes na redução da morbimortalidade.(AU)


Introduction: Although routinely performed, stoma closure cannot as yet be considered a simple procedure. We report here the morbidity, mortality and risk factors associated with this procedure over a 10-year period. Methods: The medical records of 252 patients (149 men; 103 women), with a mean age of 56 years (18 to 89 years), who underwent stoma closure were retrospectively reviewed for postoperative clinical and surgical complications, stoma-related features, among others. ICU admission, early surgical complications (within 30 days) according to the Clavien-Dindo classification, late surgical complications, and death were analyzed. Student's t-test, ANOVA, Pearson's chi-square test, Fisher's exact test, and MannWhitney U test were used for parametric and nonparametric data. Results: Colorectal tumors (64%) and diverticulitis (10%) were the main reasons for stoma surgery. Overall, 112 (44.4%) patients had at least one surgical complication. Early complications included surgical wound infection (13%), fistula and anastomotic/ intestinal dehiscence (9%), and abdominal wall or intra-abdominal abscesses (8.3%). Late complications included 36 (14.2%) cases of incisional hernia and one case (0.3%) of stricture. Patients with comorbidities were 10% more likely to have one or more surgical complications, and all 5 deaths occurred in these patients (2%). Large-bowel ostomies, longer operative time and ICU admission were significantly related to increased morbidity. Conclusion: Patients with an increased number of comorbidities and large-bowel ostomies are at higher risk for complications. Pre- and perioperative care and accurate patient selection are important to reduce morbidity and mortality.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Surgical Stomas/adverse effects , Postoperative Complications/mortality , Surgical Wound Infection/epidemiology , Time Factors , Tobacco Use Disorder/epidemiology , Colorectal Neoplasms/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Diverticulitis/surgery , Hypertension/epidemiology
6.
Dermatol. argent ; 26(1): 26-31, 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1146360

ABSTRACT

Antecedentes: Aunque las complicaciones globales en la dermatología quirúrgica referidas en la bibliografía mundial son bajas (1,64- 4,58%), las publicaciones regionales con datos prospectivos sobre ellas son escasas y, a nivel nacional, inexistentes. Objetivos: Estimar la incidencia de complicaciones intraquirúrgicas (CI) y posquirúrgicas (CP) en los procedimientos de cirugía dermatológica y caracterizarlas en el ámbito de una sala de procedimientos de un hospital de referencia de la Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires. Diseño: Trabajo de investigación descriptivo, prospectivo, observacional y longitudinal. Materiales y métodos: Se recolectó información demográfica del paciente y operativa en el momento del procedimiento quirúrgico. Se clasificaron las complicaciones quirúrgicas que se presentaron hasta un mes posterior al procedimiento en los pacientes intervenidos en la sección de Dermatología Quirúrgica del Hospital F. J. Muñiz, en el período comprendido entre febrero de 2015 y marzo de 2018. Resultados: Se halló una incidencia de 0% (IC 95%: 0 a 0,4) para las CI y de 4,4% (IC 95%: 3,2 a 5,9) para las CP en una serie de 765 pacientes (937 procedimientos). La CP más frecuente fue dehiscencia (68%), seguida de infección (16%), variantes de sangrado (9%) y necrosis (7%). Ninguna fue grave ni incluyó muerte, hospitalización o secuelas permanentes. Conclusiones: La dermatología quirúrgica en el ámbito de una sala de procedimientos es segura y el porcentaje de complicaciones es bajo comparable con lo publicado en la bibliografía internacional. (AU)


Background: Although the global complications in surgical dermatology referred to in the worldwide literature are low (1.64- 4.58%), regional publications with prospective data on them are scarce and nationally non-existent. Objectives: Estimate the incidence of intra-surgical complications (IC) and post-surgical complications (PC) in dermatological surgery procedures and characterize them within the scope of a reference hospital in the Autonomous City of Buenos Aires. Design: Descriptive, prospective, observational and longitudinal research work. Materials and methods: Demographic information of the patient and operative data were collected at the time of the surgical procedure. Surgical complications that occurred up to one month after the procedure on patients undergoing surgery in the surgical dermatology section of the F. J. Muñiz Hospital between February 2015 to March 2018 were classified. Results: The incidence found was 0% (95% CI 0-0.4) for IC and 4.4% (95% CI 3.2-5.9) for PC in a series of 765 patients (937 procedures). The most frequent PC was dehiscence (68%), followed by infection (16%), bleeding variants (9%) and necrosis (7%). Neither the PC were severe, not included death, hospitalization or permanent sequelae. Conclusions: Office based dermatologic surgery is safe and the percentage of complications is low, comparable to that published in the international literature. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Dermatologic Surgical Procedures/adverse effects , Operating Rooms , Surgical Wound Dehiscence/epidemiology , Surgical Wound Infection/epidemiology , Incidence , Prospective Studies , Longitudinal Studies , Postoperative Hemorrhage/epidemiology , Patient Safety , Necrosis/epidemiology
7.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 356-362, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879658

