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1.
Rev. Ateneo Argent. Odontol ; 66(1): 8-16, 2022. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1380002

ABSTRACT

Los contactos mediotrusivos son aquellos contactos oclusales que se encuentran entre las vertientes in- ternas de las cúspides linguales maxilares y las inter- nas de las cúspides bucales mandibulares del lado de no trabajo durante los movimientos de lateralidad. Estos contactos mediotrusivos podría desencadenar trastornos temporomandibulares, afectando la oclu- sión y la articulación temporomandibular. El objetivo de este estudio es analizar las caracterís- ticas y la relación entre los contactos mediotrusivos con la articulación temporomandibular y la oclusión en pacientes que consultan al Servicio de Oclusión y ATM del Hospital Odontológico de la Facultad de Odontología de la Universidad Nacional del Nordeste (AU)


Mediotrusive contacts are those occlusal contacts that are found between the internal slopes of the maxillary lingual cusps and the internal slopes of the mandibular buccal cusps on the non-working side during laterality movements. These mediotrusive contacts could trigger temporomandibular disorders affecting occlusion and temporomandibular joint. The objective of this study was to analyze the characteristics and relationship of mediotrusive contacts with occlusion and the temporomandibular joint, in patients who consult the Occlusion and TMJ Service of the Dental Hospital of the Faculty of Dentistry of the National University of the Northeast (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Facial Pain , Temporomandibular Joint Disorders , Dental Occlusion , Argentina , Schools, Dental , Temporomandibular Joint/physiopathology , Prospective Studies , Dental Service, Hospital , Masticatory Muscles/physiopathology
2.
Rev. Círc. Argent. Odontol ; 79(229): 5-8, abr. 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1253185

ABSTRACT

El propósito de este trabajo cualtitativo fue aplicar el método de Bioneuroemoción en individuos que, estando en tratamiento por bruxismo, continuaban con dolor y sintomatología asociada. El análisis de las creencias limitantes en común de los individuos, las resonancias familiares y la emoción primaria desencadenada, permitieron obtener desde dónde percibían dichos individuos las situaciones de mayor estrés. Para ello, se consideró un diseño muestral centrado en un grupo de cinco pacientes que concurrían al Servicio de ATM (Articulación Temporomandibular) de un hospital odontológico de la Ciudad de Buenos Aires, donde estaban siendo tratados por bruxismo con placas miorrelajantes (AU)


Subject(s)
Psychotherapy, Rational-Emotive , Temporomandibular Joint/physiopathology , Bruxism/therapy , Emotion-Focused Therapy , Patient Escort Service , Argentina , Facial Pain , Occlusal Splints , Interview , Culture , Dental Service, Hospital , Evaluation Studies as Topic
3.
Rev. ADM ; 77(4): 216-221, jul.-ago. 2020. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1130113

ABSTRACT

Los pacientes con problemas esqueléticos clase II que han terminado su crecimiento, generalmente, se tratan con cirugía ortognática o extracciones de piezas dentarias. Un objetivo del tratamiento es obtener estabilidad a largo plazo. El presente caso clínico es de un paciente masculino de 15 años de edad con clase II esquelética sagital que se realizó desprogramación neuromuscular con un plano de acrílico, que permitió determinar la verdadera discrepancia intermaxilar y obtener que la articulación temporomandibular estuviera en una posición estable en relación céntrica del paciente previo a su tratamiento ortodóncico prequirúrgico (AU)


In patients with class II skeletal problems who have finished their growth; they are treated with orthognathic surgery or dental extractions usually. One treatment goal is to obtain long-term stability. The present case report is of a 15 years old male patient with skeletal sagittal class II who underwent neuromuscular deprogramming with an acrylic plane, which allowed to determine the true skeletal discrepancy and achieve a stable position of the temporomandibular joint in centric relation before the orthodontic treatment (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Centric Relation , Occlusal Splints , Orthognathic Surgery , Malocclusion, Angle Class II/therapy , Patient Care Planning , Temporomandibular Joint/physiopathology , Cephalometry , Neuromuscular Manifestations , Mexico
4.
J. appl. oral sci ; 27: e20180510, 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1012508

ABSTRACT

Abstract Intermaxillary fixation (IMF) is a classic method for immobilization of the mandible after mandibular fractures and corrective surgery. However, it has been suggested that IMF may be a risk for developing temporomandibular joint (TMJ)-related symptoms, especially when applied for longer periods. Objective: To evaluate the clinical function of TMJs and masticatory muscles 10-15 years after mandibular setback surgery and subsequent six weeks of IMF. The patients' self-reported TMJ and masticatory muscle symptoms were also addressed. Methodology: Thirty-six patients (24 women and 12 men) treated with intraoral vertical ramus osteotomies and subsequent six weeks of IMF, underwent a clinical examination of TMJs and masticatory muscles 10-15 years after surgery and completed a five-item structured questionnaire reporting subjective TMJ-related symptoms. Mean age by the time of clinical examination was 34.1 years (range 27.2-59.8 years). The clinical outcome was registered according to the Helkimo clinical dysfunction index. Descriptive and bivariate statistics were performed and level of significance was set to 5%. Results: Mean maximum unassisted mouth opening 10-15 years after surgery was 50.1 mm, (range 38-70 mm, SE 1.2), statistically significantly greater in men compared to women (p=0.004). Mean Helkimo dysfunction group was 1.5 (range 1-3, SE 0.10). Eighty-one percent experienced pain on palpation in either the masseter muscle, temporal muscle or both, and 31% experienced pain when moving the mandible in one or more directions. Thirty-one percent reported pain from palpating the TMJs. In the questionnaire, none reported to have pain during chewing or mouth opening on a weekly or daily basis, but 22% reported difficulties with maximum opening of the mouth. Conclusion: Ten to fifteen years after mandibular setback surgery the patient's mandibular range of movement is good. Despite clinically recognizable symptoms, few patients reported having TMJ- or masticatory muscle-related symptoms in their daily life.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Temporomandibular Joint/physiopathology , Temporomandibular Joint Disorders/physiopathology , Malocclusion, Angle Class III/surgery , Masticatory Muscles/physiopathology , Maxilla/surgery , Reference Values , Time Factors , Temporomandibular Joint Disorders/etiology , Follow-Up Studies , Treatment Outcome , Statistics, Nonparametric , Jaw Fixation Techniques/adverse effects , Self Report , Myalgia/physiopathology , Malocclusion, Angle Class III/physiopathology , Maxilla/physiopathology , Middle Aged
5.
Rev. salud pública ; 20(3): 384-389, mayo-jun. 2018. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-978995

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Objetivo Describir las alteraciones posturales más frecuentes, de acuerdo al tipo de trastorno temporomandibular (TTM). Metodología Se analizaron 30 pacientes con edad media de 27,4 años; 80% mujeres, con diagnóstico de TTM confirmado con los Criterios Diagnósticos (CD/TTM) por investigador capacitado en la clínica de la Facultad de Estomatología de la BUAP. Posteriormente se realizó el análisis postural (tres vistas) con ayuda de una cuadrícula de acetato en las instalaciones de la Licenciatura de Fisioterapia de la BUAP. Se analizaron los resultados con estadística descriptiva en el programa SPSS v20. Resultados El 16,7% de los pacientes presentó TTM de origen muscular, el 36,7% articular y el resto combinado. Las alteraciones posturales más frecuentes fueron: hombro elevado: 93,3%, basculación pélvica: 86,7% y posición de cabeza adelantada: 83,3%. El mayor porcentaje de pacientes presentó cinco alteraciones posturales. El 100% presentó alteraciones en la vista lateral y el 50% de los pacientes con TTM de origen combinado presentaron alteraciones en las tres vistas, mientras en los de origen articular; el 45,5% y en los de origen muscular; el 60%. Conclusiones Los pacientes con TTM presentan alteraciones posturales; principalmente posición de cabeza adelantada, basculación pélvica y hombro elevado, con especial compromiso en los de diagnóstico muscular y combinado.(AU)


ABSTRACT Objective To describe postural alterations according to the type of temporomandibular disorder (TMD). Methods Prior informed consent, 30 patients were included in the study, with a mean age of 27.4 years; 80% women, diagnosed with TMD based on Diagnostic Criteria (DC/ TTM) by a trained researcher in the clinic of the Faculty of Stomatology of the BUAP. Subsequently, a postural analysis (three views) was carried out at the facilities of the School of Physiotherapy of the BUAP using an acetate grid. The results were analyzed with descriptive statistics in the SPSS v20 program. Results 16.7% of the patients presented muscular TMD, 36.7% joint TMD, and the rest combined TMD. The most common postural alterations were: high shoulder: 93.3%, pelvic tilt: 86.7%, and forward head posture: 83.3%. On average, the patients had between 4 and 5 postural changes. 100% of the patients ha alterations in the side view, while 50% of the patients with TMD of combined origin had alterations in the three views, as well as 45.5% of the patients with TMD of joint origin, and 60% of the patients with TMD of muscular origin. Conclusions TMD patients present postural changes, mainly forward head posture, pelvic tilt and high shoulder, with special involvement related to muscle and combined diagnosis.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Temporomandibular Joint/physiopathology , Facial Pain/etiology , Temporomandibular Joint Disorders/diagnosis , Postural Balance , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies/instrumentation
6.
Rev. Círc. Argent. Odontol ; 75(225): 19-23, nov. 2017. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-973130

ABSTRACT

La presencia de desórdenes temporomandibulares (TTM) en el niño es un tema controversial. Algunos autores sostienen su ausencia en la población infantil; sin embargo, otros han observado signos y síntomas de TTM en poblaciones pediátricas. Nosotros creemos que tales desórdenes pasan inadvertidos con frecuencia por la falta de un examen clínico completo y minucioso que incluya el estudio de la ATM como parte del sistema estomatognático y como revisión rutinaria en la clínica odontopediátrica. Ante las reiteradas consultas que recibimos en la asignatura Odontología Niños de la FOLP, surgió la inquietud de profundizar en el tema y decidimos realizar un trabajo de investigación denominado : "Disfunciones temporomandibulares y su relación con trastornos de ansiedad en una población infantil". El objetivo general de este trabajo fue determinar los signos y síntomas de los TTM y su relación con los distintos niveles de trastornos emocionales en una población infantil, con el propósito de brindar información a odontólogos y odontopediatras acerca de la importancia de realizar un correcto examen clínico de la ATM que nos alerte sobre la posibilidad de aparición de TTM en niños, sin dejar de estar atentos a los miedos o los diferentes grados de ansiedad que los niños pueden desarrollar y que contribuyen en buen grado a agravar o desencadenar el cuadro.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Child , Temporomandibular Joint Dysfunction Syndrome/diagnosis , Temporomandibular Joint Dysfunction Syndrome/etiology , Anxiety Disorders/complications , Child Behavior/psychology , Dental Care for Children/methods , Temporomandibular Joint/physiopathology , Temporomandibular Joint Dysfunction Syndrome/prevention & control , Clinical Diagnosis
7.
CoDAS ; 29(2): e20160070, 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-840120

