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1.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 49(11): e5181, 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-797892

ABSTRACT

Osteoarthritis of the knee (kOA) is a disease that mainly affects the elderly and can lead to major physical and functional limitations. However, the specific effects of walking, particularly on the immune system, are unknown. Therefore, this study aimed to analyze the effect of 12 weeks of walking (3×/week) on the leukocyte profile and quality of life (QL) of elderly women with kOA. Sixteen women (age: 67±4 years, body mass index: 28.07±4.16 kg/m2) participated in a walking program. The variables were assessed before and after 12 weeks of training with a progressively longer duration (30–55 min) and higher intensity (72–82% of HRmax determined using a graded incremental treadmill test). The QL was assessed using the Medical Outcomes Study 36-Item Short Form Health Survey (SF-36), and blood samples were collected for analysis with a cell counter and the San Fac flow cytometer. Walking training resulted in a 47% enhancement of the self-reported QL (P<0.05) and a 21% increase in the VO2max (P<0.0001) in elderly women with kOA. Furthermore, there was a reduction in CD4+ cells (pre=46.59±7%, post=44.58±9%, P=0.0189) and a higher fluorescence intensity for CD18+CD4+ (pre=45.30±10, post=64.27±33, P=0.0256) and CD18+CD8+ (pre=64.2±27, post=85.02±35, P=0.0130). In conclusion, the walking program stimulated leukocyte production, which may be related to the immunomodulatory effect of exercise. Walking also led to improvements in the QL and physical performance in elderly women with kOA.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Blood Cell Count , Exercise Therapy/methods , Lymphocyte Activation/physiology , Osteoarthritis, Knee/rehabilitation , Quality of Life , Walking/physiology , Disability Evaluation , Flow Cytometry , Osteoarthritis, Knee/blood , Oxygen Consumption , T-Lymphocytes/cytology , Time Factors
2.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 49(4): e5062, 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-951667

ABSTRACT

Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2D) is a metabolic disease with inflammation as an important pathogenic background. However, the pattern of immune cell subsets and the cytokine profile associated with development of T2D are unclear. The objective of this study was to evaluate different components of the immune system in T2D patients' peripheral blood by quantifying the frequency of lymphocyte subsets and intracellular pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokine production by T cells. Clinical data and blood samples were collected from 22 men (51.6±6.3 years old) with T2D and 20 nonsmoking men (49.4±7.6 years old) who were matched for age and sex as control subjects. Glycated hemoglobin, high-sensitivity C-reactive protein concentrations, and the lipid profile were measured by a commercially available automated system. Frequencies of lymphocyte subsets in peripheral blood and intracellular production of interleukin (IL)-4, IL-10, IL-17, tumor necrosis factor-α, and interferon-γ cytokines by CD3+ T cells were assessed by flow cytometry. No differences were observed in the frequency of CD19+ B cells, CD3+CD8+ and CD3+CD4+ T cells, CD16+56+ NK cells, and CD4+CD25+Foxp3+ T regulatory cells in patients with T2D compared with controls. The numbers of IL-10- and IL-17-producing CD3+ T cells were significantly higher in patients with T2D than in controls (P<0.05). The frequency of interferon-γ-producing CD3+ T cells was positively correlated with body mass index (r=0.59; P=0.01). In conclusion, this study shows increased numbers of circulating IL-10- and IL-17-producing CD3+ T cells in patients with T2D, suggesting that these cytokines are involved in the immune pathology of this disease.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Middle Aged , Cytokines/blood , T-Lymphocyte Subsets/metabolism , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/blood , Reference Values , C-Reactive Protein/metabolism , T-Lymphocytes/cytology , T-Lymphocytes/immunology , T-Lymphocytes/metabolism , Case-Control Studies , T-Lymphocyte Subsets/cytology , T-Lymphocyte Subsets/immunology , Statistics, Nonparametric , Lymphocyte Count , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/immunology , Flow Cytometry , Immunity, Cellular
3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-29327

