Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 1.357
Filter
1.
Infectio ; 25(3): 153-158, jul.-set. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1250085

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: A comprehensive cytometry assessment in the critical ill patient shows modifications in cell lines that estimate severity and mortality in sepsis. The objective of this study is to determine the utility of different cytometric parameters and indices as predictors of mortality in septic patients. Materials and Methods: Retrospective cohort study of adults with sepsis (SEPSIS Criteria 3) hospitalized in an Intensive Unit Care (Quito, Ecuador). Patients with neoplasms or immunodeficiency states were excluded. Different cytometric parameters have been assessed and logistic regression models were used to stablish the predictive range of mortality for each parameter and areas under the curve (AUC) for sensitivity analysis. Results: Over 159 patients, the mortality was 25%. In non-survivors, the median of the APACHE II was 25.20 points, and the median of the SOFA was 11.18, 10.44, 10.15 points at the time of admission, 48, and 72 hours respectively. About the sensitivity analysis for mortality, the cut-off point of EDW was 14.5% (AUC 0.708), and it presented an adjusted OR of 5.25 (95%CI: 1.64-16.76, p: 0.005). The cut-off point of MPV was 8.45 fL (AUC 0.666), and it had an adjusted OR of 5.28 (95%CI: 1.72-16.21, p 0.004). Conclusions: EDW and MPV are independent predictors of mortality, and they must be used with scales or biomarkers to optimize the management and therapy of patients with sepsis. They would be an alternative in centers where only blood cytometry is available as an analytical test.


Resumen Introducción: Una evaluación completa de citometría en el paciente enfermo crítico muestra modificaciones en las líneas celulares que estiman la gravedad y la mortalidad en la sepsis. El objetivo de este estudio es determinar la utilidad de diferentes parámetros e índices citométricos como predictores de la mortalidad en pacientes sépticos. Materiales y métodos: Estudio retrospectivo de cohortes de adultos con sepsis (Criterio 3 de la SEPSIS) hospitalizados en una Unidad de Cuidados Intensivos (Quito,Ecuador). Se excluyeron los pacientes con neoplasias o estados de inmunodeficiencia. Se evaluaron diferentes parámetros citométricos y se utilizaron modelos de regresión logística para establecer el rango predictivo de la mortalidad para cada parámetro y las áreas bajo la curva (AUC) para el análisis de sensibilidad. Resultados: En más de 159 pacientes, la mortalidad fue del 25%. En los no supervivientes, la mediana del APACHE II fue de 25,20 puntos, y la mediana del SOFA fue de 11,18, 10,44 y 10,15 puntos en el momento del ingreso, 48 y 72 horas respectivamente. En cuanto al análisis de sensibilidad para la mortalidad, el punto de corte del EDW fue 14,5% (AUC 0,708), y presentó un OR ajustado de 5,25 (IC 95%: 1,64-16,76, p: 0,005). El punto de corte de MPV fue de 8,45 fL (AUC 0,666), y presentó un OR ajustado de 5,28 (95%CI: 1,72-16,21, p 0,004). Conclusiones. EDW y MPV son predictores independientes de mortalidad, y deben ser utilizados con escalas o biomarcadores para optimizar el manejo y la terapia de los pacientes con sepsis. Serían una alternativa en los centros donde sólo se dispone de citometría de sangre como prueba analítica.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Sepsis , Reference Parameters , Biomarkers , Cohort Studies , Mortality , Survivors , Flow Cytometry , Intensive Care Units
2.
Rev. Psicol., Divers. Saúde ; 10(1): 37-56, Março 2021. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1282032

ABSTRACT

INTRODUÇÃO: As intervenções com recurso à tecnologia têm mostrado ser promissoras para ultrapassar algumas barreiras de acesso aos cuidados dos sobreviventes de cancro de regiões mais isoladas. Os estudos de aceitabilidade e das preferências dos sobreviventes relativamente a estas intervenções são escassos em Portugal e inexistentes nos Açores. OBJETIVOS: Este estudo pretendeu avaliar: i) os comportamentos de procura de ajuda dos sobreviventes de cancro dos Açores e as barreiras à procura de ajuda; e ii) o grau de aceitabilidade e as preferências destes sobreviventes relativamente ao desenvolvimento, implementação e participação numa intervenção psicológica via telefone. MÉTODO: Este estudo envolveu 173 sobreviventes de cancro dos Açores, recrutados num hospital público regional, numa unidade de saúde regional e numa instituição sem fins lucrativos. Recorreu-se a um questionário construído para o efeito, sendo os dados tratados com estatística descritiva. RESULTADOS: O apoio psicológico mostrou-se um comportamento de ajuda aceitável para os sobreviventes, sendo as barreiras à procura de ajuda de índole estrutural/prática e de conhecimento as mais endossadas pelos participantes. A maioria da amostra considerou útil uma intervenção psicológica via telefone, reportando ser provável participar. As sessões com uma duração situada entre os 30 a 45 minutos e com uma periodicidade quinzenal foram os aspetos preferenciais dos participantes. DISCUSSÃO E CONCLUSÃO: Espera-se que os resultados deste estudo possam orientar o desenvolvimento de uma intervenção via telefone que responda flexivelmente às necessidades dos sobreviventes dos Açores e facilite o suporte a prestar-lhes, integrando as suas preferências no desenho de uma intervenção desta natureza.


INTRODUCTION: Technology-based interventions are promising for overcoming some barriers that cancer survivors from isolated regions face in accessing health-care. No studies are exploring the acceptability and preferences concerning these interventions in Portugal and even in the Azores. OBJECTIVES: This study aims to evaluate: i) Azorean cancer survivors' help-seeking behaviors and barriers for seeking help; and ii) survivors' acceptability and preferences concerning development, implementation, and participation in the psychological telephone-based intervention. METHOD: This study included a sample of 173 cancer survivors from the Azores archipelago (Portugal) recruited from a local oncological hospital and health unit. Data were collected through a questionnaire built for this purpose and analyzed with a descriptive statistic. RESULTS: Psychological support was an accepted help-seeking behavior and the structural/practical and knowledge barriers for seeking help were the more endorsed by participants. The majority of the sample considered a psychological telephone-based intervention useful; reporting being likely participating. The length of the sessions ranging from 30 to 45 minutes and fortnightly were the participants' preferences. DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION: Results may guide the development of a psychological telephone-based intervention for cancer survivors from the Azores, which can respond flexibly to their needs and facilitating the support to provide them, including their preferences when designing an intervention of that nature.


Subject(s)
Psychosocial Intervention , Behavior , Survivors
3.
Rev. latinoam. enferm. (Online) ; 29: e3482, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1341515

ABSTRACT

Objective: to analyze the effectiveness of a support intervention on the burden and stress of family caregivers and on the stroke survivors' independence level, compared to the Control Group. Method: a quasi-experimental study conducted with 37 participants (Intervention Group, n=20; and Control Group, n=17). The intervention lasted 8 months. The outcomes of the caregivers (burden and stress) and of the survivors (independence level) were measured by the Zarit, Perceived Stress and Katz scales, at the following moments: pre-intervention, the fourth month of the intervention and post-intervention. The differences of these outcomes between groups and intra-group and the effect size were calculated using the Mann-Whitney and Friedman tests (Bonferroni adjustment by Wilcoxon) and the Kendall's W coefficient. Results: the Intervention Group reduced burden (p=0.039) and stress (p=0.009), mainly, after 8 months of intervention, which was not observed in the Control Group. The independence level did not change between the groups or moments (p>0.05). The intervention presented moderate effect size (p=0.45 and p=0.54). Conclusion: the intervention was effective to reduce the burden and stress of family caregivers, but did not alter the stroke survivors' independence level, when compared to the Control Group.


Objetivo: analisar a efetividade de uma intervenção de apoio na sobrecarga e no estresse de cuidadores familiares e no grau de independência dos sobreviventes de Acidente Vascular Cerebral, em comparação ao Grupo Controle. Método: estudo quase-experimental realizado com 37 participantes (Grupo Intervenção n=20 e Grupo Controle n=17). A intervenção durou 8 meses. Os desfechos dos cuidadores (sobrecarga e estresse) e dos sobreviventes (grau de independência) foram mensurados pelas escalas de Zarit, Estresse Percebido e Katz, nos momentos: pré-intervenção, quarto mês da intervenção e pós-intervenção. As diferenças desses desfechos intergrupos e intragrupo e o tamanho do efeito foram calculados pelos testes de Mann-Whitney e de Friedman (ajuste de Bonferroni pelo Wilcoxon) e o coeficiente de Kendall W. Resultados: o Grupo Intervenção reduziu a sobrecarga (p=0,039) e o estresse (p=0,009), principalmente, após 8 meses de intervenção, o que não foi observado no Grupo Controle. O grau de independência não se alterou entre os grupos ou momentos (p>0,05). A intervenção apresentou tamanho de efeito moderado (p=0,45 e p=0,54). Conclusão: A intervenção foi efetiva para reduzir a sobrecarga e o estresse dos cuidadores familiares, mas não alterou o grau de independência dos sobreviventes de Acidente Vascular Cerebral, quando comparada ao Grupo Controle.


Objetivo: analizar la efectividad de una intervención de apoyo sobre la sobrecarga y el estrés de los cuidadores familiares y sobre el grado de independencia de los sobrevivientes de accidente cerebrovascular, en comparación con el Grupo de Control. Método: estudio cuasi experimental realizado con 37 participantes (Grupo de Intervención n = 20 y Grupo de Control n = 17). La intervención duró 8 meses. Los resultados de los cuidadores (sobrecarga y estrés) y sobrevivientes (grado de independencia) se midieron mediante las escalas de Zarit, Estrés Percibido y Katz, en los momentos: preintervención, cuarto mes de intervención y posintervención. Las diferencias entre estos resultados intergrupales e intragrupales y el tamaño del efecto se calcularon mediante las pruebas de Mann-Whitney y Friedman (ajuste de Bonferroni por Wilcoxon) y el coeficiente de Kendall W. Resultados: el Grupo de Intervención redujo la sobrecarga (p = 0,039) y el estrés (p = 0,009), principalmente después de ocho meses de intervención, lo que no se observó en el Grupo de Control. El grado de independencia no varió entre grupos o momentos (p>0,05). La intervención tuvo un tamaño de efecto moderado (p=0,45 y p=0,54). Conclusión: la intervención fue eficaz para reducir la sobrecarga y el estrés de los cuidadores familiares, pero no alteró el grado de independencia de los sobrevivientes de ACV, en comparación con el Grupo de Control.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adaptation, Psychological , Caregivers , Survivors , Stroke/therapy
4.
Psicol. Estud. (Online) ; 26: e644427, 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1155141

ABSTRACT

RESUMO. Com o tema da clínica psicológica em situações de suicídio, mais especificamente o da atuação do psicólogo junto a pais enlutados, pretendemos defender que a formação em psicologia pode favorecer conhecimentos e experiências diferenciados de outros saberes. Para alcançarmos nosso objetivo, analisamos publicações, reportagens e entrevistas com pais afetados pelo acontecimento. Assim, temas como a morte, o luto, a saudade e a clínica psicológica foram desenvolvidas mediante uma revisão narrativa da literatura de publicações científicas. Em conclusão, pretendemos defender a possibilidade de uma prática psicológica para além dos manuais, os quais prescrevem ao profissional os comportamentos a serem expressos nas situações referidas. Ir além dos manuais significa poder acompanhar a experiência de luto sem jargões ou simbolismos meramente técnicos, ou seja, poder, na própria experiência de luto, em uma atitude serena e paciente, tal como desenvolvida por Kierkegaard e Heidegger, permanecer junto à dor ou ao sofrimento, sustentando a possibilidade de um momento epifânico, como nos mostra Clarice Lispector.


RESUMEN. Con el tema de la clínica psicológica en situaciones de suicidio, más específicamente el papel del psicólogo con los padres en luto, queremos argumentar a favor de la formación en psicología que puede pasar un conocimiento y experiencia distintos de otros conocimientos. Para lograr nuestro objetivo, analizamos publicaciones, informes y entrevistas con los padres afectados por el evento. Así, se desarrollaron temas como la muerte, duelo, anhelo y la clínica psicológica a través de una revisión bibliográfica de publicaciones científicas. En conclusión, queremos defender la posibilidad de la práctica psicológica además de los manuales, que prescriben los comportamientos de profesionales de cómo deben expresarse en esas situaciones específicas. Ir más allá de los manuales, es ser capaces de seguir la experiencia de dolor sin jerga o simbolismos simplemente técnicos, es decir, poder, por propia experiencia de duelo, en una actitud tranquila y paciente, como desarrollado por Kierkegaard y Heidegger, quedar lado a lado con el dolor o el sufrimiento, sosteniendo la posibilidad de un momento transformador, como nos muestra Clarice Lispector.


ABSTRACT. With the topic of clinical psychology in situations of suicide, more specifically, of the role of the psychologist with bereaved parents, we aimed to defend that training in psychology can favor knowledge and experiences differentiated from other formations. To reach our goal, we analyzed how these parents are affected by the event, in publications, reports and interviews. Thus, themes such as death, bereavement, missing and clinical psychology were developed by a narrative review of the scientific literature. In conclusion, we defended the possibility of a psychological practice not restricted by manuals, which prescribe the behaviors to be expressed in such situations. Going beyond manuals means being able to follow the experience of grief without jargons or merely technical symbolisms, that is, being able, in the experience of one's own grief in a serene and patient attitude, as developed by Kierkegaard and Heidegger, to remain close to pain or suffering, sustaining the possibility of an epiphanic moment, as shown by Clarice Lispector.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Parents/psychology , Psychology/methods , Suicide/psychology , Bereavement , Psychology, Clinical , Behavior , Survivors/psychology , Death , Emotions , Psychological Distress , Loneliness/psychology
5.
Rev. Bras. Cancerol. (Online) ; 67(3): e-021168, 2021.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1291816

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Surgical treatment after the diagnosis of breast cancer can lead to several consequences of the survivor's upper limb. Objective: Analyze the physical function of the upper limb after breast cancer surgery in Southern Brazilian survivors. Method: 82 breast cancer survivors (55±10 years) receiving hormone therapy were included. A questionnaire for general information, pain (Visual Analogue Scale), and upper limb functionality (DASH) were applied, followed by physical tests; the shoulder range of motion (goniometer), strength (dynamometer), proprioception (kinesimeter) and arm volume (perimeter of the arm). Results: No differences were found for any variable of physical function in relation to mastectomy or breast-conserving surgery. However, better scores of strength and the shoulder range of motion were found for the non-surgery arm. Linear regression demonstrated a relation between pain, strength, range of motion, proprioception, and arm volume with the disabilities of the upper limb, and when adjusted by surgery modality, shoulder range of motion, arm volume, and proprioception maintained significantly. Conclusion: Breast cancer survivors presented physical disabilities on the upper limb after surgery, regardless of the modality of surgery. Results elucidate the need for an efficient post-treatment program to prevent poor physical function after breast cancer surgery and provide better daily activities to these women.


Introdução: O tratamento cirúrgicodo câncer de mama pode levar a consequências físicas no membro superior de sobreviventes. Objetivo: Analisar a funcionalidade do membro superior após cirurgia de câncer de mama em sobreviventes do Sul do Brasil. Método: Foram avaliadas82 sobreviventes de câncer de mama (55±10 anos) em tratamento com hormonioterapia. Foi aplicado um questionário para informações gerais, dor (Escala Visual Analógica) e funcionalidade do membro superior (DASH), seguido de testes físicos; amplitude de movimento (goniômetro), força (dinamômetro), propriocepção (cinesiômetro) e volume do braço (perímetro do braço). Resultados: Não foram encontradas diferenças para nenhuma das variáveis de funcionalidade em relação à mastectomia ou cirurgia conservadora de mama. No entanto, melhores escores de força e amplitude de movimento foram apresentados no membro contralateral à cirurgia. A regressão linear demonstrou uma relação entre dor, força, amplitude de movimento, propriocepção e volume do braço com as disfunções do membro superior e, quando ajustada pela modalidade de cirurgia, apenas a amplitude de movimento, volume do braço e propriocepção mantiveram--se significativamente. Conclusão: A cirurgia do câncer de mama pode levar à pior funcionalidade no membro superior, independentemente da modalidade da cirurgia. Os resultados elucidam a necessidade de um programa eficiente de pós-tratamento para prevenir as consequências na função física do membro superior após cirurgia de câncer de mama e proporcionar melhora nas atividades de vida diária nessa população.


Introducción: El tratamiento quirúrgico después del diagnóstico de cáncer de seno puede conducir a varias consecuencias de la extremidad superior de la sobreviviente. Objetivo: Analizar la función física de la extremidad superior después de una cirugía de cáncer de mama en sobrevivientes del sur de Brasil.Método: Se incluyeron 82 sobrevivientes de cáncer de mama (55±10 años) que recibieron terapia hormonal. Se aplicó un cuestionario para información general, dolor (escala analógica visual) y funcionalidad de la extremidad superior (DASH), seguido de pruebas físicas; el rango de movimiento (goniómetro), fuerza (dinamómetro), propiocepción (kinesímetro) y volumen del brazo (perímetro del brazo). Resultados: No se encontraron diferencias para ninguna variable de la función física con respecto a someterse a una mastectomía o cirugía conservadora de seno. Sin embargo, se encontraron mejores puntajes de fuerza y rango de movimiento para el brazo no quirúrgico. La regresión lineal demostró una relación entre el dolor, la fuerza, el rango de movimiento, la propiocepción y el volumen del brazo con las discapacidades de la extremidad superior, y cuando se ajustó por la modalidad quirúrgica, el rango de movimiento, el volumen del brazo y la propiocepción se mantuvieron significativamente. Conclusión: Las sobrevivientes de cáncer de mama presentaron discapacidades físicas en la extremidad superior después de la cirugía, independientemente de la modalidad de la cirugía. Los resultados aclaran la necesidad de un programa de postratamiento eficiente para prevenir la mala función física después de la cirugía de cáncer de mama y proporcionar mejores actividades diarias a estas mujeres.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Breast Neoplasms/rehabilitation , Upper Extremity/physiopathology , Mastectomy/rehabilitation , Pain/rehabilitation , Brazil , Breast Neoplasms/surgery , Breast Neoplasms/therapy , Survivors , Muscle Strength
6.
J. appl. oral sci ; 29: e20200854, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1286917

ABSTRACT

Abstract Hyposalivation and sensation of dry mouth (xerostomia) are one of the most common adverse effects in the treatment of patients with head and neck cancer. Objective: This study evaluates the prevalence of late hyposalivation and associated factors in survivors of squamous cell carcinoma of the oral cavity, oropharynx, hypopharynx, or larynx treated with radiotherapy with or without concomitant chemotherapy. Methodology: A cross-sectional study was conducted with 88 patients who had concluded radiotherapy at least three months before the study, at a referral center for the treatment of head and neck cancer in the Southern region of Brazil. Hyposalivation was evaluated based on the stimulated salivary flow rate using the spitting method. Multivariate analysis using binary logistic regression was performed to determine the associations between hyposalivation and clinical and demographic variables. Results: Hyposalivation was found in 78.41% of the sample and the mean radiation dose was 63.01 Gy (±9.58). In the crude model of the multivariate analysis, hyposalivation was associated with higher doses of radiation (p=0.038), treatment with concomitant radiotherapy and chemotherapy (p=0.005), and time elapsed since the end of radiotherapy (p=0.025). In the adjusted model of the multivariate analysis, hyposalivation was only associated with dose and time elapsed. Patient who received higher doses of radiation had a 4.25-fold greater chance of presenting hyposalivation, whereas a longer time elapsed since the end of radiotherapy exerted a 75% protective effect against the occurrence of hyposalivation. Conclusion: Hyposalivation is a highly prevalence late-onset side effect of radiotherapy in patients treated for head and neck cancer, with a greater chance of occurrence among those who received higher doses of radiation and those who ended therapy less than 22 months before our study. Concomitant chemotherapy and radiotherapy does not seem to increase the chances of hyposalivation compared to radiotherapy alone.


Subject(s)
Humans , Xerostomia/etiology , Xerostomia/epidemiology , Head and Neck Neoplasms/radiotherapy , Brazil/epidemiology , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Survivors
7.
Invest. educ. enferm ; 38(3): [e06], Octubre 20 2020.
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1128919

ABSTRACT

Objective. To know the needs of family caregivers of Cerebrovascular Accident survivors. Methodology. This is a qualitative, descriptive, and exploratory study. Data were collected from 37 family caregivers of Cerebrovascular Accident survivors from a city in the interior of Bahia, through an interview using a semi-structured form, between September 2017 and March 2018, and submitted to thematic content analysis. Results. Three categories emerged: the early need for health education on the disease and care for family caregivers; the need to restructure care for family caregivers; 3) family caregivers need free time for social activities and (self)care. Conclusion. Caregivers have basic needs for health care and social interaction, which can enable by educational health interventions.


