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1.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1523932

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La artritis inflamatoria puede conducir al síndrome de caput ulnae con desviación radial de la muñeca y los meta-carpianos. El tratamiento es la artroplastia de rescate de la articulación radiocubital distal y la reubicación del tendón del extensor cubital del carpo (ECC). Sin embargo, puede ser débil para corregir la desviación. Clayton describió la transferencia del tendón del extensor radial largo del carpo (ERLC) al ECC. El objetivo de este estudio fue comparar la corrección de la desviación radial de los metacarpianos en pacientes operados con transferencia del ERLC al ECC o sin ella. Materiales y Métodos: Estudio de cohorte retrospectiva en pacientes con artritis reumatoide y síndrome de caput ulnae, sometidos a tenoplastia del ECC con ERLC o sin este procedimiento. Se formaron dos grupos: pacientes con transferencia (grupo A) y sin transferencia (grupo B). Se calculó la corrección del ángulo de Clayton comparando las medidas preoperatoria y del último control, y se compararon los resultados. Resultados: El seguimiento promedio fue de 28 meses. El ángulo de Clayton preoperatorio promedio era de 44,54° (DE ± 7,52) en el grupo A y 60,24° (DE ± 12,28) en el grupo B (p = 0,001). El promedio de corrección fue de 6,57° (DE ± 4,11) y 0,95° (DE ± 9,17), respectivamente (p = 0,026). Conclusiones: El nivel de corrección fue mayor en el grupo A. No obstante, si bien ambas técnicas lograron mejorar el ángulo, el grado de corrección podría estar supeditado a la magnitud del ángulo preoperatorio. Nivel de Evidencia: IV


Introduction: Inflammatory arthritis can lead to caput ulnae syndrome with radial deviation of the wrist and metacarpals. Treatment includes salvage arthroplasty of the distal radioulnar joint and relocation of the extensor carpi ulnaris (ECU) tendon. However, the ECU may be too weak to correct the deviation. To strengthen the ECU, Clayton described the transfer of the extensor carpi radialis longus (ECRL) tendon to the ECU. The aim of this work is to compare the correction of the radial deviation of the metacarpals in patients with and without transfer of the ECRL to the ECU. Materials and Methods: Retrospective cohort study. Patients with rheumatoid arthritis and caput ulnae syndrome, treated with ECU tenoplasty with or without ECRL, were included. The patients were divided into two groups: ECRL to ECU transfer (group A) and no transfer (Group B). The correction of the metacarpal-radial angle (Clayton's angle) was calculated by comparing the measurements before surgery and at end of follow-up, and the results obtained were compared. Results: The average follow-up was 28 months. The preoperative Clayton angle was on average 44.54° (SD ± 7.52) in group A and 60.24° (SD ± 12.28) in group B (p = 0.001). The correction average was 6.57° (SD ± 4.11) and 0.95° (SD ± 9.17) for group A and B respectively (p=0.026). Conclusions: The level of correction obtained was higher in group A. However, although both techniques managed to improve the angle, the degree of correction could be subject to the magnitude of the preoperative angle. Level of Evidence: IV


Subject(s)
Adult , Arthritis, Rheumatoid , Tendon Transfer , Wrist Joint , Follow-Up Studies , Treatment Outcome
2.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1415757

ABSTRACT

El síndrome pospoliomielítico con déficit de la función del tendón tibial posterior puede presentarse con un pie equino flexible y marcha equina (steppage) en algunos pacientes. Se describe el caso de una paciente que solo conservaba la función muscular del tendón flexor hallucis longus y se decidió su transferencia al mediopié para obtener un pie plantígrado y restaurar la dorsiflexión. Nivel de Evidencia: IV


Post-polio syndrome with posterior tibial tendon dysfunction may present a flexible clubfoot and steppage gait in some patients. We describe the case of a patient who only preserved flexor hallucis longus tendon function; therefore, we decided to transfer it to the midfoot to obtain a plantigrade foot and restore dorsiflexion. Level of Evidence: IV


Subject(s)
Tendon Transfer , Postpoliomyelitis Syndrome , Posterior Tibial Tendon Dysfunction
3.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 57(4): 590-598, Jul.-Aug. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1394883

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective The primary aim of the present study is to evaluate the functional results of a modification to the latissimus dorsi (LD) transfer around the shoulder for irreparable posterosuperior rotator cuff tears. The secondary aim is to evaluate variables that might influence the outcomes. Surgical Technique Through a single deltopectoral approach, the LD tendon is detached, reinforced, and elongated with a tendinous allograft, transferred around the humerus, and fixed superolaterally to the greater tuberosity and anteriorly to the subscapularis. Methods Retrospective functional evaluation of 16 cases. The average follow-up was 21 months (12-47). The postoperative results (at last follow-up) were compared with the preoperative ones, as well as to other pre, intra, and postoperative variables. Results All (but one) patients were satisfied. Average University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) score increased from 11.6 (8-16) to 27.3 (17-30) (p< 0.001). Improvements of shoulder pain, function, and strength achieved statistical significance (p< 0.001). Nonetheless, normal strength was never restored. Average active range of motion improved as follows: forward elevation, from 106° (60-140°) to 145° (130-160°) (p< 0.001); external rotation from 30° (0° to 60°) to 54° (40-70°) (p< 0.001); and internal rotation from L1 (gluteus to T7) to T10 (T12-T3) (p< 0.05). No complication has occurred. Preoperative pseudoparesis was reverted in all the six cases in which it was present. None of the variables analyzed influenced the outcomes, including pseudoparesis. Conclusions At early follow-up, this technique is safe and effective at recovering from pseudoparesis and at improving shoulder pain, function, and strength.


Resumo Objetivo O objetivo primário do presente trabalho é avaliar os resultados funcionais de uma modificação na transferência do grande dorsal no ombro para o tratamento de lesões póstero-superiores irreparáveis do manguito rotador. O objetivo secundário é avaliar as variáveis que podem influenciar os resultados. Técnica cirúrgica Por meio de uma única abordagem deltopeitoral, o tendão do músculo grande dorsal é desinserido reforçado e alongado com um enxerto tendíneo homólogo, transferido para o úmero e fixado em posição superolateral ao tubérculo maior e anterior ao músculo subescapular. Métodos Avaliação funcional retrospectiva de 16 casos. O período médio de acompanhamento foi de 21 meses (12-47 meses). Os resultados pós-operatórios (no último acompanhamento) foram comparados aos pré-operatórios, bem como a outras variáveis pré, intra e pós-operatórias. Resultados Todos os pacientes ficaram satisfeitos (exceto um). A pontuação média da University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) aumentou de 11,6 (8-16) para 27,3 (17-30) (p< 0,001). A dor, a função e a força do ombro apresentaram melhora estatisticamente significativa (p< 0,001). A força, porém, não voltou ao valor normal. A amplitude de movimento ativa média apresentou as seguintes melhoras: elevação frontal, de 106° (60-140°) para 145° (130-160°) (p< 0,001); rotação externa, de 30° (0-60°) para 54° (40-70°) (p< 0,001); e rotação interna, de L1 (glúteo a T7) para T10 (T12-T3) (p< 0,05). Nenhuma complicação foi observada. A pseudoparesia pré-operatória foi revertida em todos os seis casos em que foi observada. Nenhuma das variáveis analisadas influenciou os desfechos, nem mesmo a pseudoparesia. Conclusões A curto prazo essa técnica é segura e eficaz na recuperação da pseudoparesia e na melhora da dor, da função e da força do ombro.


Subject(s)
Humans , Tendon Transfer , Orthopedic Procedures , Rotator Cuff Injuries/surgery , Shoulder Injuries/therapy
4.
Medisan ; 26(2)abr. 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1405793

ABSTRACT

Se describe el caso clínico de un paciente de 34 años de edad, con antecedente de salud, atendido en la consulta intermunicipal de II Frente, provincia de Santiago de Cuba, por presentar, desde hacía 8 meses, una lesión en el nervio peroneo común, en la cara lateral del tercio superior de la pierna derecha, a causa de una mordida de cerdo, la cual no fue diagnosticada inicialmente, sino que se trató como una herida sin lesión neurológica. Se realizó proceder quirúrgico, consistente en una transposición tendinosa del músculo tibial posterior. Se inmovilizó el pie con una férula de yeso por 15 días, se le retiró la sutura a las 6 semanas y se indicó rehabilitación. A las 12 semanas comenzó a caminar sin dificultad y logró reincorporarse a sus actividades cotidianas.


The case report of a 34 years patient with health history is described. He was assisted in the intermunicipal visit of II Frente, province of Santiago de Cuba, due to a lesion in the common peroneal nerve during 8 months, in the lateral face of the superior third of the right leg, because of a pig bite, which was not diagnosed initially, but instead it was treated as a wound without neurological lesion. A surgical procedure was carried out, with a tendon transposition of the posterior tibial muscle. The foot was immobilized with a plaster splint for 15 days, the suture was removed 6 weeks later and rehabilitation was indicated. Twelve weeks later he began to walk without difficulty and he was able to return to his daily activities.


Subject(s)
Surgical Procedures, Operative , Tendon Transfer , Foot
5.
Artrosc. (B. Aires) ; 29(4): 171-177, 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1411048

ABSTRACT

En lesiones con criterios de irreparabilidad del manguito rotador en pacientes jóvenes y activos se considera realizar transferencia tendinosa como una opción de tratamiento; transferencia del trapecio inferior en lesiones irreparables posterosuperiores del manguito rotador; transferencia del dorsal ancho vía anterior en lesiones irreparables de supraespinoso y transferencia de dorsal ancho en lesiones irreparables del subescapular. En este trabajo realizamos una revisión narrativa de la técnica quirúrgica. Además, se puede observar el video de la experiencia anatómica de cada técnica descripta


In rotator cuff injuries with irreparable criteria in active and young patients, tendon transfer is considered as a treatment option. We describe our experience in performing lower trapezius transfer in irreparable posterosuperior rotator cuff injuries, anterior latissimus dorsi transfer in supraspinatus injuries, and latissimus dorsi transfer in subscapularis injuries. We carry out a narrative review of the surgical technique with the subsequent video of the anatomical experience of each technique described


Subject(s)
Humans , Shoulder Joint/surgery , Tendon Transfer/methods , Rotator Cuff Injuries/surgery , Tendon Transfer/history , Cadaver
6.
Artrosc. (B. Aires) ; 29(3): 129-135, 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1396320

ABSTRACT

Existen múltiples opciones de tratamientos para las rupturas masivas irreparables posterosuperiores del manguito rotador. Describiremos la transferencia del trapecio inferior con aumentación utilizando semitendinoso y recto interno autólogos, bajo asistencia. De esta manera devolvemos el balance muscular y restablecemos las cuplas de fuerza para la correcta movilidad del hombro afectado. Esta técnica se realiza con dos incisiones y tres portales artroscópicos: la primera para la toma del recto interno y semitendinoso en la rodilla del mismo lado del hombro afectado (aumentación), y la segunda en la escápula para la toma del trapecio inferior y para el pasaje de los tendones al espacio subacromial y posterior fijación con anclas sin nudo


In massive irreparable posterosuperior rotator cuff ruptures, there are several options for treatment. We will describe the transfer of the lower trapezius muscle tendon augmented with semitendinosus and gracillis tendons autologous, under arthroscopic assistance. In this way, muscular balance is restored for correct shoulder mobility. This technique is performed with two incisions and three arthroscopic portals, the first for harvest of the gracillis and semitendinosus tendons, in the knee on the same side of the affected shoulder (augmentation) and the second in the scapula for the harvest of the lower trapezius muscle tendon, and for passage to the subacromial, and fixation with knotless anchors


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Tendon Transfer/methods , Transplantation, Autologous/methods , Rotator Cuff Injuries/surgery , Preoperative Care , Treatment Outcome , Hamstring Tendons/transplantation , Rotator Cuff Injuries/rehabilitation
7.
Rev. medica electron ; 43(5): 1445-1455, 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1352124

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN La parálisis del nervio radial producida por lesiones a nivel del brazo es considerada una parálisis alta, y se caracteriza por presentar la muñeca y los dedos flexionados y el pulgar en aducción con imposibilidad para la extensión de los mismos (muñeca y dedos). Todos los autores coinciden en que, para la extensión de la muñeca, el músculo de elección a transferir es el pronador redondo para el segundo radial. Sin embargo, hay diversidad de criterios sobre la utilización del palmar mayor o del cubital anterior para el extensor común de los dedos, y del palmar menor para el extensor largo del pulgar. Se presentó el caso de un paciente de 31 años de edad, con antecedente de accidente de tránsito y diagnóstico de parálisis radial alta de 18 meses de evolución, en el que se decide tratamiento quirúrgico utilizando el músculo cubital anterior después de una rehabilitación exitosa, obteniéndose excelentes resultados (AU).


ABSTRACT The radial nerve paralysis produced by lesions at the level of the arm is considered a high paralysis, and is characterized by presenting the wrist and fingers flexed and the thumb in adduction with impossibility of extending them (wrist and fingers). All consulted authors agree that, for wrist extension, the elective muscle to transfer is the round pronator for the second radial. However, there are different criteria on the use of the palmar major or anterior ulnar for the common finger extender, and the palmar minor for the long thumb extender. We presented the case of a 31-year-old patient, with a history of traffic accident and diagnosis of 18-month high radial paralysis, in which surgical treatment using the anterior ulnar muscle after a successful rehabilitation was decided, obtaining excellent results (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Tendon Transfer/methods , Radial Neuropathy/surgery , Quality of Life , Surgical Procedures, Operative/methods , Tendon Transfer/rehabilitation , Radial Neuropathy/diagnosis
8.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 56(3): 281-290, May-June 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1288662

ABSTRACT

Abstract Massive irreparable posterosuperior rotator-cuff tears are debilitating lesions that usually require surgical treatment. Even though there is no consensus regarding the best surgical technique, tendinous transfers around the shoulder are the most commonly performed procedures. The latissimus dorsi tendon remains the most commonly used, but different modifications to the original technique have been shown to minimize complications and to improve functional results and satisfaction. Other techniques, such as the transfer of the lower trapezius tendon, are promising and should be considered, especially for patients with isolated loss of external rotation. The present paper is a literary review regarding tendon transfers for irreparable posterosuperior rotator-cuff tears.


Resumo As grandes lesões posterossuperiores irreparáveis do manguito rotador são debilitantes e, de modo geral, requerem tratamento cirúrgico. Embora não haja consenso sobre a melhor técnica cirúrgica, as transferências tendíneas no ombro são os procedimentos mais realizados. O tendão do grande dorsal continua a ser o mais utilizado, mas diferentes modificações na técnica original têm minimizado as complicações e melhorado os resultados funcionais e a satisfação com o procedimento. Outras técnicas, como a transferência do tendão do trapézio inferior, são promissoras e devem ser consideradas, principalmente em pacientes com perda isolada da rotação externa. Este artigo é uma revisão da literatura a respeito da transferência de tendões para tratamento das lesões posterossuperiores irreparáveis do manguito rotador.


Subject(s)
Humans , Shoulder , Tendon Transfer , Rotator Cuff Injuries
9.
Artrosc. (B. Aires) ; 28(3): 204-209, 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1348316

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El objetivo de este trabajo es evaluar resultados clínicos y funcionales de pacientes con una rotura irreparable del manguito rotador posterosuperior, sometidos a una transferencia artroscópica del trapecio inferior. Materiales y métodos: estudio de una cohorte retrospectiva de pacientes con roturas irreparables del manguito rotador, en quienes se realizó una transferencia del trapecio inferior asistida por artroscopía. Se evaluó la evolución clínica mediante la ganancia del rango de movilidad del hombro y la disminución del dolor. Del mismo modo, se evaluó la evolución funcional usando el índice de Constant-Murley y la valoración subjetiva del hombro (SSV, por sus siglas en inglés). Resultados: se incluyeron ocho pacientes, con un seguimiento promedio de veintidós meses. Obtuvimos una ganancia estadísticamente significativa de rotación externa de 32°, disminución de 5 puntos en la escala del dolor, aumento de 31 puntos en el score de Constant y un aumento de 38% del SSV. Se registró un aumento de 12° de elevación, sin embargo, este no fue estadísticamente significativo. Dos pacientes presentaron un seroma en el sitio de la cosecha del trapecio, que se resolvió con manejo conservador. Conclusión: la transferencia del trapecio inferior con asistencia artroscópica, en pacientes con rotura irreparable del manguito rotador posterosuperior, es una técnica segura que mejora significativamente la rotación externa y los índices funcionales en este grupo de pacientes. Tipo de estudio: Serie de casos IV


Introduction: The purpose of this study is to compare clinical and functional outcomes of patients with irreparable posterosuperior rotator cuff tears treated by arthroscopic assisted lower trapezius transfer. Materials and methods: retrospective cohort design of patients with irreparable rotator cuff tear, treated by arthroscopy-assisted lower trapezius transfer. The clinical evolution was evaluated according to the gain in the range of shoulder movement and the decrease of pain. Functional outcomes were evaluated using the Constant-Murley score and the subjective shoulder value (SSV). Results: eight patients were included, with average follow-up of twenty-two months. We obtained a statistically significant gain in active external rotation of 32°, 5-point decrease in the pain scale (VAS), a 31-point increase in the Constant score, and a 38% increase in SSV. There was a 12° increase in active forward elevation, however this was not statistically significant. Two patients had a seroma at the trapezius harvest site, which resolved with conservative treatment. Conclusion: arthroscopically assisted lower trapezius transfer in patients with irreparable posterosuperior rotator cuff tears were a safe technique that significantly improves external rotation and functional scores in patients. Type of study: Case series IV


Subject(s)
Adult , Arthroscopy/methods , Shoulder Joint/surgery , Shoulder Joint/injuries , Tendon Transfer , Rotator Cuff Injuries/surgery
10.
Artrosc. (B. Aires) ; 28(3): 227-231, 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1348321

ABSTRACT

El objetivo de este artículo es describir un procedimiento que puede ser aplicado en pacientes esqueléticamente inmaduros con el objetivo de realinear el aparato extensor a nivel distal. Se describe en detalle la técnica y se analizan otras alternativas terapéuticas para este escenario. Diseño del estudio: Técnica quirúrgica. Nivel de Evidencia: V


The aim of this article is to describe a procedure that can be applied in skeletally immature patients for distal realignment of the extensor mechanism. The author makes a detailed description of the technique and analyzes therapeutic alternatives for this scenario. Study design: Surgical technique. Level of Evidence: V


Subject(s)
Child , Tendon Transfer , Patellofemoral Joint/injuries , Joint Instability
11.
Artrosc. (B. Aires) ; 28(1): 87-91, 2021.
Article in Spanish | BINACIS, LILACS | ID: biblio-1252456

ABSTRACT

Las transferencias tendinosas son consideradas para mejorar la función de la escápula y restablecer la biomecánica de la cintura escapular en aquellos pacientes con escápula alada que tienen alteración en la funcionalidad y que no han progresado con tratamiento conservador. Existen diferentes técnicas de transferencias tendinosas como parte del tratamiento. En este artículo realizamos una revisión narrativa, además, ilustramos con videos las siguientes técnicas: la triple transferencia tendinosa en parálisis del trapecio y la transferencia del pectoral mayor hacia la escápula en disfunción del serrato anterior


Tendon transfers are used in management of winged scapula refractory to conservative treatment to improve scapula function and reestablish adequate shoulder biomechanics. There are different techniques described for these tendon transfers. In this article we reviewed these techniques, in addition, we illustrate with videos on cadavers the following techniques: triple tendon transfer for trapezius paralysis and pectoralis mayor tendon transfer to scapula for serratus anterior disfunction


Subject(s)
Scapula , Shoulder Joint/pathology , Tendon Transfer , Cadaver
13.
Rev. cuba. ortop. traumatol ; 34(1): e219, ene.-jun. 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1139113

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: La ruptura espontánea del tendón de Aquiles es una afección frecuente en los pacientes jóvenes que practican deportes. Cuando no se realiza el diagnóstico inicial, pasa a ser una lesión crónica, donde su diagnóstico y tratamiento es aún más complejo. En la mayoría de estos casos son necesarios los injertos tendinosos. Objetivo: Demostrar la eficacia y resultados clínicos funcionales de la reparación quirúrgica de la ruptura crónica del tendón de Aquiles mediante transferencia del tendón peroneo lateral corto. Presentación del caso: Paciente masculino de 38 años de edad con antecedentes de una caída mientras practicaba deportes. Se constató ruptura crónica del tendón de Aquiles. Se realizó una cirugía a cielo abierto, con transferencia tendinosa del tendón peroneo lateral corto hacia el cabo distal del tendón de Aquiles. Se reforzó la plastia con el tendón del plantar delgado. Se colocó una inmovilización tipo bota para el tobillo con 30o de flexión plantar por seis semanas. Pasado este tiempo, se colocó una bota de marcha y comenzó la deambulación, así como la rehabilitación con apoyo parcial hasta cumplir tres meses. A los seis meses se incorporó a su vida normal con adecuada función del pie y el tobillo. Conclusiones: La reparación quirúrgica de la ruptura crónica del tendón de Aquiles mediante transferencia del tendón peroneo lateral corto constituye un método eficaz y ofrece buenos resultados clínicos y funcionales(AU)


ABSTRACT Introduction: Spontaneous rupture of the Achilles tendon is a frequent condition in young patients who practice sports. When the initial diagnosis is not made, it becomes a chronic injury, consequently, diagnosis and treatment is even more complex. In most of these cases, tendon grafts are necessary. Objective: To demonstrate the efficacy and functional clinical results of the surgical repair of the chronic rupture of the Achilles tendon by transferring the short lateral peroneal tendon. Case report: We report the case of a 38-year-old male patient with a history of a fall while playing sports. A chronic rupture of the Achilles tendon was found. Open surgery was performed, the short lateral peroneal tendon was transferred to the distal end of the Achilles tendon. The plasty was reinforced with the thin plantar tendon. Ankle boot-type immobilization was placed with 30° plantar flexion for six weeks. After this time, the patient received a walker boot, ambulation and rehabilitation began. The latter started with partial support during three months. At six months this patient returned to his normal life with adequate foot and ankle function. Conclusions: Surgical repair of chronic Achilles tendon rupture by transferring the short lateral peroneal tendon is an effective method and offers good clinical and functional results(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Rupture/surgery , Achilles Tendon/injuries , Tendon Transfer/methods , Lateral Ligament, Ankle/transplantation
14.
Acta ortop. mex ; 34(1): 58-64, ene.-feb. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1345087

ABSTRACT

Resumen: Las lesiones de plexo braquial pueden afectar de forma muy significativa la función de los pacientes. El tipo de manejo va a depender de la severidad de la lesión como también de la localización anatómica de ésta. Las transferencias tendíneas alrededor del hombro han surgido como una alternativa efectiva de tratamiento y por lo tanto, debemos considerarlas cuando nos vemos enfrentados a pacientes que la podrían requerir. Existen diversas técnicas de transferencia, las que se utilizan con más frecuencia son las transferencias de trapecio superior, de dorsal ancho y de trapecio inferior, cada una con sus indicaciones y objetivos específicos según el tipo de paciente. Estas cirugías tienen como propósito disminuir el dolor producto de la hipotonía y subluxación glenohumeral como también mejorar el rango de movimiento del hombro, logrando que el paciente lleve su mano al plano que requiera para realizar sus actividades de la vida diaria. Presentaremos algunas de las técnicas de transferencia tendínea de hombro más utilizadas asociadas a una revisión bibliográfica y una descripción de nuestra experiencia con estas cirugías.


Abstract: Brachial plexus lesions can significantly affect patient function. The type of management will depend on the severity of the injury as well as the anatomical location. Tendon transfers around the shoulder have emerged as an effective treatment alternative, and therefore we should consider them when faced with patients who might require it. There are various transfer techniques, within which the most frequently used are upper trapezium, latissimus dorsi and lower trapezium transfers, each with its specific indications and objectives depending on the type of patient. These surgeries aim to decrease the pain resulting from the hypotonia and glenohumeral subluxation as well as improve the range of movement of the shoulder, getting the patient to take his hand to the plane that requires to perform his daily life activities. We will provide a description of some of the most commonly used shoulder tendon transfer techniques associated with a bibliographic review and a description of our experience with these surgeries.


Subject(s)
Humans , Shoulder Joint , Birth Injuries , Brachial Plexus/surgery , Brachial Plexus/injuries , Brachial Plexus Neuropathies/surgery , Brachial Plexus Neuropathies/etiology , Shoulder , Tendon Transfer , Range of Motion, Articular , Treatment Outcome
15.
Acta ortop. mex ; 33(5): 333-336, sep.-oct. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1284967

ABSTRACT

Resumen: Introducción: Las luxaciones posteriores de hombro son raras (2%) y se asocian a convulsiones, electrocuciones y traumatismos de alta energía. Pueden presentarse asociadas a una lesión de Hill Sachs reversa. Uno de los principios del tratamiento consiste en la transferencia del tendón subescapular hacia el área de lesión o procedimiento de McLaughlin. Caso clínico: Se expone el caso de un masculino con un defecto de Hill-Sachs reverso tratado con una modificación de la técnica original de McLaughlin. Se reportan los resultados funcionales tras 13 meses de la cirugía. Resultados: Actualmente con un Constant Score de 98 puntos. Discusión: La modificación técnica empleada para el tratamiento quirúrgico de la lesión de Hill Sachs reversa presentada en este paciente demostró bueos resultados funcionales con material de bajo costo.


Abstract: Introduction: Posterior shoulder dislocations are rare (2%) and are associated with seizures, electrocutions and high-energy trauma. They may be associated with a reverse Hill-Sachs lesion. One of the treatment principles consists of the subscapular tendon transfer to the injury area or McLaughlin procedure. Clinical case: A case of a man with a reverse Hill-Sachs defect treated with a modification of McLaughlin's original technique is presented. The functional results after 13 months of surgery are reported. Results: Currently with a Constant Score of 98 points. Conclusion: The technical modification used for the surgical treatment of the reverse Hill-Sachs lesion presented in this patient demonstrated good functional results with low cost material.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Shoulder , Shoulder Dislocation/surgery , Tendon Transfer
16.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 54(1): 99-103, Jan.-Feb. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1003605

ABSTRACT

Abstract Latissimus dorsi transfer around the shoulder is the most frequently used surgical technique to treat young patients with irreparable posterosuperior rotator cuff lesions. This technique, as initially described and popularized by Gerber et al., has two main drawbacks thatmay predispose to complications and unsatisfactory functional results: 1) postoperative rupture of the origin of the deltoid, as its detachment from the acromion is necessary during the superior approach to the shoulder; and 2) postoperative rupture of the transferred tendon. In an attempt to avoid these problems, the authors have developed the following modifications to the original technique. Through a deltopectoral approach, the latissimus dorsi tendon is identified and detached from the humerus shaft. After being reinforced and elongated with a tendinous allograft, it is transferred around the humerus and fixed to the superolateral aspect of the greater tubercle. No rigid thoraco-brachial immobilization is used postoperatively.


Resumo No contexto do tratamento cirúrgico dos pacientes jovens com lesões irreparáveis da porção posterossuperior do manguito rotador, a técnica mais usada é a transferência do tendão do grande dorsal para a porção superolateral do tubérculo maior, conforme descrita e preconizada por Gerber et al. Entretanto, duas características dessa técnica podemlevar a resultados ruins e complicações: (i) a deiscência da origem do deltoide, que ocorre devido à sua violação durante a criação da via em golpe de sabre e (ii) a ruptura pós-operatória da inserção da transferência. Na tentativa de solucionar esses dois problemas, as seguintes modificações foram feitas à técnica cirúrgica original. Por meio de uma única via deltopeitoral, o tendão do grande dorsal é isolado e desinserido do úmero. Ele é então alongado e reforçado com um enxerto tendíneohomólogo, transferido ao redor do úmero e fixado à porção superolateral do tubérculomaior. Não foi usada imobilização pós-operatória comórtese toracobraquial rígida.


Subject(s)
Orthopedics , Shoulder , Tendon Transfer , Rotator Cuff Injuries , Shoulder Injuries
17.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 46(2): e2151, 2019. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1003092

ABSTRACT

RESUMO O objetivo deste trabalho é descrever, em cadáver, a técnica de transferência do tendão longo do bíceps para o tratamento da instabilidade anterior do ombro. Nesta técnica, o tendão longo do bíceps braquial é desinserido do tubérculo supraglenoidal e transferido para a borda anterior da cavidade glenoidal, através da tenotomia do subescapular, reproduzindo o efeito tirante e aumentando o batente anterior. A técnica é de fácil execução, minimizando os riscos da transferência do processo coracoide e pode ser uma opção para o tratamento da instabilidade glenoumeral.


ABSTRACT Our objective is to describe the long biceps tendon transfer technique for the treatment of shoulder anterior instability. In this procedure, the long tendon of the biceps brachii is detached from the supraglenoid tubercle and transferred to the anterior edge of the glenoid cavity through a subscapularis tenotomy, reproducing the sling effect and increasing the anterior block. The technique is easy to perform and minimizes the risks of the coracoid process transfer. In conclusion, the transfer of the long tendon of the biceps brachii is an option for the treatment of glenohumeral instability.


Subject(s)
Humans , Shoulder Joint/surgery , Tendon Transfer/methods , Tendons/surgery , Rotator Cuff/surgery , Tenotomy/methods , Joint Instability/surgery , Reproducibility of Results , Treatment Outcome , Medical Illustration
18.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1003009

ABSTRACT

Se presenta un paciente con una extremidad superior gravemente lesionada por arma de fuego. Inicialmente fue tratado con múltiples limpiezas quirúrgicas y colocación de tutor externo AO. El tratamiento definitivo consistió en tutor externo monolateral, además de injerto estructural de cresta ilíaca. Durante el manejo inicial, se detecta lesión del nervio radial, con nervio en continuidad. Dado el proceso cicatricial y la infección de partes blandas, no se logra manejar en la etapa aguda. Posteriormente se realizan transferencias tendinosas para nervio radial. La evolución fue favorable y la función de la extremidad superior resultó satisfactoria. Se comunica este caso debido a su complejo manejo a causa de las lesiones óseas, neurovasculares, cutáneas y de partes blandas. Nivel de Evidencia: IV


We present a patient with a severely injured upper extremity due to a shotgun. Patient was initially managed with multiple surgical debridements and an external AO fixator. Final treatment was performed with a monolateral external fixator in addition to a iliac crest structural graft. During initial management, a radial nerve injury was observed; the nerve was intact, though devitalized. Given the scarring process and soft tissue infection, treatment was performed in the acute phase. Subsequently, tendon transfers were made to treat a radial nerve injury. Patient evolved favorably and regained adequate function of the upper extremity. This case is presented due to its complex management due to bone, neurovascular, skin, and soft tissue involvement. Level of Evidence: IV


Subject(s)
Adult , Arm Injuries , Tendon Transfer , Wounds, Gunshot , External Fixators , Fractures, Open , Humeral Fractures
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-739754

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Latissimus dorsi (LD) tendon transfer is used as a treatment option for massive irreparable posterosuperior rotator cuff tears, and recently, an arthroscopic-assisted technique was introduced. This study was undertaken to evaluate the clinical and radiological outcomes of arthroscopic-assisted LD tendon transfer for the management of irreparable rotator cuff tears in active middle-aged patients. METHODS: The records of five patients (two males) with irreparable tears involving the supraspinatus and infraspinatus tendons managed by arthroscopic-assisted LD tendon transfer were retrospectively reviewed. Clinical outcomes were assessed using the visual analogue scale (VAS) pain scale, American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeon's (ASES) scores, the University of California Los Angeles (UCLA) scale, and ranges of motion. Postoperative integrities of transferred tendon were evaluated by magnetic resonance imaging in 4 patients and by ultrasound in one. RESULTS: Mean patient age was 55 years (range, 48–61 years), and mean follow-up period was 20 months (range, 12.0–27.2 months). Mean VAS score significantly improved from 6.6 ± 2.6 preoperatively to 1.8 ± 2.5 postoperatively (p=0.009), mean ASES score increased from 67.6 ± 9.2 to 84.6 ± 15.1, and mean UCLA score from 18.0 ± 1.4 to 28.8 ± 8.5 (all p<0.001). Postoperative imaging of the transferred LD tendon showed intact repair in 4 patients. The remaining patient experienced LD transfer rupture and a poor outcome. CONCLUSIONS: Arthroscopic-assisted LD tendon transfer improved shoulder pain and function in patients with massive, irreparable rotator cuff tears, and may be an option for this condition, especially in physically active patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , California , Elbow , Follow-Up Studies , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Retrospective Studies , Rotator Cuff , Rupture , Shoulder , Shoulder Pain , Superficial Back Muscles , Tears , Tendon Transfer , Tendons , Ultrasonography
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-741556

ABSTRACT

Temporalis tendon transfer is a technique for dynamic facial reanimation. Since its inception, nearly 80 years ago, it has undergone a wealth of innovation to produce the modern operation. Temporalis tendon transfer is a relatively minimally invasive technique for the dynamic reanimation of the paralyzed face. This technique can produce significant and appropriate movement of the lateral oral commissure, more closely mimicking the normal side. The aim of this article is to review the technique of temporalis tendon transfer involving transferring of the coronoid process of the mandible with the insertion of the temporalis tendon via intra-oral and transcutaneous approach.


Subject(s)
Mandible , Tendon Transfer , Tendons
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