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Diffuse interstitial lung diseases (DILDs) form a part of a heterogeneous group of respiratory diseases. Bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) analysis has been used for differential diagnosis of DILDs, but their clinical usefulness is controversial. The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical usefulness of BAL cellular analysis with lymphocyte subsets for the differential diagnosis of DILDs. METHODS: A total of 69 patients diagnosed with DILDs were enrolled. Basic demographic data, BAL cellular analysis with lymphocyte subsets, histology, and high resolution computed tomogram (HRCT) findings were analyzed and compared as per disease subgroup. RESULTS: Significant differences were found between groups in the proportion of neutrophils (P=0.0178), eosinophils (P=0.0003), T cells (P=0.0305), CD4 cells (P=0.0002), CD8 cells (P<0.0001), and CD4/CD8 ratio (P<0.0001). These findings were characteristic features of eosinophilic pneumonia and sarcoidosis. Other parameters were not significantly different between groups. At the cut-off value of 2.16 for sarcoidosis, CD4/CD8 ratio showed sensitivity of 91.7% (95% CI, 61.5-98.6%) and specificity of 84.2% (95% CI, 72.1-92.5%). CONCLUSIONS: Routine analysis of BAL lymphocyte subset may not provide any additional benefit for differential diagnosis of DILDs, except for conditions where BAL is specifically indicated, such as eosinophilic pneumonia or sarcoidosis.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Area Under Curve , Bronchoalveolar Lavage Fluid/cytology , CD4-CD8 Ratio , Demography , Eosinophils/cytology , Female , Humans , Immunophenotyping , Lung Diseases, Interstitial/diagnosis , Lymphocyte Subsets/cytology , Male , Middle Aged , Neutrophils/cytology , ROC Curve , Sarcoidosis/diagnosis , T-Lymphocytes/cytology , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
4.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-150508

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study was done to evaluate the effects of psychosocial interventions on cortisol and immune response in adult patients with cancer. METHODS: MEDLINE via PubMed, Cochrane Library CENTRAL, EMBASE, CINAHL and domestic electronic databases were searched. Twenty controlled trials (11 randomized and 9 non-randomized trials) met the inclusion criteria with a total of 862 participants. Methodological quality was assessed using the Cochrane's Risk of Bias for randomized studies and the Risk of Bias Assessment tool for non randomized studies. Data were analyzed using the RevMan 5.2.11 program of Cochrane library. RESULTS: Overall, study quality was moderate to high. The weighted average effect size across studies was -0.32 (95% CI [-0.56, -0.07], p=.010, I2=45%) for cortisol concentration, -0.62 (95%CI [-0.96,-0.29], p<.001, I2=0%) for T lymphocyte (CD3) and -0.45 (95%CI [-0.74, -0.16], p=.003, I2=0%) for Th lymphocyte (CD4) numbers. Psychosocial interventions were not effective for Tc lymphocyte (CD4), NK cell, monocyte, and cytokine response. CONCLUSION: Although these results provide only small evidence of successful immune modulation, they support the conclusion that psychosocial interventions can assist cancer patients in reducing emotional distress and improving immune response.


Subject(s)
CD4-Positive T-Lymphocytes/cytology , Cytokines/metabolism , Databases, Factual , Humans , Hydrocortisone/analysis , Killer Cells, Natural/cytology , Monocytes/cytology , Neoplasms/metabolism , Psychotherapy , T-Lymphocytes/cytology
5.
Recife; s.n; 2013. 81 p. ilus, graf, tab.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-870264

ABSTRACT

As leishmanioses são um grave problema de saúde em todo o mundo e a forma cutânea é encontrada em todas as regiões do Brasil, sendo endêmica no estado de Pernambuco. Infecções por Leishmania levam à ativação da resposta imunológica no hospedeiro, destacando-se a resposta celular. Esta é caracterizada por expansão de vários tipos celulares, sobretudo de linfócitos T, com produção de diferentes perfis de citocinas. Este estudo teve como objetivo caracterizar imunofenotipicamente pacientes portadores de leishmaniose tegumentar ativa quanto à produção das citocinas IL-17, IL-21, IL-22, IL-23, IFN-gama, TNF-alfa, IL-10 e IL-4. Verificou-se a produção sérica de IL-6, IL-10, TNF-alfa, IFN-gama e IL-17 em pacientes com doença ativa (AT), após tratamento (PT) e de pacientes que apresentaram cura espontânea das lesões (CE). Buscou-se também a associação entre produção de citocinas na resposta imune celular de pacientes AT, relacionando a resposta imune dos perfis Th1, Th2 e Th17. Foi observada maior proporção de linfócitos T CD3+ e T CD4+, maior produção de IL-17 e IL-23 por linfócitos T CD4+ e de IL-4 por linfócitos T CD4+ e T CD8+ em AT, em comparação aos controles, e também maior produção de IL-10 por linfócitos T CD8+ em AT. Os resultados revelaram maior concentração sérica de IL-6 em CE em comparação aos outros grupos. Além disso, observou-se associação positiva significativa entre citocinas Th1 (IFN-gama) e Th2 (IL-4) em AT. Os resultados mostram que a proporção de linfócitos T CD3+ e T CD4+ é importante no processo de cura das lesões...


