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1.
Alerta (San Salvador) ; 5(1): 17-25, ene. 28, 2022. ilus, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BISSAL | ID: biblio-1354399

ABSTRACT

La infección asociada a la atención sanitaria es aquella condición sistémica o localizada que se observada durante la hospitalización, es el resultado de una reacción adversa a un agente infeccioso o sus toxinas, sin evidencia que la infección estuviese presente o en periodo de incubación en el momento del ingreso. Todo hospital debe contar con un Comité de Infecciones Asociadas a Atención Sanitaria (CIAAS) conformado, según lineamientos internacionales, que incluya un coordinador, una secretaria, una enfermera por cada 250 camas y un técnico en saneamiento ambiental, así como una estrecha relación con la unidad de epidemiologia del hospital


Health care-associated infection is a systemic or localized condition, observed during hospitalization, that is the result of an adverse reaction to an infectious agent or its toxins, without evidence that the infection was present or in the incubation period at the time of hospitalization. entry. Every hospital must have a Health Care Associated Infections Committee (CIAAS) formed, according to international guidelines, that includes a coordinator, a secretary, a nurse for every 250 beds and an environmental sanitation technician, as well as a close relationship with the hospital epidemiology unit


Subject(s)
Infant, Newborn , Cross Infection , Tertiary Healthcare , Epidemiology , Hospitals , Infections
2.
Rev. enferm. UFSM ; 12: e2, 2022. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1344115

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: analisar a aplicabilidade do Processo de Enfermagem em interface com as melhores práticas. Método: estudo transversal, realizado com 146 enfermeiros(as), mediante questionário estruturado tipo survey, aplicado entre maio e setembro de 2019, analisado por estatística descritiva e inferencial. Resultados: dos 146 enfermeiros(as), 115 (78,8%) realizavam o Processo de Enfermagem, sendo que 73 (50%) aplicavam as cinco etapas do Processo de Enfermagem. Destes 115, prevaleceram as etapas de coleta de dados 110 (95,7%) e implementação do cuidado 104 (90,4%). Houve associação significativa entre a aplicação das etapas do Processo de Enfermagem com o uso de sistemas de informação e escalas de avaliação. Algumas etapas do Processo foram associadas ao uso de Sistemas de Linguagem Padronizada e teorias de enfermagem. Conclusão: o Processo de Enfermagem configura-se como estratégia para consolidar as melhores práticas, fundamentando as ações em evidências científicas e nas necessidades do indivíduo mediante expertise clínica e qualificação dos registros.


Objective: to analyze the applicability of the Nursing Process in interface with best practices. Method: cross-sectional study, conducted with 146 nurses, using a structured survey questionnaire, applied between May and September 2019, analyzed by descriptive and inferential statistics. Results: of the 146 nurses, 115 (78.8%) performed the Nursing Process, and 73 (50%) applied the five steps of the Nursing Process. Of these 115 prevailed the steps of data collection 110 (95.7%) and implementation of care 104 (90.4%). There was a significant association between the application of the steps of the Nursing Process using information systems and evaluation scales. Some steps of the Process were associated with the use of Standardized Language Systems and nursing theories. Conclusion: the Nursing Process is configured as a strategy to consolidate the best practices, basing the actions on scientific evidence and on the needs of the individual through clinical expertise and qualification of the records.


Objetivo: analizar la aplicabilidad del Proceso de Enfermería en interfaz con las mejores prácticas. Método: estudio transversal, realizado con 146 enfermeros, utilizando un cuestionario de encuesta estructurada, aplicado entre mayo y septiembre de 2019, analizado por estadística descriptiva e inferencial. Resultados: de los 146 enfermeros, 115 (78,8%) realizaron el Proceso de Enfermería, y 73 (50%) aplicaron las cinco etapas del Proceso de Enfermería. De esos 115, prevalecieron las etapas de recolección de datos 110 (95,7%) y la implementación de la atención 104 (90,4%). Hubo asociación significativa entre la aplicación de las etapas del Proceso de Enfermería con el uso de sistemas de información y escalas de evaluación. Algunas etapas del Proceso fueron asociadas con el uso de sistemas estandarizados del lenguaje y teorías de enfermería. Conclusión: el Proceso de Enfermería se configura como una estrategia para consolidar las mejores prácticas, basando las acciones en la evidencia científica y en las necesidades del individuo a través de la experiencia clínica y la calificación de los registros.


Subject(s)
Humans , Tertiary Healthcare , Nursing Records , Nursing , Practice Patterns, Nurses' , Nursing Process
3.
Rev. Méd. Inst. Mex. Seguro Soc ; 59(6): 545-550, 01-dic-2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1357564

ABSTRACT

Introducción: la enfermedad por SARS-CoV-2 denominada COVID-19 originada en China adquirió dimensiones pandémicas. De acuerdo con el reporte situacional de la OMS al 15 de marzo de 2021, la tasa de letalidad global es del 2.2%; en México se han confirmado alrededor de 194 944 defunciones por COVID-19. Estudios en China identificaron que los pacientes con COVID-19 severo, al compararlos con aquellos que cursaron con COVID-19 no severo, presentaron manifestaciones neurológicas más graves. Objetivo: determinar la frecuencia de síntomas y manifestaciones neurológicas en pacientes con COVID-19 severo en un centro de tercer nivel de atención. Material y métodos: estudio transversal, observacional y analítico, llevado a cabo en el Hospital de Especialidades del Centro Médico Nacional Siglo XXI, en pacientes hospitalizados con COVID-19 severo. Resultados: se analizaron 183 casos, de los cuales 130 eran hombres (71%). La mediana de edad fue de 55 años (RIC: 44-65). Los síntomas neurológicos fueron: cefalea, anosmia y disgeusia. Las manifestaciones neurológicas se presentaron en 27 pacientes, la más frecuente fue la enfermedad vascular cerebral tipo isquémica (EVC) en 12 pacientes (44%) en pacientes con mayor edad, 76.5 frente a 54 años (p = 0.000), y con antecedente de enfermedad cardiovascular. Conclusiones: los síntomas neurológicos más frecuentes fueron cefalea, anosmia y disgeusia. La manifestación neurológica más frecuente fue la EVC isquémica que se presentó en pacientes con COVID-19 severo de mayor edad y con antecedente de enfermedad cardiovascular.


