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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878992

ABSTRACT

The aim of this paper was to observe the effect of Xinfeng Capsules(XFC)-containing serum on the apoptosis and inflammation of fibroblast-like synoviocytes(FLS) in rheumatoid arthritis(RA) induced by tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α), so as to investigate the mechanism of XFC in the treatment of RA. RA-FLS immortalized cell line was established, and XFC drug-containing serum was prepared. CCK-8, ELISA, RT-qPCR, immunofluorescence and TUNEL were used to observe the effect of XFC-containing serum on RA-FLS apoptosis and inflammatory indexes. CCK-8 results showed that the optimal concentration and time of TNF-α on RA-FLS were 10 ng·mL~(-1) and 48 h, respectively; and the optimal concentration and time of XFC on RA-FLS were 6.48 mg·g~(-1) and 72 h, respectively. The results of ELISA showed that compared with RA-FLS group, the expressions of TNF-α, IL-1β, IL-6, IL-8 in TNF-α+RA-FLS group were significantly increased, while the expressions of IL-4 and IL-10 were significantly decreased(P<0.01); after intervention with XFC-containing serum, the expressions of TNF-α, IL-1β, IL-6, IL-8 were significantly decreased, whereas the expressions of IL-4 and IL-10 were significantly increased(P<0.01). The results of RT-qPCR showed that compared with RA-FLS group, the mRNA expressions of Fas, FasL, caspase-3, caspase-8, Bax, Bcl-X1 in TNF-α+RA-FLS group were significantly decreased, while the mRNA expression of Bcl-2 was significantly increased(P<0.001); after intervention with XFC-containing serum, the mRNA expressions of Fas, FasL, caspase-3, caspase-8, Bax, Bcl-X1 were significantly increased, whereas the mRNA expression of Bcl-2 was significantly decreased(P<0.01). The results of immunofluorescence showed that compared with RA-FLS group, the protein expressions of caspase-3 and Bax in TNF-α+RA-FLS group was significantly lower than those in RA-FLS group(P<0.05); after intervention with XFC-containing serum, the protein expressions of caspase-3 and Bax were significantly increased, whereas the protein expression of Bcl-2 was significantly decreased(P<0.05). TUNEL results showed that compared with RA-FLS group, the apoptosis of TNF-α+RA-FLS group was decreased(P<0.05); after intervention with XFC-containing serum, the apoptosis was significantly increased(P<0.05). One of the mechanisms of XFC in the treatment of RA is to promote the apoptosis of RA-FLS and inhibit its inflammatory reaction.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Arthritis, Rheumatoid/genetics , Capsules , Cells, Cultured , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Fibroblasts , Humans , Inflammation , Synovial Membrane , Synoviocytes , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/genetics
2.
Rev. méd. Minas Gerais ; 31: 31409, 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1291386

ABSTRACT

O lipoma arborescente é uma causa incomum de lesão intra-articular que se apresenta como aumento de volume articular indolor, lentamente progressivo, que persiste por muitos anos e é acompanhado por derrames articulares intermitentes. O envolvimento de sítios extra-articulares é incomum, mas pode ocorrer em bainhas tendíneas e bursas. A ressonância magnética é o melhor exame para o diagnóstico, embora a biópsia sinovial possa ser necessária em alguns casos. Relatamos três casos com o objetivo de destacar o espectro clínico da doença, as características da imagem e a resposta ao tratamento imunossupressor.


Lipoma arborescens is an uncommon cause of intra-articular masses that presents as slowly progressive painless swelling of the joint, which persists for many years and is accompanied by intermittent effusions. Extra-articular site(s) involvement is unusual, but can occur in tendon sheaths and bursas. Magnetic resonance imaging is the best diagnostic exam, although synovial biopsy may be necessary. We report three cases in order to highlight the clinical spectrum and imaging features of the disease, so that early diagnosis and appropriate treatment can be given.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Synovitis , Knee Injuries , Lipoma , Arthritis , Synovial Membrane , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Adipocytes , Synovectomy , Joints
3.
Rev. Asoc. Argent. Ortop. Traumatol ; 85(3): 190-191, ago. 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1340618
4.
Rev. Asoc. Argent. Ortop. Traumatol ; 85(3): 295-298, ago. 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1352335
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828235

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe effects of (, TLZT) gel preparation on p53, miR-502-5p, NF-κBp65 in synovial tissue of knee osteoarthritis (KOA), and to explore mechanism of TLZT gel preparation in treating KOA.@*METHODS@#Thirthy-six Wistar rats aged 8 weeks and weighed 200 to 220 g (meaned 208 g) were randomly divided into normal group, model group and traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) group, 12 rats in each group. KOA model was established by modified Hulth method. After 4 weeks of modeling, TCM group treated with TLZT gel preparation for external use, 3 times daily for 2 weeks;normal group and model group were fed normally without intervention. After treatment, morphological changes of specimens in each group were observed, changes of miR-502-5p in synovial tissue were detected by qPCR, and contents of p53, NF-κBp65, IL-1β, TNF-α, MMP-13 in synovial tissue were detected by qPCR and Western Blot respectively.@*RESULTS@#(1)Morphological observation of specimens showed that the articular cartilage in model group was hyaline and uneven, the synovial membranes were hypertrophic and proliferative with a large number of inflammatory cells infiltrating, the joint fluid was thicker in texture;the articular cartilage in TCM group was more transparent and smooth, synovial hyperplasia was mild with a small amount of inflammatory cell infiltration, the texture of articular fluid was clear and sparse. (2) Compared with normal group, content of miR-502-5p of synovial tissue in model and TCM group were increased, mRNA and expression of p53 decreased, expression of NF-κBp65, IL-1β, TNF-α, MMP-13 increased. (3)Compared with model group, content of miR-502-5p in synovial tissue of TCM group decreased (<0.05), mRNA and protein expression of p53 increased (<0.05), mRNA and protein expression of NF-κBp65, IL-1β, TNF-α, MMP-13 decreased (<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Expression of p53, miR-502 -5p, NF -κBp65 in synovial tissue is closely related to synovial hyperplasia and inflammatory reaction, TLZT gel preparation may reduce proliferation and inflammatory reaction of KOA synovium by regulating the expression of p53, miR- 502-5p, NF-κBp65 in synovial tissues.


Subject(s)
Animals , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , MicroRNAs , Osteoarthritis, Knee , Rats , Rats, Wistar , Synovial Membrane , Tumor Suppressor Protein p53
6.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1211-1216, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877588

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of moxibustion on phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/protein kinase B/mammalian target of rapamycin protein (PI3K/Akt/mTOR) signaling pathway in the foot-pad synovial tissue in rats with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), and to explore the mechanism of moxibustion for treating RA.@*METHODS@#Forty healthy SD rats were randomly divided into a control group, a model group, a moxibustion group, a cigarette-moxibustion group and a medication group, 8 rats in each group. The RA model was established with subcutaneous injection of complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA) in the left hind foot-pad under wind, cold and wet environment in the model group, the moxibustion group, the cigarette-moxibustion group and the medication group. The rats in the moxibustion group were treated with moxibustion at "Zusanli" (ST 36) for 20 min; the rats in the cigarette-moxibustion group were treated with moxibustion of ordinary cigarette at "Zusanli" (ST 36) for 20 min; the rats in the medication group were treated with tripterygium glycosides suspension (0.8 mg/100 g) by gavage. All the intervention was given once a day for 15 days. The left hind foot-pad volume was measured before and after modeling and after 15-day intervention. After 15-day intervention, the serum levels of IL-17 and IL-23 were detected by ELISA method, and the expression levels of PI3K, Akt and mTOR in synovial tissue of left hind foot-pad were detected by Western blot method.@*RESULTS@#The volume of left hind foot-pad, the serum levels of IL-23 and IL-17 and the expression of PI3K, Akt and mTOR in synovial tissue of left hind foot-pad in the model group were higher than those in the control group (@*CONCLUSION@#Moxibustion may play a therapeutic effect on RA by inhibiting the level of IL-23, IL-17 and the activity PI3K/Akt/mTOR, and regulating inflammatory response and autophagy.


