Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 188
Filter
1.
Arch. cardiol. Méx ; 91(1): 100-104, ene.-mar. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1152866

ABSTRACT

Resumen La cardiomiopatía de Takotsubo es una entidad caracterizada por disfunción ventricular aguda y transitoria, la cual está generalmente relacionada a un evento desencadenante (estrés emocional o físico) y que, por lo general, se presenta con disfunción sistólica regional del ventrículo izquierdo, aunque hasta en un 30% puede ser biventricular. Según su severidad, en algunos casos puede condicionar choque cardiogénico refractario a manejo con inotrópicos y vasopresores, por lo que para estos casos deben considerarse los dispositivos de asistencia circulatoria. Presentamos el caso de una paciente joven a quien se realizó cambio valvular pulmonar con prótesis biológica, la cual siete semanas posteriores a la cirugía acudió al servicio de urgencias con derrame pericárdico y fisiología de tamponade secundario a síndrome pospericardiotomía. Por tal motivo se le practicó ventana pericárdica, sin embargo durante el transquirúrgico presentó cardiomiopatía de Takotsubo biventricular que le condicionó choque cardiogénico con insuficiencia mitral y tricúspidea severas y refractariedad a tratamiento médico, así como a balón intraaórtico de contrapulsación (BIAC), por lo cual requirió soporte circulatorio con ECMO venoarterial durante 5 días.


Abstract Takotsubo cardiomyopathy is an entity characterized by acute and transient ventricular dysfunction, which is usually related to a triggering event (emotional or physical stress), and usually presents with regional systolic dysfunction of the left ventricle, however up to 30% may be biventricular. Depending on its severity in some cases the disease can condition refractory cardiogenic shock to management with inotropics and vasopressors, so for these cases circulatory assistance devices should be considered. We present the case of a young patient who had pulmonary valve change with biological prosthesis, which seven weeks after surgery went to the emergency department with pericardial effusion and tamponade physiology secondary to postpericardiotomy syndrome. For this reason pericardial window was practiced, however during the procedure she presented biventricular Takotsubo cardiomyopathy which conditioned cardiogenic shock with severe mitral and tricuspid regurgitation, and refractivity to medical treatment as well as intraaortic balloon pump, requiring circulatory support with venoarterial ECMO for 5 days.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation , Takotsubo Cardiomyopathy/therapy
4.
Rev. colomb. cardiol ; 27(4): 307-313, jul.-ago. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1289230

ABSTRACT

Resumen El síndrome de takotsubo o miocardiopatía por estrés es una alteración de la funcionalidad miocárdica, que se asocia con frecuencia a situaciones de estrés físico o emocional. Corresponde entre el 1 y el 2% de todos los ingresos a urgencias por síndrome coronario agudo y tiene una prevalencia y tasa de mortalidad de 4,1% y 2% a 8%, respectivamente. Hasta el 10% de los pacientes presenta algún tipo de complicación. En Colombia los datos epidemiológicos son limitados. En la actualidad se desconoce con exactitud la fisiopatología subyacente y no hay consenso acerca del tratamiento del síndrome y las complicaciones asociadas; por consiguiente, estos interrogantes son posibles temas de investigación. Se expone un caso clínico de características inusuales, que cursó con alteraciones electrocardiográficas, cinéticas y de conducción miocárdica infrecuentes, además de evolución clínica inesperada, que culminó en paro cardiorrespiratorio secundario a taquicardia ventricular polimórfica por persistencia del intervalo QT prolongado. Con base en la experiencia clínica y en la evidencia científica disponible se recomienda monitorizar estrechamente a los pacientes con alteración adquirida de la repolarización miocárdica hasta que esta se normalice y considerar la implantación de un dispositivo cardiaco tipo cardiodesfibrilador en casos de alto riesgo.


