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Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1250445


ABSTRACT Objective: To compare and assess the primary and secondary closure techniques following extraction of impacted third molars for post-operative complications. Material and Methods: In total, 30 patients ranging between 18-30 years of age and of either sex who had bilaterally impacted mandibular third molars were randomly selected. Split mouth study method was used so that the participants served as their own control. Group 1 consisted of primary closure of left mandibular impacted third molars and Group 2 consisted of secondary closure of right mandibular impacted third molars. Basement evaluations were recorded for each patient along with subjective and objective evaluations for postoperative 7 days. Data analysis was carried out by SPSS 17.0 software using Mann-Whitney U test, Wilcoxon matched-pairs test and t-test. A p-value ≤ 0.05 was assigned as statistically significant. Results: When compared to group 1, group 2 revealed statistically less pain and swelling following the secondary closure of wound from day 1 to 7. There was a significant improvement in mouth opening in Group 2 at day 1 (p=0.0005) and at day 7 (p=0.00001). Conclusion: Secondary wound closure after disimpaction of mandibular third molar results in better postoperative recovery than primary closure.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Postoperative Complications , Surgery, Oral , Trismus/pathology , Wound Closure Techniques/instrumentation , Molar, Third/anatomy & histology , Tooth Extraction , Tooth, Impacted , Wound Healing , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Suture Techniques/instrumentation , Statistics, Nonparametric , Diagnosis, Oral , India
Rev. bras. cir. plást ; 34(3): 384-390, jul.-sep. 2019. ilus, tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1047160


Introdução: O tratamento de grandes e médias feridas é um desafio para os cirurgiões quando precisam fechálas e, normalmente, são utilizadas técnicas cirúrgicas de enxertias ou retalhos, que podem deixar sequelas e até mesmo mutilações. Ao longo do tempo desenvolveu-se a técnica de "sutura elástica" que promove a cicatrização em curto espaço de tempo com sequelas menores, entretanto o procedimento tem sido realizado com material improvisado. Objetivo: Desenvolver um fio de sutura elástico cirúrgico que possa ser esterilizado e confeccionado nos moldes dos produtos médicos cirúrgicos. Métodos: Revisão das patentes existentes por meio da busca de anterioridade e comparação com o dispositivo do estudo. Pesquisa de materiais com as características necessárias como elasticidade e tensão. Teste destas características em laboratórios especializados. Resultados: O produto desenvolvido é um fio elástico com duplo agulhamento para suturas, com matéria prima de silicone que apresenta elasticidade e resistência a tensão. Conclusão: O fio de sutura elástico, com duplo agulhamento, para feridas de médio e grande porte foi desenvolvido.

Introduction: Closing large and medium wounds is challenging for surgeons and often leads to the use of graft or flap surgical techniques. These procedures can leave sequelae and even mutilations. An "elastic suture" technique was developed to promote wound healing in a short time span with minor sequelae; however, improvised materials have been used in this procedure. Objective: To develop a surgical elastic suture thread that can be manufactured and sterilized following the standards of surgical medical products. Methods: We conducted a patent search, compared the findings with the study device, and researched materials with necessary characteristics such as elasticity and tension. Testing these characteristics in specialized laboratories. Results: The developed device is a double-needled elastic suture made of silicone that presents tensile strength. Conclusion: Here, we developed a double-needled elastic suture for medium and large wounds.

Humans , History, 21st Century , Surgery, Plastic , Surgical Instruments , Sutures/standards , Wound Healing , Suture Techniques/instrumentation , Wound Closure Techniques , Surgery, Plastic/instrumentation , Surgery, Plastic/methods , Surgical Instruments/standards , Sutures , Wound Healing/ethics , Wounds and Injuries , Wound Closure Techniques/instrumentation
Int. arch. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 23(3): 338-342, July-Sept. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1040026


Abstract Introduction The main modalities of surgical treatment for laryngeal cancer include transoral laser microsurgery (TLM), open preservation surgery, and total laryngectomy (TL). In the elderly, for the presence of comorbidities, the surgical approach more appropriate in many cases remains TL. The use of a stapler for the closure of the esophagus has been introduced to reduce surgical time and postoperative complications such as pharyngocutaneous fistula (PCF). Objective In the present study, we have evaluated the effectiveness of the use of the horizontal mechanical pharyngoesophageal closure in patients who underwent TL. Methods This nonrandomized study was performed on consecutive patients with histopathologically proven squamous cell endolaryngeal carcinoma. The TLwas performed using a linear stapler to mechanically suture the pharyngotomy using the semiclosed technique. Results A total of 33 patients underwent TL, and 13 of themunderwent neck dissection. A total of 15 patients (45.4%) were ≤70 years old, and 18 were > 70 years old. Analyzing the results in relation to age, patients > 70 years old showed tumors at an earlier stage than those aged ≤70 years old. Furthermore, in this group there was a greater number of patients who had comorbidities (p = 0.014). In total, we had 2 (6%) cases of PCF in 6.6% in the group ≤70 years old, and in 5.5% of the group > 70 years old (p = 1.00). Conclusions The use of the stapler for the horizontal closure of the pharyngoesophagectomy in the patients subjected to TL is proven to be useful and safe even when used in elderly patients.

Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/surgery , Laryngeal Neoplasms/surgery , Laryngectomy/methods , Pharynx/surgery , Postoperative Complications/prevention & control , Surgical Staplers , Suture Techniques/instrumentation , Treatment Outcome , Cutaneous Fistula/prevention & control , Esophagus/surgery
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 34(4): 406-411, July-Aug. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1020486


Abstract Objective: To describe a new technique of sternal closure, modified from the conventional figure-of-eight approach, which can provide a secure closure and prevent sternal complications. Methods: The modified technique is based on the intercalation of the caudal portion of each steel wire passed along the sternum. This is a retrospective analysis of patients operated with this modified technique at our institution between January 2014 and December 2016. Results: One hundred and forty-three patients underwent sternal closure with the modified technique. In-hospital mortality rate was 1.4% (n=2). No sternal instability was observed at 30 days postoperatively. Two patients developed mediastinitis that required extraction of the wires. Conclusion: Short-term results have shown that the modified sternal closure technique can be used safely and effectively, with complications rates being consistent with worldwide experience.

Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Sternum/surgery , Surgical Wound Dehiscence/prevention & control , Suture Techniques/instrumentation , Wound Closure Techniques/instrumentation , Postoperative Complications/prevention & control , Postoperative Period , Surgical Wound Dehiscence/etiology , Bone Wires/adverse effects , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Suture Techniques/adverse effects , Wound Closure Techniques/mortality , Mediastinitis/complications
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 13(2): 132-136, jun. 2019. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1002295


RESUMEN: El objetivo de este estudio fue comparar los hilos de sutura de seda negra y la sutura nylon con respecto a la adhesión bacteriana post extracción dental simple de piezas posteriores. El presente trabajo se desarrolló en la Clínica Odontológica y el Laboratorio de Microbiología de la Unidad de Ciencias Biomédicas y Biotecnología de la Universidad Privada Antenor Orrego (Trujillo, Perú), entre agosto y setiembre de 2014. Se trabajó con 19 unidades de muestreo para hilo de seda negra y 19 para nylon. El procedimiento de exodoncia para todos los pacientes fue estandarizado. Luego de la extracción, se procedió a suturar la herida quirúrgica, colocando dos puntos circunferenciales, uno con cada tipo de hilo. A los 7 días, los hilos fueron retirados y sometidos a análisis microbiológico. La adhesión bacteriana de los hilos de sutura seda negra y nylon fue comparada empleando el test de Wilcoxon. Además la adhesión bacteriana de cada hilo fue comparada con la adhesión en hilos estériles (control) empleando el test de Mann-Whitney para una p<0,005. Al comparar la adhesión bacteriana de ambos hilos, se encontró diferencia entre ellos (p=0,027), correspondiendo mayor adhesión al hilo de nylon. La adhesión bacteriana fue mayor en el hilo de sutura de nylon comparado con el hilo de sutura de seda negra.

ABSTRACT: The objective of the study was to compare black silk suture threads and nylon suture with respect to bacterial adhesion after simple dental extraction of posterior pieces. The present study was developed in the Clínica Estomatológica and the Laboratorio de Microbiología of the Unidad de Ciencias Biomédicas y Biotecnología de la Universidad Privada Antenor Orrego (Trujillo, Peru), between August and September 2014. We worked with 19 units sampling for black silk thread and 19 for nylon. The procedure of exodontia for all patients was standardized. After the extraction, the surgical wound was sutured, placing two circumferential points, one with each type of thread. After 7 days, the threads were removed and subjected to microbiological analysis. The bacterial adhesion of the black silk and nylon suture strands was compared using the Wilcoxon test. In addition, the bacterial adhesion of each strand was compared with the adhesion in sterile strands (control) using the Mann-Whitney test for p <0.005. When comparing the bacterial adhesion of both threads, a difference was found between them (p = 0.027), corresponding greater adhesion to the nylon thread. Bacterial adhesion was higher in nylon suture compared to black silk suture.

Humans , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Tooth Extraction/adverse effects , Bacterial Adhesion/drug effects , Suture Techniques/instrumentation , Peru , Sutures/adverse effects , Silk , Nylons
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 82(3): 214-219, May-June 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1001304


ABSTRACT Purpose: To evaluate the effects of suturing 23-gauge pars plana vitrectomies on ocular discomfort and tear film dynamics. Methods: This retrospective chart review involved data from 50 procedures in 50 patients who underwent 23-gauge pars plana vitrectomy from January to November 2016. We divided the eyes into two groups according to the presence or absence of sutures; 35 eyes underwent sutureless vitrectomies (Group 1), and 15 eyes underwent vitrectomy with at least one sclerotomy suture site (Group 2). In each group, we assessed objective variables including tear film break-up time, Schirmer test I, corneal surface grading with Oxford system, and a quantitative method evaluating subjective dry eye symptoms using ocular surface disease index questionnaires preoperatively 1 week, and 1 and 3 months after surgery. Results: The tear film break-up time showed a significant difference at the 3-months follow-up (p=0.026). The Schirmer test I and corneal surface staining score showed no statistically significant differences between two groups at any time after the operations. The ocular surface disease index score was significantly lower in Group 1 than in Group 2 at 1 week (p=0.032), 1 month (p=0.026), and 3 months (p=0.041) after the operation. Conclusion: Sclerotomy suturing caused ocular discomfort and had a negative effect on tear film dynamics during the late postoperative period. Sclerotomies without suturing seem to reduce the ocular surface changes.

RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar os efeitos da sutura da vitrectomia via pars plana de 23-gauge sobre o desconforto ocular e a dinâmica do filme lacrimal. Métodos: Esta revisão retrospectiva de prontuários envolveu dados de 50 casos em 50 pacientes submetidos à vitrectomia via pars plana de 23-gauge, de janeiro a novembro de 2016. Dividimos os olhos em dois grupos de acordo com a presença ou ausência de suturas; 35 olhos foram submetidos à vitrectomia sem sutura (Grupo 1) e 15 olhos foram submetidos à vitrectomia com pelo menos um ponto de sutura no local da esclerotomia (Grupo 2). Em cada grupo, avaliamos variáveis objetivas incluindo tempo de ruptura do filme lacrimal, teste de Schirmer I, gradação da superfície corneana com o sistema Oxford e um método quantitativo avaliando sintomas subjetivos de olho seco usando questionários de índice de doença da superfície ocular nos períodos: 1 semana do pré-operatório, 1 mês e 3 meses após a cirurgia. Resultados: O tempo de ruptura do filme lacrimal apresentou diferença significativa no seguimento de 3 meses (p=0,026). O teste de Schirmer I e o escore da coloração da superfície da córnea não mostraram diferenças estatisticamente significativas entre os dois grupos em nenhum momento após as operações. O escore do índice de doença da superfície ocular foi significativamente menor no Grupo 1 em relação ao Grupo 2 no período de 1 semana (p=0,032), 1 mês (p=0,026) e 3 meses (p=0,041) após a cirurgia. Conclusão: A sutura da esclerotomia causou desconforto ocular e teve um efeito negativo na dinâmica do filme lacrimal durante o período pós-operatório. Esclerotomias sem sutura parecem reduzir as alterações da superfície ocular.

Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Tears/physiology , Vitrectomy/adverse effects , Sclerostomy/adverse effects , Suture Techniques/adverse effects , Postoperative Complications/etiology , Time Factors , Vitrectomy/methods , Sclerostomy/methods , Dry Eye Syndromes/etiology , Dry Eye Syndromes/physiopathology , Surveys and Questionnaires , Retrospective Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Suture Techniques/instrumentation , Treatment Outcome , Statistics, Nonparametric
ABCD arq. bras. cir. dig ; 32(3): e1452, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1038032


ABSTRACT Background: In high-income countries, morbid obesity is a growing health problem that has already reached epidemic proportions. When performing a laparoscopic gastric bypass several operative methods exist. Aim: To describe the institutional experience using a knotless unidirectional barbed suture (V-Loc 180/Covidien, Mansfield, MA) to create a hand-sewn gastrojejunostomy (GJ) and jejunojejunostomy (JJ) during bariatric surgery. Methods: Evaluation of a case series of 87 morbidly obese patients who underwent laparoscopic gastric bypass with a hand-sewn gastrojejunostomy (GJA) and jejunojejunostomy (JJA) between 01/2015 and 06/2017. The patients were divided into two groups: in group I, GJA und JJA sutures were performed using the knotless unidirectional barbed suture; in group II, GJA and JJA were sutured with resorbable multifilament thread (Vicryl® 3/0 Ethicon, Livingstone, UK). The recorded data on gender, age, BMI, ASA score, operative time, postoperative morbidity, length of hospital stay, and reoperation, were analyzed and compared. Results: All procedures were completed laparoscopically with no mortality. The mean operative time was 123.23 (±30.631) in group I and 127.57 (±42.772) in group II (p<0.05). The postoperative complications did not differ significantly between the two groups. Early complications were observed for two patients (0.9%) in the barbed suture group and for one patient (0.42%) in the multifilament suture group (p<0.05). In group I two patients (0.9%) required reoperation: on the basis of jejunojejunal stenosis in one patient, and local abscess near the gastrojejunostomy, without a leakage, in the other. In group II one patient (0.42%) required reoperation due to stenosis of the GJA. The duration of hospital admission was similar for both groups: 3.36 (±0.743) days in group I vs. 3.38 (±1.058) days in group II (p<0.05). Conclusion: The novel anastomotic technique is a safe and effective method and can be applied to gastrojejunal anastomosis and jejunojejunal anastomosis in laparoscopic gastric bypass.

RESUMO Racional : Em países de alta renda, a obesidade mórbida é um problema crescente de saúde que já atingiu proporções epidêmicas. Ao realizar um bypass gástrico laparoscópico, existem vários métodos operatórios. Objetivo: Descrever a experiência institucional utilizando uma sutura farpada unidirecional sem nós (V-Loc 180/Covidien, Mansfield, MA) para criar gastrojejunostomia (JJ) e jejunojejunostomia (JJ) costuradas à mão durante a cirurgia bariátrica. Métodos: Avaliação de uma série de casos com 87 pacientes obesos mórbidos submetidos ao bypass gástrico por videolaparoscopia com gastrojejunostomia (JJA) e jejunojejunostomia (JJA) suturados à mão entre 01/2015 e 06/2017. Os pacientes foram divididos em dois grupos; no grupo I, GJA e JJA as suturas foram realizadas com a sutura farpada unidirecional sem nós e, no grupo II, com sutura multifilamentar reabsorvível (Vicryl® 3/0 Ethicon, Livingstone, UK). Foram analisados ​​e comparados os dados registrados sobre gênero, idade, IMC, escore ASA, tempo operatório, morbidade pós-operatória, tempo de internação hospitalar e reoperação. Resultados: Todos os procedimentos foram concluídos por laparoscopia sem mortalidade. O tempo cirúrgico médio foi 123,23 (±30,631) no grupo I e 127,57 (±42,772) no grupo II (p<0,05). As complicações pós-operatórias não diferiram significativamente entre os dois grupos. Complicações precoces foram observadas em dois pacientes (0,9%) no grupo de sutura farpada e um (0,42%) no de sutura multifilamentar (p<0,05). No grupo I, dois pacientes (0,9%) necessitaram de reoperação; um devido à estenose jejunojejunal e abscesso local próximo à gastrojejunostomia, sem vazamento, no outro. No grupo II, um paciente (0,42%) necessitou de reoperação por estenose da GJA. O tempo de internação hospitalar foi semelhante nos dois grupos: 3,36 (±0,743) dias no grupo I vs. 3,38 (±1,058) dias no grupo II (p<0,05). Conclusão: A nova técnica de anastomose é método seguro e eficaz e pode ser aplicado nas anastomoses gastrojejunal e jejunojejunal no bypass gástrico laparoscópico.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Obesity, Morbid/surgery , Suture Techniques/instrumentation , Equipment Safety/instrumentation , Bariatric Surgery/instrumentation , Polyglactin 910 , Anastomosis, Surgical/instrumentation , Anastomosis, Surgical/methods , Jejunostomy/instrumentation , Jejunostomy/methods , Gastric Bypass/instrumentation , Gastric Bypass/methods , Prospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Bariatric Surgery/methods , Jejunum/surgery , Length of Stay
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 46(5): e20192286, 2019. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1057171


RESUMO Objetivo: avaliar o perfil de segurança e os resultados estéticos do 2-octilcianoacrilato versus sutura intradérmica com fio de nylon em cirurgias mamárias. Métodos: ensaio clínico randomizado, aberto, que avaliou a ocorrência de complicações, como deiscência, hematoma, infecção e reações alérgicas após o uso do 2-octilcianoacrilato ou do fio de nylon. Também foi analisado o tamanho das incisões, o tempo de fechamento da pele e o tempo cirúrgico total. O resultado estético foi avaliado após 40 e 180 dias da cirurgia, por meio da largura média da ferida operatória e por avaliação subjetiva conceitual (ótimo, bom, razoável ou ruim). Resultados: foram incluídas 79 pacientes, sendo 37 no grupo 2-octilcianoacrilato e 42 no grupo de sutura com fio de nylon. O estudo foi interrompido antes do término do recrutamento dos pacientes pela ocorrência de maior número de deiscências no grupo do adesivo (OR: 11,42; IC95%: 1,36-96,02; p=0,007). Em relação às demais complicações analisadas, ao tempo cirúrgico e ao resultado estético no pós-operatório, não se observaram diferenças significativas entre os grupos. A média do tamanho da ferida operatória foi maior no grupo do adesivo em relação ao grupo da sutura, mas não houve correlação entre o tamanho da ferida e o maior número de deiscências. Conclusão: o 2-octilcianoacrilato apresentou maior risco de deiscência em relação à sutura intradérmica, com resultados estéticos equivalentes.

ABSTRACT Objective: to evaluate the safety profile and aesthetic results of 2-octyl-cyanoacrylate versus intradermal nylon suture in breast surgeries. Methods: an open-label, randomized, clinical trial evaluating the occurrence of complications, such as dehiscence, hematoma, infection, and allergic reactions after the use of 2-octyl-cyanoacrylate or nylon thread. The size of the incisions, skin closure time, and total surgical time were also analyzed. The aesthetic outcome was evaluated at 40 and 180 days after surgery, by means of the average width of the surgical wound and by subjective conceptual assessment (optimal, good, reasonable, or poor). Results: 79 patients were included: 37 in the 2-octyl-cyanoacrylate group and 42 in the nylon suture group. The study was stopped before the end of patient recruitment due to the occurrence of a greater number of dehiscences in the adhesive group (OR: 11.42; 95%CI: 1.36-96.02; p=0.007). Regarding the other analyzed complications, the surgical duration and postoperative aesthetic result, no significant differences were observed between the groups. The mean operative wound size was greater in the adhesive group than in the suture group, but there was no correlation between wound size and the largest number of dehiscences. Conclusion: while the cosmetic outcomes with the two techniques were similar, there was a greater risk of dehiscence with the use of 2-octyl-cyanoacrylate compared to intradermal suturing.

Humans , Female , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Breast Diseases/surgery , Suture Techniques/instrumentation , Cyanoacrylates/therapeutic use , Nylons , Time Factors , Treatment Outcome , Patient Satisfaction , Surgical Wound , Middle Aged
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 83(6): 712-719, Nov.-Dec. 2017. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-889334


Abstract Introduction: The increased interest in minimally-invasive treatments, such as the thread lifting, with lower risk of complications, minimum length of time away from work and effectiveness in correcting ptosis and aging characteristics has led many specialists to adopt this technique, but many doubts about its safety and effectiveness still limit its overall use. Objective: To analyze data published in the literature on the durability of results, their effectiveness, safety, and risk of serious adverse events associated with procedures using several types of threading sutures. Methods: Literature review using the key words "thread lift", "barbed suture", "suture suspension" and "APTOS". Due to the scarcity of literature, recent reports of facial lifting using threads were also selected, complemented with bibliographical references. Result: The first outcomes of facial lifting with barbed sutures remain inconclusive. Adverse events may occur, although they are mostly minor, self-limiting, and short-lived. The data on the maximum effect of the correction, the durability of results, and the consequences of the long-term suture stay are yet to be clarified. Conclusion: Interest in thread lifting is currently high, but this review suggests that it should not yet be adopted as an alternative to rhytidectomy.

