Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 7 de 7
Filter
1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879523

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the clinical and genetic characteristics of a patient with congenital isolated adrenocorticotropic hormone deficiency (IAD).@*METHODS@#Clinical characteristics of the patient was reviewed. Genomic DNA of the child was subjected to whole exome sequencing.@*RESULTS@#Genetic testing has confirmed the diagnosis of congenital IAD by identification of compound heterozygous variants of the TBX19 gene, which included a pathogenic nonsense c.535C>T (p.R179X) variant inherited from his father and a novel missense c.298C>T (p.R100C) variant inherited from his mother.@*CONCLUSION@#Congenital IAD due to variants of the TBX19 gene is a rare autosomal recessive disease. It is characterized by low plasma adrenocorticotropic hormone and cortisol levels but normal levels of other pituitary hormones. Delayed diagnosis may lead to severe early-onset adrenal failure and wrong treatment which may result in neonatal mortality. Hydrocortisone replacement is effective. Detection of pathogenic variant of TBX19 gene is the key to diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Adrenal Insufficiency/genetics , Child , Homeodomain Proteins/genetics , Humans , T-Box Domain Proteins/genetics
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921970

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To describe a family with intellectual developmental disorder with autism and speech delay (IDDAS) caused by a splice variant of TBR1 gene.@*METHODS@#A pregnant women with mental retardation, who also had a family history of mental retardation, was admitted to Prenatal Diagnosis Center of WanBei Coal and Electricity Group General Hospital Corporation in April 2019. Molecular genetic tests were performed on the pregnant women and ten other family members to analyze the pathogenic genotype. Functional assays of the pathogenic variant was carried out by minigene technology. With the determination of the genotype, prenatal diagnosis was carried out by amniotic fluid sampling.@*RESULTS@#Through whole exome sequencing, a novel splicing variant (c.1129-1G>C) was identified in the TBR1 gene of the proband, which has co-segregated with the disease phenotype in the family. The results of minigene assay showed abnormal splicing of exon 5. The variant was not detected in the fetal amniotic fluid. Fetal growth and development were normal one year after the birth.@*CONCLUSION@#The c.1129-1G>C variant of the TBR1 probably underlay the disease in of the pedigree. Timely prenatal genetic diagnosis and consultation can help to stop the transmission of the pathogenic variant.


Subject(s)
Autistic Disorder/genetics , China , Developmental Disabilities , Female , Humans , Infant , Intellectual Disability/genetics , Language Development Disorders , Pedigree , Pregnancy , T-Box Domain Proteins/genetics
3.
J. appl. oral sci ; 27: e20180649, 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1040227

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: Cleft palate (CP) is a congenital birth defect caused by the failure of palatal fusion. Little is known about the potential role of DNA methylation in the pathogenesis of CP. This study aimed to explore the potential role of DNA methylation in the mechanism of CP. Methodology: We established an all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA)-induced CP model in C57BL/6J mice and used methylation-dependent restriction enzymes (MethylRAD, FspEI) combined with high-throughput sequencing (HiSeq X Ten) to compare genome-wide DNA methylation profiles of embryonic mouse palatal tissues, between embryos from ATRA-treated vs. untreated mice, at embryonic gestation day 14.5 (E14.5) (n=3 per group). To confirm differentially methylated levels of susceptible genes, real-time quantitative PCR (qPCR) was used to correlate expression of differentially methylated genes related to CP. Results: We identified 196 differentially methylated genes, including 17,298 differentially methylated CCGG sites between ATRA-treated vs. untreated embryonic mouse palatal tissues (P<0.05, log2FC>1). The CP-related genes Fgf16 (P=0.008, log2FC=1.13) and Tbx22 (P=0.011, log2FC=1.64,) were hypermethylated. Analysis of Fgf16 and Tbx22, using Gene Ontology (GO) and the Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG), identified 3 GO terms and 1 KEGG pathway functionally related to palatal fusion. The qPCR showed that changes in expression level negatively correlated with methylation levels. Conclusions: Taken together, these results suggest that hypermethylation of Fgf16 and Tbx22 is associated with decreased gene expression, which might be responsible for developmental failure of palatal fusion, eventually resulting in the formation of CP.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Female , Cleft Palate/genetics , DNA Methylation , T-Box Domain Proteins/genetics , Fibroblast Growth Factors/genetics , Reference Values , Gene Expression , Cleft Palate/embryology , Cleft Palate/pathology , Sequence Analysis, DNA , T-Box Domain Proteins/analysis , Protein Interaction Domains and Motifs , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Fibroblast Growth Factors/analysis , Mice, Inbred C57BL
4.
Biol. Res ; 52: 27, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1011429

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: To assess the expression of T-box transcription factor 4 (TBX4) during the anorectal development in normal and ethylenethiourea (ETU)-induced anorectal malformations (ARM) rat embryos. METHODS: Anorectal malformations was induced by ETU on the 10th gestational day (E10) in rat embryos. Spatiotemporal expression of TBX4 was evaluated in normal (n = 490) and ETU-induced ARM rat embryos (n = 455) from E13 to E16 by immunohistochemical staining, Western blot analysis and real-time RT-PCR. RESULTS: In the normal embryos, immunohistochemical staining revealed that TBX4 expression was detected in the epithelium of hindgut and urorectal septum (URS) on E13. TBX4-immunopositive cells were increased significantly in the epithelium of hindgut and URS, the future anal orifice part of cloacal membrane on E14. On E15, abundant stained cells were observed in the rectum, URS and dorsal cloacal membrane and the expression of positive cells reached its peak. On E16, only sporadic positive cells were distributed in the epithelium of the distal rectum. In the ARM embryos, the hindgut/rectum, URS and dorsal cloacal membrane were faint for TBX4 immunohistochemical staining. In the normal group, TBX4 protein and mRNA expression showed time-dependent changes in the hindgut/rectum from E13 to E16 on Western blot and real-time RT-PCR. On E13 and E15, the expression level of TBX4 mRNA in the ARM group was significantly lower than that in the normal group (P < 0.05). On E15, the expression level of TBX4 protein in the ARM group was significantly lower than that in the normal group (P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The expression of TBX4 was downregulated in ETU-induced ARM embryos, which may play important roles in the pathogenesis of anorectal development.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Pregnancy , Rats , Gene Expression Regulation/genetics , T-Box Domain Proteins/genetics , Ethylenethiourea/pharmacology , Anorectal Malformations/genetics , Immunohistochemistry , Blotting, Western , Rats, Wistar , T-Box Domain Proteins/metabolism , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Anorectal Malformations/chemically induced
5.
Biomédica (Bogotá) ; 33(2): 259-267, abr.-jun. 2013. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-689563

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Interferon gamma (IFN ? ) is the most potent cytokine involved in the control of Mycobacterium tuberculosis ( Mtb ), the etiological agent of human tuberculosis (TB). Patients with active TB present reduced levels of IFN ? , which may explain the lack of effective immunity against Mtb in these patients. The diminished expression of or functional alterations in trans-acting factors that regulate IFN ? gene expression may explain the reduced levels of IFN ? in TB patients. Objective: To investigate the relationships of genetic variants in the transcription factors TBET, STAT1, STAT4, and HLX to susceptibility/resistance to pulmonary TB. Materials and methods: Eight candidate single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were selected, and genotyped in 466 unrelated pulmonary TB patients and 300 healthy controls from Colombia, and the allelic and genetic associations with TB were analyzed. Results: The results indicate that no SNP in the transcription factors studied is associated with TB. However, polymorphism rs11650354 in the TBET gene may be associated with a decreased risk of TB; the TT genotype was significantly associated with TB protection in a recessive genetic model (OR=0.089, 95% CI: 0.01-0.73, p=0.0069), although this association was not maintained after multiple test correction (EMP2= 0.61). Conclusion: In this study, the rs11650354 variant of TBET was suggested to promote resistance to TB in a Colombian population. A future replication case-control study using additional samples will be necessary to confirm this suggestive association.


Introducción. El interferón gama (IFN ? ) es la citocina más potente para controlar la infección por Mycobacterium tuberculosis , el agente etiológico de la tuberculosis humana. Los pacientes con tuberculosis activa presentan reducción de los niveles de IFN ? , lo cual parece explicar la inmunidad poco efectiva contra el bacilo. La disminución de su expresión o alteraciones funcionales de los factores transactivadores del promotor del gen de IFN ? , podrían explicar la reducción de los niveles de IFN ? en los pacientes con tuberculosis. Objetivo. Determinar la asociación de variantes genéticas en los factores de transcripción TBET STAT1, STAT4 y HLX con sensibilidad o resistencia a tuberculosis pulmonar. Materiales y métodos. Se seleccionaron ocho polimorfismos de un solo nucleótido ( Single-Nucleotide Polymorphism , SNP) y se estableció su genotipo, en 466 pacientes con tuberculosis pulmonar y 300 controles sanos en Colombia; además, se hizo un análisis de asociación alélica y genética. Resultados. Los resultados indican que los SNP de los factores de transcripción estudiados no están asociados con tuberculosis; sin embargo, el polimorfismo rs11650354 en TBET puede estar implicado en la disminución de riesgo de tuberculosis. El genotipo TT de TBET se asoció significativamente con protección contra tuberculosis usando un modelo genético recesivo (OR=0,089; CI 95% : 0,01-0,73; p=0,0069); sin embargo, la corrección mediante pruebas múltiples de ajuste abolió esta asociación ( Empirical P Value, EMP2=0,61). Conclusión. En este estudio se sugiere un efecto de la variante rs11650354 de TBET sobre la resistencia a la tuberculosis en la población colombiana. Es necesario desarrollar un estudio de replicación usando muestras adicionales para confirmar esta asociación sugestiva.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Interferon-gamma/genetics , Tuberculosis, Pulmonary/genetics , Case-Control Studies , Colombia , Gene Expression Regulation , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Homeodomain Proteins/genetics , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Risk Factors , STAT1 Transcription Factor/genetics , /genetics , T-Box Domain Proteins/genetics , Transcription Factors/genetics
6.
Clinics ; 68(6): 887-891, jun. 2013. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-676940

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: The expression of transcription factors involved in early pituitary development, such as PROP1 and POU1F1, has been detected in pituitary adenoma tissues. In this study, we sought to characterize the transcriptional profiles of PROP1, POU1F1, and TBX19 in functioning and nonfunctioning pituitary adenomas in an attempt to identify their roles in tumorigenesis and hormone hypersecretion. METHODS: RT-qPCR analyses were performed to assess the transcriptional pattern of PROP1, POU1F1, TBX19, and hormone-producing genes in tissue samples of corticotrophinomas (n = 10), somatotrophinomas (n = 8), and nonfunctioning adenomas (n = 6). RESULTS: Compared with normal pituitary tissue, POU1F1 was overexpressed in somatotrophinomas by 3-fold. PROP1 expression was 18-fold higher in corticotrophinomas, 10-fold higher in somatotrophinomas, and 3-fold higher in nonfunctioning adenomas. TBX19 expression was 27-fold higher in corticotrophinomas. Additionally, the level of TBX19 mRNA positively correlated with that of pro-opiomelanocortin (r = 0.49, p = 0.014). CONCLUSIONS: Our data demonstrate that PROP1 is overexpressed in pituitary adenomas, mainly in corticotrophinomas. Together with previously published data showing that patients who harbor PROP1 loss-of-function mutations present a progressive decline in corticotrope function, our results support a role for PROP1 in pituitary tumor development and in the maintenance of cell lineages committed to corticotrophic differentiation. .


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , ACTH-Secreting Pituitary Adenoma/metabolism , Adenoma/metabolism , Homeodomain Proteins/metabolism , Neoplasm Proteins/metabolism , T-Box Domain Proteins/metabolism , Transcription Factor Pit-1/metabolism , ACTH-Secreting Pituitary Adenoma/genetics , ACTH-Secreting Pituitary Adenoma/pathology , Adenoma/genetics , Adenoma/pathology , Cell Differentiation , Homeodomain Proteins/genetics , Immunohistochemistry , Neoplasm Proteins/genetics , Pituitary Gland , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , RNA, Messenger/metabolism , T-Box Domain Proteins/genetics , Transcription Factor Pit-1/genetics , Transcription Factors/genetics , Transcription Factors/metabolism
7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-43810

ABSTRACT

TBX21 (T-bet) is a member of the T-box family of transcriptional factors that contain a conserved DNA binding domain. TBX21 is a critical regulator of the commitment to the Th1 lineage and IFN-gamma production. Th1 and Th2 cells cross-regulate the differentiation of each other, and in this way TBX21 could be an attractive candidate gene for treating autoimmune disease such as rheumatoid arthritis (RA). In present study, we analyzed the genotypic frequencies of six polymorphisms of the TBX21 gene between the 367 RA patients and the 572 healthy controls. We showed that the g.-1514T>C and c.99C>G polymorphisms are suggestively associated with RA susceptibility. It is interesting that the genotypic frequencies of the TBX21 polymorphisms (g.-1514T>C and c.2103A>C) in the male RA patients were significantly different from the male control group (P = 0.0016 and 0.045, respectively). We also found that the g.-1514T>C and c.2103A>C polymorphisms of the TBX21 gene in the male RA patients have significant association with the levels of anti-CCP (P = 0.05) and rheumatoid factor (P = 0.03), respectively. These results suggest that the polymorphisms of the TBX21 gene might be associated with the susceptibility to male RA patients.


Subject(s)
Adult , Alleles , Arthritis, Rheumatoid/genetics , Asian Continental Ancestry Group/genetics , Female , Genotype , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Peptides, Cyclic/analysis , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Rheumatoid Factor/analysis , Sex Factors , T-Box Domain Proteins/genetics , Th1 Cells/cytology
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL