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1.
West China Journal of Stomatology ; (6): 293-299, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878446

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#This study aimed to evaluate the application value of a modified retroauricular hairline incision and a sternocleidomastoid flap with an inferior pedicle in the resection of benign parotid gland tumors.@*METHODS@#Forty-eight patients with benign parotid gland tumors were retrospectively analyzed: 19 cases were included in the experimental group with an improved retroauricular hairline incision and a sternocleidomastoid flap with an inferior pedicle, and 29 cases were assigned in the control group with a modified facelift incision. Operation time, postoperative drainage, postoperative esthetic degree, and incidence of facial nerve paralysis, salivary fistula, and Frey's syndrome were compared.@*RESULTS@#After the esthetic procedure, the average score of the experimental group was higher than that of the control group, and the esthetic effect of the former was better than that of the latter (@*CONCLUSIONS@#The modified retroauricular hairline incision and sternocleidomastoid flap with an inferior pedicle can be applied to resect benign parotid gland tumors safely. It shows a better cosmetic effect and does not cause obvious postoperative complications. Therefore, it should be promoted for tumor treatments.


Subject(s)
Humans , Esthetics, Dental , Parotid Gland/surgery , Parotid Neoplasms/surgery , Postoperative Complications , Retrospective Studies , Sweating, Gustatory
2.
West China Journal of Stomatology ; (6): 37-41, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781348

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To propose and evaluate the clinical effect of midpiece facial nerve dissection through transparotid approach in regional parotidectomy.@*METHODS@#A total of 136 patients with benign parotid tumors were categorized into three groups according to the way of facial nerve dissection: anterograde dissection from main trunk (anterograde, n=70), retrograde dissection from distal branches (retrograde, n=34), and midpiece dissection through transparotid approach (middle dissection, n=32). Surgery duration, facial nerve injury, salivary fistula, earlobe sensation, Frey's syndrome, and aesthetic evaluation were compared.@*RESULTS@#The surgery duration in the middle dissection group was significantly shorter than that in the other two groups. The proportion of salivary fistula was higher in the anterograde group (9 cases, 12.9%; P<0.05) compared with that in the other groups. Postoperative facial nerve injury was similar between the middle dissection (1 case, 3.1%) and anterograde groups (3 cases, 4.3%) with lower injury rate compared with the retrograde group (7 cases, 20.6%). The anterograde group had more cases of hypoesthesia of the earlobe (12 cases, 17.1%; P<0.05) than the other two groups. Aesthetic score was higher in the anterograde and middle dissection groups compared with that in the retrograde group (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Midpiece facial nerve dissection is technically feasible and clinically viable in regional parotidectomy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Esthetics, Dental , Facial Nerve , Parotid Gland , Parotid Neoplasms , Postoperative Complications , Retrospective Studies , Sweating, Gustatory
3.
Journal of Clinical Neurology ; : 585-587, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-764351

ABSTRACT

No abstract available.


Subject(s)
Axons , Reflex , Sweating, Gustatory
4.
Archives of Craniofacial Surgery ; : 176-180, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762768

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Parotidectomy is the treatment of choice in many parotid tumors. Due to the extensive nature of the procedure, unfavorable complications such as gustatory sweating, surgical site depression are common. Various techniques using fascia, muscle or AlloDerm have been developed but debate still remains regarding its availability and affordability. We applied a newly developed acellular dermal matrix (Insuregraf) to the parotidectomy field to act as a physical barrier and to provide adequate filling effect for prevention of functional and aesthetic complications. METHODS: From March 2010 to March 2017, 30 patients with parotid tumors underwent superficial parotidectomy. Twenty patients underwent only superficial parotidectomy. Ten patients had Insuregraf applied to the surgical site after superficial parotidectomy. We evaluated the incidence of Frey’s syndrome, surgical site depression, and patient satisfaction rate in both groups. RESULTS: The incidence of Frey’s syndrome was lower in the Insuregraf group (0 vs. 2). Surgical site depression was also lower in the Insuregraf group (2 vs. 20). Satisfaction score for facial contour in Insuregraf group was 9.2 out of 10, which was comparable to 6.2 out of 10 in the control group. CONCLUSION: Application of Insuregraf after superficial parotidectomy is an effective surgical procedure to prevent complications such as Frey’s syndrome and surgical site depression. This technique is affordable and safe with no immune reactions. Above all this surgical method should be considered as an option for patients who are concerned about the contour of the face after surgery.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acellular Dermis , Architectural Accessibility , Collagen , Depression , Facial Asymmetry , Fascia , Incidence , Methods , Parotid Neoplasms , Patient Satisfaction , Sweating, Gustatory
6.
Archives of Craniofacial Surgery ; : 132-136, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-131760

ABSTRACT

Frey's syndrome and infra-auricular depressed deformities are the ones of the most common complications that can occur after total parotidectomy. We report 1 case of pleomorphic adenoma occurred in the deep lobe that obtained good results from using acellular dermal matrix (ADM) after total parotidectomy. A 24-year-old man visited the hospital with oval shape mass in right mandibular angle which of 4 cm in size was found in the deep lobe of right parotid gland from Magnetic resonance imaging scanning and a pleomorphic adenoma was suspected. A total parotidectomy was performed while preserving the facial nerve. The material known as ADM were placed in the depressed part from where the mass was removed, and the site was sutured. The surgery site was healed well without any complications such as Frey's syndrome or infra-auricular depressed deformities. The pathological result was confirmed as pleomorphic adenoma. In addition to these advantages, it does not have little potential of deformation by the gravity after the surgery, and there is no restraint on circulation, which makes fabrication free and each deformation into various shapes can be described as another advantage of the reconstruction using the ADM.


Subject(s)
Humans , Young Adult , Acellular Dermis , Adenoma, Pleomorphic , Congenital Abnormalities , Facial Nerve , Gravitation , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Parotid Gland , Parotid Neoplasms , Sweating, Gustatory
7.
Archives of Craniofacial Surgery ; : 132-136, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-131757

ABSTRACT

Frey's syndrome and infra-auricular depressed deformities are the ones of the most common complications that can occur after total parotidectomy. We report 1 case of pleomorphic adenoma occurred in the deep lobe that obtained good results from using acellular dermal matrix (ADM) after total parotidectomy. A 24-year-old man visited the hospital with oval shape mass in right mandibular angle which of 4 cm in size was found in the deep lobe of right parotid gland from Magnetic resonance imaging scanning and a pleomorphic adenoma was suspected. A total parotidectomy was performed while preserving the facial nerve. The material known as ADM were placed in the depressed part from where the mass was removed, and the site was sutured. The surgery site was healed well without any complications such as Frey's syndrome or infra-auricular depressed deformities. The pathological result was confirmed as pleomorphic adenoma. In addition to these advantages, it does not have little potential of deformation by the gravity after the surgery, and there is no restraint on circulation, which makes fabrication free and each deformation into various shapes can be described as another advantage of the reconstruction using the ADM.


Subject(s)
Humans , Young Adult , Acellular Dermis , Adenoma, Pleomorphic , Congenital Abnormalities , Facial Nerve , Gravitation , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Parotid Gland , Parotid Neoplasms , Sweating, Gustatory
8.
Int. arch. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 19(4): 319-324, Oct.-Dec. 2015. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-768344

ABSTRACT

Introduction Most patients after either superficial or total parotidectomy develop facial deformity and Frey syndrome, which leads to a significant degree of patient dissatisfaction. Objective Assess the functional outcome and esthetic results of the superiorly based sternocleidomastoid muscle (SCM) flap after superficial or total parotidectomy. Methods A prospective cohort study for 11 patients subjected to parotidectomy using a partial-thickness superiorly based SCM flap. The functional outcome (Frey syndrome, facial nerve involvement, and ear lobule sensation) and the esthetic results were evaluated subjectively and objectively. Results Facial nerve palsy occurred in 5 cases (45%), and all of them recovered completely within 6 months. The Minor starch iodine test was positive in 3 patients (27%), although only 1 (9%) subjectively complained of gustatory sweating. The designed visual analog score completed by the patients themselves ranged from 0 to 3 with amean of 1.55 _ 0.93; the scores fromthe blinded evaluators ranged from1 to 3 with a mean 1.64 _ 0.67. Conclusion The partial-thickness superiorly based SCM flap offers a reasonable cosmetic option for reconstruction following either superficial or total parotidectomy by improving the facial deformity. The flap also lowers the incidence of Frey syndrome objectively and subjectively with no reported hazard of the spinal accessory nerve.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Facial Paralysis/etiology , Parathyroid Glands , Sweating, Gustatory , Plastic Surgery Procedures , Surgical Flaps
9.
Rev. Asoc. Odontol. Argent ; 103(3): 116-119, jul.-sept. 2015. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-768635

