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1.
An. Fac. Cienc. Méd. (Asunción) ; 54(3): 129-142, Dec. 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1352970

ABSTRACT

En esta segunda parte de la serie Códigos QR en Educación Médica describiremos los principales aspectos relacionados con los distintos tipos de códigos bidimensionales, las herramientas y aplicaciones necesarias para generar y decodificar un código QR, y los problemas de seguridad que pueden surgir durante su utilización. Nuestro objetivo es lograr que los educadores se familiaricen con esta tecnología y puedan incorporarla al material educativo utilizado en el proceso de enseñanzaaprendizaje, tanto en el aula tradicional como en los cursos virtuales. Con la finalidad de facilitar una correcta comprensión del artículo, en la última sección se proporciona un glosario alfabético con los términos y conceptos introducidos en el mismo. En la tercera y última parte de esta serie de artículos describiremos los aspectos relacionados con la personalización de los símbolos y su uso diferentes contextos educativos tanto analógicos como digitales


In this second section of the series QR Codes in Medical Education we will describe the main aspects related to the tools and applications necessary to generate and decode a QR code and how to customize them. The different types of based on their function and how to generate mixed function codes to be applied in Augmented Reality educational contexts will be analyzed. The final purpose is to ensure that all educators feel familiar with this technology and can incorporate it into the educational material used in the teaching-learning process, both in the traditional classroom and in virtual courses. In order to facilitate a correct understanding of the article, the last section provides an alphabetical glossary with the terms and concepts introduced in it. In the third and last part of this series of articles we will describe aspects related to the personalization of symbols and their use in different educational contexts, both analog and digital


Subject(s)
Codes , Technology , Education, Medical , Learning
2.
Arq. Ciênc. Vet. Zool. UNIPAR (Online) ; 24(2, cont.): e2404, jul-dez. 2021. tab, tab
Article in Portuguese | ID: biblio-1352309

ABSTRACT

O tomateiro é uma das hortaliças de maior importância econômica a nível mundial. No entanto, sua produção pode ser limitada por diversos fatores, sendo o manejo da água o principal fator limitante. Dessa forma, o uso de tecnologias que melhorem a eficiência no uso da água é de extrema importância, destacando-se entre estas o uso de hidrogel. Nesse sentido, objetivou-se nesse trabalho avaliar as taxas de crescimento e produção do tomateiro sob lâminas de irrigação e volumes de hidrogel. O experimento foi conduzido em esquema fatorial 3x4, em blocos ao acaso com quatro repetições, sendo os fatores: três volumes de hidrogel previamente hidratado (0, 50 e 100 ml por planta); e 4 lâminas de irrigação (40, 60, 80 e 100% da evapotranspiração da cultura). Foram avaliadas as taxas de crescimento absoluto e relativo da altura de planta e diâmetro do caule, massa média dos frutos e a produtividade por planta. Os resultados evidenciaram que a redução das lâminas de irrigação levou a redução linear das taxas de crescimento absolutas e relativas de altura e diâmetro. Perante essas mesmas condições, também houve redução da massa média dos frutos e da produtividade por planta. O uso de hidrogel não afetou nenhuma das características avaliadas, dessa forma, recomenda-se a sua não utilização nas condições desse estudo. Indica-se a utilização da lâmina de reposição de 100% da ETc.(AU)


Tomato is one of the most economically relevant vegetables worldwide. However, its production can be limited by several factors, with water management being the main limiting factor. Thus, the use of technologies that improve efficiency in the use of water are extremely important, with emphasis on the use of hydrogel. In this sense, the objective of this study was to evaluate the growth and production rates of tomato under irrigation depths and hydrogel volumes. The experiment was carried out in a 3x4 factorial scheme, in randomized blocks with four replications, with the following factors: three volumes of previously hydrated hydrogel (0, 50 and 100 ml per plant); and 4 irrigation depths (40, 60, 80 and 100% evapotranspiration of the crop). The absolute and relative growth rates of plant height and stem diameter, average fruit mass, and productivity per plant were evaluated. The results showed that the reduction of irrigation depths led to a linear reduction in absolute and relative growth rates in both height and diameter. Under these same conditions, there was also a reduction in the average fruit mass and productivity per plant. The use of hydrogel did not affect any of the evaluated characteristics; therefore, it is recommended not to use it under the conditions of this study. It is recommended to use the 100% ETc replacement blade.(AU)


El tomate es una de las hortalizas de mayor importancia económica a nivel mundial. Sin embargo, su producción puede verse limitada por varios factores, siendo la gestión del agua el principal factor limitante. Por ello, el uso de tecnologías que mejoren la eficiencia en el uso del agua es de suma importancia, con énfasis en el uso de hidrogel. En ese sentido, el objetivo de este estudio fue evaluar las tasas de crecimiento y producción de tomate en láminas de riego y volúmenes de hidrogel. El experimento se realizó en un esquema factorial 3x4, en bloques al azar con cuatro repeticiones, siendo los factores: tres volúmenes de hidrogel previamente hidratado (0, 50 y 100 ml por planta); y 4 láminas de riego (40, 60, 80 y 100% evapotranspiración del cultivo). Se evaluaron las tasas de crecimiento absoluto y relativo de la altura de la planta y el diámetro del tallo, la masa promedio de frutos y la productividad por planta. Los resultados mostraron que la reducción de las láminas de riego condujo a una reducción lineal en las tasas de crecimiento absoluto y relativo en altura y diámetro. En estas mismas condiciones, también se redujo la masa media de frutos y de la productividad por planta. El uso de hidrogel no afectó ninguna de las características evaluadas, por lo que se recomienda no utilizarlo en las condiciones de ese estudio. Se recomienda utilizar la lámina de repuesto del 100% del ETc.(AU)