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose To investigate the influence of the presence of Temporomandibular Disorders (TMD) on postural balance in elderly individuals. Methods The study sample consisted of 150 elderly: 103 women (67.7±5.0 years) and 47 men (69.3±5.5 years). Evaluation of the presence and severity of TMD included an anamnesis questionnaire, an evaluation of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ), and a muscular examination, which allowed the division of the elderly into 2 groups: G1 (experimental, n=95), with TMD; G2 (control, n=55), without TMD. Postural balance was assessed by means of the one-leg stance test (OLST) on a force platform (BIOMEC400), thus permitting the following measurements: center of foot pressure (COP); mean sway velocity (MV) and frequency (MF) of COP in both the anteroposterior (VAP and FAP) and medial/lateral (VML and FML) directions. The statistical analysis of data was performed using independent t-test, Variance Analysis, and Chi Square test (α=5%). Results Presence of TMD was observed in 63.3% of the individuals (Group 2), with different degrees of severity (mild: 42.7%, moderate: 14.7%, severe: 6%). Significantly higher TMD was observed for women (73.8%) compared with men (40.4%) (p=0.0002). No significant difference was found in between the groups for all balance parameters, e.g., presence and severity of TMD, presence of pain to palpation of TMJ and of masticatory and cervical muscles. Conclusion The presence and severity of TMD, in addition to the presence of pain to palpation of TMJ and masticatory and cervical muscles did not alter the variables related to postural balance in this population.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Temporomandibular Joint/physiopathology , Temporomandibular Joint Disorders/physiopathology , Postural Balance , Masticatory Muscles/physiopathology , Severity of Illness Index , Brazil/epidemiology , Temporomandibular Joint Disorders/diagnosis , Temporomandibular Joint Disorders/epidemiology , Case-Control Studies , Sex Factors , Surveys and Questionnaires
8.
Rev. Soc. Odontol. La Plata ; 26(52): 11-17, jun. 2016. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-795817

ABSTRACT

La artritis reumatoidea juvenil (ARJ) es una enfermedad inflamatoria autoinmune que se presenta en niños menores de 16 años. Es de curso crónico, etiología desconocida, y afecta sobre todo las articulaciones, como la temporomandibular (ATM). El daño de la ATM puede ocasionar: alteraciones en el crecimiento facial (micrognatia), maloclusión clase II, mordida abierta anterior, desviaciones laterales, erosiones óseas, destrucción del cón-dilo, oclusión disfuncional y alteración de la estética facial, entre otras consecuencias. La posición oclusal neurofisiológica lograda por medio de elementos electrónicos, como el Transcutaneus Electrical Neural Stimulation (TENS), y mantenida por el Dispositivo Intaroral (DIO) podría posibilitar la remodelación de la cabeza del cóndilo, en pacientes en crecimiento, en los que la enfermedad se halla controlada, regulando así también la sintomatología dolorosa...


Subject(s)
Humans , Adolescent , Female , Child , Temporomandibular Joint/physiopathology , Arthritis, Juvenile/complications , Mandible/growth & development , Temporomandibular Joint Disorders/etiology , Age and Sex Distribution , Jaw Abnormalities/etiology , Arthritis, Juvenile/classification , Arthritis, Juvenile/drug therapy , Facial Asymmetry/etiology , Mandibular Condyle/growth & development , Transcutaneous Electric Nerve Stimulation/methods , Physical Therapy Modalities/methods , Occlusal Splints
9.
CoDAS ; 28(1): 17-21, jan.-fev. 2016. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-779119

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Introdução: Mulheres são mais susceptíveis às desordens temporomandibulares (DTM), contudo, estudos que tenham comparado os gêneros em amostras brasileiras são raros. Objetivo: Analisar a proporção de homens e mulheres, bem como a associação entre o gênero e as variáveis idade, duração do problema e sintomas de DTM em pacientes admitidos para tratamento em uma clínica universitária. Métodos: Foram coletados e analisados dados de entrevista e avaliação de mil protocolos de pacientes com diagnóstico de DTM, divididos em 2 grupos, masculino (n=177) e feminino (n=823). Foi realizada a análise exploratória a partir de tabelas de contingência e teste do χ2. Posteriormente, foi utilizado o modelo de regressão logística e calculadas as odds ratio brutas (OR) referentes às comparações avaliadas. Resultados: Na amostra prevaleceu o gênero feminino e as médias de idade e de duração da DTM foram semelhantes entre os grupos, predominando a faixa etária de adultos jovens (19 a 40 anos). Os valores de OR evidenciaram associação entre o gênero feminino e os sinais/sintomas dor na articulação temporomandibular (ATM), dor nos músculos faciais, pescoço e ombros, cefaleia, fadiga nos músculos mastigatórios, sintoma otológico e disfonia, tendo sido a chance das mulheres os apresentassem duas vezes maior do que os homens. Conclusão: Na amostra de pacientes brasileiros com DTM foi maior o número de mulheres e essas apresentaram maior prevalência de sintomas dolorosos, seguidos pelos otológicos e queixas de disfonia. A prevalência de ruído articular foi semelhante nos grupos estudados.