Subject(s)
Animals , Arthritis, Rheumatoid/therapy , Moxibustion , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Signal Transduction , Synovial Membrane , TOR Serine-Threonine Kinases
7.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 53(9): e9880, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | ColecionaSUS, LILACS, ColecionaSUS | ID: biblio-1132558

ABSTRACT

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA), psoriatic arthritis (PsA), and ankylosing spondylitis (AS) are inflammatory diseases with different bone remodeling patterns. Fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLS) are cells involved in the transition from an acute and reparable phase to a chronic and persistent stage in these diseases. The distinction of joint phenotypes involves inflammatory cytokines such as tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α), interleukin (IL)-17, and IL-22 directly or through key signaling pathways such as Wnt. To evaluate the role of FLS as the source of Wnt antagonists (sFRP3/FRZB and Dkk1) in the synovia, levels of TNF- α, IL-17, IL-22, Dkk1, and sFRP3 were measured by ELISA directly in the synovial fluid of patients with RA, PsA, or AS. Dkk1 and sFRP3 were also measured in the FLS culture supernatants after different inflammatory stimulus. sFRP3 and Dkk1 are constitutively expressed by FLS. IL-22 and sFRP3 were positively correlated (r=0.76; P<0.01) in synovial fluid. The stimulation of FLS with IL-22, but not TNF-alpha and IL-17, increased the production of sFRP3. No stimulus altered the basal expression of Dkk1. These results showed, for the first time, the ability of IL-22 to increase the expression of sFRP3/FRZB by human FLS in both in vitro and ex vivo models. This finding linked IL-22 to local inhibition of Wnt signaling and possibly to blockade of osteogenesis. Furthermore, FLS presented as a source of this inhibitor in synovial fluid, assigning to this cell a bone injury mechanism.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Interleukins/metabolism , Synoviocytes , Synovial Membrane , Cells, Cultured , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Fibroblasts
8.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 53(11): e10058, 2020. graf
Article in English | ColecionaSUS, LILACS, ColecionaSUS | ID: biblio-1132498

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to explore changes in nanoscale elastic modulus of the synovium using atomic force microscopy (AFM) in addition to investigate changes in synovial histomorphology and secretory function in osteoarthritis (OA) in a rat anterior cruciate ligament transection (ACLT) model. Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly assigned to sham control and ACLT OA groups. All right knee joints were harvested at 4, 8, or 12 weeks (W) after surgery for histological assessment of cartilage damage and synovitis in both the anterior and posterior capsules. AFM imaging and nanoscale biomechanical testing were conducted to measure the elastic modulus of the synovial collagen fibrils. Immunohistochemistry was used to visualize the expression of interleukin-1β (IL-1β), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), and matrix metalloproteinase-3 (MMP-3) in the synovium. The OA groups exhibited progressive development of disease in the cartilage and synovium. Histopathological scores of the synovium in the OA groups increased gradually. Significant differences were observed between all OA groups except for the posterior 4W group. The synovial fibril arrangement in all OA groups was significantly disordered. The synovial fibrils in all ACLT OA groups at each time point were stiffer than those in the sham controls. OA rats displayed a significantly higher expression of IL-1β and MMP3 in the anterior capsule. In summary, synovial stiffening was closely associated with joint degeneration and might be a factor contributing to synovitis and increased production of proinflammatory mediators. Our data provided insights into the role of synovitis, particularly stiffening of the synovium, in OA pathogenesis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Osteoarthritis , Cartilage, Articular , Synovial Membrane , Anterior Cruciate Ligament , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Microscopy, Atomic Force , Elastic Modulus
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828914