Objetivo. Conocer las necesidades de los cuidadores familiares de sobrevivientes de accidente cerebrovascular. Metodología. Estudio cualitativo, descriptivo y exploratorio. Los datos se recogieron de 37 cuidadores familiares de sobrevivientes de accidente cerebrovascular de una ciudad en el interior de Bahía, mediante una entrevista semiestructurada, entre septiembre de 2017 y marzo de 2018, y sometidos al análisis temático de contenido. Resultados. Surgieron tres categorías: 1) la necesidad temprana de educación en salud sobre la enfermedad y la atención a los cuidadores familiares; 2) la necesidad de reestructurar la atención a los cuidadores familiares; 3) necesidad de tiempo libre para los cuidadores familiares para las actividades sociales y (auto)cuidado. Conclusión. Se encontró que los cuidadores tienen necesidades básicas de atención en salud e interacción social, lo que puede ser posible gracias a las intervenciones educativas en salud.


Objetivo. Conhecer as necessidades de cuidadores familiares dos sobreviventes de Acidente Vascular Cerebral. Metodologia. Estudo qualitativo, descritivo e exploratório. Os dados foram coletados com 37 cuidadores familiares dos sobreviventes de Acidente Vascular Cerebral de uma cidade no interior da Bahia, por meio de entrevista com uso de formulário semiestruturado, entre setembro de 2017 e março de 2018, e submetidos à análise de conteúdo temática. Resultados. Emergiram três categorias: necessidade precoce de educação em saúde sobre a doença e cuidados à cuidadores familiares; necessidade de reestruturação da assistência à cuidadores familiares; necessidade de tempo livre aos cuidadores familiares para as atividades sociais e (auto)cuidado. Conclusão. Verificou-se que os cuidadores possuem necessidades básicas de atenção à saúde e interação social, que podem ser viabilizadas por intervenções educativas em saúde.


Subject(s)
Humans , Family , Caregivers , Survivors , Homebound Persons , Needs Assessment , Stroke , Qualitative Research
8.
Rev. cuba. med. mil ; 49(3): e532, jul.-set. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1144476

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El alcoholismo constituye el tercer factor de riesgo de morbilidad y mortalidad en el mundo. Objetivo: Caracterizar pacientes con antecedentes de alcoholismo crónico, ingresados en una unidad de cuidados intensivos. Métodos: Estudio descriptivo, retrospectivo. La serie quedó constituida por 123 pacientes. Se utilizaron para las variables cualitativas el análisis estadístico univariado, (frecuencia absoluta y relativa) y en las cuantitativas la media aritmética y desviación estándar. Para el contraste de hipótesis se utilizó la prueba del Chi cuadrado para los datos cualitativos y la prueba t de Student. La cuantificación del riesgo se efectuó por el odds ratio con intervalo de confianza del 95 por ciento. Se consideró como nivel de significación el 5 por ciento. Resultados: La edad media fue de 58,5 ± 12,4 años. Predominó el grupo de edad de 40-59 años (48,8 por ciento) y el sexo masculino (92,7 por ciento). La proporción sexo masculino/ femenino fue de 12,7:1. Más de la mitad de los pacientes egresaron fallecidos (56,1 por ciento). El ingreso por causa clínica presentó el mayor número de pacientes (67,5 por ciento). La media del valor de la escala APACHE II fue de 18,1; en los fallecidos fue superior que en los vivos (22,0 vs 13,1). Más de la mitad de los pacientes fueron ventilados (67,4 por ciento). La estadía media fue de 6,9 días, más prolongada en los fallecidos (8,1 vs 5,4). La principal causa de muerte fue la bronconeumonía bacteriana (28,6 por ciento). Conclusiones: La mortalidad de pacientes con antecedentes de alcoholismo crónico fue elevada(AU)


Objective: Characterization of alcoholic patients with admitted at the Intensive Care Unit. Method: A descriptive and retrospective study. The final sample was 123 patients. The statistical methods for the study included absolute and relative frequency distributions, central tendency measures, Chi-square and Student´s t tests. Results: Average age was of 58, 5 ± 12,4 years old. The 40-59 (48, 8 percent) prevailed as well as Males (92, 7 percent). The proportion of male/female sex was of 12, 7:1, 0. More than half of the patients died (56, 1 percent). The media age of this group was lightly high to that of the alive discharged patients (60,0 vs 56,6 years old). The clinic admittance cause was most frequent (67, 5 percent). The mean of APACHE II value was 18, 1 and it was higher in the diseased than in the survivors (22, 0 vs 13, 1). Most patients ventilated (71, 5 percent). The main stay was 6, 9 days, more extended in the dead (8, 1 vs 5, 4). The main causes of death were bacterial bronchopneumonia (28, 6 percent). Conclusion: Patients with antecedent of alcoholism have high mortality(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Bronchopneumonia , Mortality , Survivors , Alcoholism/complications , Epidemiology, Descriptive
9.
Rev. cuba. med. mil ; 49(1): e434, ene.-mar. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1126682

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Según la Organización Panamericana de Salud, la incidencia de cáncer va en aumento. Entre los cánceres más prevalentes en Antioquia (Colombia), se destacan el de pulmón, colorrectal, mama, próstata y estómago. Objetivo: Describir los cambios en el estilo de vida, de las personas que presentan recurrencia o un segundo diagnóstico de cáncer. Métodos: Se estudiaron datos sociodemográficos, tipo de cáncer, tanto primario como secundario, antecedentes personales y familiares, cambios en actividad física, horas de sueño, consumo de cigarrillo y licor. Resultados: El primer diagnóstico de "otros tipos de cáncer" fue el más común. El antecedente más frecuente fue la hipertensión arterial, en casi 50 por ciento de los sujetos. Tras un primer diagnóstico de cáncer, tanto la práctica de actividad física, como el hábito de fumar y el consumo de alcohol, se redujeron de manera notoria en ambos sexos. En relación a la presencia de cáncer y los hábitos poco saludables, 28,1 por ciento de los hombres que reportaron ser fumadores, presentaron cáncer de próstata, donde el 25,8 por ciento tomaba licor. Conclusiones: Se observaron cambios destacados en los estilos de vida, en lo relacionado con el hábito de fumar, el cual disminuyó, al igual que el consumo de licor. Como aspecto negativo se observa la reducción en la práctica de actividad física y las horas dedicadas al sueño(AU)


Introduction: According to the Pan American Health Organization, the incidence of cancer is increasing. Among the most prevalent cancers in Antioquia (Colombia), there are lung, colorectal, breast, prostate and stomach. Objective: Describe the changes in lifestyle of people who have recurrence or a second diagnosis of cancer. Methods: Sociodemographic data, type of cancer, both primary and secondary, personal and family history, changes in physical activity, sleep hours, cigarette consumption and liquor were studied. Results: The first diagnosis of "other types of cancer" was the most common. Arterial hypertension was reported in almost 50 percent of the subjects. After a first diagnosis of cancer, both the practice of physical activity, smoking and alcohol consumption, were significantly reduced in both sexes. In relation to the presence of cancer and unhealthy habits, 28.1 percent of the men who reported being smokers had prostate cancer, where 25.8 percent consumed liquor. Conclusions: Notable changes in lifestyle were observed, in relation to the decrease in smoking, as well as the consumption of liquor. The negative aspect is the reduction in the practice of physical activity and the hours dedicated to sleep(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Prostatic Neoplasms/prevention & control , Survivors/psychology , Life Style/ethnology , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies
10.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 25(supl.2): 4225-4230, Mar. 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS, ColecionaSUS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1133185

ABSTRACT

Abstract There is credible evidence that the 1984-Bhopal-methyl isocyanate (MIC)-gas-exposed long-term survivors and their offspring born post-exposure are susceptible to infectious/communicable and non-communicable diseases. Bhopal's COVID-19 fatality rate suggests that the MIC-gas tragedy survivors are at higher risk, owing to a weakened immune system and co-morbidities. This situation emboldened us to ponder over what we know, what we don't, and what we should know about their susceptibility to COVID-19. This article aims at answering these three questions that emerge in the minds of public health officials concerning prevention strategies against COVID-19 and health promotion in the Bhopal MIC-affected population (BMAP). Our views and opinions presented in this article will draw attention to prevent and reduce the consequences of COVID-19 in BMAP. From the perspective of COVID-19 prophylaxis, the high-risk individuals from BMAP with co-morbidities need to be identified through a door-to-door visit to the severely gas-affected regions and advised to maintain good respiratory hygiene, regular intake of immune-boosting diet, and follow healthy lifestyle practices.


Resumo Há evidências plausíveis de que os sobreviventes a longo prazo da exposição a gás de 1984 e isocianato de metila (CIM), em Bhopal, e seus filhos nascidos após esse fato estão suscetíveis a doenças infecciosas/transmissíveis e não transmissíveis. A taxa de fatalidade COVID-19 de Bhopal sugere que os sobreviventes da tragédia do gás MIC estão em maior risco, devido a um sistema imunológico enfraquecido e comorbidades. Essa situação nos encorajou a refletir sobre o que sabemos, o que não sabemos e o que devemos saber sobre a suscetibilidade deles ao COVID-19. Este artigo objetiva responder a essas três perguntas que surgem na mente dos funcionários de saúde pública sobre estratégias de prevenção contra o COVID-19 e promoção da saúde na população afetada pelo Bhopal MIC (BMAP). Nossas visões e opiniões apresentadas neste artigo chamam a atenção para prevenir e reduzir as consequências do COVID-19 no BMAP. Da perspectiva da profilaxia com COVID-19, os indivíduos de alto risco do BMAP com condições comórbidas precisam ser identificados por meio de uma visita de porta em porta nas regiões severamente afetadas por gases e aconselhados a manter uma boa higiene respiratória, ingestão regular de dieta que estimule o sistema imunológico e seguir práticas de estilo de vida saudáveis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pneumonia, Viral/prevention & control , Survivors , Isocyanates/toxicity , Coronavirus Infections/prevention & control , Disease Susceptibility , Environmental Exposure/adverse effects , Pandemics/prevention & control , Pneumonia, Viral/transmission , Pneumonia, Viral/epidemiology , Self Care , Communicable Disease Control , Immunocompromised Host , Coronavirus Infections , Coronavirus Infections/transmission , Coronavirus Infections/epidemiology , Vulnerable Populations , Disasters , Betacoronavirus , India/epidemiology
12.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY, UY-BNMED | ID: biblio-1114646

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Las disfunciones sexuales producidas por el cáncer de mama y sus diversas formas de tratamiento se encuentran presentes hasta en el 60 % de las pacientes. En la actualidad la sexualidad sigue siendo un tema eludido, a menudo los médicos omiten tratarlo aduciendo falta de tiempo, conocimiento y experiencia para abordarlo. Objetivos: Evaluar la sexualidad de las pacientes sobrevivientes de cáncer de mama, indagar sobre el grado de interés en recibir ayuda para resolver las disfunciones sexuales vinculas al diagnóstico y al tratamiento de la enfermedad y el nivel de satisfacción con la atención recibida. Materiales y métodos: Se incluyeron pacientes diagnosticadas de cáncer de mama precoz asistidas en la Unidad de Mastología del Servicio de Oncología del Hospital de Clínicas. Se contó con la aprobación del Comité de Ética del Hospital de Clínicas. El cuestionario seleccionado es el utilizado en la Clínica de Oncología Médica de la Universidad de Chicago. Se incluyeron 128 pacientes, la mayoría eran mayores de 50 años y tenían pareja, 98 pacientes (76,5 %) estuvieron sexualmente activas en los últimos 12 meses y 85 (86,7 %) tuvieron problemas sexuales. Resultados: La mayoría (67 pacientes, 68,3 %) respondió que la sexualidad era importante en su vida, 85 (86,6 %) se mostró interesada en recibir atención para tratar sus problemas sexuales y 72 (73,4 %) considera probable abordar los mismas con un médico. Sin embargo, tan sólo 29 (29,6 %) había solicitado ayuda médica para tratarlos, y la mayoría quedó insatisfecha con la atención recibida. El 80,6 % (79) estaría dispuesta a participar de un programa dirigido a confrontar los problemas sexuales. Conclusiones: Nuestros resultados revelan la necesidad de atención de los problemas sexuales de las pacientes diagnosticadas y tratadas por cáncer de mama. Los futuros estudios deberán enfocarse en desarrollar y evaluar el éxito de las intervenciones específicas en el tratamiento de la disfunción sexual en estas pacientes y, lo que es más importante aún, diseñar estrategias para su prevención.


Introduction: Sexual dysfunction from breast cancer and its various therapies is present in up to 60 % of the breast cancer patients. Sexuality remains a neglected issue; doctors often ignore it, claiming they lack the time, knowledge or expertise required to address it. Objectives: To evaluate the sexuality of breast cancer survivors', inquire about the degree of interest in receiving help to resolve sexual dysfunctions related to the diagnosis and treatment of the disease and the level of satisfaction with the care received. Materials and methods: The subjects enrolled had an early breast cancer and were treated at the Mastology Unit of the Cancer Department of the Hospital de Clínicas. The study was approved by the hospital's Ethics Committee. The selected questionnaire is the one used at the University of Chicago Medical Oncology Clinic. Most of the 128 patients included were over 50 years old and had a sexual partner, 98 patients (76.5 %) had been sexually active within the last 12 months and 85 (86.7 %) reported having sexual problems. Results: Most patients (67/128, 68.3 %) responded that sexuality was important in their lives; 85 (86.6 %) were interested in receiving support to treat their sexual difficulties, and 72 (73.4 %) saw the feasibility of addressing them with a doctor. However, only 29 (29.6%) had sought medical help for that purpose, and most were unhappy with the care received. Seventy-nine patients (80.6 %) would be willing to participate in a program aimed at confronting their sexual problems. Conclusions: Our results reveal the need to address the sexual problems of patients diagnosed with and treated for breast cancer as part of their medical care. Future studies should focus on developing and evaluating the success of specific interventions in the management of these patients' sexual dysfunction and ―even more importantly― designing strategies for its prevention.


