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1.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 58(2): 265-270, Mar.-Apr. 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1449785

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To evaluate the postoperative functional and radiographic outcomes of the shoulder of patients submitted to transosseous suturing of a greater tuberosity fracture (GTF) through an anterolateral route and the influence of the glenohumeral dislocation on these outcomes. Methods We conducted a retrospective study and functional assessment using the Constant-Murley score. The distance between the greater tuberosity and the joint surface of the proximal humerus (in true anteroposterior radiographs) after the union was calculated. We used the Fisher exact test for the categorical independent variables, and the Student t or Mann-Whitney test for the non-categorical variables. Results In total, 26 patients met the inclusion criteria, and 38% of the sample presented an association between glenohumeral dislocation and GTF. The mean Constant-Murley score was of 82.5 + 8.02 points. The presence of an associated dislocation did not alter the functional outcome. The mean distance between the greater tuberosity of the humerus and the joint surface of the humeral head after the union was of 9 + 4.3 mm below the articular line of the humeral head. The dislocation led to a lower level of reduction, but this did not influence the Constant-Murley score. Conclusion The cases of GTF submitted to surgical treatment with transosseous sutures had good functional outcomes. The presence of dislocation made the anatomical reduction of the greater tuberosity difficult. However, it did not influence the Constant-Murley score.


Resumo Objetivo Avaliar os resultados funcional e radiográfico pós-operatórios do ombro, em pacientes submetidos a sutura transóssea de fratura da tuberosidade maior (FTM) por acesso anterolateral, e a influência da luxação glenoumeral nesses resultados. Métodos Realizou-se estudo retrospectivo e avaliação funcional (pela escala de Constant-Murley). Calculou-se a distância entre a tuberosidade maior e a superfície articular do úmero proximal (por meio de radiografia em incidência anteroposterior verdadeira) após a consolidação. Usou-se o teste Exato de Fisher para as variáveis independentes categóricas, e os testes tde Student ou de Mann-Whitney para as não categóricas. Resultados Ao todo, 26 pacientes preencheram os critérios de inclusão. A associação de luxação glenoumeral com FTM foi observada em 38% da amostra. A média da pontuação na escala de Constant-Murley foi de 82,5 + 8,02. A presença de luxação associada não alterou o resultado funcional. A distância média da consolidação da tuberosidade maior do úmero em relação à superfície articular da cabeça umeral foi de 9 + 4,3 mm abaixo da linha articular da cabeça umeral. Pacientes com luxação associada evoluíram com redução menor, mas isso não influenciou na pontuação na escala de Constant-Murley. Conclusão As FTMs submetidas ao tratamento cirúrgico com sutura transóssea evoluíram com bom resultado funcional. A presença de luxação dificultou a redução anatômica da tuberosidade maior. Entretanto, isso não influenciou na pontuação na escala de Constant-Murley.


Subject(s)
Humans , Shoulder Dislocation/surgery , Suture Techniques , Suture Anchors , Humeral Fractures/surgery
2.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 82: e0058, 2023. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1521784

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo Descrever e validar um modelo oftalmológico para treinamento de transplante e microssutura de córnea utilizando globo ocular bovino. Métodos Para a montagem do modelo de treinamento, o globo ocular foi disposto sob o campo cirúrgico, apoiado sobre um recipiente plástico cilíndrico comum de 3,5cm de diâmetro, para a retirada da córnea. Foi realizada uma incisão circular superficial, e, posteriormente, uma tesoura Castroviejo curva de 9 cm foi utilizada para remoção completa da córnea, que foi recolocada em sua posição original, para que, em seguida, fossem confeccionados nove pontos equidistantes, usando fio de nylon 10-0. Por fim, foram avaliados os seguintes critérios: tempo de realização das suturas; evolução do tempo e da qualidade a cada teste; e destreza e aperfeiçoamento da realização das suturas. Resultados O modelo descrito demonstrou-se viável e adequado para o treinamento de microssuturas na córnea, possibilitando aperfeiçoamento e ganho de habilidades cirúrgicas. Conclusão O modelo de treinamento microcirúrgico apresentado possui alta viabilidade para a simulação de cirurgias oftalmológicas e textura semelhante à do olho humano real, o que o torna próximo à realidade.


ABSTRACT Objective To describe and validate an ophthalmic model for corneal transplantation and micro suture training using a bovine eyeball as a model. Methods For the training model, the eyeball was placed under the sanitary field placed on the ends of a common 3.5cm diameter cylindrical plastic container for corneal removal. A superficial circular incision was made, then 9cm curved Castroviejo scissors were used for complete corneal removal. The cornea was replaced in its original position, and 10-0 nylon thread was used to perform the sutures, with 9 equidistant stitches. Finally, the following criteria were evaluated: suturing time, time and quality progression in each attempt, dexterity and suturing improvement. Results The described model proved to be feasible and suitable for corneal micro suture training, allowing improvement and gain of dexterity in the sport. Conclusion The presented microsurgical training model has a high feasibility for the simulation of ophthalmic surgeries, in addition to a texture similar to the real human eye, which makes it close to reality.


Subject(s)
Animals , Ophthalmology/education , Corneal Transplantation/education , Models, Animal , Simulation Training/methods , Microsurgery/education , Teaching Materials , Cattle , Suture Techniques/education , Education, Medical , Models, Anatomic
3.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1522105

ABSTRACT

Las características anatómicas de pacientes con nariz mestiza, generalmente, incluyen una nariz aparentemente grande, un dorso convexo con radix bajo y una base nasal ancha. La longitud de la columela y punta nasal se ve disminuida debido a que los cartílagos alares son cortos, débiles y delgados, proporcionando un soporte estructural insuficiente, mala definición y proyección de la punta nasal. La principal dificultad al manejar este tipo de narices es un marco osteocartilaginoso mal estructurado y débil. En los últimos años se han desarrollado técnicas quirúrgicas para mejorar los resultados estéticos y funcionales de la rinoplastía en estos pacientes. Se realizó una revisión exhaustiva de la literatura describiendo las técnicas quirúrgicas utilizadas en este tipo de nariz.


The anatomical characteristics of patients with mestizo nose usually include an apparently large nose, a convex dorsum with a deep radix, and a wide nasal base. The length of the nasal columella and tip is decreased because the alar cartilages are short, weak and thin, providing insufficient structural support, poor definition and nasal tip projection. The main difficulty in managing this type of noses is a poorly structured and weak osteocartilaginous framework. In recent years, surgical techniques have been developed to improve the aesthetic and functional results of rhinoplasty in these patients. A comprehensive literature review was conducted describing the surgical techniques used in this type of nose.


Subject(s)
Humans , Rhinoplasty/methods , Nose/anatomy & histology , Ethnicity , Suture Techniques
4.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 45(10): 603-608, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1529883

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To evaluate the performance of residents in gynecology and obstetrics before and after practicing laparoscopic sutures, to establish when the training shows the best results, in addition to comparing whether being in different years of residency influences this progression. Methods A prospective cohort study involving 32 medical residents evaluated with a pretest to establish their previous knowledge in laparoscopic suture. This test consisted of knotting two wires, one made of polypropylene and the other of polyglactin, with a blocking sequence of five semi-knots. We set a 30-minute limit to complete the task. Then, the residents held four training meetings, focusing on suture, Gladiator rule, knot, and symmetries, in addition to executing blocking sequences. A second test to establish progress was performed. Results Regarding the time spent to make the stiches using polyglactin wire, a statistically significant time improvement (p< 0.01) was observed, with a 10.67-minute pretraining median (mean 12.24 minutes) and a 2.53-minute posttraining median (mean 3.25 minutes). Regarding the stitches with polypropylene wire, a statistically significant time improvement (p< 0.05) was also observed, with a 9.38-minute pretraining median (mean 15.43 minutes) and a 3.65-minute posttraining median (mean 4.54 minutes). A total of 64.2% of the residents had been able to make the knot with polypropylene previously. One hundred percent were able to complete the task in the posttest. Conclusion Model training using the Gladiator rule for laparoscopic suture improves the knotting time with statistically similar performance, regardless of the year of residency, after systematic training.


Resumo Objetivo Avaliar a performance de residentes em ginecologia e obstetrícia antes e depois de praticarem suturas laparoscópicas, com o intuito de estabelecer quando o treinamento mostra os melhores resultados, comparando se estar em diferentes da residência influencia essa progressão. Métodos Um estudo coorte prospectivo envolvendo 32 médicos residentes avaliados com um teste pré-treinamento para avaliar seus conhecimentos prévios em sutura laparoscópica. Esse teste consistia em atar nós em dois fios, um de polipropileno e o outro de poliglactina, com uma sequencia de bloqueio de cinco seminós. Definiu-se um limite de 30 minutos para se completar a tarefa. Depois, os residentes tiveram quatro reuniões de treinamento, focadas em sutura, técnica da Regra do Gladiador, nós e simetria, executando, ainda, uma sequência de pontos. Um segundo teste foi feito para avaliar o progresso. Resultados Com relação ao tempo para realizarem os pontos com fio de poliglactina, uma melhora de tempo estatisticamente significativa (p< 0.01) foi observada, com uma mediana de 10.67 minutos no pré-treinamento (média de 12.24 minutos) e uma mediana de 2.53 minutos no pós-treinamento (média de 3.25 minutos). Com relação ao fio de polipropileno, uma melhora de tempo estatisticamente significativa (p< 0.05) também foi observada, com uma mediana de pré-treinamento de 9.38 minutos (média de 15.43 minutos) e uma mediana de pós-treinamento de 3.65 minutos (média de 4.54 minutos). Um total de 64.2% dos residentes foram capazes de realizar os nós com polipropileno inicialmente. Cem por cento do residentes foram capazes de completar a tarefa no pós-teste. Conclusão O modelo de treino usando a técnica da Regra do Gladiador para sutura laparoscópica melhora o tempo de atar nós com uma performance estatisticamente similar, não havendo diferenças quanto ao ano da residência, após treinamento sistematizado.


Subject(s)
Humans , Suture Techniques , Education, Medical , Simulation Training , Inservice Training
5.
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 658-662, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981648

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the effectiveness of arthroscopic binding fixation using suture through single bone tunnel for posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) tibial insertion fractures in adults.@*METHODS@#Between October 2019 and October 2021, 16 patients with PCL tibial insertion fractures were treated with arthroscopic binding fixation using suture through single bone tunnel. There were 11 males and 5 females with an average age of 41.1 years (range, 26-58 years). The fractures were caused by traffic accident in 12 cases and sports in 4 cases. The time from injury to operation ranged from 2 to 10 days with an average of 6.0 days. The fractures were classified as Meyers-McKeever type Ⅱ in 4 cases and type Ⅲ in 9 cases, and Zaricznyi type Ⅳ in 3 cases. There were 2 cases of grade Ⅰ, 7 cases of grade Ⅱ, and 7 cases of grade Ⅲ in the posterior drawer test. There were 3 cases combined with lateral collateral ligament injury and 2 cases with meniscus injury. The visual analogue scale (VAS) score, Lysholm score, International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC) score, and knee range of motion were used to evaluate knee joint function. The posterior drawer test and knee stability tester (Kneelax 3) were used to evaluate knee joint stability. The X-ray films were used to evaluate fracture reduction and healing.@*RESULTS@#All incisions healed by first intention after operation. There was no incision infection, popliteal neurovascular injury, or deep venous thrombosis of lower limbs. All patients were followed up 6-12 months, with an average of 10 months. X-ray films at 6 months after operation showed the fractures obtained bone union. There were 11 cases of grade 0, 4 cases of gradeⅠ, and 1 case of grade Ⅱin posterior drawer test, showing significant difference when compared with preoperative results ( Z=23.167, P<0.001). The VAS score, Lysholm score, IKDC score, knee range of motion, and the results of Kneelax3 examination all significantly improved when compared with preoperative results ( P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#For adult patients with PCL tibial insertion fractures, the arthroscopic binding fixation using suture through single bone tunnel has the advantages of minimal trauma, good fracture reduction, reliable fixation, and fewer complications. The patient's knee joint function recovers well.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries/surgery , Arthroscopy/methods , Knee Joint/surgery , Posterior Cruciate Ligament/injuries , Suture Techniques , Sutures , Tibial Fractures/surgery , Treatment Outcome
6.
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 572-577, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981634

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the effectiveness of open reduction of posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) avulsion fracture at tibial insertion of knee joint with absorbable screws fixation and absorbable screw combined with suture anchor fixation.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 26 patients with PCL avulsion fracture at tibial insertion who met the selection criteria between March 2015 and October 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. Among them, 14 patients were fixed with simple absorbable screw (group A), and 12 patients were fixed with absorbable screw combined with suture anchors (group B). All patients were confirmed by X-ray film, CT, or MRI preoperatively, and got positive results in preoperative posterior drawer tests. There was no significant difference in gender, age, side of affected limb, time from injury to operation, comorbidities, and preoperative Meyers & McKeever classification, Lysholm score, and International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC) score between the two groups ( P>0.05). The operation time and postoperative complications were recorded and compared between the two groups. At last follow-up, Lysholm score and IKDC score were used to evaluate the improvement of knee function.@*RESULTS@#There was no significant difference in operation time between the two groups ( P>0.05). All incisions healed by first intention, and no complication such as vascular and nerve injury or venous thrombosis occurred. All 26 patients were followed up 9-89 months, with an average of 55.3 months. The follow-up time of group A and group B was (55.7±23.2) and (56.8±29.3) months, respectively, with no significant difference ( t=-0.106, P=0.916). Radiographs showed bone healing in both groups at 3 months after operation, and no complication such as infection and traumatic arthritis occurred. At last follow-up, the posterior drawer test was negative in both groups, and the Lysholm score and IKDC score significantly improved when compared with the pre-operative values ( P<0.05). However, there was no significant difference in the improvement value between the two groups ( P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#For PCL avulsion fracture at tibial insertion of the knee joint, the open reduction and absorbable screw combined with suture anchor fixation can achieve reliable fracture reduction and fixation, which is conducive to the early rehabilitation and functional exercise, and the postoperative functional recovery of the knee joint is satisfactory.


Subject(s)
Humans , Posterior Cruciate Ligament/injuries , Suture Anchors , Fractures, Avulsion/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Tibial Fractures/surgery , Arthroscopy/methods , Fracture Fixation, Internal/methods , Knee Joint/surgery , Bone Screws , Suture Techniques , Treatment Outcome
7.
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 1380-1385, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009071

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the early effectiveness of arthroscopic repair of supraspinatus tendon tears with douple-pulley suture-bridge.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 38 patients with supraspinatus tendon tears who met the selection criteria between September 2020 and July 2022 were retrospectively analyzed, and all of them were treated with arthroscopic double-pulley suture-bridge technique. There were 15 males and 23 females, aged from 43 to 77 years, with an average of 61.5 years. There were 15 cases of left shoulder and 23 cases of right shoulder. Seven cases had a history of trauma, and the other 31 cases had no obvious inducement. The main clinical symptoms of the patient were pain in lifting the shoulder joint and hug resistance test (+). The time from onset of symptoms to admission ranged from 6 to 19 months, with an average of 10.3 months. Flexion, abduction, and external rotation of the shoulder were recorded before operation and at 3 and 12 months after operation. Pain and function of the shoulder were evaluated by visual analogue scale (VAS) score, University of California Los Angeles (UCLA) shoulder score, and American Society of Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons (ASES) score before operation and at 12 months after operation. Tendon healing, tendon continuity, and tension were evaluated by MRI at 3-6 months after operation, and patient's satisfaction was evaluated at last follow-up.@*RESULTS@#All the incisions healed by first intention, and there was no complication such as incision infection or nerve injury. All patients were followed up 12-34 months, with an average of 23.3 months. VAS score, UCLA shoulder score, and ASES score at 12 months after operation were significantly better than those before operation ( P<0.05). The external rotation range of shoulder joint significantly improved at 3 and 12 months after operation ( P<0.05), and it further improved at 12 months after operation when compared with 3 months after operation ( P<0.05). There was no significant difference in the range of flexion and abduction at 3 months after operation when compared with those before operation ( P>0.05), but the range of flexion and abduction at 12 months after operation significantly improved when compared with those before operation and at 3 months after operation ( P<0.05). MRI reexamination was performed in 28 patients at 3-6 months after operation. Among them, 25 patients had intact supraspinatus tendon structure, good tension, and tendon healing, and 3 patients had type 1 retear. The remaining 10 patients refused to undergo MRI reexamination because of the satisfactory effectiveness. At last follow-up, 29 patients (76.3%) were very satisfied with the results, 6 (15.7%) were satisfied, and 3 (7.8%) were not satisfied.@*CONCLUSION@#Arthroscopic double-pulley suture-bridge technique can achieve the effect of suture bridge operation, reduce the cost of operation and the risk of type 2 retear, and the early effectiveness is satisfactory, but the shoulder joint movement is limited within 3 months after operation.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Rotator Cuff/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Arthroscopy/methods , Rotator Cuff Injuries/surgery , Tendons/surgery , Sutures , Suture Techniques , Pain/surgery , Range of Motion, Articular
8.
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 1342-1346, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009065

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effectiveness of arthroscopic multi-point fixation with anchor and suture in the treatment of tibial insertion avulsion fracture of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) involving the anterior root of lateral meniscus (LM).@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was conducted on the clinical data of 28 patients with tibial insertion avulsion fracture of ACL involving the anterior root of LM who were treated with arthroscopic multi-point fixation with anchor and suture between October 2017 and January 2023. There were 12 males and 16 females with the mean age of 26 years (range, 13-57 years). There were 20 cases of sports injury and 8 cases of traffic accident injury. In 2 cases of old fracture, the time from injury to operation was 45 days and 90 days, respectively; in 26 cases of fresh fracture, the time from injury to operation was 3-20 days (mean, 6.7 days). According to the Meyers-McKeever classification, there were 4 cases of type Ⅱ, 11 cases of type Ⅲ, and 13 cases of type Ⅳ. The preoperative Lysholm knee function score was 42.1±9.0, the International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC) score was 40.0±7.3, and the Tegner score was 0.7±0.7.@*RESULTS@#All operations were successfully completed, and the incisions healed by first intention. All the 28 patients were followed up 5-60 months (mean, 20.4 months). During the follow-up, there was nocomplication such as infection, vascular or nerve injury, loosening or breakage of internal fixator, or stiffness of knee joint. Postoperative X-ray films showed satisfactory fracture reduction and firm fixation. All fractures healed clinically, and the healing time was 8-16 weeks (mean, 10.3 weeks). At last follow-up, Lachman test and anterior drawer test were negative. At last follow-up, Lysholm knee function score was 92.4±5.5, IKDC score was 91.6±4.4, and Tegner score was 5.2±1.1, which significantly improved when compared with preoperative scores ( t=-22.899, P<0.001; t=-29.870, P<0.001; t=-19.979, P<0.001).@*CONCLUSION@#Multi-point fixation with anchor and suture in the treatment of tibial insertion avulsion fracture of ACL involving the anterior root of LM can not only fix the LM, but also effectively reduce and fix the avulsion fracture, which can obtain good effectiveness.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Adult , Anterior Cruciate Ligament/surgery , Menisci, Tibial/surgery , Fractures, Avulsion/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Arthroscopy , Tibial Fractures/surgery , Knee Joint/surgery , Sutures , Suture Techniques
9.
Chinese Journal of Medical Instrumentation ; (6): 437-441, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982260

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To summarize the product registration declaration ideas and registration technical review of the all-inside meniscal suture system, and to systematically think about of the technical review concerns of the all-inside meniscal suture system products to provide technical guidance for improving the quality of registration and application and regulatory efficiency.@*METHODS@#Consult the public information of such products at home and abroad, and summarize the experience of registration review of such products.@*RESULTS@#The technical review of the all-inside meniscus suture system registration mainly focuses on product basic information, pre-clinical research, clinical evaluation and product technical requirements.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The difficulty of product registration and declaration of the all-inside meniscus suture system lies in the provision of pre-clinical research data of the product, and the applicant needs to strengthen the basic research ability, formulate scientific technical indicators and test methods to ensure the safety and effectiveness of the product, and also provide sufficient supporting data for the registration declaration.


Subject(s)
Humans , Menisci, Tibial/surgery , Suture Techniques , Tibial Meniscus Injuries/surgery , Sutures , Arthroscopy/methods
10.
Chinese Journal of Medical Instrumentation ; (6): 247-251, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982222

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the mechanical properties related to the typical functional failure modes of non-absorbable suture anchor in clinical use, and to support product design, development and verification.@*METHODS@#By retrieving the database of relevant adverse events, the typical functional failure modes of non-absorbable suture anchor were summarized, and the influencing factors of functional failure were further analyzed by studying the mechanical properties related to functional failure. The publicly available test data was retrieved for verification and provided reference for the researchers.@*RESULTS@#The typical functional failure modes of non-absorbable suture anchor include anchor failure, suture failure, fix loosening, inserter failure, which are related to the mechanical properties of products, such as screw-in torque and break torque of screw-in anchors, insertion force of knock-in anchors, suture strength, pull-out force before and after system fatigue test and elongation of sutures after fatigue test.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Enterprises should pay attention to improving the mechanical performance level of products through material, structural design and the suture weaving process to ensure the safety and effectiveness of products.


Subject(s)
Suture Anchors , Suture Techniques , Sutures , Absorbable Implants , Biomechanical Phenomena , Materials Testing
11.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 106-110, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970982

ABSTRACT

A cruciate ligament avulsion is a much less common form of injury than a cruciate ligament tear. Simultaneous tibial avulsion fractures of both cruciate ligaments occur even more rarely. Over the last decades, many studies have described arthroscopic fixation of acute cruciate tibial avulsion fractures, but arthroscopic treatment in a late presenting patient has not been reported in the literature. This case report presents a 32-year-old female with a chronic tibial avulsion fracture of both anterior cruciate ligament and posterior cruciate ligament. Simultaneous fixation of both fractures was performed arthroscopically at week four post-injury. At one year of follow-up, the patient had demonstrated full knee range of motion and stable knee with no complaints, and achieved excellent clinical outcomes. Radiographs showed union of both fractures, and the patient had resumed high-impact exercises.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Adult , Fractures, Avulsion/surgery , Arthroscopy , Knee Joint/surgery , Tibia/surgery , Tibial Fractures/surgery , Suture Techniques , Treatment Outcome
12.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 120-125, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970831

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the causes, management and prevention of complications after micro-incision percutaneous repair of acute Achilles tendon rupture.@*METHODS@#A retrospective study indentyfied 279 patients with acute Achilles tendon rupture who underwent a mini-invasive procedure using the micro-incision percutaneous Achilles tendon suture system(MIPAS) from August 2008 to November 2019, including 269 males and 10 female;96 cases on the right side and 183 cases on the left side;aged from 18 to 64 years old with an average of (36.9±11.4 )years old. Surgery was performed 0.5 to 7 days with an average of(2.7±0.9 )days after injury. The incision-related complications, re-rupture, sural nerve injury, deep vein thrombosis, Achilles tendon adhesion, local pain, and ankle stiffness within 18 months after surgery were recorded, as well as the corresponding management and outcome, the causes and prevention measures were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#No superficial or deep infection was found in all patients, symptomatic Achilles tendon adhesion and ankle stiffness were not observed, delayed suture foreign-body reactions occurred in 2 cases (0.7%), re-rupture in 5 cases (1.8%), sural nerve injury in 3 cases (1.1%), 21 cases(7.5%) with skin invagination at puncture site, 2 cases (0.7%) with symptomatic vein thrombosis, and 45 cases (16.1%) of transient posterior medial malleolus pain. After individualized treatment, the function was good. American Orthopeadic Foot & Ankle Sciety(AOFAS) score was 93 to 100 with an average of(98.9±5.4) scores.@*CONCLUSION@#Despite the occurrence of unique complications with MIPAS, it shows low functionally-related complications rates, such as incision-related complications, re-rupture, sural nerve injury, deep vein thrombosis and ankle stiffness.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Female , Adolescent , Young Adult , Adult , Middle Aged , Achilles Tendon/injuries , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Tendon Injuries/surgery , Rupture/surgery , Sutures , Acute Disease , Suture Techniques
13.
Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. (En línea) ; 87(6): 375-380, dic. 2022. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1423747

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El prolapso de órganos pélvico (POP) es una patología frecuente que afecta hasta el 60% de las mujeres. La fijación alta al ligamento uterosacro (FAUS) transvaginal es una alternativa para el tratamiento del prolapso apical con buenos resultados, tiempos operatorios y de recuperación acotados, además de bajas tasas de complicaciones. Objetivo: Evaluar la tasa de éxito anatómico y subjetivo en pacientes portadoras de un prolapso apical sometidas a FAUS en el Hospital de Quilpué a 24 meses de seguimiento. Materiales y método: Se realizó un estudio retrospectivo observacional descriptivo, seleccionando a todas las pacientes sintomáticas con un prolapso apical ≥ 2 de la clasificación de POP-Q, sometidas a una FAUS entre septiembre de 2014 y octubre de 2019. Los datos fueron obtenidos desde la base de datos de la unidad de uroginecología del Hospital de Quilpué, previa aprobación del comité de ética. El éxito objetivo se definió como un punto C a 1 centímetro sobre el himen y el éxito subjetivo con una escala de impresión de mejora global del paciente (PGI-I) mejor o mucho mejor y/o una escala visual analógica (EVA) mayor al 80%, a 24 meses de seguimiento. Resultados: Se incluyeron 46 pacientes. La tasa de éxito objetivo fue del 84% y de éxito subjetivo del 70%. Conclusiones: La FAUS transvaginal con suturas permanentes es una excelente alternativa para el tratamiento del prolapso apical con una tasa de éxito similar al gold standard a 24 meses de seguimiento.


Introduction: Pelvic organ prolapse (POP) is a frequent pathology that affects up to 60% of women. Transvaginal uterosacral ligament high fixation (USLs: utero-sacral ligaments) is an alternative for the treatment of apical prolapse with good results, limited operative and recovery times, as well as low rates of complications. Objective: To evaluate the anatomical and subjective success rate in patients with an apical prolapse undergoing STALUS at the Quilpué Hospital at 24 months of follow-up. Materials and method: A descriptive observational retrospective study was carried out, selecting all symptomatic patients with an apical prolapse ≥ 2 of the POP Q classification, submitted to a FAUS between September 2014 and October 2019. The data were obtained from the database of the Urogynecology Unit of the Quilpué Hospital, prior approval of the ethics committee. Objective success was defined as a C-point 1 centimeter above the hymen and subjective success with better or much better Patient Global Impression-Improvement (PGI-I) scale and/or a greater than 80% Visual Analogue Scale (VAS), at 24 months of follow-up. Results: 46 patients were included. The objective success rate was 84% and the subjective success rate was 70%. Conclusions: The transvaginal FAUS with permanent sutures is an excellent alternative for the treatment of apical prolapse with a success rate similar to the gold standard at 24 months of follow-up.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Gynecologic Surgical Procedures/methods , Suture Techniques , Pelvic Organ Prolapse/surgery , Ligaments/surgery , Postoperative Complications , Retrospective Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Uterine Prolapse/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Operative Time , Length of Stay
14.
Rev. colomb. obstet. ginecol ; 73(4): 378-387, Oct.-Dec. 2022. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1423868

ABSTRACT

Objetivos: presentar un caso de necrosis uterina tras técnica de sutura hemostática por hemorragia posparto y hacer una revisión de la literatura para determinar la técnica de sutura utilizada, los hallazgos clínicos, la técnica diagnóstica y el tratamiento realizado en los casos clínicos descritos. Materiales y métodos: se presenta el caso de una mujer de 34 años que consultó por dolor abdominal al octavo día tras cesárea por placenta previa, que precisó sutura de B-Lynch por atonía uterina y cuyo diagnóstico fue necrosis uterina. La paciente requirió histerectomía abdominal total, con evolución satisfactoria. Se realizó una búsqueda sistemática de la literatura en las bases de datos Medline vía Pubmed, Embase y Web of Science. Se buscaron series y reportes de casos y cohortes de mujeres con necrosis uterina posterior al uso de suturas de compresión uterina para control de hemorragia posparto. Se analizaron variables sociodemográficas y clínicas al diagnóstico, técnica de sutura, pruebas diagnósticas y tratamiento. Resultados: se incluyeron 23 estudios con 24 pacientes. El 83 % de las necrosis ocurrieron tras cesárea. La técnica más utilizada fue B-Lynch (66 %), seguida de Cho (25 %). Los síntomas más frecuentes fueron fiebre y dolor abdominal. La prueba diagnóstica más utilizada fue la tomografía computarizada (9 de 24 casos). En la mayoría de casos se realizó histerectomía (75 %). Conclusiones: la necrosis de la pared uterina es una complicación infrecuente pero grave. Sería recomendable el diseño de cohortes de seguimiento de mujeres sometidas a estos procedimientos para determinar la incidencia de complicaciones asociadas.


Objectives: To present a case of uterine necrosis following hemostatic suturing to control postpartum bleeding, and to review the literature in order to identify the suture techniques employed, clinical findings, diagnostics and treatment in the clinical cases described. Materials and Methods: A 34-year-old woman presenting with abdominal pain eight days after cesarean delivery due to placenta previa who required B-Lynch compression suture due to uterine atony, and who was diagnosed with uterine necrosis. The patient underwent total abdominal hysterectomy with a satisfactory recovery. A systematic literature search was conducted in the Medline vía Pubmed, Embase and Web of Science databases. The search included case series and reports, and cohorts of women with uterine necrosis following the use of uterine compression sutures for postpartum bleeding. The analysis included sociodemographic and clinical variables at the time of diagnosis, suturing technique, diagnostic tests and treatment. Results: Overall, 23 studies with 24 patients were included. Of all necrosis cases, 83% occurred following cesarean section. B-Lynch was the suturing technique most frequently used (66 %), followed by the Cho suture (25 %). The most frequent symptoms were fever and abdominal pain. The most commonly used diagnostic test was computed tomography (9/24 cases). Hysterectomy was performed in the majority of cases (75 %). Conclusions: Although rare, uterine wall necrosis is a serious complication. It would be advisable to design follow-up cohort studies of women undergoing these procedures in order to determine the incidence of associated complications.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Uterus , Hemostatic Techniques , Necrosis , Cesarean Section , Suture Techniques , Aftercare , Postpartum Hemorrhage
15.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 57(6): 984-991, Nov.-Dec. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1423626

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To evaluate the postoperative clinical outcomes of the arthroscopic repair of rotator cuff injuries using a suture configuration we have developed based on a modification of the Suture Bridge (Arthrex, Naples, FL, United States). Methods A retrospective study with 28 male (41.2%) and 40 female (58.8%) subjects with a mean age of 60 years. All patients underwent rotator cuff repair with the modified Suture Bridge technique and follow-up for a minimum period of 18 months. The clinical assessment was performed using the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) Shoulder Score. Results The mean postoperative range of motion was of 134° (range: 110° to 140°) for elevation, 58° (range: 40° to 70°) for lateral rotation, and T10 (range: L4 to T7) for medial rotation. The mean increase was of 15° for elevation, 14° for lateral rotation, and 2 vertebral levels for medial rotation. The outcomes were excellent in 61 (83.6%) cases, good in 8 (10.9%), and regular in 4 cases (5.5%). Conclusion The modified Suture Bridge technique for the arthroscopic repair of rotator cuff injuries led to excellent or good postoperative clinical outcomes in most cases (69; 94.5%).


Resumo Objetivo Avaliar os resultados clínicos pós-operatórios do reparo artroscópico de lesões do manguito rotador com uma configuração de sutura desenvolvida por nós a partir de modificação do Suture Bridge (Arthrex, Naples, FL, Estados Unidos). Métodos Estudo retrospectivo de 28 pacientes do gênero masculino (41,2%) e 40 do gênero feminino (58,8%), com média de idade de 60 anos. Todos foram submetidos a reparo do manguito rotador com a técnica Suture Bridge modificada e acompanhados por um período mínimo de 18 meses. Os pacientes foram avaliados clinicamente através da Escala de Ombro da University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA). Resultados A amplitude de movimento média no pós-operatório foi elevação de 134 ° (variação: 110° a 140°), rotação lateral de 58° (variação: 40° a 70°), e rotação medial de T10 (variação: L4 a T7). O aumento médio de elevação foi de 15°, o de rotação lateral, de 14°, e o de rotação medial, de 2 níveis vertebrais. Os resultados foram considerados excelentes em 61 casos (83,6%) e bons, em 8 (10,9%). Em 4 casos (5,5%), o resultado foi regular. Conclusão Os resultados clínicos pós-operatórios do reparo artroscópico de lesões do manguito rotador, pela técnica Suture Bridge modificada, foram excelentes e bons na maioria dos casos (69; 94,5%).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Outcome and Process Assessment, Health Care , Wound Healing , Retrospective Studies , Suture Techniques , Outcome Assessment, Health Care , Rotator Cuff Injuries/surgery
16.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 57(3): 524-528, May-June 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1388021

ABSTRACT

Abstract The first meniscal suture was performed in 1885 and took about a century to become popular. Currently, all-inside meniscal repair devices are widely used. However, this technique presents the disadvantage of being a method dependent on specific devices, presenting a higher cost than other techniques. This high cost limits the use of such a technique in many locations. The objective of the present technical note is to describe a microinvasive meniscal suture technique as a modification of the all-inside technique, using a disposable 40 x 12 mm procedure needle. The authors believe that the proposed modification to the technique can make it more popular, enabling the use of the microinvasive technique in places with limited resources.


Resumo A primeira sutura meniscal foi realizada em 1885 e levou cerca de um século para tornar-se popular. Atualmente, os dispositivos de reparo meniscal all-inside são amplamente utilizados. Contudo, esta técnica apresenta a desvantagem de ser um método dependente de dispositivos específicos, apresentando um custo superior aos de outras técnicas. Este valor elevado limita o uso de tal técnica em muitos locais. O objetivo da presente nota técnica é descrever uma técnica de sutura meniscal microinvasiva, como uma modificação da técnica all-inside, utilizando uma agulha descartável de procedimento de 40 x 12 mm. Os autores acreditam que a modificação proposta para a técnica pode torná-la mais popular, possibilitando o uso da técnica microinvasiva em locais com recursos limitados.


Subject(s)
Humans , Arthroscopy , Suture Techniques , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures , Tibial Meniscus Injuries/surgery
17.
Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. (En línea) ; 87(3): 241-244, jun. 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1388731

ABSTRACT

Resumen La gestación cornual, también conocida como intersticial, es una gestación ectópica infrecuente que ocurre en 1/2500 a 1/5000 de los embarazos cuando el embrión implanta en el trayecto intramiometrial de la porción proximal de la trompa. Puede debutar como shock hipovolémico en un 25% de los casos, conllevando una mortalidad de hasta un 2,5%. Mediante ecografía se encuentra un saco gestacional excéntrico y rodeado por una fina capa de miometrio. El tratamiento, en la mayoría de los casos, es quirúrgico, y el control de la hemostasia supone todo un reto. Se presentan dos casos clínicos de mujeres con diagnóstico de gestación intersticial en quienes se realizó exéresis por laparoscopia tras inyección de vasopresina, permitiendo así controlar el sangrado. En una de las pacientes se practicaron también puntos transfixivos transitorios en la arteria uterina y el ligamento útero-ovárico.


Abstract Cornual gestation, also known as interstitial, is a rare ectopic gestation that occurs in 1/2500 to 1/5000 of pregnancies when the embryo implants in the intramyometrial tract of the proximal tube. It can debut as hypovolemic shock in 25% of cases, leading to a mortality rate of up to 2.5%. Using ultrasound, we will find an eccentric gestational sac surrounded by a thin layer of myometrium. Treatment, in most cases, is surgical and control of hemostasis is a challenge. Two clinical cases are presented of women with a diagnosis of interstitial pregnancy in whom transient transfixive sutures were performed at the level of the uterine artery and uterine-ovarian ligament and injection of vasopressin prior to laparoscopic exeresis, thus allowing the bleeding to be controlled.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Vasopressins/administration & dosage , Hemostatics/administration & dosage , Laparoscopy/methods , Pregnancy, Cornual/surgery , Blood Loss, Surgical/prevention & control , Suture Techniques , Injections
18.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 292-299, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928311

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To systematically evaluate the clinical efficacy of arthroscopy and traditional incision in the treatment of tibial avulsion fracture of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL).@*METHODS@#From July 2010 to July 2020, clinical comparative trial about arthroscopy and traditional incision in the treatment of ACL tibial avulsion fracture was conducted by using computer-based databases, including Embase, Pubmed, Central, Cinahl, PQDT, CNKI, Weipu, Wanfang, Cochrane Library, CBM. Literature screening and data extraction were carried out according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria, and the quality of the included literature was evaluated by improved Jadad score and Ottawa Newcastle scale (NOS). The operation time, hospital stay, fracture healing time, knee range of motion, postoperative excellent and good rate, complication rate, Lysholm score, International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC) score and Tegner score were statistically analyzed by Review Manager 5.3 software.@*RESULTS@#Finally, 16 literatures were included, including 1 randomized controlled trial and 15 non randomized controlled trials, with a total of 822 patients (405 in arthroscopy group and 417 in traditional incision group). Meta analysis showed that the operation time [MD=-9.03, 95% CI(-14.36, -3.70), P<0.001], hospital stay [MD=-5.81, 95%CI(-9.32, -2.31), P=0.001] and fracture healing time [MD=-14.61, 95% CI(-17.93, -11.28), P<0.001] in the arthroscopy group were better than those in the traditional incision group. The incidence of complications in arthroscopy group was lower than that in traditional incision group[OR=0.15, 95%CI(0.07, 0.33), P<0.001]. The postoperative excellent and good rate[OR=4.39, 95%CI (1.96, 9.82), P<0.001], knee mobility[MD=6.78, 95%CI(2.79, 10.77), P<0.001], Lysholm score[MD=11.63, 95%CI(4.91, 18.36), P<0.001], IKDC score[MD=7.83, 95%CI(6.09, 9.57), P<0.001] and Tegner score[MD=0.60, 95%CI(0.31, 0.89), P<0.001] in the arthroscopic group were higher than those in the traditional incision group.@*CONCLUSION@#Compared with the traditional open reduction and internal fixation, arthroscopic surgery in patients with ACL tibial avulsion fracture can shorten the operation time, hospital stay and fracture healing time, reduce the incidence of postoperative complications, and obtain good postoperative knee function. It can be recommended as one of the first choice for patients with ACL tibial avulsion fracture.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anterior Cruciate Ligament/surgery , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries/surgery , Arthroscopy , Fractures, Avulsion/surgery , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Suture Techniques
19.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 5-10, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928257

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the morphological, histological and ultrastructural changes of acute closed rupture of Achilles tendon, in order to clarify the pathological basis of the injury and to explore the significance.@*METHODS@#From January 2015 to January 2019, 35 patients with acute Achilles tendon rupture who underwent the minimally invasive Achilles tendon suture technique were retrospectively analyzed. Among these patients, 12 cases in acute open Achilles tendon rupture group included 10 males and 2 females, with an average age of (35.1±9.7) years old ranging from 19 to 50, and the time from injury to operation was 2 to 8 hours with an average of(5.6±1.8);23 cases in acute closed Achilles tendon rupture group included 21 males and 2 females, with an average age of (35.5±6.6) years old ranging from 18 to 50, and the time from injury to operation was 3 to 15 hours with an average of (7.5±3.1). The gross appearance and imaging findings of the broken end of Achilles tendon tissue in the two groups were compared by naked eye observation and foot and ankle MRI at 4 to 6 hours before operation. HE staining, scanning and fluoroscopic electron microscopy, immunohistochemistry(Sirius red staining) were performed on the intraoperative Achilles tendon tissue specimens at 1 to 2 days after operation, the collagen fiber degeneration and local fat infiltration, collagen fiber shape, cell morphology and function, and the distribution of typeⅠand type Ⅲ collagen fibers in Achilles tendon were compared between the two groups.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the acute open Achilles tendon rupture group, the acute closed Achilles tendon rupture group had poor elasticity, hard texture, moderate edema, irregular shape of Achilles tendon broken end, horsetail shape, and more calcification around the broken end. HE staining results:the collagen fibers in the Achilles tendon of the acute open Achilles tendon rupture group were arranged irregularly, with hyaline degeneration and fat infiltration;The results of electron microscopy showed that collagen arranged disorderly and fibroblasts atrophied in the acute closed Achilles tendon rupture group. Immunohistochemical(Sirius staining) results:the proportion of collagenⅠin the acute open Achilles tendon rupture group and the acute closed Achilles tendon rupture group was(91.12±4.34)% and(54.71±17.78)% respectively, and the proportion of collagen Ⅲ was (8.88±4.34)% and (45.29±17.78)% respectively. The content of collagenⅠin the acute closed Achilles tendon rupture group was lower than that in the acute open Achilles tendon rupture group, and the content of collagen Ⅲ in the acute closed Achilles tendon rupture group was higher than that in the acute open Achilles tendon rupture group(P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The morphology, histology and ultrastructure of the acute closed ruptured Achilles tendon are significantly altered compared with the normal Achilles tendon. The original fine and orderly spatial structure cannot be maintained, part of collagen Ⅰ is replaced by collagen Ⅲ, and the toughness and strength of the tendon tissue decreased, which may be the feature of degeneration of the Achilles tendon and an important pathological basis for closed Achilles tendon rupture.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Achilles Tendon/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Rupture/surgery , Suture Techniques , Tendon Injuries/surgery , Treatment Outcome
20.
Acta cir. bras ; 37(6): e370604, 2022. tab, graf, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1402961

ABSTRACT

Purpose: To evaluate the caliber of an arterial micro-anastomosis in the young growing animal using a continuous suture technique. Additionally, late morphological changes and blood flows distal to the anastomosis were evaluated. Methods: Seventy-four Wistar rats were submitted to laparotomy to access the aorta for blood flow measurement. The aorta was sectioned using microsurgery technique and an end-to-end anastomosis with continuous suture. After a period of six months to one year, the anastomosis was checked. Results: Regarding the size of the aortas, comparing the pre- and postoperative values, there was an increase of 13.33% in adult animals and 25% in young animals, without any difference in the blood flows. Conclusions: The arteries of young rats show signs of growth at the site of the anastomosis performed with continuous suture.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Blood Flow Velocity , Anastomosis, Surgical/veterinary , Microsurgery/veterinary , Suture Techniques/veterinary , Rats, Wistar/surgery
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