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1.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 476-480, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928344

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze radiological characteristics of Muller-Weiss disease, evaluate the clinical value of the imaging examination in diagnosis of Muller-Weiss disease.@*METHODS@#The imaging data of 26 patients with Muller-Weiss disease were collected from September 2015 to August 2020, including 7 males and 19 females, aged 43 to 68 years old with an average of (52.7±4.6) years old. In the X-ray examination observed the shape and position of the navicular bone. The talar-first metatarsal angle(TFM) was measured on the weight-bearing anteroposterior radiograph. The arch angle and angle between mid-axis of talus and mid-axis of the first metatarsal(Meary angle) were measured on the weight-bearing lateral radiographs. The morphology, density, adjacent joint space and position of the navicular bone were evaluated by computed tomography(CT), and magnetic resonance imaging(MRI) was used to observe the shape, signal, cartilage and surrounding soft tissue changes of the navicular bone.@*RESULTS@#Among 26 patients, 21 cases were unilateral and 5 cases were bilateral;X-ray examination showed that the lateral part of navicular bone of foot was compressed and flattened, showing"comma like"or"drop like", navicular moved to the medial side, partial fragmentation of bone, peripheral articular hyperplasia, uneven density and narrowing of relationship gap. According to Meary angle and deformity degree of the affected foot on the lateral X-ray of the load-bearing foot, Maceira staging was performed. There were 0 cases in stageⅠ, 2 cases in stage Ⅱ, 11 cases in stage Ⅲ, 9 cases in stage Ⅳand 4 cases in stage Ⅴ. CT examination showed bone fragmentation, medial displacement of navicular bone and formation of the talocalcaneal joint. MRI examination showed the irregular shape and uneven signal of navicular bone, narrowing of joint space, talocalcaneal joint surface hyperplasia and cartilage destruction, tarsal joint effusion and swelling of surrounding soft tissue.@*CONCLUSION@#Muller-Weiss disease has specific imaging manifestation, and an accurate diagnosis can be made based on the patient's age, gender, and clinincal history. Preoperative imaging examination can stage the disease, help clinicians to formulate better surgical plans, and postoperative imaging examination can better evaluate the surgical effect.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Bone Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Cartilage Diseases , Foot Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Hyperplasia/pathology , Talus/pathology , Tarsal Bones/surgery , Tarsal Joints
2.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 471-475, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879465

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore clinical effect of early incision and decompression combined with screw fixation in treating Lisfranc injury and foot osteofascial compartment syndrome.@*METHODS@#Clinical data of 5 patients with Lisfranc injury and foot osteofascial compartment syndrome were retrospective analysized from January 2017 to December 2018, including 4 males and 1 female, aged from 19 to 62 years old. All patients were suffered from closed injuries. The time from injury to treatment ranged from 1 to 14 h. According to Myerson classification, 1 patient was type A, 1 patient was type B, and 3 patients were type C. All patients were performed early incision decompression and screw fixation. Maryland foot functional scoring standard at 12 months after opertaion was used to evaluate clinical effect.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up for 10 to 48 months. All fractures were achieved bone union, and healing time ranged from 3 to 9 months. All metatarsal and tarsal joints were reached to anatomical reduction. No infection, osteomyelitis, loosening or breaking of internal fixation occurred. Postopertaive Maryland foot function score at 12 months was from 44 to 97, and 2 patients got excellent result, 2 good, and 1 poor.@*CONCLUSION@#Early incision and decompression with screw fixation for the treatment of Lisfranc injury and foot osteofascial compartment syndrome, which has advantages of simple opertaion, thoroughly decompression, screw fixation does not occupy space, stable decompression and fixation, and could receive satisfied clinical effect.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Bone Screws , Compartment Syndromes/surgery , Decompression , Foot Injuries , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Fractures, Bone/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Tarsal Joints , Treatment Outcome
3.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 54(6): 739-745, Nov.-Dec. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1057946

ABSTRACT

Abstract Tarsal navicular fractures, as well as other midfoot injuries, are rare, and can result in severe impairment if not properly treated. Parkour, a modern sport, is gaining popularity among young individuals in urban areas, and is prone to result in high-energy trauma, which is scarcely described in the literature. The following is a report of a rare case of tarsal navicular fracture in a 17-year-old male, sustained during parkour practice, which was treated successfully with open reduction and internal fixation. The description of the case emphasizes the challenges of its approach; the discussion highlights the treatment options and goals. The case should also raise awareness about the increasing occurrence of these uncommon lesions.