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: determinar la terapéutica más efectiva para el tratamiento del síndrome de Frey. Caso clínico: un paciente de sexo femenino, de 68 años de edad, se presentó a la consulta en el Servicio de Cirugía Bucomaxilofacial de la Unidad Asistencial Por + Salud Dr. César Milstein, por sudoración cervical molesta del lado izquierdo. Fue tratada con infiltración subcutánea de toxina botulínica por desarrollar síndrome de Frey posparotidectomía. Conclusión: actualmente, la infiltración subcutánea de toxina botulínica de tipo A constituye la primera opción de tratamiento, pues brinda resultados efectivos y seguros.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Parotid Gland/pathology , Sweating, Gustatory/complications , Botulinum Toxins, Type A/therapeutic use , Argentina , Dental Care for Chronically Ill/methods , Dental Service, Hospital
10.
Rev. bras. anestesiol ; 65(2): 111-116, Mar-Apr/2015. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-741709

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Painful phenomenon is one of the most important and complex experiences. Phentolamine is a non-selective alpha-adrenergic antagonist. The objective of this study was to compare the effect of increasing doses of phentolamine into subarachnoid space in rats in the modulation of painful phenomenon. METHODS: 84 male Wistar rats were divided into formalin and plantar incision groups, subdivided into six subgroups (n = 7). Control group received only saline (10 µL); active subgroups received phentolamine 10 µmg (GF10), 20 mg (GF20), 30 mg (GF30), 40 mg (GF40), and 50 g (GF50). In formalin group, pain was induced by injection of 50 µL of 2% formalin in dorsal region of right posterior paw. In plantar incision group, pain was induced by plantar incision and evaluated using von Frey filaments. Induction and maintenance of anesthesia were performed with 3% halothane for catheter placement into subarachnoid space and plantar incision. Statistical analysis was performed using the JMP program from SAS with 5% significance level. RESULTS: Phentolamine at doses of 20 and 30 g increased the algesic response in the intermediate phase of the formalin test. In plantar incision test, it had hyperalgic effect on first, third, fifth, and seventh days at a dose of 10 g and on first, third, and fifth days at a dose of 20 g and on fifth day at a dose of 30 g. CONCLUSION: Subarachnoid administration of phentolamine showed hyperalgesic effect, possibly due to the involvement of different subclasses of alpha-adrenergic receptors in modulating pain pathways. .


JUSTIFICATIVA E OBJETIVOS: O fenômeno doloroso é uma das mais importantes e complexas experiências. A fentolamina é antagonista alfa-adrenérgico não seletivo. O objetivo foi comparar os efeitos de doses crescentes da fentolamina, por via subaracnóidea, em ratos na modulação do fenômeno doloroso. MÉTODO: Foram usados 84 ratos Wistar machos, divididos nos grupos formalina e incisão plantar, subdivididos em seis subgrupos (n = 7). No subgrupo controle (GC) apenas salina (10 µL), nos subgrupos ativos, 10 µg de fentolamina (GF10), 20 µg (GF20), 30 µg (GF30), 40 µg (GF40) e 50 µg (GF50). No grupo formalina, a dor foi induzida com injeção de 50 µL de formalina a 2%, na região dorsal da pata posterior direita. No grupo incisão plantar, a dor foi induzida por incisão plantar e avaliação pelos filamentos de Von Frey. Indução e manutenção anestésica com halotano a 3% para introdução de cateter no espaço subaracnóideo e feitura da incisão plantar. Análise estatística dos resultados pelo programa JMP do SAS com nível de significância 5%. RESULTADOS: A fentolamina nas doses de 20 e 30 µg produziu aumento da resposta álgica na fase intermediária do teste da formalina. No teste da incisão plantar, promoveu efeito hiperálgico no primeiro, terceiro, quinto e sétimo dias na dose de 10 µg, no primeiro, terceiro e quinto dias na dose de 20 µg e no quinto dia na dose de 30 µg. CONCLUSÃO: A fentolamina por via subaracnóidea promoveu efeito hiperálgico, possivelmente pela participação de diferentes subclasses de receptores alfa-adrenérgicos nas vias modulatórias da dor. .