Subject(s)
Lycopersicon esculentum/growth & development , Hydrogels , Lamins/analysis , Agricultural Irrigation , Technology
3.
Arq. ciências saúde UNIPAR ; 25(3): 213-220, set-out. 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1348213

ABSTRACT

O teste funcional Timed Up and Go (TUG) é amplamente utilizado para avaliar o risco de queda, através do equilíbrio e mobilidade, por ser de fácil aplicação e boa reprodutibilidade na prática clínica. Porém, o TUG ainda possui algumas limitações, pois se concentra no tempo total em que o teste é realizado. Uma proposta de avaliação é através da utilização de sensores inerciais, baseados na tecnologia de sistemas microeletromecânicos, e vem sendo muito utilizados para análise do movimento humano. Logo, o objetivo desse estudo foi realizar uma revisão narrativa sobre o uso dos sensores inerciais nas medidas temporais e cinemáticas do TUG e suas subfases. Metodologia: Essa revisão narrativa foi realizada nas bases de dados PubMed, CENTRAL, BVS e PEDro, por meio do vocabulário MeSH entre o período de maio a junho de 2020. Os critérios de inclusão foram estudos que utilizaram sensores inerciais para avaliação de medidas temporais e cinemáticas do TUG e suas subfases. Resultados: Foram incluídos 11 artigos de um total de 2305 achados. Desses, 5 utilizaram os sensores de smartphones. Não houve padronização em relação à quantidade utilizada, nem à fixação e posicionamento. Os sensores conseguiram mostrar diferenças no TUG e suas subfases nas medidas temporais e cinemáticas nos diferentes grupos avaliados. Considerações Finais: Sensores inerciais são capazes de avaliar medidas temporais e cinemáticas do TUG e de suas subfases, mostrando serem ferramentas confiáveis. Entretanto, mesmo obtendo resultados satisfatórios, necessita-se de mais estudos abrangendo uma população maior.


The Timed Up and Go (TUG) functional test is widely used to assess the risk of falling through balance and mobility since it is easy to apply and presents good reproducibility in clinical practice. However, the TUG test still has some limitations, as it focuses on the total time the test is performed. A proposal for evaluation is the use of inertial sensors, based on the microelectromechanical system technology, which has been widely used for the analysis of human movement. Therefore, the objective of this study was to carry out a narrative review on the use of inertial sensors in the temporal and kinematic measurements of TUG and its subphases. Methodology: This narrative review was carried out in the PubMed, CENTRAL, BVS, and PEDro databases using the MeSH vocabulary between the period of May to June 2020. The inclusion criteria were studies using inertial sensors to evaluate temporal and kinematic measurements of the TUG and its subphases. Results: A total of 11 articles were selected from 2305 hits. From these, five (5) used smartphone sensors. There was no standardization regarding the quantity used, nor their fixation and positioning. The sensors were able to show differences in the TUG and its subphases in the temporal and kinematic measurements in the different groups evaluated. Final Considerations: Inertial sensors are capable of evaluating temporal and kinematic measurements of the TUG and its subphases, showing that they are reliable tools. Nevertheless, although satisfactory results were obtained, further studies are needed covering a larger population.


Subject(s)
Technology/statistics & numerical data , Remote Sensing Technology/statistics & numerical data , Smart Materials , Biomechanical Phenomena , Accidental Falls/statistics & numerical data , Postural Balance , Mobility Limitation , Smartphone/statistics & numerical data
4.
Enferm. foco (Brasília) ; 12(7, supl 1): 158-162, out. 2021. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1341944

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Relatar a construção de uma tecnologia para orientação da equipe de enfermagem em relação ao preparo e administração de medicamentos injetáveis usados no contexto hospitalar. Método: Estudo descritivo, do tipo relato de experiência, de abordagem metodológica sobre o desenvolvimento de uma tecnologia de processo para o preparo e administração de medicamentos injetáveis, seguindo-se três passos metodológicos: diagnóstico situacional; revisões de literatura; elaboração dos textos, ilustrações, layout e design. Resultados: Provocou-se transformações educacionais, assistenciais e gerenciais relacionadas à gestão de riscos e gestão dos cuidados de enfermagem. Conclusão: O trabalho esteve em conformidade com a Organização Mundial de Saúde ao desenvolver tecnologia para fortalecer o sistema de saúde, extrapolou o objetivo inicial de orientar a enfermagem e passou a alcançar outras categorias profissionais. Fomentou a necessidade de mais pesquisas e ações na área devido importância, complexidade e abrangência do tema. (AU)