Introdução: A disfunção sexual produzida pelo CM e suas diversas formas de tratamento está presente em até 60 % das pacientes. Atualmente, a sexualidade continua sendo uma questão evitada, e muitas vezes os médicos não abordam o assunto alegando falta de tempo, conhecimento e experiência para tratá-lo. Objetivos: Avaliar a saúde sexual das pacientes sobreviventes ao CM e o grau de interesse em receber ajuda médica para abordar e tratar seus problemas sexuais. Material e métodos: Foram incluídas pacientes diagnosticadas com CM precoce, atendidas na Unidade de Mastologia do Serviço de Oncologia do Hospital de Clínicas, com a aprovação do Comitê de Ética do Hospital de Clínicas. O questionário selecionado é o utilizado na Clínica de Oncologia Médica da Universidade de Chicago. Resultados: Foram incluídas 128 pacientes, a maioria tinha parceiro e idade acima de 50 anos, 98 pacientes (76,5 %) se mantiveram sexualmente ativas nos últimos 12 meses e 85 (86,7 %) tiveram problemas sexuais. A maioria (67 pacientes; 68,3 %) respondeu que a sexualidade era importante na sua vida, 85 (86,6 %) mostraram interesse em receber atendimento para tratar suas dificuldades sexuais, e 72 (73,4 %) consideraram provável falar sobre essas dificuldades com um médico. No entanto, apenas 29 (29,6 %) tinham procurado ajuda médica para tratá-las, e a maioria delas ficaram insatisfeitas com o atendimento recebido. 80,6 % (79) estariam dispostas a participar de um programa voltado a confrontar os problemas sexuais. Conclusões: Nossos resultados revelam a necessidade de atendimento médico na saúde sexual das pacientes diagnosticadas e tratadas por CM. Os futuros estudos deverão estar focados em desenvolver e avaliar o sucesso das intervenções específicas no tratamento da disfunção sexual nessas pacientes e, o que é ainda mais importante, em desenhar estratégias para sua prevenção.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Sexual Dysfunction, Physiological/etiology , Breast Neoplasms/complications , Sexual Dysfunctions, Psychological/etiology , Medical Care/statistics & numerical data , Sexual Health/statistics & numerical data , Sexual Dysfunction, Physiological/psychology , Surveys and Questionnaires , Patient Satisfaction , Survivors , Age Distribution
13.
ABCD arq. bras. cir. dig ; 33(3): e1547, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1152619

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: The identification of prognostic factors of esophageal cancer has allowed to predict the evolution of patients. Aim: Assess different prognostic factors of long-term survival of esophageal cancer and evaluate a new prognostic factor of long-term survival called lymphoparietal index (N+/T). Method: Prospective study of the Universidad de Chile Clinical Hospital, between January 2004 and December 2013. Included all esophageal cancer surgeries with curative intent and cervical anastomosis. Exclusion criteria included: stage 4 cancers, R1 resections, palliative procedures and emergency surgeries. Results: Fifty-eight patients were included, 62.1% were men, the average age was 63.3 years. A total of 48.3% were squamous, 88% were advanced cancers, the average lymph node harvest was 17.1. Post-operative surgical morbidity was 75%, with a 17.2% of reoperations and 3.4% of mortality. The average overall survival was 41.3 months, the 3-year survival was 31%. Multivariate analysis of the prognostic factors showed that significant variables were anterior mediastinal ascent (p=0.01, OR: 6.7 [1.43-31.6]), anastomotic fistula (p=0.03, OR: 0.21 [0.05-0.87]), N classification (p=0.02, OR: 3.8 [1.16-12.73]), TNM stage (p=0.04, OR: 2.8 [1.01-9.26]), and lymphoparietal index (p=0.04, RR: 3.9 [1.01-15.17]. The ROC curves of lymphoparietal index, N classification and TNM stage have areas under the curve of 0.71, 0.63 and 0.64 respectively, with significant statistical difference (p=0.01). Conclusion: The independent prognostic factors of long-term survival in esophageal cancer are anterior mediastinal ascent, anastomotic fistula, N classification, TNM stage and lymphoparietal index. In esophageal cancer the new lymphoparietal index is stronger than TNM stage in long-term survival prognosis.


RESUMO Racional: A identificação de fatores prognósticos do câncer de esôfago permitiu prever a evolução dos pacientes. Objetivo: Avaliar diferentes fatores prognósticos da sobrevida em longo prazo do câncer de esôfago e avaliar um novo fator prognóstico da sobrevida em longo prazo chamado índice linfoparietal (N+/T). Método: Estudo prospectivo do Hospital Clínico da Universidade do Chile, entre janeiro de 2004 e dezembro de 2013. Incluiu todas as operações de câncer de esôfago com intenção curativa e anastomose cervical. Os critérios de exclusão incluíram: câncer em estágio 4, ressecções R1, procedimentos paliativos e operações de emergência. Resultados: Cinquenta e oito pacientes foram incluídos, 62,1% eram homens, a idade média foi de 63,3 anos. Um total de 48,3% eram escamosos, 88% eram cânceres avançados, a colheita média de linfonodos foi de 17,1. A morbidade cirúrgica pós-operatória foi de 75%, com 17,2% de reoperações e 3,4% de mortalidade. A sobrevida global média foi de 41,3 meses, a sobrevida em três anos foi de 31%. A análise multivariada dos fatores prognósticos mostrou que variáveis significativas foram elevação pelo mediastinal anterior (p=0,01, OR: 6,7 [1,43-31,6]), fístula anastomótica (p=0,03, OR: 0,21 [0,05-0,87]), classificação N (p=0,02, OR: 3,8 [1,16-12,73]), estágio TNM (p=0,04, OR: 2,8 [1,01-9,26]) e índice linfoparietal (p=0,04, RR: 3,9 [1,01-15,17]. As curvas ROC do índice linfoparietal, classificação N e estádio TNM apresentam áreas abaixo da curva de 0,71, 0,63 e 0,64, respectivamente, com diferença estatística significativa (p=0,01). Conclusão: Os fatores prognósticos independentes de sobrevida em longo prazo no câncer de esôfago são a elevação mediastinal anterior, fístula anastomótica, classificação N, estágio TNM e índice linfoparietal. No câncer de esôfago, o novo índice linfoparietal é mais forte que o estágio TNM no prognóstico de sobrevida em longo prazo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Esophageal Neoplasms/mortality , Esophageal Neoplasms/pathology , Esophagectomy/methods , Cancer Survivors/statistics & numerical data , Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma/mortality , Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma/pathology , Lymph Nodes/pathology , Prognosis , Esophageal Neoplasms/surgery , Chile/epidemiology , Survival Rate , Prospective Studies , Survivors , Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma/surgery , Lymph Node Excision , Neoplasm Staging
14.
Psicol. Estud. (Online) ; 25: e42427, 2020.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1135770