Leishmaniasis is a serious health problem in the world and the cutaneous form is found in all regions of Brazil, being endemic in the state of Pernambuco. Leishmania infections lead to an activation of the host immune response, mainly the cellular immune response. This respons e is characterized by expansion of various cell types, especially T lymphocytes, with production of different cytokine profiles. This study aimed to characterize immunophenotypically patients with active cutaneous leishmaniasis regarding the production of the cytokines IL-17, IL-21, IL-22, IL-23, IFN-γ, TNF-α, IL-10 and IL-4. It also verified the serum production of IL-6, IL-10, TNF-α, IFN-γ and IL-17 by patients with active lesions (AC) and after Chemotherapy (PT), and patients with spontaneously healing lEsions (SH). This project sought the association between the cytokine production in AC, specially relating the immune response by the Th1, Th2 and Th17 subsets. It was observed higher proportion of CD3+ and CD4+ T lymphocytes, higher production of IL-17 and IL-23 by CD4+ T lymphocytes and of IL-4 by CD4+ and CD8+ T lymphocytes in AC, when compared to controls, and also higher production of IL-10 by CD8+ T lymphocytes in AC. The results showed a higher IL-6 serum concentration inSH in comparison to the other groups. Furthermore, it was observed a positive association between Th1 (IFN-γ) and Th2 (IL-4) cytokines in AC. Thus, the results observed demonstrate that CD3+ and CD4+ T lymphocytes proportion is important in the lesion healing process. The predominance of Th2 cytokines in the active disease suggestsan initial temporary immunologic deregulation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cytokines , Flow Cytometry , Immunity, Cellular , Leishmaniasis, Cutaneous/immunology , T-Lymphocytes/cytology , T-Lymphocytes/immunology , T-Lymphocytes/metabolism , Health Profile , T-Lymphocyte Subsets
7.
Rev. chil. infectol ; 28(6): 572-578, dic. 2011.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-612157

ABSTRACT

Sepsis, defined as a systemic inflammatory response syndrome caused by an infection, is a significant cause of mortality worldwide. It is currently accepted that death associated to sepsis is due to an immune hyperactivation state involving the development of a broad proinflammatory response along with alterations in the coagulation system. It is now clear that besides the inflammatory events, the clinical course of sepsis is characterized by the development of an anti-inflammatory response that could lead to death in its attempt to balance the initial response. The purpose of this review is to summarize current mechanisms that explain the pathogenesis of sepsis, underlying the role that cells with immunoregulatory properties play during the course of this complex syndrome. A better understanding of these processes will contribute in the search of more successful therapeutic strategies.


El síndrome de respuesta sistémica consecuencia de una infección, denominado sepsis, constituye una causa significativa de muerte en el mundo. Históricamente se ha aceptado que la muerte por sepsis se debe a un estado de hiperactivación inmunológica, que implica el desarrollo de una vasta respuesta pro-inflamatoria acompañada de alteraciones en el sistema de coagulación. Ahora es claro que además de los sucesos inflamatorios, el curso clínico de la sepsis se caracteriza por el desarrollo de una respuesta anti-inflamatoria que busca contrarrestar la respuesta inicial, y es ésta finalmente en gran parte responsable de la muerte de los pacientes. El propósito de esta revisión es resumir los mecanismos actuales que explican la patogénesis de la sepsis, y específicamente el papel que desempeñan las subpoblaciones celulares con propiedades inmuno-reguladoras durante el curso de la enfermedad. El mejor entendimiento de estos procesos contribuirá a la búsqueda de estrategias terapéuticas más exitosas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Dendritic Cells/immunology , Down-Regulation/immunology , Killer Cells, Natural/immunology , Sepsis/immunology , T-Lymphocytes/immunology , Dendritic Cells/cytology , Immunity, Cellular/immunology , Killer Cells, Natural/cytology , Sepsis/etiology , T-Lymphocytes/cytology
8.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 31(4): 307-312, abr. 2011. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-584044

ABSTRACT

A doença granulomatosa sistêmica associada ao consumo de Vicia villosa (Leg. Papilionoideae) foi diagnosticada em 5 bovinos no período de 2005 a 2008. Os bovinos apresentavam alopecia, lesões crostosas na pele, prurido, febre, queda da produção leiteira, anorexia e emagrecimento. O curso clínico médio da doença foi de 2 semanas. Dos bovinos analisados três morreram e dois foram eutanasiados. As lesões macroscópicas de alopecia e crostas na pele eram localizadas principalmente na face e pescoço. Observava-se nódulos multifocais a coalescentes branco-acinzentados que infiltravam vários órgãos especialmente em linfonodos, rins e coração. As lesões microscópicas consistiam na infiltração de linfócitos, macrófagos, células epitelioides, células gigantes multinucleadas, eosinófilos e plasmócitos. Linfonodos, rins, adrenal, baço e fígado de todos os bovinos apresentaram infiltrado granulomatoso, porém de intensidade variável. Nos testes imuno-histoquímicos dos órgãos com infiltrado inflamatório, as principais células visualizadas foram os linfócitos T, seguidos de macrófagos/células epitelioides/células gigantes multi-nucleadas e os linfócitos B foram raramente detectados nos locais de inflamação granulomatosa. O número reduzido de células marcadas por Ki-67 nas lesões granulomatosas, tende a indicar que a proliferação celular não foi responsável pela hipercelularidade das lesões e que o recrutamento de macrófagos e linfócitos para o local da inflamação provavelmente tenha sido o responsável pelo acúmulo de células no infiltrado inflamatório.


The systemic granulomatous disease associated with consumption of Vicia villosa (Leg. Papilionoideae family) has been diagnosed in 5 cattle from 2005 to 2008. Affected cattle showed alopecia, crusted lesions on the skin, had itching, fever, decreased milk yield, anorexia and wasting. Average clinical course was 2 weeks. Three cattle died and two were euthanized in extremis. The main gross changes are alopecic and crusts in the skin, mainly on the face and neck. There also were multifocal to coalescent whitish nodules that infiltrated several organs, but especially lymph nodes, kidneys and hearth. Microscopic changes consisted of infiltration with lymphocytes, macrophages, epithelioid cells, giant multinucleated cells, eosinophils, and plasmocytes. Lymph nodes, kidneys, adrenal gland, spleen and liver from affected cattle showed varying degrees of granulomatous infiltration. Immunohistochemical procedures on samples from affected organs revealed that T-lymphocytes and macrophages/epithelioid cells/giant multinucleated cells were the main components of the inflammatory infiltrates, B-lymphocytes were only rarely seen within. The reduced numbers of cells marked by Ki-67 in the granulomatous lesions would indicate that cell proliferation was not responsible for the hypercellularity in the lesions and that rather the recruitment of macrophages and lymphocytes to the site inflammation probably accounted for the building up of the local cellular inflammatory infiltrate.


Subject(s)
Animals , Crohn Disease/veterinary , T-Lymphocytes/cytology , Macrophages/cytology , Plants, Toxic/poisoning
9.
Indian J Pathol Microbiol ; 2011 Apr-Jun 54(2): 330-334
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-141994

ABSTRACT

Background: Lymphoid malignancies are a heterogeneous group of disorders which may be difficult to differentiate from reactive proliferations even after immunohistochemistry. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) is believed to be a good adjunct tool for diagnosis. Materials and Methods: We examined 24 cases of neoplastic and non-neoplastic lymphoproliferative lesions in this study and evaluated the PCR as an additional tool in the confirmation of the diagnosis. Two different PCR methodologies were evaluated. Results: In the evaluation of the T-cell PCR, it was seen that the correlation using both the commercial kits and the custom-synthesized primers was highly significant at a P value of <0.05. In the evaluation of the B-cell PCR, it was seen that the correlation using both the commercial kits and the custom-synthesized primers was not significant using either method (P > 0.05). Conclusions: Both the methods showed an excellent concordance for T-cell γ gene rearrangements, However, the same was not seen in the B-cell receptor rearrangements. This may be because of the small sample size or the inability of consensus V primers to recognize complementary DNA sequences in all of the V segments.


Subject(s)
Clone Cells , DNA Primers/genetics , Humans , Lymphoproliferative Disorders/diagnosis , Lymphoproliferative Disorders/genetics , Lymphoproliferative Disorders/pathology , Pathology, Molecular/methods , Polymerase Chain Reaction/methods , Reagent Kits, Diagnostic , T-Lymphocytes/cytology
10.
Biocell ; 34(2): 57-63, Aug. 2010. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-595039

ABSTRACT

L-selectin is a member of the selectin family that play an important role both in mediating the initial capture and subsequent rolling of leukocytes along the endothelial cells. Furthermore, L-selectin can function as a signal molecule. In our previous studies, we reported that L-selectin ligation could regulate CSF-1 (colony-stimulating factor-1) gene transcription, in which AP-1 acts as a crucial transcriptional factor. Here we investigated the function of the NFAT in the CSF-1 gene transcriptional events. We found that overexpression of WT NFAT induce CSF-1 gene transcription greatly in the activated Jurkat cells. Furthermore, we found that NFAT can be recruited to the nucleus after L-selectin ligation, and the nuclear NFAT interacts with the CSF-1 promoter region to regulate CSF-1 gene transcription in the L-s electin ligation activated Jurkat cells. These results indicate that nuclear NFAT can activate CSF-1 gene transcription by connecting with the CSF-1 promoter in the signaling events induced by L-selectin ligation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , NFATC Transcription Factors/metabolism , Jurkat Cells , T-Lymphocytes/cytology , T-Lymphocytes , T-Lymphocytes/physiology , Macrophages/metabolism , L-Selectin/metabolism , Lymphocyte Activation , Transcription, Genetic
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-223647

ABSTRACT

Different subtypes of dendritic cells (DC) influence the differentiation of naive T lymphocytes into T helper type 1 (Th1) and Th2 effector cells. We evaluated the percentages of DC subtypes in peripheral blood from pregnant women (maternal blood) and their cord blood compared to the peripheral blood of healthy non pregnant women (control). Circulating DC were identified by flow cytometry as lineage (CD3, CD14, CD16, CD19, CD20, and CD56)-negative and HLA-DR-positive cells. Subtypes of DC were further characterized as myeloid DC (CD11c+/CD123+/-), lymphoid DC (CD11c-/CD123+++) and less differentiated DC (CD11c-/CD123+/-). The frequency of DC out of all nucleated cells was significantly lower in maternal blood than in control (P<0.001). The ratio of myeloid DC/lymphoid DC was significantly higher in maternal blood than in control (P<0.01). HLA-DR expressions of myeloid DC as mean fluorescence intensity (MFI) were significantly less in maternal blood and in cord blood than in control (P<0.001, respectively). The DC differentiation factors, TNF-alpha and GM-CSF, released from mononuclear cells after lipopolysaccharide stimulation were significantly lower in maternal blood than in control (P<0.01). The distribution of DC subtypes was different in maternal and cord blood from those of non-pregnant women. Their role during pregnancy remains to be determined.


Subject(s)
Adult , Cell Differentiation , Dendritic Cells/classification , Female , Fetal Blood/cytology , Flow Cytometry , Granulocyte-Macrophage Colony-Stimulating Factor/metabolism , HLA-DR Antigens/metabolism , Humans , Lipopolysaccharides/pharmacology , Lymphocyte Activation , Pregnancy , T-Lymphocytes/cytology , Th1 Cells/cytology , Th2 Cells/cytology , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/metabolism
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-202557

ABSTRACT

4-1BB, a member of the tumor necrosis factor receptor (TNFR) superfamily, is a major costimulatory receptor that is rapidly expressed on the surface of CD4+ and CD8+ T cells after antigen- or mitogen-induced activation. The interaction of 4-1BB with 4-1BBL regulates immunity and promotes the survival and expansion of activated T cells. In this study, the expression of 4-1BB and 4-1BBL was examined during regeneration of the murine thymus following acute cyclophosphamide-induced involution. Four-color flow cytometry showed that 4-1BB and 4-1BBL were present in the normal thymus and were preferentially expressed in the regenerating thymus, mainly in CD4+CD8+ double-positive (DP) thymocytes. Furthermore, the CD4loCD8lo, CD4+CD8lo and CD4loCD8+ thymocyte subsets, representing stages of thymocyte differentiation intermediate between DP and single-positive (SP) thymocytes, also expressed 4-1BB and 4-1BBL during thymus regeneration but to a lesser degree. Interestingly, the 4-1BB and 4-1BBL positive cells among the CD4+CD8+ DP thymocytes present during thymus regeneration were TCR(hi) and CD69+ unlike the corresponding controls. Moreover, the 4-1BB and 4-1BBL positive cells among the intermediate subsets present during thymus regeneration also exhibited TCRhi/int and CD69+/int phenotypes, indicating that 4-1BB and 4-1BBL are predominantly expressed by the positively selected population of the CD4+CD8+ DP and the intermediate thymocytes during thymus regeneration. RT-PCR and Western blot analyses confirmed the presence and elevated levels of 4-1BB and 4-1BBL mRNA and protein in thymocytes during thymus regeneration. We also found that the interaction of 4-1BB with 4-1BBL promoted thymocyte adhesion to thymic epithelial cells. Our results suggest that 4-1BB and 4-1BBL participate in T lymphopoiesis associated with positive selection during recovery from acute thymic involution.


Subject(s)
4-1BB Ligand/genetics , Animals , Tumor Necrosis Factor Receptor Superfamily, Member 9/genetics , CD4-Positive T-Lymphocytes/cytology , CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes/cytology , Cell Adhesion , Cell Differentiation , Cell Line , Cells, Cultured , Cyclophosphamide/pharmacology , Epithelial Cells/cytology , Gene Expression Regulation , Immunosuppressive Agents/pharmacology , Male , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , RNA, Messenger/genetics , Regeneration , T-Lymphocytes/cytology , Thymus Gland/cytology
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-136591

ABSTRACT

Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) can inhibit T cell proliferation; however, the underlying mechanisms are not clear. In this study, we investigated the mechanisms of the immunoregulatory activity of MSCs on T cells. Irradiated MSCs co-cultured with either naive or pre-activated T cells in a mixed lymphocyte reaction (MLR) significantly suppressed T cell proliferation in a dose-dependent manner, irrespective of allogeneic disparity between responders and MSCs. Transwell assays revealed that the suppressive effect was primarily mediated by soluble factors that induced apoptosis. Splenocytes stimulated with alloantigen in the presence of the MSC culture supernatant (CS) produced a significant amount of IL-10, which was attributed to an increase in the number of IL-10 secreting cells, confirmed by an ELISPOT assay. The blockade of IL-10 and IL-10 receptor interaction by anti-IL-10 or anti-IL-10-receptor antibodies abrogated the suppressive capacity of MSC CS, indicating that IL-10 plays a major role in the suppression of T cell proliferation. The addition of 1-methyl-DL-tryptophan (1-MT), an indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase (IDO) inhibitor, also restored the proliferative capacity of T cells. In conclusion, we demonstrated that soluble mediators from culture supernatant of MSCs could suppress the proliferation of both naive and pre-activated T cells in which IL-10 and IDO play important roles.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cell Proliferation , Cells, Cultured , Indoleamine-Pyrrole 2,3,-Dioxygenase/antagonists & inhibitors , Interleukin-10/biosynthesis , Lymphocyte Activation , Lymphokines/pharmacology , Mesenchymal Stem Cells/cytology , Mice , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Receptors, Interleukin-10/metabolism , T-Lymphocytes/cytology , Tryptophan/analogs & derivatives
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-136590

ABSTRACT

Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) can inhibit T cell proliferation; however, the underlying mechanisms are not clear. In this study, we investigated the mechanisms of the immunoregulatory activity of MSCs on T cells. Irradiated MSCs co-cultured with either naive or pre-activated T cells in a mixed lymphocyte reaction (MLR) significantly suppressed T cell proliferation in a dose-dependent manner, irrespective of allogeneic disparity between responders and MSCs. Transwell assays revealed that the suppressive effect was primarily mediated by soluble factors that induced apoptosis. Splenocytes stimulated with alloantigen in the presence of the MSC culture supernatant (CS) produced a significant amount of IL-10, which was attributed to an increase in the number of IL-10 secreting cells, confirmed by an ELISPOT assay. The blockade of IL-10 and IL-10 receptor interaction by anti-IL-10 or anti-IL-10-receptor antibodies abrogated the suppressive capacity of MSC CS, indicating that IL-10 plays a major role in the suppression of T cell proliferation. The addition of 1-methyl-DL-tryptophan (1-MT), an indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase (IDO) inhibitor, also restored the proliferative capacity of T cells. In conclusion, we demonstrated that soluble mediators from culture supernatant of MSCs could suppress the proliferation of both naive and pre-activated T cells in which IL-10 and IDO play important roles.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cell Proliferation , Cells, Cultured , Indoleamine-Pyrrole 2,3,-Dioxygenase/antagonists & inhibitors , Interleukin-10/biosynthesis , Lymphocyte Activation , Lymphokines/pharmacology , Mesenchymal Stem Cells/cytology , Mice , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Receptors, Interleukin-10/metabolism , T-Lymphocytes/cytology , Tryptophan/analogs & derivatives
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-78430

ABSTRACT

This study was performed in order to characterize the types of the infiltrating cells, and the expression profiles of major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I and membrane attack complex (MAC) in patients with inflammatory myopathies and dysferlinopathy. Immunohistochemical stains were performed using monoclonal antibodies against several inflammatory cell types, MHC class I, and MAC in muscles from inflammatory myopathies and dysferlinopathy. There was significant difference in the types of infiltrating cells between polymyositis (PM), dermatomyositis (DM), and dysferlinopathy, including significantly high CD4+/CD8+ T cell ratio and B/T cell ratio in DM. In dysferlinopathy, CD4+ T cells were the most abundant and the proportions of infiltrating cell types were similar to those of DM. MHC class I was expressed in muscle fibers of PM and DM regardless of the presence of inflammatory infiltrates. MAC was expressed in necrotic fibers and vessels of PM and DM. One patient with early stage DM had a MAC deposits on endomysial capillaries. In dysferlinopathy, MAC deposit was also observed on the sarcolemma of nonnecrotic fibers. The analysis of inflammatory cells, MHC class I expressions and MAC deposits may help to differentiate dysferlinopathy from idiopathic inflammatory myopathy.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Dermatomyositis/immunology , Female , Genes, MHC Class I , Humans , Male , Membrane Proteins/genetics , Middle Aged , Muscle Fibers, Skeletal/cytology , Muscle Proteins/genetics , Muscular Dystrophies, Limb-Girdle/immunology , Myositis/immunology , Polymyositis/immunology , T-Lymphocytes/cytology , Young Adult
16.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-66147

