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1.
Esc. Anna Nery Rev. Enferm ; 26: e20210312, 2022. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1346053

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo analisar as interfaces e distinções histórico-conceituais acerca dos estudos documentais, enquanto método de pesquisa, na área da Enfermagem e da saúde. Método ensaio teórico de cunho reflexivo, elaborado com base na literatura nacional e internacional sobre o tema. Resultados apresenta uma teorização acerca da evolução conceitual dos documentos e as contribuições advindas da Escola de Annales, com ênfase na expansão documental, também referida como revolução. Fundamenta conceitos, organização, coleta e análise dos dados documentais e as relações com a pesquisa histórica aplicada à Enfermagem e, por conseguinte, à saúde. Aborda a produção do conhecimento como parte do desenvolvimento da educação e da pesquisa em Enfermagem, no Brasil. Conclusões e implicações para a prática a apropriação das fontes documentais e dos métodos no desenvolvimento da pesquisa, do ensino e da assistência à saúde aguçam a curiosidade e ampliam a capacidade de análise, de crítica e de autonomia de grupos de interesse e estudiosos, esperando-se, com isso, a ampliação do conhecimento relacionado à profissão.


RESUMEN Objetivo analizar las interfaces y distinciones histórico-conceptuales acerca de los estudios documentales cómo método de investigación en el campo de la Enfermería y la salud. Método ensayo teórico con carácter reflexivo basado en la literatura nacional e internacional sobre el tema. Resultados presenta una teorización sobre la evolución conceptual de los documentos y los aportes de la Escuela de los Annales con énfasis en la expansión documental. Apoya conceptos, organización, recolección y análisis de datos documentales y sus relaciones con la investigación histórica en Enfermería y, por consiguiente, en salud. Aborda la producción de conocimiento como parte de la evolución de la educación y la investigación en Enfermería en Brasil. Conclusiones e implicaciones para la práctica la apropiación de fuentes y métodos documentales en el desarrollo de la investigación, la docencia y la salud agudiza la curiosidad y amplía la capacidad de análisis, crítica y autonomía de grupos de interés y académicos.


ABSTRACT Objective to analyze the historical-conceptual interfaces and distinctions regarding documentary studies as a research method in the field of Nursing and health. Method theoretical essay with a reflective nature based on national and international literature on the subject. Results the study presents a theorization about the conceptual evolution of documents and the contributions of Annales School, with emphasis on document expansion, also referred to as revolution. It supports concepts, organization, collection and analysis of documentary data and its relationships with historical research applied to Nursing and, therefore, to health. It addresses the production of knowledge as part of the evolution of education and research in Nursing in Brazil. Conclusions and implications for practice the appropriation of documentary sources and methods in the development of research, teaching and health care sharpens curiosity and expands the capacity for analysis, criticism and autonomy of interest groups and scholars, being expected, with this, the expansion of knowledge related to the profession.


Subject(s)
Humans , Research/history , Records , Surveys and Questionnaires , Nursing , Information/history , Research Personnel
2.
Rev. Nac. (Itauguá) ; 13(2): 40-53, DICIEMBRE, 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDNPAR | ID: biblio-1344198

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: el afrontamiento a la muerte constituye una de las situaciones más difíciles y estresantes a las que se tienen que enfrentar los estudiantes de medicina por el contacto cercano a pacientes en riesgo vital. Objetivos: determinar el nivel de afrontamiento a la muerte en estudiantes de medicina. Metodología: se aplicó diseño con enfoque cuantitativo, de tipo observacional, transversal, multicéntrico. Se incluyó a estudiantes de medicina del Paraguay, de ambos sexos, en agosto 2021, que aceptaban participar del estudio. Se utilizó un cuestionario telemático. Se midieron variables sociodemográficas. El nivel de afrontamiento se determinó con la escala de Bugen. La investigación fue aprobada por Comité de Ética de la Universidad Privada del Este, Asunción. Resultados: se incluyeron 504 estudiantes, siendo del sexo femenino en 74 % y con edad media 22 ± 4 años. El 88 % de los encuestados eran de nacionalidad paraguaya (88 %) y 73 % de religión católica. La mayoría nació en Paraguay (88 %), era católica (73 %), se hallaba inscripta como donante de órganos (60 %) y tenía antecedente reciente de muerte de un familiar o amigo (76 %). La escala de Bugen detectó bajo nivel de afrontamiento a la muerte en 50 %, siendo 52 % en las mujeres y 42 % en los varones (p <0,05). Conclusión: el afrontamiento a la muerte en estudiantes de medicina fue bajo. Se sugiere incluir cursos, talleres y planes formativos dentro de las asignaturas o como actividades de extensión para mejorar ese aspecto en el currículo de las facultades de medicina del Paraguay.


ABSTRACT Introduction: coping with death is one of the most difficult tasks that medical students have to face. Objectives: to determine the level of coping with death in medical students. Methodology: we conducted an observational, cross-sectional, multicenter study. We included men and women, medical students from public and private universities from Paraguay in 2021, who agreed to participate in the study. A telematic questionnaire was used. Sociodemographic variables were measured. The level of coping was determined with the Bugen scale. The research was approved by the Comité de Ética of the Universidad Privada del Este, Asunción. Results: 504 students were included, 74 % being female and with a mean age of 22 ± 4 years. Most were born in Paraguay (88 %), were Catholic (73 %), registered as an organ donor (60 %), and had a recent history of the death of a family member or friend (76 %). The Bugen scale detected a low level of coping with death in 52 % of the women and 42 % of the men (p <0.05). Conclusion: coping with death in medical students was low. It is suggested to include courses or workshops to improve this aspect in the curriculum of the medical schools of Paraguay.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Young Adult , Students, Medical , Adaptation, Psychological , Attitude to Death , Fear , Paraguay , Schools, Medical , Surveys and Questionnaires , Pandemics , COVID-19/psychology
3.
Aquichan ; 21(4): e2144, Dec. 03, 2021.
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1348884

ABSTRACT

This paper discusses the connections between nursing conceptual model concepts, middle-range theory, and situation-specific theory concepts, as well as between the theory concepts and how they are measured, that is, empirical indicators. Three types of empirical indicators are described­instruments, assessment tools, and interventions­and an example of each type is given. The paper's central thesis is that a conceptual model concept is ­or should be­ the starting point for selecting or constructing an empirical indicator.