Resumo As fraturas do escafoide társico, bem como outras lesões do médiopé, são raras e podem resultar em incapacidade grave se não forem tratadas adequadamente. Parkour, um esporte moderno, está ganhando popularidade entre os jovens em áreas urbanas, e é propenso a traumatismos de alta energia, sendo estes escassamente descritos na literatura. O presente relato trata de um caso de fratura rara do escafoide társico em um paciente do sexo masculino de 17 anos, ocorrida durante a prática de parkour, que foi tratada com sucesso, com redução aberta e fixação interna. A descrição do caso enfatiza os desafios na sua abordagem; a discussão destaca as opções de tratamento e seus objetivos. O caso também deve alertar sobre a ocorrência crescente dessas lesões incomuns.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Sports , Tarsal Joints , Tarsal Bones , Orthopedic Procedures/methods , Fractures, Bone , Open Fracture Reduction
4.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 72-76, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776136

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate short-term clinical efficacy of open reduction and percutaneous Kirschner wire fixation for Chopart joint dislocation.@*METHODS@#From August 2014 to August 2017, 13 patients with Chopart joint dislocation were treated by open reduction and percutaneous Kirschner wire fixation, including 7 males and 6 female aged from 13 to 58 years old. American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society(AOFAS)criteria system and visual analogue scale (VAS) were applied to evaluate function of foot and ankle at 12 months after operation.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up from 8 to 24 months. AOFAS score at 12 months after operation ranged from 65 to 99; 8 cases got excellent results, 4 good and 1 moderate. VAS score ranged from 0 to 4. All wounds were primary healed from 12 to 16 days, and no skin necrosis, infection, Kirschner broken, or other complications occurred. One patient occurred Kirschner's wire loosening at 4 weeks after operation.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Open reduction and percutaneous Kirschner wire fixation for Chopart joint dislocation could relieve pain and improve functional activities and obtain satisfactory short-term clinical results.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Bone Wires , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Fractures, Bone , Joint Dislocations , General Surgery , Tarsal Joints , Treatment Outcome
5.
Journal of Korean Foot and Ankle Society ; : 120-126, 2018.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-717135

ABSTRACT

Chopart joint fracture and dislocation are rare injuries compared with other joint injuries with various clinical manifestations. Moreover, there is a lack of knowledge of the radiological findings of the joints, and thus, the extent of joint ligament damage may be underestimated, leading to improper treatment. This paper reports three cases of Chopart joint injury and seeks to reconsider the importance of Chopart joint evaluation and treatment.


Subject(s)
Joint Dislocations , Foot Injuries , Joints , Ligaments , Tarsal Joints
6.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 69(6): 1357-1366, nov.-dez. 2017. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-879377

ABSTRACT

Osteoarthritis and osteochondrosis are highly correlated to reproductive failure in bulls. This study aimed to evaluate the carpal, tarsal and interphalangeal lesions in beef zebu bulls on semen collection regimen. Twenty-one beef cattle bulls, in a total of forty-one animals, were split into three age-based groups: animals from two to four years old (GI), from more than four to eight years old (GII) and above eight years old (GIII). The clinical findings were conformational changes of limbs, synovial effusion, peripheral venous engorgement of joints and prolonged decubitus. The total population showed moderate clinical manifestation and radiographic score. The GIII presented more severe joint lesions. Carpi and tarsi regions had discrete to difuse osteophytosis, subchondral cysts, cartilaginous flaps, bone incongruence and fragmentation, osteitis, and ankylosis. Interphalangeal joints presented osteophytosis, distal phalanx osteitis and enthesophytosis. The digital radiographic examination allowed full identification of articular lesions and their clinical correspondences, besides the positive correlation between age, body weight and radiographic score.(AU)