Resumo Introdução: O maior interesse por tratamentos minimamente invasivos, como os fios de sustentação, com menor risco de complicações, mínimo tempo de afastamento das atividades laborais e eficazes em corrigir a ptose e as rítides características do envelhecimento fez muitos especialistas adotarem essa técnica, porém muitas dúvidas sobre sua segurança e eficácia limitam sua adoção de forma geral. Objetivo: Analisar dados publicados na literatura sobre longevidade dos resultados, sua eficácia, segurança e seu risco de eventos adversos graves associados aos procedimentos com vários tipos de sutura. Método: Revisão de literatura com as palavras-chave thread lift, barbed suture, suture suspension e Aptos. Devido à escassez de literatura, foram também selecionados relatos recentes de rejuvenescimento facial com uso de fios, complementados com trabalhos das referências bibliográficas. Resultado: Os primeiros resultados da suspensão facial com fios com garras permanecem inconclusivos. Os eventos adversos podem ocorrer, embora em sua maioria sejam pequenos, autolimitados e de curta duração. Os dados sobre o efeito máximo da correção, a longevidade dos resultados e as consequências da permanência dos fios em longo prazo não são claros. Conclusão: O interesse pelo lifting com fios está em alta no momento, mas esta revisão sugere que ele não deve ser apresentado como opção a uma ritidoplastia.

Humans , Rejuvenation , Rhytidoplasty/instrumentation , Rhytidoplasty/methods , Suture Techniques/instrumentation , Surgical Instruments , Rhytidoplasty/adverse effects , Risk Factors , Suture Techniques/adverse effects , Treatment Outcome , Patient Satisfaction
Int. braz. j. urol ; 43(4): 736-745, July-Aug. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-892880


ABSTRACT Introduction To evaluate the safety and efficacy of a novel penile circumcision suturing devices PCSD and Shang ring (SR) for circumcision in an adult population. Materials and Methods A total of 124 outpatients were randomly assigned to receive PCSD (n=62) or SR (n=62). Patient characteristics, operative time, blood loss, return to normal activities time (RNAT), visual analogue scale (VAS), scar width, wound healing time, cosmetic result, and complications were recorded. Results There were no significant differences in blood loss, RNAT, or complications between the two groups. There were no significant differences in the VAS scores at the operation, at 6 or 24 hours after surgery (P>0.05). The wound scar width was wider in the SR group than in the PCSD group (P<0.01). Patients in the SR group had significantly longer wound healing time compared with those in the PCSD group (P<0.01). Patients who underwent PCSD were significantly more satisfied with the cosmetic results (P<0.01). Conclusions SR and PCSD are safe and effective minimally invasive techniques for adult male circumcision. Compared with SRs, PCSDs have the advantages of faster postoperative incision healing and a good effect on wound cosmetics.

Humans , Male , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Young Adult , Phimosis/surgery , Suture Techniques/instrumentation , Circumcision, Male/instrumentation , Pain, Postoperative , Sutures , Prospective Studies , Circumcision, Male/methods , Treatment Outcome , Operative Time , Middle Aged
Acta cir. bras ; 32(8): 680-690, Aug. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-886228


Abstract Purpose: To compare the fixation of the central venous catheter (CVC) using two suture techniques. Methods: A clinical, analytical, interventional, longitudinal, prospective, controlled, single-blind and randomized study in adult, intensive care unit (ICU) patients. After admission and indication of CVC use, the patients were allocated to the Wing group (n = 35, catheter fixation with clamping wings and retainers) or Shoelace group (n = 35, catheter fixation using shoelace cross-tied sutures around the device). Displacement, kinking, fixation failure, hyperemia at the insertion site, purulent secretion, loss of the device, psychomotor agitation, mental confusion, and bacterial growth at the insertion site were evaluated. Results: Compared with the Wing group, the Shoelace group had a lower occurrence of catheter displacement (n=0 versus n =4; p = 0.04), kinking (n=0 versus n=8; p=0.001), and fixation failure (n=2 versus n=8; p=0.018). No significant difference was found in bacterial growth (n=20 versus n=14; p=0.267) between groups. Conclusion: The Shoelace fixation technique presented fewer adverse events than the Wing fixation technique.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Sutures , Catheterization, Central Venous/methods , Suture Techniques/instrumentation , Central Venous Catheters , Sutures/microbiology , Severity of Illness Index , Catheterization, Central Venous/adverse effects , Catheterization, Central Venous/instrumentation , Single-Blind Method , Prospective Studies , Reproducibility of Results , Risk Factors , Suture Techniques/adverse effects , Sex Distribution , Statistics, Nonparametric , Intensive Care Units
Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. (En línea) ; 82(1): 12-18, feb. 2017. ilus, graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-899870


Introducción: El prolapso genital femenino altera significativamente la calidad de vida de la mujer. El prolapso apical es el segundo más frecuente después del defecto de pared anterior y la colposuspensión al ligamento sacroespinoso es una de las técnicas quirúrgicas descritas para su tratamiento. Objetivos: Determinar la factibilidad de la corrección del prolapso apical en pacientes sometidas a la colposuspensión al ligamento sacroespinoso, utilizando el dispositivo de captura de sutura CapioTM. Materiales y métodos: Análisis retrospectivo de pacientes intervenidas desde junio de 2015 a junio de 2016, en la unidad de piso pélvico del Hospital Luis Tisné Brousse, basándose principalmente en la evaluación del punto C del Prolpase Organ Pelvic Quatinfication (POP-Q). Resultados: Se intervinieron 15 pacientes, con edad promedio de 60,7 ± 6,8 años. Todas presentaron prolapso genital estadio III o IV. El seguimiento se realizó entre 3 y 13 meses después de la cirugía. Ninguna presentó complicaciones graves durante ni después de la cirugía y sólo una paciente recidivó. Conclusiones: La colposuspensión al ligamento sacroespinoso con CapioTM, es una técnica factible, segura y eficaz para el tratamiento del prolapso apical, sin embargo, es necesario mayor tiempo de seguimiento y estudios comparativos con otras técnicas de colposuspensión.

Introduction: Female genital prolapse significantly alter the quality of life of women. The apical prolapse is the second common defect after anterior wall and the colposuspension to sacrospinous ligament is one of the described surgical techniques for its treatment. Objective: To determine the feasibility of apical prolapse correction in patients undergoing sacrospinous colposuspension using the suture capture device CapioTM. Methods: Retrospective analysis of patients undergoing this surgery from June 2015 to June 2016, including an objective assessment focused mainly in the C point of Prolapse Organ Pelvic Quatinfication (POP-Q) and a subjective evaluation of the patient. Results: 15 patients, of which only 11 were able to complete follow-up, were included. The mean age of the patients at the time of surgery was 60.7 ± 6.8 years, and all were classified as prolapse stages III or IV. The evaluation was performed in average 6.75 ± 3.39 months after surgery, with a minimum of 3 and a maximum of 13 months. No patient had several complications during or after surgery and only one recurred. Conclusions: The colposuspension to sacrospinous ligament with CapioTM is a safe and effective alternative for the treatment of apical genital prolapse. However, a longer follow-up study is needed, in addition to comparative studies with other colposuspension techniques.

Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Gynecologic Surgical Procedures/methods , Suture Techniques/instrumentation , Uterine Prolapse/surgery , Ligaments/surgery , Severity of Illness Index , Surveys and Questionnaires , Retrospective Studies , Uterine Prolapse/pathology , Treatment Outcome
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 32(1): 43-48, Jan.-Feb. 2017. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-843462


Abstract Objective: To evaluate our experience following the introduction of a percutaneous program for endovascular treatment of aortic diseases using Perclose Proglide® assessing efficacy, complications and identification of potential risk factors that could predict failure or major access site complications. Methods: A retrospective cohort study during a two-year period was performed. All the patients submitted to totally percutaneous endovascular repair (PEVAR) of aortic diseases and transcatheter aortic valve implantation since we started the total percutaneous approach with the preclosure technique from November 2013 to December 2015 were included in the study. The primary endpoint was major ipsilateral access complication, defined according to PEVAR trial. Results: In a cohort of 123 patients, immediate technical success was obtained in 121 (98.37%) patients, with only two (0.82%) cases in 242 vascular access sites that required intervention immediately after the procedure. Pairwise comparisons revealed increased major access complication among patients with >50% common femoral artery (CFA) calcification vs. none (P=0.004) and > 50% CFA calcification vs. < 50% CFA calcification (P=0.002). Small artery diameter (<6.5 mm) also increased major access complication compared to bigger diameters (> 6.5 mm) (P=0.027). Conclusion: The preclosure technique with two Perclose Proglide® for PEVAR is safe and effective. Complications occur more often in patients with unfavorable access site anatomy and the success rate can be improved with proper patient selection.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Suture Techniques/instrumentation , Aortic Aneurysm, Thoracic/surgery , Aortic Aneurysm, Abdominal/surgery , Endovascular Procedures/methods , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Treatment Outcome , Femoral Artery
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 75(2): 89-93, Mar.-Apr. 2016. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-779960


ABSTRACT Purpose: The aim of this study is to describe a variation in technique of the frontalis sling surgery with silicone rods and its results, using an alternative needle with similar effectiveness to the Wright needle at a reduced cost. Methods: This was a prospective, interventional, noncomparative study of patients with severe ptosis who underwent surgical correction using a simple and modified frontalis sling surgery technique. Patients were included in this study from January 2012 to January 2014. 23 surgeries were performed on 15 patients. The minimum "follow-up" was 12 months. Results: Most patients had congenital ptosis (86%) and the average preoperative margin reflex distance 1 (MRD1) was -1.1 mm (range -3 to 0 mm). 1 week post-operation, this was 2.7 mm ( 1.8 to 3.8 mm), 1.8 mm after 1 month and 1.7 mm (1 to 2.5 mm) after one year. The satisfaction rate was 80% (12 patients). Among the dissatisfied patients, one had extrusion and infection with subsequent explantation of the wire, one had asymmetry greater than 2 mm and one had persistent lagophthalmos and punctate keratitis, with subsequent explantation of silicone. Conclusion: The use of silicone rods with tarsal fixation using an alternative needle was effective in the treatment of severe ptosis with few complication rates, a low rate of dissatisfaction and good stability of the results in the follow-up period.

