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Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 297-300, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971140


The multiple myeloma (MM), the second most common hematologic malignancy, is malignant proliferative disease of plasma cells. Although the application of many targeted drugs has significantly prolonged the survival time of MM patients, it is still an incurable disease. In recent years, the immunosuppression caused by interaction between tumor microenvironment(TME) and tumor cells has attracted people's attention gradually. As a kind of immunosuppressive cells in TME, regulatory T cells (Treg) play an important role in the progress of MM. Treg is related to the proliferation and metastasis of tumors, and can lead to the progress of MM by promoting the angiogenesis and generating immunosuppressive TME. In this review, we briefly summarized the latest research progress on the impact of Treg on the pathogenesis of MM.

Humans , Multiple Myeloma/pathology , T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory/pathology , Immune Tolerance , Plasma Cells/pathology , Immunosuppression Therapy , Tumor Microenvironment
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 970-974, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939718


Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) is a rare proliferative disease dominated by the proliferation of Langerhans cells, which is inflammatory myeloid neoplasms. Its clinical manifestations are variable, occurring at any age and at any site, and it is rarer in adults than in children. The gold standard for diagnosis is histopathological biopsy. Due to the rarity of adult LCH and the heterogeneity of this disease, treatment of adult LCH should be developed according to the extent of the disease and risk stratification. With the discovery of MAPK, PI3K and c-KIT signaling pathway activation, especially BRAF V600E and MAP2K1 mutations, targeted therapy has become a hot spot for therapeutic research. Meanwhile, the discovery of high expression of M2-polarized macrophages and Foxp3+ regulatory T cells (Treg) in LCH has provided an important basis for the immunotherapy. In this article, we will focus on reviewing the latest research progress in the treatment of adult LCH in recent years, and provide a reference for clinical research on the treatment of adult LCH patients.

Adult , Child , Humans , Histiocytosis, Langerhans-Cell/therapy , Mutation , Proto-Oncogene Proteins B-raf/metabolism , Signal Transduction , T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory/pathology
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 33: e020, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1001612


Abstract: Human Leukocyte Antigen G (HLA-G) is a molecule involved in the tumor immunosuppression and also in the generation of regulatory T (Treg) cells, thus leading to evasion to the immune system host, and consequently, contributing to tumor progression in several cancers. The aim of this study was to evaluate the immunoexpression of HLA-G by tumor cells and FoxP3+ Treg cells in 25 oral tongue squamous cell carcinomas (SCCs) and 25 lower lip SCCs and analyze their relationship with clinical parameters. HLA-G expression was higher in oral tongue SCCs than in lower lip SCCs. In oral tongue SCCs and lower lip SCCs, no association between HLA-G expression and clinical parameters (tumor size, lymph node status, distant metastasis, and clinical stage) was verified (P>0.05). FoxP3+ Treg cells were detected along the tumor invasive front in all cases of oral tongue and lower lip SCCs. In oral tongue SCC cases, the number of Treg cells tended to be higher in smaller tumors, tumors without regional lymph node metastasis, and tumors in early clinical stages, but the difference was not statistically significant (P>0.05). A significant positive correlation was found between the expression of HLA-G by neoplastic cells and Treg cells in lower lip SCCs (p = 0.008). Our findings suggest the involvement of HLA-G and Treg cells in the modulation of immune responses in oral tongue and lower lip SCCs. This interaction between HLA-G and Treg cells may represent an evasion mechanism in these malignancies.

Humans , Male , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Lip Neoplasms/pathology , Tongue Neoplasms/pathology , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/pathology , T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory/chemistry , Forkhead Transcription Factors/analysis , HLA-G Antigens/analysis , Reference Values , Immunohistochemistry , T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory/pathology , Statistics, Nonparametric , Tumor Burden , Middle Aged , Neoplasm Staging
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 31: e103, 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-952074


Abstract: The process involved in periapical lesions, which occur as an outcome of pulpal necrosis, is regulated by the immune system including regulatory T cells (Treg) and T helper 17 cell (Th17) responses. The objective of this study was to conduct a frequency systematic review to determine the presence of Treg/Th17 responses and the influence of these cells in the progression of chronic inflammatory periapical lesions in humans. A systematic computerized search was carried out in Pubmed, Medline, Web of Science and Scopus electronic databases from their date of inception through the first week of May 2017. In addition, the reference lists of the included articles and the grey literature were hand-searched. Articles that evaluated the presence and influence of Treg/Th17 in the progression of human periapical lesions were included. Study selection and the quality assessment of the included articles (using the Newcastle-Ottawa scale) were carried out by two authors. Fifty-seven titles/abstracts were screened and eight studies met the eligibility criteria and were included in this systematic review. The included studies showed large variation in the type of periapical lesion assessed, mean age, age range, type of experiment and findings regarding the participation of Th17 and Treg in the status of inflammatory periapical lesions. The studies showed the involvement of Treg in the modulation of the inflammatory response in radicular cysts and periapical granulomas. This systematic review highlights the relationship between Treg and Th17 acting in a subtle balance inhibiting or promoting the progression of human periapical lesions.

Humans , Periapical Periodontitis/pathology , T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory/pathology , Th17 Cells/pathology , Periapical Periodontitis/immunology , Chronic Disease , Cytokines/analysis , T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory/immunology , Publication Bias , Disease Progression , Forkhead Transcription Factors/analysis , Th17 Cells/immunology
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 30(1): e130, 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-952013


Abstract: The aim of this study was to determine the number of FoxP3+ regulatory T (Treg) cells in the microenvironment of lower lip squamous cell carcinomas (LLSCCs) and to correlate the findings with clinicopathological parameters (tumor size/extent, regional lymph node metastasis, clinical stage, and histopathological grade of malignancy). Fifty cases of LLSCC were selected. Lymphocytes exhibiting nuclear immunostaining for FoxP3 were quantified in 10 microscopic fields at the deep invasive front of LLSCCs. The results were analyzed statistically using the nonparametric Mann-Whitney test and Fisher's exact test. FoxP3+ lymphocytes were observed in all cases studied. The number of these cells tended to be higher in smaller tumors, tumors without regional lymph node metastasis, and tumors in early clinical stages, but the difference was not statistically significant (p > 0.05). Low-grade tumors contained a larger number of FoxP3+ lymphocytes than high-grade tumors (p = 0.019). Tumors with an intense inflammatory infiltrate exhibited a larger number of Treg cells (p = 0.035). On the other hand, the number of FoxP3+ lymphocytes was smaller in tumors arranged in small cell clusters (p = 0.003). No significant differences in the number of FoxP3+ lymphocytes were observed according to the degree of keratinization (p = 0.525) or nuclear pleomorphism (p = 0.343). The results suggest the participation of Treg cells in immune and inflammatory responses in the microenvironment of LLSCCs. These cells may play a more important role in early stages rather than in advanced stages of lip carcinogenesis.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/pathology , T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory/chemistry , Forkhead Transcription Factors/analysis , Reference Values , Lip Neoplasms/pathology , Immunohistochemistry , Cell Count , T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory/pathology , Tumor Burden , Tumor Microenvironment , Neoplasm Grading , Lymphatic Metastasis , Middle Aged , Neoplasm Staging
Bauru; s.n; 2016. 112 p. ilus, graf.
Thesis in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-881928


A patogênese das lesões periapicais é determinada pelo equilíbrio entre a resposta imune pró-inflamatória do hospedeiro e a resposta anti-inflamatória/reparo. Diferentes subtipos de linfócitos e seus produtos têm sido implicados na patogênese dessas lesões, tais como as células T reguladoras (Tregs) e Th17. Enquanto as Tregs parecem ser potenciais agentes imuno-reguladores, Th17 parece estar associada à maior severidade da doença. Neste estudo, foram investigados o envolvimento de Tregs e Th17, além do impacto de diferentes terapias na progressão de lesões periapicais experimentais. Para isso, lesões periapicais foram induzidas (exposição pulpar e inoculação bacteriana) em camundongos C57BL/6, IL- 17KO e CCR4KO tratados com anticorpos anti-GITR (inibe a função de Treg) ou com CCL22p, partículas de ácido poliláctico-glicólico (induz a migração de Tregs). Além disso, os camundongos WT foram tratados com anti-RANKL utilizando protocolos contínuos ou intermitentes, ou com anti-TNF como controle. Posteriormente, analisou-se o fluxo e fenótipo de Tregs e Th17, perda óssea periapical e expressão de citocinas inflamatórias/imunológicas e marcadores de reparo (RealTimePCRarray, ELISA). A inibição de Tregs (depleção de CCR4 ou terapia anti-GITR), aumentou significantemente a severidade da lesão, associada com o aumento da expressão de citocinas pró-inflamatórias, Th1, Th17 e mediadores de destruição tecidual em paralelo com a diminuição dos marcadores de Treg e de reparo. A liberação local de CCL22 no canal radicular resultou na migração de Treg, dependente de CCR4, levando à modulação da lesão periapical, associada com a diminuição da expressão de marcadores pró-inflamatórios e de destruição tecidual em paralelo com o aumento dos marcadores de Tregs e de reparo. O tratamento anti-RANKL impediu o desenvolvimento da lesão, mas provocou uma resposta inflamatória contínua caracterizada pela elevada expressão de citocinas pró-inflamatórias e mediadores de destruição tecidual e diminuição da expressão dos marcadores de Tregs e de reparo. Este tratamento levou à recidiva da lesão e foi associado com o aumento da razão células TCD4 efetoras/supressoras e com o perfil de expressão gênica de lesões ativas. O tratamento anti-TNF limitou a progressão das lesões e não promoveu sua recidiva após o término da terapia, estando associado à resposta do hospedeiro atenuada. Por fim, a ausência de IL-17 resultou em lesões menos severas, associadas com o aumento da expressão de marcadores de reparo e citocinas anti-inflamatórias, em paralelo com a menor expressão de marcadores de destruição tecidual e citocinas pró-inflamatórias. De fato, observou-se menor concentração de osteoclastos, neutrófilos e células inflamatórias, na ausência de IL-17. Conclui-se, portanto, que as células T reguladoras são essenciais no controle da lesão periapical, enquanto as células Th17 acentuam a severidade dessas lesões. Comparando com outras estratégias clínicas, tais como a terapia anti-RANKL que perpetua a resposta inflamatória do hospedeiro levando a recidiva da lesão, a quimioatração de Treg bem como a inibição de Th17 podem ser estratégias promissoras para o manejo clínico das lesões periapicais.(AU)

The pathogenesis of periapical lesions is determined by the balance between host proinflammatory immune response and counteracting anti-inflammatory and reparative responses. In this context, different subtypes of lymphocytes and their products have been implicated in periapical lesion pathogenesis, such as regulatory T cells (Tregs) and Th17. While Tregs has been demonstrated as potential immunoregulatory agents, Th17 has been correlated with greater severity of disease. In this study, we investigated (in a cause-and-effect manner) the involvement of Tregs and Th17, besides the impact of different therapies in the progression of experimental periapical lesions. With this aim, periapical lesions were induced (pulp exposure and bacterial inoculation) in C57Bl/6 (wild-type), IL-17KO and CCR4KO mice and treated with anti­glucocorticoid-induced TNF receptor family regulated gene (anti-GITR) to inhibit Treg function or alternatively with CCL22-releasing, poly lactic-glycolic acid particles to induce site-specific migration of Tregs. Furthermore, WT mice were treated with anti-RANKL using continuous or intermittent protocols, and with anti-TNF therapy as a control. After treatment, lesions were analyzed for Treg or Th17 influx and phenotype, overall periapical bone loss, and inflammatory/immunologic and wound healing marker expression (RealTimePCRarray, ELISA). Treg inhibition by anti-GITR or CCR4 depletion results in a significant increase in periapical lesion severity, associated with upregulation of proinflammatory, Th1, Th17, and tissue destruction markers in parallel with decreased Treg and healing marker expression. The local release of CCL22 in the root canal system resulted in the promotion of Treg migration in a CCR4-dependent manner, leading to the arrest of periapical lesion progression, associated with down regulation of proinflammatory and tissue destruction markers in parallel with increased Treg and healing marker expression. Anti-RANKL treatment arrested lesion development, but prompted a continuous inflammatory response characterized by unremitting elevated expression of proinflammatory cytokines and tissue destructive mediators, and decreased expression of Tregs and wound healing markers levels. This treatment triggered lesion development relapse and was associated with high TCD4 effector/suppressor cells ratio and active lesions gene expression signature. Anti-TNF treatment limits lesions progression and does not drives lesions relapse upon cessation, being associated with attenuated host response. Finally, the absence of IL-17 results in a significant decrease in periapical lesions severity, associated with upregulation of healing markers and antiinflammatory cytokines, in parallel with decreased expression of tissue destruction markers and proinflammatory cytokines. Indeed, histomorphometric analysis showed lower concentration of osteoclasts, neutrophils and mononuclear cells in periapical lesions without IL-17. Therefore, we concluded that regulatory T cells are essential in the control of apical periodontitis, while Th17 cells accentuate the lesions severity. Compared with other clinical strategies, such as anti-RANKL therapy, which perpetuates the host inflammatory response prompting lesion relapse, chemoattraction of Treg as well as inhibition of Th17 may be promising strategies for the clinical management of periapical lesions.(AU)

Animals , Male , Mice , Immunomodulation/physiology , Periapical Diseases/pathology , T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory/physiology , Th17 Cells/physiology , Disease Progression , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Periapical Diseases/immunology , RANK Ligand/antagonists & inhibitors , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory/pathology , Th17 Cells/pathology , Time Factors
Rev. bras. anestesiol ; 65(2): 130-135, Mar-Apr/2015. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-741712


BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: To investigate the influence of intraoperative and preoperative positive pressure in the time of extubation in patients undergoing bariatric surgery. METHOD: Randomized clinical trial, in which 40 individuals with a body mass index between 40 and 55 kg/m2, age between 25 and 55 years, nonsmokers, underwent bariatric surgery type Roux-en-Y gastric bypass by laparotomy and with normal preoperative pulmonary function were randomized into the following groups: G-pre (n = 10): individuals who received treatment with noninvasive positive pressure before surgery for 1 h; G-intra (n = 10): individuals who received positive end-expiratory pressure of 10 cm H2O throughout the surgical procedure; and G-control (n = 20): not received any preoperative or intraoperative intervention. Following were recorded: time between induction of anesthesia and extubation, between the end of anesthesia and extubation, duration of mechanical ventilation, and time between extubation and discharge from the post-anesthetic recovery. RESULTS: There was no statistical difference between groups. However, when applied to the Cohen coefficient, the use of positive end-expiratory pressure of 10 cm H2O during surgery showed a large effect on the time between the end of anesthesia and extubation. About this same time, the treatment performed preoperatively showed moderate effect. CONCLUSION: The use of positive end-expiratory pressure of 10 cm H2O in the intraoperative and positive pressure preoperatively, influenced the time of extubation of patients undergoing bariatric surgery. .

JUSTIFICATIVA E OBJETIVO: investigar a influência do uso da pressão positiva nas vias aéreas intraoperatória e pré-operatória no tempo de extubação de pacientes submetidos à cirurgia bariátrica. MÉTODO: Trata-se de ensaio clínico randomizado, no qual 40 indivíduos com índice de massa corporal entre 40 e 55 kg/m2, idade entre 25 e 55 anos, não tabagistas, submetidos à cirurgia bariátrica do tipo derivação gástrica em Y de Roux por laparotomia e com prova de função pulmonar pré-operatória dentro da normalidade foram randomizados nos seguintes grupos: G-pré (n = 10): indivíduos que receberam tratamento com pressão positiva não invasiva antes da cirurgia, durante uma hora, G-intra (n = 10): indivíduos que receberam Positive End-expiratory Pressure de 10 cm H2O durante todo o procedimento cirúrgico e G-controle (n = 20): não receberam qualquer tipo de intervenção pré ou intraoperatória. foram anotados os seguintes tempos: tempo decorrido entre a indução anestésica e a extubação, entre o término da anestesia e extubação, tempo de ventilação mecânica, e tempo entre a extubação e a alta da Recuperação Pós-Anestésica. RESULTADOS: Não houve diferença estatística entre os grupos, porém quando aplicado ao Coeficiente de Cohen, o uso da Positive End-expiratory Pressure de 10 cm H2O no intraoperatório mostrou um efeito grande sobre o tempo entre o término da anestesia e a extubação. Sobre este mesmo tempo, o tratamento realizado no pré-operatório apresentou efeito moderado. CONCLUSÃO: O uso da Positive End-expiratory Pressure de 10 cm H2O no intraoperatório e da pressão positiva no pré-operatório, pode influenciar o tempo de extubação de pacientes submetidos à cirurgia bariátrica. .

JUSTIFICACIÓN Y OBJETIVO: Investigar la influencia del uso de la presión positiva en las vías aéreas intraoperatoria y preoperatoria en el tiempo de extubación de pacientes sometidos a la cirugía bariátrica. MÉTODO: Se trata de un ensayo clínico aleatorizado, en el cual 40 individuos con IMC entre 40 y 55 kg/m2, edad entre 25 y 55 años, no fumadores, sometidos a cirugía bariátrica del tipo derivación gástrica en Y de Roux por laparotomía y con prueba de función pulmonar preoperatoria dentro de la normalidad fueron aleatorizados en los siguientes grupos: G-pre (n = 10): individuos que recibieron tratamiento con presión positiva no invasiva antes de la cirugía durante una hora; G-intra (n = 10): individuos que recibieron PEEP de 10 cm H2O durante todo el procedimiento quirúrgico y G-control (n = 20): no recibieron ningún tipo de intervención pre- o intraoperatoria. Fueron anotados los siguientes tiempos: tiempo trascurrido entre la inducción anestésica y la extubación, entre el fin de la anestesia y la extubación, tiempo de ventilación mecánica, y tiempo entre la extubación y el alta de la sala de recuperación postanestésica. RESULTADOS: No hubo diferencia estadística entre los grupos, sin embargo cuando se aplicó el coeficiente de Cohen, el uso de la PEEP de 10 cm H2O en el intraoperatorio mostró un efecto importante sobre el tiempo entre el término de la anestesia y la extubación. Sobre ese mismo tiempo, el tratamiento realizado en el preoperatorio presentó un efecto moderado. CONCLUSIÓN: El uso de la PEEP de 10 cm H2O en el intraoperatorio y de la presión positiva en el preoperatorio puede influir en el tiempo de extubación de pacientes sometidos a cirugía bariátrica. .

Animals , Female , Humans , Male , Mice , Arthritis, Experimental/immunology , B-Lymphocyte Subsets/immunology , Wiskott-Aldrich Syndrome Protein/immunology , Arthritis, Experimental/genetics , Arthritis, Experimental/pathology , Autoimmune Diseases/genetics , Autoimmune Diseases/immunology , Autoimmune Diseases/pathology , B-Lymphocyte Subsets/pathology , /genetics , /immunology , Mice, Knockout , T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory/immunology , T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory/pathology , /immunology , /pathology , Wiskott-Aldrich Syndrome Protein/genetics
An. bras. dermatol ; 90(1): 41-47, Jan-Feb/2015. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-735739


BACKGROUND: Leprosy is characterized histologically by a spectrum of different granulomatous skin lesions, reflecting patients' immune responses to Mycobacterium leprae. Although CD4+CD25+ FoxP3+ T regulatory cells are pivotal in the immuneregulation, presence, frequency, and distribution of Tregs in leprosy, its reactional states have been investigated in few studies. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to verify the frequency and distribution of regulatory T cells in different clinical forms and reactional states of leprosy. METHODS: We performed an immunohistochemical study on 96 leprosy cases [Indeterminate (I): 9 patients; tuberculoid tuberculoid: 13 patients; borderline tuberculoid: 26 patients; borderline borderline: 3 patients; borderline lepromatous: 8 patients; lepromatous lepromatous: 27 patients; reversal reaction: 8 patients; and erythema nodosum leprosum: 2 patients]. RESULTS: FoxP3-positive cells were present in 100% of the cases with an average density of 2.82% of the infiltrate. Their distribution was not related to granulomatous structures or special locations. There was a statistically significant increment of FoxP3 expression in patients with leprosy reversal reactions when compared with patients presenting with type I leprosy (P= 0.0228); borderline tuberculoid leprosy (P = 0.0351) and lepromatous leprosy (P = 0.0344). CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest that Tregs play a relevant role in the etiopathogenesis of leprosy, mainly in type I leprosy reaction. .

Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Granuloma/pathology , Leprosy/pathology , T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory/pathology , Biopsy , Cytokines/analysis , Forkhead Transcription Factors/analysis , Immunohistochemistry , /analysis , Retrospective Studies , Skin/pathology
IJFS-International Journal of Fertility and Sterility. 2014; 8 (1): 59-66
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-157597


Disorders in immune system regulation may result in pregnancy abnormalities such as recurrent spontaneous abortion [RSA]. This study aims to determine the ratio of regulatory T [Treg] and T helper [Th] 17 cells in unexplained RSA [URSA] women during proliferative and secretory phases of their menstrual cycles compared to healthy non-pregnant women. In this case control study, 25 women with URSA and 35 healthy, non-pregnant women were enrolled. The percentage of Th17 and Treg cells in participants peripheral blood were determined by flow cytometry. The percentage of Th17 cells and their related cytokines in serum [IL-17A] were higher in the proliferative and secretory phases of the menstrual cycles of URSA women compared to the control women. However, a lower percentage of Treg cells and their related cytokines in serum, transforming growth factor [TGF] beta1 and interleukin [IL]-10 were detected in the proliferative but not the secretory phase of the URSA group. The ratio of Th17/CD4+ Treg was higher in the URSA group than the control group. We observed an increased ratio of Th17/CD4+ Treg during the proliferative and secretory phases in URSA women. The imbalance between Th17 and Treg cells during the proliferative phase of menstrual cycles in the URSA group may be considered a cause for spontaneous abortion

Humans , Female , T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory/metabolism , Transforming Growth Factors , T-Lymphocytes, Helper-Inducer/metabolism , T-Lymphocytes, Helper-Inducer/pathology , T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory/pathology , Interleukin-17 , Menstrual Cycle/immunology , Case-Control Studies
Bauru; s.n; 2013. 197 p. ilus, tab, graf.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: lil-707699


Apesar dos avanços sobre a efetiva participação das células T reguladoras (Treg) na resposta imune antitumoral, ainda existem vários pontos que precisam ser esclarecidos. Visto que, os fatores que controlam a migração destas células para o microambiente tumoral ainda não estão totalmente definidos, o esclarecimento dos mecanismos de migração de células Treg no contexto do câncer poderia fornecer novos alvos para o desenvolvimento de terapias mais específicas. Diversos modelos de estudo demonstraram que o recrutamento preferencial de células Treg ao invés de outros tipos de células T pode ser explicado pela expressão diferencial de receptores de quimiocinas como o CCR5. Assim, é de extrema importância estabelecer qual é o papel de CCR5 na migração de células Treg em tumores induzidos quimicamente e seu envolvimento no desenvolvimento tumoral. Baseado no exposto, o presente estudo analisou o envolvimento de CCR5 na migração de células Treg e a sua correlação com o desenvolvimento de carcinoma espinocelular (CEC) induzido quimicamente. Os resultados obtidos demonstraram que camundongos geneticamente deficentes de CCR5 (CCR5KO) apresentaram baixo número de células Treg nas lesões e foram menos suscetíveis ao desenvolvimento de carcinoma espinocelular. Na fase de progressão tumoral verificou-se o desenvolvimento de CEC in situ por animais CCR5KO em combinação com a maior infiltração leucocitária, enquanto camundongos do grupo controle (WTCEC) apresentaram lesões de CEC bem diferenciado associado à elevada frequência de células Treg no microambiente tumoral e menor infiltração leucocitária. Interessantemente, a transferência adotiva de células Treg CCR5+ para animais CCR5KO (CCR5CEC Treg) resultou no acúmulo destas células no microambiente tumoral, elevado nível de CCL4, CCL17 e CCL22, e aumento da suscetibilidade desses animais à carcinogênese química. Verificou-se o desenvolvimento de CEC indiferenciado por animais CCR5CEC Treg e este foi...

Considering the advances on the effective participation of regulatory T cells (Treg) in the antitumor immune response, there are still several points that need to be clarified. The mechanisms that control the Treg cells migration to the tumor microenvironment are not completely defined, for these reason, establish these mechanisms could provide new targets for the development of more specific therapies. Several study models have demonstrated that preferential recruitment of Treg cells rather than other types of T cells can be explained by the differential expression of chemokine receptors such as CCR5. Thus, the present study examined the involvement of CCR5 in the migration of Treg cells and their correlation with the development of squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) chemically induced. The results showed that CCR5 knockout mice (CCR5KO) showed a low number of Treg cells in the lesions and these animals were less susceptible to the development of squamous cell carcinoma. SCC in situ was developed in CCR5KO mice and associated with high leukocytes infiltration, whereas the development SCC well differentiated in the control group (WTSCC) was associated with a high number of Treg cells and lower leukocyte infiltration in the tumor microenvironment. Interestingly, adoptive transfer of CCR5+Treg cells to CCR5KO mice (CCR5SCC Treg) resulted in the accumulation of these cells, high levels of CCL4, CCL17 and CCL22 in the tumor microenvironment and increased susceptibility to chemical carcinogenesis. CCR5SCCTreg mice developed SCC undifferentiated associated with a higher incidence of macrophages, myeloid and dendritic cells, CD19+, CD4+ T, CD8+ T lymphocytes, and Treg cells in the stage of tumor progression. Another relevant aspect of our study was the observation that adoptive transfer of CD4+CD25-CCR5+ T cells to CCR5KO animals (CCR5SCC CD4+) induced the development of SCC moderately differentiated with intermediate features observed in the WTSCC and CCR5SCC Treg...

Animals , Male , Mice , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/pathology , T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory/pathology , /physiology , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/chemically induced , Biomarkers, Tumor/analysis , Cell Movement/physiology , Time Factors