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Int. j. morphol ; 41(2): 660-667, abr. 2023. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1440325


SUMMARY: The aim of this systematic review was to assess the histological effects of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) on temporomandibular joint osteoarthritis (TMJ-OA) in animal models. A systematic search was performed using PubMed, WoS, EMBASE, Science Direct and SCOPUS databases. The inclusion criteria were experimental studies in animal models that evaluated the use of PRP as a treatment for TMJ-OA with or without arthrocentesis/arthroscopy. Comparison was made to a healthy control group or to other treatment. The variables evaluated were the histological effects of the treatments, characteristics of the primary articles, characteristics of the sample studied and the risk of bias. The systematic search identified 120 studies. Eventually 5 studies were included in the analysis. Four of the studies showed a statistically significant repair in joint tissues and improvement of cartilage thickness in animals treated with PRP. The global risk of bias was unclear. The results of this systematic review suggest that PRP treatment in TMJ-OA has benefits at the histological level in cartilage, articular disc and articular bone tissue in animal models. However, due to the low number of studies and the risk of bias, further research is needed to recommend its use.

El objetivo de esta revisión sistemática fue evaluar los efectos histológicos del plasma rico en plaquetas (PRP) en la osteoartritis de la articulación temporomandibular (ATM-OA) en modelos animales. Se realizó una búsqueda sistemática en las bases de datos PubMed, WoS, EMBASE, Science Direct y SCOPUS. Los criterios de inclusión fueron estudios experimentales en modelos animales que evaluaran el uso de PRP como tratamiento para la ATM-OA con o sin artrocentesis/ artroscopia. La comparación se realizó con un grupo de control sano o con otro tratamiento. Las variables evaluadas fueron los efectos histológicos de los tratamientos, las características de los artículos primarios, las características de la muestra estudiada y el riesgo de sesgo. La búsqueda sistemática identificó 120 estudios. Finalmente se incluyeron 5 estudios en el análisis. Cuatro de los estudios mostraron una reparación estadísticamente significativa en los tejidos articulares y una mejora del grosor del cartílago en los animales tratados con PRP. El riesgo global de sesgo fue incierto. Los resultados de esta revisión sistemática sugieren que el tratamiento con PRP en la ATM-OA tiene beneficios a nivel histológico en el cartílago, el disco articular y el tejido óseo articular en modelos animales. Sin embargo, debido al escaso número de estudios y al riesgo de sesgo, se necesitan investigaciones adicionales para recomendar su uso.

Animals , Osteoarthritis/therapy , Temporomandibular Joint/anatomy & histology , Temporomandibular Joint Disorders/therapy , Platelet-Rich Plasma/physiology , Disease Models, Animal
Braz. dent. sci ; 26(1): 1-17, 2023. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1412901


Objective: the aim of this study was to analyse the performance of the technique of texture analysis (TA) with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans of temporomandibular joints (TMJs) as a tool for identification of possible changes in individuals with migraine headache (MH) by relating the findings to the presence of internal derangements. Material and Methods: thirty MRI scans of the TMJ were selected for study, of which 15 were from individuals without MH or any other type of headache (control group) and 15 from those diagnosed with migraine. T2-weighted MRI scans of the articular joints taken in closed-mouth position were used for TA. The co-occurrence matrix was used to calculate the texture parameters. Fisher's exact test was used to compare the groups for gender, disc function and disc position, whereas Mann-Whitney's test was used for other parameters. The relationship of TA with disc position and function was assessed by using logistic regression adjusted for side and group. Results: the results indicated that the MRI texture analysis of articular discs in individuals with migraine headache has the potential to determine the behaviour of disc derangements, in which high values of contrast, low values of entropy and their correlation can correspond to displacements and tendency for non-reduction of the disc in these individuals. Conclusion: the TA of articular discs in individuals with MH has the potential to determine the behaviour of disc derangements based on high values of contrast and low values of entropy (AU)

Objetivo: o objetivo deste estudo foi analisar o desempenho da técnica de análise de textura (AT) em exames de ressonância magnética (RM) das articulações temporomandibulares (ATM) como ferramenta para identificação de possíveis alterações em indivíduos com cefaléia migrânea (CM) relacionando os achados com a presença de desarranjos internos. Material e Métodos: trinta exames de RM das ATM foram selecionados para estudo, sendo 15 de indivíduos sem cefaleia migrânea ou qualquer outro tipo de cefaléia (grupo controle) e 15 diagnosticados com CM. As imagens de RM ponderadas em T2 das articulações realizadas na posição de boca fechada foram usadas para AT. A matriz de co-ocorrência foi usada para calcular os parâmetros de textura. O teste exato de Fisher foi usado para comparar os grupos quanto ao sexo, função do disco e posição do disco, enquanto o teste de Mann-Whitney foi usado para os demais parâmetros. A relação da AT com a posição e função do disco foi avaliada por meio de regressão logística ajustada para lado e grupo. Resultados: a AT por RM dos discos articulares em indivíduos com cefaleia migrânea tem o potencial de determinar o comportamento dos desarranjos discais, em que altos valores de contraste, baixos valores de entropia e sua correlação podem corresponder a deslocamentos e tendência a não redução do disco nesses indivíduos. Conclusão: a análise de textura dos discos articulares em indivíduos com CM tem potencial para determinar o comportamento dos desarranjos do disco com base em altos valores de contraste e baixos valores de entropia. (AU)

Humans , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Temporomandibular Joint Disorders , Temporomandibular Joint Disc , Headache Disorders
Braz. j. oral sci ; 22: e238358, Jan.-Dec. 2023. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1424958


Aim: The study aimed to evaluate the accuracy of the maximum bilateral molar bite force and the Root Mean Square (RMS) Electromyography (EMG) index of the masticatory muscles in the maximum bilateral molar bite (MMBMax) of women with myogenic Temporomandibular Disorder (TMD) and asymptomatic. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study, composed of 86 women allocated to the TMD Group (n=43) and Control Group (n=43) diagnosis through the Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders. The maximum bilateral molar bite force was evaluated using a bite dynamometer and the RMS EMG index of the masticatory muscles (anterior temporalis, masseter) during 5 seconds of the MMBMax task. Student t-test was used for data comparison between accuracy of the bite force and RMS EMG of masticatory muscles during the MMBMax. Results: The maximum bilateral molar bite force showed high accuracy (AUC=0.99) for the diagnosis of women with myogenic TMD and asymptomatic women, and the RMS EMG index evaluated during the MMBMax showed a moderate level of accuracy for all masticatory muscles (AUC=0.70 to 0.75). Conclusion: The bilateral bite dynamometer with a surface EMG during bilateral bite can be used to diagnose TMD in young women

Humans , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Bite Force , Temporomandibular Joint Disorders/diagnostic imaging , Electromyography , Masticatory Muscles
Braz. j. oral sci ; 22: e237397, Jan.-Dec. 2023. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1413361


Aim: This study aimed to assess the prevalence of temporomandibular disorders (TMD) and psychosocial comorbidities in undergraduate dental students in a southern Brazilian university, during the COVID-19 pandemic. Also, it aimed to verify the association between psychosocial factors and TMD. Methods: Fonseca Anamnestic Index, Depression Anxiety Stress Scale (DASS-21), a socioeconomic questionnaire, and questions about academic performance and social distancing were applied. Poisson regression analysis was used to assess the association of predictive variables with TMD. Results: The prevalence of TMD was found to be 82.4%, and more than half of the students had some degree of stress, anxiety, and depression. Students who had symptoms of stress (RR 1.11; 95% CI 1.04-1.19), anxiety (RR 1.19; 95% CI 1.12-1.27) and reported academic performance worsening (RR 1.12; 95% CI 1.07-1.19) had higher TMD scores. Conclusion: The findings suggest that TMD was highly prevalent among dental students at a federal university in southern Brazil during the pandemic, being associated with high levels of stress, anxiety, poor academic performance, and greater social distancing

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Anxiety , Students, Dental , Temporomandibular Joint Disorders/epidemiology , Depression , COVID-19
Braz. dent. sci ; 26(1): 1-13, 2023. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1417819


Objective: The present study aimed to evaluate the quality of life in TMD patients with the use of Stabilization Splints (SSs) and Home Therapeutic Exercises (HTEs) guidance. Material and Methods: The study was a clinical, randomized, controlled, prospective, and interventional trial. The screening included dentate patients of both genders, diagnosed with TMD through the RDC/TMD questionnaire with no TMJ osteoarthritis and/or osteoarthrosis. To assess the quality of life, the Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36) questionnaire was applied to all patients (n=70), randomized into a test group with SS and a control group with HTE. The evaluations of both questionnaires were performed before and after the intervention of 12 weeks. Results: The comparisons between pre- and post-intervention intragroups were performed by the non-parametric Wilcoxon test with a 5% significance level. There was a frequency distribution of the responses to the 36 items of the SF-36 questionnaire and comparisons between times. In the test group, 49 patients received a SS and did HTEs. In the control group, 21 patients performed HTEs. In the statistical analysis, among the eight domains, three were identified with significant scores: pain, mental health, and vitality. Conclusion: It was found that there was an improvement in pain and quality of life after the treatment of TMD with a SS and HTE (AU)

Objetivo: O presente estudo teve como objetivo avaliar a qualidade de vida em pacientes com DTM com o uso de placas de estabilização (SSs) e orientação de exercícios terapêuticos domiciliares (HTEs). Material e Métodos: O estudo foi um ensaio clínico, randomizado, controlado, prospectivo e intervencionista. A triagem incluiu pacientes dentados de ambos os sexos, diagnosticados com DTM através do questionário RDC/TMD sem osteoartrite e/ou osteoartrose da ATM. Para avaliar a qualidade de vida, o questionário Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36) foi aplicado a todos os pacientes (n=70), randomizados em grupo teste com SS e grupo controle com HTE. As avaliações de ambos os questionários foram realizadas antes e após a intervenção de 12 semanas. Resultados:As comparações intragrupos pré e pós-intervenção foram realizadas pelo teste não paramétrico de Wilcoxon com nível de significância de 5%. Houve distribuição de frequência das respostas aos 36 itens do questionário SF-36 e comparações entre os tempos. No grupo controle, 21 pacientes realizaram HTEs. Na análise estatística, dentre os oito domínios, três foram identificados com escores significativos: dor, saúde mental e vitalidade. Conclusão: Verificou-se que houve melhora da dor e da qualidade de vida após o tratamento da DTM com SS e HTE.(AU)

Humans , Male , Female , Quality of Life , Temporomandibular Joint Disorders , Clinical Trial , Dental Plaque
Braz. j. oral sci ; 21jan.-dez. 2022. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1354779


Aim: To describe cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) features in patients with temporomandibular disorders (TMDs), in terms of degenerative changes, condylar excursions and positioning as well as their possible correlations with signs and symptoms. Methods: Clinical records of patients diagnosed with TMD who were seen between January 2018 and December 2019 were retrospectively evaluated. These patients were divided into the following groups based on the Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders (DC/TMD): arthralgia, myalgia, and arthralgia and myalgia groups. The CBCT examination findings of the patients were evaluated in relation to degenerative changes, estimates of condylar excursion, and condylar positioning. The likelihood ratio test was used to verify the possible differences among the three groups, whereas the chi-square test was used to verify the possible differences among the signs and symptoms for the tomographic findings (p ≤ 0.050). Results: In this study, 65 patients with TMD were included. These patients were predominantly female (84.6%) with a mean age of 40.6 years. Tomographic findings of flattening, hyperexcursion and posterior condylar positioning were frequent. A significant correlation was noted between osteophyte and lateral capsule pain (p = 0.027), erosion and posterior capsule pain (p = 0.026), and flattening, pseudocysts (p < 0.050) and condylar excursion (p < 0.001) with mouth opening. Conclusion: Few correlations were noted between degenerative changes and signs of joint pain as well as degenerative changes and condylar hypoexcursion with mouth opening. These correlations were likely associated with division by diagnosis, whereas condylar positioning did not correlate with signs and symptoms

Signs and Symptoms , Temporomandibular Joint Disorders , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Mandibular Condyle
Rev. Asoc. Odontol. Argent ; 110(2): 1100811, may.-ago. 2022. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1416608


Objetivo: Evaluar los efectos de la aplicación de un dispositivo intraoral de uso permanente en el comportamien- to de los cóndilos con hiperplasia condilar (HC) confirmada por tomografía computarizada de emisión por fotón único (SPECT), estableciendo una comparación con un grupo de pacientes con HC que no utilizó el dispositivo. Materiales y métodos: 30 pacientes con una edad promedio de 21,7 años (+/-5,56) con HC confirmada con SPECT fueron asignados al azar a dos grupos: a los del grupo I (n=18) se les colocó un dispositivo intraoral de uso perma- nente para modificar la posición de la mandíbula, mientras que a los del grupo II (n=12) no se les colocó ningún dispo- sitivo. Se realizaron evaluaciones de dolor, del desvío de la línea media, de la apertura máxima y del disconfort al inicio del estudio y a los 2, 4, 6, 10, 12 y 14 meses. A los 19 meses promedio, la actividad osteoblástica (AO) fue reevaluada me- diante SPECT. Resultados: En el grupo I, la AO en los cortes coro- nales y transversales cesó o disminuyó (p<0,001) respecto a la condición inicial, mientras que en el grupo II la AO au- mentó (p<0,001). Los datos fueron analizados utilizando el test de Wilcoxon de rangos signados. Al ajustar un modelo de ANCOVA robusto utilizando el valor inicial como covariable también se observa que el efecto del grupo fue estadística- mente significativo en ambos cortes (p<0,001). Conclusiones: La aplicación de un dispositivo intrao- ral de uso permanente mejora la evolución de la hiperplasia condilar, lo que lo puede convertir en un tratamiento de uti- lidad para el tiempo que se aguarda para realizar una condi- lectomía alta de cuello de cóndilo, o incluso para evitar este procedimiento (AU)

Objective: To evaluate the effects of the application of an intraoral device for permanent use on the behavior of con- dyles with condylar hyperplasia (CH) confirmed by single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT), establish- ing a comparison with a group of patients with CH that did not use the device. Materials and methods: Thirty patients with an aver- age age of 21.7 years (+/-5.56) with CH confirmed by SPECT were randomly divided into two groups: the ones in group I (n=18) received an intraoral device for permanent use to align the mandible, while those in group II (n=12) did not get any device. Pain, midline shift, maximum opening, and discomfort were evaluated at the beginning of the study and at 2, 4, 6, 10, 12, and 14 months. At an average of 19 months, osteoblastic activity (AO) was reassessed by SPECT. Results: In group I, the AO in the coronal and trans- verse sections ceased or decreased (p<0.001) in comparison to the initial condition, while in group II the AO increased (p<0.001). The data was analyzed by the Wilcoxon signed rank test. Adjusting a robust ANCOVA model using the ini-tial value as a covariate made it possible to observe that the effect of the group was statistically significant in both cuts (p<0.001). Conclusions: The application of an intraoral device for permanent use improves the evolution of condylar hyperpla- sia, which can make it a useful treatment until a high condylectomy of the neck of the condyle is performed, or even to avoid this procedure (AU)

Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Tomography, Emission-Computed, Single-Photon/methods , Occlusal Splints , Hyperplasia/diagnostic imaging , Mandibular Condyle/physiopathology , Mandibular Condyle/metabolism , Temporomandibular Joint Disorders/therapy , Analysis of Variance , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Range of Motion, Articular/physiology , Randomized Controlled Trial
Medisan ; 26(3)jun. 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1405818


El bruxismo es una disfunción neuromuscular considerada hoy día una parafunción, ya sea consciente (bruxismo en vigilia) o inconsciente (bruxismo del sueño). Debido al posible daño que puede ocasionar en las estructuras del aparato estomatognático, el tratamiento precoz resulta muy importante, de ahí la necesidad de un diagnóstico temprano para aplicar medidas preventivas y curativas. Teniendo en cuenta lo anterior, se realizó el presente estudio con el objetivo de fundamentar diferentes aspectos concernientes al tema en cuestión.

Bruxism is a neuromuscular dysfunction considered a parafunction nowadays, either conscious (awake bruxism) or unconscious (sleep bruxism). The early treatment is very important due to the possible damage that can cause in the structures of the stomatognathic system, hence the necessity of an early diagnosis to apply preventive and healing measures. Taking into acount the above-mentioned, the present study was carried out aimed at supporting different aspects concerning the topic in question.

Bruxism , Temporomandibular Joint Disorders
Medisan ; 26(2)abr. 2022. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1405801


Introducción: Los trastornos temporomandibulares constituyen una condición dolorosa que afecta los músculos de la masticación, la articulación temporomandibular, así como varias estructuras anatómicas del sistema estomatognático. Objetivo: Evaluar la efectividad de la electroacupuntura en pacientes con síndrome de dolor miofacial asociado a disfunción de la articulación temporomandibular. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio cuasiexperimental de intervención terapéutica en 80 pacientes asistidos en el Hospital General Docente Dr. Juan Bruno Zayas Alfonso de Santiago de Cuba, desde noviembre del 2018 hasta igual mes de 2021, quienes padecían dolor miofacial por disfunción en las articulaciones temporomandibulares. Estos fueron asignados de forma alterna en dos grupos terapéuticos de 40 integrantes cada uno: el de estudio, al que se le aplicó electroacupuntura, y el de control, el cual recibió medicación farmacológica convencional; luego, se les fue evaluando clínicamente al tercero, quinto, séptimo y décimo días de iniciadas las terapias. Las variables fueron procesadas estadísticamente aplicando el porcentaje como medida de resumen y la prueba de la Χ2 para estimar diferencias en cuanto al tiempo promedio de buena evolución, con un nivel de significación de 0,05. Resultados: Antes de comenzar los tratamientos, el dolor era intenso en la mayoría de los pacientes de ambos grupos; sin embargo, al tercer día de iniciada la intervención terapéutica, la evolución había sido buena en 45,0 % del grupo de estudio y 32,5 % del grupo de control; al quinto día este porcentaje había aumentado a 60,0 en los que recibieron electroacupuntura, pero se mantuvo igual en los que fueron tratados convencionalmente. Al finalizar la intervención se había logrado la recesión o el alivio del dolor miofacial en 97,5 % de los casos y en 90,0 % de los controles. Conclusiones: La electroacupuntura resultó clínicamente más efectiva para paliar el dolor miofacial producido por los trastornos temporomandibulares, con un menor tiempo promedio de buena respuesta terapéutica.

Introduction: The temporomandibular disorders constitute a painful condition that affects the mastication muscles, the temporomandibular joint, as well as several anatomical structures of the stomatognathic system. Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of electroacupuncture in patients with syndrome of miofacial pain associated with temporomandibular joint dysfunction. Methods: A quasi-experiment study of therapeutic intervention in 80 patients assisted in Dr. Juan Bruno Zayas Alfonso Teaching General Hospital from Santiago de Cuba, was carried out from November, 2018 to the same month in 2021, who suffered from miofacial pain due to dysfunction in the temporomandibular joint. These were assigned in an alternating way in two therapeutic groups of 40 members each one: that of study, to which electroacupuncture was applied, and that of control, which received conventional pharmacological medication; then, they were clinically evaluated at the third, fifth, seventh and tenth days after the therapy. The variables were statistically processed applying the percentage as summary measure and the chi-square test to estimate differences as for the average time of good evolution, with a level of significance of 0.05. Results: Before beginning the therapy, the pain was intense in most of the patients of both groups; however, at the third day of the therapies, the evolution had been good in 45.0 % of the study group and 32.5 % of the control group, and the fifth day this percentage had increased at 60.0 in those that received electroacupuncture, but stayed equally in those that were treated conventionally. When concluding the intervention recession or relief of the miofacial pain in 97.5 % of the cases and in 90.0 % of the controls was achieved. Conclusions: The electroacupuncture was clinically more effective than the conventional medication to palliate the miofacial pain caused by the temporomandibular disorders, with a less average time of good therapeutic response.

Temporomandibular Joint , Temporomandibular Joint Disorders , Electroacupuncture , Facial Pain
Fisioter. Bras ; 23(1): 173-187, Fev 11, 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1358612


Introdução: As Disfunções Temporomandibulares (DTM) consistem em um conjunto de problemas clínicos, de etiologia multifatorial que afeta diretamente na qualidade de vida (QV) desses indivíduos. As mulheres apresentam mais chances de ter DTM do que os homens. Diante disso, a fisioterapia associada aos exercícios terapêuticos e a eletroterapia é eficaz no tratamento da DTM e melhora da QV. Objetivo: Verificar a eficácia do tratamento fisioterapêutico em mulheres com DTM no alívio da dor orofacial e melhora da função mandibular. Métodos: Trata-se de uma revisão integrativa da literatura, com artigos selecionados no período de 2016 a 2020, indexados nas bases de dados: Pubmed, PEDro, BVS, Scielo e Google Acadêmico, os quais foram agregados 7 artigos elegíveis. A análise da qualidade metodológica foi realizada através da escala PEDro. Resultados: As técnicas e recursos fisioterapêuticos: terapia manual, ultrassom, fototerapia, TENS e acupuntura, mostraram-se eficazes no tratamento de mulheres com DTM. Conclusão: O uso das técnicas e recursos fisioterapêuticos foram eficazes no tratamento de mulheres com DTM no alívio da dor orofacial e melhora da função mandibular, além de melhorar a atividade eletromiográfica dos músculos mastigatórios, cefaleia, cervicalgia e QV. (AU)

Humans , Female , Facial Pain/therapy , Complementary Therapies , Temporomandibular Joint Disorders/therapy , Physical Therapy Modalities , Treatment Outcome
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-962655


ABSTRACT@#Most prior oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) research concerning temporomandibular disorders (TMDs) had utilised generic OHRQoL measures. This study aimed to translate and validate the Malay version of Oral Health Impact Profile for TMDs (OHIP-TMDs), a TMDs-specific OHRQoL tool, for use in Malay literate populations. The translation and cross-cultural adaptation of the OHIP-TMDs into the Malay language were implemented according to the international guidelines. A convenience sample of 243 subjects completed the Malay OHIP-TMDs (OHIP-TMDs-M) as well as the Malay Short Oral Health Impact Profile (S-OHIP-M), Global Oral Health ratings (GOH-M) and Fonseca Anamnestic Index (FAI-M). The OHIP-TMDs-M was re-administered to a subset of 40 subjects after two weeks for test-retest reliability. Concurrent, convergent and discriminative validity were assessed using Spearman’s rank correlation, Kruskal Wallis and Mann-Whitney U tests with significance level set at p < 0.05. The OHIP-TMDs-M was found to have excellent internal consistency (Cronbach’s alpha = 0.98) and test-retest reliability (intraclass correlation coefficient = 0.99, p < 0.001). A strong and positive correlation with S-OHIP-M (rs = 0.74) was observed, and OHIP-TMDs-M scores differed significantly between subjects with disparate GOH-M ratings (p < 0.001). Furthermore, the OHIP-TMDs-M was able to discriminate between subjects with and without TMDs. The OHIP-TMDs-M was found to have excellent reliability and good validity. It is a promising tool for assessing TMDs-specific OHRQoL in Malay literate populations.

Quality of Life , Oral Health , Temporomandibular Joint Disorders
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 142-148, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935840


Objective: To investigate the imaging features of condylar cystic degeneration of temporomandibular joint (TMJ) by cone-beam CT (CBCT), spiral CT, MRI and radionuclide bone imaging. Methods: From January 2018 to December 2020, thirty-two patients with cyst-like lesions of condylein temporomandibular joint were examined by CBCT, spiral CT, MRI and radionuclide bone imaging at the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery in General Hospital of Chinese PLA. There were 12 males and 20 females involved, aged from 16 to 65 years with an average age of (33.9±12.5) years. The characteristics of CBCT, spiral CT, MRI and radionuclide bone imaging were analyzed. Condylar cyst like lesions were classified as type A and type B based on the presence or absence of surface bone defects. Condylar cyst like lesions were classified as type Ⅰ(yes) and type Ⅱ(no) according to the accompanying bone marrow edema-like lesions of the condyles. The incidence of condylar bone marrow edema, disc displacement and abnormal bone metabolism were analyzed. Results: A total of 64 joint images of 32 patients were included, including 34 sides with TMJ cyst-like lesion and 6 sides with multiple cyst-like lesions,the total cyst-like lesions were 42. The largest diameter of cyst-like lesion ranged from 1.0 to 12.4 mm, with an average length of (3.7± 1.8) mm. There were 24 cases of type A TMJ cyst like lesion and 10 cases of type B cyst-like lesion. The detection rate of CBCT was 95.2% (40/42) and that of spiral CT was 100% (42/42), there was no significant difference (Calibration Chi-square=0.51, P=0.474). The detection rate of nuclear magnetic resonance was 80.1% (34/42), and the detection rate of cyst-like lesions less than 2 mm was 3/11. In the cyst like lesion side, there were 9 sides with anterior disc displacement with reduction, 20 sides with anterior disc displacement without reduction. In the non-cyst like lesion side, 10 sides with anterior disc displacement with reduction and 6 sides with anterior disc displacement without reduction. There was a significant difference in the displacement of the disc between cyst-like and non-cystic lesion side (χ²=7.80, P=0.005). MRI showed that 6 cases of cystic side[17.6% (6/34)] had bone marrow edema-like lesions (all type A), 1 case of non-cyst like lesions side [3.3% (1/30)] had bone marrow edema-like lesion, there was no significant difference between cystic and non-cystic lesions (Calibration Chi-square=2.04, P=0.153). There was a significant difference between type A and B cystic lesions (Fisher exact probability method, P=0.024). Radionuclide bone imaging showed abnormal bone metabolism in 26 patients in the cyst-like lesion side and 5 patients in the non-cyst like lesion side (χ²=22.82, P<0.001). Conclusions Multi-slice Spiral CT could detect the cyst-like lesion of TMJ condyle in the early stage, which is different from the large joint. And the formation mechanism may vary from the different classifications.

Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Cysts , Joint Dislocations , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Mandibular Condyle/diagnostic imaging , Multimodal Imaging , Temporomandibular Joint/diagnostic imaging , Temporomandibular Joint Disc , Temporomandibular Joint Disorders/diagnostic imaging
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935832


Objective: To screen the physical, psychological and behavioral factors related to patients with temporomandibular disorders (TMD) by using Axis Ⅱ assessment instruments of diagnostic criteria for TMD(DC/TMD). And to provide a reference to establish personalized diagnosis and treatment plans for TMD patients so as to prevent TMD and reduce predisposing factors. Methods: A total of 141 TMD patients, who were admitted in the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery in School and Hospital of Stomatology, Wuhan University from October 2018 to February 2021 were selected. There were 121 females and 20 males, with an average age of 30 years. A total of 90 healthy people were included as controls. A full-time psychologist conducted relevant questionnaire surveys. The questionnaires include general clinical survey forms and TMD symptom questionnaire. In addition, Axis Ⅱ assessment instruments include graded chronic pain scale, jaw functional limitation scale, oral behaviors checklist, patient health questionnaire-9 (depression), generalized anxiety disorder scale, patient health questionnaire-15 (physical symptoms), etc. The main observational indicators include: pain level, pain impact rates, overall classification of chronic pain, limited chewing function score, limited motor function score, limited communication function score, total jaw function restricted score, depression score, anxiety score, somatic symptom score and oral behavior score.The survey data were imported into SPSS 22.0 software for statistical analysis. Results: In the TMD group 60.3% (85/141) patients had various degrees of pain, 24.1% (34/141) of those with pain effect grades from 1 to 3 and 61.0% (86/141) showed chronic pain overall grades from Ⅰ to Ⅳ. The chewing function restricted score was 2.67(1.17, 4.25), motor function restricted score was 4.25(1.75, 6.12), communication function restricted score was 1.13(1.00, 2.25) and total jaw function restricted score was 2.56(1.47, 4.15) respectively. Patients with mild depression or above accounted for 59.6%(84/141), patients with mild anxiety or above accounted for 56.7%(80/141), 46.1%(65/141) patients had somatization symptoms. Statistical differences (P<0.05) were determined between TMD group and control group in various scores of jaw function, oral behavior grading, depression, anxiety, and physical symptoms. Physical symptoms had significantly statistical difference between different diagnostic classification(P<0.05). Meanwhile, among the different chronic pain levels in the TMD group, there were statistical differences in the various scales of mandibular dysfunction, depression, anxiety, and somatization. In the TMD group, other significant differences were noticed between males and females in terms of the average score of mouth opening, verbal and facial communication, the total score of mandibular dysfunction as well as physical symptoms (P<0.05). Conclusions: Compared with the healthy people, patients with TMD had more abnormal oral behaviors, different restriction of the mandibular functional activities. At the same time, depression, anxiety, and somatization were more serious. Patients with osteoarthritis and subluxation of temporomandibular joint were more likely to suffer physical symptoms. TMD patients suffering from pain had more severe mandibular dysfunction and symptoms of depression, anxiety, and somatization.

Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Depression/diagnosis , Facial Pain , Mandible , Somatoform Disorders , Temporomandibular Joint Disorders/diagnosis , Temporomandibular Joint Dysfunction Syndrome
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 22: e200246, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1386808


Abstract Objective: To assess the influence of the COVID-19 pandemic on levels of anxiety, stress, and orofacial pain in individuals with and without TMD. Material and Methods: In this cross-sectional study, the participants were divided into two groups (n=10, each) experimental group (EG) TMD patients and control group (CG), without TMD. The presence of TMD was confirmed using the RDC/TMD. The Beck Anxiety Scale (BAI), Perceived Stress Scale (PSS), and Oral Analog Scale were used for assessment. The Beck Anxiety Scale is composed of 21 multiple-choice questions describing symptoms of anxiety, while the PSS is a measure that evaluates life situations as stressful. An Oral Analogue Scale was applied to each individual to quantify orofacial pain, with 0 (zero) without pain and 10 (ten) being the worst pain ever felt. The comparison between groups was performed using the Mann-Whitney test. Logistic regression was used to verify TMD dependence in relation to BAI and PSS-10. Quantitative variables were correlated with each other by Pearson's correlation coefficient. The level of significance considered for all tests was 5%. Results: The association was statistically significant (p≤0.05) for BAI and PSS with a TMD. Conclusion: Although the COVID 19 pandemic has had a psychological impact on the general population, patients with TMD have higher levels of anxiety and stress than the control group.

Humans , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Anxiety/psychology , Stress, Psychological/psychology , Temporomandibular Joint Disorders/pathology , Risk Factors , COVID-19/transmission , Social Isolation/psychology , Logistic Models , Cross-Sectional Studies/methods , Surveys and Questionnaires , Statistics, Nonparametric
Rev. Ateneo Argent. Odontol ; 66(1): 8-16, 2022. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1380002


Los contactos mediotrusivos son aquellos contactos oclusales que se encuentran entre las vertientes in- ternas de las cúspides linguales maxilares y las inter- nas de las cúspides bucales mandibulares del lado de no trabajo durante los movimientos de lateralidad. Estos contactos mediotrusivos podría desencadenar trastornos temporomandibulares, afectando la oclu- sión y la articulación temporomandibular. El objetivo de este estudio es analizar las caracterís- ticas y la relación entre los contactos mediotrusivos con la articulación temporomandibular y la oclusión en pacientes que consultan al Servicio de Oclusión y ATM del Hospital Odontológico de la Facultad de Odontología de la Universidad Nacional del Nordeste (AU)

Mediotrusive contacts are those occlusal contacts that are found between the internal slopes of the maxillary lingual cusps and the internal slopes of the mandibular buccal cusps on the non-working side during laterality movements. These mediotrusive contacts could trigger temporomandibular disorders affecting occlusion and temporomandibular joint. The objective of this study was to analyze the characteristics and relationship of mediotrusive contacts with occlusion and the temporomandibular joint, in patients who consult the Occlusion and TMJ Service of the Dental Hospital of the Faculty of Dentistry of the National University of the Northeast (AU)

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Facial Pain , Temporomandibular Joint Disorders , Dental Occlusion , Argentina , Schools, Dental , Temporomandibular Joint/physiopathology , Prospective Studies , Dental Service, Hospital , Masticatory Muscles/physiopathology
Acta odontol. Colomb. (En linea) ; 12(1): 58-71, 2022. tab Causas comunes de luxación de articulación temporomandibular, ilus 1 A: Fotografía extraoral del paciente B: Fotografía intraoral, ilus 2 A: Radiografía postero-anterior de cráneo B: Ortopantomografía, ilus 3 Tomografía computarizada de ATM derecha e izquierda con mala posición de cóndilos y ausencia de zonas hiperdensas compatibles con anquilosis de ATM, ilus 4 A: marcaje de abordaje preauricular con extensión temporal B: incisión inicial en piel y tejido subcutáneo, ilus 5 A: localización de eminencia articular B: eminectomía C: posición adecuada de cóndilo mandibular derecho D: posición adecuada de cóndilo mandibular izquierdo, ilus 6 A: fotografía frontal B: distancia interincisal máxima C: ortopantomografía en la que se observa la correcta posición de los cóndilos mandibulares
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1353794


Introducción: la luxación de la articulación temporomandibular es un desplazamiento del cóndilo fuera de sus posiciones funcionales dentro de la fosa articular y la eminencia articular, la cual ocasiona una pérdida completa de la función articular. La luxación crónica es toda luxación aguda que progresa sin un tratamiento específico y que puede ser de carácter recurrente. La eminectomía es un tratamiento quirúrgico definitivo contra la luxación crónica de articulación temporomandibular. Objetivo: reportar el caso clínico de un paciente masculino, de la tercera década de su vida, con diagnóstico de luxación crónica de la articulación temporomandibular de cinco meses de evolución y presentar una revisión actualizada de la literatura sobre este procedimiento quirúrgico. Caso clínico: el paciente fue tratado quirúrgicamente con eminectomía bilateral. Discusión: la eminectomía es un procedimiento quirúrgico controversial; sin embargo, recientes investigaciones lo catalogan como seguro y efectivo. Conclusión: el caso clínico presentado muestra un buen resultado.

Background: Temporo-mandibular joint dislocation is a displacement of the condyle, out of its functional positions within the articular fossa and articular eminence, causing a complete loss of joint function. Chronic dislocation is any acute dislocation that progresses without specific treatment and that can be recurrent. Eminectomy is a definitive surgical treatment for chronic temporomandibular joint dislocation. Objective: To report the clinical case of a male patient in the third decade of his life with a diagnosis of chronic dislocation of the temporomandibular joint of 5 months of evolution and to carry out an updated review of the literature on this surgical procedure. Case Report: The patient was treated surgically with bilateral eminectomy. Discussion: Eminectomy is a controversial surgical procedure; recent research classifies it as safe and effective. Conclusion: The presented clinical case shows a good result.

Humans , Male , Adult , Joint Dislocations , Temporomandibular Joint , Temporomandibular Joint Disorders
Dental press j. orthod. (Impr.) ; 27(1): e2220159, 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1364783


ABSTRACT Introduction: Temporomandibular disorder (TMD) refers to a group of conditions that compromise the harmonious movement and function of the temporomandibular joint, masticatory muscles, and associated structures. The etiopathogenesis of TMD is multifactorial but not well-understood, with the role of genetic factors still being unclear. Objective: This review aims to summarize the results of studies that evaluated TNF-α levels and the -308G/A TNF-α polymorphism in TMD patients. This study emphasizes the importance of a more selective treatment involving TNF-α inhibitors that can potentially reduce inflammation and pain, and improve quality of life. Methods: The MEDLINE/PubMed database, Cochrane Library, and Web of Science database were searched for case-control studies published until September 2020 that compared levels of TNF-α or presence of its -308G/A polymorphism in TMD patients and healthy individuals. Results: Six case-control studies were identified with a total of 398 TMD patients, aged between 12 and 78 years. The control group consisted of 149 subjects, aged between 18 and 47 years. The occurrence of TMD was predominant in females. Majority of studies found high TNF-α levels in TMD patients, compared to the control group. One of these studies found a positive correlation between the GA genotype and the development of TMD. Conclusion: Majority of the TMD patients showed elevated TNF-α levels, and a possible explanation for this could be the presence of the -308G/A polymorphism.

RESUMO Introdução: A disfunção temporomandibular (DTM) é definida como um grupo de alterações que comprometem a articulação temporomandibular, os músculos mastigatórios e as estruturas associadas. A etiopatogenia da DTM é multifatorial, e o papel dos fatores genéticos permanece obscuro. Objetivo: A presente revisão teve como objetivo descrever as contribuições de estudos que avaliaram os níveis de TNF-α e o polimorfismo -308 G/A em pacientes com DTM. Esse estudo enfatizou a importância de um tratamento mais completo envolvendo os inibidores do TNF-α que podem potencialmente reduzir a inflamação e a dor, contribuindo para melhorar a qualidade de vida do paciente. Métodos: As pesquisas foram realizadas nas bases de dados MEDLINE/PubMed, Cochrane Library e Web of Science, em busca de estudos de caso-controle publicados até setembro de 2020 que avaliassem os níveis de TNF-α e seu polimorfismo -308 G/A nos pacientes com DTM e em controles saudáveis. Resultados: Seis estudos de caso-controle foram identificados, com um total de 398 pacientes com DTM, e a idade variou de 12 a 78 anos. O grupo controle consistiu de 149 indivíduos e sua idade variou, aproximadamente, de 18 a 47 anos. O sexo feminino foi predominante. A maioria das pesquisas encontrou níveis elevados de TNF-α nos pacientes, em comparação com os controles. Um estudo encontrou uma associação positiva entre o genótipo GA e o desenvolvimento de DTM. Conclusão: A maioria dos pacientes com DTM demonstrou predisposição a uma maior produção de TNF-α, e isso poderia ser explicado pela presença do polimorfismo -308 G/A.

Humans , Female , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Young Adult , Temporomandibular Joint , Temporomandibular Joint Disorders/genetics , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/genetics , Quality of Life , Temporomandibular Joint Disorders/epidemiology , Genotype , Middle Aged
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1422270


Abstract Objective: To assess the association between temporomandibular disorder (TMD) with sociodemographic factors, health-related factors, and oral conditions in adolescents. Material and Methods: This cross-sectional study was developed with 89 adolescents between 13 to 18 years. TMD diagnosis was obtained by the Research Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disease (RDC/TMD) Axis I. Diagnoses of chronic pain, depression, presence of non-specific physical symptoms, including pain and anxiety, were obtained by the RDC/TMD Axis II. The feeling of happiness was measured by the Subjective Happiness Scale. Socio-economic and demographic characteristics were collected through self-administered questionnaires. Patients were examined for dental caries, dental trauma, malocclusion, and tooth wear. Parents answered a sociodemographic, economic, and general health questionnaire. Data were submitted to descriptive statistics, and a logistic regression model was used to assess the association between TMD and the socio-economic, demographic, health-related, and clinical variables. Results: TMD prevalence was 42%. TMD was associated to skin color (p=0.040), use of medications in the past year (p = 0.020) and previous dental trauma (p=0.030). Also, it tended to be associated with the presence of probable awake bruxism (p=0.053). Conclusion: Sociodemographic factors, health-related factors, and oral conditions play a role in TMD, with nonwhite adolescents, those who had used medications in the past year and/or had previous dental trauma having a greater chance of present this disorder (AU).

Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Temporomandibular Joint , Temporomandibular Joint Dysfunction Syndrome/epidemiology , Adolescent , Sociodemographic Factors , Temporomandibular Joint Disorders/diagnosis , Logistic Models , Cross-Sectional Studies/methods , Surveys and Questionnaires
Psico (Porto Alegre) ; 53(1): 38434, 2022.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1415214


The objective of this study was to determine the association between temporomandibular disorders (TMD) with depression, somatization and sleep disorders in the city of Maringá, Brazil. A total of 1,643 participants were selected from the Brazilian Unified Health System (SUS). Of these, the test group consisted of 84 participants who had moderate or severe limitations due to TMD pain and the control group consisted of 1,048 participants with no pain. There was a highly statistically significant difference (p<0.001) between cases and controls regarding depression (82.1 versus 37.4%), somatization (84.5 versus 31.4%), and sleep disorders (84.6 versus 36.4%), in moderate to severe levels. The levels of moderate to severe depression, somatization and sleep disorders were significantly higher in TMD subjects with high TMD pain disability. The risk of developing TMD increased 4 to 5 times when the individual has moderate to severe levels of depression, somatization, and sleep disorders.

O objetivo deste estudo foi determinar a associação entre disfunções temporomandibulares (DTM) com depressão, somatização e distúrbios do sono na cidade de Maringá, Brasil. Foram selecionados 1.643 participantes atendidos no Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS). Desses, o grupo caso foi formado por 84 participantes que apresentaram limitações moderada ou grave devido à dor na DTM e o grupo controle foi formado por 1.048 participantes com ausência de dor. Verificou-se diferença estatisticamente significativa (p<0,001) entre casos e controles em relação à depressão (82,1 versus 37,4%), somatização (84,5 versus 31,4%) e distúrbios do sono (84,6 versus 36,4%), em níveis moderados a graves. Os níveis de depressão moderada a grave, somatização e distúrbios do sono foram significativamente mais altos em indivíduos com DTM com alta incapacidade devido à dor por DTM. O risco de desenvolver DTM aumentou quatro a cinco vezes quando o indivíduo apresenta níveis moderados a graves de depressão, somatização e distúrbios do sono.

El objetivo de este estudio fue determinar la asociación entre los trastornos temporomandibulares (TMD) con la depresión, la somatización y los trastornos del sueño en la ciudad de Maringá, Brasil. Un total de 1.643 participantes fueron seleccionados del Sistema Único de Salud (SUS) de Brasil. (SUS). De estos, el grupo de casos fue formado por 84 participantes que presentaban limitaciones moderadas o graves debido al dolor TMD y el grupo de control estaba formado por 1.048 participantes sin dolor. Hubo una diferencia estadísticamente significativa (p <0,001) entre casos y controles con respecto a depresión (82,1 frente a 37,4%), somatización (84,5 frente a 31,4%) y trastornos del sueño (84,6 frente a 36,4%), en niveles moderados a severos. Los niveles de depresión moderada a grave, somatización y trastornos del sueño fueron significativamente más altos en personas con TMD con alta discapacidad por dolor en TMD. El riesgo de desarrollar TMD aumenta de 4 a 5 veces cuando el individuo tiene niveles moderados a severos de depresión, somatización y trastornos del sueño.

Temporomandibular Joint Disorders , Sleep Wake Disorders , Somatoform Disorders , Risk Factors , Depression