Abstract Takotsubo syndrome or stress cardiomyopathy is a myocardial functional disorder, which is often associated with situations of physical or emotional stress. It accounts for between 1% and 2% of all those admitted to the Emergency Department due to acute coronary syndrome, and has a prevalence and mortality rate of 4.1% and 2% to 8%, respectively. Up to 10% of the patients have some type of complication. Epidemiological data are scarce in Colombia. The underlying pathophysiology is still not exactly known, and there is no consensus on the treatment of the syndrome and the associated complications. Therefore, these questions are possible research topics. A clinical case of unusual characteristics is presented, which included rare electrocardiographic, kinetic, and myocardial conduction characteristics. It also had an unexpected clinical outcome, which culminated in cardiorespiratory arrest secondary to a polymorphic ventricular tachycardia due to persistence of the prolonged QT interval. Based on clinical experience and on the available scientific evidence, it is recommended to closely monitor patients with an acquired change in myocardial repolarisation until it returns to normal, and to consider an implantable cardioverter defibrillator in cases of high risk.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Ventricular Fibrillation , Takotsubo Cardiomyopathy , Cardiomyopathies , Torsades de Pointes , Psychological Distress
6.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 115(2): 207-216, ago., 2020. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1131291

ABSTRACT

Resumo Fundamento A síndrome de takotsubo (takotsubo) é uma forma de cardiomiopatia adquirida. Dados nacionais sobre essa condição são escassos. O Registro REMUTA é o primeiro a incluir dados multicêntricos dessa condição no nosso país. Objetivo Descrever as características clínicas, prognóstico, tratamento intra-hospitalar e mortalidade hospitalar e em 1 ano de seguimento. Métodos Estudo observacional, retrospectivo, tipo registro. Incluídos pacientes internados com diagnóstico de takotsubo ou que desenvolveram esta condição durante internação por outra causa. Os desfechos avaliados incluíram fator desencadeador, análise dos exames, uso de medicações, complicações e óbito intra-hospitalar e em 1 ano de seguimento. O nível de significância adotado foi de 5%. Resultados Foram incluídos 169 pacientes, em 12 centros no Estado do Rio de Janeiro. A idade média foi de 70,9 ± 14,1 anos e 90,5% eram do sexo feminino; 63% dos casos foram de takotsubo primário e 37% secundário. Troponina I foi positiva em 92,5% dos pacientes e a mediana de BNP foi de 395 (176,5; 1725). Supradesnivelamento do segmento ST esteve presente em 28% dos pacientes. A fração de ejeção do ventrículo esquerdo teve mediana de 40 (35; 48)%. Observamos taxa de 25,7% de ventilação mecânica invasiva e 17,4% de choque. Suporte circulatório mecânico foi utilizado em 7,7%. A mortalidade intra-hospitalar foi de 10,6% e a mortalidade ao final de 1 ano foi de 16,5%. Takotsubo secundário e choque cardiogênico foram preditores independentes de mortalidade. Conclusão Os resultados do REMUTA mostram que takotsubo não se trata de patologia benigna como se pensava, especialmente no grupo de takotsubo secundário que acarreta elevada taxa de complicações e de mortalidade. (Arq Bras Cardiol. 2020; 115(2):207-216)


Abstract Background Takotsubo syndrome (TTS) is an acquired form of cardiomyopathy. National Brazilian data on this condition are scarce. The Takotsubo Multicenter Registry (REMUTA) is the first to include multicenter data on this condition in Brazil. Objective To describe the clinical characteristics, prognosis, in-hospital treatment, in-hospital mortality, and mortality during 1 year of follow-up. Methods This is an observational, retrospective registry study including patients admitted to the hospital with diagnosis of TTS and patients admitted for other reasons who developed this condition. Evaluated outcomes included triggering factor, analysis of exams, use of medications, complications, in-hospital mortality, and mortality during 1 year of follow-up. A significance level of 5% was adopted. Results The registry included 169 patients from 12 centers in the state of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Mean age was 70.9 ± 14.1 years, and 90.5% of patients were female; 63% of cases were primary TTS, and 37% were secondary. Troponin I was positive in 92.5% of patients, and median BNP was 395 (176.5; 1725). ST-segment elevation was present in 28% of patients. Median left ventricular ejection fraction was 40 (35; 48)%. We observed invasive mechanical ventilation in 25.7% of cases and shock in 17.4%. Mechanical circulatory support was used in 7.7%. In-hospital mortality was 10.6%, and mortality at 1 year of follow-up was 16.5%. Secondary TTS and cardiogenic shock were independent predictors of mortality. Conclusion The results of the REMUTA show that TTS is not a benign pathology, as was once thought, especially regarding the secondary TTS group, which has a high rate of complications and mortality. (Arq Bras Cardiol. 2020; 115(2):207-216)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Ventricular Function, Left , Takotsubo Cardiomyopathy , Stroke Volume , Brazil/epidemiology , Registries , Retrospective Studies , Hospital Mortality , Hospitals , Middle Aged
9.
Med. UIS ; 33(1): 31-38, ene.-abr. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1124983

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: el modafinilo es un fármaco neuroestimulante utilizado principalmente para promover estados de vigilia atención y disminuir la fatiga ante ciertos comportamientos que propician la somnolencia diurna excesiva. Objetivo: identificar en la literatura científica los efectos adversos neurológicos y cardiovasculares causados por el consumo del modafinilo. Materiales y Métodos: revisión bibliográfica de los artículos encontrados entre los meses de abril y julio de 2019 en las bases de datos PUBMED, SCOPUS, DIALNET. 51 artículos superaron la evaluación de calidad metodológica y se incluyeron en la revisión. Resultados: se identificaron que los principales efectos adversos a nivel cardiovascular son la cardiomiopatía Tako-Tsubo y la taquicardia ventricular polimórfica, mientras que a nivel neurológico puede generar insomnio y distonías. Conclusiones: El consumo del modafinilo genera repercusiones en las funciones cognitivas y cardiovasculares por lo cual no es aconsejable su uso a largo plazo en personas sanas. MÉD. UIS.2020;33(1):31-8.


Abstract Introduction: modafinil is a neurostimulant drug used mainly to promote wakefulness, attention and decrease fatigue in certain behaviors that cause excessive daytime sleepiness. Objective: identify in the scientific literature the neurological and cardiovascular adverse effects caused by the consumption of modafinil. Materials and Methods: bibliographic review of the articles found between the months of April and July of 2019 in the PUBMED, SCOPUS, DIALNET databases. 51 articles passed the methodological quality assessment and were included in the review. Results: the main adverse effects at the cardiovascular level were identified as Tako-Tsubo cardiomyopathy and polymorphic ventricular tachycardia, while at the neurological level it can generate insomnia and dystonia. Conclusions: the consumption of modafinil generates repercussions on cognitive and cardiovascular functions, so its long-term use in healthy people is not advisable. MÉD.UIS.2020;33(1):31-8.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Sleep Wake Disorders , Tachycardia, Ventricular , Modafinil , Tachycardia , Blood Pressure , Dystonia , Takotsubo Cardiomyopathy , Headache , Central Nervous System Stimulants , Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders , Narcolepsy , Nausea
10.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 114(3): 477-483, mar. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1088888

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Takotsubo syndrome (TTS) is characterized by a temporary systolic dysfunction of the left ventricle (LV) related to a stressful event. However, the factors associated with its recurrence are still not well established. Objective: To analyze the main factors associated with TTS recurrence. Methods: A systematic review was performed using the PRISMA model. Observational studies, published between January 2008 and October 2017, which presented a recurrence rate of at least 3% and/or 5 or more patients with recurrence, and who met at least 80% of the STROBE criteria were included. Results: six articles reached the criteria to compose this systematic review. The recurrence rate ranged from 1 to 3.5% per year (global recurrence rate 3.8%). One study associated higher recurrence rate with the female gender, four reported the time between the first and second episodes, one study associated body mass index (BMI) and hypercontractility of the LV middle anterior wall to a higher recurrence rate. No association between recurrence and electrocardiographic changes were determined. Beta-blockers use was not associated with recurrence rates. Conclusions: Female gender, time from the first episode of the syndrome, low BMI and midventricular obstruction were reported as potential predictors of TTS recurrence.