Background: The SARS-CoV-2 disease, called COVID-19, emerged in China has acquired pandemic dimensions. According to the WHO situational report of March 15, 2021, the global fatality rate is 2.2%; in Mexico, around 194 944 deaths have been confirmed by COVID-19. Studies in China identified that patients with severe COVID-19, when compared with those who had non-severe COVID-19, presented more severe neurological manifestations. Objective: To determine the frequency of neurological symptoms and manifestations in patients with severe COVID-19 in a tertiary care center. Material and methods: A cross-sectional, observational and analytical study was carried out at the Hospital de Especialidades del Centro Médico Nacional Siglo XXI, in patients hospitalized with severe COVID-19. Results: 183 cases were analyzed, of which 130 were men (71%). The median age was 55 years (IQR: 44-65). The neurological symptoms were: headache, anosmia and dysgeusia. Neurological manifestations occurred in 27 patients (16%), the most frequent was ischemic-type cerebrovascular disease (CVD) in 12 (44%), in patients older than 76.5 years vs. 54 years (p = 0.000), with history of cardiovascular disease. Conclusions: The most frequent neurological symptoms were headache, anosmia and dysgeusia. The most frequent neurological manifestation was ischemic CVD that appeared in older patients with severe COVID-19 with a history of cardiovascular disease.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Tertiary Healthcare , Cerebrovascular Disorders , COVID-19 , Neurologic Manifestations , Tertiary Healthcare , Headache
4.
Rev. Méd. Inst. Mex. Seguro Soc ; 59(6): 579-584, 01-dic-2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1357673

ABSTRACT

Introducción: el sarcoma fibromixoide de bajo grado (LGFMS) se considera un tumor de tejidos blandos raro, que tiene tendencia a surgir del tronco y de las extremidades inferiores, su localización en el área intraabdominal se considera poco común. Objetivo: describir un caso de LGFMS primario de colon transverso perforado con metástasis hepática. Caso clínico: describimos el caso de un paciente masculino de 57 años con dolor abdominal de inicio súbito; en la cirugía se encontró un tumor con absceso y perforación en el colon transverso que infiltraba hasta la raíz del mesenterio. Se realizó hemicolectomía izquierda extendida con colostomía de colon ascendente. Más tarde, en una exploración posoperatoria, se encontró que tenía enfermedad hepática metastásica. Conclusiones: este caso es único en términos de ubicación y presentación. Es un recordatorio del diagnóstico diferencial del dolor abdominal agudo. Hasta donde sabemos, es el primer caso de LGFMS del colon con metástasis hepática sincrónica.


Background: Low grade fibromyxoid sarcoma (LGFMS) is considered a rare soft tissue tumor and has a tendency to arise from deep soft tissue of the trunk and lower extremities, the intraabdominal area is considered a rare location. Objective: To describe the first case of a LGFMS arising from the transverse colon with liver metastasis Clinical case: We describe a 57-years-old male patient with abdominal pain of sudden onset; at surgery he was found to have an abscessed tumor in the transverse colon that infiltrated to mesentery root. An extended left hemicolectomy was performed with ascending colon colostomy. Later on, a postoperative scan he was found to have metastatic liver disease Conclusions: This case is unique in terms of the location and presentation. It's a reminder of differential diagnosis of acute abdominal pain. To our knowledge is the first case of a LGFMS of the colon with synchronous liver metastasis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Colonic Neoplasms , Intestinal Perforation , Neoplasm Metastasis , Sarcoma , Tertiary Healthcare , Colostomy , Abdominal Pain , Colectomy , Colon , Colon, Ascending , Liver Diseases
5.
Rev. enferm. Inst. Mex. Seguro Soc ; 29(3): 142-149, 04-oct-2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1357699

ABSTRACT

Introducción: el sistema organizacional genera un determinado clima de trabajo que repercute en las motivaciones de los miembros de la organización y en su comportamiento, por lo que al evaluar el clima organizacional se mide la forma como es percibida la organización. Objetivo: identificar el clima organizacional en el personal de enfermería de la unidad de cuidados intensivos (UCI) del Hospital de Especialidades (HE) No. 14 del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social (IMSS), en Veracruz, México. Metodología: estudio observacional, descriptivo y transversal, en el que participaron 49 enfermeras de los turnos matutino, vespertino y nocturno de la UCI del HE No. 14. Durante junio y julio de 2019, se aplicó el instrumento Clima Organizacional de Litwin y Stringer, que contiene 53 ítems en sus 9 dimensiones. Resultados: el nivel promedio global del clima organizacional en la UCI fue de 26.4, lo que lleva a categorizarlo como bueno. Las dimensiones: recompensa, estándares y conflicto obtuvieron una puntuación de 23.5 a 24.8, que se traduce como un promedio regular del clima organizacional. Conclusiones: hay un clima organizacional bueno en el personal de enfermería. El componente que influye de manera positiva es la dimensión cooperación, ya que el trabajador empatiza con sus compañeros de servicio. La dimensión conflicto influye de manera negativa, pues abarca la falta de motivación del personal para realizar su trabajo.


Introduction: Organizational systems generate certain workplace environment that affects the staff members' motivation and their behavior, which is why assessing the organizational environment allows to measure the staff perception on the organization. Objective: To identify the organizational environment of the nursing staff at the Specialty Hospital (SH) No. 14 intensive care unit (ICU) of the National Institute for Social Security (Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social), in Veracruz, Mexico. Methods: Observational, descriptive, and cross-sectional study, which included 49 nurses from the morning, afternoon and night shifts of the aforementioned ICU. During June and July 2019, it was administered the instrument Organizational Climate by Litwin and Stringer, which contains 53 items in its 9 dimensions. Results: The global average level of the organizational environment in the ICU was 26.4, which leads to categorize it as good. The dimensions reward, standards and conflict obtained a range from 23.5 to 24.8, i.e., a regular average of the organizational environment. Conclusions: There is an organizational environment classified as good in the nursing staff. The component that has a positive influence is the cooperation dimension, since the worker empathizes with his fellow employees. The conflict dimension has a negative influence, given that it includes the lack of motivation of the staff to carry out their work.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Working Environment , Cross-Sectional Studies , Intensive Care Units , Tertiary Healthcare , Mexico , Nurses
6.
Rev. Bras. Saúde Mater. Infant. (Online) ; 21(3): 805-815, July-Sept. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1347002

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objectives: to analyze factors associated with neonatal death among adolescent mothers. Methods: randomized hospital-based cross-sectional study in a tertiary institution,, data from the Sistema de Informação sobre Nascidos Vivos (Sinasc), (Live Birth Information System), Sistema de Informação sobre Mortalidade (SIM) (Mortality Information System), and medical records. The study population was comprised of 1,341 adolescents aged 10-19 who had assisted childbirth at the institution between 2012 to 2016. The independent variables were sociodemographic characteristics, care, prenatal, childbirth, birth, and newborn's hospitalization, as well as the baby's characteristics. Logistic regression analysis was carried out to assess the association between neonatal death and explanatory variables. Results: the factors associated with death were from the countryside or other States (OR=2.68; CI95% =1.24-5.81), Apgar scores lower than 7 in the 1st (OR= 9.52; CI95% = 4.15-21.81) and the 5th (OR=4.17; CI95%=1.53-11.34) minutes of life; and birth weight less than 999g (OR=13.37; CI95% =3, 64-49.04) and between 1,500 to 2,499g (OR=3.43; CI95%=1.37-8.58). Conclusions: apgar and low birth weight were associated with the neonatal death among adolescent mothers, as well as the fact they come from the countryside and other States. These findings show, in addition to classic risks, potential difficulties for adolescents in having access to healthcare services in their hometown. To reduce the risks, there is a need for restructuring the maternal and child healthcare network and ensure a social protection network for these girls.


Resumo Objetivos: analisar fatores associados ao óbito neonatal de mães adolescentes. Métodos: estudo transversal de base hospitalar em instituição terciária, randomizado, com dados do Sistema de Informação sobre Nascidos Vivos (Sinasc), Sistema de Informação sobre Mortalidade (SIM) e de prontuários. A população do estudo compreendeu 1.341 adolescentes de 10 a 19 anos assistidos durante o parto na instituição entre 2012 a 2016. As variáveis independentes foram características sociodemográficas, assistenciais, relacionadas ao pré-natal, parto, nascimento e internamento do recém-nascido, além das características do bebê. Realizou-se análise de regressão logística para avaliar a associação entre óbito neonatal e variáveis explanatórias. Resultados: os fatores associados ao óbito foram municípios do interior e outros estados (OR=2,68; IC95%=1,24-5,81), índices de apgar menor que sete no 1º(OR=9,52; IC95%=4,15-21,81) e no 5º(OR=4,17; IC95%=1,53-11,34) minutos de vida e peso ao nascer menor que 999g (OR=13,37; IC95%= 3,64-49,04) e entre 1500 a 2499g (OR=3,43; IC95%= 1,37-8,58). Conclusões: o apgar e o baixo peso ao nascer se associaram ao óbito neonatal de mães adolescentes além da procedência de municípios do interior e outros estados. Estes achados mostram além de riscos clássicos, potenciais dificuldade das adolescentes em dispor de assistência nos seus lugares de residência. Para reduzir os riscos há necessidade de reorganizar a rede assistencial materno-infantil e garantir uma rede de proteção social a estas meninas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Pregnancy in Adolescence , Risk Factors , Cause of Death , Perinatal Death/etiology , Apgar Score , Prenatal Care , Socioeconomic Factors , Tertiary Healthcare , Brazil , Infant, Low Birth Weight , Cross-Sectional Studies , Maternal-Child Health Services
7.
Rev. Bras. Saúde Mater. Infant. (Online) ; 21(3): 761-771, July-Sept. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1347005

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objectives: to analyze the incidence of obstetric practices in labor and childbirth care at usual risk in a tertiary hospital. Methods: cross-sectional, descriptive study with a quantitative approach. Data were collected from 314 Monitoring Sheets of Labor and Childbirth Care of women who had their birth attended at the institution, from July 2017 to July 2018. The study was approved by the research ethics committee, with the embodied opinion number 2.822.707. Results: most women in the study were between 20 and 34 years old, coming from the city of Fortaleza, Ceará; had completed high school; and had unpaid work. The prevalence of good practices was identified: umbilical cord clamping in a timely manner (81.5%), immediate skin-to-skin contact (73.9%), breastfeeding in the childbirth room (74.2%), freedom of position and movement (72.3%), completion of the partograph (66.6%), presence of a companion (66.2%), offer of a liquid diet (65%), and non-pharmacological methods for pain relief (54.8%). As for interventional practices, we identified: venoclysis (42.4%), oxytocin infusion (29%), and amniotomy (11.1%). Conclusions: advances in the adoption of good practices based on scientific evidence are noteworthy; however, the technocratic model of childbirth care for women at normal risk persists.


Resumo Objetivos: analisar a incidência das práticas obstétricas na assistência ao parto e nascimento de risco habitual em um hospital terciário. Métodos: estudo transversal, de caráter descritivo e abordagem quantitativa. Os dados foram coletados em 314 Fichas de Monitoramento da Atenção ao Parto e Nascimento de mulheres que tiveram seu parto assistido na instituição, no período de julho de 2017 a julho de 2018. O estudo obteve a aprovação do comitê de ética em pesquisa, com o parecer consubstanciado nº 2.822.707. Resultados: a maioria das mulheres do estudo encontrava-se na faixa etária de 20 a 34 anos, procedentes do município de Fortaleza-CE, possuíam ensino médio completo e atividade laboral não remunerada. Identificou-se a prevalência de boas práticas: clampeamento do cordão em tempo oportuno (81,5%), contato pele a pele imediato (73,9%), amamentação na sala de parto (74,2%), liberdade de posição e movimento (72,3%), preenchimento do partograma (66,6%), presença de acompanhante (66,2%), oferta de dieta líquida (65%) e métodos não farmacológicos para o alívio da dor (54,8%). Quanto às práticas intervencionistas, identificou-se: venóclise (42,4%), infusão de ocitocina (29%) e amniotomia (11,1%). Conclusões: ressalta-se avanços na adoção das boas práticas baseadas em evidências científicas, no entanto, persiste o modelo tecnocrático de assistência ao parto, frente ao atendimento de mulheres de risco habitual.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Perinatal Care/statistics & numerical data , Humanizing Delivery , Maternal-Child Health Services , Midwifery/statistics & numerical data , Natural Childbirth , Tertiary Healthcare , Cross-Sectional Studies
8.
Rev. Bras. Saúde Mater. Infant. (Online) ; 21(2): 547-552, Apr.-June 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1340650