Osteoartrite e osteocondrose estão altamente correlacionados à falha reprodutiva em touros. Este estudo teve como objetivo avaliar as lesões do carpo, tarso e interfalangianas em touros zebuínos de corte em regime de coleta de sêmen. Vinte e um bovinos de corte, touros, provenientes de um total de 41 animais, foram divididos em três grupos baseados na idade, sendo eles: animais de dois a quatro anos (GI), de mais de quatro a oito anos (GII) e acima de oito anos de idade (GIII). Os sinais clínicos encontrados foram mudanças de conformação dos membros, derrame sinovial, ingurgitamento venoso periférico das articulações e decúbito prolongado. A população total avaliada apresentou manifestação clínica e escore radiográfico de grau moderado. Os touros mais velhos apresentaram maior gravidade nas lesões articulares. O GIII foi o que apresentou as lesões articulares mais severas. Identificou-se nos carpos osteofitose de discreta a difusa, cistos subcondrais, "flaps" cartilaginosos, fragmentação óssea, perda de congruência óssea, osteíte e anquilose; as lesões társicas obedeceram ao mesmo padrão. As articulações interfalangeanas apresentaram somente osteofitose, osteíte nas falanges distais e entesiofitose. O exame radiográfico digital permitiu a identificação completa das lesões articulares e suas correspondências clínicas, além da correlação positiva entre a idade, o peso corporal e o escore radiológico.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Cattle , Carpal Joints/diagnostic imaging , Finger Joint/diagnostic imaging , Infertility, Male/veterinary , Joints/injuries , Overweight/complications , Tarsal Joints/diagnostic imaging
7.
Journal of Veterinary Science ; : 521-530, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-11456

ABSTRACT

Age-related involution in dogs involves loss of muscle mass and changes in connective tissue and articular cartilage. The aim of this study was to examine whether an age-related influence on joint mobility can be detected in the absence of disease. Five young (mean age 2.0 years) and five old (mean age 10.4 years) healthy and sound Beagle dogs underwent computer-assisted gait analysis during locomotion on a treadmill. Shoulder, elbow, carpal, hip, stifle, and tarsal joint angles including joint angle progression curves, minimum and maximum joint angles, and range of motion (ROM) in degrees were analyzed. The old group had a smaller maximum joint angle (p = 0.037) and ROM (p = 0.037) of the carpal joint; there were similar tendencies in the shoulder, elbow, and carpal joints. Descriptive analysis of the progression curves revealed less flexion and extension of the forelimb joints. The results indicate restricted joint mobility of the forelimb in old dogs, primarily of the carpal joint. Results in the joints of the hindlimb were inconsistent, and the contrasting alterations may be due to a compensatory mechanism. As most alterations were found in the distal joints, these should receive particular attention when examining elderly dogs.


Subject(s)
Aged , Animals , Dogs , Humans , Carpal Joints , Cartilage, Articular , Connective Tissue , Elbow , Forelimb , Gait , Geriatrics , Hindlimb , Hip , Joints , Locomotion , Range of Motion, Articular , Shoulder , Stifle , Tarsal Joints
8.
Journal of Korean Foot and Ankle Society ; : 108-112, 2017.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-159146

ABSTRACT

The midtarsal joint is composed of the talonavicular and calcaneocuboid joints. It is also known as the Chopart joint. Midtarsal joint fracture and dislocation are relatively rare and frequently missed or misdiagnosed. A proper understanding about the anatomy of the midtarsal joint is an essential part in comprehending the mechanism of injury and rationale for treatment. Anatomical reduction of midtarsal joint with correction of the column in length and shape are important; however, it is technically challenging and may require open procedure. Herein, we described a case of initial open reduction and internal fixation for midtarsal joint fracture and dislocation with a brief literature review.


Subject(s)
Joint Dislocations , Foot Joints , Joints , Tarsal Joints
9.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 553-556, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-230426

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate clinical results of plate on the metatarsal side to reconstruction of tarsometatarsal joint dislocations secondary to diabetic charcot foot.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Seven patients (9 feet) patients with tarsometatarsal joint dislocations secondary to diabetic charcot foot were treated with plating from April 2012 to December 2014. All patients were male, and 5 cases were on the unilateral side and 2 cases were on the bilateral sides. The age of patients ranged from 45 to 52 with an average of 48 years old. The history of diabetics was from 6 to 15 years. X-ray and CT were used to evaluate fractures healing,and AOFAS was applied to estimate recovery of joint function.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>All patients were followed up from 12 to 24 months with an average of 19 months. All incisions were healed at stage I . No infection, loosening and breakage of internal fixation, bone nonunion were found after operation. According to postoperative X-ray and CT results, the time of fracture healing ranged from 10 to 20 weeks with an average of 16 weeks. Six feet got excellent results, 2 good and 1 moderate based on AOFAS scoring.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Tarsometatarsal joint dislocations secondary to diabetic charcot foot treated with plate on the metatarsal side could obtain stable fixation and got satisfied early clinical results.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Bone Plates , Diabetes Complications , General Surgery , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 , Foot Diseases , General Surgery , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Joint Dislocations , General Surgery , Metatarsal Bones , General Surgery , Tarsal Joints , General Surgery
10.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 171-173, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-345248

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To discuss the clinical effects of open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) for treatment of patients with Lisfranc injury combined the second metatarsal base comminuted fracture.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From March 2007 to June 2012, 7 patients with Lisfranc injury combined the second metatarsal base comminuted fracture were treated including 5 males and 2 female aged from 22 to 51 years old (means 42 years), 4 of sprain and 3 of traffic injury. According Myerson classification, there was 1 case of type A, 3 of type B and 3 of type C. Kirschner wire was used to fix Lisfranc ligament placing from the medial cuneiform bone to the second metatarsal base during the operation. After the operation American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) criteria system were applied to evaluate the foot and ankle function. Preoperative and postoperative AP, lateral and oblique X-ray and CT scan were collected for radiographic evaluation.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>All patients were followed up from 12 to 20 months (16.8 months in average). According to AOFAS criteria system, 3 cases were excellent result,3 good, 1 fair. All the wounds were primary healing without skin necrosis, infection, Kirschner loose,broken, or other complications.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Kirschner wire had good clinical efficacy for fixing Lisfranc ligament injury with the second metatarsal base comminuted fracture, and could avoid arthrodesis.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Bone Wires , Metatarsal Bones , Wounds and Injuries , General Surgery , Tarsal Joints , Wounds and Injuries , General Surgery , Wound Healing
11.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 18-20, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-316860

ABSTRACT

<p><b>PURPOSE</b>To investigate efficacy of open reduction and internal fixation with the miniplate and hollow screw in the treatment of Lisfranc injury.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Ten cases of Lisfranc injury treated by open reduction, miniplate and hollow screw in our hospital were retrospectively analyzed. There were 6 males and 4 females with age ranging from 25 to 45 years (mean 32 years). Among them, one case was classified as Type A, six Type B and three Type C. Injury mechanism included road traffic accidents (3 cases), fall from height (5 cases) and hit by heavy object (2 cases). All injuries were closed without cerebral trauma or other complicated injuries. The time interval between injury and operation was 6-10 days (average 6.6 days). Postoperatively, the foot function was assessed using Visual Analogue Scales (VAS) and American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) Scales. Healing time and complications were observed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>All patients were followed up for 18-24 months (average 20 months). Anatomic reduction was achieved in all patients on images. There was statistical significance between preoperative score (7.89 ± 0.34) and score at postoperative 8 weeks (0.67 ± 0.13). According to the AOFAS score, 5 cases were defined as excellent, 3 cases as good and 2 cases as fair. During follow-up, there was no wound infection or complications except for osteoarthritis in 2 cases. Healing time ranged from 3 to 6 months with an average of 3.6 months.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Anatomical reduction of Lisfranc injury can be achieved by open reduction and internal fixation with the miniplate and hollow screw. Normal structure of Lisfranc joint is regained to a great extent; injured ligaments were also repaired. Therefore, this method offers excellent curative effect and can avoid postoperative complications and improve the patients' quality of life.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Bone Plates , Bone Screws , Foot Injuries , General Surgery , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Methods , Ligaments, Articular , Wounds and Injuries , Recovery of Function , Retrospective Studies , Tarsal Joints , Wounds and Injuries
12.
Journal of Korean Foot and Ankle Society ; : 181-187, 2015.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-89796

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to retrospectively analyze the clinical results of screws and Kirschner wire (K-wire) fixation in patients with fracture dislocation of Lisfranc joint and the consequence of screw breakage. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty patients underwent Lisfranc joint open reduction and removal of internal fixators from January 2007 to December 2011. Forty-nine cases (81.7%) underwent operations with screw alone, and 11 cases (18.3%) underwent operations with both screws and K-wires. Type of internal fixators, duration of internal fixator removal, breakage of internal fixators and satisfaction with reduction were investigated. Additionally, American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) midfoot scales were analyzed. RESULTS: The internal fixator was broken in 5 cases (8.3%). The average duration of instrument removal was 154 days in the non-broken screw group and 268.6 days in the broken screw group (p<0.05). The average AOFAS midfoot scale was 77.4 in the non-broken screw group and 74.2 in the broken screw group. The most commonly damaged portion was the first tarsometatarsal (Lisfranc) joint. CONCLUSION: Treatment with screws and K-wires was effective in patients with fracture dislocation of Lisfranc joint. The appropriate time for screw removal should be considered.


Subject(s)
Humans , Ankle , Bone Screws , Joint Dislocations , Foot , Internal Fixators , Joints , Retrospective Studies , Tarsal Joints , Weights and Measures
13.
Acta ortop. bras ; 22(6): 315-320, Nov-Dec/2014. ilus, tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-779399

ABSTRACT

O objetivo deste estudo prospectivo foi testar se o tratamentode lesões de Lisfranc com redução aberta e fixação da placadorsal teria os mesmos resultados funcionais, ou melhores, do quetratamento padrão com fixação com parafuso transarticular. Métodos:Sessenta pacientes com lesão articular de Lisfranc foram tratadospor redução aberta e fixação da placa dorsal ou pelo método padrãopor fixação de parafusos. Os pacientes foram acompanhados por,em média, 31 meses. A avaliação foi realizada com base na queixaprincipal dos pacientes, exame clínico, radiografia, e escala AOFAS.Resultados: Trinta e dois pacientes foram tratados com redução abertae fixação da placa dorsal, e vinte e oito pacientes foram tratadoscom redução aberta e fixação com parafuso. Depois de dois anos deacompanhamento, a média do escore AOFAS foi de 83,1 pontos nogrupo de fixação da placa dorsal e 78,5 pontos no grupo de fixaçãocom parafusos (p <0,01). Do grupo de fixação com placa dorsal, aanálise radiográfica revelou redução anatômica em vinte e nove pacientes(90,6%, 29/32) e redução não anatômica em três pacientes.Do grupo de fixação com parafuso, a análise radiográfica revelou reduçãoanatômica em vinte e três pacientes e redução não anatômicaem cinco pacientes (82,1%, 23/28). Conclusões: A redução abertae fixação com placa dorsal para lesão de Lisfranc deslocada têmmelhor resultado a curto e médio prazo e uma taxa de reoperaçãoinferior do que a técnica padrão de redução aberta e fixação interna(RAFI) com parafuso. Em nossa experiência, recomendamos o usode placa dorsal em RAFI nas lesões de Lisfranc deslocadas. Nívelde Evidência II, Estudo Prospectivo Comparativo...


The objective of this prospective study was to testwhether the treatment of Lisfranc injuries with open reductionand dorsal plate fixation would have the same or better functionaloutcomes as treatment with standard trans-articular screwfixation. Methods: Sixty patients with primarily isolated Lisfrancjoint injury were treated by open reduction and dorsal platefixation or standard screw fixation. The patients were followedon average for 31 months. Evaluation was performed with patients’chief complaint, clinical examination, radiography, andAOFAS Midfoot Scale. Results: Thirty two patients were treatedwith open reduction and dorsal plate fixation, and twenty eightpatients were treated with open reduction and screw fixation.After two years follow-up, the mean AOFAS Midfoot score was83.1 points in the dorsal plate fixation group and 78.5 points inthe screw fixation group (p<0.01). Of the dorsal plate fixationgroup, radiographic analysis revealed anatomic reduction intwenty-nine patients (90.6%, 29/32) and nonanatomic reductionin three patients. Of the screw fixation group, radiographicanalysis revealed anatomic reduction in twenty-three patientsand nonanatomic reduction in five patients (82.1%, 23/28).Conclusions: Open reduction and dorsal plate fixation for adislocated Lisfranc injury do have better short and median termoutcome and a lower reoperation rate than standard screw ORIF.In our experience, we recommend using dorsal plate in ORIF ondislocated Lisfranc injuries. Level of Evidence II, ProspectiveComparative Study...


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Tarsal Joints , Joints/injuries , Arthrodesis , Prospective Studies , Internal Fixators , Bone Screws
14.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 47(10): 842-849, 10/2014. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-722175

ABSTRACT

A sprained ankle is a common musculoskeletal sports injury and it is often treated by immobilization of the joint. Despite the beneficial effects of this therapeutic measure, the high prevalence of residual symptoms affects the quality of life, and remobilization of the joint can reverse this situation. The aim of this study was to analyze the effects of immobilization and remobilization on the ankle joint of Wistar rats. Eighteen male rats had their right hindlimb immobilized for 15 days, and were divided into the following groups: G1, immobilized; G2, remobilized freely for 14 days; and G3, remobilized by swimming and jumping in water for 14 days, performed on alternate days, with progression of time and a series of exercises. The contralateral limb was the control. After the experimental period, the ankle joints were processed for microscopic analysis. Histomorphometry did not show any significant differences between the control and immobilized/remobilized groups and members, in terms of number of chondrocytes and thickness of the articular cartilage of the tibia and talus. Morphological analysis of animals from G1 showed significant degenerative lesions in the talus, such as exposure of the subchondral bone, flocculation, and cracks between the anterior and mid-regions of the articular cartilage and the synovial membrane. Remobilization by therapeutic exercise in water led to recovery in the articular cartilage and synovial membrane of the ankle joint when compared with free remobilization, and it was shown to be an effective therapeutic measure in the recovery of the ankle joint.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Ankle Injuries/pathology , Cartilage, Articular/pathology , Immobilization/adverse effects , Synovial Membrane/pathology , Ankle Injuries/therapy , Body Weight , Cartilage, Articular/growth & development , Chondrocytes/cytology , Early Ambulation , Rats, Wistar , Sprains and Strains/therapy , Swimming/physiology , Time Factors , Tarsal Joints/pathology , Weight Loss
15.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 344-346, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-344723

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the clinical results and influence factors in surgical treatment of the Lisfranc joint injury.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From Jan. 2009 to Nov. 2011 ,13 patients (14 feet) with Lisfranc joiat injury received open reduction and screw or wire or external fixation including 9 males and 4 females with an average age of 42 years old ranging from 18 to 61 years. According to the Myerson classification,there were 1 case of type A, 9 of type B and 4 of type C. All the patients received open reduction and internal (1 with external) fixation with screw or Kirschner wire within 22 days after injury. The postoperative function was estimated by mid-foot scoring scale of AOFAS. X-ray were used in radiography estimation.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>All the patients were followed up for 5 to 30 months (averaged 20 months). According to mid-foot scoring scale of AOFAS,there were 8 feet with excellent results,4 with good and 2 with fair results. The anatomical reduction was observed in 12 feet and all the patients obtained bony union according to the results of X-ray.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Open reduction and internal fixation is a good choice for the treatment of Lisfranc joint injury. A preoperative estimate,proper reduction during operation and maintainence after operation may influence the clinical results.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Foot Injuries , General Surgery , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Methods , Tarsal Joints , Wounds and Injuries , General Surgery
16.
Journal of Korean Foot and Ankle Society ; : 270-275, 2012.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-46131

ABSTRACT

There may be complications after comminuted or intraarticular calcaneal fracture regardless of the initial treatment. Transcalcaneal talonavicular dislocation is rarely reported severe form of calcaneal fracture. We experienced a neglected transcalcaneal talonavicular subluxation case, who had been treated for intraarticular calcaneal fracture conservatively. Subtalar distraction bone block fusion was done for calcaneal malunion with talonavicular subluxation. Inspite of successful subtalar fusion, pain was persisted because of talonavicular re-subluxation with arthritis and calcaneocuboid arthritis. So, second operation, the talonavicular and calcaneocuboid fusion, was done. After union achieved, the patient's foot pain was improved. Calcaneal malunion combined with talonavicular subluxation and unstable transverse tarsal joint, such as this case, initial triple arthrodesis could be considered.


Subject(s)
Arthritis , Arthrodesis , Joint Dislocations , Foot , Tarsal Joints
17.
Journal of Korean Foot and Ankle Society ; : 1-6, 2011.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-152329

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to compare the clinical and radiological results of single and double fusions in the transverse tarsal joint. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between December 2000 and April 2009, 16 patients (16 feet) who had been treated by fusion of transverse tarsal joint were included in this study. In 8 patients, only talonavicular joint was fused and in the other 8 patients, both talonavicular and calcaneocuboid joints were fused simultaneously. We have measured talo-first metatarsal angle, calcaneal pitch angle, talonavicular coverage angle and presence of adjacent joint arthritis for radiological assessment at both preoperative and last visit. Furthermore, we have evaluated Visual Analogue Scale (VAS), American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) score and patient's satisfaction. RESULTS: In a single fusion group, VAS was improved from 6.4+/-1.4 to 0.8+/-1.0 (p=0.0011) and AOFAS score was improved from 63.8+/-6.2 to 89.4+/-9.8 (p=0.0012). In a double fusion group, VAS was improved from 8.0+/-0.75 to 2.0+/-1.8 (p=0.0011) and AOFAS score was improved from 60.5+/-11.2 to 89.5+/-6.0 (p=0.0012). In the difference of talo-first metatarsal angle between two groups, a single fused group was more improved than a double fused group (p=0.04). CONCLUSION: Both single and double fusions are useful and attractive treatment for the transverse tarsal joint arthritis. Furthermore, a single fusion has advantages of less invasiveness and preserving some degree of hindfoot motion and could be an effective alternative to a double fusion if patient meets appropriate criteria through careful preoperative evaluation.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Ankle , Arthritis , Foot , Joints , Metatarsal Bones , Tarsal Joints
18.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 869-872, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-347044

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the diagnosis and treatment of tarsometatarsal joint complex injury (TJC).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From January 2007 to January 2009,16 patients with tarsometatarsal joint complex injury were treated with open reduction and internal fixation. There were 12 males and 4 females, ranging in age from 21 to 45 years with an average of 34.1 years. Seven cases were left and 9 cases were right and all injuries caused by direct violence. Four cases caused by traffic accident 5 by fall from high and 7 by crush injury. Intercuneiform dislocation were in 11 cases, naviculocuneiform joint dislocation in 3 cases and cuboid fracture in 2 cases. All the cases were three column injuries. According to the situation of exploring and the stability, screw fixation was used for intertarsal joint, internal and middle column tarsometatarsal joint, the Kirschner wire fixation for external column and miniature plate fixation for comminuted fracture of metatarsal bones and compressible fracture of cuboid. The criteria of the AOFAS Foot and Ankle Surgery by the United States Association of ankle-rear foot functional scale was used to evaluate the clinical effect.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>All the patients were followed up,the duration ranged from 6 to 18 months(averaged 12.6 months). According to the score system of AOFAS,the total score was (74.6+/-10.4 ) points, including pain items of (29.3+/-5.9), the score of functional items of (32.4+/-5.6) points, and power lines of (12.9+/-2.6). All the incisions were primarily healed without infection, skin necrosis,fixture broken or loosen. Three cases received arthrodesis due to osteoarthritis. Four cases were followed up continually because they only had the radiologic osteoarthritis without pain.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Anatomical reduction and stable fixation is the key point of the treatment of tarsometatarsal joint complex injury. Open reduction and internal fixation at the first stage is good for secondary arthrodesis.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Metatarsal Bones , Wounds and Injuries , General Surgery , Tarsal Joints , Wounds and Injuries , General Surgery
19.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 922-925, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-347003

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVES</b>A retrospective study was used to evaluate the short to intermediate outcomes of open reduction and internal fixation of acute Lisfranc joint injuries.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From January 2003 to December 2009, 47 patients with Lisfranc injuries were treated in the study,41 patients were analyzed in current study with an average age of thirty-one years old. All of patients were treated with open reduction and internal fixation. According to the Myerson classification system, there were 9 type-A fractures, 7 type-B1, 11 type-B2, 10 type-C1, 5 type-C2. The AOFAS scale and VAS scale were used for the outcome measurement at the final follow-up.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>There were 41 patients with 42 operations were followed up and with a mean time of 36 months (ranged, 12 to 71 months). The mean AOFAS score was (84.2 +/- 2.8) points (ranged, 65 to 100 points), with an excellent and good rate of 81 percent. The mean VAS score was (2.6 +/- 0.5) points (ranged, 0 to 6 points). Three patients developed superficial infection, and two developed skin necrosis. Nineteen patients had weight-bearing or walking pain. All of the patients had radiographic evidence of degenerative change, four with malunion of the second tarsometatarsal joint, and two of the patients with hallux valgus deformity change.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>According to the results of the study, anatomic reduction and internal fixation can get the satisfactory results for the treatment of acute Lisfranc injuries during a short to intermediate follow-up time. All of the patients would have different degree of tarsometatarsal joint degenerative changes, but these changes are non-progressive and associated with minimal loss of function.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Acute Disease , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Methods , Fractures, Bone , General Surgery , Joint Dislocations , General Surgery , Ligaments, Articular , Wounds and Injuries , Metatarsal Bones , General Surgery , Retrospective Studies , Tarsal Joints , Wounds and Injuries , General Surgery
20.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 835-837, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-332811

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To summmarize the clinical experience of open reduction and internal fixation for the treatment of tarsometatarsal joint injury ane evaluate the effects of operative treatment to tarsometatarsal joint injury.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From March to July in 2009,9 patients with tarsometatarsal joint injury were treated by open reduction and internal fixation included 7 males and 2 females with an average age of 33.5 years old ranging from 20 to 47 years. According to Quenu-Kuss classification, there were 5 cases of type A, 3 of type B, 1 of type C. All patients were treated by cannulated screws and Kirschner wires through 1 to 2 microtubule straight incision on dorsum of foot. The foot function were assessed by American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) midfoot score.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>All patients were followed up for 5 to 12 months with an average of 8 months. Complications concluded 1 case with infection, 1 case with post-traumatic arthritis. The failure of Kirschner wires was not discovered in 9 cases. According to AOFAS system,the total scores increased from preoperative (15.5 +/- 4.2) to postoperative (92.0 +/- 5.2) (t = -45.95, P < 0.01). The results were excellent in 7 cases, good in 1, and poor in 1.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Open reduction and internal fixation for the reatment of tarsometatarsal joint injury should have satisfying results.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Bone Screws , Bone Wires , Foot Injuries , General Surgery , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Methods , Metatarsal Bones , Wounds and Injuries , General Surgery , Tarsal Joints , Wounds and Injuries , General Surgery
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