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: We analyzed T cell receptor beta chain (TCRB) gene to investigate the presence of putative T cell clones and its clinicopathologic implications in Korean patients with aplastic anemia (AA). METHODS: Twenty-nine bone marrow specimens were collected from 20 AA patients, 19 specimens from initial diagnosis and 10 from follow-up. T cell clonality assay was performed using IdentiClone(TM) TCRB Gene Clonality Assay kit (InVivoScirbe Technology, USA) and automatic genetic analyzer. Patients' clinical information and laboratory parameters were also analyzed. RESULTS: Five patients had definitive underlying factors related with aplastic anemia, such as hepatitis B virus (4 cases) and benzene exposure (1 case). Putative T cell clones were detected in bone marrow specimens of 11 (58%) out of 19 patients at diagnosis. The location of putative T cell clones of TCRB gene (diversity region, Dbeta; joining region, Jbeta; variable region, Vbeta) was distributed in Dbeta2+Jbeta2 (6 cases), Dbeta1+Jbeta1 (3 cases), Vbeta+Jbeta1 (2 cases), and Dbeta1+Jbeta2 (2 cases). Interestingly, among seven patients who underwent stem cell transplantation, five patients with no T cell clones detected at diagnosis developed new T cell clones during the follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: Putative pathogenetic T cell clones were detected in most of AA patients in the current study. T cell clonality assay would be useful for investigating the pathophysiology of acquired AA.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Anemia, Aplastic/diagnosis , Bone Marrow Transplantation , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Reagent Kits, Diagnostic , Receptors, Antigen, T-Cell, alpha-beta/genetics , Republic of Korea , T-Lymphocytes/cytology
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-66146

ABSTRACT

Chimerism testing permits early prediction and documentation of successful engraftment, and also facilitates detection of impending graft rejection. In this study, we serially monitored chimerism status by short tandem repeat-based PCR in nucleated cells (NC), T cells and natural killer (NK) cells after myeloablative allogeneic stem cell transplantation (SCT). Four patients with myeloid malignancies showed discrepant chimerism results among those three fractions. Three patients had mixed chimerism (MC) of donor/host T cells at a time point around the onset of chronic graft-versus-host disease (GVHD). In two patients with disease relapse, MC of NK cells preceded a morphological relapse or NK cells showed a higher percentage of patient cells compared to NC. Therefore, our study shows that chimerism analysis in lineage-specific cells might be useful in predicting clinical outcome after allogeneic SCT in certain patients.


Subject(s)
Adult , Chimerism , Graft vs Host Disease/diagnosis , Humans , Killer Cells, Natural/cytology , Male , Microsatellite Repeats/genetics , Middle Aged , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Predictive Value of Tests , Stem Cell Transplantation , T-Lymphocytes/cytology , Transplantation, Homologous
18.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 68(6): 423-427, nov.-dic. 2008. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-633581

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was to characterize and quantify cells involved in immune response in metastasis-free regional lymph nodes (RLNs) draining different human epithelial tumors and compare them (by immunohistochemistry) with control lymph nodes from patients with non malignant diseases. We showed that T cells number was decreased in RLNs as compared to the controls with reduction in both CD4+ T cells and CD8+ T cells subsets and an inverted ratio (CD4+: CD8+). B lymphocytes and follicular dendritic cells were decreased with respect to the controls. S100+ dendritic cells (DCs) and mature DCs were detected in T dependent areas. Their mean number was significantly lower as compared to control. Immature DCs were significantly diminished compared to RLN and control nodes. CD57+ cells, follicular T helper cells and/or NK cells, were localized in the clear zone of germinal centres and their mean number was significantly increased. There were no CD57+ cells in hypoplastic follicles. In this study we show that RLNs draining human cancer present reduction in almost all immune cells, except CD57+ cells. These findings may be related to the deficient anti-tumor immune response in patients with cancer and subsequent tumor progression.