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objectives: to describe the epidemiology of invasive candidiasis in a neonatal intensive care unit. Methods: cross-sectional study that included all neonates with invasive candidiasis confirmed by blood culture from April 2015 to June 2018. Demographic, clinical and microbiological data were analyzed, comparing neonates with extreme low birth weight (ELBW) with neonates ≥ 1000g birth weight, considering a p <0.05 as statistically significant. Results: there were 38 cases of invasive candidiasis, resulting in an overall incidence of 2.5%. Twelve (32%) were ELBW neonates and 26 (68%) neonates ≥ 1000g birth weight, an incidence of 4.4% and 2.0%, respectively. Abdominal surgery was more frequent among neonates with birth weight ≥ 1000g compared to ELBW neonates (85% vs. 17%; p <0.01), as well as the median in days of antibiotics use (18 vs. 10.5; p = 0.04). The median in days of mechanical ventilation was more frequent among ELBW neonates (10 vs. 5.5; p = 0.04). The majority of Candida species were non-albicans (64%). Fatality rate was 32%. Conclusions: the incidence of invasive candidiasis among neonates with birth weight ≥ 1000g was higher than that found in the literature. This group has a higher proportion of gastrointestinal malformations that require surgery. Thus, fluconazole prophylaxis may be necessary for a broader group of neonates.


Resumo Objetivos: descrever a epidemiologia de candidíase invasiva em uma unidade de terapia intensiva neonatal. Métodos: estudo transversal que incluiu todos recém-nascidos com candidíase invasiva confirmada por hemocultura de abril de 2015 a junho de 2018. Foi analisado dados demográficos, clínicos e microbiológicos, comparando recém-nascidos de extremo baixo peso ao nascer (EBPN) com os recém-nascidos com peso ao nascer ≥1000g, considerando um valor de p<0,05 como estatisticamente significativo. Resultados: houve 38 casos de candidíase invasiva, resultando em uma incidência global de 2,5%. Doze (32%) eram neonatos de EBPN e 26 (68%) neonatos com peso ao nascer ≥1000g, resultando em uma incidência de 4,4% e 2,0%, respectivamente. A realização de cirurgia abdominal foi mais frequente nos neonatos com peso ao nascer ≥1000g em comparação com os neonatos de EBPN (85% vs. 17%; p<0,01), assim como a mediana dos dias de uso de antibióticos (18 vs. 10,5; p =0,04). Já o a mediana dos dias de ventilação mecânica foi mais frequente entre recém-nascido de EBPN (10 vs. 5,5; p = 0,04). A maioria das espécies de Candida eram não-albicans (64%). A letalidade foi de 32%. Conclusões: a incidência de candidíase invasiva entre os recém-nascidos ≥1000g ao nascer foi superior ao encontrado na literatura. Este grupo tem uma maior proporção de malformações gastrointestinais que requerem cirurgia. Assim, a profilaxia com fluconazol pode ser necessária para um grupo mais amplo de recém-nascidos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Intensive Care Units, Neonatal , Fluconazole/therapeutic use , Candidiasis, Invasive/prevention & control , Candidiasis, Invasive/therapy , Candidiasis, Invasive/epidemiology , Tertiary Healthcare , Birth Weight , Brazil/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Demographic Data , Infant, Extremely Low Birth Weight
9.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 119(5): e435-e440, oct. 2021. tab, ilus
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1292120

ABSTRACT

Introducción. Los reingresos hospitalarios en pediatría representan un problema grave, potencialmente evitable, en los sistemas de salud. Existe poca información sobre el tema en nuestro medio. Objetivo. Estimar la tasa de reingreso, la proporción de reingresos potencialmente prevenibles y las características asociadas a estos. Material y métodos. Estudio transversal que incluyó reingresos hospitalarios de pacientes de 0 a 18 años, internados en un hospital pediátrico de tercer nivel entre el 1 de enero de 2018 y el 31 de diciembre de 2018. Se evaluó si los reingresos fueron potencialmente prevenibles según tuvieran o no relación con el ingreso previo. Resultados. Sobre 8228 ingresos hospitalarios contabilizados en el período de estudio, se observó una tasa de reingresos por cualquier causa de 10 % a 30 días y del 7,1 % a 15 días. La proporción de reingresos clasificados como potencialmente prevenibles fue de 47,9 % a los 30 días y de 47,5 % a 15 días. No se observaron diferencias estadísticamente significativas entre los reingresos a 30 y a 15 días respecto de la edad de los pacientes, la cobertura de salud, la presencia de una enfermedad crónica ni la causa del reingreso. Conclusión. La tasa de reingresos hospitalarios fue de 10 % a 30 días del egreso y de 7,1 % a 1 días; casi la mitad de ellos se consideraron potencialmente prevenibles


Introduction. Hospital readmissions in pediatrics are a severe, potentially avoidable problem of health systems. In our setting, there is little information about this topic. Objective. To estimate the rate of readmissions, the proportion of potentially preventable readmissions, and their associated characteristics. Material and methods. Cross-sectional study including hospital readmissions of patients aged 0-18 years, admitted to a tertiary care children's hospital between January 1st and December 31st, 2018. Readmissions were assessed as potentially preventable based on whether they were or not related to the previous admission. Results. Out of 8228 hospital admissions recorded in the study period, the rate of readmissions for any cause was 10 % at 30 days and 7.1 % at 15 days. The proportion of readmissions classified as potentially preventable was 47.9 % at 30 days and 47.5 % at 15 days. No statistically significant differences were observed between readmissions at 30 and 15 days in terms of patient age, health insurance, presence of chronic disease or cause of readmission. Conclusion. The rate of hospital readmissions was 10 % at 30 days and 7.1 % at 15 days of discharge; almost half of them were considered potentially preventable.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Patient Discharge , Patient Readmission , Tertiary Healthcare , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies , Hospitals
10.
REME rev. min. enferm ; 25: e1380, 2021. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1340532