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE@#By comparing the outcomes of total hip arthroplasty with hemiarthroplasty in elderly patients with a femoral neck fracture to investigate the one-year mortality, dislocation, infection, reoperation rate, and thromboembolic event.@*METHODS@#The PubMed, EMBASE databases, and Cochrane library were systematically searched from the inception dates to April 1, 2020 for relevant randomized controlled trials in English language using the keywords: "total hip arthroplasty", "hemiarthroplasty" and "femoral neck fracture" to identify systematic reviews and meta-analyses. Two reviewers independently selected articles, extracted data, assessed the quality evidence and risk bias of included trials using the Cochrane Collaboration' stools, and discussed any disagreements. The third reviewer was consulted for any doubts or uncertainty. We derived risk ratios and 95% confidence intervals. Mortality was defined as the primary outcome. Secondary outcomes were other complications, dislocation, infection, reoperation rate, and thromboembolic event.@*RESULTS@#This meta-analysis included 10 studies with 1419 patients, which indicated that there were no significant differences between hemiarthroplasty and total hip arthroplasty in reoperation, infection rate, and thromboembolic event. However, there was a lower mortality and dislocation rate association with total hip arthroplasty at the one-year follow-up.@*CONCLUSION@#Based on our results, we found that total hip arthroplasty was better than hemiarthroplasty for a hip fracture at one-year follow-up.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip/methods , Female , Femoral Neck Fractures/surgery , Follow-Up Studies , Hemiarthroplasty/methods , Humans , Male , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Reoperation/statistics & numerical data , Surgical Wound Infection/epidemiology , Thromboembolism/epidemiology , Time Factors , Treatment Outcome
8.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 78(2): 86-90, mar.-abr. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1003578

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose: This study aims to describe the incidence, clinical presentation, and evolution of endophthalmitis cases occurred at an ophthalmologic center in Brazil. Methods: This is a review of medical records of patients undergoing cataract surgery from 2008 to 2014. Clinical variables associated with the outcome of postoperative endophthalmitis were evaluated. Results: during the study period, 27,609 cataract surgeries were performed. It was identified 35 cases of endophthalmitis. The overall incidence of endophthalmitis was 0.13%, with an annual variation from 0.04% to 0.27%. The main signs and symptoms in patients with endophthalmitis were ocular pain and low visual acuity associated with conjunctival hyperemia and hypopyon. Gram-positive microorganisms were the most frequent etiological agents. All patients received an intra-vitreous injection of antibiotics as immediate treatment. The final visual acuity was equal to or worse than the ability to count the examiner's fingers in 57.1% of the patients. Evisceration or enucleation was required in 3 patients. Conclusion: The incidence of endophthalmitis and the majority of signs and symptoms found in this study were in agreement with literature in the field. Although the incidence rate is low, the loss of vision experienced by most patients with endophthalmitis after cataract surgery highlights the need for efforts to prevent infection and early diagnosis to avoid such complications.


Resumo Objetivo: Descrever a incidência, a apresentação clínica e a evolução dos casos de endoftalmites ocorridos em um centro oftalmológico no Brasil. Métodos: Trata-se de uma revisão de prontuários dos pacientes submetidos à cirurgia de catarata no período de 2008 a 2014. Foram avaliadas as variáveis clínicas associadas ao desfecho de endoftalmite pós-operatória. Resultados: durante o período do estudo, foram realizadas 27.609 cirurgias de catarata. Foram identificados 35 casos de endoftalmite. A incidência global de endoftalmite foi de 0,13%, com variação anual de 0,04% a 0,27%. Os principais sinais e sintomas em pacientes com endoftalmite foram dor ocular e baixa acuidade visual associado à hiperemia conjuntival e hipópio. Os microrganismos gram-positivos foram os agentes etiológicos mais frequentes. Todos os pacientes receberam uma injeção intravítreo de antibióticos como tratamento imediato. A acuidade visual final foi igual ou pior que a capacidade de contar os dedos do examinador em 57,1% dos pacientes. Evisceração ou enucleação foi necessário em 3 pacientes. Conclusão: A incidência de endoftalmite e a maioria dos sinais e sintomas encontrados neste estudo estão de acordo com os reportados na literatura. Embora a taxa de incidência seja baixa, a perda de visão experimentada pela maioria dos pacientes com endoftalmite após a cirurgia de catarata destaca a necessidade de esforços para medidas de prevenção de infecção e diagnóstico precoce para evitar tais complicações.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Cataract Extraction/adverse effects , Endophthalmitis/etiology , Endophthalmitis/epidemiology , Epidemiological Monitoring , Surgical Wound Infection/etiology , Surgical Wound Infection/prevention & control , Surgical Wound Infection/epidemiology , Cataract Extraction/methods , Medical Records , Endophthalmitis/prevention & control , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Infection Control
9.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 52: e20190039, 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1041600

ABSTRACT

Abstract INTRODUCTION: The growing incidence of post-surgical atypical mycobacteriosis (PSAM) may be related to the increased use of low- and medium-complexity video-assisted surgery. METHODS: Between April 2007 and June 2009, 125 patients were referred from the State Health Department of Rio de Janeiro for the treatment of confirmed, probable, or suspected PSAM. RESULTS: Laparoscopic cholecystectomy was the most frequent surgical procedure (48.8%) among patients. Clarithromycin, ethambutol, and terizidone were used to treat 113 patients for a mean duration of 226 days. CONCLUSIONS: Despite the need for multidrug therapy and long treatment duration, most included patients adhered to treatment and experienced cure without relapse.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Postoperative Complications/etiology , Surgical Wound Infection/etiology , Video-Assisted Surgery/adverse effects , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Surgical Wound Infection/epidemiology , Brazil/epidemiology , Clarithromycin/therapeutic use , Drug Therapy, Combination , Ethambutol/therapeutic use , Middle Aged , Mycobacterium Infections, Nontuberculous
10.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 46(4): e2252, 2019. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1020370

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo: apresentar uma análise descritiva dos resultados de um pacote de cuidados aplicado em pacientes obesos submetidos à cirurgia bariátrica, no que diz respeito ao controle de infecção. Métodos: um pacote de cuidados foi estruturado, visando a conter as taxas de infecção de sítio cirúrgico (ISC) em pacientes submetidos à cirurgia bariátrica. O pacote incluiu interrupção de tabagismo, banho com clorexidina 4% duas horas antes da cirurgia, cefazolina 2g em bolus na indução anestésica associada à administração da mesma droga com dose de 1g em infusão contínua, tricotomia apropriada, controle glicêmico, oxigênio suplementar, normotermia, controle da dor com morfina intrarraquidiana e remoção do curativo estéril 48 horas após a cirurgia. Todos os pacientes foram seguidos por 30 dias. Resultados: entre os 1.596 pacientes incluídos, 334 (20,9%) foram submetidos à cirurgia aberta e 1.262 (79,1%) à cirurgia videolaparoscópica. As taxas de ISC foram de 0,5% no grupo submetido à cirurgia laparoscópica e de 3% nos submetidos à cirurgia aberta. A incidência geral de ISC foi de 1%. Infecções intra-abdominal, do trato respiratório e do trato urinário ocorreram em 0,9%, 1,1% e 1,5% da amostra, respectivamente. Faixas mais elevadas de índice de massa corporal foram associadas a maiores incidências de ISC (p=0,001). Entre os pacientes com diabetes, 2,2% desenvolveram ISC, enquanto a taxa de infecção entre os não diabéticos foi de apenas 0,6%. Conclusão: o pacote de cuidados instituído, estruturado por estratégias centrais baseadas em evidências, associadas à medidas secundárias, foi capaz de manter baixas taxas de ISC após cirurgia bariátrica.


ABSTRACT Objective: to present a descriptive analysis of the results of a care bundle applied to obese patients submitted to bariatric surgery, regarding infection control. Methods: a care bundle was designed to control surgical site infection (SSI) rates in patients undergoing bariatric surgery. The bundle included smoking cessation, bathing with 4% chlorhexidine two hours before surgery, cefazolin (2g bolus) in anesthetic induction associated with a continuous infusion of the same drug at a dose of 1g over a two-hour period, appropriate trichotomy, glycemic control, supplemental oxygen, normothermia, intraspinal morphine for the relief of pain, and sterile dressing removal 48 hours after surgery. All patients were followed up for 30 days. Results: among the 1,596 included patients, 334 (20.9%) underwent open surgery and 1,262 (79.1%) underwent videolaparoscopic surgery. SSI rates were 0.5% in the group submitted to laparoscopic surgery and 3% in the one submitted to open surgery. The overall incidence of SSI was 1%. Intra-abdominal, respiratory tract, and urinary tract infections occurred in 0.9%, 1.1%, and 1.5% of the sample, respectively. Higher body mass index was associated with higher incidence of SSI (p=0.001). Among patients with diabetes, 2.2% developed SSI, while the rate of infection among non-diabetics was only 0.6%. Conclusion: the established care bundle, structured by core evidence-based strategies, associated with secondary measures, was able to maintain low SSI rates after bariatric surgery.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Young Adult , Surgical Wound Infection/prevention & control , Perioperative Care/methods , Bariatric Surgery , Bariatric Surgery/adverse effects , Patient Care Bundles , Surgical Wound Infection/etiology , Surgical Wound Infection/epidemiology , Brazil/epidemiology , Body Mass Index , Incidence , Prospective Studies , Risk Factors , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/complications , Middle Aged , Obesity/surgery
11.
Belo Horizonte; s.n; 2019. 89 p. graf, tab, ilus.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1010265