El objetivo del trabajo fue caracterizar y cuantificar utilizando inmuno-histoquímica, las células involucradas en la respuesta inmune en ganglios linfáticos regionales (GLRs) que drenan distintos tumores epiteliales malignos humanos y compararlas con ganglios controles (GLCs) provenientes de pacientes sin enfermedad neoplásica maligna. Determinamos que los GLRs presentaban una marcada depleción de linfocitos B y T, células dendríticas (CD) foliculares y CD interdigitantes maduras respecto a los controles. En los linfocitos T, además de estar disminuidos, se observó una inversión de la relación T CD4+: T CD8+, a favor de los T CD8+. La depleción de CD inmaduras fue mayor respecto a las maduras. Las células CD57+, células foliculares T helper y/o células NK, localizadas en las zonas claras de los centros germinativos, presentaron un marcado incremento en los GLRs comparados con los GLCs, excepto en los casos de ganglios linfáticos con folículos hipoplásicos. En este estudio, demostramos que los GLRs que drenan carcinomas humanos presentan una significativa reducción en casi todas las células de la respuesta inmune, excepto las células NK. Estos hallazgos podrían estar relacionados con la deficiente respuesta antitumoral de los pacientes con cáncer y la subsiguiente progresión tumoral.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Humans , Middle Aged , Dendritic Cells/cytology , Dendritic Cells/immunology , Lymph Nodes/immunology , Lymphocyte Subsets/immunology , Neoplasms/immunology , T-Lymphocytes/cytology , B-Lymphocytes/immunology , Case-Control Studies , Immunity, Cellular , Lymph Nodes/pathology , Lymphatic Metastasis/immunology , Lymphatic Metastasis/pathology , Neoplasms/pathology , T-Lymphocytes/immunology
19.
Biocell ; 32(2): 169-174, Aug. 2008. ilus, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-541111

ABSTRACT

We had previously found in autologous human leukocyte cultures, in which dead neutrophils phagocytosis by macrophages occur, macrophages and T CD4 lymphocytes perform a selective cell-cell interaction showing many figures of either one, two or several T- lymphocytes adhering to a central macrophage were seen. Considering that antigen presentation would be necessary for the formation of these immune synapses, we attempted to block rosette formation (i.e., the formation of macrophage associations with at least three lymphocytes) by interfering with both antigen processing and presentation. Culture samples of autologous leukocytes from 7 healthy donors were subjected to either brefeldin A, chloroquine or to an anti-HLA DR antibody. Rosette formation was significantly inhibited in the treated samples (either with brefeldin A, chloroquine or the anti- HLA DR; ANOVA, p<0.001, as compared with the untreated controls). It is concluded that interference with antigen processing and presentation precludes the formation of these cell-cell interactions.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Adult , Female , Middle Aged , Cell Adhesion/physiology , Antirheumatic Agents/pharmacology , HLA-DR Antigens/immunology , Brefeldin A/pharmacology , Chloroquine/pharmacology , Antigen Presentation/immunology , Cells, Cultured , Protein Synthesis Inhibitors/pharmacology , T-Lymphocytes/cytology , T-Lymphocytes , T-Lymphocytes/immunology , Macrophages/cytology , Macrophages , Macrophages/immunology
20.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 41(5): 344-350, May 2008. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-484442

ABSTRACT

T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL) is a biologically heterogeneous disease with respect to phenotype, gene expression profile and activation of particular intracellular signaling pathways. Despite very significant improvements, current therapeutic regimens still fail to cure a portion of the patients and frequently implicate the use of aggressive protocols with long-term side effects. In this review, we focused on how deregulation of critical signaling pathways, in particular Notch, PI3K/Akt, MAPK, Jak/STAT and TGF-ß, may contribute to T-ALL. Identifying the alterations that affect intracellular pathways that regulate cell cycle and apoptosis is essential to understanding the biology of this malignancy, to define more effective markers for the correct stratification of patients into appropriate therapeutic regimens and to identify novel targets for the development of specific, less detrimental therapies for T-ALL.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cell Differentiation , Leukemia-Lymphoma, Adult T-Cell , Phosphotransferases/physiology , Signal Transduction/physiology , T-Lymphocytes/cytology , /physiology , Janus Kinases/physiology , Leukemia-Lymphoma, Adult T-Cell/etiology , Leukemia-Lymphoma, Adult T-Cell/physiopathology , Leukemia-Lymphoma, Adult T-Cell/therapy , Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases/physiology , Phosphorylation , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/physiology , Receptors, Notch/physiology , Transforming Growth Factor beta/physiology
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