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo: identificar o conhecimento de enfermeiros em genética e genômica aplicado ao câncer de mama. Método: estudo transversal com a aplicação de um questionário desenvolvido pelos autores a enfermeiros assistenciais, maiores de 18 anos, atuantes na atenção secundária e terciária, no município de Belém do Pará, região Norte do Brasil. Realizada técnica de amostragem por conveniência em relação aos locais de coleta e amostragem aleatória simples para o número amostral mínimo de 71 participantes. Resultados: foram abordados 80 enfermeiros com idade média de 42 anos, sendo a maior parte de especialistas. Verificaram-se diferenças entre o nível da atenção em que os enfermeiros atuam e o primeiro contato com genética e/ou genômica (p<0,001); entre o conceito de DNA (p<0,0001); o conhecimento sobre o heredograma (p=0,004); conhecimento sobre a faixa etária do rastreamento mamográfico com risco familiar (p=0,027); o exame clínico realizado por um médico ou enfermeira treinados, anualmente, a partir de 40 anos (p=0,005). A maioria dos casos de CA de mama ocorre devido a alterações genéticas hereditárias (p=0,0004) e da menarca precoce, menopausa tardia, nuliparidade, alterações hormonais, sedentarismo, sobrepeso, tabagismo e terapia hormonal, que são os principais fatores de risco para o câncer de mama esporádico (p=0,0039). Conclusão: identificou-se uma lacuna de conhecimento sobre os conceitos de genética e genômica aplicados ao câncer de mama entre os dois grupos.


RESUMEN Objetivo: identificar los conocimientos de enfermeros en genética y genómica aplicadas al cáncer de mama. Método: estudio transversal con la aplicación de un cuestionario desarrollado por los autores a enfermeros asistenciales, mayores de 18 años, que trabajan en la atención secundaria y terciaria, en la ciudad de Belém do Pará, región norte de Brasil. Se realizó una técnica de muestreo por conveniencia con relación a los sitios de recolección y muestreo aleatorio simple para una muestra mínima de 71 participantes. Resultados: se abordó a 80 enfermeros con una edad promedio de 42 años, la mayoría especialistas. Hubo diferencias entre el nivel de atención en el que trabajan los enfermeros y el primer contacto con la genética y / o genómica (p <0,001); entre el concepto de ADN (p <0,0001); conocimiento sobre el árbol genealógica (p = 0,004); conocimiento sobre el grupo de edad de cribado mamográfico con riesgo familiar (p = 0,027); el examen clínico realizado por un médico o enfermero capacitado, anualmente, a partir de los 40 años (p = 0,005). La mayoría de los casos de CA de mama se producen por alteraciones genéticas hereditarias (p = 0,0004) y menarquia precoz, menopausia tardía, mujeres que nunca han parido, cambios hormonales, sedentarismo, sobrepeso, tabaquismo y terapia hormonal, que son los principales factores de riesgo de cáncer de mama esporádico (p = 0,0039). Conclusión: entre los dos grupos se identificó una brecha de conocimiento sobre los conceptos de genética y genómica aplicados al cáncer de mama.


ABSTRACT Objective: to identify nurse's knowledge in genetics and genomics applied to breast cancer. Method: a cross-sectional study with the application of a questionnaire developed by the authors to clinical nurses, over 18 years old, working in secondary and tertiary care, in the city of Belém do Pará, the northern region of Brazil. Convenience sampling technique was performed in the collection places and simple random sampling for a minimum sample number of 71 participants. Results: Eighty nurses with an average age of 42 years old were approached, most of the experts. There were differences between the level of care in which nurses work and the first contact with genetics and/or genomics (p<0.001); between the concept of DNA (p<0.0001); knowledge about the genogram (p=0.004); knowledge about the age group of mammographic screening with familial risk (p=0.027); the clinical examination performed by a trained physician or nurse, annually, from 40 years old (p=0.005). Most cases of breast cancer occur due to hereditary genetic changes (p=0.0004) and early menarche, late menopause, nulliparity, hormonal changes, sedentary lifestyle, overweight, smoking, and hormonal therapy, which are the main risks factors for sporadic breast cancer (p=0.0039). Conclusion: a knowledge gap about the concepts of genetics and genomics applied to breast cancer was identified between the two groups.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Breast Neoplasms , Genomics , Genetics , Secondary Care , Tertiary Healthcare , Mass Screening , Risk Factors , Nurses
11.
J. bras. pneumol ; 47(2): e20200581, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1250206

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To assess the diagnostic performance of the Xpert MTB/RIF assay, a rapid molecular test for tuberculosis, comparing it with that of AFB staining and culture, in BAL fluid (BALF) samples from patients with clinically suspected pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) who are sputum smear-negative or produce sputum samples of insufficient quantity. Methods: This was a retrospective study of 140 cases of suspected PTB in patients who were smear-negative or produced insufficient sputum samples and were evaluated at a tertiary teaching hospital in the city of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. All of the patients underwent fiberoptic bronchoscopy with BAL. The BALF specimens were evaluated by AFB staining, mycobacterial culture, and the Xpert MTB/RIF assay. Results: Among the 140 patients, results for all three microbiological examinations were available for 73 (52.1%), of whom 22 tested positive on culture, 17 tested positive on AFB staining, and 20 tested positive on the Xpert MTB/RIF assay. The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value, and overall accuracy for AFB staining were 68.1%, 96.1%, 88.2%, 87.5%, and 87.6%, respectively, compared with 81.8%, 96.1%, 90.0%, 92.4%, and 91.8%, respectively, for the Xpert MTB/RIF assay. The agreement between AFB staining and culture was 82.3% (kappa = 0.46; p < 0.0001), whereas that between the Xpert MTB/RIF assay and culture was 91.8% (kappa = 0.8; p < 0.0001). Conclusions: In BALF samples, the Xpert MTB/RIF assay performs better than do traditional methods, providing a reliable alternative to sputum analysis in suspected cases of PTB. However, the rate of discordant results merits careful consideration.


RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar o desempenho diagnóstico do teste Xpert MTB/RIF - teste molecular rápido para tuberculose, comparando-o com o da pesquisa de BAAR e da cultura, em amostras de LBA de pacientes com suspeita clínica de tuberculose pulmonar (TBP) que apresentam baciloscopia de escarro negativa ou produzem amostras com quantidade insuficiente de escarro. Métodos: Estudo retrospectivo de 140 casos suspeitos de TBP em pacientes que apresentaram baciloscopia negativa ou produziram amostras de escarro insuficientes e foram avaliados em um hospital-escola terciário na cidade do Rio de Janeiro (RJ). Todos os pacientes foram submetidos à fibrobroncoscopia com LBA. Os espécimes de LBA foram avaliados por meio da realização de pesquisa de BAAR, cultura para micobactérias e teste Xpert MTB/RIF. Resultados: Entre os 140 pacientes, resultados de todos os três exames microbiológicos estavam disponíveis para 73 (52,1%), dos quais 22 apresentaram cultura positiva, 17, pesquisa de BAAR positiva, e 20, teste Xpert MTB/RIF positivo. A sensibilidade, especificidade, valor preditivo positivo, valor preditivo negativo e precisão global da pesquisa de BAAR foram de 68,1%, 96,1%, 88,2%, 87,5% e 87,6%, respectivamente, contra 81,8%, 96,1%, 90,0%, 92,4% e 91,8%, respectivamente, do teste Xpert MTB/RIF. A concordância entre a pesquisa de BAAR e a cultura foi de 82,3% (kappa = 0,46; p < 0,0001), enquanto a concordância entre o teste Xpert MTB/RIF e a cultura foi de 91,8% (kappa = 0,8; p < 0,0001). Conclusões: Em amostras de LBA, o teste Xpert MTB/RIF tem melhor desempenho do que os métodos tradicionais, fornecendo uma alternativa confiável à análise do escarro em casos suspeitos de TBP. No entanto, a taxa de resultados discordantes merece uma reflexão cuidadosa.


Subject(s)
Humans , Tuberculosis , Tuberculosis, Pulmonary/diagnosis , Mycobacterium tuberculosis , Sputum , Tertiary Healthcare , Brazil , Retrospective Studies , Sensitivity and Specificity
12.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1281093

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El dengue (DEN), es uno de los principales problemas de salud pública en Paraguay. Identificar los factores de riesgo asociados a la evolución a dengue grave es clave principalmente para evitar un desenlace fatal y también lograr de alguna manera reducir la utilización de recursos al disminuir el número de hospitalizaciones. Objetivos: Analizar los factores asociados a la evolución a dengue grave en un hospital de tercer nivel de atención de Paraguay durante los años 2019 a 2020. Materiales y métodos: Estudio de casos y controles de hospitalizados con diagnóstico de dengue y dengue grave. Se consideró como casos a los pacientes con dengue grave y controles pareados a los pacientes con dengue hospitalizados. Relación controles a casos: 2:1=38 casos y 76 controles. Resultados: De 146 pacientes, se halló significancia estadística en las siguientes variables sexo femenino (OR 0,47 IC 0,22-0,99 p 0,045), leucopenia (OR: 0,06 IC 0.006-0,66 p 0,007), padecer diabetes mellitus (OR 13,42 IC 1,51-118,62 y p 0,003), presentar dolor abdominal intermitente (OR 2,67 IC 1,10-6,48 p 0,02), y tos (OR 21,79 IC 5,93-80,05 y p 0,00). Conclusión: Los pacientes de sexo femenino, con leucopenia y la condición de embarazo resultaron factores protectores para la evolución a dengue grave. Se asociaron con mayor probabilidad de desarrollar dengue grave, padecer diabetes mellitus, presentar dolor abdominal intermitente, tos, letargia o inquietud y leucocitos normales.


Introduction: Dengue (DEN) is one of the main public health problems in Paraguay. Identifying the risk factors associated with the evolution to severe dengue is key mainly to avoid a fatal outcome and also to somehow reduce the use of resources by reducing the number of hospitalizations. Objectives: To analyze the factors associated with the evolution to severe dengue in a tertiary care hospital in Paraguay during the years 2019 to 2020. Materials and methods: Case-control study of hospitalized patients with a diagnosis of dengue and severe dengue. Results: We included 146 patients, we found statistical significance in the following variables: female sex (OR 0.47 CI 0.22-0.99 p 0.045), leukopenia (OR: 0.06 CI 0.006-0.66 p 0.007), suffering from diabetes mellitus (OR 13.42 CI 1.51-118.62 and p 0.003), present intermittent abdominal pain (OR 2.67 CI 1.10-6.48 p 0.02), and cough (OR 21.79 CI 5, 93-80.05 and p 0.00). Conclusion: We found that female patients, with leukopenia and the condition of pregnancy were protective factors for the evolution to severe dengue. The association with the highest probability of developing severe dengue, which we found, was suffering from diabetes mellitus, presenting intermittent abdominal pain, cough, lethargy or restlessness, and normal white blood cells.


Subject(s)
Severe Dengue , Dengue , Diabetes Mellitus , Tertiary Healthcare , Abdominal Pain , Risk Factors , Diagnosis
13.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1291978

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: comparar a ocorrência de fraturas de fêmur proximal atendidas em um hospital secundário e em um terciário. Método: a amostra deste estudo foi composta por todos os pacientes que apresentaram fratura de fêmur proximal atendidos em dois serviços hospitalares, no período de 2015 a 2017, sendo realizada a avaliação dos prontuários. Resultados: embora um maior número de cirurgias tenha sido realizado no hospital terciário, os pacientes atendidos no hospital secundário apresentaram maior número de complicações, provavelmente em decorrência de mais tempo de espera pelo procedimento, incluindo as cirurgias que precisaram ser remarcadas. É provável, também, que esse fato tenha implicado em maior tempo de internação e necessidade de encaminhamento para UTI no período pós-operatório imediato, fenômenos também observados no hospital secundário. Conclusão: estes resultados chamam atenção para a necessidade de reformulação dos protocolos de atendimento a pacientes com fratura proximal de fêmur, visando sanar os problemas aqui apresentados.


Aim: to compare the occurrence of femur fractures treated in a secondary and in a tertiary hospitals. Method: the sample of this study consisted of all patients who had fractures of the proximal femur treated at two hospital services, from 2015 to 2017, and the medical records were evaluated. Results: a greater number of surgeries has been performed at the tertiary hospital, although the secondary hospital patients had the highest number of complications, resulted probably by longer waiting times for the procedure, including surgeries that needed to be scheduled. It is also likely that this fact implied in a longer hospital stay and the need for referral to the Intensive Unit Care in the immediate postoperative period, also observed in secondary hospitals. Conclusion: these results call attention to the need to reformulate the protocols for the care of patients with proximal fracture of the femur, to solve the problems presented here.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Femoral Fractures , Orthopedics , Health Profile , Secondary Care , Tertiary Healthcare , Traumatology , Orthopedic Procedures
14.
Medisan ; 24(4)jul.-ago. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1125139

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El dengue es una infección viral endémica reemergente de notable preponderancia por su morbilidad y mortalidad, cuya incidencia se ha multiplicado en las últimos tiempos a nivel internacional. Objetivos: Caracterizar a pacientes con dengue según la clasificación revisada de la Organización Mundial de la Salud y determinar la correspondencia entre esta y la clasificación tradicional respecto a la gravedad de los casos. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo y transversal en el Instituto de Medicina Tropical Pedro Kourí de La Habana durante el 2012, en el que se revisaron 247 historias clínicas seleccionadas por muestreo aleatorio estratificado. Resultados: En la casuística predominaron el dengue con signos de alarma, el grupo etario de 40-59 años, el sexo femenino y el síndrome de choque por dengue como principal forma clínica de gravedad. La fiebre estuvo presente en todos los afectados; también sobresalieron la cefalea, la astenia, las artromialgias, la exantema y el dolor retroocular. La leucopenia y la trombocitopenia constituyeron hallazgos muy frecuentes, al igual que la citólisis hepática; en tanto, las manifestaciones digestivas y hemorrágicas, entre otras, se asociaron significativamente con el desarrollo de dengue grave. Conclusiones: Se evidenció que utilizando la clasificación tradicional se hubiesen dejado de identificar y tratar adecuadamente a pacientes con dengue grave y dengue con signos de alarma, al catalogarse la mayoría de estos como fiebre del dengue, subestimando así la gravedad clínica de dichos casos.


Introduction: Dengue is a viral endemic reemerging infection of remarkable preponderance for its morbidity and mortality whose incidence has multiplied in the last times at international level. Objectives: To characterize patients with dengue according to the classification reviewed by the Health World Organization and to determine the correspondence between this and the traditional classification regarding the seriousness of the cases. Methods: A descriptive and cross-sectional study was carried out at Pedro Kourí Tropical Medicine Institute in Havana during 2012, in which 247 medical records were reviewed selected by stratified random sampling. Results: In the case material there was a prevalence of dengue with alarm signs, 40-59 age group, female sex and the shock syndrome due to dengue as the main clinic form of seriousness. The fever was present in all those affected; migraine, asthenia, artromialgias, exanthema and retroocular pain were also outstanding. The leukopenia and thrombocytopenia constituted very frequent findings, the same as hepatic cytolysis; as long as, the digestive and hemorrhagic manifestations, among others, were significantly associated with the development of serious dengue. Conclusions: It was evidenced that using the traditional classification the identification and appropriate treatment to patients with serious dengue and dengue with alarm signs would not be possible, when being classified most of these as fever of the dengue, underestimating this way the clinical seriousness of these cases.


Subject(s)
Aedes , Dengue/epidemiology , Arbovirus Infections , Tertiary Healthcare
15.
Rev. med. Risaralda ; 26(1): 92-96, ene.-jun. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1127007

ABSTRACT

Resumen Objetivo: Reportar un caso sobre el uso de la terapia de presión negativa como tratamiento alternativo en el manejo de una úlcera vascular arterial de miembros inferiores. Métodos: Por medio de la historia clínica, se revisó los registros previos de una paciente en un centro de atención médica de tercer nivel en Popayán, Colombia. Posteriormente, se realizó una revisión sistemática bibliográfica a través de las bases de datos de Pubmed, ScienceDirect y Scielo. Resultados: La terapia de presión negativa favoreció el proceso de cicatrización, permitiendo el cierre de la herida. Conclusiones: Actualmente, este sistema se considera un apoyo fundamental en el tratamiento de las heridas complejas, las cuales suponen un reto terapéutico importante.


Abstract Objective: To report a case about the use of the Negative-pressure wound therapy as an alternative treatment for arterial vascular ulcers presented in the lower limbs. Methods: The patient's records were reviewed based on her medical history in a tertiary referral care center in Popayan, Colombia. Subsequently, a systematic literature review was conducted through the Pubmed database, ScienceDirect, and Scielo. Results: The use of Negative-pressure wound therapy favored the lesion healing process. Conclusions: Nowadays, this system is considered as an essential treatment for complex wounds, which represent a major therapeutic challenge.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Ulcer , Lower Extremity , Negative-Pressure Wound Therapy , Pressure , Therapeutics , Wounds and Injuries , Tertiary Healthcare , Alkalies
16.
Infectio ; 24(2): 66-70, abr.-jun. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1114842

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objectives: The Dominican Republic lacks reliable information on antimicrobial resistance (AMR), which would allow physicians to prescribe the best treatment for common infectious diseases. This study aimed to define the antimicrobial resistance profiles of the more common pathogens from pediatric services, where data is even more important due to the vulnerability of the population. Methods: We collected data from patients admitted in the pediatric unit of three third level hospitals in the city of Santiago de los Caballeros, Dominican Republic, showing positive bacterial cultures, during a period of two years. Results: Half of the Gram negative pathogens exhibited third generation cephalosporins (3GC) resistance, 17% were resistant to carbapenems. Serratia marcescens presented an exceptionally high proportion of resistance to 3GC (95.9%). Staphylococcus aureus showed elevated resistance to methicillin (58.4%) and even to clindamycin (35.8%). Conclusion: There are elevated levels of antimicrobial resistance among the Enterobacteriaceae family and the Staphylococcus genus isolated from the pediatric population. Necessary measures should be taken to tackle AMR in the country.


Resumen Objetivos: La República Dominicana carece de información confiable sobre las resistencias antimicrobianas en el país, lo que permitiría al personal médico prescribir los mejores tratamientos para infecciones comunes. El objetivo de este estudio es definir los perfiles de resistencia antimicrobiana de los patógenos más comunes en servicios pediátricos, donde esta información es esencial, debido a la vulnerabilidad de la población. Métodos: Se tomaron los datos de reportes microbiológicos con cultivo bacteriano positivo procedentes de pacientes admitidos en la unidad pediátrica de tres hospitales de tercer nivel en la ciudad de Santiago de los Caballeros, República Dominicana, durante un periodo de dos años. Resultados: La mitad de los patógenos Gram negativos mostraron resistencia a cefalosporinas de tercera generación (3GC), 17% eran resistentes a carbapenémicos. Serratia marcescens presentó una resistencia excepcionalmente elevada a 3GC (95.9%). Staphylococcus aureus mostró alta resistencia a meticilina (58.4%) e incluso a clindamicina (35.8%). Conclusión: Existen elevados niveles de resistencia antimicrobiana entre las enterobacterias y los estafilococos en la población pediátrica dominicana. Es necesario tomar medidas para abordar este problema en el país.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Drug Resistance, Bacterial , Pediatrics , Tertiary Healthcare , Clindamycin , Carbapenems , Dominican Republic , Methicillin
17.
Article in English | AIM, AIM | ID: biblio-1262311

ABSTRACT

Background: In high-income countries, mortality related to hospitalized patients with the Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is approximately 4-5%. However, data on COVID-19 admissions from sub-Saharan Africa are scanty. Objective: To describe the clinical profile and determinants of outcomes of patients with confirmed COVID-19 admitted at a hospital in Ghana. Methods: A prospective study involving 25 patients with real time polymerase chain reaction confirmed COVID-19 admitted to the treatment centre of the University Hospital, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology (KNUST), Kumasi, Ghana from 1st June to 27th July, 2020. They were managed and followed up for outcomes. Data were analysed descriptively, and predictors of mortality assessed using a multivariate logistic regression modelling. Results: The mean age of the patients was 59.3 ± 20.6 years, and 14 (56%) were males. The main symptoms at presentation were breathlessness (68%) followed by fever (56%). The cases were categorized as mild (6), moderate (6), severe (10) and critical (3). Hypertension was the commonest comorbidity present in 72% of patients. Medications used in patient management included dexamethasone (68%), azithromycin (96%), and hydroxychloroquine (4%). Five of 25 cases died (Case fatality ratio 20%). Increasing age and high systolic blood pressure were associated with mortality. Conclusion: Case fatality in this sample of hospitalized COVID-19 patients was high. Thorough clinical assessment, severity stratification, aggressive management of underlying co-morbidities and standardized protocols incountry might improve outcomes


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Ghana , Inpatients , Patient Admission , Tertiary Healthcare
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811117

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: There is a paucity of literature on the use of hip arthroscopy for pathologic conditions in skeletally immature patients. Thus, the indications and safety of the procedure are still unclear. The purpose of this study was to investigate the safety and functional outcomes of hip arthroscopy for pediatric and adolescent hip disorders. We further attempted to characterize arthroscopic findings in each disease.METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 32 children and adolescents with hip disorders who underwent 34 hip arthroscopic procedures at a tertiary care children's hospital from January 2010 to December 2016. We evaluated functional limitations and improvement after operation by using the modified Harris hip score (HHS), the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC), subjective pain assessment with a visual analog scale (VAS), and range of hip motion as well as the complications of hip arthroscopy. Arthroscopic findings in each disease were recorded.RESULTS: Hip arthroscopy was performed for Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease (n = 6), developmental dysplasia of the hip (n = 6), slipped capital femoral epiphysis (n = 5), idiopathic femoroacetabular impingement (n = 6), sequelae of septic arthritis of the hip (n = 3), hereditary multiple exostosis (n = 2), synovial giant cell tumor (n = 3), idiopathic chondrolysis (n = 2), and posttraumatic osteonecrosis of the femoral head (n = 1). Overall, there was a significant improvement in the modified HHS, WOMAC, VAS, and range of hip motion. Symptom improvement was not observed for more than 18 months in four patients who had dysplastic acetabulum with a labral tear (n = 2) or a recurrent femoral head bump (n = 2). There were no complications except transient perineal numbness in five patients.CONCLUSIONS: Our short-term follow-up evaluation shows that hip arthroscopy for pediatric and adolescent hip disorder is a less invasive and safe procedure. It appears to be effective in improving functional impairment caused by femoroacetabular impingement between the deformed femoral head and acetabulum or intra-articular focal problems in pediatric and adolescent hip disorders.


Subject(s)
Acetabulum , Adolescent , Arthritis, Infectious , Arthroscopy , Child , Exostoses, Multiple Hereditary , Femoracetabular Impingement , Follow-Up Studies , Giant Cell Tumors , Head , Hip , Humans , Hypesthesia , Legg-Calve-Perthes Disease , Ontario , Osteoarthritis , Osteonecrosis , Pain Measurement , Retrospective Studies , Slipped Capital Femoral Epiphyses , Tears , Tertiary Healthcare , Visual Analog Scale
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-782290

ABSTRACT

@#<![CDATA[Mumps is contagious disease and maintaining immunity to mumps in healthcare worker (HCW) is important for preventing transmission in the hospital. We evaluated the seroprevalence of mumps in HCWs in a tertiary care hospital in Republic of Korea. A total of 6,055 HCWs born between 1950 and 1995 underwent antibody testing. The overall seropositivity rate of mumps was 87% (95% confidence interval, 86%–87%). Our data indicates that, in Korean HCWs, testing for mumps antibody followed by mumps vaccination is more appropriate than routine mumps vaccination without testing for mumps antibody.]]>


Subject(s)
Delivery of Health Care , Health Personnel , Humans , Korea , Measles-Mumps-Rubella Vaccine , Mumps , Republic of Korea , Seroepidemiologic Studies , Tertiary Healthcare , Vaccination
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