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1.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 114-118, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935985

ABSTRACT

Re-epithelialization is one of the core links that determines the healing process of skin wounds. The proliferation and differentiation of epidermal stem cells to form new epidermal tissue is the histological basis of re-epithelialization, and the smooth progress of the cell differentiation process of epidermal stem cells-precursor cells-terminal cells is the cytological basis for the continuous formation of new epidermal tissue. The proliferation of stem cells and their differentiation into precursor cells are the determinants of the proliferative potential of newly formed epidermal tissue, while the expansion and differentiation of precursor cells into terminal cells are key factors determining the rate of new epidermal tissue formation. The tissue microenvironment plays a key regulatory role in the process of wound re-epithelialization, and cell growth factor and inflammatory mediators are the two main components of tissue microenvironment, which play regulatory role in different aspects of proliferation and differentiation of epidermal stem cells, jointly promoting the smooth progress of wound re-epithelialization As an important part of skin immune system, the subsets of gamma-delta (γδ) T cells play crucial role in dynamically shaping early wound microenvironment via secreting different cell growth factors and inflammatory factors. From the prospective of immune microenvironment of wound, this paper discusses the role of skin γδ T cells in maintaining the balance of stem cell proliferation and differentiation and regulating wound re-epithelialization, providing a new direction for the prevention and treatment of refractory wound.


Subject(s)
Prospective Studies , Re-Epithelialization , Skin , T-Lymphocyte Subsets , T-Lymphocytes
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935314

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the application value of T lymphocyte subsets combined with procalcitonin (PCT), C-reactive protein (CRP), neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and white blood cell count (WBC) in the auxiliary diagnosis and prognosis evaluation of sepsis. Methods: In a retrospective study, seventy-two patients with sepsis diagnosed and treated in Tianjin First Central Hospital from June 2018 to April 2021 were selected as the research objects, and included in the sepsis group were 46 males and 26 females, aged 68 (57.3, 80.3) years. In addition, 111 patients with local infection admitted to hospital during the same period were included in the local infection group, including 62 males and 49 females, aged 68 (51, 77) years. Sepsis patients were divided into survival group (43 cases) and death group (29 cases) according to the 28-day outcome. CD3+, CD4+, CD8+, CD4+/CD8+ ratio were detected by flow cytometry within 24 h after admission, PCT was detected by ELISA, CRP was detected by immunoturbidimetry, blood routine examination, blood lactic acid (Lac) and oxygen partial pressure (PO2) were detected by instrumental method. Multivariate Logistic regression analysis was used to evaluate the correlation between each indicator and sepsis, and receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) was drawn to evaluate the diagnostic value of each indicator for sepsis. Multivariate Logistic regression analysis and Kaplan Meier survival analysis were used to evaluate the prognostic value of each index for patients with sepsis. Results: Peripheral blood CD3+, CD4+, CD8+, CD4+/CD8+ ratio and PLT in sepsis group were significantly lower than those in local infection group(Z=-8.184,P<0.001;Z=-7.210,P<0.001;Z=-5.936,P<0.001;Z=-2.700,P=0.007;Z=-6.381,P<0.001); PCT, CRP, NLR and Lac levels were significantly higher than those in local infection group(Z=-8.262,P<0.001;Z=-3.094,P=0.002;Z=-9.004,P<0.001;Z=-4.770,P<0.001). Multivariate Logistic regression model showed that PCT, NLR, CD3+, CD8+, CD4+/CD8+ were independent risk factors for sepsis. According to ROC curve analysis, AUC of sepsis patients diagnosed by each indicator were 0.862, 0.894, 0.858, 0.760 and 0.618, respectively. The cut-off values were 3.075 ng/ml, 10.715, 44.935×109/L, 27.463×109/L and 0.750, respectively. The NLR sensitivity was 80.6%, and the CD3+ specificity was 94.6%. The AUC of combined detection of PCT and NLR was 0.947, sensitivity was 87.5% and specificity was 91.9%. The combined detection AUC of PCT, NLR, CD3+, CD4+/CD8+ was 0.958, the sensitivity and specificity were 90.3% and 91.0% respectively(P<0.001). PCT and Lac in death group were significantly higher than those in survival group(Z=-2.302,P=0.021;Z=-3.095,P=0.002);Peripheral blood CD4+/CD8+ levels were significantly lower than those in survival group(Z=-3.691,P<0.001),Multivariate Logistic regression model showed that CD4+/CD8+ ratio was an independent risk factor for 28 d mortality in patients with sepsis (P<0.001). The ROC curve showed that the AUC was 0.758, and the Youden index reached the maximum when the cut-off value was 1.27, the sensitivity and specificity were 79.3% and 60.5%, respectively. Compared with patients with CD4+/CD8+ ≥1.27, 28-day mortality was significantly increased in patients with CD4+/CD8+<1.27 (P=0.032). Conclusion: The combined detection of PCT, NLR, CD3+ and CD4+/CD8+ can improve the auxiliary diagnostic efficiency of sepsis, and the ratio of CD4+/CD8+ in peripheral blood may have certain predictive value for the prognosis of sepsis.


Subject(s)
Aged , C-Reactive Protein/analysis , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Procalcitonin , Retrospective Studies , Sepsis/diagnosis , T-Lymphocyte Subsets/chemistry
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942243

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the significance of lymphocytes in systemic sclerosis (SSc), by detecting the levels of T lymphocytes, B lymphocytes and natural killer (NK) cells, and analyzing the correlation between the lymphocytes and clinical laboratory indexes.@*METHODS@#The numbers and proportion of T, CD4+T, CD8+T, B, and NK cells were detected by flow cytometry in peripheral blood of 32 SSc patients who had taken immunosuppressive drugs and 30 healthy controls (HC). The comparison of the lymphocyte subsets in SSc with them in the HC groups, and the correlation between the lymphocytes and other clinical and laboratory indicators were analyzed by the relevant statistical analysis.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the HC group, the numbers of T, CD4+T, CD8+T, and NK cells in peripheral blood of SSc group, who had taken immunosuppressive drugs, were significantly decreased (P < 0.05). More-over, the proportion of NK cells in peripheral blood of the SSc group was also significantly lower than that in the HC group (P=0.004). In addition, all the lymphocyte subsets were decreased in peripheral blood of more than 65% of the SSc patients who had taken immunosuppressive drugs. Compared with CD4+T normal group, the positivity of Raynaud's phenomenon, erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) and C-reactive protein (CRP) was significantly increased in CD4+T reduction group, respectively (P=0.024, P < 0.001, P=0.018). ESR was higher in CD8+T reduction group than CD8+T normal group (P=0.022). The prevalence of fingertip ulcer was significantly increased in B cell decrease group (P=0.019). Compared with NK cell normal group, the prevalence of fingertip ulcer was significantly increased in NK cell lower group (P=0.033), IgM was remarkablely decreased yet (P=0.049). The correlation analysis showed that ESR was negatively correlated with the counts of T lymphocytes (r=-0.455, P=0.009), CD4+T lymphocytes (r=-0.416, P=0.018), CD8+T lymphocytes (r=-0.430, P=0.014), B cells (r=-0.366, P=0.039).@*CONCLUSION@#The number of CD4+T, CD8+T, B, and NK cells significantly decreased in peripheral blood of SSc patients who had used immunosuppressive drugs, some lymphocyte subsets might be related with Raynaud's phenomenon and fingertip ulcer, and reflected the disease activity by negatively correlated with ESR and CRP; the numbers of lymphocyte subsets in peripheral blood should be detected regularly in SSc patients who had taken immunosuppressive drugs.


Subject(s)
B-Lymphocytes , Flow Cytometry , Humans , Killer Cells, Natural , Lymphocyte Subsets , Scleroderma, Systemic , T-Lymphocyte Subsets , T-Lymphocytes
4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762178

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Immunological mechanisms underlying asthma exacerbation have not been elucidated. The aim of this study was to assess the associations of various asthma exacerbation traits with selected serum microRNA (miRNA) expression and T-cell subpopulations. METHODS: Twenty-one asthmatics were studied during asthma exacerbation (exacerbation visit [EV] and the follow-up visit [FV] at 6 weeks). At both visits, spirometry was performed, fractional exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO) was measured, and nasopharyngeal and blood samples were collected. In nasopharyngeal samples, respiratory viruses were assayed by multiplex polymerase chain reaction (PCR), and bacterial cultures were performed. Serum miRNAs were assayed with real-time PCR. T-cell surface markers, eosinophil progenitors and intracellular cytokines were assessed by flow cytometry. RESULTS: Two-thirds of patients had moderate or severe exacerbation and the FV, overall improvement in asthma control was observed. The mean expression of serum miRNA-126a, miRNA-16 and miRNA-21 was significantly lower at the EV than at the FV. At EV, miRNA-29b correlated with FeNO (r = 0.44, P < 0.05), and 5 of 7 miRNA tested correlated with pulmonary function tests. The number of cluster of differentiation (CD)45+CD4+interleukin (IL)4+ cells was significantly higher at the EV than at the FV, and positive correlations of T-regulatory cells and eosinophil progenitors with asthma control was found. At the EV, serum miRNAs negatively correlated with the number of T cells expressing IL-4, IL-17, IL-22 and interferon gamma, while at the FV both positive and negative correlations with T-cell subsets were observed. No association of detected pathogen (viruses and bacteria) in nasopharyngeal fluid with clinical, functional and immunological parameters was found. CONCLUSIONS: Epigenetic dysregulation during asthma exacerbation could be related to respiratory function, airway inflammation and T-cell cytokine expression.


