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Braz. j. oral sci ; 21: e226351, jan.-dez. 2022. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1355010


Aim: This study aimed to assess the reporting characteristics of systematic review abstracts published in the proceedings of the Sociedade Brasileira de Pesquisa Odontológica (SBPqO) meeting. Methods: We selected abstracts published in the SBPqO meeting proceedings of 2019 and 2020, mentioning that a systematic review was conducted in the title, objective or methods sections. One researcher performed the screening and the data extraction after a pilot test training. The following data were extracted: affiliation of the primary author, dental specialization, the term "systematic review" mentioned in the title, reporting of the objective, reporting of eligibility criteria, reporting of information sources, reporting of the number of included studies and if a meta-analysis was performed. A descriptive analysis of the data was performed with data summarized as frequencies. Results: We included 235 abstracts. A total of 20 studies were from the Universidade de Uberlândia (8.5%), and the main specialization was Restorative and Esthetic Dentistry, with 47 studies (20%). Most of the studies mentioned the term "systematic review" in the title (n=219; 93.2%) and reported the objective (n=231; 98.3%). A great majority of studies did not report the eligibility criteria (n=97; 41.3%) or it was classified as unclear (n=96; 40.8%). The great majority of studies only reported the databases searched (n=103; 43.8%) or databases and date of search (n=74; 31.5%). Most of the studies reported the number of included studies (n=204; 86.8%). Conclusion: Based on this study, the reporting characteristics of systematic review abstracts published in the proceedings of the SBPqO meeting are satisfactory. However, there is room for improvement

Congresses as Topic , Dental Research/statistics & numerical data , Abstracting and Indexing , Research Report , Systematic Reviews as Topic
ABCS health sci ; 47: e022301, 06 abr. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1363562


INTRODUCTION: Tinnitus is a sound perception not related to stimulation. It can significantly impair the quality of life and its treatment is considered one significant challenge of Medicine. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate systematic reviews developed by Cochrane regarding therapeutic interventions for subjective tinnitus. METHODS: It is an overview of Cochrane systematic reviews. We searched systematic reviews on Cochrane Library. The MeSH term "tinnitus" was used for searches. Inclusion criteria involved therapeutic interventions for patients with subjective tinnitus. RESULTS: The search strategy recovered 577 citations with 14 Cochrane systematic reviews. 13 were included because they were focusing on primary tinnitus interventions. One review had no scope of analysis for tinnitus and it was excluded. 7,998 tinnitus patients were evaluated. CONCLUSION: There is a lack of evidence of the effectiveness of any intervention for tinnitus treatment, considering the studies performed so far and compiled in Cochrane systematic reviews.

INTRODUÇÃO: O zumbido é a sensação do som sem que haja estimulação ambiental. Pode prejudicar significativamente a qualidade de vida e seu tratamento é considerado um grande desafio da Medicina. OBJETIVO: Avaliar as revisões sistemáticas desenvolvidas pela Cochrane, no que concerne às intervenções terapêuticas para o zumbido subjetivo. MÉTODOS: Trata-se de overview de revisões sistemáticas Cochrane. Procedeu-se à busca por revisões sistemáticas na Cochrane Library. Foi utilizado o termo DeCS "zumbido". Os critérios de inclusão envolveram intervenções terapêuticas para pacientes com zumbido subjetivo. RESULTADOS: A estratégia de busca recuperou 577 citações e, destas, 14 revisões sistemáticas Cochrane, sendo que 13 enfocavam intervenções primárias para zumbido, sendo estas incluídas neste estudo. Uma revisão não tinha escopo de análise para zumbido e foi excluída. Foram avaliados 7.998 portadores de zumbido. CONCLUSÃO: Há carência de evidência de efetividade de qualquer intervenção, medicamentosa ou não, para tratamento do zumbido, considerando os estudos realizados até o momento e compilados em revisões sistemáticas Cochrane.

Humans , Therapeutics , Tinnitus/therapy , Evidence-Based Medicine , Systematic Reviews as Topic
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922536


BACKGROUND@#Functional constipation (FC) is one of the most prevalent functional gastrointestinal disorders. Dissatisfaction with medications prescribed to treat FC may lead patients to seek alternative treatments. Numerous systematic reviews (SRs) examining the use of acupuncture to treat FC have reported inconsistent results, and the quality of these studies has not been fully evaluated.@*OBJECTIVE@#In this overview, we evaluated and summarized clinical evidence on the effectiveness and safety of acupuncture for treating FC and evaluated the quality and bias of the SRs we reviewed.@*SEARCH STRATEGY@#The search strategy was structured by medical subject headings and search terms such as "acupuncture therapy" and "functional constipation." Electronic searches were conducted in eight databases from their inception to September 2020.@*INCLUSION CRITERIA@#SRs that investigated the effectiveness and safety of acupuncture for managing FC were included.@*DATA EXTRACTION AND ANALYSIS@#Two authors independently extracted information and appraised the methodology, reporting accuracy, quality of evidence, and risk of bias using the following critical appraisal tools: (1) A Measurement Tool to Assess Systematic Reviews 2 (AMSTAR 2); (2) Risk of Bias in Systematic Reviews (ROBIS); (3) Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses for Acupuncture (PRISMA-A); and (4) the Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development and Evaluations (GRADE). A κ index was used to score the level of agreement between the 2 reviewers.@*RESULTS@#Thirteen SRs that examined the clinical utility of acupuncture for treating FC were identified. Using the AMSTAR 2 tool, we rated 92.3% (12/13) of the SRs as "critically low" confidence and one study as "low" confidence. Using the ROBIS criteria, 38.5% (5/13) of the SRs were considered to have "low risk" of bias. Based on PRISMA-A, 76.9% (10/13) of the SRs had over 70% compliance with reporting standards. The inter-rater agreement was good for AMSTAR 2, ROBIS, and PRISMA-A. Using the GRADE tool, we classified 22.5% (9/40) of the measured outcomes as "moderate" quality, 57.5% (23/40) as "low" quality, and 20.0% (8/40) as "very low" quality. The inter-rater agreement was moderate when using GRADE. Descriptive analyses indicated that acupuncture was more efficacious than sham acupuncture for improving weekly complete spontaneous bowel movements (CSBMs) and for raising the Bristol Stool Form Scale (BSFS) score. Acupuncture appeared to be superior to anti-constipation drugs for improving weekly spontaneous bowel movements, the total effective rate, and the Patient Assessment of Constipation Quality of Life score. Although ten SRs mentioned the occurrence of adverse events, serious adverse events were not associated with acupuncture treatment.@*CONCLUSION@#Acupuncture may be more efficacious than sham acupuncture for improving CSBMs and BSFS scores and may be superior to anti-constipation drugs for improving bowel movement frequency, as well as quality of life. Limitations to current studies and inconsistent evidence suggest a need for more rigorous and methodologically sound SRs to draw definitive conclusions.@*SYSTEMATIC REVIEW REGISTRATION@#PROSPERO CRD42020189173.

Acupuncture Therapy , Constipation/therapy , Humans , Quality of Life , Systematic Reviews as Topic
Evid. actual. práct. ambul ; 25(1): e002065, 2022. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS, UNISALUD | ID: biblio-1367549


La depresión es un trastorno del estado de ánimo que se caracteriza por la existencia de un sentimiento de tristeza lo suficientemente intenso como para interferir en el desarrollo de las actividades habituales. A partir de un caso clínico real, en el que una paciente con depresión solicita a su médico de cabecera sumar un suplemento de vitaminas a su plan terapéutico, revisamos la evidencia disponible sobre el uso de estos micronutrientes para el tratamiento de la depresión, y encontramos que no existen pruebas robustas que avalen la suplementación vitamínica en pacientes con este problema de salud. (AU)

Depression is a mood disorder characterised by the existence of a feeling of sadness intense enough to interfere with the performance of normal activities. Based on a real clinical case, in which a patient with depression asked her family doctor to add a vitamin supplement to her therapeutic plan, we reviewed the available evidence on the use of these micronutrients for the treatment of depression and found that there is no robust evidence to support vitamin supplementation in patients with this health problem. (AU)

Humans , Female , Aged, 80 and over , Vitamin B Complex/therapeutic use , Vitamin D/therapeutic use , Depression/drug therapy , Folic Acid/therapeutic use , Anxiety , Exercise , Serotonin Uptake Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Depression/physiopathology , Depression/therapy , Systematic Reviews as Topic , Antidepressive Agents/therapeutic use
Braz. j. oral sci ; 20: e211701, jan.-dez. 2021. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1254532


Aim: This study aimed to evaluate how meta-analyses are conducted and reported in dentistry. Methods: We conducted a search to identify dentistry-related Systematic Reviews (SRs) indexed in PubMed in 2017 (from January 01 until December 31) and published in the English language. We included only SRs reporting at least one meta-analysis. The study selection followed the 4-phase flow set forth in the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses Statement (PRISMA), and it was independently conducted by two researchers. Data extraction was performed by one of three reviewers, and data related to conducting and reporting of the meta-analysis were collected. Descriptive data analysis was performed summarizing frequencies for categorical items or median and interquartile range for continuous data. Results: We included 214 SRs with meta-analyses. Most of the studies reported in the title that a meta-analysis was conducted. We identified three critical flaws in the included studies: Ninety (90) meta-analyses (43.1%) did not specify the primary outcome; most of the meta-analyses reported that a measure of statistical heterogeneity was used to justify the use of a fixed-effect or random-effects meta-analysis model (n=114, 58.5%); and a great part did not assess publication bias (n=106, 49.5%). Conclusion: We identified deficiencies in the reporting and conduct of meta-analysis in dentistry, suggesting that there is room for improvement. Educational approaches are necessary to improve the quality of such analyses and to avoid biased and imprecise results

Oral Health , Research Report , Systematic Reviews as Topic
Braz. j. oral sci ; 20: e213641, jan.-dez. 2021. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1254539


Aim: To review the current literature regarding the bond strength of self-adhesive flowable resin composites (SAFRCs) to tooth structure, comparing the outcomes with conventional flowable resin composites (CFRCs). Methods: PubMed/Medline, EbscoHost and Scopus databases were screened (last update on November 2020) using related Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) and free terms. We included in vitro studies published in English language comparing the bond strength of SAFRCs and CFRCs to enamel and/or dentin from primary and/or permanent teeth. Results: In total, 23 articles were included. Unlike CFRCs, SAFRCs such as Vertise® Flow and Fusio™ Liquid Dentin exhibited statistically lower bond strength to enamel and dentin from permanent teeth. There were limited studies comparing the enamel bond strength of CFRCs and SAFRCs (prior phosphoric acid etching and/or adhesive system use). Also, we found few studies that evaluated the bonding effectiveness of Constic® and other SAFRCs to primary teeth. Conclusions: Current SAFRCs showed low bond strength to permanent teeth, which impedes to recommend them as a reliable alternative to CFRCs. The bonding performance of Constic® on both hard dental tissues should be evaluated on future studies. Also, more evidence assessing the bond strength of SAFRCs to primary teeth and etched enamel is needed

Dental Bonding , Composite Resins , Systematic Reviews as Topic
Braz. j. oral sci ; 20: e211223, jan.-dez. 2021. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1254623


Aim: Verify the accuracy of objective assessments compared to subjective tests in detecting changes in somatosensory perception in individuals affected by maxillofacial trauma. Methods: The review (PROSPERO n ° CRD42019125546) used the databases: MEDLINE, Cochrane, EMBASE, LILACS and other bibliographic resources. Prospective and retrospective studies that used objective and subjective methods of assessing facial sensitivity in maxillofacial fractures were included. There was no restriction on language or publication date. Risk of bias was assessed using the QUADAS-2. Data extraction and analysis were performed using a form developed for the study. Results: 21 studies were included. The clinical objective examination mainly includes assessments of: tactile sensitivity (95.24%) and nociceptive sensitivity (57.14%). The subjective assessment was based on the patient's report, spontaneously (61.90%), guided by structured questionnaires (33.33%) and/or using scales (9.52%) to measure the degree of impairment. In risk of bias assessment, were observed no adequate interpretation and classification of changes in subjective sensitivity, subject to inappropriate analysis of the data. In addition, the studies bring several instruments without standardization for assessing sensory modalities. Conclusion: The objective assessment is a complement to the subjective assessment, using the touch assessment as the main parameter in the profile of the facial peripheral integrity, associated or not with nociceptive assessment. Lack of consensus on the indication of specific instruments for testing is a limiting factor. Thus, based on the studies, is proposed a minimum battery of sensitivity assessment to obtain an overview of the patient's peripheral nervous situation

Zygomatic Fractures , Sensation Disorders , Somatosensory Disorders , Facial Injuries , Systematic Reviews as Topic , Jaw Fractures
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 43(10): 775-781, Oct. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1357068


Abstract Objective To analyze the scientific production regarding maternal folic acid (FA) supplementation and its relationship with autistic spectrum disorder (ASD). Data Sources We performed unrestricted electronic searches in the BIREME virtual bank, Virtual Health Library (VHL) and Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System Online (MEDLINE/PubMed) databases. Selection of Studies For sample selection, articles that met the proposed objectives were included, published in English, Spanish and Portuguese, the use of Health Sciences Descriptors (DeCS): autistic OR autism AND autism spectrum disorder AND folic acid, AND, with the use of the Medical Subject Headings (MeSH): autistic OR autism AND autistic spectrum disorder AND folic acid. Data Collection Data extraction was performed by the reviewers with a preestablished data collection formulary. Data Synthesis The Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis Protocols (PRISMA-P) was used based on a checklist with 27 items and a 4-step flowchart. Results A total of 384 articles was found by the search strategies, of which 17 were eligible following the pre-established criteria. The main findings of the present review point to maternal FA supplementation in the pre-conception period and beginning of pregnancy as a protective effect in relation to ASD, which should be indicated in this period as prevention to the problem. Conclusion According to the research analyzed, more studies are necessary to know its effects on pregnancy, since the consumption of excessive FA may not be innocuous.

Resumo Objetivo Analisar a produção científica a respeito da suplementação de ácido fólico (AF) materno e sua relação com o transtorno do espectro autista (TEA). Fontes de Dados Realizamos buscas eletrônicas irrestritas nas bases de dados do banco virtual BIREME, Biblioteca Virtual em Saúde (VHL) e Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System Online (MEDLINE / PubMed). Seleção dos Estudos Incluímos os artigos publicados em inglês, espanhol e português, com o uso dos DeCS: autistic OR autism AND autism spectrum disorder AND folic acid, e com o uso dos Medical Subject Headings (MeSH, na sigla em inglês): autistic OR autism AND Autistic Spectrum Disorder AND folic acid ". Coleta de Dados A extração de dados foi realizada pelos revisores com um formulário de coleta de dados pré-estabelecido. Síntese dos Dados Foram usados os itens de relatório preferidos para protocolos de revisão sistemática e meta-análise (PRISMA-P) com base em uma lista de verificação com 27 itens e um fluxograma de 4 etapas. Resultados Foram encontrados 384 artigos pelas estratégias de busca, dos quais 17 eram elegíveis segundo os critérios pré-estabelecidos. Os principais achados da presente revisão apontam para a suplementação de AF materno no período de preconcepção e início da gravidez como efeito protetor em relação ao TEA, que deve ser indicada neste período como prevenção do problema. Conclusão De acordo com as pesquisas analisadas, mais estudos são necessários para conhecer seus efeitos sobre a gravidez, uma vez que o consumo excessivo de AF pode não ser inócuo.

Humans , Female , Autism Spectrum Disorder , Meta-Analysis as Topic , Dietary Supplements , Folic Acid , Systematic Reviews as Topic
Rev. bras. anal. clin ; 53(3): 232-238, 20210930. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1368042


O câncer do colo do útero é o quarto tumor mais comum entre mulheres no mundo e o terceiro no Brasil. A detecção precoce e a identificação das lesões cervicais são essenciais no rastreamento do câncer cervical. Nos últimos anos, vários marcadores têm sido apresentados como possíveis candidatos para a triagem eficiente de exames citológicos com anormalidades das células epiteliais. O objetivo deste trabalho é analisar a correlação com a expressão imuno-histoquimica dos biomarcadores p16 e Ki-67 com lesão intraepitelial cervical de alto grau na detecção molecular DNA/HPV de alto risco. A metodologia de pesquisa empregada é uma revisão sistemática, realizada por meio de buscas nas bases de dados eletrônica Literatura Latino-Americana em Ciência e Saúde (LILACS), Scientific Electronic Library Online (SCIELO), National Library of Medicine (MEDLINE) de artigos publicados no período de 2005 a 2019 nos idiomas português, inglês e espanhol. Concluiu-se que o uso das proteínas p16 e Ki67 auxilia na identificação das mudanças que acontecem durante a progressão da lesão cervical, aprimorando os métodos de rastreio atuais. O gene p53, a pRb e ciclinas também têm um papel crítico na carcinogênese e, desta maneira, também têm sido indicados para entrar nos painéis de estudo.

Introduction: Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is a genetically heterogeneous malignant clonal disorder of the hematopoietic system, characterized by the uncontrolled proliferation of abnormal and immature blast cells and impaired production of normal blood cells. Objective: to present the advances in diagnosis in Acute Myeloid Leukemia through the techniques of molecular biology. Methodology: The research was carried out in the electronic databases for scientific articles of the search portal PubMed, NCBI, BVSMS, also SciELO. Results: Molecular techniques, including real-time quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR), digital PCR and technologies based on new generation sequencing, can be standardized and used to detect AML-associated gene changes. Conclusion: The advance in molecular diagnosis can be promising in the ideal and personalized treatment.

Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/diagnosis , Molecular Biology , Prognosis , Technology , Blood Cells , Systematic Reviews as Topic
Diagn. tratamento ; 26(3): 125-9, jul-set. 2021. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1291206


Contextualização: Os probióticos constituem microrganismos vivos que, em quantidades adequadas, podem ser benéficos à saúde. Foram incorporados a produtos industrializados e suplementos e, atualmente, são amplamente utilizados. Entretanto, os efeitos podem ser diferentes em crianças e adultos, o que demanda cautela quanto à generalização de seus efeitos e a utilização exagerada. Objetivo: O presente estudo teve como objetivo avaliar as revisões sistemáticas desenvolvidas pela Cochrane no que concerne às intervenções com probióticos para crianças. Metodologia: Trata-se de overview de revisões sistemáticas Cochrane. Procedeu-se à busca por revisões sistemáticas na Cochrane Library. Foi utilizado o termo MeSH "probióticos". Os critérios de inclusão envolveram intervenções quaisquer com probióticos para crianças. Resultados: A estratégia de busca recuperou 56 revisões sistemáticas e, destas, 11 foram incluídas, diante dos critérios de inclusão e exclusão estabelecidos, totalizando 50.647 participantes avaliados a partir de 277 ensaios clínicos randomizados. Discussão: A maior evidência, em nível moderado, para o uso de probióticos em crianças encontra respaldo nas revisões sistemáticas Cochrane no que tange à prevenção da diarreia concomitante ao uso de antibióticos e na prevenção da diarreia causada por Clostridium. Para análise e qualificação de melhor nível de evidência de outros desfechos, é necessária a realização de novos ensaios clínicos de qualidade. Conclusão: A utilização de probióticos, amplamente recomendada atualmente, não tem efetividade tão promissora encontrada nas revisões sistemáticas Cochrane realizadas até esse momento.

Humans , Child , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Probiotics/therapeutic use , Evidence-Based Practice , Systematic Reviews as Topic
Braz. dent. j ; 32(4): 31-44, July-Aug. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1345514


Abstract Aim: To evaluate efficacy and safety of Botulinum toxinA for improving esthetics in the facial complex and correlating them to the dosage and side effects through a systematic review. Methods: A literature search was performed using PubMed, Medline, Web of Sciences, and Scopus databases. Quality of studies was appraised through the GRADE system. This review follows the 'Preferred reporting items for systematic review and meta-analysis protocols' (PRISMA-P) 2015 statement. Efficacy was analyzed through improvement rate and effect sizes. Graphical comparison of efficacy and ocular adverse effects (adverse effects around the eye) at various anatomical locations was made by calculating the average improvement rate and adverse events. Results: Twenty-five studies were included in this systematic review after application of the inclusion criteria. Moderate to severe cases in glabellar, lateral canthal, and forehead regions showed higher improvement rates between 20U to 50U, with an effect lasting up to 120 days. Gender and age seemed to have a direct effect on efficacy. Headaches were the most common adverse effect, followed by injection site bruising; all adverse effects resolved within 3-4 days. Conclusions: Treatment with Botulinum toxinA to enhance esthetics of facial complex is efficient and safe at all recommended dosages. Presence of complexing proteins influenced the efficacy of BoNT-A. undesirable muscular adverse effects around the eyes were more predominant when treating the glabellar region. There was no correlation found between the BoNT-A dosage and side effects, however, an increase in dosage did not always lead to an increase in efficacy.

Resumo Objetivo: Avaliar a eficácia e segurança da toxina botulínica-A para melhorar a estética no complexo facial e correlacioná-la com a dosagem e os efeitos secundários através de uma revisão sistemática. Métodos: Foi realizada uma pesquisa bibliográfica utilizando bases de dados PubMed, Medline, Web of Sciences, e Scopus. A qualidade dos estudos foi avaliada através do sistema GRADE. Esta revisão segue a declaração "Preferred reporting items for systematic review and meta-analysis protocols" (PRISMA-P) 2015. A eficácia foi analisada através da taxa de melhoria e da dimensão dos efeitos.A comparação gráfica da eficácia e dos efeitos adversos oftalmológicos (efeitos adversos em torno do olho) em vários locais anatômicos foi feita através do cálculo da taxa média de melhoria e dos eventos adversos. Resultados: Vinte e cinco estudos foram incluídos nesta revisão sistemática após a aplicação dos critérios de inclusão. Casos moderados a graves em regiões glabelares, canais laterais e testa mostraram taxas de melhoria mais elevadas entre 20U a 50U, com um efeito que durou até 120 dias. O sexo e a idade mostraram ter efeito direto na eficácia. As dores de cabeça foram o efeito adverso mais comum, seguido de hematomas no local da injecção; todos os efeitos adversos foram resolvidos em 3-4 dias. Conclusões: O tratamento com toxina botulínica-A para melhorar a estética do complexo facial é eficiente e seguro em todas as dosagens recomendadas. A presença de proteínas complexas influenciou a eficácia do BoNT-A. Os efeitos adversos musculares indesejáveis à volta dos olhos foram mais predominantes no tratamento da região glabelar. Não foi encontrada qualquer correlação entre a dosagem de BoNT-A e os efeitos secundários, contudo, um aumento da dosagem nem sempre levou a um aumento da eficácia.

Skin Aging , Botulinum Toxins, Type A , Meta-Analysis as Topic , Esthetics, Dental , Systematic Reviews as Topic
Medwave ; 21(6): e8223, jul. 2021.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1284251


Objective This living systematic review aims to provide a timely, rigorous and continuously updated summary of the evidence available on the role of pulmonary rehabilitation in the treatment of patients with COVID-19. Design This is the protocol of a living systematic review. Data sources We will conduct searches in the L·OVE (Living OVerview of Evidence) platform for COVID-19, a system that maps PICO questions to a repository maintained through regular searches in electronic databases, preprint servers, trial registries and other resources relevant to COVID-19. No date or language restrictions will be applied. Eligibility criteria for selecting studies and methods We adapted an already published common protocol for multiple parallel systematic reviews to the specificities of this question. We will include randomized trials evaluating the effect of pulmonary rehabilitation as monotherapy or in combination with other interventions-versus sham or no treatment in patients with COVID-19. Two reviewers will independently screen each study for eligibility, extract data, and assess the risk of bias. We will pool the results using meta-analysis and will apply the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE) system to assess the certainty of the evidence for each outcome. Ethics and dissemination No ethics approval is considered necessary. The results of this review will be widely disseminated via peer-reviewed publications, social networks and traditional media.

Humans , COVID-19/rehabilitation , Lung Diseases/rehabilitation , Research Design , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Meta-Analysis as Topic , Databases, Factual , Recovery of Function , Systematic Reviews as Topic , COVID-19/complications , Lung Diseases/virology
Medwave ; 21(6): e8315, jul. 2021.
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1284255


Este artículo forma parte de una serie metodológica colaborativa de revisiones narrativas sobre bioestadística y epidemiología clínica. El objetivo de este trabajo es presentar conceptos básicos respecto de las revisiones sistemáticas de intervenciones múltiples con metanálisis en red. Para las preguntas clínicas en las que hay muchas alternativas terapéuticas que compiten (o se comparan) entre sí. La pregunta central es cómo clasificar u ordenar jerárquicamente su efecto (beneficio y/o daño) para escoger la mejor opción. Los metanálisis en red buscan responder a preguntas relacionadas con la efectividad o seguridad de múltiples tratamientos comparados entre sí, mediante el análisis simultáneo de resultados surgidos tanto de comparaciones directas como de comparaciones indirectas. La geometría de la red (network geometry) es la representación gráfica general de los metanálisis en red y permite comprender e incluso evaluar la fuerza de las comparaciones. Para que un metanálisis de comparaciones múltiples sea válido debe cumplir una serie de supuestos, destacándose el supuesto de transitividad que permite asumir que no hay diferencias sistemáticas entre las comparaciones disponibles, a excepción de las intervenciones comparadas. Así, es posible conocer la efectividad terapéutica relativa entre cualquier par de intervenciones del metanálisis en red y el orden de las intervenciones en términos de su categorización. Se ha propuesto utilizar el modelo Grading of Recommendation, Assessment, Development, and Evaluation (GRADE) modificado en cuanto a las particularidades de los metanálisis en red para valorar la certeza de la evidencia, tanto para cada comparación como para la jerarquización de intervenciones.

This article belongs to a collaborative methodological series of narrative reviews about biostatistics and clinical epidemiology. The goal is to present basics concepts concerning the systematics reviews of multiple treatments comparisons with network meta-analysis. For clinical ques-tions with several therapeutic alternatives to be compared, the central question is how to classify or rank their effectiveness (benefit and harm) to choose the best option. The network meta-analysis aims to answer questions related to the effectiveness and safety of comparing multiple treatments by the simultaneous analysis of results raised from direct and indirect comparisons. The network geometry is the general graphical representation of the network meta-analysis and allows to understand and assess the strength of comparisons. The network meta-analysis should check several assumptions to be valid, especially the transitivity assumption, which allows assuming that there are no systematic differences among the included comparisons, except their compared interventions. Thus, it is possible to know the relative therapeutic effectiveness of each pair of interventions included in the network meta-analysis and their ranking in terms of categorization. It has been proposed to use a modified Grading of Recommendation, Assessment, Development, and Evaluation (GRADE) approach considering the distinctive features of network meta-analysis to assess the certainty of the evidence for each comparison and the ranking of interventions.

Humans , Network Meta-Analysis , Systematic Reviews as Topic , Decision Making
Säo Paulo med. j ; 139(2): 91-97, Mar.-Apr. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1290228


ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic disease with higher prevalence among women aged between 30 and 50 years and general prevalence of 1% worldwide. Interventions promoting improvement of quality of life for individuals with RA are required. Tai Chi appears to be a low-cost alternative, with studies showing positive results from this technique. However, regarding aspects of RA such as pain and sensitivity, studies remain inconclusive. OBJECTIVES: To compare the effectiveness of the Tai Chi method for treating patients diagnosed with rheumatoid arthritis, among systematic reviews. DESIGN AND SETTING: Overview of systematic reviews with Cochrane and non-Cochrane methodology. METHODS: Systematic reviews involving quasi-randomized and randomized clinical trials (RCTs) on use of Tai Chi, with no restrictions regarding the date and language of publication, were included. RESULTS: Three systematic reviews were included. The effects of Tai Chi associated with education and stretching exercises versus education and stretching were evaluated in these reviews. They showed that improvements in the variables of mood, depression and functional index were associated with use of Tai Chi. CONCLUSIONS: The findings suggest that clinical improvement was achieved, although not statistically significant with regard to pain and disease pattern, as assessed using the ACR20 measurement. Improvements relating to disability and quality of life were also seen. There was a low level of evidence and therefore caution in data analysis is recommended. The three studies included showed poor reliability for providing an accurate and complete summary of use of Tai Chi among people diagnosed with rheumatoid arthritis. PROSPERO: CRD42019125501.

Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Arthritis, Rheumatoid/therapy , Tai Ji , Quality of Life , Exercise Therapy , Systematic Reviews as Topic
Rev. colomb. anestesiol ; 49(1): e400, Jan.-Mar. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1149797


Abstract Introduction Multimodal enhanced recovery programs are a new paradigm in perioperative care. Objective To evaluate the certainty of evidence pertaining to the effectiveness and safety of the multimodal perioperative care program in elective colorectal surgery. Data source: A search was conducted in the Medline, EMBASE, and Cochrane databases, up until February 2020. Eligibility criteria Systematic reviews that take into account the perioperative multimodal program in patients with an indication for colorectal surgery were included. The primary outcomes were morbidity and postoperative deaths. The secondary outcome was hospital length of stay. Study quality and synthesis method The reviews were evaluated with AMSTAR-2 and the certainty of the evidence with the GRADE methodology. The findings are presented with measures of frequency, risk estimators, or differences. Results Six systematic reviews of clinical trials with medium and high quality in AMSTAR-2 were included. Morbidity was reduced between 16 and 48%. Studies are inconclusive regarding postoperative mortality. Hospital length of stay was reduced by an average of 2.5 days (p <0.05). The certainty of the body of evidence is very low. Limitations The effect of the program, depending on the combination of elements, is not clear. Conclusions and implications Despite the proven evidence that the program is effective in reducing global postoperative morbidity and hospital stay, the body of evidence is of very low quality. Consequently, results may change with new evidence and further research is required.