Resumo Fundamento: A síndrome de Takotsubo (STT) é caracterizada por uma disfunção sistólica temporária do ventrículo esquerdo (VE) relacionada a um evento estressante. No entanto, os fatores associados à sua recorrência ainda não estão bem estabelecidos. Objetivo: Analisar os principais fatores associados à recorrência da STT. Métodos: Uma revisão sistemática foi realizada usando o modelo PRISMA. Foram incluídos estudos observacionais, publicados entre janeiro de 2008 e outubro de 2017, que apresentaram uma taxa de recorrência de pelo menos 3% e/ou 5 ou mais pacientes com recidiva e que preencheram pelo menos 80% dos critérios STROBE. Resultados: Seis artigos atenderam aos critérios para esta revisão sistemática. A taxa de recorrência variou de 1 a 3,5% ao ano (taxa de recorrência global 3,8%). Um estudo associou maior taxa de recorrência ao sexo feminino, quatro relataram o tempo entre o primeiro e o segundo episódio, um estudo associou o índice de massa corporal (IMC) e a hipercontratilidade da parede anterior média do VE a uma maior taxa de recorrência. Não foi determinada associação entre recorrência e alterações eletrocardiográficas. O uso de betabloqueadores não foi associado a taxas de recorrência. Conclusões: Sexo feminino, tempo desde o primeiro episódio da síndrome, baixo IMC e obstrução ventricular foram relatados como possíveis preditores de recorrência da STT.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Takotsubo Cardiomyopathy , Recurrence , Time Factors , Heart Ventricles
12.
Acta méd. colomb ; 44(4): 45-49, Oct.-Dec. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1124061

ABSTRACT

Abstract Takotsubo myocardiopathy, known as broken-heart syndrome due to its relationship with stressful situations, is characterized by causing symptoms which are suggestive of myocardial infarction, in the context of temporary left ventricular systolic dysfunction, with no angiographic evidence of ob structive coronary artery disease. It is much more common in older adults, predominantly in women. It is diagnosed by clinical, echocardiographic and angiographic findings. Treatment is eminently medical, generally associated with spontaneous and progressive recovery of the left ventricular systolic function. However, when the clinical presentation simulates an acute myocardial infarction in a setting where angiography is not available, there must be a clear therapeutic decision, without underestimating that a confirmed diagnosis, depending on the patient's ventricular function and/or comorbidities, may trigger cardiogenic shock and be fatal. A case of Takotsubo myocardiopathy is described, along with its management and follow-up. (Acta Med Colomb 2019; 44. DOI:https://doi.org/10.36104/aamc.2019.1314).


Resumen La miocardiopatía de Takotsubo, conocida como síndrome del corazón roto por su relación con situaciones de estrés; se caracteriza por ocasionar síntomas sugestivos de infarto de miocardio en contexto de una disfunción sistólica temporal del ventrículo izquierdo sin demostración angiográfica de enfermedad arterial coronaria obstructiva. Es mucho más común en adultos mayores predominantemente mujeres. El diagnóstico se hace mediante hallazgos clínicos, ecocardiográficos y angiográficos. El tratamiento es eminentemente médico, generalmente relacionado con la recuperación espontánea y progresiva de la función sistólica del ventrículo izquierdo; sin embargo, el escenario de su presentación clínica que simula un infarto agudo de miocardio en un ambiente sin la disponibilidad de angiografía requiere tener claro decisión terapéutica sin desestimar que confirmado el diagnostico de acuerdo al compromiso de la función ventricular y/o comorbilidades del paciente puede desencadenar shock cardiogénico y ser fatal. Se describe un caso de miocardiopatía de Takotsubo su manejo y seguimiento. (Acta Med Colomb 2019; 44. DOI:https://doi.org/10.36104/aamc.2019.1314).


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Takotsubo Cardiomyopathy , Movement Disorders , Cardiomyopathies
13.
Insuf. card ; 14(4): 154-157, Octubre-Diciembre 2019.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1053220

ABSTRACT

La miocardiopatía de Tako-tsubo (MT) y síndrome de QT largo congénito (SQTLc) son dos entidades que presentan un retardo de la repolarización cardíaca y su asociación ha sido publicada en reportes de casos. Presentamos el caso de una paciente de 55 años, con antecedentes de SQTLc, que ingresó a nuestro hospital por dolor precordial, luego de un evento estresante, diagnosticándose MT. Evolucionó con prolongación del intervalo QT en el electrocardiograma, persistiendo luego de la externación, sin presentar episodios de arritmias ventriculares ni síncope


Takobsubo cardiomyopathy (TC) and congenital long QT syndrome (LQTS) are two entities that present a delay of cardiac repolarization and their association has been published in case reports. We present the case of a 55-year-old female patient with medical history of congenital LQTS, who was admitted to our hospital due to precordial pain after a stressful event and TC was diagnosed. She evolves with QT interval prolongation on the ECG that remains after the externalization, without presenting any episodes of ventricular arrhythmia or syncope


A cardiomiopatia de Tako-tsubo (CT) e a síndrome do QT longo congênito (SQTLc) são duas entidades que apresentam um atraso da repolarização cardíaca e sua associação foi publicada em relatos de casos. Apresentamos o caso de uma paciente de 55 anos de idade com história médica de SQTLc, admitida em nosso hospital devido a dor precordial após um evento estressante, com diagnóstico de CT. Ela evolui com prolongamento do intervalo QT no ECG que permanece após a externalização, sem apresentar nenhum episódios de arritmias ventriculares ou síncope


Subject(s)
Romano-Ward Syndrome , Takotsubo Cardiomyopathy
16.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 64(10): 952-959, Oct. 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-976781

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY This article aims to make reference to some recent mourning aspects considered risk factors for cardiovascular disease, specifically the Takotsubo cardiomyopathy. The objective was to describe the stress from the death of a loved one combining it to the possibility of occurrence of Takotsubo cardiomyopathy through the perception of a traumatic event by the cortex, which triggers the subcortical brain circuit affecting the endocrine response. Given the growing acknowledgement of this cardiomyopathy, it is possible to contextualize the nutritional behaviours and decisions surrounding it, whose benefits must exceed the condition of temporary cardiac dysfunction and extend to food choices that have some influence in the limbic system. It is a descriptive analysis that aims to problematize the theme into reflections based on this experience, considering the foundation with the science of nutrition.


RESUMO INTRODUÇÃO: Este artigo busca fazer referência a alguns aspectos do luto recente considerados fatores de risco para a doença cardiovascular, específicamente a cardiomiopatia de Takotsubo. Objetivou-se descrever o estresse proveniente da morte do ente querido aliando-o à possibilidade de ocorrência da cardiomiopatia de Takotsubo, mediante a percepção de um evento traumático pelo córtex que aciona o circuito cerebral subcortical tendo repercussões na resposta endócrina. Dado o crescente reconhecimento dessa cardiomiopatia, torna-se viável contextualizar as condutas nutricionais e as decisões que as norteiam, cujos benefícios devem ultrapassar a condição de disfunção cardíaca temporária e se estender às escolhas alimentares que exercem alguma influência no sistema límbico. Trata-se de uma análise descritiva que objetiva problematizar a temática em reflexões pautadas nessa vivência, considerando o alicerce com a ciência da nutrição.


Subject(s)
Humans , Grief , Takotsubo Cardiomyopathy/etiology , Gated Blood-Pool Imaging , Takotsubo Cardiomyopathy/diet therapy , Takotsubo Cardiomyopathy/psychology , Takotsubo Cardiomyopathy/diagnostic imaging
17.
Arch. cardiol. Méx ; 88(3): 219-224, jul.-sep. 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1088753

ABSTRACT

Abstract Takotsubo Cardiomyopathy mainly occurs in postmenopausal women, with or with- out cardiovascular disease, and is commonly associated with emotional or physical stress. After nearly 27 years of extensive efforts towards a better understanding of this disorder, current knowledge remains limited. Many people suffer post-traumatic stress, and this situation can be associated to stress cardiomyopathy. The case is presented of a female who suffers stress asso- ciated with the earthquake of 19 September 2017 in Mexico City, and arrived in the Emergency Department in cardiogenic shock.


Resumen La miocardiopatía de Takotsubo ocurre principalmente en mujeres posmenopáusicas con o sin enfermedad cardiovascular, y se asocia comúnmente con estrés emocional o físico. Después de casi 27 an˜os de esfuerzos extensos para una mejor comprensión de este trastorno, el conocimiento actual sigue siendo limitado. Muchas personas sufren estrés postraumático y esta situación puede estar asociada a la cardiomiopatía por estrés. Presentamos el caso clínico de una mujer que sufrió estrés relacionado con el pasado terremoto del 19 de septiembre en la Ciudad de México y llegó al servicio de urgencias en choque cardiogénico.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Shock, Cardiogenic/diagnosis , Emergency Service, Hospital , Takotsubo Cardiomyopathy/diagnosis , Earthquakes , Shock, Cardiogenic/etiology , Takotsubo Cardiomyopathy/etiology , Mexico
18.
Metro cienc ; 26(1): 16-20, jun. 2018.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-981558

ABSTRACT

El síndrome de tako-tsubo (STT) o cardiomiopatía inducida por estrés es una afección cardíaca que se manifiesta de manera similar a un infarto de miocardio, aunque tiene características particulares: estrés agudo físico y/o psíquico, como causa desencadenante, cambios del segmento ST y onda T en el electrocardiograma, elevación moderada de los biomarcadores de mionecrosis (troponina ultrasensible), trastorno de la movilidad miocárdica de los segmentos medios y apicales del ventrículo izquierdo y arterias coronarias sin lesiones angiográficamente evidentes (obstrucción o ruptura de placa). El presente artículo describe a una paciente de sexo femenino de 67 años de edad, que ingresó al hospital por dolor precordial opresivo característico de un síndrome coronario agudo, cambios electrocardiográficos inespecíficos de isquemia y arterias coronarias normales, cuyo diagnóstico fue síndrome de tako-tsubo y, concomitantemente, estenosis aórtica moderada secundaria a válvula aórtica bivalva de patrón típico (fusión de la coronaria derecha e izquierda); esta asociación patológica no está descrita en la literatura médica. Se realizó una revisión bibliográfica poniendo hincapié en el diagnóstico de esta infrecuente patología.


Tako-tsubo syndrome (STT) or stress-induced cardiomyopathy is a cardiac condition with a clinical presentation similar to a myocardial infarction and specific features of this syndrome, such as: causes triggering of acute physical and / or psychic stress, ST segment changes, and T wave on the electrocardiogram, moderate elevation of myonecrosis biomarkers (ultrasensitive troponin), myocardial mobility disorder of the mid and apical segments of the left ventricle and coronary arteries without any evident angiographical lesions (obstruction or plaque rupture). This article will describe a female patient of 67 years old, who entered in the hospital due to oppressive precordial pain characteristic of an acute coronary syndrome, non-specific electrocardiographic changes of ischemia and normal coronary arteries, which we concluded with takotsubo syndrome; concomitantly moderate aortic stenosis secondary to a trival aortic valve with raphe confirmed by echocardiography; Clinical association is not described in medical literature. Later we will make a bibliographical review on the subject with emphasis on the diagnosis of this infrequent pathology.Key words: urethra, foreign body.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Aortic Valve Stenosis , Takotsubo Cardiomyopathy , Angina Pectoris , Cardiomyopathies , Echocardiography , Electrocardiography , Acute Coronary Syndrome
19.
Gac. méd. boliv ; 41(1): 71-74, jun. 2018. ilus, graf, map, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIBOCS | ID: biblio-953627