En el presente artículo, se analizan las conexiones entre los conceptos del modelo conceptual, la teoría de rango medio y los conceptos de la teoría de situaciones específicas de enfermería, así como entre los conceptos teóricos y cómo se miden estos, es decir, los indicadores empíricos. Se describen tres tipos de indicadores empíricos ­instrumentos, herramientas de evaluación e intervenciones­ y se da un ejemplo de cada tipo. La tesis central del artículo es que un concepto de modelo conceptual es ­o debería ser­ el punto de partida para seleccionar o construir un indicador empírico.


Neste artigo, são analisadas as conexões entre os conceitos do modelo conceitual, a teoria de médio alcance e os conceitos da teoria de situações específicas de enfermagem, bem como entre os conceitos teóricos e como estes são medidos, isto é, os indicadores empíricos. São descritos três tipos de indicadores empíricos (instrumentos, ferramentas de avaliação e intervenções) e é dado um exemplo de cada tipo. Argumenta-se que um conceito de modelo conceitual é ­ ou deveria ser ­ o ponto de partida para selecionar ou construir um indicador empírico.


Subject(s)
Nursing Theory , Data Collection , Surveys and Questionnaires , Models, Theoretical
4.
Int. j. med. surg. sci. (Print) ; 8(4): 1-7, dic. 2021. graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1348227

ABSTRACT

The objective of this study is to determine the impact of adenotonsillectomy on the quality of life of postoperative patients. The study is observational, cross-sectional, and retrospective. The files of all postoperative adenotonsillectomy patients in Otorhinolaryngology Service, Hospital de Clínicas, San Lorenzo Paraguay. The Obstructive sleep apnea ­ 18 questionnaire (OSA 18) was applied, asking patients about symptoms before and after surgery. An effective sample of 143 postoperative patients was obtained. The average age was 6.05 ± 2.08 years, 55.10% (81) were male and 44.89% (66) were female, 65.30% (96) were from urban areas and 34.69% (51) from the rural areas. The t test was performed for means of two paired samples, comparing the results of the Obstructive sleep apnea ­ 18 questionnaire surveys before and after surgery which presented a significant difference (p <0.05) with a tendency to improve the quality of life after surgery. It has been shown that there is a significant difference, a considerable improvement in the quality of life of patients after adenotonsillectomy


El objetivo de este estudio fue determinar el impacto de la adenoamigdalectomía en la calidad de vida de los pacientes postoperados. Se diseñó un estudio observacional, transversal y retrospectivo. Se revisaron los expedientes de todos los pacientes postoperados de adenoamigdalectomía en el servicio de otorrinolaringología del Hospital de Clínicas de san Lorenzo, Paraguay, se aplicó el cuestionario de apnea obstructiva del sueño ­ 18 (AOS 18), en el que se preguntaba a los pacientes sobre los síntomas antes y después de la cirugía. Se obtuvo una muestra efectiva de 143 pacientes postoperatorios. La edad media fue de 6,05 ± 2,08 años, el 55,10% (81) eran hombres y el 44,89% (66) eran mujeres, el 65,30% (96) eran de zonas urbanas y el 34,69% (51) de zonas rurales. Se realizó la prueba t para medias de dos muestras pareadas, comparando los resultados de la encuesta del cuestionario de apnea obstructiva del sueño - 18 antes y después de la cirugía que presentó una diferencia significativa (p <0,05) con tendencia a mejorar la calidad de vida después de la cirugía. El estudio muestra una mejora considerable en la calidad de vida de los pacientes tras la adenoamigdalectomía.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child, Preschool , Child , Quality of Life , Tonsillectomy/methods , Paraguay , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires
5.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 20: e214995, jan.-dez. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1281108

ABSTRACT

Proper recording and keeping dental records are an important part of any dental practice. It helps in improving patient care, has medico-legal importance and play significant role in human identification during mass disasters or criminal offences. Aim: To assess the knowledge and practices of recording and maintaining patients 'records among private dental practitioners of Delhi, India. Methods: Data for this cross-sectional study was collected from 160 dentists of Delhi using a self-administered questionnaire. The face and content validity as well as reliability of questionnaire was tested before the final data collection. A single trained examiner collected all the necessary information via personal visits or google forms. Chi-square test was applied to check the statistically significant difference between the dichotomous independent variables with respect to study participants' responses to the questionnaire. Results: The mean age of the study participants was 34.5 (SD 7.2) years.Digital method of recording patient's data and x-ray storage was more prevalent than manual method among the study participants. Slightly more than 40% of the dentists were keeping patient's records safe for a period of 6 to 10 years. Younger dentists with lesser years of practice were more explicit in recording and correcting patient records. Conclusion: Results of this study shows that private dental practitioners of Delhi are aware of medico-legal importance of dental records. Most of them were recording important findings and history of their patients. Dentists must be educated in two aspects namely correct method of recording and the ideal duration of storing their patients' dental records


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Dental Records , Surveys and Questionnaires , Dentists , Forensic Dentistry
6.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 20: e210699, jan.-dez. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1253172

ABSTRACT

Aim: To evaluate orthodontists' knowledge and clinical practices regarding the treatment of patients with HIV/AIDS. Methods: Cross-sectional study performed with 655 Brazilian orthodontists based on a previously calculated sample size. Self-administered questionnaires were sent to orthodontists to collect information on knowledge and clinical conduct regarding the care of patients with HIV/AIDS. The study evaluated the awareness of possible risk factors for contamination, oral manifestations of HIV, need for more information on the care of HIV-positive patients, whether orthodontic treatment is indicated in HIV-positive patients, and whether they had knowingly performed orthodontic treatment in HIV-positive patients. Simple regression models were adjusted, and crude Odds Ratios estimated the associations with 95% confidence intervals. The variables with P < 0.20 in the crude analysis were tested in multiple logistic regression models, and those with P ≤ 0.05 were maintained in the final model. Magnitudes were estimated by adjusted Odds Ratios values, with 95% confidence intervals. Results: Orthodontists who were aware of the oral manifestations of HIV/AIDS, those having work experience of more than 20 years, and those who believed that orthodontic treatment could be indicated for these patients were 3.30 (1.79-6.10), 2.74 (1.36-5.52) and 1.92 (1.13-3.24) times more likely to perform orthodontic treatment in HIV-positive patients, respectively. Most orthodontists (92.9%) reported they needed to obtain more information about orthodontic care in patients with HIV/AIDS. Conclusion: Although orthodontists reported feeling able and qualified to provide dental care to patients with HIV/AIDS, gaps in their knowledge need to be addressed with further training


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Orthodontics , Surveys and Questionnaires , Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome , HIV , Immunologic Deficiency Syndromes
7.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 20: e211711, jan.-dez. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1253790

ABSTRACT

Aim: The present study aimed to investigate if the Guatemalan dentist's options on tooth bleaching could be influenced by their time in clinical practice, the level of specialization or their working place. Methods: A representative sample of dentists working in clinical practice in Guatemala was selected. Data were collected using a self-administered questionnaire with information related to gender, professional characteristics (time since graduation in years and working place) and preferences regarding vital (at-home or in-office; type and concentration of bleaching agent) and the nonvital tooth bleaching (bleaching agent used). The analysis was performed and the association between preference for bleaching technique and independent variables were investigated using Fisher's exact test. Results: 200 dentists were interviewed. More than half of dentists were male (57.0%) with time since graduation between 11 and 20 years (n= 64; 32.3%). Dentists mostly (60.5%) preferred in-office technique for vital bleaching, with 10-20% Carbamide peroxide (CP) as the preferred agent (50%). For nonvital teeth, the preferred agent (46.8%) was 37% Hydrogen Peroxide (HP). About the associations, younger dentists (< 20 years of graduation) selected mostly in-office technique, while those with more than 20 years indicated more the at-home technique. Also, the dentists working in private practice chose more frequently in-office technique. Thus, the in-office technique was more popular among Guatemalan dentists, with 10-20% CP and 37% HP selected as favorite bleaching agents for vital and nonvital techniques, respectively. Conclusion: The time of clinical practice and working place influenced some choices


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Practice Patterns, Dentists' , Tooth Bleaching Agents
8.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 20: e210967, jan.-dez. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1253959

ABSTRACT

There is no much published data on the mothers' false beliefs about signs and symptoms associated with teething in Sudan. Aim: This cross-sectional hospital-based study was conducted to assess mothers` knowledge about infant teething process and to evaluate mothers' practices used to alleviate teething disturbances in Gadarif city, eastern Sudan. Methods: Questionnaires were used to collect data. Multivariate logistics regression models were performed and adjusted odds ratios (AOR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were calculated. Results/Conclusion: Of a total of 384 participating mothers, 126 (32.8%) had good knowledge about infant teething. The mothers' knowledge was associated with a higher number of children in the family (adjusted odds ratio [AOR] = 1.14) and with having a job (AOR = 2.22). Mothers residing in rural areas (AOR = 0.40) and mothers with lower than secondary education (AOR = 0.43) were less likely to have good knowledge about teething. Diarrhea (88.5%), fever (86.5%), an urge to bite (76.6%), and poor appetite (71.9%) were the signs and symptoms most attributed to teething by mothers. Only the mother's knowledge about teething was associated with reporting fever as a sign. A considerable number (317; 82.6%) of mothers reported performing "Dokhan" (acacia wood smoke), 313 (81.5%) preferred to administer paracetamol or other systemic analgesics, 262 (68.2%) agreed that a child with tooth eruption should be taken to a hospital or health center, and 216 (56.3%) believed that antibiotics relieved symptoms related to teething


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Signs and Symptoms , Tooth Eruption , Child , Surveys and Questionnaires , Knowledge , Mothers
9.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 20: e219912, jan.-dez. 2021. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1254429

ABSTRACT

Aim: Evaluation of the reliability of 3D computed tomography (3D-CT) in the diagnosis of mandibular fractures. Methods: A cross-sectional, quantitative and qualitative study was carried out, through the application of a questionnaire for 70 professionals in the area of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery and Radiology. 3D-CT images of mandibular fractures were delivered to the interviewees along with a questionnaire. Participants answered about the number of traces, the region and the type of fracture. The correct diagnosis, that is, the expected answer, was based on the reports of a specialist in oral and maxillofacial radiology after viewing the images in the axial, sagittal and coronal sections. The resulting data from the interviewees was compared with the expected answer and then, the data was analyzed statistically. Results: In the sample 56.9% were between 22 and 30 years old, 52.8% were oral and maxillofacial surgeons (OMF), 34.7% were residents in OMF surgery and 12.5% OMF radiologists. Each professional answered 15 questions (related to five patients) and 50.8% of the total of these was answered correctly. Specialists in Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery and Traumatology correctly answered 53.9%. Interviewees with experience between 6 and 10 years correctly answered 58.2%. In identifying fracture traces, 46.1% of the questions were answered correctly. In terms of location, 5.6% of interviewees answered wrongly while 14.2% answered wrongly regarding classification. Conclusion: 3D computed tomography did not prove to be a reliable image for diagnosing mandibular fractures when used alone. This made necessary an association with axial, sagittal and coronal tomographic sections


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Diagnostic Imaging , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Surveys and Questionnaires , Imaging, Three-Dimensional , Mandibular Fractures
10.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 20: e212755, jan.-dez. 2021. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1254632

ABSTRACT

Aim: To investigate restorative decisions made by dentists and to examine what demographic characteristics are associated with the decisions for managing approximal and occlusal lesions. Methods: A questionnaire was randomly sent to 900 Palestinian dentists. It noted the demographic details of the dentists and the years of experience. The questionnaire evaluated the respondents for their treatment decisions regarding approximal and occlusal carious lesions. The data was analyzed using the IBM SPSS statistics for windows. The associations between gender and years of experience of the respondents and their restorative decisions were assessed. Results: The response rate was 58.2%. For occlusal carious lesions, 93.9% of the respondents would postpone operative treatment until the lesion was in dentine (grade 3 to 5). For approximal lesions, intervention was deemed appropriate by 92.6% of the respondents when there was radiographic evidence of a carious lesion reaching the DEJ or deeper. Around 53% preferred to prepare approximal lesions according to the traditional principles of cavity preparation. For both approximal and occlusal lesions, the participants opted for resin composites. Statistically, there was a significant association between the restorative decisions with the years since graduation and gender. Conclusion: The study showed variations between the treatment decisions of Palestinian dentists. The subjects chose conservative treatment plans but still adhered to traditional learned practices especially when cavity preparation for approximal lesions was concerned. The years since graduation and gender played a significant role in the choice of treatment opted for. Resin composites seemed to be a popular choice for treatment


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Population Characteristics , Surveys and Questionnaires , Composite Resins , Practice Patterns, Dentists' , Dental Caries , Dental Cavity Preparation
11.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 20: e213555, jan.-dez. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1254634

ABSTRACT

Aim: This study evaluated, by the application of questionnaires, the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the clinical routine and inspection by the competent authorities, on the flow of patients in the office, as well as on possible changes in Endodontic treatment costs and the amounts charged to patients. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted from May 2nd, 2020 to May 6th, 2020, using an online questionnaire with a convenience sample. The inclusion criterion was professionals who perform endodontic treatments in daily clinical practice and who professional setting is private practice. The questionnaire brought questions about the impact on costs and the amount charged to the patient. Results: A total of 1042 questionnaires were answered from all the different states of Brazil, by professional who usually perform Endodontic treatment, and who is working in private practice. A total of 1010 (96.9%) respondents affirm it was necessary to modify the protective equipment in endodontic treatment due to pandemic and longer intervals between appointments was cited by 922 (88.5%), economically affecting the dental practice. There was no association between routine changes and economic impacts with gender, professional experience, area of residence or education level. Conclusion: In conclusion, most dental professionals recognized changes in the routine of endodontic treatment during the COVID-19 pandemic. They have a perception of increase in endodontic costs, and reduction in the volume of patients


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Surveys and Questionnaires , Coronavirus , Dental Offices , Endodontics
12.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 20: e213961, jan.-dez. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1254644

ABSTRACT

Aim: This cross-sectional study aimed to investigate where Brazilian dental students seek information about COVID-19 by a self-administered web-based questionnaire. Methods: A social network campaign on Instagram was raised to approach the target population. The dental students responded to a multiple-response question asking where or with whom they get information about COVID-19. The possible answers were government official websites or health and education institutions websites, TV Programs, professors, social media, scientific articles, health professionals, and family members. The data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, and the frequency distributions of responses were evaluated by gender, age, type of institution, and year of enrollment. Results: A total of 833 valid responses were received. The main source of information used by the dental students were government official websites or health and education institutions websites, which were reported by 739 (88.7%) participants. In the sequence, 477 (57.3%) participants chose health professionals while 468 (56.2%) chose scientific articles as information sources. The use of social media was reported by 451 (54.1%) students, while TV programs were information sources used by 332 (39.9%) students. The least used information sources were professors, reported by 317 (38.1%) students, and family members, chosen only by 65 (7.8%) participants. Conclusion: Brazilian dental students rely on multiple information sources to stay informed about COVID-19, mainly focusing their information-seeking behavior on governmental and health professional's websites


Subject(s)
Schools, Dental , Students, Dental , Surveys and Questionnaires , Information Seeking Behavior , Social Media , COVID-19
13.
An. Fac. Cienc. Méd. (Asunción) ; 54(3): 85-102, Dec. 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1352914

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Considerando la Ley de la Nación Paraguaya 4995/2013 "De Educación Superior", en su artículo 82°, establece que "la Agencia Nacional de Evaluación y Acreditación de la Educación Superior (ANEAES) es el organismo técnico encargado de evaluar y acreditar la calidad académica de los Institutos de Educación Superior". Por Resolución N°08/07 del Consejo Directivo de la ANEAES de fecha 17 de diciembre de 2007 aprueba los criterios de calidad para la carrera de medicina, donde en la dimensión 5, componente "egresados" establece: La carrera debe velar por el cumplimiento de las metas establecidas en cuanto a duración real de la carrera, logro del perfil de egreso e inserción de sus egresados en el mercado laboral. A los efectos se deberá establecer y aplicar mecanismos de consulta a los egresados para determinar su grado de satisfacción y retroalimentar el proceso formativo y los planes de mejora. Objetivos: contribuir a obtener información de la situación laboral y formación académica que permitan evaluar la calidad de la educación superior brindada y proponer mecanismos que contribuyan a la mejora del desempeño profesional de los egresados. Materiales y métodos: Los datos fueron procesados utilizando estadística descriptiva para todas las variables. El Instrumento utilizado es un Cuestionario conformado por 63 preguntas divididas en 5 secciones. Se contactó con los egresados por llamadas telefónicas y mensajería instantánea. Resultados: Durante los años 2010-2017, egresaron 984 profesionales. Total, de Encuestados: 133 egresados, siendo 73 mujeres (55%) y 60 hombres (45%). El 25 % de los egresados que han respondido la encuesta consideran que la formación académica recibida es excelente, el 44% considera que es muy buena, el 23% que es buena, el 6% regular y el 2% considera que es mala. Conclusión: El nivel de inserción laboral es alto al momento del egreso. La Satisfacción con la formación académica recibida es muy buena, con recomendaciones viables para el plan de mejoras en el programa de estudio


Introduction: Considering the Law of the Paraguayan Nation 4995/2013 "On Higher Education", in its article 82°, establishes that "the National Agency for the Evaluation and Accreditation of Higher Education (ANEAES) is the technical body in charge of evaluating and accrediting the academic quality of the Institutes of Higher Education". By Resolution N ° 08/07 of the Board of Directors of the ANEAES dated December 17, 2007, it approves the quality criteria for the medical career, where in dimension 5, the "graduates" component, it establishes: The career must ensure compliance of the goals established in terms of real duration of the career, achievement of the graduation profile and insertion of its graduates in the labor market. For this purpose, consultation mechanisms must be established and applied to graduates to determine their degree of satisfaction and provide feedback on the training process and improvement plans. Objectives: The objective of this follow-up report was to obtain useful information on the employment situation and academic training that allow evaluating the quality and relevance of the higher education provided and proposing mechanisms that contribute to the improvement of the professional performance of graduates. Materials and methods: The data were processed using descriptive statistics for all variables. The Instrument used is a Questionnaire made up of 63 questions divided into 5 sections. Graduates were contacted by phone calls and instant messaging. Results: During the years 2010-2017, 984 professionals graduated. Total of Respondents: 133 graduates, being 73 women (55%) and 60 men (45%). 25% of the graduates who responded to the survey consider that the academic training received is excellent, 44% consider it very good, 23% that it is good, 6% fair and 2% consider that it is bad. Conclusion: The level of labor insertion is high at the time of graduation. Satisfaction with the academic training received is very good, with viable recommendations for the improvement plan in the study program


Subject(s)
Teaching , Running , Surveys and Questionnaires , Education, Higher , Research Report , Accreditation , Job Satisfaction , Medicine
14.
Nursing (Säo Paulo) ; 24(281): 6299-6308, out.-2021.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1344292

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Avaliar a qualidade de vida dos pacientes submetidos a revascularização por Angioplastia. Métodos: Tratase de um estudo descritivo, transversal, quantitativo, realizado nos meses de março a abril de 2019 com 25 pacientes de um hospital público de referência em cardiologia de Recife (PE). Foi utilizado o questionário WHOQOL-Bref para avaliação da qualidade de vida. Resultados: Verificou-se que 56% (n: 14) da amostra são do gênero masculino e tinham uma mediana de idade de 63 anos. A avaliação da qualidade de vida dos pacientes apresentou resultado moderado, com necessidade de melhora em todos os domínios. O domínio "físico" obteve o escore mais baixo (3,20 ± 1,08), enquanto o domínio relações pessoais obteve o melhor índice (3,71 ± 1,08). A média do escore total foi de 3,38 (DP: 1,11). Conclusão: Os resultados refletiram um grau moderado de qualidade de vida e sua melhora depende do processo de mudança comportamental do indivíduo.(AU)


Objective: To evaluate the quality of life of patients undergoing revascularization by angioplasty. Methods: This is a descriptive, cross-sectional, quantitative study conducted in the months of March to April 2019 with 25 patients from a public cardiology referral hospital in Recife (PE). The WHOQOL-Bref questionnaire was used to assess quality of life. Results: It was found that 56% (n: 14) of the sample were male, with a median age of 63 years. The patients' quality of life assessment showed moderate results, with need for improvement in all domains. The physical domain had the lowest score (3.20 ± 1.08), while the personal relationships domain had the best score (3.71 ± 1.08). The mean total score was 3.38 (SD: 1.11). Conclusion: The results reflected a moderate degree of quality of life and its improvement depends on the individual's behavioral change process.(AU)


Objetivo: Evaluar la calidad de vida de los pacientes sometidos a revascularización mediante angioplastia. Métodos: Se trata de un estudio descriptivo, transversal y cuantitativo realizado en los meses de marzo a abril de 2019 con 25 pacientes de un hospital público de referencia en cardiología de Recife (PE). Se utilizó el cuestionario WHOQOL-Bref para evaluar la calidad de vida. Resultados: Se encontró que el 56% (n: 14) de la muestra eran hombres y tenían una edad media de 63 años. La evaluación de la calidad de vida de los pacientes mostró un resultado moderado, con necesidad de mejora en todos los dominios. El dominio "físico" obtuvo la puntuación más baja (3,20 ± 1,08), mientras que el dominio relaciones personales obtuvo el mejor índice (3,71 ± 1,08). La puntuación total media fue de 3,38 (DE: 1,11). Conclusión: Los resultados reflejaron un grado moderado de calidad de vida y su mejora depende del proceso de cambio de conducta del individuo.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Quality of Life , Cardiology , Angioplasty , Myocardial Revascularization , Referral and Consultation , Surveys and Questionnaires , Hospitals, Public
15.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 27(5): 481-484, July-Sept. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1288613

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: Sports dance is widely known as a competitive game, but as a leisure activity, there is little research on the efficacy of human health and fitness. Sports dance, as a popular national fitness exercise, has sound health promotion effects. At present, domestic and foreign researches mostly focus on the impact of sports dance on young men and women. Objective: This study will explore the influence of regular physical dance exercises on the body shape, function, and quality of middle-aged and older adults, provide a scientific basis for the role of physical dance in national fitness. Methods: This study recruited 20 healthy middle-aged and elderly members of a leisure sports dance club without professional dance experience for three months of dance training. The first two weeks are pre-experiments five times a week. Each exercise time is 60 minutes. The last ten weeks are formal experiments, two times a week, 90 minutes each time, and no other physical exercises are involved in everyday life. By comparing part of the body shape, physical function, and physical fitness index before and after the experiment, the impact of sports dance on middle-aged and older adults' healthy physical fitness is evaluated. Results: After three months of physical dance exercise with different dance styles, in male, BMI index, body fat percentage, waist circumference, hip circumference, and thigh circumference indicators all decreased, but there was no significant difference. In women, BMI index, body fat percentage (P<0.01), waist circumference (P<0.05), diastolic blood pressure (P<0.01), sitting body forward bending (P<0.05), and standing with one foot and closed eyes all increased. In women, the indexes of grip strength (P<0.01), forward bending in sitting position (P<0.055), and standing with eyes closed on one foot all increased. Conclusions: It is suggested that long-term moderate-intensity aerobic sport dance exercise can improve the body shape of middle-aged and older adults and help increase physical fitness; meanwhile, sports dance can effectively improve the cardiovascular function of middle-aged and elderly subjects. Level of evidence II; Therapeutic studies - investigation of treatment results.


RESUMO Introdução: A dança esportiva é amplamente conhecida como um jogo competitivo, mas como atividade de lazer, existem poucas pesquisas sobre sua eficácia na saúde e forma física humana. A dança esportiva, como exercício físico popular em âmbito nacional, tem importantes efeitos na promoção da saúde. Atualmente, a pesquisa nacional e estrangeira está focada principalmente no impacto da dança esportiva em jovens de ambos os sexos. Objetivo: Este estudo irá explorar a influência dos exercícios regulares de dança física na forma, função e qualidade do corpo de adultos mais velhos e de meia-idade, e fornecerá uma base científica para o papel da dança física no fitness nacional. Métodos: Este estudo recrutou 20 pessoas saudáveis, de meia-idade e idosos de um clube esportivo sem experiência profissional em dança durante três meses de treinamento. As primeiras duas semanas foram pré-experimentos cinco vezes por semana. Cada tempo de exercício foi de 60 minutos. As últimas dez semanas foram experimentos formais, duas vezes por semana, 90 minutos cada vez, sem nenhum outro exercício físico na vida cotidiana. Ao comparar a forma corporal, a função física e o índice de aptidão física antes e depois do experimento, o impacto da dança esportiva na aptidão física saudável de adultos mais velhos e de meia-idade é avaliado. Resultados: Após três meses de exercício físico de dança com diferentes estilos de dança, nos homens, o índice de IMC, o percentual de gordura corporal, a circunferência da cintura, a circunferência do quadril e a circunferência da coxa diminuíram, mas não houve diferença significativa. Nas mulheres, o índice de IMC, o percentual de gordura corporal (P <0,01), a circunferência da cintura (P <0,05), a pressão arterial diastólica (P <0,01), o corpo sentado inclinado para frente (P <0,05) e com um pés e olhos fechados aumentaram. Nas mulheres, os índices de força de preensão (P <0,01), de inclinação para a frente na posição sentada (P <0,055) e com um pé com os olhos fechados aumentaram. Conclusões: Sugere-se que o exercício de dança esportiva aeróbica de intensidade moderada de longa duração pode melhorar a forma corporal de adultos mais velhos e de meia idade e ajudar a aumentar a aptidão física; enquanto isso, a dança esportiva pode efetivamente melhorar a função cardiovascular de indivíduos de meia-idade e idosos. Nível de evidência II; Estudos terapêuticos: investigação dos resultados do tratamento.


RESUMEN Introducción: La danza deportiva es ampliamente conocida como un juego competitivo, pero como actividad de ocio hay poca investigación sobre la eficacia en la salud y el estado físico humanos. La danza deportiva, como ejercicio físico popular a nivel nacional, tiene importantes efectos en la promoción de la salud. En la actualidad, las investigaciones nacionales y extranjeras se centran principalmente en el impacto de la danza deportiva en hombres y mujeres jóvenes. Objetivo: Este estudio explorará la influencia de los ejercicios regulares de danza física en la forma, función y calidad del cuerpo de los adultos mayores y de mediana edad, y proporcionará una base científica para el papel de la danza física en la aptitud nacional. Métodos: Este estudio reclutó a 20 miembros sanos de mediana edad y ancianos de un club deportivo sin experiencia profesional en danza durante tres meses de entrenamiento. Las dos primeras semanas eran experimentos previos cinco veces por semana. Cada tiempo de ejercicio fue de 60 minutos. Las últimas diez semanas eran experimentos formales, dos veces por semana, 90 minutos cada vez, sin otros ejercicios físicos en la vida cotidiana. Al comparar la forma del cuerpo, la función física y el índice de aptitud física antes y después del experimento, se evalúa el impacto de la danza deportiva en la aptitud física saludable de los adultos mayores y de mediana edad. Resultados: Después de tres meses de ejercicio físico de baile con diferentes estilos de baile, en los hombres, el índice de IMC, el porcentaje de grasa corporal, la circunferencia de la cintura, la circunferencia de la cadera y la circunferencia del muslo disminuyeron, pero no hubo diferencia significativa. En las mujeres, el índice de IMC, el porcentaje de grasa corporal (P <0.01), la circunferencia de la cintura (P <0.05), la presión arterial diastólica (P <0.01), el cuerpo sentado inclinado hacia adelante (P <0.05) y con un pie y ojos cerrados aumentaron. En las mujeres, aumentaron los índices de fuerza de agarre (P <0.01), de inclinación hacia adelante en posición sentada (P <0.055) y con un pie con los ojos cerrados. Conclusiones: Se sugiere que el ejercicio de danza deportiva aeróbica de intensidad moderada a largo plazo puede mejorar la forma del cuerpo de los adultos mayores y de mediana edad y ayudar a aumentar la aptitud física; mientras tanto, la danza deportiva puede mejorar eficazmente la función cardiovascular de sujetos de mediana edad y ancianos. Nivel de evidencia II;Estudios terapéuticos: investigación de los resultados del tratamiento.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Sports/physiology , Blood Pressure/physiology , Body Constitution/physiology , Dancing/physiology , Heart Rate/physiology , Surveys and Questionnaires
16.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 27(5): 523-526, July-Sept. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1288612

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: Athletics plays a very important role in competitive sports. The strength of track and field directly represents the level of a country's sports competition. Objective: This work aimed to study the track and field sports forewarning model based on radial basis function (RBF) neural networks. One hundred outstanding athletes were taken as the research objects. The questionnaire survey method was adopted to count athletes' injury risk factors, and coaches were consulted to evaluate the questionnaire's overall quality, structure, and content. Methods: A track and field early warning model based on RBF neural network is established, and the results are analyzed. Results: The results showed that the number of people who thought the questionnaire was relatively complete (92%) was considerably higher than that of very complete (2%) and relatively complete (6%) (P<0.05). The number of people who thought that the questionnaire structure was relatively perfect (45%) was notably higher than that of the very perfect (18%) (P<0.05). The semi-reliability test result suggested that the questionnaire reliability was 0.85. Tests on ten samples showed that the RBF neural network model error and the actual results were basically controlled between −0.04~0.04. Conclusions: After the sample library test, the track and field sports forewarning model under RBF neural network can obtain relatively favorable results. Level of evidence II; Therapeutic studies - investigation of treatment results.


RESUMO Antecedentes: O atletismo desempenha um papel muito importante nos esportes competitivos. A força do atletismo representa diretamente o nível de competição esportiva de um país. Objetivo: Este trabalho teve como objetivo estudar o modelo de advertência em esportes de atletismo baseado em redes neurais de função de base radial (RBF). 100 atletas de destaque foram tomados como objetos de pesquisa. O método de pesquisa por questionário foi adotado para contar os fatores de risco de lesões dos atletas e os treinadores foram consultados para avaliar a qualidade geral, estrutura e conteúdo do questionário. Métodos: Um modelo de alerta precoce de pista e campo baseado na rede neural RBF é estabelecido e os resultados são analisados. Resultados: Os resultados mostraram que o número de pessoas que consideraram o questionário relativamente completo (92%) foi consideravelmente maior do que o de muito completo (2%) e relativamente completo (6%) (P <0,05). O número de pessoas que pensaram que a estrutura do questionário era relativamente perfeita (45%) foi notavelmente maior do que a das muito perfeitas (18%) (P <0,05). O resultado do teste de semifiabilidade sugeriu que a confiabilidade do questionário foi de 0,85. Testes em 10 amostras mostraram que o erro entre o modelo de rede neural RBF e os resultados reais foi basicamente controlado entre −0,04 ~ 0,04. Conclusões: Após o teste da biblioteca de amostras, o modelo de advertência em esportes de atletismo sob a rede neural RBF pode obter resultados relativamente favoráveis. Nível de evidência II; Estudos terapêuticos- investigação dos resultados do tratamento.


RESUMEN Antecedentes: el atletismo juega un papel muy importante en los deportes competitivos. La fuerza de la pista y el campo representa directamente el nivel de competición deportiva de un país. Objetivo: Este trabajo tuvo como objetivo estudiar el modelo de alerta de los deportes de pista y campo basado en redes neuronales de función de base radial (RBF). Se tomaron como objeto de investigación 100 atletas destacados. Se adoptó el método de encuesta de cuestionario para contar los factores de riesgo de lesiones de los atletas y se consultó a los entrenadores para evaluar la calidad general, la estructura y el contenido del cuestionario. Métodos: Se establece un modelo de alerta temprana de pista y campo basado en la red neuronal RBF y se analizan los resultados. Resultados: Los resultados mostraron que el número de personas que pensaban que el cuestionario era relativamente completo (92%) era considerablemente mayor que el de muy completo (2%) y relativamente completo (6%) (P <0,05). El número de personas que pensaba que la estructura del cuestionario era relativamente perfecta (45%) fue notablemente superior al de los muy perfectos (18%) (P <0,05). El resultado de la prueba de semifiabilidad sugirió que la confiabilidad del cuestionario era 0,85. Las pruebas en 10 muestras mostraron que el error entre el modelo de red neuronal RBF y los resultados reales se controló básicamente entre −0,04 ~ 0,04. Conclusiones: Después de la prueba de la biblioteca de muestras, el modelo de advertencia de deportes de pista y campo bajo la red neuronal RBF puede obtener resultados relativamente favorables. Nivel de evidencia II; Estudios terapéuticos- investigación de los resultados del tratamiento.