Resumen Introducción Los programas multimodales de cuidado perioperatorio son nuevos paradigmas de atención en salud, particularmente en el paciente quirúrgico. Objetivo Evaluar la certeza en la evidencia de la efectividad y seguridad del programa multimodal perioperatorio en cirugía colorrectal electiva. Fuente de datos Se consultaron las bases de datos Medline, EMBASE y Cochrane hasta febrero de 2020. Criterios de elegibilidad Se incluyeron revisiones sistemáticas que consideraron como intervención el programa multimodal perioperatorio en pacientes con indicación de cirugía colorrectal. Los desenlaces primarios fueron morbilidad y mortalidad postoperatoria. El desenlace secundario fue estancia hospitalaria. Evaluación de los estudios y método de síntesis La calidad de las revisiones fue evaluada con AMSTAR-2 y la certeza de la evidencia con la metodología GRADE. Los hallazgos se presentan con medidas de frecuencia, estimadores de riesgo o diferencias. Resultados Se incluyeron seis revisiones sistemáticas de ensayos clínicos de media y alta calidad en AMSTAR-2. La morbilidad se redujo entre el 16 y el 48 %. Para la mortalidad postoperatoria no se reportan diferencias a favor del programa. La estancia hospitalaria se redujo en promedio 2,5 días (p < 0,05). La certeza del cuerpo de la evidencia es muy baja. Limitaciones El efecto del programa en función de combinación de elementos no es claro. Conclusiones e implicaciones A pesar de que la evidencia sugiere que el programa es efectivo en la reducción de morbilidad postoperatoria global y estancia hospitalaria, el cuerpo de la evidencia es de muy baja calidad, por lo que los resultados podrían cambiar con nueva evidencia. Se requieren nuevas investigaciones.

Humans , Colorectal Surgery , Perioperative Care , Technology Assessment, Biomedical , Treatment Outcome , Systematic Reviews as Topic , Enhanced Recovery After Surgery
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 503-514, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922524


BACKGROUND@#Influenza places a heavy public health burden in numerous countries every year. In addition to vaccines, there are some interventions that are effective in preventing influenza.@*OBJECTIVE@#This overview of systematic reviews (SRs) aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of interventions for influenza prevention.@*SEARCH STRATEGY@#We searched the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 2020, Issue 1 for relevant Cochrane SRs using the keywords "common cold," "influenza," and "flu."@*INCLUSION CRITERIA@#Cochrane SRs that investigated the prevention of influenza were included. Participants included the general population without influenza or influenza-like symptoms, who were treated with preventative interventions and compared to individuals receiving no treatment or placebo.@*DATA EXTRACTION AND ANALYSIS@#Two reviewers independently screened citations against pre-defined inclusion criteria and extracted data. The methodological quality of these SRs was evaluated using the Assessing the Methodological Quality of Systematic Reviews-II (AMSTAR-II) guidelines. The primary outcome of our analysis was the incidence of influenza, and the secondary outcomes were the incidence of influenza-like illness and hospitalization. In addition to the narrative summary of SR findings, we also pooled data from homogeneous trials among these SRs and produced evidence mapping. We conducted a network meta-analysis to compare the effect across interventions and used the Cochrane approach to grading of recommendations, assessment, development, and evaluation (GRADE) to assess the quality of evidence.@*RESULTS@#Eleven Cochrane SRs were included, covering five medications, eleven vaccinations and four complementary therapies. Among these SRs, 73% scored "high" quality on AMSTAR-II rating. We found that eight interventions, including amantadine, garlic, and six different vaccines, were beneficial for reducing the incidence of influenza compared to placebo, while oseltamivir, zanamivir, Ganmao capsule, Echinacea, and another three types of vaccine were probably beneficial. Ganmao capsule ranked highest for influenza prevention in the network meta-analysis, followed by amantadine, garlic, and vaccines of all types. Monovalent inactivated parenteral vaccine was found to be beneficial in reducing the incidence of influenza-like illness. None of the interventions reduced the hospitalization rate.@*CONCLUSION@#High-quality evidence showed that garlic or vaccine had advantages in preventing influenza, and that vitamin C is not effective. The effect of other interventions needs to be further verified with high-quality evidence.

Bayes Theorem , Humans , Influenza, Human/prevention & control , Network Meta-Analysis , Systematic Reviews as Topic , Vitamins
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921722


The editorial group of the clinical practice guideline for postmenopausal osteoporosis(PMOP) with traditional Chinese medicine(TCM)(hereinafter referred to as "guideline") is composed of experts specialized in TCM orthopedics, TCM gynecology, clinical epidemiology, etc. The guideline was formulated through registration, collection and selection of clinical issues/outcome indicators, evidence retrieval and screening, preparation of systematic reviews, evaluation of evidence quality, formation of recommendations, drafting, and peer review. The syndromes and treatment of PMOP are elaborated in detail. Specifically, Liuwei Dihuang Pills and Zuogui Pills are recommended for PMOP with Yin deficiency in the liver and kidney, Qing'e Pills for PMOP with kidney deficiency and blood stasis, Yougui Pills and Jingui Shenqi Pills for PMOP with Yang deficiency in the spleen and kidney, and Er'xian Decoction for PMOP with Yin and Yang deficiency in the kidney. In addition, Duhuo Jisheng Decoction can be used to relieve pain. The commonly used Chinese patent medicines include Xianling Gubao Capsules, Qianggu Capsules, Jintiange Capsules, Gushukang Capsules, Hugu Capsules, Jinwu Gutong Capsules, and Guyuling Capsules. Acupuncture and moxibustion are also effective approaches for PMOP. The rehabilitation and daily management were carried out by exercise therapies such as Baduanjin(eight-section brocade), Wuqinxi(five-animal exercises), and Taijiquan(Tai Chi), Chinese medicine diet, health education, and fall prevention. The promotion and application of this guideline will facilitate the implementation of TCM prevention and treatment of PMOP, ensure the quality of life of PMOP patients, provide effective and safe TCM treatment measures for PMOP, and reduce the risk of fracture complications.

Animals , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Female , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Osteoporosis, Postmenopausal/drug therapy , Quality of Life , Systematic Reviews as Topic , Yin Deficiency
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921650


To evaluate the efficacy and safety of Kuntai Capsules in the treatment of perimenopausal syndrome. Systematic reviews on Kuntai Capsules in the treatment of perimenopausal syndrome were retrieved from Chinese and English databases from database establishment to August 31, 2020. AMSTER-2 scale, GRADE scale and ROBIS tools were used respectively to evaluate the methodological quality, evidence quality level and bias risk of the finally included systematic reviews. A total of 6 systematic reviews with 28 outcome indicators were included. The results of AMSTER-2 methodological quality assessment showed that one of the six systematic reviews was of low quality, and the other five were of extremely low quality. GRADE scale showed that 28 clinical outcome indicators were evaluated, three of which were intermediate-level ones, and the rest were low-level or very low-level ones. Two evidences of the three intermediate evidences were total efficiency, and the other intermediate evidence was Kupperman score. ROBIS bias risk assessment showed all the included studies were of high risk. The results showed that, Kuntai Capsules were effective in the treatment of perimenopausal symptoms, such as hot flashes and sweating. The improvement of E_2 level was not as good as that in the menopause hormone therapy group, but the incidence of adverse reactions was lower than that in the menopause hormone therapy group. However, the quality of evidence needs to be improved due to the low quality of methodology and high risk of bias. It is suggested that systematic review and reasonable design should be carried out in the future, and attention should be paid to the registration of research schemes. In addition, the research reports shall be prepared according to PRISMA statement.

Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Female , Hormone Replacement Therapy , Humans , Perimenopause , Syndrome , Systematic Reviews as Topic
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888167


To overview of systematic reviews/Meta-analysis of Xingnaojing Injection(XNJ) in the treatment of intracerebral hemorrhage(ICH). The systematic reviews concerning XNJ in the treatment of ICH were retrieved from four Chinese databases, four English databases, Chinese Clinical Trial Registry and, with the retrieval time set from their inception to September 2020. Following the independent screening and data extraction by two researchers, a measurement tool to assess systematic evaluation 2(AMSTAR 2) and grades of recommendation, assessment, development and evaluation(GRADE) system were used to evaluate the metho-dological, reporting and evidence qualities of the 10 included systematic reviews. The results showed that XNJ was superior to the wes-tern medicine or conventional treatment in improving the effective rate and National Institutes of Health stroke scale(NIHSS) score, Barthel index(BI), and Glasgow coma scale(GCS) score and Chinese stroke scale(CSS) score, and reducing the mortality and cerebral hematoma volume, without inducing obvious adverse reactions. In general, the methodological, reporting and evidence qualities of the 10 included systematic reviews were poor. The AMSTAR 2 scores showed that key items No. 2 and No. 16 failed to meet the stan-dard, resulting in poor methodological quality. There was only one outcome indicator graded by GRADE as intermediate quality, 43% indicators as low quality, 42% indicators as extremely low quality, and none as high quality. These available evidences have suggested that the methodological, reporting and evidence qualities of the systematic evaluation concerning XNJ for the treatment of ICH need to be improved. Most evidences support that XNJ was better than the western medicine or conventional treatment in the treatment of ICH, but the methodological quality and the reliability of outcome indicators in relevant systematic review were low. More high-quality studies are still required for further verification.

Cerebral Hemorrhage/drug therapy , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Humans , Meta-Analysis as Topic , Reproducibility of Results , Systematic Reviews as Topic , United States
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888126


To summarize and evaluate the efficacy and safety of Shenmai Injection in the treatment of viral myocarditis, shock, pulmonary heart disease, coronary heart disease, neutropenia and tumor chemotherapy, so as to provide supportive evidences for clinical rational use of Shenmai Injection. By searching literatures about studies on the systematic reviews on Shenmai Injection in treatment of viral myocarditis, shock, pulmonary heart disease, coronary heart disease, neutropenia and tumor chemotherapy from the main Chinese and English databases. Primary efficacy and safety outcome measures were selected for comparative analysis and summary, and the appraisal tool of AMSTAR 2 was used to evaluate the included studies.A total of 36 systematic reviews(published from 2005 to 2020) were included, involving viral myocarditis, shock, pulmonary heart disease, malignant tumor and coronary heart disease. The number of cases included in each type of the above diseases was 3 840, 2 484, 12 702, 28 036 and 27 082, respectively. The comparison results showed that, Shenmai Injection combined with conventional/western medicine treatment groups had better efficacy than conventional/western medicine groups alone in the prevention and treatment of the above five diseases. The main adverse reactions of Shenmai Injection reported in the included studies were facial flushing, rash, palpitation, etc., but the incidence was low and the general symptoms were mild, so no special treatment was needed. Therefore, the application of Shenmai Injection on the basis of conventional treatment or western medicine treatment had better prevention and treatment efficacy of the diseases. It was suggested that more multi-center and larger sample-size randomized controlled trials should be carried out in the future, and the relevant reporting standards should be strictly followed in systematic reviews, so as to improve the scientificity and transparency of the study.

Drug Combinations , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Humans , Pulmonary Heart Disease , Systematic Reviews as Topic