Objective: To report the construction of a technology to guide the nursing team in relation to the preparation and administration of injectable drugs used in the hospital context. Methods: Descriptive study, of the experience report type, with a methodological approach on the development of a process technology for the preparation and administration of injectable drugs, following three methodological steps: situational diagnosis; literature reviews; elaboration of texts, illustrations, layout and design. Results: Educational, care and management changes related to risk management and nursing care management were brought about. Conclusion: The work was in accordance with the World Health Organization when developing technology to strengthen the health system, went beyond the initial objective of guiding nursing and went on to reach other professional categories. Fostered the need for more research and actions in the area importance, complexity and scope of the theme. (AU)


Objetivo: Informar la construcción de una tecnología que oriente al equipo de enfermería en relación a la preparación y administración de medicamentos inyectables utilizados en el contexto hospitalario. Métodos: Estudio descriptivo, tipo relato de experiencia, con enfoque metodológico sobre el desarrollo de una tecnología de proceso para la preparación y administración de medicamentos inyectables, siguiendo tres pasos metodológicos: diagnóstico situacional; criticas literarias; elaboración de textos, ilustraciones, maquetación y diseño. Resultados: Se produjeron cambios educativos, asistenciales y gerenciales relacionados con la gestión de riesgos y la gestión del cuidado de enfermería. Conclusión: El trabajo fue acorde con la Organización Mundial de la Salud al desarrollar tecnología para fortalecer el sistema de salud, fue más allá del objetivo inicial de orientar la enfermería y pasó a llegar a otras categorías profesionales. Fomentó la necesidad de más investigaciones y acciones en el área. importancia, complejidad y alcance del tema. (AU)


Subject(s)
Infusions, Intravenous , Quality of Health Care , Technology , Patient Safety , Nursing Care
5.
Braz. dent. j ; 32(3): 44-55, May-June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1345505

ABSTRACT

Abstract In the RLT (Rapid Layer Technology), veneering ceramic and framework are fabricated by computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM) and then cemented to obtain the restoration. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of the thickness of veneering ceramic manufactured by the RLT technique on the fracture resistance (FR) of bilayer crowns with zirconia frameworks. Twenty zirconia frameworks and twenty feldspathic posterior crowns with two different veneering ceramic occlusal thicknesses (1mm=TF1; 2mm=TF2) were manufactured using CAD/CAM system. The specimens were luted to an epoxy resin abutment with resin cement and mechanically cycled (200N and 4.5×105 Pa, 37°C, 2×106 cycles, 3Hz). The FR test was performed (10kN, 0.5mm/min), and the specimens were analyzed in a stereomicroscope. For the stress analysis (finite element analysis, FEA), a 10kN load was equal to the in vitro test, and the principal stress was evaluated. The FR data were analyzed by Student's t-test and Weibull's analysis. The thickness influenced the FR of bilayer crowns. The FR was higher in the TF2 than in the TF1 group. The TF2 group presented the highest characteristic strength compared to the group TF1. The predominant type of failure was delamination. The FEA showed higher stress concentrations below the loading application point at the veneering cement interface in the 1-mm-thick model. The bilayer crowns manufactured using the approach of 2mm of veneering ceramic promoted higher FR compared to the group with 1mm veneering ceramic. Also, the FEA showed that the veneer ceramic thickness has an effect on stress distribution in zirconia-based bilayer crowns.


Resumo Na RLT (Rapid Layer Technology), a cerâmica de cobertura e infraestrutura são fabricados pelo Computer-Aided Design / Computer-Aided Manufacturing (CAD / CAM) e cimentados para obter a restauração. Este estudo teve como objetivo avaliar o efeito da espessura da cerâmica de cobertura fabricada pela técnica RLT na resistência à fratura (RF) de coroas bilaminadas com infraestrutura de zircônia. Vinte infraestruturas de zircônia e vinte coroas posteriores feldspáticas com duas espessuras oclusais da cerâmica de cobertura (1mm = TF1; 2mm = TF2) foram fabricadas usando o sistema CAD / CAM. Os espécimes foram cimentados em preparos de resina epóxi com cimento resinoso dual e ciclados mecanicamente (200N e 4,5×105 Pa, 37° C, 2×106 ciclos, 3Hz). O teste de RF foi realizado (10kN, 0,5mm / min) e, posteriormente, os espécimes foram analisados em estereomicroscópio. Para a análise de tensão (análise de elementos finitos, FEA), uma carga de 10kN foi aplicada igual ao teste in vitro, e a tensão principal foi avaliada. Os dados de RF foram analisados pelo teste t de Student e análise de Weibull. A espessura mostrou forte influência na RF das coroas bilaminadas. A RF foi maior em TF2 do que no grupo TF1. O grupo TF2 apresentou a maior resistência característica em relação ao grupo TF1. O tipo de falha predominante foi a delaminação. O FEA mostrou maiores concentrações de tensões abaixo do ponto de aplicação da carga, na interface cimento e cerâmica de cobertura no modelo de coroa de 1 mm de espessura. As coroas de bilaminadas confeccionadas com 2 mm de cerâmica de cobertura promoveram maior RF em comparação ao grupo com cerâmica de cobertura de 1 mm. Além disso, a FEA mostrou que a espessura da cerâmica de cobertura tem um efeito na distribuição de tensões em coroas bilaminadas à base de zircônia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Dental Porcelain , Dental Veneers , Technology , Zirconium , Materials Testing , Ceramics , Computer-Aided Design , Dental Restoration Failure , Crowns , Dental Stress Analysis
6.
Rev. colomb. anestesiol ; 49(2): e201, Apr.-June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1251498

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction The analysis of the electrical activity of the brain using scalp electrodes with electroencephalography (EEG) could reveal the depth of anesthesia of a patient during surgery. However, conventional EEG equipment, due to its price and size, are not a practical option for the operating room and the commercial units used in surgery do not provide access to the electrical activity. The availability of low-cost portable technologies could provide for further research on the brain activity under general anesthesia and facilitate our quest for new markers of depth of anesthesia. Objective To assess the capabilities of a portable EEG technology to capture brain rhythms associated with the state of consciousness and the general anesthesia status of surgical patients anesthetized with propofol. Methods Observational, cross-sectional study that reviewed 10 EEG recordings captured using OpenBCI portable low-cost technology, in female patients undergoing general anesthesia with propofol. The signal from the frontal electrodes was analyzed with spectral analysis and the results were compared against the reports in the literature. Results The signal captured with frontal electrodes, particularly α rhythm, enabled the distinction between resting with eyes closed and with eyes opened in a conscious state, and sustained anesthesia during surgery. Conclusions It is possible to differentiate a resting state from sustained anesthesia, replicating previous findings with conventional technologies. These results pave the way to the use of portable technologies such as the OpenBCI tool, to explore the brain dynamics during anesthesia.


Resumen Introducción El análisis de la actividad eléctrica cerebral mediante electrodos ubicados sobre el cuero cabelludo con electroencefalografía (EEG) podría permitir conocer la profundidad anestésica de un paciente durante cirugía. Sin embargo, los equipos de EEG convencionales, por su precio y tamaño, no son una alternativa práctica en quirófanos y los equipos comerciales usados en cirugía no permiten acceder a la actividad eléctrica. Disponer de tecnologías portables y de bajo costo aumentaría el número de investigaciones sobre la actividad cerebral bajo anestesia general y facilitaría la búsqueda de nuevos marcadores para la profundidad anestésica. Objetivo Evaluar la capacidad de una tecnología EEG portable de adquirir ritmos cerebrales relacionados con el estado consciente y el estado de anestesia general de pacientes en cirugía anestesiados con propofol. Métodos Estudio observacional de corte transversal en el que se analizaron datos de 10 registros EEG obtenidos mediante tecnología portable y de bajo costo OpenBCI, de pacientes de sexo femenino que fueron sometidas a anestesia general con propofol. La señal obtenida de los electrodos frontales se analizó mediante análisis espectral y se contrastaron los resultados con lo descrito en la literatura. Resultados La señal obtenida con electrodos frontales, especialmente el ritmo α, permitió diferenciar el reposo con ojos cerrados y ojos abiertos en estado consciente, del estado de mantenimiento de la anestesia durante cirugía. Conclusiones Se logra la diferenciación de estado de reposo y de mantenimiento de la anestesia replicando hallazgos previos de tecnologías convencionales. Estos resultados abren la posibilidad de utilizar las tecnologías portables como el OpenBCI para investigar la dinámica cerebral durante la anestesia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Spectrum Analysis , Technology , Electroencephalography , Anesthesia, General , Brain Mapping , Propofol , Observational Studies as Topic
7.
Rev. cuba. med ; 60(2): e1945, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1280350

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Con el propósito de justificar la decisión diplomática de los Estados Unidos, se publicaron dos artículos científicos en revistas médicas que intentan sostener la idea de que en La Habana hubo un ataque dirigido a personal de la embajada estadounidense. Objetivo: Demostrar la falta de rigor científico en dos investigaciones de series de casos no independientes sobre los síntomas de salud de diplomáticos de los Estados Unidos en La Habana. Método: Se realiza un análisis documental de dos publicaciones de series de casos. Se evalúan hipótesis diagnósticas. Resultados: Existe superposición amplia entre las dos series en cuanto a pacientes compartidos y en contraste se presentan algunas diferencias en los datos clínicos que superan lo esperado. Conclusiones: En ambas publicaciones se desaprovecha la riqueza semiográfica de síntomas y la información psicosocial. Se enfatiza más en argumentos asociados al fetichismo de la tecnología expresado en la interpretación de hallazgos inespecíficos. El análisis de datos clínicos permitió ver que se trata de un grupo heterogéneo de personas cuyas quejas de salud han sido reunidas por la interacción de otros factores psicosociales contextuales(AU)


Introduction: In order to justify the diplomatic decision of the United States, two scientific articles were published in medical journals that attempt to support the idea that, in Havana, there was an attack aimed at US embassy personnel. Objective: To prove the lack of scientific consistency in two investigations of non-independent case series on the health symptoms of United States diplomats in Havana. Method: A documentary analysis of two publications of case series is carried out. Diagnostic hypotheses are evaluated. Results: There is wide overlap between the two series in terms of shared patients and in contrast there are some differences in the clinical data that exceed what was expected. Conclusions: In both publications the semiographic wealth of symptoms and psychosocial information are wasted. More emphasis is placed on arguments associated with the fetishism of technology expressed in the interpretation of nonspecific findings. The analysis of clinical data allowed us to see that it is a heterogeneous group of people whose health complaints have been brought together by the interaction of other contextual psychosocial factors(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Politics , Research , Syndrome , Technology , Dizziness/etiology , Tension-Type Headache/etiology
8.
Av. enferm ; 39(2): 235-254, 01 may 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1291012

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: identificar, na literatura nacional e internacional, as tecnologias para a educação em saúde com adolescentes. Síntese do conteúdo: a maioria dos estudos foi realizada por enfermeiros. O período de publicação foi entre 1999 e 2018, com prevalência de estudos qualitativos e metodológicos, nos quais foi observada diversidade de tecnologias desenvolvidas para a educação em saúde com adolescentes, oportunizando mudanças de paradigmas para promover a saúde. Predominaram as ferramentas eletrônicas, seguidas dos materiais impressos e das oficinas educativas. Em sua maioria, as temáticas foram sexualidade, infecções sexualmente transmissíveis, vírus da imunodeficiência humana e síndrome da imunodeficiência adquirida. Conclusões: as tecnologias têm se tornado ferramentas potencializadoras para o processo de ensinoaprendizagem com adolescentes.


Objetivo: identificar tecnologías para la educación en salud con adolescentes en la literatura nacional e internacional. Síntesis de contenido: la mayoría de los estudios fueron realizados por profesionales de enfermería. El período de publicación corresponde a 1999-2018, tiempo en el que predominaron los estudios cualitativos y metodológicos, en los que se encontró diversidad de tecnologías desarrolladas para la educación en salud con adolescentes. Lo anterior permitió generar ciertos cambios en los paradigmas de promoción de la salud. Entre los principales recursos desplegados, predominaron las herramientas electrónicas, seguidas de los materiales impresos y talleres educativos. La mayoría de los temas abordados fueron sexualidad, infecciones de transmisión sexual, virus de la inmunodeficiencia humana y síndrome de inmunodeficiencia adquirida. Conclusiones: las tecnologías se han convertido en herramientas potenciadoras del proceso de enseñanzaaprendizaje con adolescentes.


Objective: To identify technologies for health education with adolescents in national and international literature. Content synthesis: Most studies available in the literature were carried out by nursing professionals during the period 1999-2018, with a prevalence of qualitative and methodological studies. A broad diversity of technologies was developed for health education with adolescents, thus enabling changes in health promotion paradigms. There was a predominance of electronic tools, followed by printed materials and educational workshops. Most of the topics addressed were sexuality, sexually transmitted infections, human immunodeficiency virus, and the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. Conclusions: Technologies have been presented as tools that harness teaching-learning processes among adolescents.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Technology , Health Education , Adolescent , Nursing , Health Promotion
9.
RECIIS (Online) ; 15(1): 33-54, jan.-mar. 2021. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1177093

ABSTRACT

Este artigo discute o resultado da análise de 10 aplicativos móveis de autocuidado psicológico utilizados no Brasil, que denominamos PsiApps. A análise se desdobra em duas camadas: uma 'visível', que envolve os discursos dos próprios aplicativos para descrever os problemas que visam solucionar, suas promessas e seus métodos; outra 'invisível', que inclui formas automatizadas de coleta e compartilhamento de dados dos usuários pelos aplicativos. Veremos como a ênfase na individualidade e na autonomia manifesta na primeira camada torna opaca uma série de mediadores presentes na segunda camada, em grande parte invisíveis para o usuário. O contraste entre a centralidade da agência individual promovida pelos discursos dos PsiApps e o caráter relacional da infraestrutura e do ecossistema de dados que os integram evidenciam as contradições da autonomia ofertada por esses aplicativos.


This article discusses the result of the analysis of 10 psychological self-care mobile applications used in Brazil, which we call PsiApps. The analysis unfolds in two layers: one, 'visible', involves the discourses employed by the applications themselves to describe the problems they seek to solve, their promises and methods; the other, 'invisible', includes automated ways of collecting and sharing user data by the applications. We will see how the emphasis on individuality and autonomy manifested in the first layer makes opaque a series of mediators largely invisible to the user present in the second layer. The contrast between the centrality of individual agency promoted by the discourses of the PsiApps and the relational character of the infrastructure and data ecosystem that they integrate highlight the contradictions in the notion of autonomy offered by these applications.


Este artículo discute el resultado del análisis de 10 aplicaciones móviles de autocuidado psicológico utilizadas en Brasil, que llamamos PsiApps. El análisis se desarrolla en dos dimensiones: una 'visible', que involucra los discursos de las propias aplicaciones para describir los problemas que buscan resolver, sus promesas y métodos; otra 'invisible', que incluye formas automatizadas de recopilar y compartir datos de usuario por las aplicaciones. Veremos cómo el énfasis en la individualidad y la autonomía manifestado en la primera dimensión vuelve opacos una serie de mediadores en gran parte invisibles para el usuario presentes en la segunda dimensión. El contraste entre la centralidad de la agencia individual promovida por los discursos de los PsiApps y el carácter relacional de la infraestructura y el ecosistema de datos que integran manifiestan las diversas contradicciones de la autonomía que estas aplicaciones ofrecen.


Subject(s)
Humans , Self Care , Mental Health , Personal Autonomy , Mobile Applications , Anxiety , Technology , Advertising , Access to Information
10.
Rev. bras. ativ. fís. saúde ; 26: 1-7, mar. 2021. tab, fig
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1223230

ABSTRACT

O objetivo do estudo foi investigar se a exposição a informações sobre vida saudável, via aplicativo de mensagem de smartphone ou folder impresso, reduz o comportamento sedentário (CS) de universitários. Este estudo é um piloto prospectivo quase experimental, constituído por 69 participantes, randomizados por turma, em dois grupos de intervenção via mensagem de texto Whatsapp (grupo MSG)e folder impresso (grupo FOLDER). As intervenções apresentaram orientações semelhantes com foco geral de promover um perfil de vida saudável, reduzindo o CS. As mensagens foram encaminhadas às segundas-feiras por um período de quatro semanas consecutivas. O tempo exposto ao CS foi avaliado a partir do Questionário Internacional de Atividade Física na Baseline e após quatro semanas de intervenção. Para avaliar o efeito do tempo, da intervenção e a interação (tempo*intervenção) no CS, foram utilizados modelos mistos generalizados para medidas repetidas, utilizando uma matriz de covariância autorregressiva de primeira ordem (AR1) e foi utilizado o teste post hoc de Bonferroni. Foi adotado o nível de significância de 5%. Foram observados efeitos significantes das intervenções (F = 5,30; p = 0,024), FOLDER (519,71 ± 28,01) e MSG (430,37 ± 26,82), e dos tempos (F = 19,05; p < 0,001) baseline (522,07 ± 22,18) e após 4 semanas (428,00 ± 22,18) mas não foi observado interação entre o tempo e a intervenção (F = 0,430; p = 0,514). Foram observadas diferenças significantes entre os grupos no momento pós intervenção (p = 0,022). Ambas as intervenções parecem ser úteis para a redução do tempo exposto ao CS em uma população de adultos jovens durante o período de quatro semanas


The objective of the study was investigate whether exposure to information about healthy living, via smart-phone message application or printed folder, reduces the sedentary behavior (SB) of university students. This study is an almost experimental prospective pilot, consisting of 69 participants, randomized by class, in two intervention groups via Whatsapp text message (MSG group) and printed folder (FOLDER group). The interventions presented similar guidelines with a general focus on promoting a healthy life profile, reducing SB. The messages were forwarded on Mondays for a period of four consecutive weeks. The time exposed to the SB was evaluated using the International Physical Activity Questionnaire on the baseline and after four weeks of intervention. To evaluate the effect of time, intervention and interaction (time * intervention) in the SB, generalized mixed models for repeated measures were used, using a first order autoregressive covariance matrix (AR1) and Bonferroni post hoc test was used. The significance level of 5% was adopted. Significant effects of the interventions (F = 5.30; p = 0.024), FOLDER (519.71 ± 28.01) and MSG (430.37 ± 26.82), and of the times (F = 19.05; p < 0.001) baseline (522.07 ± 22.18) and after 4 weeks (428.00 ± 22.18) but no interaction was observed between time and intervention (F = 0.430; p = 0.514). Significant differences were observed between the groups at the time after the intervention (p = 0.022). Both interventions appear to useful for reducing the time exposed to SC in a population of young adults over the four-week period


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Technology , Health , Sedentary Behavior
11.
rev. cuid. (Bucaramanga. 2010) ; 12(1): e1159, ene-2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1177800

ABSTRACT

Introdução: as tecnologias em saúde dizem respeito a tudo o que é utilizado como instrumento para cuidar e educar a outras pessoas. Diante desse conceito, esta revisão tem por objetivo conhecer as publicações científicas acerca do desenvolvimento de tecnologias voltadas para a área de saúde da mulher no Brasil. Materiais e métodos: trata-se de uma revisão integrativa, de natureza descritiva, realizada por meio de consulta as bases de dados Banco de Dados em Enfermagem (BDENF), Latino-Americano e do Caribe de Informação em Ciências da Saúde (LILACS) e Scientific Electronic Library Online (SCIELO), no período de 2009 a 2019. Resultados: os cruzamentos de busca nas bases de dados estabelecidas resultaram na identificação de 46 estudos no banco de dados BDENF, 280 no LILACS e 55 na SciELO, totalizando 381 estudos. A aplicação dos filtros possibilitou refinamento que resultou em seleção final de 23 estudos. Discussão: a análise dos resultados evidenciou que o foco mais referido foi o desenvolvimento de tecnologias leve-duras. Quando analisada a abordagem dessas tecnologias, observou-se que as temáticas mais beneficiadas pelo desenvolvimento das tecnologias em saúde foram a educação em saúde da mulher na gestação e na amamentação. Conclusões: percebe-se, por meio da revisão, que se faz necessário o desenvolvimento, validação e implementação de todas as classes das tecnologias em saúde, pois a qualidade técnica e conceitual passará por análise e testagem dos profissionais que compreendem as factuais necessidades do público foco.


Introduction: Health technologies refer to those tools that are used to care for and educate people. Given this concept, this review aims to identify scientific publications related to developing technologies for women's health in Brazil. Materials and Methods: An integrative descriptive review was conducted through database consultations in the Brazilian Nursing Database (BDENF), Latin American & Caribbean Health Sciences Literature (LILACS) and Scientific Electronic Library Online (SciELO) in 2009-2019. Results: 46 studies were identified in the BDENF database, 280 in LILACS and 55 in SciELO, for a total of 381 studies retrieved by using cross-references in these databases. The final selection was refined to 23 studies by applying search filters. Discussion: The results analysis showed that the most cited topic was the development of soft-hard technologies. In analyzing the approach of these technologies, it was found that one of the topics that greatly benefited from the development of health technologies was the education in women's health during pregnancy and breastfeeding. Conclusion: This review indicated the need to continue developing, validating and applying these technologies as their technical and conceptual quality will be analyzed and verified by professionals who understand the actual needs of the target audience.


Introducción: Las tecnologías de la salud se refieren a todas aquellas herramientas que se utilizan para cuidar y educar a los demás. Frente a este concepto, esta revisión tiene como objetivo conocer las publicaciones científicas relacionadas con el desarrollo de las tecnologías para la salud de la mujer en Brasil. Materiales y métodos: Se realizó una revisión integrativa de tipo descriptivo mediante consulta en bases de datos como el Banco de Datos de Enfermería (BDENF), Literatura Latinoamericana y del Caribe en Ciencias de la Salud (LILACS) y Scientific Electronic Library Online (SciELO) entre 2009 y 2019. Resultados: A través de referencias cruzadas en las bases de datos mencionadas, se identificaron 46 estudios en el banco de datos BDENF, 280 en LILACS y 55 en SciELO, para un total de 381 estudios. Así mismo, se refinó la selección final a 23 estudios mediante la aplicación de filtros. Discusión: En el análisis de resultados se evidenció que el tema más referenciado fue el desarrollo de tecnologías blandas-duras. Al analizar el enfoque de estas tecnologías, se observó que uno de los temas más beneficiados del desarrollo de las tecnologías de la salud fue el de la educación en materia de salud de la mujer durante el embarazo y la lactancia. Conclusiones: Con esta revisión se demostró que es necesario seguir desarrollando, validando y aplicando todas las clases de tecnologías sanitarias, cuya calidad técnica y conceptual será analizada y verificada por profesionales que comprenden las necesidades reales del público objetivo


Subject(s)
Humans , Technology , Women's Health , Evidence-Based Practice
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880464

ABSTRACT

Based on the existing information construction foundation of the isolation ward of the hospital, according to the relevant guidelines issued by the National Health Commission, the management of environmental isolation, disinfection, medical staff management and patient management are discussed, combining the application of Internet of things technology in hospital management, a series of new applications with distinctive features of Internet of Things (IoT) are built, and advanced technology and equipment such as Internet of Things are introduced. Realize the application scenario, implementation method and business mode of intelligent IoT in isolation ward, form an integrated data management center and monitoring system through data intelligent IoT, aggregation and operation, and realize the digital collection, processing, storage, transmission and analysis of medical information, equipment information, personnel information and management information, so as to realize medical closed-loop management, reduce the hidden danger of medical safety in isolated wards and improve the level of medical quality.


Subject(s)
Hospitals , Humans , Internet , Internet of Things , Monitoring, Physiologic , Technology
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880449

ABSTRACT

Life monitoring technology as the basis of health evaluation, in recent years, its related technology research also has new development, in which cardiopulmonary parameters are the core physiological indicators to measure the basic state of vital signs, the analysis of its monitoring technology is particularly important. In this study, the main means of life monitoring are analyzed, and the monitoring technology of cardiopulmonary parameters is the main focus. What is more, the research status and development of contact and non-contact cardiopulmonary monitoring technology at home and abroad were also considered. Lastly, this study will be combined with the radar wave vital signs monitoring technology, which has been achieved good results in the field of cardiopulmonary monitoring, in order to provide a reference for the long-term development of life monitoring field and the technology integration of intelligent pension, intelligent automobile and other related industries.


Subject(s)
Algorithms , Heart Rate , Monitoring, Physiologic , Radar , Respiratory Rate , Technology , Vital Signs
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880445

ABSTRACT

Focusing on the requirements of visual traceability for reprocessing of reused medical devices under the background of deep integration of intelligent medical treatment, a quality and safety traceability system for disinfection of reused medical devices is developed. The multi-dimensional data of the reprocessing chain of reusable medical devices are acquired in real time by the RFID mobile terminal handset and stored temporarily. The data package is formatted based on LoRa protocol and uploaded to the management and control platform in multi-threaded transmission mode for in-depth analysis and traceability. The corresponding prototype system is developed. The first-line operation and maintenance test results show that the prototype system has strong cooperation, strong operation robustness, and obvious advantages in the identification rate and other layers of sterile equipment package.


Subject(s)
Disinfection , Radio Frequency Identification Device , Technology
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880433

ABSTRACT

In recent years, the IVD industry has developed rapidly based on the increasing market demand, and plays an important role in disease prevention, clinical diagnosis, health monitoring and guiding treatment. Therefore, followed quality and safety issues are highly concerned. The unique advantages of blockchain technology, decentralization, distrust and non-tampering, can write into trusted node data in every link covering production, circulation and usage of IVD reagents, and establish a distributed ledger with full backup, which makes the anti-conterfeiting and traceability for IVD reagents possible. We discuss whole process intelligent tracing system for IVD reagents based on blockchain technology. Through the strong mechanism of pre-supervision and post-punishment, the source of reagents can be traced, quality and responsibility can be investigated, and the medical inspection quality and diagnostic safety can be guarded.


Subject(s)
Blockchain , Indicators and Reagents , Reagent Kits, Diagnostic , Technology
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880420

ABSTRACT

Operation room is the most important link for carrying out medical activities in hospital whose demand for medical consumable material is also very large. With the increase of types of consumable material, the process of consumable material management in operating room becomes more complicated, and the traditional management mode can not meet the needs. In this paper, the technology of Internet of things and artificial intelligence is used to design an intelligent management system of high value consumable material in operating room which improves the efficiency of operation of high value consumable material in operating room, reduces the cost of manpower and improves the safety.


Subject(s)
Artificial Intelligence , Hospitals , Operating Rooms , Technology
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880416

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#In the context of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, the subject was designed to develop a new tracheal intubation device based on magnetic navigation technology to improve the success rate of tracheal intubation and reduce the risk of occupational exposure of medical staff.@*METHODS@#The new tracheal intubation device was designed with the uniqueness of the magnetic field environment and magnetic steering of magnetic navigation technology. And preliminary magnetic navigation tracheal intubation experiments were performed on the tracheal intubation simulator.@*RESULTS@#Magnetic navigation tracheal intubation can successfully implement tracheal intubation, and the time required is lower than that of traditional laryngoscopy.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The tracheal intubation based on magnetic navigation technology is feasible, with high efficiency and easy operation. That is expected to be widely used for tracheal intubation during treatment of patients outside the hospital in the future. At the same time, magnetic navigation endotracheal intubation technology will be the key technology for the development of endotracheal intubation robots.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/therapy , Equipment Design , Feasibility Studies , Humans , Intubation, Intratracheal , Magnetic Phenomena , SARS-CoV-2 , Technology
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879664

ABSTRACT

The year 2020 is an extremely unusual year. The world lost more than one million lives due to the attack of COVID-19. Economic production has been greatly reduced, and daily activities are largely restricted. Luckily the work of Chinese Journal of Traumatology (CJTEE) has not been adversely affected. 2020 is a harvest year for the journal, which (1) was included in the high-quality academic journals by China Association for Science and Technology; (2) cover of each issue is newly designed; (3) submission increased by about 60% with more countries and regions covered; (4) usage in the ScienceDirect database exceeded a million; (5) the CiteScore rises to more than 2.0 the first time. This study reviewed the articles published in the year 2020 by CJTEE.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , China , Humans , Periodicals as Topic , Science/organization & administration , Societies, Scientific/organization & administration , Technology/organization & administration , Time Factors , Traumatology/organization & administration , Wounds and Injuries/etiology
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879616

ABSTRACT

The use of whole exome sequencing (WES) for the detection of disease-causing variants of genetic diseases and for non-invasive prenatal screening (NIPS) of fetal aneuploidies are two major clinical applications of next generation sequencing (NGS). This article has summarized the official documents developed and updated by the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics (ACMG) on governing WES and NIPS. These include the development of expert consensus policies and position statements on an ongoing basis to guide clinical application of NGS technology and variant analysis, establish evidence-based practical resources, as well as standards and guidelines to govern diagnosis and screening. These ACMG documents are valuable references to Chinese geneticists, but direct adoption of these standards and guidelines may not be practical due to the differences in disease-associated variant frequencies in Chinese population, socioeconomic status, and medical practice between the two countries. It is hoped that this review could facilitate the development of NGS and NIPS standards and guidelines that are consistent with international standards and concordant with medical genetics practice in China to provide high-quality, efficient and safe clinical services for patients and their families with genetic diseases.


Subject(s)
China , Consensus , Female , Genomics , High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing , Humans , Pregnancy , Technology , United States
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