ABSTRACT

RESUMO. O suicídio pode ser compreendido como o desfecho decorrente de uma complexa interação de fatores e seu resultado gera intensos impactos na família e em toda sociedade. Considerando-se que para cada suicídio estima-se que cerca de 100 pessoas sejam afetadas, recebendo pouco ou nenhum suporte, e que o luto por suicídio tem especificidades que podem complicar o processo; a tarefa da intervenção após um suicídio se amplia como imprescindível. Este artigo descreve e fundamenta o processo de construção e manejo por iniciativa voluntária de profissionais da psicologia, de um grupo de apoio para sobreviventes/enlutados pelo suicídio na cidade de Maringá-PR, iniciado em setembro de 2016, com frequência mensal e gratuidade na participação. Os grupos de apoio representam recursos fundamentais de suporte emocional na posvenção, sendo considerados como espaço de escuta, reconhecimentos, legitimação e apoio a pessoas enlutadas ou intensamente impactadas pelo suicídio, assim, possibilitando a construção de sentidos para a perda e uma adaptação ao processo continuado de ressignificação.


RESUMEN. El suicidio puede ser comprendido como el desenlace indeseable resultante de una compleja interacción de factores y su resultado genera intensos impactos en la familia y toda sociedad. Considerando que para cada suicidio cerca de 100 personas son afectadas, aún así, éstas reciben poco o ningún soporte, y aún, que luto por suicidio tiene especificidades que pueden complicar el processo; la acción de la intervención después de un suicidio se amplía como imprescindible. Este artículo describe y fundamenta el proceso de construcción y manejo, por iniciativa voluntaria de profesionales de la Psicología, de un grupo de apoyo para sobrevivientes/enlutados del suicidio en la ciudad de Maringá-PR, Brasil, iniciado en septiembre de 2016 y mantenido con frecuencia mensual y gratuidad en la participación. Los grupos de apoyo representan recursos fundamentales de soporte emocional en la posvention, siendo considerados como espacio de escucha, reconocimiento, legimitación y apoyo a personas enlutadas o intensamente impactadas por el suicídio, así, posibilitando la construcción de sentidos para la pérdida y una adaptación al proceso continuado de resignificación.


ABSTRACT. Suicide can be understood as the undesirable outcome resulting from a complex interaction of factors, and its outcome generates intense impacts on the family and society as a whole. Considering that for each suicide about 100 people are affected, even so, these receive little or no support, and still, that mourning/grief for suicide has specificities that can complicate the process; the action of the intervention after a suicide is amplified as essential. This article describes and bases the process of construction and management, through a voluntary initiative of Psychology professionals, a support group for suicide survivors / bereaved in the city of Maringá, PR/Brazil, started in September 2016 and maintained monthly and free participation. The support groups represent fundamental resources of emotional support in the posvention, being considered space of listening, recognition, legitimation and support to people mourning/grief or intensely impacted by suicide, thus making it possible to construct meanings for loss and an adaptation to the ongoing process of re-signification.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Self-Help Groups , Suicide, Attempted/psychology , Survivors/psychology , Psychology , Bereavement , Family/psychology , Self-Injurious Behavior/psychology , Death , Friends/psychology , User Embracement , Suicidal Ideation , Psychological Distress
15.
Rev. Nutr. (Online) ; 33: e190194, 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1101405

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective To examine the changes in the nutritional status of adolescents aged 10-19 years after a minimum 12 months interval following oncological treatment for leukemias and lymphomas. Methods Longitudinal design quantitative study conducted at Hospital de Clínicas, Porto Alegre. Adolescents aged 10-19 years after a minimum 12 months interval following oncological treatment for leukemias and lymphomas were included. The measures of weight, height, brachial circumference, triceps skinfold thickness, arm muscle circumference and abdominal circumference were collected. Results The sample comprised 50 adolescents who had survived leukemias and lymphomas. In the follow up 38% of the patients were classified as overweight according to the body mass index for their age. There was a significant increase in body mass index for age between the beginning and the end of treatment and follow up (p=0.013) in female individuals, compared to males. The results indicate a reduction in the Z-score means of height for age, with significant differences between the beginning of treatment and follow up (p=0.016); and end of treatment and follow up (p=0.006) in patients of both genders Conclusion The anthropometric indicators show an important frequency of excess weight and increased tricipital skinfold, as well as a significant increase of the body mass index for age and also a growth deficit among the survivors.


RESUMO Objetivo Verificar as alterações no estado nutricional em adolescentes de 10-19 anos, observadas após 12 meses, no mínimo, da conclusão de tratamento oncológico de leucemias e linfomas. Métodos Trata-se de estudo quantitativo de delineamento longitudinal realizado no Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre. Foram incluídos adolescentes de 10-19 anos, que haviam concluído tratamento oncológico para leucemias e linfomas há no mínimo doze meses. Foram coletadas as medidas de peso, estatura, circunferência braquial, dobra cutânea tricipital, circunferência muscular do braço e circunferência abdominal. Resultados A amostra foi constituída por cinquenta adolescentes sobreviventes de leucemias e linfomas. No follow up, 38% dos pacientes foram classificados como excesso de peso de acordo com o índice de massa corporal para a idade. Houve um aumento significativo no índice de massa corporal para a idade, ocorrida entre o início do tratamento, seu fim e follow up (p=0,013) nos indivíduos do sexo feminino, quando comparados a indivíduos do sexo masculino. Os resultados apontam uma diminuição nas médias de Escore-Z de estatura para a idade, com diferenças significativas entre o início do tratamento e follow up (p=0,016) e entre término do tratamento e follow up (p=0,006), em pacientes de ambos os sexos. Conclusão Os indicadores antropométricos demonstram uma frequência importante de excesso de peso e aumento da dobra cutânea tricipital, um aumento significativo do índice de massa corporal para a idade, bem como um deficit de crescimento entre os sobreviventes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Nutritional Status , Weights and Measures , Leukemia , Body Mass Index , Anthropometry , Adolescent , Survivors , Overweight , Progression-Free Survival , Growth , Lymphoma
16.
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1257448

