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1.
Infectio ; 25(4): 276-283, oct.-dic. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1286722

ABSTRACT

Resumen Objetivo: Describir la supervivencia a siete años y los principales factores asociados a esta, en las personas con VIH que fueron atendidas en el sistema de salud colombiano entre 2011 a 2018. Métodos: Análisis de supervivencia de una cohorte de 64 039 personas diagnosticadas con VIH en Colombia. Se aplicó el método de Kaplan-Meier para estimar la probabilidad de supervivencia a partir de la fecha del diagnóstico. Se ajustó un modelo de supervivencia paramétrico flexible de Royston Parmar. Resultados: La estimación de la supervivencia global a 7 años fue de 94,8% (IC 95%: 94,5-95,2). El mayor riesgo de muerte se presentó en los hombres (HR: 1,2; IC 95%: 1,1-1,4; p: 0,010); en personas ≥50 años de edad (HR: 3,1; IC 95%: 1,6-6,3; p: 0,002); en el régimen subsidiado (HR: 2,2; IC 95%: 1,9-2,5; p: <0,001); en la etapa sida (HR: 2,8; IC 95%: 2,1-3,7; p: <0,001); en quienes presentaron la última carga viral detectable (HR: 7,1; IC 95%: 6,0-8,3; p: <0,001); y en quienes mostraron conteo de linfocitos T CD4+ <350 células/μL (HR: 1,9; IC 95%: 1,4-2,4; p: <0,001). Conclusión: La probabilidad de la supervivencia de las personas que viven con VIH aumenta al ser diagnosticados en edades jóvenes, en quienes presenten un recuento de linfocitos T CD4+ ≥350 células/μL, una carga viral indetectable (< 50 copias/mL) y no se encuentren en etapa sida.


Summary Objective: to describe the seven-year survival and predictors of mortality among people with HIV who were treated in the Colombian health system between 2011 and 2018. Methods: 64 039 people diagnosed with HIV in Colombia were included. Kaplan-Meier analysis estimated the probability of survival from the date of diagnosis. A Royston Parmar flexible parametric survival model was fitted. Results: The overall survival at 7 years was 94.8% (95% CI: 94.5-95.2). Survival was related to sex (men, HR: 1.2; 95% CI: 1.1-1.4; p: 0.010); people ≥50 years of age (HR: 3.1; 95% CI: 1.6-6.3; p: 0.002); subsidized regime (HR: 2.2; 95% CI: 1.9-2.5; p: <0.001); AIDS stage (HR: 2.8; 95% CI: 2.1-3.7; p: <0.001); a detectable viral load (HR: 7.1; 95% CI: 6.0-8.3; p: <0.001); and a CD4+ Lymphocyte count <350 cells/μL (HR: 1.9; 95% CI: 1.4-2.4; p: <0.001). Conclusion: The probability of survival of people living with HIV increases when they are diagnosed at a young age, in those with a CD4+ T Lymphocyte count ≥350 cells/μL, an undetectable viral load (<50 copies/mL) and are not in the AIDS stage.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Survival Analysis , Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome , Sex , T-Lymphocytes , Probability , HIV , Colombia , Lymphocyte Count , Viral Load , Survivorship
2.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 81(3): 337-345, jun. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1346468

ABSTRACT

Resumen Las leucemias agudas constituyen la neoplasia más frecuente en pacientes pediátricos. Actualmente, el 80% de los niños con leucemia linfoblástica aguda (LLA) logran curarse con quimioterapia con vencional pero el 20% de los mismos presentarán una reaparición de la enfermedad. La enfermedad residual medible (ERM) ha sido descripta como un importante factor pronóstico, que permite evaluar la respuesta de los pacientes al tratamiento. Una de las técnicas más sensibles par a estudiar ERM es la cuantificación de reordena mientos génicos de inmunoglobulinas (Ig) y receptores de linfocitos-T (TCR). Los objetivos del presente trabajo fueron describir los reordenamientos detectados de Ig/TCR, evaluar el efecto de la ERM en la supervivencia de niños con LLA y comparar la ERM por Ig/TCR con la cuantificada mediante citometría de flujo multiparamétrica (CFM). Del total de 455 pacientes estudiados, en el 96% fue posible caracterizar al menos un reordenamiento de Ig/TCR. El total de reordenamientos clonales detectados fue de 1550. La ERM pudo ser estudiada en forma exitosa en el 89% de los casos. El valor de ERM positiva combinada al día 33 y 78 de tratamiento, permitió identificar pacientes de alto riesgo, entre los previamente estratificados por la ERM mediante CFM al día 15. La comparación entre la determinación de ERM mediante reordenamientos Ig/TCR y CFM mostró una excelente correlación. El presente trabajo constituye un estudio de ERM mediante Ig/TCR realizado en un número muy significativo de pacientes diagnosticados en forma consecutiva, tratados en el marco de un protocolo homogéneo y con excelente seguimiento clínico.


Abstract Acute leukemias are the most common neoplasm in pediatric patients. Currently, 80% of children with diagnosis of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) are cured with conventional chemotherapy, but 20% of them will have a recurrence of the disease. Measurable Residual Disease (MRD) has been described as an important prognostic factor that allows evaluating the response of patients to treatment. One of the most sensitive techniques to study MRD is the quantification of immunoglobulins (Ig) and T-lymphocyte receptors (TCR) genes rearrangements. The aims of this study were to describe the detected Ig/TCR rearrangements, to evaluate the prognostic impact of MRD in our population of children with ALL and to compare the MRD values by Ig/TCR with those obtained by multiparametric flow cytometry (MFC). A total of 455 patients were studied. In 96% of the cases, it was possible to characterize at least one Ig/TCR rearrangement. The total number of Ig/TCR rear rangements detected was 1550. MRD was successfully applied in 89% of the cases. The combined positive MRD values at day 33 and 78 of treatment allow the identification of high-risk patients in cases previously stratified by MRD using flow cytometry at day 15. The comparison between MRD determination by Ig/TCR rearrangements and FC showed excellent correlation. The present work constitutes a study of MRD by Ig/TCR carried out in a very significant number of patients consecutively diagnosed, treated within a homogeneous protocol and with excellent clinical follow-up.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Immunoglobulins , Gene Rearrangement, T-Lymphocyte , Receptors, Antigen, T-Cell/genetics , T-Lymphocytes , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Neoplasm, Residual/genetics
3.
Rev. cuba. estomatol ; 58(2): e3162, 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1289399

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Las enfermedades de la cavidad bucal en los pacientes con VIH/sida pueden verse agravadas dependiendo de la respuesta inmunitaria del paciente y los niveles de linfocitos. Objetivo: Relacionar los niveles de linfocitos T CD4 y las principales lesiones bucales en pacientes con el VIH/sida del Hospital Nacional Hipólito Unanue (Lima, Perú), durante el 2018. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio analítico y de corte transversal, entre julio y octubre del 2018, en 65 pacientes hospitalizados, a los cuales se realizó un examen clínico de la cavidad bucal. Se evaluó la presencia de manifestaciones bucales asociadas al VIH/sida; también se clasificó el nivel de linfocitos T CD4 en tres categorías (> 500 cel/mm3, entre 200-500 cel/mm3 y < 200 cel/mm3). Resultados: Un 70,8 por ciento de los pacientes no se encontraba con tratamiento antirretroviral al momento del examen. El nivel promedio de linfocitos T CD4 fue 237,65 cel/mm3, con mayor prevalencia en mujeres. El 56,9 por ciento de los pacientes presentaron lesiones bucales, el sexo masculino fue el más afectado (91 por ciento). La lesión más frecuente fue la candidiasis bucal (44,6 por ciento) y la categoría que presentó mayor frecuencia de lesiones bucales fue la < 200 cel/mm3 (38,5 por ciento; p < 0,05). Conclusiones: El sexo masculino presentó la mayor cantidad de lesiones bucales asociadas a bajos niveles de linfocitos T CD4. La mayor parte de lesiones bucales se presentaron en un nivel de linfocitos T CD4 < 200 cel/mm3. La candidiasis bucal fue la lesión que más se evidenció al momento de realizar el examen clínico(AU)


Introduction: Oral diseases may be aggravated in HIV/AIDS patients depending on their immune response and lymphocyte levels. Objective: Describe the relationship between CD4 T lymphocyte levels and the main oral lesions in HIV/AIDS patients from Hipólito Unanue National Hospital in Lima, Peru, during the year 2018. Methods: An analytical cross-sectional study was conducted of 65 hospitalized patients from July to October 2018. The patients underwent oral clinical examination. Evaluation was performed of the presence of HIV/AIDS-related oral manifestations, and CD4 T lymphocyte levels were classified into three categories: > 500 cell/mm3, 200-500 cell/mm3 and < 200 cell/lmm3. Results: Of the total patients studied, 70.8 percent were not under antiretroviral treatment at the moment of the examination. Average CD4 T lymphocyte level was 237.65 cell/mm3, with higher results among women. 56.9 percent of the patients had oral lesions. Males were more commonly affected (91 percent). The most frequent lesion type was oral candidiasis (44.6 percent), whereas the category presenting the highest frequency of oral lesions was < 200 cell/mm3 (38.5 percent; p < 0.05). Conclusions: Male patients presented the largest number of oral lesions associated to low CD4 T lymphocyte levels. Most of the oral lesions were found at a CD4 T lymphocyte level < 200 cell/mm3. Oral candidiasis was the lesion most commonly found by the clinical examination(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Candidiasis, Oral/etiology , T-Lymphocytes , Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome/epidemiology , Mouth/injuries , Cross-Sectional Studies
4.
Fisioter. Bras ; 22(2): 154-167, Maio 25, 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1284095

ABSTRACT

Este estudo visa avaliar por eletromiografia de superfície o comportamento dos músculos inspiratórios no treinamento muscular em voluntários com vírus linfotrópico de célula T humana do tipo 1. Trata-se de um ensaio clínico. Sete voluntários, com idade 58,85 ± 7,2) anos, realizaram treinamento muscular inspiratório domiciliar por 4 semanas, 3 vezes por semana, 30 minutos diários por meio de incentivador de carga linear. Para avaliação utilizou-se os dados de pressão inspiratória máxima e os dados da eletromiografia de superfície nas fases pré (T0), segunda semana (T2) e após a quarta semana (T4) de treinamento. Observou-se aumento progressivo da força muscular inspiratória de T0 a T4 (p = 0,007), assim como, aumento do recrutamento das unidades motoras pela análise da amplitude do sinal eletromiográfico, sendo mais evidente para o músculo esternocleidomastóideo (p = 0,12) em comparação ao músculo diafragma (p = 0,6). Verificou-se que no decurso do treinamento muscular ocorreu melhora significativa da força muscular inspiratória com maior recrutamento das fibras musculares dos músculos analisados na amostra. (AU)


This study aimed to evaluate by surface electromyography the behavior of inspiratory muscles in the muscle training of volunteers with human T-cell lymphotropic virus type 1. This was a clinical trial. Seven volunteers, 58,85 ± 7.21 years old, underwent inspiratory muscle training at home for 4 weeks, 3 times a week, 30 minutes daily by means of a linear load stimulator. The maximum inspiratory pressure data and the surface electromyography data were used for evaluation in the pre (T0), second week (T2) and after the fourth week (T4) training phases. There was a progressive increase in inspiratory muscle strength from T0 to T4 (p = 0.007), as well as an increase in the recruitment of motor units by analyzing the amplitude of the electromyographic signal, being more evident for the sternocleidomastoid muscle (p = 0.12) in comparison to the diaphragm muscle (p = 0.6). During the muscle training inspiratory muscle strength improves with greater recruitment of muscle fibers from the muscles analyzed in the sample. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Middle Aged , Respiratory Muscles , Electromyography , T-Lymphocytes , Maximal Respiratory Pressures
5.
Electron. j. biotechnol ; 50: 59-67, Mar. 2021. ilus, graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1292412

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Cross talk of tumor­immune cells at the gene expression level has been an area of intense research. However, it is largely unknown at the alternative splicing level which has been found to play important roles in the tumor­immune microenvironment. RESULTS: Here, we re-exploited one transcriptomic dataset to gain insight into tumor­immune interactions from the point of AS level. Our results showed that the AS profiles of triple-negative breast cancer cells co-cultured with activated T cells were significantly changed but not Estrogen receptor positive cells. We further suggested that the alteration in AS profiles in triple-negative breast cancer cells was largely caused by activated T cells rather than paracrine factors from activated T cells. Biological pathway analyses showed that translation initiation and tRNA aminoacylation pathways were most disturbed with T cell treatment. We also established an approach largely based on the AS factor­AS events associations and identified LSM7, an alternative splicing factor, may be responsible for the major altered events. CONCLUSIONS: Our study reveals the notable differences of response to T cells among breast cancer types which may facilitate the development or improvement of tumor immunotherapy.


Subject(s)
T-Lymphocytes , Triple Negative Breast Neoplasms , Peptide Chain Initiation, Translational , Gene Expression , Alternative Splicing , Cell Culture Techniques , Receptor Cross-Talk , Transfer RNA Aminoacylation , Transcriptome , Immunotherapy
6.
Infectio ; 25(1): 49-54, ene.-mar. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1154402

ABSTRACT

Resumen La linfocitopenia T CD4 idiopática (LCI) es un síndrome clínico inusual que se caracteriza por un déficit de células T CD4+ circulantes en ausencia de infección por VIH u otra condición de inmunosupresión. Los pacientes con dicha enfermedad pueden presentarse asintomáticos o con infecciones oportunistas, las más frecuentes son por criptococo, micobacterias o virales como herpes zoster. Presentamos el caso de un hombre de 32 años, sin antecedentes, en quien se descartó infección por retrovirus, con recuento de linfocitos T CD4+ menor a 300 células/m3; se diagnosticó LCI posterior al diagnóstico de criptococomas cerebrales mediante hallazgos imagenológicos los cuales fueron congruentes con estudios microbiológicos.


Summary Idiopathic CD4 T lymphocytopenia (ICL) is an unusual clinical syndrome characterized by a deficit of circulating CD4 + T cells in the absence of HIV infection or another immunosuppression condition. Patients with this disease may present asymptomatic or with opportunistic infections, the most frequent are cryptococcus, mycobacteria or viral such as herpes zoster. We present a case of a 32-year-old man with no prior disease, in whom retrovirus infection was discarded, with CD4 + T lymphocyte count less than 300 cells/m3; ICL was diagnosed after the diagnosis of brain cryptococomas by imaging findings which were consistent with microbiological studies.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Cryptococcosis , T-Lymphocytes , HIV Infections , HIV , Immunosuppression , Cryptococcus , Herpes Zoster , Lymphopenia
7.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 54(supl.1): e2020605, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1250842

ABSTRACT

Abstract This article addresses the Human T-lymphotropic virus (HTLV). This subject comprises the Clinical Protocol and Therapeutic Guidelines for Comprehensive Care for People with Sexually Transmitted Infections, published by the Brazilian Ministry of Health. HTLV-1/2 infection is a public health problem globally, and Brazil has the largest number of individuals living with the virus. HTLV-1 causes several clinical manifestations of neoplasm (adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma) and inflammatory nature, such as HTLV-1-associated myelopathy and other manifestations such as uveitis, arthritis, and infective dermatitis. These pathologies have high morbidity and mortality and negatively impact the quality of life of infected individuals. This review includes relevant information for health authorities professionals regarding viral transmission, diagnosis, treatment, and monitoring of individuals living with HTLV-1 and 2 in Brazil.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Human T-lymphotropic virus 1 , HTLV-I Infections/diagnosis , Sexually Transmitted Diseases , Quality of Life , Brazil , Review Literature as Topic , T-Lymphocytes
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880171

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the kinetics of infiltrated T cell in murine acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD) target organs after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) and its relationship with tissue pathological damage and aGVHD progress.@*METHODS@#Male C57BL/6 (H-2K@*RESULTS@#Compared with BMT group, the number of infiltrated T cells in aGVHD target organs including liver, lung and gut increased since day 7 in BMT+T group (P<0.05). On day 14, 28, 40 and 47 after transplantation, more infiltrated CD3@*CONCLUSION@#Pathological damage of aGVHD target organs is induced by CD3


Subject(s)
Animals , Bone Marrow Transplantation , Graft vs Host Disease , Kinetics , Male , Mice , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Mice, Inbred C57BL , T-Lymphocytes , Transplantation, Homologous
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880131

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the changes in the gene expression profile of T cells in CML patients after TCRζ up-regulation expression, and to explore the molecular mechanism of T cell reactivation after transgenic up-regulation of TCRζ.@*METHODS@#The peripheral blood mononuclear cells(PBMCs) from 3 newly untreated chronic-stage CML patients were collected, and the CD3@*RESULTS@#A total of 2248 differentially-expressed genes were obtained, including 553 up-regulated genes and 1695 down-regulated genes in experimental group as compared with those in control group (P<0.05) . The GO and KEGG enrichment analyses showed that differentially expressed genes involved in the biological processes related to T cell immune function, such as TCR signaling pathway, T cell proliferation and activation. Some of core genes involved in promoting the TCR signaling pathway, T cell proliferation, activation and apoptosis pathways were significantly up-regulated, while some core genes involved in inhibiting T cell activation were significantly down-regulated.@*CONCLUSION@#The molecular mechanism of the significantly improved T cell activation and proliferation ability in CML patients after TCRζ up-regulation may be related to the differential transcripts mediated signaling pathways of T cell activation, proliferation and apoptosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Leukocytes, Mononuclear , Lymphocyte Activation , Receptors, Antigen, T-Cell/genetics , T-Lymphocytes , Up-Regulation
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880069

ABSTRACT

T lymphoid malignancy is a group of highly heterogeneous hematological tumors. Disease recurrence and resistance to therapy are the common causes of failed treatment. Traditional therapy is radiotherapy and chemotherapy, although it has achieved great success. However, many patients still failed to survive following the treatment. With the introduction of monoclonal antibodies, immunotherapy and cellular therapy into clinical practice, the outcome of hematologic malignancies has been significantly improved. In particular, chimeric antigen receptor T cells (CAR-T) showed high efficacy in treating B-cell lymphoma and acute B lymphocytic leukemia and surpassed any previous therapeutic strategies. However, this treatment seldom succeeded in treating T cell malignancies. In this review, the history of CAR-T cells treating T cell malignancies, and the clinical trials, adverse events of previously reported were summarized briefly.


Subject(s)
Humans , Immunotherapy , Immunotherapy, Adoptive , Receptors, Antigen, T-Cell , Receptors, Chimeric Antigen , T-Lymphocytes
12.
Rev. med. Risaralda ; 26(2): 154-156, jul.-dic. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1150023

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: Los linfomas de células T son infrecuentes y se caracterizan por presentarse en la población de los adultos jóvenes. Además, suele acompañarse de patologías como la anemia moderada, hepatoesplenomegalia y trombocitopenia e infiltración sinusoidal por linfocitos T en células de médula ósea, bazo e hígado. Caso clínico: Se presenta un caso clínico de un adolescente que tiene los síntomas característicos de esta patología, con sospecha clínica y diagnóstico paraclínico confirmado con histoquímica de médula ósea. Conclusión: Es una entidad infrecuente de pronóstico desfavorable, hasta el momento el paciente está estable recibiendo tratamiento. Para utilizar el enfoque adecuado en el diagnóstico y brindar tratamiento, es necesario considerar todos los hallazgos clínicos.


Abstract Introduction: T-cell lymphomas are uncommon; these tend to be present in young adult patients. Additionally, this condition is characterized by the existence of pathologies like moderate anemia, hepatosplenomegaly disorder, thrombocytopenia and sinusoidal infiltration by T-Lymphocytes in bone marrow cells, spleen and liver. In this study a case of this rare lymphoma is going to be presented. Case report: A clinical case of an adolescent who presents the characteristic symptoms of this pathology is exposed. This clinical suspicion held a paraclinical diagnosis that was confirmed by histochemistry of bone marrow tests. Conclusion: It is an infrequent condition with an unfavorable prognosis. Until now the patient remains stable and is receiving treatment, the clinical findings of the disease raise awareness about the importance of carrying out the appropriate diagnosis procedures and providing treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adolescent , Splenomegaly , Thrombocytopenia , Bone Marrow Cells , T-Lymphocytes , Lymphoma, T-Cell , Hepatomegaly , Spleen , Therapeutics , Bone Marrow , Anemia , Liver
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787280

ABSTRACT

Cancer remains a leading cause of death, despite multimodal treatment approaches. Even in patients with a healthy immune response, cancer cells can escape the immune system during tumorigenesis. Cancer cells incapacitate the normal cell-mediated immune system by expressing immune modulation ligands such as programmed death (PD) ligand 1, the B7 molecule, or secreting activators of immune modulators. Chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T cells were originally designed to target cancer cells. Engineered approaches allow CAR T cells, which possess a simplified yet specific receptor, to be easily activated in limited situations. CAR T cell treatment is a derivative of the antigen-antibody reaction and can be applied to various diseases. In this review, the current successes of CAR T cells in cancer treatment and the therapeutic potential of CAR T cells are discussed.


Subject(s)
Antigen-Antibody Reactions , Carcinogenesis , Cause of Death , Cell- and Tissue-Based Therapy , Combined Modality Therapy , Humans , Immune System , Ligands , Receptors, Antigen , T-Lymphocytes , United Nations
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-786141

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: The microRNA (miR)-10b is the T helper (Th) 17 cell specific in patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS). The interleukin (IL)-22, which is closely related to Th17 cells, has been implicated in the regulation of new bone formation in experimental models. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate whether miR-10b affects bone formation via the IL-22 pathway in AS.METHODS: Primary CD4+ T cells from AS were purified and transfected with miR-10b, anti-miR-10b, or scramble. Cell-surface markers and cytokine expression were analyzed by flow cytometry and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Primary bone-derived cells (BdCs) from the facet joints of the spine were isolated, then osteogenic differentiation of primary BdCs was performed. We assessed alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity and staining of BdCs at early time points. Alizarin red S staining of BdCs was performed at late time points.RESULTS: Overexpression of miR-10b reduced both IL-22 producing cell frequencies and cytokine production in T cells from the patients with AS. The IL-22 significantly increased ALP staining and bone mineralization. The ALP promotor activity of AS-BdCs was notably higher for the IL-22 concentration. The supernatants of the miR-10b overexpression group suppressed ALP activity on osteogenic progenitor cells from the facet joints of the spine in patients with AS.CONCLUSION: Our data suggest that miR-10b suppresses IL-22 production, which was involved in osteogenic proliferation in AS. Therefore, miR-10b might be a potential therapeutic candidate for regulation of new bone formation in patients with AS.


Subject(s)
Alkaline Phosphatase , Calcification, Physiologic , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Flow Cytometry , Humans , Interleukins , MicroRNAs , Models, Theoretical , Osteogenesis , Spine , Spondylitis, Ankylosing , Stem Cells , T-Lymphocytes , Th17 Cells , Zygapophyseal Joint
19.
Asia Pacific Allergy ; (4): 2-2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-785463

ABSTRACT

Drug reaction with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms (DRESS) syndrome is a severe cutaneous adverse reaction involving various internal organs. Flare-ups after recovery from the initial presentation of DRESS are caused by relapse of drug-induced T-cell-mediated reactions. However, the specific underlying mechanism is unclear. Here, we report a case of a 60-year-old man with allopurinol-induced DRESS who suffered recurrent episodes of generalized rash with eosinophilia, which mimicked immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome. Analysis of immunological profiles revealed that the percentages of T lymphocytes and regulatory T cells in the patient with DRESS were higher than those in healthy controls. In addition, there was a notable change in the subtype of monocytes in the patient with DRESS; the percentage of nonclassical monocytes increased, whereas that of classical monocytes decreased. Upon viral infection, nonclassical monocytes exhibited strong pro-inflammatory properties that skewed the immune response toward a Th2 profile, which was associated with persistent flare-ups of DRESS. Taken together, the results increase our understanding of the pathogenesis of DRESS as they suggest that expansion of nonclassical monocytes and Th2 cells drives disease pathogenesis.


Subject(s)
Allopurinol , Drug Hypersensitivity Syndrome , Eosinophilia , Exanthema , Herpesviridae , Humans , Immune Reconstitution Inflammatory Syndrome , Middle Aged , Monocytes , Recurrence , T-Lymphocytes , T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory , Th2 Cells
20.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1367-1375, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827110

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the killing effect of NK-92MI cells modified by chimeric antigen receptor (CD7-CAR) and specifically targeting CD7 to CD7 hematological malignant cells.@*METHODS@#Three types of hematological malignant tumor cells, including 5 cases of CD7 acute T-lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL), 10 cases of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and 6 cases of T-cell lymphoma were collected, centrifuged, cultured and used to detect the expression levels of tumor cell surface targets; 7-AAD, CD56-APC, CD3-FITC, IgG Fc-PE flow cytometry were used to detected the transfection efficiency of NK-92MI and CD7-CAR-NK-92MI cells, killing efficiencies of CD7-CAR-NK-92MI cells to CD7 hematological tumor cells in vitro were determined by flow cytometry using PE Annexin V Apoptosis Detection Kit. Secretion differences of NK-92MI and CD7-CAR-NK-92MI cytokines interleukin (IL)-2, interferon (IFN)-γ, and granzyme B detection were estimated by using CBA kit.@*RESULTS@#The killing efficiencies of CD7-CAR-modified NK-92MI cells to CD7 T-ALL, AML, T-cell lymphoma tumor cells were significantly higher than those of NK-92MI cells without genetical modification. The difference showed statistically significant (P<0.05). The level of IFN-γ and granzyme B were significantly increased among cytokines secreted by CD7-CAR-modified NK-92MI cells as compared with those of NK-92MI cells without genetical modification (P<0.05) .@*CONCLUSION@#CD7-CAR-modified NK-92MI cells have significantly improved killing efficiency against CD7 T-ALL, AML and T lymphoma cells, and shows specific targeting effects, which provides a clinical basis for the treatment of CD7 hematological malignancies.


Subject(s)
Cell Line, Tumor , Humans , Killer Cells, Natural , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Receptors, Chimeric Antigen , T-Lymphocytes
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