Subject(s)
Humans , Athletic Injuries/prevention & control , Track and Field/injuries , Algorithms , Surveys and Questionnaires , Risk Factors , Neural Networks, Computer
17.
Dement. neuropsychol ; 15(3): 357-360, Sept. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1339798

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Memory complaints are common in adult people with epilepsy (PWEs). However, the associated clinical aspects are not yet fully understood. Objective: This study aims to relate the occurrence of memory complaints in PWEs with clinical aspects and self-esteem. Methods: To relate the data obtained from the Memory Complaint Questionnaire (MAC-Q) with clinical aspects, 71 PWEs were assessed using the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (SES), the Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE), and the Brief Cognitive Battery-Edu. These data were compared with 55 individuals in a control group (CG). Results: Memory complaints (MAC-Q≥25) were significantly higher in PWEs, when compared with individuals in the CG [35 (49.3%) vs. 15 (27.2%); Student's t-test; p=0.012]. Objective cognitive performance was lower in PWEs. Memory complaints were associated with a lower educational level, the presence of depression, SES, MMSE, incidental memory, and the clock-drawing test scores in PWEs. Conclusions: Memory complaints were more frequent in PWEs than in individuals in the CG, and there was a relationship with cognitive deficit, educational level, depression, and low self-esteem.


RESUMO Queixas de memória são frequentes em pessoas adultas com epilepsia (PCEs). Entretanto, os aspectos clínicos associados ainda não são totalmente compreendidos. Objetivo: Relacionar a ocorrência de queixas de memória em PCEs com aspectos clínicos e a autoestima. Métodos: Relacionar os dados do Memory Complaint Questionnaire (MAC-Q) com aspectos clínicos, a Roserberg Self-esteem Scale (SES), o MEEM e a BCB-Edu de 71 PCEs. Os dados foram comparados aos de 55 indivíduos normais (GC). Resultados: Queixa de memória (MAC-Q≥25) foi significativamente maior nos PCEs quando comparada a do GC [35 (49,3%) vs. 15 (27,2%); teste t de Student; p=0,012]. O desempenho cognitivo objetivo foi inferior nas PWEs. As queixas de memória foram associadas à menor escolaridade, presença de depressão e à SES, o MEEM, à memória incidental e o clock-drawing test nas PCEs. Conclusões: As queixas de memória foi mais frequente nas PCEs do que no GC, e houve relação com o déficit cognitivo, a escolaridade, a depressão e a baixa autoestima.


Subject(s)
Humans , Self Concept , Surveys and Questionnaires , Epilepsy , Memory
18.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 58(3): 364-369, July-Sept. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1345292

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Dyspeptic symptoms are among the eight symptoms that most lead to the use of self-medication globally. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the frequency of use and profile of the population doing self-medication to control dyspeptic symptoms in a capital from South Brazil. METHODS: Application of a survey consisting of topics regarding individual's socio-cultural data, self-reported comorbidities, use of self-medication in the 15 days prior to the interview and information on the use of this medication. Statistical analysis was performed on the data collected to determine the prevalence of self-medication for dyspeptic symptoms (SMDS) and to establish correlations with independent factors, such as gender, age, body mass index (BMI), education, family income and self-reported comorbidities. RESULTS: A total of 719 individuals from the public health system were interviewed. Overall, 67.7% were female, 65.3% had a BMI greater than 25; 28.4% presented with self-reported hypertension, 21.4% with depression and 13.8% with diabetes. The prevalence of self-medication to control digestive symptoms in this population was 28.7% (95%CI: 25.3-32), 91.8% (n=189) due to complaints of dyspeptic origin. Proton pump inhibitors were the most used class of medication (67%), followed by antacids (15%). There was a relationship between SMDS and age >38 years (OR=1.734, 95%CI: 1.177-2.580, P=0.001), BMI >26 (OR=1.660, 95%CI: 1.166-2.362, P<0.001) and self-reported depression (OR=1.471, 95%CI: 0.983-2.201, P=0.04). CONCLUSION: There was a higher prevalence of the use of self-medication to control dyspeptic symptoms in relation to previous data from the literature. Age >38 years, BMI >26 and self-reported depression were associated with SMDS.


RESUMO CONTEXTO: Os sintomas dispépticos estão entre os oito sintomas que mais levam uso de automedicação. OBJETIVO: O presente estudo teve como objetivo avaliar a prevalência e o perfil da população que utiliza automedicação para controle dos sintomas dispépticos em uma capital do Sul do Brasil. MÉTODOS: Aplicação de inquérito composto por tópicos relativos aos dados socioculturais do indivíduo, comorbidades autorreferidas, uso de automedicação nos 15 dias anteriores à entrevista e informações sobre o uso deste medicamento. Foi realizada a análise estatística dos dados coletados para determinar a prevalência de automedicação para controle dos sintomas dispépticos e estabelecer correlações com fatores independentes, como sexo, idade, índice de massa corporal (IMC), escolaridade, renda familiar e comorbidades autorrelatadas. RESULTADOS: Foram entrevistados 719 indivíduos atendidos pela atenção primária. Destes, 67,7% de indivíduos do sexo feminino, 65,3% apresentavam IMC maior que 25 kg/m², 28,4% autorrelataram apresentar hipertensão arterial sistêmica, 21,4% depressão e 13,8% diabetes. A prevalência de uso de automedicação para controle de sintomas digestivos nesta população foi de 28,7% (n=206, IC95% 25,3-32), 91,8% (n=189) por queixas de origem dispéptica. A classe de medicação mais utilizada foi a dos inibidores de bomba de prótons (67%), seguidos dos antiácidos (15%). Houve relação entre o uso deste tipo de automedicação e idade maior de 38 anos (OR=1,734, IC95% 1,177-2,580, P=0,001), IMC acima de 26 kg/m² (OR=1,660, IC95% 1,166-2,362, P<0,001) e presença de autorrelato de depressão (OR= 1,471, IC95% 0,983-2,201, P=0,04). CONCLUSÃO: O presente estudo revelou uma alta prevalência do uso de automedicação para controle dos sintomas dispépticos em comparação com dados da literatura, sendo os inibidores de bomba de prótons a classe de droga mais utilizada. Idade maior que 38 anos, índice de massa corporal maior 26 kg/m² e autorrelato de depressão foram associados ao uso de automedicação para sintomas dispépticos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Primary Health Care , Brazil/epidemiology , Prevalence , Surveys and Questionnaires , Self Report
19.
Av. enferm ; 39(3): 332-344, 01 de septiembre de 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1291115

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: construir e validar instrumento para medir a intenção comportamental de reduzir o consumo de sal na dieta em pessoas com insuficiência cardíaca. Materiais e métodos: estudo metodológico, fundamentado na Theory of Planned Behavior, desenvolvido em três etapas: construção do instrumento, validação de conteúdo com juízes especialistas e validaçãosemântica com 30 pessoas da população- alvo, de março a setembro de 2018, no município de João Pessoa, Brasil. Resultados: participaram da validação de conteúdo seis juízes especialistas. O instrumento conta com 30 itens distribuídos nos construtos atitude, norma subjetiva e controle comportamental percebido. O índice de validade de conteúdo mostrouse satisfatório (≥ 80 %). Na validação semântica, o instrumento foi considerado claro e compreensível. Conclusões: como produto, dispõe-se de instrumento válido quanto ao seu conteúdo e compreensão, podendo ser aplicado em estudo-piloto para avaliar sua qualidade psicométrica em medir o comportamento de interesse no contexto da insuficiência cardíaca.


Objetivo: construir y validar un instrumento para medir la intención de reducir el consumo de sal por parte de personas con insuficiencia cardíaca. Materiales y métodos: estudio metodológico basado en la teoría del comportamiento planeado, el cual se desarrolló en tres etapas: construcción del instrumento, validación de contenido por juicio de expertos y validación semántica con 30 personas de la población objetivo, entre marzo y septiembre de 2018, en el municipio de João Pessoa, Brasil. Resultados: seis jueces expertos participaron en la validación de contenido. El instrumento consta de 30 ítems distribuidos en los constructos actitud, norma subjetiva y control conductual percibido. El índice de validez de contenido fue satisfactorio (≥ 80 %). Tras la validación semántica, el instrumento fue considerado claro y comprensible. Conclusiones: como producto, existe un instrumento válido en cuanto a contenido y comprensión, el cual puede ser aplicado en un estudio piloto para evaluar su calidad psicométrica en la medición de la conducta de interés en el contexto de la insuficiencia cardíaca.


Objective: To build and validate an instrument to measure the behavioral intention to reduce the consumption of dietary salt in people with heart failure. Materials and methods: Methodological study based on the theory of planned behavior and developed in three stages: construction of the instrument, content validation with expert judges, and semantic validation with 30 people from the target population, from March to September 2018, in the municipality of João Pessoa, Brazil. Results: Six expert judges participated in content validation. The instrument has 30 items distributed in the constructs attitude, subjective norm, and perceived behavioral control. The content validity index was satisfactory (≥ 80 %), and the semantic validation of the instrument was considered clear and understandable. Conclusions: As a product, the instrument proved to be valid in terms of content and understanding. This tool can be applied in a pilot study to assess its psychometric quality for measuring the behavior of interest in the context of heart failure.


Subject(s)
Humans , Sodium Chloride , Surveys and Questionnaires , Intention , Social Theory , Heart Failure
20.
Nursing (Säo Paulo) ; 24(280): 6221-6234, set.-2021.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1343844

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: identificar os fatores de risco cardiovascular entre estudantes de enfermagem de uma universidade pública do interior do Amazonas, Brasil. Método: estudo transversal e descritivo com abordagem quantitativa, realizado com 42 estudantes de Enfermagem. Foram aplicados três instrumentos: um questionário elaborado especificamente para o estudo e dois padronizados e validados, o International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) e o Questionário simplificado para avaliação do consumo de alimentos marcadores de risco cardiovascular. Resultados: os fatores de risco cardiovascular mais prevalentes foram: histórico familiar para Hipertensão Arterial Sistêmica (61,9%) e Diabetes Mellitus (40,4%), consumo de álcool (50,0%), estresse (73,8%), sobrepeso e obesidade (38,0%), prática de atividade física insuficiente ativo e sedentário (50,0%) e consumo de alimentos marcadores de risco cardiovascular (elevado e excessivo) (30,9%). Conclusão: a identificação dos fatores de risco cardiovasculares nos universitários poderá guiar as ações voltadas para a promoção da saúde cardiovascular.(AU)


Objective: to identify cardiovascular risk factors among nursing students at a public university in the interior of Amazonas, Brazil. Method: cross-sectional descriptive study with a quantitative approach, carried out with 42 nursing students. Three instruments were applied: a questionnaire designed specifically for the study and two standardized and validated instruments, the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) and the Simplified Questionnaire to assess the consumption of foods that are markers of cardiovascular risk. Results: the most prevalent cardiovascular risk factors were: family history for Systemic Arterial Hypertension (61.9%) and Diabetes Mellitus (40.4%), alcohol consumption (50.0%), stress (73.8%) , overweight and obesity (38.0%), insufficient active and sedentary physical activity practice (50.0%) and consumption of foods that are markers of cardiovascular risk (high and excessive) (30.9%). Conclusion: the identification of cardiovascular risk factors in university students can guide actions aimed at promoting cardiovascular health. (AU)


Objetivo: identificar factores de riesgo cardiovascular en estudiantes de enfermería de una universidad pública del interior de Amazonas, Brasil. Método: estudio descriptivo transversal con abordaje cuantitativo, realizado con 42 estudiantes de enfermería. Se aplicaron tres instrumentos: un cuestionario diseñado específicamente para el estudio y dos instrumentos estandarizados y validados, el Cuestionario Internacional de Actividad Física (IPAQ) y el Cuestionario Simplificado para evaluar el consumo de alimentos que son marcadores de riesgo cardiovascular. Resultados: los factores de riesgo cardiovascular más prevalentes fueron: antecedentes familiares de Hipertensión Arterial Sistémica (61,9%) y Diabetes Mellitus (40,4%), consumo de alcohol (50,0%), estrés (73,8%), sobrepeso y obesidad (38,0%), insuficiencia práctica de actividad física activa y sedentaria (50,0%) y consumo de alimentos marcadores de riesgo cardiovascular (alto y excesivo) (30,9%). Conclusión: la identificación de factores de riesgo cardiovascular en estudiantes universitarios puede orientar acciones dirigidas a promover la salud cardiovascular.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Students, Nursing , Heart Disease Risk Factors , Universities , Cardiovascular Diseases/prevention & control , Health Education , Surveys and Questionnaires , Health Promotion
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