RESUMO Objetivos: O objetivo deste estudo é descrever uma variação da técnica cirúrgica da suspensão ao músculo frontal com fio de silicone e seus resultados, utilizando uma agulha alternativa à agulha de Wright, com a mesma eficácia e melhor razão custo-benefício. Métodos: Foram analisados prospectivamente todos os casos de blefaroptose severa submetidos à correção cirúrgica, utilizando a técnica de suspensão ao músculo frontal modificada, no período de janeiro de 2012 à janeiro de 2014. Foram realizadas 23 cirurgias em 15 pacientes. O "follow-up" mínimo foi de 12 meses. Resultados: A grande maioria dos pacientes apresentavam blefaroptose congênita (86%), a média da distância margem reflexo pré-operatória foi de -1,1mm (-3 a 0 mm), no pós-operatório de 1 semana foi de 2,7 mm (1,8 a 3,8 mm), após 1 mês foi de 1,8 mm e após 1 ano, de 1,7mm (1 a 2,5 mm). O índice de satisfação foi de 80% (12 pacientes). Dos 3 pacientes insatisfeitos, 1 teve extrusão e infecção com posterior explante do fio, 1 apresentou assimetria maior que 2mm e 1 evoluiu com lagoftalmo persistente e ceratite puntacta, com posterior explante do silicone. Conclusão: O uso do fio de silicone com fixação tarsal usando uma agulha alternativa, se mostrou eficaz no tratamento da blefaroptose severa, com poucas complicações, baixo índice de insatisfação e boa estabilidade dos resultados no período de seguimento.

Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Silicones , Suture Techniques/instrumentation , Blepharoplasty/instrumentation , Blepharoplasty/methods , Needles , Oculomotor Muscles/surgery , Blepharoptosis/surgery , Blepharoptosis/congenital , Prospective Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Treatment Outcome , Patient Satisfaction , Eyelids/surgery , Facial Muscles/surgery
Rev. bras. cir. plást ; 31(1): 19-24, jan.-mar. 2016. ilus
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1496


INTRODUÇÃO: A mamoplastia é uma das cirurgias plásticas mais realizadas no mundo. Diversas técnicas são descritas para redução do volume mamário e mastopexia. A fixação dos pilares da mama tem sido feita tradicionalmente com suturas a partir do centro da mama, empregando agulhas padronizadas, comercialmente disponíveis, com objetivo de manter a forma cônica da mama. O artigo relata uma técnica alternativa para sutura dos pilares da mama nas mamoplastias, empregando suturas circunferenciais, utilizando a agulha de Brito-Moscozo. MÉTODO: Foi descrita a técnica de sutura circunferencial dos pilares da mama e material empregado. RESULTADOS: No período de dezembro de 2013 a janeiro de 2015 foram operados 22 casos de Mamoplastia redutora e mastopexia com sutura circunferencial dos pilares. Não houve complicações relacionadas à técnica empregada. CONCLUSÃO: Pôde-se constatar a aplicabilidade da sutura circunferencial dos pilares da mama com emprego da agulha de Brito-Moscozo, como alternativa à sutura clássica no centro da mama, em todos os casos operados, com menos uso de suturas e menor tempo cirúrgico.

INTRODUCTION: Mammoplasty is one of the most common plastic surgeries in the world. Several techniques have been described for breast volume reduction and mastopexy. For maintaining the conical shape of the breast, breast pillars have been traditionally fixed with sutures from the center of the breast by using commercially available standardized needles. This paper reports an alternative suture technique that uses a Brito-Moscozo needle to create circumferential sutures around the breast pillars during mammoplasty. METHODS: We describe a circumferential suture technique for the breast pillars and the material used. RESULTS: From December 2013 to January 2015, 22 cases of reduction mammoplasty and mastopexy were performed with circumferential sutures around the breast pillars. No complications related to the technique were observed. CONCLUSION: This study verified the applicability of our circumferential suture technique that used a Brito-Moscozo needle to fix the breast pillars. In all the patients who underwent the procedure as an alternative to conventional suture in the center of the breast, fewer sutures and shorter surgical time were required.

Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , History, 21st Century , Sutures , Breast , Retrospective Studies , Suture Techniques , Mammaplasty , Mammary Glands, Human , Equipment and Supplies , Sutures/standards , Breast/surgery , Suture Techniques/instrumentation , Mammaplasty/methods , Mammary Glands, Human/surgery , Equipment and Supplies/standards
s.l; s.n; 2016. tab.
Non-conventional in Spanish | LILACS, BRISA | ID: biblio-833413