Subject(s)
Asthma , Cytokines , Disease Progression , Eosinophils , Epigenomics , Flow Cytometry , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Inflammation , Interferons , Interleukin-17 , Interleukin-4 , MicroRNAs , Multiplex Polymerase Chain Reaction , Nitric Oxide , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Respiratory Function Tests , Spirometry , T-Lymphocyte Subsets , T-Lymphocytes
5.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1271-1275, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877526

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the therapeutic effect and the mechanism of the adjuvant treatment with moxibustion on coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19).@*METHODS@#A total of 95 patients with COVID-19 were randomly divided into a moxibustion group (45 cases) and a basic treatment group (50 cases). The routine treatment of western medicine was applied in the patients of both groups. In the moxibustion group, on the base of the treatment of western medicine, moxibustion was applied to Dazhui (GV 14), Feishu (BL 13), Qihai (CV 6) and Zusanli (ST 36), once daily and consecutively for 14 days. At the end of treatment courses, clinical symptom scores for cough, asthmatic breathing, chest oppression and short breath, as well as their remission rates were compared between the two groups before and after treatment. Before and after treatment, the white blood cell (WBC) count, the levels of c-reactive protein (CRP) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) and the absolute number of T lymphocyte subsets, i.e. , and of the peripheral blood were compared in the patients between the two groups. The principal component analysis was adopted to analyze the common data extracted from the above 10 clinical indexes variables and comprehensively evaluate the differences in the therapeutic effect of two regimens.@*RESULTS@#The clinical symptom scores were all decreased after treatment in both of the moxibustion group and the basic treatment group as compared with those before treatment (@*CONCLUSION@#On the base of the routine treatment with western medicine, moxibustion therapy supplemented relieves the clinical symptoms, reduces the levels of inflammatory indexes, i.e. IL-6 and CRP as well as improves the absolute number of peripheral T lymphocyte subsets. The clinical therapeutic effect of such regimen with moxibustion supplemented is significantly better than the simple routine treatment of western medicine.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , C-Reactive Protein/analysis , COVID-19/therapy , Humans , Inflammation/therapy , Interleukin-6/blood , Leukocyte Count , Moxibustion , T-Lymphocyte Subsets/cytology
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942170

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To detect the levels of Dickkopf-1 (DKK-1) in the plasma of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), and to analyze their correlation with peripheral blood T cell subsets and clinical indicators.@*METHODS@#Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used to detect plasma DKK-1 levels in 32 RA patients and 20 healthy controls, and to record the various clinical manifestations and laboratory indicators of the RA patients, and flow cytometry to detect peripheral blood T cell subsets in the RA patients (Including Treg, nTreg, aTreg, sTreg, Teff, Tfh, CD4+CD161+T, CD8+T, CD8+CD161+T cells). The plasma DKK-1 levels between the two groups were ompared, and its correlation with peripheral blood T cell subsets and clinical indicators analyzed.@*RESULTS@#(1) The plasma DKK-1 concentration of the RA patients was (124.97±64.98) ng/L. The plasma DKK-1 concentration of the healthy control group was (84.95±13.74) ng/L. The plasma DKK-1 level of the RA patients was significantly higher than that of the healthy control group (P < 0.05), and the percentage of CD8+CD161+T cells in the peripheral blood of the RA patients was significantly higher than that of the healthy control group (P < 0.05). (2) The plasma DKK-1 level was positively correlated with erythrocyte sedimentation rate (r=0.406, P=0.021), DAS28 score (r=0.372, P=0.036), immunoglobulin G(r=0.362, P=0.042), immunoglobulin A(r=0.377, P=0.033); it had no correlation with age, course of disease, C-reactive protein, rheumatoid factor, anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide antibody, immunoglobulin M, complement C3, complement C4, white blood cell, neutrophil ratio. (3) The plasma DKK-1 level in the RA patients was positively correlated with the percentage of peripheral blood CD161+CD8+T cells (r=0.413, P=0.019);it had no correlation with Treg, nTreg, aTreg, sTreg, Teff, Tfh, CD4+CD161+T, CD8+T cells. (4) The percentage of CD161+CD8+T cells was negatively correlated with erythrocyte sedimentation rate (r=-0.415, P=0.004), C-reactive protein (r=-0.393, P=0.007), DAS28 score(r=-0.392, P=0.007), rheumatoid factor (r=-0.535, P < 0.001), anti-citrullinated protein antibody (r=-0.589, P < 0.001), immunoglobulin G(r=-0.368, P=0.012) immunoglobulin M (r=-0.311, P=0.035); it had no correlation with age, disease course, immunoglobulin A, complement C3, complement C4, white blood cell, and neutrophil ratio.@*CONCLUSION@#RA patients' plasma DKK-1 levels and the percentage of CD8+CD161+T cells in T cell subsets in peripheral blood increase, which may be related to the secretion of proinflammatory cytokines in patients; DKK-1 is involved in the regulation of bone homeostasis and can be used as a marker of bone destruction in RA.


Subject(s)
Arthritis, Rheumatoid , Blood Sedimentation , Humans , Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins/blood , Plasma , Rheumatoid Factor , T-Lymphocyte Subsets
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942119

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To understand the differences in lymphocyte subsets in patients with different clinical classifications of corona virus disease 19 (COVID-19).@*METHODS@#Eighty-one patients with COVID-19 who were admitted to the isolation ward under the responsibility of three medical aid teams in the Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, from February 8, 2020 to March 28, 2020, were selected to collect clinical data. According to the relevant diagnostic criteria, the disease status of the patients was classified into moderate cases (n=35), severe cases (n=39) and critical cases (n=7) when lymphocyte subset testing was performed. Their blood routine tests, lymphocyte subsets and other indicators were tested to compare whether there were differences in each indicator between the patients of different clinical classification groups.@*RESULTS@#The differences in the absolute count of total lymphocytes, T-lymphocytes, CD4+T-lymphocytes, CD8+T-lymphocytes and natural killer (NK) cells among the three groups of patients were all statistically significant (P < 0.05), and the critical cases were significantly lower than the moderate and severe cases in the above indicators, and the indicators showed a decreasing trend with the severity of the disease. In 22 patients, the six indicators of the absolute count of T-lymphocytes, B-lymphocytes, CD4+T-lymphocytes, CD8+T-lymphocytes and NK cells, CD4+/CD8+ ratio were all within the normal reference range in the first test, and 59 patients had abnormalities of the above indicators, with the absolute count of NK cells and CD8+ T lymphocytes decreasing most frequently (61%, 56%). The patients with the absolute count of NK cells and CD8+ T lymphocytes below the normal reference range were one group, and the remaining abnormal patients were the other group. There were more critical cases in the former group (moderate : severe : critical cases were 4 : 8 : 7 vs. 19 : 21 : 0, respectively, P=0.001), and all the deaths were in this group (6 cases vs. 0 case, P=0.001). The absolute B lymphocyte count was below the normal reference range in 15 patients, and the remaining 64 cases were within the normal range. The ratio of moderate, severe and critical cases in the reduced group was 4 : 7 : 4, and the ratio of critical cases was more in normal group which was 30 : 31 : 3, and the difference between the two groups was statistically significant (P=0.043).@*CONCLUSION@#The more critical the clinical subtype of patients with COVID-19, the lower the absolute count of each subset of lymphocytes.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Humans , Killer Cells, Natural , Lymphocyte Count , Lymphocyte Subsets , SARS-CoV-2 , T-Lymphocyte Subsets
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828549

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of corticosteroids therapy on the inflammatory response in a critically ill coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) patient.@*METHODS@#A 55-year old female patient with critical ill COVID-19 was admitted in Taizhou Hospital on January 19, 2020. The patient was treated with methylprednisolone 80 mg on the 2nd day after admission. Thereafter, the dose was adjusted in a timely manner and the therapy lasted for 13 days. The peripheral lymphocyte subsets (CD3T, CD4 T, CD8 T, NK cells, B cells), as well as serum levels of lymphocyte factors (IL-2, IL-4, IL-6, IL-10, TNF-α, IFN-γ) were dynamically monitored.@*RESULTS@#On D1 of admission, the numbers of peripheral blood CD3 T, CD4 T, CD8 T, and NK cells were significantly lower than the normal range. With the improvement of the disease, the numbers of CD3 T, CD8 T and CD4 T cells gradually recovered and showed a linear growth trend (linear fitting equation: =18.59+109.4, <0.05). On D2 of admission, the patient's IL-6 and IL-10 levels were significantly higher than normal values, IFN-γ was at a normal high value, and then rapidly decreased; IL-2, IL-4, and TNF-α were all in the normal range. On the D6 and D7, the IL-6 and IL-10 decreased to the normal range for the first time. On the D18, the sputum virus nucleic acid test was negative for the first time, and the fecal virus nucleic acid test was still positive; on the D20 the sputum and fecal virus nucleic acid test were both negative. On D34, the patient recovered and was discharged. At the discharge the muscle strength score of the patient was 44 and the daily life ability evaluation was 90.@*CONCLUSIONS@#In the absence of effective antiviral drugs, early use of appropriate doses of corticosteroids in critically ill patient with COVID-19 can quickly alleviate inflammatory response and improve clinical symptoms, however, it may reduce the number of T cells, and to adjust the dose in time is necessary.


Subject(s)
Betacoronavirus , Cell Count , Coronavirus Infections , Diagnosis , Drug Therapy , Allergy and Immunology , Critical Illness , Cytokines , Blood , Female , Humans , Methylprednisolone , Middle Aged , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral , Diagnosis , Drug Therapy , Allergy and Immunology , T-Lymphocyte Subsets , Treatment Outcome
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-812995

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To investigate the effect of icariin (ICA) on early β-defensin-2 and T cell subsets in rats after tracheotomy.@*METHODS@#A total of 54 SPF male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into a normal control group (group A), a model group (group B), and a model+ICA treatment group (group C), with 18 rats in each group. A tracheotomy intubation model of the B and C group was prepared. After 6 h of surgery, ICA intervention was given to group C. Groups A and B were given the same amount of normal saline. Lung tissue, alveolar lavage fluid and peripheral blood were taken at 24 h, 72 h and 168 h, respectively. The expression of rat β-defensin-2 mRNA in lung tissue was detected by RT-PCR. The content of β-defensin-2 in alveolar lavage fluid and peripheral blood serum was detected by ELISA. The content of peripheral blood T cell subsets (CD3, CD4, CD8) was detected by flow cytometry, and the ratio of CD4/CD8 was calculated.@*RESULTS@#After tracheotomy, the levels of β-defensin-2 mRNA and β-defensin-2 in lung tissue from the group B were increased significantly at 24 h, then they were decreased gradually, and decreased most significantly at 168 h (0.05). The level of CD3 T cells in peripheral blood was significantly lower than that in the group A (0.05). After ICA intervention in group C: lung tissue, alveolar lavage fluid, peripheral blood serum β-defensin-2 content, and peripheral blood CD3 and CD4 T cell levels were gradually increased, significantly higher than those in the group B (<0.05). CD8 T cell level was significantly lower than that in the group A at 24 h (<0.05), the CD4/CD8 ratio was significantly higher at 168 h than those in the group A or B (both <0.01).@*CONCLUSIONS@#ICA can improve the early lung immune function in rats with tracheotomy, which might be related to up-regulation of β-defensin-2 in lung tissue and alveolar lavage fluid, concomitant with increases in CD3 and CD4 T cells and CD4/CD8 ratio in peripheral blood while reduction in CD8 cells.


Subject(s)
Animals , Flavonoids , Male , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , T-Lymphocyte Subsets , Tracheotomy , beta-Defensins
10.
Immune Network ; : 2-2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811180

ABSTRACT

Acute viral infection or vaccination generates highly functional memory CD8 T cells following the Ag resolution. In contrast, persistent antigenic stimulation in chronic viral infection and cancer leads to a state of T-cell dysfunction termed T-cell exhaustion. We and other have recently identified a novel subset of exhausted CD8 T cells that act as stem cells for maintaining virus-specific CD8 T cells in a mouse model of chronic lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus infection. This stem cell-like CD8 T-cell subset has been also observed in both mouse and human tumor models. Most importantly, in both chronic viral infection and tumor models, the proliferative burst of Ag-specific CD8 T cells driven by PD-1-directed immunotherapy comes exclusively from this stem cell-like CD8 T-cell subset. Therefore, a better understanding of the mechanisms how CD8 T-cell subsets are regulated during chronic viral infection and cancer is required to improve the current immunotherapies that restore the function of exhausted CD8 T cells. In this review, we discuss the differentiation of virus-specific CD8 T cells during chronic viral infection, the characteristics and function of CD8 T-cell subsets, and the therapeutic intervention of PD-1-directed immunotherapy in cancer.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Immunotherapy , Lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus , Memory , Mice , Stem Cells , T-Lymphocyte Subsets , T-Lymphocytes , Vaccination
11.
Immune Network ; : 5-2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811177

ABSTRACT

The γδ T cells are unconventional lymphocytes that function in both innate and adaptive immune responses against various intracellular and infectious stresses. The γδ T cells can be exploited as cancer-killing effector cells since γδ TCRs recognize MHC-like molecules and growth factor receptors that are upregulated in cancer cells, and γδ T cells can differentiate into cytotoxic effector cells. However, γδ T cells may also promote tumor progression by secreting IL-17 or other cytokines. Therefore, it is essential to understand how the differentiation and homeostasis of γδ T cells are regulated and whether distinct γδ T cell subsets have different functions. Human γδ T cells are classified into Vδ2 and non-Vδ2 γδ T cells. The majority of Vδ2 γδ T cells are Vγ9δ2 T cells that recognize pyrophosphorylated isoprenoids generated by the dysregulated mevalonate pathway. In contrast, Vδ1 T cells expand from initially diverse TCR repertoire in patients with infectious diseases and cancers. The ligands of Vδ1 T cells are diverse and include the growth factor receptors such as endothelial protein C receptor. Both Vδ1 and Vδ2 γδ T cells are implicated to have immunotherapeutic potentials for cancers, but the detailed elucidation of the distinct characteristics of 2 populations will be required to enhance the immunotherapeutic potential of γδ T cells. Here, we summarize recent progress regarding cancer immunology of human γδ T cells, including their development, heterogeneity, and plasticity, the putative mechanisms underlying ligand recognition and activation, and their dual effects on tumor progression in the tumor microenvironment.


Subject(s)
Allergy and Immunology , Communicable Diseases , Cytokines , Homeostasis , Humans , Interleukin-17 , Ligands , Lymphocytes , Mevalonic Acid , Plastics , Population Characteristics , Protein C , Receptors, Antigen, T-Cell, gamma-delta , Receptors, Growth Factor , T-Lymphocyte Subsets , T-Lymphocytes , Terpenes , Tumor Microenvironment
12.
An. bras. dermatol ; 94(1): 52-55, Jan.-Feb. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-983741

ABSTRACT

Abstract: Background: Pityriasis rosea is a common papulosquamous disorder. However, its etiology and pathogenesis remain unclear. Objective: We investigate the types of inflammatory cells infiltrating the lesional skin of pityriasis rosea and demonstrate whether T-cell-mediated immunity is involved in the pathogenesis of this condition or not. Methods: The biopsies were taken from the lesional skin of 35 cases of patients diagnosed with pityriasis rosea. The specimens were prepared in paraffin sections, then submitted to routine immunohistochemistry procedures using monoclonal antibodies directed against CD3, CD4, CD8, CD20 and CD45RO and horseradish peroxidase-labeled goat anti-human antibodies. The positive sections were determined by the ratio and staining intensity of positive inflammatory cells. Results: The mean score of positive CD3, CD4, CD8, and CD45RO staining was respectively 3.74±3.88, 5.67±4.40, 2.94±3.42 and 7.68±4.33 in these pityriasis rosea patients (P<0.001). The percentage of positive staining was 54.29% (19/35), 69.7% (23/33), 40% (14/35) and 79.41% (27/34) (P<0.05). However, the staining of CD20 was negative in all samples. The mean score of CD3 staining in patients with time for remission ≤60 days (4.90±4.21) was higher than that in patients with time for remission >60 days (2.00±2.5) (P<0.05), whereas no statistical difference in the mean score of CD4, CD8 and CD45RO staining was observed. study liMitations: The sample size and the selected monoclonal antibody are limited, so the results reflect only part of the cellular immunity in the pathogenesis of pityriasis rosea. Conclusion: Our findings support a predominantly T-cell mediated immunity in the development of pityriasis rosea.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , T-Lymphocyte Subsets/pathology , Pityriasis Rosea/pathology , Reference Values , Staining and Labeling , Time Factors , Biopsy , Immunohistochemistry , CD4-Positive T-Lymphocytes/pathology , T-Lymphocyte Subsets/immunology , Pityriasis Rosea/immunology , Leukocyte Common Antigens/analysis , CD3 Complex/analysis , CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes/pathology , Immunity, Cellular
13.
Gac. méd. Méx ; 155(1): 72-79, Jan.-Feb. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1286462

ABSTRACT

Resumen El lupus eritematoso generalizado (LEG) es una enfermedad autoinmune crónica caracterizada por la pérdida de la tolerancia a los antígenos propios y la síntesis de diferentes autoanticuerpos con la formación y depósito de complejos inmunes y el daño de múltiples órganos. Las células T reguladoras (Treg) desempeñan un papel esencial en el mantenimiento de la tolerancia periférica, controlan el estado de activación del sistema inmune y limitan las respuestas autoinmunes. El estudio del número y la función de las diferentes subpoblaciones de células Treg en LEG ha sido objeto de una intensa investigación. Dependiendo del fenotipo de las células Treg analizado se ha reportado que la frecuencia de estas células en pacientes con LEG se encuentra disminuida, aumentada o sin alteraciones. Además, diferentes grupos han descrito que la función supresora de las células Treg de los pacientes con LEG se encuentra reducida o no se ve afectada. En conjunto, lo datos reportados sugieren que las células Treg desempeñan un papel relevante en la patogénesis del LEG y que estos linfocitos pueden ser considerados blancos potenciales para el diseño de nuevas estrategias terapéuticas para esta enfermedad.


Abstract Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a chronic autoimmune disease characterized by a loss of tolerance to self-antigens and synthesis of different autoantibodies, with the formation and deposition of immune complexes and damage to multiple organs. T regulatory cells (Tregs) play a crucial role in maintaining peripheral tolerance, controlling the state of activation of the immune system and limiting autoimmune responses. The study of the number and function of the different Treg cell subpopulations in SLE has been the subject of intense research. Depending on the analyzed Treg cell phenotype, the frequency of these cells has been reported to be reduced, increased or unaltered in patients with SLE. In addition, different groups have described that Treg cells suppressive function is reduced or unaffected in patients with SLE. Taken together, the reported data suggest that Treg cells play a relevant role in the pathogenesis of SLE and that these lymphocytes can be considered potential targets for the design of new therapeutic strategies for this condition.


Subject(s)
Humans , T-Lymphocyte Subsets/immunology , T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory/immunology , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic/immunology , Autoantibodies/immunology , Autoantigens/immunology , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic/physiopathology
14.
Immune Network ; : e26-2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-764020

ABSTRACT

Since primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS) is an autoummune disease of B cell hyperactivity and pathologic autoantibody response, follicular helper T (Tfh) cells and follicular regulatory T (Tfr) cells are suggested to be key players in pSS. We examined subsets of Tfh and Tfr cells from the blood in pSS patients, and whether these subsets represent disease activity, glandular inflammation, or autoantibody responses in pSS. Circulating Tfh and Tfr cells, along with their specific subsets, were identified from the peripheral blood of 18 pSS patients and 14 age- and sex-matched healthy controls (HCs) using flow cytometry analysis. Blood Tfr and Tfh cell ratios were increased in pSS patients compared with HCs. The CCR7(lo)PD-1(hi) subset of circulating Tfh cells was increased in pSS patients with high degree of focal lymphocytic sialadenitis; whereas circulating Tfh cells did not differ between pSS patients and HCs. The frequency of CCR7(lo)PD-1(hi) Tfh cells was significantly correlated with disease activity scores and differentiated B cells. PD-1 expression on blood Tfh and Tfr cells showed positive correlations with IL-21 in pSS. Increasing trend of blood Tfr cells was observed in pSS patients, and blood Tfr cells (particularly Th1 and Th17 subsets) represented hypergammaglobulinemia in pSS. In summary, circulating CCR7(lo)PD-1(hi) Tfh cells indicated disease activity and glandular inflammation in pSS. Circulating Tfr cells, shifted toward Th1 and Th17 subsets, indicated ongoing IgG production in pSS. Subsets of circulating Tfh or Tfr cells could be biomarkers for disease monitoring and patient stratification in pSS.


Subject(s)
Autoantibodies , B-Lymphocytes , Biomarkers , Flow Cytometry , Humans , Hypergammaglobulinemia , Immunoglobulin G , Inflammation , Sialadenitis , T-Lymphocyte Subsets , T-Lymphocytes , T-Lymphocytes, Helper-Inducer , T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory
15.
Immune Network ; : e2-2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-740212

ABSTRACT

The enhanced differentiation and activation of osteoclasts (OCs) in the inflammatory arthritis such as rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and gout causes not only local bone erosion, but also systemic osteoporosis, leading to functional disabilities and morbidity. The induction and amplification of NFATc1, a master regulator of OC differentiation, is mainly regulated by receptor activator of NF-κB (RANK) ligand-RANK and calcium signaling which are amplified in the inflammatory milieu, as well as by inflammatory cytokines such as TNFα, IL-1β and IL-6. Moreover, the predominance of CD4+ T cell subsets, which varies depending on the condition of inflammatory diseases, can determine the fate of OC differentiation. Anti-citrullinated peptide antibodies which are critical in the pathogenesis of RA can bind to the citrullinated vimentin on the surface of OC precursors, and in turn promote OC differentiation and function via IL-8. In addition to adaptive immunity, the activation of innate immune system including the nucleotide oligomerization domain leucine rich repeat with a pyrin domain 3 inflammasome and TLRs can regulate OC maturation. The emerging perspectives about the diverse and close interactions between the immune cells and OCs in inflammatory milieu can have a significant impact on the future direction of drug development.


Subject(s)
Adaptive Immunity , Antibodies , Arthritis , Arthritis, Rheumatoid , Calcium Signaling , Cytokines , Gout , Immune System , Inflammasomes , Interleukin-6 , Interleukin-8 , Leucine , Osteoclasts , Osteolysis , Osteoporosis , T-Lymphocyte Subsets , Vimentin
16.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1876-1880, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781525

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the expression level of T lymphocyte subsets in elderly patients with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma (NDMM), and to evaluated the prognostic value of T lymphocytic abnormalities in elderly NDMM patients.@*METHODS@#Pretreated peripheral blood of 39 newly diagnosed elder patients with MM was tested by multi-parameter flow cytometry (MFC) to quantitatively detect T lymphocyte subsets, including CD4T cell, CD8T cell, and CD4/CD8 ratio. The prognostic values T-lymphocyte subset were evaluated in newly diagnosed elderly patients with MM.@*RESULTS@#The median follow-up time was 21.5 (range, 3.0-66.0) months. Absolute counts of CD4T cell and CD4/CD8 ratio positively correlated with prognosis. In the multivariate COX analysis, lower CD4/CD8 ratio and CD4T cell counts were identified to be independent adverse prognostic factors for OS.@*CONCLUSION@#Lower CD4/CD8 ratio and CD4T cell counts at initial diagnosis are independent unfavorable prognostic factors for elderly patients with MM, and T lymphocyte subsets are crucial indicators for MM patients' prognosis.


Subject(s)
Aged , CD4-CD8 Ratio , Flow Cytometry , Humans , Lymphocyte Count , Lymphocyte Subsets , Multiple Myeloma , Prognosis , T-Lymphocyte Subsets
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777460

ABSTRACT

Databases including China Biological Medicine database(CBM), Chinese scientific journals full-text database(VIP), China National Knowledge Infrastructure database(CNKI), WanFang Data, PubMed, and EMbase were searched from inception to March 2018 to collect the randomized controlled trials(RCTs) on Shenqi Fuzheng Injection combined with chemotherapy for the treatment of breast cancer. All included studies were critically appraised by two independent reviewers by following the cochrane systematic review method and using Revman 5.3 software and State 12.0 for data analysis. After screening, 20 RCTs involving 2 095 patients were included in the study. Meta-analysis showed that as compared with control group of chemotherapy alone, Shenqi Fuzheng Injection combined with chemotherapy could improve the clinical curative efficiency, the KPS score, and immune function indexes such as total T cells, Th cells and Ts cells; inhibit the decline of white blood cells(WBC), platelets in blood system, T-lymphocyte subsets such as CD3~+, CD4~+, CD4~+/CD8~+, alleviate myelosuppression and reduce the incidence of side effects such as gastrointestinal adverse reaction, liver and kidney dysfunction and abnormal electrocardiogram. The results revealed that for clinical breast cancer patients, Shenqi Fuzheng Injection combined with chemotherapy could significantly improve its clinical efficacy and reduce adverse reactions. However, the conclusions still need to be verified by high-quality, multi-center, large-sample, prospective, randomized and double-blind clinical trials. In conclusion, this study has systemically evaluated the efficacy and safety of Shenqi Fuzheng Injection combined with chemotherapy in treatment of breast cancer and provided the reference of evidence-based medicine for safe and effective clinical application of medicines.


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Agents , Therapeutic Uses , Breast Neoplasms , Drug Therapy , China , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Therapeutic Uses , Female , Humans , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , T-Lymphocyte Subsets
18.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1201-1207, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775741

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the correlation of IL-37 with T lymphocytes subsets and NK cells in ITP patients, and to explore its possible mechanisms involved in the pathogenesis of ITP.@*METHODS@#Forty-five patients with newly diagnosed ITP(newly diagnosed group), 32 patients of complete remission (remission group) and 22 healthy persons(control group) were selected. The serum level of IL-37 in 3 groups was determined by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The mRNA expression of IL-37, IL-17 and IL-18 in peripheral blood mononuclear cells(PBMNC) in 3 groups was measured by real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (PCR). The number of IL-18RαCD4 T cells and Tim-3NK cells in the peripheral blood in 3 groups was detected by flow cytometry (FCM).@*RESULTS@#The serum level of IL-37 in the peripheral blood of ITP patients in the newly diagnosed group was significantly higher than that in the control group and the remission group(P<0.01) . The expression level of IL-37 in PBMNC of the ITP patients in newly diagnosed group was higher than that in the control group and the remission group(P<0. 05). The expression level of IL-17 and IL-18 in PBMNC of the ITP patients in newly diagnosed group was higher than that in the control group and the remission group(P<0. 01); the expression of IL-18Rα in CD4 T cells in newly diagnosed group was significantly higher than that in both the control and the remission group(P<0.01).The expression of Tim-3 in NK cells in ITP patients was significantly lower than that in the control group (P<0. 01). In ITP patients, the serum IL-37 level and IL-18RαCD4T cells ratio both negatively correlated with Plt count (r=-0.58, r=-0.48) moreo-ver the serum IL-37 level also negatively correlated with amount of CD4 T cells and NK cells (r=-0.29, r=-0.28), but positively correlated with amount of CD8 T cells (r=0.329).@*CONCLUSION@#The IL-37 and its receptors may play an immunoregulatory role in CD4 T cells and NK cells, the IL-37 may be a therapeutic target for ITP patients.


Subject(s)
CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes , Flow Cytometry , Humans , Interleukin-1 , Allergy and Immunology , Killer Cells, Natural , Leukocytes, Mononuclear , Purpura, Thrombocytopenic, Idiopathic , T-Lymphocyte Subsets
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774314

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the changes of T lymphocyte subsets, B lymphocyte and NK cells in peripheral blood of patients with acute leukemia at different periods and their significance.@*METHODS@#The peripheral T lymphocyte subsets and B lymphocyte of 95 patients with acute leukemia [(43 cases of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), 52 cases of acute myeloid leukemia (AML)] and 50 normal people were detected by flow cytometry respectively.@*RESULTS@#The positive rate of CD3, CD3CD4, CD3CD8, NK cells and CD4/CD8 in the patients with newly diagnosed acute leukemia were significantly lower than those in normal controls (P<0.05) , but increased obviously after complete remission. The positive rate of Treg cells in the patients with newly diagnosed leukemia group was significantly higher than that in normal controls (P<0.01) , but decreased obviously after complete remission. Positive rate of CD3CD19 cells in the patients with newly diagnosed acute myeloid leukemia was significantly lower , but higher in the patients with newly diagnosed acute lymphoblastic leukemia than that in normal controls with statistical significant difference (P<0.05) , and increased obviously in the patients with acute myeloid leukemia (P<0.05) after complete remission , but decreased in the patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (P<0.01) after complete remission or no-remission.@*CONCLUSION@#Changes of T lymphocyte subsets, B lymphocytes and NK cells in the patients with newly diagnosed acute leukemia are significant, thus the detection of T lymphocyte cell subsets, B lymphocytes and NK cells can provide some evidences. for evaluation of the disease severity, curative efficiency and prognosis of patients with acute leukemia.


Subject(s)
B-Lymphocytes , Flow Cytometry , Humans , Killer Cells, Natural , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma , T-Lymphocyte Subsets
20.
Immune Network ; : 38-2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-785823

ABSTRACT

Campylobacter is a worldwide foodborne pathogen, associated with human gastroenteritis. The efficient translocation of Campylobacter and its ability to secrete toxins into host cells are the 2 key features of Campylobacter pathophysiology which trigger inflammation in intestinal cells and contribute to the development of gastrointestinal symptoms, particularly diarrhoea, in humans. The purpose of conducting this literature review is to summarise the current understanding of: i) the human immune responses involved in the elimination of Campylobacter infection and ii) the resistance potential in Campylobacter against these immune responses. This review has highlighted that the intestinal epithelial cells are the preliminary cells which sense Campylobacter cells by means of their cell-surface and cytosolic receptors, activate various receptors-dependent signalling pathways, and recruit the innate immune cells to the site of inflammation. The innate immune system, adaptive immune system, and networking between these systems play a crucial role in bacterial clearance. Different cellular constituents of Campylobacter, mainly cell membrane lipooligosaccharides, capsule, and toxins, provide protection to Campylobacter against the human immune system mediated killing. This review has also identified gaps in knowledge, which are related to the activation of following during Campylobacter infection: i) cathelicidins, bactericidal permeability-increasing proteins, chemokines, and inflammasomes in intestinal epithelial cells; ii) siglec-7 receptors in dendritic cell; iii) acute phase proteins in serum; and iv) T-cell subsets in lymphoid nodules. This review evaluates the existing literature to improve the understanding of human immunity against Campylobacter infection and identify some of the knowledge gaps for future research.


Subject(s)
Acute-Phase Proteins , Antigen-Presenting Cells , Campylobacter Infections , Campylobacter , Cathelicidins , Cell Membrane , Chemokines , Cytosol , Dendritic Cells , Epithelial Cells , Gastroenteritis , Guillain-Barre Syndrome , Homicide , Humans , Immune System , Inflammasomes , Inflammation , T-Lymphocyte Subsets , Toll-Like Receptors
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