ABSTRACT Introduction: Women are more likely to present temporomandibular disorders (TMD); however, studies comparing genders in Brazilian samples are rare. Purpose: To analyze the proportion of men and women, as well as the association between gender and age, problem duration, and TMD symptoms in patients admitted to an university clinic for treatment. Methods: Interview and assessment data of protocols from 1,000 patients diagnosed with TMD were collected and analyzed and then divided into two groups, male (n = 177) and female (n = 823). The exploratory analysis was based on contingency tables and χ2 test was carried out. Subsequently, the logistic regression model was used and the odds ratios (OR) concerning the evaluated comparisons were calculated. Results: Females were more prevalent in the sample, and mean ages and TMD duration were similar between the groups, with higher occurrence in young adults (19 to 40 years old). The OR values showed an association between the female gender and the signs/symptoms of pain in the temporomandibular joint, pain in the facial muscles, neck and shoulders, headache, fatigue in the muscles of mastication, otologic symptoms, and dysphonia. Women had two times higher chances of presenting these symptoms than men. Conclusion: In the sample of Brazilian patients with TMD, the number of women who presented a higher prevalence of painful symptoms was greater, followed by otologic symptoms and complaints of dysphonia. The prevalence of joint noise was similar in both studied groups.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Child , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Temporomandibular Joint Disorders/diagnosis , Age Factors , Brazil/epidemiology , Facial Pain/epidemiology , Masticatory Muscles/physiopathology , Prevalence , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Sex Factors , Temporomandibular Joint Disorders/epidemiology , Temporomandibular Joint Disorders/physiopathology , Temporomandibular Joint/physiopathology
10.
CoDAS ; 27(4): 359-364, July-Aug. 2015. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-760410

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: Allergic rhinitis can cause changes in stomatognathic functions, which may alter the mandibular dynamics. Electrognathography is used in the recording of jaw movements, making it valid for analysis of movements in speech.PURPOSE: To characterize the amplitude and velocity of jaw movements during speech in children with and without allergic rhinitis.METHODS: The sample consisted of 32 children aged 7-12 years, treated at a university hospital, divided into two groups: one with rhinitis and the other without rhinitis. To capture the jaw movements during speech, we used an electrognathography with the aid of a list of phonetically balanced figures. For the analysis of data, we used, in addition to descriptive statistics, nonparametric tests, Spearman correlation coefficient and the Mann-Whitney test, with a significant value of p=0.05.RESULTS: No significant difference was observed in jaw movements between groups, with values of p equals to 0.175, 0.650, and 0.462 for amplitude and jaw opening and closing velocity, respectively. However, a strong correlation was observed between the variables velocity and amplitude of mouth opening, being slightly higher in the group of children with allergic rhinitis.CONCLUSION: The amplitude and velocity of jaw movements are found to be similar in children with and without allergic rhinitis, and a correlation exits between these variables. In addition, they were more heterogeneous in the group without allergic rhinitis.


INTRODUÇÃO: A rinite alérgica pode causar alterações nas funções estomatognáticas; tais modificações podem alterar a dinâmica mandibular. A eletrognatografia é utilizada no registro dos movimentos de mandíbula, o que a torna válida para análise desses movimentos na fala.OBJETIVO: Caracterizar a amplitude e a velocidade dos movimentos de mandíbula durante a fala em crianças com e sem rinite alérgica.MÉTODOS: A amostra foi composta por 32 crianças com idade entre 7 e 12 anos, atendidas em um hospital universitário, divididas em dois grupos, um de riníticos e outro de não riníticos. Para captação dos movimentos mandibulares durante a fala, foi utilizado um eletrognatógrafo com o auxílio de uma lista de figuras foneticamente balanceadas. Na análise dos dados utilizaram-se, além da estatística descritiva, os testes não paramétricos, coeficiente de correlação de Spearman e o teste de Mann-Whitney, considerando significativo o valor de p=0,05.RESULTADOS: Não se observou diferença significativa nos movimentos mandibulares entre os grupos, com valores de p iguais a 0,175, 0,650 e 0,462, para a amplitude e as velocidades de abertura e o fechamento mandibular, respectivamente. No entanto, houve correlação forte entre as variáveis velocidade e amplitude de abertura da boca, sendo discretamente maior no grupo de crianças com rinite alérgica.CONCLUSÃO: Observou-se que a amplitude e a velocidade dos movimentos mandibulares são semelhantes em crianças com e sem rinite alérgica, e que existe correlação entre estas variáveis; além disso, seus valores apresentaram-se de forma mais heterogênea nos não riníticos.


Subject(s)
Child , Female , Humans , Male , Mouth Breathing/etiology , Rhinitis, Allergic/complications , Speech/physiology , Temporomandibular Joint Disorders/physiopathology , Case-Control Studies , Mandible , Speech Articulation Tests , Temporomandibular Joint/physiopathology
11.
MedicalExpress (São Paulo, Online) ; 2(4)July-Aug. 2015. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-776657

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess gender differences in temporomandibular joint disc position using magnetic resonance imaging and to check for symptoms in patients with temporomandibular disorders. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighty-seven consecutive patients (70 females and 17 males) were evaluated. Bilateral magnetic resonance imaging was performed to determine the temporomandibular joint disc positions; these were divided into four diagnostic categories: no disc displacement, right disc displacement, left disc displacement and bilateral disc displacement. The clinical data assessed were pain on muscle and temporomandibular joint palpation. The data were analyzed using the Fisher's exact test, chi-square test or analysis of variance. Significance was set at p ≤ .05. RESULTS: The study population had more females (80.5%) than males (19.5%) and the mean age of females (31 ± 11 years) was lower than the mean age of males (41± 12 years). Bilateral disc displacement was significantly most frequent in females. Clinical examination showed more pain on muscle palpation for female than for male patients. CONCLUSION: Women had a higher frequency of temporomandibular joint disc displacement, as well as a larger number of painful points on muscle palpation than men.


RESUMO OBJETIVO: O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar as diferenças de gênero na posição do disco da articulação temporomandibular usando ressonância magnética para verificar se há sintomas em pacientes com disfunção temporomandibular. MATERIAIS E MÉTODOS: Foram avaliados oitenta e sete pacientes consecutivos (70 mulheres e 17 homens); foi realizada ressonância magnética bilateral para determinar as posições do disco da articulação temporomandibular; estes foram divididos em quatro categorias diagnósticas: nenhum deslocamento de disco, deslocamento de disco a direita, deslocamento de disco a esquerda e deslocamento de disco bilateral. Os dados clínicos avaliados foram: dor a palpação no músculo e na articulação temporomandibular. Os dados foram analisados utilizando o teste exato de Fisher, teste do qui-quadrado ou análise de variância. Significância foi de p ≤ 0,05. RESULTADOS: A população do estudo tinha mais mulheres (80,5%) que homens (19,5%). O deslocamento blateral de disco foi significativamente mais frequente no sexo feminino. O exame clínico mostrou mais dor à palpação muscular para mulheres do que para homens. CONCLUSÃO: As mulheres apresentaram uma maior frequência de deslocamento de disco da articulação temporomandibular, bem como um maior número de pontos dolorosos à palpação muscular do que os homens.


Subject(s)
Humans , Temporomandibular Joint/physiopathology , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Temporomandibular Joint Dysfunction Syndrome , Analysis of Variance
13.
Rev. Clín. Ortod. Dent. Press ; 13(1): 7-16, fev.-mar. 2014. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-855972

ABSTRACT

Resumo / O processo degenerativo articular é caracterizado pela presença de crepitação, que pode estar acompanhada ou não de artralgia, com dor espontânea ou provocada pela palpação e/ou função. Esse diagnóstico é confirmado por meio de imagens tomográficas. A prevalência de lesões degenerativas da ATM é extremamente alta em pacientes candidatos a procedimentos de Cirurgia Ortognática, e esse pode aumentar o risco de agravamento dos quadros preexistentes, inclusive com a possibilidade de grandes recidivas pós-cirúrgicas da deformidade dentofacial. Estratégias terapêuticas envolvem protocolos capazes de produzir efeitos sobre a dor e a incapacidade funcional, mas também na interrupção da progressão e no reparo dos defeitos da cartilagem articular. A abordagem terapêutica inicial utiliza de terapias não cirúrgicas ou minimamente invasivas, baseadas na supressão da carga articular parafuncional por meio da utilização de placas estabilizadoras e na administração de suplementos ou infiltração de materiais biológicos, como as glicosaminas e ácido hialurônico. Procedimentos cirúrgicos mais invasivos, como as cirurgias abertas da ATM, são reservados para casos isolados refratários à terapia conservadora. Entre os procedimentos da medicina regenerativa, o transplante autólogo de condrócitos parece ser o mais promissor como alternativa terapêutica eficaz e segura para casos de reabsorções condilares.


Subject(s)
Humans , Temporomandibular Joint/physiopathology , Arthralgia/prevention & control , Alveolar Bone Loss/therapy , Temporomandibular Joint Disorders/therapy , Critical Pathways , Orthognathic Surgery , Regenerative Medicine , Temporomandibular Joint Disorders/prevention & control
14.
CoDAS ; 26(1): 76-80, 02/2014. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-705320

ABSTRACT

Purpose: This study investigated the prevalence of Temporomandibular Disorders (TMD) in the elderly and its association with palpation of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ), masticatory and cervical muscles as well as the presence of headache and joint noises. Methods: The sample consisted of 200 elderly of both genders (mean age: 69.2±5.7 years). The clinical evaluation of TMD signs and symptoms was divided into three stages: an anamnestic questionnaire, a TMJ evaluation, and a muscular examination. The results were analyzed through descriptive statistics as well as using χ2 and the tendency tests. Results: The presence of TMD was observed in 61% of the sample (mild: 43.5%, moderate: 13%, severe: 4.5%). A significantly greater prevalence of TMD was found for females (72.4%) compared with that for men (41.1%) (p<0.0001). Additionally, a significant association among TMD severity and palpation of the TMJ (p=0.0168), of masticatory muscles (p<0.0001), and of cervical muscles (p<0.0001) was verified. Also, there was a significant association between the frequency of headaches and the presence of TMD (p=0.0001). The association between the presence of joint noises and sensitivity to TMJ palpation was not significant. Conclusion: The elderly presented high TMD prevalence, mostly in females, with mild severity and related to TMJ and masticatory/cervical muscles palpation. Thus, the accomplishment of a detailed clinical examination to investigate the presence of such disorders is essential and it must not be neglected during the treatment of elderly patients. .


Objetivo: O objetivo deste estudo foi investigar a prevalência de Transtornos Temporomandibulares (DTM) em idosos e sua associação com a palpação da articulação temporomandibular (ATM), dos músculos mastigatórios e cervicais, bem como com a presença de dores de cabeça e ruídos articulares. Métodos: A amostra foi composta por 200 idosos, de ambos os gêneros (média de idade: 69,2±5,7 anos). A avaliação clínica dos sinais e sintomas foi dividida em três etapas: aplicação de questionário anamnésico, avaliação da ATM e exame muscular. Os resultados foram avaliados por meio de estatística descritiva, teste do χ2 e teste de tendência. Resultados: A presença de DTM foi observada em 61% da amostra (leve: 43,5%, moderada: 13%, intensa/grave: 4,5%). Verificou-se prevalência significantemente maior de DTM para as mulheres (72,4%) em comparação aos homens (41,1%) (p<0,0001). Houve associação significante entre a severidade da DTM e a presença de dor à palpação da ATM (p=0,0168), dos músculos mastigatórios (p<0,0001) e cervicais (p<0,0001). Observou-se associação significante entre a frequência de dores de cabeça e a presença de DTM (p=0,0001). Não houve associação significante entre a presença de ruídos articulares e a sensibilidade à palpação da ATM. Conclusão: Os idosos apresentaram alta prevalência de DTM, em sua maioria no gênero feminino, de grau leve, relacionada à palpação na ATM e nos músculos mastigatórios e cervicais. Assim, é essencial a realização de um completo exame clínico para investigar a presença desses transtornos, especialmente durante o tratamento de idosos. .


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Temporomandibular Joint Disorders/diagnosis , Temporomandibular Joint Disorders/epidemiology , Age Factors , Headache/etiology , Masticatory Muscles/physiopathology , Prevalence , Severity of Illness Index , Sex Factors , Surveys and Questionnaires , Temporomandibular Joint Disorders/complications , Temporomandibular Joint/physiopathology
15.
Acta odontol. venez ; 52(2)2014. ilus, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-777791

ABSTRACT

El objetivo del presente estudio retrospectivo fue determinar el tipo y frecuencia de las alteraciones óseas degenerativas en la Articulaciones Temporo-Mandibulares (ATM) de pacientes con diagnóstico clínico de Trastorno Temporomandibular (TTM) por medio de Tomografía Computarizada (TAC). Se reclutaron 180 pacientes consecutivos que clínicamente presentan TTM de las ATM. Los criterios de exclusión fueron: pacientes menores de 16 años, pacientes mayores de 65 años, pacientes portadores de prótesis dentarias removibles, enfermedades sistémicas como artritis por microcristales de ácido úrico, osteoartrosis sistémica, hiperlaxitud-ligamentaria, malformaciones anatómicas, enfermedades quísticas, tumorales, historia de trauma o cirugía de las ATM. Todos los pacientes fueron examinados por medio de TAC. Los estudios imagenológicos de las ATM formaron los siguientes seis Grupos: A: Aplanamiento de Vertiente anterior de Cóndilo; B: Aplanamiento de Apófisis transversa del temporal; C: Erosiones e irregularidades de las corticales de las superficies óseas Funcionales; D: Osteofitos; E: Quístes Subcondrales; F: Resorción Condilar Progresiva. Los datos fueron analizados estadísticamente por medio del programa SPSS v15.0. Total de ATM examinadas: n=360; Total de ATM con alteraciones degenerativas: n=192(53,3%); Aplanamiento condilar n=169(88%); Aplanamiento de la apófisis transversa del temporal n=84(43%); Erosiones corticales: n=98(51%); Osteofitos: n=11(5,7%); Quistes Subcondrales n=35(18,2%) y Resorción Condilar Progresiva n=3(1,5%). Las alteraciones óseas de mayor frecuencia en la ATM disfuncionada fueron: Aplanamiento de ápex condilar, erosiones y aplanamiento de Apófisis transversa del temporal en orden decreciente. Menores manifestaciones fueron Quistes subcondrales, Osteofitos y Resorción Condilar Progresiva.


The objective of the present study was to determine frequency of bone degeneratives diseases in the Temporo Mandibular joint, clinically diagnosed as Temporo Mandibular Disorders (TMD), by CT scan, before treatment. Were recruited 180 consecutives patients that clinically presented TMD. They were examined by CT scan. The exclusion criteria were: patients below 16 years and above 65 years of age, patients using removable dental prosthetics, patients that presented systemic disease such as Gout Disease, Osteoarthrosis and hypermobility, anatomic structural alterations, Cyst or Tumour disease and TMJ surgery. The TMJ images studies formed the following six groups: A: Flattened of condyle apex; B: Flattened of protuberance of the Temporal Bone; C: Erosions and irregularities of cortical bone in functional area; D: Osteophytes; Sub-chondral Cysts; E: Progressive Condyle Reabsorption. Data were analyzed by SPSS v15.0 software. Total Examined TMJ: n=360; Degenerative Bone Disease manifestations in TMJ: 192 (53,3%); Flattened of functional area of mandibular condyle n=169 (88%); Flattened of temporal Bone n=84 (43%); Erosions and irregularities of cortical bone: n=98 (51%); Osteophytes: n=11 (5,7%); Subchondral cysts: n=35 (18,2%) and Progressive Condyle Reabsorption n=3 (1,5%). The most frequent bone alterations in DTM were: Flattened of apex condyle, cortical erosions and irregularities and temporal bone flattened. Lower manifestations were subchondral cysts, osteophytes and avascular necrosis, when DTM are studied by CT scan.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Temporomandibular Joint/physiopathology , Temporomandibular Joint , Image Processing, Computer-Assisted , Osteoarthritis/diagnosis , Diagnostic Imaging , Tomography Scanners, X-Ray Computed
16.
Braz. oral res ; 27(1): 37-41, Jan.-Feb. 2013. ilus, graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-660456

ABSTRACT

The aim of the present study was to investigate the relationship between degenerative bone changes of the head of the mandible and the presence of joint effusion (JE). This study was based on sagittal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) reports of 148 temporomandibular joints (TMJs) of 74 patients complaining of pain and/or dysfunction in the TMJ area. The mandible heads were surveyed for osteoarthritis characteristics, which were classified as osteophytosis, sclerosis or erosion. The presence of JE was checked whenever high signal intensity was observed in the articular space. The results evidenced the presence of bone changes in 30% of the sample. Osteophytes and erosions were the changes most commonly observed. JE was reported in 10% of TMJs. The results from the statistical tests revealed that bone changes in the head of the mandible are associated with the presence of JE.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Exudates and Transudates , Magnetic Resonance Imaging/methods , Mandible/pathology , Temporomandibular Joint/pathology , Joint Dislocations/pathology , Mandible/physiopathology , Osteoarthritis/pathology , Osteoarthritis/physiopathology , Pain/physiopathology , Temporomandibular Joint Disorders/pathology , Temporomandibular Joint Disorders/physiopathology , Temporomandibular Joint/physiopathology
17.
In. Seabra, Eduardo José Guerra; Barbosa, Gustavo Augusto Seabra; Lima, Isabela Pinheiro Cavalcanti. Oclusão e DTM: conhecimentos aplicados à clínica odontológica. Natal, UERN, 2012. p.28-47, ilus. (BR).
Monography in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: lil-673656
18.
Braz. dent. j ; 23(3): 252-255, 2012. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-641596

ABSTRACT

A large number of disorders affecting the masticatory system can cause restriction of mouth opening. The most common conditions related to this problem are those involving the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) and the masticatory muscles, when facial pain also is an usual finding. Congenital or developmental mandibular disorders are also possible causes for mouth opening limitation, although in a very small prevalence. Coronoid process hyperplasia (CPH) is an example of these cases, characterized by an excessive coronoid process growing, where mandibular movements become limited by the impaction of this structure on the posterior portion of the zygomatic bone. This condition is rare, painless, usually bilateral and progressive, affecting mainly men. Diagnosis of CPH is made based on clinical signs of mouth opening limitation together with imaging exams, especially panoramic radiography and computerized tomography (CT). Treatment is exclusively surgical. This paper presents a case of a male patient with bilateral coronoid process hyperplasia, initially diagnosed with bilateral disk displacement without reduction, and successfully treated with intraoral coronoidectomy. It is emphasized the importance of differential diagnosis for a correct diagnosis and, consequently, effective management strategy.


Um grande número de distúrbios pode provocar limitação no grau de abertura bucal. As condições mais comuns relacionadas com esse problema são aquelas que envolvem a articulação temporomandibular (ATM) e músculos mastigatórios, em que, além da limitação, a dor facial é um achado comum. Distúrbios congênitos ou de desenvolvimento da mandíbula também são possíveis causas para limitação de abertura bucal, embora possuam uma baixa prevalência. A hiperplasia do processo coronóide (HPC) é um exemplo dessas causas, caracterizada por um desenvolvimento excessivo do processo coronóide, em que o movimento mandibular torna-se limitado pela impacção dessa mesma estrutura na parte posterior do osso zigomático. Esta condição é rara, indolor, geralmente bilateral e progressiva, afetando principalmente homens. O diagnóstico de HPC é feito por meio dos sinais clínicos de abertura bucal limitada associado com exames de imagem, especialmente a radiografia panorâmica e tomografia computadorizada (TC). O tratamento é exclusivamente cirúrgico. O objetivo desse artigo é apresentar um caso de paciente do sexo masculino com hiperplasia bilateral do processo coronóide, inicialmente diagnosticado com deslocamento de disco sem redução bilateral, e tratado com sucesso com coronoidectomia intraoral. Assim, é enfatizada a importância do diagnóstico diferencial para um correto diagnóstico e, consequentemente, estratégias efetivas de tratamento.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Humans , Male , Mandible/pathology , Temporomandibular Joint , Hyperplasia , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Mandible , Range of Motion, Articular , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Temporomandibular Joint/physiopathology , Zygoma
19.
Bauru; s.n; 2011. 89 p. tab.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: lil-668595

ABSTRACT

A migrânea e a cefaléia tensional são cefaléias primárias que surgem de estruturas não-mastigatórias, porém, a presença de sintomas de DTM, como a dor, pode influenciar de modo excitatório tais condições e vice-versa, influenciando no resultado final do tratamento. Esta pesquisa tem o objetivo principal de avaliar o impacto da presença de cefaléias primárias no tratamento das Disfunções Temporomandibulares (DTMs), e testa a hipótese nula de que a presença de cefaléias primárias não interfere com o resultado do tratamento. Como objetivos secundários, de avaliar se existe diferença na presença de dor miofascial nos músculos mastigatórios e cervicais, se existe diferença entre a variação da dor medida pela Escala Analógica Visual (EAV) em relação ao gênero, estresse e hábitos parafuncionais, e se essa diferença também se apresenta entra as variáveis oclusão, tempo de dor, número de queixas e número de tratamentos indicados. Para isso foram selecionados 546 prontuários clínicos de pacientes, sendo 313 com DTM e 233 com DTM e cefaléias, e analisados segundo a EAV ao início e fim do tratamento para DTM, bem como a variação entre a dor inicial e final entre os grupos. Testes de Mann-Whitney, Correlação de Spearman e Qui-quadrado analisaram os dados, com 5% de significância. A presença de cefaléias primárias interferiu negativamente no índice de sucesso do tratamento da DTM (p<0,05) (redução de 38,70 e de 24,66 na EAV para os grupos de DTM e DTM associada a cefaleia, respectivamente). A presença de dor miofascial nas musculaturas mastigatória e cervical foi semelhante entre os grupos. A variação entre a dor inicial e final não foi afetada pela diferença entre os gêneros, assim como pelo auto-relato da presença de hábitos parafuncionais e de estresse. Da mesma forma, a presença de má-oclusão, o tempo de experiência de dor, o número de queixas relatadas e o número de tratamentos indicados pelo profissional não influenciaram os...


Migraine and tension-type headaches are primary headaches that arise from non-masticatory structures, however, the presence of TMD symptoms, like pain, may have a excitatory effect in these conditions and vice versa, influencing the outcome of treatment. This research has the main objective of evaluating the impact of the presence of primary headache in the treatment of Temoromandibulares Disorders (TMD), and tests the null hypothesis that the presence of primary headache does not interfere with treatment outcome. As secondary objectives, to evaluate whether there are differences in the presence of myofascial pain in the masticatory and cervical muscles, if there is a difference between the change in pain measured by visual analog scale (VAS) in relation to gender, stress, and parafunctional habits. The influence of malocclusion, duration of pain, number of complaints and number of treatments given were also evaluated. For this reason, 546 medical records of patients, 313 and 233 with TMD TMD and headaches were selected, and analyzed using a VAS at the beginning and end of treatment for TMD, as well as the variation between the initial and final pain between the groups. Mann-Whitney, Spearman correlation and chi-square test analyzed the data with 5% significance level. The presence of primary headaches interfered negatively with the rate of successful treatment of TMD (p <0,05) (reduction of 38.70 and 24,66 in the VAS for groups of TMD and headache associated with TMD, respectively). The presence of myofascial pain in the masticatory and cervical muscles was similar between groups. The variation between the initial and final pain was not affected by gender differences, as well as by self-report the presence of parafunctional habits and stress. Likewise, the presence of malocclusion, time of pain experience, the number of complaints reported and the number of treatments given by the professional did not influence the final results...


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Facial Pain/physiopathology , Temporomandibular Joint Dysfunction Syndrome/therapy , Headache Disorders, Primary/physiopathology , Temporomandibular Joint/physiopathology , Pain Measurement , Statistics, Nonparametric , Time Factors , Treatment Outcome
20.
Bauru; s.n; 2011. 89 p. tab.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-866190

ABSTRACT

A migrânea e a cefaléia tensional são cefaléias primárias que surgem de estruturas não-mastigatórias, porém, a presença de sintomas de DTM, como a dor, pode influenciar de modo excitatório tais condições e vice-versa, influenciando no resultado final do tratamento. Esta pesquisa tem o objetivo principal de avaliar o impacto da presença de cefaléias primárias no tratamento das Disfunções Temporomandibulares (DTMs), e testa a hipótese nula de que a presença de cefaléias primárias não interfere com o resultado do tratamento. Como objetivos secundários, de avaliar se existe diferença na presença de dor miofascial nos músculos mastigatórios e cervicais, se existe diferença entre a variação da dor medida pela Escala Analógica Visual (EAV) em relação ao gênero, estresse e hábitos parafuncionais, e se essa diferença também se apresenta entra as variáveis oclusão, tempo de dor, número de queixas e número de tratamentos indicados. Para isso foram selecionados 546 prontuários clínicos de pacientes, sendo 313 com DTM e 233 com DTM e cefaléias, e analisados segundo a EAV ao início e fim do tratamento para DTM, bem como a variação entre a dor inicial e final entre os grupos. Testes de Mann-Whitney, Correlação de Spearman e Qui-quadrado analisaram os dados, com 5% de significância. A presença de cefaléias primárias interferiu negativamente no índice de sucesso do tratamento da DTM (p<0,05) (redução de 38,70 e de 24,66 na EAV para os grupos de DTM e DTM associada a cefaleia, respectivamente). A presença de dor miofascial nas musculaturas mastigatória e cervical foi semelhante entre os grupos. A variação entre a dor inicial e final não foi afetada pela diferença entre os gêneros, assim como pelo auto-relato da presença de hábitos parafuncionais e de estresse. Da mesma forma, a presença de má-oclusão, o tempo de experiência de dor, o número de queixas relatadas e o número de tratamentos indicados pelo profissional não influenciaram os...


Migraine and tension-type headaches are primary headaches that arise from non-masticatory structures, however, the presence of TMD symptoms, like pain, may have a excitatory effect in these conditions and vice versa, influencing the outcome of treatment. This research has the main objective of evaluating the impact of the presence of primary headache in the treatment of Temoromandibulares Disorders (TMD), and tests the null hypothesis that the presence of primary headache does not interfere with treatment outcome. As secondary objectives, to evaluate whether there are differences in the presence of myofascial pain in the masticatory and cervical muscles, if there is a difference between the change in pain measured by visual analog scale (VAS) in relation to gender, stress, and parafunctional habits. The influence of malocclusion, duration of pain, number of complaints and number of treatments given were also evaluated. For this reason, 546 medical records of patients, 313 and 233 with TMD TMD and headaches were selected, and analyzed using a VAS at the beginning and end of treatment for TMD, as well as the variation between the initial and final pain between the groups. Mann-Whitney, Spearman correlation and chi-square test analyzed the data with 5% significance level. The presence of primary headaches interfered negatively with the rate of successful treatment of TMD (p <0,05) (reduction of 38.70 and 24,66 in the VAS for groups of TMD and headache associated with TMD, respectively). The presence of myofascial pain in the masticatory and cervical muscles was similar between groups. The variation between the initial and final pain was not affected by gender differences, as well as by self-report the presence of parafunctional habits and stress. Likewise, the presence of malocclusion, time of pain experience, the number of complaints reported and the number of treatments given by the professional did not influence the final results...


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Facial Pain/physiopathology , Temporomandibular Joint Dysfunction Syndrome/therapy , Headache Disorders, Primary/physiopathology , Temporomandibular Joint/physiopathology , Pain Measurement , Statistics, Nonparametric , Time Factors , Treatment Outcome
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