JUSTIFICACIÓN Y OBJETIVOS: El fenómeno doloroso es una de las más importantes y complejas experiencias. La fentolamina es un antagonista alfaadrenérgico no selectivo. El objetivo fue comparar los efectos de dosis crecientes de fentolamina por vía subaracnoidea en la modulación del fenómeno doloroso en ratones. MÉTODO: Fueron usados 84 ratones Wistar machos, divididos en los grupos formalina e incisión plantar, subdivididos en 6 subgrupos (n = 7). En el subgrupo control (GC) solamente se administró solución salina (10 µL); en los subgrupos activos, 10 µg de fentolamina (GF10), 20 µg (GF20), 30 µg (GF30), 40 µg (GF40) y 50 µg (GF50). En el grupo formalina, el dolor fue inducido con una inyección de 50 µL de formalina al 2% en la región dorsal de la pata posterior derecha. En el grupo incisión plantar, el dolor se indujo por incisión plantar y evaluación por los filamentos de Von Frey. La inducción y el mantenimiento anestésico se llevó a cabo con halotano al 3% para la introducción de catéter en el espacio subaracnoideo y la realización de la incisión plantar. El análisis estadístico de los resultados se hizo mediante el programa JMP(r) del SAS con un nivel de significación del 5%. RESULTADOS: La fentolamina en las dosis de 20 y 30 µg produjo un aumento de la respuesta de dolor en la fase intermedia del test de la formalina. En el test de la incisión plantar, generó un efecto hiperalgésico en el primero, tercero, quinto y séptimo días con dosis de 10 µg; en el primero, tercero y quinto días con dosis de 20 µg; y en el quinto día con dosis de 30 µg. CONCLUSIÓN: La fentolamina por vía subaracnoidea generó un efecto hiperalgésico posiblemente por la participación de diferentes subclases de receptores alfaadrenérgicos en las vías moduladoras del dolor. .


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Phentolamine/pharmacology , Pain Measurement/methods , Sweating, Gustatory
12.
Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (24): 1360-1362, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-749167

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study our experiences on deep lobe tumor parotidectomy with preservation of the superficial lobe of the parotid gland.@*METHOD@#Eleven cases of benign tumor in the deep lobe of the parotid gland were analyzed restrospectively. Tumour recurrence, Frey's syndrome, paralysis of facial nerve, salivary fistula, dry mouth and feeling around the auricular lobule were evaluated.@*RESULT@#Numbness around the auricular lobule appeared in 2 cases and salivary fistula appeared in 1 case, transient facial paralysis in 1 case. There were no patients appeared Frey's syndrome, dry mouth, permanent facial paralysis and recurrence in the 1-3 years followed up time.@*CONCLUSION@#Deep lobe tumor parotidectomy with preservation of the superficial lobe improves the cosmetics and the feeling around the auricular lobule, reduces the incidence rate of Frey's syndrome, facial paralysis and dry mouth.


Subject(s)
Humans , Ear Auricle , Face , Facial Paralysis , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Organ Sparing Treatments , Parotid Gland , General Surgery , Parotid Neoplasms , General Surgery , Postoperative Complications , Pathology , Retrospective Studies , Sweating, Gustatory , Xerostomia
13.
Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery ; : 40-2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-55302

ABSTRACT

Surgical procedures for parotidectomy had been developed to gain adequate approach, prevent morbidity of nerve, and give esthetic satisfaction. We performed two cases of parotidectomy through facelift incision. One case was reconstructed with superficial musculoaponeurotic system (SMAS) flap and sternocleidomastoid (SCM) muscle rotated flap at the parotid bed. In second case, same procedures were performed, but collagen membrane was additionally implanted for prevention of Frey's syndrome. After surgery, two cases showed esthetic results without neck scar and hollow defect on parotid bed area.


Subject(s)
Cicatrix , Collagen , Membranes , Neck , Rhytidoplasty , Sweating, Gustatory
15.
Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (24): 1949-1951, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-748936

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study our experiences in anatomy of marginal mandibular branch of facial never in partial parotidectomy.@*METHOD@#Thirty-eight cases receiving partial parotidectomy were analyzed retrospectively, and marginal mandibular branch of facial nerve were separated in all cases.@*RESULT@#Temporary facial paralysis appeared in 2 cases and Frey's syndrome appeared in 2 cases. There was no patient appeared the recurrence in the 1-3 years followed up time.@*CONCLUSION@#Partial parotidectomy with anatomy of marginal mandibular branch of facial nerve is a safe, effective and minimally invasive therapeutic method for benign tumor on parotid gland (<5 cm).


Subject(s)
Humans , Face , Facial Nerve , Facial Paralysis , Mandible , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Parotid Gland , Parotid Neoplasms , General Surgery , Postoperative Complications , Retrospective Studies , Sweating, Gustatory
16.
Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology ; : 119-122, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-173820

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the usefulness of retroauricular hair line incision (RAHI) in partial superficial parotidectomy by comparison with modified Blair incision or facelift incision. METHODS: Medical records of 73 patients with benign parotid tumor who underwent partial superficial parotidectomy were retrospectively reviewed. Size and location of tumors, operative time, occurrence of facial nerve paralysis and Frey's syndrome, and cosmetic outcomes were compared among RAHI, facelift incision (FLI), modified Blair incision (MBI) groups. RESULTS: RAHI group showed better cosmetic results than FLI group or MBI group compared with other type of incisions (P0.999), occurrence of temporary or permanent facial nerve paralysis (P=0.745) and Frey's syndrome (P=0.940). CONCLUSION: Partial superficial parotidectomy can be done safely by RAHI in most cases of benign parotid tumor. Compared with MBI or FLI, RAHI has better cosmetic outcome with no increase of operative time or postoperative complications.


Subject(s)
Humans , Facial Nerve , Hair , Medical Records , Operative Time , Paralysis , Parotid Gland , Postoperative Complications , Retrospective Studies , Rhytidoplasty , Sweating, Gustatory
17.
Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (24): 804-806, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-749245

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To introduce a new method of complete remaining parotid fascia in parotidectomy, preventing Frey's syndrome.@*METHOD@#Thirty-five patients with benign tumor in the parotid gland were treated by remaining parotid fascia. All 35 patients were followed up after 6 months to 24 months.@*RESULT@#The parotid fasciae of 26 out of 35 were remained completely and none of these 26 patients developed Frey's syndrome. The parotid fasciae of 9 out of 35 were excised partly and Frey's syndrome occurred in 2 of these 9 patients. There was significant difference of Frey's syndrome between the parotid fasciae being remained completely and the parotid fasciae being remained partly.@*CONCLUSION@#The parotid fascia could be reserved completely in parotidectomy. The complete parotid fascia could prevent Frey's syndrome in the patients after undergoing parotidectomy.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Child , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Fasciotomy , Parotid Gland , General Surgery , Parotid Neoplasms , General Surgery , Postoperative Complications , Sweating, Gustatory
18.
Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology ; : 249-253, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-147741

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: To correlate Frey's syndrome with subjective symptoms, Minor's starch iodine test results, and infrared thermography measurements, and to discuss the utility of thermography as a quantitative diagnostic method. METHODS: This study included 59 patients who underwent unilateral parotidectomy. A subjective clinical questionnaire and an objective Minor's starch iodine test were performed to evaluate the incidence of Frey's syndrome. Infrared thermography was performed, and the subjects were divided into seven groups according to the temperature differences between operated and unoperated sites. The thermal differences were correlated with the results from Minor's starch iodine test and the subjective symptoms questionnaire. RESULTS: Of the 59 patients, 20 patients (33.9%) reported subjective symptoms after eating; 30 patients (50.8%) tested positive for Minor's starch iodine test, 19 patients (63.3%) of which reported subjective symptoms. Of the 29 patients who were negative for the iodine test, 2 patients (6.9%) reported subjective symptoms. Thus, subjective symptoms were well correlated with Minor's starch iodine test (r=0.589, P<0.001). As the thermal differences with infrared thermography increased, the number of patients with subjective symptoms increased (chi2=22.5, P<0.001). Using infrared thermography, the mean temperature difference in the positive group for the iodine test was 0.82degrees C+/-0.26degrees C, and that in the negative group was 0.10degrees C+/-0.47degrees C. With increased thermal differences, more patients showed positivity in the iodine test (chi2=29.9, P<0.001). CONCLUSION: Subjective symptoms, Minor's starch iodine test, and infrared thermography are well correlated with one another. Quantitative thermography provides clues for the wide variation in the incidence of Frey's syndrome, and could be a useful method for diagnosing and studying Frey's syndrome.


Subject(s)
Humans , Eating , Incidence , Iodine , Parotid Gland , Starch , Sweating , Sweating, Gustatory , Thermography , Surveys and Questionnaires
19.
Journal of the Korean Association of Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgeons ; : 376-380, 2013.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-785252
20.
Bahrain Medical Bulletin. 2013; 35 (4): 180-182
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-143102

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to determine the indications of partial superficial parotidectomy with extracapsular dissection and traditional superficial parotidectomy for the removal of pleomorphic adenoma. Retrospective review study. Department of Otorhinolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery, King Abdulaziz University, KSA. Treatment of 30 patients of pleomorphic adenoma is reviewed. Partial superficial parotidectomy [PSP] and extracapsular dissection [ECD] were performed using nerve monitoring. Most of the tumors were 4-5 cm in diameter and located in the lower half of the gland. Postoperatively, we had 5 facial nerves weakness, which resolved within three months. No tumor recurrence or postoperative depression was observed. Some of the gland function was retained. This alternative approach is safe and can be considered in cases of small tumors of the superficial lobe of the parotid gland.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Parotid Neoplasms/surgery , Parotid Gland/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Review Literature as Topic , Sweating, Gustatory , Treatment Outcome , Oral Surgical Procedures/methods
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