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the effect of decoction (DGNTD) on cell apoptosis and TNF receptor super family 6 (Fas)/caspase-8 pathway in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLS).@*METHODS@#FLS isolated from the synovial tissue of RA patients were cultured and identified using immunofluorescence staining. The cells were treated with 10% blank serum (blank control group), 10% sera containing low, moderate or high doses of DGNTD, or 20 μmol/mL KR-33493 (a Fas inhibitor) combined with 10% serum containing high-dose DGNTD. MTT assay was used to detect the proliferation of the cells after the treatments. Apoptosis of the cells was detected at 48 h in each group using Hoechst 33342 staining and flow cytometry with annexin V-FITC/PI staining. The mRNA and protein expressions of Fas, FADD, caspase-8 and caspase-3 in the cells at 48 h were detected using qPCR and Western blotting.@*RESULTS@#Immunofluorescence staining identified the cultured cells as FLS. Treatment with DGNTD-containing sera significantly inhibited the proliferation of FLS, and the inhibitory effects were enhanced as the dose and intervention time increased ( < 0.05). Hoechst 33342 staining and flow cytometry showed that the sera containing different doses of DGNTD significantly promoted apoptosis of FLS ( < 0.05). The expression levels of Fas, FADD, caspase-8, and caspase-3 at both mRNA and protein levels were significantly increased in the cells after treatment with different doses of DGNTD-containing sera ( < 0.05). The application of KR-33493 obviously reversed the effects of DGNTD on the FLS ( < 0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#DGNTD can induce apoptosis of the FLS by activating Fas/caspase-8 signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Arthritis, Rheumatoid , Caspase 8 , Cell Proliferation , Cells, Cultured , Fibroblasts , Synovial Membrane , Synoviocytes
10.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-759616

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a systemic inflammatory disease that manifests as joint damage or athletic disability via sustained inflammation of the synovial membrane. The risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) is higher in RA patients. This study aimed at evaluating the association between CVD comorbidities and RA by comparing a pharmacotherapy group with a non-pharmacotherapy group. METHODS: Patient sample data from the Health Insurance Review and Assessment Service (HIRA-NPS-2016) were used. Inverse probability of treatment weighting (IPTW) using the propensity score was used to minimize the differences in patient characteristics. Logistic regression analysis was used to evaluate the risk of CVD comorbidities. RESULTS: The analyses included 1,207,213 patients, of which 33,122 (2.8%) had RA. The odds ratios (OR) of CVD comorbidities were increased in RA patients; ischemic heart disease (IHD: OR 1.75; 95% CI 1.73, 1.77), cerebral infarction (CERI: OR 1.28; 95% CI 1.26, 1.30), hypertension (HTN: OR 1.44; 95% CI 1.43, 1.45), diabetes mellitus (DM: OR 2.04; 95% CI 2.03, 2.06), and dyslipidemia (DL: OR 3.49; 95% CI 3.47, 3.51). The ORs of IHD, CERI, HTN, and DM in the traditional DMARD and biologic treatment groups were decreased, compared with those in the non-pharmacotherapy group. CONCLUSIONS: Thus, CVD risk was higher in RA patients, considering age, sex, and socioeconomic status. Appropriate pharmacotherapy could decrease the risk of CVD comorbidities in RA patients.


Subject(s)
Antirheumatic Agents , Arthritis, Rheumatoid , Biological Factors , Cardiovascular Diseases , Cerebral Infarction , Comorbidity , Diabetes Mellitus , Drug Therapy , Dyslipidemias , Humans , Hypertension , Inflammation , Insurance, Health , Joints , Logistic Models , Myocardial Ischemia , Odds Ratio , Propensity Score , Social Class , Sports , Synovial Membrane
11.
Korean Journal of Medicine ; : 133-136, 2019.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-741119

ABSTRACT

Pigmented villonodular synovitis is a benign tumor arising from synovial fibroblasts or histiocytes. There are diffuse and localized forms: the former involves the entire synovium and the latter consists of nodules, small tumefactions, or pedunculated masses. The knee is the joint most commonly affected and the clinical diagnosis is difficult, so initial misdiagnosis is common. We report a case of pigmented villonodular synovitis developing in the knee of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patient, mistaken for an RA flare-up.


Subject(s)
Arthritis, Rheumatoid , Diagnosis , Diagnostic Errors , Fibroblasts , Histiocytes , Humans , Joints , Knee , Synovial Membrane , Synovitis, Pigmented Villonodular
12.
Asian Spine Journal ; : 368-376, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762956