La evidencia encontrada fue insuficiente para demostrar superioridad del grapado sobre la técnica de sutura manual en cirugía de anastomosis colorectal, independientemente del nivel de anastomosis, por lo que se recomienda brindar la tecnología en el marco del desarrollo de un Protocolo de Investigación Observacional, de acuerdo a la Directiva N° 003-INS/OGITT-V.01 del Instituto Nacional de Salud, aprobada mediante Resolución Jefatural N° 157-2010-J-OPE/INS, que lo define a aquel en la que el investigador se limita a "la observación y el registro" de los acontecimientos sin intervención alguna en el curso natural de estos. De esta manera se podrá hacer seguimiento al paciente al utilizar la tecnología y tener constancia documentada de su evolución y resultados. Sin la constancia de registro del protocolo de investigación observacional en el Instituto Nacional de Salud, el Seguro Integral de Salud no reconocerá el pago respectivo a la IPRESS.(AU)

Anastomosis, Surgical/methods , Colorectal Surgery/instrumentation , Colorectal Surgery/methods , Suture Techniques , Suture Techniques/instrumentation , Technology Assessment, Biomedical
Femina ; 42(6): 265-276, nov-dez. 2014. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-749147


A hemorragia pós-parto é uma complicação presente em mais de 18% dos nascimentos e é responsável por cerca de 25 a 30% das mortes maternas no mundo. Nas últimas décadas, várias técnicas conservadoras visando o controle hemorrágico no período pós-parto têm sido relatadas, com destaque para as ligaduras vasculares, suturas uterinas compressivas, embolização arterial, balões intrauterinos e a interrupção do ato operatório com laparostomia, empacotamento pélvico e posterior abordagem cirúrgica. O presente artigo apresenta uma revisão das suturas uterinas compressivas, com destaque para a cronologia de criação das técnicas de execução, e as publicações em periódicos. São descritas as suturas de Schnarwyler, B-Lynch, Cho, Hayman, Bhal, Pereira, Ouabha, Hackethal, Meydanli, Marasinghe-Condous, Matsubara-Yano, Zheng e a técnica de Halder. Foram detalhadas também as indicações, as técnicas associadas e as complicações.(AU)

Postpartum hemorrhage is present in over 18% of births and accounts for 25 to 30% of maternal deaths worldwide. In the last decades, several conservative techniques direct at controlling hemorrhage in the postpartum period have been reported, principally vascular ligatures, uterine compression sutures, arterial embolization, intrauterine balloons and surgery interruption with laparostomy, pelvic packing and subsequent surgical intervention. This article presents a review of uterine compression sutures, especially the chronology of creation of the execution techniques and publications in journals. Schnarwyler, B-Lynch, Cho, Hayman, Bhal, Pereira, Ouabha, Hackethal, Meydanli, Marasinghe-Condous, Matsubara-Yano, Zheng and Halder sutures were reviewed. Indications, associated techniques and complications were also detailed.(AU)

Female , Pregnancy , Sutures , Sutures/adverse effects , Suture Techniques/adverse effects , Suture Techniques/instrumentation , Postpartum Hemorrhage/surgery , Postpartum Hemorrhage/epidemiology , Maternal Mortality , Databases, Bibliographic , Hysterectomy
Femina ; 42(4): 193-201, jul-ago. 2014. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-737136


A hemorragia pós-parto é uma complicação presente em mais de 18% dos nascimentos e responsável por cerca de 25 a 30% das mortes maternas no mundo. No Brasil, apesar da ampliação do acesso aos serviços de saúde e da melhoria em praticamente todos os indicadores de saúde materna, esta etiologia continua se apresentando entre os três principais grupos de causas de morte no ciclo grávido-puerperal. Nas últimas décadas, várias técnicas conservadoras visando o controle hemorrágico no período pós-parto têm sido relatadas, com destaque para as técnicas de desvascularização uterina, suturas compressivas, embolização arterial, balões intrauterinos e a interrupção do ato operatório com laparostomia, empacotamento pélvico e posterior reabordagem cirúrgica. O presente artigo apresenta uma revisão do uso de balões intrauterinos no controle hemorrágico com destaque para os tipos, aplicabilidades e cronologia de invenção e publicações. Foram avaliados os balões de Sengstaken-Blakemore, os artesanais, as sondas de Foley, balão de Rusch, de Bakri e o BT-cath. Detalhou-se também o teste do tamponamento e a técnica do "sanduíche uterino".(AU)

Postpartum hemorrhage is present in over 18% of births and accounts for 25-30% of maternal deaths worldwide. In Brazil, despite the expansion of access to health care and the improvement of virtually all maternal health indicators, such etiology is still present among the three main causes of death during pregnancy and childbirth. In the last decades, several conservative techniques direct at controlling hemorrhage in the postpartum period have been reported, principally techniques of uterine devascularization, compression sutures, arterial embolization, intrauterine balloons and surgery interruption with laparostomy, pelvic packing and subsequent surgical intervention. This article presents a review of the use of intrauterine balloons in controlling hemorrhage especially types, applicability and chronology of invention and publications. Sengstaken-Blakemore balloons, the artisanal, Foley probes, Rusch balloon, Bakri and BT-cath were reviewed. The tamponade test and the "uterine sandwich" technique were also detailed.(AU)

Female , Pregnancy , Suture Techniques/instrumentation , Balloon Occlusion/instrumentation , Uterine Balloon Tamponade/instrumentation , Uterine Balloon Tamponade/methods , Postpartum Hemorrhage/mortality , Postpartum Hemorrhage/therapy , Postpartum Hemorrhage/epidemiology , Maternal Mortality , Balloon Occlusion/methods , Obstetric Labor Complications