ABSTRACT

La cardiomiopatía inducida por estrés o Síndrome de Takotsubo se caracteriza por una disfunción aguda del ventrículo izquierdo caracterizado por acinesia o discinesia apical con hipercinesia basal a menudo reversible, en ausencia de obstrucción coronaria en la angiografía. La presentación clínica se asemeja al del Infarto Agudo de Miocardio; con un inicio súbito caracterizado por dolor precordial de tipo isquémico, disnea, palpitaciones, cambios electrocardiográficos, elevación de biomarcadores de necrosis miocárdica y en casos más graves y raros shock cardiogénico; el estrés emocional y físico severo suelen ser desencadenantes. Con el presente caso clínico, revisamos las características clínicas, diagnósticas y terapéuticas de ésta entidad poco frecuente que representa cerca del 1% de todos los pacientes con sospecha de síndrome coronario agudo.


Cardiomyopathy induced by stress or Takotsubo Syndrome is characterized by an acute dysfunction of the left ventricle characterized by apical akinesia or dyskinesia with often reversible basal hyperkinesia, in the absence of coronary occlusion on angiography. The clinical presentation resembles the Acute Myocardial Infarction, with a sudden onset characterized by a chest pain angina type, dyspnea, palpitations, electrocardiographic changes, elevation of cardiac biomarkers and cardiogenic shock in more serious and rare cases; the severe emotional and physical stress tend to be triggers. With this clinical case, we reviewed the clinical, diagnostic and therapeutic features of this rare entity which represents about 1% of all patients with suspected acute coronary syndrome.


Subject(s)
Humans , Stress, Psychological , Takotsubo Cardiomyopathy/diagnosis , Cardiovascular Diseases/drug therapy
20.
Rev. bras. ter. intensiva ; 30(2): 233-236, abr.-jun. 2018. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-959324

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Reportamos o caso de paciente do sexo feminino, 58 anos, sem doença cardíaca conhecida, submetida a transplante hepático sem intercorrências. No segundo dia do pós-operatório desenvolveu choque cardiogênico secundário à miocardiopatia induzida pelo estresse (síndrome de Takotsubo-like). A paciente foi manejada com sucesso com oxigenação por membrana extracorpórea venoarterial periférica, por 6 dias, com recuperação completa da função cardíaca, bem como do enxerto hepático. Síndrome coronariana e miocardite aguda foram excluídas como causas do choque. O uso de oxigenação por membrana extracorpórea neste cenário é possível e seguro, considerando protocolos e tratamento especializado neste tipo de suporte.


ABSTRACT We report the case of a female patient, 58 years of age, without known heart disease, who underwent liver transplantation without complications. On the second postoperative day, the patient developed cardiogenic shock secondary to stress-induced cardiomyopathy (Takotsubo-like syndrome). The patient was successfully managed with veno-arterial peripheral extracorporeal membrane oxygenation for 6 days, with complete recovery of cardiac function and of the hepatic graft. Coronary syndrome and acute myocarditis were excluded as the causes of the shock. The use of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation in this scenario is possible and safe, considering its specialized protocols and treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Shock, Cardiogenic/therapy , Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation/methods , Liver Transplantation/methods , Takotsubo Cardiomyopathy/therapy , Postoperative Complications/physiopathology , Postoperative Complications/therapy , Shock, Cardiogenic/etiology , Treatment Outcome , Takotsubo Cardiomyopathy/etiology , Middle Aged
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL