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1.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 49(4): e5062, 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-951667

ABSTRACT

Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2D) is a metabolic disease with inflammation as an important pathogenic background. However, the pattern of immune cell subsets and the cytokine profile associated with development of T2D are unclear. The objective of this study was to evaluate different components of the immune system in T2D patients' peripheral blood by quantifying the frequency of lymphocyte subsets and intracellular pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokine production by T cells. Clinical data and blood samples were collected from 22 men (51.6±6.3 years old) with T2D and 20 nonsmoking men (49.4±7.6 years old) who were matched for age and sex as control subjects. Glycated hemoglobin, high-sensitivity C-reactive protein concentrations, and the lipid profile were measured by a commercially available automated system. Frequencies of lymphocyte subsets in peripheral blood and intracellular production of interleukin (IL)-4, IL-10, IL-17, tumor necrosis factor-α, and interferon-γ cytokines by CD3+ T cells were assessed by flow cytometry. No differences were observed in the frequency of CD19+ B cells, CD3+CD8+ and CD3+CD4+ T cells, CD16+56+ NK cells, and CD4+CD25+Foxp3+ T regulatory cells in patients with T2D compared with controls. The numbers of IL-10- and IL-17-producing CD3+ T cells were significantly higher in patients with T2D than in controls (P<0.05). The frequency of interferon-γ-producing CD3+ T cells was positively correlated with body mass index (r=0.59; P=0.01). In conclusion, this study shows increased numbers of circulating IL-10- and IL-17-producing CD3+ T cells in patients with T2D, suggesting that these cytokines are involved in the immune pathology of this disease.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Middle Aged , Cytokines/blood , T-Lymphocyte Subsets/metabolism , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/blood , Reference Values , C-Reactive Protein/metabolism , T-Lymphocytes/cytology , T-Lymphocytes/immunology , T-Lymphocytes/metabolism , Case-Control Studies , T-Lymphocyte Subsets/cytology , T-Lymphocyte Subsets/immunology , Statistics, Nonparametric , Lymphocyte Count , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/immunology , Flow Cytometry , Immunity, Cellular
2.
Braz. dent. j ; 25(5): 385-390, Sep-Oct/2014. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-731046

ABSTRACT

The clinical performance of dental implants is strongly defined by biomechanical principles. The aim of this study was to quantify the Vicker's hardness (VHN) and elastic modulus (E) surround bone to dental implant in different regions, and to discuss the parameters of dynamic microindantion test. Ten cylindrical implants with morse taper interface (Titamax CM, Neodent; 3.5 mm diameter and 7 mm a height) were inserted in rabbit tibia. The mechanical properties were analyzed using microhardness dynamic indenter with 200 mN load and 15 s penetration time. Seven continuous indentations were made distancing 0.08 mm between each other perpendicularly to the implant-bone interface towards the external surface, at the limit of low (Lp) and high implant profile (Hp). Data were analyzed by Student's t-test (a=0.05) to compare the E and VHN values obtained on both regions. Mean and standard deviation of E (GPa) were: Lp. 16.6 ± 1.7, Hp. 17.0 ± 2.5 and VHN (N/mm2): Lp. 12.6 ± 40.8, Hp. 120.1 ± 43.7. No statistical difference was found between bone mechanical properties of high and low profile of the surround bone to implant, demonstrating that the bone characterization homogeneously is pertinent. Dynamic microindantion method proved to be highly useful in the characterization of the individual peri-implant bone tissue.


O desempenho clínico de implantes dentais é fortemente definido por princípios biomecânicos. Este trabalho objetivou quantificar a Dureza Vickers (VHN) e módulo de elasticidade (E) do osso periimplantar e discutir parâmetros metodológicos de ensaio dinâmico de indentação. Foram utilizados 10 implantes de corpo cilíndrico com interface cone morse, (Titamax CM; Neodent, Curitiba, PR, Brasil), diâmetro de 3.5 mm e altura de 7 mm inseridos em tíbia de coelho recém obtidas após abate dos animais. As propriedades mecânicas foram analisadas usando penetrador dinâmico de microdureza Vickers (CSM Micro-Hardness Tester; CSM Instruments, Peseux, Switzerland) com carga de 200 mN e tempo de penetração de 15s. Foram feitas 7 indentações no osso cortical na base da rosca (Br) e na ponta da rosca (Pr) na direção perpendicular ao implante, com distância entre elas de 0,08 mm perpendicular a interface osso implante em direção a superfície esterna. Os dados foram analisados por meio de teste t-Student (P<0,05). O valores médios e desvio padrão de E (GPa) foram: Br. 16,6 ± 1,7A; Pr. 17,0 ± 2,5A e VHN (N/mm2): Br. 125,6 ± 40,8A; Pr. 120,1 ± 43,7A. Não houve diferença significativa entre as propriedades mecânicas avaliadas no osso na base e na ponta da rosca do implante, demonstrando que a caracterização desta estrutura de forma homogênea em análises computacionais é pertinente. O método de indentação dinâmica mostrou ser altamente útil na caracterização individualizada do tecido ósseo periimplantar.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Animals , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Infant , Male , Middle Aged , Cryptosporidiosis/epidemiology , Cryptosporidium parvum/physiology , Biopsy , China/epidemiology , Cryptosporidiosis/parasitology , Cryptosporidiosis/prevention & control , Feces/parasitology , T-Lymphocyte Subsets/metabolism
3.
J. appl. oral sci ; 22(4): 336-346, Jul-Aug/2014. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-718287

ABSTRACT

Previous studies demonstrate that the balance between pro- and anti-inflammatory mediators determines the stable or progressive nature of periapical granulomas by modulating the balance of the osteoclastogenic factor RANKL and its antagonist OPG. However, the cytokine networks operating in the development of periapical lesions are quite more complex than what the simple pro- versus anti-inflammatory mediators' paradigm suggests. Here we simultaneously investigated the patterns of Th1, Th2, Th9, Th17, Th22, Thf, Tr1 and Tregs cytokines/markers expression in human periapical granulomas. Methods: The expression of TNF-α, IFN-γ, IL-17A, IL23, IL21, IL-33, IL-10, IL-4, IL-9, IL-22, FOXp3 markers (via RealTimePCR array) was accessed in active/progressive (N=40) versus inactive/stable (N=70) periapical granulomas (as determined by RANKL/OPG expression ratio), and also to compare these samples with a panel of control specimens (N=26). A cluster analysis of 13 cytokine levels was performed to examine possible clustering between the cytokines in a total of 110 granulomas. Results: The expression of all target cytokines was higher in the granulomas than in control samples. TNF-α, IFN-γ, IL-17A and IL-21 mRNA levels were significantly higher in active granulomas, while in inactive lesions the expression levels of IL-4, IL-9, IL-10, IL-22 and FOXp3 were higher than in active granulomas. Five clusters were identified in inactive lesion groups, being the variance in the expression levels of IL-17, IL-10, FOXp3, IFN-γ, IL-9, IL-33 and IL-4 statistically significant (KW p<0.05). Three clusters were identified in active lesions, being the variance in the expression levels of IL-22, IL-10, IFN-γ, IL-17, IL-33, FOXp3, IL-21 and RANKL statistically significant (KW p<0.05). Conclusion: There is a clear dichotomy in the profile of cytokine expression in inactive and active periapical lesions. While the widespread ...


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Cytokines/analysis , Periapical Granuloma/pathology , T-Lymphocyte Subsets/metabolism , T-Lymphocytes, Helper-Inducer/metabolism , Analysis of Variance , Biomarkers/analysis , Chronic Disease , Cytokines/immunology , Periapical Granuloma/immunology , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Reference Values , Statistics, Nonparametric , T-Lymphocyte Subsets/immunology , T-Lymphocytes, Helper-Inducer/immunology
4.
KOOMESH-Journal of Semnan University of Medical Sciences. 2011; 12 (2): 189-195
in Persian | IMEMR | ID: emr-125116

ABSTRACT

Intense exercise activity has been known as one of the immune system suppressor. The purpose of the present study was to examine the effect of a single incremental exhausting exercise on circulting numbers of T cell and NK cell subsets in healthy young male athletes. Twenty male subjects with mean age 22/4 +/- 1/8 [SD] yr, mean Vo2max 41/7 +/- 7/1 [SD] ml/kg/min and mean BMI 23 +/- 1/87 [SD] kg/m2 were divided randomly into two control group [n=10] and experimental group [n=10]. The experimental subjects performed a standard bicycle ergometer test whereas the control subjects did not participate in any exercise activity. Blood samples were collected pre-, immediately post-, and 2 hours post-exercise. The T and and NK lymphocyte subsets were analyzed with flow cytometry. There was a significant increase in the percentage of T [CD8] and NK [CD16/56] and a significant decrase in the percentage of T [CD4] and the ratio of CD4/CD8 from pre-, to immediately post-exercise [p<0.05]. Both changes returned to pre-exercise values at 2 hours post-exercise. Addtionally, no significant changes was found in the percentage of CD56 and CD16 [NK] cells following exercise Findings of this study indicate a single intense and short-term training session caused transient and temporary changes in circulating lymphocytes counts. Thus, it is reommonded that the interval between training designed in a way that the immune system reverts back to its original status


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Athletes , Killer Cells, Natural/metabolism , T-Lymphocyte Subsets/metabolism , Flow Cytometry , CD56 Antigen
5.
Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz ; 96(suppl): 89-101, Sept. 2001. ilus, graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-295895

ABSTRACT

T cell clones were derived from peripheral blood mononuclear cells of Schistosoma haematobium infected and uninfected individuals living in an endemic area. The clones were stimulated with S. haematobium worm and egg antigens and purified protein derivative. Attempts were made to classify the T cell clones according to production of the cytokines IL-4, IL-5 and IFN-gamma. All the T cell clones derived were observed to produce cytokines used as markers for the classification of Th1/Th2 subsets. However, the 'signature' cytokines marking each subset were produced at different levels. The classification depended on the dominating cytokine type, which was having either Th0/1 or Th0/2 subsets. The results indicated that no distinct cytokine profiles for polarisation of Th1/Th2 subsets were detected in these S. haematobium infected humans. The balance in the profiles of cytokines marking each subset were related to infection and re-infection status after treatment with praziquantel. In the present study, as judged by the changes in infection status with time, the T cell responses appeared to be less stable and more dynamic, suggesting that small quantitative changes in the balance of the cytokines response could result in either susceptibility or resistant to S. haematobium infection


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Child , Cytokines/biosynthesis , Schistosoma haematobium/immunology , Schistosomiasis haematobia/immunology , T-Lymphocytes, Helper-Inducer/classification , Anthelmintics/therapeutic use , Antigens, Helminth , Cell Line , Clone Cells/classification , Clone Cells/metabolism , Cytokines/analysis , Cytokines/isolation & purification , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Follow-Up Studies , Parasite Egg Count , Praziquantel/therapeutic use , Schistosomiasis haematobia/drug therapy , T-Lymphocyte Subsets/classification , T-Lymphocyte Subsets/metabolism , T-Lymphocytes, Helper-Inducer/metabolism , Th1 Cells/classification , Th1 Cells/metabolism , Th2 Cells/classification , Th2 Cells/metabolism , Titrimetry
6.
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-33718

ABSTRACT

Activation of immunoregulatory T lymphocyte subsets has been observed in dengue viral infection, being more evident in dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF) than in classical dengue fever (DF). There are, however, as yet no well-defined host markers to determine which patients with dengue viral infection will develop severe complications during the acute febrile stage of the disease. A study was performed to compare the cellular immune status in DHF, DF and non-dengue viral infections (NDF) in order to determine the value of these parameters in distinguishing DHF from classic DF and other viral infections during the acute febrile stage of the disease. This study involved 109 febrile patients admitted because of suspected DHF. Fifty patients were serologically confirmed cases of dengue infection, of which 25 had grade 1 or 2 DHF. There was a reduction in total T (CD3), CD4 and CD8 cells in DHF and demonstrated that a low level of CD3, CD4, CD8 and CD5 cells discriminated DHF from DF patients during the febrile stage of the illness. In contrast, B (CD19) cells and natural killer (NK) cells did not appear to be discriminatory in this study. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis showed that a combination of CD3 cell of < or = 45% and CD5 cell of < or = 55% was the best marker to identify DHF patients (sensitivity = 84% and specificity = 52% for CD3 cell of < or = 45%; sensitivity = 92% and specificity = 71% for CD5 cell of < or = 55%). CD4 cell of < or = 25% and CD8 cell < or = 30% were equally good in discriminating DHF from DF patients. On the other hand, the ROC curves indicated no clear difference between the immunoregulatory cell counts in DF from NDF Lymphopenia, atypical lymphocytosis and thrombocytopenia were significantly more evident in dengue compared to non-dengue infection but did not appear to be discriminatory among DHF and DF patients. The reduction in CD3, CD4, CD8, CD5 cells correlated with the degree of thrombocytopenia in DHF (p < 0.05) which suggests that these cells probably participate in a common pathogenetic mechanism.


Subject(s)
Acute Disease , Adolescent , Adult , Analysis of Variance , Dengue/diagnosis , Severe Dengue/diagnosis , Diagnosis, Differential , Female , Humans , Immunity, Cellular , Male , Middle Aged , Models, Biological , ROC Curve , T-Lymphocyte Subsets/metabolism , Virus Diseases/diagnosis
7.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 24(3): 275-9, mar. 1991. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-99565

ABSTRACT

The total number of lymphocytes and the percentage of CD45RO+ (putative memory T cell) and CD45R+ (putative naive T cell) were determined in 15 cord blod samples, 66 healthy children ranging in a age from 1 to 18 years, 16 adults (23-59 years) and 16 aged individuals (60-96 years). The total number of lymphocytes decreased with age and reached the adult range in children to the adult group,white the percentage of CD45RO+ Tcells was low in cord blood and increased with age.No significant difference was observed between the adult and the aged groups for either lymphocyte subset. These data support the view that CD45RO+ and CD45R+ T-cell subsets represent maturational stages of T cells


Subject(s)
Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Humans , Aging/metabolism , Antigens, CD/blood , Histocompatibility Antigens/blood , T-Lymphocyte Subsets/metabolism , T-Lymphocytes/metabolism , Aged, 80 and over , Aging/blood , Aging/immunology , Antigens, CD/metabolism , Cellular Senescence , Fetal Blood/immunology , Fetal Blood/physiology , Histocompatibility Antigens/metabolism , Immunophenotyping , Leukocyte Count , Lymphocyte Activation , T-Lymphocyte Subsets/immunology , T-Lymphocyte Subsets/physiology , T-Lymphocytes/immunology , T-Lymphocytes/physiology
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