ABSTRACT

As cirurgias ortopédicas com uso de prótese são procedimentos utilizados para o tratamento de doenças em articulações. Embora seja um procedimento bastante utilizado, o paciente está sujeito as várias complicações e insucesso do tratamento. Entre essas complicações, a infecção de sítio cirúrgico (ISC) é uma das mais prevalentes, com incidências variando entre 1,4% e 12,6%. Para prevenir essa afecção, o acompanhamento da incidência e a monitorização de fatores de risco permitirão adoções de práticas de prevenção baseadas em evidências, visando uma assistência mais segura. Este estudo é uma coorte não concorrente de 149 pacientes submetidos à artroplastia total de quadril (ATQ) e artroplastia total de joelho (ATJ). O objetivo geral foi analisar os aspectos epidemiológicos das infecções de sitio cirúrgico nos pacientes submetidos à cirurgia ortopédica, no período de 2015 a 2018 em um hospital de grande porte de Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais. Os objetivos específicos foram estimar a incidência das infecções de sítio cirúrgico; estimar a incidência de infecção de sítio cirúrgico (ISC) por topografia; identificar os fatores de risco associados à infecção ortopédica; identificar os microorganismos responsáveis pelas infecções e propor modelo preditivo multivariado. Na análise univariada, aplicou-se o teste não paramétrico de Mann Whitney. E para verificar a hipótese de associação entre as variáveis categóricas com os grupos, aplicouse o teste exato de Fisher. Na análise multivariada, aplicou-se o modelo de Regressão Logística (p-valor<0,05.) Foram notificadas seis ISC, com taxa global de 4,03%, todas caracterizadas como superficiais. Nos pacientes que foram submetidos à ATJ, a incidência de ISC foi de 2,94% e os que realizaram ATQ, 4,94%. Os fatores de risco identificados para ISC ortopédicas foram idade e hipertensão arterial sistêmica. Os microorganismos isolados foram Enterobacter cloacae, Acinetobacter baumannii e Stenotrophomonas maltophilia. As taxas de ISC encontradas neste estudo foram maiores que as recomendadas pelo NHSN/CDC.(AU)


Orthopedic surgeries with prosthesis are procedures used for the treatment of diseases in joints. Although it is a widely used procedure, the patient is subject to various complications and treatment failure. Among these complications, surgical site infection (SSI) is one of the most common, with incidence varying between 1.4% and 12.6%. To prevent this condition, monitoring incidence and monitoring risk factors will allow adoptions of evidencebased prevention practices for safer care. This study is a non-concurrent cohort of 149 patients undergoing total hip arthroplasty (THA) and total knee arthroplasty (TKA). The general objective was to analyze the epidemiological aspects of surgical site infections in patients submitted to orthopedic surgery from 2015 to 2018 at a large hospital in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais. The specific objectives were to estimate the incidence of surgical site infections; to estimate the incidence of surgical site infection (SSI) by topography; identify the risk factors associated with orthopedic infection; identify the microorganisms responsible for infections and propose a multivariate predictive model. In the univariate analysis, the nonparametric Mann Whitney test was applied. And to verify the hypothesis of association between the categorical variables with the groups, Fisher's exact test was applied. In the multivariate analysis, the Logistic Regression model was applied (p-value <0.05). Six SSIs were reported, with an overall rate of 4.03%, all characterized as superficial. In patients who underwent TKA, the incidence of SSI was 2.94% and those who undergoing TKA, 4.94%. The risk factors identified for orthopedic SSIs were age and systemic arterial hypertension. The isolated microorganisms were Enterobacter cloacae, Acinetobacter baumannii and Stenotrophomonas maltophilia. The SSI rates found in this study were higher than those recommended by the NHSN / CDC.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Surgical Wound Infection/epidemiology , Risk Factors , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip/adverse effects , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee/adverse effects , Prostheses and Implants/adverse effects , Surveys and Questionnaires , Retrospective Studies , Enterobacter cloacae , Academic Dissertation , Stenotrophomonas maltophilia , Acinetobacter baumannii
12.
Rev. gaúch. enferm ; 40: e20180200, 2019. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1014143

ABSTRACT

Resumo OBJETIVO Verificar o perfil clínico-cirúrgico e os resultados de pacientes acompanhados em um ambulatório de ferida operatória após cirurgia cardíaca. MÉTODOS Coorte histórica com pacientes submetidos à cirurgia cardíaca e acompanhados por um ano em um ambulatório de feridas de um hospital especializado em cardiologia. Foram analisados os micro-organismos predominantes nas infecções, os produtos utilizados nos curativos, tempo de acompanhamento e o tipo de terapêutica instituída nos curativos. RESULTADOS Entre os 150 pacientes, predominaram sexagenários (61,7 ± 11,4 anos), hipertensos (75%), diabéticos (44,7%). Evidenciou-se 12 pacientes com mediastinite (8%) e 44 com infecção de sítio cirúrgico (29,3%). Utilizou-se para realização dos curativos os ácidos graxos (80%) e alginato de cálcio (19%). O tempo de acompanhamento foi de 35 ±71 dias. CONCLUSÃO Pacientes sexagenários, hipertensos, diabéticos e revascularizados constituíram a população acompanhada no ambulatório de feridas. As taxas de ISC e mediastinite encontradas foram aceitáveis e semelhantes às da literatura.


Resumen OBJETIVO Verificar el perfil clínico-quirúrgico y los resultados de pacientes acompañados en un ambulatorio de heridas operatorias después de cirugía cardiaca. MÉTODO Cohorte histórica con pacientes sometidos a la cirugía cardiaca y acompañados por un año en el ambulatorio de heridas de un hospital especializado en cardiología. Fueron analizados los microorganismos predominantes en las infecciones, los productos utilizados en las curaciones, el tiempo de seguimiento, o el tipo de tratamiento utilizado en las curaciones. RESULTADOS Entre los 150 pacientes predominaron el sexo masculino (58%), sexagenarios (61,7 ± 11,4 años), hipertensos (75%), diabéticos (44.7%). Se evidenciaron 12 pacientes con mediastinitis (8%) y 44 con infección en el sitio quirúrgico (29.3%). Se utilizó en las curaciones fueron los ácidos grasos (80%) y el alginato de calcio (19%). El tiempo medio de seguimiento fue de 35 ± 71 días. CONCLUSIÓN Los pacientes sexagenarios, hipertensos, diabéticos y revascularizados constituyeron la población acompañada en el ambulatorio de heridas. Las tasas de ISC y mediastinitis encontradas fueron aceptables y similares a las de la literatura.


Abstract OBJECTIVE Verifying the clinical-surgical profile and the results of patients monitored in an surgical wound ambulatory after a cardiac surgeries. METHODS This is a historical cohort research with patients submitted to cardiac surgery and monitored for a year in an outpatient surgical wound clinic from a hospital specialized in cardiology. The study analyzed the prevalent microorganisms in infections, the products used in the dressings, the time of follow-up, and the type of therapy established in the dressings. RESULTS Among the 150 patients, most were sexagenarians (61.7 ± 11.4 years), hypertensive patients (75%), and diabetic (44.7%). There were 12 patients with mediastinitis (8%) and 44 with surgical site infection (29.3%). Fatty acids (80%) and calcium alginate (19%) were used for wound healing. The mean follow-up time was 35 ± 71 days. CONCLUSION Sexagenary, hypertensive, diabetic and revascularized patients constituted the population monitored in the wounds outpatient clinic. The SSI and mediastinitis rates found were acceptable and similar to those in literature.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Surgical Wound Infection/microbiology , Surgical Wound Infection/therapy , Bandages , Cardiac Surgical Procedures/adverse effects , Saphenous Vein/surgery , Surgical Wound Infection/epidemiology , Wound Healing , Fatty Acids, Essential/therapeutic use , Cohort Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiology , Alginates/therapeutic use , Sternotomy/adverse effects , Ambulatory Care Facilities , Hypertension/epidemiology , Mediastinitis/epidemiology , Middle Aged
13.
Rev. cuba. reumatol ; 20(3): e630, sept.-dic. 2018.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1093792

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Se ha calculado una prevalencia total de infección de la herida quirúrgica del 5 al 10 por ciento. Objetivo: Resumir los principales elementos que definen el diagnóstico microbiológico y su importancia en las infecciones quirúrgicas, así como analizar aquellos factores que favorecen la proliferación microbiana en las heridas quirúrgicas. Planteamiento: En la actualidad la infección del sitio quirúrgico constituye la tercera infección nosocomial más habitual y la más importante entre los pacientes operados. El acercamiento a este tema se justifica plenamente si se toma en consideración la diversidad de intervenciones quirúrgicas que se realizan actualmente. Conclusiones: El diagnóstico microbiológico resulta fundamental, tanto para definir la fase de la infección como para identificar el microorganismo que afecta el resultado de la operación, ya que contribuye a establecer la sensibilidad a los antibióticos y a la elección adecuada del tratamiento(AU)


Introduction: Total prevalence of surgical site infection is calculated to from 5 to 10 percent of surgical interventions. Objective: To summarize the main elements defining the microbiological diagnosis and its importance in surgical infections, and analyze those factors that favor microbial proliferation in surgical wounds. Development: At present, surgical site infection is the third most recurrent nosocomial infection and the most important among operated patients. The approach to this topic is fully justified if the diversity of surgical interventions currently performed is taken into account. Conclusions: The microbiological diagnosis is fundamental both to define the infection phase and to identify the microorganism affecting the result of the surgical intervention, because it contributes to knowing the sensitivity to antibiotics and to select the treatment appropriately(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Surgical Procedures, Operative , Surgical Wound Infection/epidemiology , Bacterial Infections/microbiology , Cross Infection/prevention & control , Surgical Wound , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use , Surgical Wound Infection/microbiology
14.
Rev. cuba. cir ; 57(4): e754, oct.-dic. 2018. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-991050

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La vigilancia de infección del sitio quirúrgico en procederes quirúrgicos frecuentes es esencial para su prevención. Objetivo: Determinar la incidencia de infección del sitio quirúrgico y el cumplimiento de las prácticas de prevención en apendicectomía y cirugía de hernia. Método: Estudio descriptivo de pacientes intervenidos de estos procederes desde enero 2017 hasta marzo 2018 en Hospital Clínico Quirúrgico Universitario Joaquín Albarrán. La Habana, Cuba. Se recolectó información de las características demográficas de los pacientes, los procederes y el CPP (profilaxis antibiótica, normoglicemia, normotermia y eliminación del pelo). Se utilizaron técnicas de vigilancia durante el ingreso y posterior al egreso para identificar los pacientes con infección del sitio quirúrgico. Se calculó la tasa total de infección del sitio quirúrgico y según índice de riesgo (por cada100 procederes quirúrgicos), para cada proceder y el CPP por cada 100 procederes quirúrgicos. Resultados: Se evaluaron 174 pacientes con apendicectomía y 389 de cirugía de hernia, con tasas de infección de 13,8 por ciento y 5,7 por ciento, respectivamente. El cumplimiento del tiempo de administración del antibiótico profiláctico, la selección y dosis, y la discontinuación fueron respectivamente de 53,3 por ciento, 83,3 por ciento y 80,0 por ciento, en apendicectomía, y de 46,3 por ciento, 72,9 por ciento y 63 por ciento, en cirugía de hernia. La normotermia fue alcanzada en 32,4 por ciento y 27,1 por ciento de los casos. La mayoría de los pacientes con infección del sitio quirúrgico fueron diagnosticados utilizando métodos de vigilancia posterior al egreso. Conclusión: Se ha identificado la incidencia de infección del sitio quirúrgico y brechas en el cumplimiento de las prácticas de prevención que requieren acciones correctivas, que incluyan fortalecimiento del sistema de vigilancia y capacitación de los profesionales(AU)


Introduction: Surveillance of the surgical site infection in frequent surgical procedures is essential for its prevention. Objective: To determine the incidence of surgical site infection and the fulfillment of prevention practices in appendicectomy and hernial surgery. Method: Descriptive study of patients operated on by these procedures from January 2017 to March 2018 in "Joaquin Albarran" clinical, surgical and university hospital in Havana, Cuba. Data on demographic characteristics of patients, the types of procedures and the CPP (antibiotic prophylaxis, normoglycemia, normothermia and hair removal) were collected. The use of surveillance techniques during hospitalization and after discharge allowed identifying the patients with surgical site infection. The total surgical site infection rate and the risk index (per 100 surgical procedures) for each procedure and the CPP per 100 surgical procedures were all estimated. Results: One hundred and seventy-four patients with appendicectomy and 389 with hernial surgery were evaluated and their infection rates were 13.8 percent and 5.7 percent, respectively. The compliance with the time of administration of prophylactic antibiotic, selection and dosage, and discontinuation of treatment were 53.3 percent, 83.3 percent and 80 percent, respectively in appendicectomy where those of hernial surgery were 46.3 percent,72.9 and 63 percent, respectively. Normothermia was reached in 32.4 percent and 27.1 percent of cases. Most of the patients with surgical site infection were diagnosed by using the surveillance methods after discharge from hospital. Conclusions: The incidence of the surgical site infection and gaps in the fulfillment of prevention practices has been identified, which require corrective actions including strengthening of the surveillance system and professional training(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Appendectomy/statistics & numerical data , Surgical Wound Infection/epidemiology , Herniorrhaphy/adverse effects , Epidemiology, Descriptive
15.
Braz. j. infect. dis ; 22(5): 433-437, Sept.-Oct. 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-974238

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To determine the incidence of surgical site infection in patients undergoing craniotomy and to compare 12-month and 3-month post-discharge surveillance periods in terms of their impact on the incidence of surgical site infection in those patients. Methods: This was a retrospective cohort study involving 173 adult patients submitted to "clean" craniotomy, with or without implants, during the six-month period, at a university hospital in the city of São Paulo, Brazil. All the patients were evaluated in the pre-, trans- and postoperative periods and were followed for 12 months to analyze the development of surgical site infections. Results: Of the 173 patients undergoing craniotomy during the study period, 20 developed an surgical site infection during the first, and 12 months after discharge, the overall incidence of surgical site infection therefore being 11.56%, compared with a 1-month incidence of 8.67% and a 3-month incidence of 10.98%. Among the 106 patients who received implants, the 1-, 3-, and 12-month incidence of surgical site infection was 7.54% (n= 8), 8.49% (n= 9), and 9.43% (n= 10), respectively. Among the 67 patients who did not receive implants, the 1-, 3-, and 12-month incidence of surgical site infection was 10.44% (n= 7), 14.92% (n= 10), and 14.92% (n= 10), respectively. Conclusion: The incidence of surgical site infection after craniotomy is high. Reducing the duration of the post-discharge surveillance period from 12 months to 3 months did not cause significant losses in the numbers of surgical site infection identified or a substantial decrease in their incidence.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Surgical Wound Infection/epidemiology , Craniotomy/adverse effects , Epidemiological Monitoring , Time Factors , Brazil/epidemiology , Incidence , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Prosthesis-Related Infections/epidemiology , Hospitals, University
16.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 44(6): 567-573, Nov.-Dec. 2017. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-896634

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: to evaluate the effect of perioperative administration of symbiotics on the incidence of surgical wound infection in patients undergoing surgery for colorectal cancer. Methods: We conducted a randomized clinical trial with colorectal cancer patients undergoing elective surgery, randomly assigned to receive symbiotics or placebo for five days prior to the surgical procedure and for 14 days after surgery. We studied 91 patients, 49 in the symbiotics group (Lactobacillus acidophilus 108 to 109 CFU, Lactobacillus rhamnosus 108 to 109 CFU, Lactobacillus casei 108 to 109 CFU, Bifi dobacterium 108 to 109 CFU and fructo-oligosaccharide (FOS) 6g) and 42 in the placebo group. Results: surgical site infection occurred in one (2%) patient in the symbiotics group and in nine (21.4%) patients in the control group (p=0.002). There were three cases of intraabdominal abscess and four cases of pneumonia in the control group, whereas we observed no infections in patients receiving symbiotics (p=0.001). Conclusion: the perioperative administration of symbiotics significantly reduced postoperative infection rates in patients with colorectal cancer. Additional studies are needed to confirm the role of symbiotics in the surgical treatment of colorectal cancer.


RESUMO Objetivo: avaliar o efeito da administração perioperatória de simbióticos na incidência de infecção de ferida operatória em pacientes operados por câncer colorretal. Métodos: ensaio clínico randomizado de pacientes com câncer colorretal submetidos à cirurgia eletiva e aleatoriamente designados para receberem simbióticos ou placebo por cinco dias antes do procedimento cirúrgico e por 14 dias após a cirurgia. Noventa e um pacientes foram estudados: 49 para o grupo de simbióticos (Lactobacillus acidophilus 108 a 109 UFC, Lactobacillus rhamnosus 108 a 109 UFC, Lactobacillus casei 108 a 109 UFC, Bifi dobacterium 108 a 109 UFC e fruto-oligosacarídeos (FOS) 6g) e 42 para o grupo placebo. Resultados: infecção de sítio cirúrgico ocorreu em um (2%) paciente no grupo de simbióticos e em nove (21,4%) pacientes no grupo controle (p=0,002). Três casos de abscesso intra-abdominal e quatro casos de pneumonia foram diagnosticados no grupo controle, enquanto não foram observadas tais infecções em pacientes que receberam simbióticos (p=0,001). Conclusão: a administração perioperatória de simbióticos reduziu significativamente as taxas de infecção pós-operatória em pacientes com câncer colorretal. Estudos adicionais são necessários para confirmar o papel dos simbióticos no tratamento cirúrgico do câncer colorretal.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Surgical Wound Infection/prevention & control , Surgical Wound Infection/epidemiology , Colorectal Neoplasms/surgery , Perioperative Care , Synbiotics , Double-Blind Method , Incidence , Middle Aged
17.
Rev. paul. pediatr ; 35(1): 18-24, jan.-mar. 2017. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-845723

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivos: Descrever taxa de infecção no sítio cirúrgico em crianças submetidas à cirurgia ortopédica em centro de referência e analisar o perfil desses pacientes. Métodos: Verificados prontuários de pacientes pediátricos submetidos à cirurgia ortopédica de janeiro de 2012 a dezembro de 2013 no Instituto Nacional de Traumatologia e Ortopedia Jamil Haddad com um ano de seguimento. Pacientes com diagnóstico de infecção de sítio cirúrgico foram pareados com pacientes sem esse diagnóstico com base na idade, na data de internação, na área de atuação ortopédica e no tipo de procedimento cirúrgico. Averiguadas variáveis do paciente, da cirurgia e do seguimento. Realizadas análises descritivas, bivariadas e de correspondência para avaliação do perfil dos pacientes. Resultados: Identificadas 347 cirurgias e 10 infecções de sítio cirúrgico (2,88%). Houve associação de infecção com idade Odds Ratio (OR) 11,5 (intervalo de confiança - IC95% 1,41-94,9), implante OR 7,3 (IC95% 1,46-36,3), tempo pré-operatório OR 9,8 (IC95% 1,83-53,0) e tempo de internação OR 20,6 (IC95% 3,7-114,2). A análise de correspondência correlacionou a infecção com tempo pré-operatório, peso, escore Z de peso, idade, implante, tipo de procedimento e tempo de internação. O tempo médio de diagnóstico da infecção foi de 26,5±111,46 dias após cirurgia. Conclusões: A taxa de infecção no sítio cirúrgico foi de 2,88%, maior em crianças acima de 24 meses, que realizaram implante, tiveram mais tempo pré-operatório e de internação. Este estudo identificou variáveis de vigilância epidemiológica desses eventos em crianças. Bancos de dados e métodos de análises adequados são fundamentais para o acompanhamento e o aprimoramento do cuidado ofertado à população pediátrica.


ABSTRACT Objectives: To describe the rate of surgical site infections in children undergoing orthopedic surgery in centers of excellence and analyze the patients’ profiles. Methods: Medical records of pediatric patients undergoing orthopedic surgery in the Jamil Haddad National Institute of Traumatology and Orthopedics from January 2012 to December 2013 were analyzed and monitored for one year. Patients diagnosed with surgical site infection were matched with patients without infection by age, date of admission, field of orthopedic surgery and type of surgical procedure. Patient, surgical and follow-up variables were examined. Descriptive, bivariate and correspondence analyses were performed to evaluate the patients’ profiles. Results: 347 surgeries and 10 surgical site infections (2.88%) were identified. There was association of infections with age - odds ratio (OR) 11.5 (confidence interval - 95%CI 1.41-94.9) -, implant - OR 7.3 (95%CI 1.46-36.3) -, preoperative period - OR 9.8 (95%CI 1.83-53.0), and length of hospitalization - OR 20.6 (95%CI 3.7-114.2). The correspondence analysis correlated the infection and preoperative period, weight, weight Z-score, age, implant, type of surgical procedure, and length of hospitalization. Average time to diagnosis of infection occurred 26.5±111.46 days after surgery. Conclusions: The rate of surgical site infection was 2.88%, while higher in children over 24 months of age who underwent surgical implant procedures and had longer preoperative periods and lengths of hospitalization. This study identified variables for the epidemiological surveillance of these events in children. Available databases and appropriate analysis methods are essential to monitor and improve the quality of care offered to the pediatric population.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Surgical Wound Infection/epidemiology , Orthopedic Procedures , Case-Control Studies
18.
Rev. venez. cir ; 70(1): 7-11, 2017. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1372456

ABSTRACT

El presente trabajo forma parte de una serie de artículos de revisión cuyo objetivo es repasar conceptos fundamentales en el ejercicio quirúrgico a fin de estimular y reforzar el uso racional de los antibióticos, mediante la adquisición de herramientas relacionados con la importancia, prevención y el manejo de las infecciones quirúrgicas. En este artículo en particular se aborda la epidemiología local, regional y mundial de las infecciones quirúrgicas, su diagnóstico y su impacto social(AU)


This work is part of a series of review articles whose objective is to reassess fundamental concepts in surgical practice in order to stimulate and reinforce the rational use of antibiotics, through the acquisition of tools related to the importance, prevention and management of surgical infections. This particular article addresses the local, regional and global epidemiology of surgical infections, their diagnosis and their social impact(AU)


Subject(s)
Surgical Wound Infection/epidemiology , Anti-Bacterial Agents , Operating Rooms , General Surgery , Epidemiology , Infections
19.
Clin. biomed. res ; 37(2): 81-86, 2017. graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-847907

ABSTRACT

Introduction: The surgical site infection risk index (SSIRI) includes three risk factors for surgical site infection (SSI): potential for surgical contamination, duration of surgery, and patient's ASA score. A patient having a preoperative American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) score of III, IV or IV; a surgery classified as either contaminated or dirty-infected; an operation with duration of surgery more than T hours, where T depends on the surgical procedure being performed are considered in risk of SSI. The SSIRI can be used as a method of postoperative surveillance. The aim of this study is to analyze the applicability of the SSIRI to patients undergoing cardiac, neurologic and orthopedic surgery. Methods: A retrospective cohort study including patients undergoing cardiac, neurological and orthopedic surgeries considered major, from January to December 2014, evaluated through review of medical charts of patients admitted to a university hospital in southern Brazil. Values of p <0.05 were considered significant. Results: A total of 761 patients were included in the study; of these, 122 (16%) developed SSI. The SSIRI did not demonstrate statistical significance to distinguish the patients most likely to develop SSI between the four levels of the ASA score. Black and brown patients, patients who underwent intraoperative blood transfusion, and patients who underwent surgical reintervention were more susceptible to SSI. Conclusions: The SSIRI could not be used as a method of postoperative surveillance for patients in the present study. The other risk factors found may serve as a guide to articulate SSI prevention strategies and, thus, minimize chances of development of serious infections (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Risk Factors , Surgical Wound Infection/epidemiology , Cardiac Surgical Procedures/adverse effects , Cross-Sectional Studies , Infection Control/statistics & numerical data , Neurosurgical Procedures/adverse effects , Orthopedic Procedures/adverse effects , Retrospective Studies
20.
In. Soeiro, Alexandre de Matos; Leal, Tatiana de Carvalho Andreucci Torres; Oliveira Junior, Múcio Tavares de; Kalil Filho, Roberto. Manual da condutas da emergência do InCor: cardiopneumologia / IInCor Emergency Conduct Manual: Cardiopneumology. São Paulo, Manole, 2ª revisada e atualizada; 2017. p.717-725.
Monography in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-848517
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