ABSTRACT

Background:Stroke is a leading cause of death both globally, and in Africa. The attendant effect of the stroke is disability, loss of function and psychosocial issues. Studies have been carried out on different rehabilitation outcomes such as participation, self-motivation and functional ability related to stroke survivors. There is however a dearth of studies exploring the relationships among self-motivation, functional ability and participation of stroke survivors, particularly in our African community.Objectives:Relationship among participation, self-motivation and functional ability of stroke survivors residing in Ibadan was investigated.Methods:This was a cross-sectional survey which involved 44 consenting stroke survivors. Clinical and demographic information were documented. Self-motivation, functional ability and participation of the stroke survivors were assessed with the Self-Motivation Inventory, Fugl-Meyer Assessment of Motor Recovery after Stroke; and London Handicap Scale respectively. Data was analysed with descriptive statistics and inferential statistics of Spearman Rank Correlation at p= 0.05.Results:There was a statistically significant positive correlation between the time since onset of stroke scores and participation (p= 0.02) and between the stroke survivors' functional ability and participation scores (p=0.001). Conversely there was no significant relationship between the participants' functional ability and time since onset of stroke scores (p= 0.62), between stroke survivors' self-motivation and time since onset of stroke scores (p= 0.41), between self-motivation and participation (p=0.80) and between self-motivation and functional ability scores (p= 0.80)Conclusions:Whereas self-motivation appeared non-related to functional ability and participation, a more exploration of the subject matter is still necessary for a conclusive inference to be drawn, especially in view of the sample size involved in this present study


Subject(s)
Emotional Intelligence , Nigeria , Patient Participation , Stroke , Survivors
17.
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1257713

ABSTRACT

Background: Rape is prevalent in Botswana, but there has been limited research undertaken to improve the quality of healthcare for female rape survivors in this clinical setting. Research can not only influence the health outcomes of victims but also has the potential to inform policy. Aim: The aim of this study was to improve the quality of care for female rape survivors in Scottish Livingstone Hospital, Molepolole, Botswana. Setting: The setting is Scottish Livingstone Hospital, Molepolole, Botswana. Methods: This study was a qualitative cycle, using the normal steps of performing a baseline audit of clinical practice, planning and implementing changes and re-audit. Results: A total of 124 patient records were audited, comprising 62 patient records at baseline and re-audit. The mean age of victims was 23 years and the age category with the highest incidence of rape ranged between 12 and 20 years, constituting 47% of patients' records. During the baseline audit, only one out of 10 structural standards was met, while at re-audit eight structural standards were fully met. Although none of the process standards were met during both audits, statistically significant improvements in performance (p < 0.05) were shown in six out of 10 criteria at re-audit. Conclusion: The quality of care for female rape survivors is suboptimal in our setting. However, simple interventions to improve the structure in place for patients and upskilling the entire practice team to align care to current international standards can improve the overall quality of healthcare


Subject(s)
Botswana , Female , Quality Improvement , Rape , Survivors , Women's Health
18.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811250

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study evaluated the effects of nutrition management application in a mobile device on obesity management of patients with breast cancer.METHODS: Fifty subjects, who were breast cancer survivors, aged 30 years and older, participated in an obesity management program for four weeks. They were divided randomly into two groups: a control group (n = 25) and a treatment group (n = 25). The treatment group was provided an application for nutrition management and diet consultant, while the control group maintained their ordinary life without any nutrition management.RESULTS: The weight of the treatment group decreased by 0.8 kg, but the change was not significant. In contrast, the waist-hip ratio of the treatment group decreased significantly from 0.75 to 0.71 (p = 0.012). The Nutrition Quotients of the treatment group increased significantly from 61.3 to 69.6 points (p < 0.001), whereas that of the control group decreased significantly from 61.5 to 59.0 (p = 0.002).CONCLUSION: This mobile nutrition management application for breast cancer patients is effective in managing obesity and dietary habits. These results can be used as basic information to prepare an obesity management program for breast cancer patients.


Subject(s)
Breast Neoplasms , Breast , Consultants , Diet , Diet Therapy , Feeding Behavior , Humans , Mobile Applications , Obesity , Survivors , Waist-Hip Ratio
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811214

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: The causal association of human papillomavirus (HPV) in uterine cervical cancer was well established and this oncogenic virus was reported to be a biomarker for overall recurrence and central pelvic recurrence. The objective of the present systematic review and meta-analysis was to assess the role of HPV DNA testing in early detection of recurrence among cervical cancer survivors after radiotherapy.METHODS: We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis by means of searching electronic databases for published articles between January 1984 and June 2018, on the basis of standard systematic review guidelines prescribed by major agencies namely Cochrane Collaboration (https://www.cochrane.org) and Campbell Collaboration (https://www.campbellcollaboration.org). The meta-analysis component was further modified appropriately for the synthesis of sensitivity and specificity results.RESULTS: A total of 1,055 cervical cancer cases who had received pelvic radiation with or without chemotherapy from ten cohort studies were evaluated. The overall pooled sensitivity and specificity of HPV DNA testing was 0.84 (95% confidence interval [CI]= 0.66–0.94) and 0.35 (95% CI=0.20–0.54) respectively. The positive likelihood ratio was 1.3 (95% CI=1.0–1.7) and the negative likelihood ratio was 0.45 (95% CI=0.18–1.10) with an estimated diagnostic odds ratio of 3 (95% CI=1–9).CONCLUSION: The screening for HPV DNA testing during follow-up facilitates early detection of recurrence after radiotherapy.


Subject(s)
Cervix Uteri , Cohort Studies , Cooperative Behavior , DNA , Drug Therapy , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Human Papillomavirus DNA Tests , Humans , Mass Screening , Odds Ratio , Oncogenic Viruses , Radiotherapy , Recurrence , Sensitivity and Specificity , Survivors , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811110

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Hepatic resection is considered as the optimal treatment for intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (IHCC); however, the survival rate after resection is low and the analysis of long-term (≥10 years) survivors is rare. This study aims to analyze the clinicopathological factors affecting the long-term survival of patients with IHCC.METHODS: Between January 2003 and December 2012, a single-institution cohort of 429 patients who underwent hepatic resection for IHCC were reviewed retrospectively. Surgical results, recurrence, and survival rates were investigated, and multivariate analyses were performed to identify prognostic factors.RESULTS: The overall 1- , 3- , 5- and 10-year survival rates of patients were 76.5%, 44.1%, 33.3%, and 25.1%, respectively. Multivariate analysis showed that the serum CA 19-9 level (≥38 U/mL) (P < 0.001), lymph node (LN) metastasis (P = 0.001), and lymphovascular invasion (LVI) (P = 0.012) were independent factors associated with overall survival. In particular, CA 19-9 level and histologic type were determined to be independent factors affecting survival for more than 10 years.CONCLUSION: CA 19-9 (≥38 U/mL), LN metastasis, and LVI were identified as independent risk factors for survival after resection of IHCC. CA 19-9 (<38 U/mL) and histologic type were independent factors predicting survival for more than 10 years.


Subject(s)
Bile Ducts , Cholangiocarcinoma , Cohort Studies , Humans , Lymph Nodes , Multivariate Analysis , Neoplasm Metastasis , Prognosis , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Survival Analysis , Survival Rate , Survivors
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL