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1.
Rev. enferm. UERJ ; 28: e48578, jan.-dez. 2020.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1116102

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: conhecer a experiência dos pais como estratégia de avaliação da qualidade da assistência de enfermagem. Método: pesquisa descritiva com abordagem qualitativa, desenvolvida na Unidade Neonatal de um Hospital do sul do Brasil. A coleta de dados foi realizada através de entrevistas, utilizando a técnica do incidente crítico (TIC), com 18 pais que estavam com seus filhos internados por 20 dias ou mais e que tinham previsão e plano de alta hospitalar. Após, os dados foram submetidos à análise de conteúdo. Resultados: a análise revelou fragilidades no cuidado prestado pela equipe de enfermagem em relação à administração de medicamentos, ao uso de equipamentos, à monitorização e ao posicionamento dos bebês, aos cuidados com a pele e à higiene de mãos. Conclusão: a experiência dos pais revelou elementos que integram a avaliação da assistência em enfermagem, destacando-os como pilares para a segurança do paciente.


Objective: to learn the parents' experience as a strategy for assessing the quality of nursing care. Method: in this qualitative, descriptive study at the Neonatal Unit of a hospital in southern Brazil, data were collected by critical incident (CI) interviews of 18 parents whose children had been hospitalized for 20 days or more, and whose discharge was scheduled and planned for. The data subsequently underwent content analysis. Results: data analysis revealed weaknesses in the care provided by the nursing staff as regards administration of medication, use of equipment, monitoring and positioning of babies, skin care and hand hygiene. Conclusion: The parents' experience revealed elements that enter into evaluation of nursing care, revealing parents to be mainstays of patient safety.


Objetivo: conocer la experiencia de los padres como estrategia para evaluar la calidad de la atención de enfermería. Método: en este estudio cualitativo y descriptivo en la Unidad Neonatal de un hospital en el sur de Brasil, los datos fueron recolectados por entrevistas de incidentes críticos (IC) de 18 padres cuyos hijos habían estado hospitalizados durante 20 días o más, y cuyo alta fue programada y planificada para. Los datos posteriormente se sometieron a análisis de contenido. Resultados: el análisis de datos reveló debilidades en la atención brindada por el personal de enfermería en lo que respecta a la administración de medicamentos, uso de equipos, monitoreo y posicionamiento de bebés, cuidado de la piel e higiene de manos. Conclusión: la experiencia de los padres reveló elementos que entran en la evaluación de la atención de enfermería, revelando que los padres son pilares de la seguridad del paciente.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Adult , Parents , Quality of Health Care , Intensive Care Units, Neonatal/standards , Patient Safety , Nursing, Team/standards , Task Performance and Analysis , Brazil , Intensive Care, Neonatal , Qualitative Research , Patient Harm/prevention & control
2.
Salud trab. (Maracay) ; 28(1): 35-45, jun. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1104332

ABSTRACT

El presente artículo identificó la prevalencia de síntomas de trastornos músculo esquelético relacionados al trabajo en extremidades superiores y su relación con algunos factores de riesgo vinculados al desempeño de las tareas, factores psicosociales, sexo, edad y antigüedad laboral. Utilizando un diseño exploratorio, correlacional y una muestra por conveniencia de 45 trabajadores (hombres/mujeres). Se exploró la presencia de síntomas mediante el cuestionario nórdico estandarizado para población chilena; la repetitividad, postura forzada, fuerza y algunos factores ambientales mediante la norma técnica para identificación y evaluación de factores de riesgo de Trastornos Musculo esqueléticos relacionados con el trabajo del Ministerio de Salud chileno, los factores psicosociales mediante el cuestionario de SUSESO-ISTAS 21 versión breve, y la edad, sexo y antigüedad laboral mediante una ficha propuesta por los autores. Los resultados (año 2017) muestran que el 8 % de los trabajadores no manifestó síntomas en extremidad superior y espalda. Que 48.9% de trabajadores sintomáticos son hombres y menores de 45 años (55.6%) de antigüedad laboral inferior de 5 años (73.4%). No se observó diferencias estadísticas entre exigencia psicosocial y presencia de síntomas de Trastornos Musculo esqueléticos. No obstante el 51.6% de los trabajadores sintomáticos de Trastornos Musculo esqueléticos, tenía nivel alto de riesgo psicosocial para la dimensión doble presencia. Se concluye que para el control y la prevención Trastornos Musculo esqueléticos en el trabajo es imprescindible el conocimiento de la población laboral a proteger y adoptar un enfoque biopsicosocial amplio que genere información para actuar racionalmente y con expectativas de solución(AU)


This study measured the prevalence of musculoskeletal symptoms related to work using the upper extremities and their relationship to risk factors linked to task performance, psychosocial risk factors, sex, age and length of employment. The study design was exploratory and correlational, conducted in a convenience sample of 45 workers. The presence of symptoms was explored using the Nordic Musculoskeletal Questionnaire for a Chilean population, along with repetitiveness, forced posture, strength. Environmental factors were explored using the standard identification and evaluation of risk factors based on the Work-related Musculoskeletal Disorders inventory (TMERT in Spanish) of the Chilean Ministry of Health. Psychosocial factors were explored using the short version (21 items) of the Psychosocial Risk of the Workplace (SUSESOISTAS in Spanish) questionnaire, which explores age, sex and length of employment. Results in 2017 show that 8% of workers reported no symptoms in the upper extremity or back. In addition, 48.9% of symptomatic workers were men under 45 years of age (55.6%), with less than 5 years of employment (73.4%). No statistically significant differences were observed between psychosocial demands and presence of musculoskeletal symptoms. However, 51.6% of workers with musculoskeletal symptoms had high levels of psychosocial risk for the dual presence. We conclude that specific knowledge of the working population is essential in order to protect them and to control and prevent musculoskeletal disorders at work. In addition, a comprehensive biopsychosocial approach that generates information to act rationally and with expectations of finding solutions must be adopted(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Back , Occupational Risks , Risk Factors , Muscle, Skeletal/injuries , Upper Extremity , Task Performance and Analysis , Surveys and Questionnaires , Occupational Groups
3.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811232

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to construct and test a structural equation model on nursing work outcomes based on Youssef and Luthans' positive psychological capital and integrated conceptual framework of work performance.METHODS: This study used a structured questionnaire administered to 340 nurses. Data were analyzed using structural equation modeling.RESULTS: Positive psychological capital showed indirect and direct effects on job satisfaction, retention intention, organizational citizenship behavior, and nursing performance. While, the nursing work environment had direct and indirect effects on job satisfaction and nursing performance, it only had indirect effects on intention to work and organizational citizenship behavior. Additionally, a mediating effect on retention intention and organizational citizenship behavior was found between job satisfaction and nursing performance variables.CONCLUSION: The nursing organization needs to build a supportive work environment and reinforce positive psychological capital to improve nursing performance. Additionally, it needs to actively manage the necessary parameters involved in the stages of job satisfaction, retention intention, nursing performance, and organizational citizenship behavior of nurses. The findings propose the continuous management of nursing personnel based on nurses' attitude outcome, behavioral intention, behavioral outcome, and stage of role performance.


Subject(s)
Attitude of Health Personnel , Intention , Job Satisfaction , Negotiating , Nursing , Psychology, Industrial , Task Performance and Analysis , Work Performance
4.
Rev. Esc. Enferm. USP ; 54: e03595, 2020.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1125594

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To analyze two hospital emergency services, one in a public institution and another in a philanthropic one, from the perspective of rapid response team professionals in the face of positive and negative critical incidents. Method: Descriptive, exploratory, qualitative study carried with 62 health professionals. Critical Incident Technique was employed as the theoretical-methodological framework, along with Content Analysis for analyzing data. Results: Sixty-two health professionals - including 23 nurses, 20 physiotherapists and 19 doctors - took part in this study. Clusters for 89 critical incidents were obtained; 66 of them were considered positive, whereas 23 were negative. The situations associated to the provided services were discriminated in three categories: recognition of patient clinical deterioration; rapid response team activation in the unit; and time until rapid response team arrival at the ward. Conclusion: In spite of the difficulties faced by such professionals while providing care to patients who become severely ill in non-critical wards, positive reports were predominant in all categories, what legitimized this service's importance as a contribution to quality and safety of hospitalized patients.


Resumen Objetivo: Analizar las atenciones de emergencia en la perspectiva de los profesionales de los equipos de respuesta rápida en dos hospitales, siendo uno público y otro filantrópico, ante incidentes críticos positivos y negativos. Método: Estudio descriptivo, exploratorio, con abordaje cualitativo, realizado con 62 profesionales de salud. Se utilizó la Técnica del Incidente Crítico como propuesta teórico-metodológica y, para el análisis de los datos, el análisis de contenido. Resultados: Participaran 62 profesionales de salud, siendo 23 enfermeros, 20 fisioterapeutas y 19 médicos. Se obtuvo el agrupamiento de 89 incidentes críticos, siendo 66 considerados positivos y 23 negativos. Las situaciones relacionadas a las atenciones realizadas por los servicios fueron clasificadas en tres categorías, a saber: el reconocimiento del deterioro clínico del paciente; la activación del equipo de respuesta rápida en la unidad; y el tiempo de llegada del equipo de respuesta rápida al pabellón. Conclusión: Se destaca que, a pesar de las dificultades que enfrentan los profesionales durante la atención a pacientes que sufren deterioro en las unidades de cuidados no críticos, predominaran informes positivos en las tres categorías, que muestran la importancia del servicio como una contribución a la cualidad y seguridad de los pacientes hospitalizados.


Resumo Objetivo: Analisar os atendimentos de emergência na perspectiva dos profissionais dos times de resposta rápida em dois hospitais, sendo um público e um filantrópico, diante de incidentes críticos positivos e negativos. Método: Estudo descritivo, exploratório, de abordagem qualitativa, realizado com 62 profissionais de saúde. Utilizou-se a Técnica do Incidente Crítico como referencial teórico-metodológico e, para análise dos dados, a análise de conteúdo. Resultados: Participaram 62 profissionais de saúde, sendo 23 enfermeiros, 20 fisioterapeutas e 19 médicos. Obteve-se o agrupamento de 89 incidentes críticos, sendo 66 considerados positivos e 23 negativos. As situações relacionadas aos atendimentos realizados pelos serviços foram classificadas em três categorias, a saber: o reconhecimento da deterioração clínica do paciente; o acionamento do time de resposta rápida na unidade; e o tempo de chegada do time de resposta rápida à enfermaria. Conclusão: Destaca-se que, apesar das dificuldades enfrentadas por esses profissionais durante os atendimentos aos pacientes que se tornam graves nas unidades de internação não críticas, predominaram relatos positivos nas três categorias, que legitimaram a importância do serviço como contribuição à qualidade e segurança dos pacientes hospitalizados.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Task Performance and Analysis , Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation , Hospital Rapid Response Team , Heart Arrest , Emergency Nursing , Qualitative Research , Hospitals
5.
Subj. procesos cogn ; 23(2): 39-64, jul.-dic. 2019.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS, UNISALUD | ID: biblio-1117602

ABSTRACT

La reserva neural es un subcomponente de la reserva cognitiva y refiere a las diferencias en los paradigmas cognitivos que subyacen al desempeño de tareas en un cerebro sano. Puede darse por diferencias innatas (inteligencia, edad) o ambientales, como el entrenamiento musical. Éste está relacionado con diferencias cerebrales y cognitivas. El objetivo del presente estudio es realizar una revisión bibliográfica de investigaciones que evaluaron rendimiento cognitivo en músicos como no músicos, y establecer diferencias en la reserva cognitiva y, más específicamente, el subcomponente de reserva neural, entre ambos grupos. Se parte de la suposición de que los músicos poseen un rendimiento superior en tareas cognitivas con respecto a los no músicos y que esto está relacionado con una mayor reserva neural debido al entrenamiento musical. Los resultados son contradictorios. Se encontraron algunas diferencias en dominios cercanos a la práctica musical en adultos jóvenes, y en diversos dominios en adultos mayores. Las diferencias entre grupos, que no diferían en inteligencia, podrían ser atribuibles a una mayor reserva cognitiva. También hay relaciones con el tipo de instrumento, los años y la edad de comienzo de la práctica musical. Se sugiere replicar los hallazgos controlando diversas variables(AU)


Neural reserve is a subcomponent of cognitive reserve and refers to the differences in cognitive paradigms that underlie task performance in a healthy brain. It can occur due to innate (intelligence, age) or environmental differences, such as musical training. This is related to brain and cognitive differences. The aim of the present study is to carry out a bibliographic review of investigations that evaluated cognitive performance in musicians as well as non-musicians, and to establish differences in cognitive reserve and, more specifically, the neural reserve subcomponent, between both groups. It is assumed that musicians have superior cognitive tasks performance compared to non-musicians and that this is related to a greater neural reserve due to musical training. The results are contradictory. Some differences were found in domains close to musical practice in young adults, and in various domains in older adults. The differences between groups, which did not differ in intelligence, could be attributable to a greater cognitive reserve. There are also relationships with the type of instrument, the years and the age of beginning of the musical practice. It is suggested to replicate the findings controlling for various variables(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Cognitive Reserve , Music , Task Performance and Analysis
6.
Rev. bras. enferm ; 72(3): 687-691, May.-Jun. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1013559

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To identify critical requirements for nursing practice when responding to hydrological disasters in the rural area. Method: A descriptive, exploratory and qualitative study was developed. The Critical Incidents Technique was adopted. Twenty public health nurses who worked during the flood season in the years of 2014 and 2015 in a rural area in Southern Brazil were interviewed. Content analysis of the data was developed. Results: Critical requirements for nurses' practice were derived from the situations (n=78), critical behaviors (n=98) and consequences to the population (n=43) and to the nurses (n=38) identified. Conclusion / Final considerations: Although the requirements could be related to the established international referential for nurses' practice in disasters, some were described only in this study. They can contribute to the education and practice of nurses in primary health care, strengthening its capacity to face disaster situations by flood in the rural area.


RESUMEN Objetivo: Identificar las exigencias críticas para la práctica de enfermeros en la respuesta a desastres hidrológicos en áreas rurales. Método: Estudio descriptivo, exploratorio y cualitativo. Se adoptó la Técnica de Incidentes Críticos. Se entrevistó a 20 enfermeros de salud pública que trabajaron en la época de las inundaciones en los años 2014 y 2015 en áreas rurales del sur de Brasil. Se realizó el análisis de contenido de los datos. Resultados: Los requisitos críticos para la práctica de los enfermeros fueron originados de las situaciones (n = 78), comportamientos críticos (n = 98) y consecuencias para la población (n = 43) y para los enfermeros (n = 38). Conclusión: Aunque las exigencias pueden estar relacionadas al referencial internacional establecido para la práctica de enfermeros en desastres, algunos sólo se describieron en este estudio. Pueden contribuir a la educación y práctica del enfermero en la atención primaria a la salud, fortaleciendo su capacidad en inundaciones.


RESUMO Objetivo: Identificar as exigências críticas para a prática de enfermeiros na resposta a desastres hidrológicos na área rural. Método: Estudo descritivo, exploratório e qualitativo. Adotou-se a Técnica de Incidentes Críticos. Foram entrevistados 20 enfermeiros de saúde pública que trabalharam na época das inundações nos anos de 2014 e 2015 em áreas rurais do sul do Brasil. Realizou-se a análise de conteúdo dos dados. Resultados: Os requisitos críticos para a prática dos enfermeiros se originaram das situações (n = 78), comportamentos críticos (n = 98) e consequências para a população (n = 43) e para os enfermeiros (n = 38) identificados. Conclusão: Embora os requisitos possam estar relacionados ao referencial internacional estabelecido para a prática de enfermeiros em desastres, alguns foram descritos apenas neste estudo. Eles podem contribuir para a educação e prática do enfermeiro na Atenção Primária à Saúde, fortalecendo sua capacidade de enfrentar situações de desastre por inundação rural.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Rural Population , Nursing/methods , Floods , Task Performance and Analysis , Brazil , Surveys and Questionnaires , Qualitative Research , Middle Aged
7.
Acta fisiátrica ; 26(2): 71-75, jun. 2019.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1053465

ABSTRACT

The mobile phone has been part of daily activities and offers various facilities for the elderly. Like other conveniences of modern life their use may have some effects that should be explored. Objective: To investigate the effect of cell phones on the functional mobility of adults (GA) and the elderly (GI). Method: 30 elderly, 70.96 ± 5.17 years old and 30 adults 23 ± 2.26 years old participated in this study. They were evaluated by MMSE, FES-I and TUG which was collected during the execution of 5 tasks (1 simple TUG, 2 TUG typing on the cell phone, 3 TUG answering questions on the cell phone, 4 TUG naming the days of the week in reverse, 5-TUG holding a glass with water). Results: There was a difference between the groups in FES-I (p = 0.001) and TUG in all analyzed tasks (p = 0.00001). The dual task (DT) of typing on the cell phone was the one that most affected the performance of the elderly in TUG (p = 0.00008) followed by DT 4 (conventional cognitive) p = 0.005 and DT 3 (p = 0.004). There was no effect of DT 5 (motor) (p = 0.03). For GA there was only effect of DT 2 (p = 0.027). Conclusion: Cellular use negatively impacted the performance of the elderly and can be considered a more realistic DT. The distraction generated by this task can increase the risk of falling and should be considered in preventive campaigns as well as rehabilitation programs.


O celular tem feito parte das atividades diárias e oferece várias facilidades para os idosos. Como outras conveniências da vida moderna seu uso pode apresentar alguns efeitos que devem ser explorados. Objetivo: Investigar o efeito do celular na mobilidade funcional de adultos (GA) e idosos (GI). Método: Participaram deste estudo 30 idosos, 70,96 ± 5,17 anos e 30 adultos 23±2,26 anos. Foram avaliados pelo MEEM, FES-I e TUG que foi coletado durante a execução de 5 tarefas (TUG 1 simples, TUG 2 dupla tarefa (DT) digitando ao celular, TUG 3 DT respondendo perguntas ao celular, TUG 4 DT nomeando os dias da semana ao contrário, TUG 5 DT segurando um copo com água). Resultados: Houve diferença entre os grupos na FES-I (p=0,001) e no TUG em todas as tarefas analisadas (p=0,00001). A DT de digitar ao celular foi a que mais afetou o desempenho dos idosos no TUG (p=0,00008) seguida pela DT 4 (cognitiva convencional) p= 0,005 e DT 3 (p=0,004). Não houve efeito da DT 5 (motora) (p=0,03). Para o GA só houve efeito da DT 2 (p=0,027). Conclusão: O uso do celular impactou de forma negativa a performance de idosos e pode ser considerado uma DT mais realista. A distração gerada por esta tarefa pode aumentar o risco de queda e deve ser considerada em campanhas preventivas assim como programas de reabilitação.


Subject(s)
Aged , Task Performance and Analysis , Cell Phone , Postural Balance , Walking Speed , Locomotion
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-739826

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) on neurological and functional recovery in patients with central cord syndrome (CCS) involving the upper extremities between the treated and non-treated sides of the treated group and whether the outcomes are comparable to that of the untreated control group. METHODS: Nineteen CCS patients were treated with high-frequency (20 Hz) rTMS over the motor cortex for 5 days. The stimulation side was randomly selected, and all the subjects received conventional occupational therapy during the rTMS-treatment period. Twenty CCS patients who did not receive rTMS were considered as controls. Clinical assessments, including those by the International Standard for Neurological Classification of Spinal Cord Injury, the Jebsen-Taylor Hand Function Test, and the O'Connor Finger Dexterity Test were performed initially and followed up for 1 month after rTMS treatment or 5 weeks after initial assessments. RESULTS: The motor scores for upper extremities were increased and the number of improved cases was greater for the treated side in rTMS-treated patients than for the non-treated side in rTMS-treated patients or controls. The improved cases for writing time and score measured on the Jebsen-Taylor Hand Function Test were also significantly greater in number on the rTMS-treated side compared with the non-treated side and controls. There were no adverse effects during rTMS therapy or the follow-up period. CONCLUSION: The results of the application of high-frequency rTMS treatment to CCS patients suggest that rTMS can enhance the motor recovery and functional fine motor task performance of the upper extremities in such individuals.


Subject(s)
Central Cord Syndrome , Classification , Fingers , Follow-Up Studies , Hand , Humans , Motor Cortex , Occupational Therapy , Spinal Cord Injuries , Task Performance and Analysis , Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation , Upper Extremity , Writing
9.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-760383

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To analyze the job of nursing unit managers working at women's hospital, using DACUM (developing a curriculum), DACUM is a method for analyzing job-focused competency. METHODS: This study involved a descriptive survey. A DACUM workshop was held to define women's hospital nursing unit managers' role and identify their duties and tasks. For the workshop, a committee was formed consisting of 5 women's hospital nursing unit managers. Finally, after validation, the developed contents were made into a survey asking about nursing unit manager's duties and tasks. RESULTS: Sixteen duties and 83 tasks were identified on the DACUM chart. The importance, difficulty, and frequency of the tasks were ranked in terms of A, B, and C, with A being the highest degree. Eight tasks received A's all in importance, difficulty, and frequency of performance. The 8 tasks were: ‘taking over’, ‘taking care of seriously ill patients on handover’, ‘ward rounding’, ‘analyzing and resolving demands identified during handover and patient tour’, ‘reporting patient status during rounding’, ‘promoting breast-feeding’, ‘uterine contraction, and training for breast-feeding’. The duty with the biggest determinant coefficient (DC) was ‘patients complaint management’ (DC=7.09). Based on tasks, the one with the biggest DC was ‘solving patient and patient guardian's complaints’ (DC=7.53), followed by ‘making infection control guidelines’ (DC=7.5). CONCLUSION: When expanding the nursing staff of the hospital, women's hospitals nursing unit managers also need to use administrative functions as intermediaries to focus on the operation management of the entire hospital rather than direct nursing to suit their role.


Subject(s)
Education , Hospitals, Maternity , Humans , Infection Control , Methods , Nursing Staff , Nursing , Nursing, Supervisory , Task Performance and Analysis
10.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-758561

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study aimed to investigate whether birth experience affects short-term memory (1,2-back task) by examining parturient and non-parturient women. METHODS: A total of 31 women were enrolled in this study, of which 16 were parturient women who had given birth within the past 2 years (mean age: 33.9±2.2 years) and 15 were non-parturient (mean age: 31.4±2.1 years). The mean age did not significantly differ between the two groups, so the effects of age were eliminated. To match the level of education between the two groups, college graduation was an inclusion criterion. A 1,2-back task consisting of six alphabets from A–F was created using the SuperLab software. For each task, there were 100 stimuli (alphabets) and 30 answers. The participants practiced the task prior to the main experiment to ensure that they adequately understood the procedure. RESULTS: The correct answer rates in the 1-back and 2-back tasks were 93.56±22.23% and 76.89±21.98%, respectively, in the non-parturient group and 95±10.04% and 80.83±13.67%, respectively, in the parturient group. The reaction time in the 1-back and 2-back tasks were 650.57±173.77 ms and 736.77±138.35 ms, respectively, in the non-parturient group and 621.91±81.90 ms and 737.5±195.99 ms, respectively, in the parturient group. There were no significant differences in the answer rates between the two groups, suggesting that parturition did not have a significant impact on the 1,2-back task performance. CONCLUSION: Birth experience does not significantly impair cognitive function. However, the findings of this pilot study are not highly reliable because of the limitations of the small sample size, degree of load, various types of working memory, and impact of hormones.


Subject(s)
Cognition , Education , Female , Humans , Memory, Short-Term , Parturition , Pilot Projects , Pregnancy , Reaction Time , Sample Size , Task Performance and Analysis
11.
Physis (Rio J.) ; 29(3): e290309, 2019. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056944

ABSTRACT

Resumo Iniciativas de promoção de atividade física têm sido apontadas como relevantes na promoção da saúde. O município de Recife, Pernambuco, idealizou e implantou em 2002 política dessa natureza, denominada Programa Academia da Cidade (PAC). A sustentabilidade de intervenções de promoção da saúde constitui um desafio à manutenção dos seus resultados. Objetivou-se analisar o percurso dos eventos relativos à sustentabilidade do PAC Recife no período de 2002 a 2016. Trata-se de pesquisa avaliativo-qualitativa, tendo como estratégia de estudo o caso único. Para a análise dos dados, empregou-se a análise de conteúdo temática. Recolheram-se dados por meio da técnica do incidente crítico, em 14 entrevistas com informantes-chave e seis grupos focais, em dois períodos: de agosto a dezembro de 2010 e de junho a agosto de 2016, e em documentos oficiais e técnicos. Construiu-se a linha do tempo dos eventos/incidentes críticos relativos à sustentabilidade do programa. Os dados foram analisados conforme as seguintes categorias: eventos de implementação, mistos e de sustentabilidade. Os eventos ficaram classificados de acordo com suas consequências em favoráveis ou desfavoráveis à sustentabilidade. Os resultados indicaram ocorrência de 14 eventos/incidentes críticos, na maior parte com consequências positivas para a continuidade do programa no período estudado.


Abstract Initiatives for promotion of physical activity have been identified as relevant practices in health promotion. The city of Recife-PE, devised and implemented in 2002 a policy called Academia da Cidade Program (ACP). The sustainability of health promotion interventions imposes a challenge to the maintenance of its results. The goal was to analyze the course of events related to the sustainability of the ACP Recife from 2002 to 2016. It is a qualitative evaluative research with a single case study strategy. For data analysis, the thematic content was used. Data was collected using the critical incident technique from 14 interviews with key informants and six focal groups in two periods: from August to December 2010, and June to August 2016; and technical and official documents. A timeline for critical events/incidents related to the program sustainability was created. Data were analyzed according to the following categories: sustainability, mixed and implementation events. Events were classified according to their consequences: favorable or unfavorable to sustainability. The results pointed out to the occurrence of 14 critical events/incidents, most of them with positive consequences to the continuity of the program in the period.


Subject(s)
Task Performance and Analysis , Health Evaluation , Exercise , Public Health Policy , Sustainable Development Indicators , Health Promotion , Health Programs and Plans , Brazil , Health Management , Qualitative Research , Health Policy , Investments
12.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1013427

ABSTRACT

Abstract The present study examined changes in tactical performance and self-efficacy amongyoung female basketball players across a 4-months competitive season. Repeated measures preand post a 4-month season in 30 young female basketball players (11.4 to 14.7 years-old) was considered. We applied the Self-Efficacy General Scale and examined tactical performance in a standardized 3 vs 3 exercise in half court. The 3 vs 3 exercise was analysed using Game Performance Assessment Instrument (GPAI) and Team Sport Assessment Procedure (TSAP).We examined changes in tactical performance and self-efficacy using multilevel modelling.Theresults showed that changes of Self-Efficacy scores were not influenced by 4 months of training across competition period, chronological age and years of sport participation, the changes of TSAP performance was influenced only by years of sport participation, and the changes of GPAI performance was influenced only by the period of training and competition games.


Resumo O presente estudo examinou mudanças na performance tática e na autoeficácia de jovens meninas atletas de basquetebol durante quatro meses de treinamento em temporada competitiva. Foramrealizadas medidas repetidas pré e pós 4 meses em 30 jovens meninas atletas de basquetebol (11.4 a 14.7 anos). Foi aplicado o questionário Self-Efficacy General Scale e avaliada a performance tática em atividade padronizada 3x3 utilizando o Game Performance Assessment Instrument (GPAI) e o Team Sport Assessment Procedure (TSAP). Avaliou-se as variações de performance tática e de autoeficácia usando modelação multinível. Os resultados mostraram que as variações nos scores de autoeficácia não foram influenciados pelos 4 meses de treinamento durante a temporada competitiva,pela idade cronológica e nem pelos anos de participação esportiva; as mudanças de performance no TSAP foram influenciadas apenas pelos anos de participação e as variações de performance no GPAI foram influenciadas apenas pelo período de treino e jogos competitivos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Child , Adolescent , Task Performance and Analysis , Basketball
13.
Rev. bras. cineantropom. desempenho hum ; 21: e59839, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1013437

ABSTRACT

Abstract Competitions are considered of paramount importance for high-performancesports because they determine the entire orientation of the training process. When analyzing the calendar of the International Basketball Federation, it can be observed that international competitions occur in short periods of time. In this sense, the aim of this study was to verify the effects of the application of combined training in the short-term preparation period on the speed of athletes of the Brazilian women's basketball team. Thirteen athletes participated in this study, who took part of the preparation for the 2015 Pan American Games. Athletes were submitted to anthropometric measures and biomotor capacity evaluation at cyclic speed -20m run, and acyclic speed - T test at the beginning (M0) and end of a 27 - day preparation period (M1). Considering the period available for training, the total duration percentage was:technical / tactical 73.7%, strength and conditioning: 5.7%, preventive: 10.5% and general and special warm up: 10.1%. After data collection, the Shapiro-Wilk test was used to verify normality and then, the Student's T test was also applied. The main results indicate that the best time to evaluate cyclic speed (M0 and M1, respectively) was 3.34 ± 0.22s and 3.39 ± 0.21s and acyclic speed (M0 and M1, respectively), 9.30 ± 0.49s and 9.52 ± 0.57s.The results of the current study suggest that short-term intervention was not efficient to improve the cyclic and acyclic speed of female basketball athletes.


Resumo As competições são consideradas o elemento central para o desporto de rendimento, pois determinam toda a orientação do processo de treinamento. Ao observar o calendário da Federação Internacional de Basquetebol, percebe-se que as competições internacionais acontecem em curtos períodosde tempo. Neste sentido, o objetivo deste trabalho foi verificar os efeitos da aplicação do treinamento combinado na preparação de curto prazo, sobre a capacidade biomotora velocidade, em atletas adultas da seleção brasileira de basquetebol feminino. Participaram deste estudo 13 atletas da seleção brasileirade basquetebol feminino da categoria adulta, que fizeram parte da preparação para a disputa dos Jogos Pan Americanos em 2015. As atletas foram submetidas a medidas antropométricas e avaliação da capacidade biomotora velocidade cíclica - corrida de 20m, e acíclica - teste T, no início (M0) e ao final de um período de preparação de 27 dias (M1). Considerando o período disponível para treinamento o % da duração total foi de: técnico/tático 73,7%, físico: 5,7%, preventivo: 10,5% e aquecimento geral e especial: 10,1%. Após a coleta dos dados utilizou-se o teste de Shapiro-Wilk para verificar a normalidade e, a seguir, o teste T de Student. Os principais resultados apontam que o melhor tempo para avaliar a velocidade cíclica (M0 e M1, respectivamente), foi de 3,34±0,22s e 3,39±0,21s e, na acíclica (M0 e M1, respectivamente), foi de 9,30±0,49s e 9,52±0,57s. Conclui-se que durante um curto período de intervenção, com grande concentração de estímulos, não foi eficiente para melhorar a capacidade biomotora velocidade cíclica e acíclica.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Young Adult , Task Performance and Analysis , Basketball
14.
Rev. bras. cineantropom. desempenho hum ; 21: e59832, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1013452

ABSTRACT

Abstract The aims of this study were: 1) to evaluate the sports potential of young basketball players; 2) to identify variables that discriminate sports potential assessed by coaches; 3) to verifythe relationship between classification of the multidimensional profile of athletes and classification of the sports potential by coaches. Sixty-two young basketball players aged 15.6±1.1 years from U-15 (n = 24) and U-17 (n = 38) categories participated in the study. A test battery was applied to evaluate sports potential indicators: 1) anthropometric; 2) physicomotor; 3) psychological;4) skills;5) socio-environmental;6) maturational and 7) sports potential.Clusteranalysis was performed in three groups: high, medium and low potential. Student's t-test was used for the comparison between athletes evaluated by the coach as excellent and the others and the Chi-Square test to verify the relationship between sports potential classifications. It was observed that in the high-potential group, athletes were chronologically older, with higher % predicted adult height (PMS), competitive and determined sports orientation, higher body size, lower skinfold summation, and greater physicomotor performance. In comparison with other athletes, high-potential basketball players presented higher stature, wider wingspan,longer limb length, greater predicted adult stature and higher Z score of the % PMS. It could be concluded that the multidimensional approach was useful for the evaluation of the sports potential of young basketball players, requiring the use of multidimensional variables, in addition to coaches' opinion regarding the potential of their athletes.


Resumo Os objetivos deste estudo foram: 1) avaliar o potencial esportivo de jovens basquetebolistas;2) identificar variáveis que discriminam o potencial esportivo avaliado pelos treinadores; 3) verificar a relação entre a classificação do perfil multidimensional dos atletas e a classificação do potencial esportivo feita pelos treinadores. Participaram 62 jovens basquetebolistas brasileiros do sexo masculino,com 15,6±1,1 anos de idade, das categorias sub15 (n=24) e sub17 (n=38), Foi aplicada uma bateria de testes para avaliação dos indicadores do potencial esportivo: 1) antropométricos; 2) fisicomotores;3) psicológicos; 4) habilidades; 5) socioambientais; 6) maturacionais e 7) potencial esportivo. Foi realizada a análise de cluster classificando em 3 grupos: alto potencial, mediano e baixo potencial.Utilizou-se o teste t de Student na comparação entre os atletas avaliados pelo treinador como excelente e os demais e o teste Qui-Quadrado para testar a relação entre as classificações do potencial esportivo.Observou-se que no grupo de alto potencial, os atletas eram mais velhos cronologicamente, com maior % estatura adulta prevista, orientação esportiva competitiva e determinada, maior tamanho corporal,menor somatório de dobras cutâneas e maior desempenho fisicomotor. Na comparação com os demais atletas, os basquetebolistas de alto potencial apresentaram maior estatura, maior envergadura, maior comprimento de membros inferiores, maior estatura adulta prevista e maior escore Z do %EAP.Conclui-se que a abordagem multidimensional se mostrou útil para a avaliação do potencial esportivode jovens basquetebolistas, sendo necessária a utilização de variáveis multidimensionais, conjugada com a opinião dos treinadores em relação ao potencial de seus atletas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Task Performance and Analysis , Basketball , Anthropometry , Physical Fitness
15.
Rev. bras. cineantropom. desempenho hum ; 21: e56955, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1013455

ABSTRACT

Abstract The current study described the training load and intensity distribution of 30 elite Under 20 soccer players (17.9 ± 0.6 years, 180.3 ± 5.7 cm, 73.7 ± 8.8kg) from a 3-time FIFA Club World Cup champion. Session-rating of perceived exertion (s-RPE), internal training load (ITL) and monotony were recorded across 40 training sessions. Mixed-effects modeling was used for data analysis. The athletes performed 33.0 ± 6.9 out of 40 planned training sessions. Most common reasons for absence from training included sickness or minor injuries. Overall, these training sessions summed 2928.7 ± 627.6 minutes. Athletes performed significantly more training sessions at low and moderate intensity zones than at high-intensity zone (p <0.0001). The current data indicate that elite young soccer players perform their training sessions predominantly at the low-intensity zone. Training monitoring is an important aspect of the sport training process evolution. In fact, previous evidence has already shown that an appropriate intensity distribution prevents maladaptation from sports training and may optimize athletic performance. Therefore, coaches should implement strategies to monitor training loads during pre-season and competitive periods.


Resumo O presente estudo descreveu a carga de treinamento e a distribuição de intensidade de 30 jogadores de elite de futebol sub 20 (17,9 ± 0,6 anos, 180,3 ± 5,7 cm, 73,7 ± 8,8 kg) de um clube de elite do estado de São Paulo. Durante 40 sessões de treinamento, a percepção subjetiva de esforço, bem como a carga interna de treinamento e a monotonia foram registradas. Os dados foram analisados por modelagem linear mista. Os atletas realizaram 33,0 ± 6,9 das 40 sessões de treinamento planejadas. As razões mais comuns para a ausência nas sessões de treinamento incluíram doenças ou lesões leves. De forma geral, essas sessões somaram 2928,7 ± 627,6 minutos. Os atletas realizaram significativamente mais sessões de treinamento em zonas de baixa e moderada intensidade comparado com a zona de alta intensidade (p <0,0001). Os dados do presente estudo indicam que os jovens jogadores de elite realizam suas sessões de treinamento predominantemente na zona de baixa intensidade. O monitoramento do treinamento colabora para a evolução do processo de treinamento esportivo. De fato, evidências anteriores já mostraram que a distribuição de intensidade apropriada impede a mal adaptação ao treinamento esportivo e pode otimizar o desempenho atlético. Portanto, treinadores devem implementar estratégias para monitorar as cargas de treinamento durante os períodos de pré-temporada e de competição.


Subject(s)
Physical Endurance , Soccer , Task Performance and Analysis
16.
Rev. bras. cineantropom. desempenho hum ; 21: e57233, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1013438

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT The aim of this study was to compare the internal load coming from different training strategies in volleyball athletes and that planned by the coach. Seventeen male athletes (22.8 ± 2.9 years of age), national university level, participated in a training period and were randomized into three groups: Plyometric training with weight vests (PVG), technical-tactical training with weight vests (TVG) and control group (CG). Vests were equal to 7.5% body mass (BM) and all groups participated in the same training routines. Six training weeks were monitored from the method of ratings of perceived exertion (Session-RPE). Prior to sessions, the coach ranked Session-RPE estimation based on the previously prepared planning and after sessions, the Session-RPE of each athlete was recorded to analyze the cumulative total weekly training load (Cumulative-TWTL). One-way ANOVA was used to compare Cumulative-TWTL among groups and to compare the Session-RPE of groups in each session with that predicted by the coach. No difference in Cumulative-TWTL among groups was observed (p<0.05) and only in session 21, the Session-RPE of CG was higher than that predicted by the coach (p<0.05). It was concluded that the use of weight vests (7.5% BM) did not alter the training responses in the study athletes, with Session-RPE being in line with the load planned by the coach.


Resumo O objetivo deste estudo foi comparar a carga interna advinda de diferentes estratégias de treinamento em atletas de voleibol e destes com a planejada pelotreinador. Dezessete atletas masculinos (22,8±2,9 idade), nível universitário nacional, participaram de um período de treinamento, sendo randomizados em três grupos: Treinamento pliométrico com coletes de peso (GCP), treinamento técnico-tático com coletes de peso (GCT) e grupo controle (GC). Os coletes equivaleram à 7,5% da massa corporal (MC) e todos os grupos participaram das mesmas rotinas de treinamento. Foram monitoradasseis semanas de treinamento a partir do método da percepção subjetiva ao esforço da sessão (PSE-sessão). Antes das sessões, o treinador classificou sua estimativa da PSE-sessão com base no planejamento previamente elaborado e após as sessões foi registrada a PSE-sessão de cada atleta para analisar a carga de treinamento semanal total acumulada (CTST-acumulada). A ANOVA "one way" foi utilizado para comparar CTST-acumuladaentre os grupos e para comparar a PSE-sessão dos grupos, em cada sessão, com a predita pelo treinador. Não houve diferença na CTST-acumulada entre os grupos (p<0,05) e apenas na sessão 21 a PSE-sessão do GC foi maior que a predita pelo treinador (p<0,05). Conclui-se que o uso de coletes de peso (7,5% da MC) não alterou as respostas ao treinamento nos atletas analisados, estando a PSE-sessão em consonância com a carga planejada pelo treinador.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Young Adult , Physical Education and Training/methods , Task Performance and Analysis , Volleyball/physiology , Exercise Test
17.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1013443

ABSTRACT

Abstract The aim was to identify the predictive factors of the attack efficacy of the Brazilian women's League Champion team according to the level of performance of the opposing team.The sample was composed of the observation of 1137 attacks in 21 games of the 2015-2016 Brazilian women's Volleyball League champion team. The results were significant to identify the predictive factors of the attack efficacy against high (.2=110.562; .<0.00001), intermediate (.2=64.134; .<0.00001) and low (.2=62.137; .<0.00001) performance opponents. Thus, it is concluded that when playing against high- performance teams, powerful attack for position 6 and second attack tempo increase the chances of attack point; powerful attacks for position 1 and 5 reduce the chances of game continuation; and powerful attack for position 6 increases the chances of blocking. In addition, in games against intermediate-performance teams, reception that allows organized attack without all attack options reduces the chances of attack point and game continuation, while the reception effect did not seem to be a predictive factor of the attack efficacy in games against high- and low-performance opponents and, finally, in games against low-performance teams, powerful attack for position 1 reduces the chances of game continuation and attack blocking.


Resumo Objetivou-se identificar os fatores preditivos da eficácia do ataque da equipe campeã da superliga feminina conforme o nível de desempenho das equipes adversárias. A amostra compôs-se pela observação de 1137 ataques ocorridos em 21 jogos da equipe campeã da Superliga Feminina 2015-2016. Os resultados mostraram-se significativos na identificação dos fatores preditivos da eficácia do ataque em confrontos contra adversários de desempenho elevado (x.=110,562; p<0,00001), intermediário (x.=64,134; p<0,00001) e baixo (x.=62,137; p<0,00001). Assim, conclui-se que ao enfrentar equipes de elevado desempenho o ataque potente para a posição 6 e o 2º tempo de ataque aumentaram as chances de pontuar no ataque; os ataques potentes para a posição 1 e 5 reduziram as chances de ocorrer a continuidade do jogo e o ataque potente para a posição 6 aumentaram as chances de ocorrer o bloqueio. Além disso, em jogos contra equipes de desempenho intermediário a recepção que permitiu o ataque organizado sem todas as opções de ataque reduziu as chances de pontuar no ataque e de continuidade do jogo, enquanto que a eficácia da recepção não mostrou-se como fator preditivo da eficácia do ataque em jogos contra adversários de elevado e baixo desempenho; e, finalmente, em jogos contra equipes de baixo desempenho o ataque potente para a posição 1 reduziu as chances de ocorrer a continuidade do jogo e o bloqueio do ataque.


Subject(s)
Humans , Task Performance and Analysis , Volleyball
18.
Rev. bras. cineantropom. desempenho hum ; 21: e60119, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1013439

ABSTRACT

Abstract The aim of the study was to analyze the effect of a training period aimed at the development of lower limb power and physical performance of futsal players. The sample consisted of 10 futsal players from a professional team aged 23.70 ± 5.85 years, 72.33 ± 6.01 kg and 174.40 ± 0.05 cm. Players were monitored for a period of 4 training weeks, corresponding to the beginning of the competitive period. During this period, physical training sought to improve lower limb power. At the beginning and end of the training period, the following tests were performed: Squat jump (SJ), Countermovement jump (CMJ), 15-meter speed(Vel_15m) and Futsal Intermittent Endurance Test (FIET).The training load was monitored by the Session Perceived Exertion method.Weeks 1 and 3 presented higher training load than weeks 2 and 4 (p <0.01). In the post-training period, shorter running time in the Vel_15m test (p = 0.04), greater height in SJ (p <0.01) and CMJ (p <0.01) tests, and higher maximal speed in FIET (p = 0.04) were observed. It could be concluded that directing training at the beginning of the competitive season to improve power increases the lower limb power of futsal players, with consequent improvement of speed and the ability to perform intermittent actions at high intensities.


Resumo O objetivo do estudo foi analisar o efeito de um período de treinamento direcionado ao desenvolvimento de potência de membros inferiores no desempenho físico de jogadores de futsal. A amostra foi composta por 10 jogadores de futsal de uma equipe profissional com 23,70 ± 5,85 anos,72,33 ± 6,01 kg e 174,40 ± 0,05 cm. Os jogadores foram monitorados por um período de 4 semanas de treinamento, correspondente ao início do período competitivo. Neste período, o treinamento físico buscouaperfeiçoar a potência de membros inferiores. No início e ao término do período, foram realizados os testes: Squat jump (SJ), Countermovemt jump (CMJ), velocidade de 15 metros (Vel_15m) e Futsal Intermitente Endurance Test (FIET). A carga de treinamento foi monitorada pelo método da percepçãosubjetiva de esforço da sessão. As semanas 1 e 3 apresentaram maior CTST que as semanas 2 e 4 (p < 0,01). No momento pós treinamento, observou-se menor tempo de corrida no teste de Vel_15m (p = 0,04), maior altura nos testes SJ (p < 0,01) e CMJ (p < 0,01), e maior velocidade no FIET (p = 0,04). Pode-se concluir que direcionar o treinamento no início da temporada competitiva para melhorada potência proporciona incremento na potência de membros inferiores de jogadores de futsal, com consequente melhora da velocidade e na capacidade de realizar ações intermitentes em alta intensidade.


Subject(s)
Physical Education and Training/methods , Soccer , Task Performance and Analysis
19.
Rev. bras. cineantropom. desempenho hum ; 21: e59851, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1013444

ABSTRACT

Abstract Pacing strategy (PS) has a decisive impact on performance, especially on long-term races.The objective of this study is to characterize the PS used in swimming races of 800m and 1500m freestyle by the finalists of the Olympic trials of the United States, Europe and Brazil,and the Olympic finalists of 2016.Time partials of 63 athletes were analyzed using a decision tree and the CHAID method. The results showed that parabolic was adopted by swimmers of 800m, they start in first lap (29.67 ± 0.88 s), followed by an increase in time (+1.77 s) and a subsequent increase in time (32.04 ± 0.89 s), at the end, the swimmers presented an acceleration,reducing the average of the to 31.44 s. And by the free 1500m swimmers, divided into blocks with a faster average start (29.25 ± 1.15 s), half of the slowest race (30.30 ± 0.76 s), and a new acceleration at the end of the event (29.92 ± 1.12 s), both in the selective Olympic Games and the 2016 and 2016 Olympic final.The worst partials times were observed in the Brazilian Selective (Test Event) (31.11 ± 0.78 s). Medalist, despite presetting the same OS, can sustain a better rhythm throughout he 800m (31.52 ± 1.03 s) and 1500-m (29.80 ± 0.78). We conclude that parabolic PS is the optimal strategy adopted by swimmers of 800-m and 1500m freestyle.


Resumo A estratégia de prova (EP) tem impacto determinante no desempenho esportivo, principalmente em provas de longa duração. O objetivo foi caracterizar a EP utilizada em provas de natação de 800m e 1500m livre por finalistas das seletivas olímpicas dos Estados Unidos, Europa, Brasil e finalistas olímpicos de 2016. As parciais de tempo de 63 atletas foram analisadas por meio de árvore de decisão, utilizando o método CHAID. Os resultados mostraram que a EP parabólica foi adotada pelas nadadoras de 800m, com início (29.67 ± 0.88 s) seguido de um aumento de tempo (+1.77 s) e posterior novo aumento de tempo (32.04 ± 0.89 s), ao término as atletas apresentaram uma aceleração reduzindo a média para próximo à 31.44 s. E pelos atletas de 1500m livre, divididos em blocos com média inicias mais rápidas (29.25 ± 1.15 s), meio da prova mais lento (30.30 ± 0.76 s) e nova aceleração ao final da prova (29.92 ± 1.12s), tanto nas seletivas olímpicas quanto na final olímpica de 2016. Os piores tempos das parciais foram observados na seletiva olímpica do Brasil (evento teste) (31.11 ± 0.78 s). Atletas medalhistas, apesar de apresentarem a mesma EP, conseguem sustentar um melhor ritmo ao longo da prova de 800m (31.52 ± 1.03 s) e 1500-m (29.80 ± 0.78). Conclui-se que a EP parabólica é a estratégia ótima adotada pelos nadadores de 800m e 1500m.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Swimming , Task Performance and Analysis
20.
Rev. bras. cineantropom. desempenho hum ; 21: e59840, 2019. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1013451

ABSTRACT

Abstract The same training stimulus can provide different physiological adaptations for athletes of the same team.The aim of this study was to compare training and game loads in young male basketball players. Data were obtained from 4 training sessions and one game session usingPolar Team Pro equipment. Physiological data (HR) were used to monitor internal responses through Edwards'TRIMP,and data on distance traveled by the player on the court (External Training Load).To observe differences between eTRIMP,HR max and distance traveled,the T-Test was used for paired samples. The mean internal training load, according to Edwards'TRIMP, for the four training sessions was 132 ± 69. Mean HR max and distance traveled values were 143 ± 67 and 2.273 ± 1170, respectively. Regarding game load, Edwards'TRIMP,maximum HR and distance traveled were 108 ± 33, 199 ± 4 and 2.240 ± 617, respectively. No statistically significant differences were found between the mean values of training sessions compared to the game session in relation to the Edwards' TRIMP measures and distance traveled, but HR max was significantly higher during the game compared to training. It was concluded that the loads applied during training are similar to those applied in the game.


Resumo O mesmo estímulo de treinamento pode proporcionar diferentes adaptações fisiológicas para os atletas de uma mesma equipe. O objetivo deste estudo foi comparar as cargas de treino e jogo em jovens jogadores de basquetebol do sexo masculino. Os dados foram obtidos de 4 sessões de treinamento e uma sessão de jogo a partir do equipamento Polar Team Pro, sendo mensurados dados fisiológicos(FC), que foram utilizados para monitorar a CIT através do TRIMP de Edwards, e dados sobre a distância percorrida do jogador em quadra (CET). Para observar as diferenças entre o TRIMP, FC máx e distância percorria, foi utilizado o Teste T para amostras pareadas. A média das CIT, de acordo com o TRIMP de Edwards, para as 4 sessões de treinamento foi 132 ± 69. Já a média da FC máxima e da distância percorrida foram 143 ± 67 e 2.273 ± 1170, respectivamente. Em relação a carga de jogo, o TRIMP de Edwards, a FC máxima e a distância percorrida foram de 108 ± 33, 199 ± 4 e 2.240 ± 617, respectivamente. Não foram encontradas diferenças estatisticamente significativas entre a média das sessões de treino em comparação com a sessão do jogo em relação as medidas de TRIMP de Edwards e distância percorrida, porém a FC máxima foi significativamente maior durante a partida em comparação com o treinamento. Conclui-se que, a aplicação das cargas da equipe investigada durante os treinamentos é semelhante àquelas encontradas no jogo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Physical Education and Training/methods , Task Performance and Analysis , Basketball
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