ABSTRACT

STUDY DESIGN: Experimental human study. PURPOSE: To determine whether angiopoietin-like protein 2 (ANGPTL2) is highly expressed in the hyperplastic facet joint (FJ) synovium and whether it activates interleukin-6 (IL-6) secretion in FJ synoviocytes. OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: Mechanical stress-induced synovitis is partially, but significantly, responsible for degenerative and subsequently osteoarthritic changes in the FJ tissues in patients with lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS). However, the underlying molecular mechanism remains unclear. IL-6 is highly expressed in degenerative FJ synovial tissue and is responsible for local chronic inflammation. ANGPTL2, an inflammatory and mechanically induced mediator, promotes the expression of IL-6 in many cells. METHODS: FJ tissues were harvested from five patients who had undergone lumbar surgery. Immunohistochemistry for ANGPTL2, IL-6, and cell markers was performed in the FJ tissue samples. After cultured synoviocytes from the FJ tissues were subjected to mechanical stress, ANGPTL2 expression and secretion were measured quantitatively using real-time quantitative reverse-transcription–polymerase chain reaction and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), respectively. Following ANGPTL2 administration in the FJ synoviocytes, anti-nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) activation was investigated using immunocytochemistry, and IL-6 expression and secretion were assayed quantitatively with or without NF-κB inhibitor. Moreover, we assessed whether ANGPTL2-induced IL-6 modulates leucocyte recruitment in the degenerative process by focusing on the monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) expression. RESULTS: ANGPTL2 and IL-6 were highly expressed in the hyperplastic FJ synovium samples. ANGPTL2 was co-expressed in both, fibroblast-like and macrophage-like synoviocytes. Further, the expression and secretion of ANGPTL2 in the FJ synoviocytes increased in response to stimulation by mechanical stretching. ANGPTL2 protein promoted the nuclear translocation of NF-κB and induced IL-6 expression and secretion in the FJ synoviocytes. This effect was reversed following treatment with NF-κB inhibitor. Furthermore, ANGPTL2-induced IL-6 upregulated the MCP-1 expression in the FJ synoviocytes. CONCLUSIONS: Mechanical stress-induced ANGPTL2 promotes chronic inflammation in the FJ synovium by activating IL-6 secretion, leading to FJ degeneration and subsequent LSS.


Subject(s)
Chemokine CCL2 , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Humans , Immunohistochemistry , Inflammation , Interleukin-6 , Spinal Stenosis , Stress, Mechanical , Synovial Membrane , Synovitis , Zygapophyseal Joint
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774535

ABSTRACT

To observe the effect of Fengshi Qutong Capsules(FSQTC) on angiogenesis of rat aortarings and in knee joint synovium of type Ⅱ collagen-induced arthritis(CIA) rats. The blood vessel of aorta rings of normal SD rats were induced by vascular endothelial growth factor(VEGF) 20 μg·L~(-1 )in vitro, and were treated with FSQTC(0.02, 0.1 and 0.5 μg·L~(-1)) continuously for 9 days. The number, length and area of neovascularization of the vascular ring were measured. SD rats were immunized to establish collagen-induced arthritis. CIA rats were treated with FSQTC(0.25, 0.5, 1 g·kg~(-1)·d~(-1)) and methotrexate(0.2 mg·kg~(-1)·d~(-1)) daily for 19 days. Histopathological examination(HE) was performed to observe the vascular morphology and vascular density in the synovial membrane of the inflamed joint. Immunohistochemistry was performed to observe the expression of platelets-endothelial cell adhesion molecule(CD31), VEGF and VEGF receptor 2(VEGFR_2)in the synovium. Immunofluorescence was performed to observe the expression of CD31 and α smooth muscle actin(αSMA) in synovial membrane.TGF-β, PDGF and VEGFR_2 in serum were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The number, branch length and area of blood vessels of aorta rings were significantly increased induced by VEGF, and FSQTC could significantly reduce the number, branch length and area of blood vessels. Compared with the normal group, the vascular density, CD31 positive expression, CD31~+/αSMA~- immature and total vascular positive expression in the synovial membrane of the model group were significantly increased, and so as VEGF and VEGFR_2 in the synovium. The VEGFR_2, TGF-β and PDGF in sera were also significantly increased in model group. FSQTC reduced the synovial vascular density and inhibited the positive expression of CD31, CD31~+/αSMA~- immature blood vessels and total vascular. FSQTC has no significant effect on CD31~+/αSMA~+mature blood vessels. FSQTC also negatively inhibited the expression of VEGF, VEGFR_2, TGF-β and PDGF in synovial membrane and/or sera. The effect of methotrexate is similar with to the high dose group. Our results demonstrated that FSQTC could inhibit the angiogenesis of synovial tissue in CIA rats and of aortaring in rats, which is related to the reduction of angiogenesis regulatory factor.


Subject(s)
Animals , Aorta , Arthritis, Experimental , Drug Therapy , Capsules , Collagen Type II , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Neovascularization, Pathologic , Drug Therapy , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Synovial Membrane , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773698

ABSTRACT

To observe the effect of Tripterygium Glycosides Tablets on angiogenesis of rats with type Ⅱ collagen-induced arthritis( CIA) and on the tube formation of human umbilical vein endothelial cells( HUVEC) in vitro. The HUVEC were induced by 20 μg·L-1 vascular endothelial growth factor( VEGF) in vitro,and were treated with 0. 1,1,10 mg·L-1 Tripterygium Glycosides Tablets continuously for 7 hours. The numbers of branches of tube formation were measured. SD rats were immunized to establish CIA. CIA rats were treated with 9,18,36 mg·kg-1·d-1 Tripterygium Glycosides Tablets for 42 days. Histopathological examination( HE) was performed to observe the vascular morphology and vascular density in the synovial membrane of the inflamed joints. Immunohistochemistry and immunofluorescence were performed to observe the expression of platelets-endothelial cell adhesion molecule( CD31) and αsmooth muscle actin( αSMA) in synovial membrane. Immunohistochemistry and Western blot were performed to observe the expression of hypoxia-inducible factors 1α( HIF1α) and angiotensin 1( Ang1) in the synovial tissue. The results showed that the numbers of branches of tube formation of HUVEC induced by VEGF were improved,and declined significantly after treated by Tripterygium Glycosides Tablets. Compared with the normal group,the vascular density,CD31 positive expression,CD31 +/αSMA-immature and total vascular positive expression in the synovial membrane of the model group were significantly increased,and so as HIF1α and Ang1 in the synovium. Tripterygium Glycosides Tablets reduced the synovial vascular density and inhibited the positive expression of CD31,CD31+/αSMA-immature blood vessels and total vascular,but has no effect on CD31+/αSMA+mature blood vessels. Tripterygium Glycosides Tablets also inhibited the expression of HIF1α and Ang1 in synovial membrane of inflammatory joints. Our results demonstrated that Tripterygium Glycosides Tablets could inhibit the angiogenesis of synovial tissue in CIA rats and the tube formation of HUVEC,which is related to the down-regulation of HIF1α/Ang1 signal axis.


Subject(s)
Angiogenesis Inhibitors , Pharmacology , Angiotensin I , Metabolism , Animals , Arthritis, Experimental , Drug Therapy , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Glycosides , Pharmacology , Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells , Humans , Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 1, alpha Subunit , Metabolism , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Signal Transduction , Synovial Membrane , Tablets , Tripterygium , Chemistry , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773538

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the histopathological features of the synovium between rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and osteoarthritis (OA).@*METHODS@#We retrospectively analyzed the synovial specimens obtained after synovial surgery in 72 cases of RA and 24 cases of OA. Two independent pathologists reviewed the sections of the synovial tissues with HE staining, quantitatively scored the degree of fibroblast-like synoviocyte (FLS) hyperplasia, vascular hyperplasia, fibroplasia, and lymphocyte infiltration, and examined the presence plasma cell infiltration. The pathological morphology of the synovial tissues was evaluated in relation with the clinical data of the patients.@*RESULTS@#Pannus formation was also detected in the synovium of OA patients, which showed a lesser degree of OA-FLS hyperplasia, fibrosis and lymphocyte infiltration and a significantly lower rate of plasma cell infiltration compared with the pannus in RA patients. Vascular proliferation was also milder in the pannus of OA patients than in RA pannus, but the difference was not statistically significant. In OA patients, the pannus could be observed under a microscope and was difficult to distinguish from that in RA patients.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Pannus formation occurs also in the synovium of OA patients but with milder FLS hyperplasia, fibrosis and lymphocyte infiltration and a lower rate of plasma cell infiltration compared with the pannus in RA patients. These differences in the pannus between OA and RA can be of potential value in the diagnosis and treatment of the patients.


Subject(s)
Arthritis, Rheumatoid , Cells, Cultured , Humans , Osteoarthritis, Knee , Retrospective Studies , Synovial Membrane
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776137

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study role of TLR4/NF-κB pathway for early change of synovial membrane in knee osteoarthritis rats.@*METHODS@#Eighteen male SD rats weighted (200±20) g were randomly divided into 2 groups, namely control and model group, and 9 in each group. Knee OA model group was established by using modified Hulth method in model group. Control group was not treated. Synovial tissue and serum was extracted at 4 and 21 d after operation. Expression of CD14, TLR4, IL-1β, TNF-α, ADAMTS-4, MMP-13 were detected by real-time PCR respectively. NF-κB p65 protein was detected by Western-blot; serum concentrations of haluronic acid (HA), N-propeptide of type III procollagen(PIIINP) was detected by Elisa.@*RESULTS@#Expression of CD14, ADAMTS-4, and NF-κB p65 in model group were higher than that of control group at 4 and 21 days after operation, while expression of TLR4, IL-1β, TNF-α and MMP-13 were higher than that of control group at 21 days after operation(<0.01). Concentration of PIIINP and HA in model group were higher than that of control group at 4 days after operation, while there was no significant difference at 21 days after operation.@*CONCLUSIONS@#NF-κB pathway could mediate occurrence of KOA by early activating and triggeringg synovial increasingly secreting inflammatory secretion CD14, TLR4, IL-1β, TNF-α, ADAMTS-4, MMP-13, PIIINP and HA.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , NF-kappa B , Osteoarthritis, Knee , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Signal Transduction , Synovial Membrane , Toll-Like Receptor 4
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775988

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the role of multidrug resistance gene-1(MDR1)gene in methotrexate(MTX)resistance in patients with rheumatoid arthritis(RA).Methods Fibroblast-like synoviocytes(FLS)from RA patients were infected with recombinant adenovirus Ad-EGFP-MDR1 to obtain MDR1 over-expressed RA FLS.The transcription level of MDR1 gene and the expression level of its coding product P-glycoprotein(P-gp) rotein were detected by real-time PCR and Western blot analysis.The efflux function was verified by rhodamine 123 efflux assay.The resistance to MTX was detected by MTT assay.Results RA FLS were infected with recombinant adenovirus Ad-EGFP-MDR1;72 hours later,the particles size in MDR1 over-expressed RA FLS increased,the cell volume became larger,and the growth rate decreased.The transcription level of MDR1(1.4325±0.3924 0.0650±0.0070;=6.035,=0.004),the expression level of P-gp protein(1.8667±0.2857 0.9367±0.0551;=5.536,=0.005),and the ability of extracellular rhodamine 123(979.43±196.81 1680.06±147.04;=-4.940,=0.008) in MDR1 over-expressed RA FLS were significantly higher than those of negative virus control RA-FLS,and the survival rate of MDR1 over-expressed RA FLS was significantly increased at each concentration of MTX(<0.05).Conclusion The high expression of MDR1 can affect the efflux ability to MTX by up-regulating the expression of P-gp,thus enhancing the drug resistance to MTX in RA FLS.


Subject(s)
ATP Binding Cassette Transporter, Subfamily B , Genetics , Arthritis, Rheumatoid , Drug Therapy , Genetics , Cells, Cultured , Drug Resistance , Fibroblasts , Humans , Methotrexate , Pharmacology , Synovial Membrane , Cell Biology
18.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-764829

ABSTRACT

Pigmented villonodular synovitis (PVNS) is a rare proliferative disease involving the synovial membranes. Complete excision with a total synovectomy is important for diffuse type PVNS because of its high recurrence rate. In the ankle, complete excision of diffuse type PVNS is difficult due to the anatomical structure of the ankle joint. This paper reports the author's experience of surgical treatment with combined open and arthroscopic synovectomy. In this manner, it is expected that the complications of the open procedure and the recurrence rate of arthroscopic procedure can be reduced.


Subject(s)
Ankle Joint , Ankle , Recurrence , Synovial Membrane , Synovitis, Pigmented Villonodular
19.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-738417

ABSTRACT

Lipoma arborescens or synovial lipomatosis is a rare disorder that is characterized by mature fat infiltration of the hypertrophic synovial villi, most frequently affecting the supra-patellar pouch of the knee. This paper presents a case of lipoma arborescens of the ankle joint bilaterally in an adult patient with involvement of both the intra-articular synovium and the synovial sheath of the tendons around the ankle.


Subject(s)
Adult , Ankle Joint , Ankle , Humans , Knee , Lipoma , Lipomatosis , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Synovial Membrane , Tendons
20.
Rev. colomb. reumatol ; 25(4): 271-286, oct.-dic. 2018. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-990959

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: La enfermedad periodontal (EP) y la artritis reumatoide (AR) son enfermedades inflamatorias crónicas multifactoriales que tienen en común algunos factores etiopatogénicos y la destrucción de los tejidos dentoalveolares y de las articulaciones sinoviales, de tal forma que se han identificado anticuerpos contra microorganismos periodontales en el fluido crevicular, líquido sinovial y en la membrana sinovial. Objetivo: Identificar, recuperar, analizar críticamente y sintetizar la literatura disponible acerca de la prevalencia de microorganismos periodontales en el líquido sinovial de pacientes con AR. Materiales y métodos: Se realizó búsqueda sistemática en Medline, ScienceDirect, SciELO y Google Scholar a través de los descriptores en salud Rheumatoid arthritis, periodontal microorganisms y synovial fluid. Se incluyeron artículos que describieron la presencia de microorganismos periodontales aislados en líquido sinovial de pacientes diagnosticados con AR. La búsqueda se cerró en febrero de 2017 y fue realizada con metodología PRISMA. Se emplearon las fichas de lectura crítica OSTEBA para valorar la validez externa y el nivel de evidencia de cada artículo en función del rigor metodológico. Resultados: Catorce publicaciones describieron la presencia de microorganismos periodontales en líquido sinovial de pacientes con EP y AR. Seis publicaciones realizaron detección de microorganismos periodontales en muestras de líquido sinovial, identificando en todas a P. gingivalis. Conclusiones: Los estudios incluidos evidenciaron la presencia de microrganismos periodontales en el líquido sinovial en sujetos con EP y AR, asociando la prevalencia de P. gingivalis con el aumento de los niveles de anticuerpos anti-CCP, lo que podría exacerbar los procesos inflamatorios y producir reacciones autoinmunes en AR.


ABSTRACT Introduction: Periodontal disease (PD) and rheumatoid arthritis (RA) are multifactorial chronic inflammatory diseases that share similar aetiopathogenic mechanisms that lead to the destruction of both dental-alveolar tissues and synovial joints, in such way that antibodies against periodontal pathogens have been identified in the crevicular fluid and in the synovial fluid and membranes. Objective: To identify, recover, critically analyze and synthesize the available literature on the prevalence of periodontal microorganisms in synovial fluid of patients with RA. Materials and methods: A systematic search was performed in MEDLINE, ScienceDirect, SciELO and Google Scholar using the medical subject headings "Rheumatoid arthritis", "periodontal microorganisms" and "synovial fluid". Articles were included that described the presence of isolated periodontal pathogens in synovial fluid of patients diagnosed with RA. The search was closed in February 2017 and was performed using PRISMA methodology. The OSTEBA critical reading sheets were used to assess the external validity and level of evidence of each article in terms of methodological rigor. Results: A total of 14 publications were included that described the presence of periodontal pathogens in synovial fluid of patients with PD and RA. Seven publications detected periodontal pathogens in synovial fluid, with P. gingivalis being positive in all of them. Conclusions: The included studies provided evidence of the presence of periodontal microorganisms in the synovial fluid in subjects with PD and RA, associating the prevalence of P. gingivalis with increased levels of anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide (anti-CCP) antibodies, which could exacerbate inflammatory processes and produce autoimmune reactions in RA.


Subject(s)
Arthritis, Rheumatoid , Synovial Fluid , Periodontal Diseases , Synovial Membrane , Gingival Crevicular Fluid
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